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2PY101 PHYSICS [3 - 2 4]

Acoustics & Sound - Production and applications of ultrasonics, acoustics of buildings, intensity and
power of sound, units, octave band NC criteria, NC curves, sound absorption.
Thermoelectricity- Seeback effect, law of successive temperatures, law of intermediate metals, Peltier
effect, Thromson effect, thermoelectric power, application of thermodynamics on thermocouple.
Electrostatics- Coulombs law and its applications, Gausss theorem and its applications, electric
potential, potential difference between two points, potential gradient, electrical potential due to
continuous distribution of charge in three dimension, Laplaces equation, Poissons equation and its
applications, dielectrics, analytical problems on above topics.
Electromagnetics- Magnetic field due to a solenoid, Biot-Savarts law and its application, field due to
a long linear conductor, force between two long parallel conductors, Amperes law (in differential and
integral forms), problems on above topics.
Maxwells Equations- Displacement current, Lorentz equation, closed magnetic lines, equation of
continuity, Faradays laws of induction, electromagnetic waves, plane wave solutions of Maxwells
equations, Poyinting vector, wave propagation through a boundary, reflection, refraction, absorption
and skin depth.
Superconductivity- Zero resistance, critical field, critical current, Meissner effect, penetration depth,
thermodynamics of super conducting state, specific heat at constant volume of super conducting and
normal state, intermediate state, coherence length, Corper pairs, BCS theory, energy band gap in
superconductors, J osephson tunnelling, Type I & Type II superconductors, superconducting magnets,
cryotrons and SQUID.
Semiconductor Physics- The energy band theory of crystals, insulators, semiconductors and metals,
mobility and conductivity, electrons and holes in an intrinsic semiconductor, donor and acceptor
impurities, charge densities, Hall effect, conductivity modulation, generation and recombination of
charges diffusions, continuity equation, injected minority carrier charge, potential variation within a
graded semiconductor, energy distribution of electrons in a metal, fermi-diarac function, densities of
states, electron emission from a metal, carrier concentration in an intrinsic semiconductor, fermi-level,
band structure of an open circuit PN junction, dynamic diffusion capacitance.
Laboratory Work : This shall consist of atleast 10 practicals based on the above syllabus.

Reference Books :
1. Electricity and Magnetism A. S. Mahajan and A. Rangawala, Tata McGraw Hill, 1989.
2. Introduction to Electrodynamics, 3
Edition D. Griffiths, Prentice Hall, 1989.
3. Physics 11 D. Halliday and R. Resnick, New age international, 1966.
4. Sears, Zemarsky - University Physics Vo. I & II, Addison wasely 1963.
5. Sears, Zemarsky & Young Narosa University Physics 6
6. McGraw Hill Electricity and Magnetism 2
Edition, Berkeley Physics CourseVol 2

2CY101 CHEMISTRY [3 - 2 4]

Water Technology- Introduction, Sources of water impurities, Hardness of water, degree of hardness,
Softening of water, water treatment for industrial and domestic use such as demineralization,
desalination etc.
Fuels- Definition, calorific value, types of fuel solids, liquids and gaseous, Selection of fuels,
analysis of coal and fuel gases; Orsat apparatus, Alternative fuels such as compressed natural gas
(CNG), liquefied natural gas (LNG), ethanol, naphtha, biofuels etc
Electrochemical Systems- Electrochemical cells and EMF, classification of cells: chemical cell and
concentration cell, Application of EMF, Activity and activity coefficients, Types of electrodes and
cells, Potentiometric titration and Fuel cells.
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Corrosion and its control- Types of corrosion, Mechanism of corrosion, Corrosion control and
prevention like cathodic protection, anodic protection, corrosion resistant coatings.
Polymers and composite materials Polymerization: addition and condensation, Coordination
polymerization (Ziegler Natta Catalysis), Mechanism of polymerization, Elastomers, classification and
uses, Plastics: Classification and uses, Vulcanization of rubber, Biopolymers: Cellulose and starch,
composites: Introduction, classification and application
Lubricants and Greases- Classification and functions of Lubricants, Mechanism of Lubricants,
Properties: lubricating oil (viscosity and viscosity index, aniline point, saponification value, flash point
and fire point, cloud and pour point, penetration number, demulsification number etc.) and greases
(penetration index and drop point), selection of lubricants
Chemistry of Engineering Materials:
Refractories: Classification, properties and uses, Cement: classification, manufacture of Portland
cement, Chemical constitution of Portland Cement and Setting and Hardening of Portland Cement,
Classification, properties and uses, Glasses: properties , types and uses, Explosives: Characteristics,
classification and Precautions during storage, Adhesive: Characteristic, Classification and uses.
Advances in Chemistry
Nanomaterials : Synthesis, properties and applications, Fullerenes: Structure, Preparation, properties
and applications, Nanowires nad nanorods: Brief introduction, liquid crystals: Introduction,
classification and applications, Organic Electronic Materials: Introduction, types and applications,
Superconductors: Introduction to superconductivity, BCS theory, meissner effect and applications,
Phase Transfer catalyst: Definition, examples, mechanism and application, Crown Ehers and
Cryptands: Definition, structure and their application

Laboratory work: Experiments based on above mentioned curriculum

1. Textbook of Engineering chemistry, J ain & J ain, Dhanpat Rai Publishing company
2. Textbook of Engineering chemistry, Shashi Chawla, Dhanpat Rai Publishing company
3. Textbook of Engineering chemistry, S.S. Dara, S.Chand & Company Ltd

2MA101 MATHEMATICS I [3 1 - 4]

Differential Calculus & Its Applications: Review of the prerequisites such as limits of sequences
and functions, continuity and differentiability. Successive differentiation, Leibnitzs theorem, Taylors
and Maclaurins expansions, Indeterminate forms.
Partial Differentiation & Its Applications: Partial and total differential coefficient, Eulers theorem,
geometrical interpretation of partial derivative, J acobians, Taylors expansions for two variables,
errors and approximations, maxima and minima of functions of two variables.
Complex Numbers: De Moivres theorem and its applications, functions of complex variables;
exponential, hyperbolic, inverse hyperbolic, trigonometric and logarithmic.
Matrix Algebra: Elementary transformations, inverse by elementary transformations, rank of a
matrix, normal form of a matrix, consistency of system of linear equations, solution of system of
equations, Linearly dependent and independent vectors in R
, linear and orthogonal transformations,
Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
Introduction to Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic: Fuzzy sets, concept of membership, Operations on
Fuzzy subsets, properties of Fuzzy subsets.
This shall consist of solution of at least 20 examples based on the above topics

Texts / References:
1. Higher Engineering Mathematics, Vol I Dr. K.R Kachot, Mahajan Pub.
2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics E Kreyszing, Wiley Eastern Ltd, New Delhi
3. Calculus Volume 1 & 2, (2
Edition) -T.M. Apostol, : Wiley Eastern- 1980
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4. Calculus, (11
Edition) By G.B. Thomas, Publisher: Pearson Education


Generations and types of computer, Number Systems, Overview of components of a computer,
Overview of Operating Systems, Compilers and Interpreters. Machine, Assembly and High-level
Office Automation Tools- MS- Office (MS- Word, MS- Excel, MS- PowerPoint)
Working on the Internet- Usage of Internet, Internet Browsers, and Search Engines, E-mailing and
Introduction to C
Data representation, Flow Charts, Algorithms
Constants, variables and Data types
Operators and Expressions
Managing Input & Output Operators
Decision Making and looping
Handling of Character strings
User defined functions
Structures and Unions
File Management in C
Dynamic Memory Allocation and Linked List
The Preprocessors
Laboratory Work- This shall consist of atleast 10 laboratory assignments based on the above syllabus.
Term assignment (Tutorial)- This shall consist of solution of atleast 20 problems based on the above
Text / Reference:
1. Programming in C by E. Balagurusami (TMH-95)
2. The C Programming Language by Kernighan and Richie
3. On Your Marks Net Set Go! Surviving in an e-world By Anushka Wirasinha,
Prentice Hall India
4. Mastering Dos 6.2 By Robbins (BPB)
5. Mastering Windows-95 By Coward (BPB)
6. The Compact Guide To Microsoft Office Professional Ron Mansfield (BPB)


D. C. Circuits- Resistances, types of resistances, colour coding, effect of temperature, temperature
coefficient of resistance, resistances in series, resistances in parallel, star / delta transformation,
Kirchhoffs laws, superposition theorem, Thevenins and Nortons theorem.
Work Power and Energy- Heating effect of electric current, J oules Law of electric heating, thermal
efficiency, and relationship between various units, practical applications.
Capacitor- Capacitance, capacitors types and color coding, parallel plate capacitor, capacitance of
composite medium, capacitors in series, capacitors in parallel, energy stored in a capacitor, charging
and discharging.
Magnetic Circuits- Magnetic circuit, terminology, comparison between electric and magnetic circuit,
fringing effect, composite magnetic circuit, series / parallel magnetic circuits, magnetization curve.
Electromagnetic Induction- Faradays laws of electromagnetic induction, Lenzs law, statically
induced emf, dynamically induced emf, self inductances, mutual inductance, coefficient of coupling,
inductances connected in series, inductance connected in parallel, energy stored in an inductance, rise
and decay of current in inductive circuit, hysteresis and eddy current loss.
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A. C. Fundamentals- Generation of alternating emf, emf equation, terminology waveform,
alternation, sinusoidal waveform, instantaneous value, amplitude, cycle, time period, frequency, phase
and phase difference, form factor and crest factor, average value and RMS value of different
waveforms, complex algebra, vector representation of a.c. quantities.
Single Phase A. C. Circuits- Purely resistive circuit, purely inductive circuit, purely capacitive circuit,
resistance and inductance in series, resistance and capacitance in series, power factor, apparent power,
active power, reactive power, resistance inductance capacitance in series circuit, resonance in
series circuit, band width, Q-factor, parallel circuits, series - parallel circuits, resonance in parallel
circuit, comparison between series and parallel resonance.
Poly Phase Circuits- Introduction, Generation of three phase emf, Phase sequence, Advantages of 3-
phase system, Interconnection of three phases, Star / Delta connection, Relationship between line and
phase quantities, Power measurement in 3-phase circuit.
Domestic Wiring- Wiring materials and accessories, types of wiring, use of different types of switches
in wiring, earthing and its importance, wiring lay out.
Semi Conductor Devices- PN junction & its properties, applications of diode as a rectifier,
characteristics and application of zener diode, transistor characteristics, transistor configuration, use of
transistor as amplifier and switch, opto electronic devices photo diode, phototransistor, LED and
opto coupler. CRO & its applications.
Laboratory Work- This shall consist of atleast 10 practicals based on the above syllabus.
Tutorials- This shall consist of solution of atleast 20 examples based on the above syllabus

Text / Reference:
1. Elements Of Electrical Engineering & Electronics Prof. U.A Patel (Atul Prakashan)
2. Basic Electrical Engineering I. J . Nagrath, TMH Publishing Co. Ltd., 1991.
3. Principles of Electrical Engg. 2
Edition Vincent Del Toro, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.,
New Delhi, 1987.
4. Electric Wiring - Mr. S. Samaddar, New central book agency (P) Ltd., Calcutta.
5. Electrical Wiring, Estimating and Costing - Mr. S. L. Uppal, Khanna Publication
6. Electronic Devices and circuits an Introduction Allen Mottershed, Prentic Hall of India


Introduction- Scalar and vector quantities, composition and resolution of vectors, definitions and units
of space, time matter and force, the science of mechanics, SI units
Statics- Principles of statics, particle, rigid body, Coplanar, concurrent and non-concurrent parallel and
non-parallel forces, composition and resolution of force, couples and their properties, combination of
coplanar couple and forces, support reactions in beams, forces in truss, force in cable, rigid body
assemblies, forces in space
Distributed forces, center of gravity, moment of inertia
Friction- Static and sliding friction, inclined plane friction, ladder friction, wedges, belt and rope
friction, screw friction.
Virtual work and potential energy principles
Kinematics-Constant and variable angular acceleration, dependent motion, Instantaneous Center of
Kinetics- Newtons laws of motion, De-Alemberts principle, momentum and impulse, work, kinetic
and potential energy, conservation of energy, power, conservation of momentum, impact, torque,
angular acceleration
Simple machines- Velocity ratio, mechanical advantage, efficiency
Vibrations- Simple harmonic motion, equation of motion for single degree freedom system, free
vibration, concept of damping and critical damping, damped free vibration.
Tutorials- This shall consist of solution of minimum 20 problems based on above course.
Laboratory Work- This shall consist of atleast 10 experiments based on above course.
References / Text :
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1. Engineering Mechanics (Static) Beer & J ohnston
2. Engineering Mechanics (Dynamics) Beer & J ohnston
3. Applied Mechanics by S.B. J unnarkar and H.J . Shah
4. Engineering Mechanics by A.K. Tayal
5. Engineering Mechanics Vol-I Meriam J .L.
6. Engineering Mechanics Vol II Meriam J .L.


