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Basis step is to scan the disk and then install the driver

Ioscan funC disk -- this will scan the device , class specified is disk in here.
Insf a once the disk is scanned run this command to installed the driver for the new
installed device.

1)In Root volume group
U have to add the disk and mirror it.
Steps:
#pvcreate -fB /dev/rdisk/diskXX
#vgextend vg00 /dev/disk/diskX
# mkboot /dev/rdisk/diskX
# mkboot a hpux lq(;0)/stand/vmunix /dev/rdisk/diskX
#lvextend m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol1 /dev/disk/diskX
#lvextend m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol2 /dev/disk/diskX
..
#lvextend m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol7 /dev/disk/diskX
#lvextend m 1 /dev/vg00/lvol8/dev/disk/diskX
#vgdisplay v vg00
#lvdisplay v /dev/vg00/lvol1
#lvlnboot R
#setboot -a hardware_path of added disk

Verify the setbboot by
#lvlnboot v

# setboot

2)For non root volume group
#pvcreate -f /dev/rdisk/diskX
#vgextend vg0X /dev/disk/diskX



Background
Replacing a mirror disk under LVM is a critical procedure. MirrorDisk/UX is used to
protect critical data volumes, like the boot devices of a HP-UX 11i or other high sensitive
data. There exist two common scenarios where this operation is performed.
1. The mirror disk(s) is(are) inside the system or in an enclosure that cannot be
extracted on a live system. If this is the case, you must shutdown the system,
replace the failed disk and in case where are replacing a mirror boot disk, boot
from the remaining disk. You can repair the mirror after booting the system.
2. The mirror disk(s) is(are) in a hot swappable bay or an external array, that allows
the disk or lun to be removed live, but only if the system bus (scsi/fc/sas) is not
sending I/O requests to the disk(s). To be sure to comply with this requirement, is
necessary to disable the usage of the disk. To perform this task, you may use the
OLR (Online Replacement) feature, disable the disk from the volume group, or
completly disable the volume group.
Completely disabling volume group vg00 is not an option since this volume group
contains several critical filesystems (/, /var, /usr).
Using Hot-Swappable Disks
The hot-swap feature provides the ability to remove or add an inactive hard disk drive
module to a system while electrical power is on the system and the SCSI bus is still
active (but not sending I/O requests to the disk that need to be exchanged). In other
words, you can replace or remove a hot-swappable disk from a system without turning
off the power of the entire system or/and the external enclosure.
Consult your system hardware manuals for information about which disk in your system
are hot-swappable. Specifications for other hard disks are available in their installation
manuals at http://docs.hp.com.
Disable I/O requests to the physical volume
Using "vgchange" command
Sometimes, even if the OLR feature is not enable on the system, is still possible to
disable the I/O requests to the disk that need to be exchanged, allowing you to exchange
the drive.
You may also found situations when the failed disk has been hot replaced, without
causing the system to hang, but leaving the volume group in a state where the
vgcfgrestore command cannot be performed because the kernel still believes is an
active part of the volume group.
Turning off the system and booting without quorum restrictions correct this situation, but
require a maintenance window that may be unpractical. The basic concept is to make the
kernel aware that the physical volume that forms part of the volume group conglomerate
has failed.
If the disk is completely down (HARDWARE UNCLAIMED, diskinfo cannot query
the disk or the PVRA/VGRA is damage), you can try to re enable the active volume
group allowing the kernel to realize that the disk is not longer available.
# vgchange a y q n /dev/vgXX.
The command will query the physical volumes and report those physical volumes that
cannot be reattached to the volume group. That left the physical volume in a state were it
can be hot replaced or vgcfgrestored. After that, you follow the normal restore
procedure.
If the vgcfgrestore n /dev/vgXX /dev/rdsk/c#t#d# give an error message informing that
the disk is still enable on the volume group, you will need to reboot the system, replace
the disk and boot with the quorum restriction disable.
Reducing the logical volume mirrors
Is has been a common practice, before the appearance of the OLR feature in 11i v1, to
reduce the logical volumes from the failed disk and reduce the physical volume from the
volume group to assure that no I/O requests are going to the failed disk.
This procedure has several drawbacks:
1. The disk should be accessible and the PVRA/VGRA should be working.
2. This approach usually produces more harm than benefits. Its not uncommon that
the system hangs during these tasks.
3. The procedure is prune to errors. You need to lvreduce the logical volume(s)
mirror(s), vgreduce the logical volume group, replace the physical volume,
pvcreate the physical volume, vgextend the volume group and lvextend the logical
volume(s) mirror(s). That is particulary complex on Integrity systems when disk
should be partitioned with the idisk command.
The best practice is to preserve the system logical volume mirror structure and try any of
the procedures describe on this document. Never reduce the logical mirrors or remove the
disk from the volume group if the OLR feature is available or if the disk report heavy
damages with diskinfo or ioscan commands.
Be aware, nonetheless, that on HP-UX 11.0 and below, this is the only way to disable I/O
requests to the disks. Be aware than trying this method may hang up the system, and you
will have to boot into single user mode / maintenance mode without quorum restriction
disable to recover back the system to a proper state.
SAS Controllers (Serial Attach SCSI)
Serial Attach SCSI controllers adds another layer of complexity to LVM mirror disk
replacement. Every SAS attached disk create a new disk instance on the system. To
acomplish the disk replacement, is necesary to "redirect" the the hardware path to the old
disk instance.
Legacy Device Special Files
1. Determinate the current state of the legacy special device special files an the status of
the SAS controller.
# ioscan -fnC disk
Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type
Description
=======================================================================
========
disk 3 0/4/1/0.0.0.0.0 sdisk NO_HW DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/dsk/c0t0d0 /dev/rdsk/c0t0d0
disk 2 0/4/1/0.0.0.1.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/dsk/c0t1d0 /dev/rdsk/c0t1d0
disk 6 0/4/1/0.0.0.2.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/dsk/c0t2d0 /dev/rdsk/c0t2d0
disk 8 0/4/1/0.0.0.3.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/dsk/c0t3d0 /dev/rdsk/c0t3d0
disk 10 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/dsk/c0t4d0 /dev/rdsk/c0t4d0

