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GS1: Culture History Geography

#1: History and Culture

1. Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from
ancient to modern times. {NIOS, IGNOU tourism studies, Spectrum book on Culture}.
2. Modern Indian history from the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant
events, personalities, issues
3. The Freedom Struggle its various stages and important contributors /contributions from
different parts of the country. {Bipin Chandra +/- Spectrum +/- GS Manual}.
#2: History of World
Events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawing of national boundaries
Colonization, decolonization {http://Mrunal.org/history}
political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society.
{Any one book: Norman Lowe, Jain and Mathur or Arjun Singh}.
#3: Socio stuff
Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
Salient features of Idian Society, Diversity of India
Role of Womens Organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental
issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies
Effects of Globalization
Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism, secularism.
{For Post independence India - Bipin Chandra: India Since Independence. Starting point is IGNOU MPS
003 India democracy and Development. Then there is Decent material scattered in IGNOU Sociology,
political science and Public Administration (BA, MA)}.
#4: Geography
Physical Geography
Salient features of worlds physical geography. {Starting point is NCERTS / GS Manual}.
Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc;
geographical features and their location, changes in critical geographical features (including water-
bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
{Starting point is NCERTS + GS Manual + NIOS biodiversity + selective reading of IGNOU Disaster
Management.+Indian Geography by Khullar}.

India and World Geography
Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-
continent, factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in
various parts of the world (including India) {Starting point NCERTs then Mrunal.org/Geography}
GS2: Polity, Yearbook, IR
#1: Polity + rights issue
Basic Constitution
Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions
basic structure, Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, Comparison of the Indian
constitutional scheme with that of other countries, Parliament and State Legislatures structure,
functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these, Structure,
organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary, Appointment to various Constitutional
posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies, Statutory, regulatory and
various quasi-judicial bodies.
{M.Laxmikanth, then DD Basu if youve time and mood + net digging and newspapers for new stuff
e.g. right to education; Mrunal.org/polity}
Advanced topics like
issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure,
Devolution of powers + finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
Pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
Representation of Peoples Act: Salient features
{IGNOU MPS 003 then again lot of good stuff scattered around in IGNOU Public Administration,
Political science and sociology.Also newspapers, columns, net digging from current affairs point of
view (e.g. Pressure groups > Lokpal)}
Rights issue, vulnerable sections: protections, Welfare schemes. Betterment: mechanisms, laws,
institutions and Bodies. {Laxmikanth}. [For welfare schemes, INDIA Yearbook, list of topics given here
click me+ newspaper + official websites of respective ministries.]
Yearbook, Welfare schemes
Ministries and Departments of the Government;
Government policies for development in various sections.
Social Sector development: Health, Education, Human Resources.
Issues relating to poverty and hunger
Basic functions and overview of policies given in India yearbook. After that, Newpapers, Yojana
Kurukshetra, official sites of respective ministries.12th Five Yearplan PDFs click me. (they contain
truckload of fodder points).
Public Administration relate
Important aspects of Governance, Development processes and the development industry, the role of
NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders,
transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures, e-governance- applications,
models, successes, limitations, and potential; Citizens charters, Role of civil services in a democracy.
{Respective chapters from IGNOU BA, MA Public Administration, 2nd ARC reports click me (selective
IR / Diplomacy
India and its neighborhood- relations.
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting Indias interests
Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on Indias interests,
Indian diaspora.
Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.
{selected topics on international relations from IGNOU BA (Political Science), Dispora strategy given
separately (mrunal.org), Then IGNOU MA (Political Science) MPS 002 (mrunal.org) + newspapers,
magz, net digging and Mrunal.org/diplomacy}
GS3: Economy, Environment, S&T, Agro, Disaster and Security
#1: Economy
Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and
employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it, Government Budgeting.
{12th FYP plan PDF files.Basic of budgeting is explained in Laxmikanth, Ramesh Singh etc. But hardly
any direct-static questions come in mains. So this is mostly yearbook, IGNOU (Economics) newspaper
and current affairs.+ Mrunal.org/economy}
Effects of liberalization on the economy.
{Basic given in NCERT Class 11 economics. More can be found in Ramesh Singh, Netdigging}.
Changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Investment models
{Basic given in India Yearbook.Then IGNOU (Economics BA, MA) selective reading, Newspaper
columns, 12th FYP pdfs for more fodder points}.
#2: SnT + Environment
Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life, Achievements
of Indians in science & technology; Indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues
relating to intellectual property rights.
{India Yearbook, then The Hindus Sci-tech portion, net digging and www.Mrunal.org/snt +/-
Spectrums book on Science Tech.}
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
{NIOS, IGNOU material on Environment-Biodiversity, IYB , Official site of MoEF, Newspaper columns,
Yojana, Kurukshetra.}
#2: Agro (this is a new topic introduced in 2013.)
Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country,
Irrigation: different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage,
{NCERT geography, GS Manual+ Indian Geography Khullar etc}
E-technology in the aid of farmers, Farm subsidies: Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies
minimum support prices; Public Distribution System- objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping;
issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; Land reforms in India.
{IYB, (List of topics on mrunal.org/iyb) Official website of Agriculture ministry}
Transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;
Animal rearing: economics of
Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and
downstream requirements, supply chain management
{Yojana-Kurukshetra old archives + new issues; food processing already covered in
Disaster Management
{For Disaster and disaster management, selectively read IGNOU MPA 018}
1. Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate. {India Yearbook} (mrunal.org for the topic
wise list)
2. Basics of cyber security {Also given in India yearbook. More stuff can be found the previous writing
competition held at Mrunal.org/Write2Win}
For the remaining topics like;
Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
Challenges to internal security through communication networks,
role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges,
money-laundering and its prevention
border areas: Security challenges and their management
linkages of organized crime with terrorism
{Lot of revision friendly content available in the previous writing competition held at
Mrunal.org/Write2Win + newspaper and net digging.}
GS4: Ethics
Probity in Governance:
Concept of public service;
Philosophical basis of governance and probity;
Information sharing and transparency in government,
Right to Information, Codes of Ethics,
Codes of Conduct, Citizens Charters,
Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds,
Challenges of corruption.
Ethics in Public Administration
Status and problems;
Ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions;
Laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance;
Accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance;
{For all above topics, youll find scattered content in IGNOU MPA 011 and 013, 2nd ARC reports}
Remaining topics
Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions;
dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values lessons from the lives
and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational
institutions in inculcating values
Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behavior; moral and
political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship,
objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-
Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
corporate governance.
ethical issues in international relations and funding.
+Case studies