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Miguel Lpez de Legazpi

[1]
(c. 1502 August 20,
1572), also known as El Adelantado and El
Viejo (The Elder), was a Basque Spanish navigator
and governor who established the first Spanish
settlement in the East Indies when his expedition
crossed the Pacific Ocean from the Viceroyalty of
New Spain in modern-day Mexico, and
founded Cebu on the Philippine Islands in 1565. He
was the first Governor-General of Spanish East
Indieswhich included the Philippines and other
Pacific archipelagos, namely Guam and the Marianas
Islands. After obtaining peace with various
indigenous tribes, Miguel Lpez de Legazpi
made Manila the capital of the Spanish East Indies in
1571.
[1]
The capital of the province of Albay in the
Philippines,Legazpi City bears his name.

Guido de Lavezaris (c.1499? - d. 1581?) was the
second Spanish Governor General of the Philippines.
He succeeded Miguel Lpez de Legazpi in 1572 as
governor, and was succeeded by Francisco de
Sande on August 25, 1575.

Francisco de Sande Picn (15401627) was the
third Spanish governor and captain-general of
the Philippines from August 25, 1575 to April 1580.

Francisco de la Cuesta (1661 May 30,
1724), O.S.H. - was the 11th Archbishop of
Manila from 1707 to 1722 and a Governor-
General of the Philippines in 1719 to 1721.

Manuel Antonio Rojo del Rio y Vieyra (September
24, 1708 January 30, 1764)
[2]
was
a Mexican (originally Spanish Criollo) friar who
served as the Archbishop of Manila and Governor-
General of the Philippines at the commencement of
the 17621764 British occupation of Manila.

Jos Basco y Vargas, 1st Count of the Conquest of
Batanes Islands (Spanish: Jos Basco y Vargas,
primer conde de la conquista de las islas
Batanes (17331805) was a naval officer of
the Spanish navy who served as the 53rd governor of
the Philippines under the Spanish Empire, from 1778
to 1787. He was the most economic minded
governor-general.

Flix Berenguer de
Marquina (1736, Alicante, Spain October 10,
1826, Alicante) was a Spanish naval officer, colonial
official and, from April 30, 1800 to January 4, 1803,
viceroy of New Spain.

Marcelino de Ora Lecumberri (1788 1851) was
a Basque Spanish military man and administrator.
Born in Beriin in Navarre, he distinguished himself
as acadet during the War of Spanish Independence

Narciso Clavera y Zalda (May 2, 1795 June 20,
1851) was a Spanish army officer who served as
the Governor-General of the Philippines from July
16, 1844 to December 26, 1849. During his term in
the country, he tried to give the Islands a government
as good as that of modern Spain. He traveled through
many provinces trying to learn the needs of the
Filipinos. He encouraged agriculture, improved the
streets and suburbs of Manila and succeeded in
helping the country.
[2]
He was given the title Count of
Manila.
[1]
The towns of Claveria in Misamis
Oriental province, Claveria in Masbateprovince,
and Claveria in Cagayan province were named in his
honor

Fernndo Norzagaray y Escudero was a Spanish
soldier and colonial governor. Of Basque descent, he
was a lieutenant general before becoming the
104th Governor of Puerto Rico and the
78th Governor of the Philippines under Spanish
colonial rule. He also had a political career in Spain.
In 1840 he was briefly Minister of War. On his return
to Spain in 1860 he was made a senator, but he died
the same year

Manuel Pava y Lacy, 1st Marquis de
Novaliches (July 6, 1814 in Granada October 22,
1896 in Madrid), Spanish marshal.



Camilo Garca de Polavieja y del Castillo-Negrete,
Marques de Polavieja (18381914) was
a Spanish general born in Madrid on July 13, 1838, in
a family of merchants.
[1]
He was an able commander,
but considered as brutal as Valeriano Weyler of
Cuba.

Don Fernando Primo de Rivera y Sobremonte, 1st
Marqus of Estella, 12th Count of Pea Vlez,
17th Count of Torres Rovellas, 23rd Count of
Sobremonte (Sevilla, 24 July 1831 Madrid, 23
May 1921) was a Spanish politician, and soldier.


