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A Program for the Analysis

of a Group of Piles Subjected to


Vertical and Lateral Loading
(User's Manual)

by
Lymon C. Reese
Shin Tower Wang
J ose A. Arrellaga
J oe Hendrix
Luis Vasquez

for
ENSOFT, INC
3003 W. Howard Lane
Austin, Texas 78728

August - 2010
(Group 8.0.2)
COMPUTER PROGRAM
GROUP
Version 8.0
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


PROGRAM LICENSE AGREEMENT

IMPORTANT NOTICE: Please read the terms of the
following license agreement carefully. You signify acceptance
of the terms of this Agreement by using the product.


This software is licensed only to the user (company or
individual) whose name is registered with ENSOFT, INC., or to
users at the registered location, on only one computer at a time.
Additional installations of the software may be made by the
user, as long as the number of installations is equal to the
number of purchased and registered licenses.

Users that purchased a network version of this software product
are entitled to install the software on all computers in the
network at their registered location. However, the software can
only be used simultaneously by as many users as the total
number of purchased and registered licenses.

The user is not entitled to copy this software unless copying for
backup purposes. The user may not loan, rent, lease, or transfer
this software to any other person, company, or location. This
software and documentation are copyrighted materials and
should be treated like any other copyrighted material (e.g. a
book or musical recording). This software is protected by
United States copyright law and the International Copyright
Treaty.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

Copyright 1987, 1994, 1996, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2010 by
ENSOFT, INC. All rights reserved.

Printed in the Unites States of America. Except as permitted
under the United States Copyright Act of 1976, no part of this
publication may be reproduced, translated, or distributed
without the prior written approval of ENSOFT, INC.

Although the program has been used with apparent success in
many analyses, new information is developed continuously and
new or updated versions may be written from time to time. All
users are requested to inform ENSOFT, INC. immediately of
any possible errors that are found in the coding. As errors are
detected, revised versions will be available for all who have
purchased the program on the ENSOFT, INC website as a
download.

No warranty, expressed or implied, is offered on the accuracy
of the results from the program. The user relies on the program
at his or her own risk. The program should not be used for
design unless caution is exercised in interpreting the results and
independent calculations are available to verify the general
correctness of the results. The user is assumed to be
knowledgeable of the information that is distributed with the
digital media. The user is assumed to recognize that the input
parameters, eg., soil properties, increment length, tolerance on
solution convergence, and many others, can have a significant
effect on the solution and must be chosen carefully. The user
should have a thorough understanding of the relevant
theoretical criteria (appropriate references are suggested in the
software documentation). The information presented herein is
not intended or represented to be suitable for direct use in
engineering design without additional engineering evaluation.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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FOREWORD

Analyzing a group of piles that support a cap or a structure in a system
subjected to axial and lateral loading is an important problem in soil-structure
interaction. The piles may be of different sizes and may be installed vertically or
on a batter. The piles are assumed to be far enough apart so that there is no
significant pile-soil-pile interaction or, if the piles are spaced closely together, such
interaction is reflected by an appropriate modification of soil resistance curves.
Computer program GROUP v.8.0 allows the user to analyze the behavior of
pile groups using either a 2-dimensional model or a 3-dimensional model.
The procedures for analyzing a single pile subjected to lateral loading are
included in GROUP and the user should be familiar with that technology. A
complete discussion of the method of analysis of a single pile under lateral loading
is given in the documentation for LPILE, another program distributed by ENSOFT,
Inc.






