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# 3.

5
Y dir
Col A Col B
0.45 X dir
ETABS NODE NO. Col A=1 Col B=2
A) Proportioning of base size: -
Y - dir X - dir
Size of column A = 300 mm x 230 mm Additional moment
Size of column B = 300 mm x 230 mm MY
Ultimate load carrrid by column A = 307.5 kN 2
Ultimate load carrrid by column B = 303 kN 1
SBC of the soil = 200 kN/m
2
Working load carrrid by column A = 205 kN
Working load carrrid by column B = 202 kN
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)= 41 kN
Total working load = 448 kN
Length of footing = 3.50 m
Requried area of footing = 2.24 m
2
Width of footing = 0.64 m
Provide width of footing = 0.75 m
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.75 m = 2.63
m
2
As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
C.G of load system from end face of col A=
= ( 308 x 0.115 ) + ( 303 x 3.385 )
( 308 + 303 )
= 1.74 m
C.G. of footing = 1.75 m
Eccentricity of load w.r.t c.g. of footing = 0.01 m
Moment due to eccentricity = ( 407 x 0.01 ) = 5 kN m
Total Moment = 6 kN m
Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load = P / A =
= ( 205 + 202 ) / 2.63 = 155 kN/m
2
Intensity of pressure due to Moment = M / Z =
= 6 / ( 0.75 x 3.50 x 3.50 ) / 6
= = 4 kN/m
2
P
max
= ( 155 + 4 ) = 159
kN/m
2
OK
P
min
= ( 155 - 4 ) = 151
kN/m
2
OK
1
0.115 0.115
151
159 157 151
159
Load per metre run of slab = Avg pressure x 1 m
( 158 x 1.00 ) = 158 kN/m
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 158 x 1.50 ) = 237 kN/m
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam = = 0.15 m
Maximum ultimate moment = ( 237 x 0.15 x 0.15 ) = 3
2
d required = ( 3 x 10^6 ) = 31 mm
( 1000 x 2.76 )
Try overall depth = 230 mm Width = 1000
Effective depth d = 184 mm End depth= 175
Effective end depth d =
Ast= 40 mm
2
Required is Y 8 @ 1247 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm = 251
Distribution steel = ( 0.12 % x 1000 x 203 ) = 243
Provide Y 8 @ 225 mm = 223
Shear @ d= -0.034 m
Shear = -8 kN

v
= -0.06
N/mm
2
Enter depth at d location

c
= 0.355
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is OK
Design of Longitudinal beam : -
307.5 303
1.62
0.115 3.27 0.115
170 170
174
179
179
1.62 283.43
20.54 0.541
19.57
170.76
286.96 S.F.Diagram
-231.2201
1.18 1.13
B.M.Diagram
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
b
f
= = 0.750 m
= 750 mm
b
w
= = 450 mm
Let provide depth of beam = 605 mm
Effective depth of beam = 541 mm
Ast= 1266 mm
2
Provide 6 Nos. Y 16 mm 1206
mm
2
0.30 %
Shear at d from face of column = 0.964 m
Shear = 171 kN