Basilio Augustn y Dvila
[1]
(18401910) was
briefly a Spanish Governor-General of
the Philippines, from April 11 to July 24, 1898, in the
middle of the Philippine Revolution. He attempted to
create a consultative assembly of Filipino Ilustrados
loyal to Spain and a militia force of Filipinos, as a
pretext for autonomy in the Philippines. He assured
the Spanish that the war against the United
States would be short and decisive.
[2]
He offered one
million pesos to Aguinaldo but the latter refused.
However, it did gain following from reputable figures
of from the revolutionaries such as Artemio
Ricarte and Emiliano Riego de Dios due to the efforts
of Pedro Paterno.

Ramn Blanco y Erenas, marqus de Pea
Plata (18331906) was
a Spanish brigadier and colonial administrator. Born
in San Sebastin, he was sent to the Caribbean in
1858 and governed Cuba and Santo Domingo. In
1861, he returned to Spain but was then sent to
the Philippines (18661871)

Don Valeriano Weyler y Nicolau, Marquis of
Tenerife, Duke of Rub, Grandee of Spain,
(September 17, 1838 October 20, 1930) was a
Spanish general, and Governor General of the
Philippines and Cuba. He was famous for
his Reconcentracin policy,
[1]
which was the first of
the similar acts known today as internment, as used
later by the United Kingdom (to the Transvaal
Colony), the United States (to Filipinos and General
William Tecumseh Sherman's campaign), Germany
(to Jews), and Russia (to the Japanese).

Emilio Terrero y Perinat was a 33rd
degree Mason who became the Governor-General of
the Philippines from 1885 to 1888. He was renowned
for his campaign against the Moros in Mindanao.


Joaqun Jovellar y Soler (December 28, 1819
April 17, 1892) was a Spanish general who served as
the Prime Minister of Spain from September 12, 1875
December 2, 1875 and governor and captain-
general of the Philippines from April 7, 1883 April
1, 1885.

Gonzalo Ronquillo de Pealosa (died April 10,
1583), sometimes spelled as Gonalo Ronquillo
Pealoza was the fourth Spanish governor and
captain-general of the Philippines from April 1580
until his death in 1583. He was succeeded by his
nephew, Diego Ronquillo.
Diego Ronquillo was the fifth Spanish governor of
the Philippines, from March 10, 1583 until May
1584. He was the nephew of his predecessor,Gonzalo
Ronquillo de Pealosa, and served as interim
governor for little more than a year. Manila suffered
heavy damage from a fire that occurred on March 19,
1583.
Santiago de Vera was a native of Alcal de
Henares, Spain and the sixth Spanish governor of
the Philippines, from May 16, 1584 until May 1590.

Gmez Prez Dasmarias y Ribadeneira (1
January 1519 25 October 1593
[1]
) was a Spanish
politician, diplomat, military officer and colonial
official. He was the seventh governor-general of the
Philippines from May or June 1, 1590 to October 25,
1593. The city of Dasmarias, located 24 km south of
Manila, was named after him. Dasmarias is a
member of the Order of Santiago.
Pedro de Rojas was a Spanish licenciado (lawyer)
and colonial official in the Philippines and New
Spain. For 40 days in 1593 he served as interim
governor of the Philippines.
He had first served in the Philippines as a member of
the Audiencia of Manila, beginning in 1584. In 1590
he was made lieutenant assessor of the colony, an
important position.