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Contents
CHAPTER 1. Introduction ................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1 General Description ................................................................................................................... 1-2
1.2 Program Features and Version History ...................................................................................... 1-2
1.2.1 GROUP 1.0 (1987) .............................................................................................................. 1-2
1.2.2 GROUP 2.0 (1990) .............................................................................................................. 1-2
1.2.3 GROUP 3.0 (1994) .............................................................................................................. 1-3
1.2.4 GROUP 4.0 (1996) .............................................................................................................. 1-5
1.2.5 GROUP 5.0 (2000) .............................................................................................................. 1-5
1.2.6 GROUP 6.0 (2003) .............................................................................................................. 1-6
1.2.7 GROUP 7.0 (2006) .............................................................................................................. 1-6
1.2.8 GROUP 8.0 (2010) .............................................................................................................. 1-7
1.3 Technical Support ...................................................................................................................... 1-8
1.3.1 Support by Telephone ........................................................................................................ 1-8
1.3.2 Upgrade Notifications and Internet Site ............................................................................ 1-9
1.3.3 Software Customization Services ....................................................................................... 1-9
1.3.4 Changes to Support Policy ................................................................................................. 1-9
CHAPTER 2. Installation and Getting Started ..................................................................................... 2-1
2.1 Installation Procedures .............................................................................................................. 2-2
2.1.1 Single User License ............................................................................................................. 2-3
2.1.2 Network License ................................................................................................................. 2-3
2.1.2.1 Installation to a Server ................................................................................................... 2-3
2.1.2.2 Installation to Clients ..................................................................................................... 2-4
2.2 Software Updates ...................................................................................................................... 2-4
2.3 Getting Started ........................................................................................................................... 2-4
2.3.1 Program Start ..................................................................................................................... 2-6
2.3.2 File ...................................................................................................................................... 2-7
2.3.3 Data .................................................................................................................................... 2-9
2.3.4 Edit ................................................................................................................................... 2-10
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2.3.5 Options ............................................................................................................................. 2-11
2.3.6 View.................................................................................................................................. 2-12
2.3.7 Computation Options ....................................................................................................... 2-14
2.3.8 Graphs Menu ................................................................................................................... 2-15
2.3.9 Plot Menu ......................................................................................................................... 2-18
2.3.10 Show 3D View Menu ........................................................................................................ 2-20
2.3.11 Window Menu ................................................................................................................. 2-22
2.3.12 Help Menu ........................................................................................................................ 2-22
CHAPTER 3. References for Data Input .............................................................................................. 3-1
3.1 Numeric Data Entries ................................................................................................................. 3-2
3.2 File Menu ................................................................................................................................... 3-3
3.2.1 File - New ........................................................................................................................... 3-4
3.2.2 File - New from Template .................................................................................................. 3-4
3.2.3 File - Open ........................................................................................................................ 3-10
3.2.4 File - Save ......................................................................................................................... 3-11
3.2.5 File - Save As ..................................................................................................................... 3-11
3.2.6 File - Exit ........................................................................................................................... 3-12
3.2.7 File - Recent Files.............................................................................................................. 3-12
3.2.8 File - Save Bitmap (3D View) ............................................................................................ 3-12
3.2.9 File - Page Setup (3D View) .............................................................................................. 3-13
3.2.10 File - Print (3D View) ........................................................................................................ 3-14
3.3 Data Menu ............................................................................................................................... 3-14
3.3.1 Data - Title ........................................................................................................................ 3-16
3.3.2 Data - Pile Cross Sections ................................................................................................. 3-17
3.3.2.1 Cross Sections Definition Window ............................................................................... 3-17
3.3.2.2 Edit Cross Section Window .......................................................................................... 3-19
3.3.3 Data - Pile Properties ....................................................................................................... 3-26
3.3.4 Data - Pile Group Properties ............................................................................................ 3-28
3.3.4.1 2D Layout ..................................................................................................................... 3-28
3.3.4.2 3D Layout ..................................................................................................................... 3-31
3.3.5 Data - Pile-Head Coordinates ........................................................................................... 3-32
3.3.5.1 2D Layout ..................................................................................................................... 3-32
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3.3.5.2 3D Layout ..................................................................................................................... 3-36
3.3.6 Data - Loading .................................................................................................................. 3-42
3.3.6.1 Loading Definition Window ......................................................................................... 3-42
3.3.6.2 Edit Load Case Window ................................................................................................ 3-44
3.3.6.3 Concentrated Load Window ........................................................................................ 3-47
3.3.6.4 Analysis Options Window ............................................................................................ 3-49
3.3.6.5 Distributed Lateral Loads Window ............................................................................... 3-51
3.3.6.6 Foundation Stiffness Options Window ........................................................................ 3-54
3.3.6.7 Load Combinations Window ........................................................................................ 3-60
3.3.6.8 Edit Load Combination Window .................................................................................. 3-63
3.3.7 Data - Pile-Cap Options .................................................................................................... 3-65
3.3.8 Data - Soil Layers .............................................................................................................. 3-66
3.3.9 Data - Set of Soil Resistance (p-y) Curves ........................................................................ 3-71
3.3.10 Data - Sets of Axial Load-Displacement Curves ............................................................... 3-74
3.3.11 Data - Sets of Torque-Rotation Curves ............................................................................ 3-76
3.3.12 Data - Sets of Nonlinear EI ............................................................................................... 3-78
3.3.13 Data - Sets of Distributed Loads ....................................................................................... 3-80
3.3.14 Data- Sets of Data to Print p-y Curves ............................................................................. 3-82
3.4 Edit Menu (Creating Pile Coordinates Using Graphics Tools) .................................................. 3-84
3.4.1 Edit - Select piles .............................................................................................................. 3-84
3.4.2 Edit -Add Pile .................................................................................................................... 3-87
3.4.3 Edit - Pile Layout............................................................................................................... 3-89
3.4.4 Edit - Copy Piles ................................................................................................................ 3-91
3.4.5 Edit - Paste Pile ................................................................................................................. 3-91
3.4.6 Edit - Paste Array .............................................................................................................. 3-92
3.4.7 Edit - Delete Piles ............................................................................................................. 3-95
3.5 Options Menu .......................................................................................................................... 3-95
3.5.1 Options -Units .................................................................................................................. 3-96
3.5.2 Options -Analysis Mode ................................................................................................... 3-97
3.5.3 Options - Enter User-Defined Soil-Resistance (p-y) Curves ............................................. 3-98
3.5.4 Options - Enter User-Defined Load-Displacement Curves ............................................... 3-98
3.5.5 Options - Enter User-Defined Torque-Rotation Curves ................................................... 3-99
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3.5.6 Options - Nonlinear EI ...................................................................................................... 3-99
3.5.7 Options - Reduction Factors for Lateral Loads ................................................................. 3-99
3.5.8 Options - Reduction Factors for Axial Loads .................................................................. 3-100
3.5.9 Options - Print p-y curves............................................................................................... 3-100
3.5.10 Options - Default Control Options ................................................................................. 3-100
3.5.11 Options - Text Editor Options ........................................................................................ 3-102
3.5.12 Options - Check for Updates as the Program Starts Text Editor Options ...................... 3-103
3.5.13 Options - Include Load Case/Comb Number on Graphs ................................................ 3-103
3.6 View Menu ............................................................................................................................. 3-104
3.6.1 View - Pile Top ................................................................................................................ 3-106
3.6.2 View - 3D View ............................................................................................................... 3-107
3.6.3 View - XY View (Front) ................................................................................................... 3-108
3.6.4 View - XY View (Back) ..................................................................................................... 3-108
3.6.5 View - XZ View (Right) .................................................................................................... 3-109
3.6.6 View - XZ View (Left) ...................................................................................................... 3-109
3.6.7 View - YZ View (Top) ...................................................................................................... 3-110
3.6.8 View - YZ View (Bottom) ................................................................................................ 3-110
3.6.9 View - XYZ View (Iso) ...................................................................................................... 3-111
3.6.10 View - Panning ............................................................................................................... 3-111
3.6.11 View - Zooming .............................................................................................................. 3-112
3.6.12 View - Zoom Window ..................................................................................................... 3-112
3.6.13 View - Rotating ............................................................................................................... 3-113
3.6.14 View - Rotation Values ................................................................................................... 3-113
3.6.15 View - Zoom In ............................................................................................................... 3-114
3.6.16 View - Zoom Out ............................................................................................................ 3-114
3.6.17 View - Restart View ........................................................................................................ 3-115
3.6.18 View - Refresh View ....................................................................................................... 3-115
3.6.19 View - General Toolbar .................................................................................................. 3-116
3.6.20 View - Data Input Toolbar .............................................................................................. 3-116
3.6.21 View - Edit Pile Toolbar .................................................................................................. 3-117
3.6.22 View - Options Toolbar .................................................................................................. 3-117
3.6.23 View - View Toolbar ....................................................................................................... 3-118
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3.6.24 View - Transform Toolbar .............................................................................................. 3-118
3.6.25 View - Computations Toolbar ........................................................................................ 3-119
3.6.26 View - Output Toolbar .................................................................................................... 3-119
3.6.27 View - Plots Toolbar ....................................................................................................... 3-120
3.6.28 View - Help Toolbar ........................................................................................................ 3-121
3.7 Show 3D View Menu .............................................................................................................. 3-121
3.7.1 Show 3D View -Piles ....................................................................................................... 3-123
3.7.2 Show 3D View -Pile Cap ................................................................................................. 3-124
3.7.3 Show 3D View -Pile Numbers ......................................................................................... 3-125
3.7.4 Show 3D View -Soil Layers ............................................................................................. 3-126
3.7.5 Show 3D View -Layer Labels .......................................................................................... 3-127
3.7.6 Show 3D View -Layer Depth Labels ................................................................................ 3-128
3.7.7 Show 3D View - Concentrated Loads at Pile Cap ........................................................... 3-129
3.7.8 Show 3D View - Distributed Loads at Piles .................................................................... 3-130
3.7.9 Show 3D View -Show Loading Options .......................................................................... 3-131
3.7.10 Show 3D View -Global Axes ........................................................................................... 3-132
3.7.11 Show 3D View -Pile Wire/Pile Shade ............................................................................. 3-133
3.7.12 Show 3D View -Ellipsoidal Cap/Rectangular Cap ........................................................... 3-134
3.7.13 Show 3D View -Vertical Lines ......................................................................................... 3-135
3.7.14 Show 3D View -Local Axes ............................................................................................. 3-136
3.7.15 Show 3D View -Show Grid .............................................................................................. 3-137
3.7.16 Show 3D View - Grid Options ......................................................................................... 3-138
3.7.17 Show 3D View - Highlight Pile ........................................................................................ 3-139
3.7.18 Show 3D View -Show/Hide Piles .................................................................................... 3-140
3.8 Window Menu ....................................................................................................................... 3-141
3.8.1 Window - Cascade .......................................................................................................... 3-141
3.8.2 Window - Arrange Icons ................................................................................................. 3-141
3.8.3 Window - Windows ........................................................................................................ 3-141
3.9 Help Menu.............................................................................................................................. 3-142
3.9.1 Help- Contents ............................................................................................................... 3-142
