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Anatomy Mnemonics

Sympathetic vs. Parasympathetic Sympathetic: "Fight or


Flight"
Parasympathetic: "Sex, Sandwiches and Sleep"


Tarsal bones of ankle "Tiger Cubs Need
MILC":
Superior, then clockwise on right foot:
Talus
Calcaneus
Navicular
Medial cuneiform
Intermediate cuneiform
Lateral cuneiform
Cuboid


Rheumatic fever !ones " ma#or criteria SPAC$:
Subcutaneous nodules
Pancarditis
Arthritis
Chorea
$rythema Marginatum


Intrinsic muscles of han% &palmar surface' "All (or
)ne And )ne (or All":
!henar:
Abductor pollicis longus
(lexor pollicis brevis
)pponens pollicis
Adductor pollicis"
#ypothenar:
)pponens digiti minimi
(lexor digiti minimi
Abductor digiti minimi


*ifurcation vertebral lan%marks $ bifurcation occurs on
+th level of each vertebral column:
C+: bifurcation of common carotid artery
T+: bifurcation of trachea
L+: bifurcation of aorta


(emoral trian,le boun%aries "Femoral triangle is shaped
like a SAIL":
Sartorius
Aductor longus
Inguinal Ligament


Lin,ula location Ling-La % Left -pper
Lobe


.rey vs. /hite rami communicantes 0hIte % &n
the 0ay In to the sympathetic trunk
'r$y % $xiting the sympathetic trunk


Muscles of respiration "1on(t $xercise In
2uicksand":
1iaprahm
$xternal intercostals
Internal intercostals
2uadratus


Sacral ple3us posterior components "Common .luttons
(or Punishment":
Common fibular
.luteals )superior and inferior*
(emoral cutaneous )Posterior*
Piriformis nerve


Cervical vertebra lan%marks at each level "Noa4
Told Maria4 To Try Cervical Counting":
Nose )base*, 4ard palate: +,
Teeth: +-
Mandible, 4yoid bone: +.
Thyroid cartilage )upper*: +/
Thyroid cartilage )lower*: +0
Cricoid cartilage: +1
Cricoid cartilage )2ust below*: +3


1eltoi% pro3imal attachments 4eltoid CLASPs:
Clavicle, Acromion and Spine of the scapula"


Musculocutaneous nerve muscles supplie% **C:
*iceps brachii
*rachialis
Coracobrachialis


Pharyn3 vs. laryn3 5at Phood with your Pharynx"
Sing La La La with your Larynx


Posterior me%iastinum contents 1AT$S
1escending aorta
A6ygos and hemia6ygous veins
Thoracic duct
$sophagus
Sympathetic trunk7ganglia


Supination vs. pronation Supination: palm to the Sun
Pronation: palm to the Plants"


Skull bones "ST$P )( 5 "
!he 5 skull bones are:
Sphenoid
Temporal
$thmoid
Parietal
)ccipital
(rontal
$lternatively: "ST$P )(f my skull""


*alance or,ans relative position of saccule vs. utricle
"8our SAC is below -":
Saccule is below the -tricle"
9ote: "sac" is slang for male genitalia, and it thus down "below""


4an% nerve lesions 1R C-MA:
1rop%Radial nerve
Claw%-lnar nerve
Median nerve%Ape hand )or Apostol :preacher; hand*


*ranches of Internal Iliac Artery "I Love .oing
Places In My 6ery )wn -nderwear":
Ileolumbar
Lateral sacral
.luteal )superior and inferior*
Pudendal )internal*
Inferior vesicle )uterine in females*
Middle rectal
6aginal
)bturator
-mbilical


0rist ra%ial si%e vs. ulnar si%e "< cut off my thumb
with a ra%ial saw=":
!he radius is on the thumb side of the arm"


Carpal bones "Sally Lowers Tim(s Pants,
Then Things Can 4appen":
Proximal row lateral to medial:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrium
Pisiform
4istal row, lateral to medial:
Trape6ium
Trape6oid
Capate
4amate


Thoracoacromial trunk branches "Cadavers Are
1ead People":
Clavicular
Acromial
1eltoid
Pectoral


Pes anserinus component ten%ons "Some .od?amned
Ten%on":
From medial to lateral:
Sartorius
.racilis
Semiten%inosus


Carpal bones "Simply Learn The Parts
That The Carpus 4as":
Proximal row first, then distal row:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrium
Pisiform
Trape6ium
Trape6oid
Capate
4amate


Tibia vs. fibula si7es !he (ibula is thin like a
(lute"
!he Tibia is thick like a Tuba"


Carpal *ones "Sally Likes To Play
The Tiny Chrome 4armonica":
Proximal row lateral to medial:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrium
Pisiform
4istal row, lateral to medial:
Trape6ium
Trape6oid
Capate
4amate


Lo/er limb muscles bet/een upper le,s "!here(s a .AP
between upper legs when you sit without closing your knees":
.astrocnemious
Adductors
Pectinious


*roa% li,ament contents *R)A1:
*undle )ovarian neurovascular bundle*
Round ligament
)varian ligament
Artefacts )vestigial structures*
1uct )oviduct*


Car%iac valves or%er in circuit "TRI berore you
*I":
Tricuspid valve is located in left heart and *icuspid valve is
located in right heart" @lood flows through the tricuspid before
bicuspid"


1iaphra,m apertures spinal levels Aortic hiatus %
89 letters % !89
)esopha,us % 8: letters % !8:
6ena cava % ; letters % !;


4eart valves or%er in circuit "First learn a Tricycle,
then learn a *icycle":
Flow through Tricuspid first, then *icuspid"


Lun, lobes one havin, lin,ula< lobe numbers Lingula
is on Left"
!he lingula is like an atrophied lobe, so the left lung must have - "other"
lobes, and therefore right lung has . lobes"


$3ternal #u,ular vein tributaries PAST:
Posterior external 2ugular vein
Anterior 2ugular vein
Suprascapular vein
Transverse cervical vein


1iaphra,m apertures spinal levels "6oice )f
America":
<n order from smallest to highest spinal number:
6ena cava: !A
)esophagus: !,B
Aorta: !,-
9ote: Coice &f $merica )C&$* is a radio broadcast station"


$lbo/ #oint ra%ius vs. ulna en%s CRA6y T-Lips:
Capitalum % RAdius
Trochlear % -Lnar


Serratus Anterior nerve vs. bloo% DoNg thoracic:
Nerve
DAteral thoracic: Artery


$lbo/ #oint capitulum vs. trochlea C-T5R:
Capitulum: -lnar
Trochlea: Radial

Sperm path throu,h male repro%uctive system "My boyfriend(s
name is ST$6$":
Seminiferous Tubules
$pididymis
6as deferens
$2aculatory duct


Popliteal fossa me%ial to lateral arran,ment "Serve
And 6olley Next *all":
Semimembranosus7 Semitendonosus
Artery
6ein
Nerve
*iceps femoris
Dateral and medial heads of 'astrocnemius are inferior borders"