Introduction to Engineering Drawing- Types of lines and dimensioning, BIS Codes of practice (SP
46), scale, diagonal scale and comparative scale.
Engineering curves- Classification of engineering curves, construction of conic curves, involute and
spiral curves.
Fastening and connecting methods- Nuts, locking devices, simple riveted and welded joints,
foundation bolts, couplings, cotter joint, knuckle joint.
Orthographic projection- Conversion of pictorial view into orthographic views, sectional orthographic
Introduction to projection of points, lines and planes: projection of lines inclined to both planes
(considering 1
quadrant only), projection of planes.
Introduction to CAD tools.
Laboratory Work
1 Practice sheet:
Free hand letter writing, drawing of scales, polygon, types of lines, method of dimensioning.
1. Engineering curves 4 problems.
2. Projection of lines and planes 2 problems of each.
3. Orthographic projection 2 problems.
Sketch Book-All the problems of sheet along with machine parts are to be drawn in sketchbook.

Text / Reference:
1. Engineering Graphics Vol. 1 & 2 by PJ Shah.
2. Engineering Drawing by N D Bhatt


The multidisciplinary nature of environ-mental studies
Definitions, scope and importance, Need for public awareness
Natural resources and associated problems
Forest resources, Mineral resources, Water resources, Energy resources, Land resources and, Use of
resources for sustainable lifestyle
Ecosystems- Concept of an eco-system, Structure, function and components of ecosystem, Food chain
and ecological pyramids, Introduction, types, characteristics features, structure and function of the any
one of the ecosystems such as Forest ecosystem, Grass land ecosystem, Desert ecosystem, Aquatic
ecosystem (pond, Lakes, Rivers, Oceans)
Biodiversity and its conservation- Introduction, Biodiversity at global, national and local level, India
as a mega diversity nations, Hot spots of biodiversity, Threats to biodiversity: Habitat loss, poaching
of wildlife, man wild life, conflicts, Endangered and endemic species of India & conversation of
Environmental pollution- Causes, effects and control measure of - Air pollution, Water pollution, Soil
pollution and marine pollution, Noise and thermal pollution, Nuclear hazards, Solid waste
management, Role of an individual in prevention of pollution
Social issues and the environment- Environment ethics: Issues and possible solutions, Urban problems
related to energy, Water conservation, rain water harvesting, water shed management- rehabilitation
problems & concerns case study of Sardar Sarovar Dam, Environment protection acts
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Human population and the environment- Population growth, variation and development,
Environment Population human health, Value education with case study
Other (Equals 10 hrs)- Site visit, expert lectures, audio visual aids and real field experience to support
their feel for the environment during the course of study.

Text / Reference:
1. A Text Book of Environmental Chemistry and Pollution Control S.S Dara SCHand & Co.
2. Ecology Eugene P. Odum, Oxford & IBH. Pub.

2MA102 Mathematics-II [ 3 1 4]

Integral Calculus: Gamma & Beta functions, Error functions, their relationships and properties,
Elliptic integrals of first and second kind.
Reduction Formulae: Reduction formulae of the type sin
x dx, cos
x dx, sin
xdx, cot
and tan
Tracing of Curves: Cartesian and polar forms.
Differential Equations & their Applications: ODE of first order & first degree, formation of
differential equation, types of equation & methods for solving the differential equation-variable
separable method, exact differential equation, integrating factors, linear equation and equation
reducible to the linear form (Bernoulli equation).
Applications: Electric circuits, orthogonal trajectories.
Applications of Integration: Applications of definite integral to area, arc length and volume.
Infinite Series: Definition, comparison test, integral test, DAlemberts ratio test, Cauchys root test,
Leibnitzs rule for alternating series, power series.

Multiple Integrals & their Applications: Double integral, change of order of integration,
transformation of variables for double integration, change to polar coordinates in double integrals
only. Triple integral, application of multiple integration to find areas.
Analytical Solid Geometry (Introduction only): Coordinate system, Cartesian, Cylindrical Polar and
Spherical Polar (Transformation from one to another system), Surfaces and their equations.
This shall consist of solution of at least 20 examples based on the above syllabus
Text Books:
1. Higher Engineering Mathematics, Vol.1 : Dr. K.R. Kachot, Publisher: Mahajan Pub. House,
2. Engineering Mathematics By E.Kraszig. Publisher: Wiley India 1999
Reference Books:
1. Calculus, volume 1 & 2 (2
Edition), By T.M. Apostol, Publisher: Wiley Eastern-1980
2. Calculus, By G.B. Thomas, Publisher: Pearson Education


Object Oriented Programming using C++
Object Oriented Concepts
Object oriented Development, Objects and classes, generalization and Inheritance, aggregation
Object Oriented Programming style and languages
Object oriented style, reusability, extensibility, and class definitions, creating objects, calling
operations, using inheritance, implementing associations, object-oriented language features.
Object oriented Languages: an example
Basic programming output using cout, preprocessor directives, variables, input and output,
Manipulators, type conversion, operators, library functions.
Structures, enumerated data types, simple functions, passing arguments, overloaded functions, inline
functions, default arguments
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A simple class, objects as physical objects and as data types, constructors, constructor objects as
function arguments, returning objects from functions, structures and classes, classes, objects and
memory, static class data, array fundamentals, arrays as class member data, array of objects, strings.
Function overloading and operator overloading, unary operators, overloading binary operators, data
Inheritance, class hierarchies, public and private inheritance, levels of inheritance, multiple
inheritance, containership, classes within classes, pointers, memory management, new and delete,
pointers to objects, pointers to pointers, debugging pointers.
Virtual function, friend functions, static functions, assignment and copy initialization, this pointer,
multiple objects, file pointers, disk I/O, object I/O, I/O with multiple objects, file pointers, disk I/O
with member functions, error handling, redirection, command line arguments, printer output,
overloading the extraction and insertion operations, multi-file-programs, using the project feature.

Laboratory Work- This shall consist of atleast 10 lab assignments based on the above syllabus.

Tutorials- This shall consist of solution of atleast 20 problems based on the above syllabus

Text / References
1. Programming with C++by E.Balagurusami (TMH-95)
2. Reference Book(s):
3. Object Oriented Programming in Turbo C++by Robert Lafore (Galgotia-1994)


Instruction / demonstration is given for each of the following shops/trades, new materials, tools and
equipment used.
1. J oining process
2. Plumbing (metalic & non metalic pipe fittings)
3. Fitting /Assembly practice
4. Sheet Metal work
5. Electroplating
6. Carpentry/ Pattern Making
7. Blacksmithy
8. Painting
Laboratory Work:
Each student is required to prepare a simple job in the following:
1. Arc Welding / Soldering
2. Fitting / Assembly.
3. Carpentry Practice
4. Blacksmithy Practice

A workshop book is to be maintained for the said laboratory work which alongwith the jobs will be


Isometric view and projection: conversion of orthographic view into isometric view / projection.
Introduction to projection of solids, section of solids and intersection of solids: classification of solids,
projection with their axis inclined to both planes, sections of cylinder, prism, pyramid and cone.
Method of determining line of inter-section and curve of intersection, intersection of prism to prism,
cylinder to cylinder, cylinder to prism, prism to cylinder, cylinder to cone.
Development of surfaces: parallel line radial line development

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Laboratory Work
Practice Sheet:
1. Projection and section of solids 2 problems of each.
2. Isometric view / projection 1 problem of each.
3. Development and interpenetration of solids 2 problems of each.
Sketch Book- All the problems of sheet along with machine parts are to be drawn in sketchbook.
Texts / Reference:
1. Engineering Graphics Vol. 1 & 2 by P J Shah.
2. Engineering Drawing N D Bhatt


Meaning & process of communication. Non-verbal communication. Barriers to communication.
Oral Communication: Effective presentation skills, group discussion dynamics, personal interview
techniques, seminar presentation.
Listening skills: Types of listening, Barriers to effective listening, tips to improve listening skills
Reading skills for better communication: Skimming & Scanning skills, reading comprehension of
technical material.
Written communication: Paragraph development, business letters, curriculum vitae and job
application, memorandum, technical reports and vocabulary building. Tenses, prepositions,
transformation concord, affixes, one-word substitutes, idioms.
Laboratory Work: Laboratory work shall be based on the above syllabus.

Technical Communication; Principles and Practice Meenakshi Raman & Sangita Sharma
Effective Technical Communication-M Ashraf Rizvi SUPPLEMENTARY COURSE

2SP101 ENGLISH (Semester I) [- 2 - - ]

Remedial English: A review of tenses, parts of speech, voice, prepositions, transformation of
sentences, concord, conditionals.

Oral Communication: Effective presentation, individually, of their ideas and feelings in simple
English. Situations will be drawn from their everyday experiences Language games: Simple sentence
to complex sentence

Reading Skills and Vocabulary building: Skimming and scanning skills will be developed for better
comprehension. Reading comprehension of technical and general passages, affixes, idioms, one word
substitutes.( Newspaper reading in Tutorials)

Written Composition: Sentences, Paragraphs, Letters and applications.
Laboratory Work: Laboratory work shall be based on the above syllabus

Communication Skills for Technical Students by f. M. Farhathullah

1. Intermediate English Grammar by Raymond Murphy.
2. Grammar through Practice by Reg Writing (Orient Longman).
3. A Communicative Grammar of English by Geoffrey Leech, - J an Svartik.

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2SP102 YOG AND HEALTH(Semester I) [- - 1 -]

Introduction of YOG
Sukshmayog (Light exercises)
Rules for asanas (Before & After)
Asanas for brain & stomach
Asanas for relaxation and rest
Kriya (Kapalbhranti and Tratak), Bhastrika, Tribandha, Ujjayi
Pranayama ( Anuloma, Viloma)
Omkar (Bhramari)
Importance of diet for Total Health

Reference Books:
1. YOG Its Philosophy & Practice
2. PRANAYAMA Its Philosophy and Practice
3. AYURVEDA Its Principles & Philosophies

Author : Swami Ramdev,
Divya Prakashan, Divya Yog Mandir Trust, Kripalu Bagh, Ashram, Kankhal, Haridwar-249408

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Syllabus for B.Tech Semester III (Civil)

2MA209 MATHEMATICS III [ 3 1 - 4]

Fourier Series - Periodic functions, Dirichlets conditions, Fourier series, Eulers formulae, Fourier
expansion of periodic functions with period 2, Fourier series of even and odd functions, Fourier series
of periodic functions with arbitrary periods, half range Fourier series, Harmonic analysis.

Laplace Transforms : Motivation, Definition, Linearity property, Laplace transforms of elementary
functions, Shifting theorem Inverse Laplace transforms of derivatives and integrals, Convolution
theorem, Application of Laplace transforms in solving ordinary differential equations, Laplace
transforms of periodic, Unit step and Impulse functions.

Ordinary Differential Equations : Linear differential equations of higher order with constant
coefficients, complimentary function, particular integral, method of variation of parameters, Higher
order linear differential equations with variables coefficients (Cauchys and Legendre forms),
Simultaneous linear differential equations, Models for the real world problems and their solutions in
particular, Modelling of electric circuits, Deflection of beams, Free oscillations, Forced oscillations,

Partial Differential Equations : Formation of Partial differential equations, Directly integrable
equations, Models of Engineering problems leading to first order partial differential equations.
Langranges equation. Applications to the Wave equation, one-dimensional heat and Laplace
equation. Telegraphic and telephone equation.

Numerical Methods Motivation, Errors, Truncation error, Rounded off error, Absolute error,
Relative error and Percentage error, Solution of algebraic and transcendental equations by Newton-
Raphson, Bisection, False position, iteration methods, Convergence of these methods.