Luis Prez Dasmarias was a Spanish soldier and
governor of the Philippines from December 3, 1593
to July 14, 1596. In 1596 he sent unsuccessful
expeditions to conquer Cambodia and Mindanao.
Prez Dasmarias was a knight of the Order of
Alcntara. His father, Gmez Prez Dasmarias, was
governor of the Philippines from 1590 to 1593.
Luis Prez Dasmarias was a Spanish soldier and
governor of the Philippines from December 3, 1593
to July 14, 1596. In 1596 he sent unsuccessful
expeditions to conquer Cambodia and Mindanao.
Prez Dasmarias was a knight of the Order of
Alcntara. His father, Gmez Prez Dasmarias, was
governor of the Philippines from 1590 to 1593.
Pedro Bravo de Acua (died June 24, 1606) was
a Spanish military officer and colonial official in
the New World and the Philippines. From 1602 to
1606 he was governor of the Philippines.
Pasqual Enrile y Alcedo (1772-1836), a native
of Cdiz, Spain, was the Spanish governor-general of
the Philippines from December 23, 1830 to March 1,
1835.
[1]
He was among the most illustrious rulers of
the archipelago, on account of his ability,
uprightness, and zeal for the public welfare. Enrile
was especially active in building highways and
providing other means of communication to bring the
inland and the maritime provinces into
communication with each other
Mariano Ricafort Palacin y Abarca (17761846)
was Governor of Cuba, Intendant of La Paz, part
of Rio de la Plata, and the 61st Governor-General of
the Philippines. He was an able administrator and a
governor of judgment and energy.
Fermn Judenes y lvarez
[1]
was briefly
a Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines, from
July 24 to August 13, 1898, in the middle of
thePhilippine Revolution. During his term, two
important events occurred the mock Battle of
Manila and the surrender of the Spanish, ending over
330 years of rule. Jaudenes was in Manila when the
Spanish parliament, the Cortes, learned of Governor-
General Basilio Augustns attempt to negotiate
surrender to the army of Filipinos under Emilio
Aguinaldo, which precipitated the latter's removal on
July 24, 1898, and the appointment of Judenes as
Governor-General the same day. Most references
indicate that Jaudenes was Acting Governor-General,
and remained as such throughout his short term of 21
days.
General Francisco Rizzo
[1]
was the
acting Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines,
from August 13 to September 1898, after the Battle
of Manila. He relieved General Fermin Judenes as
Acting Governor-General on August 13. Sources
reported that Rizzo relocated the Spanish capital
from Manila to Malolos, which was also Aguinaldos
capital. An uneasy truce occurred between the
remaining Spanish and Aguinaldo. The French
Consulate in Manila considered General Rizzo to be
a good man, but lacks leadership qualities. During
General Rizzos reign, General Elwell Otisrelieved
General Wesley Merritt on August 29, as
Commander, Department of the Pacific, and as the
U.S. Military Governor of the Philippine Islands. In
General Otis reports, he never mentioned Governor-
General Rizzo, but apparently communicated almost
exclusively with Spanish General Diego de los Rios,
who then commanded the remnants of the Spanish
Army in the Visayas and south Philippines. Rizzo
was ultimately replaced by de los Rios as Governor-
General in September 1898.
Diego de los Ros y Nicolau (9 April 1850 - 4
November 1911) was the last Spanish Governor-
General of the Philippines.