Subclavian artery branches "6ery Tired Individuals
Sip Strong Coffee Served 1aily":
6ertebral artery
Thyrocervical trunk
EEEInferior thyroid
EEESuperficial cervical
EEESuprascapular
Costocervical
EEESuperior intercostal
EEE1eep cervical


Internal pu%en%al branches "I Pee Pee
*ut 1on(t 1ump=":
Inferior rectal
Posterior scrotal )or labial*
Perineal
*ulb
1eep artery
1orsal artery


4orner=s syn%rome components PAM:
Ptosis
Anhydrosis
Miosis


$rector spinae muscles or%er Spinalis is on the
spine )most medial*"
<liocostalis is on the ribs )most lateral*"
$nd it(s a Lon, )Lon,issimus* way between the spine and the ribs=


4an% fractures Colle=s vs. Smith=s Colle(s fracture:
arm in fall position makes a (C( shape"
Smith(s fracture: arm in fall position makes a (S( shape"


(emoral trian,le boun%aries "So I May
Always Love Sally":
Superiorly: Inguinal ligament
Medially: Adductor longus
Laterally: Sartorius


Arm fractures nerves affecte% by humerus fracture location
ARM fracture:
From superior to inferior:
Axillary: head of humerus
Radial: mid shaft
Median: supracondular


$3traocular muscles movements "&bli>Li>ues cause
lateral rotation of eyeball":
&bli>ues cause lateral, all other rectii are medial rotators of the eyeball"
$ction of the obli>ues is opposite to their names"
$ction of the rectii is rightly fitting to their names"
@oth superiors cause intorsion and both inferiors cause extorsion"


Cruciate li,aments insertions PAMS APPL5S:
Posterior :passes; Anterior :inserts; Medially"
Anterior :passes; Posteriorly :inserts; Laterally"


Tibia muscles of pes anserinus &the muscles attache% to tibia=s
me%ial si%e' "$ .irl bet/een T/o Sargeants":
.racilus is bet/een
Sartorius and
Semitendonosus


$rector spinae muscles "I Like Standing":
From lateral to medial
Illiocostalis
Longissimus
Spinalis


Lo/er limb peripheral nerve in#urys "1rop into a
1$eP PIT and shuffle your way out":
Foot 1rop results from 1orsiflexors and $vertors paralysis,
due to common Peroneal nerve lesion"
Plantarflexion and Inversion impairment due to Tibial nerve
lesion, results in a shufflin, gait"


.enu val,um vs. ,enu var,um 'enu val.-M )knockEknee*:
knees are .-Mmed together"
Carum )bowleg* is the other by default, or (ar rhymes with 6ar,
so knees are far apart"


Carpel bones "So Long To Pinky,
4ere Comes The Thumb":
Proximal row, lateralEtoEmedial, then distal row, medialEtoEmedial:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrium
Pisiform
4amate
Capate
Trape6oid
Trape6ium


Supination vs. pronation "S)-Pination": Supination is
to turn your arm palm up, as if you are holding a bowl of soup"
"P)-REnation": Pronation is to turn your arm with the palm down, as if
you are pouring out whatever is your bowl"
$lternatively, Pronation %onation: Pronation is palm facing
downward, as if making a %onation"


Me%iastinums posterior me%iastinum structures !here are /
birds:
!he esopha.))S$ )esophagus*
!he va.))S$ nerve
!he a6y.))S$ vein
!he thoracic 1-C> )duct*


Thi,h innervation by compartment "MAP )( Sciatic":
Medial compartment: )bturator
Anterior compartment: (emoral
Posterior compartment: Sciatic
So all the thigh muscles in that compartment get innervated by that nerve"


(emoral artery %eep branches "Put My Leg
1own Please":
Profundus femoris )deep femoral artery*
Medial circumflex femoral artery
Lateral circumflex femoral artery
1escending genicular arteries
Perforating arteries


Carpal bones &multan,ular names' "Never Lower
Tillie(s Pants" Mother May Come 4ome"":
Navicular
Lunate
Tri>uetrium
Pisiform
greater Multangular )trape6ium*
lesser Multangular )trape6oid*
Capitate
4amate


$3ternal caroti% artery branches "Su6y Always
Lays (lat )n Pillows Making Sex Terrific":
Superior thyroid
Ascending pharyngeal
Lingual
(acial
)ccipital
Posterior auricular
Maxillary
Superificial Temporal


4orner=s syn%rome components "4)RNy PAM"
4orner(s is:
Ptosis
Anhidrosis
Miosis
5xtra details with 4)RN? PAM$La:
Ptosis
Anhidrosis
Miosis
$nophthalmos
Loss of ciliospinal reflex


Coelic trunk branches Left 4and Side )L4S*:
Left gastric artery
4epatic artery
Splenic artery


*iceps brachii muscle ori,ins "8ou walk shorter to a
street corner" 8ou ride lon,er on a superhighway"":
Short head originates from coracoid process"
Lon, head originates from the supraglenoid cavity"


4eart valve se@uence "Try Pulling My Aorta":
Tricuspid
Pulmonary
Mitral
Aorta


*ell=s palsy symptoms *$LL=S Palsy:
*link reflex abnormal
$arache
Lacrimation :deficient, excess;
Loss of taste
Sudden onset
Palsy of C<< nerve muscles
$ll symptoms are unilateral"


Superior me%iastinum contents P6T Left *ATTL$:
Phrenic nerve
6agus nerve
Thoracic duct
Left recurrent laryngeal nerve )not the right*
*rachiocephalic veins
Aortic arch )and its . branches*
Thymus
Trachea
Lymph nodes
$sophagus


In,uinal canal /alls "MALT: -M, -A, -L,
-T":
Starting from superior, moving around in order to posterior:
Superior wall )roof*: - Muscles:
internal obli>ue Muscle
transverse abdominus Muscle
Anterior wall: - Aponeuroses:
Aponeurosis of external obli>ue
Aponeurosis of internal obli>ue
Lower wall )floor*: - Ligaments:
inguinal Ligament
lacunar Ligament
Posterior wall: -Ts:
Transversalis fascia
con2oint Tendon


Scalp nerve supply .LASS:
.reater occipital7 .reater auricular
Lesser occipital
Auriculotemporal
Supratrochlear
Supraorbital


Tarsal bones "Tall Californian Navy
Me%cial Interns Lay Cuties":
<n order )right foot, superior to inferior, medial to lateral*:
Talus
Calcanous
Navicular
Me%ial cuneiform
Intermediate cuneiform
Lateral cuneifrom
Cuboid


$ye rotation by obli@ue muscles "I Love SFM":
Inferior obli>ue: Lateral eye rotation"
Superior obli>ue: Medial eye rotation"