v
= 0.70
N/mm
2

c
= 0.330
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is PROVIDE STIRRUPS
Shear to be resisted by stirrups = 90.42 kN
Try stirrups of 2-legged Y 8 mm @ 217 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm = 251
SUMMARY: -
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.75 m
SLAB RENFORCEMENT: -
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 300 mm
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: -
TOP: - 9 Nos. Y 12 mm
MX
2
2
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
kN m / metre
mm
mm
129 mm
mm
2
0.16 %
mm
2
mm
2
0.17 %
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
27
685.8
mm
2
3.5
Y dir
Col A Col B
0.45 X dir
ETABS NODE NO. Col A=3 Col B=4
A) Proportioning of base size: -
Y - dir X - dir
Size of column A = 300 mm x 230 mm Additional moment
Size of column B = 300 mm x 230 mm MY
Ultimate load carrrid by column A = 385.5 kN 2
Ultimate load carrrid by column B = 372 kN 2
SBC of the soil = 200 kN/m
2
Working load carrrid by column A = 257 kN
Working load carrrid by column B = 248 kN
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)= 51 kN
Total working load = 556 kN
Length of footing = 3.50 m
Requried area of footing = 2.78 m
2
Width of footing = 0.79 m
Provide width of footing = 0.85 m
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.85 m = 2.98
m
2
As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
C.G of load system from end face of col A=
= ( 386 x 0.115 ) + ( 372 x 3.385 )
( 386 + 372 )
= 1.72 m
C.G. of footing = 1.75 m
Eccentricity of load w.r.t c.g. of footing = 0.03 m
Moment due to eccentricity = ( 505 x 0.03 ) = 15 kN m
Total Moment = 13 kN m
Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load = P / A =
= ( 257 + 248 ) / 2.98 = 170 kN/m
2
Intensity of pressure due to Moment = M / Z =
= 13 / ( 0.85 x 3.50 x 3.50 ) / 6
= = 8 kN/m
2
P
max
= ( 170 + 8 ) = 177
kN/m
2
OK
P
min
= ( 170 - 8 ) = 162
kN/m
2
OK
1
0.115 0.115
163
177 173 162
177
Load per metre run of slab = Avg pressure x 1 m
( 175 x 1.00 ) = 175 kN/m
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 175 x 1.50 ) = 263 kN/m
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam = = 0.20 m
Maximum ultimate moment = ( 263 x 0.20 x 0.20 ) = 5
2
d required = ( 5 x 10^6 ) = 44 mm
( 1000 x 2.76 )
Try overall depth = 230 mm Width = 1000
Effective depth d = 184 mm End depth= 175
Effective end depth d =
Ast= 80 mm
2
Required is Y 8 @ 629 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm = 251
Distribution steel = ( 0.12 % x 1000 x 203 ) = 243
Provide Y 8 @ 225 mm = 223
Shear @ d= 0.016 m
Shear = 4 kN

v
= 0.03
N/mm
2
Enter depth at d location

c
= 0.355
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is OK
Design of Longitudinal beam : -
385.5 372
1.61
0.115 3.27 0.115
207 207
217
225
226
1.61 348.18
25.96 0.692
23.82
179.32
359.54 S.F.Diagram
-289.0036
1.49 1.37
B.M.Diagram
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
b
f
= = 0.850 m
= 850 mm
b
w
= = 450 mm
Let provide depth of beam = 750 mm
Effective depth of beam = 692 mm
Ast= 1209 mm
2
Provide 6 Nos. Y 16 mm 1206
mm
2
0.20 %
Shear at d from face of column = 0.803 m
Shear = 179 kN

v
= 0.58
N/mm
2

c
= 0.330
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is PROVIDE STIRRUPS
Shear to be resisted by stirrups = 76.56 kN
Try stirrups of 2-legged Y 8 mm @ 328 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 250 mm = 201
SUMMARY: -
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.85 m
SLAB RENFORCEMENT: -
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 300 mm
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: -
TOP: - 9 Nos. Y 12 mm
MX
2
1
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
kN m / metre
mm
mm
129 mm
mm
2
0.16 %
mm
2
mm
2
0.17 %
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
mm
2
3.5
Y dir
Col A Col B
0.45 X dir
ETABS NODE NO. Col A=3 Col B=4
A) Proportioning of base size: -
Y - dir X - dir
Size of column A = 300 mm x 230 mm Additional moment
Size of column B = 300 mm x 230 mm MY
Ultimate load carrrid by column A = 417 kN 2
Ultimate load carrrid by column B = 415.5 kN 2
SBC of the soil = 200 kN/m
2
Working load carrrid by column A = 278 kN
Working load carrrid by column B = 277 kN
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)= 56 kN
Total working load = 611 kN
Length of footing = 3.50 m
Requried area of footing = 3.05 m
2
Width of footing = 0.87 m
Provide width of footing = 0.85 m
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.85 m = 2.98
m
2
As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
C.G of load system from end face of col A=
= ( 417 x 0.115 ) + ( 416 x 3.385 )
( 417 + 416 )
= 1.75 m
C.G. of footing = 1.75 m
Eccentricity of load w.r.t c.g. of footing = 0.00 m
Moment due to eccentricity = ( 555 x 0.00 ) = 2 kN m
Total Moment = 4 kN m
Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load = P / A =
= ( 278 + 277 ) / 2.98 = 187 kN/m
2
Intensity of pressure due to Moment = M / Z =
= 4 / ( 0.85 x 3.50 x 3.50 ) / 6
= = 3 kN/m
2
P
max
= ( 187 + 3 ) = 189
kN/m
2
OK
P
min
= ( 187 - 3 ) = 184
kN/m
2
OK
1
0.115 0.115
184
189 188 184
189
Load per metre run of slab = Avg pressure x 1 m
( 188 x 1.00 ) = 188 kN/m
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 188 x 1.50 ) = 283 kN/m
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam = = 0.20 m
Maximum ultimate moment = ( 283 x 0.20 x 0.20 ) = 6
2
d required = ( 6 x 10^6 ) = 45 mm
( 1000 x 2.76 )
Try overall depth = 230 mm Width = 1000
Effective depth d = 184 mm End depth= 175
Effective end depth d =
Ast= 86 mm
2
Required is Y 8 @ 585 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm = 251
Distribution steel = ( 0.12 % x 1000 x 203 ) = 243
Provide Y 8 @ 225 mm = 223
Shear @ d= 0.016 m
Shear = 5 kN