3.9.2 Help- About .................................................................................................................... 3-143
3.9.3 Help- Check for Updates ................................................................................................ 3-144
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CHAPTER 4. References for Program Execution and Output Reviews ............................................... 4-1
4.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.2 Computation Menu .................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.2.1 Computation- Run Analysis ................................................................................................ 4-3
4.2.2 Computation- Select Load Case or Combination ............................................................... 4-5
4.2.3 Computation- Edit Input Text ............................................................................................ 4-6
4.2.4 Computation- Edit Processor Run Notes ........................................................................... 4-7
4.2.5 Computation- Edit Output File ........................................................................................... 4-8
4.2.6 Computation- Edit Summary Text .................................................................................... 4-10
4.3 General Comments for Graphics Mode ................................................................................... 4-11
4.4 Plot Menu ................................................................................................................................. 4-17
4.4.1 Plot - Show Legend ........................................................................................................... 4-18
4.4.2 Plot - Show Markers ......................................................................................................... 4-20
4.4.3 Plot - Print ........................................................................................................................ 4-22
4.4.4 Plot - Page Setup .............................................................................................................. 4-23
4.4.5 Plot - Save To Disk ............................................................................................................ 4-24
4.4.6 Plot - Graph Title .............................................................................................................. 4-25
4.4.7 Plot - Edit Legend ............................................................................................................. 4-26
4.4.8 Plot - Active Graphs .......................................................................................................... 4-27
4.5 Graphs Menu ........................................................................................................................... 4-28
4.6 Sign Convention for results along the piles ............................................................................. 4-30
4.6.1 Graphs- p-y Curves ........................................................................................................... 4-32
4.6.2 Graphs- Axial Load vs. Displacement .............................................................................. 4-34
4.6.3 Graphs- Torque vs. Rotation ........................................................................................... 4-35
4.6.4 Graphs- User Defined p-y Curves ..................................................................................... 4-36
4.6.5 Graphs- User Defined Axial Load vs. Displacement ........................................................ 4-37
4.6.6 Graphs- Torque vs. Rotation ........................................................................................... 4-38
4.6.7 Graphs - Deflection vs. Depth ......................................................................................... 4-39
4.6.8 Graphs - Moment vs. Depth ............................................................................................ 4-40
4.6.9 Graphs - Shear vs. Depth ................................................................................................. 4-41
4.6.10 Graphs - Soil Reaction vs. Depth ..................................................................................... 4-42
4.6.11 Graphs - Deflection y dir. vs. Depth ............................................................................... 4-43
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4.6.12 Graphs - Deflection z dir. vs. Depth ................................................................................ 4-44
4.6.13 Graphs - Moment z dir vs. Depth .................................................................................... 4-45
4.6.14 Graphs - Moment y dir vs. Depth .................................................................................... 4-46
4.6.15 Graphs - Shear y dir vs. Depth ......................................................................................... 4-47
4.6.16 Graphs - Shear z dir vs. Depth ......................................................................................... 4-48
4.6.17 Graphs - Soil Reaction y dir vs. Depth ............................................................................. 4-49
4.6.18 Graphs - Soil Reaction z dir vs. Depth ............................................................................. 4-50
4.6.19 Graphs - Resultant Deflection vs. Depth ......................................................................... 4-51
4.6.20 Graphs - Resultant Moment vs. Depth............................................................................ 4-52
4.6.21 Graphs - Resultant Shear vs. Depth ................................................................................ 4-53
4.6.22 Graphs - Resultant Soil Reaction vs. Depth ..................................................................... 4-54
4.6.23 Graphs - Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection ................................................................ 4-55
4.6.24 Graphs - Pile Cap Load vs. Lateral Deflection .................................................................. 4-56
4.6.25 Graphs - Pile Cap Load vs. Rotation ................................................................................ 4-57
4.6.26 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Deflection ....................................................................... 4-58
4.6.27 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation .......................................................................... 4-59
4.6.28 Graphs - Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection X ............................................................. 4-60
4.6.29 Graphs - Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Y ............................................................... 4-61
4.6.30 Graphs - Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Z ............................................................... 4-62
4.6.31 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation X ....................................................................... 4-63
4.6.32 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Y ....................................................................... 4-64
4.6.33 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Z ....................................................................... 4-65
4.6.34 Graphs - Pile Cap K11 vs. Deflection X ............................................................................ 4-66
4.6.35 Graphs - Pile Cap K22 vs. Deflection Y ............................................................................ 4-67
4.6.36 Graphs - Pile Cap K33 vs. Rotation Z ............................................................................... 4-68
4.6.37 Graphs - Pile Cap K33 vs. Deflection Z............................................................................. 4-69
4.6.38 Graphs - Pile Cap K44 vs. Rotation X ............................................................................... 4-70
4.6.39 Graphs - Pile Cap K55 vs. Rotation Y ............................................................................... 4-71
4.6.40 Graphs - Pile Cap K66 vs. Rotation Z ............................................................................... 4-72
4.7 Show 3D View Menu ................................................................................................................ 4-73
4.7.1 Show 3D View -Deformed Shape ..................................................................................... 4-74
4.7.2 Show 3D View -Contour Pl ot ........................................................................................... 4-75
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4.7.3 Show 3D View -Pile Diagrams .......................................................................................... 4-76
4.7.4 Show 3D View -Pile Cap Response ................................................................................... 4-77
4.7.5 Show 3D View -Pile Top Effects ....................................................................................... 4-78
4.7.6 Show 3D View -Lateral Effects in Piles ............................................................................. 4-79
CHAPTER 5. Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses .............................................. 5-1
5.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 5-2
5.2 Example Problem 1 - 2D ............................................................................................................. 5-4
5.2.1 Model Description .............................................................................................................. 5-4
5.2.2 Input Data .......................................................................................................................... 5-6
5.2.3 Processor Run Notes .......................................................................................................... 5-8
5.2.4 Output File ......................................................................................................................... 5-9
5.2.5 Summary File .................................................................................................................... 5-17
5.2.6 Graphs .............................................................................................................................. 5-19
5.3 Example Problem 2 - 2D ........................................................................................................... 5-21
5.3.1 Model Description ............................................................................................................ 5-21
5.3.2 Input Data ........................................................................................................................ 5-24
5.3.3 Output File ....................................................................................................................... 5-26
5.3.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................... 5-37
5.3.5 Graphs .............................................................................................................................. 5-40
5.4 Example Problem 3 - 2D ........................................................................................................... 5-43
5.4.1 Model Description ............................................................................................................ 5-43
5.4.2 Input Data ........................................................................................................................ 5-44
5.4.3 Output File ....................................................................................................................... 5-46
5.4.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................... 5-57
5.4.5 Graphs .............................................................................................................................. 5-60
5.5 Example Problem 4 - 2D ........................................................................................................... 5-62
5.5.1 Model Description ............................................................................................................ 5-62
5.5.2 Input Data ........................................................................................................................ 5-65
5.5.3 Output File ....................................................................................................................... 5-67
5.5.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................... 5-77
5.5.5 Graphs .............................................................................................................................. 5-79
5.6 Example Problem 5 - 2D ........................................................................................................... 5-83
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5.6.1 Model Description ............................................................................................................ 5-83
5.6.2 Input Data ........................................................................................................................ 5-85
5.6.3 Output File ....................................................................................................................... 5-86
5.6.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................... 5-99
5.6.5 Graphs ............................................................................................................................ 5-102
5.7 Example Problem 6 - 2D ......................................................................................................... 5-104
5.7.1 Model Description .......................................................................................................... 5-104
5.7.2 Input Data ...................................................................................................................... 5-105
5.7.3 Output File ..................................................................................................................... 5-106
5.7.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................. 5-115
5.7.5 Graphs ............................................................................................................................ 5-117
5.8 Example Problem 7 - 2D ......................................................................................................... 5-119
5.8.1 Model Description .......................................................................................................... 5-119
5.8.2 Input Data ...................................................................................................................... 5-121
5.8.3 Output File ..................................................................................................................... 5-122
5.8.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................. 5-135
5.8.5 Graphs ............................................................................................................................ 5-138
5.9 Example Problem 8 - 2D ......................................................................................................... 5-145
5.9.1 Model Description .......................................................................................................... 5-145
5.9.2 Input Data ...................................................................................................................... 5-147
5.9.3 Output File ..................................................................................................................... 5-149
5.9.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................. 5-164
5.9.5 Graphs ............................................................................................................................ 5-168
CHAPTER 6. Example Problems Based on Three-Dimensional Analyses ........................................... 6-1
6.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................................... 6-2
6.2 Example Problem 1 - 3D ............................................................................................................. 6-4
6.2.1 Model Description .............................................................................................................. 6-4
6.2.2 Input Data .......................................................................................................................... 6-7
6.2.3 Output File ......................................................................................................................... 6-9
6.2.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................... 6-33
6.2.5 Graphs .............................................................................................................................. 6-37
6.3 Example Problem 2 - 3D ........................................................................................................... 6-39
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6.3.1 Model Description ............................................................................................................ 6-39
6.3.2 Input Data ........................................................................................................................ 6-41
6.3.3 Output File ....................................................................................................................... 6-42
6.3.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................... 6-57
6.3.5 Graphs .............................................................................................................................. 6-61
6.4 Example Problem 3 - 3D ........................................................................................................... 6-63
6.4.1 Model Description ............................................................................................................ 6-63
6.4.2 Input Data ........................................................................................................................ 6-64
6.4.3 Output File ....................................................................................................................... 6-65
6.4.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................... 6-80
6.4.5 Graphs .............................................................................................................................. 6-84
6.5 Example Problem 4 - 3D ........................................................................................................... 6-86
6.5.1 Model Description ............................................................................................................ 6-86
6.5.2 Input Data ........................................................................................................................ 6-88
6.5.3 Output File ....................................................................................................................... 6-90
6.5.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................. 6-116
6.5.5 Graphs ............................................................................................................................ 6-121
6.6 Example Problem 5 - 3D ......................................................................................................... 6-123
6.6.1 Model Description .......................................................................................................... 6-123
6.6.2 Input Data ...................................................................................................................... 6-125
6.6.3 Output File ..................................................................................................................... 6-126
6.6.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................. 6-144
6.6.5 Graphs ............................................................................................................................ 6-148
6.7 Example Problem 6 - 3D ......................................................................................................... 6-150
6.7.1 Model Description .......................................................................................................... 6-150
6.7.2 Input Data ...................................................................................................................... 6-152
6.7.3 Output File ..................................................................................................................... 6-154
6.7.4 Summary File .................................................................................................................. 6-179
6.7.5 Graphs ............................................................................................................................ 6-184