$3ternal caroti% artery branches "She Lay (laccid
As )laf(s Penis Slipped In":
From caudal to cephalad:
Superior thyroid
Lingual
(acial
Ascending pharyngeal
)ccipital
Posterior auricular
Superficial temporal
)Internal* maxillary


*rachial artery is me%ial to biceps ten%on "*AM*I":
*rachial Artery is Medial to *iceps In elbow"


Retroperitoneal or,ans &ma#or' "AC71C Rocker
>ids Party 1own":
Ascending Colon
1escending Colon
Rectum
>idneys
Pancreas
1uodenum


)ssification a,es "$very Potential Anatomist
Should >now 0hen"
Ghen they ossify, in order of increasing year:
$lbow: 85 years
Pelvis, Ankle: 8A years
Shoulder, >nee: 8; years
0rist: 8B years


(oramen ovale contents )6AL$:
)tic ganglion )2ust inferior*
6. cranial nerve
Accessory meningeal artery
Lesser petrosal nerve
$missary veins


Carpal tunnel syn%rome causes TRAMP:
Trauma )occupational*
Rheumatiod arthritis
Acromegaly
Myxoedema
Pregnancy
$lternatively: ARMPIT to include Idiopathic"


*ronchopulmonary se,ments of the left lun, "Astute
Anatomists Share Inside Secrets About Lungs":
Apicoposterior )S,H-*
Anterior )S.*
Superior )S/*
Inferior )S0*
Superior )S1*
Anteromedial basal )S3HA*
Lateral basal )SI*


6a,al nerve path into thora3 Cagus nerve, unlike phrenic,
continues through diaphragm with esophagusEEit is "Not Left *ehin%":
!he left vagus is anterior, right is posterior :behind;"


Atrioventricular valves "LA* RAT":
Left Atrium: *icuspid
Right Atrium: Tricuspid


Cubital fossa contents M**R:
From medial to lateral:
Median nerve
*rachial artery
*iceps tendon
Radial nerve


Muscles potentially absent ones Muscles which may be
absent but may be important:
0 P(s:
Palmaris longus :upper limb;
Plantaris :lower limb;
Peroneus tertius :lower limb;
Pyramidalis :anterior abdominal wall;
Psoas minor :posterior abdominal wall;


*rachial ple3us numbers of each section <t is the same
backwards and forwards:
"ECE9ECE":
" Jami
C !runks
9 4ivisions
C +ords
" !erminal nerves


Carpal bones "These Things Can 4appen"
Sensible Lovers Take Precautions":
4istal to proximal:
Trape6ium
Trape6oid
Capitate
4amate
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrum
Pisiform


-mbilical li,aments contents I)-:
From lateral to medial:
lateral umbilical ligament: Inferior epigastric vessels
medial unbilical ligament: )bliterated umbilical artery
median umbilical ligament: -rachus


6etebrae subtypes "Certain 1octors Luv
Saddling Coeds":
From superior to inferior:
Cervical
1orsal
Lumbar
Sacrum
Coccyx


Le, anterior muscles of le, "The 4ospitals
Are Not 1irty Places":
T: Tibialis anterior
4: extensor 4allucis longus
A: anterior tibial Artery
N: deep fibular Nerve
1: extensor 1igitorum longus
P: Peronius tertius :aka fibularis tertius;


Tarsal bones "Traverse City )is* Noted
)for* MIchigan(s Lovely Cherries":
Talus
Calcaneus
)new row*
Navicular
)new row*
Medial Intermediate cuneiforms
Lateral cuneiform
Cuboid


$ar bones of inner ear !ake a #ammer: Malleus
#it an <ndian 5lephant: <ncus
<t puts its foot in a stirrup: Stapes
4escribes the shape, and relative position )from out to in* of the inner ear
bones"
$lternatively: "Mailing Includes Stamps""


*o/el components "1ublin Sisters Ceramic
Red Colored !ewelry Apparently Illegal":
-E/ letters of each component:
1uodenum
Sigmoid
Cecum
Rectum
Colon
!e2unum
Appendix
Ileum


Tarsal tunnel contents "Tiny 1ogs Are
Not 4unters":
From superior to inferior:
T: Tibialis posterior
(: flexor 1igitorum longus
A: posterior tibial Artery
N: tibial Nerve
4: flexor 4allucis longus


Ra%ial nerve muscles innervate% "Try A *ig
Chocolate Chip Sundae, 1ouble 1ip Cherries
And Peanuts Preferably Included":
<n order of their innervation, proximal to distal:
Triceps
Anconeus
*rachioradialis
ext" Carpi radialis longus
ext" Carpi radialis brevis
Supinator
ext" 1igitorum
ext"1igiti minimi
ext" Carpi ulnaris
Abductor poll" longus
ext" Poll" brevis
ext" P poll" longus
ext" Indicis
For the neighboring words that start with the same letter )eg: chocolate and
chip*, notice that the lon,er word in the mnemonic, corresponds to the
longer of the two muscle names )ex: ext" carpi radialis lon,us and ext"
carpi radialis brevis*


Thoracoacromial artery branches A*C1:
Acromial
*reast )pectoral*
Clavicular
1eltoid


A3illary artery branches "Screw The Lawyer
Save A Patient":
Superior thoracic
Thoracoacromiol
Lateral thoracic
Subscapular
Anterior circumflex humeral
Posterior circumflex humeral
$lternatively: "Some Times Life Seems A Pain""


Scrotum layers "Some 1ays $ddie Can
Irritate People 6ery Thourougly":
Skin
1artos layer
$xternal spermatic fascia
Cremaster muscle
Internal spermatic fascia
Parietal tunica vaginalis
6isceral tunica vaginalis
Tunica albuginea


$3ternal caroti% artery branches "Sally Ate
Lots )f (resh Produce March Through September":
Superior thyroid
Ascending laryngeal
Lingual
)ccipital )& before F is an extremely common variation*
(acial
Posterior auricular
Maxillary
Transverse facial
Superficial temporal


Ankle anterior compartment of le, contents "The 4amptons
Are Never 1ull Parties":
From medial malleolus:
Tibialis anterior tendon
)5xtensor* 4allacus longus
Artery )anterior tibial*
Nerve )deep peroneal*
)5xtensor* 1igitorum
Peroneus tertius


Cubital fossa contents "Really Need *oo6e
To *e At My Nicest":
From lateral to medial:
Radial Nerve
*iceps Tendon
*rachial Artery
Median Nerve


Cricoarytenoi%s ab%uctor vs. a%%uctor Ghen aliens ab%uct
you, they Probe you"
Posterior cricoarytenoids ab%uct" Dateral therefore is adduct by
default"


Ansa cervicalis nerves ".4ost T4ought S)meone
STupid S4ot Irene":
.eniohyoid
Thyrohyoid
Superior )mohyoid
Sternothyroid
Sternohyoid
Inferior omohyoid