v
= 0.04
N/mm
2
Enter depth at d location

c
= 0.355
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is OK
Design of Longitudinal beam : -
417 415.5
1.63
0.115 3.27 0.115
235 235
238
241
241
1.63 388.51
27.72 0.692
26.99
196.55
389.28 S.F.Diagram
-314.2662
1.59 1.55
B.M.Diagram
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
b
f
= = 0.850 m
= 850 mm
b
w
= = 450 mm
Let provide depth of beam = 750 mm
Effective depth of beam = 692 mm
Ast= 1320 mm
2
Provide 7 Nos. Y 16 mm 1407
mm
2
0.24 %
Shear at d from face of column = 0.823 m
Shear = 197 kN

v
= 0.63
N/mm
2

c
= 0.330
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is PROVIDE STIRRUPS
Shear to be resisted by stirrups = 93.79 kN
Try stirrups of 2-legged Y 8 mm @ 268 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 250 mm = 201
SUMMARY: -
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.85 m
SLAB RENFORCEMENT: -
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 300 mm
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: -
TOP: - 9 Nos. Y 12 mm
MX
2
1
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
kN m / metre
mm
mm
129 mm
mm
2
0.16 %
mm
2
mm
2
0.17 %
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
mm
2
3.5
Y dir
Col A Col B
0.45 X dir
ETABS NODE NO. Col A=3 Col B=4
A) Proportioning of base size: -
Y - dir X - dir
Size of column A = 300 mm x 230 mm Additional moment
Size of column B = 300 mm x 230 mm MY
Ultimate load carrrid by column A = 441 kN 1
Ultimate load carrrid by column B = 441 kN 1
SBC of the soil = 200 kN/m
2
Working load carrrid by column A = 294 kN
Working load carrrid by column B = 294 kN
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)= 59 kN
Total working load = 647 kN
Length of footing = 3.50 m
Requried area of footing = 3.23 m
2
Width of footing = 0.92 m
Provide width of footing = 0.95 m
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.95 m = 3.33
m
2
As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
C.G of load system from end face of col A=
= ( 441 x 0.115 ) + ( 441 x 3.385 )
( 441 + 441 )
= 1.75 m
C.G. of footing = 1.75 m
Eccentricity of load w.r.t c.g. of footing = 0.00 m
Moment due to eccentricity = ( 588 x 0.00 ) = 0 kN m
Total Moment = 2 kN m
Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load = P / A =
= ( 294 + 294 ) / 3.33 = 177 kN/m
2
Intensity of pressure due to Moment = M / Z =
= 2 / ( 0.95 x 3.50 x 3.50 ) / 6
= = 1 kN/m
2
P
max
= ( 177 + 1 ) = 178
kN/m
2
OK
P
min
= ( 177 - 1 ) = 176
kN/m
2
OK
1
0.115 0.115
176
178 177 176
178
Load per metre run of slab = Avg pressure x 1 m
( 177 x 1.00 ) = 177 kN/m
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 177 x 1.50 ) = 266 kN/m
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam = = 0.25 m
Maximum ultimate moment = ( 266 x 0.25 x 0.25 ) = 8
2
d required = ( 8 x 10^6 ) = 55 mm
( 1000 x 2.76 )
Try overall depth = 230 mm Width = 1000
Effective depth d = 184 mm End depth= 175
Effective end depth d =
Ast= 127 mm
2
Required is Y 8 @ 395 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm = 251
Distribution steel = ( 0.12 % x 1000 x 203 ) = 243
Provide Y 8 @ 225 mm = 223
Shear @ d= 0.066 m
Shear = 18 kN

