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Chapter 5 Notes 9/15/2013 9:00:00 PM

Brothers Amboe Robin John and Little Ephraim Robin John and cousin Ancona Robin Ohn
lived in West Africa
Robin Johns part of a slave trading dynasty headed by Grandy King George,
Owned hundred of slaves who he captured and traded
o Sold slaves to English slave ships to the New World and major contributor
to massive flow
King George monopolized the Old Calabar slave trade during the 1760s and lived in luxury
British slave ship captains and rivals wanted to trap the king and Robin John, seize
hundreds of their slaves and destroy monopoly
King George managed to escape but not family
o Family was either enslaved or killed
Robin Johns was enslaved and spoke English through his slave trading skill
Attempted to escape from owner but eventually was sold to Virginia
Virginia slave owner was extremely harsh and was promised a voyage back home
but was sold in England
o Was able to appeal his slavery after secret letter exchanges and granted
freedom
Robin Johns converted to Christianity under Methodists John and Charles Wesley but still
wanted to go back to Africa
Sailed from Bristol to board another slave ship where they were able to go back
and serve as slave traders
Slaves were similar to Robin Johns and wanted to be granted freedom after forced into
coming into the New World
Looked to religion in a cruel society
Colonists would all want to go to British North America and were unified together through
commercial, cultural, and political trends

A Growing population and Expanding Economy in British North America
18
th
Century Importance: Phenomenal population growth which signifies the
maturation of a distinctive colonial society
Were no homogenous society and lived in different ethnic groups, races, and
religions under thirteen colonies
Population Increase was attributed to immigration and natural increase
Natural increase contributed to of population growth with immigration in the
other part
Immigration shifted the ethnic and racial balance among the colonists and making
them less English and less white
Booming population also can lead to an expanding economy
Almost all colonists lived within 50 miles of the coast with almost limitless
wilderness stretching westward made land relatively cheap
Abundance in land made labor precious and colonists always needed more
o Insatiable demand for labor was the fundamental economic environment
that sustained the growing population
Free colonists had a higher standard of living that people in the Old World

New England: From Puritan Settler to Yankee Traders
New England population grew sixfold during the eighteenth century but lagged behind in
growth
Most people decided to settle elsewhere due to densely settled land and Puritan
orthodoxy made inhospitable to others
Settlers in search of farmland left towns and cohesion was lost in puritan
communities as population grew
Economics tied them to their neighbors and trade became a faith that competed strongly
with Puritanism

Natural Increase and Land Distribution
New England population grew mostly by natural increase
More childbirth meant that wives had shorter life expectancy but had many
children usually
Growing population pressed against limited amount of land
New England had less land for expansion but contested northern and western
frontiers
o Native American guarded territory
New England town parceled out land
Original settler practiced partible inheritance: subdivided land equally among
sons but frequently had to constantly divide up the land
Colonial governments abandoned policy of granting land to towns
Instead sold land to individuals where money determined who could own land
rather than religion
Settled in individual farms rather than towns and made their own choices

Farms, Fish and Atlantic Trade

9/15/2013 9:00:00 PM

9/15/2013 9:00:00 PM