Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 21

AN OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH METHODS IN

ENGINEERING EDUCATION
25 February 2009
Univeri!y "# S"u!$ern %ueen&an'
T""("")ba
Dr *e&ey +"&&y
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 1 -
AN OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH METHODS IN
ENGINEERING EDUCATION
25 February 2009
WOR,SHO- TIMETA.*E
TIME TO-IC ACTIVIT/
9.45 Cofee and get to know you
10.00
10.45
Introduction to educational
research
Does your proect hang
together!
10.45
11."0
Deciding what counts as e#idence
Identi$ying the e#idence you
need
11."0
1%."0
Data gathering &ethods
'e#iewing &ethods $or your
proect
1%."0 1.15 ()*C+
1.15 %.15 ,nalysing e#idence
-ricks o$ the trade and so&e
so$tware
%.15 ".15 .u/lication
0nowing your audience
".15 "."0 ,1-2'*33* -2,
"."0 4.00 'e#iew and discussion
4we can stay until 5 i$ you want to 5ring out your 6uestions
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - % -
discuss your proect with us7
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - " -
AN OVERVIEW OF RESEARCH METHODS IN
ENGINEERING EDUCATION
25 February 2009
WOR,SHO- NOTES
W"r0$"1 Ob2e3!ive
3n co&pletion o$ the workshop8 participants will /e a/le to9
)nderstand the nature and $unctions o$ 6ualitati#e research
Construct a &ethodological logic appropriate to gi#en research 6uestions
Identi$y the kinds o$ e#idence re6uired and the &aor &ethods $or gathering
each kind
Identi$y the i&plications o$ the &ethodology $or /udget8 ethics and other
e&pirical concerns
3utline the &aor constraints on analy:ing 6ualitati#e data
Identi$y how /est to use a#aila/le e#idence $or a range o$ pu/lication
purposes and audiences
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 4 -
,ey 4ue!i"n in 1&annin5 y"ur reear3$
1. ;hat do I want to know and who a& I going to tell!
%. ;hat kind o$ e#idence will answer &y 6uestion!
". +ow will I get that e#idence!
4. +ow will I analyse that e#idence!
5. +ow can I turn &y analysis into pu/lications $or a #ariety o$
audiences!
5)- <rst a word a/out episte&ology=
>It is use$ul to read ."rre5" 2006 in conunction with the $ollowing
presentation?
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 5 -
@lide 1 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
1ra&eworks in 'esearch
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - B -
@lide % AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
Considering episte&ology orients us
to the <eld
@lide " AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
2piste&ology deals with the nature o$
knowledge
@lide 4 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
.ositi#is& holds that &eaning eCists
eCternal to the knower
@lide 5 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
Constructionis& holds that &eaning is
constructed in &inds
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - D -
@lide B AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
,ny &ethod can /e used in either
positi#ist or constructionist ways
@lide D AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
2piste&ology has i&plications $or the
kind o$ 6uestion we ask
@lide E AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
It will inFuence our choice o$
theoretical $ra&ework
@lide 9 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
It will inFuence our choice o$
&ethodology
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - E -
@lide 10 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
It pro#ides a rationale $or our choice
o$ &ethods
@lide 11 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
Gethods are chosen congruent with
episte&ology
@lide 1% AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
*eed to descri/e &ethods in detail
@lide 1" AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
*eed to consider analysis as well as
data gathering
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 9 -
@lide 14 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
Can you usti$y the coherence o$ your
research approach!
@lide 15 AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
;ider understanding o$ social
research will help you &ake /etter
procedural choices
@lide 1B AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA
2ngineering knowledge H well-
constructed research I &ore in$or&ed
inno#ations in engineering education
78 W$a! '" I (an! !" 0n"( an' ($" a) I 5"in5 !" !e&&9
Juestions to ask yoursel$9
Does this topic 4or setting or &ethod7 really interest &e!
Is this a pro/le& that is a&ena/le to scienti<c en6uiry!
,re ade6uate resources a#aila/le $or this topicKsettingK&ethod!
;ill &y 6uestion or &ethods lead to unresol#a/le ethical pro/le&s!
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 10 -
Is the topic o$ theoretical andKor practical interest!
28 W$a! 0in' "# evi'en3e (i&& an(er )y 4ue!i"n9
Gethodological triangulation will strengthen the argu&ent
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 11 -
W$a! are !$e e:e3! "n
!u'en! &earnin5 an' a!!ri!i"n
ra!e "# !$e 1r"vii"n "#
3"&&ab"ra!ive &earnin5
1a3e9
(I- '2LI2;
;hat is
already
known!