# sasmgr get_info -D /dev/sasd0 -q lun=all -q lun_locate
/dev/rdsk/c0t1d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.1.0 1 8 OFF
/dev/rdsk/c0t2d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.2.0 1 4 OFF
/dev/rdsk/c0t3d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.3.0 1 3 OFF
/dev/rdsk/c0t4d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0 1 7 OFF
The 0/4/1/0.0.0.0.0 hardware path correspond to the failed drive. The new dsf
/dev/rdsk/c0t4d0 has been created after installing the new drive.
2. Redirect the new dsf to the original dsf, so the SAS controller identified the new disk
with the previous address.
# sasmgr replace_tgt -D /dev/sasd0 -q old_dev=/dev/dsk/c0t0d0 -q
new_tgt_hwpath=0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0
Persistent Device Special files (HP-UX 11.31)
The approach is similar that with legacy device special files on HP-UX 11.23 / 11.31.
The may difference is that the usage of persistent device special files (Agile View) needs
that you use the "io_redirect_dsf" command instead of "sasmgr". The example uses an
Integrity system that also display the dsf for the different EFI partitions.
1. Determinate the current state of the legacy special device special files an the status of
the SAS controller.
# ioscan -N -fnC disk
Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type
Description
=======================================================================
====
disk 3 64000/0xfa00/0x1 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/disk/disk3 /dev/disk/disk3_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk3 /dev/rdisk/disk3_p2
/dev/disk/disk3_p1 /dev/disk/disk3_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk3_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk3_p3
disk 4 64000/0xfa00/0x2 esdisk NO_HW DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/disk/disk4 /dev/disk/disk4_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk4 /dev/rdisk/disk4_p2
/dev/disk/disk4_p1 /dev/disk/disk4_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk4_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk4_p3
disk 5 64000/0xfa00/0x3 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/disk/disk5 dev/rdisk/disk5
disk 7 64000/0xfa00/0x8 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/disk/disk7 /dev/rdisk/disk7
disk 9 64000/0xfa00/0x9 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/disk/disk9 /dev/rdisk/disk9
disk 11 64000/0xfa00/0xa esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG072A9BB7
/dev/disk/disk11 /dev/rdisk/disk11
2. Redirect the new dsf (/dev/disk/disk5) to the previous dsf allowing the SAS to replace
one disk with the other.
# io_redirect_dsf -d /dev/disk/disk4 -n /dev/disk/disk5
Replacement procedures
HP 9000 (PA-RISC) - Required reboot
1. Shutdown the system.
# shutdown hy 0
2. Replace the damaged disk.
Is the damage disk one of the boot disk mirrors? No, jump to step 6.
3. Boot up the system again.
4. Interrupt the PDC boot sequence.
[Escape]
5. Boot from the good mirror disk, with quorum disabled.
SEA IPL
Choose the boot disk:
P#
Interact with IPL? yes
ISL> hpux lq
6. Rescan the hardware and create the new device special files:
# ioscan C disk
# insf C disk
7. Restore the LVM reserved areas (PVRA/VGRA):
# vgcfgrestore n vgXX /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
Is the damage disk one of the boot disk mirrors? No, jump to step 10.
8. Repopulate the LIF area:
# mkboot /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
9. Change the AUTO file contents choosing the best police for the boot path:
A) Primary boot disk.
# mkboot a hpux /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
B) Alternate boot disk.
# mkboot a hpux lq /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
10. Reactivate the volume group to attach the physical volumen.
# vgchange a y vgXX
Note:
In case that the volume group dont start to synchronize the logical volumes
automatically, you can force synchronization with:
# vgsync vgXX
11. Use lvlnboot to ensure that the LVM logical volumes are prepared to be root, primary
swap or dump volume.
# lvlnboot -R
# lvlnboot -v
HP 9000 (PA-RISC) - Online Hot Plug
1. Detach the physical volume from volume group:
# pvchange -a n /dev/dsk/cXtXdX
2. Hot swap the disk.
3. Restore the LVM reserved areas (PVRA/VGRA):
# vgcfgrestore n vgXX /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
Is a bootable disk? No, jump to step 6.
4. Repopulate the LIF area:
# mkboot /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
5. Change the AUTO file contents to the proper mode:
A) Primary boot disk.
# mkboot a hpux /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
B) Alternate boot disk.
# mkboot a hpux lq /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
6. Reattach the new disk:
# pvchange -a y /dev/dsk/cXtXdX
7. Reactivate the volume group to attach the physical volumen.
# vgchange a y vgXX
Note: In case that the volume group dont start to synchronize the logical volumes
automatically, you can force synchronization with:
# vgsync vgXX
8. Use lvlnboot to ensure that the LVM logical volumes are prepared to be root, primary
swap or dump volume.
# lvlnboot -R
# lvlnboot -v
HP 9000 (PA-RISC) 11.31 - Persistent DSF
1. Save hardware paths information of the disk (printout or file). It's very important to
save this information, since some of these details won't be available after the scsimgr
command.
# ioscan -fnkNC disk
Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Description
===================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x2 esdisk NO_HW DEVICE HP
36.4GST336754LC
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8

