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CRYSTAL STAFFORD
7609 EAGLES PARK DRIVE
SACRAMENTO, CA 95828
IN PRO PER
SUPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA
SACRAMENTO COUNTY
RONALD GARNER,
Plaintiff,
v.
CRYSTAL STAFFORD
Defendant.
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Case No.: 13UD01667
NOTICE OF DEMURRER AND
DEMURRER TO COMPLAINT;
MEMORANDM OF POINT AND
AUT!ORITIE
DATE: MARC! "#, "$#%
TIME: #$:$$ AM PT
DEPT.: &&
NOTICE OF DEMURRER AND DEMURRER TO COMPLAINT BY DEFENDANT
TO ALL PARTIE IN T!E A'O(E ENTITILED ACTION, PLEAE TA)E NOTICE T!AT on
Ma*+, "#, "$#%, at #$:$$ a-, o* as soon as t,e -atte* +an .e ,ea*d, in De/a*t-ent && of t,e
0/e*io* Co0*t, a+*a-ento Co0nt1, Defendant 2ill -ove t,e Co0*t fo* an o*de* s0stainin3 a
3ene*al de-0**e* to t,e 0nla2f0l detaine* +o-/laint filed .1 Plaintiff 2it,o0t leave to a-end.
T,is de-0**e* is -ade /0*s0ant to Code of Civil Procedure 4##5$ on t,e 3*o0nds t,at t,e
t,*ee6da1 noti+es se*ved on Defendant, via UP and /e*sonal se*vi+e, a*e defe+tive and does
not +ontain t,e info*-ation *e70i*ed .1 Code of Civil Procedure 4##8#9"), and f0*t,e* t,at .ot,
#
Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint
Case No.#%UD$#885
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t,e t,*ee6da1 noti+es in+o**e+tl1 state t,e a-o0nt d0e, t,0s a*e fatall1 defe+tive and 2ill not
s0//o*t an 0nla2f0l detaine* a+tion.
T,is de-0**e* is .ased 0/on t,is noti+e of de-0**e*, t,e atta+,ed de-0**e*, t,e
-e-o*and0- of /oints and a0t,o*ities, and 0/on s0+, o*al and do+0-enta*1 eviden+e as -a1 .e
/*esented .1 Defendant 0/on t,e ,ea*in3 of t,e de-0**e*.
DATED: MARC! :, "$#%
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
CR<TAL TAFFORD
Defendant, In P*o Pe*.
"
Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint
Case No.#%UD$#885
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M!"#$%&'! "( P")%*+ $%& A'*,"#)*)+
I- STATEMENT OF FACTS
Defendant *ents a *esidential ,o-e o2ned and -ana3ed .1 t,e Plaintiff. A 2*itten
-ont,6to6-ont, a3*ee-ent 2as si3ned in =0ne "$#". T,e 2*itten a3*ee-ent states a -ont,l1
*ent of >&5?.$$.
Defendant 2as se*ved a t,*ee6da1 noti+e to /a1 o* 70it on Fe.*0a*1 ##, "$#% via /e*sonal
se*vi+e 9ee E@,i.it AAB !e*eafte* Noti+e C#). 0.se70entl1, Defendant *e+eived anot,e* t,*ee6
da1 noti+e to 70it on Fe.*0a*1 #", "$#%, via UP 9ee E@,i.it A'B Noti+e C" !e*eafte* Noti+e
C")).
T,e t,*ee6da1 noti+e to /a1 o* 70it 9,e*eafte* Noti+e C#) de-ands a /a1-ent of
>:,?$$.$$ fo* /ast d0e a-o0nts. Conse70entl1, t,e t,*ee6da1 noti+e to /a1 o* 70it 9,e*eafte*
Noti+e C") de-ands a /a1-ent of >:,"?$.$$.
Plaintiff ,as filed a +o-/laint a3ainst Defendant alle3in3 0nla2f0l detaine*. T,e
s0--ons 2as *e+eived .1 Defendant on Fe.*0a*1 "5, "$#%. On line A5.B of t,e s0--ons it
s,o2s Fe.*0a*1 #:, "$#% fo* anot,e* date of se*vi+e of an 0na++o0nted t,*ee6da1 noti+e to /a1 o*
70it.
"$#$.
II- DEMURRER IS PROPER IN T.IS CASE BECAUSE PLAINTIFF .AS
FAILED TO STATE A CAUSE OF ACTION-
Code of Civil P*o+ed0*e 9CCP) 4 :%$.#$ /*ovides, in /e*tinent /a*t:
%
Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint
Case No.#%UD$#885
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T,e /a*t1 a3ainst 2,o- a +o-/laint o* +*oss6+o-/laint ,as .een filed -a1 o.De+t .1 de-0**e* . .
. on an1 of t,e follo2in3 3*o0nds:
9e) T,e /leadin3 does not state fa+ts s0ffi+ient to +onstit0te a +a0se of a+tion.
!e*e, PlaintiffEs Co-/laint fails to state fa+ts s0ffi+ient to +onstit0te a +a0se of a+tion. As s0+,,
de-0**e* is /*o/e*.
III- NOTICE RE/UIREMENTS IN UNLA0FUL DETAINERS ARE STRICTLY
CONSTRUED- T.ERE IS NO CAUSE OF ACTION FOR UNLA0FUL DETAINER IF
T.E T.REE1DAY NOTICE TO PAY OR /UIT IS DEFENCTIVE-
T,e *0le of li.e*al +onst*0+tion of /leadin3s /*ovided .1 CCP 4:?" is ina//li+a.le in
0nla2f0l detaine* a+tions. 'e+a0se 0nla2f0l detaine* is an a+tion seeFin3 fo*feit0*e and is a
s0--a*1 /*o+eedin3 in 2,i+, t,e defendantEs no*-al /*o+ed0*al *i3,ts a*e li-ited, t,e +o0*ts
st*i+tl1 +onst*0e t,e stat0to*1 /*o+ed0*es t,at *e30late 0nla2f0l detaine*s and *e70i*e st*i+t
+o-/lian+e 2it, all stat0to*1 *e70i*e-ents. California Civil Code 4#::"; see also Kwok v.
