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nUMBER 4 2013












11-14 June 2013 - Olympia Conference Centre, London


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Arab Spring
And The Major Fail
After two years

the Arab Spring revolution has developed a bitter aftertaste. Unemployment is

up and corruption is still around in countries where the rebels succeeded. The
incompetent and abusive police forces are still on the job in those nations. While the government has changed, the families
that control most of the economy are still around. This concentration of economic power in a few families is common in many
countries, particularly in the Arab world. The problem with the Arab Spring is that the focus of the anger was too narrow,
concentrating on the current dictators and not the fundamental problems that allowed all those dictators to flourish in the
first place. Islamic radicalism has been a part of Islam since the beginning but has never been able to sustain control over
governments. Thats in large part because Moslems are divided over whether it is better to be ruled by a religious dictatorship
as according to Islamic law (interpreted by religious scholars who act as a final appeals court) or by some other system.
Islamic radicals consider the alternatives (secular dictatorship, monarchy, and democracy) un-Islamic. Many Arab countries
had tried secular dictatorship (usually accompanied by socialism) after World War II. This turned out to be a major
failure and most of the Arab Spring governments overthrown were secular dictatorships. Monarchies have been more
successful, as they have been the oldest and most successful form of government in the region. Democracy has had a
hard time in the Middle East because it requires a civil society (people willing to work honestly for the common good) and
the pervasive corruption in the region made that very difficult. The religious dictatorship has never worked, also done in
by the corruption and tribalism but it has survived as an impossible idea. The big change has been the tolerant attitude
towards Islamic radicalism by the new Arab Spring governments. A major reason for the renewed vigor of Islamic
terror organizations in the last year is because the Egyptian, Libyan, Syrian, and Tunisian jails were emptied of political
prisoners after the rebels replaced the dictators. The freed prisoners included thousands of Islamic radicals, many of
them Islamic terrorists who have gone back to the business of being very bad.
Even the Islamic conservatives, who tended to stay out of jail by toning down their religious and social prejudices, have become
a problem. Mobs of Islamic conservative men have been attacking womens schools and any establishment that serves alcohol
(even if mainly to tourists). Women who dont dress very conservatively are confronted and sometimes beaten. These Islamic
conservative groups want Islamic law imposed on everyone and are not waiting for laws to be passed. Anyone who opposes this
vigilantism is accused of being hostile to Islam and attacked even more vigorously.
How many Arab springs must pass, before anything really change?
Mirko Gargiulo (Editor-in Chief)


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Situation Reports

Military - Law Enforcement - Security

NUMBER 4 - 2013
Mirko Gargiulo

operational procedures

Advertising Sales Manager & Public Relation

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Why No One Took Credit

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Srebrenica: Serbia leader apology for war massacre

Serbias president has issued a ground-breaking apology for the 1995 Srebrenica
massacre, but stopped short of calling the slaughter an act of genocide.
Speaking in a television interview for Bosnian television to be broadcast next month, Tomislav Nikolic said sorry
on his nations behalf for the murder of around 8,000 Bosnian boys and men in Europes worst single massacre
since the end of the Second World War. The victims were rounded up by Bosnian Serb forces under wartime
commander Ratko Mladic, executed and bulldozed into pits over five days in July 1995. I kneel and ask for
forgiveness for Serbia for the crime
committed in Srebrenica, said Mr
Nikolic. I apologise for the crimes
committed by any individual in the
name of our state and our people. His
talk of kneeling evoked the memory
of West German chancellor Willy
Brandt, who dropped to his knees at
a memorial in Warsaw to Polish Jews
slaughtered in the Holocaust in what
was seen at the time as a historic act
of recognition of Germanys wartime
sins. Serbias relations with its
neighbours are under close scrutiny by
the EU, which gave it a tentative green
light on Monday to start accession
talks this year. Zeljko Komsic, the
Croat member of Bosnias tripartite
presidency, told Bosnian state radio
he was positively surprised by the
Serb presidents apology and said
it should help improve ties between
the two countries. Earlier this month
Mr Kosmic had pulled out of a visit to
Belgrade after accusing Mr Nikolic
of meddling in Bosnian affairs
and trying to orchestrate the breakup of the country. But commenting
on the television interviewers claim that all the evidence indicated Srebrenica was an act of genocide, Mr
Nikolic said everything which happened during the bloody wars that tore Yugoslavia apart in the 1990s had the
characteristics of genocide and that genocide needed to be proven. In response, Munira Subasic, president
of the Mothers of Srebrenica association, said that she was not convinced of Mr Nikolics sincerity. We do not
need someone to kneel and ask for forgiveness, she said. We want to hear the Serbian president and Serbia
say the word genocide.. Mr Nikolics refusal to acknowledge genocide will also do little to dilute his reputation
as a hard-line nationalist. For many years he called for the creation of a Greater Serbia and once said he
would refuse to have diplomatic relations with neighbouring Croatia because Croats were occupying Serb land.
Last year Mr Nikolic sparked fury in Croatia when he described the Croatian town of Vukovar as a Serb city
and said Croats have nothing to go back to there for. The EU has accused the Serb leader of trying to rewrite
history by refusing to recognise Srebrenica as an act of genocide. Bosnian media reported yesterday that Mr
Nikolic had also pledged to visit Srebrenica, but not on the 11 July anniversary. Around 100,000 people were
killed during Bosnias 1992-95 war, when Mladics forces, using the big guns of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav
army, seized swathes of land and drove out non-Serbs. Fighting between Serb, Croat and Muslim forces tore the
country apart. (By Matthew Day)

Russia studying
U.S. missile defense
moves, still seeks

500 Europeans fight against

Assad in Syria - EU anti-terror chief
About 500 Europeans are now fighting for the rebels in Syria against Bashar alAssads regime, the EUs anti-terror chief told the BBC. He added the majority of
those fighters are from the UK, Ireland and France. Not all of them are radical
when they leave, but most likely many of them will be radicalized there, will be
trained,Gilles de Kerchove said.And as we have seen this might lead to a serious
threat when they get back. Intelligence agencies are now concerned that some of
those currently in Syria could join Islamists groups linked to al-Qaeda and when they
return to Europe may launch terrorist attacks. In March, the Netherlands raised
its terror threat level to substantial, citing an increase in the number of Islamist
militants travelling to Syria, as well as the radicalization of Dutch youth. Close to
a hundred individuals have recently left the Netherlands for various countries in
Africa and the Middle East, especially Syria,National Coordinator for Security and
Counterterrorism (NCTV) said in a statement in mid-March. Security bodies have
increased efforts to track how people are being recruited, especially in Britain and
Belgium, according to BBC. In mid-April, Belgian policeraided 48 homesacross
the country and detained six men, suspected to be members of an Islamist group
named Sharia4Belgium, whichis part of a broad international jihadist movement.
We have indications that Sharia4Belgium was sending people to Syria to join
terrorist groups there,Reuters quoted a spokesperson for Belgiums federal
prosecutor as saying. A Salafist group opposed to Assad, it was also suspected
of recruiting fighters for Syrias long-lasting civil war against ruling regime. The
recruitment occurred, for example, by youths being spoken to on the street and then
invited to private meeting places in Antwerp,Prosecutor Eric Van der Sypt said at
a press-conference earlier in April. Van der Sypt said prosecutors were aware of 33
people with links to the group who were either in or on their way to Syria. In early
April the International Centre of for the Study of Radicalization (ICRS)estimatedthat
up to 600 European Muslim have gone to Syria since early 2011, when the conflict
started. The study by ICRS also said Britain accounts for the biggest number of
arrivals with up to 134 people joining the cause. The study revealed that up to 5,500
foreign fighters have traveled to Syria since the beginning of the uprising, with
some 11 per cent of them originate from Europe. Based on the conflict totals, we
estimate that 70 to 441 Europeans are still currently present in Syria,ICSR report
states.This suggests that most of the Europeans who have travelled to Syria are
still on the battlefield.

BRUSSELS (Reuters) -Russiais

studying changes to theU.S.missile
defenseprogram, but still
wantsguaranteesthat the system
would not be used against
Russia,Foreign Minister Sergei
Lavrovsaid. U.S. andNATOplans
to build an anti-missile shield
aroundWestern Europeto protect
against attack from Iran and North
Korea have been a major irritant
inrelations with Russia, which fears
the systems interceptors could
eventually shoot down its long-range
nuclear missiles. The Pentagon said
last month it would station additional
missile interceptors in Alaska in
response to North Korean threats
and at the same time forgo a new type
of interceptor that would have been
deployed in Europe. This latter type
of missile had caused most concern
to Moscow, which believed it could be
used to shoot down Russian strategic
missiles. U.S. officials hope the change
will end the standoff with Moscow.
Lavrov said he discussed the issue in
his talks at NATO headquarters where
he met NATO ministers, including
his U.S. counterpart John Kerry. We
are studying the proposals conveyed
by the American side to us to further
deepen the dialogue on missile
defense cooperation. We are studying
these proposals and the current
developments and plans of the United
States in this field, Lavrov told a news
conference atNATO headquarters. We
are ready for dialogue but cooperation
could be only equitable, with clear-cut
guarantees, Lavrov said.

NATO-Russia Council
expands support to
Afghan Air Force
NATO Foreign Ministers together
with their Russian counterpart,
Minister Sergey Lavrov, agreed
to expand their support for the
Afghan Air Force during a meeting
of the NATO-Russia Council
(NRC) on 23 April. Today we
launched the second phase of
the NATO-Russia Trust Fund for
the maintenance of helicopters
in Afghanistan, said NATO
Secretary GeneralAndersFogh
The decision expands the NRCs support of
the Afghan Air Force by providing training
to technicians on more types of helicopter
and in new areas such as developing the
Afghan Air Forces medical evacuation
capability.This project is of great value to
Afghanistan and it shows that NATO-Russia
Council efforts can make a vital contribution
to security and stability in Afghanistan,said
the Secretary General, who chaired the NRC.
The aim of the Trust Fund is to help bolster
the ability of the Afghan Air Force to operate
its fleet of 47 helicopters more efficiently by
providing training for the technicians and
required spare parts. The project, which was
launched in March 2011, has so far trained
30 technicians. The NRC will also expand
practical cooperation in other areas this year.
In June, an NRC counter-terrorism project
will test for the first time technology jointly
developed between Allies and Russia to
detect explosives in crowded places. The test
will be held in a metro station in a European
capital. In September, the NATO-Russia joint
air traffic system will conduct a live exercise
to defend against terrorist threats to civilian

Israel Inaugurates 5th

Dolphin-Class Sub
TEL AVIV Israel inaugurated its fifth nuclear-capable Dolphin-class
submarine April 29 in Kiel, Germany, home of the shipbuilding division
of Thyssen-Krupp Marine Systems (TKMS). The INS Rahav, the fifth
of six Israeli submarines built at the German shipyard with funding
assistance from Berlin, is expected to arrive here sometime next
year following weapon system integration and sea trials. It follows
the May 2012 inauguration of Israels fourth Dolphin-class submarine,
the INS Tanin, which is scheduled for operational deployment in
the coming months. Like its predecessor and the sixth submarine
now undergoing hull construction at the TKMS shipyard, INS Rahav
features an air-independent propulsion (AIP) system that allows
for extended mission range and endurance. By mid-2017, the Israel
Navy should have full operational command of its strategic undersea
fleet. The Israel Navys Dolphin-class submarines are the product
of two decades of strategic cooperative program between Israel
and Germany. Constructed in Germany according to Israeli design
specifications, the submarines host Israeli-developed command,
control and combat systems including, according to foreign reports,
land-attack and cruise missiles capable of carrying tactical nuclear
warheads. German fully funded construction costs for Israels first
two Dolphins, shared half the cost of Israels third submarine, and has
underwritten about a third of the costs for the fourth and fifth vessels
now undergoing sea trials. Under a government-to-government
contract signed last year for Israels sixth and final Dolphin-class sub,
Berlin agreed to underwrite some 135 million (US $175.8 million)
on an acquisition that sources here say will exceed 600 million. The
April 29 inauguration ceremony was attended by Udi Shani, directorgeneral of the Israeli MoD; Vice Adm. Ram Rothberg, Israeli Navy
commander; and German counterparts.

U.S. Military Medical System Unique, Official Says

WASHINGTON, April 25, 2013 The U.S. military health
system is unique among the worlds military forces, the
assistant secretary of defense for health affairs said here
yesterday. The system is able to simultaneously engage
in combat, medical operations, support a comprehensive
peacetime health system and respond to humanitarian
crises around the world, Dr. Jonathan Woodson told
members of the House Appropriations Committee.
Woodson added that the hard-earned medical lessons of
Afghanistan and Iraq have transposed themselves to the
civilian environment with life-saving practices that benefit
all of American society.
The medical readiness of the armed forces remains
at the center of Defense Department strategy,
Woodson said.
That strategy is coupled with our mission
of maintaining a medical-ready force,
he said, a force of professionals that
are well-trained, engaged in ongoing
clinical practice and supported
by military hospitals and clinics
that are operating at optimal
medical capacity. As we maintain
our readiness, support combat
operations and deliver health care
services to 9.6 million beneficiaries,
we must also be responsible for the
budget set we are given, Woodson
said. Sequestration continues to present
significant challenges to the health care
system, he said, adding that it would create
potentially catastrophic effects if it continues
through 2014. Military medicine programs must
absorb $3.2 billion in budget cuts over the rest of fiscal
year 2013, which ends Sept. 30, Woodson said, a nearly 8
percent reduction. About half of that reduction is coming
from the funds available to pay the TRICARE military health
plan and private-sector health care providers, he noted.
In light of this, Woodson continued, the department has
proposed both internal and external reforms that are further
expanding our joint engagement in almost every facet of our

operations. Internally, he said, the department is reforming

how the Military Health System is organized, with the goal of
continuing to develop a health care system that integrates
the services, the Veterans Affairs Department and the private
sector. We are charting a collaborative path forward to
eliminate redundancies within the Military Health System,
improve business practices and clinical outcomes, and
effectively manage care for the service members and their
families, Woodson said. Externally, he continued, the
administration is once again asking the military retirees to
pay more than they do today for health benefits that they have
rightly earned and now receive, but proportionately less than
when TRICARE was initiated.
The department must make tough decisions
and determined tradeoffs in an era
characterized by more limited resources,
Woodson said. Our proposals will
slow the growth of retiree health
benefit costs to the department over
time, he said, while keeping in
place the comprehensive medical
benefits that retirees receive,
and ensuring that this program is
there for future generations. The
proposed changes do not affect
most active duty families, Woodson
said. Additionally, our proposals
exempt the most vulnerable within our
retired population, to include families of
service members who died on active duty
and families of service members who are
medically retired, he noted. Many challenges lie
ahead for military medicine, Woodson said.
We are working to mitigate the harmful effects of
sequestration involving civilian personnel and cuts in
vital military research, he said. We continue to identify
approaches to curb unnecessary utilization of health care
services. We are increasing our emphasis on wellness, and
we are deepening our collaboration with the Department
of Veterans Affairs.(By Claudette Roulo - American Forces
Press Service)

Combined Security Force

Kills Insurgents in Helmand
KABUL, Afghanistan, April 24, 2013 A combined Afghan
and coalition security force killed two insurgents during
a search for a Taliban leader in the Nad-e Ali district
of Afghanistans Helmand province military officials
reported. The leader is believed to be responsible for
purchasing and distributing improvised explosive device
components to other Taliban members. He also has
participated in attacks against Afghan and coalition forces
and provides intelligence to senior Taliban leaders in the
province, officials said.
In other Afghanistan operations:
A combined force in Helmands Nahr-e Saraj district
killed an insurgent during a search for a Taliban leader who is believed to oversee IED operations in the district. He also has
participated in assassinations against Afghan national security force members and provided intelligence to senior Taliban
Afghan Provincial Response Company Zabul, enabled by coalition forces, detained several insurgents and seized and destroyed
132 pounds of ammonium nitrate aluminum powder in Zabul provinces Shinkay and Qalat districts. Insurgents use the powder
in making IEDs.