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Figures

Figure 1.1 Example of modeling a bridge on piles .......................................................................... 1-4
Figure 2.1 Selection of Type of License during installation of the program ................................... 2-2
Figure 2.2 Selection of Type of Network Installation ...................................................................... 2-3
Figure 2.3 Sample organizational and operational flow chart ........................................................ 2-5
Figure 2.4 Window to personalize the program ............................................................................. 2-6
Figure 2.5 Starting window ............................................................................................................. 2-7
Figure 2.6 Options contained in the File Menu (includes 3D View options) .................................. 2-7
Figure 2.7 Options contained in the Data Menu ............................................................................ 2-9
Figure 2.8 Options contained in the Edit Menu (3D View Active) ................................................ 2-10
Figure 2.9 Options contained in the Options Menu ..................................................................... 2-11
Figure 2.10 Options contained in the View Menu (3D View Active) .............................................. 2-13
Figure 2.11 Options contained in the Computation Menu ............................................................. 2-14
Figure 2.12 Options contained in the Graphs Menu. 2D Model .................................................... 2-15
Figure 2.13 Options contained in the Graphs Menu. 3D Model .................................................... 2-16
Figure 2.14 Options contained in the Plot Menu ............................................................................ 2-18
Figure 2.15 Options contained in the Show 3D View Menu ........................................................... 2-20
Figure 2.16 Options contained in the Windows Menu ................................................................... 2-22
Figure 2.17 Options contained in the Help Menu ........................................................................... 2-22
Figure 3.1 Options contained in the File Menu .............................................................................. 3-3
Figure 3.2 Window shown after File - New is selected ................................................................... 3-4
2D Rectangular: Generates a rectangular 2D pile group layout. (Figure 3.3) ............... 3-4
3D Rectangular: Generates a rectangular 3D pile group layout. (Figure 3.4) ............... 3-4
3D Circular: Generates a circular 3D pile group layout. (Figure 3.5) ............................. 3-4
Figure 3.6 New from Template Window, 2D rectangular option ................................................... 3-5
Figure 3.7 New from Template Window, 3D rectangular option ................................................... 3-5
Figure 3.8 New from Template Window, 3D circular option .......................................................... 3-6
Figure 3.9 Input parameters for pile group generation, rectangular option .................................. 3-7
Figure 3.10 Input parameters for pile group generation, circular option ........................................ 3-7
Figure 3.11 Pile Group Layout using New from Template, 3D rectangular option ........................... 3-8
Figure 3.12 Pile Group Layout using New from Template, 3D circular option ................................. 3-9
Figure 3.13 Open File Dialog ........................................................................................................... 3-10
Figure 3.14 Save As Dialog .............................................................................................................. 3-11
Figure 3.15 Message window advising that changes were not saved to disk ................................ 3-12
Figure 3.16 Save Bitmap Dialog ...................................................................................................... 3-13
Figure 3.17 Page Setup Dialog ........................................................................................................ 3-13
Figure 3.18 Print Dialog ................................................................................................................... 3-14
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Figure 3.19 Options contained in the Data Menu .......................................................................... 3-15
Figure 3.20 Project Title Window .................................................................................................... 3-16
Figure 3.21 Cross Sections Definition Window ............................................................................... 3-17
Figure 3.22 Edit Cross Section Window .......................................................................................... 3-19
Figure 3.23 Edit Cross Section Window. Circular Pipe Section ...................................................... 3-20
Figure 3.24 Edit Cross Section Window. Rectangular Pipe Section ............................................... 3-21
Figure 3.25 Edit Cross Section Window. I Section .......................................................................... 3-21
Figure 3.26 Edit Cross Section Window. H Section ........................................................................ 3-22
Figure 3.27 Toggle between Section Specifications and Section Draw. H section ........................ 3-23
Figure 3.28 Pile Properties Window ............................................................................................... 3-26
Figure 3.29 Pile Sections Window ................................................................................................... 3-27
Figure 3.30 Pile Group Properties Window. 2D Model .................................................................. 3-28
Figure 3.31 Pile Head Connections ................................................................................................. 3-30
Figure 3.32 Pile Group Properties Window. 3D Model .................................................................. 3-31
Figure 3.33 Pile Head Coordinates Window. 2D Model ................................................................. 3-32
Figure 3.34 Example of a 2D model ................................................................................................ 3-34
Figure 3.35 Distance from pile top to ground line to simulate slopping ground ............................ 3-35
Figure 3.36 Pile Head Coordinates Window. 3D Model ................................................................. 3-36
Figure 3.37 Local Axes Definition .................................................................................................... 3-37
Figure 3.38 Local Axes for 2D models ............................................................................................. 3-38
Figure 3.39 Equations to estimate orientation for local axes. 2D Model ...................................... 3-38
Figure 3.40 Local Axes for Horizontal Piles. 3D model ................................................................... 3-39
Figure 3.41 Local Axes for Vertical Piles. 3D model ....................................................................... 3-39
Figure 3.42 Local Axes for Batter Piles in the XY plane. 3D model ................................................ 3-40
Figure 3.43 Local Axes for Batter Piles in the XZ plane. 3D model ................................................ 3-40
Figure 3.44 Local Axes for Batter Piles. General Orientation. 3D model ...................................... 3-41
Figure 3.45 Equations to estimate orientation for local axes. 3D Model ...................................... 3-41
Figure 3.46 Loading Definition Window ......................................................................................... 3-42
Figure 3.47 Edit Load Case Window ................................................................................................ 3-44
Figure 3.48 Concentrated Load Window. Loading for 3D Analysis ................................................ 3-47
Figure 3.49 Concentrated Load Window. Loading for 2D Analysis ................................................ 3-48
Figure 3.50 Analysis Option Window .............................................................................................. 3-49
Figure 3.51 Distributed Lateral Loads Window ............................................................................... 3-51
Figure 3.52 Equivalent distributed load in global and local axes .................................................... 3-53
Figure 3.53 Foundation Stiffness Options Window ........................................................................ 3-54
Figure 3.54 Flexibility Matrix Components due to a force in X direction (2D case) ....................... 3-55
Figure 3.55 Flexibility Matrix Components due to a force in Y direction (2D case) ........................ 3-56
Figure 3.56 Flexibility Matrix Components due to a moment in Z direction (2D case) .................. 3-56
Figure 3.57 Flexibility Matrix for a two-dimensional model ........................................................... 3-57
Figure 3.58 Flexibility Matrix for a three-dimensional model ........................................................ 3-57
Figure 3.59 Stiffness Matrix for a two-dimensional model ............................................................ 3-58
Figure 3.60 Stiffness Matrix for a three-dimensional model .......................................................... 3-58
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Figure 3.61 Stiffness Matrix considering only diagonal terms for a three-dimensional model ..... 3-59
Figure 3.62 Load Combinations Window ........................................................................................ 3-60
Figure 3.63 Sample of a LRFD File ................................................................................................... 3-62
Figure 3.64 Edit Load Combination Window .................................................................................. 3-63
Figure 3.65 Pile-Cap Options Window ............................................................................................ 3-65
Figure 3.66 Soil Layers Window ...................................................................................................... 3-67
Figure 3.67 Parameters needed per soil type ................................................................................. 3-68
Figure 3.68 Set of Soil-Resistance Window ..................................................................................... 3-71
Figure 3.69 Soil-Resistance Set Window ......................................................................................... 3-72
Figure 3.70 Soil-Resistance Curve Window ..................................................................................... 3-72
Figure 3.71 Set of Axial Load vs. Displacement Window ............................................................... 3-74
Figure 3.72 Axial Load-Displacement Curve Window ..................................................................... 3-75
Figure 3.73 Set of Torque vs. Rotation Window ............................................................................ 3-76
Figure 3.74 Torque-Rotation Curve Window .................................................................................. 3-77
Figure 3.75 Set of Nonlinear EI Window ......................................................................................... 3-78
Figure 3.76 Moment Curvature Set Window .................................................................................. 3-78
Figure 3.77 Moment Curvature Data Window ............................................................................... 3-79
Figure 3.78 Set of Distributed Lateral Loads Window .................................................................... 3-80
Figure 3.79 Distributed Load Window ............................................................................................ 3-81
Figure 3.80 Printing Depths for p-y Curves Window ...................................................................... 3-82
Figure 3.81 Displacements for p-y Curves Window ........................................................................ 3-83
Figure 3.82 Edit Menu with 3D View Active ................................................................................... 3-84
Figure 3.83 Selection by clicking ..................................................................................................... 3-85
Figure 3.84 Selection using a box .................................................................................................... 3-86
Figure 3.85 New Pile Window. 2D Model ...................................................................................... 3-87
Figure 3.86 New Pile Window. 3D Model ...................................................................................... 3-88
Figure 3.87 Pile Layout Window. No piles Selected ....................................................................... 3-89
Figure 3.88 Pile Layout Window. Piles Selected ............................................................................ 3-90