.eopleKpaper
sK data/ases
Geta-
analysis
M3/ecti#eN &easures
3/ser#ation8 tests8
statistics
.articipantsN
/eha#ior
Inter#iew8 sur#ey
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 1% -
Major Variables
Internal States
Cognition, values
External States
attribute data
Reported Behaviour
what they say they do
Observed Behaviour
what they do
rti!a"ts
all physi"al residue
Environ#ent
so"ial and physi"al
Internal
States
I II IIIa IIIb IV V
Extent to whi"h ti#e shared in
$learning spa"e% leads to
rein!or"ed attitudes to "ourse and
"ontents
External
States
VI VIIa VIIb VIII I&
'ow the learning "entre
"ontributes to or alleviates stress
Reported
Behaviour
&a &b &Ia &IIa
Relation between ti#e spent in
learning "entre and study at
ho#e
Observed
Behaviour
&" &Ib &IIb
(i#e spent in study vs so"ialising
a""ording to presen"e o!
"o#puters
rti!a"ts
&III &IV
(he probability that "ertain
arti!a"ts will be used in the
learning "entre
Environ#ent
&V
'ow so"ial and environ#ental
!a"tors "o#bine to !a"ilitate
group study in learning "entres
) adapted !ro# Bernard, '* R* +,--,. Research Methods in Anthropology, (able /*0, pg 12*
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 1" -
;8 H"( (i&& I 5e! !$a! evi'en3e9
Matching methods to variables
Internal states3 dire"t 4uestioning 5 survey, interview, pheno#enography, diary studies, pile sorts
Indire"t in!eren"e 5 observe behaviour in "ontrolled "ir"u#stan"es, psy"hologi"al testing, art
therapy, narrative analysis
External states3 dire"t #easure#ent6observation 7 #edi"al re"ords, tax returns, "ensus data, "lini"al histories
Indire"t observation 7 sel!7report
Behaviour3 reported 7 survey, interview, diary studies, so"ial networ8 analysis, s"enario7based
interviews, verbal proto"ols
Observed 7 !o"al, s"an and sele"tive observation, obje"tive tests, behaviour tra"es,
#apping
rti!a"ts3 9ire"t observation 5 "ounting, des"ribing, photography, transe"t wal8
Indire"t 5 sel!7report, do"u#entary resear"h
Environ#ent3 dire"t observation 5 photography, #easure#ent, #apping, do"u#entary sour"es, parti"ipant
observation
Indire"t observation 5 sel!7report
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 14 -
<8 H"( (i&& I ana&ye !$a! evi'en3e9
-here are $our logical possi/ilities9
DATA
Jualitati#e Juantitati#e
ANA*/SIS
Jualitati#e 4&eaning7 Interpreti#e studies +ierarchical
clustering
Juantitati#e
4description7
Content analysis *u&erical or
statistical
Constant #alidity checking watch out $or
Inconsistencies and the reasons $or the&
Check one set o$ data 4eg inter#iews7 against another 4eg archi#es7
5e open to negati#e instances
@eek out alternati#e eCplanations
)se outliers to re-eCa&ine your own ideas
)se data &atrices
.ro<les how one thing is related to another
.roCi&ity &easures o$ relation /etween ite&s
,nd causal &aps
Concept &aps
1low charts
Godels
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 15 -
58 H"( 3an I !urn )y ana&yi in!"
1ub&i3a!i"n #"r a varie!y "# au'ien3e9
+ereNs what any audience wants to know9
1. ;hy should I /e interested!
a. 'elate to literature 4acade&ic7
/. 'elate to policy 4decision &akers7
c. 'elate to de&onstra/le interests 4students7
%. ;hat did you do!
a. Gethodology 4acade&ic7
/. @a&pling 4decision &akers7
c. .lausi/ility
". ;hat did you <nd out!
a. 'elates to interests o$ audience
4. @o what!
a. ;hat are the i&plications $or the i&&ediate audience.
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 1B -
.lan
pu/licati
on $ro&
the
/eginnin
g and
structure
data
gatherin
g and
analysis
with
pu/licati
on in
&ind.
=8 Re#eren3e
,tkinson8 .. et.al. 4%0017. Handbook of Ethnography. @age8 (os ,ngeles.
,tkinson8 .. ,nd G. +a&&ersley. 4%00D7. Ethnography: Principles in Practice. %nd ed.
(ondon9 'outledge.
5ernard8 +.'. 4%00%7 Research Methods in Anthropology. ,ltaGira8 ;alnut Creek8 C,.