v
= 0.14
N/mm
2
Enter depth at d location

c
= 0.355
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is OK
Design of Longitudinal beam : -
441 441
1.64
0.115 3.27 0.115
251 251
252
253
253
1.64 412.16
29.12 0.692
28.84
209.21
411.88 S.F.Diagram
-333.9015
1.67 1.66
B.M.Diagram
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
b
f
= = 0.889 m
= 889 mm
b
w
= = 450 mm
Let provide depth of beam = 750 mm
Effective depth of beam = 692 mm
Ast= 1404 mm
2
Provide 7 Nos. Y 16 mm 1407
mm
2
0.23 %
Shear at d from face of column = 0.833 m
Shear = 209 kN

v
= 0.67
N/mm
2

c
= 0.330
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is PROVIDE STIRRUPS
Shear to be resisted by stirrups = 106.44 kN
Try stirrups of 2-legged Y 8 mm @ 236 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 225 mm = 223
SUMMARY: -
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.95 m
SLAB RENFORCEMENT: -
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 300 mm
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: -
TOP: - 9 Nos. Y 12 mm
MX
1
1
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
kN m / metre
mm
mm
129 mm
mm
2
0.16 %
mm
2
mm
2
0.17 %
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
mm
2
3.5
Y dir
Col A Col B
0.45 X dir
ETABS NODE NO. Col A=3 Col B=4
A) Proportioning of base size: -
Y - dir X - dir
Size of column A = 300 mm x 230 mm Additional moment
Size of column B = 300 mm x 230 mm MY
Ultimate load carrrid by column A = 414 kN 2
Ultimate load carrrid by column B = 408 kN 1
SBC of the soil = 200 kN/m
2
Working load carrrid by column A = 276 kN
Working load carrrid by column B = 272 kN
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)= 55 kN
Total working load = 603 kN
Length of footing = 3.50 m
Requried area of footing = 3.01 m
2
Width of footing = 0.86 m
Provide width of footing = 0.95 m
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.95 m = 3.33
m
2
As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
C.G of load system from end face of col A=
= ( 414 x 0.115 ) + ( 408 x 3.385 )
( 414 + 408 )
= 1.74 m
C.G. of footing = 1.75 m
Eccentricity of load w.r.t c.g. of footing = 0.01 m
Moment due to eccentricity = ( 548 x 0.01 ) = 7 kN m
Total Moment = 7 kN m
Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load = P / A =
= ( 276 + 272 ) / 3.33 = 165 kN/m
2
Intensity of pressure due to Moment = M / Z =
= 7 / ( 0.95 x 3.50 x 3.50 ) / 6
= = 4 kN/m
2
P
max
= ( 165 + 4 ) = 168
kN/m
2
OK
P
min
= ( 165 - 4 ) = 161
kN/m
2
OK
1
0.115 0.115
161
168 166 161
168
Load per metre run of slab = Avg pressure x 1 m
( 167 x 1.00 ) = 167 kN/m
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 167 x 1.50 ) = 251 kN/m
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam = = 0.25 m
Maximum ultimate moment = ( 251 x 0.25 x 0.25 ) = 8
2
d required = ( 8 x 10^6 ) = 53 mm
( 1000 x 2.76 )
Try overall depth = 230 mm Width = 1000
Effective depth d = 184 mm End depth= 175
Effective end depth d =
Ast= 120 mm
2
Required is Y 8 @ 419 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm = 251
Distribution steel = ( 0.12 % x 1000 x 203 ) = 243
Provide Y 8 @ 225 mm = 223
Shear @ d= 0.066 m
Shear = 17 kN

v
= 0.13
N/mm
2
Enter depth at d location

c
= 0.355
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is OK
Design of Longitudinal beam : -
414 408
1.62
0.115 3.27 0.115
230 230
235
240
240
1.62 381.57
27.58 0.692
26.43
193.92
386.42 S.F.Diagram
-311.9913
1.59 1.52
B.M.Diagram
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
b
f
= = 0.889 m
= 889 mm
b
w
= = 450 mm
Let provide depth of beam = 750 mm
Effective depth of beam = 692 mm
Ast= 1307 mm
2
Provide 7 Nos. Y 16 mm 1407
mm
2
0.23 %
Shear at d from face of column = 0.813 m
Shear = 194 kN