Figure 3.89 Paste Options Window. Absolute Coordinates ........................................................... 3-91
Figure 3.90 Paste Options Window. Relative Coordinates ............................................................ 3-92
Figure 3.91 Paste Array Options Window. Rectangular array ....................................................... 3-93
Figure 3.92 Pile layout after paste using rectangular array ............................................................ 3-93
Figure 3.93 Paste Array Options Window. Polar array .................................................................. 3-94
Figure 3.94 Pile layout after paste using polar array ...................................................................... 3-94
Figure 3.95 Window for confirmation of deletion .......................................................................... 3-95
Figure 3.96 Options contained in the Options Menu ..................................................................... 3-96
Figure 3.97 Units Option ................................................................................................................. 3-96
Figure 3.98 Analysis Mode Option .................................................................................................. 3-97
Figure 3.99 Message window to confirm conversion from 3D layout to a 2D layout .................... 3-98
Figure 3.100 Reduction Factors for Lateral Loads Option ................................................................ 3-99
Figure 3.101 Default Control Options Window ............................................................................... 3-101
Figure 3.102 Text Editor Options Window ...................................................................................... 3-102
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Figure 3.103 Message window to confirm checking for updates on ENSOFT site .......................... 3-103
Figure 3.104 Effect of the Include Load Case/Comb Number on Graphs option. .......................... 3-104
Figure 3.105 Options contained in the View Menu when 3D View is not active ............................ 3-104
Figure 3.106 Options contained in the View Menu when 3D View is active .................................. 3-105
Figure 3.107 Sample of Pile Top View ............................................................................................. 3-106
Figure 3.108 Sample of 3D View ..................................................................................................... 3-107
Figure 3.109 XY View (Front) ........................................................................................................... 3-108
Figure 3.110 XY View (Back) ............................................................................................................ 3-108
Figure 3.111 XZ View (Right) ........................................................................................................... 3-109
Figure 3.112 XZ View (Left) ............................................................................................................. 3-109
Figure 3.113 YZ View (Top) ............................................................................................................. 3-110
Figure 3.114 YZ View (Bottom) ....................................................................................................... 3-110
Figure 3.115 XYZ View (Iso) ............................................................................................................. 3-111
Figure 3.116 Panning in the 3D-View display ................................................................................. 3-111
Figure 3.117 Zooming in the 3D-View display ................................................................................ 3-112
Figure 3.118 Zoom by defining a window in the 3D-View display .................................................. 3-112
Figure 3.119 Rotating in the 3D View display ................................................................................. 3-113
Figure 3.120 Rotating in the 3D View by defining the rotation angles ........................................... 3-113
Figure 3.121 Effect of the Zoom-in option ...................................................................................... 3-114
Figure 3.122 Effect of the Zoom-out option ................................................................................... 3-114
Figure 3.123 Effect of the Restart View option ............................................................................... 3-115
Figure 3.124 Effect of the Refresh View option, after reducing pile length ................................... 3-115
Figure 3.125 General Toolbar ......................................................................................................... 3-116
Figure 3.126 Data Input Toolbar ..................................................................................................... 3-116
Figure 3.127 Edit Pile Toolbar ......................................................................................................... 3-117
Figure 3.128 Data Input Toolbar ..................................................................................................... 3-117
Figure 3.129 View Toolbar .............................................................................................................. 3-118
Figure 3.130 View Toolbar .............................................................................................................. 3-118
Figure 3.131 Computations Toolbar ............................................................................................... 3-119
Figure 3.132 Output Toolbar ........................................................................................................... 3-119
Figure 3.133 Plots Toolbar .............................................................................................................. 3-120
Figure 3.134 Help Toolbar ............................................................................................................... 3-121
Figure 3.135 Options contained in the Show 3D View Menu ......................................................... 3-122
Figure 3.136 Effects on 3D model display using Piles option ......................................................... 3-123
Figure 3.137 Effects on 3D model display using Pile Cap option .................................................... 3-124
Figure 3.138 Effects on 3D model display using Pile Numbers option ........................................... 3-125
Figure 3.139 Effects on 3D model display using Soil Layers option ................................................ 3-126
Figure 3.140 Effects on 3D model display using Layer Labels option ............................................. 3-127
Figure 3.141 Effects on 3D model display using Layer Depth Labels option .................................. 3-128
Figure 3.142 Effects on 3D model display using Concent. Loads at Pile Cap option ...................... 3-129
Figure 3.143 Effects on 3D model display using Distributed Loads at Piles option ........................ 3-130
Figure 3.144 Show Loading Options Window ................................................................................. 3-131
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Figure 3.145 Effects on 3D model display using Global Axes option .............................................. 3-132
Figure 3.146 Effects on 3D model display using Pile Wire/Pile Shade options .............................. 3-133
Figure 3.147 Effects on 3D model display using Ellipsoidal Cap/Rectangular Cap options ............ 3-134
Figure 3.148 Effects on 3D model display using Vertical Lines option ........................................... 3-135
Figure 3.149 Effects on 3D model display using Local Axes option ................................................ 3-136
Figure 3.150 Effects on 3D model display using Show Grid option ................................................ 3-137
Figure 3.151 Effects on 3D model display using Grid Options option ............................................ 3-138
Figure 3.152 Effects on 3D model display using Highlight Pile option ............................................ 3-139
Figure 3.153 Effects on 3D model display using Show/Hide Piles option ....................................... 3-140
Figure 3.154 Options contained in the Windows Menu ................................................................. 3-141
Figure 3.155 Options contained in the Help Menu ......................................................................... 3-142
Figure 3.156 Sample of Help Contents ........................................................................................... 3-142
Figure 3.157 About Window ........................................................................................................... 3-143
Figure 3.158 Sample of Check for Updates ..................................................................................... 3-144
Figure 4.1 Options contained in the Computation Menu ............................................................... 4-2
Figure 4.2 Sample message if an input data is missing ................................................................... 4-3
Figure 4.3 Sample message while running the analysis .................................................................. 4-3
Figure 4.4 Sample message when analysis has finished ................................................................. 4-4
Figure 4.5 Sample message when analysis is unsuccessful ............................................................ 4-4
Figure 4.6 Select Load Case or Combination window ..................................................................... 4-5
Figure 4.7 Sample of Input Text ...................................................................................................... 4-6
Figure 4.8 Sample of Processor Run Notes Text ............................................................................. 4-7
Figure 4.9 Sample of Output File .................................................................................................... 4-9
Figure 4.10 Sample of Summary Text ............................................................................................. 4-10
Figure 4.11 Effects on graph display using mouse commands. Defining box for zooming in (Left
click) ............................................................................................................................. 4-13
Figure 4.12 Effects on graph display using mouse commands. After zooming in ......................... 4-14
Figure 4.13 Effects on graph display using mouse commands. Zooming out (Right Click) ............ 4-15
Figure 4.14 Effects on graph display using mouse commands. Hiding a curve (Double Click on
Legend) ......................................................................................................................... 4-16
Figure 4.15 Options contained in the Plot Menu ............................................................................ 4-17
Figure 4.16 Effects on graph display using Plot Legend option. Plot Legend check-marked ......... 4-18
Figure 4.17 Effects on graph display using Plot Legend option. Plot Legend not check-marked .. 4-19
Figure 4.18 Effects on graph display using Plot Markers option. Using Markers every 5
increments ................................................................................................................... 4-20
Figure 4.19 Effects on graph display using Plot Markers option. Using no markers( Never) ........ 4-21
Figure 4.20 Using Print option ........................................................................................................ 4-22
Figure 4.21 Using Page Setup option .............................................................................................. 4-23
Figure 4.22 Using Save To Disk option ............................................................................................ 4-24
Figure 4.23 Using Graph Title option .............................................................................................. 4-25
Figure 4.24 Using Edit Legend option ............................................................................................. 4-26
Figure 4.25 Using Active Graphs option .......................................................................................... 4-27
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Figure 4.26 Options contained in the Graphs Menu. 2D Model .................................................... 4-28
Figure 4.27 Options contained in the Graphs Menu. 3D Model .................................................... 4-29
Figure 4.28 Sign Convention for pile under lateral loading.(xy-plane loading) .............................. 4-30
Figure 4.29 Sign Convention for pile under lateral loading.(xz-plane loading) .............................. 4-31
Figure 4.30 Sample graphics screen of p-y Curves command under the Graphs menu ................. 4-33
Figure 4.31 Sample graphics screen of Axial Load vs. Displacement command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-34
Figure 4.32 Sample graphics screen of Torque vs. Rotation command under the Graphs menu . 4-35
Figure 4.33 Sample graphics screen of p-y Curves command under the Graphs menu ................. 4-36
Figure 4.34 Sample graphics screen of Axial Load vs. Displacement command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-37