5orrego8 G. 4199D7 Conceptual DiOculties 2Cperienced /y -rained 2ngineers (earning
2ducational 'esearch Gethods. Journal of Engineering Education 9B4%79 91-10%N
5riggs8 C.(. 419EB7. Learning Ho to Ask. Ca&/ridge9 Ca&/ridge )ni#ersity .ress
Crotty8 G. 4199E7. !he "oundations of Social Research. @t (eonards8 *@;9 ,llen P
)nwin.
1lick8 ). 4%00D7 !he Sage #ualitati$e Research %it. (ondon9 @age.
1owler8 1. 4%0097 Sur$ey Research Methods. -housand 3aks9 @age .u/lications.
+andwerker8 .. 4%0017 #uick Ethnography. ,ltaGira8 ;alnut Creek8 C,.
+o&an8 '. 419917 !he Ethics of Social Research. (ondon9 (ong&an.
0ellehear8 ,.4 199"7 !he &nobtrusi$e Researcher: A 'uide to Methods @t. (eonards9
,llen P )nwin.
(eather/y8 Q. et(al. 4%00D7 E)tending Social Research: Application* +,ple,entation
and Publication. Gaidenhead9 3pen )ni#ersity .ress.
(eydens8 R. ,.8 5. G. Goskal8 et al. 4%0047. SJualitati#e &ethods used in the
assess&ent o$ engineering education.S Journal of Engineering Education -.4179 B5 -
D%.
@pradley8 R... 419D97 !he Ethnographic +nter$ie. *ew Tork9 +olt8 'inehart and
;inston.
@tewart8 D.;. et(al. 4%00D7 "ocus 'roups: !heory and Practice. -housand 3aks9 @age
.u/lications.
@tringer8 2.-. 4%00D7 Action Research. -housand 3aks9 @age .u/lications
;aller8 ,. 4%0017. #uantitati$e and /ualitati$e research ,ethods: 0ridging the gap.
,&erican @ociety $or 2ngineering 2ducation ,nnual Con$erence and 2Cposition8
,l/u6uer6ue8 *G.
Tin8 '.0. 4%00"7 1ase Study Research: Design and Methods. -housand 3aks9 @age
.u/lications
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 1D -
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 1E -
THE ASSUM-TIONS OF ETHNOGRA-HIC RESEARCH
4/ased on the work o$ Dr (i: Qod$rey7
Man 2o,an34 is an ani,al suspended in ebs of signi5cance he hi,self has spun( + take
culture to be those ebs* and the analysis of it to be therefore not an e)peri,ental science
in search of la but an interpreti$e one in search of ,eaning
'eert6* 7-8.* p( 9
2thnography is the scienti<c in#estigation o$ hu&an culture8 /ut culture is itsel$ such a
slippery and &ulti$arious concept that it has pro#en singularly diOcult to de<ne. ;hate#er
diferent ethnographers ha#e thought culture &ight /e8 they ha#e used a wide #ariety o$
&ethods to in#estigate it and usually using &any &ore than one &ethod in each case. In
so&e 6uarters ethnography is e6uated with 6ualitati#e &ethods8 o$ten reduced to inter#iews.
+ere we put $orward a &ore eCpansi#e and traditional #iew o$ ethnography as a &ulti-&ethod
approach to studying culture whose disparate acti#ities are /ase on a nu&/er o$ si&ilarities.
Au)1!i"n 7> !$e nee' #"r 1ar!i3i1an! "berva!i"n
.articipant o/ser#ation is the process o$ esta/lishing a place
in so&e natural setting on a relati#ely long-ter& /asis in order
to in#estigate the social li$e and processes o$ the setting. ,s
an outsider the participant o/ser#er has special insight into
those aspects o$ the local culture that are &ost taken $or granted
and hence in#isi/le to the locals. .rolonged eCposure to li$e in
the setting as locals li#e it gi#es eCtra insight into the &eanings
/eing locally created. -he ad#antages o$ participant o/ser#ation
are9
1. 3pens up a greater #ariety o$ data gathering opportunities
%. 'educes o/ser#er efect
". ,llows use o$ locally &eaning$ul 6uestions
4. .ro#ides power$ul triangulation on sel$-report
5. ,llows /etter grasp o$ &eaning o$ data
Insider research re$ers to ethnographic study &ade /y a &e&/er
o$ the co&&unity in 6uestion. Insider researchers ha#e to work hard
at &aintaining the nai#ete which allows the& to scrutinise the taken
$or granted aspects o$ culture.