1. Higher Engineering Mathematics (Third Edition) Vol-II, By Dr. K.R. Kachot: Mahajan Pub. House
2. Advanced Engineering Mathematics (Fifth Edition), Erwin Kreyszig : J ohn Wiley
Reference Books:
1. Higher Engineering Mathematics, By Dr. B.S. Grewal. Publisher: Khanna, New Delhi.
2. Elementry Differential Equations, By W.E.Boyce and R.Diprima: Publisher: J ohn Wiley 2005
3. Numerical Methods for Engineers with Programming and Software Applications.
By S.C. Chapra and R.P. Canale, Publisher: McGraw-Hill, Newyork 1998
4. Fourier Series & Boundary Value Problems: R.V. Churchill & J .W. Brown: McGraw-Hill 2006


Objective: To acquaint the engineering students with the basic concept of Economics & Management
with emphasis on their application

Basic Economic Concepts: Definition, Micro and Macro economics, concept of utility, National
Income concept, concept and types of economic planning, factors of Production.

Market Demand Analysis: Demand function and Law of Demand., factor influencing demand, demand

Cost Concepts: Concepts of costs and revenues

Break Even Analysis
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Management: Concept, importance and nature, functions and skills management: Taylors Scientific
Management theory, Fayols Administrative Theory Planning, Decision Making, Organizing,
Coordination, Directing, Motivation, Controlling

Human Resource Management: Functions of Human Resource Management, Recruitment, Selection,
Training & Development, Discipline, Performance Appraisal, grievance handling Industrial relation,
Communication, Leadership

1. Organization and Management R.D. Agrawal
2. Essentials of Management J . Massie
3. Industrial Engineering and Management O.P. Khanna
4. Marketing Management Philip Kotler
5. Personal Management Arun Monnapa and Saiyndeenm Mirza


Energy & Fuels: Introduction: Prime movers: Types of prime movers, Sources of energy and energy
conversion, Fuels and combustion: Introduction, classification, calorific values, Thermal, nuclear &
hydropower plants

Properties of Gases: Gas laws, Characteristic gas equation, specific heats of gases, isothermal and
adiabatic process, Enthalpy

Properties of Steam: Introduction, Steam formation, Enthalpy, Specific volume of steam, Steam
tables, Internal energy, Throttling, Measurement of dryness fraction, Introduction to steam
engines, steam turbines and condensers

Thermodynamics: Thermodynamics systems, thermodynamics properties, internal energy, first and
second law of Thermodynamics and their applications, Work and Heat transfer during applications of
thermodynamic processes

Heat Engines: Basic concept of conduction, convection and radiation modes of heat transfer,
elementary heat engines, thermal prime movers, heat engine cycles

Steam Boilers: Introduction, Classification, Boiler mountings and accessories

Internal Combustion Engines: Introduction, Classification, Engine details, working of petrol and diesel
engines, IP, BP, mechanical and thermal efficiency of IC engines
Speed Control: Introduction, Governors, Steam engine governing, I.C. Engine governing, Fly wheel.

Pumps: Introduction, Reciprocating pump, Types and operations, Centrifugal pumps, Types of
centrifugal pumps, Rotary pumps and Vacuum pumps, priming

Air Compressors: Introduction, Operation of a compressor , Work of compression, Power
required , Reciprocating and Rotary compressors.

Refrigeration & Air Conditioning: Introduction, Basic principles and provisions related to civil

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Transmission of Motion and Power: Introduction, Methods of drive, Power transmission elements,
shafting, Belt, drive, Pulleys, Gears, Power transmitted by a belt, Power transmitted by gearing,
Introduction of bearings.
Introduction of Clutches, Couplings and Brakes

1. Elements of Mechanical Engineering - Desai and Soni
2. Elements of Mechanical Engineering - Hajra Chaudhary
3. Elements of Mechanical Engineering - Mathur & Mehta


Strength and Elasticity: Stresses; Axial, normal, in-plane, tensile, compressive, shear, flexural,
Thermal and hoop, complementary shear. Strain: Linear, shear, Lateral, Thermal and volumetric,
Poission's ratio

Elasticity: Elastic, homogeneous, isotropic, orthotropic materials; limits of elasticity and
proportionality, yield limit, ultimate strength, plastic state, proof stress, factor of safety, working
stress, load factor. Composite, Prismatic and non-prismatic sections. Elastic constants and relation
between them and bodies subjected to loads in three directions.

Bending moment and shear force: Types of supports, support reactions, Bending moment and shear
force diagrams in statically determinate beams subjected to concentrated, uniformly distributed
and varying loads and in plane moment loading, Relation between bending moment, shear force and
rate of loading, point of contraflexure.

Stresses in beams: Theory of simple bending, bending stresses and their distribution, moment of
resistance, modulus of section, built-up and composite beam sections, beams of uniform strength,
distribution of shear stress in different sections. Laminated springs.
Torsion: Torsion of solid and hollow circular shafts, shear stress and strain due to torsion, angle of
twist, Torsional moment of resistance, power transmitted by a shaft, keys and couplings, combined
bending and torsion, close coiled helical springs.
Principal stresses and strains: Compound stresses, analysis of principal planes and principal stresses,
Mohr's circle of stress, principal strains, angle of obliquity of resultant stress, principal stresses in
beams, principal stresses in shafts subjected to bending and torsion-with and without axial stress.

Thin cylinders: Thin cylinder and spherical vessels under pressure.

Mechanical Properties of Materials: Metals; Ductility, brittleness, toughness, malleability, behavior of
ferrous and non-ferrous metals in tension & compression, shear and bending tests, standard test pieces,
influence of various parameters on test results, true and nominal stress, modes of fracture,
characteristics of stress-strain curves, strain hardening, hardness; different methods of measurement,
Izod and Charpy impact tests. Fatigue strength, endurance limit, creep of metals. Co-relation between
different mechanical properties,

Laboratory Work: Minimum eight experiments based on the course

1. Mechanics of Structure Vol. I - S. B. J unnarkar & H. J . Shah
2. Strength of materials - Ramamrutham
3. Mechanics of Materials - E. P. Popov
4. Mechanics of Materials - Beer and J ohnston.

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Introduction to basic civil engineering materials: Introduction and importance of the study of materials
of construction, Introduction to basic building materials like Stone, brick, Lime, Cement, sand,
aggregate, mortar, concrete, Timber, metals, glass, polymers and miscellaneous materials. Physical
and mechanical properties of material

Stone: Definition, classification of stone, Scope of use, advantages, Types of rocks, their properties,
testing of stone, various building stones, their uses, characteristic of good building stone, stone
cladding, deterioration of stone, preservation of stone, quarrying of stone, artificial stone, dressing of

Clay products: Brick and its Introduction, constitutes of brick earth, Manufacturing, classification,
properties and testing of bricks, special types of bricks. Tiles and its manufacturing process, various
types of tiles, earthenware and stoneware, substitutes for bricks: Concrete block, and special types of
bricks like Fly-ash bricks, Sand lime or calcium silicate bricks, block paving etc.

Lime: Introduction, classification, Manufacturing of fat lime and hydraulic lime, slacking of lime,
properties of lime, tests for lime, handling and storage and uses of lime,

/Concrete and its ingredients: Introduction, Types and ingredients of Cement, sources and use of
sand(fine aggregate) for concrete, mortar and plaster, course aggregates and Utilization.
Replacements: General, By-products use as Cement Replacement: Coal ash, Rice husk ash, Silica
fume. By-Product use as Aggregates Replacement: Blast furnace slag, Fly ash, Bottom ash, Boiler
slag, Reclaimed concrete, Anthracite coal refuse, mortar and its types.

Timber: characteristics of good timber, classification, sources, structure and growth of tree,
conversion of wood, seasoning, defects, deterioration and preservation, special timber products and
its merits and demerits, use of timber in construction, common timber in India.

Ferrous Metals: Introduction, pig iron, cast iron, wrought iron, steel, market forms of steel,
manufacturing of steel, steel as reinforcement, steel for prestressed concrete, rolled steel sections,
steel cables, ferrous alloy, use in construction

Non-ferrous metals: manufacturing, properties, uses and alloy of various materials like aluminium,
Copper, Zinc, Lead, tin, magnesium, Corrosion of metal and its prevention.

Plastics and Fibres: definition, constituents, classification, various thermoplastic and thermosetting
material, manufacturing process, properties, advantages and disadvantages of plastics, commercial
forms of plastics, use of plastics in construction and substitute of timber, reinforced plastics,
deformation of plastics.

Finishes: Cladding, Glazing, Paint, Varnishes, Distempering, White washing, Lamination, Finishing
of surface with Concrete and mortar, false ceiling.

Miscellaneous civil engineering materials
Glass: Introduction, Types of glass, Suitability and use of glass, glass wool
Waterproofing and damp proofing: water proofing for concrete work, water proofing material
Insulating material: thermal insulation, types of insulating materials with their suitability, sound
insulation, types of acoustical materials with their suitability.
Adhesive, sealants and joint filler: use of adhesive in construction, types of sealants and their uses
Asphalt, bitumen and tar: Introduction, comparison and uses
Rubber: introduction, types and use
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Advanced construction material used in practice

1. Building Materials S.K. Duggal
2. Civil Engineering Materials - TTTI, Bhopal
3. Civil Engineering Materials by Parbinsingh
4. Building Material by P.C.Varghese

2CL203 SURVEYING I [3 2 4]

Introduction to surveying: Definition, object, uses, classification of survey, principles of surveying,
scales and types of scale

Measurement of distance: Types of chains, tapes, Instruments used in chaining, methods of
measurement, records of survey work, ranging, offsetting, obstacles in measurement, errors in
Chain and Compass survey: Compass, uses, types of compass, meridians, bearings, local attraction,
declination, chain and compass traverse survey

Leveling & Contouring: Definitions, Types of levels, methods of leveling, Booking of level books and
R.L. computations, correction for curvature & Refraction, various types of leveling, contour plotting
using radial line & square grids, Precise leveling

Theodolite Traversing: Types of Theodolites, temporary adjustment of theodolite, Measurements of
Angles, Errors affecting angular measurements, Types of traverse, Orientation of traverse surveys,
Theodolite traverse - Field work, Latitude, departure, Coordinate system of traverse, Adjustment of
close traverse, other uses of theodolite, area of closed traverse

Plane Table Survey: Definitions, Plane table accessories, Advantages & Disadvantages, Methods of
plotting - Radiation, Intersection & Traversing. Two point problem.

Computation of Areas & Volumes: Computation of area of regular & irregular boundary, Trapezoidal
& Simpsons rule, Electronic planimeter, computation of volume for earthwork in cutting & filling,
capacity of reservoirs.

Hydrographic Survey: Significance of hydrographic survey, Tide gauges, sounding, Locations,
Locating stations using sextants.

Use of Survey in Construction Works: Setting out building, bridge elements, road alignment and
grades, Use of surveying & leveling methods during construction of engineering works.

Minor instruments in surveying

Laboratory Work: Minimum ten experiments based on the course

1. Surveying & leveling, Vol. I & II - B.C.Punmia
2. Plane Surveying by A M Chandra
3. Advanced Surveying - Agor

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Introduction: Definition, Need of drawing, importance of drawing in civil engineering, drawing sheets,
arrangement in the drawing sheet, title block, schedule of drawing, scale, graphical and numerical
scale, lines, lettering and dimensioning. Indian Standards for drawings

Introduction to various building components: Section of wall through door/window, sketches of wall
foundation, lintel, weather shed, RCC slab, mosaic flooring, coping, damp proof course, definition of
load bearing and frame structure

Conventional signs, symbols and abbreviations: Introduction, civil engineering symbols for various
materials and works, symbols with abbreviations, symbols for doors/windows, symbols for electrical
services and appliances. (IS 962-1967)

Residential Building Drawing: Introduction to plan, elevation and section of the building,
Development of detailed plan from line diagramme.

Laboratory Work: Introduction to drawing software and at least ten sketches based on above course.

1. Building Drawing with an integrated approach to Built Environment by M.G Shah, C M Kale and
S Y Patki
2. Drawing and Design of Residential and Commercial Buildings by S. Kaleem A. Zaidi and Suhail
3. Civil Engineering Drawing by R S Malik and G S Mao
4. Civil Engineering Drawing by Gurucharan Singh

2CL209 SEMINAR [- - 2 1]

Student/s will be assigned one topic related to any field of civil engineering. He/ she will work under
guidance of faculty and his / her progress will be monitored continuously. The seminar will be
presented during the semester before the classmates and faculty.


The objective of the supplementary course of Career Orientation I is to sensitize each student
about ones own potential, and this in turn will enable one to be self driven so as to improve ones
performance and achieve ones life goals.

The topics covered are: Self start, dedication, confidence, motivation, discipline, study, progress,
evaluation, appreciation, criticism, improvement, reliance, control, respect, satisfaction, awareness,
fulfillment and realization, inwardly directed towards oneself.

