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Huawei AR2200 Series Enterprise Routers

V200R002C00
Configuration Guide - Device
Management
Issue 02
Date 2012-03-30
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.


Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2012. All rights reserved.
No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written
consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions
and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and the
customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be within the
purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements, information,
and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or representations
of any kind, either express or implied.
The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Every effort has been made in the
preparation of this document to ensure accuracy of the contents, but all statements, information, and
recommendations in this document do not constitute the warranty of any kind, express or implied.






Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
Address: Huawei Industrial Base
Bantian, Longgang
Shenzhen 518129
People's Republic of China
Website: http://www.huawei.com
Email: support@huawei.com
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About This Document
Intended Audience
This document provides the basic concepts, configuration procedures, and configuration
examples in different application scenarios of the device management feature supported by the
AR2200.
This document describes how to configure the device management feature.
This document is intended for:
l Data configuration engineers
l Commissioning engineers
l Network monitoring engineers
l System maintenance engineers
Symbol Conventions
The symbols that may be found in this document are defined as follows.
Symbol Description
DANGER
Indicates a hazard with a high level of risk, which if not
avoided, will result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
Indicates a hazard with a medium or low level of risk, which
if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
Indicates a potentially hazardous situation, which if not
avoided, could result in equipment damage, data loss,
performance degradation, or unexpected results.
TIP
Indicates a tip that may help you solve a problem or save
time.
NOTE
Provides additional information to emphasize or supplement
important points of the main text.

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Command Conventions
The command conventions that may be found in this document are defined as follows.
Convention Description
Boldface The keywords of a command line are in boldface.
Italic Command arguments are in italics.
[ ] Items (keywords or arguments) in brackets [ ] are optional.
{ x | y | ... } Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by
vertical bars. One item is selected.
[ x | y | ... ] Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by
vertical bars. One item is selected or no item is selected.
{ x | y | ... }
*
Optional items are grouped in braces and separated by
vertical bars. A minimum of one item or a maximum of all
items can be selected.
[ x | y | ... ]
*
Optional items are grouped in brackets and separated by
vertical bars. Several items or no item can be selected.
&<1-n> The parameter before the & sign can be repeated 1 to n times.
# A line starting with the # sign is comments.

Interface Numbering Conventions
Interface numbers used in this manual are examples. In device configuration, use the existing
interface numbers on devices.
Change History
Updates between document issues are cumulative. Therefore, the latest document issue contains
all updates made in previous issues.
Changes in Issue 02 (2012-03-30)
Based on issue 01 (2011-12-30), the document is updated as follows:
The following information is modified:
l 5.3.2 Configuring the DHCP Server
l 2.7.1 Example for Outputting Logs to the Log File
l 2.7.2 Example for Outputting Logs to Log Hosts
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Changes in Issue 01 (2011-12-30)
Initial commercial release.
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Contents
About This Document.....................................................................................................................ii
1 Displaying the Device Status......................................................................................................1
1.1 Display Commands.............................................................................................................................................2
1.2 Displaying the AR2200 Status...........................................................................................................................2
1.2.1 Displaying AR2200 Information...............................................................................................................2
1.2.2 Displaying Versions..................................................................................................................................3
1.2.3 Displaying Power Information..................................................................................................................3
1.2.4 Displaying Temperature............................................................................................................................3
1.2.5 Viewing Fan Status....................................................................................................................................4
1.2.6 Displaying CPU Usage..............................................................................................................................4
1.2.7 Displaying Memory Usage........................................................................................................................4
1.2.8 Displaying Interface Status........................................................................................................................5
1.2.9 Displaying Electronic Labels.....................................................................................................................5
1.2.10 Displaying Diagnostic Information.........................................................................................................6
1.2.11 Displaying Health Status.........................................................................................................................6
2 Information Center Configuration.............................................................................................7
2.1 Introduction to the Information Center...............................................................................................................8
2.2 Information Center Supported by the AR2200...................................................................................................8
2.3 Enabling Log Output........................................................................................................................................13
2.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................13
2.3.2 Enabling the Information Center.............................................................................................................14
2.3.3 (Optional) Naming an Information Channel...........................................................................................15
2.3.4 (Optional) Configuring the Function of Filtering Logs by IDs...............................................................15
2.3.5 (Optional) Configuring the Function of Generating a Data Dictionary..................................................15
2.3.6 Outputting Logs to the Log Buffer..........................................................................................................16
2.3.7 Outputting Logs to a Log File.................................................................................................................17
2.3.8 Outputting Logs to the Console...............................................................................................................17
2.3.9 Outputting Logs to the Terminal.............................................................................................................18
2.3.10 Outputting Logs to the Log Host...........................................................................................................19
2.3.11 Checking the Configuration...................................................................................................................20
2.4 Enabling Alarm Output....................................................................................................................................22
2.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................22
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2.4.2 Enabling the Information Center.............................................................................................................23
2.4.3 (Optional) Naming an Information Channel...........................................................................................23
2.4.4 Outputting Alarms to the Alarm Buffer..................................................................................................23
2.4.5 Outputting Alarms to the Log File..........................................................................................................24
2.4.6 Outputting Alarms to the Console...........................................................................................................25
2.4.7 Outputting Alarms to the Terminal.........................................................................................................26
2.4.8 Outputting Alarms to the SNMP Agent..................................................................................................27
2.4.9 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................28
2.5 Enabling the Output of Debugging Information...............................................................................................29
2.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................30
2.5.2 Enabling the Information Center.............................................................................................................30
2.5.3 (Optional) Naming an Information Channel...........................................................................................31
2.5.4 Outputting Debugging Information to the Log File................................................................................31
2.5.5 Outputting Debugging Information to the Console.................................................................................32
2.5.6 Outputting Debugging Information to the Terminal...............................................................................33
2.5.7 Outputting Debugging Information to the Log Host...............................................................................34
2.5.8 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................34
2.6 Maintaining Information Center.......................................................................................................................35
2.7 Information Center Configuration Examples...................................................................................................36
2.7.1 Example for Outputting Logs to the Log File.........................................................................................36
2.7.2 Example for Outputting Logs to Log Hosts............................................................................................38
2.7.3 Example for Configuring Binary Logs to be Sent to the Log Host.........................................................42
2.7.4 Example for Outputting Alarms to the SNMP Agent..............................................................................44
2.7.5 Example for Outputting the Debugging Information to the Console......................................................46
3 Mirroring Configuration............................................................................................................48
3.1 Introduction to Mirroring..................................................................................................................................49
3.2 Mirroring Features Supported by the AR2200.................................................................................................49
3.3 Configuring Local Port Mirroring....................................................................................................................52
3.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................52
3.3.2 Configuring a Local Observing Interface................................................................................................53
3.3.3 Configuring a Local Mirrored Interface..................................................................................................53
3.3.4 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................54
3.4 Configuring Local Flow Mirroring...................................................................................................................55
3.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................55
3.4.2 Configuring a Local Observing Interface................................................................................................55
3.4.3 Configuring Complex Traffic Classification...........................................................................................56
3.4.4 Creating a Local Traffic Behavior...........................................................................................................56
3.4.5 Configuring a Traffic Policy....................................................................................................................56
3.4.6 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................57
3.5 Configuring Remote Port Mirroring.................................................................................................................58
3.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................58
3.5.2 Configuring the Observing Server...........................................................................................................59
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3.5.3 Configuring a Mirrored Interface............................................................................................................59
3.5.4 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................60
3.6 Configuring Remote Flow Mirroring...............................................................................................................61
3.6.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................61
3.6.2 Configuring the Observing Server...........................................................................................................62
3.6.3 Configuring Complex Traffic Classification...........................................................................................62
3.6.4 Configuring the Traffic Behavior............................................................................................................63
3.6.5 Configuring a Traffic Policy....................................................................................................................63
3.6.6 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................64
3.7 Configuring Packet Capture Using Mirroring..................................................................................................64
3.8 Configuration Examples...................................................................................................................................67
3.8.1 Example for Configuring Local Port Mirroring......................................................................................67
3.8.2 Example for Configuring Local Flow Mirroring.....................................................................................71
3.8.3 Example for Configuring Remote Port Mirroring...................................................................................73
3.8.4 Example for Configuring Remote Flow Mirroring.................................................................................77
4 Hardware Management..............................................................................................................82
4.1 Introduction to Hardware Management............................................................................................................83
4.2 Hardware Management Supported by the AR2200..........................................................................................83
4.3 Powering On and Off the Board.......................................................................................................................83
4.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................83
4.3.2 Powering Off a Board..............................................................................................................................84
4.3.3 Powering On a Board..............................................................................................................................84
4.3.4 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................84
4.4 Backing Up Electronic Labels..........................................................................................................................85
4.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................85
4.4.2 Backing Up Electronic Labels.................................................................................................................85
4.4.3 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................86
4.5 Setting Fan Speed.............................................................................................................................................86
4.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................86
4.5.2 Setting Fan Speed....................................................................................................................................87
4.5.3 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................87
4.6 Resetting the LPU.............................................................................................................................................88
4.6.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................88
4.6.2 Resetting the LPU....................................................................................................................................88
4.6.3 Checking the Configuration.....................................................................................................................89
5 Auto-Config..................................................................................................................................90
5.1 Auto-Config Overview.....................................................................................................................................91
5.2 Auto-Config Features Supported by the AR2200............................................................................................91
5.3 Deploying Unconfigured Routers ....................................................................................................................96
5.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.......................................................................................................96
5.3.2 Configuring the DHCP Server.................................................................................................................98
5.3.3 Configuring the FTP/TFTP Server........................................................................................................100
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5.3.4 Checking the Configuration...................................................................................................................101
5.4 Configuration Examples.................................................................................................................................102
5.4.1 Example for Configuring the Auto-Config Function............................................................................102
6 Fault Management.....................................................................................................................107
6.1 Introduction to Fault Management.................................................................................................................108
6.2 Fault Management Features Supported by the AR2200.................................................................................108
6.3 Configuring Alarm Management....................................................................................................................108
6.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.....................................................................................................108
6.3.2 Setting the Alarm Severity Level..........................................................................................................109
6.3.3 Configuring Delaying Alarm Reporting................................................................................................109
6.3.4 Configuring Correlated Alarm Suppression..........................................................................................110
6.3.5 Checking the Configuration...................................................................................................................111
6.4 Configuring Event Management....................................................................................................................112
6.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task.....................................................................................................112
6.4.2 Configuring Delayed Event Reporting..................................................................................................113
6.4.3 Checking the Configuration...................................................................................................................113
6.5 Maintenance....................................................................................................................................................114
6.5.1 Clearing Alarm Messages......................................................................................................................115
6.5.2 Clearing Event Messages.......................................................................................................................115
6.6 Configuration Examples.................................................................................................................................116
6.6.1 Example for Configuring Alarm Management......................................................................................116
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1 Displaying the Device Status
About This Chapter
This chapter describes the functions and applications of the display commands and how to use
them to view the running status of the device.
1.1 Display Commands
This section describes the functions of display commands and lists the display commands in
common use.
1.2 Displaying the AR2200 Status
This section describes how to use the display commands to show the AR2200 version, CPU
usage, and memory usage.
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1.1 Display Commands
This section describes the functions of display commands and lists the display commands in
common use.
The display commands can be used to collect current information about the version, device, and
diagnosis of the AR2200 in order to maintain and troubleshooting networks.
Table 1-1 lists the display commands in common use. For details, see the Huawei AR2200
Series Enterprise Routers - Command Reference.
CAUTION
The display diagnostic-information command cannot be simultaneously run on multiple
terminals connected to the AR2200. If this occurs, the AR2200 CPU usage rises and the network
performs less efficiently.
Table 1-1 Common display commands
Command Description
display current-configuration Displays the parameters that take effect currently on the
AR2200.
display device Displays information about the AR2200.
display version Displays the version and boards information of the
AR2200.
display this Displays valid configurations in the current view.
display diagnostic-information Collects information about the AR2200 when a fault
cannot be located or fixed. Send information to Huawei
technical personnel for fault analysis.
NOTE
This command is not recommended for routine troubleshooting.
display this interface Displays the current status of the interface.

1.2 Displaying the AR2200 Status
This section describes how to use the display commands to show the AR2200 version, CPU
usage, and memory usage.
1.2.1 Displaying AR2200 Information
Use the display device command to view information about AR2200 components, including
the slot number, component type, online status, power status, register status, alarm status, and
master/backup status.
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Procedure
l Run:
display device [ slot slot-id ]
Component information is displayed.
This command can be used in any view.
----End
1.2.2 Displaying Versions
Use the display version command to view the information about the software version, hardware
type, main control board and LPU of the AR2200.
Procedure
l Run:
display version [ slot slot-id ]
Version information is displayed.
This command can be used in any view.
----End
1.2.3 Displaying Power Information
Use the display power command to view information about the power status and power of the
AR2200.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
display power
The power status is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
display power system
Power information is displayed.
Displayed information includes the power status, power used by the system (watts), and power
used by boards (watts). These commands can be used in any view.
----End
1.2.4 Displaying Temperature
Use the display temperature command to view board temperature, including the current
temperature, temperature upper threshold, and temperature lower threshold.
Procedure
l Run:
display temperature { all | slot slot-id }
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Board temperature is displayed.
This command can be used in any view.
----End
1.2.5 Viewing Fan Status
Use the following display commands to view the fan status, including the running status,
registration status, fan module temperature, fan speed, and working mode.
Procedure
l Run:
display fan
Fan status is displayed.
This command can be used in any view.
l Run:
display temperature slot fan
Fan module temperature is displayed.
----End
1.2.6 Displaying CPU Usage
View the CPU usage statistics and threshold configurations.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
display cpu-usage [ slot slot-id ]
CPU usage statistics are displayed.
Step 2 Run:
display cpu-usage configuration [ slot slot-id ]
CPU usage configurations are displayed.
l If slot slot-id is specified, the CPU usage of the LPU in this slot is displayed.
l If slot slot-id is not specified, the CPU usage of the active main control board is displayed.
----End
1.2.7 Displaying Memory Usage
Use the display memory-usage command to view memory usage statistics and threshold.
Procedure
l Run:
display memory-usage [ slot slot-id ]
Memory usage statistics are displayed.
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This command can be used in any view.
If slot slot-id is specified, the memory usage of the LPU in this slot is displayed.
If slot slot-id is not specified, the memory usage of the active main control board is
displayed.
----End
1.2.8 Displaying Interface Status
Use the display interface command to view the running status, basic configurations, and packet
forwarding statistics on an interface.
Context
There are two ways to display interface status:
1. Run the display interface command in any view.
2. Run the display this interface command in an interface view.
Procedure
l Run the following command in any view:
display interface interface-type interface-number
The status of the specified interface is displayed.
l View interface status in a specified interface view:
1. Run the system-view command to enter the system view.
2. Run the interface interface-type interface-number command to enter the interface
view.
3. Run the display this interface command to display interface status.
Using the display this interface command in the interface view is equivalent to using
the display interface interface-type interface-numbercommand in any view.
4. Run the display this command to display interface configurations.
----End
1.2.9 Displaying Electronic Labels
Use the display elabel command to view information about electronic labels, including the board
type, BOM code, description, manufacture date, vendor name, issuing number, Common
Language Equipment Identification (CLEI) code, and sales BOM code.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
display elabel [ slot-id ] [ brief ]
Electronic labels are displayed.
This command can be used in any view. The slot-id parameter can be specified to view label
information about the board in a specified slot.
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If the brief parameter is specified, the electronic label of an optical module is not displayed.
Step 2 Run:
display elabel backplane
Electronic labels of the backplane are displayed.
----End
1.2.10 Displaying Diagnostic Information
Use the display diagnostic-information command to collect running information of all
modules, including clocks, versions, current configuration file, saved configuration files,
physical and protocol information about an interface, statistics on the transmitted and received
packets, memory usage, and system logs. Use this command for locating faults instead of running
multiple display commands.
Procedure
l Run:
display diagnostic-information
Diagnostic information is displayed.
CAUTION
When this command is being executed, system performance will be degraded, for example,
the CPU usage increases. Therefore, do not use this command when the system is operating
normally.
----End
1.2.11 Displaying Health Status
Use the display health command to view health status information, including CPU usage,
memory usage, power supply status, fan status, and temperature.
Procedure
l Run:
display health
Health status is displayed.
----End
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2 Information Center Configuration
About This Chapter
This chapter describes how to configure the information center to control the output of logs,
alarms, and debugging messages.
2.1 Introduction to the Information Center
The information center works as the information hub of a router. It classifies and filters the output
of a system. The information center uses a debugging program to help network administrator
and developers monitor network operation and analyze network faults.
2.2 Information Center Supported by the AR2200
The information center outputs logs, alarms, and debugging messages at eight severity levels
through 10 information channels.
2.3 Enabling Log Output
This section describes how to output logs of a specific module to a log file, console, terminal,
or log host.
2.4 Enabling Alarm Output
This section describes how to configure a specific module to output alarm information to log
files, consoles, terminals, or SNMP agents.
2.5 Enabling the Output of Debugging Information
This section describes how to configure a specific module to output debugging information to
log files, consoles, terminals, or SNMP agents.
2.6 Maintaining Information Center
This section describes how to run the following commands to delete messages in the buffer of
the information center. Note that deleted messages cannot be restored.
2.7 Information Center Configuration Examples
This section provides information center configuration examples.
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2.1 Introduction to the Information Center
The information center works as the information hub of a router. It classifies and filters the output
of a system. The information center uses a debugging program to help network administrator
and developers monitor network operation and analyze network faults.
2.2 Information Center Supported by the AR2200
The information center outputs logs, alarms, and debugging messages at eight severity levels
through 10 information channels.
Information Classification
The information center receives and processes information of the following types:
l Logs
l Debugging information
l Alarms
Severity Levels of Information
Information has eight severity levels as shown in Table 2-1. The lower the severity level, the
more severe the information.
Table 2-1 Description of the severity levels of information
Threshold Severity Level Description
0 Emergencies A fatal fault, such as a program exception or incorrect
memory usage, occurs on the device. The system must
restart.
1 Alert An important fault, such as the device memory
reaching the highest limit, occurs on the device. The
fault needs to be fixed immediately.
2 Critical A crucial fault, such as the memory or temperature
reaching the lowest limit, or the BFD device being
unreachable, occurs on the device. An internal fault
can also be generated by the device itself. The fault
needs to be analyzed and fixed.
3 Error A fault, such as a user running incorrect commands,
entering a wrong password, or receiving wrong
protocol packets from other devices, occurs on the
device. These faults can be caused by improper
operation or a wrong process.
They do not affect services but should be given
attention.
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Threshold Severity Level Description
4 Warning An abnormal situation, such as the user disabling the
routing process, the BFD detecting packet loss, or the
wrong protocol packet being received occurs on the
device.
The fault may affect services and should be given
attention.
5 Notification Indicates the key operations used to ensure that the
device runs normally, such as the execution of the
shutdown command, the performance of neighbor
discovery, or the status change of the state machine.
6 Informational Indicates the common operations used to ensure that
the device runs normally, such as the execution of the
display command.
7 Debugging Indicates that the common device information does
not require attention.

