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Flora Australis :

1. Matoa : Pometia pinnata is a large tropical hardwood and fruit tree species, with common
names including matoa, taun tree, island lychee, tava, and of the plant family
Sapindaceae (maple and lychee family). Naturally widespread, the trees grow through
south east Asia, Malesia and the Pacific region. They grow up to tall canopy trees of 40 m
(130 ft) tall.
[1]
They have pinnate leaves and green, yellow, or dark red fruits up to 4 cm
(1.6 in) long, each with three seeds, surrounded by a fleshy aril somewhat like a lychee,
edible and popular fruit for eating.


Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Pometia
Species: P. pinnata
Binomial name
Pometia pinnata


2. Cendana (Santalum album) : This timber is used as a spice ingredient, raw material for
incense, as aromatherapy, and perfume. This plant is commonly found in East Nusa
Tenggara.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked):
Core
eudicots
Order: Santalales
Family: Santalaceae
Genus: Santalum
Species: S. album
Binomial name
Santalum album

3. Eboni : Diospyros is a genus of over 700 species of deciduous and evergreen trees,
shrubs and small bushes. The majority are native to the tropics, with only a few species
extending into temperate regions. Depending on their nature, individual species are
commonly known as ebony or persimmon trees. Some are valued for their hard, heavy,
dark timber, and some for their fruit. Some are useful as ornamentals and many are of
local ecological importance.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Ericales
Family: Ebenaceae
Genus:
Diospyros
L.
Type species
Diospyros lotus


4. Siwalan : a type of palm that grows in southern Asia and southeast Asia. This tree usually
grows in dry areas. The leaves can be used for crafts and basic materials can also be
used as script writing ejection. Some craft materials are contrived from palm leaves among
which fans, mats, and Sasando.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Genus: Borassus
Species: B. flabellifer
Binomial name
Borassus flabellifer

5. Pakis : entire fern married two (dioecious) until there is a male and female plants. Pollen
produced by the male plants of large conifers that grow from the stem end. Tool similar to
the female flower with leaves growing from the seeds aside. Tool females grow from the
sidelines axillary

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Cycadophyta
Class: Cycadopsida
Order: Cycadales
Family: Cycadaceae
Genus: Cycas
Type species
C. circinalis



FLORA ASIATIS
1. Raflesia arnoldi : Rafflesia arnoldii is a member of the genus Rafflesia. It is noted for producing the
largest individual flower on earth. It has a very strong and horrible odor of decaying flesh, earning it the
nickname "corpse flower". It is endemic to the rainforests of Borneo and Sumatra.
[1]
Although there are
some plants with larger flowering organs like the titan arum (Amorphophallus titanum) and talipot palm
(Corypha umbraculifera), those are technically clusters of many flowers.
Rafflesia arnoldii (Indonesian: padma raksasa) is one of the three national flowers in Indonesia, the
other two being the white jasmine and moon orchid.
[2]
It was officially recognized as a national
"rare flower" (Indonesian: puspa langka) in Presidential Decree No. 4 in 1993.
This flower just aged approximately 1 week (5-7 days) and after it withered and died. Flowers
raflesia is a parasite that is not rooted, no leaves, and do not have a stalk. Diameter in the middle of
blooming flowers can reach 1 mtr. With a weight of approximately 11 kilograms. Flowers suck
inorganic and organic elements of the host plant tetrasigma.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Rafflesiaceae
Genus: Rafflesia
Species: R. arnoldii
Binomial name
Rafflesia arnoldii

2. Anggrek : Orchidaceae is a diverse and widespread family of flowering plants with blooms that are often
colourful and often fragrant, commonly known as the orchid family. Along with the Asteraceae, they are
one of the two largest families of flowering plants, with between 21,950 and 26,049 currently accepted
species, found in 880 genera.
[2][3]
The determination of which family is larger is still under debate, because
verified data on the members of such enormous families are continually in flux. Regardless, the number of
orchid species nearly equals the number of bony fishes and more than twice the number of bird species,
and about four times the number of mammal species. The family also encompasses about 611% of all
seed plants.
[4]
The largest genera are Bulbophyllum (2,000 species), Epidendrum (1,500 species),
Dendrobium (1,400 species) and Pleurothallis (1,000 species).
The family also includes Vanilla (the genus of the vanilla plant), Orchis (type genus), and many
commonly cultivated plants such as Phalaenopsis and Cattleya. Moreover, since the introduction of
tropical species into cultivation in the 19th century, horticulturists have produced more than
100,000 hybrids and cultivars.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family:
Orchidaceae
Juss.
[1]

Type genus
Orchis


3. Bunga bangkai Amorphophallus (from Ancient Greek amorphos, "without form, misshapen" + phallos,
"penis", referring to the shape of the prominent spadix) is a large genus of some 200 tropical and
subtropical tuberous herbaceous plants from the Arum family (Araceae), native to Asia, Africa, Australia
and various oceanic islands.
[1][2]
A few species are edible as "famine foods" after careful preparation to
remove irritating chemicals.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
Order: Alismatales
Family: Araceae
Subfamily: Aroideae
Tribe: Thomsonieae
Genus: Amorphophallus


4. Daun sang : Johannesteijsmannia is a genus of four species of palms found in tropical rainforests of
southern Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia.
[1]
They are fan palms, usually growing without a trunk. The
genus was named in honor of Johannes Elias Teijsmann, a Dutch botanist who was director of the Bogor
Botanical Gardens from 1830 to 1869.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Arecales
Family: Arecaceae
Subfamily: Coryphoideae
Tribe: Corypheae
Genus: J ohannesteijsmannia
5. Kantung semar : Nepenthes (/npniz/), popularly known as tropical pitcher plants or monkey cups,
is a genus of carnivorous plants in the monotypic family Nepenthaceae. The genus comprises roughly 150
species, and numerous natural and many cultivated hybrids. They are mostly liana-forming plants of the
Old World tropics, ranging from South China, Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines; westward to
Madagascar (two species) and the Seychelles (one); southward to Australia (three) and New Caledonia
(one); and northward to India (one) and Sri Lanka (one). The greatest diversity occurs on Borneo, Sumatra,
and the Philippines, with many endemic species. Many are plants of hot, humid, lowland areas, but the
majority are tropical montane plants, receiving warm days but cool to cold, humid nights year round. A few
are considered tropical alpine, with cool days and nights near freezing. The name "monkey cups" refers to
the fact that monkeys have been observed drinking rainwater from these plants.

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Core eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family:
Nepenthaceae
Dumort.
[1]

Genus: Nepenthes