Cassidian Takes Major Share in Arkoon Network Security Firm

PARIS Cassidian has acquired for an undisclosed amount Arkoon Network Security, a French specialist in computer
protection products, the defense and security division of EADS said in a statement April 29. Cassidian CyberSecurity signed
an agreement to become the main shareholder of Arkoon Network Security, one of the recognised major European players
in network security, information systems protection and data confidentiality, the company said. Cyber defense is one of the
new priorities in the white paper on defense and national security, Defense Minister Jean-Yves Le Drian said as he presented
the report April 29. An acquisition agreement was signed April 26 for some 83.9 percent of Arkoon at a maximum price of
3.25 ($4.25) per share, the statement said, without giving the number of shares. A Cassidian CyberSecurity spokeswoman
declined to comment on the total value of the
deal. Arkoon officials were unavailable for
comment. The acquisition is expected to be
completed in May, Cassidian CyberSecurity said.
Arkoon Network Security, based in Lyon, central
France, employs 80 staff and had 2012 sales of
13 million. Cassidians purchase of Arkoon follows the Sept. 16 acquisition of Netasq, a French firm specializing in information
technology security. The combination of Cassidian CyberSecurity, Netasq and Arkoon Network Security has created an
industrial player with an international dimension, supplying trusted European solutions for guaranteeing the security of
information systems, said Jean-Michel Orozco, CEO of Cassidian CyberSecurity.

TNM 10

NATO Forces Interact With Chinese Naval

VesselDuring Counter Piracy Operations
In the spirit of cooperation, a team of Italian Marines from NATOs Flagship,
ITS San Marco, demonstrated a fast rope insertion used in counter piracy
operations onto thedeckof the CNS Harbin, Flagship of the Chinese Task
Group April 14 in the Gulf of Aden.The NATO forces and Harbin are both
involved in counter piracy missions in the joint operating area.
This event marked the 2ndtime NATO maritime forces have conducted a joint
drill with the Chinese Task Group, and the first time aircraft were involved.
The previous drill was praised by both sides and resulted in a statement of
satisfaction in Beijing by US Defense Secretary Panetta.
Admiral Yuan, Chinese Task Group Commander and Admiral Natale, NATO
Operation Ocean Shield Commander proudly watched the exercise from
Harbins fly deck. The NATO delegation arrived with the first NATO helicopter
that ever landed aboard a Chinese ship.
During the visit, the Chinese Admiral explained his Task Groups activities
in the Horn of Africa, and both sides discussed future counter piracy
activities.Todays mission marks a milestone in cooperation and integration
among counter piracy vessels operating in the Indian Ocean, laying the
foundation for possible future engagements.
We face regional and global security challenges and today we have shown the
response of the international community working together and cooperating,
said Admiral Natale.This is an impressive result for maritime security

General Bartels awarded

the Hellenic Commendation Medal
Star of Merit and Honour
Athens On 19 April 2013, General Knud Bartels was awarded the
Commendation Medal Star of Merit and Honour by the Greek Minister
ofNationalDefence, in recognition of his services to the Hellenic Republic
and in particular to the Hellenic Armed Forces, in his role of Chairman of
NATOs Military Committee. Receiving the medal, Gen. Bartels thanked Mr.
Panos Panagiotopoulos, the Greek Minister of Defence, for the award:I am
truly humbled that you and your nation chose to recognize my service by
awarding the Commendation Medal Star of Merit and Honour, and I proudly
accept this award. During the visit, Gen. Bartels met with Gen. Mikhail
Kostarakos, Chief of the Hellenic National Defence General Staff, to discuss
issues of common interest, as well as defence matters. The star of merit and
honour it is awarded by the Minister of Defence of the Hellenic Republic, to
the Chiefs of General Staffs and to civilians for their distinguished services
to the Hellenic Armed Forces and the Country. It is also awarded to foreign
officers and civilians for their outstanding activities, services and actions for
the benefit of the Hellenic Armed Forces and the Greek Nation.



Leatherman OHT...


For years multi-tool users could choose from two distinct options when it came to
a one-hand-operable multi-tool: one-hand-opening pliers OR one-hand-opening
blades. Today, Leatherman has taken these two well-loved ideas and fused them
into the first ever, 100% one-hand-operable multi-tool, theLeatherman OHT. This
industry-first tool features spring-loaded pliers and wire-cutters so you dont tire
your hand adjusting and readjusting your grip. Handles with visual imprints of the
tool beneath make for quick identification. A lifesaving strap cutter and oxygen
bottle wrench, threading for common-size cleaning rods and much more make this
a one-handed workhorse of a tool.
TNM 12


Spring-action Needlenose Pliers

Spring-action Regular Pliers
Spring-action 154CM Replaceable
Wire Cutters
Spring-action 154CM Replaceable
Hard-wire Cutters
420HC Knife
420HC Serrated Knife
Phillips Screwdriver
Small Screwdriver
Medium Screwdriver
Large Screwdriver
Strap Cutter
Can Opener
Bottle Opener
Oxygen Tank Wrench
Threaded for an #8-32 Cleaning Rod



portable, highIntroduce
Next Generation performance
imaging system
The Xaver800 is a portable, high-performance
imaging system, providing a true 3D image of objects
behind walls. The system enables quick location of
people hidden by walls and barriers, and tracking of
their movement patterns and orientation. It enables
simultaneous detection of both static and living objects as well as information about room dimensions and major
infrastructure elements. Rich 3D imaging allows users to
easily grasp the situation from multiple angles, enabling
effective planning.

The new high performance, lightweight ballistic shell is

designed to stop rifle rounds such as the 5.56x45mm,
7.62x39mm, 7.62x51mm, lead core cartridges and
Tokarev 7.62mm pistols steel core rounds
Constructed from specially designed High
Performance Polyethylene (HPPE) Unidirectional
(UD) materials, the new shell offers superior ballistic
protection. At a weight of 1250 grams, it completely
stops 5.56mm and 7.62mm cartridges and 7.62mm
pistol steel core rounds. The new shell fully complies
with the requirements of MIL-STD-662F and meets
NIJ Ballistic standards. The helmet is chemical and
water resistant. To allow for simple painting of the
complete helmet the shells can be supplied with a thin
aramid cover.


Since 1986 FMS Enterprises Migun Ltd. has

pioneered, developed and manufactured raw materials
for advanced ballistic protection and armor products
for personal and vehicle protection. The company was
established in Israel and currently sells its products
in more than 40 countries worldwide. FMS is a public
company listed on the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange.



Founded in 2004, and headquartered in Israel, Camero

(Camero-Tech Ltd.) is a pioneer and leader in the
development and marketing of radar-based imaging
systems. Cameros resources draw on decades of
experience providing solutions to major government
and commercial customers. The company has a solid
track-record of technological innovation and timely
solution delivery to its worldwide customers, with whom it
works closely. The Xaver line of Through-Wall Imaging
systems has become the solution of choice for top
military and law enforcement agencies around the world.
The company is part of the SK Group, a leading global
defense and security group that includes Israel Weapon
Industries (IWI), Meprolight, Israel Shipyards, and others.


Aimpoint launches new product addition to 9000 series

9000SC is now available in a night

vision compatible version!
Aimpoint, the originator and world leader in electronic red dot sighting technology, has announced the addition of a 9000
series sight to the companys product line - the new 9000SC-NV.

Ever since their introduction in 2005, market response to Aimpoints 9000 series sights has been very strong, with wide
acceptance by the hunting and sport shooting communities. The 9000SCs combination of a high quality optic at an
affordable price has kept this sight in high demand. During a product review session involving experienced users, it was
determined that a hunting sight with night vision compatibility was desired. As a result, Aimpoint is proud to announce that
the 9000SC-NV red dot has been added to the 9000 series of sights.

TNM 14


If your looking for a practical, yet tactical bag to tote
your daily carry look no further than the Concealed
Carry Sling Bag from Tactical Tailor.
The Concealed Carry Sling Bag provides a
covert carry option that keeps your weapon at the
ready without announcing to the world that youre
carrying it. Its low-profile styling uses the popular
single strap design, padded and air-mesh lined for
ultimate comfort. A reversible accessory pouch is
included in the front pocket with elastic loops for
magazines or other items and a zippered accessory
pouch. The main compartment has enough room
to carry your daily supplies and a discreet side
zipper allows quick access to the universal holster.
The pack is constructed from lightweight 500D
CORDURA (1000D for navy blue).
The Concealed Carry Sling Bag is available
in Black, Black/Charcoal, Black/Ranger Green,
Coyote Brown and Navy Blue.

Tactical Tailor

Tactical Tailor, Inc. provides quality tactical gear

for military and law enforcement. Tactical Tailor
products are proudly Made in the USA.




a Complete Solution for

Homeland Security and
Border Protection imaging

Plasan Security Systems, a global leader in the field

of customized integrated solutions for tactical mobile
platforms, is introducing its Spider-SC1 Surveillance
Vehicle a high-survivability modular suite, providing a
comprehensive solution for Homeland Security needs,
including border protection. Spider-SC1 is a manned,
4x4, armored, high-maneuverability, all-terrain vehicle,
with integrated state-of-the-art technologies - including
a surveillance system for long-range day-and-night
tracking, video analytics, a tactical observation balloon,
and a cutting-edge two-way communications system. It is
a unique, high-survivability, superior-performance solution
that allows the effective handling of todays Homeland
Security needs, including protecting borders; preventing
the smuggling of drugs, weapons, and persons; and
dealing with terror threats in peripheral areas. This
one-of-a-kind vehicle allows surveillance, and the
securing of especially large geographical areas, in a fully
autonomous manner, independent of additional systems.
Plasan places its extensive know-how - gathered during
numerous years of experience in providing fully tailored,
cost-effective protective solutions - at the service of
managers and operators of critical infrastructures. The
expertise of the companys highly skilled R&D team - in
ballistics, in the analysis of a broad range of threats, in
advanced materials, and in the simulation of disaster
scenarios - as well as its hands-on military experience,
allows it to conceptualize, develop, and engineer solutions
ideally suited to deal with todays diverse threats.



The M300 Mini Scout is a powerful, lightweight weapon-mounted light that quickly and securely attaches to
any Mil-Spec Picatinny rail via its integral thumbscrew clamp. Powered by a single 123A lithium battery, its
virtually indestructible LED generates 200 lumens of tactical- level light shaped by a proprietary TIR lens into a
beam with plenty of reach yet enough surround light for close-quarter work. The ergonomic M300 is activated
by clicking its pushbutton tailcap switch or, for fingertip control
without altering your grip on the weapon, by pressing the
included pressure-activated tape switch. Built from lightweight
aerospace aluminum, hard anodized with a Mil-Spec finish,
and O-ring sealed to keep out the elements, the ultra-compact
M300 will endure the rigors of combat without weighing down
your weapon.


Recoil-proof LED generates 200 lumens of blinding; light

output produces tactical-level light for 1.3 hours
TIR lens shapes versatile beam with enough reach and surround light for longer- and close-range tasks
Hard-anodized aluminum body, tempered window & O-ring seals make light rugged and durable
Ergonomic tailcap and pressure-pad tape switch options included
Thumbscrew mount attaches quickly & securely to any Mil-Spec Picatinny rail
Powered by a single 123A lithium battery with 10-year shelf life


TNM 16

Tactical Tailor M5 Medic Pack

perfect also
for combat

The Tactical TailorM5 Medic Packis the perfect

candidate to meet the challenges of todays outdoor
or combat photographer. Its a pack that protects
your gear while allowing it to be transported into the
various elements. For us, its the ideal camera pack
and we plan to use it heavily in field. With some slight
configuration adjustments to the internal compartments,
much of the gear we use on every set will now be
immediately available to crews on the range, just like a
breaching team accesses their kit at the door. Problem
solved. The M5 Medic Pack continues to improve on a
design dating back to World War II. Not only can theM5
bagcan carry an entire platoons worth of medical
supplies and is an essential piece of gear for medics
in the field, the M5 functions equally well as a camera
bag or anything else you can think of. The pack opens
with a heavy duty zipper that runs the from the bottom
of one side of the bag to the other to allow complete
access to the contents. Inside the bag are adjustable
and removable dividers that allow the user to customize
the interior compartments to for specific needs and purpose. Also featuring two zippered mesh pockets on the
inside of the front flap, the pack is padded to help keep the bags shape and protect its contents. The outside
is equipped with a carry handle, thick padded shoulder straps, sternum and waist straps as well as modular
webbing on the front and sides for attaching additional gear.
Available colors: ACU, Coyote Brown, MultiCam and OD.
Measurements: 16 tall x 9 wide x 7 deep


Gilat Showcases

its Lightweight Compact Satellite Communications

Solution for UAVs
Weighing only 22 lb (10.5 kg) and capable of transmitting 1Mbps of IP-based data, Gilats UAV solution is comprised of a
ruggedized spread spectrum satellite modem; a two-way, on-the-move, flat panel tracking antenna; and a compact 40W
Ku-band block up-converter (BUC) and power amplifier. The tightly integrated solution provides a lightweight, compact
and low-power terminal that is ideal for airborne applications - and can be tailored to meet varied end-user specifications
and requirements. The miniature dimensions of the solution allow BLoS (Beyond Line of Sight) operations for very small
UAV platforms. According to Gidi Talmor, RVP Defense International Sales at Gilat: The UAVs being used for Intelligence,
Surveillance, and Reconnaissance (ISR), as well as Customs and Border Protection (CBP), are becoming increasingly
smaller in order to enable easier navigation and longer flight times.
As such, they require the smallest, lightest, and lowest possible
power consuming communications solutions.
The UAV terminal utilizes commercial, geostationary satellite
capacity to provide full-duplex satellite communication,
linking the UAV to its remote control facility. The forward link
provides command and control capabilities, while the return
link transfers sensor data. The terminal provides spectrumefficient IP connectivity, adaptive in real time to varying link
conditions, and operational in temperatures ranging from - 40
to +60 Celsius. Built-in web and SNMP-based control enable
remote management.


