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Chrysler Building

The Chrysler Building is a classic example of Art Deco architecture and considered by many
contemporary architects to be one of the finest buildings in New York City with 77 floors today.
The Chrysler Building was designed by architect William Van Alen for a project of Walter P.
Chrysler.

Construction commenced on September 19, 1928. In total, almost 400,000 rivets were used

and approximately 3,826,000 bricks were manually laid, to create the non-loadbearing walls of
the skyscraper.

Contractors, builders and engineers were joined by other building-services
experts to coordinate construction. The spire was delivered to the site in four different
sections.On October 23, 1929, the bottom section of the spire was hoisted onto the top of the
building's dome and lowered into the 66th floor of the building. The other remaining sections of
the spire were hoisted and riveted to the first one in sequential order in just 90 minutes.
Less than a year after it opened to the public on May 27, 1931, the Chrysler Building was
surpassed in height by the Empire State Building, but the Chrysler Building is still the world's
tallest steel-supported brick building.
The Chrysler Building is considered a leading example of Art Deco architecture. The corners
of the 61st floor are graced with eagles ; on the 31st floor, the corner ornamentation are replicas
of the 1929 Chrysler radiator caps.The building is constructed of masonry, with a steel frame,
and metal cladding. In total, the building currently contains 3,862 windows on its facade and 4
banks of 8 elevators designed by the Otis Elevator Corporation.The building was declared
a National Historic Landmark in 1976.
The Chrysler Building is also renowned and recognized for its terraced crown. Composed of
seven radiating terraced arches, Van Alen's design of the crown is a cruciform groin
vault constructed into seven concentric members with transitioning setbacks, mounted up one
behind another.The stainless-steel cladding is ribbed and riveted in a radiating sunburst pattern
with many triangular vaulted windows, transitioning into smaller segments of the seven narrow
setbacks of the facade of the terraced crown. The entire crown is clad with silvery "Enduro KA-2"
metal, an austenitic stainless steel developed in Germany by Krupp and marketed under
the trade name "Nirosta" (a German acronym for nichtrostender Stahl, meaning "non-rusting
steel").
When the building first opened, it contained a public viewing gallery on the 71st floor, which
was closed to the public in 1945. This floor is now the highest-occupied floor of the Chrysler
Building, it was occupied by an office space management firm in 1986. The private Cloud
Club occupied a three-floor high space from the 66th68th floors, but closed in the late 1970s.
Above the 71st floor, the stories of the building are designed mostly for exterior appearance,
functioning mainly as landings for the stairway to the spire. Very narrow with low, sloped ceilings,
these top stories are useful only for holding radio-broadcasting and other mechanical and
electrical equipment.Television station WCBS-TV (Channel 2) originally transmitted from the top
of the Chrysler in the 1940s and early 1950s, before moving to the Empire State Building.For
many years, WPAT-FM and WTFM (now WKTU) also used the Chrysler Building as a
transmission site, but they also moved to the Empire by the 1970s. There are currently no
commercial broadcast stations located at the Chrysler Building.


There are two sets of lighting in the top spires and decoration. The first are the V-shaped
lighting inserts in the steel of the building itself. Added later were groups of floodlights that are on
mast arms directed back at the building. This allows the top of the building to be lit in many
colors for special occasions. This lighting was installed by electrician Charles Londner and crew
during construction.
The Chrysler Building has been shown in several movies that take place in New York. In the
summer of 2005, New York's own Skyscraper Museum asked one hundred architects, builders,
critics, engineers, historians, and scholars, among others, to choose their 10 favorites among 25
New York towers. The Chrysler Building came in first place as 90% of them placed the building in
their top-10 favorite buildings.
The Chrysler Building's distinctive profile has inspired similar skyscrapers worldwide,
including One Liberty Place in Philadelphia.





















Vocabulary:
To commence(v)- take the first step or steps in carrying out an action(a incepe);
Rivet(n)- heavy pin having a head at one end and the other end being hammered flat after
being passed through holes in the pieces that are fastened together(nit);
Spire(n)- a tall tower that forms the superstructure of a building (usually a church or temple)
and that tapers to a point at the top(turn);
To hoist(v)- raise or haul up with or as if with mechanical help ( a ridica);
Dome(n)- a hemispherical roof; a concave shape whose distinguishing characteristic is that
the concavity faces downward (cupola);
To grace(v)- make more attractive by adding ornament, colour etc. ( a impodobi);
Masonry(n)- structure built of stone or brick by a mason (zidarie);
Cladding(n)- a protective covering that protects the outside of a building(placare);
Groin(n)- a curved edge formed by two intersecting vaults(vintre);
Vault(n)- an arched brick or stone ceiling or roof(bolta);
Setbacks(n)- an unfortunate happening that hinders or impedes; something that is thwarting
or frustrating(obstacole);
Stairway(n)- a way of access (upward and downward) consisting of a set of steps(scara);
Floodlight(n)- light that is a source of artificial illumination having a broad beam; used in
photography(proiector);
Skyscraper(n)- a very tall building with many stories(zgirie-nori).