# ioscan -m lun
Class I Lun H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Health
Description
=======================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x2 esdisk NO_HW DEVICE
offline HP 36.4GST336754LC
0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8

# ioscan -fnkNC lunpath
Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Description
==================================================================
lunpath 2 0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0 eslpt NO_HW LUN_PATH LUN
path for disk8
Note: If the server is rebooted to execute the change, only the new LUN instance will be
displayed. The old LUN will disappear from the ioscan output. Keep the output of these
commands in a secure place.
2. Detach the physical volume from the volume group.
# pvchange -a N /dev/disk/disk8
3. Physically replace the disk.
4. Replacing and executing ioscan again won't report the disk as CLAIMED yet.
Checking the lunpath(s) you should be able to see the AUTH_FAILED state. This is a
security mechanism implemented on HP-UX 11.31 to avoid replacing the bad disk unless
you explicitly authorize it from the OS.
# scsimgr get_info -C lunpath -I 2

STATUS INFORMATION FOR LUN PATH : lunpath2

Generic Status Information

SCSI services internal state = UNOPEN
Open close state = AUTH_FAILED
5. Notify the mass storage subsystem that the disk has been replaced (Authorize the
replacement). Make sure you have created the logs specified in step #1, the lunpath HW
path can't be read from the original disk after this command.
# scsimgr -f replace_wwid -D /dev/rdisk/disk8
scsimgr: Successfully validated binding of LUN paths with new LUN.
Note: This command allows the storage subsystem to replace the old disk's LUN World-
Wide-Identifier (WWID) with the new disk's LUN WWID. The storage subsystem will
create a new LUN instance and new device special files for the new disk. This command
is not required if you reboot the server because no lunpath will be assign to the old
/dev/rdisk/disk8, because the system automatically authorizes the replacement after the
reboot.
6. Determine the new persistent device special file (agile view) of the disk. The lunpath
HW path(0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0) was originally assigned to disk8, it is now temporary assigned
to disk3 in this example. Using the lunpath HW path you ensure that disk3 is the correct
new disk that replaces disk8.
# ioscan -m lun
Class I Lun H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Health
Description
=======================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x2 esdisk NO_HW DEVICE
offline HP 36.4GST336754LC
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8
disk 3 64000/0xfa00/0x3 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE online
HP 36.4GST336753LC
0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0
/dev/disk/disk3 /dev/rdisk/disk3
7. Assign the old instance number to the replacement disk. This commands restores disk8
as the valid device file to acces the new disk and removes disk3 device files.
# io_redirect_dsf -d /dev/disk/disk8 -n /dev/disk/disk3

# ioscan -m lun
Class I Lun H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Health
Description
======================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x3 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE online
HP 36.4GST336753LC
0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8

# ioscan -fnkNC disk
Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Description
===================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x3 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE HP
36.4GST336753LC
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8
8. Repopulate the LIF area:
