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Jason D. Albert
Crown College

Q&A 2

How would you define pastoral care, soul care, and pastoral ministry?
What qualifies a person to do this type of work?
How has Jesus modeled ministry for us?
These questions will be the basis of this paper/essay. These are pertinent questions that
will arise in pastoral/care ministries so attempting to answer them now will be beneficial in a
future pastoral/care ministry roll.

Q&A 3

Principles of Counseling and Care Ministry are a couple of topics that scare and intrigue
prospective ministry workers and students of all ages. Not having any counseling experience or
care ministry experience within a church can lead to this anxiety. In an effort to be further
educated and to help with comprehension, a few questions will be looked at and explored. These
questions will help bring knowledge and experience to future endeavors with in the church
How would you define pastoral care, soul care, and pastoral ministry?
The question can be a daunting one or it can lead to a time of perspective and intro-
spective. As one coming from a non-pastoral background, this question can have a daunting feel
to it. However when the question is broken down this question can be answered with research,
biblical knowledge and even personal introspective. Pastoral care and Soul care can be assumed
to be the same thing; however they both are different distinctions of pastoral counseling.
According to a power point presentation by Dr. Dale Lemke (2014), the nature of pastoral
counseling can be broken down into three distinct definitions:
Pastoral Counseling: this is more problem centered; empathy; counseling being
with individuals at a time of crisis, celebration, change, and grief & loss; it is
specialized pastoral care and specialized counseling.
Spiritual Care: a relationship to develop spiritual awareness and participation in
the things of God in the world; encounter the Spirit. The goal here is for the
counselee to encounter the Spirit and grow in their relationship and awareness of
Q&A 4

Pastoral Care: John Patton says pastoral care is a ministry or action of Christian
community by which Gods action for individuals is remembered; individuals
remember who they are as Gods children; and the hearing and remembering of
the people for whom ministry is created and integrated. (pp. 14-16)
Pastoral Ministry is another aspect that needs to be explored with this question. A
simplistic definition, and also possibly profound, is that it is a relationship based model. In fact
Jesus has shown this exemplary model from the beginning. As Dr. Norman H. Wright (2011)
says in his book The Complete Guide to Crisis & Trauma Counseling; Jesus relationships with
the people to whom He ministered were the foundation to His approach (p. 17). Pastoral care,
Soul care, and Pastoral ministry can be summarized as being modeled after Jesus relationships
as well as calling others to being involved in the activity of God with in the world.
What qualifies a person to do this type of work?
For many years this has been decided upon by specific denominations and the
requirements that they have set forth. It may have been decided upon as well by the type of
degree that a person has achieved. Primarily, this is a question that should be answered from the
Bible. The Bible lists many qualities that are needed for this type of work. The following list is
just a sample of Bible verses:
Pure; 1 Timothy 3:9 holding the mystery of the faith with a pure conscience (NIV).
Humble; Acts 20:19a serving the Lord with all humility (NKJV).
Patient; 2 Timothy 2:24 And the Lord's servant must not be quarrelsome but kind to
everyone, able to teach, patiently enduring evil (ESV).
Q&A 5

Blameless; Titus 1:7 For an overseer,

as God's steward, must be above reproach. He
must not be arrogant or quick-tempered or a drunkard or violent or greedy for gain
Willing; 1 Peter 5:2 shepherd the flock of God among you, exercising oversight not
under compulsion, but voluntarily, according to the will of God; and not for sordid gain,
but with eagerness (NASB).
Impartial; 1Timothy 5:21 I solemnly command you in the presence of God and Christ
Jesus and the highest angels to obey these instructions without taking sides or showing
favoritism to anyone (NLT).
Devoted; Philippians 1:20-21 according to my earnest expectation and hope that in
nothing I shall be ashamed, but with all boldness, as always, so now also Christ will be
magnified in my body, whether by life or by death.
For to me, to live is Christ, and to
die is gain (NKJV).
Prayerful; Ephesians 3:14 For this reason I bow my knees to the Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ (NKJV).
Examples; 2 Thessalonians 3:9 not because we do not have authority, but to make
ourselves an example of how you should follow us (NKJV).
While there are many other Bible verses that could be cited to show what could qualify a
person to do this type of work, these are sufficient examples. In addition to this however, higher
education or further education is a worthwhile venture in being better able to do the job.
How has Jesus modeled ministry for us?
Q&A 6

This is one of those questions that may be seen as very obvious. However if a person was
asked this outside of the Christian faith it is possible that it would not be so obvious. Dr. Wright
devoted an entire chapter to this very question in his book The Complete Guide to Crisis &
Trauma Counseling. Rather than taking this chapter and transposing it to this paper, it makes
more sense to mention the highlights. According to Dr. Wright, Jesus used many characteristics
to model this ministry: Jesus was compassionate, He accepted people, He gave people worth,
Jesus met peoples needs, He used the right words, emphasized right behavior, encouraged
people to accept responsibility, He provided hope, encouraged people, emphasized peace of
mind, and many other aspects (2011, pp. 17-27).
Jesus ministry was that of a teacher, a teacher who was filled with the Holy Spirit.
Through Jesus and Jesus alone was a way made to the Fathers side. He was and is the bridge to
freedom from sins. His ministry was a walking example of what ministry should look like today.
To summarize, Wrights (2011) words are the best, Jesus ministry was effective because He
lived a life of faith and, therefore, was able to put things in proper perspective, seeing through
Gods eyes ( p. 24).
The three questions addressed in this essay can be hard to address, yet in addressing them
with faith and understanding, it will help the ministry leader become more effective. All
questions can be answered in a multitude of ways, yet with biblical backing, these answers have
been answered. Never fear to ask the question and search for an answer, fear to never care.

Q&A 7

Wright, H. (2011). Complete guide to crisis and trauma counseling: What to do and say when it
matters most!. S.l.: Bethany House.