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# W.

Menard

8/27/14
Geometry: A Discovery Approach
We will be using GeoGebra, patty paper, and the coordinate plane as tools to define, classify, and justify geometric ideas, postulates and theorems.
We will look at 2 column proof, but focus on explicitly stating all assumptions and working towards a logical narrative to describe our solution to any problem.
There will be a task or project for each unit, as well as regular problem-solving activities.
Assessments attached in separate document. Keep in mind Dana Center Assessments
TOOLS
Interactive Notebooks
Weekly Math Maintenance Sheets
Patty Paper
Geogebra
Compass/Straight Edge constructions
Mirrors

Unit/Driving
Questions
Topics Covered
CCSSM/
SMP
Learning Activities Assessments Other
Unit 0 Tools for this course MP-1
Pick a Point (Sam Shah/Dan Meyer)
Folding Paper Activity
Exercise in description
o Work with a partner, describe a sketch
o Have partner draw sketch
o Swap
Geogebra tutorial
Marshmallow tower?
What are the Standards of Mathematical Practice?
MATHOGRAPHY
mathography Intro
Kaizena
IDEA
http://www.inquirymaths.com/ho
me
Unit 1:
Definition &
Classification
Because definitions
are so essential to
proof in geometry,
we will begin the
year by setting up
our interactive
notebooks with
glossaries.

How do we define and classify
geometric objects?
What are the basic terms we
need to talk about objects in
geometry?
Definitions of:
Point line plane line segment ray
angle midpoint bisect polygon
collinear coplanar non-collinear
MP-5 Tools
MP-6
Precision
G-CO.1
G-CO.12,
13
G-MG.1
Exercise in classification: Arguing About Shapes
o Sort shapes, objects
o Describe how you sorted
o How do you fit new shapes into these?
o I NOTICE, I WONDER
Exercise in definitions
o Pictionary?
o Modified Frayer Models Definitions and Frayer
Models: Examples/Counter Examples
o How accurate is your definition?
Collinear/Coplanar exercise in Jacobs p. 63
Intro to Geometric Construction: The Equilateral
Triangle (copying segments)
o Creative Constructions
Cost of a Great
Looking Floor? Cost of
a Great Looking
Floor.pdf
4 COLUMN GLOSSARY TEMPLATE:
DEFINTION/SKETCH/EXAMPLE/NON-
EXAMPLE

INTRODUCTION TO
GEOGEBRA
Unit 2: The Logic Conditional statements
(hypothesis/conclusion)
8-G.6,7
A-REI.1,3
o The conditional and its converse
Logic Posters (revise)
Logic Poster

Algebra Review
Graphing on the
coordinate plane
Integer operations
Algebra Review
Solving equations

W. Menard

8/27/14
of Geometry
Claim, Evidence,
Explanation
Converse of conditionals
Syllogisms: Chain of logic
Deductive versus Inductive logic
Postulates versus Theorems
Truth Value/Logical Equivalence
Inverse and Contrapositive
MP-3
Construct
Arguments
MP-8
Repeated
Reasoning
o Syllogisms and proof
o Indirect proof (3 Hats p. 56)
o Deductive System
Postulates
Famous Theorems:
Pythagorean Theorem How do we
correct the scarecrow? (Kaplinsky)
Triangle Sum

Proj_Global Cit
2013.doc
Unit 3: Planes,
Lines and
Angles

Plane theorems
Measurement of line segments
and angles
Bisecting
Angle Pairs
Parallel/Perpendicular (separate
unit?)
8-G.5
A-SSE.1a
A-CED.1
G-CO.1, 0
MP-2,3,5,7
Planes: Intersecting, Parallel, Coplanar
Lines
o Intersecting, parallel, perpendicular, skew
What is an angle?
o Geogebra demo
o Measuring angles with protractors, patty paper
BISECTION
o What does it mean to bisect?
A line?
Perpendicular bisector vs. any bisector
An angle?
Angle Pairs
o Supplementary/Complementary
o Vertical
o Identifying all angle pairs first on pictures,
then naming
o Finding angle measures
With numbers
With expressions
Writing equations
Parallel Lines intersected by a Transversal
o fawnnguyen.com/parallel-perpendicular-
lines/
o Explore angle pairs created with Patty
Paper/Geogebra
o Alternate Interior, Alternate Exterior,
Corresponding, Consecutive (Same-Side)
Interior Angle pairs

Use Geogebra
constructions as
assessment

Picciotto: Geometry Labs 1.10
Soccer Angles

Equal Divisions in Carpentry
(http://wncpactivemath.wordpress
.com/)

? inverse and contrapositive
? truth value
? logical equivalence
Idea for Activity/INBs:
angle pair flashcards

Algebra Review
Writing expressions
Writing equations to
solve problems
Foldable:
Everybody is a
Genius Points Lines
and Planes
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8/27/14
Unit 4:
Properties of
Triangles
Defining and classifying triangles
Solving Angle Sum problems
Isosceles Triangles
Exterior Angle Theorem
Triangle Inequality Theorems
Triangle Segments and points of
concurrency
Triangle midsegments
triangles?
8-G.5
G-CO.1, 10
A-CED/1
G-SRT.7,8
(if trig is
included)
MP-2,3,6
Introduction: Triangle quilt
http://drawingonmath.blogspot.com/2011/12/triangl
e-quilt.html (use as pre-assess on vocabulary and
basic concepts)
Vocabulary: acute, obtuse, right, scalene,
isosceles, equilateral, equiangular, median,
centroid, incenter, circumscribe, inscribe, exterior
angle, midsegment, leg, hypotenuse, base angle,
vertex angle
Explore midsegments in Geogebra; construct,
make conjectures
Silver Rectangles Silver Rectantgle
Activity:
Unit 5: Triangle
Congruence
How do we prove
that figures are
congruent? Is
there more than
one way?
(Claim, Evidence,
Explanation)
Meaning of congruence
Congruence through
transformations
Congruence shortcuts
Congruent parts of congruent
figures
8-G.1-3
G-CO.2,6,7
MP-2,3,5
What does congruent mean? Why is it important?
Exploration of congruence through transformations:
coordinate plane, patty paper, Geogebra
o Review types of transformations:
reflections, translations, rotations
Exploration of SSS through constructions, hands-
on activity with straws?