Au)1!i"n 2> e?1&ainin5 "ne@ !an3e
-here are two reasons $or ha#ing to &ake oneNs theoretical and &ethodological assu&ptions
#ery clear in ethnography. -he <rst relates to the ill-de<ned nature o$ the constructs and the
other to the $act that the researcher is also research instru&ent.
Qi#en that so &any de<nitions eCist o$ central concepts in social research8 each researcher
needs to eCplain and usti$y which position they are adopting. 2ngineering $aculty are not
accusto&ed to eCplicitly articulating the theoretical $ra&eworks or assu&ptions underlying
their disciplinary research. @cienti<c and engineering laws and theories8 such as 5oyles (aw8
are i&plicitly agreed upon /y the discipline and not eCplicitly stated as assu&ptions8 whereas
in education research such certainty and agree&ent are not uni$or&ly agreed upon.
1ra&eworks8 assu&ptions8 perspecti#es and paradig&s &ust /e stated and their rele#ance $or
the study discussed. ;ithout this sort o$ eCplicitness8 in$or&ed peer re#iew is dee&ed
i&possi/le
5ecause it is the researcherNs eCperience and interpretation o$ data that $or&s the /asis o$
ethnographic analysis8 transparency re6uires that the researcher consider possi/le /iases in
their own position and &ake these clear to the reader. -his re6uires a sophisticated degree o$
reAe?ivi!y8 not only a/out oneNs practice /ut a/out the construction o$ knowledge.
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - 19 -
Fie&'n"!e
-he diference /etween
participant o/ser#ation and ust
/eing there is the e#idence
pro#ided /y <eldnotes. -hey are
created in three stages9
+"!!in5
@hort notes &ade on the spot.
+"urna& en!rie
Detailed #ersion o$ the ottings
&ade within a $ew hours o$ the
e#ents recorded
*"5 !rai&
-his incorporates organisation8
analysis and reFection on the
notes8 and planning $or $uture
Au)1!i"n ;> !$e nee' #"r !rian5u&a!i"n
;here the researcher is the instru&ent8 sources o$ data are su/ect to reacti#ity and
circu&stances change o#er ti&e8 the security o$ an interpretation needs to /e enhanced
through triangulation.
Me!$"'"&"5i3a& !rian5u&a!i"n8 co&/ines dissi&ilar &ethods such as inter#iews8
o/ser#ations8 and physical e#idence to study the sa&e unit. ;ithin the interpreti#ist
research paradig& the &aority o$ data will /e 6ualitati#e i.e. words8 /ut 6uantitati#e
data are also appropriate within the sa&e study particularly in support o$ a
generalisation &ade $ro& a single or li&ited o/ser#ation.
Da!a !rian5u&a!i"n uses purposi#e sa&pling within one &ethod8 such as inter#iews8
to ensure diferent perspecti#es /y choosing participants o$ diferent gender8 status8
ethnicity8 and8 where dee&ed use$ul8 participants known to hold opposing or alternate
#iewpoints.
, co&parison o$ data $ro& diferent years and diferent students and staf8 &ade
possi/le /y long ter& and repeated o/ser#ation is another way o$ #alidating the
interpretation o$ data8 and this has /een na&ed as !i)e !rian5u&a!i"n.
Bb"!$ C5ure a'a1!e' #r") Han'(er0er D2007E
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - %0 -
S"ur3e "# err"r in
e!$n"5ra1$y
'eacti#ity
In$or&ant researcher
ConteCt
Juestions
,&/iguity
Geans nothing locally
5iased phrasing
'espondent
)ninterested
1atigue
2&/arrassed
Ge&ory
-hreatened
2thnographer
5ias and <lters $ro&
pre#ious eCperience
Ge&ory
.erceptual errors o$
recording
1ile coding errors
,/sence o$ e&pathy8
engage&ent
1ailure to understand
languageKargon
-he ,ustralasian ,ssociation $or 2ngineering 2ducation
in#ites you to /eco&e an acti#e &e&/er in its
2ducational 'esearch Gethods @pecial Interest Qroup.
Tou can do this /y9
Co&ing to the con$erence and su/&itting a paper
-he 2'G group will host in#ited papers as well as regular sessions8 there
will /e a workshop on &ultidisciplinarity and an 2'G /reak$ast to plan
neCt yearNs acti#ities. +ope to see you thereU
Lisiting and contri/uting to the 2'G wiki at www.aaee-scholar.pbwiki.com
Dr Lesley Jolly Strategic Partnerships - %1 -