Basically the course is an in-depth exposure of a booklet on Gateways to Self Realization by Shri G.
Narayana. The methodology is of self learning in which the students go through the book (in depth)
and make presentations before their class, carry out given exercises and interesting activities; keeping
the content in focus
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Syllabus for B.Tech Semester IV(Civil)


Introduction to Geology: The earth as planet, scope of geology, Geological studies for Engineers.
Formation of rocks & soil.

Structural Features of Rocks: Basic terms, folds, joints, faults, unconfirmities, overlap stratification,
outcrop, dip, etc., causes of earthquake and effect.

Study of Rocks: Classification of rocks, igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic rocks & their
composition, texture & structure, Engineering properties of rocks.

Geological Investigations: Various methods of geological investigations, mapping. Interpretation of
reports, case studies.

Introduction to Soil Mechanics: Definition, soil as construction material, limitations of soil

Soil Properties: Soil as three phase system, related properties, Index properties, Atterberg limits,
classification of soils & field identification, soil structure and mineralogy, soil-water properties.

Permeability: Permeability, Factors affecting permeability, measurement of permeability, coefficient
of permeability of common soils , Quick conditions.

Compaction: Definition, Compaction methods, standard and modified compaction tests,
determination of dry density & optimum moisture content, factors affecting compaction.

Shear Strength: Definition, different shear tests, interpretation of results, shear strength parameters &
theory, shear strength of cohesive & non-cohesive soils.

Laboratory Work: Minimum ten experiments based on the course

1. Geotechnical Engineering - C Venkatramiah
2. Engineering & General geology - Prabin Singh
3. Text Book of geology - P. K. Mukherjee
4. Soil Mechanics - Lambe & Whitman
5. Engineering Properties of Soil Shashi Gulati


Internal Forces: Computation of internal forces in statically determinate structures such as plane
frames, gables, beams curved in plan and planar truss.

Arches: Analysis of the three-hinged arches (Circular and parabolic shapes only)

Slope and Deflection of Beams: Differential equation of elastic curve, relation between moment,
slope and deflection, double integration method, Maculay's method, moment area method,
Conjugate beam method

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Strain Energy: Resilience, strain energy in tension, shear, bending, torsion, proof-resilience, modulus
of resilience, impact, sudden loads and shock loading.

Direct and Bending Stresses: members subjected to eccentric loads, middle third rule, kernel of the
section, structures such as dam, chimney, tall buildings, retaining walls etc. subjected to wind or
hydraulic loads.

Columns and Struts: Standard cases of end conditions and corresponding effective length, buckling,
radius of gyration, principle axes, Eulers and Rankines formula, eccentrically loaded columns,
columns with lateral loadings.

Influence Lines: Influence line diagram for support reactions, shear force, bending moment for
statically determinate beams and axial forces in trusses, criterion for maximum effect due to point
loads and uniformly distributed load.

Planar Structures: Statically determinate and indeterminate planar structures, static and kinematics
indeterminacy, principle of superposition, Maxwells reciprocal relation, stable/unstable structures.

Propped Cantilever: Analysis of propped cantilever beams by consistent deformation method, rigid
and elastic supports, beams of varying moment of inertia.

Fixed Beams: Computation of fixed-end actions for point load, uniformly distributed load, varying
load and couples, settlement and rotation of supports, beams of varying moment of inertia.


1. Mechanics of Structures, Vol.-I & II - S.B. J unnarkar and H.J . Shah
2. Intermediate Structural Analysis - C.K. Wang
3. Mechanics of Materials - Timoshenko and Gere


Introduction: Concrete as building material, advantages of concrete over conventional building
materials, future of concrete.

Concrete Ingredients: Role of different ingredients, cement; Manufacturing, Types, suitability of
different cements, properties of cement, Hydration process; Aggregates : various types, suitability,
properties; Water: Role of water on concrete properties, quality of water; Admixtures ; Various
Natural & factory made additives, Role of Mineral admixtures, chemicals :Accelerating, Retarding,
plasticizers, Super-plasticizers & grouts.

Fresh Concrete: Properties of fresh concrete & their measurement, quality control, Role of equipment
in producing good concrete, concept of maturity.

Hardened Concrete : Properties of hardened concrete and their measurement, Dimensional stability-
Elasticity, shrinkage & creep, Durability- Carbonation, sulphate attack, acid attack etc., testing of
concrete on samples and testing of concrete in structure- Destructive, semi-destructive & non-
destructive tests.

Mix Design : Concrete mix requirements, effect of w/c, statistical quality control, principles of mix
design, Mix with & without admixtures.

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Special Techniques : Extreme weather concreting, mass concreting, pumped concrete, underwater
concreting, grouting, guniting and shot-creting. Fiber reinforced concrete and ferro cement.

Advances in Concrete : Architectural concrete, Pre-packed concrete, light weight structural concrete,
High Strength, High Performance Concrete, High density concrete, Polymer concrete, Ready mix
concrete etc.

Laboratory Work: Minimum ten experiments based on the course

1. Properties of Concrete - A. M. Neville
2. Concrete Technology - M. S. Shetty
3. Concrete Technology - M. L. Gambhir
4. Concrete structures, Properties & materials - P. Kumar Mehta


Residential Building Drawing: Introduction, standard guidelines for building drawing, building
drawing- general planning aspects, line diagramme, standard dimensions for various building units
according to IS 1256, building laws.

Foundation plan: Introduction, steps for the construction of foundations, foundation plan, general
guidelines for foundation plan, examples and sketches.

Elements of Perspective Drawing: Types of perspectives, birds-eye-view, and methods of drawing

Furniture arrangements and drainage plan: requirements of furniture and standard dimensions,
sanitary lines and traps.

Planning Of Buildings: Principles of planning- Aspects of planning within and with respect to
surroundings, Planning of buildings from different fields of human activities viz. habitation,
Education, Health, Recreation, Industry and Transportation, Spatial and land use planning, Modular
planning, selection of appropriate materials and techniques of construction.

Building Bye-Laws: Objectives, importance of bye-laws, F.S.I., Principles underlying building bye
laws, rules governing light, parking, fire, water supply etc.

Town Planning: Introduction and requirements of town planning, Civil Survey, purpose, type, data
required and presentation, Elements of city plan- Zoning, land use zoning and height zoning, growth
of towns and Town planning scheme, Control of haphazard development. Industry: Priorities,
classification, industrial estates, Redevelopment, slum clearance scheme, master plan.

Concept of green building design: Introduction, necessity and elements

Laboratory Work: Minimum four working drawings based on course.

1. Building Drawing with an integrated approach to Built Environment by M.G Shah, C M Kale and
S Y Patki
2. Town Planning - S C Rangwala
3. Drawing and Design of Residential and Commercial Buildings by S. Kaleem A. Zaidi and Suhail
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4. Planning and Designing of residential building by Y.N.RajaRao
5. National building code of India

2CL213 SURVEYING II [3 2 4]

Trigonometric Levelling: Definition, various types of leveling, trigonometric leveling

Tacheometry: Definition, principles of tacheometry, principles of tacheometry, methods of
tacheometry, self-reducing tacheometers.

Curve Settings: Basic of Curves, Elements & Geometry, Designation of Curves, Problems in Curve
location, setting out of circular and transition curves, vertical curves.
Introduction to Photogrammetry & Aerial Surveys: Photogrammetry, definitions, Principles of
elevated & aerial photographs, methods of Photogrammetry, Interpretation of photographs, mirror
stereoscope, Measurement of distance on photographs, Parallax bars
Remote sensing: Principle of Remote sensing, EMR, concept of signature, resolutions, types of
sensors, visual and digital image processing and its applications.

Geographical Information System: Introduction and principle of Geographical Information System,
components of GIS, applications
Global Positioning System, Its application: Definition, Principles of GPS and applications

Introduction of total station and other advanced technology in surveying.

Laboratory Work: Minimum ten experiments based on the course

1. Surveying & leveling, Vol. I, II & III - B.C.Punmia
2. Higher Surveying by A.M.Chandra
3. Remote sensing principles - George J oseph
4. Advanced Surveying - Agor


Building Construction Aspects: Introduction to sequential building construction procedures from
planning to completion, types of buildings, requirements and types of joints, anti-termite treatment &
DPC provisions in constructions.

Excavation & Foundation: Excavation methods Manual & Mechanised, shoring and struting for
lateral restrainment of soil, dewatering and backfilling. Building foundations Objectives and Types
(Deep and Shallow foundations).

Masonry Constructions: Types of masonry constructions, materials for masonry construction, bonds in
masonry constructions, construction of masonry walls, lintels (chajja), arches & roofs. Introduction of
IS provisions for masonry constructions.

Concrete constructions: Types of concretes used in constructions, major concrete (RCC) components
like-foundations, columns, beams, lintels, slabs etc. and method of construction. Introduction of IS
provisions for concrete constructions.
Openings in Structures: Objectives of Doors, Windows & Ventilators, various materials and structure
& methods of installations.

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Staircases: Objectives of stairs, various types and their suitability, accommodation planning of dog-
legged staircases.

Roofs and Flooring: Roofs for various types of buildings Flat, Sloping (pitched) and Domes (curved
roofs). Flooring for various types of buildings, materials for flooring, types of flooring-RCC, Tile, IPS.

Finishing: Objectives and types of finishing (internal & external finishing), methods of finishing-
pointing, plastering, cladding, whitewashing/distempering and painting.

Introduction to sustainable building technologies

Term Assignments
The term assignments will consist of six periodical assignments based on the above course.

1. Hand book of building construction by M.M.Goyal
2. Building Construction - Bindra & Arora
3. Building Construction Handbook - R. Chudley & R. Greeno
4. Building construction & Technology vol. I to IV - W. Mckay
5. National Building code


The objective of this course is to continue previous course and enhance efforts for individual
development. The course also aims to provide information on different topics related to their career
planning and preparation. Topics include:-
-Goal Setting
-Stress Management
-Emotional Intelligence
-Career Prospects
-Industry Expectation
-Communication skills (Practical sessions)
a. Presentation skills
b. Interview Techniques
c. Group discussions
d. Non-verbal communications
-Overview of different tests for competitive exams
-Ethics for engineers
-Interpersonal relations
-Team works
Methodology of learning will be based on lecture-cum-interaction, workshops, expert lectures from
industry people, assignments etc.

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Moment Distribution Method: Analysis of statically indeterminate beams and frames by moment
distribution method, settlement and rotation of supports.
Slope Deflection Method: Analysis of Continuous beams and non-sway frames by slope-deflection
Energy Principles: Unit load method for beam and truss, Castilangos theorems, application to
statically determinate and indeterminate structures.
Matrix Methods: Types of skeletal structures, Internal forces and deformations. Analysis of beams by
flexibility method, Analysis of beams, trusses and frames by stiffness method
Suspension Bridge: Un-stiffened parabolic type- force, length and anchorage.
Approximate Methods: Introduction of substitute frame and approximate method for lateral load
Analysis of Prestressed Concrete: Materials used, pre-tensioning and post-tensioning, methods of
prestressing, analysis of pretension and post tensioned beam.
Introduction to structural dynamics, single degree of freedom systems, equation of motions, system
parameters, damping, Two-degree of freedom system.

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of at least ten assignments including computer application based on
the above syllabus.

1. Mechanics of Structures (Vol.-2) - S. B. J unnarkar
2. Intermediate Structural Analysis - C.K. Wang
3. Matrix Analysis of framed structures - Gere and Weaver
4. Structural Dynamics - Mario Paz


Introduction: Types of structures and their elements
Loads: Indian standard specifications for dead, live load on buildings
Reinforcement: Different types of reinforcement and their properties.
Design Methods: Elastic method, Limit state method, ultimate load method, general principles and
Reinforced Concrete: Theory of simple bending as applied to R.C.C, introduction to elastic method
and detail study of limit state methods, rectangular beams with tension and/or compression
reinforcement, Tee and ell beams, simply supported slabs (one way and two way reinforced), one-way
reinforced continuous slabs, shear, bond and deflections of beams & slabs, temperature and shrinkage
reinforcement, axially loaded short and long columns, links and helical reinforcement, Isolated
footing, staircase.
Steel Structures: Tension and Compression members, single and built-up sections, Choice of sections.
Connections: Riveted, bolted and welded joints, their strength and efficiency, eccentric loading,
welded joints subjected to bending. Simple beams, rolled sections, deflections, simple connections of
beam to beam, beam to column, column to base, connections to transfer direct reaction without
moment, axially loaded columns, single and built-up sections, choice of sections, lacing and
battening, splices. Foundations: Gusseted, grillage, slab base, base plate.