ISDEF IS 3 monthS away anD It SEt to bE thE

largESt DEFEncE anD SEcurIty ExhIbItIon EvEr
hElD In ISraEl. ExpEctED numbErS IncluDE 250
DEFEncE anD SEcurIty manuFacturES anD
15,000 vISItorS From acroSS thE globE.

Full ExpoSurE to thE ISraElI & IntErnatIonal

DEFEncE anD hlS markEt
IntErFacIng wIth potEntIal EnD uSErS
natIonal pavIlIonS
lIvE DEmonStratIonS ShowcaSIng thE latESt
proDuctS anD tEchnologIES In toDayS markEt
conFErEncES & SEmInarS
nEtworkIng anD b2b mEEtIngS

the right place

the right time
the right people
For morE InFormatIon on markEt
opportunItIES In ISraEl anD

SupportED by

JUNE 4-6

Harte Feldman
International Director
Cell: +972 54 7894010
Tel: +972 3 691 4564
Fax: +972 3 691 4567
har te @ isdef.co.il
w w w. is d ef. co. il

Situation Reports Situation Reports Situation Repo

No One

For Boston
One of the curious after-effects of
the April 15th terrorist bombing
in the United States (Boston)
was the number of terrorist
organizations that announced
that they had nothing to do with it.
These disclaimers were done out of
fear because the American tactics
of using powerful intelligence
collecting and analyzing tools with
the ability to then attack specific
terrorists with a laser-guided
missile has made the terrorist
leadership very afraid. This is not
just paranoia but recognition of the
growing list of terrorist leaders
killed in this way. The manner
in which the U.S. pursued and
TNM 20

eventually got Osama bin Laden and

Saddam Hussein has been noticed.
All this literally terrorizes those
leaders who are still out there.
For a long time the U.S. either
denied these UAV missile attacks
were going on or refused to
comment. The impact of these
attacks on terrorist operations and
the morale of terrorist leadership
have led to the United States
now openly admitting the attacks
and confirming that they would
continue. It works and is a weapon
unique in military history. Wars
have always included attempts to
gain victory, or at least an edge,
by going after the enemy leaders.

This has always been difficult

because the enemy leaders know
they are targets and take extensive
precautions to protect themselves
(the royal guard and all that).
This no longer works and terrorist
leaders are scrambling to find ways
to avoid this lethal retribution for
their terrorist attacks.

The increased use of UAVs to

find, identify, and kill terrorists
(or enemies in general) has led
many people in the West and in the
Moslem world to assert that this
is not effective, fair, or whatever.
Some call it murder. But war is
murder, and for centuries those

orts Situation Reports Situation Reports Situation Rep

involved have recognized that

going to war is a messy business,
especially if you are in the midst
of it. In war the survivors quickly
learn two things. Those who kill
first are less likely to be killed later
and those who can kill more of the
opponents leaders will most likely
win. Current terrorist leaders may
be homicidal fanatics but they know
how to count. If the Americans come
after them, especially because their
organization carried out an attack
in the United States that generated
a widespread demand from
Americans for revenge, the terrorist
leaders are dead men walking. The
belief is that the Americans will

One of the curious after-effects of the April 15th

terrorist bombing in the United States (Boston)
was the number of terrorist organizations that
announced that they had nothing to do with it.

TNM 21

Situation Reports Situation Reports Situation Repo

After the Palestinian
terror offensive began
in 2000, the Israelis
developed decapitation
tactics customized for
use against Islamic
terrorists. That was
copied by the Americans
in Iraq and Afghanistan.

eventually get you, and most of their

guys dont want to be killed. Suicide
attack duty is for the little people,
not the leaders or their children.
In the last two decades UAVs, and
before that space satellites and
high-flying, long endurance recon
aircraft (like the U-2 and SR-71),
made it possible to find and identify
key enemy personnel. But until
armed UAVs came along a decade
ago, there was no way to quickly
act on that information. Many
opportunities to kill key enemy
personnel were missed. Now, with
Hellfire missiles (and several other
similar weapons) on these UAVs,
you can promptly kill what you find.
Some pundits find this unsporting,
morally indefensible, or otherwise
wrong. For military personnel
risking their lives fighting a
determined enemy, its just another
way to kill the enemy leadership
before the enemy succeeds.
That civilians are also killed is
nothing new. During the allied
invasion of France in 1944, the
several months of fighting required
TNM 22

to destroy the German armies in

France also left 15,000 French
civilians dead in the invasion area
and more than that in the rest
of France. The Germans did not
normally try and hide among French
civilians, while Islamic terrorists
do. The Germans knew they would
be attacked no matter where
they were. Islamic terrorists do
sometimes get away because
of the successful use of human
shields (because the order to fire
is not given). This attitude ignores
the civilians who die because
terrorists escape to keep killing.
Thus, in war you can avoid killing
civilians but to do so at the cost of
giving enemy personnel immunity
that just gets more people killed
down the road.
The U.S. CIA UAV campaign
against Islamic terrorists
in Pakistan (mainly North
Waziristan) has been very
effective. Al Qaeda has been
rendered impotent by all the
losses to leadership and technical

personnel (especially bomb

builders). Because of this, in the
last two years most of the UAV
missile attacks were against
Taliban and Haqqani Network
leaders in Afghanistan and
Pakistan. The targets were located
through various means, one of the
most important being a network of
informants on the ground, as well
as the UAVs and satellites.
This decapitation tactic was
successful in Iraq and earlier in
Israel (where it was developed to
deal with the Palestinian terror
campaign that began in 2000). The
Israelis were very successful with
their decapitation program, which
reduced Israeli civilian terrorist
deaths from over 400 a year to
less than ten. American troops
have used similar tactics many
times in the past (in World War
II, 1960s Vietnam, the Philippines
over a century ago, and in 18th
century colonial America) but tend
to forget after a generation or so.
After the Palestinian terror

orts Situation Reports Situation Reports Situation Rep

In the last two decades

UAVs, and before that
space satellites and
high-flying, long
endurance recon aircraft
(like the U-2 and SR-71),
made it possible to find
and identify key enemy

offensive began in 2000, the

Israelis developed decapitation
tactics customized for use against
Islamic terrorists. That was
copied by the Americans in Iraq
and Afghanistan. Some critics
say this approach motivates more
Moslems to support terrorism.
This ignores what media, and
popular opinion in Moslem
nations, has been like for the last
few decades. The attitude has
been very anti-West and proIslamic terrorism. That opinion
only changes when the terrorists
lose. Thats because when the
Islamic terrorists are under a
lot of pressure they kill fewer
Westerners and more Moslems.
This is unpopular with Moslem
civilians. These people know that
Western tactics kill far fewer
Moslems than those of Islamic
Decades of strident anti-West
(they make war on Islam)
propaganda makes anything the

West does, even defending itself

from attack, evil to Moslems. There
is a failure to communicate here
because many Moslems actually
believe that the September 11, 2001
attacks were all a CIA/Israeli plot
and that Moslems are not attacking
Western civilians. Yet, whenever
Islamic terrorists succeed in

attacking the West and killing

a lot of civilians there are open
celebrations in Moslem countries.
This happens even when there
are Westerners around to witness
it. But most media in the West
refuses to deal with this quandary.
It is indeed a major failure to
TNM 23

operational procedures operational procedures op

Little scenery created in my garden 28 Jan 2013.

The set-up took about 20 minutes of preparation.

by Peter Capyo

perational procedures operational procedures operatio

photo 1: The river crossing. Destroyed bridges, amphibious vehicles in the water. Notice the mobile train in the front with a load of tanks.
photo 2: T 62 with desert paint. Keep the camouflage pattern simple: 2 different colours is enough.
photo 3: The houses are used here during an exercise as reference points. Pictures like these were all over the sudden considered as "hot"
since there was a lack of arial pictures to train UAV operators.

Contrary to what many people
think and say, Recognition can
be easily trained and brought to
realistic terms. Observation is the
magic word but before you can
start with this kind of exercise you
need two things.
The first is to learn your soldiers
how to observe. I know, this
seems ridiculous but I noticed
many times during my career that
young soldiers are not familiar
anymore with the basics. It can't
hurt to repeat the main principles.
The second thing you need
are... models! Many times I had
discussions with officers telling
me they didn't want to spend
money on toys. Here's a fact:
the moment you use models for
realistic military training they're
not toys anymore. These models
become tools which give you
numerous possibilities and a
lot of flexibility. You don't need
a lot to start with and they are
not expensive compared to other
military training aids. Believe
me when I say that after even a
short period of training the most
pessimistic officer becomes
enthousiastic once he discovers
the results.
The main thing to watch out for

with models is the scale you want
to use. I can only recommend to
use scale H:0 or 1/87. They are
small, easy to assemble, not too
many details (that you don't need
anyway) and most important,
they are easy to transport! It is
the ideal scale for observation
exercises on a distance of about
15 meters with a standard issued
binocular. Look for dealers on the
internet who offer the whole range
of models going from Western

made to Russian made vehicles.
If you can order everything with
the same dealer, you gonna get
a better price. If you're afraid
of the upcoming assembling
work look for modelers in
your unit or modelclubs in
your neighbourhood.(we had a
German reservist who took it
as a pride to help us out and
he did so numerous times)
How many do you need from
one vehicle? We started with
TNM 25

operational procedures operational procedures op

If you have the room for it, you can build
your sceneries in such a way that you can
couple them. That makes it even more
interesting. Important is that you have
adequate observation positions for your
students in the room you work.

a river, an airport, a kaserne. In

other words, targets likely for
observation. Anything is possible
but remember: you will need
storage room and a table to put
your scenery on.

Fort Benning 2008: practical Obs

exercise. The models are on the right
side. Distance: 15 meters

up your models in columns,

parking lots, tactical formations,
whatever.. Use trees, bushes and
buildings(barns, houses, church...)
to complete the scenery. A set
up like that takes 15 minutes of
preparation but it gives you the
Training with models is fun
possibility to work with your guys
because it is 3D!!
Not only for the instructor but
for an hour. We had our students
most certainly for the students/
make a sketch of the scenery.
soldiers once they see that they
The bushes, trees and houses
really make progress. The simple became than reference points.
Let them walk from one position
training starts in the classroom.
to another and let them work
If you have a model of the vehicle
together. Give them enough time
you've just discussed, show it.
in the beginning, speed up later.
Make the comparison during the
Important is the correction and
class with the other vehicles.
explanation afterwards: take your
Don't pass them around or your
collection will shrimp very quickly! time for it!
Let your guys observe the models
during your class with their bino.
More thorough training asks
It is impossible to have a model of for more preparation but this
every vehicle. Important however
is where it really becomes
is that you use the same scale so
interesting for all. You can build
comparison in size is possible.
your own sceneries, obviously in
the same scale as our models(that
Practical training outside
is why 1/87 is the ideal scale).
gives you more possibilities. These "landscapes" should of
All you need is a zone where
course be military targets like
you can work. You can set
a railway station, a bridge over
three: one in regular camouflage
colours, one in desert paint
and one in winter colours. But
everything depends on your
allocated budget.

TNM 26

Our sceneries measured 1 meter

by 3 meters and were made out
of plywood and styrofoam. This
allowed a quick change and a
fast prep for the next exercise.
We could run 3 exercises on an
afternoon. Beside the static part
we also had two mobile trains
running around the scenery.
Students had to switch their
attention continuously from the
static to the mobile part. Excellent
training and the guys just loved it.
If you have the room for it, you can
build your sceneries in such a way
that you can couple them. That
makes it even more interesting.
Important is that you have
adequate observation positions
for your students in the room
you work. We used boots for that
purpose and allowed our guys to
work in pairs.
As you probably realize now
training with models is as close
to reality as possible. It is cost
effective: every dollar or euro you
spent is an investment for the
next 10-15 years. Yes, I agree that
it takes some time before you'll
have a large collection of models
unless you have a smart boss. The
fact that one can run exercises
in- and outside without much
preparations makes it even more
attractive as training aid. The
more you will run exercises like
this, the more your guys will like
it because of the quick and good
results. Soldiers who like training:
who can ask for more?
For any reactions on this article:
Visit our website:

perational procedures operational procedures operatio


A. Provide future instructors with the ability to create, implement and maintain a Recognition course/training in their unit.
B. Familiarize future instructors with the fundamentals of the new software.
C. Teach future instructors how to create classes, reviews, tests, exercises
and conduct practical training.
D. Through practical exercises, develop the instuctors skills to understand
the Recognition environment, to teach, acquire and work with the tools.
E. Provide units with a qualified instructor.
We do understand that units do not want to send their NCOs away for
longer than necessary. That is why we compiled the course into one week.
On request, the course can be given in your unit.


TNM 27


text and photos by Ryan Houtekamer (2 Cent Tactical)



of materials



Click he

to lear ut
more ab


Some people are not knife people and will even remark
that its odd that you carry one on you. This changes when
they then require a knife you become their best friend. I
have carried a knife in some form on me almost every
day for the last ten or so years. Over those years I always
wanted something more robust and dependable. I have
owned many knives of varying price range over the years
and the one I always go back to is my SMF. The Strider
SMF is as close to being a fixed blade as any folder may
ever come. To describe it you might as well call it a
sharpened pry bar.
My pocket almost always has a Strider of some form in it.
Usually its the SMF because I find the size comfortable
for all the tasks it has met with so far. I recently attended
a Canadian knife show and one thing I noticed is there
are tons of works of art when it comes to knives. This
is an issue with me as I beat the hell out of my knives
often having to improvise with them doing things that
most knife makers would cringe seeing. Strider on
the other hand smiles and says give it hell. I have read
crazy stories of things that were done to Striders in
the line of duty and as long as they followed the simple
commandments of Strider owning were always taken
care of. This isnt a 5 year warranty this is a transferable
life time warranty from some folks who really stand
behind their product. As long as you dont use a tool on
your knife to modify it in any way youre pretty much good.
TNM 30


Rock solid lockup with using a frame lock

Great combination of materials (titanium,
CPM S30V, and G10)
Sharpens fairly easy and is long wearing
Awesome warranty


Some may find the grip less then ergonomic

Pocket clip only has one position

The only real exception to this is getting it engraved with

your name, unit etc. If you chip the blade or break the tip
off while cutting something its covered. The lockup starts
to annoy you send it in and your good. I have yet to need
the Strider warranty nor do I foresee its use but the peace
of mind that if my expensive knife ever has an issue it will
be covered is good to know.


