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The natives of Bhaktapur, Patan and Kathmandu, the Newars, are mainly traders.

With a purpose to
trade, they are scattered across the country; with greater concentration in the Kathmandu Valley,
Banepa, Dhulikhel, Bhojpur, Bandipur and Tansen .
In the Kathmandu valley, they make 44% of total population. Nationally, however, they make about
5.6% of total population. Despite the small percentage numerically, they contribute significantly in
the history, art, architecture and business activities in the country. They are in to the business and
government services; business being their main profession. They have negligible representations in
the army and police services. Quite a number also have agriculture as their main occupation. These
agrarian population are known as "jyapus".
Newars speak their own language, ' Newari' better known as Nepal Bhasa which belongs to Tibeto -
Burman family of languages. It has its own scripts and has no linguistic connection to Nepali, Hindi
or Sanskrit. The Newari script, the 'Ranjana lipi' is exceptional. The Newari literature is also very rich.
There are Buddhist and Hindu Newars as well. Like elsewhere in the country, religious syncretism is
blended into the culture and tradition.
The written history of the Newars is 2,5000 years old during which they developed their impeccable
culture and arts into a great civilization. Newars maintained their unique kingdom even during the
various reigns of the Gopala, Kirat, Licchavi and Malla dynasties. The Shahs finally amalgamated the
Newar nation state in their unification drives.
They celebrate numerous feasts and festivals throughout the year. Newars havewell defined
occupational caste system among themselves. Though some Newars have Mongoloid features, they
rather represent a community of different elements mixed together. Besides their rich cultural
heritage, festivals, the Newars are impeccable artists and architects.
Among the Newar community, an interesting ancient tradition, known as 'Ihi or Bel Biha' , requires
that a young girl often 7 or 8 years old, be married to a certain tree called 'Bel tree' or to its green
fruit called 'Bel'. The tree and the fruit symbolize a deity called 'Hiranya Garbha'. Among the deities,
Hiranya Garbha is one of the immortals. Thus marriage with 'Hiranya Garbha' is considered to be
everlasting.
To put it in a nutshell, the Newars, though small in numbers, have a very strong and dominating
influence in Nepal's economy, politics and society in general.

Source: http://btdc.com.np/newari-culture




Newari Traditions:
Beal Vivha :
Bel bibaha is a practice in the Newar community in Nepal where a girl is wed to 'bael, a fruit, before her
marriage.At an age 8-16 this is completed. If in case theri husband died they are not supposed to widow
beacuse they already have a husband that is Bael. This ritual is done among the girl between the ages of
four to eleven before reaching the period of puberty, where they are married to lord Shiva that the fruit is
kept in his place. Newar community has invaded outside Nepal where the traditions are somewhat lost
but still it is found in every newar house that the Bael byah have been made. This customary marriage is
thought to be the most holy rituals in this noble clan. With this marriage to the immortal lord the newar girl
will not follow widowhood when their husband passes away. It is believed that even remarriage can be
done.
Bel Bibhaha or "Ehii" is ritual in which a Newari girl is married to a Fruit called "Bel". this means a Newari
girl is never going to be alone in life. A mass Ehii has been a common customary in kathmandu valley
past few years, that makes, especially in Newari town and villages. On the day of "Rishi Panchami" a
mass Ehii and "Brata Bandha" is celebrated at Chilancho Bihar one of the historic and Biddhist Bihar of
Kirtipur, The function is performed by the eldest priest (Gubhaju) of Kirtipur Dharma Muni Bajracharya
under the patronship of Jagat pal Maha Bihar.
TYhis is one of the innovative idea in Newari culture which benefits many families and economies time
and money. We should encourage this kind of function and need to explore other rituals to monimise time
and money.













Mass "Bratabandha and Bel Bibaha" Ceremony:
Mass pigtail ceremony which is called "Bratabandha" in Nepali & " Kaeta Puja" in Newari and a
Newari ritual where girl child should be married with sun which is called "Eii" in Newari "Bel
Bibaha" in Nepali has been organised and performed every year by
Jagatpal Mahabihar, Chilancho, Kirtipur.
This year a total of 115 boys participated in " Bratabandha" and a total of 60 girls
participated in " Eii " ceremony.

Source: http://bibek-kirtipur.blogspot.com/2011/09/newari-traditions.html