Laboratory Work: It consists of five designs including drawing for detailing based on above course.
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1. Limit state theory and design of Reinforced Concrete - Shah & Karve
2. Design of Reinforced Concrete - Unnikrishnan and Menon
3. Design of Steel Structures N. Subramanian
4. Limit State Design of Steel Structures Shah and Gore
5. Structural Design and Drawings N. Krishna Raju
6. Plain and Reinforced Concrete Design Vol I & II - J ain & J aikrishnan

IS 456, IS 800, IS 875, SP 16, SP 34, SP 6(1)


Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, hydrologic process methods of computation of rainfalls,
runoff,infiltration, evaporation,factors affecting each parameter, hydrograph analysis, unit
hydrograph and S-curve hydrograph

Ground Water: Well irrigation, aquifer, aquifuge, sp.retention, sp.yield, etc., well hydraulics,
capacity of well, fully and partially penetrating artesian well, tube well, open well,
advantages and disadvantages of well irrigation over canal irrigation, other sources of ground
water. Well hydraulics, Unsteady radial flow to wells in confined aquifer.

Gravity Dams: Forces acting on gravity dam, stability analysis, elementary profile, practical profile,
high and low dams.

Earth Dams: Types, causes of failures, seepage and stability analysis, slope protection, design
consideration in earthquake region, check dams and rain water harvesting structures. Stability of
slopes, seepage control Measures. Consideration of earthquake forces in design of earthen and
gravity dams.

Introduction: Definition, Necessity, Benefits of irrigation, ill effects. Methods of irrigation:
Uncontrolled flooding, free flooding, border strip method, contour farming, sprinkler and drip

Water Requirements of Crops: Function of irrigation water, classes and availability of soil water,
depth and frequency of irrigation, duty, delta, factors affecting duty, consumptive use of water, crop
rotation, assessment of irrigation water.

Flow Irrigation: Canals, introduction to silt theories, Cross drainage works, meandering, causes, river
training works, groynes, marginal bunds, levees, weir on permeable soil, canal fall, distribution

Water Logging: Effects, causes and remedial measures.

1.Irrigation and hydraulic structures - S.K.Garg
2.Irrigation and hydraulic structures B.C. Punamia


Introduction to Water Pollution: Development and environmental pollution, ground water resources
recharge and / protection.
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Water Treatment: Water quality parameters, natural purification process. Water Treatment process:
Screening, Aeration, Sedimentation (Clariflocculation), filtration, disinfection, water softening
design considerations, design of water treatment plant.
Water Distribution system: Gravity and pressure flow, pumping systems, types of distribution system,
layout of distribution system, methods of water supply, distribution reservoir with capacity of
reservoir, water distribution systems.
Introduction to Waste-water: Sewage and Effluent Definition & meaning, Sources of wastewater,
Classification of Pollutants.
Domestic Waste Treatment: Objectives of Sanitation, Systems of Sewerage, quantity and quality of
domestic sewage, design of sewers, sewer appurtenances.
Industrial Wastewater Treatment: Objectives of treatment, Classification of Treatment Processes,
Wastewater treatment: Unit operations Screening, skimming, sedimentation, biological treatment
(ASP-Types & Modifications),ETP design, modes of wastewater disposal.

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of ten experiments based on above course.

1. Water supply and sanitary engineering - G. S. Birdie & J . S. Birdie
2. Environmental Engineering (Vol I & II), Santosh Kumar Garg
3. Water and Wastewater Engineering, Metcalf & Eddy Inc.

Highway Engineering
Introduction : Importance, different mode of transportation & its scope (i.e. through road, rail, docks,
harbour, airport etc.) characteristics of road transport, importance of roads in India, scope of highway
Highway Development & Planning : Highway development in India, necessity of highway planning,
classification of roads, agencies carrying the works of roads, requirement of planning finance & its
Highway Alignment & Surveys : Road alignment, principles & factors governing the alignment, road
alignment surveys, documents to be prepared for a road project, plans & estimates standard estimates,
standard dimensions of road cross-sections.
Highway Geometrics : IRC codes, factors affecting road geometrics and various geometrics, related
Road Construction : Functions of roads, cross-section, and material used, construction of each course,
methods of rolling, formation of earthwork, types of roads with construction procedure, procedure of
earthwork, advt. & disadvt.of various types of roads.
Bridge Engineering
Introduction: History and development of bridges, components of a bridge, classification of bridges,
deck, through and semi-through bridges, investigations for bridges and culverts.
Bridge Hydrology: Introduction, maximum discharge, study of nature of catchment area method,
velocity measurement, length of bridge, water-way, linear water way, free board, reigm dimensions,
afflux, clearance, economic span, width of carriage way, bridge loading, related problems.
Low cost bridges: Permanent small bridges with types, temporary bridges with types, culverts, cause
way, layout plan of a culvert, advt. and disadvt.,
Bridge Foundation: Introduction, functions of foundations, types of foundations, equipments used,
cassions, procedure for constructing the foundations, difficulties arises during construction.
Bridge Sub-structure and Super structure: Components of sub & super-structure, forces/pressures to be
considered, stability, dimensions of abridge components, construction of formworks, bearings.
Airport Planning: Introduction, characteristics of aircrafts related to airport design, airport planning
and site selection, pavement design, infrastructure facilities

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1. Highway Engineering - Khanna & J usto
2. Highway Engineering - S.P. Bindra
3. Bridge Engineering - S. C. Rangwala


Temporary Structures: Requirements of temporary structures (formwork), elements, joints, shuttering
and deshuttering, formwork failures, Mechanised shuttering

Deep Foundations: Construction of deep foundation, use of pile, caissons and well foundation; open,
box & pneumatic caissons, vibrofloatation, timber, steel concrete and bored pile construction, Pile
driving equipments,

Introduction to Advanced construction processes/practices : Box pushing, Slip form for chimney
construction, Prefab & Precast Construction, Fabrication and Erection of Steel Elements, Bridge
construction and erection techniques, Construction of diaphragm walls.

Tools, Equipment & Plants : Importance of tools, equipment & plants, classifications, selection,
Engineering fundamentals, Excavating and earth moving equipment, material handling equipment,
Hauling equipment, Concreting Equipment, owning and operating cost of equipment.

Basic Building Services: Various services in modern buildings, building water supply and drainage
system, Plumbing: pipes and fixtures, sanitary wares, vertical transportation, fire protection systems,
fire hydrant system, foam system, etc. Building ventilation requirement, air-conditioning and passive
cooling, basic of electrification and energy efficient lighting fixtures, concept of intelligent buildings,
use of solar energy

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of ten assignments based on detailing of construction procedure.

1. Formwork for concrete - M.K. Hurd
2. Construction planning equipment and methods by Peurifoy and Schexnayder
3. Plumbing engineering Subhash Patil
4. Building construction & Technology vol. I to IV - W. B. Mckay

2CL307 SEMINAR [- - 2 1]

Student/s will be assigned one topic related to any field of civil engineering. He/ she will work under
guidance of faculty and his / her progress will be monitored continuously. The seminar will be
presented during the semester before the classmates and faculty.

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Loads : Loading standards as per IS codes, distribution of loads, computation of wind load and
earthquake loads, combination of loads
Reinforced Concrete Structures: Structural layout for buildings; Continuous beams, typical floor
design including two way continuous slab, T-beam floor, flat slab, waffle slab; Columns: Slender
columns with uniaxial and biaxial bending; Combined footing
Structures: Canopy, cantilever shed, portal, building, water tanks, retaining wall; Structural detailing,
Design of Bridges: Types of bridges, Loadings, Analysis and design of slab deck, Load distribution
theories, Analysis and design of Tee beam and Slab decks
Dos and Donts of earthquake resistance structures, major past earthquakes and lesson learnt.
Concept of response spectra, design response spectrum, philosophy of earthquake resistance design,
equivalent lateral force concept, rigid floor diaphragm
Earthquake resistance design of R.C.C. buildings, lateral load resisting systems for the buildings,
concept of ductility in R.C.C. buildings, ductile detailing of R.C.C. buildings, codal provisions

Laboratory Work: It shall consist design of five simple structures including drawings sheets for

1. Design of three-storeyed building (G+3) - Shah and Karve
2. Advanced Reinforced Concrete Design, - N. Krishna Raju
3. Plain and Reinforced Concrete Design Vol I & II - J ain & J aikrishnan
4. Earthquake resistant design of structures S. K. Duggal

IS: 456, IS:875, SP 34, SP 16, IS:1893, IS:3370, IS:13920, IS 4326

2CL303 FLUID MECHANICS [3 - 2 4]

Properties of fluids: Introduction, properties of fluids, viscosity, compressibility, surface tension, &
capillarity, related problems.
Pressure and its measurement: Fluid pressure at a point, Pascals Law, pressure variation in a fluid at
rest, absolute gauge, atmospheric & vacuum pressures, measurement of pressure, simple manometers,
differential manometers, related problems.
Hydrostatic forces on surfaces: Introduction, total pressure & centre of pressure, vertical,horizontal&
inclined plane surface submerged in liquid, total pressure & centre of pressure on lock gates, related
Buoyancy & floatation: Introduction, buoyancy, centre of buoyancy, metacentre, metacentric height,
analytical method of metacentric height, conditions of equilibrium of a floating & submerged bodies,
oscillation of a floating body, related problems .
Kinematics of flow : Introduction, methods of describing fluid motion, types of fluid flow i.e. steady
& unsteady, uniform & non-uniform, laminar & turbulent, compressible & incompressible, rotational
& irrotational & one, two & three dimensional flows, rate of flow or discharge, continuity equation in
three dimensions, velocity & acceleration, velocity potential function & stream function, types of
motion, related problems .
Dynamics of fluid flow : Introduction equation of motion, eulers equation of motion, bernoullis
equation from eulers equation, its assumptions, bernoullis equation for real fluid, practical
applications of bernoullis equation i.e. venturimeter, orifice meter, pitot tube, introduction to various
types of dimensionless numbers i.e. Reynolds, froudes, eulers, vebers, machs, momentum
equation, free liquid jets, related problems.
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Orifice and mouthpieces: Introduction, classification of orifices, flow through an orifice, hydraulic co-
efficients i.e. Cd, Cr, Cc etc, flow through large orifices, time of empting a tank through an orifice at
its bottom, related problems.
Flow through pipes : Introduction, loss of energy in pipes, loss of energy due to friction, various head
losses, hydraulic gradient and total energy line, flow through pipes in series and parallel, flow through
round pipes, pipe network, related problems
Flow in open channel : Introduction, classification of flow in channels, discharge through open
channels by chezys formula, empirical formula, most economical section of channels, non-uniform
flow through open channels, related problems.

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of ten experiments based on above course.

1. Fluid mechanics - R. K. Bansal
2. Fluid mechanics - Ramamrutham


Air Pollution - Sources and Effects: Definition and Limiting Concentration, Classification and
Properties of Air Pollutants, Emission sources, Major Emission from Global Sources, Dispersion
patterns and behaviour of Air Pollutants, Effect of Air Pollutants on Health, Vegetation and
Construction Material. Air Pollution Laws and Standards. Meteorological Aspects of Air Pollutant
Dispersion: Temperature Lapse, Rates and Stability, Plume Behaviour.
Air pollution control systems: Control Methods, Source Correction Method. Classification of Air
Pollution control devices. Particulate Emission Control: Gravitational Settling Chambers, Cyclone
Separator, Fabric Filter, Electrostatic Precipitator, Wet Scrubbers, Selection of Particulate Collector.
Gaseous Emission Control: Absorption by Liquids, Adsorption by Solids, Combustion.
Radioactive Pollution and Control: Introduction, Types of radiation, Sources, Protection and Disposal.
Maximum permissible doses.
Solid Waste Management: Sources and classification of Solid Wastes, Solid Waste Management:
Elements of solid waste management as collection, transportation, processing for recovery and final
disposal. Methods of collection, processing & recovery, method of Disposal.
Sludge Management: Sources of sludge, quantity and property, necessity of sludge treatment. Sludge
Concentration, methods of sludge treatment and disposal.
Noise Pollution: Introduction, Effect of Noise, Measurement of noise, Noise control criteria, Noise
control at source and personal protection.
Environmental Legislation in India: Indian constitution and Environment, Regulatory authorities in
India and their scope and powers, Important Environmental Acts in India.
Environmental planning: Urban areas and Industrial areas, Environmental Impact Assessment of
major civil engineering projects.