*ronchopulmonary se,ments of ri,ht lun, "A PALM Seed
Makes Another Little Palm":
<n order from superior to inferior:
Apical
Posterior
Anterior
Lateral
Medial
Superior
Medial basal
Anterior basal
Lateral basal
Posterior basal


Psoas ma#or innervation <f you hit L9< C< +
Psoas gets sore=


Inferior vena cava tributaries "I Like To
Rise So 4igh":
Illiacs
Lumbar
Testicular
Renal
Suprarenal
4epatic vein"
!hink of the <C+ wanting to rise high up to the heart"


Cavernous sinus contents ) T)M CAT:
& !&M are lateral wall components, in order from superior to inferior"
+$ are the components within the sinus, from medial to lateral" +$ ends at the
level of ! from & !&M"
See diagram"
)cculomotor nerve )<<<*
Trochlear nerve )<C*
)phthalmic nerve )C,*
Maxillary nerve )C-*
Carotid artery
Abducent nerve )C<*
T: Ghen written, connects to the ! of &T&M"


Cranial bones "(raternity Parties )ccasionally
Teach Spam $ti>uette":
!he first two letters of each bone:
(rontal
Parietal
)ccipital
Temporal
Sphenoid
$thmoid


Superior me%iastinum contents "*ATS F T$NT":
*rachiocephalic veins
Arch of aorta
Thymus
Superior vena cava
Trachea
$sophagus
Nerves )vagus F phrenic*
Thoracic duct


(emoral trian,le contents NA6?:
<n order from lateral to medial:
Nerve
Artery
6ein
? of the groin
$lternatively: 8 % ?Efronts :male underwear;"


Carpal bones "!he boat sailed to the moon with
C p$as in a r)w, at the wheel was Captain 4ook":
+arpal bones in order of occurrence:
@oat is scaphoid" Moon is lunate" . is tri>uetrum" Peas is pisiform )stressing
the 5 sound for trape6ium*" Jow is trape6oid )stressing the & for trape6&id*"
+aptain is capitate" #ook is hamate )hamate has the hook*"


Internal iliac artery anterior branches Ghat @ill admitted
to #ilary: "I Milked )ur Insatiable Intern(s
-dders -nder the 1esk":
Inferior gluteal
Middle rectal
)bturator
Inferior vesical artery
Internal pudendal artery
-mbilical
-71%-terine artery )female*7 1eferential artery
)male*


(acial nerve branches after Stylomastoi% foramen "Ten
Dulus *uggered My Cat )Painfully*":
From superior to inferior:
Temporal branch
Dygomatic branch
*uccal branch
Mandibular branch
Cervical branch
)Posterior auricular nerve*
$lternatively: "PAssing Through Dan6ibar *y Motor
Car" )PA for Posterior Auricular*"


Sperm path/ay throu,h male repro%uctive tract "STaRT
1$$PEE61=":
Sperm duct system progression, from smallest to largest:
ST: Seminiferous Tubules
RT: Rete Testes
1$: 1uctus $fferentes
$P: $pididymis
61: 6as 1eferens


4orner=s syn%rome components SPAM:
Sunken eyeballs7 Symphathetic plexus )cervical* affected
Ptosis
Anhydrosis
Miosis


Spermatic cor% contents "Piles 1on(t Contribute
To A .ood Sex Life":
Pampiniform plexus
1uctus deferens
Cremasteric artery
Testicular artery
Artery of the ductus deferens
.enital branch of the genitofemoral nerve
Sympathetic nerve fibers
Lymphatic vessels


Ma3illary artery branches "1AM I AM Piss 1runk
*ut Stupid 1runk I Prefer, Must Phone
Alcoholics Anonymous":
1eep auricular
Anterior tympanic
Middle meningeal
Inferior alveolar
Accessory meningeal
Masseteric
Pterygoid
1eep temporal
*uccal
Sphenopalatine
1escending palatine
Infraorbital
Posterior superior alveolar
Middle superior alveolar
Pharyngeal
Anterior superior alveolar
Artery of the pterygoid canal


(emoral hernia epi%emiolo,y ($Moral hernias are more
common in ($Males"


Superior orbital fissure structures passin, throu,h "Live
(ree To See Absolutely No Insult":
Lacrimal nerve
(rontal nerve
Trochlear nerve
Superior branch of oculomotor nerve
Abducent nerve
Nasociliary nerve
Inferior branch of oculomotor nerve


6C sensory branches "*uccaneers Are Inferior
Lin,uists":
*uccal
Auriculotemporal
Inferior alveolar
Lin,ual


$3ternal caroti% artery branches "So Long (or
Acting )ld Parenting Means Stability":
Superior thyroid
Lingual
(acial
Ascending pharyngeal
)cciptal
Posterior auricular
Maxillary
Superficial temporal


Spinal cor% len,th in vertebral column SC-LL:
Spinal Cord -ntil L9 )DD*"


Caroti% sheath contents "I See 8: CC(s in the I6":
< See )<"+"* % Internal Carotid artery
,B % +9 8: )Cagus nerve*
++ % Common Carotid artery
<C % Internal Kugular 6ein


)bturator canal relations of structures "Gho(s flying in
the top of &bturator canalL )bviously Not A 6ein=":
)bturator
Nerve
Artery
6ein


Lacrimal nerve course "Dacrimal(s story of A D(s":
Lacrimal nerve runs on Lateral wall of orbit above Lateral
rectus, then Lets communicating branch 2oin in, then supplies Lacrimal
gland, then Leaves it and supplies Lateral upper eye Lid=


Internal iliac artery posterior branch PILS:
Posterior branch
Iliolumbar
Lateral sacral
Superior gluteal


(acial nerve branches "Two Dombies *uggered
My Cat":
From superior to inferior:
Temporal branch
Dygomatic branch
*uccal branch
Mandibular branch
Cervical branch
$lternatively: "Two Dulus *it My Cat""
$lternatively: "Two Debras *it My Coccyx""
$lternatively: "To Dan6ibar *y Motor Car""
$lternatively: "Tall Dulus *ear Many Children"
$lternatively: "Tell Diggy *ob Marley Called""


$3ternal caroti% artery branches StApL$ )PIS:
Superior thyroid
Ascending pharyngeal
Lingual
$xternal maxillary )facial*
)ccipital
Posterior auricular
Internal maxillary
Superficial temporal


*ronchi /hich is more vertical "Ri,ht on Re%":
Many places allow making a ri,ht hand turn at a re% light, if you
first come to a complete stop"
$ child swallowing a re% penny is more likely to get it stopped
down the ri,ht bronchus, since it is more vertical"


4ip lateral rotators "Play .olf )r
.o )n 2uaaludes":
From top to bottom:
Piriformis
.emellus superior
)bturator internus
.emellus inferior
)bturator externus
2uadratus femoris
$lternatively: "PE.)E.)E2""


Cartila,e %erivatives of 8st pharyn,eal arch &man%ibular' "I(M
A Super Sexy .uy" )or 'irl*:
Incus
Malleus
Anterior ligament of malleus
Spine of sphenoid
Sphenomandibular ligament
.enial tubercle of mandible