The G10 has a textured surface that

provides your fingers with good grip even
when wet. Some may find the boxy shape
of Striders to be uncomfortable however
it doesnt really bother me.

The handle of the SMF is made of two halves. You have

the machined G10 section of the handle that forms the
cavity that the knife sits in when folded and the titanium
lock side. G10 is a glass fibre reinforced resin that is
both lightweight and strong. G10 doesnt absorb water,
is electrically non conductive and heard wearing. Even
with squeezing the handle scale with all my strength
it barely flexes. This leads to good rigidity of the knife
while cutting weight over using metal for this part of the
handle. The G10 has a textured surface that provides your
fingers with good grip even when wet. Some may find the
boxy shape of Striders to be uncomfortable however it
doesnt really bother me.
The titanium lock side of the knife is a single piece of

titanium machined to form a frame lock. Mine happens

to have a heat coloring done to the titanium providing
an interesting finish. The argument of what is better
frame lock or liner lock is one that is hotly contested.
Frame locks are typically thicker however the relief cut
is often as thick as a liner lock. My reason for preferring
frame locks is for ease of use while wearing gloves and a
larger contact area with the lock face of the blade. This
makes it harder for it to slip off the blade or over travel.
The lock section of the scale has a detent ball bearing
pressed into it that matches up with a hole in the blade
providing a positive lock when closed. The lock side also
incorporates Rick Hinderers lock bar stabilizer. The
LBS acts as a over travel stop preventing you from over
TNM 31


springing your lock bar which would affect correct lockup.

Each side of the handle has a hole in it allowing for a
lanyard to be strung through either side. I use a Lanyard
Zone micro cobra lanyard on my knife.
The pocket clip on the SMF is my favourite style of pocket
clip by far. It attaches using a single Torx screw and
is prevented from rotating using a bent tab that fits
into a hole on the titanium side of the handle. This clip
allows for a tip up carry which I prefer because it allows
for speedy deployment of the knife when pulled from
the pocket. This may annoy some people who prefer
a certain carry style. Unlike the Boker G4 I reviewed I
have 100% faith in the SMF not opening in my pocket and
carving a chunk out of my hand as I grab something from
my pocket. I have also never had to tighten the screw
unlike most other knives I have had. This is because
the tab that goes into the handle prevents the clip from
moving left or right ensuring it stays where you clipped it.
The pivot that helps hold the handles together and keeps
the knife attached to the blade is very beefy. The pivot
consits of two parts each going through its own side of
the handle. The part on the G10 side acts as a internally
threaded fastener that has two cut outs in it for use with
a tool. The part of the pivot that goes on the titanium side
is externally threaded and screws in using a Allen key. I
personally use the Hinderer Strider pivot tool to adjust
mine however others have made due Dremeling out the
center of a large bladed screw driver and an Allen key.
The large size of the pivot provides a greater surface area
of the blade to be in contact with it minimising blade play.
When the blade is locked open the blade feels like your
using a fixed blade. The blade has a brass washer on
each side of the pivot providing a smooth opening motion.
The SMF has jimping along the butt of the handle, along
the top of the handle and the base of the blade. This
allows your thumb to attain solid purchase in a number
of grips. Whether your grabbing your SMF in reverse
grip for some serious stabbing power or choking up on
the blade for some fine work your thumb has jimping to
grab at. The jimping on the SMF is fairly large and much
appreciated when wearing a gloved hand. It allows the
flesh of your finger to press into the notch even with fairly
bulky gloves.
The blade of the SMF is made of Crucible CPM S30V
steel. This is a material choice provides great toughness
as well as cutting ability. It isnt horrible to sharpen but
provides a long lasting grind that wont dull out the first
few times you have cut things. I actually had to use mine
to pry through steel banding holding pallets together and
it only dulled the blade a bit. I have even used the SMF to
get all the wood prepared for a fire. I shaved a nice pile of
shavings with my hand chocked up on the blade and my
TNM 32

pointer finger in the choil. I then released the lock and

put the handle perpendicular to the blade sitting the edge
of the blade on top of a log. With another log I tapped the
blade through the log making kindling. Do not do this
with the knife locked open as it will damage the lock face.
My knife also has the older lock face geometry which
they have changed within the last year or two. Nothing
wrong with the version I have though. The blade has two
methods to open it the stop pin or the large pill shaped
hole. I personally use the large hole as it fits the tip of my
thumb really well allowing the blade to be flicked open
with ease. My knife has a stonewashed finish which aids
in the corrosion resistant nature of the blade. I think I
have only ever seen the tiniest of rust spots on the blade
and that was after taking a dump in salt water and
not getting a chance to clean it out right away. The
spine of the blade is why Striders get nicknamed
sharpened pry bars. Its rather beefy at 0.187
giving the blade great lateral strength. This
is because Strider designs their knives
with the military in mind, Guys use
knives for the craziest things and one
of those is prying at things. We are all
guilty of it thats for sure. I have used
mine to pry vehicle floor grates open
and the damn plastic tubes 105mm
plug rounds come in. In a normal
knife you would expect to see lots


of blade play or even a snapped blade from abuse like

this. Striders are by no means scalpels out of the box but
the angle of the grind is meant to be sharp but provide the
most strength. This helps keep the blade from chipping.

and it has been a constant companion in my pants pocket.

I own several other high end knives including Striders but
I typically pick the SMF over all of them. Its fairly simple
to take apart to service, fits my hands well, is really
strong and backed by an awesome warranty. At $475 or
around $400 if your military its not a cheap knife by any
The Strider SMF is a function of all of its parts leading to
means. It is however a quality tool that will outlast you.
a overbuilt knife meant to take some serious abuse from The SMF will always be there when you need it and shrug
guys in bad places. I have had mine for about 4 years now off almost any chore you can put it through.


Overall Length: 9.06

Blade Length: 4.00
Blade Thickness: 0.187
Weight: 6 oz
Blade Material: CPM-S30V
Handle Material: Titanium and G10
Blade Type: Drop point
Lock Type: Frame Lock
Clip Type: Single Position

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside

text and photo by Giannis Nikitas


inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside insi



inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside

The minimal requirements for the candidates to enter

in SU/LAD is their capability to run one mile (1600 m) in
7 minutes and do thirty push-ups, eight pullings, thirty
abdominal exercises and ten crosstrees immersions in
2 minutes time for each exercise. The candidates must
perform fifteen meters underwater swimming, swim
100 m in any style within seven minutes and dive in the
pool of a diving board 10 m high, five times successfully

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside insi

The school of Lands

Army Underwater Destructors
Special Forces of the Greek Army acquired their own school
of frogmen production, in order to service the increased
needs of amphibious operations in the Aegean Sea.
Since the 70s, Greeces defensive problem is located in the
Aegean, with the start of Turkish claims over the continental
shelf and the controversy about the dominance status of
border islands. In Archipelagos defense, Special Forces
play a central role, a great part of which is directed to
amphibious operations, like the Squadrons of Amphibious
Commandos and Infantry Forces.
In a marine-coastal battle environment, the frogman is a
fighting tool, which yields results disproportionate to its
size, thanks to its ability to imperceptibly penetrate under
the surface of the sea and unexpectedly encroach the
enemy at crucial points.
With the formation of the Squadrons of Amphibious
Commandos during the 60s, against the rising Turkish
threat over the Aegean, the question of the frogmen in the
Special Forces was put. Initially, the SAQ created sections
of swimmers in battle, who had carbines XM-117/CAR-15
Commando 5, 56 mm, a gun which at that time was used by
American Special Forces and SEAL in Vietnam.
Further increase of the SAQ in the coming decades and
the adaptation in response to a Turkish landing, led to the
requirement to obtain groups of underwater destructors.
They would undertake the destruction of the enemy landing
craft at the bridgehead, but also the conducting sabotage
on Turkish coastlines as well as perform identification and
insurance of a coastline, where a cruiser division was going
to disembark.
The developments in the Aegean during the 90s with
the Imia crisis as a starting point- led to a further need
for frogmen, as the sea bottom was the only way offered
latent approach to islets, where the enemy had chosen to
challenge the Greek domination, by discharging special
The formation of another special squadron (GSAQ) for
the facing of incidents on islets has increased further
the number of necessary underwater destructors for the
Special Forces of the Lands Army.
The School of Underwater Destructors (SUD) of the
Underwater Destructions Management (UDM) of the
NAVY, since the 80s failed to cover the increased needs
on frogmen of the Greek Army. The reason why, is that the
school of Underwater Destructors is conducted two times
a year, as it lasts six months, and primarily ought to cover
UDUs (underwater demolition unit) needs, maintaining
simultaneously a very high percentage of rejection, as the
TNM 37

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside

hard process of choice-education fairly demands .

Special Forces demand for their own frogmen school
was finally heard in 2007. After the requirement of
B S.S., the 13th Command of Special Operations
was prepared a relative study about the creation of
a frogmens school, which was going to rely on the
standards of the American Special Forces Combat Divers
Qualification Course, but yet adapted to operational
requirements of the Greek Special Forces.
On September of 2008 the very first school named School
Combat Divers operated pilot, but soon enough it was
renamed to school of Lands Army Underwater Destructors.
The reason why, was that the related legislation didnt
provide diving allowance to another specialty than the one
of Underwater Destructors.
SU/LA D s aim is to train Special Forces staff (which is
already full trained on Unorthodox War) on underwater
destructions items as well as any other kind of business
activity that requires underwater penetration, just
TNM 38

like for example the recognition and insurance of

the coastline, as an undertaking forerunner forthe
SU/LA D s focusing exclusively on underwater
operations, as long as the learner is already an
experienced commando, allows his training as an
underwater destructor at half the time Underwater
Destructions Management (UDM)s six-month long
relevant school demands. We must notice that this last
one school lasts longer because it teaches commando
objects, as long as the candidates of the navy do not
acquire this kind of knowledge. The three-months long
SU/LA D allows its functioning four times a year and as
a result a higher number of frogmen is produced.
However, the shortest duration does not mean that the
strict criteria or the high training expectations we meet
at the School of Underwater Destructors have been
sacrificed. The failure percentages at SU/LAD are so
high that only one from eight candidates makes it to

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside insi

The minimal requirements for the candidates to enter
in SU/LAD is their capability to run one mile (1600 m) in
7 minutes and do thirty push-ups, eight pullings, thirty
abdominal exercises and ten crosstrees immersions in
2 minutes time for each exercise. The candidates must
perform fifteen meters underwater swimming, swim 100
m in any style within seven minutes and dive in the pool
of a diving board 10 m high, five times successfully. At last
candidates have to climb up to a vertical rope five meters
On the first phase of training on SU/LAD the candidates
learn to think of the water element as their partner and ally
on the mission they are about to undertake. Water is the
element in which they are going to move to approximate
and surprise the enemy, but also where they are going to
betake in case of emergency. Their body improvement is
also a very important goal at this phase, since that is what
will prepare them to be able to handle the hard tasks of
next training steps.

Within the three weeks lasting phase, the candidates will

continue to improve their physical status by running and
swimming distances whose number will keep increasing,
at all weather circumstances, on day or night. During this
time anyone who realizes that cannot handle the tough
training circumstances, is able to voluntarily secede. There
is of course the case of involuntary termination of their
participation in school, as long as the trainers judge that the
candidates cannot cope with the requirements.
This withdrawal-termination system is on during the threemonth training, until the last moment. Candidates will and
durability undermines the fact that at the biggest part of
the training, they are wet, regardless weather conditions or
environments temperature.
On this phase, Requirements of physical durability are
almost double for the candidates. Now they have to be
able to run two miles (3,2 km) within seven minutes
(7) and also do fifty push-ups, twelve pullings, fifty
abdominal exercises and finally fifteen crosstrees
TNM 39

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside insi

immersions in two minute time for each exercise.

In additional, they have to be able to climb up to a vertical
rope six meters long and pass through the battle arena
within eight minutes as well. The battle arena is a copy of
the big Commando Arena of the Center of Unorthodox War
Training at Rentina in Chalkidiki.
Requirements in the maritime arena are even higher. At
this point, the underwater destructors candidates should
be able to swim thirty meters underwater and traverse a
distance of 1.000 m long, on the surface of the sea, within
twenty-five minutes, wearing fins, a diving suit and a 6
pound weight belt. In the sea is also conducted a free dive 10
meters depth with fins and mask.
Those who survive, will continue on phase 2, with duration
of six-weeks, which aims in learning specific skills in the
water. Those are the ones that will prepare the candidates
to successfully and safely pass to the next phase of the
specialized diving training. Those tests-targets that the
candidates have to pass-success in this phase, are:
Traverse a distance of 2.000 m long, on the surface of the
sea, within fifty-five minutes, wearing fins, a diving suit

and a 6 pound weight belt.