Laboratory Project Work: It shall consist of analysis and design of pollution treatment facility along
with some industry / project work.

Text Books
1. Air Pollution: M. N. Rao and H. V. N. Rao
2. Water supply and sanitary engineering - G. S. Birdie & J . S. Birdie
3. Environmental Engineering (Vol I & II) - Santosh Kumar Garg

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Pavement Materials & Characterization : Introduction, soil, stone aggregates, bituminous material,
bituminous mixes & its various tests, cement, cement concrete, stabilized soil and other cemented
material, related problems.

Pavement Analysis : Pavement composition, parameters for pavement analysis, analysis of bituminous
pavement structures, analysis of concrete pavement structures.

Pavement Design: Introduction, design parameters, philosophies of design, present trends in
bituminous pavement design, present trend in concrete pavement design, drainage considerations in
pavement design, other design concepts.

Traffic Engineering: Introduction, Traffic Survey, Traffic Characteristics, Traffic operations, design of
intersection, design of parking facilities, Highway lighting and sign, traffic planning and

Highway Maintenance: Pavement failures, maintenance of highways, pavement evaluation,
strengthening of existing pavements.

Highway Drainage: Importance of highway drainage, surface and subsurface drainage, erosion control,
road construction in water logged-areas.

Hill Roads: General considerations, alignment of hill roads, geometrics of hill roads, design and
construction of hill roads, drainage in hill roads, maintenance in hill roads.

Road Side Development: Environment factors in planning and development of highways, roadside
development and arboriculture, planning plantation of trees, species and their selection.

Highway Economics And Finance: Highway user benefits, highway costs, economic analysis,
highway finance.

Railway Engineering:

Railway Track Permanent Way : Introduction, components of permanent way, requirements, cross-
section of railway track.

Railway Track & Track Laying : Ballast & its functions, different types, advt. & disadvt. of different
types of ballast, various methods of ballast packing, its cross-section, sleepers its functions &
requirements, types of sleepers, treatment to sleepers, coning of wheels, buckling of rails, rail joints,
rail fastenings and fixtures, rail road construction, related problems. Geometric Design Of The
Track, Track Alignment, Curves, Super Elvevation, Cant Defeciency And Cant Excess, Extra
Clearance, Vertical Curves And Examples. Maintenance Of Track

Points and Crossings : Necessity, turnouts, switches & its components, head block, types of crossings,
types of track junctions.

Laboratory Project Work: It shall consist of Twelve experiments and project based on above course.

1. Highway Engineering - Khanna & J usto.
2. Railway Engineering - Arora & Saxena

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Tendering: Tender, types of tender (open, limited, Negotiated, global, local), pre-qualification and
post-qualification of contractors, Tender documents, preparation of tender, opening of tender, mode of
submission of tender, Method of tender scrutiny
Contracts: Definition, Elements of contract (valid contract), Forms of contract, Termination of
contract, Labour contracts, Negotiated contract, Earnest money and Security deposit,
Conditions of Contract: Clauses of conditions of contract, outlines, General & special conditions of
contracts, liquidated damages, contract disputes & settlements, contract documents, labour law and
other acts applicable to construction,
Arbitration: Meaning, purpose, types of arbitration (sole, umpire, joint), power & scope of arbitration,
arbitration process, Professional ethics in Civil Engineering
Specification: Definition, object, Importance, use, types of specification (Brief & Detailed), General
and special specification, specification for material, specification for workmanship, design of
specification, principles of specification,
Estimation: estimating, methods, types and detailing, unit rates, construction cost index, approximate
method of estimating, block estimates, and building economics.
Finding Out Quantity : Data required for working drawings, Methods of finding out quantities,
Identify the items of work, Units of measurements and quantity, General rules for measurements &
quantity, taking out quantities for typical Civil Engineering structures. Use of computer for finding out
quantity & billing.
Rate Analysis: purpose, factors affecting rate analysis, Requirements for rate analysis, Methods
of preparing rate analysis, schedules of rate
Valuation : Concept of cost, price, value, purpose of valuation, different forms of value, Free hold
and lease hold property, valuation for land and buildings, Factors & methods of valuation of
properties, valuation tables, depreciation, causes of depreciation, methods for estimating cost
depreciation, rent: Object, meaning and forms of rent, methods of ascertaining standard rent,
easement :Definition, characteristics, creation of easements, Extinguishments of easements, effect on
valuation, land ceiling & acquisition acts, Transfer of property Act, mortgage of property.

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of problems along with specification, rate analysis and valuation
based on above syllabus.

1. Estimating & costing in Civil Engineering - B.N.Dutta
2. Theory and practice of real valuation - R.H.Nanavati
3. Civil Engineering Contracts - B.S. Patil

2SP301 WORKS VISIT [- - - - ]

Works visit will be organized in different courses by inviting expert to deliver a lecture on the
construction activities on site and then taking the students actually on site. They will also prepare a
report of the project and construction activities observed during the visit including salient features of
project like construction methodology, materials, equipments and monitoring of project


Fundamental & principle of surveying, Scale & types, map & plan, field book, errors, Traverse
compass, total station, traverse corrections, Calculation of area & volume, Levelling, types of levels,
methods, profile levelling & contours, methods & uses, Reading of toposheets & preparation of
preliminary (rapid visual survey), Construction survey (building, road, bridges), Curves, curve
settings, methods, Advance techniques in surveying.
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Building Materials:
Properties of materials. Types of bricks, its properties and tests. Special timber products. Types ,
properties and characteristics of different metals used for construction. Uses of polymers in
construction. Types of finishes required for buildings. Insulating materials. Criteria for selection of
materials. Construction chemicals.
Building and Town Planning:
Types of drawings, importance of drawings, needs. Types of lines, symbols and abbreviations.
Principles of planning, importance of building bye laws. Submission of detailed drawing. Perspective
view and its importance. Requirement of Town Planning. Survey and zoning for town planning.
Town planning schemes. Various terminology of town planning.
Building Construction:
Preparation required for starting building construction, components of buildings, excavation,
foundations, masonry, DPC, anti-termite treatment, concreting, doors-windows, flooring, roofing and
Center of gravity and moment of inertia, Simple stress and strain, principal stresses, Bending moment
and shear force in statically determinate beams. Flexural and shear stresses, combined and direct
bending stresses, free vibration of SDOF.
Structural Analysis:
Analysis of statically determinate trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames, displacements in statically
determinate structures and analysis of statically indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods,
analysis by slope deflection and moment distribution methods, influence lines for determinate and
indeterminate structures, Basic concepts of matrix methods of structural analysis.
Concrete Structures:
Concrete Technology- properties of concrete, basics of mix design. Concrete design- basic working
stress and limit state design concepts, analysis of ultimate load capacity and design of members
subjected to flexure, shear, compression and torsion by limit state methods. Basic elements of
prestressed concrete.
Steel Structures:
Analysis and design of tension and compression members, beams, Connections- simple and eccentric.
Water resources & Irrigation:
Hydrology, Ground water, Irrigation water requirement and crop, Methods of Irrigation, Gravity dams,
Earth dams.
Advanced Construction:
Construction of Framed Building : Preparation of Reinforcement cage, Erection of formwork,
Production and laying of concrete, Important Issues, Review of Tools, Plants and Equipments, Review
of Building Services.
Geotechnical Engineering:
Review of Index Properties of soil, Review of Main Engg properties of soil i.e. Permeability, Shear
Strength, and compaction, Review of geology, important structural features of rocks, classification
geological investigations.

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Introduction / Construction as Industry: Need for scientific management of project, special aspect of
construction industry, scope of the industry, special characteristics of construction industries, general
concepts of management, Engineer as manager, engineering economy in construction project

Construction Planning: Necessity, construction stages, choice and project life cycle, planning
technique and their merits and demerits.

Network: AOA & AOL presentation, single and over lapping relationship, preparing project
network, CPM & PERT, analysis of net work, time-cost trade off, scheduling technique, bar chart.

Resource Scheduling: Material, manpower, machinery and energy, single resource - single project,
multiple resource -single project problem.

Material Management: Scope of material management, importance of material management, object,
common building material, stages of material management, register or reputed suppliers and
manufacturers, quantities, phasing the supply schedule, determining the priorities, initiating
purchase formalities, placing of orders, inspection, acceptance & issue, monitoring, purchase and
supply, site engineer as material engineer, storage of material, inventory control need, function,
essential steps, advantages, inventory built up, Economic ordering, quantity, procurement cost,
inventory carrying cost, spare part management & planning, factors governing.

Management of Construction Plants and Equipment: Equipment
planning, extent of mechanism, forecasting equipment, Cost benefit, optimum utilization, inventory
of parts, Selection & Maintenance of Equipment: Factors affecting selection: efficiency, power
consumption, etc., Hire-purchase owning, operating costs, Economic life, safety etc. Sources of
equipment, replacement & repair.

Construction Site Management: Organization structure at the construction site, roles and
responsibilities of site personnel, job site layout.

Quality Control in Construction: Important aspects of quality control, methods, quality control
manuals, ISO 9000 and other registrations.

Safety in Construction and Insurance: Safety and health codes, meaning of safety measure,
preventive measures, safety precautions, safety education and training, safety officer, safety
through legislation, first-aid.

Construction labour laws: trade union act, labour welfare act, payment of wage act, minimum wage
act, workmens compensation act, contract labour act

Use of Appropriate Technology in Construction: Choice of technology, foreign & Indian Technology,
condition & other sophisticated Technologies.

Research and Development in Construction: Scope for research & development in construction,
Intensive research and development efforts, common problems, Innovation in high-rise building,
Code of ethics in construction

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on above syllabus.
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1. Construction Project Management Chitkara
2. Construction planning and management - Gahlot & Dhir
3. Construction planning, equipment & methods - R.L.Peurifoy


Soil Investigations: Methods of exploration, exploratory borings, sampling methods, disturbed
and undisturbed samples, penetration tests, miscellaneous methods of exploration, record of
field exploration and laboratory tests, soil investigation reports, testing in rocky strata, plate load

Types of Foundation : Shallow foundation - isolated footing, combined footing, strap footing,
strip footing, raft foundation, Deep foundation - well foundation, pile foundation, floating
foundations; factors affecting choice of foundation, Design of Foundation : Design of shallow
foundation - isolated, combined, raft foundation and deep foundation pile and well foundation,
foundation subjected to lateral loads

Bearing Capacity of Foundation: Bearing capacity of shallow and deep foundations based on shear
and settlement criteria, bearing capacity in sandy and clayey strata, factors affecting soil bearing
capacity, bearing capacity from penetration tests, bearing capacity of rock.
Consolidation of soils: Consolidation, compressibility of soils, settlement analysis, Terzaghis one-
dimensional consolidation theory, settlement characteristics of clay & its evaluation.

Settlement of Foundation : Causes of settlement, settlement on sandy strata, clayey strata, layered
soil, factors affecting settlement, control of settlement.
Earth Pressure and Retaining Structures : Active and passive earth pressure due to cohesive soil,
noncohesive soil, submerged soil, level and inclined backfill, Rankines theory, Coulombs theory,
pressure calculations for retaining walls, design of sheet piling.

Stability of Slopes : Stability of slope in cohesive and noncohesive soils, factor of safety,
methods for analysis of stability of slopes.

Ground Improvement Techniques : Drainage, dewatering , grouting, compaction, stabilization of
soils, Lime and Cement stabilization, use of Geosynthetics, vibroflotation, sand pile, reinforced
earth structure, rock anchors etc.

Introduction to Machine foundation
Introduction to advances in Geotechnical engineering

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of eight experiments based on above course.

1. Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engg., -Dr A R Arora
2. A text book of soil mechanics - Shamsher Prakash & Bharat Singh
3. Foundation Engineering
Peck Hensen, Thornburn


Steel Structures: Connections: stiffened and unstiffened, moment and shear resisting structural
connections, design of roof trusses: various types of trusses and their selection in industrial structures,
effect of wind and earthquake loads and structural detailing, design of beam- column. design of
cantilever shed, plate girder, industrial building, including gantry girder, foot over bridge
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Introduction of Plastic Methods: Elementary plastic theory of bending, moment curvature relationship,
plastic hinges, plastic moment of resistance, shape factor, load factor, plastic analysis of continuous

Introduction to other metal structures aluminum and stainless steel structures.

Masonry Structures: Design of brick walls, effective thickness, wall under concentrated, uniformly
distributed loads

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of minimum five designs including detailed drawings, based on
above syllabus.