A3illary artery branches "Su6y Thompkins Loves
Sex, Alcohol, and Pot":
From proximal to distal:
Superior thoracic
Thoracacromial
Lateral thoracic
Subscapular
Anterior circumflex humeral
Posterior circumflex humeral


*rachial artery recurrent an% collateral branches "I
Am Pretty Sexy"
Inferior ulnar collateral artery goes with Anterior ulnar
recurrent artery"
Posterior ulnar recurrent artery goes with Superior ulnar
collateral artery"
$lternatively: "I Am Pretty Smart""


Cubital fossa contents "My *ottoms Turned
Red":
From medial to lateral:
Median nerve
*rachial artery
Tendon of biceps
Radial nerve


Lumbar ple3us "I, I .et Laid
)n (ridays":
Iliohypogastric :D,;
Ilioinguinal :D,;
.enitofemoral :D,, D-;
Lateral femoral cutaneous :D-, D.;
)btruator :D-, D., D/;
(emoral :D-, D., D/;
$lternatively: "I twice .et Laid )n (ridays""
$lternatively: "Interested In .etting Laid )n
(ridaysL"


Intrinsic muscles of han% &palmar surface' "A )( A )( A":
!henar, lateral to medial:
Abductor pollicis longus
)pponens pollicis
(lexor pollicis brevis
Adductor pollicis"
#ypothenar, lateral to medial:
)pponens digiti minimi
(lexor digiti minimi
Abductor digiti minimi


)rbit bones of me%ial /all "My Little $ye
Sits in the orbit":
Maxilla )frontal process*
Lacrimal
$thmoid
Sphenoid )body*


4ip lateral rotators "Piece .oods )ften
.o )n 2uilts":
Piriformis
.emellus superior
)bturator internus
.emellus inferior
)bturator externus
2uadratus femoris


$rector spinae muscles "I Love Sex":
From lateral to medial:
Iliocostalis
Longissimus
Spinalis
$lternatively: "I Long for Spinach"
"Sex" helps you think of "5rector", but "Dong" and "Spinach" help you remember
the muscles( names"


Thoracoacromial artery branches "CAlifornia Police
1epartment":
Clavicular
Acromial
Pectoral
1eltoid


A3illary artery branches "Send The Lord
to Say A Prayer":
From proximal to distal:
Superior thoracic
Thoracacromial
Lateral thoracic
Subscapular
Anterior circumflex humeral
Posterior circumflex humeral


Scrotum layers "Some 1amn $nglishman
Called It The Testis":
From superficial to deep:
Skin
1artos
$xternal spermatic fascia
Cremaster
Internal spermatic fascia
Tunica vaginalis
Testis


Internal #u,ular vein tributaries "Medical Schools
Let Confident People In":
From inferior to superior:
Middle thyroid
Superior thyroid
Lingual
Common facial
Pharyngeal
Inferior petrosal sinus


Retroperitoneal structures list SA1 P-C>$R:
Suprarenal glands
Aorta F <C+
1uodenum )half*
Pancreas
-reters
Colon )ascending F descending*
>idneys
$sophagus )anterior F left covered*
Rectum


PortalEsystemic anastomoses main 9 places that retroperitoneals
connect into systemic RetroPeritoneals hook up with Renal
and Paravertebral veins"


(acial bones "6irgil Can Not Make
My Pet Debra Laugh=":
6omer
Conchae
Nasal
Maxilla
Mandible
Palatine
Dygomatic
Lacrimal


Serratus anterior innervation SALT:
Serratus Anterior % Long Thoracic"


Carpal bones "Stop Letting Those People
Touch The Cadaver(s 4and":
Proximal row, lateralEtoEmedial:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrum
Pisiform
4istal row, lateralEtoEmedial:
Trape6ium
Trape6oid
Capitate
4amate
$lternatively: "Stop Letting The Professor Touch
The Cadaver(s 4and"


Carpum an% tarsum "SCIT":
)$rtum* Superior Carpum
)$rtum* Inferior Tarsum


$3traocular muscles cranial nerve innervation "LR5S)+
rest C":
Lateral Rectus is 5th
Superior )bli>ue is +th
rest are all Crd cranial nerve


*rachial ple3us or,ani7ation "The Castrated
1og Turns Rabid":
From lateral to medial:
Terminal branches
Cords
1ivisions
Trunks
Roots


(oramen ovale contents MAL$:
Mandibular nerve
Accessory meningeal artery
Lesser petrosal nerve
$missary veins
$lternatively: also include Motor root of !rigeminal and Middle
meningeal vein under (M("


Supine vs. prone bo%y position "Supine is on your
spine"
!herefore, prone(s the "other" one"
$lso, prone to suffocate in prone position"


$3ternal caroti% artery branches "Sister Lucy(s
Powdered (ace )ften Attracts Silly Medicos":
@efore entering the parotid gland:
Superior thyroid
Lingual
Posterior auricular
(acial
)ccipital
Ascending pharyngeal
5nds as:
Superficial temporal and
Maxillary bifurcating in the in the parotid gland


Carpal bones "Some Lovers Try Positions
That They Can(t 4andle":
Proximal row then distal row, both lateralEtoEmedial:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrium
Pisiform
Trape6ium
Trape6oid
Capate
4amate
$lternatively: "Scared Lovers""""
$lternatively: "Senior Lecturers"""""


$3trinsic muscles of ton,ue Ffor pro soccer fansG "Paris
St" .ermain(s 4our":
Palatoglossus
Styloglossus
.enioglossus
4yoglossus
PS' is a French soccer team )foreign*, hence extrinsic comes to mind"


Autonomics to the ,ut "!he PARAsympathetics follow a
rule of T0)" :pair % two;:
!he vagus does the top, the sacral splanchnics the outflow tract"
"!he sympathetics follow a rule of threes":
'reater, lesser, least splanchnic nerves go to the celiac,superior and
inferior mesenteric ganglion"


$3ternal caroti% artery branches "Some Angry
Lady (igured )ut PMS":
Superior thyroid
Ascending pharyngeal
Lingual
(acial
)ccipital
Posterior auricular
Maxillary
Superificial temporal


1escen%in, ab%ominal aorta seven %ivisions "Sometimes
Intestines .et Really Stretched Causing Leakage":
Suprarenals :paired;
Inferior mesenteric
.onadal :paired;
Renals :paired;
Superior mesenteric
Celiac
Lumbar :paired;


6a,us nerve path into thora3 "< Left my Aunt
in 6e,as":
Left 6a,us nerve goes Anterior descending into the thorax"


Carpal bones "4appy Cat Tom Took
Pie To Little Sister":
4amate
Capitate
Trape6oid
Trape6ium
Pisiform
Tri>uital
Lunate
Scaphoid


*rachial ple3us branches of posterior cor% STAR:
Subscapular :upper and lower;
Thoracodorsal
Axillary
Radial