Illustrative Mathematics
Partitioning Hexagons
(GGB)
https://www.illustrative
mathematics.org/illustr
ations/1200
Congruent Triangle
Quiz (see M. Pershan
post: ignoring-meaning-
of-feedback.html)
Proof Blocks

Unit 6: Polygons/
What features do
all polygons
share? What
types of special
features create
different
polygons?
Interior angles of polygons
Exterior angles of polygons
Types of polygons
Parallelograms
Rectangles
Rhombi
Squares
Trapezoids
Isosceles trapezoids
A-REI.6
G-CO.11
MP-2,5
Exploration of polygon sum formula
Discovery of exterior angle sum
Use Geogebra to explore parallelogram family
(look at Bannard Exeter materials)
Ideas:
o Can you make? CanYouMake
Geoboards.doc
o Pattern Block Explorations Pattern Block
Riddles.doc
o Eyeballing game:
http://woodgears.ca/eyeball/
o Always Sometimes Never - Quads
Constructing a rhombus/square in a circle

Unit 7: Locus
5 Locus Theorems
Compound Locus
Locus on the Coordinate Plane
Solving problems with locus
Applications of locus
G-CO.1
MP-4,5,6
Fixed distance from a point intro: cell phone tower:
how-i-introduced-locus-this-year
Locus Coloring Activity
Enrichment: Taxi Cab
Geometry; compare
locus definitions
Tie into constructions
Algebra Review
Slope, writing
equations of lines
Algebra Review
Systems of linear
equations
Algebra Review
Slope of parallel and
perpendicular lines
W. Menard

8/27/14
Unit 8:
Geometric
Properties on
the Coordinate
Plane
Equations of Lines
Pythagorean Theorem and
Distance
Midpoint
Slopes of Parallel and
Perpendicular Lines
Equations of Perpendicular
Bisectors
Justifying properties
algebraically
Equations of Circles
Literal Coordinates/Formulas
Equations of Parabolas
G-GPE.1,4-
7
A-CED.2
A-REI.7
MP-2,6-8
Derivation of distance formula
TAKS activities.pdf
o Have students identify coordinates which
create a specific geometric object and justify
their findings.
Whitebeards Treasure
Linear Equation
Golf/Equations of Lines
on a Grid
Nested Boxes Group
Activity

Unit 9:
Transformations
in Space and the
Coordinate
Plane
Isometries
Translations
Reflections
Over y and x axes, y=x
Over y=k or x=k
Point Reflections
Rotations
Dilations
Glide Reflections
Composition of Transformations
G-CO.2,4,5
MP-5,7
Combine transformations worksheet combine-
transformations_worksheet.pdf
NRICH Transformation challenges
Transformations_Challenges.pdf
Rotational Designs rotationalDesigns.pdf rotationBy45.pdf
Patty Paper Explorations
Coat of Arms project or
Art Reflections Lines of
Symmetry Reflection
Project.docx
Formative: Illustrative
Mathematics Rectangle
Reflections
https://www.illustrative
mathematics.org/illustr
ations/1229

Unit 10:
Similarity
Ratio and Proportion Review
Similar Figures and Dilations
Similar Triangle properties
Similarity shortcuts
Triangle proportionality theorem
Midsegment Theorem
Right Angle Altitude
Other Similar Figures
G-SRT.2-5
MP-1,2,7,8
Worksheet: Tips4RM Unit Similar Triangles Unit.pdf
Identifying Similar Triangles (Mathbits) Identifying Similar
Triangles.pdf
Geogebra
Floodlights Floodlights similarity.pdf
Exploring Right Triangle Similarity Curriculum Geometry

Tree activity from
@marybourassa

Unit 11: Circles
Parts of Circles: Segments &
Angles
Arcs and Chords
G-C.2,3
MP-2,5,8
Transformulas.org: Circles and Similarity Intuition (desmos)
Patty paper explorations
Geogebra explorations
Art, Arcs and Sectors Use a photo for exploration:

W. Menard

8/27/14
Central Angles
Inscribed Angles
Angles created by: intersecting
chords, tangents and secants
Segments: Diameters
exploration of:
Intersecting chords [ta-da!]
Properties of tangent segments
Intersecting tangents and
secants
Inscribed Angles and the Eye Project.chord properties.doc

HOW TO MAKE THIS UNIT LESS PROCEDURAL AND
MORE ACCESSIBLE TO ALL?

Extra Credit: Wind Rose Construction

Unit 12: Volume
and Surface
Area
Properties of:
Prisms
Cylinders
Pyramids
Cones
Spheres
How are volume and surface
area formulas derived? Problem-
solving with 3D solids
Optimization with 3D solids
8-G.9
G-
GMD.1,3,4
G-MG.1
MP-4,6,7
Explore 3D models; make conjectures

The Wedding Cake
Problem
Sketch-Up
Exploring Nets and Folding
Making stellated icosahedra!

Design your dream home project - @algebranic1 or everybodyisagenius project

Resources for INBs:
CHORDS_SECANTS_AND_TANGENTS.doc
Analyzing Solids