Cristbal Tllez de Almanza was an auditor
licentiate taking over military affairs before
becoming the 12th governor of
the Philippines under Spanishcolonial rule.
[1]
The
series of Japanese insurrections began just last year,
1606, when a son of a Japanese was killed by a
Spaniard. The Japanese then plotted a revolt. The
second Japanese insurrection occurred in 1607
Rodrigo de Vivero y Aberrucia, 1st Count of Valle
de Orizaba (Spanish: Rodrigo de Vivero y
Aberrucia, primer conde del valle de Orizaba)
(Laredo, Spain 15641636) was a Spanish noble who
served as the 13th governor and captain-general of
the Philippines from 1608 to 1609. He was the son
of Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco, a Spanish colonial
officer who was the nephew of Viceroy of New
Spain Luis de Velasco, and Melchora de Aberrucia, a
widow of conquistador Alonso Valiente.
Rodrigo de Vivero y Aberrucia, 1st Count of Valle
de Orizaba (Spanish: Rodrigo de Vivero y
Aberrucia, primer conde del valle de Orizaba)
(Laredo, Spain 15641636) was a Spanish noble who
served as the 13th governor and captain-general of
the Philippines from 1608 to 1609. He was the son
of Rodrigo de Vivero y Velasco, a Spanish colonial
officer who was the nephew of Viceroy of New
Spain Luis de Velasco, and Melchora de Aberrucia, a
widow of conquistador Alonso Valiente.
Andrs Alcaraz was an auditor licentiate taking over
military affairs before becoming the 15th Governor-
General of the Philippines of
the Philippinesunder Spanish colonial rule.
Don Alonso Fajardo de Entenza y de Guevara,
Crdoba y Velasco, Knight of Alcantara, Lord
of Espinardo (d. July 1624, in the Philippines) was
Spanish Governor-General and Captain-General of
the Islands of the Philippines from 3 July 1618 until
his death.
Fernndo de Silva was a Spanish diplomat and
colonial official. From July 1625 to June 28, 1626 he
was interim governor of the Philippines.
Juan Nio de Tabora (died July 22, 1632), was a
Spanish general and colonial official. From June 29,
1626 until his death on July 22, 1632, he was
governor of the Philippines.
Emilio Molns was a former military officer of
rank lance corporal (Spanish: cabo segundo)
of Spanish army in the Philippines. From March 10
to April 7, 1883, he temporarily served as the
102nd governor and captain-general of the
Philippines after the reappointment of Fernndo
Primo de Rivera. He was succeeded by Joaqun
Jovellar, and thereafter came back into office again
as ad interim 104th governor and captain-general
from April 1 to April 4, 1885
Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo y Egua (January 7,
1803, San Sebastin April 26, 1857, Madrid) was
a Spanish military and the marquis of La Solana. In
1814 he became a knight's page in the Spanish Army,
fought against the government of Trienio Liberal, and
then became the inspector of the Voluntarios
Realistas. Madrid historians mentioned Urbiztondo's
participation to a dispute at the Royal Palace of
Madrid, which involved the Duke of Cdiz, the Duke
of Valencia and Joaqun Osorio y Silva-Bazn (who
was killed by Urbiztondo).
Juan Antonio de Urbiztondo y Egua (January 7,
1803, San Sebastin April 26, 1857, Madrid) was
a Spanish military and the marquis of La Solana. In
1814 he became a knight's page in the Spanish Army,
fought against the government of Trienio Liberal, and
then became the inspector of the Voluntarios
Realistas. Madrid historians mentioned Urbiztondo's
participation to a dispute at the Royal Palace of
Madrid, which involved the Duke of Cdiz, the Duke
of Valencia and Joaqun Osorio y Silva-Bazn (who
was killed by Urbiztondo).