Saphenous veins path of ,reat vs. small at malleolus "MA.delaine
has varicose veins" :!he saphenous veins are important for varicose veins;:
Medial maleolus, Anterior to maleolus, and .reat saphenous
go together"
!hen the opposites of these go together: Small saphenous is posterior
to the lateral maleolus"


Menisci attachments in knee "5ach meniscus has something
attached to it":
!he medial meniscus has the medial collateral ligament"
!he lateral meniscus is attached to the popliteal muscle"


Spermatic cor% contents "C arteries, C nerves,
C other things":
C arteries: testicular, ductus deferens, cremasteric"
C nerves: genital branch of the genitofemoral, cremasteric, autonomics"
C other things: ductus deferens, pampiniform plexus, lymphatics"
9ote some argument about this: Moore doesn(t put in cremasteric nerve, Dumley
puts in inguinal"""


Interossei muscles actions of %orsal vs. palmar in han% "PA%
and 1Ab":
!he Palmar A%duct and the 1orsal Abduct"
Mse your han% to %ab with a pa%"


6C innervate% muscles &branchial arch 8 %erivatives' "M.1.
My T6":
Mastication :masseter, temporalis, pterygoids;
1igastric :anterior belly;
Mylohyoid
tensor Tympani
tensor 6eli palatini


CN 6II innervate% muscles &branchial arch 9 %erivatives'
"<magine someone making the facial expression to say (PSS...( ":
(acial expression muscles
Posterior belly of digastric
Stapedius
Stylohyoid


Sperm path/ay throu,h male repro%uctive tract S$6$N -P:
Seminiferous tubules
$pididymis
6as deferens
$2aculatory duct
Nothing
-rethra
Penis


Thoracic ca,e relations to the important venous structures
@ehind the sternoclavicular 2oints: the brachiocephalic veins begin"
@ehind the 8st costal cartila,e on the right the superior vena cava
begins"
@ehind the 9n% costal cartila,e on the right the a6ygos vein ends"
@ehind the Cr% costal cartila,e on the right the superior vena cava ends"


Carpal bones "Scottish Lads Take Prostitutes
To The Caledonian 4otel":
Proximal row, then distal row:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrium
Pisiform
Trape6ium
Trape6oid
Capate
4amate
$lternatively: "Students Like Taking Prostitutes
To The Carelton 4otel""



Carpal bones "She Looks Too PrettyN
Try To Catch 4er":
Proximal row then distal row, both lateralEtoEmedial:
Scaphoid
Lunate
Tri>uetrium
Pisiform
Trape6ium
Trape6oid
Capate
4amate
$lternatively: "She Likes To PlayN Try To
Catch 4er""


A%%uctor ma,nus innervation "AM S)H":
Adductor Magnus innervated by Sciatic and )bturator"


Scalp layers SCALP:
From superficial to deep:
Skin
Connective tissue
Aponeurosis
Loose areolar tissue
Pericranium


Lumbar ple3us roots "9 from 8, 9 from 9, 9
from C":
9 nerves from 8 root: <lioinguinal )D,*, <liohypogastric )D,*"
9 nerves from 9 roots: 'enitofemoral )D,,D-*, Dateral Femoral
)D-,D.*"
9 nerves from C roots: &bturator )D-,D.,D/*, Femoral )D-,D.,D/*"


(emale pelvic or,ans= bloo% supply "C organs, each
,et 9 blood supplies":
Mterus: uterine, vaginal"
Jectum: middle rectal, inferior rectal :inferior rectal is the end of pudendal;"
@ladder: superior vesical, inferior vesical"


Cervical ple3us arran,ement of the important nerves ".LAST":
/ compass points: clockwise from north on the right side of neck:
.reat auricular
Lesser occipital
Accessory nerve pops out between D and S
Supraclavicular
Transverse cervical


Liver si%e /ith li,amentum venosumI cau%ate lobe vs. si%e /ith
@ua%rate lobeI li,amentum teres "6C goes with 6C":
!he 6enosum and Caudate is on same side as 6ena Cava
:posterior;" !herefore, >uadrate and teres must be on anterior by default"


!oints in the mi%line "SC":
<n medial line, below Second Cervical, 2oints are Secondary
Cartilaginous and usually have a diSC.
9otes: secondary cartilaginous is also known as symphysis" !he one that
doesn(t have a disc is xiphiEsternal"


Anterior forearm muscles superficial ,roup !here are five,
like five digits of your hand"
Place your thumb into your palm, then lay that hand palm down on your other arm,
as shown in diagram"
8our / fingers now show distribution: spells P(P( :pass7fail, pass7fail;:
Pronator teres
(lexor carpi radialis
Palmaris longus
(lexor carpi ulnaris
8our thumb below your / fingers shows the muscle which is deep to the other
four: Flexor digitorum superficialis"


Me%ian an% ulnar nerves common features 5ach supply ,7- of
flexor digitorum profundus"
5ach supplies - lumbricals"
5ach has a palmar cutaneous nerve that pops off prematurely"
5ach supplies an eminence group of muscles :ulnar: hypothenar" median: thenar;"
5ach enters forearm through two heads :ulnar: heads of flexor carpi ulnaris"
median: heads of pronator teres;"
5ach has no branches in upper arm"
5ach makes two fingers claw when cut at wrist"
5ach supplies a palmaris :median: palmaris longus" ulnar: palmaris brevis;"


Thyroi%s relative si7es !hyroid looks like a bra )see
picture*"
@reasts are bigger in women, so thyroid bigger in women"
Pregnant women have biggest breasts of all, so they have the biggest thyroids"


Superior thyroi% artery branches "May I Softly
S>uee6e Charlie(s .irlL":
Muscular
Infrahyoid
Superior laryngeal
Sternomastoid
Cricothyroid
.landular


Ab%ominal muscles "Spare TIR$ around their abdomen":
Transversus abdominis
Internal abdominal obli>ue
Rectus abdominis
$xternal abdominal obli>ue
Perineal vs. peroneal Perineal is in between
the legs"
Peroneal is on the leg"


Cranial bones "P$ST )( 1":
Parietal
$thmoid
Sphenoid
Temporal
)ccipital
(rontal
!he 1 2ust reminds that there(s 1 of them to remember"


1eep ten%on refle3es root supply "8<9<C<+<"<5<A<;":
S8E9: ankle
DCE+: knee
+"E5: biceps, supinator
+AE;: triceps


L+ lan%mark 9 items "*+-" :before you;:
*ifurcation of aorta
L/
-mbilicus


*o/el components "1ow !ones Industrial
Average Closing Stock Report":
From proximal to distal:
1uodenum
!e2unum
Ileum
Appendix
Colon
Sigmoid
Rectum
$lternatively: to include the cecum, "1ow !ones Industrial
Climbing Average Closing Stock Report""


