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# BASIC THERMODYNAMICS TUTORIAL

1. Define Thermodynamic system. Also explain different thermodynamic systems with appropriate
examples.
2. Explain concept of Quasi-static process with necessary figure.
3. Differentiate etween !ntensi"e and Extensi"e properties of system.
#. \$ro"e that %Energy& is a point function of a system undergoing change of state.
'. \$ro"e the e(ui"alency of )el"in-\$lan* and +lausius statements.
,. Define -A"ailaility.. Also deri"e expression for a"ailaility in a non-flow system.
/. 0rite rief note on the followings1
2i3 4elmholt5 function 2ii3 6is 7unction 2iii3 !rre"ersiility
8. 6i"e comparison of +arnot cycle and 9an*ine cycle for "apour.
:. Draw the Diesel cycle on p-" and T-s diagram. Also deri"e expression for air
1;. standard efficiency with usual notations for the cycle.
11. Explain the method of determination of calorific "alue of a gi"en fuel y <om calorimeter with
neat s*etch.
12. Explain riefly Dalton&s law and 6is-Dalton law applied to mixture of perfect gases.
1#. \$ro"e the e(ui"alency of )el"in-\$lan* and +lausius statements.
1'. Deri"e an expression for >tto cycle efficiency with usual notation.
1,. \$ro"e that all re"ersile engines operating etween same temperatures limits are e(ually
efficient.
1/. Explain the difference etween isentropic process and adiaatic process.
18. =how that coefficient of performance of heat pump and gerator can e related as? +>\$
@+>\$ -1
1:. Asing second laws of thermodynamics chec* the following and also indicate nature of
cycle.
2;. Discuss macroscopic and microscopic point of view in thermodynamics
21. Write steady flow energy equation in case of boiler, turbine and condenser.
22. 0hat do you understand y Boule-Thomson coefficientC Explain.
23. 0hat do you understand y ideal regenerati"e cycleC 0hy is it not possile in practiceC
Also gi"e actual regenerati"e cycle.
2#. Deri"e Dander 0aal&s e(uation.
2'. Explain in rief how calorific "alue is determined y calorimeter and Bun*ers gas
calorimeter.
KOM TUTORIALS
1. Define 1
213 Eower \$air
223 )inematics +hain
233 +ompletely +onstrained Fotion
2#3 Angle of friction
2. Deri"e the e(uation for finding out the ratio of angular "elocities of two shafts of 4oo*e&s Goint.
3. 0hat is straight line motion mechanismC Explain 4art&s straight line motion mechanism with
neat s*etch.
#. 0hat is in"ersionC Explain the in"ersions of doule slider cran* chain with neat s*etch.
'. 0hat is steering gear mechanismC Deri"e the relation for correct steering for De"is steering gear
mechanism.
,. Explain the terms used in cam.
/. 213 Trace point. 223 \$ressure angle 233 \$itch circle.
8. Deri"e the e(uation for finding out the tor(ue re(uired to lift the load y a screw Gac*.
:. Deri"e the e(uation for maximum efficiency of a screw Gac* for raising a load.
1;. Deri"e the e(uation for finding out the length of path of contact for a pair of in"olute gears.
11. Deri"e e(uation for finding out the limiting tension ratio in a elt dri"e.
12. Define the following terms1
13. 1. Ein*
1#. 2. Eoc*ed +hain
1'. 3. 4igher \$air
1,. #. Ternary Boint
1/. '. Degrees of freedom
18. ,. +onstrained Fotion
1:. /. Quaternary Ein*
2;. Define -!n"ersion of Fechanism.. Draw s*etches of any two in"ersions of
21. doule slider cran* mechanism and =tate their applications.
22. Explain the following 1
23. 1. 9uing Delocity 2. !nstataneous center 3. )ennedy&s theorem
2#. =tate the criteria of selection of following for transmission of power1
2'. 1. <elt Dri"e 2. 9ope Dri"e 3. +hain Dri"e #. 6ear Dri"e
2,. Explain the phenomenon of -slip. and -creep. in a elt dri"e.
2/. Define a +am and a 7ollower. =*etch different types of follower and mention specific
characteristic of each.
28. Define +lutch. Explain with neat s*etchH wor*ing of a clutch generally used in commercial four
wheel dri"e.
