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Task 5 Influenza

Part A Summary Gap Fill Time Limit: 15 minutes
Instructions
Complete the following summary using the information in the texts
for this task.
Skim and scan the texts to find the information required.
Gaps may require 1, 2 or 3 words.
Write your answers in the appropriate space in the column on the
right hand side.
Make sure your spelling is correct.
Summary Answers
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.


Research suggests that there is a real danger that
(1)_____animals could introduce a human-
transmissible (2)____ leading to a deadly pandemic.


The Australia Government has also warned that
H1N1 influenza is still (3)____ to all Australians and
therefore vaccination (4)____as a community
protection. The vaccine is (5)____ and is
recommended for pregnant women, people suffering
from (6)____, aborigines, young children and people
suffering from (7)____Vaccination provides
protection to individuals and also (8)____the flu
from spreading. H1N1 has already caused (9)____
and even death in (10)____ this Autumn.


If a new strain of influenza does indeed break out,
the questions remains as to whether countries are
adequately prepared. A 2009 study by (11)____ and
(12)____, investigated this issue by examining
(13)_____ in a study of (14)____countries.

14.


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Part A Answer Sheet continued

Summary Answers
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.


According to the data, There was inconsistency in
recommendations given. Coughing etiquette and
(15)_____was the most common recommendation,
followed by isolation of (16)____. Avoid touching
(17)____ was recommended in 7 countries.
Regarding treatment at home, several measures were
advised including avoiding aspirin in (18)____ and
drinking (19)____regularly.

Businesses also need to be prepared and guidelines
suggest that business owners be prepared for
(20)____. It is also important to ensure good
(21)____ among staff as well as planning for
(22)____. Decisions on whether to (23)____during a
pandemic need to be made. Businesses may also be
in a position to offer (24)____.

As identified by Alonso & Schuck-Paim, (25)_____
which concentrates on slowing down transmission in
required. It must also be (26)____and provide
(27)____ with clear and comprehensive guidelines.








TOTAL SCORE




OET Online OET Preparation Material

This resource was developed by OET Online
Website: http://oetonline.com.au Email: oetonline@gmail.com
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Part A
Time Limit: 15 minutes
Instructions
Complete the summary on the answer page using the information in
the four texts below.
Skim and scan the texts to find the information required.
Write your answers in the appropriate space in the column on the
right hand side.
Make sure your spelling is correct.

Text 1
Category Specific Recommendation Number of
countries
adopting it
Reducing
Transmission to
others
1. Isolation at home of infected individuals
2. Treatment of patient at home (mild symptoms)
3. Call before visiting doctor
4. Coughing etiquette
5. Call before visiting doctor

1. 8
2. 6
3. 3
4. 10
5. 3
Prevention measures 1. Not to touch eyes and mouth
2. Washing hands
1. 7
2. 10

Treating patients at
home
1. Antiviral without need to visit doctor
2. Regular water consumption
3. How to treat fever
4. Avoid aspirin for young individuals
1. 5
2. 4
3. 4
4. 4
Preparation for
home isolation
1. Store water
2. Store food
3. Store medicine
4. Store masks
1. 2
2. 2
3. 2
4. 1
Table 1: Official preparedness recommendations & guidelines provided by government
sources in 10 countries.

Text 2
Australian Government Announcement

H1N1 Vaccine now available (18 January 2010)
H1N1 influenza remains a threat and all Australians are encouraged to get
vaccinated to protect both themselves and those who are vulnerable in the
community. There is clear evidence of serious or fatal health complications
for some people who catch this flu. As with all flu viruses, H1N1 influenza
spreads easily from person to person. By getting vaccinated you not only
protect yourself but can help stop this flu spreading. In the northern
hemisphere pandemic influenza arrived in autumn, earlier than seasonal
influenza and it has caused thousands of hospitalisations as well as some
deaths. All people can receive the free vaccine but some people are at
higher risk of suffering serious complications from H1N1 Influenza.
Vaccination is strongly recommended for pregnant women, people with
underlying chronic conditions, indigenous Australians, people who are
severely obese and young children.


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Text 3

Title: Public preparedness guidance for a severe influenza pandemic in
different countries: a qualitative assessment and critical overview

Authors: Alonso, W.J & Schuck-Paim, C (2009)
Study
Background
The possibility of a human catastrophe produced by a novel, virulent and
human-transmissible influenza strain introduced from wild and domestic
animals is considered a plausible modern threat by renowned influenza
experts.
Methods
We examined the governmental websites from 10 countries with North
America, South America, Europe, Oceania, Africa and Asia being
represented in our sample, with 6 out of the 10 countries representing
industrialized nations, and the sum of these 10 countries populations
representing approximately 30% of the world population.
We tabulated the existence of specific recommendations addressing the
following aspects: how to prevent and reduce transmission of a respiratory
disease, how to prepare for treating infected patients at home, how
businesses should prepare, how to help the most vulnerable individuals of
the neighbourhood and how to prepare for home isolation
Results
In the current study, focused on the preparedness guidelines issued to the
population by 10 countries, we found that, while many positive
recommendations were provided, the set of recommendations issued by
most countries was not comprehensive enough for severe influenza
scenarios. Moreover, as we discussed along with the exposition of the
results, some of the recommendations provided have proven to be
inadequate to reduce transmission and enable an efficient allocation of
limited resources to attend the most in need.
Conclusions
A global initiative is required focussing on opportunities for slowing down
transmission in a cost effective way by providing clear, comprehensive and
sound guidelines to the public.