Skills test in the natatorium, that includes flotation for
two minutes, one-hundred meter delfinismo, masks
ascension, hoisting nine kg weight from the bottom
of the pool, implementation of four knots after twenty
meters of continuous swimming, side swimming with
six kg weights, within seven minutes and continuous
underwater swimming for fifty meters.
Free diving in the sea at a depth of fourteen meters in a
diving suit, fins and a three kg belt weight.
A writing task, in which candidates have to succeed a
percentage of 60%.
The third phase of SU/LAD lasts three weeks and is about
training at diving with breathing apparatus, as well as the
candidates evaluation under extreme circumstances,
stress, by simulating conditions that can be addressed by a
couple of frogmen during a combat mission.
Initially, trainees learn how to use the air diving equipment
(open circuit) and how to deal with problems that may
appear. Training runs under pressure and lack of oxygen
that simulate the dangerous conditions in case of a
possible damage of the air equipment or of another
TNM 41

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside

special emergency in the bottom. That is when some of

them will discover phobias and weaknesses they had
never realized they existed until then, which now have
to overcome, otherwise they wont be able to become
underwater destructors.
Then, training for underwater marches is conducted,
during which emphasis is given primarily in compliance
with the safety but also the observance of the direction
and divings right pace. As soon as a satisfying
experience is acquired, the trainees will perform
underwater marches, during which they will have to
go out to specific coasts-aims and within a specific
interval. That will prove that they are capable of
designing a mission with underwater swimming and
estimate the required time. The distances that rookie
divers cross, become bigger towards the end of the
phase, with more pressing time limits.
The third phase though includes two learning objects which
TNM 42

clarify a big percentage of candidates who accomplished

to get this far. First, is the task The Big Swimming. Its
about swimming seven navy miles (1,26 km) in the open sea
in a diving suit, with fins, a three kilo weight belt, harness
and a gun. This object evaluates trainees capacity to
perform a long sea escape. Usually, the time acquired for
the completion of the task is seven hours.
The second one is the POSEIDON practice, which lasts
forty-eight hours. Its about a two-day of hell (a miniature
of the Devil week of SUD), where trainees capacity in
conducting operations is valued, while they are under battle
stress effect, insomnia and intense physical exertion.
The survivors of POSEIDON practice enter in the
fourth part of SU/LAD, duration of five weeks, which
is about the operational training of U/Ds candidates.
At this point, the trainees learn how to use the diving
equipment (close circuit). At the same time, U/Ds

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside insi

are being tr ates
all tactics ained at
methods, p d battle
tion- disen enetrathat are us gagement
ed in
bat mission coms.

candidates are being trained at all tactics and battle

methods, penetration- disengagement that are used in
combat missions. The aerial penetration-disengagement
originally includes marine parachute jump static strap
during which, the trainees bear the full equipment. As
soon as they ditch, they will have to swim on the surface
for a particular distance to complete the penetration to
the hostile target. Another method is the penetrationdisengagement by dropping and collecting from a
helicopter (helocasting). The trainees perform a jump
to the sea from a helicopter UH-1H Huey and then they
are being recollected with a rope ladder. This is a tactic
the frogmen from U/D use for many years.

penetration using outboard motor and paddles at the last

part, if a silent approach is required.

In another case, a CH-47 Chinook is used. While the

helicopter flies to a specific height and moves with a
predicted speed, from the open ramp, a group of frogmen
performs a jump in the sea with a rubber rescue boat.

As soon as he approaches the boat, the frogman passes

his whole hand through the loop, so that it can snaps under
his armpit. Then the assistant pulls him on the boat, taking
advantage of the momentum of the mother boat.

Frogmen embark on the rescue boat and continue the

Another one operational object is the performance of

Of course, frogmens classic remission-recovery is being

taught from a speedboat. While the speedboat moves with
high speed, frogmen pass through its deck to a rubber
rescue boat attached to the side and then they slip right
into the sea. The recovery is done in the reverse manner,
with the assistance of a member of the crew, who is on
the rescue boat and holds a thick rubber, of size 8. The
assistant holds the one loop with both hands and reaches
out the other one to the frogman, who waits with his one
hand raised.

TNM 43

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside

necessary for at least six shots to have hit three aims.

The shots are being repeated by the use of the silencer
and sighting Red Dot.
At the same time, the training about U/D objects is
being continued. During the fourth phase, the trainees
will perform a two thousand distance underwater
march with the use of breathing apparatus of close
circuit. They will have to orient themselves while
being in the bottom and observe the right course,
in order to go out to a particular coast-aim with
amplitude of three hundred meters with the output
point as a center.

shooting battle of sea detectors. The trainees dive into

the sea from the dinghy in a distance of one-hundred
and fifty meters away from the coast. As soon as they
step their feet on the bottom of the sea, contribute to
five aims that have been placed on the coast with twenty
meters distance between them. Two shots are being
executed towards each aim, within eight seconds, and
for the shot to be considered as accomplished, its
TNM 44

During the whole underwater march, each couple

of frogmen has the right to rise to the surface and
inspect if hes been following the right course only
once (pick). The average score for passing the test
successfully is 70%.
A night, underwater two thousand meter long, march,
follows, also with the use of close circuit apparatus,
but this time the trainees have to go out to a coast
with amplitude of only fifty meters with the output
point as a center. Just like the underwater march
during the daylight, the task is conducted with a full

inside inside inside inside inside inside inside inside insi

load battlefield, a gun, harness, and three kilo weight

belt. Maximum time of termination of the march is
sixty minutes.
The diving training continues with further objects. The
trainees have to leave the closed circuit breathing
apparatus at the bottom and then, they have to find
them and wear them all over again, by wearing a
diving suit and a battle suit, armature, fins and mask.
The exercise is conducted three times at three, four
and five meters of depth, while every time the trainee
after having wore the equipment, has to perform an
underwater course of one hundred and fifty meters
long to the default destination of escape.
Also, two dives in twenty six meters of depth and two
in thirty six meters of depth are conducted.
On phase four, the candidate frogman, must be at
the climax of his physical condition, as it is required
for him to do eighty push-ups, twenty pullings,
eighty abdominal exercises and thirty crosstrees
immersions with a time limit of two minutes given for
each exercise. In additional, he must be capable of
climb up a vertical rope seven meters long and pass
through the Battle Arena in six minutes.
There is, though, another one task. The Big
Running. Its about a course of thirty two km, which
frogmen have to travel by wearing camouflage outfit,
harness, a gun and by carrying the swimming fins.
This particular task simulates the case where the
frogmen will have to conduct long escape from the
enemys territory.
Until this day, three training rows of SU/LAD have been
completed, which have respectively attributed ten, five
and five underwater destructors for the Special Forces
of the Army. When this particular issue is published,
its estimated that almost five more U/D will have
graduated from the fourth educational row. That means
that in a period of eighteen months, twenty five frogmen
have been produced in order to man Underwater
Destructors group of Armys Special Forces.
The logistics of SU/LAD is enough to support a
school of forty U/D candidates. The trainers come
from Special Forces Training Camp and are
supplemented by staff seconded from other units of
Special Forces. Before the schools start, the trainers
pass themselves through a School of Underwater
Destructors Trainer that lasts two weeks in which
they learn training methods in various school objects,
the safety regulations and generally the trainers
attitude towards the candidate.

SU/LAD does not aim to substitute the Underwater

Destructors School, but to produce U/D of an
appropriate level, in a higher rate. This is succeeded
by accepting only permanent executives and
professionals and Special Forces soldiers, into the
ranks of candidates, who are already integrated
cruiser which means they have already be chosen
from the Special Forces, School of Paratroopers, and
other schools, special operations of NATO and the
TNM 45


TNM 46


Written by: Mike Haytack, EAGLElement, LLC.

Photo: D. Hesiak | Little Crown LLC and Jarred Taylor | Botstik Collective


Mike Haytac
at the Fight Light Gear

The extended

network of Tactical
Tailor (TT) approached
EAGLElement, LLC right around the latter half of February
requesting test and evaluation (T/E), and review on their
current applications. Im honored to be selected by a
company that has weathered many storms to come out on
top and continually provides a positive example to the tactical
and outdoor communities. Given this unique opportunity
I chose applications I think any current warfighter can
appreciate, and they hail from TTs Fight Light (FL) gear
line. Sensing Uncle Sugar wasnt in any hurry to lighten the
current battlefield load, TT began development of FL gear
with the help from 2nd Ranger Battalion, 1st Special Forces
Group and the US Armys Stryker community. I chose the FL
Large plate carrier, triple mag pouch, the Joey Pouch with
bladder and Large Battle Belt.

IOTV vest, Paraclete vest/plate carrier, Mayflower plate

carrier and many others that will remain nameless. Sadly,
those days of me hauling all that stuff to the fight are over.
Thats ok, my future is bright, and Im stepping into the
lighter and faster world of combat tactics and firearms
training, so the opportunity to get acquainted with lighter
applications and provide feedback is appreciated.

Progressive Force Concepts (PFC) Instructor Development

Course provided me the first real opportunity to test out the
kit. This is a two-day invite only course that is essentially
a practical interview for gunfighters. Bottom line, its not
your typical pistol or carbine pow-wow and the tone was
set early. The 10% will NOT affect the 90%. The good of the
unit, will always outweigh the needs and problems of the
few. Individuality, selfishness, apathy, quitting or indecision
are not welcome here. The course wasnt about how
we performed at our best, but how we performed at our
Before I get into my thoughts I think its worth mentioning
Im 65 and weight about 225lbs. I love pizza, ice cream, fine worst. During the course, my intent was to wear the plate
cigars and blowing things up. The take away is this, Im not carrier with associated items and the battlebelt. I attached
a kydex holster in its final stages (Tier 4) of T/E and quickly
the smallest or lightest dude on the patrol, I enjoy some of
concluded the holster lacked the weapon retention required.
the finer things in life, and its safe to say I have some level
of hypertension, so lighter is better. In the past, Ive stepped The FL TT battlebelt had nothing to do with the retention
to the objective with no less than 2 X PRC-148 MBITR radios issues. Needing to run a secondary weapon, I used my
or 1 X Harris PRC-152 radio, (associated cables) full antenna go to kydex holster and Ares Ranger belt for most of the
farm on the posterior, with 120oz of water, 6 X 30 round mags shoot. Subsequently I wore the plate carrier during the
of 5.56, and at times a A-320 amplifier with a battery. Oh
TACP Association 24-hour run/ruck challenge. My 7-man
and some type of video downlink device. All strapped to my team relayed for 24 hours and accomplished 126 miles. I
personally accomplished 20 miles in the plate carrier with
upper body. Ive worn the PASGT, ISAPO, RBA, Interceptor/
TNM 47



Click he

to lear ut
more ab


a 25 lb. ruck made by High Ground Gear. I intend to conduct

long term T/E on all the items discussed here, so expect a
follow up report later to include more details regarding the
battlebelt. For the most part, I think the kit got a fair initial
shake down.

Finally, along the frame of the back plate carrier, TT has

sewn a single strip of MOLLE webbing to allow strapping or
micro daisy chaining items as needed.

Entry and exit is made easy by using side slide locks that
are attached to adjustable straps. An overlapping Pouch
Attachment Ladder System (PALS) panel covers each of
Like the other applications, the plate carrier is constructed
the locks, and this is where I had most of my issues. The
of 500 denier. In addition to the denier, TT has taken things
material is pretty sharp and stiff around the corners and
a step further and built in a flame resistant liner. This
material provides flash flame protection. A simple system of when configured with accessories, this area would pinch
MALICE CLIPS are used at the rear of the carrier to join the or scrape my sides. I use a Tier system during my T/E.
cumber bum and allows easy disassembly and maintenance. Essentially I ramp up the use of an application and eventually
subject it to the environment and under the assumed actions
Regarding the fit, I immediately noticed subtle angles and
stitch points that allow the carrier to fit more athletically and the application would be used in. During Tier 4 (highest
stay with me as I moved dynamically. TT achieves this mainly tier) I attached a FASTmag carrier plus a fully loaded mag
to the right front panel and as stated above this is when I
by constructing a Small Arms Protective Insert (SAPI) slot
sized near exact for each standard plate (M, L, XL). I say near experienced most of my discomfort. I removed the FASTmag
because TT has designed just enough room to accommodate and then attaching the new MBITR2 and experienced the
same if not worse discomfort. In all fairness, TT knows this
a soft armor (backing) insert. The shoulder straps originate
from the top aft of the carrier, verses the front. This allows
and has constructed PALS to the interior of the overlap
the plate to ride more naturally against the body. High quality panel. This design feature lets the user attach a radio
mesh is sewn on the interior of the shoulder straps and
pouch to the interior and closer to the body, thus snugger.
youll find removable shoulder pads with cable routing in all
If youve ever worked with a PRC-152 or even the PRC-148,
the appropriate places. Two slide locks are located rearward these radios get hot when communications are intensive. If
of the shoulders and act as quick releases. Of note, both are I attached a radio to the inside of this area for an extended
smartly covered by attached stretch loops to allow stowing
period, my assumption is that the radio could become even
cables and help prevent accidental release. One of the finer
hotter. Additionally, multi-day operations require continual
features I appreciated the most was the high density foam
access to these radios, and comparatively speaking I had
pads that are anatomically stitched inside of the plate panels. a hard time accessing the radio in this tucked position.

TNM 48


waist and the large battlebelt fit perfect and if I ever need
more length I have no worries given the added adjustability.
During my initial research, I found a few common feedback
items, and Id like to address them based on my experience
with this battlebelt and others. Some reviewers stated that
the PALS strips dont match the MultiCam. I really could
care less as long as the PALS is a similar and consistent
color, which it is (Coyote). A second common feedback
item is that there are only 2 strips of PALS webbing, and
some wished TT would sew a 3rd row. I didnt experience
any degradation in performance due to the lack of PALS
webbing. I think TT did this to keep cost and weight down.
The final common feedback item was that users experienced
slippage or creep-up with this belt. Every battlebelt Ive worn
creeps up the second I bend, squat or draw an accessory
out. I personally found the interior material to be very
comfortable. My only concern is the long term durability
of the material. For long term T/E I plan on attaching my
LBT-9022B Blowout Pouch (pictured) and Ive since attached
my kydex holster from Armordillo Concealment (pictured) I
expect to be reporting a positive experience in the future.