Figure 4.35 Sample graphics screen of Torque vs. Rotation command under the Graphs menu . 4-38
Figure 4.36 Sample graphics screen of Deflection vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu 4-39
Figure 4.37 Sample graphics screen of Moment vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu ... 4-40
Figure 4.38 Sample graphics screen of Shear vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu ....... 4-41
Figure 4.39 Sample graphics screen of Soil Reaction vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-42
Figure 4.40 Sample graphics screen of Deflection y dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu
...................................................................................................................................... 4-43
Figure 4.41 Sample graphics screen of Deflection z dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu
...................................................................................................................................... 4-44
Figure 4.42 Sample graphics screen of Moment z dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-45
Figure 4.43 Sample graphics screen of Moment y dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-46
Figure 4.44 Sample graphics screen of Shear y dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu 4-47
Figure 4.45 Sample graphics screen of Shear z dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu 4-48
Figure 4.46 Sample graphics screen of Soil Reaction y dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-49
Figure 4.47 Sample graphics screen of Soil Reaction z dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-50
Figure 4.48 Sample graphics screen of Resultant Deflection vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-51
Figure 4.49 Sample graphics screen of Resultant Moment vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-52
Figure 4.50 Sample graphics screen of Resultant Shear vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-53
Figure 4.51 Sample graphics screen of Resultant Soil Reaction vs. Depth command under the
Graphs menu ................................................................................................................ 4-54
Figure 4.52 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection command under the
Graphs menu ................................................................................................................ 4-55
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Figure 4.53 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Load vs. Lateral Deflection command under the
Graphs menu ................................................................................................................ 4-56
Figure 4.54 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Load vs. Rotation command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-57
Figure 4.55 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Deflection command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-58
Figure 4.56 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-59
Figure 4.57 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection X command under the
Graphs menu ................................................................................................................ 4-60
Figure 4.58 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Y command under the
Graphs menu ................................................................................................................ 4-61
Figure 4.59 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Z command under the
Graphs menu ................................................................................................................ 4-62
Figure 4.60 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation X command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-63
Figure 4.61 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Y command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-64
Figure 4.62 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Z command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-65
Figure 4.63 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K11 vs. Deflection X command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-66
Figure 4.64 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K22 vs. Deflection Y command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-67
Figure 4.65 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K33 vs. Rotation Z command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-68
Figure 4.66 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K33 vs. Deflection Z command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-69
Figure 4.67 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K44 vs. Rotation X command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-70
Figure 4.68 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K55 vs. Rotation Y command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-71
Figure 4.69 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K66 vs. Rotation Z command under the Graphs
menu ............................................................................................................................ 4-72
Figure 4.70 Options contained in the Show 3D View Menu ........................................................... 4-73
Figure 4.71 Sample graphics screen for Deformed Shape command ............................................. 4-74
Figure 4.72 Sample graphics screen for Contour Plot command ................................................... 4-75
Figure 4.73 Sample graphics screen for Pile Diagrams command .................................................. 4-76
Figure 4.74 Sample graphics screen for Pile Cap Response command ........................................... 4-77
Figure 4.75 Sample graphics screen for Pile Top Effects command ............................................... 4-78
Figure 4.76 Sample graphics screen for Pile Top Effects command ............................................... 4-79
Figure 5.1 General Description of Example Problem 1 - 2D. .......................................................... 5-5
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Figure 5.2 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 1 - 2D. .......................................... 5-19
Figure 5.3 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 1 - 2D. ............................................ 5-20
Figure 5.4 General Description of Example Problem 2 - 2D. ........................................................ 5-22
Figure 5.5 Section of prestressed concrete pile ............................................................................ 5-23
Figure 5.6 Axial load versus pile-top displacements ..................................................................... 5-23
Figure 5.7 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 2 - 2D. .......................................... 5-40
Figure 5.8 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 2 - 2D. ............................................ 5-41
Figure 5.9 Internally Generated p-y Curves for Example Problem 2 - 2D. .................................... 5-42
Figure 5.10 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 3 - 2D. .......................................... 5-60
Figure 5.11 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 3 - 2D. ............................................ 5-61
Figure 5.12 General Description of Example Problem 4 - 2D. ........................................................ 5-63
Figure 5.13 Axial load versus pile-top displacements ..................................................................... 5-64
Figure 5.14 Pile Loading (in Kips) .................................................................................................... 5-64
Figure 5.15 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 4 - 2D. .......................................... 5-79
Figure 5.16 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 4 - 2D. ............................................ 5-80
Figure 5.17 Curves Shear vs. Depth for Example Problem 4 - 2D. ................................................. 5-81
Figure 5.18 Internally Generated p-y Curves for Example Problem 4 - 2D. .................................... 5-82
Figure 5.19 General Description of Example Problem 5 - 2D. ........................................................ 5-84
Figure 5.20 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 5 - 2D. ........................................ 5-102
Figure 5.21 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 5 - 2D. .......................................... 5-103
Figure 5.22 General Description of Example Problem 6 - 2D. ...................................................... 5-104
Figure 5.23 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 6 - 2D. ........................................ 5-117
Figure 5.24 Internally Generated curves of Axial Load vs. Displacement for Example Problem 6 -
2D. .............................................................................................................................. 5-118
Figure 5.25 General Description of Example Problem 7 - 2D. ...................................................... 5-120
Figure 5.26 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 7 - 2D. ........................................ 5-138
Figure 5.27 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 7 - 2D. .......................................... 5-139
Figure 5.28 Curve of Pile-Cap Load vs. Vertical Displacement for Example Problem 7 - 2D. ...... 5-140
Figure 5.29 Curve of Pile-Cap Load vs. Lateral Deflection for Example Problem 7 - 2D. ............. 5-141
Figure 5.30 Curve of Pile-Cap Load vs. Rotation for Example Problem 7 - 2D. ............................ 5-142
Figure 5.31 Curve of Pile-Cap Moment vs. Lateral Deflection for Example Problem 7 - 2D. ....... 5-143
Figure 5.32 Curve of Pile-Cap Moment vs. Rotation for Example Problem 7 - 2D. ..................... 5-144
Figure 5.33 General Description of Example Problem 8 - 2D. ...................................................... 5-146
Figure 5.34 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 8 - 2D. ........................................ 5-168
Figure 5.35 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 8 - 2D. .......................................... 5-169
Figure 5.36 Curves K
11
(K
XX
) vs. vertical displacement for Example Problem 8 - 2D. .................... 5-170
Figure 5.37 Curves K
22
(K
YY
) vs. lateral deflection for Example Problem 8 - 2D. ........................... 5-171
Figure 5.38 Curves K
33
(K
rZrZ
) vs. rotation for Example Problem 8 - 2D. ........................................ 5-172
Figure 6.1 General Description of Example Problem 2 - 2D. .......................................................... 6-5
Figure 6.2 Section of prestressed concrete pile .............................................................................. 6-6
Figure 6.3 Axial load versus pile-top displacements ....................................................................... 6-6
Figure 6.4 Curves Resultant Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 1 - 3D. ......................... 6-37
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Figure 6.5 Curves Resultant Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 1 - 3D. ............................ 6-38
Figure 6.6 General Description of Example Problem 2 - 3D. ........................................................ 6-40
Figure 6.7 Curves Resultant Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 2 - 3D. ......................... 6-61
Figure 6.8 Curves Resultant Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 2 - 3D. ............................ 6-62
Figure 6.9 Equilibrium check for Example Problem 3 - 3D. .......................................................... 6-63
Figure 6.10 Curves Resultant Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 3 - 3D. ......................... 6-84
Figure 6.11 Curves Resultant Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 3 - 3D. ............................ 6-85
Figure 6.12 General Description of Example Problem 4 - 3D. ........................................................ 6-87
Figure 6.13 Curves Resultant Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 4 - 3D. ....................... 6-121
Figure 6.14 Curves Resultant Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 4 - 3D. .......................... 6-122
Figure 6.15 General Description of Example Problem 5 - 3D. ...................................................... 6-124
Figure 6.16 Curves Resultant Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 5 - 3D. ....................... 6-148
Figure 6.17 Internally Generated curves of Axial Load vs Displacement for Example Problem 5 - 3D.
.................................................................................................................................... 6-149
Figure 6.18 General Description of Example Problem 6 - 3D. ...................................................... 6-151
Figure 6.19 Curves Resultant Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 6 - 3D. ....................... 6-184
Figure 6.20 Curves Resultant Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 6 - 3D. .......................... 6-185