1 Limit State Design of Steel Structures Shah and Gore
2 Design of Steel Structures N. Subramanian
3 Structural Design and Drawings N. Krishna Raju
4 Masonry and Timber Structures including Earthquake resistant Design by A. S. Arya

IS:800,SP:20, IS:1905, IS 875



Direct Stiffness method of Analysis: Stiffness matrix and load vector derivation for various structures
like beam, truss, frame and grid, rotation transformation of axis, secondary effects like temperature
change, support settlement etc.

Introduction of Finite Element Method: Fundamental of finite element analysis, applications of finite
element method, basic formulation, derivation of element properties for bar and beam element

Plastic methods: Collapse load, collapse mechanism, equilibrium and yield conditions, Plastic
analysis of beams and frames, elastic-plastic analysis.

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Matrix Analysis of framed structures - Gere and Weaver
2. Fundamentals of Limit analysis of structures - V. K. Manika Selvam
3. Introduction of Finite Element Method -Chadrapatla and Belegundu


Basic introduction to the elements of ground engineering characteristics of reinforcing materials,
definition and advantage of RE, soil reinforcement interaction, behaviour of reinforced earth walls,
basis of wall design, the coulomb force method, the Rankine force methods, internal and external
stability condition, field application of RE, randomly reinforced earth and analysis of reinforced soils,
testing of soil reinforcements.

Definitions, functions, properties, design and applications of geosynthetics, testing and evaluation of
geosynthetics, ageing, weathering and durability aspects of geosynthetics

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Geosynthetics in Pavements:
Geosynthetics in roads and railways: separations, drainage and filtering in road pavements and railway
tracks; overlay design and construction; AASHTO and other relevant guidelines, trench drains.

Geosynthetics in Environmental Control: Liners for ponds and canals; covers and liners for landfills -
material aspects and stability considerations; landslides - occurrences and methods of mitigation;
erosion - causes and techniques for control

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

3. International Conference in-situ soil and rock reinforcement, Paris, Oct. 1984.


Flow around submerged bodies and boundary layer theory: forces due to fluid flow-viscous drag,
pressure drag and lift, boundary layer theory, laminar and turbulent, thickness, displacement thickness,
momentum thickness, boundary layer equation, momentum equation for laminar boundary layer on
flat plate, turbulent and transitional boundary layer over flat plate, boundary layer separation and its
control, stream lined bodies, drag and lift for flow around cylinder, sphere and flat plate, free fall of a
body through fluid

Dimensional and model analysis: Physical quantities and their dimensions, dimensional homogeneity,
Rayleigh's method, Buckingham's II theorem method, utility of model analysis, hydraulic similitude,
model laws, scale effect ship-model testing, distorted models.

Steady non uniform flow, flow through open channels, gradually varied flow- differential equation,
free surface profiles, backwater and draw-down curves, length of G.W. flow.

Rapidly varied flow- hydraulic jump in rectangular channels, sequential depths, loss of energy,
transient flow, surges in open channels.

Pipe Flow:- Pipe line with pump/turbine, pipe network, water hammer in pipes-its effects, rigid water
columns theory, elastic water column theory- sequence of events, pressure water and its velocity,
surge tank, uses and types.

Impact of jets on vanes- Stationary and moving, flat and curves, flow over radial vane, applications,
compressible fluid continuity, momentum and energy equations, isothermal and adiabatic process,
velocity of pressure wave, Mach number

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

3. Fluid mechanics - R. K. Bansal
4. Fluid mechanics Ramamrutham
5. Fluid Mechanics and Fluid Machines D. Kumar


Elements of Harbour: Water transportation, harbours, artificial, natural and semi-natural,
natural and artificial road steads, accessibility, size and shape of harbours, harbour depth,
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Features of a harbour, defects in harbour, Ports: classification, design and requirements of a good

Break Waters: Breakwaters, alignment, forces acting, classification of breakwaters, breakwater height
and failures, comparison of mound type and wall type breakwaters.

Docks: General, Open berths, approaches to basins and docks, depth of docks and basins, location
and internal arrangement, design and construction of basin or dock walls, dock entrances, sizes of
dock entrances, wet docks, dry docks.

Berthing Structures: J etties, Piers, Wharves, Quays and its construction.
Navigational Aids: Lighthouse, buoys, anchors, moorings.

Transit Sheds & Warehouses: planning, design and specific requirements.

Terminal Area and Airport Layout: Terminal area, building, vehicular circulation and parking area,
apron, hanger, blast considerations.

Airport Capacity and Configuration: Airport capacity, runway capacity, gate capacity, taxiway

Design of Airport Elements: Runway design, runway intersection design, taxiway design

Visual Aids at Airport: Introduction, airport markings, airport lighting

Air Traffic Control: Need for air traffic control, air traffic control network, air traffic control aids

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Docks and Harbour Engineering - Oza & Oza
2. Airport Planning and Design - Khanna, Arora, J ain
3. Airport Systems Planning - Richard
De Neufville


Introduction: Sources and classification of air pollutants

Air Pollutant Sampling: Classification of sampling methods, basic considerations, general
instrumentation and instrumentation for gaseous and atmospheric sampling.

Sampling Procedures and Methodology: Duration and location of sampling factors to be
considered, sampling methods sedimentation, filtration, impingement, electrostatic precipitation,
thermal precipitation, centrifugal methods,

Arrangement of sampling and instrumentation (High volume air sampler).

Sampling for particulate matter, sampling for stack emission.
Analytical Methods for Pollutant estimation, classification of various methods of analysis, advanced
instrumentation (electronic sensor based) and equipments.

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Industrial Air Pollution and Control: Air Pollution from major industrial operations and methods for
particulate and gaseous emission control.

Air Pollution Legislation: Important air pollution acts and rules, air pollution indices and standard

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Air Pollution: -M. N. Rao and H. V. N. Rao
2. Environmental Engineering-A Design Approach - Arcadio P. Sincero
3. Basic Environmental Technology - Jerry A. Nathson

2CL463 GEOMATICS [3 1 - 4]

Part 1: Remote sensing
Definition, historical perspective, concept of signatures, sensors and satellites, electromagnetic
radiation, spatial and spectral resolution, digital image format, visual image analysis, histogram, image
enhancement, digital image classification, application of remote sensing for geological and soil
mapping, water resources, environmental assessment.

Part II: GPS- satellite surveying
Geodetic reference system, concept of terrestrial reference system, types of datum, concept of
mapping system (UTM, Transverse, Lambert), GPS principles, types of survey, satellite systems,
pseudo range and carrier phase observable, correction, data processing, use of GPS survey.

Definition, history, information system, GIS and geography, spatial mapping, components of GIS,
digital representation, raster and vector formats, digitization of maps, projection and coordinates, map
projections and datum transformation, data input and storage, data output analysis, DEM, spatial
analysis and applications of GIS

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Environmental modeling with GIS and remote sensing - A. Skidmore
2. Remote sensing and image interpretation-Lillesand, Kiefer
3. An introduction to GIS - Heywood, Carver


Construction of Retaining Wall and Storage Structures, retaining walls, water tanks, storage bins

Waterfront Constructions: Gravity and earthen dams, canals, cofferdams.

Bridge Construction: Superstructures - construction and erection techniques, pre-stressing techniques.

Underground Construction: Tunneling: cross-section, various methods of tunneling for hard Rock and
soft rock, safety in construction below ground, lining of tunnels, ventilators, ground water control,
box pushing technique, pipe laying techniques

Road construction and overlay construction: J oints in concrete pavements
Large Span Construction: Construction of shell roof, folded plate roof, tee beam etc.
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Tall Structures: Chimneys, high rises buildings, cooling towers, transmission line towers and
telecommunication towers.

Modular Construction: Principles & techniques.
Fabrication and Erection of Steel Elements: Steel Structures, working details of fabrication, drawings,
and erection technique and safety code.
Prefab & Precast Construction: Methods of prefabrication & precasting, lifting of elements &
jointing, Safety in prefab precast constructions.

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Building Construction Handbook -
R. Chudley & R. Greeno
2. Building construction & Technology Vol. I to IV - W. B. Mckay
3. Concrete bridge practice, construction, Maintenance and rehabilitation -V.K. Raina


Number systems and errors, computational methods for estimating round-off errors, Interpolation by
polynomials, Solution of non-linear equations, iterative methods, System of linear equations, direct
and iterative methods, Solution of Eigen value problems

Uniform and least square approximation by polynomials, Numerical differentiation and integration,
Introduction to numerical solution of initial and boundary value problems

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Numerical Methods - E. Balagurusami
2. Introductory Methods of Numerical Analysis-S. S. Sastry


Materials for Masonry, Masonry properties, Theory of Masonry failure, Masonry in shear, flexure and
biaxial stress, General considerations, Structural and non-structural masonry, Lintels, Codal provisions
Design consideration for un-reinforced structural masonry, Structural systems with emphasis on lateral
force analysis of masonry structures and their connections.
Analysis and design of reinforced masonry members
Provisions for seismic resistance, Seismic strengthening

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. A introduction to load bearing Brick Masonry Design -A W Hendry, B P Sinha,
2. Design of Reinforced Masonry Structures- Taly
3. Structural Masonry - A W Hendry
4. Masonry and Timber Structures including Earthquake resistant Design - A. S. Arya
5. Brick and Reinforced Brick structures - P. Dayaratnam
IS 1905, IS 1893, IS 4326

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Materials of Prestressed concrete, Load balancing concept, losses in Prestress, short term and long
term deflection of beams
Flexural and shear strength of beam as per IS 1343
End block design of Post tensioned beam

Limit state analysis and design of members for bending, shear and torsion, Determination of cable

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Prestressed Concrete - N. Krishna Raju
2. Prestressed Concrete structures -P. Dayaratnam
3. Prestressed Concrete -Mallick and Gupta


Introduction, Seismic Risks and seismic hazards, cause and strength of earthquake, social and
economic consequences, Theory of dynamics and seismic response, The nature and attenuation of
ground motion.
Determination of site characteristics, local geology and soil condition, site investigation and soil test
Determination of design earthquake response spectra and accelerograms as design earthquake, criteria
for earthquake resistant design.
Site response to earthquake, liquefaction of saturated cohesionless soils, seismic response of soil
structure system, shallow foundation, pile foundation, foundation in liquefiable ground.
Aseismic design of earth retaining structures

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering - Steven L. Kramer.
2. Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Handbook - Robert W. Way.


Introduction: Definition and function of hydraulic structures, importance and selection

Part I : Dam Engineering
Introduction, embankment dams types, concrete dam types and characteristics, site assessment and
selection of types of dam, loads on dams.

Embankment dam engineering, principles of embankment dam design, design features, seepage
analysis, stability analysis, stress analysis hydraulic fractioning and cracking, seismicity load analysis,
settlement and deformation analysis, small embankment and flood banks.

Concrete dam engineering, concept of loads, water loads, seepage and self weight load, secondary
loads, load combinations, gravity dam analysis, over turning stability analysis, stress analysis,
permissible stress and cracking, finite element analysis for gravity profile, buttress dam analysis, arch
dam analysis, consumption planning and execution.

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Dam outlet works: Sedimentation in reservoirs, spillway design, side channel spillway, siphon
spillway, energy dissipation on spillways, stilling basins, design of gates and valves, instrumentation
and surveillance for dam safety.

Part II River Engineering
Introduction, principles of open channel flow, sediment transport, flow measuring structures, back

Canal load works, selection of site, composites of bead works, weir on permeable foundation, pressure
distribution analysis, weir width and scour depths designs, design fish passes
Gross drainage works, main types, selection of site, adequate types, design principles, design problems
Models in Hydraulic engineering, structural models, modeling dams, embankment

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Irrigation Engineering & Hydraulic structures -Sahasrabudhe
2. Water Resources Engineering : Principles & Practices - C.S. Murthy
3. Irrigation engineering -Leliavsky Serge


Traffic Management: Introduction, travel demand management, traffic management, highway

Traffic Controls: Importance, road markings, traffic signals, miscellaneous traffic control aids and
street furniture.

Traffic regulation: Principles of regulation, regulation of speed, speed studies, vehicles, driver, traffic,
general rules concerning traffic, parking regulations

Traffic Safety: Road accidents, accident situation in India, International comparison of road
accidents, statistical methods for analysis of accident data, road and its effect on accidents, safety of
all the users of highway, parking and its influence on accidents, cost of accidents.