When information filtering based on severity levels is enabled, only the information whose
severity level threshold is less than or equal to the configured value is output.
For example, if the severity level value is configured to 6, only information with a severity level
ranging from 0 to 6 is output.
Working Process of the Information Center
The working process of the information center is as follows:
l The information center receives logs, alarms, and debugging information from all modules.
l The information center outputs information with different severity levels to different
information channels according to the configuration.
l Information is transmitted in different directions based on the relationship between the
information channel and the output direction.
Generally, the information center distributes three types of information classified into eight
levels to 10 information channels. Information is then output to different directions.
As shown in Figure 2-1, logs, alarms, and debugging information have default output channels.
They can be customized to be output from other channels. For example, logs can be configured
to be output to the log cache through Channel 6 rather than the default Channel 4.
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Figure 2-1 Functions of the information channel
Information
channel
Console
Remote terminal
Loghost
Trap buffer
Log buffer
SNMP agent
Logs
Traps
Debugs
Output
direction
Direction of logs
Direction of alarms
Direction of debugging
information
Logfile
Console
SNMP agent
Monitor
Loghost
Logbuffer
Trapbuffer
0
1
2
3
4
5
channel6
channel7
channel8
channel9
6
7
8
9

Information Channels and Output Directions
The system supports 10 channels. The first six channels (Channel 0 to Channel 5) have default
channel names and are associated with six default output directions. For devices equipped with
storage media, log information is output to log files through Channel 9 by default. That is, seven
total default output directions are supported.
For details of the association relationship between default channels and output directions, see
Table 2-2.
Table 2-2 Association relationship between default channels and output directions
Channel
Number
Default
Channel Name
Output
Direction
Description
0 Console Console Outputs logs, alarms, and debugging
information to the local console.
1 Monitor Monitor Outputs logs, alarms, and debugging
information to the VTY terminals for
remote maintenance.
2 Loghost Log host Outputs logs, alarms, and debugging
information to the log host. Information is
saved to the log host in the file format for
easy reference.
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Channel
Number
Default
Channel Name
Output
Direction
Description
3 Trapbuffer Trap buffer Outputs alarms to the alarm buffer. The
router assigns a specific area to be the alarm
buffer for recording alarms.
4 Logbuffer Log buffer Outputs logs to the log buffer. The router
assigns a specified area to be the log buffer
for recording logs.
5 Snmpagent SNMP agent Outputs alarms to the SNMP agent.
6 Unspecified Unspecified Reserved, this channel can be configured to
output to different directions.
7 Unspecified Unspecified Reserved, this channel can be configured to
output to different directions.
8 Unspecified Unspecified Reserved, this channel can be configured to
output to different directions.
9 Channel9 Log file Outputs information to log files that can
receive logs, traps, and debugging
information. Information is saved to the SD
card or the USB disk in the file format.

In the case of multiple log hosts, logs can be output through one channel or several channels.
For example, some logs can be output to a log host through Channel 2 (loghost) and some logs
can be output to another log host through Channel 6. For easy management, the name of Channel
6 can be changed.
Format of Logs
Syslog is a sub-function of the information center. It outputs information to a log host through
port 514.
Figure 2-2 shows the format of logs.
Figure 2-2 Format of the output logs
TIMESTAMP HOSTNAME %%ddAAA/B/CCC(l)[DDD]: YYYY

Table 2-3 describes each field in a log message.
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Table 2-3 Description of each field in a log message
Field Indication Description
TIMESTAMP Time to send out the
information
Available formats for the timestamp are as follows:
l boot: The timestamp in this format indicates a
relative time.
l date: The timestamp in this format indicates the
system time. Timestamps in logs, alarms and
debugging information are in this format by
default.
l short-date: Unlike the date format, timestamps
in the short-date format do not indicate the year.
l format-date: The timestamp in this format is
another format of the system time.
l none: indicates that the information does not
contain any timestamp.
There is a space between the timestamp and the
host name.
HOSTNAME Host name By default, the name is Huawei.
%% Huawei logo Indicates that log information is output by a
Huawei device.
dd Version number Identifies the version of the log format.
AAA Module name Indicates the name of the module that outputs
information to the information center.
B Log level Indicates the severity level of a log.
CCC Brief description Describes the information type.
(t) Information type Indicates the user log identifier.
[e] Information counter Indicates the log sequence number.
DDD Log ID A maximum of 1024 logs can be stored in the log
buffer. In the log file buffer, the value of this
parameter depends on the log buffer size.
YYYY Descriptor Indicates detailed information output from each
module to the information center.
Before outputting logs, each module fills in this
field to describe log content.

Format of Alarms
Figure 2-3 shows the format of the output alarms.
Figure 2-3 Format of the output alarms
TimeStamp HostName ModuleName/Severity/Brief:Description
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Table 2-4 describes each field in an alarm message.
Table 2-4 Description of each field of in an alarm message
Field Indication Description
TimeStamp Time to send out the
information
Available formats for the timestamp are as follows:
l boot: The timestamp in this format indicates a
relative time.
l date: The timestamp in this format indicates the
system time. Timestamps in logs, alarms and
debugging information are in this format by
default.
l short-date: Unlike the date format, timestamps
in the short-date format do not indicate the year.
l format-date: The timestamp in this format is
another format of the system time.
l none: indicates that the information does not
contain a timestamp.
There is a space between the timestamp and the
host name.
HostName Host name By default, the name is Huawei.There is a space
between the sysname and module name.
ModuleName Module name Indicates the name of the module that generates an
alarm.
Severity Severity level Severity of traps.
Brief Brief information Provides brief information of the alarms.
Description Description Provides detailed description of the alarms.

2.3 Enabling Log Output
This section describes how to output logs of a specific module to a log file, console, terminal,
or log host.
2.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring the log output, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This can help you complete
the configuration task quickly and accurately.
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Applicable Environment
The system logs the operation information about devices in real time. It then outputs logs to the
log buffer, log file, console, terminal, and log host for storage and future reference. In this
manner, when faults occur on devices, users can locate the faults based on the logs.
Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring the log output, complete the following tasks:
l Connecting the router to the PC properly
l Ensuring that the route between the router and the log host is reachable
l Configuring an VPN instance
Data Preparation
To configure the log output, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 l Channel number
l Channel name
2 Module name
3 Address of the log host
4 Severity level of the log
5 (Optional) Size of the log buffer
6 (Optional) VPN instance name

2.3.2 Enabling the Information Center
If the information center function is disabled, you can enable it. By default, this function is
enabled.
Context
The information center classifies and outputs information. When it is heavily loaded with
information processing, system performance degrades.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
info-center enable
The information center is enabled.
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By default, the information center is enabled.
----End
2.3.3 (Optional) Naming an Information Channel
Naming an information channel helps clarify what is output by each channel.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
info-center channel channel-number name channel-name
A channel is named.
----End
2.3.4 (Optional) Configuring the Function of Filtering Logs by IDs
The binary log function can filter specific logs.
Context
Binary logs provide the function of filtering specified logs by their IDs. To filter certain logs,
the user can obtain IDs of these logs through log resolution tools and add these IDs to the log
filtering list.
After that, the information center does not send these logs in each output direction.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
info-center filter-id { id | bymodule-alias modname alias }
*
&<1-50>
One or more IDs are added and a space is used to separate these IDs.
NOTE
Currently, only 50 IDs can be shielded. The aggregation of these shielded IDs is called a log ID filtering
list. The log ID filtering list is arranged by ID values.
----End
2.3.5 (Optional) Configuring the Function of Generating a Data
Dictionary
To resolve log files on the log server, transform binary logs into text logs through the data
dictionary.
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Context
A data dictionary is used to transform binary logs into text logs. A data dictionary is the
aggregation of log IDs and fixed information required in the log, such as the level, mnemonic
symbol, and format string. The generated data dictionary is downloaded by the external
resolution tool.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
info-center create-logbook { file-name | ftp ftp-address user-name user-name
password password [ file-name file-name | port-id port-number ]
*
}
The data dictionary is generated.
----End
2.3.6 Outputting Logs to the Log Buffer
The log buffer stores the latest logs generated by the system. You can set the log buffer size or
channels in this task.
Procedure
l Configure the channel through which logs are output.
1. Run the following command on the router enabled with the information center:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number |
channel-name } [ log { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Logs are sent to the information channel.
Logs can be output only after the information center is enabled.
l Configure the channel through which logs are output.
1. Run the following command on the router enabled with the information center:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center logbuffer [ channel { channel-number | channel-name } ]
The channel through which logs are output to the log buffer is configured.
3. (Optional) Run:
info-center logbuffer [ channel { channel-number | channel-name } | size
buffersize ]
*
The size of the log buffer is configured.
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After the information center is enabled, logs are output to the log buffer through
Channel 4 by default and the log buffer can cache a maximum of 512 logs.
----End
2.3.7 Outputting Logs to a Log File
When a fault occurs on the device, you locate the fault based on information saved in the log
file.
Context
NOTE
The system selects a storage medium in descending order of priority: sd0, sd1, usb0, and usb1. The default
log storage medium is sd0. If sd0 is unavailable, the default log storage medium is sd1. If none of sd0, sd1,
usb0, and usb1 is unavailable, the log files cannot be saved. The log storage path is in the format of storage
medium name:/logfile, for example, usb0:/logfile.
Procedure
Step 1 Send logs to a channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default }channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ log { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Logs are sent the information channel.
Logs can be output only after the information center is enabled.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which logs are output to the log file.
1. Run:
info-center logfile channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The channel through which logs are output to the log file is configured.
Step 3 (Optional) Configure the size of the log file output by the information center.
1. Run:
info-center logfile size size
The size of the configuration file is set.
By default, the size of log files is 8 MB.
----End
2.3.8 Outputting Logs to the Console
By outputting logs to the console, you can view the operating status of the device on the console.
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Procedure
Step 1 Configure the logs to be output through the channel.
1. Do as follows on the router configured with the information center, run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number |
channel-name } [ log { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Logs are added to the information channel.
Logs can be output only after the information center is enabled.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which logs are output to the console.
1. Run:
info-center console channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The channel through which logs are output to the Console is configured.
2. Run:
quit
Return to the user view.
Step 3 Enable terminal display.
1. Do as follows on the router configured with the information center, run:
terminal monitor
Terminal display is enabled.
2. Run:
terminal logging
Displaying logs on the terminal is enabled.
----End
2.3.9 Outputting Logs to the Terminal
By outputting logs to the terminal, you can view the operating status of the device on the terminal.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the logs to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ log { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Logs are added to the information channel.
Logs can be output only after the information center is enabled.
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Step 2 Configure the information channel through which logs are output to the terminal.
1. Run:
info-center monitor channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The information channel through which logs are output to the terminal is configured.
2. Run:
quit
Return to the user view.
Step 3 Enable terminal display.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
terminal monitor
Terminal display is enabled.
2. Run:
terminal logging
The log display is enabled on the terminal.
----End
2.3.10 Outputting Logs to the Log Host
By outputting logs to the log host, you can view the operating status of the device on the log
host.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the logs to be output through the channel.
1. Do as follows on the router configured with the information center, run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number |
channel-name } [ log { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Logs are added to the information channel.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which logs are output to the log host.
l (On an IPv4 network) Run:
info-center loghost ip-address [ channel { channel-number | channel-name } |
facility local-number |
{ language language-name | binary [ port ] } | { vpn-instance vpn-instance-name
| public-net } ]
*
The channel through which logs are output to the log host is configured.
By default, logs are not output to the log host after the information center is enabled.
The system supports the configuration of a maximum of eight log hosts to realize backup
among log hosts.
----End
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2.3.11 Checking the Configuration
Checking the Configuration of Information Center
Prerequisites
The configurations of the information center function are complete.
Procedure
l Run the display channel [ channel-number | channel-name ] command to check the
configuration of a channel.
l Run the display info-center [ statistics ] command to check the information recorded by
an information center.
l Run the display logbuffer command to view the information recorded by a log buffer.
l Run the display info-center filter-id { id | bymodule-alias modname alias } command to
check whether the ID of a single log is added into the filtering list.
l Run the display info-center filter-id command to check whether IDs of all logs are added
into the filtering list.
----End
Example
Run the display channel [ channel-number | channel-name ] command to check the contents of
information channels.
<Huawei> display channel
channel number: 0, channel name: console
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y warning Y debugging Y debugging

channel number: 1, channel name: monitor
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y warning Y debugging Y debugging

channel number: 2, channel name: loghost
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y informational Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default N informational Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y warning N debugging N debugging

channel number: 5, channel name: snmpagent
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default N debugging Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 6, channel name: channel6
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 7, channel name: channel7
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 8, channel name: channel8
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MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 9, channel name: channel9
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging
Run the display info-center command to check the contents of information center.
Information Center: enabled
Log host:
Console:
channel number: 0, channel name: console
Monitor:
channel number: 1, channel name: monitor
SNMP Agent:
channel number: 5, channel name: snmpagent
Log buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 512
current messages: 6, channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Trap buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 256
current messages: 0, channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Logfile:
channel number: 9, channel name: channel9, language: English
Information timestamp setting:
log - date, trap - date, debug - date
Sent messages = 25, Received messages = 25
Run the display logbuffer command to view the logs in the log buffer.
<Huawei> display logbuffer
Logging buffer configuration and contents: enabled
Allowed max buffer size: 1024
Actual buffer size: 512
Channel number: 4, Channel name: logcy
Dropped messages: 0
Overwritten messages: 0
Current messages: 1

Aug 21 2007 18:33:31+00:00 AR200-V2R2C00-161 %%01DEFD/4/CPCAR_DROP_MPU(l)[0]:Som
e packets are dropped by cpcar on the MPU. (Packet-type=arp-request, Drop-Count=
474)
Run the display info-center filter-id [ id ] command to check whether the log with the ID being
1098649600 is added into the filtering list.
<Huawei> display info-center filter-id 3221442627
ID : 3221442627
Module : HA
Alias : DISCARDINBATCH
Content : The message was discarded because module batch doesn't begin.
(SourceModuleId=[ULONG], SourceModuleSubId=[ULONG], DestinationModuleId=[ULONG],
DestinationModuleSubId=[ULONG])
Filtered Number : 0
Run the display info-center filter-id command to check whether IDs of all logs are added into
the filtering list.
<Huawei> display info-center filter-id
ID : 3221442627
Module : HA
Alias : DISCARDINBATCH
Content : The message was discarded because module batch doesn't begin.
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(SourceModuleId=[ULONG], SourceModuleSubId=[ULONG], DestinationModuleId=[ULONG],
DestinationModuleSubId=[ULONG])
Filtered Number : 0

ID : 3491254537
Module : BGP
Alias : ADD_DELETED_ROUTE
Content : Add the route [STRING] that have other flags besides deleted f
lag [USHORT]
Filtered Number : 0
2.4 Enabling Alarm Output
This section describes how to configure a specific module to output alarm information to log
files, consoles, terminals, or SNMP agents.
2.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring the alarm output, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This can help you complete
the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
The device can generate alarms in specific situations to draw attention of the administrators.
Alarms can be output to the alarm buffer, log file, Console, terminal, and Network Management
System (NMS), through which the administrator can easily locate and rectify the fault.
Pre-configuration Tasks
Before enabling alarm output, complete the following tasks:
l Connecting the router and the NM station correctly
l Configuring routes between the router and the NM station
Data Preparation
To configure alarm output, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 l Channel number
l Channel name
2 Module name
3 Severity level of alarms
4 (Optional) Size of an alarm buffer
5 IP address of Network Management System

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2.4.2 Enabling the Information Center
If the information center function is disabled, you can enable it. By default, this function is
enabled.
Context
Classifying and outputting a large amount of information degrades system performance.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
info-center enable
The information center is enabled.
By default, the information center is enabled.
----End
2.4.3 (Optional) Naming an Information Channel
Naming information channels helps clarify what is output by each channel.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
info-center channel channel-number name channel-name
The information channel specified by the channel-number is named as channel-name.
----End
2.4.4 Outputting Alarms to the Alarm Buffer
By default, alarms are output to the alarm buffer through a default channel. You can configure
alarms to be output through a specific channel.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center:
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Procedure
Step 1 Configure the alarms to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ trap { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Alarms are added to the information channel.
For the specific modules, the default configurations are as follows:
For the log information, the state is on and the allowed information level is warning.
For the alarm information, the state is on and the allowed information level is
debugging.
For the debugging information, the state is off.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which alarms are output to the alarm buffer.
1. Run:
info-center trapbuffer [ channel { channel-number | channel-name } ]
The alarm buffer is set to receive information.
2. Run:
(optional)info-center trapbuffer [ channel { channel-number | channel-name }
| size buffersize ]
*
The channel through which alarms are output to the alarm buffer is configured.
After the information center is enabled, alarms default to be output through Channel 3 to
the alarm buffer and the alarm buffer can contain 256 pieces of information.
----End
2.4.5 Outputting Alarms to the Log File
When a fault occurs on the device, you can analyze the output alarms to provide references for
fault location.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center:
Procedure
Step 1 Send logs to the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ trap { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
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Alarms are added to the information channel.
For the specific modules, the default configurations are as follows:
For the log information, the state is on and the allowed information level is warning.
For the alarm information, the state is on and the allowed information level is
debugging.
For the debugging information, the state is off.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which alarms are output to the log file.
1. Run:
info-center logfile channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The channel through which alarms are output to the log file is configured.
By default, alarms are output through Channel 9 to the log file after the information center
is enabled.
Step 3 (Optional) Configure the size of the log file output by the information center.
1. Run:
info-center logfile size size
The size of the log buffer is set.
By default, the size of log files is 8 MB.
----End
2.4.6 Outputting Alarms to the Console
By outputting alarms to the console, you can view the operating status of the device on the
console.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center:
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the alarms to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ trap { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Alarms are added to the information channel.
For the specific modules, the default configurations are as follows:
For the log information, the state is on and the allowed information level is warning.
For the alarm information, the state is on and the allowed information level is
debugging.
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For the debugging information, the state is off.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which alarms are output to the console.
1. Run:
info-center console channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The channel through which alarms are output to the Console is configured.
By default, alarms are output to the Console through Channel 0.
2. Run:
quit
Return to the user view.
Step 3 Enable terminal display.
1. Run the following command on the router configured with the information center:
terminal monitor
Terminal display is enabled.
2. Run:
terminal trapping
Displaying alarms on the terminal is enabled.
----End
2.4.7 Outputting Alarms to the Terminal
By outputting alarms to the terminal, you can view the operating status of the device on the
terminal.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center:
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the alarms to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ trap { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Alarms are added to the information channel.
For the specific modules, the default configurations are as follows:
For the log information, the state is on and the allowed information level is warning.
For the alarm information, the state is on and the allowed information level is
debugging.
For the debugging information, the state is off.
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Step 2 Configure the channel through which alarms are output to the VTY terminal.
1. Run:
info-center monitor channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The channel through which alarms are output to the VTY terminal is configured.
By default, alarms are output to the VTY terminal through Channel 1.
2. Run:
quit
Return to the user view.
Step 3 Enable terminal display.
1. Run:
terminal monitor
Terminal display is enabled.
2. Run:
terminal trapping
Displaying alarms on the terminal is enabled.
----End
2.4.8 Outputting Alarms to the SNMP Agent
By outputting alarms to the SNMP agent, you can view the operating status of the device on the
NMS.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center:
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the alarms to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ trap { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Alarms are added to the information channel.
For the specific modules, the default configurations are as follows:
For the log information, the state is on and the allowed information level is warning.
For the alarm information, the state is on and the allowed information level is
debugging.
For the debugging information, the state is off.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which alarms are output to the SNMP agent.
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1. Run:
info-center snmp channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The channel through which alarms are output to the SNMP agent is configured.
By default, alarms are output to the SNMP agent through Channel 5.
2. Run:
snmp-agent
SNMP agent is enabled.
----End
2.4.9 Checking the Configuration
After configuring the alarm output, you can use related commands to confirm the configuration.
Prerequisites
The configurations of the alarm output function are complete.
Procedure
l Run the display channel [ channel-number | channel-name ] command to check the
configuration of a channel.
l Run the display info-center [ statistics ] command to check the information recorded by
the information center.
l Run the display trapbuffer [ size value ] command to check the information recorded by
the alarm buffer.
----End
Example
Run the display channel command to show channels.
<Huawei> display channel
channel number: 0, channel name: console
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y warning Y debugging Y debugging

channel number: 1, channel name: monitor
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y warning Y debugging Y debugging

channel number: 2, channel name: loghost
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y informational Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default N informational Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y warning N debugging N debugging

channel number: 5, channel name: snmpagent
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default N debugging Y debugging N debugging