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xxiv

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Tables
Table 2.1 Files created in GROUP 8.0 runs .................................................................................... 2-8
Table 3.1 Supported mathematical operations ............................................................................. 3-2
Table 3.2 Supported mathematical constants ............................................................................... 3-2
Table 3.3 Commonly used batter angles ..................................................................................... 3-33
Table 3.4 Signs for coordinates and batter angles for an example of a 2D model ...................... 3-34
Table 3.5 Values of
50
for Clays ................................................................................................... 3-69
Table 3.6 Values of
50
for Stiff Clays ........................................................................................... 3-69
Table 3.7 Soil-Modulus Parameter k for Sands ............................................................................ 3-69
Table 3.8 Soil Modulus Parameter k for Clays ............................................................................. 3-70
Table 3.9 Unit systems ................................................................................................................. 3-97
Table 4.1 Files created in GROUP 8.0 runs .................................................................................... 4-5
Table 4.2 Mouse commands in the graphics mode ..................................................................... 4-12
Table 5.1 Main features of two-dimensional examples for GROUP 8 ........................................... 5-3
Table 6.1 Main features of three-dimensional examples for GROUP 8 ........................................ 6-3


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CHAPTER 1. Introduction












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CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1-2

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


1.1 General Description

GROUP has been well-received as a useful tool for analyzing the behavior of piles in a group
subjected to both axial and lateral loadings. The program was developed to compute the distribution of
loads (vertical, lateral, and overturning moment) from the pile cap to individual piles in the group.
GROUP v8.0 allows the user to analyze the behavior of pile groups using either a 2-dimensional model
for piles in a symmetric layout or a 3-dimensional model for a group of piles that is not symmetrically
arranged.
The piles may be installed vertically or on a batter, and their heads may be fixed, pinned, or
elastically restrained by the pile cap. The cap is assumed to act as a rigid body, and may settle, translate,
and rotate.
The program will internally generate the nonlinear response of the soil, in the form of t-z and q-
w curves for axial loading, t-r curves for torsional loading, and p-y curves for lateral loading. An iterative
solution accommodates the nonlinear response of each of the piles, and will satisfy the equations of
equilibrium. This achieves compatibility between pile movement and soil response, and between cap
and pile-head movement.

