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Gelatine, a heterogeneous mixture of water soluble proteins derived from the
collagen of animal hide or bone is composed of various essential amino acids required for
human nutrition. It has a diversity of uses in food science and industry, including wine
fining, confectionary etc. Therefore, the gelatine industry is of great importance to society.


The gelatin manufacturing process primarily involves selective hydrolysis and
extraction of collagen from the connective tissues of animals. In India, the conventional
raw materials used in gelatine manufacture are bovine bones.

The major consideration during the manufacture of all forms of gelatine is the generation of
large amounts of process waste effluents.

These waste effluents contain mineral components and lipid material, which create a high
biological oxygen demand (BOD).

The effluents of a gelatine manufacturing unit are in pH, COD and calcium content, which
constitute a major source of pollution.

Conventionally, these effluents are treated in ETPs using the activated sludge method.
Later, the active sludge is dehydrated to form a sludge cake, which is subsequently
disposed. However, the disposal of organically rich sludge generated from conventional
ETPs requires a large dump yard. Furthermore, it may potentially cause environmental
pollution by leaching or harbouring pathogens. Discharge of effluents without suitable
treatment can cause environmental damage.

In India, Pollution Control Boards in some states have imposed additional conditions, which
read concerned Industry shall utilize the whole quantity of treated effluent within their
premises for plantation and horticulture etc. Effluent shall not be discharged outside the
factory premises in any circumstances. Zero discharge conditions shall be maintained.

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SSP PVT LIMITED has been providing Zero Liquid Discharge Effluent Treatment
Solutions to the Gelatine Industry based on Evaporation & Drying Technology.

SSPs core competence lies in evaporation and drying technology. SSP has made its
presence increasingly felt over the last two decades and is accredited with the supply of
more than 600 evaporation and drying installations across the globe.

The Zero Liquid Discharge effluent treatment system is based on the principle of
concentrating the effluent using Multiple Effect Evaporator and subsequently Spray Drying
of the concentrate to convert into Free Flowing Powder (Calcium Chloride) which can be
Effluent from Gelatine Industry (Calcium Chloride) is fed to the vacuum evaporator to
concentrate it up to 40 50% total solids. The total process is under vacuum and the
vapors generated in the system are re-used to economize steam consumption through
thermal vapor recompression system. The condensate water obtained from evaporation
plant can be reused within the plant premises.
The concentrated effluent at the outlet of the evaporator will be fed to Spray Dryer where
the rest of the water is evaporated and we get final product as free flowing Spray Dried
Powder. This technology helps achieve Zero Liquid Discharge as all the liquid effluent is
converted into solid (powder) and the recovered water (condensate) can be reused.