Lun, lobes se,ments of ri,ht mi%%le lobe "ML%ML":
Segments of Middle Lobe are Medial F Lateral"


Nasal cavity components "Never Call Me
Needle Nose=":
Nares :external;
Conchae
Meatuses
Nares :internal;
Nasopharynx
9ote mnemonic sentence is nasallyErelated"


Plantarfle3ion vs. %orsifle3ion Plantar flexion
occurs when you s>uish a Plant with your foot"


Thyroi% isthmus location "Jings 9<C<+ make the
isthmus floor":
Isthmus overlies tracheal rings 9<C<+


Thoracic %uct /hich half of upper bo%y %oes it %rain Onow
drains all of lower body, but was it the right or the left part of the upper
bodyL
$nswer: its Lymph from the Left of the upper body"


Soleus vs. ,astrocnemius muscle function "Stan% on
your Soles" $3plosive ,as":
8ou stan% on soles of your shoes, so Soleus is for posture"
'asoline is explosive, so .astrocnemius is for e3plosive movement"


Inversion vs. eversion muscles in le, Second letter rule for
inversion7eversion:
$version muscles:
p$rineus longus
p$rineus brevis
p$rineus terius
Inversion muscles:
tIbialis anterior
tIbialis posterior


Liver inferior markin,s sho/in, ri,htIleft lobe vs. vascular
%ivisions !here(s a 4epatic "4" on inferior of liver" &ne
vertical stick of the # is the dividing line for anatomical right7left lobe and
the other vertical stick is the divider for vascular halves" Stick that divides
the liver into vascular halves is the one with vena cava impression )since vena
cava carries blood, it(s fortunate that it(s the divider for blood halves*"


Supination vs. pronation /hich is more po/erful Screws were
designed to be tightened well by ma2ority of people"
"Jighty tighty": to tighten screws you turn to the right"
Ma2ority of people are rightEhanded"
!urning rightEhand to the right is supination"


Pleura surface markin,s "$ll the even ribs, in order:
9<+<5<;<8:<89 show its route":
Jib9: sharp angle inferiorly
Jib+: the left pleura does a lateral shift to accommodate heart
Jib5: both diverge laterally
Jib;: midclavicular line
Jib8:: midaxillary line
Jib89: the back


Palmaris lon,us location< relative to /rist nerves "!he
Palmaris between t/o Palmars":
Palmaris longus is between the Palmar cutaneous branch of Mlnar
nerve and Palmar cutaneous branch of Median nerve"


Carpal tunnel syn%rome causes M$1IAN TRAP:
Myxoedema
$dema premenstrually
1iabetes
Idiopathic
Agromegaly
Neoplasm
Trauma
Rheumatoid arthritis
Amyloidosis
Pregnancy
Mnemonic fits nicely since median nerve is trapped"


Pectoral nerves path of lateral vs. me%ial "Lateral
Less, Medial More":
Dateral pectoral nerve only goes through Pectoralis ma2or, but
Medial pectoral nerve goes though both Pectoralis ma2or and minor"


0rist ra%ial si%e vs. ulnar si%e Make a fist with your
thumb up in the air and say "Ra%H""
8our thumb is now pointing to your Ra%ius"
9ote: (Jad=( was a late AB(s catchphrase, short for (Jadical(" !hings that
were good were called (Jad("


Me%ian nerve reco,ni7in, it in an opene% a3illa !he Median
nerve is the Middle of a giant capital "M" formed by the
musculocutaneous and ulnar nerves"


Carpal bone havin, the hook !he 4amate has the 4ook"


(le3or %i,itorum muscles ho/ they insert onto fin,ers $
little rhyme:
Superficialis Splits in two,
!o Permit Profundus Passing through"


-lnar nerve to ulnar artery an% ra%ial nerve to ra%ial artery
relations !hink "peripheral nerves":
!he ulnar nerve is "ulnar" to the ulnar artery"
Jadial nerve is "radial" to the radial artery"


1ermatome C5 location Stick arm out like crucifi3ion
stance" +url your thumb and forefinger into an "&O" symbol while keeping
your other fingers straight"
8our hand should now look like a 5 shape"
So +5 dermatome is your thumb and top of arm )reason for
crucifix stance*"


*rachiora%ialis function< innervation< one relation< one attachment
*rachioRadialis:
Function: <ts the *eer Raising muscle, flexes elbow, strongest
when wrist is oriented like holding a beer"
<nnervation: *reaks Rule: it(s a flexor muscle, *ut Radial"
)Jadial nerve usually is for extensors: Jecall @5S! rule: @ was for
brachioradialis*"
<mportant relation: *ehind it is the Radial nerve in the cubital
fossa"
$ttachment: $ttaches to *ottom of Radius"


1iaphram aperatures spinal levels "Come $nter
the Abdomen:
Cena Cava :A;
$sophagus :,B;
Aorta :,-;


$3tensor e3pansion location in the han% !he eJtensor
eJpansion is on the proJimal phalynJ"


$lbo/ muscles that fle3 it !hree *(s *end the
el*ow:
*rachialis
*iceps
*rachioradialis


Murphy=s point or,an Ffor IrishG "Murphy was an <rishman
)and Murphy is a classic <rish surname*, and <reland%green":
'reen organ in body is gallbladder, so Murphy(s point is the gall bladder"


Antefle3e% vs. anteverte% /hat bo%ypart each %escribes "Anteflexed
and Anteverted both bend toward Anterior""
!he "C" words go together: 6erted is for the cer6ix )therefore
flexed must be uterus*"


(oramen spinosum location on base of skull Foramen spinosum
is ad2acent to the spine of sphenoid"


Ptery,oi% muscles function of lateral vs. me%ial "Dook at
how your 2aw ends up when saying first syllable of (Lateral( or (Medial(
":
"La": your 2aw is now open, so Lateral opens mouth"
"Me": your 2aw is still close%, so medial closes the
mandible"


(ace muscles lar,e muscle ,roups= cranial innervation Mandibular
nerve: Mastication"
(acial nerve: (acial expression"


Meckel=s %iverticulum %etails 9 inches long"
9 feet from end of ileum"
9 times more common in men"
9P occurrence in population"
9 types of tissues may be present"
9ote: "%iE" means "t/o", so %iverticulum is the thing
with all the t/os


LeinoE %efinition "Leino" rhymes with "spleenEo":
!herefore leinoE means something to do with the spleen"


>i%ney hilums at transpyloric plane FL8G LE8 goes
through hilum of only 8 kidney, and it(s the Left one"


Lun, lobe numbers ri,ht vs. left Tricuspid heart
valve and triElobed lung both on the right side"
*icuspid and biElobed lung both on the left side"


6ertebrae reco,ni7in, a thoracic from lumbar 5xamine
vertebral body shape:
Thoracic is heartEshaped body since your heart is in your
thora3"
Lumbar is ki%neyEbean shaped since ki%neys are in lumbar
area"


Navicular contacts C of " cuneiform bones KNavicular
is like the Navigator logo":
!here are . things coming off each"
See diagram"
!herefore, cuboid has to contact - of the 0"


Rotator cuff muscles "!he SITS muscles":
+lockwise from top:
Supraspinatus
Infraspinatus
Teres minor
Subscapularis
$ pro baseball pitcher has in2ured his rotator cuff muscles" $s a result, he
SITS out for the rest of the game, and then gets sent to the minor
leagues"


Me%ian nerve han% muscles innervate% "!he L)A(
muscles":
Lumbricals , and -
)pponens pollicis
Abductor pollicis brevis
(lexor pollicis brevis
$lternatively: LL)A(, with - D(s, to recall there(s - lumbricals"
!o remember that these are the Median nerve muscles, think "Meat
L)A(""


Tri,eminal nerve /here branches e3it skull "Standing
Room )nly":
Superior orbital fissure is C,
foramen Rotundum is C-
foramen )vale is C.