v
= 0.62
N/mm
2

c
= 0.330
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is PROVIDE STIRRUPS
Shear to be resisted by stirrups = 91.16 kN
Try stirrups of 2-legged Y 8 mm @ 275 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 225 mm = 223
SUMMARY: -
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.95 m
SLAB RENFORCEMENT: -
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 300 mm
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: -
TOP: - 9 Nos. Y 12 mm
MX
2
2
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
kN m / metre
mm
mm
129 mm
mm
2
0.16 %
mm
2
mm
2
0.17 %
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
mm
2
3.5
Y dir
Col A Col B
0.45 X dir
ETABS NODE NO. Col A=3 Col B=4
A) Proportioning of base size: -
Y - dir X - dir
Size of column A = 300 mm x 230 mm Additional moment
Size of column B = 300 mm x 230 mm MY
Ultimate load carrrid by column A = 316.5 kN 2
Ultimate load carrrid by column B = 237 kN 3
SBC of the soil = 200 kN/m
2
Working load carrrid by column A = 211 kN
Working load carrrid by column B = 158 kN
Self wt of footing (10% of column load)= 37 kN
Total working load = 406 kN
Length of footing = 3.50 m
Requried area of footing = 2.03 m
2
Width of footing = 0.58 m
Provide width of footing = 0.75 m
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.75 m = 2.63
m
2
As in this case, the property line is present on both end of column, hence there
is no possibility of projection, so the pressure will not be uniform if the c.g. of
footing and the c.g. of load does not coincide.
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
C.G of load system from end face of col A=
= ( 317 x 0.115 ) + ( 237 x 3.385 )
( 317 + 237 )
= 1.52 m
C.G. of footing = 1.75 m
Eccentricity of load w.r.t c.g. of footing = 0.23 m
Moment due to eccentricity = ( 369 x 0.23 ) = 87 kN m
Total Moment = 62 kN m
Pressure calculation :
Intensity of pressure due to Axial load = P / A =
= ( 211 + 158 ) / 2.63 = 141 kN/m
2
Intensity of pressure due to Moment = M / Z =
= 62 / ( 0.75 x 3.50 x 3.50 ) / 6
= = 40 kN/m
2
P
max
= ( 141 + 40 ) = 181
kN/m
2
OK
P
min
= ( 141 - 40 ) = 100
kN/m
2
OK
1
0.115 0.115
103
178 158 100
181
Load per metre run of slab = Avg pressure x 1 m
( 169 x 1.00 ) = 169 kN/m
Load per metre run of slab due to ultimate pressure =
( 169 x 1.50 ) = 254 kN/m
Cantilever projection of slab @ face of beam = = 0.15 m
Maximum ultimate moment = ( 254 x 0.15 x 0.15 ) = 3
2
d required = ( 3 x 10^6 ) = 32 mm
( 1000 x 2.76 )
Try overall depth = 230 mm Width = 1000
Effective depth d = 184 mm End depth= 175
Effective end depth d =
Ast= 43 mm
2
Required is Y 8 @ 1161 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm = 251
Distribution steel = ( 0.12 % x 1000 x 203 ) = 243
Provide Y 8 @ 225 mm = 223
Shear @ d= -0.034 m
Shear = -9 kN

v
= -0.07
N/mm
2
Enter depth at d location

c
= 0.355
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is OK
Design of Longitudinal beam : -
316.5 237
1.42
0.115 3.27 0.115
116 113
164
201
204
1.42 223.86
23.23 0.547
13.14
156.55
293.27 S.F.Diagram
-225.287
1.34 0.75
B.M.Diagram
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
isolated T- beam.
Reinforcement at the central portion:
b
f
= = 0.750 m
= 750 mm
b
w
= = 450 mm
Let provide depth of beam = 605 mm
Effective depth of beam = 547 mm
Ast= 1216 mm
2
Provide 6 Nos. Y 16 mm 1206
mm
2
0.29 %
Shear at d from face of column = 0.758 m
Shear = 157 kN