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channel number: 6, channel name: channel6
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 7, channel name: channel7
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 8, channel name: channel8
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging

channel number: 9, channel name: channel9
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging
Run the display info-center command to show the data recorded by info-center.
<Huawei> display info-center
Information Center: enabled
Log host:
Console:
channel number: 0, channel name: console
Monitor:
channel number: 1, channel name: monitor
SNMP Agent:
channel number: 5, channel name: snmpagent
Log buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 512
current messages: 6, channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Trap buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 256
current messages: 0, channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Logfile:
channel number: 9, channel name: channel9, language: English
Information timestamp setting:
log - date, trap - date, debug - date
Sent messages = 25, Received messages = 25
Run the display trapbuffer command. If alarms in the alarm buffer are displayed, it means that
the configuration is successful.
<Huawei> display trapbuffer
Trapping buffer configuration and contents: enabled
Allowed max buffer size: 1024
Actual buffer size: 256
Channel number: 3, Channel name: trapbuffer
Dropped messages: 0
Overwritten messages: 713
Current messages: 1

#Aug 23 2007 18:47:19+00:00 AR200-V2R2C00-161 SECE/4/ARP_SIP_SPEEDLIMIT_ALARM:OI
D=1.3.6.1.4.1.2011.5.25.165.2.2.2.11 The arp packet speed with source ip 10.137.
216.1 exceed the speed-limit value configed 5.
2.5 Enabling the Output of Debugging Information
This section describes how to configure a specific module to output debugging information to
log files, consoles, terminals, or SNMP agents.
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Context
CAUTION
Debugging degrades system performance. Therefore, after debugging, run the undo debugging
all command to disable debugging immediately. When the CPU usage is close to 100%,
debugging ARP may cause boards to reset. So, confirm the action before you use the command.
2.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring the debugging message output, familiarize yourself with the applicable
environment, complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This can help
you complete the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
When faults occur on a device, you can enable the information center to output debugging
information for easy faults location and analysis.
Pre-configuration Tasks
Before enabling the output of debugging information, complete the following tasks:
l Connecting the router and the PC correctly
l Configuring routes between the router and the log host
Data Preparation
To enable the output of debugging information, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 l Channel number
l Channel name
2 Module name
3 Severity level of debugging information
4 IP address of a log host

2.5.2 Enabling the Information Center
If the information center function is disabled, you can enable it. By default, this function is
enabled.
Context
Classifying and outputting a large amount of information degrades system performance.
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Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
info-center enable
The information center is enabled.
By default, the information center is enabled.
----End
2.5.3 (Optional) Naming an Information Channel
Naming information channels helps clarify what is output by each channel.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
info-center channel channel-number name channel-name
The name of the specified channel is set.
----End
2.5.4 Outputting Debugging Information to the Log File
When a fault occurs on the device, you can analyze the output debugging messages to provide
references for fault location.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center:
Procedure
Step 1 Configure debugging information to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ debug { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
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Debugging information is added to the information channel.
For the specific modules, the default configurations are as follows:
For the log information, the state is on and the allowed information level is warning.
For the alarm information, the state is on and the allowed information level is
debugging.
For the debugging information, the state is off.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which debugging information is output to the log file.
1. Run:
info-center logfile channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The channel through which debugging information is output to the log file is configured.
Step 3 (Optional) Configure the size of the log file output by the information center.
1. Run:
info-center logfile size size
By default, the debugging information is not saved in the log file. If you want the debugging
information to be saved in the log file, run the info-center source default channel 9
debug state on level severity command to add records to the information channel.
----End
2.5.5 Outputting Debugging Information to the Console
When logging in to the device through a console, output debugging messages to the console for
a query in real time.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center:
Procedure
Step 1 Configure debugging information to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ debug { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Debugging information is added to the information channel.
For the specific modules, the default configurations are as follows:
For the log information, the state is on and the allowed information level is warning.
For the alarm information, the state is on and the allowed information level is
debugging.
For the debugging information, the state is off.
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Step 2 Configure the channel through which debugging information is output to the console.
1. Run:
info-center console channel { channel-number | channel-name }
The channel through which debugging information is output to the console is configured.
2. Run:
quit
Return to the user view.
Step 3 Enable terminal display.
1. Run:
terminal monitor
Terminal display is enabled.
2. Run:
terminal debugging
Displaying debugging information on the terminal is enabled.
----End
2.5.6 Outputting Debugging Information to the Terminal
When logging in to the device through a terminal, output debugging messages to the terminal
for query in real time.
Context
Do as follows on the router configured with the information center:
Procedure
Step 1 Configure debugging information to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ debug { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Debugging information is added to the information channel.
For the specific modules, the default configurations are as follows:
For the log information, the state is on and the allowed information level is warning.
For the alarm information, the state is on and the allowed information level is
debugging.
For the debugging information, the state is off.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which debugging information is output to the terminal.
1. Run:
info-center monitor channel { channel-number | channel-name }
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The channel through which debugging information is output to the terminal is configured.
2. Run:
quit
Return to the user view.
Step 3 Enable terminal display.
1. Run:
terminal monitor
Terminal display is enabled.
2. Run:
terminal debugging
Displaying debugging information on the terminal is enabled.
----End
2.5.7 Outputting Debugging Information to the Log Host
By outputting debugging messages to the log host, you can view debugging messages more
conveniently.
Procedure
Step 1 Configure debugging information to be output through the channel.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
info-center source { module-name | default } channel { channel-number | channel-
name } [ debug { state { off | on } | level severity }
*
]
Debugging information is added to the information channel.
Step 2 Configure the channel through which debugging information is output to the log host.
l (On an IPv4 network) Run:
info-center loghost ip-address [ channel { channel-number | channel-name } |
facility local-number |
{ language language-name | binary [ port ] } | { vpn-instance vpn-instance-
name| public-net } ]
*
The channel through which debugging information is output to the log host is configured.
By default, debugging information is not output to the log host after the information center
is enabled.
The system supports the configuration of a maximum of eight log hosts to realize backup
among log hosts.
----End
2.5.8 Checking the Configuration
After configuring the debugging message output, you can view the configuration of the
information center.
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Prerequisites
The configurations of the debugging information function are complete.
Procedure
l Run the display channel [ channel-number | channel-name ] command to check the
configuration of a channel.
l Run the display info-center [ statistics ] command to check the information recorded by
an information center.
----End
Example
Run the display channel command. For example:
<Huawei> display channel 0
channel number: 0, channel name: console
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y warning Y debugging Y debugging
416e0000 ARP Y warning Y debugging Y debugging
Run the display info-center command. For example:
<Huawei> display info-center
Information Center: enabled
Log host:
Console:
channel number: 0, channel name: console
Monitor:
channel number: 1, channel name: monitor
SNMP Agent:
channel number: 5, channel name: snmpagent
Log buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 512
current messages: 6, channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Trap buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 256
current messages: 0, channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Logfile:
channel number: 9, channel name: channel9, language: English
Information timestamp setting:
log - date, trap - date, debug - date
Sent messages = 25, Received messages = 25
2.6 Maintaining Information Center
This section describes how to run the following commands to delete messages in the buffer of
the information center. Note that deleted messages cannot be restored.
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Context
CAUTION
Statistics about the information center cannot be restored after being cleared. So, confirm the
action before you use the command.
Procedure
l To clear statistics about the information center, run the reset info-center statistics
command in the user view.
l To clear statistics about the log buffer, run the reset logbuffer command in the user view.
l To clear statistics about the alarm buffer, run the reset trapbuffer command in the user
view.
----End
2.7 Information Center Configuration Examples
This section provides information center configuration examples.
2.7.1 Example for Outputting Logs to the Log File
This section describes how to output logs of a specific module or specific severity level to the
log file. This enables maintenance engineers to monitor the operating status of the device and
locate a fault by checking the output logs.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 2-4, Router A is required to transport logs to a File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
server. Maintenance engineers can easily obtain the operating status of Router A and locate any
faults occurring on it.
NOTE
The system selects a storage medium in descending order of priority: sd0, sd1, usb0, and usb1. The default
log storage medium is sd0. If sd0 is unavailable, the default log storage medium is sd1. If none of sd0, sd1,
usb0, and usb1 is unavailable, the log files cannot be saved. The log storage path is in the format of storage
medium name:/logfile, for example, usb0:/logfile.
Figure 2-4 Networking diagram of log output to the log file
FTP Server
RouterA
IP network
10.1.1.1/16
10.2.1.1/16
GE1/0/0

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Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Enable the information center.
2. Configure the contents of the logs to be output.
3. Configure the channel through which logs are output.
4. Configure logs to be output to the FTP server.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l IP address of each interface
l Information channel number
l Module enabled to output logs
l Severity levels of logs
l Language in which logs are output
l IP address of the FTP server
l User name and password of the FTP server
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the routing protocol to make the router and the FTP server reachable. (The detailed
procedure is not mentioned here.)
Step 2 Configure the user name and password that are used on the FTP server. (The configuration details
are not provided here.)
Step 3 Enable the information center:
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] sysname RouterA
[RouterA] info-center enable
Step 4 Configure the logs to be output through the channel.
# Configure the module enabled to output the logs and the severity levels of the logs that are
allowed to be output.
[RouterA] info-center source ip channel channel9 log level warning
Step 5 Configure the channel through which logs are output.
# Configure the channel through which logs are output to the log file.
[RouterA] info-center logfile channel channel9
[RouterA] quit
Step 6 Configure logs to be output to the FTP server.
# Log in to the FTP server.
<RouterA> ftp 10.1.1.1
# Configure logs to be output to the FTP server.
[RouterA-ftp] put log.log
[RouterA-ftp] quit
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<RouterA>
Step 7 Verify the configuration.
# View the logs that are output through the channel.
<RouterA> display info-center
Information Center: enabled
Log host:
Console:
channel number: 0, channel name: console
Monitor:
channel number: 1, channel name: monitor
SNMP Agent:
channel number: 5, channel name: snmpagent
Log buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 512
current messages: 204, channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Trap buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 256
current messages: 256, channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 29
Logfile:
channel number: 9, channel name: channel9, language: English
Information timestamp setting:
log - date, trap - date, debug - date

Sent messages = 1514, Received messages = 1514
# View the received logs on the FTP server. (The display is omitted here.)
----End
Configuration Files
#
sysname RouterA
#
info-center source IP channel 9 log level warning
#
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
ip address 10.2.1.1 255.255.0.0
#
ip route-static 10.1.0.0 255.255.0.0 10.2.1.2
#
return
2.7.2 Example for Outputting Logs to Log Hosts
This section describes how to output logs of different modules or severity levels to different log
hosts, and how to configure backup log hosts.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 2-5, logs of multiple types and severity levels must be output to different
log hosts through information channels.
Router sends the logs (with a severity level as notification) generated on the Forwarding
Information Base (FIB) module and the IP module to the log host Server 1. Server 3 functions
as a backup router of Server 1.
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Router sends the logs (with a severity level as warning) generated on the Point-to-Point Protocol
(PPP) module and the AAA module to the log host Server 1. Server 4 functions as a backup
router of Server 2.
Both the Router s and the log hosts need to be configured.
Figure 2-5 Networking diagram of outputting logs to the log host
172.16.0.1/24
GE1/0/0
Router
Server1
Server 2
Server 4
Server 3
10.1.1.2/24 10.1.1.1/24
10.2.1.1/24
10.2.1.2/24

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Enable the information center.
2. Name the tunnel.
3. Specify the module enabled to output logs.
4. Configure the channel for outputting logs.
5. Configure the source interface that sends logs.
6. Configure the log host.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l IP address of the log host
l Information channel number
l Name of the channel through which logs are output
l Module enabled to output logs
l Information severity level
l Language in which the log is output
Procedure
Step 1 Configure routing protocols to make the router and log server routable. (The detailed procedure
is not mentioned here.)
Step 2 Configure the channel for outputting logs.
# Enable the information center.
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<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] info-center enable
Step 3 Name the channel.
# Name the channel through which logs are output.
[Huawei] info-center channel 6 name loghost1
Step 4 Configure the channel through which logs are output.
# Configure the module enabled to output logs and the severity levels of logs allowed to be
output.
[Huawei] info-center source fib channel loghost log level notification
[Huawei] info-center source ip channel loghost log level notification
[Huawei] info-center source ppp channel loghost1 log level warning
[Huawei] info-center source aaa channel loghost1 log level warning
Step 5 Configure the source interface that sends logs.
# Configure the source interface that sends logs.
[Huawei] info-center loghost source gigabitethernet 1/0/0
Step 6 Configure the logs to be output to a specified log host.
# Specify Server 1 as the log server and Server 3 as the backup log server to receive the logs
from the FIB module and the IP module. The logs are output in English, by Local2.
[Huawei] info-center loghost 10.1.1.1 channel loghost facility local2 language
english
[Huawei] info-center loghost 10.1.1.2 channel loghost facility local2 language
english
# Specify Server 2 as the log server and Server 4 as the backup log server to receive the logs
from the PPP module and the AAA module. The logs are output by Local4.
[Huawei] info-center loghost 10.2.1.1 channel loghost1 facility local4 language
english
[Huawei] info-center loghost 10.2.1.2 channel loghost1 facility local4 language
english
Step 7 Configure the log server.
A log server is used to collect logs of the device when the storage memory of the router is not
large enough to record them.
Log servers can be installed with a Unix or Linux operating system or with the log software of
a third party.
If installed with a Unix or Linux operating system, logs enabled with Syslog can be collected
by the host.
If the host has a Linux operating system, choose from the following options:
l To create log files:
Run the touch loghost.info command in the directory /var/log to create a file loghost.info
to record logs of the router.
l To edit configuration files:
Edit etc/syslog.conf to loghost.info /var/log/router.log, which specifies the log host name.
The logs with the severity level listed are then output to /var/log/loghost.log.
l To configure the file etc/sysconfig/syslog:
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Modify syslogd_options="-m o" to syslogd_option="-1 -m o", enabling the system to record
the logs of remote devices.
l To enable Syslog:
Run the service syslog restart command.
If the host has a third party's log software installed, this software can be configured to implement
host's log collection function. For example, the HUAWEI iManager 2000 supports various log
management settings and can therefore receive, filter, save, and forward the Syslog messages
sent by the device.
For the procedure for configuring log services on the HUAWEI iManager N200, refer to the
HUAWEI iManager N2000 DM - Compound Package User Manual Volume I.
Step 8 Verify the configuration.
# Display the configuration of the log host.
<Huawei> display info-center
Information Center: enabled
Log host:
the interface name of the source address:GigabitEthernet1/0/0
10.1.1.1, channel number: 2, channel name: loghost
language: english, host facility: local2
10.1.1.2, channel number: 2, channel name: loghost
language: english, host facility: local2
10.2.1.1, channel number: 6, channel name: loghost1
language: english, host facility: local4
10.2.1.2, channel number: 6, channel name: loghost1
language: english, host facility: local4
Console:
channel number : 0, channel name : console
Monitor:
channel number : 1, channel name : monitor
SNMP Agent:
channel number : 5, channel name : snmpagent
Log buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 512
current messages: 218, channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Trap buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 256
current messages: 256, channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 150
Logfile:
channel number: 9, channel name: channel9, language: English
Information timestamp setting:
log - date, trap - date, debug - boot
Sent messages = 683, Received messages = 682
----End
Configuration Files
#
info-center channel 6 name loghost1
info-center source FIB channel 2 log level notification
info-center source IP channel 2 log level notification
info-center source PPP channel 6 log level warning
info-center source AAA channel 6 log level warning
info-center loghost source GigabitEthernet1/0/0
info-center loghost 10.1.1.1 facility local2
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info-center loghost 10.1.1.2 facility local2
info-center loghost 10.2.1.1 channel 6 facility local4
info-center loghost 10.2.1.2 channel 6 facility local4
#
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
ip address 172.16.0.1 255.255.255.0
#
ip route-static 10.1.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.2
ip route-static 10.2.1.0 255.255.255.0 172.16.0.2
#
return
2.7.3 Example for Configuring Binary Logs to be Sent to the Log
Host
This section describes how to output logs to the log host in binary mode. Outputting logs in
binary mode can effectively lighten the network load.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 2-6, binary logs generated on Router A are sent to the log host in real time.
Users or maintenance personnel can analyze the log through log analysis tools and locate the
fault.
Figure 2-6 Example for Configuring Binary Logs to be sent to the Log Host
RouterA Loghost
GE1/0/0
10.1.1.1/24
10.1.1.6/24

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Enable the information center on the router.
2. Add the ID of the log to be filtered.
3. Configure binary logs to be sent to the log host.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need to perform the following data:
l ID of the log to be filtered
l IP address of the FTP server
l User name and password used for logging into the FTP server
l IP address of the log host
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Procedure
Step 1 Configure IP addresses and routes between Router A and Loghost. (The detailed procedure is
not mentioned here.)
Step 2 Enable the information center.
# Enable the information center.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] info-center enable
Step 3 Add the ID of a log to be filtered.
# Configure the module and channel used to output alarm messages.
[Huawei] info-center filter-id 1077514264
Step 4 Configure binary logs to be sent to the log host.
[Huawei] info-center loghost 10.1.1.6 binary
Step 5 Verify the configuration.
# Check the added ID of the log to be filtered.
[Huawei] display info-center filter-id 1077514264
ID: 1077514264
Content: task: [string] ip: [string] user: [string] command: [string]
Filtered Number: 3
# Check the channel used by the SNMP agent to output alarms.
[Huawei] display info-center
[Huawei] display info-center
Information Center: enabled
Log host:
10.1.1.6, channel number: 2, channel name: loghost
language: english, host facility: local7
binary loghost, port number: 514
Console:
channel number: 0, channel name: console
Monitor:
channel number: 1, channel name: monitor
SNMP Agent:
channel number: 5, channel name: snmpagent
Log buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 512
current messages: 499, channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Trap buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 256
current messages: 9, channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Logfile:
channel number: 9, channel name: channel9, language: English
Information timestamp setting:
log - date, trap - date, debug - date

Sent messages = 15274, Received messages = 15274
----End
Configuration Files
#
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interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
ip address 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0
#
info-center filter-id 1077514264
info-center loghost 10.1.1.6 binary
#
return
2.7.4 Example for Outputting Alarms to the SNMP Agent
After alarms are output to the SNMP agent, the NM Station can receive the alarms sent from
the device.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 2-7, alarms are required to be output first to the SNMP agent and then to
the NM Station through SNMP Agent.
Figure 2-7 Networking diagram of outputting alarms to the SNMP Agent
NM Station
Agent
10.1.1.2/24 10.1.1.1/24
GE1/0/0