# mkboot /dev/disk/disk8
9. Change the AUTO file contents to the proper mode:
A) Primary boot disk.
# mkboot a hpux /dev/disk/disk8
B) Alternate boot disk.
# mkboot a hpux lq /dev/disk/disk8
10. Reattach the new disk:
# pvchange -a y /dev/disk/disk8
11. Use lvlnboot to ensure that the LVM logical volumes are prepared to be root, primary
swap or dump volume.
# lvlnboot -R
# lvlnboot -v
12. Reactivate the volume group to attach the physical volumen.
# vgchange a y vgXX
Note: In case that the volume group dont start to synchronize the logical volumes
automatically, you can force synchronization with:
# vgsync vgXX
13. Use lvlnboot to ensure that the LVM logical volumes are prepared to be root, primary
swap or dump volume.
# lvlnboot -R
# lvlnboot -v
14. Update /stand/bootconf to reflect your current boot disks. The format is "l" for "larry"
followed by an space and the disk name, for example:
# cat /stand/bootconf
l /dev/disk/disk8
Integrity (Itanium) - Required reboot
1. Initiate the boot sequence:
# shutdown ry 0
2. Replace the damaged disk.
The damage disk is one of the boot disk mirrors? No, jump to step 11.
3. Interrupt the EFI boot manager autoboot.
EFI Boot Manager ver 1.10 (14.60] Firmware ver 1.61 [4241]
[Escape]
4. Select the proper mirror. Can be primary or alternate. Depend of which disk you have
replaced. your mirrored disk from the boot manager selection menu.
EFI Boot Manager ver 1.10 (14.60] Firmware ver 1.61 [4241]
Please select a boot option
HP-UX Primary Boot
HP-UX Alternate Boot
EFI Shell [Built-in]
5. Verify which disk/kernel you booted from
# grep Boot devices HP-UX path /var/adm/syslog.log
vmunix: Boot devices HP-UX HW path is: 0.0.0.0.1.0
6. In the HP-UX system prompt, recreate the device files for EFI and OS partitions on the
new disk:
# mksf H 0/1/1/0.1.0 s 1
# mksf H 0/1/1/0.1.0 s 2
# mksf H 0/1/1/0.1.0 s 3
# mksf H 0/1/1/0.1.0 -r s 1
# mksf H 0/1/1/0.1.0 -r s 2
# mksf H 0/1/1/0.1.0 -r s 3
7. Create the EFI and OS partititions using an IPF partition description file.
# cat >> /tmp/idf << EOF
3
EFI 500MB
HPUX 100%
HPSP 400MB
EOF
8. Use idisk to setup the disk partitioning using the file created above:
# idisk -wf /tmp/idf /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX
Note:
There will be a prompt with a message saying the operation may be destructive
and asks to continue. Be sure to answer 'yes' for the operation to be successful. If
the prompt is answered with 'y' only, an error is received along with a message
saying "user aborting".
9. Use mkboot to format and populate the newly created EFI partition:
# mkboot -e -l /dev/dsk/cXtXdX
10. Change the AUTO file contents to the proper mode:
A) Primary boot disk.
# cat >> /tmp/auto << EOF
boot vmunix
EOF
# efi_cp d /dev/rdsk/cXtXdXs1 /tmp/auto /efi/hpux/auto
B) Alternate boot disk.
# cat >> /tmp/auto << EOF
boot vmunix lq
EOF
# efi_cp d /dev/rdsk/cXtXdXs1 /tmp/auto /efi/hpux/auto
11. Restore the LVM reserved areas (PVRA/VGRA):
# vgcfgrestore n vg00 /dev/rdsk/cXtXdXs2
12. Reactivate the volume group to attach the physical volume.
# vgchange a y vgXX
Note: In case that the volume group dont start to synchronize the logical volumes
automatically, you can force synchronization with:
# vgsync vgXX
13. Use lvlnboot to ensure that the LVM logical volumes are prepared to be root, primary
swap or dump volume.
# lvlnboot -R
# lvlnboot -v
Integrity (Itanium) - Online Hot Plug
1. Detach the physical volume from volume group:
# pvchange -a n /dev/dsk/cXtXdXs2
2. Hot swap the disk.
Is a bootable disk? No, jump to step 5.
3. Create a description file by doing the following:
# cat >> /tmp/idf << EOF
3
EFI 500MB
HPUX 100%
HPSP 400MB
EOF
4. Use idisk to setup the disk partitioning using the file created above:
# idisk -wf /tmp/idf /dev/rdsk/cXtXdX