Rafael de Izquierdo y Gutirrez
[3]
(18201882)
was a Spanish Military Officer, Political
Leader and Statesman who became Governor-
General of the Philippines from April 4, 1871 to
January 8, 1873. He was famous for his use of "Iron
Fist" type of government, contradicting the liberal
government of his predecessor, Crlos Mara de la
Torre y Nava Cerrada. He was the Governor-General
during the 1872 Cavite mutiny which led to
execution of 41 of the mutineers, including
the Gomburza martyrs. Prior to being Governor-
General of the Philippines, Izquierdo also acted as
Governor-General ofPuerto Rico
[1]
from March 1862
to April 1862.
Eulogio Despujol y Dusay
[1]
(Barcelona, March 11,
1834 - Riba-roja de Tria, October 18, 1907) served
as a Spanish Governor-General of
the Philippines from 1891 to 1893. A native
ofCatalunya,
[2]
at first, he ruled in the Philippines as a
conservative but later became a reactionary. It was
during his term when Jos Rizal, leader of the
Philippine propaganda movement, was sent to
Dapitan island, in Mindanao. He would again meet
with Rizal, who was on his way to Cuba to work as
a military medic before being intercepted
in Barcelona, before sending him back to the
Philippines
Juan Cerezo de Salamanca was interim Spanish
governor of the Philippines from August 2, 1633 to
June 25, 1635.
Cerezo de Salamanca was named interim governor of
the Philippines by the viceroy of New Spain, Rodrigo
Pacheco y Osorio, marqus de Cerralvo to
replace Juan Nio de Tabora, who had died in office
July 22, 1632. Cerezo sailed from Acapulco on April
5, 1633, arriving at the Philippines on July 8. Calm
did not enable his flagship to reach Cavite,
near Manila. Instead the new governor landed
at Mindoro and was transported to the capital by an
oared vessel. He arrived in Manila and took
possession of the government on August 2, 1633.
Sebastin Hurtado de
Corcuera (b. Lantarn, Spain, d. August 12,
1660, Tenerife, Canary Islands) was a Spanish soldier
and colonial official. From 1632 to 1634 he was
governor of Panama. From June 25, 1635 to August
11, 1644 he was governor of the Philippines. And
from 1659 to his death in 1660 he was governor of
the Canary Islands. He is remembered as one of the
two greatest Spanish military leaders in the
Philippines, the other beingJuan Arolas 250 years
later.
Diego Fajardo Chacn was a Spanish military
officer and governor of the Philippines, from August
11, 1644 to July 25, 1653.
Sabiniano Manrique de Lara was
Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Islands,
25 July 1653 8 September 1663.
Juan Manuel de la Pea Bonifaz (died 1669) was
a Spanish politician who served as the ad
interim 26th governor and captain-general of
thePhilippines from September 28, 1668 to
September 24, 1669. Prior to his term being the
governor-general, he served as the junior auditor of
the Real Audiencia of Manila before he held the
highest position by trickery. He succeeded Diego de
Salcedo as the governor.
Diego de Salcedo, a Spanish army officer during
the Eighty Years' War, was the Governor-General of
the Philippines from 1663 to 1668. He reinforced the
army of the archipelago and promoted trade with
America.
[1]
In his participation during the Eighty
Years' War, he was made Governor of Jlich after the
Spanish victory at the Siege of Jlich in August 1621
Fausto Cruzat y Gngora was Spanish Governor-
General of the Philippines from 1690 to 1701. He is
thought to be one of the most capable of the Spanish
colonial officials in his day
Fernando Manuel de Bustillo Bustamante y
Rueda (died 1719) served as Spanish Governor
General in the Philippines from 1717 until his death
1719.
Francisco Javier de la Torre was the
49th governor-general of the Philippines from 1764
to 1765.
Simn de Anda y Salazar (October 28, 1701
October 30, 1776) was a Spanish Basque governor of
the Philippines from July, 1770 to October 30, 1776.
Miguel Lino de Ezpeleta (sometimes spelled as de
Espeleta) (Manila, June 1701 Cebu, July 1771) was
a Spanish Criollo born in Manila who served as
the Bishop of Cebu from 1757 until his death in
1771. Consequently, he assumed the position as
the governor-general from 1759 to 1761 during
Spanish intervention to the Seven Years' War and
prelude to the occupations of Manila and Cavite.
Pedro Manuel de Aranda Santisteban (Ceuta,
1699 Manila, 1759) was a Spanish knight and
colonial official. He became the governor-general of
the Philippines appointed from July 1754 to May 31,
1759
Francisco Jos de Ovando y Sols Rol de La
Cerda, 1st Marquis of Brindisi (Spanish: Francisco
Jos de Ovando y Sols Rol de La Cerda, primer
Marqus de Brindisi) (c. 1693 December 9, 1755)
was a Spanish soldier who served as governor of
Chile.
Francisco Jos de Ovando y Sols Rol de La
Cerda, 1st Marquis of Brindisi (Spanish: Francisco
Jos de Ovando y Sols Rol de La Cerda, primer
Marqus de Brindisi) (c. 1693 December 9, 1755)
was a Spanish soldier who served as governor of
Chile.
Simn de Anda y Salazar (October 28, 1701
October 30, 1776) was a Spanish Basque governor of
the Philippines from July, 1770 to October 30, 1776.
Jos de Lachambre was the ad
interim Spanish Governor-General of the
Philippines after Camilo Polavieja was recalled by
the Cnovas government who was displeased with
Polavieja's policy.
[1]
Fernando Primo de Rivera was
appointed and took office for the second time as
governor general (the first from 1880-1883) on April
23, 1897. De Lachambre served as the interim
governor for a week from April 1523, 1897