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Enable the information center on the router.
2. Specify the module enabled to output logs and configure the channel through which the
alarm is output.
3. Enable the outputting alarm to the SNMP agent.
4. Enable transmitting alarms to the NM Station through SNMP.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l Information channel number
l Module enabled to output alarms
l Severities of alarms
Procedure
Step 1 Enable the information center.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] info-center enable
Step 2 Specify the module enabled to output alarms and configure the channel used to output alarms.
# Specify the module enabled to output alarms and configure the channel used to output alarms.
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[Huawei] info-center source ip channel channel7 trap level informational state on
NOTE
By default, alarms are output through the SNMP agent and information about all modules is displayed.
Step 3 Enable outputting alarms to the SNMP agent.
# Enable outputting alarms to the SNMP agent.
[Huawei] info-center snmp channel channel7
Step 4 Enable transmitting alarms to the NM Station through SNMP agent.
# Start the SNMP agent and set the SNMP version to SNMPv2c.
[Huawei] snmp-agent sys-info version v2c
# Configure the alarm function.
[Huawei] snmp-agent trap enable
All switches of SNMP trap/notification will be open. Continue? [Y/N]:y
[Huawei] snmp-agent target-host trap-hostname nms address 10.1.1.1 trap-paramsname
trapnms
[Huawei] snmp-agent target-host trap-paramsname trapnms v2c securityname public
Step 5 Verify the configuration.
# View the channel used to output alarms to the SNMP agent.
[Huawei] display info-center
Information Center: enabled
Log host:
10.1.1.6, channel number: 2, channel name: loghost
language: english, host facility: local7
binary loghost, port number: 514
Console:
channel number: 0, channel name: console
Monitor:
channel number: 1, channel name: monitor
SNMP Agent:
channel number: 7, channel name: channel7
Log buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 512
current messages: 503, channel number: 4, channel name: logbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Trap buffer:
enabled
max buffer size: 1024, current buffer size: 256
current messages: 9, channel number: 3, channel name: trapbuffer
dropped messages: 0, overwritten messages: 0
Logfile:
channel number: 9, channel name: channel9, language: English
Information timestamp setting:
log - date, trap - date, debug - date

Sent messages = 15299, Received messages = 15299
# View the alarms output through the channel selected by SNMP agent.
[Huawei] display channel 7
channel number: 7, channel name: channel7
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y debugging Y debugging N debugging
c16a0000 IP Y debugging Y informational N debugging

# View the alarms output to the NM Station through SNMP agent.
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[Huawei] display snmp-agent target-host
Traphost list:
Target host name: nms
Traphost address: 10.1.1.1
Traphost portnumber: 162
Target host parameter: trapnms

Total number is 1

Parameter list trap target host:
Parameter name of the target host: trapnms
Message mode of the target host: SNMPV2C
Trap version of the target host: v2c
Security name of the target host: public

Total number is 1
----End
Configuration Files
#
info-center source IP channel 7 trap level informational
info-center snmp channel 7
#
interface GigabitEthernet1/0/0
ip address 10.1.1.2 255.255.255.0
#
snmp-agent
snmp-agent local-engineid 000007DB7F00000100003598
snmp-agent sys-info version v2c
snmp-agent target-host trap-hostname nms address 10.1.1.1 udp-port 162 trap-
paramsname trapnms
snmp-agent target-host trap-paramsname trapnms v2C securityname public
snmp-agent trap enable
#
return
2.7.5 Example for Outputting the Debugging Information to the
Console
After debugging messages are configured to be output to the console, log in to the device through
the console. When a fault occurs, run the debugging command to view debugging messages.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 2-8, it is required to output the debugging information of the Address
Resolution Protocol (ARP) module to the console.
Figure 2-8 Networking diagram of outputting information to the console
Router
Console
PC

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
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1. Enable the information center.
2. Set the logs to be output to the console and the information module.
3. Configure the channel through which the debugging information is output.
4. Enable the terminal monitor function and display the debugging information.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l Information channel number
l Module enabled to output the logs
l Information severity level
Procedure
Step 1 Enable the information center.
<Huawei> system-view
Info: Current terminal monitor is on.
[Huawei] info-center enable
Info: Current terminal debugging is on.
Step 2 Allow the debugging on the ARP module to be output to the Console with the severity level of
the information as debugging.
[Huawei] info-center source arp channel console debug level debugging
[Huawei] info-center console channel console
[Huawei] quit
Step 3 Enable the terminal monitor function to display the debugging information.
<Huawei> terminal monitor
<Huawei> terminal debugging
Step 4 Enable ARP module debugging.
<Huawei> debugging arp packet
Step 5 Verify the configuration.
# View the configuration of the channel.
<Huawei> display channel 0
channel number: 0, channel name: console
MODU_ID NAME ENABLE LOG_LEVEL ENABLE TRAP_LEVEL ENABLE DEBUG_LEVEL
ffff0000 default Y warning Y debugging Y debugging
c16e0000 ARP Y warning Y debugging Y debugging
----End
Configuration Files
#
info-center source ARP channel 0
#
return
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3 Mirroring Configuration
About This Chapter
This document describes the mirroring configuration procedures and provides configuration
examples.
3.1 Introduction to Mirroring
This section describes the principle and concepts of mirroring.
3.2 Mirroring Features Supported by the AR2200
The AR2200 supports local mirroring and remote mirroring.
3.3 Configuring Local Port Mirroring
To monitor and analyze all the packets passing through the mirrored interface that is located on
the same AR2200 as the observing interface, configure local port mirroring on the AR2200.
3.4 Configuring Local Flow Mirroring
To monitor and analyze the packets with same characteristics passing through the mirrored
interface that is located on the same AR2200 as the observing interface, configure local port
mirroring on the AR2200.
3.5 Configuring Remote Port Mirroring
The remote port mirroring function monitors and analyzes the packets passing an interface of
the AR2200 when the observing and mirrored devices are on different networks.
3.6 Configuring Remote Flow Mirroring
The remote flow mirroring function monitors and analyzes the packets with the same
characteristics passing an interface of the AR2200 when the observing and mirrored devices are
on different networks.
3.7 Configuring Packet Capture Using Mirroring
This section describes how to configure packet capture using mirroring so that packets entering
the device interface can be displayed on the terminal or saved to the device.
3.8 Configuration Examples
This section describes the networking requirements, configuration roadmap, and data
preparation for mirroring and provides the configuration examples.
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3.1 Introduction to Mirroring
This section describes the principle and concepts of mirroring.
Definition
Mirroring is a function that copies the packets on the mirrored interface (source interface) to the
observing interface (destination interface). When the observing interface is connected to a
monitoring device, you can use the monitoring device to analyze the packets copied to the
observing interface for network monitoring and fault troubleshooting.
Terms
Mirroring is classified into port mirroring and flow mirroring. Port mirroring and flow mirroring
involve the following interfaces:
l Observing interface
An observing interface is connected to a monitoring device and is used to export the traffic
copied from the mirrored interface.
l Mirrored interface
A mirrored interface is the interface to be observed. In port mirroring, all the packets passing
through the mirrored interface are copied to the observing interface. In flow mirroring, all
the packets matching the traffic classifier rules are copied to the observing interface.
3.2 Mirroring Features Supported by the AR2200
The AR2200 supports local mirroring and remote mirroring.
Local mirroring includes local port mirroring and local flow mirroring. Remote mirroring
includes remote port mirroring and remote flow mirroring.
Local Port Mirroring
As shown in Figure 3-1, when the mirrored interface connected to monitored devices and the
observing interface are located on the same device, local port mirroring can be configured on
the Router to monitor and analyze the packets on the monitored devices. The Router copies the
packets passing through a mirrored interface and sends the packets to a specified observing
interface for analysis and monitoring. In port mirroring, all the packets passing through a
mirrored interface are copied to an observing interface.
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Figure 3-1 Networking diagram of local port mirroring
Monitoring
device
Observing
interface
Router
Interface
Packet flows
Mirrored
interface
Copied packet flows
Mirrored
interface

Local Flow Mirroring
As shown in Figure 3-2, the Router copies specified data passing through a flow mirrored
interface to a specified observing interface for analysis and monitoring. A flow mirrored
interface refers to the interface to which a traffic policy containing the flow mirroring action is
applied. If the packets passing through the flow mirrored interface match a traffic classifier in
the traffic policy on this interface, the packets are copied and sent to an observing interface.
Figure 3-2 Networking diagram of local flow mirroring
Observing
interface
Monitoring device
Interface
Traffic classification match
Copied packet flows
Mirrored flows
Packet flows
Flow mirrored
interface
Flow mirrored
interface
Router

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Local Mirroring Specifications
On the AR2200 configured with local mirroring, only one observing interface can be configured.
The observing interface can only be configured on LAN-side Ethernet interfaces. The packets
on multiple interfaces can be mirrored to one observing interface.
In local port mirroring, the AR2200 supports inter-board mirroring. That is, the observing
interface and mirrored interface can be on different LPUs of a router.
In local flow mirroring, when a WAN-side interface is used as a mirrored interface, the
AR2200 supports inter-board mirroring. When a LAN-side interface is used as a mirrored
interface, the AR2200 does not support inter-board mirroring.
NOTE
Observing and mirrored interfaces are configured on the same device.
The packets on the mirrored interface are copied to the observing interface; therefore, the observing
interface is considered as the outbound interface of the packets. In this case, the discarded packets on the
mirrored interface are not counted.
When you configure the observing interface and mirrored interface, pay attention to the interface
bandwidth. For example, if a GE interface is used as the mirrored interface and an Ethernet interface is
used as the observing interface, the observing interface has no sufficient capability to receive packets and
mirroring packets may be lost.
Remote Port Mirroring
As shown in Figure 3-3, the monitored devices and observing device are located on different
networks. Remote port mirroring can be configured on RouterA to monitor and analyze the
packets passing through the specified interface. RouterA copies the packets passing through the
mirrored interface and sends the packets to the observing device through the IP network.
Figure 3-3 Networking diagram of remote port mirroring
RouterA
Monitoring
device
Packet flows
Mirroring port
Copied packet flows
IP network
Mirroring port
RouterB
Host A

Remote Flow Mirroring
As shown in Figure 3-4, RouterA copies the packets matching a specified traffic classifier from
the mirrored interface to the observing device through the IP network. In flow mirroring, a traffic
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policy containing the flow mirroring behavior is applied to the mirrored interface. If the packets
passing through the mirrored port match the traffic classification rules contained in the traffic
policy, the packets are copied to the observing device.
Figure 3-4 Networking diagram of remote flow mirroring
RouterA
Monitoring
device
Packet flows
Flow mirrored
interface
Copied packet flows
IP network
Flow mirrored interface
RouterB
Host A

Remote Mirroring Specifications
Only one observing server can be configured, and there must be a reachable route from the
mirrored interfaces to the observing server. The packets on multiple mirrored interfaces can be
mirrored to one observing server.
3.3 Configuring Local Port Mirroring
To monitor and analyze all the packets passing through the mirrored interface that is located on
the same AR2200 as the observing interface, configure local port mirroring on the AR2200.
3.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring local port mirroring, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This will help you complete
the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
An intranet has high requirements for information security and privacy protection. You can
configure mirroring on an interface to monitor incoming and outgoing data packets. The
management server that has the monitoring software installed can capture these packets for
analysis and fault location.
To monitor and analyze all the packets passing through the mirrored interface that is located on
the same AR2200 as the observing interface, configure local port mirroring on the AR2200.
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Pre-configuration Tasks
Ensuring that the link layer protocol status of interfaces is Up
Data Preparation
To configure local port mirroring, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Type and number of the observing interface.
2 Type and number of the mirrored interface.
3 Direction to which packets are mirrored.

3.3.2 Configuring a Local Observing Interface
The local observing interface is used to export the packets copied from the mirrored interface.
Context
After an interface is configured as the observing interface, other configurations are not
recommended on the interface. Otherwise, the following situations may occur:
l If other service traffic exists on the observing interface in addition to mirrored packets, the
packet source cannot be differentiated.
l If congestion occurs on the observing interface, mirrored packets may be discarded because
the priority of mirrored is low.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
observe-port interface interface-type interface-number
A local observing interface is configured.
NOTE
On the AR2200, only one observing interface can be configured.
Other configurations are not recommended on the observing interface; otherwise, non-mirrored packets
may be forwarded through the observing interface.
----End
3.3.3 Configuring a Local Mirrored Interface
All the packets passing through the local mirrored interface are copied to the observing interface.
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Context
If you want to configure an Eth-Trunk as a mirrored interface, run the interface eth-trunk trunk-
id command to create an Eth-Trunk first. Pay attention to the following points when you use an
Eth-Trunk as a mirrored interface:
l If an Eth-Trunk is configured as a mirrored interface, its member interfaces cannot be
configured as mirrored interfaces. To configure a member interface as a mirrored interface,
delete it from the Eth-Trunk first.
l If a member interface of an Eth-Trunk is configured as a mirrored interface, the Eth-Trunk
cannot be configured as a mirrored interface. To configure the Eth-Trunk as a mirrored
interface, delete the member interface from it first.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number
The interface view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
mirror to observe-port { both | inbound | outbound }
A local mirrored interface is configured.
NOTE
If the downstream mirroring interface is configured with an ACL, the ACL does not take effect for mirroring
packets. After the mirrored interface is specified, all packets on the interface are mirrored regardless of
whether a traffic policy is configured.
----End
3.3.4 Checking the Configuration
After port mirroring is configured, check the usage of the observing interface and mirrored
interface.
Prerequisites
The configurations of port mirroring are complete.
Procedure
l Run the display observe-port command to check the observing interface in port mirroring.
l Run the display mirror-port command to check the mirrored interface in port mirroring.
----End
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3.4 Configuring Local Flow Mirroring
To monitor and analyze the packets with same characteristics passing through the mirrored
interface that is located on the same AR2200 as the observing interface, configure local port
mirroring on the AR2200.
3.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring local flow mirroring, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This will help you complete
the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
An intranet has high requirements for information security and privacy protection. You can
configure mirroring on an interface to monitor incoming and outgoing data packets. The
management server that has the monitoring software installed can capture these packets for
analysis and fault location.
To monitor and analyze the packets with some characteristics passing through the mirrored
interface that is located on the same AR2200 as the observing interface, configure local port
mirroring on the AR2200.
Pre-configuration Tasks
None.
Data Preparation
To configure local flow mirroring, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Type and number of the observing interface
2 Type and number of the traffic mirrored interface
3 Names of the traffic classifier, traffic behavior, traffic policy, and traffic classification
rules

3.4.2 Configuring a Local Observing Interface
The local observing interface is used to export the packets copied from the mirrored interface.
Context
After an interface is configured as the observing interface, other configurations are not
recommended on the interface. Otherwise, the following situations may occur:
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l If other service traffic exists on the observing interface in addition to mirrored packets, the
packet source cannot be differentiated.
l If congestion occurs on the observing interface, mirrored packets may be discarded because
the priority of mirrored is low.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
observe-port interface interface-type interface-number
A local observing interface is configured.
NOTE
On the AR2200, only one observing interface can be configured.
Other configurations are not recommended on the observing interface; otherwise, non-mirrored packets
may be forwarded through the observing interface.
----End
3.4.3 Configuring Complex Traffic Classification
Select proper traffic classification rules and configure complex traffic classification as required.
For the configuration procedure, see Configuring Traffic Classification in the Huawei AR2200
Series Enterprise Routers Configuration Guide - QoS.
3.4.4 Creating a Local Traffic Behavior
Configure the local flow mirroring action to copy the packets matching traffic classification
rules to the observing interface.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
traffic behavior behavior-name
A traffic behavior is created and the traffic behavior view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
mirror to observe-port
----End
3.4.5 Configuring a Traffic Policy
After the traffic classifier and the flow mirroring action are configured, bind the traffic classifier
and the traffic behavior to a traffic policy and apply the traffic policy to an interface.
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Procedure
Step 1 Create a traffic policy.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
traffic policy policy-name
A traffic policy is created and the traffic policy view is displayed.
3. Run:
classifier classifier-name behavior behavior-name
A traffic classifier is bound to a traffic behavior in the traffic policy.
classifier-name specifies the name of a traffic classifier and must be the same as the name
of a traffic classifier in 3.4.3 Configuring Complex Traffic Classification; behavior-
name specifies the name of a traffic behavior and must be the same as the name of a traffic
behavior in 3.4.4 Creating a Local Traffic Behavior.
4. Run:
quit
Quit the traffic policy view.
Step 2 Apply the traffic policy to an interface.
1. Run:
interface interface-type interface-number
The mirrored interface view is displayed.
2. Run:
traffic-policy policy-name inbound
The traffic policy is applied to the flow mirrored interface.
NOTE
In flow mirroring, when a WAN-side interface is used as a mirrored interface, the AR2200 supports inter-
board mirroring. When a LAN-side interface is used as a mirrored interface, the AR2200 does not support
inter-board mirroring.
----End
3.4.6 Checking the Configuration
After local flow mirroring is configured, check the observing interface and the configuration of
the traffic classifier, traffic behavior, and traffic policy.
Prerequisites
The configurations of local flow mirroring are complete.
Procedure
l Run the display observe-port command to check the observing interface in local port
mirroring.
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l Run the display mirror-port command to check the mirrored interface in local port
mirroring.
l Run the display traffic behavior user-defined [ behavior-name ] command to check the
configuration of the traffic behavior.
l Run the display traffic classifier user-defined [ classifier-name ] command to check the
configuration of the traffic classifier.
l Run the display traffic policy user-defined [ policy-name [ classifier classifier-name ] ]
command to check the configuration of the traffic policy.
l Run the display traffic-policy policy-name applied-record command to check the
application of the traffic policy.
----End
3.5 Configuring Remote Port Mirroring
The remote port mirroring function monitors and analyzes the packets passing an interface of
the AR2200 when the observing and mirrored devices are on different networks.
3.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring remote port mirroring, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the preconfiguration tasks, and obtain the data required for the configuration. This will
help you complete the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
The remote port mirroring function monitors and analyzes the packets passing an interface of
the AR2200 when the observing and mirrored devices are on different networks.
As shown in Figure 3-5, the mirrored interface on the AR2200 is connected to mirrored devices.
The observing and mirrored devices may use public addresses or private addresses. If they use
private addresses, a VPN tunnel must be configured to allow them to communicate through the
public network. For details about VPN tunnel configuration, see Huawei AR2200 Series
Enterprise Routers Configuration Guide - VPN.
Figure 3-5 Remote port mirroring network
RouterA
Monitoring
device
Packet flows
Mirroring port
Copied packet flows
IP network
Mirroring port
RouterB
Host A
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Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring remote port mirroring, complete the following tasks:
l Configuring routing protocols to ensure reachable routes between the mirrored device and
the observing device
l Configuration Guide - VPN
Data Preparation
To configure remote port mirroring, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Observing server index, IP addresses of mirrored devices, IP address of the mirrored
interface, DSCP field of packets
2 Type and number of the mirrored interface
3 Direction of the traffic to be mirrored

