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Most railway-car, fluorescent-lighting instal-
lations use power from either alternators or vi-
brator inverters which convert 30-volt direct
current to an alternating current suitable for
fluorescent lamp operation.
Some installations recently placed in service
utilize the 14-watt, T-12 fluorescent lamp
operated on 58 to 62 volts direct current. A
small filament ballast lamp is wired in series
with it. A thermal-type starter switch is em-
ployed also. A lamp circuit regulator is re-
quired to maintain the voltage within the 58-
to 62-volt range. Practical d-c operation is
limited to the 14-watt lamps since voltages
greater than 62 volts are required for the larger
Where only a 30-volt, d-c supply is avail-
able, a rotating "booster" delivering approxi-
mately 60 volts to the lamp has been used
with satisfactory results.
Car 'platforms. In most cases, incandescent
filament lamps (usually 25-watt rating) con-
tained in concentrating enclosing fixtures are
used directly above the car steps on platforms
as shown in Fig. 13-14.
FIG. 13-14. Passenger-car
platform and steps illumi-
nated by a recessed luminaire
with narrow beam spread.
Locomotive Headlights
To a large extent locomotive headlights are custom-built and specially
equipped electrically for the types of locomotives on which they are used.
They are powered by auxiliary steam-driven d-c generators (usually 32
volt), or from the d-c main power plant on
Diesel-electric locomotives which may make
12, 32, 60, 75, or 110 volts available to the head-
light lamp. A 14-inch-diameter reflector is used
in most headlights. A representative 250-watt
-\ headlight (Fig. 13-15) exhibits a beam width
of 8 degrees (as measured to 10 per cent of
its maximum candlepower). The Interstate
Commerce Commission rule that governs the
headlight output of a road locomotive is that
, it shall make the figure of a man visible at a
distance of 800 feet on a clear night. Switch
engine headlights are required to provide a 300-
feet pickup distance. Representative head-
FIG 13-15 Typical 250-
light axial beam candlepowers range from
watt locomotive head lamp. 300,000 to 400,000.