FQM TUTORIALS
QUALITY CONCEPTS & TQM
1. Describe the TQM philosophy and identify its major characteristics. 27
2. What is Total Quality Management? tate its objecti!es. 27
". Discuss strategic #uality management system.22
\$. What is Quality Management? Discuss strategies of Quality Management. 22
%. Describe each of the four costs of #uality. \$"
&. Discuss '!e stages of #uality culture. \$"
7. Discuss #uality Management system \$(
). Discuss !arious phases of QM. \$(
*. Discuss !arious dimensions of a #uality D(%
1(.Discuss !arious types of #uality audits. D(%
11.What is Quality +ontrol? Discuss its objecti!es and ad!antages D(&
12.tate the important objecti!es of Quality +ontrol. ,-plain brie.y ho/ these
objecti!es are achie!ed in ,ngineering 0ndustry? D(&
1".De'ne Quality1 Quality 2ssurance and Total Quality +ontrol. What is trategic
Quality Management? 1"
1\$.Discuss Deming3s fourteen points for Quality management. 12
1%.Describe contribution of 4uran and +rosby for Quality brie.y. 12
1&.Discuss 4uran3s #uality trilogy. "(
17.,-plain 5D+2 cycle of Deming for #uality impro!ement. "(
1).Describe contribution of 0shi6a/a3s to TQM? +ompare it /ith Deming1 4uran
and +rosby7s contribution. ")
1*.Discuss concept of #uality as per #uality gurus li6e 4uran and +rosby. ")
2(.Discuss about priorities and de!elopment of Quality in 0ndian 0ndustries. (7
21.What is the role of #uality council of 0ndia in the 'eld of #uality impro!ement
in 0ndian industry? (7
22.Discuss some of the e8orts by 0ndian industries in the 'eld of #uality
impro!ement. D(*
2".Discuss #uality management scenario in 0ndian industries. D(*
2\$.Write short note on Quality 2ssurance and Quality 2udit. D()
SQC and Acceptance samp!n"
1. 9o/ is tatistical 5rocess +ontrol :5+; di8erent from acceptance sampling?
What are the Type 0 and Type 00 errors? (*
2. Deri!e the e-pression for the <+= and =+= for acceptance control charts. (*
". ,-plain >Double ampling 5lan? /ith suitable e-ample. D(2
\$. Write a short note on @.+.+ur!e. D(2
%. Discuss the concept of tatistical 5rocess +ontrol and compare the same /ith
tatistical Quality +ontrol. 17
&. =ist out @+ cur!es. What is an ideal @+ cur!e? ,-plain 5roducer3s Ais6s and
+onsumer3s Ais6s. 17
7. Write short note on :1; Binominal probability Distribution :2; e#uential
ampling 5lan \$2
). De'ne statistical process control. ,-plain random causes and assignable
causes of !ariations. \$2
*. With reference to acceptance sampling e-plain double sampling plan. tate
1(.Dra/ and e-plain @+ cur!e. ,-plain producer3s ris6 and consumer3s ris6. "2
11.Discuss need of acceptance sampling D(1
12.Discuss !arious types of sampling plans /ith suitable e-amples D(1
1".Why do DodgeCAomig sampling schemes enjoy easy popularity /ith industrial
inspection? tate some of the characteristics of these schemes. (2&
1\$.Deri!e relationship bet/een 2@Q1 2D0 and the process a!erage for any
sampling plan.(2&
1%.Discuss !arious charts for !ariables and attributes.()7
1&.What is 2ttributes 2nd Eariables ? Discuss ingle ampling 5lan brie.y.()7
17.,-plain Method 2nalysis? 9o/ are Dlo/ 5rocess +harts and ,mployeeC
Machine acti!ity charts helpful in Method 2nalysis?(2*
QUALITY TOOLS AND ISO SERIES
1. Write short note on 0@ 1\$((( %1
2. What is 0@ *((( F 1\$(((? Write their major bene'ts. %1
". ,-plain the concept 0@*((1. tate the '!e important ad!antages of
0@*((1. \$\$
\$. ,-plain !arious tools of Quality control. \$\$
%. ,nlist se!en Quality 0mpro!ement Tools and e-plain any one brie.y."*
&. 9o/ /ill you justify cause and e8ect analysis as #uality impro!ement
process? ,-plain /ith suitable e-ample. "*
7. ,numerate the se!en magni'cent #uality tools /hich form a signi'cant part
of the i- igma tool 6it and Discuss role of 9istogram. "&
). ,-plain the concept of i- igma. tate its bene'ts. "&
*. De'ne and e-plain Design for si- igma. %*
1(.De'ne Quality Dunction Deployment :QDD; and e-plain its bene'ts. %*