Note: There will be a prompt with a message saying the operation may be destructive and
asks to continue. Be sure to answer 'yes' for the operation to be successful. If the prompt
is answered with 'y' only, an error is received along with a message saying "user
aborting".
5. Use mkboot to format and populate the newly created EFI partition:
# mkboot -e -l /dev/dsk/cXtXdX
6. Change the AUTO file contents to the proper mode:
A) Primary boot disk.
# cat >> /tmp/auto << EOF
boot vmunix
EOF
# efi_cp d /dev/rdsk/cXtXdXs1 /tmp/auto /efi/hpux/auto
B) Alternate boot disk.
# cat >> /tmp/auto << EOF
boot vmunix lq
EOF
# efi_cp d /dev/rdsk/cXtXdXs1 /tmp/auto /efi/hpux/auto
7. Restore the LVM reserved areas (PVRA/VGRA):
# vgcfgrestore n vg00 /dev/rdsk/cXtXdXs2
8. Reattach the new disk:
# pvchange -a y /dev/dsk/cXtXdXs2
9. Reactivate the volume group to attach the physical volumen.
# vgchange a y vgXX
Note: In case that the volume group dont start to synchronize the logical volumes
automatically, you can force synchronization with:
# vgsync vgXX
10. Use lvlnboot to ensure that the LVM logical volumes are prepared to be root, primary
swap or dump volume.
# lvlnboot -R
# lvlnboot -v
Integrity (Itanium) 11.31 - Persistent DSF
1. Save hardware paths information of the disk (printout or file). It's very important to
save this information, since some of these details won't be available after the scsimgr
command.
# ioscan -fnkNC disk
Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Description
===================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x2 esdisk NO_HW DEVICE HP
36.4GST336754LC
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/disk/disk8_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p2
/dev/disk/disk8_p1 /dev/disk/disk8_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk8_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p3

# ioscan -m lun
Class I Lun H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Health
Description
=======================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x2 esdisk NO_HW DEVICE
offline HP 36.4GST336754LC
0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/disk/disk8_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p2
/dev/disk/disk8_p1 /dev/disk/disk8_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk8_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p3

