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MATH 4751/6751

Test 1 Spring 2013


1.1 2.7

Total number of Points: 104 Grade: Sum

1. The sum of all of the probabilities for all of the possible events of a sample is
one.

False (True, False) 3 points

2. Set up the answers for the following questions. Do not calculate.

4 points each

a. In how many ways can 4 red blocks, 5 orange blocks, and 20 blue blocks
be arranged?

Answer:
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20 , 5 , 4
29


b. In how many ways can 17 red blocks be distributed among 4 children, if
each child will receive at least 1 block?

Answer:
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13
16
or
3
16


c. In how many ways can 8 different tasks be assigned to 3 people? There
is no assumption that everyone will be assigned a task.

Answer: 3
8

d. Find the coefficient of xy
6
z
8
in the expansion of (x + y + z)
15
.

Answer:
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8 , 6 , 1
15



3. Suppose I have 10 blocks numbered one through 10. There are 5040 ways to
choose 4 blocks. 4 points
4. For any positive integers n and r = 0, 1, 2, . . . , n 1,

( )
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+
+ =
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1
1
1
r
n
r
r
n
n


Complete the proof. Hint: n 1 r = n r 1

6 points

( ) | |
( )
( ) ( ) | |
( )
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\
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+
+ =
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\
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+ +
+ =
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+ +
+
=
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\
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=
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1
1
1
! 1 ! 1
!
1
1
! 1 !
!
*
1
1
1
)! 1 ( !
)! 1 (
*
1
r
n
r
r
n
n
r n r
n
r
r
n
n
r n r
n
r
r
r
n
n
r n r
n
n
r
n
n



5. Show that if A and A' are complementary events in a sample space S,
P(A) = 1 P(A'). Fill in the blank for the first step and then complete the
proof.

6 points

A A' = S
P(A A') = P(S)
P(A) + P(A') = 1
P(A) = 1 P(A')

6. (A B) (A' B) (A B') = A B 3 points

7. A sample space is said to be discrete, if it is countable. 3 points

8. A sample space may be countable and still have an infinite number of elements?

True (True, False) 3 points
9. A card is to be drawn from a standard deck of cards. Which of the following
events are mutually exclusive?

A: Drawing a face card (Jack, Queen, King)
B: Drawing a heart
C: Drawing an even numbered (2, 4, 6, 8, or 10) card that is a spade or club
D: Drawing a an ace
E: Drawing a diamond or a heart.

4 points

1. A, C, D B, C C, E

10. A and B are mutually exclusive events. P(A) = 0.1 P(B) = 0.3

a. P(A B) = 0 3 points



b. P(A B) = 0.4 4 points



11. C and D are independent events. P(C) = 0.6 P(D) = 0.2

4 points each

a. P(C D) = 0.12


b. P(C D) = 0.68







12. The probability of rolling two dice and getting a sum of less than 11 is
12
11
.

6 points

13. An urn contains 101 balls. Thirty-five of the balls are red and 12 of the balls are
both red and large. Thirty-one of the balls are neither red nor large.

a. Draw the Venn diagram. 6 points
















b. 35 of the balls are large but not red. 3 points








c. The probability is
35
12
for getting a large ball given that a red ball will be
chosen.

4 points

Red
Large
23
12
35
31
14. The probabilities for ordering entrees, appetizers, desserts, or some
combination of these is given below.

Entre 0.85
Appetizer 0.56
Dessert 0.43
Entre and Appetizer 0.47
Entre and Dessert 0.35
Appetizer and Dessert 0.25
Entre, Appetizer, and Dessert 0.10

The probability is 0.87 that a customer will order an entre, appetizer, or a
dessert.

6 points

15. Seven cards are to be dealt from a standard deck of cards. Set up the
probability of getting a three of a kind and two pairs. This would be of the form
AAABBCC but not necessarily in this order. This event will be named M. Do
not calculate

P(M) =
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7
52
2
4
2
4
2
12
1
4
1
13
4 points

16. An urn contains 10 red balls, 20 blue balls, 30 green balls, and 40 yellow balls.

4 points each

a. Set up the probability for choosing 2 red balls, 3 blue balls, and 4 green
balls. Once a ball is chosen, it will not be put back in the urn. This event
will be called B. Do not calculate.

P(B) =
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4 , 3 , 2
9
*
92
27
*
93
28
*
94
29
*
95
30
*
96
18
*
97
19
*
98
20
*
99
9
*
100
10


b. The odds in favor of choosing a blue ball are 1 to 4.

17. The probability of winning a race is
10
3
.

The odds against winning the race are 7 to 3. 4 points