11.9o/ /ill you build up >9ouse of #uality? for the implementation of Quality
Dunction Deployment? Discuss step by step. &(
12.What is Benchmar6ing ? Discuss about its types brie.y. &(
1".9o/ did Quality tandards and practices de!elop in 0ndian Business
@rganiGations? &1
1\$.Discuss purpose and objecti!es of Bureau of 0ndian standard :B0;. &1
1%.,-plain your !ie/s for the Quality de!elopment in 0ndia. "%
1&.What do you understand by #uality standards? <sing suitable illustration1
e-plain !arious types of #uality standards. "%
17.What is the Malcolm Baldrige Hational Quality 2/ard? Why is this a/ard
important and /hat companies ha!e recei!ed it in the past? ""
1).What is Tata Business ,-cellence Model? Brie.y e-plain the !arious +lauses of
the Malcolm Baldrige criteria for business 5erformance ,-cellence. ""
1*.Describe Deming 2/ard for Quality. D7
Q#a!t\$ !n se%&!ce and s'(t)a%e
1. Discuss role of soft /ares in Quality management D11
2. 9o/ do certi'cations such as the +apability Maturity Model :+MM; help
in impro!ing soft/are #uality? D12
". Which are the common measurements of soft/are #uality? ,-plain them
brie.y. D1(
\$. ,-plain the importance of Quality Management soft/are in Business
impro!ement.
%. What is er!ice Quality ? Discuss about its types brie.y
&. De'ne 7ser!ice3. ,-plain the classi'cation of ser!ices.
7. Discuss 6ey theme for er!ice #uality management applications in enterprise.
E*AMPLE
1. The tableC1 sho/s that successi!e lots of shafts are coming out of the
machine. The shafts are subjected to inspection for burrs. The shafts are
inspected in samples of 1(( each. +ompute and construct the +hart. 2lso
ma6e decision regarding #uality of product and process control .T2B=,C1
2. The follo/ing TableC2 sho/s the number of defects on the surface of
carbodies1 on 2( 4an.2(1(. +onstruct the appropriate control chart and gi!e
". The follo/ing table sho/s the a!erages and ranges of the haft
diameter in millimeters for "( subgroups of % item each
Dor the 'rst 2( samples setup an I chart and an A chart. 5lot the ne-t 1(
samples on these charts to see if the process continuous ><nder +ontrol?
both as to a!erage and range. 2lso 'nd the 5rocess +apability.
\$. 0n Double ampling 5lan H is %(((1 n1 J 1((1 c1 J (1 n2J1(( and c2J1.
1. <se 5oisson3s table to compute the probability of acceptance of a
1K defecti!e lot.
2. 2ssume that a lot rejected by this sampling plan /ill be 1((K inspected.
What /ill be the 2@Q if the submitted product is 1K defecti!e? +onsidering
both the inspection of rejected lots1 /hat /ill be the a!erage number of
articles inspected per lot if the submitted product is 1 K defecti!e?
%. The follo/ing table gi!es the numbers of missing cre/s noted at 2uto parts
'nal inspectionL
Dind + compute trial control limits1 and plot control chart for +. What
!alues of +3 /ould you suggest for the subse#uent period?
1. 2 single sampling plan is gi!en as HJ%(((1 nJ%( and cJ 2
a. +ompute the appro-imate probability of acceptance of lots
/ith 1K defecti!e :use 5oission;
b. Determine the 2@Q !alue for the abo!e lots.
c. What /ill be the a!erage inspection in percentage? :2ssume
acceptance1 Aecti'cation plan;
2. ,-plain 5oissons 5robability Distribution
&. Dollo/ing data /as collected for 12 samples measured for a dimension
of component. +alculate control limits for I Mand A and dra/ the charts. The
!alues for 22J(.%)1 D"J ( and D\$ J 2.11
7. ,-plain the concept of pLchart and calculate follo/ingL The obser!ations of
inspection results are summariGed in table belo/. Dor each subLgroup the
fraction defecti!e is sho/n in table. +alculate set of control limits.
). +onstruct a control chart for Mean and Aange for follo/ing data of
measurement11( sample of sample siGe % is being ta6en for
consideration. Mention your conclusion for state of control.
*. Dollo/ing obser!ations /ere ta6en /hile inspecting the product1 1(
samples of siGe 1(( each is ta6en1