v
= 0.64
N/mm
2

c
= 0.330
N/mm
2
(From SP16)
Section for depth is PROVIDE STIRRUPS
Shear to be resisted by stirrups = 75.32 kN
Try stirrups of 2-legged Y 8 mm @ 263 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 250 mm = 201
SUMMARY: -
Provide Footing size of 3.50 m x 0.75 m
SLAB RENFORCEMENT: -
Provide Y 8 @ 200 mm
Provide Y 8 @ 300 mm
BEAM REINFORCEMENT: -
TOP: - 9 Nos. Y 12 mm
0.459375
MX
1
2
In such case fooring will become eccentric and hence the pressure will be non-uniform.
kN m / metre
mm
mm
129 mm
mm
2
0.16 %
mm
2
mm
2
0.17 %
As in the central portion of beam, the moment is hogging, i.e. the tension is on the
top portion of beam, hence the beam at the central portion will be designed as the
mm
2
User ARIF Date Time 03:13
Footing Identifier =
Safe Bearing Capacity of Soil = 20 T/m
2
Depth of Founding Level below Ground (Df) = 2 m
m
Weight Density of Soil & Backfill together = 1.8 T/m
3
Load Factor for Limit State Method (LF) = 1.5 Factor
Concrete Grade (Fck) = 20 N/mm
2
Steel Grade (fy) = 415 N/mm
2
Column Dimensions: E_W (L1) = 0.3 m Width
Column Dimensions: N_S (B1) = 0.23 m Width
Offset from face of column = 75 mm
Crack width = 0.3 m
MZ( @Z ) MX( @X ) Stress Actual /
P M_E-W M_N-S Factor Allowable
I 14 0 0 1 0.97
II 14 0 0 1.25 0.92
III 13 0 0 1.25 0.83
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
For SBC
Punching Shear
L / B 0.88 Stress (EW)
Length - L 0.91 M E_W AREA 0.728
m
2
Stress (NS)
Width - B 0.80 M N_S Depth (bending)
Z_NS 0.1
m
3
Reinf. (Bending)
if (P > Pp) then 'Revise Footing Size' Z_EW 0.1
m
3
Bearing pressure
Depth of Footing at Centre 550 mm Depth of Footing at Edge
Eff. Cover to Bott. Reinf. d' 75 mm de=D-d'= 475
Distances from CL of to a) Column Face, b) De from & its Distance from Edge,
Perimeter & Punching Area for Shear ECT,.
E-W N-S perimeter area, Ap
L1 (E-W) 0.3 Xf 0.15 0.115
L (E-W) 0.91 Lf 0.305 0.285
D E S I G N O F I S O L A T E D SLOPED F O O T I N G B Y L I M I T S T A T E M E T H O D
18-Aug-14
Moments (T.M)
ETABS NO. 10 DWG NO. C16
0
.
8
0
Trial Footing Size
Section Modulus
For Moment For punching shear
Lf
Ld
P
e
d
g
e
P
d
P
-
f
a
c
eCase I
No Tension
Tension Allowed
Case II
P
e
d
g
e
P
d
P
-
f
a
c
e
Ld De
BP/2
Lf =
L =
Xf =
Xd =
B

=
E W
S
N
+
-
+
+
-
-
+
-
Lpu =
B
p
u

=
L1 =
B
1

=
B1 (N-S) 0.23 Xd 0.625 0.59
B (N-S) 0.8 Ld 0 0
Lpu=(L1+De) 0.775
Bpu=(B1+De) 0.705 2.96 0.55
Area of footing @ critical section for one way shear
E-W (((0.3+2*475/1000)+0.91)/2*(-6.52173913043464-230)/1000)+((230-75)/1000*0.91)
N-S (((0.23+2*475/1000)+0.8)/2*(-59.5238095238094-230)/1000)+((230-75)/1000*0.8)
E-W N-S
a = 0.41 0.39
J = 0.09 0.08
C = 0.3875 0.3525
M_E-W M_N-S
5.359 5.735
44.02147
Overburden Pressure
Df - D = 1.45 IF (foundation depth-D) is <= 0, then this component is 0
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
OB Load(Ptot) 2.81 Eb = {M_E-W} / (P + Pob)
OB Press(Pob) 3.866 El = {M_N-S} / (P + Pob)
R = 0.133 or 0.138 or 0.15 * fck R = 0.138 X 20 =
p-max=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B+6*El/L) P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B)
p-min=Ptot*(1-6*Eb/B-6*El/L) P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m
Punching shear stress = ((A-Ap)*(Ptot-Pob)) /
(P.Perimeter*De)+((M_E-W*a*c_E-W) /
(0.85J_E-W))+((M_N-S*a*c_N-S) /
(0.85*J_N-S))
Ptot
(P+Pob)/A M-(E-W)/ M-(N-S)/ p-max p-min P-edge P-face
M/Z M/Z t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2
I 22.77 0.27 0.14 23.17 22.36 23.04 22.86
I 23.19 3.69 0.08 26.97 19.41 26.88 24.41
III 22.35 0.27 2.10 24.72 19.98 22.62 22.44
IV
V
VI
VII
VIII
#REF! #REF! 26.97 19.41
Limit state
De = SqRt((Mu / K Fck) * b) De (cm)=
Permissible Punching Shear Stress
= Ks * tc
=
Ks = (0.5 + bc) bc = L / B
Ks = 1.00
tc = 0.25 * Sqrt(Fck) t c =
111.80 t/m2
Shear due to Moment =
W I T H N O T E N S I O N
C
a
s
e
FOR - M_E-W only
R = Mu / b * de
2
-