3.5.2 Configuring the Observing Server
The observing server forwards the packets copied from the mirrored interface to the observing
device through the IP network.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
observe-server [ observe-server-index ] destination-ip destination-ip-address
source-ip source-ip-address [ dscp dscp-value ]
The observing server is configured.
NOTE
l destination-ip-address is the IP address of the observing device; source-ip-address is the IP address
of the mirrored interface.
l If the mirrored interface and observing device use private addresses, perform the Configuration Guide
- VPN task before configuring the observing server.
----End
3.5.3 Configuring a Mirrored Interface
All the packets passing through the mirrored interface are copied to the observing device.
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Context
If you want to configure an Eth-Trunk as a mirrored interface, run the interface eth-trunk trunk-
id command to create an Eth-Trunk first. Pay attention to the following points when you use an
Eth-Trunk as a mirrored interface:
l If an Eth-Trunk is configured as a mirrored interface, its member interfaces cannot be
configured as mirrored interfaces. To configure a member interface as a mirrored interface,
delete it from the Eth-Trunk first.
l If a member interface of an Eth-Trunk is configured as a mirrored interface, the Eth-Trunk
cannot be configured as a mirrored interface. To configure the Eth-Trunk as a mirrored
interface, delete the member interface from it first.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number
The interface view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
mirror to observe-server{ both | inbound | outbound }
The interface is configured as a mirrored interface.
observe-server-index is the index of the observing server, which must be identical with the
observing server index configured in 3.5.2 Configuring the Observing Server.
----End
3.5.4 Checking the Configuration
After remote port mirroring is configured, check the configurations of the observing server and
mirrored interface.
Prerequisites
The configurations of remote port mirroring are complete.
Procedure
l Run the display observe-server command to check the configuration of observing server.
l Run the display mirror-port command to check the configuration of mirrored interface.
----End
Example
Run the display observe-server command to check information about the observing server.
<Huawei> display observe-server
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Index : 1
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destination-ip : 20.1.1.2
source-ip : 10.1.1.1
dscp : 0
Used : 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Run the display mirror-port command to check the mirrored interface name, packet direction,
and destination and source addresses of the observing server.
<Huawei> display mirror-port
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mirror-port Direction Observe-dest
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 gigabitethernet1/0/0 Both DIP:3.2.2.3 SIP:1.1.1.2 DSCP:0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
3.6 Configuring Remote Flow Mirroring
The remote flow mirroring function monitors and analyzes the packets with the same
characteristics passing an interface of the AR2200 when the observing and mirrored devices are
on different networks.
3.6.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring remote flow mirroring, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the preconfiguration tasks, and obtain the data required for the configuration. This
helps you complete the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
As shown in Figure 3-6, the remote flow mirroring function monitors and analyzes the packets
with the same characteristics passing an interface of the AR2200 when the observing and
mirrored devices are on different networks.
Figure 3-6 Remote flow mirroring network
RouterA
Monitoring
device
Packet flows
Flow mirrored
interface
Copied packet flows
IP network
Flow mirrored interface
RouterB
Host A

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Pre-configuration Tasks
l Configuring a routing protocol to allow the mirrored interface and mirrored devices to
communicate with each other
l Configuration Guide - VPN
Data Preparation
To configure remote flow mirroring, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Observing server index, IP addresses of mirrored devices, IP address of the mirrored
interface, DSCP field of packets
2 Type and number of the mirrored interface
3 Names of the traffic classifier, traffic behavior, traffic policy, and traffic classification
rules

3.6.2 Configuring the Observing Server
The observing server forwards the packets copied from the mirrored interface to the observing
device through the IP network.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
observe-server [ observe-server-index ] destination-ip destination-ip-address
source-ip source-ip-address [ dscp dscp-value ]
The observing server is configured.
NOTE
l destination-ip-address is the IP address of the observing device; source-ip-address is the IP address
of the mirrored interface.
l If the mirrored interface and observing device use private addresses, perform the Configuration Guide
- VPN task before configuring the observing server.
----End
3.6.3 Configuring Complex Traffic Classification
Select proper traffic classification rules and configure complex traffic classification as required.
For the configuration procedure, see Configuring Traffic Classification in the Huawei AR2200
Series Enterprise Routers Configuration Guide - QoS.
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3.6.4 Configuring the Traffic Behavior
The traffic behavior copies the packets matching the configured traffic classifier to the observing
device.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
traffic behavior behavior-name
A traffic behavior is created and its view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
mirror to observe-server
----End
3.6.5 Configuring a Traffic Policy
After the traffic classifier and the flow mirroring action are configured, bind the traffic classifier
and the traffic behavior to a traffic policy and apply the traffic policy to an interface.
Procedure
Step 1 Create a traffic policy.
1. Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
2. Run:
traffic policy policy-name
A traffic policy is created and the traffic policy view is displayed.
3. Run:
classifier classifier-name behavior behavior-name
A traffic classifier is bound to a traffic behavior in the traffic policy.
classifier-name specifies the name of a traffic classifier and must be the same as the name
of a traffic classifier in 3.4.3 Configuring Complex Traffic Classification; behavior-
name specifies the name of a traffic behavior and must be the same as the name of a traffic
behavior in 3.4.4 Creating a Local Traffic Behavior.
4. Run:
quit
Quit the traffic policy view.
Step 2 Apply the traffic policy to an interface.
1. Run:
interface interface-type interface-number
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The mirrored interface view is displayed.
2. Run:
traffic-policy policy-name inbound
The traffic policy is applied to the flow mirrored interface.
NOTE
In flow mirroring, when a WAN-side interface is used as a mirrored interface, the AR2200 supports inter-
board mirroring. When a LAN-side interface is used as a mirrored interface, the AR2200 does not support
inter-board mirroring.
----End
3.6.6 Checking the Configuration
After remote flow mirroring is configured, check the configurations of the observing server,
traffic classifier, traffic behavior, and traffic policy.
Prerequisites
The configurations of remote flow mirroring are complete.
Procedure
l Run the display observe-server command to check the configuration of observing server.
l Run the display mirror-port command to check the configuration of mirrored interface.
l Run the display traffic behavior user-defined [ behavior-name ] command to check the
configuration of traffic behavior.
l Run the display traffic classifier user-defined [ classifier-name ] command to check the
configuration of traffic classifier.
l Run the display traffic policy user-defined [ policy-name [ classifier classifier-name ] ]
command to check the configuration of traffic policy.
l Run the display traffic-policy policy-name applied-record command to check the use
record of traffic policy.
----End
3.7 Configuring Packet Capture Using Mirroring
This section describes how to configure packet capture using mirroring so that packets entering
the device interface can be displayed on the terminal or saved to the device.
Applicable Environment
Local port mirroring or local flow mirroring requires that an observing port needs to be directly
connected to a monitoring device. If the observing port is not directly connected to a mirroring
device, capture packets using mirroring to locate faults so that packets entering the device
interface can be displayed on the terminal or saved to the device.
If mirrored packets are saved to the device, log in to the device through FTP and download the
mirrored packets for analysis.
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NOTE
l Currently, only incoming traffic can be captured using mirroring.
l Before using the capture-packet interface command again, wait until the last command execution is
complete.
l Packet capturing rate must be lower than 256 pps. If the traffic is heavy, some packets matching rules
may not be captured.
l Currently, the AR2200 supports the following mirrored interfaces: Ethernet interface, GigabitEthernet
interface, ATM interface, Serial interface, BRI interface, Tunnel interface, Pon interface, MFR
interface, MP-Group interface, Virtual-Template interface, Virtual-Ethernet interface, VLANIF
interface, Dialer interface, and Eth-trunk interface.
Pre-configuration Tasks
Ensuring that the interface link layer protocol status is Up and the storage memory is sufficient
for mirrored packets
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 (Optional) Configure a numbered ACL. For details, see ACL Configuration in Configuration
Guide-Security.
NOTE
To capture mirrored packets matching an ACL, configure the ACL.
Step 3 Run:
capture-packet interface interface-type interface-number [ acl acl-number ]
destination { file file-name | terminal }
*
[ car cir cir-value | time-out time out
value | packet-num packet number | packet-len { packet length | total-packet ]
*
Rules are defined to capture mirrored packets on the device and display the packet information
on the terminal.
----End
Example
After the configuration is complete, mirrored packets are displayed on the terminal or saved to
the device. If mirrored packets are saved to the device, download the mirrored packets for
analysis. The following shows information about mirrored packets displayed on the terminal:
Info: Captured packets will be showed on terminal.
[Huawei]
Packet: 1
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0a 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 2
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
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00 00 00 00 00 00 0b 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 3
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0b 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 4
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0a 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 5
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0b 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 6
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0b 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 7
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0a 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 8
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0b 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 9
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0b 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 10
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0a 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 11
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-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0b 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 12
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0a 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

Packet: 13
-------------------------------------------------------
ff ff ff ff ff ff 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 08 06 00 01
08 00 06 04 00 01 00 e0 fc 01 00 08 02 01 01 03
00 00 00 00 00 00 0b 01 01 01 00 00 00 00 00 00
00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
-------------------------------------------------------

------------------capture report-----------------------
file: NULL
interface: GigabitEthernet1/0/0
acl: 2000
car: 64pps timeout: 60s
packets: 100 (expected) 13 (actual)
length: 128 (expected)
-------------------------------------------------------
3.8 Configuration Examples
This section describes the networking requirements, configuration roadmap, and data
preparation for mirroring and provides the configuration examples.
3.8.1 Example for Configuring Local Port Mirroring
The local port mirroring function allows you to monitor the packets on a local device.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 3-7, the R&D department and marketing department are connected to
Ethernet2/0/0 and Ethernet2/0/1 on the Router. The server (that is, the monitoring device) that
has the monitoring software installed is connected to Ethernet2/0/2 on the Router to analyze the
captured packets. To ensure information security, configure local port mirroring on the Router
to monitor all the packets sent by the R&D department and marketing department.
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Figure 3-7 Networking diagram of local port mirroring
Eth2/0/0
Eth2/0/1
Eth2/0/2
LSWA
LSWB
R&D
department
Marketing
department
Router Server

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Configure Ethernet2/0/2 as a local observing interface.
2. Configure Ethernet2/0/0 and Ethernet2/0/1 as mirrored interfaces.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l Type and number of the observing interface
l Type and number of the mirrored interface
l Index number of the observing interface, that is, 1
Procedure
Step 1 Configure an observing interface.
# Configure Ethernet2/0/2 on the Router as an observing interface.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] observe-port 1 interface Ethernet 2/0/2
Step 2 Configure mirrored interfaces.
# Configure Ethernet2/0/0 on the Router as the local mirrored interface to monitor the packets
sent by the R&D department.
[Huawei] interface Ethernet 2/0/0
[Huawei-Ethernet2/0/0] mirror to observe-port inbound
[Huawei-Ethernet2/0/0] quit
# Configure Ethernet2/0/1 on the Router as the local mirrored interface to monitor the packets
sent by the marketing department.
[Huawei] interface Ethernet 2/0/1
[Huawei-Ethernet2/0/1] mirror to observe-port inbound
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[Huawei-Ethernet2/0/1] quit
[Huawei] quit
Step 3 Verify the configuration.
# Check the configuration of the observing interface.
<Huawei> display observe-port
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Index : 1
Interface: Ethernet2/0/2
Used : 2
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check the configuration of mirrored interfaces.
<Huawei> display mirror-port
----------------------------------------------------------------------
Mirror-port Direction Observe-port
----------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Ethernet2/0/0 Inbound Ethernet2/0/2
2 Ethernet2/0/1 Inbound Ethernet2/0/2
----------------------------------------------------------------------
# View the packet statistics on Ethernet2/0/0, Ethernet2/0/1, and Ethernet2/0/2. The number of
packets on Ethernet2/0/2 equals the sum of the numbers of packets on Ethernet2/0/0 and
Ethernet2/0/1. Alternatively, view all the packets received by Ethernet2/0/0 and Ethernet2/0/1
by using the server. Packets on Ethernet2/0/0 and Ethernet2/0/1 are mirrored by the Router.
<Huawei> display interface Ethernet 2/0/0
Ethernet2/0/0 current state : UP
Description:HUAWEI, AR Series, Ethernet2/0/0 Interface
Switch Port,The Maximum Frame Length is 1628
IP Sending Frames' Format is PKTFMT_ETHNT_2, Hardware address is 10e0-1220-8001
Last physical up time : 2010-10-07 22:24:31 UTC-05:00
Last physical down time : 2010-10-05 22:22:22 UTC-05:00
Current system time: 2010-10-22 15:48:52-05:13
Port Mode: COMMON FIBER
Speed : 100, Loopback: NONE
Duplex: FULL, Negotiation: ENABLE
Mdi : NORMAL
Last 300 seconds input rate 728 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
Last 300 seconds output rate 32 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
Input peak rate 13608 bits/sec,Record time: 2008-03-07 22:24:32
Output peak rate 528 bits/sec,Record time: 2008-03-07 22:24:34
Input: 62754 packets, 8937914 bytes
Unicast: 0, Multicast: 62754
Broadcast: 0, Jumbo: 0
Discard: 0, Total Error: 0
CRC: 0, Giants: 0
Jabbers: 0, Throttles: 0
Runts: 0, DropEvents: 0
Alignments: 0, Symbols: 0
Ignoreds: 0, Frames: 0
Output: 6816 packets, 477120 bytes
Unicast: 0, Multicast: 6816
Broadcast: 0, Jumbo: 0
Discard: 0, Total Error: 0
Collisions: 0, ExcessiveCollisions: 0
Late Collisions: 0, Deferreds: 0
Buffers Purged: 0
Input bandwidth utilization threshold : 100.00%
Output bandwidth utilization threshold: 100.00%
Input bandwidth utilization : 0.01%
Output bandwidth utilization : 0.00%
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<Huawei> display interface Ethernet 2/0/1
Ethernet2/0/1 current state : UP
Description:HUAWEI, AR Series, Ethernet2/0/1 Interface
Switch Port,The Maximum Frame Length is 1628
IP Sending Frames' Format is PKTFMT_ETHNT_2, Hardware address is 10e0-1220-8001
Last physical up time : 2010-10-07 22:24:31 UTC-05:00
Last physical down time : 2010-10-05 22:22:22 UTC-05:00
Current system time: 2010-10-22 15:48:52-05:13
Port Mode: COMMON FIBER
Speed : 100, Loopback: NONE
Duplex: FULL, Negotiation: ENABLE
Mdi : NORMAL
Last 300 seconds input rate 728 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
Last 300 seconds output rate 32 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
Input peak rate 13608 bits/sec,Record time: 2008-03-07 22:24:32
Output peak rate 528 bits/sec,Record time: 2008-03-07 22:24:34
Input: 51924 packets, 7850076 bytes
Unicast: 0, Multicast: 51924
Broadcast: 0, Jumbo: 0
Discard: 0, Total Error: 0
CRC: 0, Giants: 0
Jabbers: 0, Throttles: 0
Runts: 0, DropEvents: 0
Alignments: 0, Symbols: 0
Ignoreds: 0, Frames: 0
Output: 6817 packets, 477190 bytes
Unicast: 0, Multicast: 6817
Broadcast: 0, Jumbo: 0
Discard: 0, Total Error: 0
Collisions: 0, ExcessiveCollisions: 0
Late Collisions: 0, Deferreds: 0
Buffers Purged: 0
Input bandwidth utilization threshold : 100.00%
Output bandwidth utilization threshold: 100.00%
Input bandwidth utilization : 0.01%
Output bandwidth utilization : 0.00%
<Huawei> display interface Ethernet 2/0/2
Ethernet2/0/2 current state : UP
Description:HUAWEI, AR Series, Ethernet2/0/2 Interface
Switch Port,The Maximum Frame Length is 1628
IP Sending Frames' Format is PKTFMT_ETHNT_2, Hardware address is 10e0-1220-8001
Last physical up time : 2010-10-07 22:24:31 UTC-05:00
Last physical down time : 2010-10-05 22:22:22 UTC-05:00
Current system time: 2010-10-22 15:48:52-05:13
Port Mode: COMMON FIBER
Speed : 100, Loopback: NONE
Duplex: FULL, Negotiation: ENABLE
Mdi : NORMAL
Last 300 seconds input rate 728 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
Last 300 seconds output rate 32 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec
Input peak rate 13608 bits/sec,Record time: 2008-03-07 22:24:32
Output peak rate 528 bits/sec,Record time: 2008-03-07 22:24:34
Input: 114678 packets, 16787990 bytes
Unicast: 0, Multicast: 114678
Broadcast: 0, Jumbo: 0
Discard: 0, Total Error: 0
CRC: 0, Giants: 0
Jabbers: 0, Throttles: 0
Runts: 0, DropEvents: 0
Alignments: 0, Symbols: 0
Ignoreds: 0, Frames: 0
Output: 0 packets, 0 bytes
Unicast: 0, Multicast: 0
Broadcast: 0, Jumbo: 0
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Discard: 0, Total Error: 0
Collisions: 0, ExcessiveCollisions: 0
Late Collisions: 0, Deferreds: 0
Buffers Purged: 0
Input bandwidth utilization threshold : 100.00%
Output bandwidth utilization threshold: 100.00%
Input bandwidth utilization : 0.01%
Output bandwidth utilization : 0.00%
----End
Configuration Files
l Configuration file of the Router
#
observe-port interface Ethernet2/0/2
#
interface Ethernet2/0/0
mirror to observe-port inbound
#
interface Ethernet2/0/1
mirror to observe-port inbound
#
return
3.8.2 Example for Configuring Local Flow Mirroring
With the local flow mirroring function, the AR2200 can monitor the packets with the same
characteristics.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 3-8, an enterprise's R&D department connects to the Router through
Ethernet2/0/0. A server with the monitoring software installed is connected to Ethernet2/0/1 on
the Router to analyze the captured packets. The enterprise needs to monitor all the IPv4 packets
sent from host 192.168.1.10/24 in the R&D department.
Figure 3-8 Local flow mirroring network
Eth2/0/0 Eth2/0/1
Router Server
R&D
department
HostA
192.168.1.10/24

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Configure Ethernet2/0/2 as the observing interface.
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2. Create a traffic classifier to match the IPv4 packets with the source IP address
192.168.1.10/24.
3. Create a traffic behavior and bind it to the local flow mirroring action.
4. Create a traffic policy and bind it to the traffic classifier and traffic behavior.
5. Apply the traffic policy to Ethernet2/0/0.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l Type and number of the observing interface
l Type and number of the mirrored interface
l Observing interface index, 1
l Traffic classifier, c1
l Traffic behavior, b1
l Traffic policy, p1
Procedure
Step 1 Configure the local observing interface.
# Configure Ethernet2/0/1 on the Router as the observing interface.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] observe-port interface Ethernet 2/0/1
Step 2 Configure the traffic classifier c1.
# Create IPv4 ACL 2000 on the Router to match the IPv4 packets with destination address
192.168.1.10.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] acl number 2000
[Huawei-acl-basic-2000] rule permit source 192.168.1.10 0
[Huawei-acl-basic-2000] quit
# Create a traffic classifier named c1 and bind it to ACL 2000.
[Huawei] traffic classifier c1
[Huawei-classifier-c1] if-match acl 2000
[Huawei-classifier-c1] quit
Step 3 Create a traffic behavior named b1 and configure the local flow mirroring action in the traffic
behavior.
[Huawei] traffic behavior b1
[Huawei-behavior-b1] mirror to observe-port
[Huawei-behavior-b1] quit
Step 4 Configure a traffic policy.
# Create a traffic policy named p1 on the Router, bind the traffic behavior and traffic classifier
to the traffic policy, and apply the traffic policy to the inbound direction of Ethernet2/0/0.
[Huawei] traffic policy p1
[Huawei-trafficpolicy-p1] classifier c1 behavior b1
[Huawei-trafficpolicy-p1] quit
[Huawei] interface Ethernet2/0/0
[Huawei-Ethernet2/0/0] traffic-policy p1 inbound
[Huawei-Ethernet2/0/0] quit
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Step 5 Verify the configuration.
# View the traffic classifier configuration.
<Huawei> display traffic classifier user-defined c1
User Defined Classifier Information:
Classifier: c1
Operator: OR
Rule(s) : if-match acl 2000
# View the traffic policy configuration.
<Huawei> display traffic policy user-defined p1
User Defined Traffic Policy Information:
Policy: p1
Classifier: c1
Operator: OR
Behavior: b1
mirror to observe-port