Tonsils The three types "PPL )people* have tonsils":
Pharyngeal
Palatine
Lingual


Cubital fossa contents "NEMAN":
From lateral to medial:
Nerve
Muscle
Artery
Nerve
Specifics are radial 9erve, biceps Muscle tendon, brachial $rtery, median
9erve"


Spleen %imensions< /ei,ht< surface anatomy "8<C<"<A<B<88":
Spleen dimensions are 8 inch x C inches x " inches"
Geight is A ounces"
<t underlies ribs B through 88"


-reter to ovarianItesticular artery relation "0ater un%er
the bridge":
!he ureters )which carry water*, are posterior to the
ovarian7testicular artery"
+linically important, since a common surgical error is to cut ureter instead
of ovarian artery when removing uterus"


)bli@ue muscles %irection of e3ternals vs. internals "#ands
in your pockets":
Ghen put hands in your pockets, fingers now lie on top of external obli>ues and
fingers point their direction of fibers: down and towards midline"
9ote: "obli>ue" tells that must be going at an angle"
<nternal obli>ues are at right angles to external"


1uo%enum len,ths of parts "+ounting 8 to + but
staggered":
8st part: 9 inches
9nd part: C inches
Crd part: + inches
+th part: 8 inch


4ip posterior %islocation most likely arran,ement for one
"#itting the brake pedal before the accident":
8ou are sitting, so hip is fle3e%, and a%%ucte% and me%ially
rotate% so can move your foot away from the gas pedal over to the brake
pedal"
9ote: car accidents are most likely cause of posterior dislocation because in
this position"


*uttock @ua%rant safest for nee%le insertion "Shut up
and butt out":
!he -pper )uter >uadrant of the *uttock safely avoids
hitting sciatic nerve"


Ra%ial nerve muscles supplie% &simplifie%' "*$ST
muscles":
*rachioradialis
$xtensors
Supinator
Triceps


Rib costal ,roove or%er of intercostal bloo% vessels an% nerve
6AN:
From superior to inferior:
6ein
Artery
Nerve


*rachial ple3us subunits "Randy Travis 1rinks
Cold *eer":
Roots
Trunks
1ivisions
Cords
*ranches
$lternatively: "Read The 1amn Cadaver *ook="
$lternatively: "Real Texans 1rink Coors *eer""


1iaphra,m innervation "C< +< " keeps the diaphragm
alive":
4iaphragm innervation is cervical roots C, +, and ""


Serratus anterior innervation an% action "+"E5EA
raise your /in,s up to heaven":
+"5A in2ury causes inability to raise arm past IB degrees up to
heaven, and results in a /in,in, of the scapula"
Dong thoracic nerve roots )013* innervate Serratus anterior"


Thoracic %uct relation to a7y,ous vein an% esopha,us "!he
%uck between 9 ,ooses":
!horacic %uct )duck* is between - gooses, a6y,ous and esopha,us"


*icipital ,roove attachments of muscles near it "!he
la%y between t/o ma#ors":
!eres ma#or attaches to medial lip of groove"
Pectoralis ma#or to lateral lip of groove"
Latissimus )Dady* is on floor of groove, between the - ma2ors"


Aortic arch ma#or branch or%er "Onow your A*C=S":
Aortic arch gives rise to:
*rachiocephalic trunk
left Common Carotid
left Subclavian
@eware though trick >uestion of (Ghat is first branch of aortaL( !echnically,
it(s the coronary arteries"


Supine vs. prone bo%y position Onow S-Pination is
your hand while carrying a bowl of S)-P" 8our face follows where your
palm is facing :i"e" up;" Put a handpuppet on your hand while hand is in
supination and the puppet will be the supine position"


Carpal bones trape7ium vs. trape7oi% location Since
there(s two !(s in carpal bone mnemonic sentences, need to know which ! is
where:
!rape6i-M is by the th-M*, !rape6i)I1 is inSI1$"
$lternatively, !rape6i-M is by the th-M*, !rape6)I1 is by
its SI1$"


Lumbricals action Dumbrical action is to hold a pea, that is
to flex the metacarpophalangeal 2oint and extend the interphalangeal 2oints"
Ghen look at hand in this position, can see this makes an "D" shape, since L
is for Lumbrical"


$lbo/ /hich si%e has common fle3or ori,in (M )as in
FM Jadio*:
(lexor Medial, so +ommon Flexor &rigin is on the medial side"


Me%ial malleolus or%er of ten%ons< artery< nerve behin% it
"Tom, 1ick, And Nervous 4arry":
From anterior to posterior:
Tibialis
1igitorum
Artery
Nerve
4allicus
Full names for these are: !ibialis Posterior, Flexor 4igitorum Dongus,
Posterior !ibial $rtery, Posterior !ibial 9erve, Flexor #allicus Dongus"
$lternatively: "Tom, 1ick ANd 4arry""
$lternatively: "Tom, 1ick And Not 4arry""


Tibia vs. fibula /hich is lateral !he FibuLA is
LAteral"


Popliteal fossa muscles arran,ement !he two Semi(s go
together, Semimembranosus and Semitendonosus"
!he Membranosus is Medial and since the two semis go together,
Semitendonosus is also medial"
!herefore, @iceps Femoris has to be lateral"
&f the semi(s, to remember which one is superficial: the Tendonosus is on
Top"


(emoral trian,le arran,ement of contents NA6$L:
From lateral hip towards medial navel:
Nerve )directly behind sheath*
Artery )within sheath*
6ein )within sheath*
$mpty space )between vein and lymph*
Lymphatics )with deep inguinal node*
9erve7$rtery7Cein are all called Femoral"


(emoral trian,le arran,ement of nerve< artery< vein 6AN:
From medial to lateral:
6ein
Artery
Nerve
9erve7$rtery7Cein are all called Femoral"


*ronchi /hich one is more vertical "<nhale a bite,
goes down the ri,ht":
<nhaled ob2ects more likely to lodge in right bronchus, since it is the one that
is more vertical"