Text 4
Guidelines for Business
Encourage good personal hygiene practice
Plan for staff absences based on personal infection and support for
family members who may be infected
Decide if your business will stay open during the pandemic
Have contingency plans in place
Be prepared for financial losses
Consider ways of offering community support

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Task 5 Influenza

Answer Sheet
1. wild and domestic
2. influenza strain
3. a threat
4. is encouraged/ suggested/recommended (change of word order)
5. free
6. underlying chronic conditions
7. obesity (change adjective to noun)
8. can prevent/prevents/stops
9. thousands of hospitalisations
10. the northern hemisphere
11. Alonso (W.J)
12. Schuck-Paim (C)
13. the government websites
14. 10
15. washing hands
16. infected individuals
17. eyes and mouth
18. young individuals
19. water
20. financial losses
21. personal hygiene practice
22. staff absences
23. stay open
24. community support
25. a global initiative
26. cost effective
27. the public

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Part A Answer key

Text 1
Category Specific Recommendation Number of
countries
adopting it
Reducing
Transmission to
others
6. Isolation at home of (16)infected individuals
7. Treatment of patient at home (mild symptoms)
8. Call before visiting doctor
9. Coughing etiquette
10. Call before visiting doctor

6. 8
7. 6
8. 3
9. 10
10. 3
Prevention measures 3. Not to touch (17)eyes and mouth
4. (15)Washing hands
3. 7
4. 10

Treating patients at
home
5. Antiviral without need to visit doctor
6. Regular (19)water consumption
7. How to treat fever
8. Avoid aspirin for (18)young individuals
5. 5
6. 4
7. 4
8. 4
Preparation for
home isolation
5. Store water
6. Store food
7. Store medicine
8. Store masks
5. 2
6. 2
7. 2
8. 1
Table 1: Official preparedness recommendations & guidelines provided by government
sources in 10 countries.

Text 2
Australian Government Announcement

H1N1 Vaccine now available (18 January 2010)
H1N1 influenza remains (3)a threat and all Australians are (4)encouraged to get
vaccinated to protect both themselves and those who are vulnerable in the community.
There is clear evidence of serious or fatal health complications for some people who
catch this flu. As with all flu viruses, H1N1 influenza spreads easily from person to
person. By getting vaccinated you not only protect yourself but (8)can prevent this flu
spreading. In (10)the northern hemisphere pandemic influenza arrived in autumn,
earlier than seasonal influenza and it has caused (9)thousands of hospitalisations as
well as some deaths. All people can receive the (5)free vaccine but some people are at
higher risk of suffering serious complications from H1N1 Influenza. Vaccination is
strongly recommended for pregnant women, people with (6)underlying chronic
conditions, indigenous Australians, people who are severely (7)obese (obesity) and
young children.



Text 3

Title: Public preparedness guidance for a severe influenza pandemic in
different countries: a qualitative assessment and critical overview

Authors: (11) Alonso, W.J & (12) Schuck-Paim, C (2009)
Study
Background
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The possibility of a human catastrophe produced by a novel, virulent and
human-transmissible (2)influenza strain introduced from (1)wild and
domestic animals is considered a plausible modern threat by renowned
influenza experts.
Methods
We examined (13)the governmental websites from (14)10 countries with
North America, South America, Europe, Oceania, Africa and Asia being
represented in our sample, with 6 out of the 10 countries representing
industrialized nations, and the sum of these 10 countries populations
representing approximately 30% of the world population.
We tabulated the existence of specific recommendations addressing the
following aspects: how to prevent and reduce transmission of a respiratory
disease, how to prepare for treating infected patients at home, how
businesses should prepare, how to help the most vulnerable individuals of
the neighbourhood and how to prepare for home isolation
Results
In the current study, focused on the preparedness guidelines issued to the
population by 10 countries, we found that, while many positive
recommendations were provided, the set of recommendations issued by
most countries was not comprehensive enough for severe influenza
scenarios. Moreover, as we discussed along with the exposition of the
results, some of the recommendations provided have proven to be
inadequate to reduce transmission and enable an efficient allocation of
limited resources to attend the most in need.
Conclusions
(25)A global initiative is required focussing on opportunities for slowing
down transmission in a (26)cost effective way by providing clear,
comprehensive and sound guidelines to (27)the public.

Text 4
Guidelines for Businesses
Encourage good (21)personal hygiene practice
Plan for (22)staff absences based on personal infection and support
for family members who may be infected
Decide if your business will (23)stay open during the pandemic
Have contingency plans in place
Be prepared for (20)financial losses
Consider ways of offering (24)community support