----End
Configuration Files
l Configuration file of the Router
#
observe-port interface Ethernet
2/0/1
#
acl number 2000
rule 5 permit source 192.168.1.10
0
#
traffic classifier c1 operator
or
if-match acl
2000
#
traffic behavior
b1
mirror to observe-port
#
traffic policy
p1
classifier c1 behavior
b1
#
interface Ethernet2/0/0
traffic-policy p1
inbound
#
return
3.8.3 Example for Configuring Remote Port Mirroring
The remote port mirroring function allows you to monitor the packets on a remote device.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 3-9, company A's branch network connects to Ethernet1/0/0 on the egress
gateway RouterA, and the headquarters network connects to Ethernet1/0/0 on the ingress
gateway RouterB. An observing device connects to RouterB on the headquarters network. The
observing device monitors all the packets sent from the branch network to ensure enterprise's
information security.
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NOTE
The hosts on the enterprise network use private addresses; therefore, a GRE tunnel must be configured on
the public network to ensure communication.
Figure 3-9 Remote port mirroring network
Tunnel
RouterA
Monitoring device
192.168.2.2/24
Branch of
company A
IP network
RouterB
HostA
192.168.1.2/24
Headquarters of
company A
Eth 1/0/0
192.168.2.1/24
Eth 1/0/0
192.168.1.1/24
Eth 1/0/1
20.1.1.1/24
Eth 1/0/1
30.1.1.1/24
Tunnel 0/0/1
10.1.1.1/24
Tunnel 0/0/1
10.1.1.2/24
20.1.1.2/24
30.1.1.2/24

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Configure IP addresses and default routes for all interfaces on the Router, as shown in
Figure 3-9.
2. Configure a GRE tunnel to allow the hosts with private addresses to communicate over the
public network.
3. Configure the observing server to copy the mirrored packets to the observing device through
the IP network.
4. Configure Ethernet1/0/0 as an observing interface.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l IP addresses of mirrored interface and observing device
l GRE tunnel interfaces and interface addresses
l Type and number of the mirrored interface
l Observing server index, 1
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Procedure
Step 1 Configure IP addresses for interfaces.
# Assign an IP address to each interface on the Router. This example describes the configuration
on RouterA.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] sysname RouterA
[RouterA] interface ethernet 1/0/0
[RouterA-Ethernet1/0/0] ip address 192.168.1.1 24
[RouterA-Ethernet1/0/0] quit
# Configure a default route for RouterA.
[RouterA] ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 20.1.1.2
Step 2 Configure the GRE tunnel.
# Configure a tunnel interface on RouterA.
[RouterA] interface tunnel 0/0/1
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] tunnel-protocol gre
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] ip address 10.1.1.1 24
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] source 20.1.1.1
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] destination 30.1.1.1
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] quit
# Configure a tunnel interface on RouterB.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] sysname RouterB
[RouterB] interface tunnel 0/0/1
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] tunnel-protocol gre
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] ip address 10.1.1.2 24
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] source 30.1.1.1
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] destination 20.1.1.1
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] quit
# Configure a static route from RouterA to the observing device.
[RouterA] ip route-static 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 tunnel0/0/1
# Configure a static route from RouterB to the mirrored interface.
[RouterB] ip route-static 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 tunnel0/0/1
Step 3 Configure the observing server.
# Configure the observing server on RouterA.
<RouterA> system-view
[RouterA] observe-server destination-ip 192.168.2.2 source-ip 192.168.1.1
Step 4 Configure the mirrored interface.
# Configure Ethernet 1/0/0 of RouterA as the mirrored interface to capture the packets sent from
the branch network.
[RouterA] interface ethernet 1/0/0
[RouterA-Ethernet1/0/0] mirror to observe-server inbound
[RouterA-Ethernet1/0/0] quit
Step 5 Verify the configuration.
# Check the configuration of the observing server.
<RouterA> display observe-server
----------------------------------------------------------------------
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Index : 1
destination-ip : 192.168.2.2
source-ip : 192.168.1.1
dscp : 0
Used : 1
----------------------------------------------------------------------
# Check the configuration of the mirrored interface.
<RouterA> display mirror-port
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
Mirror-port Direction Observe-dest
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
1 Ethernet1/0/0 Inbound DIP:192.168.2.2 SIP:192.168.1.1 DSCP:0
---------------------------------------------------------------------------
----End
Configuration Files
l Configuration file of RouterA
#
sysname RouterA
#
observe-sever destination-ip 192.168.2.2 source-ip
192.168.1.1
#
interface Ethernet1/0/0
ip address 192.168.1.1
255.255.255.0
mirror to observe-server inbound
#
interface Ethernet1/0/1
ip address 20.1.1.1
255.255.255.0
#
ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 20.1.1.2
ip route-static 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 Tunnel0/0/1
#
interface
Tunnel0/0/1
ip address 10.1.1.1
255.255.255.0
tunnel-protocol
gre
source
20.1.1.1
destination
30.1.1.1
#
return
l Configuration file of RouterB
#
sysname RouterB
#
interface Ethernet1/0/0
ip address 192.168.2.1
255.255.255.0
#
interface Ethernet1/0/1
ip address 30.1.1.1
255.255.255.0
#
ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 30.1.1.2
ip route-static 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 Tunnel0/0/1
#
interface
Tunnel0/0/1
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ip address 10.1.1.2
255.255.255.0
tunnel-protocol
gre
source
30.1.1.1
destination
20.1.1.1
#
return
3.8.4 Example for Configuring Remote Flow Mirroring
The remote flow mirroring function allows you to monitor the packets with the same
characteristics on a remote device.
Networking Requirements
As shown in Figure 3-10, company A's branch network connects to Ethernet1/0/0 on the egress
gateway RouterA, and the headquarters network connects to Ethernet1/0/0 on the ingress
gateway RouterB. An observing device connects to RouterB on the headquarters network. The
company needs to monitor all the IPv4 packets from host 10.1.1.2/24 on the branch network.
NOTE
The hosts on the enterprise network use private addresses; therefore, a GRE tunnel must be configured on
the public network to ensure communication.
Figure 3-10 Remote flow mirroring network
Tunnel
RouterA
Monitoring device
192.168.2.2/24
Branch of
company A
IP network
RouterB
HostA
192.168.1.2/24
Headquarters of
company A
Eth 1/0/0
192.168.2.1/24
Eth 1/0/0
192.168.1.1/24
Eth 1/0/1
20.1.1.1/24
Eth 1/0/1
30.1.1.1/24
Tunnel 0/0/1
10.1.1.1/24
Tunnel 0/0/1
10.1.1.2/24
20.1.1.2/24
30.1.1.2/24

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
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1. Configure IP addresses and default routes for all interfaces on RouterA and RouterB, as
shown in Figure 3-10.
2. Configure a GRE tunnel to allow the hosts with private addresses to communicate over the
public network.
3. Configure the observing server on RouterA to copy the mirrored packets to the observing
device through the IP network.
4. Create a traffic classifier to match the IPv4 packets with source address 10.1.1.2/24.
5. Create a traffic behavior and bind it to the remote flow mirroring action.
6. Create a traffic policy and bind it to the traffic classifier and traffic behavior.
7. Apply the traffic policy to Ethernet1/0/0.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l Observing server index, 1
l Type and number of the mirrored interface
l IP addresses of mirrored interface and observing device
l GRE tunnel interfaces and interface addresses
l Traffic classifier, c1
l Traffic behavior, b1
l Traffic policy, p1
Procedure
Step 1 Configure IP addresses for interfaces.
# Assign an IP address to each interface on the Router. This example describes the configuration
on RouterA.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] sysname RouterA
[RouterA] interface ethernet 1/0/0
[RouterA-Ethernet1/0/0] ip address 192.168.1.1 24
[RouterA-Ethernet1/0/0] quit
# Configure a default route for RouterA.
[RouterA] ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 20.1.1.1
Step 2 Configure the GRE tunnel.
# Configure a tunnel interface on RouterA.
[RouterA] interface tunnel 0/0/1
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] tunnel-protocol gre
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] ip address 10.1.1.1 24
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] source 20.1.1.1
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] destination 30.1.1.1
[RouterA-Tunnel0/0/1] quit
# Configure a tunnel interface on RouterB.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] sysname RouterB
[RouterB] interface tunnel 0/0/1
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] tunnel-protocol gre
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[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] ip address 10.1.1.2 24
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] source 30.1.1.1
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] destination 20.1.1.1
[RouterB-Tunnel0/0/1] quit
# Configure a static route from RouterA to the observing device.
[RouterA] ip route-static 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 tunnel 0/0/1
# Configure a static route from RouterB to the mirrored interface.
[RouterB] ip route-static 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 tunnel 0/0/1
Step 3 Configure the observing server.
# Configure the observing server on RouterA.
<RouterA> system-view
[RouterA] observe-server destination-ip 192.168.2.2 source-ip 192.168.1.1
Step 4 Configure the traffic classifier c1.
# Create IPv4 ACL 2000 on RouterA to match the IPv4 packets with source address 10.1.1.2/24.
[RouterA] acl number 2000
[RouterA-acl-basic-2000] rule permit source 192.168.1.2 0
[RouterA-acl-basic-2000] quit
# Create a traffic classifier named c1 and bind it to ACL 2000.
[RouterA] traffic classifier c1
[RouterA-classifier-c1] if-match acl 2000
[RouterA-classifier-c1] quit
Step 5 Configure the traffic behavior b1 and configure Ethernet 1/0/0 as the mirrored interface.
[RouterA] traffic behavior b1
[RouterA-behavior-b1] mirror to observe-server
[RouterA-behavior-b1] quit
Step 6 Configure the traffic policy and apply it to the interface.
# Create a traffic policy p1 on RouterA, bind the traffic behavior and traffic classifier to the
traffic policy, and apply the traffic policy to the inbound direction of Ethernet1/0/0.
[RouterA] traffic policy p1
[RouterA-trafficpolicy-p1] classifier c1 behavior b1
[RouterA-trafficpolicy-p1] quit
[RouterA] interface ethernet 1/0/0
[RouterA-Ethernet1/0/0] traffic-policy p1 inbound
[RouterA-Ethernet1/0/0] quit
Step 7 Verify the configuration.
# View the traffic classifier configuration.
<RouterA> display traffic classifier user-defined c1
User Defined Classifier Information:
Classifier: c1
Operator: OR
Rule(s) : if-match acl 2000
# View the traffic policy configuration.
<RouterA> display traffic policy user-defined p1
User Defined Traffic Policy Information:
Policy: p1
Classifier: c1
Operator: OR
Behavior: b1
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mirror to observe-server

----End
Configuration Files
l Configuration file of RouterA
#
sysname RouterA
#
observe-server destination-ip 192.168.2.2 source-ip 192.168.1.1

#
acl number 2000
rule 5 permit source 192.168.1.2
0
#
traffic classifier c1 operator or
if-match acl
2000
#
traffic behavior
b1
mirror to observe-server
#
traffic policy
p1
classifier c1 behavior
b1
#
interface Ethernet1/0/0
ip address 192.168.1.1
255.255.255.0
traffic-policy p1
inbound
#
interface Ethernet1/0/1
ip address 20.1.1.1
255.255.255.0
#
ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 20.1.1.1
ip route-static 192.168.2.0 255.255.255.0 Tunnel0/0/1
#
interface
Tunnel0/0/1
ip address 10.1.1.1
255.255.255.0
tunnel-protocol
gre
source
20.1.1.1
destination
30.1.1.1
#
return
l Configuration file of RouterB
#
sysname RouterB
#
interface Ethernet1/0/0
ip address 192.168.2.1
255.255.255.0
#
interface Ethernet1/0/1
ip address 30.1.1.1
255.255.255.0
#
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ip route-static 0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 30.1.1.1
ip route-static 192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 Tunnel0/0/1
#
interface
Tunnel0/0/1
ip address 10.1.1.2
255.255.255.0
tunnel-protocol
gre
source
30.1.1.1
destination
20.1.1.1
#
return
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4 Hardware Management
About This Chapter
This chapter describes hardware management on the AR2200, including power on and power
off of boards, electronic label backup, and board reset.
4.1 Introduction to Hardware Management
Hardware management indicates the operations performed on hardware resources after the
hardware is installed. Hardware configurations include reset, backup, power on, and power off.
4.2 Hardware Management Supported by the AR2200
This section describes the hardware management operations supported by the AR2200.
4.3 Powering On and Off the Board
This section describes how to power on and off the board.
4.4 Backing Up Electronic Labels
This section describes how to back up electronic labels.
4.5 Setting Fan Speed
This section describes how to set fan speed.
4.6 Resetting the LPU
This section describes how to reset the LPU.
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4.1 Introduction to Hardware Management
Hardware management indicates the operations performed on hardware resources after the
hardware is installed. Hardware configurations include reset, backup, power on, and power off.
Hardware configurations reduce the frequency at which hardware resources are plugged in and
pulled out or installed and uninstalled, which improves the reliability of hardware resources.
4.2 Hardware Management Supported by the AR2200
This section describes the hardware management operations supported by the AR2200.
The AR2200 supports the following hardware operations:
l Powering on and powering off the board
l Backing up the electronic label
l Setting the rotating speed of a fan
l Resetting the LPU
4.3 Powering On and Off the Board
This section describes how to power on and off the board.
4.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before powering on or powering off a board, familiarize yourself with the applicable
environment, complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This will help
you complete the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Application Environment
Powering on and off boards remotely reduces energy consumption and facilitates board
operations.
NOTE
The AR200-S boards are hot swappable. Therefore, you do not need to remotely power off boards before
hot swapping them.
Pre-configuration Tasks
Powering on the router
Data Preparation
To configure the commands for powering on or powering off the board, you need the following
data.
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No. Data
1 Slot number of the board to be powered off
2 Slot number of the board to be powered on

4.3.2 Powering Off a Board
You can run a command to remotely power off a board.
Procedure
l Run the following command in any view:
power off slot slot-id
The board is powered off.
----End
4.3.3 Powering On a Board
You can run a command to remotely power on a board.
Procedure
Step 1 Run the following command in any view:
power on slot slot-id
The board is powered on.
----End
4.3.4 Checking the Configuration
After a board is powered on or powered off, run the following commands to check the
configurations.
Context
Configuring power-on and power-off of the board is complete.
Procedure
Step 1 Run the display device [ slot slot-id ] command in any view to check the board status.
----End
Result
After boards are powered off, the power status is displayed as PowerOff. After boards are
powered on, the power status is displayed as PowerOn.
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4.4 Backing Up Electronic Labels
This section describes how to back up electronic labels.
4.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before backing up electronic labels, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This will help you complete
the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
Electronic labels play an important role in handling network faults and replacing hardware in
batches. Therefore, backing up electronic labels is a must.
l When a fault occurs on the network, you can obtain information on related hardware
conveniently and accurately and improve the efficiency of maintenance tasks by using
electronic labels. For example, you can run queries on the maintenance cases of the
knowledge base, the preparation of spare boards, and the tests of related indexes. In
addition, you can efficiently analyze and trace defects in the hardware by analyzing and
collecting statistics on the electronic labels of the faulty hardware.
l When you need to replace hardware in batches, you can accurately view the distribution of
hardware in the entire network through the electronic labels recorded in the archive systems
of clients' devices. In this manner, you can pre-estimate the impact of hardware replacement
and formulate corresponding policies to make batch hardware replacement more efficient.
Pre-configuration Tasks
Before backing up electronic labels, ensure that the AR2200 and the FTP server are routable.
Data Preparation
To back up electronic labels, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Name of the electronic label to be backed up
2 (Optional) Slot number of the electronic label
3 (Optional, applicable to backing up the electronic label to the FTP server) Address
of the FTP server, and user name and password
4 (Optional, applicable to backing up the electronic label to the TFTP server) Address
of the TFTP server

4.4.2 Backing Up Electronic Labels
The AR2200 can back up electronic labels to the FTP server, TFTP server, flash memory, SD
card, or USB disk.
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Procedure
l Back up electronic labels to the flash memory, SD card, or USB disk
1. Run:
backup elabel filename [ slot-id ]
Electronic labels are backed up to the flash memory, SD card, or USB disk.
This command can be run in any view.
l Back up electronic labels to an FTP server.
1. Run:
backup elabel ftp ftp-server-address filename username password [ slot-
id ]
Electronic labels are backed up to an FTP server.
l Back up electronic labels to a TFTP server.
1. Run:
backup elabel tftp tftp-server-address filename [ slot-id ]
Electronic labels are backed up to a TFTP server.
----End
4.4.3 Checking the Configuration
After backing up elabels, you can check whether the operation is successful.
Context
The elabels have been backed up.
Procedure
l Run the display elabel [ slot slot-id ] [ brief ] command in any view to check elabel
information.
----End
4.5 Setting Fan Speed
This section describes how to set fan speed.
4.5.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before adjusting fan speed, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment, complete the
pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This will help you complete the
configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
When fan speed does not adapt to the current application environment of the device, you can
adjust the fan speed.
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Pre-configuration Tasks
Powering on the router
Data Preparation
To set fan speed, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Slot number of the fan module and expected fan speed

4.5.2 Setting Fan Speed
You can adjust the fan speed.
Context
Check the upper and lower thresholds of board temperature and current temperature of boards
using the display temperature { all | slot slot-id } command. If the temperature of a board
exceeds the upper threshold, adjust the fan speed on the AR2200.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
set fan-speed fan slot-id percent percent
Fan speed is set.
By default, fans run in automatic mode. In this mode, the system changes the fan speed when
detecting that the board temperature increases or decreases. The automatic mode reduces noises
and saves energy without affecting normal system running.
You can manually change the fan speed. By default, only users of level 2 and level 3 can run
the set fan-speed command to set the fan speed.
NOTE
If several fans are installed on a fan tray, all fans run at the configured speed after you run the set fan-
speed command.
----End
4.5.3 Checking the Configuration
After fan speed is set, you can check the configurations.
Context
Adjusting fan speed is complete.
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Procedure
l Run the display fan command to check the status, running mode, and speed of the fan.
----End
4.6 Resetting the LPU
This section describes how to reset the LPU.
4.6.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before resetting an LPU, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment, complete the
pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This will help you complete the
configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
When the LPU fails to be upgraded or fails to work normally, you need to reset the LPU.
Pre-configuration Tasks
Powering on the router
Data Preparation
To reset the LPU, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Slot number of the LPU to be reset