# ioscan -fnkNC lunpath
Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Description
==================================================================
lunpath 2 0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0 eslpt NO_HW LUN_PATH LUN
path for disk8
Note: If the server is rebooted to execute the change, only the new LUN instance will be
displayed. The old LUN will disappear from the ioscan output. Keep the output of these
commands in a secure place.
2. Detach the physical volume from the volume group.
# pvchange -a N /dev/disk/disk8_p2
3. Physically replace the disk.
4. Replacing and executing ioscan again won't report the disk as CLAIMED yet.
Checking the lunpath(s) you should be able to see the AUTH_FAILED state. This is a
security mechanism implemented on HP-UX 11.31 to avoid replacing the bad disk unless
you explicitly authorize it from the OS.
# scsimgr get_info -C lunpath -I 2

STATUS INFORMATION FOR LUN PATH : lunpath2

Generic Status Information

SCSI services internal state = UNOPEN
Open close state = AUTH_FAILED
5. Notify the mass storage subsystem that the disk has been replaced (Authorize the
replacement). Make sure you have created the logs specified in step #1, the lunpath HW
path can't be read from the original disk after this command.
# scsimgr -f replace_wwid -D /dev/rdisk/disk8
scsimgr: Successfully validated binding of LUN paths with new LUN.
Note: This command allows the storage subsystem to replace the old disk's LUN World-
Wide-Identifier (WWID) with the new disk's LUN WWID. The storage subsystem will
create a new LUN instance and new device special files for the new disk. This command
is not required if you reboot the server because no lunpath will be assign to the old
/dev/rdisk/disk8, because the system automatically authorizes the replacement after the
reboot.
6. Determine the new persistent device special file (agile view) of the disk. The lunpath
HW path(0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0) was originally assigned to disk8, it is now temporary assigned
to disk3 in this example. Using the lunpath HW path you ensure that disk3 is the correct
new disk that replaces disk8.
# ioscan -m lun
Class I Lun H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Health
Description
=======================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x2 esdisk NO_HW DEVICE
offline HP 36.4GST336754LC
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/disk/disk8_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p2
/dev/disk/disk8_p1 /dev/disk/disk8_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk8_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p3
disk 3 64000/0xfa00/0x3 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE online
HP 36.4GST336753LC
0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0
/dev/disk/disk3 /dev/rdisk/disk3
7. Create a description file to create the EFI partitions. Use the following command:
# cat >> /tmp/idf << EOF
3
EFI 500MB
HPUX 100%
HPSP 400MB
8. Use idisk to setup the disk partitioning using the file created above and create the
persistent device special files.
# idisk -wf /tmp/idf /dev/rdisk/disk#
Note:
There will be a prompt with a message saying the operation may be destructive
and asks to continue. Be sure to answer 'yes' for the operation to be successful. If
the prompt is answered with 'y' only, an error is received along with a message
saying "user aborting".
# insf -e -H 64000/0xfa00/0x#
insf: Installing special files for esdisk instance # address
64000/0xfa00/0x#
9. Verify the state of the mass storage subsystem after creating the EFI partitions.
# ioscan -m lun
Class I Lun H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Health
Description
=======================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x2 esdisk NO_HW DEVICE
offline HP 36.4GST336754LC
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/disk/disk8_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p2
/dev/disk/disk8_p1 /dev/disk/disk8_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk8_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p3
disk 3 64000/0xfa00/0x3 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE online
HP 36.4GST336753LC
0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0
/dev/disk/disk3 /dev/disk/disk3_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk3 /dev/rdisk/disk3_p2
/dev/disk/disk3_p1 /dev/disk/disk3_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk3_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk3_p3
10. Assign the old instance number to the replacement disk. This commands restores
disk8 as the valid device file to acces the new disk and removes disk3 device files.
# io_redirect_dsf -d /dev/disk/disk8 -n /dev/disk/disk3

Note:
If you miss to create the efi partition before using io_redirect_dsf, the command
will gracefully fail with the following error message:
# io_redirect_dsf -d /dev/disk/disk8 -n /dev/disk/disk3
Number of old DSFs=8.
Number of new DSFs=2.
The number of old and new DSFs must be the same.
11. Verify that the io_redirect_dsf has properly attached the disk to the previous
persistent dsf and that the physical volume status is CLAIMED.
# ioscan -m lun
Class I Lun H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Health
Description
======================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x3 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE online
HP 36.4GST336753LC
0/1/1/0.0xa.0x0
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/disk/disk8_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p2
/dev/disk/disk8_p1 /dev/disk/disk8_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk8_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p3