N/mm
2
Pt (Req) = 0.5*Fck/Fy{[1-(1-4.6*Mu/B*de^2)/Fck]^0.5}*b*de
Pt (Req) Min = 0.12%
Ast - Reinforcement to be required = Pt (req) * A * d
Ast - Reinforcement Provided
Pt (Provided) @ Efffective depth d from face of column
Allowable Shear Stress (t/m2)
=0.85*sqrt(0.8*Fck)*(sqrt(1+5*b)-1)/6*b
b =0.8 * Fck / 6.89 * pt 1.00 for E_W 1.00 for N_S
Actual Shear stress (t/m2)
Bearing pressure = Pu/bD in t/m2 0.30
Permissible bearing pressure = 0.45 fck (sqrt(A1/A2)) 1.80
A1 = (min of (Lf x Bf or ( b + 4Df )x ( D + 4 Df ) 728000
A2 = b x D 69000
where sqrt(A1/A2) should not be greater than 2
Footing Size
Pedestal Dimensions: E_W = 0.30 m
Pedestal Dimensions: N_S = 0.23 m
Length - L: E_W = 0.91 m
Width - B: N_S = 0.80 m
Depth = Column face 550 mm
Footing Edge 230 (E_W)
Ast =
1 Excavation 3.10 m3
2 PCC 0.13 m3
3 RCC 0.28 m3 1 Concrete
4 Formwork 0.8 m2 2 Formwork
5 Reinforcement 8 Kgs
Total reinforcement per cft = 8 0.28 35.314 0.819724
S u m m a r y
Long Side
Bottom Reinf.
Quantities
F o o t i n g P e d e s t a l
Z-Axis
0
0.30
X - Axis
0.775
0.625
0.91 m
(P-max (actual /
- Pob) allowable allowable)
19.31 5.55 - 20.00 0.97
23.10 25.00 0.92
20.85 25.00 0.83
(3.87) 0.00
(3.87) 0.00
(3.87) 0.00
(3.87) 0.00
(3.87) 0.00
5.55 - 0.97
Punching Shear
Stress (EW) L1 (E-W)= 0.30 m
Stress (NS) B1 (N-S)= 0.23 m
Depth (bending)
Reinf. (Bending) d eff= 475 d eff/2= 238
Bearing pressure
Depth of Footing at Edge 230 mm
mm
Dcentre= 550
D (for one way shear) D (for Punching shear)
-D_os=7 For E-W D_ps=380 For E-W
Dmin= 230 -D_os=60 For N-S D_ps=368 For N-S
0
.
2
9
D E S I G N O F I S O L A T E D SLOPED F O O T I N G B Y L I M I T S T A T E M E T H O D
EXECUTION
0.305
0
.
7
1
0
.
2
=
0
.
0
0
0.15
Fdn Size OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
Depth OK
OK
OK
Lf
Ld
P
e
d
g
e
P
d
P
-
f
a
c
eCase I
No Tension
Tension Allowed
Case II
P
e
d
g
e
P
d
P
-
f
a
c
e
Ld De
BP/2
Lf =
L =
Xf =
Xd =
B

