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Oxygen therapy is the administration of oxygen as a therapeutic modality.

It is prescribed by
the physician, who specifies the concentration, method of delivery, and liter flow per minute.
Benefits of Oxygen Therapy:
Additional Benefits of Oxygen Therapy:
Increased clarity
Relieves nausea
Can prevent heart failure in people with severe lung disease
Allows the bodies organs to carry out normal functions
Long-Term Benefits of Oxygen Therapy:
Prolongs life by reducing heart strain
ecreases shortness of breath
!a"es exercise more tolerable
Results in fewer days of hospitali#ation
Oxygen Delivery Systems
1. Nasal ann!la
Also called nasal prongs.
Is the most common inexpensive device used to administer oxygen.
It is easy to apply and does not interfere with the client$s ability to eat or tal".
It delivers a relatively low concentration of oxygen which is %&' to &(' at flow rates of %
to ) liters per minute.
". #a$e %as&
It cover the client$s nose and mouth may be used for oxygen inhalation.
*xhalation ports on the sides of the mas" allow exhaled carbon dioxide to escape.
Types of #a$e %as&s:
+. Simple #a$e %as& - elivers oxygen concentrations from &,' to ),' at liter flows of (
to - liters per minute, respectively.
%. 'artial (e)reather %as& elivers oxygen concentration of ),' to .,' at liter flows
of ) to +, liters per minute, respectively.
/. Non (e)reather %as& elivers the highest oxygen concentration possible .(' to
+,,' by means other than intubation or mechanical ventilation, at liter flows of +, to
+( liters per minute.
&. *ent!ri %as& elivers oxygen concentrations varying from %&' to &,' or (,' at liter
flows of & to +, liters per minute.
+. #a$e Tent
It can replace oxygen mas"s when mas"s are poorly tolerated by clients.
It provide varying concentrations of oxygen such as /,' to (,' concentration of
oxygen at & to - liters per minute.
,. Transtra$heal Oxygen Delivery
It may be used for oxygen0dependent clients.
1he client re2uires less oxygen 3,.( to % liters per minute4 because all
of the low delivered enters the lungs.
Oxygen Therapy Safety 're$a!tions:
+. 5or home oxygen use or when the facility permits smo"ing, teach family members and
roommates to smo"e only outside or in provided smo"ing rooms away from the client.
%. Place cautionary signs reading 67o 8mo"ing9 :xygen in use; on the clients door, at the
foot or head of the bed, and on the oxygen e2uipment.
/. Instruct the client and visitors about the ha#ard of smo"ing with oxygen use.
&. !a"e sure that electric devices 3such as ra#ors, hearing aids, radios, televisions, and
hearing pads4 are in good wor"ing order to prevent the occurrence of short0circuit spar"s.
(. Avoids materials that generate static electricity, such as woolen blan"ets and synthetic
fabrics. Cotton blan"ets should be used , and client and caregivers should be advised to
wear cotton fabrics.
). Avoid the use of volatile, flammable materials such as oils, greases, alcohol, ether, and
acetone3e.g. nail polish remover4, near clients receiving oxygen.
<. =round electric monitoring e2uipment, suction machines and portable diagnostic
machines.
-. !a"e "nown the location of the fire extinguishers, and ma"e sure personnel are trained
in their use.