# ioscan -fnkNC disk
Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type Description
===================================================================
disk 8 64000/0xfa00/0x3 esdisk CLAIMED DEVICE HP
36.4GST336753LC
/dev/disk/disk8 /dev/disk/disk8_p2
/dev/rdisk/disk8 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p2
/dev/disk/disk8_p1 /dev/disk/disk8_p3
/dev/rdisk/disk8_p1 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p3
12. Use mkboot to format and populate the newly created EFI partition:
# mkboot -e -l /dev/dsk/disk8
13. Change the AUTO file contents to the proper mode:.
A) Primary boot disk.
# cat >> /tmp/auto << EOF
boot vmunix
EOF
# efi_cp d /dev/rdisk/disk8_p1 /tmp/auto /efi/hpux/auto
B) Alternate boot disk.
# cat >> /tmp/auto << EOF
boot vmunix lq
EOF
# efi_cp d /dev/rdisk/disk8_p1 /tmp/auto /efi/hpux/auto
14. Restore the LVM reserved areas (PVRA/VGRA).
# vgcfgrestore n vg00 /dev/rdisk/disk8_p2
15. Reattach the new disk:
# pvchange -a y /dev/rdisk/disk8_p2
16. Reactivate the volume group to attach the physical volumen.
# vgchange a y vgXX
Note: In case that the volume group dont start to synchronize the logical volumes
automatically, you can force synchronization with:
# vgsync vgXX
17. Use lvlnboot to ensure that the LVM logical volumes are prepared to be root, primary
swap or dump volume.
# lvlnboot -R
# lvlnboot -v
18. Update /stand/bootconf to reflect your current boot disks. The format is "l" for "larry"
followed by an space and the disk name, for example:
# cat /stand/bootconf
l /dev/disk/disk8
Integrity (Itanium) - SAS Disk Replacement
Please follow these instructions. In this example the failed drive is c1t4d0 and it's
corresponding SAS controller name sasd0:
1. Check current configuration state:
# ioscan -fnH 0/4/1/0

Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type
Description
=======================================================================
========
escsi_ctlr 0 0/4/1/0 sasd CLAIMED INTERFACE HP
PCI/PCI-X SAS MPT Adapter
/dev/sasd0
ext_bus 1 0/4/1/0.0.0 sasd_vbus CLAIMED INTERFACE SAS
Device Interface
target 4 0/4/1/0.0.0.4 tgt NO_HW DEVICE
disk 5 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0 sdisk NO_HW DEVICE HP
DG036A8B5B
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s1 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s1
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s2 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s2
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s3 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s3
target 5 0/4/1/0.0.0.7 tgt CLAIMED DEVICE
disk 8 0/4/1/0.0.0.7.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE HP
DG036A9BB6
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s1 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s1
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s2 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s2
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s3 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s3
Note: It's important to save also the output of "sasmgr get_info -D /dev/sasd# -q
raid=all", this way you can compare the original disk with the replacement disk using the
bay number, since the target id will always change and can't be used as a comparison
strategy when replacing SAS disks.
2. If the physical volume is part of an existing volume group, temporaly disable LVM I/O
to the drive:
# pvchange -a n /dev/dsk/c1t4d0
3. Turn on the disks locator LED to ensure the remove the correct disk from the sas bay.
# sasmgr set_attr -D /dev/sasd0 -q lun=/dev/rdsk/c1t4d0 -q
locate_led=on
Verify that only the failed drive locate LED is set to ON.
# sasmgr get_info -D /dev/sasd0 -q lun=all -q lun_locate
/dev/rdsk/c1t2d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.2.0 1 3 OFF
/dev/rdsk/c1t3d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.3.0 1 4 OFF
/dev/rdsk/c1t4d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0 1 5 ON
/dev/rdsk/c1t7d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.7.0 1 8 OFF

