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GNS: 211: Introduction to Information Technology I
November, 30 2009 Duration: 1 HR

SECTION A (2 Marks Each)

1. Computers are classified by purpose as general purpose computers and special Purpose
2. Computers that solve problems by counting precisely is called digital Computers
3. Software are classified as system software and application/productivity software
4. Software that helps users perform daily routine task is called application/Productivity
5. The three standard computer peripherals are monitor, keyboard and mouse
6. The speed of modern day computers are measured in gigahertz/GHz
7. The most common means of output is the monitor
8. The short form of Binary Digit is bit
9. Two examples of portable computers are laptop computer and notebook PC/ Tablet PC
10. The two brand of computers on the market are Apple Mac and IBM clone/IBM Compatible
Indicate as T (True) or F (False) in the space provided

11. Computers are used to store data and information T F

12. ROM and RAM are both volatile T F
13. The fastest computer is the mainframe computer T F
14. Computers cannot perform decision –making operation T F
15. QWARTY layout is the most common computer keyboard T F
16. Money counting machine is an example of analog computer T F
17. A computer can function without a software T F
18. Logic and arithmetic operations are carried out in the ROM T F
19. Data and information can be used interchangeably T F
20. Data coding is an aspect of data/information processing T F

1 Explain the term Computer Literacy. Why is computer literacy vital in Education?

Computer Literacy means having knowledge and understanding of the computer and being able to use
it effectively to perform daily routine task.
It is vital in Education because

• Computers are used in schools for many applications such as writing papers or searching the
internet for information
• Computer skills are also a subject being taught in schools
• Computers also play a very important part in the educational system in terms of teaching and

1 Write a short note on ROM.(Provide 5 Unique sentences)

• It is also called Random Assess Memory
• Can only be read from but cannot be written to
• It stores start-up programs
• ROM is non volatile: data in ROM are retained when the power is turned off
• Data in the ROM cannot be altered

3. Computers are classified as Mainframe, Minicomputer and Microcomputers. Explain these terms.
These are large, powerful and expensive general purpose computers with a range of powerful
input/output processing and storage facilities. This type is used mainly by large organisations such
as Universities, large business, airlines hospitals, government agencies and manufacturing
companies and by computer service organisations such as service bureau.

• They make up the middle class of computer size and power.
• They are physically larger than microcomputers
• They are mostly special purpose computers
• Minicomputer systems are usually more powerful than microcomputers and less powerful than

They are the smallest and cheapest systems.
The economy and small size of the microcomputer has made possible the spread of individual owned
and operated personal computers.
They are now available everywhere as personal computers or desktop computers
4. What are the functions of the following?
i. Main memory
ii.Secondary memory

i. Main memory
The main memory has three functions, these are;
• it stores all or part of the programs being executed
• it stores the operating system programs that manage the operating of the computer
• it holds data that are being used by the programs
i. Secondary memory
• secondary memory is used to store information in a non-volatile state
• it store volumes of data too large to fit into memory
• programs and data are store permanently in secondary memory and retrieved into main memory
when required