=
E W
S
N
+
-
+
+
-
-
+
-
Lpu =
B
p
u

=
L1 =
B
1

=
Pedge
P d
P-face
L
d
L
f
Pedge
P-face
P d
T
e
n
s
i
o
n

A
l
l
o
w
e
d
C
a
s
e

I
I
C
a
s
e

I
N
o

T
e
n
s
i
o
n
P-face P-face
L (E-W)= 0.91 m & B (N-S) = 0.80 m
Column offset+2xEffective depth
= -0.11
m
2
(Area of trapaezoid)
Footing base dimension
= -0.16
m
2
(Area of trapaezoid)
a = 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Lpu/Bpu))) 1-(1/(1+2/3*SQRT(Bpu/Lpu)))
J=
C= Lpu/2 Bpu/2
M= a/ (0.85*J_E-W) a/ (0.85*J_N-S)
*Volume of concrete x 2.5 + (Total volume of excavation i.e. L x B x D - volume of concrete) x 1.8
2.76
P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*Eb/B) P-edge=Ptot*(1+6*El/L)
P-face=Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xf) P-face=Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xf)
P-d =Ptot*(1+12*Eb/B^2*Xd) P-d =Ptot*(1+12*El/L^2*Xd)
M-face = Lf^2*{P-edge/3+P-face/6-Pob/2}L TM
V-De = Ld*{(P-edge+P-d)*0.5-Pob}L T/m
P-d M-face V@De Punch.sh P-edge P-face P-d M-face
t/m2 tm t strs t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 t/m2 tm
23.14 0.71 (2.61) 47.83 22.91 22.81 22.97 0.70
28.26 0.83 (3.22) 47.92 23.27 23.21 23.31 0.72
22.72 0.70 (2.56) 47.75 24.45 22.95 25.45 0.74
0.8 -2.56 47.92 0.74
1.2 -3.84 71.87 1.11
7.49 6.66
111.80
Depth OK
E - W N - S
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+[De*(Bp
u*Lpu^2/2))]
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
W I T H N O T E N S I O N
FOR - M_E-W only FOR - M_N-S only
Depth OK
0.07 0.05
0.019 0.015
0.12 0.12
456 519
550 628
-0.48 -0.39
82.14 .
58.81
Kgs Nos. Dia Spacing (N_S) Kgs Nos. Dia
4 7 10 150 4 8 10
0 m3
2 m2
Depth OK Depth OK
OK
S u m m a r y
Long Side Short Side
Quantities
P e d e s t a l
D E S I G N O F I S O L A T E D SLOPED F O O T I N G B Y L I M I T S T A T E M E T H O D
EXECUTION
Pedge
P d
P-face
L
d
L
f
Pedge
P-face
P d
T
e
n
s
i
o
n

A
l
l
o
w
e
d
C
a
s
e

I
I
C
a
s
e

I
N
o

T
e
n
s
i
o
n
P-face P-face
Column offset+2xEffective depth
D_os
D min
V@De
t
(3.30)
(3.36)
(3.65)
-3.30
-4.95
N - S
[2*(De*Lpu^3)/12]+[2*(Lpu*De^3)/12]+
[(De*Lpu*Bpu^2)/2)]
W I T H N O T E N S I O N
FOR - M_N-S only
82.14
40.41
Spacing
150
Depth OK
S u m m a r y
Short Side
Story Point Load FX FY FZ MX MY MZ
BASE 69 COMB1 1.26 -0.1 202.33 0.196 0.429 0.012
BASE 69 COMB2 -0.82 -0.04 165.17 0.101 -4.63 -0.03
BASE 69 COMB3 2.84 -0.12 158.55 0.213 5.317 0.049
BASE 69 COMB4 0.66 -0.96 165.68 2.329 0.389 0.046
BASE 69 COMB5 1.36 0.79 158.04 -2.015 0.298 -0.027
BASE 69 COMB6 -1.04 -0.03 197.6 0.11 -5.832 -0.034
BASE 69 COMB7 3.52 -0.14 189.33 0.25 6.602 0.065
BASE 69 COMB8 0.8 -1.18 198.24 2.895 0.442 0.061
BASE 69 COMB9 1.68 1.01 188.69 -2.535 0.327 -0.03
BASE 69 COMB10 -1.54 0 120.21 0.038 -5.986 -0.04
BASE 69 COMB11 3.03 -0.11 111.95 0.178 6.448 0.059
BASE 69 COMB12 0.31 -1.14 120.86 2.823 0.288 0.055
BASE 69 COMB13 1.18 1.04 111.3 -2.607 0.174 -0.036
135 0.29 0.13
138 -3.86 0.08
132 4 0
138 0 2
132 0 -2
132 -4 0
126 4 0
132 0.29 1.93
126 0 -2