RAID VOL ID is 4 :
/dev/rdsk/c1t10d0 0/4/1/0.0.0.10.0

Physical disks in volume are :
1 1 OFF HP DG072A9BB7 HPD0
1 2 OFF HP DG072A9BB7 HPD0
4. At this point the drive in bay 5 can be physically remove and replace with the new
drive.
5. Running ioscan again will output the new disk HW path, 0/4/1/0.0.0.11.0 in this
example. Failed drive will still show NO_HW. This behavior is normal:
# ioscan -fnH 0/4/1/0

Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type
Description
=======================================================================
========
escsi_ctlr 0 0/4/1/0 sasd CLAIMED INTERFACE HP
PCI/PCI-X SAS MPT Adapter
/dev/sasd0
ext_bus 1 0/4/1/0.0.0 sasd_vbus CLAIMED INTERFACE SAS
Device Interface
target 4 0/4/1/0.0.0.4 tgt NO_HW DEVICE
disk 5 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0 sdisk NO_HW DEVICE HP
DG036A8B5B
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s1 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s1
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s2 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s2
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s3 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s3
target 5 0/4/1/0.0.0.7 tgt CLAIMED DEVICE
disk 8 0/4/1/0.0.0.7.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE HP
DG036A9BB6
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s1 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s1
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s2 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s2
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s3 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s3
target 7 0/4/1/0.0.0.11 tgt CLAIMED DEVICE
disk 12 0/4/1/0.0.0.11.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE HP
DG036A8B5B
6. The new disk will use a different SAS address (Similar to WWN on fibre channel
connections). The old device special file name must be redirected to the new HW path.
Issue the following command to update the configuration:
# sasmgr replace_tgt -D /dev/sasd0 -q old_dev=/dev/dsk/c1t4d0 -q
new_tgt_hwpath=0/4/1/0.0.0.11.0

WARNING: This is a DESTRUCTIVE operation.
This might result in failure of current I/O requests.
Do you want to continue ?(y/n) [n]...
LUN has been replaced with new Target.
7. Verify the system state with ioscan:
# ioscan -fnH 0/4/1/0

Class I H/W Path Driver S/W State H/W Type
Description
=======================================================================
========
escsi_ctlr 0 0/4/1/0 sasd CLAIMED INTERFACE HP
PCI/PCI-X SAS MPT Adapter
/dev/sasd0
ext_bus 1 0/4/1/0.0.0 sasd_vbus CLAIMED INTERFACE SAS
Device Interface
target 4 0/4/1/0.0.0.4 tgt CLAIMED DEVICE
disk 5 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE
HP DG036A8B5B
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s1 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s1
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s2 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s2
/dev/dsk/c1t4d0s3 /dev/rdsk/c1t4d0s3
target 5 0/4/1/0.0.0.7 tgt CLAIMED DEVICE
disk 8 0/4/1/0.0.0.7.0 sdisk CLAIMED DEVICE HP
DG036A9BB6
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s1 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s1
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s2 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s2
/dev/dsk/c1t7d0s3 /dev/rdsk/c1t7d0s3
target 7 0/4/1/0.0.0.11 tgt NO_HW DEVICE
disk 12 0/4/1/0.0.0.11.0 sdisk NO_HW DEVICE HP
DG036A8B5B
Note: The S/W State of the H/W Path 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0 changed to CLAIMED, and
the S/W State of the H/W Path 0/4/1/0.0.0.11.0 changed to NO_H/W. The
hardware path 0/4/1/0.0.0.11.0 will remain as NO_HW in the ioscan output until
the system next reboot.
8. Now you must restore LVM mirroring to the new disk. If this is a bootable volume
group, it involves creating the EFI partitions and formatting partition 1; changing the
autoboot file if this was the mirror (not necessary for the primary disk); and, restoring the
LVM information to EFI partition 2.
9. Note: Only necessary for vg00. Rewrite the boot information to the EFI Boot Menu so
the system will be able to boot from the new path.
# setboot
Primary bootpath : 0/4/1/0.0.0.7.0
HA Alternate bootpath : <none>
Alternate bootpath : <none>
Autoboot is ON (enabled)

# setboot -h 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0

# setboot
Primary bootpath : 0/4/1/0.0.0.7.0
HA Alternate bootpath : 0/4/1/0.0.0.4.0
Alternate bootpath : 0/0/2/0
Autoboot is ON (enabled)