Analysis and interpretations of traffic studies: Statistical methods of traffic engineering, traffic

Transport Technology: Technological Characteristics of transport, Operational characteristics of

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.
1. Traffic Engineering and Planning - L R Kadiyali
2. Introduction to transportation engineering - William Hay.
3. Highway Engineering and Traffic Planning - Subhash Saxena


Introduction: Definition and meaning of hazardous waste. Categorization and sources of hazardous

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Health Hazards: Industrial Health hazards, Potential Threat to Human Health, Occupational health

Hazardous Waste Management: Safe storage, Transportation, Treatment and Disposal of solid /
hazardous matters.

Legal Aspects of Hazardous Wastes: Guidelines for safe storage & disposal. Legal requirements with
respect to handling, storage and disposal; application for operating facility for hazardous wastes and

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Environmental Treatment Technologies for Hazardous and Medical Wastes -Subijoy Dutta
2. Industrial and Hazardous Wastes - Rajiv K. Sinha, Sunil Herat
3. Hazardous Waste Incineration - Calvin R. Brunner


Business of GIS, representation and display of data, data modeling and spatial analysis, database
structure and management, GIS data collectors and providers, geo-referencing and map registration,
principles of map projection, map projections and datum transformation converting geo-references,
creating datasets by manual input, database system and management, visualization of continuous
surfaces, scale and level of geographical details, digital terrain modeling, interpolation of surfaces,
DEM, deriving surface topology and drainage network, GIS software, spatial analysis and
applications, Future of GIS, GIS applications in disaster management, hydrology and water resources,
land use and land administration, urban and regional planning, environmental monitoring and
assessment, construction technology

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.
1. Environmental modeling with GIS and remote sensing - Skidmore.
2. Geographical Information System - Burroug, McDonnell
3. GIS and environmental modeling - Clarke, Parks, Crane.


Principles of Management: History of the development of management thought, concept and scope of
management, management functions and process planning, organizing, staffing, directing, controlling
and evaluating, marketing process and strategies relevant to construction Industries.

Project Planning: Project identification, project preparation, feasibility study, project formulation and
appraisal, negotiation, project approval, detailed project planning, project implementation, project
monitoring and control, project evaluation.

Organizational Structure: Function of head, regional office and project management, function of unit,
financial control, personal and administration planning and design, responsibility assignment matrix,
vigilance, organization as resource.

Accounting, Financial Management & analysis: Definitions, functions of finance manager, Finance
as resource, Important function, financial control, functions, financial management for export
contract, project cost analysis, Accounting: Introduction to managerial accounting, Role and Scope
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of management account, Accounting concept & principles, Under standing of financial
statements, balance sheet, profit and loss account, preparation of financial statement, analysis of
cash flow statement, cost account(direct and indirect cost), fixed and variable cost, unit costing,
job costing, cost allocation, Accounting for labour, material & over head cost. Financial Analysis:
Definition, Importance, CVP analysis, factors, purpose, profitability ratio and others, financial
leverage, liquidity ratio, cost-benefit ratio, financial verses economical analysis, finance for
investment in real

Personnel Management: Special characteristics, man power planning, recruitment,
placement, training and induction, motivation, performance appraisal, industrial relation, aspect of
administration, public relation, and welfare measures.

Project Cost Management: Classification of cost, cost estimation, cost planning process, cost
budgeting process, cost controlling process, earned value management

Project Risk Management: Introduction, risk management strategies, identification, assessment
methodology, response plan development, role of project manager in managing risk.
Project Information, Monitoring & Control: Management Information system (MIS), Need of MIS,
Nature of MIS, Management by exception, Financial return, company reports, use of computer,
speed of communication, Schedule & budget, cash flow planning, updating, forecasting for
activity, cost control, time control, delay in construction, reasons & remedies.

Introduction to Project Management Softwares and Enterprise resource planning concept

Laboratory Work: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Construction planning and management P.S.Gahlot & B.M.Dhir
2. Construction planning, equipment & methods R.L.Peurifoy
3. Project management for construction Chris Mentrickson
4. Project management Handbook Uddesh Kohli & K K Chitkara


Mathematical foundation, Linear optimization, Simplex method, revised Simplex method, duality and

Unconstrained optimization of function of several variables, classical techniques, numerical methods
for unconstrained optimization

Constrained optimization of function of several variables, Lagranges multiplier, Khun-Tucker theory,
numerical methods for unconstrained optimization

Introduction of Genetic Algorithm for optimization

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Optimization theory & application - S. S. Rao
2. Optimization Theory and Application - R L Fox

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Analysis and design of water tanks of different shapes including rectangular, circular, conical etc

Steel Water Tanks: Design of pressed steel water tank, Design of staging and foundation.

Concrete Water Tanks: Design of rectangular tanks, Circular tanks and intze tank, Design of shaft and
trestles type Staging

Analysis and design of foundation systems including raft foundation, pile foundation etc
Detailing of water tank structures

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Advanced R.C. Design - Krishna Raju
2. Advanced Concrete Design - P C Vargheese
3. Calculation, Design and Testing of Reinforced Concrete - K L Rao
IS: 3370 part I to IV, IS 1893, IS 875, IS 11682


Introduction to Earthquakes, Causes of earthquakes and seismic waves, magnitude, intensity and
energy release, plate tectonics, characteristics of earthquakes, types of earthquakes, basic terminology,
attenuation of earthquakes, seismic zoning of India, seismic codes.

Measures of earthquakes ground motion, seismic instruments, characteristics of ground motion, peak
ground motion parameters.

Introduction to multi-degree of freedom system of vibration, Damped vibration, Logarithmic
decrement, Forced vibration, Resonance

Earthquake resistant design of high rise and low rise buildings, Introduction to shear wall design,
codal provisions.

Earthquake resistant design for masonry structures

Tutorial: It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on the above syllabus.

1. Earthquake resistant design of structures - Pankaj agrawal and Manish Shrikhande
2. Dynamics of Structures - A. K. Chopra
3. Structural Dynamics - Mario Paz
IS:456, IS:1893, IS:4326, IS:875, IS:13920, IS:4326


Sustainable Development: Definition, global warming, urbanization across the globe, need for
sustainable development.
Green Buildings: Definition of Green Buildings, typical features of green buildings, benefits of Green
Buildings, etc.
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Sustainable site selection and planning of buildings to maximize comfort, day lighting, ventilation,
planning for storm water drainage, etc.
Environmentally friendly building materials and technologies : Natural Materials like bamboo, timber,
rammed earth, stabilized mud blocks, hollow blocks, lime & lime-pozzolana cements, materials from
agro and industrial waste, ferro-cement and ferro-concrete, alternative roofing systems, various paints
reducing the heat gain of the building, etc.
Energy conservation : Need for energy conservation, various forms of energy used in buildings,
embodied energy of materials, energy used in transportation and construction processes, energy
efficient lighting, Ventilation and air quality requirement, various techniques for passive cooling,
garden roofs, case studies for passive cooling and thermal comfort
Use of renewable energy resources: Wind and Solar Energy Harvesting, potential of solar energy in
India and world, construction and operation of various solar appliances, success case studies of fully
solar energy based buildings in India.
Water conservation techniques: Water resources and water requirement, tips for water conservation
and efficient planning of plumbing/fixtures for water conservation, rain water harvesting techniques,
case studies of building integrated rooftop rainwater harvesting system.
Wastewater Treatment Techniques: Introduction to wastewater quality, concepts of wastewater
treatment, treatment and recycling of wastewater, Advances in water treatment techniques, case
studies of decentralized wastewater treatment techniques.
Solid Waste Management: Introduction solid waste, characterization of solid waste, solid waste
management technology vermin-composting, etc.
Green Building Rating Systems: Introduction to Leadership in Energy and Environment Design
(LEED), Green Rating for Integrated Habitat Assessment (TERI-GRIHA).
Building automation and building management systems
Text books:
1. Alternative building materials and technologies by K.S. J agadish, B.V. Venkatarama Reddy and
K.S. Nanjunda Rao
2. Non-conventional energy resources by G. D. Rai, Khanna Publishers


Maintenance of Structures: Buildings, R.C.C. and steel Highway and Railway Bridges, pavements,
over head and underground tanks, Monitoring of structures
Durability & Compatibility of Concrete: Microstructure of Concrete, Physical and Chemical causes
of distress in concrete, Corrosion in Concrete, Cracks in Structures
Assessment of Distress: Destructive, Semi-destructive & non-destructive methods of testing i.e. Core
test, carbonation test, rebound hammer, UPV test, cover meter, Half-cell Potentiometer test,
Resistivity meter test
Repair Material & Techniques: Grouts, Epoxies, Polymers, Quick setting/hardening concrete &
mortars, Grouting and Guniting, Underpinning
Strengthening and Retrofitting: Strengthening and retrofitting of columns, beams, walls, footings
etc. for masonry and concrete structures, Evaluation of repaired structures
Design and Construction Failures: Meaning, Causes, How to avoid failures, Investigation of
failures, Forensic engineering
Text books:
1. Testing of Concrete in Structures 4
Edition by J H Bungey, S G Millard and M G Grantham
2. Concrete Microstructure, Properties and Materials by P K Mehta and PJ M Monteiro
3. Handbook on Repair and Rehabilitation of RCC Buildings CPWD, India
4. Concrete: Repair and Maintenance Illustrated, Problem Analysis, Repair strategy and Techniques
by Peter Emmons and Gajanan Sabnis
5. Construction Failure by J acob Feld and Kennith Harper

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Introduction, Concept of Disaster Management (DM), Disasters and Development, Importance and
significance of DM, Hazards, Climate Change and DM, DM Institutional Framework, Risks and
Vulnerability, Risk Analysis, Disaster Risk Modelling, DM Phases, Mitigation, Preparedness,
Prevention, Response, Relief and Recovery, Humanitarian Assistance, Damage and Loss Assessment,
Community Based Disaster Management (CBDM), Community Health and Safety, Early Warning and
Disaster Monitoring, Disaster Communication, Incident Command System, Disaster Management
Plan, Role of GIS and RS in Disaster Management, Techno-Legal Regime, DM Programmes and
Practices and Case Studies.
Tutorial It shall consist of minimum five assignments based on above syllabus.

Text books:
1. Introduction to Disaster Management by Satish Modh
2. Disaster Relief: Rehabilitation and Emergency Humanitarian Assistance by Prabhas C.Sinha
3. Earthquake Protection by Andrew Coburn and Robin Spence


Land surveying in past and present scenario, various methods of land survey, Introduction to the
principles of cadastral systems and survey law with a focus on Indian jurisdictions. property
descriptions, review legal cases, Introduction to modern issues in land tenure and administration from
Indian and international perspectives. role of property systems in land management, aboriginal rights
to land, comparative analysis of land administration systems, coastal zone management, law of the sea,
and delimitation of maritime boundaries, basics of common and statute law affecting property,
boundaries, and surveys. Evolving concepts of property and land tenure systems. Role of property
institutions in land management. Role of a land surveyor in resolving boundary disputes and as an
expert witness (case studies). Various types of legal surveys, Professional responsibilities, ethics, Case
studies. Introduces land management and administration from economic and institutional perspectives.
Economic principles in the valuation, allocation, development, and conservation of land resources.
Land administration and land information systems. parcel-based land information systems, Role of
Eight assignments based on Land Survey, property descriptions and review legal cases, demonstrating
the practical aspects of managing cadastral survey systems

Text Books
1. Monitoring Land Supply with Geographical Information System by Anne Vernez Moudon and
Michael Hubner
2. Land Records by Dr.Raj Bahadur Singh
3. Record Management by Dr.Raj Bahadur Singh


The project will be of multifaceted nature based on fundamental knowledge of various civil
engineering areas like structural analysis and design, computer applications, construction methods,
materials, environmental engineering, water resources, foundation engineering, transportation
engineering, town planning, remote sensing & GIS application. The student will design a project of
specific field of civil engineering in all respect i.e. planning, layout, structural analysis, design, bill of
quantity, estimate and detailed drawings for the same.

Student will work for 4 weeks intensively in summer followed by work during regular semester.
Student is required to submit the project report at the end of civil engineering project.
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Civil engineering project designed and executed by professionals be chosen for practical training of
18 weeks duration. The student is required to study in details profile of the company, information of
the project, various stages of construction of the project with reference to materials and its
management, tools and equipment, temporary structures required, methods employed, labour
requirement and their productivity, method of measurement and billing, safety, quality checks
required, scheduling and alternative of each item of execution with cost comparison.

The final report to be submitted by the student shall comprise of the details of the project,
observations, important aspects, working difficulties encountered, remedy during execution, and will
be submitted immediately after training.