Bergren (1982 1!" Cal.#$$.!d %9&' %99; Brigg( v. Elec)ronic *e+orie( , *agne)ic (19-% %!
Cal. #$$.!d 9""' 9"%; .ie/ovic0 v. 10a0rok0kan2 (199- %& Cal.#$$.3)0 %11' %1!. tatin3
+o**e+t a-o0nt d0e on t,e t,*ee6da1 noti+e is a /*e*e70isite to an a+tion in 0nla2f0l detaine*.
'ased on anal1sis of Canal4Randol$0 #na0ei+' Inc. v. 5ilko(ki (19-8 -8 Cal.#$$.!d
3--, 6o0n(on v. 1anc0e( (1932 %& Cal.#$$.2d 11% and Code Civil Procedure 4##8#, in Ern()
En)er.' Inc. v 1un 7alle2 8a(oline' Inc. (198! 1!9 Cal.#$$.!d !%%' !%9 t,e +o0*t *0led t,at a
noti+e to /a1 *ent o* 70it 2,i+, ove*states t,e *ent d0e is ineffe+tive and 2ill not s0//o*t an
a+tion fo* 0nla2f0l detaine*.
!e*e, t,e t,*ee6da1 noti+e to /a1 o* 70it in+l0des late fees in t,e *ent d0e a-o0nt of
>#G$$. Code Civil Procedure 4##8# states t,at a t,*ee da1 noti+e to /a1 o* 70it s,all in+l0de t,e
:
Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint
Case No.#%UD$#885
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*ent d0e and not A*ent and ot,e* +,a*3esB d0e. As noted a.ove, .e+a0se 0nla2f0l detaine* is an
a+tion seeFin3 fo*feit0*e and is a s0--a*1 /*o+eedin3 in 2,i+, t,e defendantEs no*-al
/*o+ed0*al *i3,ts a*e li-ited, t,e +o0*ts st*i+tl1 +onst*0e t,e stat0to*1 /*o+ed0*es t,at *e30late
0nla2f0l detaine*s and *e70i*e st*i+t +o-/lian+e 2it, all stat0to*1 *e70i*e-ents. in+e t,e t,*ee6
da1 noti+e in+l0des an a-o0nt t,at is 3*eate* t,an t,e *ent d0e fo* t,e -ont, of =0l1 "$#$, t,e
t,*ee da1 noti+e is defe+tive on its fa+e.
till f0*t,e*, t,e t,*ee6da1 noti+e in+l0des a late fees of >#$$. in+e Plaintiff did not
se*ve t,e t,*ee da1 noti+e in =0ne, in+l0din3 t,e late fees +,a*3es fo* =0ne +a0ses t,e t,*ee6da1
noti+e to .e defe+tive.
V- CONCLUSION
PlaintiffEs Co-/laint fails to state a +a0se of a+tion d0e to PlaintiffEs fail0*e to +o-/l1
2it, t,e *e70i*e-ents of Califo*nia Code of Civil P*o+ed0*e 4##8#. 'e+a0se t,e defe+t is in t,e
noti+e, Plaintiff +annot a-end t,e Co-/laint to state a +a0se of a+tion. As s0+,, Defendant
*es/e+tf0ll1 *e70est t,at t,is De-0**e* .e s0stained /0*s0ant to Califo*nia Code of Civil
P*o+ed0*e 4:%$.#$ 2it,o0t leave to a-end.
DATED: ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;,
Defendant, In P*o Pe*.
?
Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint
Case No.#%UD$#885
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PROOOF OF ER(ICE
#. I a- ove* t,e a3e of #& and not a /a*t1 of t,is +a0se. I a- a *esident of o* e-/lo1ed in t,e
+o0nt1 2,e*e t,e -ailin3 o++0**ed. M1 *esiden+e o* .0siness add*ess is
". I se*ved t,e Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint .1 en+losin3 a t*0e +o/1 in a
sealed envelo/e add*essed to ea+, /e*son 2,ose na-e and add*ess is s,o2n .elo2 and
de/ositin3 t,e envelo/e in t,e U -ail 2it, t,e /osta3e f0ll1 /*e/aid.
Date of Mailin3: $%H$?H"$#% Pla+e of Mailin3: ACRAMENTO, COUNT<
%. I de+la*e 0nde* /enalt1 of /e*D0*1 0nde* t,e la2s of t,e tate of Califo*nia t,at t,e fo*e3oin3 is
t*0e and +o**e+t.
Date:
;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;; ;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;;
9PRINT NAME) i3nat0*e
NAME AND ADDRE OF PERON9) TO I!OM NOTICE IA MAILED
RONALD JARNER
8#5# ANDTONE LANE
'ROIN(ALLE<, CA G?G#&
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Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint
Case No.#%UD$#885
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@
UPERIOR COURT OF CALIFORNIA
ACRAMENTO COUNT<
RONALD JARNER
Plaintiff,
v.
CR<TAL TAFFORD
Defendant.
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Case No.: #%UD$#885
KPROPOEDL ORDER
IT I !ERE'< ORDERED:
K L DefendantEs De-0**e* to t,e Co-/laint is UTAINED 2it,o0t leave to a-end.
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Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint
Case No.#%UD$#885
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DATED:
=UDJE OF T!E COURT
&
Noti+e of De-0**e* and De-0**e* to Co-/laint
Case No.#%UD$#885