Chrysler Building
Chrysler Building este un exemplu classic de arhitectura Art Deco si considerat de multi
arhitecti contemporani unul din cele mai bune constructii din New York cu 77 de etaje. Crysler
Building a fost proiectata de arhitectul William Van Alen pentru un proiect de Walter P. Chrysler.
Constructia a inceput pe 19 Septembrie, 1928. In total au foat folosite aproape 400 000 nituri
si aproximativ 3 826 000 caramizi erau puse manual, pentru a crea non-loadbearing pereti de
zgirie-nori. Contractantii, constructorii si inginerii s-au alaturat de alti experti de servicii de
constructii pentru a coordona constructia. Turnul a fost livrat pe site in patru sectiuni diferite.
Pe 23 octombrie, 1929, sectiunea de jos a turnului a fost arborat pe partea de sus a cupolei
cladirii si coborita la etajul 66 a cladirii. Celelalte sectiuni ramase a turlei au fost arborate si
nituite la primul in odine secventiala in doar 90 minute.
Mai putin de un an dupa ce s-a deschis publicului pe 27 mai, 1931, Chrysler Building a fost
deposit in inaltime de Empire State Building, dar Chrysler Building este inca cea mai inalta
sustinuta de otel cladire de caramida din lume.
Chrysler Building este considerat un exemplu inalt de arhitectura Art Deco. Colturile de la
etajul 61 sunt impodobite cu vulture, la etajul 31 ornamentarea coltului sunt replici ale capacelor
de radiator din 1929. Cladirea este construita din zidarie cu cadru din otel si placare din metal.
In total cladirea contine current 3 862 de ferestre pe fatada si 4 banci de 8 lifturi proiectate de
Otis Elevator Corporation. Cladirea a fost declarata National Historic Landmark in 1976.
Chrysler Building este de asemenea renumit si recunoscut pentru coroana terasa. Compus
din sapte arcade ce radiaza, designul Van Alen a coroanei este o bolta vintre in forma de cruce
construita in sapte membri concentrici cu trecerea obstacolelor, montat in sus unul dupa altul.
Placarea din otel inoxidabil este petiol si Frunze si nituit intr-un model Sunburst radiant cu multe
frestre boltite triunghiular, trecind in segmente mai mici de sapte obstacole inguste de fatada a
coroanei terase. Intreaga coroana este placata sau dublata cu metal argintiu Enduro KA-2, un
otel inoxidabil austenitic dezvoltat in Germania de catre Krupp si comercializat sub denumirea
comerciala Nirosta( un acronim german pentru nichtrostender Stahl, ceea ce inseamna otel
non-ruginit).
Cind cladirea a fost prima data deschisa, a continut o galerie publica la etajul 71, care a fost
inchisa in 1945. Acest etaj acum este cel mai inalt ocupat etaj din Chrysler Building, a fost
ocupat de un spatiu de birouri de management in 1986. Cloud Club privat a ocupat 3 etaje
spatiu din etajele 66-68, dar s-a inchis in 1970. Deasupra etajului 71, etajele cladirii sunt
proiectate mai mult pentru aparenta exterioara, functionind mai ales ca debarcari pentru scara
de turn. Foarte inguste cu tavane joase, inclinate, aceste etaje de virf sunt utile doar pentru
detinerea de radio-emisie si alt echipament mechanic si electric. Statia de televiziune WCBS-
TV( canalul 2) initial transmise din virful cladirii Chrysler in 1940 si 1950, inainte de a trece la
Empire State Building. Pentru multi ani WPAT-FM si WTFM( acum WKTU) de asemenea au
folosit Chrysler Building ca retea de transmisie, dar la fel au trecut la Empire dupa 1970. In
Chrysler Building nu mai sunt situate posturile comerciale de difuzare.
Exista doua seturi de iluminat in turle de top si decoratiuni. Primele sunt cele in forma V de
iluminat inserate in otel a cladirii in sine. Adaugat mai tirziu erau grupuri de proiectoare care sunt
pe arme catarg indreptate inapoi la cladire. Acest lucru permite din virful cladirii sa fie aprinse in
multe culori pentru ocazii special. Acest iluminat a fost instalat de electricianul Charles Londner
si echipa din timpul constructiei.
Chrysler Building a fost aratat intr-o multime de filme care au loc in New York. In vara anului
2005, muzeul zgirie-nori propriu din New York a cerut o suta de arhitecti, constructori, critici,
ingineri, istorici si scolari, printre altii, sa aleaga 10 favoriti din 25 turnuri din New York. Chrysler
Building a fost pe primul loc dupa cum 90 % din ei au plasat cladirea in cele 10 cladiri favorite
de top.
Profilul distinctiv a cladirii Chrysler a inspirit zgirie-nori similari in intreaga lume, incluzind
One Liberty Place in Philadelphia.






















The Chrysler Building is a classic example of Art Deco architecture, that was designed by
architect William Van Alen for a project of Walter P. Chrysler. Construction commenced on
September 19, 1928. In total, almost 400,000 rivets were used

and approximately 3,826,000
bricks were manually laid, to create the non-loadbearing walls of the skyscraper. It opened to the
public on May 27, 1931. The building is constructed of masonry, with a steel frame, and metal
cladding. The building currently contains 3,862 windows on its facade and 4 banks of 8 elevators
designed by the Otis Elevator Corporation.The building was declared a National Historic
Landmark in 1976. The Chrysler Building is also renowned and recognized for its terraced crown.
When the building first opened, it contained a public viewing gallery on the 71st floor, which was
closed to the public in 1945. This floor is now the highest-occupied floor of the Chrysler Building,
it was occupied by an office space management firm in 1986. The private Cloud Club occupied a
three-floor high space from the 66th68th floors, but closed in the late 1970s. Above the 71st
floor, the stories of the building are designed mostly for exterior appearance, functioning mainly
as landings for the stairway to the spire. Very narrow with low, sloped ceilings, these top stories
are useful only for holding radio-broadcasting and other mechanical and electrical equipment.
There are currently no commercial broadcast stations located at the Chrysler Building. There are
two sets of lighting in the top spires and decoration. The Chrysler Building has been shown in
several movies that take place in New York. The Chrysler Building's distinctive profile has
inspired similar skyscrapers worldwide, including One Liberty Place in Philadelphia.