4.6.2 Resetting the LPU
When an LPU fails to be upgraded or fails to work normally, you need to reset the LPU.
Context
CAUTION
When the LPU works abnormally, try to find and remove the fault rather than resetting the LPU
directly to avoid service interruption.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
reset slot slot-id
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The LPU in the specified slot is reset.
----End
4.6.3 Checking the Configuration
After an LPU is reset, you can check the LPU status and resetting cause.
Context
Resetting the LPU is complete.
Procedure
l Run the display device command to check the LPU status.
l Run the display reset-reason [ slot slot-id ] command to check the reason for resetting the
LPU.
----End
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5 Auto-Config
About This Chapter
This chapter describes the concept, working mechanism, and deployment of Auto-Config.
5.1 Auto-Config Overview
This section describes the functions and advantages of Auto-Config.
5.2 Auto-Config Features Supported by the AR2200
This section describes the intermediate file, Option parameters, and process of Auto-Config
supported by the AR2200.
5.3 Deploying Unconfigured Routers
This section describes how to deploy unconfigured Routers.
5.4 Configuration Examples
This section provides examples for configuring Auto-Config, including networking
requirements, configuration notes, and configuration roadmap.
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5.1 Auto-Config Overview
This section describes the functions and advantages of Auto-Config.
Auto-Config Functions
When a new or unconfigured router is powered on, a version file, patch file, and configuration
file must be loaded to the router. If routers are located dispersedly, the maintenance personnel
have to manually configure each router, which requires a heavy workload. The Auto-Config
function implements remote device configuration and reduces maintenance costs. The routers
running Auto-Config automatically downloads version file, patch file, and configuration file.
Auto-Config Advantages
Maintenance personnel do not need to manually configure each device. Auto-Config simplifies
network configurations and implements unified management and remote debugging on routers.
5.2 Auto-Config Features Supported by the AR2200
This section describes the intermediate file, Option parameters, and process of Auto-Config
supported by the AR2200.
NOTE
Auto-Config deployment and USB deployment are mutually exclusive.
Intermediate File
The intermediate file arnet.ini is used in the Auto-Config process. The intermediate file records
the mappings between the router's MAC address (or ESN) and system software name, version
number, patch file name, and configuration file name. If the version file, patch file, and
configuration file are stored on the FTP or TFTP server, its system software name extension
must be .cc, the patch file name extension must be .pat, and the configuration file name extension
must be .zip or .cfg. After the router obtains the IP address of the FTP or TFTP server, it
downloads the file arnet.ini from the FTP or TFTP server to search for the names of the required
system software, version number, patch file, and configuration file, and then downloads files
from the FTP or TFTP server.
NOTE
Auto-Config uses Option 67 to obtain the configuration file first. If Option 67 is not configured, Auto-
Config obtains the intermediate file.
Each row in the intermediate file describes a device. The intermediate file contains information about a
maximum of 1000 devices.
For example, if the MAC address of an AR2200 is 0018-82C5-AA89, the ESN is
9300070123456789, the system software name is auto_V200R001C00.cc, the version is
V200R001C00, the patch file is auto_V200R001C00.pat, and the configuration file is
auto_V200R001C00.cfg, the contents of the intermediate file arnet.ini are as follows:
MAC=0018-82C5-
AA89;ESN=9300070123456789;vrpfile=auto_V200R001C00.cc;vrpver=V200R001C00;patchfile
=auto_V200R001C00.pat;cfgfile=auto_V200R001C00.cfg;
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NOTE
l When configuring the intermediate file, enter the MAC address and ESN, or either of them. The
configuration file is mandatory, and the version file and patch file are optional. The three files can be
configured in any sequence.
l A MAC address (or an ESN), a system software name, patch file name, and configuration file name
are separated by semicolons. A MAC address is in xxxx-xxxx-xxxx-xxxx or xx-xx-xx-xx format. The
file name is case insensitive and contains only letters, digits, and underscores.
l The system software name and version information must be available in the intermediate file, and
version information in the system software name must be the same as that in the intermediate file.
Version information must be contained in the system software.
Auto-Config Process
Figure 5-1 shows the Auto-Config process.
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Figure 5-1 Auto-Config process
DHCP Request
packets are sent
periodically
Are
DHCP Reply
Packets
received?
Auto-Config starts
No
Is the
configuration file
obtained?
Set it as the
configuration file for
next startup
End
Yes
No
Does the
device need to be
upgraded?
Start a timer to set the
delay in restarting the
device
Can a
patch file be
downloaded to
the device?
Obtain a version file
Obtain a patch file
Is the
version file
obtained?
Is the patch
file obtained?
Are
DHCP Reply
packets
valid?
Parse Option
parameters
Obtain a configuration
file
Yes
No
No
Yes
Yes
Are there
the version file
name and
version
information?
Is there patch file
information?
No
No
No
No No
Yes
Yes
Yes
Is there
ACS Option
information?
Is there
Option
information about
the configuration
file?
Obtain and parse the
intermediate file
No
No
Yes
End
Yes
Configure the ACS
Yes
Yes
The timer expires, and
the device is restarted
Set it as the version
file for next startup
Set it as the patch file
for next startup
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The Auto-Config process involves three phases:
l Parsing Options
1. Obtain the IP address and configuration of the FTP or TFTP server.
A router automatically enables the DHCP client function on the uplink Ethernet
interface in Up state, and broadcasts DHCP Request packets (assuming that an IP
address pool, Option parameters, and gateway information have been configured on
the DHCP server). Then the DHCP server sends the related configurations to the
router, including the IP address assigned to the router, IP address of the FTP or TFTP
server, FTP user name and password, and default gateway address.
If no DHCP Reply packet is received or the received DHCP Reply packet is invalid,
a DHCP Request packet is sent every 5 minutes. After 24 hours, a DHCP Request
packet is sent every hour.
2. Parse Option parameters.
a. If the received DHCP Reply packet contains Option 43, ACS information needs
to be configured. After the basic ACS configuration is complete, the Auto-Config
process ends, and Auto-Config is suspended to wait for ACS deployment.
b. If the received DHCP Reply packet does not contain Option 67, the intermediate
file needs to be obtained. Then the router downloads the intermediate file
arnet.ini from the FTP or TFTP server and obtains information about the files
to be downloaded from the intermediate file. Subsequently, the process of
obtaining files is started.
c. If the received DHCP Reply packet contains Option 67, the process of obtaining
files is started.
l Obtaining files
1. (Optional) Download a system software.
If the space is insufficient, delete version files from the file system according to the
setting of Option 146.
After a system software is downloaded successfully, it is automatically set as the
system software for the next startup.
If the system software fails to be obtained, it is downloaded once every 30 minutes.
If it cannot be obtained after 3 days, it is downloaded once every 2 hours. If it cannot
be obtained after 30 days, the process of downloading the system software stops and
waits to be handled manually.
2. (Optional) Download a patch file.
After the patch file is downloaded successfully, it is automatically set as the patch file
for the next startup.
If the patch file fails to be obtained, it is downloaded once every 30 minutes. If it
cannot be obtained after 3 days, it is downloaded once every 2 hours. If it cannot be
obtained after 30 days, the process of downloading the patch file stops and waits to
be handled manually.
3. Download a configuration file.
After the configuration file is downloaded successfully, it is automatically set as the
configuration file for the next startup.
If the configuration file fails to be obtained, it is downloaded once every 30 minutes.
If it cannot be obtained after 3 days, it is downloaded once every 2 hours. If it cannot
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be obtained after 30 days, the process of downloading the configuration file stops and
waits to be handled manually.
l Restarting the router
After the configuration file is downloaded successfully, the router is restarted according to
the setting of Option 146. If no Option 146 is configured, the router is restarted immediately
after the configuration file is downloaded.
Option Parameters
Table 5-1 Option parameters
Option Description
Option 6 IP address of a DNS server.
Option 15 DNS domain name.
Option 43 l sub-option 1: ACS URL in the following format:
URL=URL_INFO;
For example:
URL=http://192.168.1.40:80/acs;
l sub-option 2: ACS user name and password, in the following format:
username=USERNAME;password=PASSWORD;
Option 66 TFTP server name.
Option 67 Configuration file information.
Option 141 FTP user name.
Option 142 FTP password.
Option 143 IP address of an FTP server.
Option 145 Non-configuration file information, such as system software information,
version information and patch file information, in the following format:
vrpfile=VRPFILENAME;vrpver=VRPVERSION;patchfile=PATCHFILENAME;
For example:
vrpfile=auto_V200R001C00.cc;vrpver=V200R001C00;patchfile=auto_
V200R001C00.pat;
NOTE
Version information must be contained in the system software.
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Option Description
Option 146 Operation information in the following format:
opervalue=OPERATEVALUE;delaytime=DELAYTIME;
l opervalue=0: indicates that no file will be deleted from the file system
when the space is insufficient. opervalue=1: indicates that version
files will be deleted from the file system when the space is insufficient.
By default, no file will be deleted from the file system when the space
is insufficient.
l delaytime: specifies the delay in restarting a device after a
configuration file is downloaded to the device, in seconds. By default,
the delay is 0 seconds.
NOTE
The maximum delay in restarting a device is 1 day. If the configured delay is longer
than 1 day, the actual delay is 1 day.
Option 147 Authentication information. Option 147 is optional. If Option 147 is
required, it must be configured as AutoConfig.
Option 150 IP address of a TFTP server.

NOTE
You can use the following methods to configure an FTP or TFTP server:
l To configure a TFTP server, configure Options 6, 15, and 66 and obtain a TFTP server address from
a DNS server.
l To configure a TFTP server, configure Option 150 and obtain the TFTP server address.
l To configure an FTP server, configure Options 141, 142, and 143 and obtain the TFTP user name,
FTP password, and FTP server address.
5.3 Deploying Unconfigured Routers
This section describes how to deploy unconfigured Routers.
5.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before deploying routers, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment, complete the
pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the data required for the configuration. This will help you
complete the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
As shown in Figure 5-2, the physical link between the router and DHCP relay agent functions
properly, and there are reachable routes between the DHCP relay agent and servers. The
intermediate file, version file, and configuration file are stored on the FTP/TFTP server. After
the DHCP server and FTP/TFTP server are configured, routers can be configured by using Auto-
Config.
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NOTE
Only Layer 3 Ethernet interfaces on the main control board support Auto-Config.
If the received DHCP Reply packet contains Option 43, the auto-configuration server (ACS) is used for
deployment.
Figure 5-2 Auto-Config application
CPE
GE0/0/1
LAN
DHCP Server
DHCP Relay
FTP/TFTP Server
DNS Server
IP network
ACS Server

Pre-configuration Tasks
Before deploying routers, complete the following task:
l Ensuring that physical links between routers and the DHCP server and FTP/TFTP server
work properly
Data Preparation
To deploy routers, you need the following data.
N
o.
Data
1 Information about the interface that connects an AR2200 to the DHCP server
2 Address pool of the DHCP server
3 IP address range and mask of the DHCP server
4 Egress gateway of routers
5 Option parameters of the DHCP server
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N
o.
Data
6 Authentication information, authorization mode, and working directory of the FTP/
TFTP server (optional)
7 IP address of the FTP/TFTP server
8 MAC addresses or ESNs of routers, version files (optional), patch files (optional), and
configuration files

5.3.2 Configuring the DHCP Server
Routers obtain IP addresses and option parameters after the DHCP server is configured.
Context
After a new AR2200 or an unconfigured AR2200 is powered on, the Auto-Config process starts
automatically.
When you connect to the console port of an AR2200 that does not have a startup configuration
file, the system displays "Auto-Config is working. Before configuring the device, stop Auto-
Config. If you perform configurations when Auto-Config is running, the DHCP, routing, DNS,
and VTY configurations will be lost. Do you want to stop Auto-Config? [y/n]:"
l To continue Auto-Config, enter n and press Enter.
l To stop Auto-Config, choose y and press Enter.
CAUTION
If you choose n but still perform configurations through the console port, the DHCP,
routing, DNS, and VTY configurations will be lost.
To stop the Auto-Config process, use either of the following methods:
l Run the undo autoconfig enable command in the system view. You can run the display
autoconfig-status command to check whether the Auto-Config process stops.
l When you log in to the device through the console port, the system displays "Auto-Config
is working. Before configuring the device, stop Auto-Config. If you perform configurations
when Auto-Config is running, the DHCP, routing, DNS, and VTY configurations will be
lost. Do you want to stop Auto-Config? [y/n]:". Enter Y.
Before powering on the Auto-Config-enabled routers, configure the DHCP server and file server;
otherwise, the routers cannot obtain configuration files.
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NOTE
l The DHCP server must be configured with option parameters by referring to 5.2 Auto-Config Features
Supported by the AR2200.
l Here, an AR is used to describe how to configure the DHCP server based on a global address pool.
When the AR functions as a DHCP server, configure the DHCP server by referring to Configuring a
DHCP Server Based on a Global Addrss Poolor Configuring a DHCP Server Based on an Interface
Address Pool.
l If routers and the DHCP server are on different network segments, configure a DHCP relay agent by
referring to Configuring a DHCP Relay Agent.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
dhcp enable
DHCP is enabled.
Step 3 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number
The interface view is displayed.
Step 4 Run:
ip address ip address { mask | mask-length }
The IP address is configured for the interface.
Step 5 Run:
dhcp select global
The interface is configured to use a global address pool. Users going online through this interface
can obtain IP addresses from the global address pool.
Step 6 Run:
quit
Return to the system view.
Step 7 Run:
ip pool ip-pool-name
The global address pool view is displayed.
By default, no global address pool exists on an AR2200.
Step 8 Run:
network ip-address [ mask { mask | mask-length } ]
The range of IP addresses that can be dynamically allocated is configured.
Step 9 Run:
gateway-list ip-address &<1-8>
The IP address of the egress gateway is configured for the DHCP client.
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Step 10 Run:
option code { ascii ascii-string | hex hex-string | ip-address ip-address &<1-8> }
Option parameters of the DHCP server are configured.
If Option 67 is not configured, the process of obtaining the intermediate file is started.
NOTE
Pay attention to the following points when configuring option parameters:
l When the configuration file is obtained using TFTP, the DHCP server must support Option 150 or
support Option 6, Option 15, and Option 66.
l When the configuration file is obtained using FTP, the DHCP server must support Option 141, Option
142, and Option 143.
l When option parameters of TFTP and FTP are both set on the DHCP server, the FTP mode is preferred.
----End
5.3.3 Configuring the FTP/TFTP Server
Routers obtain configuration files after the FTP/TFTP server is configured.
Context
NOTE
l On an FTP server, the IP address must be the same as that contained in Option 143 configured on the
DHCP server. On a TFTP server, the IP address must be the same as that contained in Option 150 or
Option 6, 15, and 66 configured on the DHCP server.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
ftp server enable
The FTP server is enabled.
NOTE
After the DHCP client obtains configuration files from the FTP server, run the undo ftp server command
to disable the FTP server immediately to ensure FTP server security.
Step 3 (Optional) Configure the authentication information, authorization mode, and working directory
for FTP users.
1. For TACACS authentication users:
l Run:
set default ftp-directory directory
The default FTP working directory is configured.
2. For AAA authentication users:
l Run:
aaa
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The AAA view is displayed.
l Run:
local-user user-name password { simple | cipher } password
The local user name and password are configured.
l Run:
local-user user-name service-type ftp
The service type is set to FTP.
l Run:
local-user user-name ftp-directory directory
The directory is configured for FTP users.
Step 4 Run:
interface interface-type interface-number
The interface view is displayed.
Step 5 Run:
ip address ip address { mask | mask-length }
The IP address of the FTP server is configured.
NOTE
The IP address of the FTP server must be the same as that contained in Option 143 configured on the DHCP
server.
Step 6 (Optional) Create and configure an intermediate file.
NOTE
The configuration file is obtained using Option 67 in the Auto-Config process. If Option 67 is not
configured, the process of obtaining the intermediate file is started.
The intermediate file is configured based on the MAC addresses or ESNs of routers, version
files, patch files, and configuration files. For details about the format of the intermediate file,
see 5.2 Auto-Config Features Supported by the AR2200.
1. Create a .txt file and name it arnet.ini.
2. Configure the intermediate file. For example, if the MAC address of an AR3200 is
0018-82C5-AA89 and the ESN is 9300070123456789, the version file name is
auto_V200R002C00.cc, the version number is V200R002C00, the patch file name is
auto_V200R002C00.pat, the configuration file name is auto_V200R002C00.cfg,and the
contents of the intermediate file arnet.ini are as follows:
MAC=0018-82C5-
AA89;ESN=9300070123456789;vrpfile=auto_V200R002C00.cc;vrpver=V200R002C00
;patchfile=auto_V200R002C00.pat;cfgfile=auto_V200R002C00.cfg;
Step 7 Save the intermediate file, version file, patch file, and configuration file to the working directory
on the FTP server.
----End
5.3.4 Checking the Configuration
You can view the configuration in different phases of the Auto-Config process to check whether
Auto-Config runs properly.
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Prerequisites
The configurations of the DHCP server and FTP/TFTP server are complete.
Procedure
Step 1 Five minutes after routers are powered on, check address allocation on the DHCP server to check
whether the routers are connected to the DHCP server.
NOTE
If the routers are connected to the DHCP server, log in to the routers using Telnet but do not configure the
routers.
Step 2 Five minutes after the routers obtain IP addresses, check the log about file downloading from
the FTP/TFTP server, or log in to the routers to check whether correct version files, patch files,
and configuration files have been downloaded and check the running status of Auto-Config by
using the display autoconfig-status command.
NOTE
Do not save a configuration file to a router to be configured immediately after the configuration file is
downloaded; otherwise, only a temporary configuration file is saved because the configurations have not
taken effect.
Step 3 After correct files are downloaded to the routers, the routers are restarted according to the setting
of Option 146. You can run the display autoconfig activating-config { delay | remanent-
time } command to check whether the configuration takes effect.
----End
5.4 Configuration Examples
This section provides examples for configuring Auto-Config, including networking
requirements, configuration notes, and configuration roadmap.
5.4.1 Example for Configuring the Auto-Config Function
This section describes how to configure Auto-Config so that users can automatically load the
configuration file, version file, and patch file.
Networking Requirements
When a new router or a non-configured router accesses the network, the configuration file,
version file, and patch file are required to be configured. To reduce the maintenance cost, the
router uses the Auto-Config function to automatically load the configuration file, version file,
and patch file. The router then can be managed remotely.
As shown in Figure 5-3, the AR2200 connects to the DHCP server through GE0/0/1 and supports
the Auto-Config function. The AR2200 can automatically load the configuration file, version
file, and patch file stored on the FTP server after the FTP server and DHCP server are configured.
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Figure 5-3 Networking diagram for configuring the Auto-Config function
DHCP Server FTP Server
Eth1/0/0
192.168.1.6/24
Eth1/0/0
192.168.2.6/24
HostB
HostA
HostC
Router
GE0/0/1

Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Configure the DHCP server so that a router can obtain IP addresses and option parameters.
2. Configure an intermediate file.
3. Configure the IP address of the FTP server.
4. Save the intermediate file, version file, patch file, and configuration file to the working
directory on the FTP server.
NOTE
This example describes how to configure the Auto-Config function on an AR2200. Option 67 is specified
to carry the configuration file when the DHCP server is configured.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l GE0/0/1 used to connect the AR2200 to the DHCP server
l DHCP server information:
Downlink interface Eth1/0/0 connected to the router
IP address: 192.168.2.6/24
Address pool: 192.168.2.0/24
Option 67 (configuration file): auto_V200R002C00B002.cfg
Option 141 (FTP user name): user
Option 142 (FTP password): huawei
Option 143 (FTP server address): 192.168.1.6
Option 145 (non-configuration file):
vrpfile=auto_V200R002C00B001.cc;vrpver=V200R002C00B001;patchfile=auto_V2
00R002C00B002.pat;
l Egress gateway's IP address 192.168.2.6 and MAC address 0018-82C5-AA89
l FTP server's IP address: 192.168.1.6/24
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Procedure
Step 1 Configure the DHCP server.
<DHCP Server> system-view
[DHCP Server] dhcp enable
[DHCP Server] interface ethernet 1/0/0
[DHCP Server-Ethernet1/0/0] ip address 192.168.2.6 255.255.255.0
[DHCP Server-Ethernet1/0/0] dhcp select global
[DHCP Server-Ethernet1/0/0] quit
[DHCP Server] ip pool auto-config
[DHCP Server] network 192.168.2.0 mask 255.255.255.0
[DHCP Server] gateway-list 192.168.2.6
[DHCP Server] option 67 ascii auto_V200R002C00B002.cfg
[DHCP Server] option 141 ascii user
[DHCP Server] option 142 ascii huawei
[DHCP Server] option 143 ip-address 192.168.1.6
[DHCP Server] option 145 ascii
vrpfile=auto_V200R002C00B001.cc;vrpver=V200R002C00B001;patchfile=auto_V200R002C00B
002.pat;
Step 2 Configure the FTP server.
Set the IP address of the FTP server to 192.168.1.6, configure the authorization mode and
working directory for FTP users, and save the version file, patch file, and configuration file to
the working directory on the FTP server. For details, see the configuration file.
Step 3 Verify the configuration.
Five minutes after the router is powered on, run the display ip pool name auto-config command
on the DHCP server to check address allocation of the auto-config address pool.
<DHCP Server> display ip pool name auto-config
Pool-name : auto-config
Pool-No : 0
Lease : 1 Days 0 Hours 0 Minutes
Domain-name : -
Option-code : 67
Option-subcode : --
Option-type : ascii
Option-value : auto_V200R002C00B002.cfg
Option-code : 141
Option-subcode : --
Option-type : ascii
Option-value : user
Option-code : 142
Option-subcode : --
Option-type : ascii
Option-value : huawei
Option-code : 143
Option-subcode : --
Option-type : ip-
address
Option-value : 192.168.1.6
Option-code : 145
Option-subcode : --
Option-type : ascii
Option-value : vrpfile=auto_V200R002C00B001.cc;vrpver=V200R002C00B001;patchf
ile=auto_V200R002C00B002.pat;
DNS-server0 : -
NBNS-server0 : -
Netbios-type : -
Position : Local Status : Unlocked
Gateway-0 : 192.168.2.6
Mask : 255.255.255.0
VPN instance : --
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Start End Total Used Idle(Expired) Conflict Disable
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-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
192.168.2.1 192.168.2.254 253 1 252 0 0 0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
Five minutes after the router obtains the IP address, run the display autoconfig-status command
to check whether correct version files, patch files, and configuration files have been downloaded
and check the running status of Auto-Config.
<AR2200> display autoconfig-status
Running: Yes
Can deploy configurations with a USB disk:
No
Stop : No
Reason : --
Suspend: Yes
Reason : The unknown reason cause getting
fil
The status of DHCP phase:
Operation result: Successful
Failed reason : --
The status of setting ACS phase:
URL : --
User name : --
Password : --
Operation result: --
Failed reason : --
The status of getting middle file phase:
File name : --
Operation result: --
Failed reason : --
The status of getting system software phase:
File name : auto_V200R002C00B001.cc
Operation result: Suspend
Failed reason : The unknown reason cause getting file from file server failed
The status of getting patch file phase:
File name : auto_V200R002C00B002.pat
Operation result: --
Failed reason : --
The status of getting configuration file phase:
File name : auto_V200R002C00B002.cfg
Operation result: --
Failed reason : --
The status of activating configuration phase:
Remained time : --
Operation result: --
Failed reason : --
----End
Configuration Files
Configuration file of the DHCP server
#
dhcp enable
#
ip pool auto-config
gateway-list 192.168.2.6
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network 192.168.2.0 mask 255.255.255.0
option 67 ascii auto_V200R002C00B002.cfg
option 141 ascii user
option 142 ascii huawei
option 143 ip-address 192.168.1.6
option 145 ascii vrpfile=auto_V200R002C00B001.cc;vrpver=V200R002C00B001;patchfi
le=auto_V200R002C00B002.pat;
#
interface Ethernet1/0/0
ip address 192.168.2.6 255.255.255.0
dhcp select global
Configuration file of the FTP server
#
ftp server enable
#
aaa
local-user user1 password simple huawei
local-user user1 ftp-directory flash:/
local-user user1 service-type ftp
#
interface Ethernet1/0/0
ip address 192.168.1.6 255.255.255.0
#
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6 Fault Management
About This Chapter
6.1 Introduction to Fault Management
6.2 Fault Management Features Supported by the AR2200
The AR2200 supports alarm management and event management. Configuring alarm or event
severities and correlation suppression can control the output of alarms or events.
6.3 Configuring Alarm Management
The configurations of alarm management include the alarm severity level, delayed alarm
reporting and correlated alarm suppression.
6.4 Configuring Event Management
The configurations of event management include the event type and delayed event reporting.
6.5 Maintenance
This section describes how to maintain fault management.
6.6 Configuration Examples
This section provides examples for configuring fault management, including networking
requirements, configuration notes, and configuration roadmap.
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6.1 Introduction to Fault Management
Through detecting, diagnosing, isolating, and rectifying the existing or potential fault, and then
generating the relevant alarm or precaution alarm, fault management can rectify the fault or
minimize the impact of the fault on system running, enhance the fault tolerance capability of the
system, and improve the system reliability.
6.2 Fault Management Features Supported by the AR2200
The AR2200 supports alarm management and event management. Configuring alarm or event
severities and correlation suppression can control the output of alarms or events.
6.3 Configuring Alarm Management
The configurations of alarm management include the alarm severity level, delayed alarm
reporting and correlated alarm suppression.
6.3.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring alarm management, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This will help you complete
the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
Alarm management includes setting alarm severities, enabling alarm report delay, and enabling
interface-based alarm filtering.
Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring alarm management, complete the following task:
l Installing system software to the router and powering it on
Data Preparation
Before configuring alarm management, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Alarm name
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No. Data
2 Alarm severity:
l 1: Critical
l 2: Major
l 3: Minor
l 4: Warning
l 5: Indeterminate
l 6: Cleared
3 Period after which a generated alarm is reported and period after which a generated
recovery alarm is reported
4 Interface enabled with alarm filtering

6.3.2 Setting the Alarm Severity Level
You can change the default alarm severity level.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
alarm
The alarm view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
alarm-name alarm-name severity severity
The alarm severity level is set.
If you focus on certain types of alarms, you can set the highest severity level for these types of
alarms and configure filtering conditions. In this manner, the system reports only these types of
alarms to the NMS.
----End
6.3.3 Configuring Delaying Alarm Reporting
To control the frequency at which alarms are reported, you can set a period after which a
generated alarm is reported.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
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The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
alarm
The alarm view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
delay-suppression enable
The delayed alarm reporting function is enabled.
By default, this function is enabled to prevent intermittent alarms and repeated alarms from being
reported during the delay period.
Step 4 Run:
suppression alarm-name alarm-name { cause-period cause-seconds | clear-period
clear-seconds }
The period after which a generated alarm is reported is set.
After such a period is set for an alarm, there are the following situations:
l If no recovery alarm is generated during the period, the alarm is not reported to the NMS
until the period expires.
l If a recovery alarm is generated during this period, the alarm and its recovery alarm are both
deleted from the alarm queue and will not be reported to the NMS.
You can use the parameter cause-period cause-seconds to set the period after which a generated
alarm is reported.
You can use the parameter clear-period clear-seconds to set the period after which a generated
recovery alarm is reported.
----End
6.3.4 Configuring Correlated Alarm Suppression
After correlated alarm suppression is configured, the system filters out non-root-cause alarms
and reports only root-cause alarms to the NMS.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
alarm
The alarm view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
correlation-analyze enable
Correlated alarm suppression is enabled.
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By default, correlated alarm suppression is disabled. Therefore, before configuring correlated
alarm suppression, ensure that this function has been enabled.
Step 4 Do as follows to configure correlated alarm suppression or filtering.
l Configure NMS-based correlated alarm suppression.
1. Run the quit command to return to the system view.
2. Run the alarm correlation-suppress enable target-host ip-address securityname
securityname [ vpn-instance vpn-instance-name ] command to configure NMS-based
correlated alarm suppression.
By default, NMS-based correlated alarm suppression is enabled, and thus non-root-cause
alarms are not reported to any NMS. After NMS-based correlated alarm suppression is
disabled, non-root-cause alarms will be reported to the NMS.
If parameters target-host, securityname securityname, and vpn-instance vpn-instance-
name are configured, the system will not report correlated alarms to the specified NMS.
If neither of the parameters target-host, securityname securityname, and vpn-
instance vpn-instance-name is configured, the system will not report correlated alarms
to any NMS.
l Configure interface-based alarm filtering.
Run the mask interface interface-type interface-number command to configure interface-
based alarm filtering.
By default, the system does not filter alarms generated on interfaces.
After alarm filtering is configured on an interface, the system does not report the linkup and
linkdown root-cause and non-root-cause alarms generated on the interface to the NMS.
----End
6.3.5 Checking the Configuration
After alarm management is configured, you can check alarm information.
Prerequisites
The configurations of alarm management are complete.
Context
l Run the display alarm active command to check active alarms.
l Run the display alarm history command to check historical alarms.
l Run the display alarm information [ name alarm-name ] command to check alarm
information.
l Run the display this command to check information about delayed alarm reporting.
Example
Run the display alarm active command to view active alarms. For example:
<Huawei> display alarm active
A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J
A=Sequence, B=RootKindFlag(Independent|RootCause|nonRootCause)
C=Generating time, D=Clearing time
E=ID, F=Name, G=Level, H=State
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I=Description information for locating(Para info, Reason info)
J=RootCause alarm sequence(Only for nonRootCause alarm)

1/Independent/2011-08-22 15:27:38/-/0xff8c2028/hwFanInvalid/Warning/Start/OID
1.3.6.1.4.1.2011.5.25.219.2.6.5 Fan is invalid.(Index=16397, EntityPhysicalIndex
=16397, PhysicalName="FAN Card 0/1", EntityTrapFaultID=139264)
Run the display alarm history command to view historical alarms. For example:
<Huawei> display alarm history
A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J
A=Sequence, B=RootKindFlag(Independent|RootCause|nonRootCause)
C=Generating time, D=Clearing time
E=ID, F=Name, G=Level, H=State
I=Description information for locating(Para info, Reason info)
J=RootCause alarm sequence(Only for nonRootCause alarm)

1/Independent/2011-08-22 15:27:38/2011-08-22 15:42:51/0xff8c2028/hwFanInvalid/
Warning/End/OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.2011.5.25.219.2.6.5 Fan is invalid.(Index=16397, Ent
ityPhysicalIndex=16397, PhysicalName="FAN Card 0/1", EntityTrapFaultID=139264)
Run the display alarm information [ name alarm-name ] command to view information about
a specified alarm. For example:
<Huawei> display alarm information name hwPatchNeedResetBoardTrap
**********************************
AlarmName: hwPatchNeedResetBoardTrap
AlarmType: Alarm
AlarmLevel: NA
Suppress Period: 3s
CauseAlarmName: NA
Match VB Name: NA
**********************************
Run the display this command in the alarm view to check the period after which a generated
alarm is reported. For example:
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] alarm
[Huawei-alarm] display this
[V200R002C00]
#
alarm
suppression alarm-name hwSysSlaveHDError cause-period 10
correlation-analyze enable
mask interface GigabitEthernet0/0/1
#
return
6.4 Configuring Event Management
The configurations of event management include the event type and delayed event reporting.
6.4.1 Establishing the Configuration Task
Before configuring event management, familiarize yourself with the applicable environment,
complete the pre-configuration tasks, and obtain the required data. This will help you complete
the configuration task quickly and accurately.
Applicable Environment
You can set the event reporting delay.
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Pre-configuration Tasks
Before configuring event management, complete the following task:
l Installing system software to the router and powering it on
Data Preparation
Before configuring event management, you need the following data.
No. Data
1 Event name
2 Period after which a generated event is reported

6.4.2 Configuring Delayed Event Reporting
To control the frequency at which an event is reported, you can set a period after which a
generated event is reported.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
event
The event view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
delay-suppression enable
The delayed event reporting function is enabled.
By default, this function is enabled to prevent events from being reported during the delay period.
Step 4 Run:
suppression event-name event-name period seconds
The period after which a generated event is reported is set.
After the delay period is set for a certain event, if an event is generated multiple times during
the delay period, the system reports only the first one to the NMS when the delay period expires
and discards the following ones.
----End
6.4.3 Checking the Configuration
After event management is configured, you can check event information.
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Prerequisites
The configurations of event management are complete.
Context
l Run the display event command to check the contents of events.
l Run the display event information [ name event-name ] command to check information
about events.
l Run the display this command to check information about delayed event reporting.
Example
Run the display event command to view events. For example:
<Huawei> display event
A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J
A=Sequence, B=RootKindFlag(Independent|RootCause|nonRootCause)
C=Generating time, D=Clearing time
E=ID, F=Name, G=Level, H=State
I=Description information for locating(Para info, Reason info)
J=RootCause alarm sequence(Only for nonRootCause alarm)

1/Independent/2011-08-17 16:06:58/-/0xc0dc2000/entConfigChange/Warning/Start/O
ID 1.3.6.1.2.1.47.2.0.1 Entity MIB change.
2/Independent/2011-08-17 16:08:52/-/0xc0dc2000/entConfigChange/Warning/Start/O
ID 1.3.6.1.2.1.47.2.0.1 Entity MIB change.
3/Independent/2011-08-17 16:10:23/-/0xc0dc2000/entConfigChange/Warning/Start/O
ID 1.3.6.1.2.1.47.2.0.1 Entity MIB change.
4/Independent/2011-08-17 16:13:33/-/0xc0dc2000/entConfigChange/Warning/Start/O
ID 1.3.6.1.2.1.47.2.0.1 Entity MIB change.
Run the display event information [ name event-name ] command to view information about
a specified event. For example:
<Huawei> display event information name hwICLogfileNumberUpper
**********************************
EventName: hwICLogfileNumberUpper
EventType: Critical Event
EventLevel: NA
Suppress Period: 3s
Match VB Name: hwICLogFileNumber
**********************************

Run the display this command in the event view to check the period after which a generated
event is reported. For example:
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] event
[Huawei-event] display this
[V200R002C00]
#
event
suppression event-name hwICLogfileNumberUpper period 10
#
return
6.5 Maintenance
This section describes how to maintain fault management.
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6.5.1 Clearing Alarm Messages
You can clear alarm messages in the alarm view as required.
Context
CAUTION
After alarm messages are cleared, there is no way for the NMS to obtain any information about
these cleared messages. Therefore, before deleting alarm messages, be sure that the NMS no
longer needs these alarm messages.
In routine maintenance, you can run the following commands in the alarm view to clear alarm
messages.
Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
alarm
The alarm view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
clear alarm active { all | sequence-number sequence-number }
Active alarm messages are cleared.
----End
6.5.2 Clearing Event Messages
You can clear event messages in the event view as required.
Context
CAUTION
After event messages are cleared, there is no way for the NMS to obtain any information about
these cleared messages. Therefore, before deleting event messages, be sure that the NMS no
longer needs these event messages.
In routine maintenance, you can run the following commands in the event view to clear event
messages.
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Procedure
Step 1 Run:
system-view
The system view is displayed.
Step 2 Run:
event
The event view is displayed.
Step 3 Run:
clear event all
Event messages are cleared.
----End
6.6 Configuration Examples
This section provides examples for configuring fault management, including networking
requirements, configuration notes, and configuration roadmap.
6.6.1 Example for Configuring Alarm Management
In this example, delayed alarm reporting and correlated alarm suppression are configured to
filter out unimportant alarms.
Networking Requirements
A user logs in to the router to perform alarm management.
Configuration Notes
None.
Configuration Roadmap
The configuration roadmap is as follows:
1. Set alarm parameters.
2. Set a period after which a generated alarm is reported.
3. Configure interface-based alarm filtering.
Data Preparation
To complete the configuration, you need the following data:
l Alarm name
l Alarm severity level
l Period after which a generated alarm is reported
l Type and number of the interface on which alarms are filtered
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Procedure
Step 1 Configure an SNMPv3 user and an alarm host.
For details, see SNMP Configuration.
Step 2 Set the severity level for the linkDown alarm to major.
<Huawei> system-view
[Huawei] alarm
[Huawei-alarm] alarm-name linkDown severity major
Step 3 Configure the linkDown alarm to be reported to the NMS 5 seconds after it is generated.
[Huawei-alarm] delay-suppression enable
[Huawei-alarm] suppression alarm-name linkDown cause-period 5
Step 4 Configure alarm filtering on Ethernet 1/0/0.
[Huawei] alarm
[Huawei-alarm] correlation-analyze enable
[Huawei-alarm] mask interface ethernet 1/0/0
Step 5 Verify the configuration.
After the preceding configurations, run the following commands to view alarm information.
<Huawei> display alarm information name linkdown
**********************************
AlarmName: linkDown
AlarmType: Alarm
AlarmLevel: Major
Suppress Period: 5s
CauseAlarmName: NA
Match VB Name: ifIndex ifAdminStatus
**********************************
Information about the linkDown alarm is displayed.
<Huawei> display alarm active
A/B/C/D/E/F/G/H/I/J
A=Sequence, B=RootKindFlag(Independent|RootCause|nonRootCause)
C=Generating time, D=Clearing time
E=ID, F=Name, G=Level, H=State
I=Description information for locating(Para info, Reason info)
J=RootCause alarm sequence(Only for nonRootCause alarm)
2/RootCause/2010-9-1 14:53:8/-/0x502001/linkDown/Critical/Start/OID 1.3.6.1.6.
3.1.1.5.3 Interface 5 turned into DOWN state.
3/nonRootCause/2010-9-1 14:53:8/-/0x701d2000/hwOspfv3IfStateChange/Major/Start
/OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.2011.5.25.147.0.8 The status of the non-virtual interface has c
hanged. (IfIndex=5, InstanceId=0, RouterId=185273099, IfState=1, ChgReason=8, If
Name=Ethernet0/0/1)/RootCauseSequence:(2)
4/nonRootCause/2010-9-1 14:53:8/-/0x701d2002/hwOspfv3NbrStateChange/Major/Star
t/OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.2011.5.25.147.0.2 The status of the non-virtual neighbor has c
hanged. (IfIndex=5, InstanceId=0, NbrRouterId=16843009, RouterId=185273099, NbrS
tate=1, ChgReason=12, IfName=Ethernet0/0/1)/RootCauseSequence:(3)
The preceding information shows that linkDown is the root-cause alarm and
hwOspfv3IfStateChange is a non-root-cause alarm.
----End
Configuration Files
#
sysname Huawei
#
snmp-agent
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snmp-agent local-engineid 800007DB0300E000030003CA
snmp-agent sys-info version all
snmp-agent group v3 huawei
snmp-agent target-host trap address udp-domain 10.164.9.211 params securityname
user v3
snmp-agent usm-user v3 user huawei
snmp-agent trap enable feature-name CONFIGURATION trap-name linkDown
#
alarm
suppression alarm-name linkDown cause-period 5
correlation-analyze enable
mask interface Ethernet1/0/0
alarm-name linkDown severity major
#
return
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