With this said, this is mission set specific, and when I had
nothing attached to the panels my experience was pure
bliss. Ive since settled on attaching the FASTmag to the
front of the triple mag carrier utilizing a pair of Moly Stix. I
would suggest TT consider making the whole side connector
section a tad bit wider. Note: when side plate panels are
installed it does allow more accessories to be mounted.
Side Note on Side Plates. I hate them! I know thats taboo in
some circles, but it is what it is. TT isnt to blame for this, Ill
blame it on my large hip bones. Seriously, I have hip bones
made for an elephant, and for me there is nothing worse
than dealing with stupid side plate rub, and knowing you
still have many days of hard rucking a head of you. Hater
talk aside, I think TTs side plate pockets are some of the
better ones made. TT has done the right thing and sewn in
the FR material in to these as well. If the unit youre working
with requires the wear of side plates, these will get the job
done nicely. Before I get into the battle belt its important
to remember I had limited time with this application due to
poor weapons retention displayed by the test holster. In my
professional opinion if youre going to run a battlebelt, you
want to pair it with the best stuff out there or it just becomes
a liability. I did use the belt in a limited capacity and my
rigger belt of choice is a prototype by Boxer Tactical called
the Zenith. The battlebelt is actually an interesting concept.
Its a 3 piece design (without riggers belt installed) that is
adjustable up to 3 each side and has port holes on each side
that allow routing of a drop down leg holster. I have a 36

The magazine pouch, Joey Pouch and bladder all operated

well. I did experience some zipper jamming on the Joey
Pouch but this should loosen up as usage continues. During
the PFC ass kicking, I had immediate access to water, so only
having .75 liters wasnt a real concern for me. Admittedly,
after I finished my first .75 liters, it was just more convenient
for me to drink out of my gallon water jug. Ill caveat that
statement and say, I drink a lot of water. Ive got a buddy who
can go on a 3 day mission and drink Pepsi. No joke! Pepsi,
Not this guy, call me whatever, I drink water! I feel like I need
to caveat this paragraph with this; dont count on this water
supply lasting long. With all this said, I experienced I little
drama with the Source Kangaroo bladder, but this was all
user induced, I needed to tighten the main cap. After I went
through my trouble shooting it functioned perfectly, and good
on TT for include the bladder with the Joey Pouch. The Joey
Pouch also excepts a 32oz. Nalgene bottle too.
I think its pretty amazing TT can create such well thought
out, quality applications at the prices they do. Over the past
20 years, Ive been apart of some crappy organizations, and
Ive also been apart of some amazing organizations. The
amazing ones have two things in common. The first being the
people up top understand the operators pains, because they
fought through the same tactical problems. In other words,
along with experience comes empathy, and its imposable
to care if you havent lived it. Secondly, everybody in the unit
understood and believed in the leaders motto. TTs motto
is Do whats right, because its right. This simple maxim
guides TT in producing the highest quality American made
applications for those who protect freedom around the
Reprinted in its entirety from Breach-Bang-Clear.
TNM 49

Arc'teryx LEAF
Urban Wolf
In the movie "Enter the Dragon", Bruce Lee made his
famous comment of "The art of fighting without fighting".
Much in that same way, Arc'teryx has introduced "the art of
hiding without hiding". Urban camouflage has often been
simply grays and blacks in a traditional outdoor pattern.
This may have looked good for movies, but it never actually
hid anyone in any real capacity. In general, it made people
stand out. Urban Wolf from Arc'teryx moves away from
a disruptive pattern and trying to hide, and more into the
realm of being overlooked.
Anyone who has done rooftop surveillance, or surveillance
of any kind in a city knows that it is much easier to follow
someone who stands out. The less someone stands out,
the harder they are to keep tabs on, and the easier they
"disappear". Urban Wolf, with its dark grey color, blends
with concrete, steel, asphalt and similar colors and
materials which are often found in cities.
Shown in the picture are:
Arc'teryx Alpha LT Jacket - 365grams, 3 layer
waterproof/ windproof seam sealed GORE-TEX, waist
length cut, pit zips, velcro cuff adjustment with helmet
compatible hood.
Arc'teryx Drac Pants- 831grams, wind and weather
resistant, integrated gaitors, integrated knee pad
pockets, 8 pocket, soft shell pants.
MSA Supreme Pro - 330 grams, electronic earmuffs
with 200hour run time, external radio jack and uses AAA
Safariland Holster - Automatic Locking System (ALS)
with hood guard and clearance for mounted light.
Glock 17 - 17 round 9mm pistol with custom stippling.

TNM 51

report from report from report from report from

By Airman 1st Class Matthew Lotz, 31st Fighter Wing Public Affairs

U.S 31st M

provides p

report from report from report from report from rep


n for the

report from report from report from report from


When a jet takes off

from Aviano loaded with
munitions in support of
an operation, the Airmen
from the 31st Munitions
Squadron know theyve
done their job.
Charged with assisting
the two fighter squadrons
assigned to the 31st

Fighter Wing, more than

250 active duty personnel
maintain and support a
combat ready stockpile of
munitions and equipment.
Within the squadron
are six flights that
are responsible for
armament, production,

report from report from report from report from rep

systems personnel are

the first to setup and
coordinate what the
MUNS needs to perform
that mission.
Systems is the voice of
the chief and the eyes and
ears of the commander,
said Master Sgt. Shea
Bert, 31st MUNS control
section chief.
We are the command
post of the bomb dump,
said Hughes. We make
sure production has
everything they need and
make sure its on time out
in the field.
While the systems flight
ensures the planning
and preparation of the
munitions, the materiel
flight is responsible for
tracking, delivering,
inspecting, and storing
a multi-million dollar
stockpile of munitions.
Airmen from this flight
are key to the squadron
as they provide munitions
storage for approximately
32 outside agencies and
supply base defense
munitions to explosive
ordnance disposal, the
inspector general and
the U.S. Army. They also
ensure all munitions are
accounted for correctly
and accurately.

materiel, weapons,
systems and programs.
Each flight is responsible
for critical steps in the
process of completing
their mission.

systems, said Master

Sgt. Tobby Hughes, 31st
MUNS systems flight

The systems and control

flight coordinates,
The process in which
trains and manages all
all bomb building takes
personnel and taskings.
place starts and ends with They are also responsible

for directing all munitions

to the proper location.
They coordinate with
liaisons such as the fire
department, carabinieri,
Italian air force and any
other outside agencies
while transporting
any weaponry. When a
deployment comes up,

We are down to the bullet

for accuracy, said Senior
Master Sgt. David Nichols,
31st MUNS materiel flight
chief. If we miss a bullet,
we are doing paperwork
and going back to account
for everything.
The MUNS is not only
accountable for the
munitions; they are
TNM 55

report from report from report from report from

also responsible for

the production of all
The production flight
is where the munitions
are assembled. Before
releasing the munitions
to be put on the aircraft,
Airmen perform a final
check to ensure the
munitions function
properly. If even a small
screw is missing from
a bomb, the production
must start back at the
beginning to ensure it was
built correctly.
In 2011, during operations
Odyssey Dawn and
Unified Protector, the
MUNS production line
TNM 56

built more than 1,500 air

and ground munitions
in support of these
Finally, when all
munitions have been
inspected and given the
green light, they are
then transported to the
armament flight to be
loaded onto the aircraft.
The Airmen from
armament are
responsible for loading
all weaponry onto the
aircraft, performing
function checks and any
last minute maintenance.
With jets flying around
the clock, Airmen from
MUNS are always on hand

to ensure munitions are

available at any time.
In case of a munitions
malfunction, the
armament Airmen are
on call to troubleshoot
the problem and get the
munitions back to the jet.
Most of the time we
can take the munitions
equipment to our back
shop, said Senior Airman
John Heaton, 31st MUNS
armament systems
specialist. But in case of
an emergency, we operate
on the flightline.
Thanks to an active flying
wing, the 31st MUNS is
always busy and working
around the clock. An Air

Force instruction states,

Personnel selected
for munitions control
duties must adapt well to
While the job may be
stressful, the MUNS
personnel do their best to
keep their morale high.
To give positive morale
around one, big family,
we use temporary
duties, deployments and
barbeques as incentives,
said Hughes.
The best part about our
job is seeing an aircraft
takeoff with our bombs
attached to the wing, said

report from report from report from report from rep



Introducing the Sportsman MV 850, our next generation military ATV. Featuring integrated electronic power steering for
more control and less rider fatigue and the same black-out drive lighting, keyless ignition and litter rack capability found on the
MV700. Still not convinced this was built for the military? Weve tilt table tested it to a slope of over 62 percent. For durability,
weve designed a single forward gear that can tow 1500 pounds or reach a top speed of over 50 MPH. Its formed steel cargo
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and 175 miles before you have to add a single drop of fuel.


For more information on our toughest military ATV ever, log on to polarisdefense.com / MV850 or call 1-866-468-7783.

Warning: ATVs can be hazardous to operate. Polaris adult models are for
riders age 16 and older. Polaris youth models of 90cc for riders 10 and
older. Polaris youth models of 50cc for riders 6 and older. For your safety, always wear a helmet, eye protection and protective clothing, and be
sure to take a safety training course. For safety and training information
in the U.S., call the SVIA at (800) 887-2887. You may also contact your
Polaris dealer or call Polaris at (800) 342-3764. For safety training in
Canada, contact your local Polaris dealer. 2013 Polaris Industries Inc.

Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles

By Joshua A. Haarbrink - PHOTO: Polaris Defense



The Polaris Defense MRZR 2 and MRZR 4

s Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles De

ince the dawn of time, the field of battle has

been commanded by those who are mounted
on the beasts and vehicles of their day. From
horseback to motorcycles with sidecars, and from
Jeeps to Humvees, the technological evolution of
mechanized military transportation has advanced
troop transport and is now expanding in the area
of ultra-light, highly-agile and high-performance
personal and small unit vehicles. Todays evershifting theaters of combat have created a military
demand for small assault and support vehicles
capable of operating effectively in remote and rugged

terrain, and Polaris is well-equipped to step into this

critical segment of the market.
With over 50 years of proven experience developing
and producing machinery and personal use allterrain vehicles, Polaris entered the government
and military market as Polaris Defense in 2005.
Demonstrating the characteristic pursuit of innovation
that has been central to its history as a leader in
snowmobile, ATV, water sports and other personal/
utility motorized products, Polaris has applied realworld technological development to meet the rigorous

Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles

TNM 60

s Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles De

Click he


to lear
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and on-demand true all-wheel drive that are in these

of these tough rides. Also key to the handling ability
of the MRZR is the electronic power steering, Fox
Podium suspension and MOAPA tires.

demands of military use with continued improvements

based on feedback from operators in the field.
The most recent manifestation of military-ready
machines has resulted in the two-seater Polaris
MRZR 2 and the four-seater MRZR 4. Both

The broad range of configurability

that both the MRZR 2 and MRZR4
offer is an essential component to producing
a military ready platform.
versions feature the Polaris ProStar 900 Engine which
is an 875cc 4-stroke DOHC twin cylinder engine,
pushing out 88 horses to power this modern-day
chariot. Decades of transmission development for use
in fields ranging from highly-competitive snowmobile
racing to rugged outdoor-use utility vehicles have
contributed to the continuous variable transmission

The broad range of configurability that both the

MRZR 2 and MRZR4 offer is an essential
component to producing a military ready platform.
Both vehicles feature a rear cargo bed box that is
33.75" x 45.75" x 20.5" (85.73cm X 116.2cm X 52.1cm)
and can accommodate two optional rear-facing seats,
one litter, or one rear-facing seat and one litter with
an overall capacity of 500lbs (226.8kg). For quick
deployment as well as concealment, the roll cage
of the MRZR can be released and folded over the
front of the vehicle without the need of tools, which
reduces the height of the vehicle from 70 (177.8cm)
down to 60 (152.4cm) ideal for stowing in a shed or
rolling out the back of a Chinook. Other covert options
include a Black-Out switch which eliminates all white
lights on the vehicle as well as optional infrared lights
that can added to the integrated wiring system and
used with night vision equipment.
The Polaris MRZR 2 is a two-person vehicle that
- with the optional rear-facing seats or combined
with a litter - can carry a total of four people, while
the MRZR 4 is a four-person vehicle that can carry
up to 6 people. This allows for the deployment of
multiple compact and highly maneuverable units
that are able to carry adequate supplies necessary
to conduct longer-distance patrols while maintaining
low visibility and high speed. With just two or three
vehicles, a squad can rapidly maneuver to and from
a combat zone or can effectively cover a larger

TNM 61

Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles

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patrol area while avoiding the use of larger transport

solutions that may require more logistics to utilize.
While this new generation of specialized vehicles
has been developed for use in battlefields abroad,
they are also ideally suited for the daily operations
of domestic and international agencies engaged
in a variety of operations including border patrol,
search and rescue, remote resupply and more. With

Both versions feature the Polaris ProStar

900 Engine which is an 875cc 4-stroke
DOHC twin cylinder engine
experience and a culture of excellence at their core,
the Polaris tradition of finding The Way Out in its
recreational pursuits has led to innovative, highquality, long-lasting and professional products that
are used in wildlife management, event management,
emergency response, tactical operations and other
official business around the world. Now with the
development of the battle-ready MRZR, Polaris
Defense has engaged in the evolutionary process
of one of the most fundamental aspects in military
logistics: getting your guys into the fight while also
giving them The Way Out.
TNM 62

s Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles Defence Vehicles De

TNM 63

tactical rope tactical rope tactical rope tactical

By Norbert Ciano and Axel Manz

...is more than
just sliding down
a rope!
Tactical ropework

is essential for
many missions
and often increases the operational security because intervention
forces may gain a tactical advantage. Frequently it is the key to
missions success. Tactical ropework is very difficult to describe,
because it is not a distinctive, independent field like alpine
ropework, the Speleologen ropework or the high angle rescue. The
following report tries to define tactical ropework and to show some
specific features. Tactical ropework is a hybrid of best practise
techniques from different disciplines, i.e.:
Alpine ropework contributes to tactical ropework by adding
minimalist technologies
High angle rescue contributes to tactical ropework by including
high load capacity techniques of anchor points for several users
as well as horizontal and diagonal lines.
Canyoning-ropework contributes to tactical ropework by work
with a single rope with different braking efficiencies (for variable
user weight, rope diameters etc.) and by releaseable pull down
rope systems
Tree work techniques contribute to tactical ropework by
techniques which find their use in apprehending activists in a
suburban environment.

TNM 64

rope tactical rope tactical rope tactical rope tactica

TNM 65

tactical rope tactical rope tactical rope tactical

Access for interventionrequires extensive techniques
for the construction of highly loadable and spatially
independent anchor points. Sharp or cutting edges
represent a special danger (metal roof-edge / window
glass). Roping with ballistic body armour and head
protection requires special attachment points at the
climbing harness. One-hand rappelling is performed
with the bullet weak support hand and requires
accurately controllable rappelling devices tuned to
the operator`s weight. A quick release system is also
needed to allow efficient separation from the access
rope.In the field of training, rappelling from the top
of structures may also serve as a preparation for safe
rappelling from a helicopter.
TNM 66

rope tactical rope tactical rope tactical rope tactica

ts another
Rescue and evacuation represen
extensive field of tactical ropework

The apprehension of activists or

troublemakersmostly requires proficiency in the
area of tree work and quick action capabilities in
hazardous heights. The takeover of a trespasser
from highlines tensioned between two trees and
over a train catenary is one of the most difficult
scenarios. Activists usually intend to attract
attention by obstructing intervention and by
creating technical problems. These scenarios often
happen under the focus of a public audience, and
require some prudence. Intervention forces must
therefore use redundancy techniques very similar to
commercial rope access methods. A forced rescue
is sometimes the last option to save a suicidal
or deranged person from an exposed position.
TNM 67

tactical rope tactical rope tactical rope tactical

Tactical ropework is a hybrid of best practise

techniques from different disciplines.

About the author


is a highly trained expert in the fields of tactical medicine

(TEMS/TCCC) and tactical rope access for police
counter, terrorist units and military special operations.
He provides and practices trainings in mountain and
urban environment and support for police and military
around the world. He has extensive experience in rescue,
tactical medicine, mountain and helicopter rescue. The
background comes from more than 22 years service
in German rescue units and fire departments and from
cooperation with different special units.


is a highly trained instructor for tactical ropework,

rope rescue and helicopter rope techniques,. He
is also experienced in the development of special
rescue equipment.

rope tactical rope tactical rope tactical rope tactica

The immediate apprehension of the person is a

highly time-critical, dynamic process with an open
Rescue and evacuationrepresents another extensive
field of tactical ropework. This field ranges from the
quick recovery of a person from a dangerous exposed
situation in a rescue triangle, through the rescue of
injured persons by carrying out a helicopter hoist
based stretcher rescue operation, up to evacuation
with the Air-Tep. In very critical situations a provisional
and temporary interaction between ropework and air
rescue may be required (i.e. extension of a rescue
hoist cable).
The most important difference between police and
military techniques is that, due to limited transport
capacities in military operations, rope setups are often
made with only minimalist usage of gear. (e.g., direct
attachment of ropes on trees with the No-Knot or CloveHitch, secured by a Slip-Knot / tensioning of ropes with
the Kara-Acht or the Luttensee Klemme).
Access for intervention and rescue / evacuationin
the military case is basically similar to methods used

by police forces, but may be more aggressive and less

hesitant in the use of explosives to get access through
windows and walls. When helicopters are involved, rope
based in- and exfiltrating techniques (i.e. rappelling,
fastroping, S.P.I.E., rope ladder or AirTep) play a very
important role.
Mountain warfarerelies mostly on alpine techniques.
With its own field of techniques, military mountain
guiding is the most advanced field with tactical
Combat survivalmust be extensively trained and
requires very specific techniques. It needs very light
ropes, streamlined gear like improved sit harnesses
created from rope or webbing, and techniques which
do not leave footprints (i.e. the releaseable pull down
Macrame knot).

In summary,tactical ropework is a double edged sword.

Its techniques can offer great advantages when used
with proficiency. However, lack of specific training may
quickly lead to failure, particularly where single rope
techniques without fault tolerance are applied.
In the next issue, some more light is thrown into
equipment, techniques and education.

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firm prOviding cOrpOraTe
and persOnal securiTy.

We utilize the latest in products and we continually train to perfect our

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Join our DoorKicker Club which allows you a life time membership for continual tactical operations training. Find
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Simply visit us online at: www.eliteenforcementservices.Org


By Wes Doss

TNM 70


TNM 71



The single word

that strikes fear
and acrimonious bitterness in the
hearts and minds of consumers,
while throwing manufactures into
full blinding panic. While this term
has become a standard in todays
society, thrown about with the
ferocity of a group of teens egging
a house on Halloween, the use
of recalls to mend shortcomings
with faulty products is really less
than 100 years old and was brought
about because of serious atrocities
that occurred in all levels of
industry at the time of inception.
Take a break from your high speed
internet surfing and venture to
your local public library and look
for a book titled The Jungle by
Upton Sinclair to get a feel for
what life was like not so long ago
and when industry existed with
little or no accountability. In this
book, published in 1906, Sinclair
graphically exposes the horrid
unsanitary squalid conditions of
the U.S. meat packing industry.
Considering when the book was
written it paints a graphic image
that rivals the gore and goo of any
modern psycho chainsaw killer
movie, easily enough to convince
many to become vegetarian.

the possibility still exists that

dangerously defective products
may reach consumers. Now, in
years past when a product defect
was detected, a manufacturer had
to launch an exhaustive campaign
to notify consumers and then an
equally exhaustive effort to get the
defective product back in order to
repair or replace it. Today with the
immediacy of information and wide
spread method of communication
afforded by the internet, the task,
while still intensive, is simpler,
faster and more thorough, but the
same benefits also alter the risk
landscape greatly.

The immediacy and anonymity

of social media often causes a
dangerous flip side when things
go wrong, the self-anointed
authorities of the World Wide
Web, who command hordes of
sycophantic minions who follow
these supercilious prevaricators
like lemmings leaping with
blind faith to their death, are
often at the helm of much of
the unrestrained panic created
about a faulty product or even the
shear rumor of a faulty product,
launching spectacular crusades
against the manufacturer often
before the manufacture has had
Product quality and safety are the
an opportunity to research the
biggest branding tools available
problem and take any corrective
to a manufacture bare none! The
action, sometimes even before
power of word of mouth advertising the manufacture has even been
and customer satisfaction is by
made aware of the problem itself.
far more powerful than any other
However, when a well-managed
form of marketing, but Internal
recall is put forth by a responsible
manufacturing errors, design faults, manufacture the effects can be
and malicious tampering mean
the opposite and although the
that instead of emphasizing the
manufacture has significant costs
strength of the companys products involved in managing the incident,
to customers, the exact opposite
the benefits of handling it correctly
occurs, or at least it could. The
means that the manufacturer
consequences to a manufacturer
is pushing forward in a strong
for a faulty product can be severe,
way and quickly restoring the
and to a consumer they can mean
standing of the business and
both financial loss and physical
recapturing consumer confidence.
injury. Despite a companys best
For example, in 1978 Wham-O
efforts to design, manufacture and
Manufacturing Company, the
sell safe and reliable products,
folks behind the Frisbee and the

TNM 72

Hula-hoop, in cooperation with

the Consumer Safety Product
Commission, launched a voluntary
recall of the popular water
wiggle toy, this after $2.5 million
units had been sold in the U.S. over
a 17 year period. The recall came
about after the death of a 3 year old
child in 1975 and a 4 year old child
in 1978 who both drowned after
the toy got lodged in their mouths.
Wham-O launched a massive recall
and stopped production of the
toy after only two incidents, even
after it was found that the parents
of both children had modified
the toys and left them partially
disassembled so they could use
the toys internal high pressure
nozzle for other uses. Long story
short, Wham-O still exists as a
major manufacture of 20+ different
product lines confidently sold
across the globe.


What is a product recall?

A product, regardless of
industry, can be recalled when
it has a safety defect or fails to
meet government standards,
assuming that government
standards exists. This is where
firearms typically stray from the
rest of the world, as currently
there exists no government
regulatory organization with
exclusive oversight over firearms
manufactures, not BATF not
even the Consumer Product
Safety Commission, putting the
ethical weight of responsibility
in the hands of the manufacturer
concerned. And, the firearms
industry has definitely not been
without its product issues, many
resulting in recalls, and many
more that have not, at least not
officially. Consider the thousands
of customer complaints and

more than 75 lawsuits alleging

the Remington 700s penchant of
firing without the trigger being
pulled resulting in at least two
dozen deaths and more than 100
serious injuries. Consider also,
with over 500 million guns in
the product line produced since
World War II, Rugers old model
single action revolver being
tied to 600+ deaths attributed
to unintentional discharges,
which occurred from the gun
being bumped (1953 to 1972).
Or the 1986, $1.2 million dollar
lawsuit against Colt following an
unintentional discharge from one
of their single action revolvers,
leaving the recipient of the round
with severe nerve damage and
rendering him impotent. Not a
single recall occurred as a result
of these incidents. At this point
its important to state that Im not

bashing the firearms industry in

any way, shape or form. Ive built
a strong career and reputation in
this industry for years following
both military and law enforcement
service and Im proud of it. My
point is simple in reality, as
close to perfection as we get,
man made things will sometimes
fail and/or potentially break. The
important factor of the equation is
the responsible actions of both the
manufacture and the consumer.
As I mentioned earlier, the
practice of product recalls
originated in the mid-1900s
when congress created various
consumer laws that mandated
manufacturer accountability after
years of accidents and deaths
from malfunctioning and unsafe
merchandise. And, while various
federal agencies have the oversight

TNM 73


to request recalls, manufactures

can voluntarily implement a
recall if they discover a defect in
one of their products. In a typical
product recall, the manufacture
contacts the government agency
with jurisdiction over there product
type then the manufacture and
the government launch a mutual
effort to notify customers of the
recall. In other situations, the
government agency may receive
information about a defective
product and then request that
the manufacture initiate a recall.
In most circumstances, the
manufacture complies. However,
only in the case of infant formulas,
can the government actually
issue a mandatory recall without
a court order, but even with a
court order the key in a recall is
the manufacture and without a
manufactures responsible behavior
and willingness to take corrective
action there really is no chance of
an effective recall.
The effective
recall in action
In regards to responsible behavior
on a manufactures part, lets
consider a couple of very recent
situations in the firearms industry
from a single manufacture. Caracal
is a relatively new small arms
manufacturing firm that launched
production in Abu Dhabi in 2007.
In a short time Caracal started
working closely with the UAE Armed
Forces and the forces of several
western nations to develop a range
of modern pistols for combative
and competitive applications, and
have seen tremendous growth
in the United States, the Middle
East, Europe and South Africa. In
September of 2012 Caracal was
made aware of two individual
situations pertaining to their C and
F model pistols. The first report
involved a Caracal F pistol with
a chambered round discharging
when the pistol was dropped on
a hard surface, resulting in no

TNM 74

injuries. The second report detailed

a failure in which the Caracal Cs
slide broke in half while the pistol
was being fired, resulting in minor
injuries to the shooter. While there
is no good explanation for either
situation, Caracal did something that
surprised many and went straight up
in the face of those self-proclaimed
internet backbiting scandalmongers.
First, they made no excuses offering
not a single dramatic or fluffy
marketing campaign to try an excuse
a short coming, no outpouring of
celebrity spokesmen, nothing. Next,
with safety as a primary concern,
Caracal launched an extensive
and voluntary full product recall
of its Caracal F and C pistols, and
a limited recall of its Caracal C
pistol. This recall also involved a
few things seldom seen on the part
of a manufacture; Caracal offered
a 100% cash refund to anyone who
did not want to exchange their pistol
for a new and improved one. And to
those who remained loyal to Caracal,
a loyalty package was developed
to provide each affected customer
with a new pistol, extra magazine,
t-shirt or hat and a 15% rebate on
any new Caracal purchase. However,
sometimes these processes move
slow and time became an opponent
as many of the reports that were
circulating suggested that Caracal
was taking too long to act, casting
them suspect due to two product
recalls, both occurring in the same
quarter of 2012.
The fact is that while the world
is populated by honest people,
there also exists a proportionate
number of dishonest people, too
and any issue with a product must
be investigated before official
corrective actions can occur. The
time it takes to do a thorough
investigation on a product that is
sold worldwide through several
distribution channels is time
consuming and requires mature
patience on the part of all parties
concerned. The investigation and

analysis of the situations brings

a lot of factors into the equation,
among them are the validity of
the information or how truthful
the claims are, the seriousness
of the hazard or severity of the
consequences and the number of
products involved; and the big one
from an accountability standpoint
is the actual nature of the defect; is
it in the design? The manufacturing
or packaging? Could the issue
stem from raw materials? Or,
could it even be a case of malicious


product tampering or unauthorized Mickey Mouse ears or be able to

enjoy a bowl of Wendys chilli while
sitting in your Toyota Prius.

Does anyone remember the 1992
The number of product recalls
Disney World rape scam, the
increases steadily every year for
2005 finger in the chili incident at
a number of reasons to include
Wendys or the 2008 $2.2 million
a more demanding consumer
vehicle recall launched by Toyota
base, higher standards of safety
over claims of unintentional
and higher testing capabilities,
acceleration? If Disney, Wendys
which allow a manufacture
or Toyota had immediately
to detect and identify
admitted fault in those cases
without conducting proper
investigations, bringing
forth accurate and
factual information,
and had they not
worked diligently on
consumer satisfaction
to maintain their existing
customer base, its likely you
might not have a set of cherished

defects. Then there is the near

instantaneous communication
era we live in and the competitive
nature of trying to rush products to
market ahead of the competition.
The number of recalls and the
types of companies involved
demonstrates that no company
can completely eradicate the
possibility of a product related
issue, but through responsible
and accountable actions they can
mitigate them. When both the
manufacture and the consumer
work together a recall can be a
manageable challenge, rather than
a devastating crisis.

TNM 75

fire test fire test fire test fire test fire test fir

re test fire test fire test fire test fire test fire test
By Wes Doss - Photos by Jae Gillentine and Hye Chong Doss, HCD photography




fire test fire test fire test fire test fire test fir


, a state of completeness and

flawlessness, something that
only the most conscientious designers and manufactures
strive for in their craft. Searching for the perfect tool to solve
a multitude of problems, a tool and cartridge combination
that goes beyond the norm and fills obvious voids. The
quest for perfection is likely more important than attaining
it because true perfection, at least in the world of weapons
development, would have given us Captain Kirks Phaser
years ago, something that go from stun to kill with the flick
of a switch and works 100% of the time, and we would have
missed all trials and tribulations that have occurred over the
Of course when we talk of new developments and designs,
particularly for tactical or military weapons, what we
consistently see are adaptations of Stoners original AR
platform, after all designers and manufactures are taking
advantage of a tried and true weapon design with a well
reputed level of reliability and effectiveness. Of course this
is not to ever suggest that military weapons or even the
AR platform are guiding examples of the apex of weapons
design, after all they are not without their problems, but
the bulk of research and development has been done and
current technology allows companies and users to pretty
much adapt an AR to any situation they want, resulting in
the bestselling rifle platform in the United States, as well
TNM 78

one of the most heavily issued military weapons worldwide.

This demand on AR platform rifles has caused countless
manufactures to jump on the AR bandwagon, offering a
surfeit cavalcade of new and improved weapons, each
attempting to put their own unique twist on the design.
Whether or not they are gas impingement or piston driven,
or what side of the argument you find yourself on, the AR
platform is a firmly entrenched system in our culture.
Norman Vincent Peale once said Problems are to the mind
what exercise is to the muscles, they toughen and make
strong, and holding to this statement, often times there
comes tools that are so well thought out that they reach
near perfection in both concept and function. Recently,
I had a package show up containing a freshly built rifle
from Black Forge Armory, the first of their products I
have ever had. I freely admit it, Initially I thought Oh great

re test fire test fire test fire test fire test fire test

The idea rps

5 Sha
of the .25-4 ize the
is to maxim f modern
performancorm, with
AR pla
r muzzle
much greated a harder
velocity an jectile
hitting pro
another AR, but shortly after uncrating it I realized that
I was holding something different, something unique,
something I was going to like greatly. The rifle was fully
adorned with common, yet functional Magpul furniture
and a lean and sleek Diamondhead VRS T 15.0 FreeFloating Versa Base hand guard. The rifle is built on one of
the beefy Black Forge BF15 receiver sets, and while they
speced that it had a hard anodized finish, it is without doubt
unlike any government issued weapon I have ever had in
my hands, with a shade of black that is so deep and dark
I swear I thought it was some form of aftermarket finish.
Along with the Black Forge rifle came 1000 rounds of what
is destine to be the next big thing in caliber development,
.25-45 Sharps. Thats right Sharps! As in the legendary
rifle designed by Christian Sharps in 1848, this company,
based in Cody Wyoming, is pushing a strong comeback
as a mainstream member of the firearms industry and

has this new cartridge at the fore front of their efforts. The
.25-45 Sharps represents the positive attributes of the
5.56mm, but with increased accuracy and ballistic efficency.
While the basic AR is hard to beat for the shear reliability
of putting rounds down range, the world has griped and
lamented over the virtues, or the vices of the 5.56mm. For
some time development has focused on adapting an AR to
larger more powerful calibers, but the increase in size and
weight of the receiver, ammunition and accessories has
created its own series of drawbacks. This is where rounds
like the .25-45 Sharps step up to the plate, because the
weapon remains the same, in weight and configuration,
only requiring a barrel change to accept the .25-45 Sharps.
The .25-45 is essentially an intermediate cartridge, sitting
somewhere between the 5.56mm and the larger 7.62mm,
while maintaining the use of standard AR receiver. The .2545 Sharps was developed from the .257 Roberts, a legendary
round that has been reputed as the best compromise
between the low recoil of smaller calibers and flat trajectory
and hard hitting power of larger calibers. The idea of the
.25-45 Sharps is to maximize the performance of modern AR
platform, with much greater muzzle velocity and a harder
hitting projectile. The .25-45 Sharps is currently available in
65 and 87 grain bullets (our test rounds were 87 grain Speer
Hot-Cor soft nose), and after pushing several through a
chronograph its apparent the .25-45 Sharps is a real hot rod,
with an average velocity of just a little over 3000 fps, but even
with the heightened velocity the .25-45 Sharps produces
outstanding down range performance, letting me keep
groups at 1.25 or less out to 200 meters. The .25-45 Sharps
can be loaded into standard AR magazines and the only real
change to the weapon is a simple barrel swap.
The Black Forge
The rifle from Black Forge is heavy duty AR built on the
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foundation of a Black Forge BF 15 receiver set, it is a

direct impingement system with a 16 heavy free floating
barrel. Built deep within mil-spec standards, the rifle
came chambered in .25-45 Sharps via an E.R. Shaw
precision barrel and was fitted nicely with a Hogan Gold
Standard trigger with a crisp 3.5 pound pull weight. The
rifle was topped off with a Magpul MOE butt stock and a
lean Diamondhead VRS T 15.0 Free-Floating Versa
Base hand guard. The fit and finish of the Black forge
was outstanding, honestly for a world heavily inundated

that it hasnt even been released yet by Black Forge so stand

by for an official release announcement. During my test runs
I ran hundreds of hot .25-45 Sharps and cleaned the BCG
completely with roughly 4-5 drops of Seal1 and a rag, leaving
a remarkable clean BCG.

On the range
My first time on the Black Forge or shooting the .25-45
Sharps was during a recent training event we did at the Las
Vegas Metropolitan Police Departments range in Las Vegas

I executed a variety of drills, all through a Leupold

Mark 4 HAMR mounted on the Black Forge. The
ammunition for this trial run was limited to the
current production available from Sharps, an 87
grain Soft tip using the Speer Hot-Cor bullet.

with every flavor of snap together leggo-like model AR

its refreshing to find one that really rocks you back on
your heels, while the Black Forge is an all business rifle
built by a company known for building heavy duty military
weapons, it is a stunningly gorgeous rifle, but beyond the
aesthetics of the rifle the Black Forge had a very unique
feature. The complete bolt carrier group (BCG) has a new
and proprietary industrial coating from Black Forge. The
new coating is a chemical bond of nickel, phosphate, and
Teflon with a higher purported wear co-efficient than nickel
boron, with higher self-lubricating properties. The folks at
Black Forge call the finish NiPhos and this finish is so new

NV. This closed law enforcement training center is a neat

and organized array of ranges and training sites, where
everything from handgun training to explosive breaching is
conducted, giving me plenty of opportunity to put this rifle
and unique round through their paces.
I executed a variety of drills, all through a Leupold Mark 4
HAMR mounted on the Black Forge. The ammunition for this
trial run was limited to the current production available from
Sharps, an 87 grain Soft tip using the Speer Hot-Cor bullet.
The first thing we did was set up a chronograph and put ten
rounds of the supplied .25-45 Sharps through it, with an
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average velocity just a little over 3000 fps, I was impressed,

further the Black Forge was shot from a bench during the
use of the chronograph using a target at 100 meters as a
point of aim and easily kept the .25-45 Sharps at tight 1
groups at that distance, in fact backing distances out to a
full 200 meters my groups grew to nothing greater the 1.25.
Then the Black Forge was ran through a series of drills
requiring rapid fire, multiple targets and rapid transitions
from firing shoulder to firing shoulder. The rifles handling
characteristics allowed for very fast double and triple taps
on selected targets, especially at close quarters distances.
The.25-45 Sharps had slightly more recoil then a 5.56mm,
but substantially less than a 7.62mm. While there are no
serious side by side comparisons of the .25-45 Sharps to
other cartridges, it appears that this new round is well
suited for relative long range use as it is for close quarters
Final Thoughts
Sharps decision to launch the .25-45 represents an earnest
attempt to fill a real world void of a round with better
accuracy and stopping power over the 5.56mm and with
the .25-45, particularly in the user friendly AR platform, law
enforcement in the U.S. should be taking a closer look at it
as a very capable patrol rifle and tactical carbine. This new
caliber in conjunction with the accuracy and reliability of
the Black Forge rifle provide a very dynamic combination.
The Black Forge rifle has a normal AR look, but it
disguises an upgraded device with outstanding handling
characteristics and above average accuracy. This translates
into a functional and marketable instrument for any law
TNM 82

enforcement agency looking to equip personnel with an AR

style rifle that is capable of many roles.
The combination of the.25-45 Sharps and the products
produced by Black Forge, whether for close quarters, patrol
or precision engagements, make for a first-rate choice. The
.25-45 Sharps provides enhanced ballistic performance,
allowing agencies to forego rifles chambered for 7.62mm.
The combination is difficult to argue against in terms of
shear utility for law enforcement, military personnel, or
security minded civilians.
Everyone should take an educated look at the .25-45
Sharps and the Black Forge rifle for their primary
weapon due to power, accuracy and multi-roll capability.
For more information on the .25-45 Sharps and Sharps
Rifle Company visit www.broadswordgroup.com for
information on the products from Black Forge Weapons
visit www.blackforgeweapons.com

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About the author

Wes Doss, PhD

Wes is an internationally recognized firearms,
tactics, and use of force instructor with over 30 years
of military and civilian criminal justice experience, as
well as significant operational time with both military
and law enforcement tactical and protective service
organizations. Wes holds specialized instructor
certifications from the U.S. Army, the U.S. Marine
Corps, Arizona POST, the Smith & Wesson Academy,
the Sigarms Academy, the NRA LEAD, and FEMA.

Wes has studied adult education and human

performance extensively and has a broad background
in the martial arts, with over 25 years of training,
teaching, and competitive full contact fighting
experience. Wes is the founder, President, and
General Operating Manager of Khyber Interactive
Associates, LLC and the Annual 1 Inch to 100
Yards Warrior Conference. Wes holds a Masters
degree in Criminal Justice Administration and a
PhD in Psychology. Wes is a member of a number
of professional associations, including: The
International Association of Law Enforcement
Firearms Instructors (IALEFI), The American
Society of Law Enforcement Training (ASLET), The
National Rifle Association (NRA), The National
Tactical Officers Association (NTOA), The Military
Police Regimental Association (MPRA), and the
International Association of Counter Terrorism and
Security Professionals (IACTSP).

I executed a variety of drills, all through a Leupold Mark 4 HAMR

mounted on the Black Forge. The ammunition for this trial run was
limited to the current production available from Sharps, an 87 grain
Soft tip using the Speer Hot-Cor bullet.

Wes is also a published author, with numerous

articles in various publications, such as; SWAT
magazine, ASLET The Trainer, and The NTOA
Tactical Edge. Wes is also the author of the
bestselling books Train to Win, and Condition
to Win both training psychology/philosophy books
focused on law enforcement and military trainers
and professionals. Wess third book Inside the Gap
is a psychological exploration of the close quarters
environment and methods to train for them, its due
for release in winter of 2013.


Doesnt Suck

In almost every instance noted, it became apparent that the canteen or water bottle had
some meaningful benefits over and above the hydration pack. For these reasons, the
promise of Better than a Bottle was at best arguable, and at worst completely unrealized.
Accordingly, most of us who kept carrying a hydration pack did so with full recognition
that the hydration pack had some frustrating limitations. Bob Geiger
Report by Mike Haytack/EAGLElement

TNM 84



school Semper Fi blood drives

GEIGERRIG. In the early 90s,
Bob Geiger first experienced hydration
packs as a rifle platoon commander
in the US Marine Corps. He began to
notice hydration packs were based
on a belief that the application would
provide hands free access to water in a
way that is much more convenient than
a water bottle or canteen. However,
as he began using hydration packs,
he found that the systems had some
very real shortcomings. It was these
experiences, often in tough times that
drove him to design and create a better
solution. Bob believes in keeping things
simple, but also believes in closing the
loop through end user feedback.

to lea
more abrn



Click he


During his initial research, half of the

folks expressed difficulty sucking the
water out of a hydration pack while
engaged in aerobic activity such as
running or mountain biking. They
often said that they needed to stop,
catch their breath, drink, and then
proceed. Another top feedback item
was maintenance, specifically having
to wash the unit. After initial use, folks
expressed difficulty cleaning their
hydration system or didnt clean it at all
because the design didnt encourage
easy cleaning. Consumers left the
system to collect mold and money was
wasted. Users also wanted convenient
access to water in their hydration pack
to spray off their body, gear and even
wounds. Maybe a surprise to some,
most want to share their water, but
didnt due to the requirement to suck
on a bite valve. Finally, it was virtually
universal that consumers wished
they could dunk their hydration pack
in a stream and immediately begin
drinking the water. Determining there
was significant dissatisfaction with the
traditional hydration pack, GEIGERRIG
developed one solution that addressed
all of those issues, and they call it a
hydration engine.
The hydration engine uses a patented
pressurized system that sprays water
out when the bite valve is pinched

or bitten, allowing water to be easily

ingested during aerobic activity.
Users simply pressurize the engine
by squeezing a small bulb located on
the shoulder strap. The pressurizing
chamber of the hydration pack is
separate from the water chamber. This
ensures that the pressurizing air in the
hydration pack never hits the drinking
tube and subsequently depressurizes
the hydration pack. Another benefit
of the pressurized system is that it
prevents mouth bacteria from back
washing and hosting in the drink tube
and bite valve. For filling and cleaning,
access is easily gained through a large
opening at the top. This design feature
also allows the unit to be easily turned
inside out and placed on the top shelf
of the dishwasher for cleaning. Also,
users can confidently refill the engine
with water from a river, stream, lake or
pond because GEIGERRIG offers an inline filter. This is a game changer! The
filters attach directly to the hydration
bladder, in-line, with the drink tube, and
are tested and certified to protect users
from common gastrointestinal illness.
All this is great, but you still need a
smart and convenient way to carry the
engine and maximize the technology.
GEIGERRIG has done that, and added a
layer of safety.
The main concept for the Guardian was
to create a low-profile, high-pressure,
impact-absorbing, slip-surface pack.
Designers of the Guardian found out
if you insert a hydration reservoir
between two rigid plates, then
compress the plates together using
straps, the reservoir is immediately
pressurized to a certain degree. If you
then insert air into the air-chamber of
the GEIGERRIG system, the plates will
restrict the expansion of the reservoir,
keeping it low profile. Now, with the air
inserted into the air chamber, the water
in the reservoir, and the rigid guardian
plates on both sides, you now have an
impact absorbing system
arrayed over the back of
the user. The pack is made
from 500D Cordura and

TNM 85


30 degrees that allows positioning the

drink tube without bending it. Another
nice feature is the on/off twist function
that prevent user form inadvertently
spraying water everywhere. Overall
GERIGERRIG has a well thought out
For obvious reason I didnt test the
impact absorbing claims, but I think Its
fair to say this design has the potential
to help if the user experienced an
impact to the center back. GEIGERRIG
did not send a filter with this model,
so I was unable to test the claims.
GEIGERRIG is in production of a full
on Tactical version of the Guardian.
The pack will essentially be the same
except for few minor but necessary
changes. Itll feature stowable straps
and have the ability to connect to any
Pouch Attachment Ladder System
(PALS), plus 360 degrees of D rings
around the exterior. None of the issue
noted seriously distracted from the
outstanding performance, and as
matter of fact, I found the design to be
one of the best Ive ever worn.

futures 70 Oz engine, and the empty

weight is 1.75 lbs.
Test and Evaluation
Upon initial inspection, the unit
has a slim futuristic look. Shoulder
straps and back panel are mostly
mesh, with foamed diamond shaped
padding. Overall, the pack has a sturdy
construction. Fit is ergonomically
correct, and shoulder straps feel
light. A huge spine channel runs the
entire length of the pack and helps
stabilize the load when the engine
is pressurized. The pack features a
properly placed sternum and belly
strap however I have a 36 waist and
found the belly strap near its limits. The
pack fits snug and I didnt experience
any pinching or creeping, however

TNM 86

when the engine is fully pressurized

I got a minor sensation of bulging
through the back panel.
Unbuckling the two exterior snap
latches allows access to the engine.
To fill the engine, you simply quick
disconnect the main drink tube and
pressure tube, and remove the top
slider to allow easy filling. Once the
engine is secured back in place, the
user simply pressurizes the engine. It
took me on average 25-30 squeezes
to charge the engine. A twist air
release valve is located directly above
the charge bulb. I noticed if I needed
to re-pressurize the system during
colder temperatures, the bulb was a
little harder to pump. The water valve
has a nice ergonomic bend of about

GEIGERRIG has consistently won

awards worldwide for their designs
and the Guardian should attract
similar attention. Both recreational
and hardcore users will appreciate
this small compact and versatile
hydration system. I truly believe
this is one of the more innovative
applications available to the outdoor
community, and Im looking forward
to seeing the tactical version. Id like
to thank GEIGERRIG for providing
the Guardian. During my research
I came across numerous reviews
regarding GEIGRRIGs customers
service; Everyone had nothing but
positive things to say. I can back
all those up, because during my
numerous talks with Bob and Curt,
I always felt like they truly cared
about the time they spent talking to
me. If youre looking for a proven
hydration design, and superior
customer service, look no
further than GEIGERRIG.










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TNM 87

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Rely on our ammunition.

Our products enable the highly effective combating of the most varied targets in all situations.
Your ability and our ammunition make the difference!
Please visit us at IWA in Nuernberg from 8th 11th March 2013, hall 7, booth 117.

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