1.2 Program Features and Version History
1.2.1 GROUP 1.0 (1987)

The first version of GROUP internally generated the nonlinear response of the soil in the form of
p-y curves for soft clay, stiff clay with or without free water, and sand. The user was also allowed to
input externally generated p-y curves. The relationship between vertical load and pile settlement (or
uplift) had to be externally specified by the user.

1.2.2 GROUP 2.0 (1990)

The second version of GROUP included a number of additional, user-friendly features. The main
improvements were on the input and graphics modules. The input module introduced the use of pull-
down menus and grid cells for data entry. The graphics module provided enhanced plots for pile
deflection, bending moment, shear, and soil resistance.
A subroutine was added to the main program to allow the implementation of the t-z method to
solve for the settlement (or uplift) of a pile, based on soil properties and pile geometry. The user was
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

able to specify that the program internally generate the settlement of a pile as a function of axial load
based on nonlinear load transfer in skin friction and end bearing, which in turn may vary as a function of
distance below the ground surface.

1.2.3 GROUP 3.0 (1994)

The third version of GROUP featured more computational options.
The user was provided with updated technical information on group-reduction factors for piles
under lateral loads. If the user wished to account for pile-soil-pile interaction, the program
could optionally generate p-multipliers to automatically reduce soil resistance.
The new version provided data for evaluating pile-cap stiffness levels, which are often used in
structural engineering models. Under this new option, the program created curves of
incremental loading versus pile-cap movements and rotations. A conceptual modeling
application for the analysis of the behavior of a bridge is shown in Figure 1.1. With curves
similar to the one shown in Figure 1.1c, the user was able to specify pile-cap stiffness levels
corresponding to a given range of loading for their models of structural analyses.
GROUP 3.0 could accommodate up to 50 rows of piles in each group analysis, compared to only
20 rows in previous versions of the program.
Also, the input-editing module was improved to handle more data points and soil layers.
New example problems were presented, including one for the special case where the pile cap is
installed below the ground surface.


















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CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1-4

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual










Figure 1.1 Example of modeling a bridge on piles


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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


1.2.4 GROUP 4.0 (1996)

The fourth version of GROUP featured a major upgrade for compatibility with new operating-
systems, enhancements in ease of use, and new technical and computational features.
Standard Windows operations, such as dialog boxes, grid cells, clickable buttons, drop-down list
of options, and pull-down submenus were all incorporated to ease data entry.
Improved file-management features were included to help the user during program execution.
A standard single-program module was introduced for data input, program execution, graphical
observation of output-data curves, and optional direct viewing of input or output text files.
The online help file was also enhanced and could be loaded during preparation of input data for
quick consultation of main operational features and basic technical recommendations.
The graphical observation of output curves featured a new interface that allowed the user to
zoom into areas of particular interest. The user may thus observe the detailed behavioral
measurements of any portion of the depth of each pile group.
Three additional p-y criteria were added to the previously existing four soil types. New soil
criteria are available for c- soils, the sand model recommended by the American Petroleum
Institute (API), and rock.
A new option that takes into account the lateral soil resistance against embedded pile caps was
introduced. The theory and specific assumptions utilized for the computation of lateral soil
resistance on embedded pile caps were included in the new Technical Manual.
The user was also provided with the option to specify a reduction factor on the axial capacity of
closely-spaced piles.

1.2.5 GROUP 5.0 (2000)

The fifth version of GROUP was introduced in October, 2000, and included a new computation
module for 3-dimensional pile-group analyses.
GROUP v5.0 allowed the user to analyze the behavior of pile groups using either a 2 or 3-
dimensional model. The 2-dimensional model is sufficient and convenient if the piles are
arranged symmetrically to the applied load. Otherwise, a 3-dimensional model is recommended
for analyzing the nonlinear behavior of pile groups.
GROUP v5.0 solves the nonlinear response of each pile under six components of loadings and
assures compatibility of geometry and equilibrium of forces between the applied external loads
and the reactions of each pile head.
Torsional resistance curves could be generated by the program.

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


1.2.6 GROUP 6.0 (2003)

The sixth version of GROUP was introduced in January, 2003. The new features for the sixth
version are summarized below:
The program allowed for up to 500 piles in a group, and each pile could have different EI values
in orthogonal directions.
GROUP v6.0 considered the nonlinear bending stiffness (EI) of each pile during computation.
The user can enter nonlinear moment-curvature curves under different axial loads for each pile.
For closely-spaced piles, the pile-soil-pile interaction can be taken into account by introducing
reduction factors for the p-y curves used for each single pile. These factors were modified based
on a study by Reese and Van Impe (2001).
GROUP v6.0 included advanced 3-dimensional graphics to represent the response of each pile in
the group. The user has options that allow for the display of the deformed/undeformed shape
of pile groups, stress contours, soil layers, and many others.

1.2.7 GROUP 7.0 (2006)

The seventh version of GROUP was introduced in February, 2006. The new features for the
seventh version are summarized below:
The p-y criteria for liquefiable sand developed by Rollins, et al. (2003), and p-y criteria for stiff
clay with user-specified initial k values, recommended by Brown (2002), were added in Version
7.0.
The program requires data for unit side friction at the top and bottom of each layer as well as
the unit tip resistance for generating the axial stiffness (load-settlement relationship) at the pile
head. Version 7.0 internally provided the estimated unit side friction and tip resistance based
on the strength data of soil layers and commonly accepted empirical equations. However, the
program still allowed those data specified externally for the user to control the axial capacity of
piles based on the local recommendations.
Version 7.0 generated more types of graphs than previous versions. More importantly, the
program plots the force and displacement on the pile cap, such as the axial force (tension and
compression) of each pile on the pile cap, the lateral forces (shear and moment) of each pile on
the pile cap, and the displacement of the pile cap in different directions.
The program provided a summary table of output data, which is convenient when the size of the
output file becomes very large due to a large number of piles in the application.
The program implemented a new algorithm that significantly improved the nonlinear iterations
and accuracy of the solution.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


1.2.8 GROUP 8.0 (2010)

This is the eight version of GROUP. The new features are summarized below:
The program allows for a maximum of 2000 piles in a group.
A New from Template option has been added, so the program can easily generate basic
rectangular or circular pile group layouts.
The program includes various additional options for loading.
o The program allows the user to perform analyses under various load cases. Each load
case may be due to concentrated loads at the pile cap and/or distributed lateral loads at
the piles.
o Concentrated loads at the pile cap may be defined for any position; the program will
compute the equivalent concentrated load at the origin for analyses.
o Distributed lateral loads at the piles can be defined relative to the local axes as well as
the global axes. For loads oriented at the global axes in batter piles, the axial
component may be included as a concentrated load at the pile head.
o The program allows the user to perform analyses under various load combinations.
Load combinations are set by load factors applied at the load cases previously defined
by the user.
o Maximum and minimum envelopes may be computed for both load cases and load
combinations.
o The program includes the option to compute both the Flexibility and Stiffness Matrix for
different levels of loading.
A Cross Section dialog was included to allow the user to define circular, rectangular and I
sections. However, for noncircular sections the equivalent diameter must be defined by the
user.
The program will be able to transform a 2D pile layout into a 3D layout. The program can also
convert a 3D pile layout into a 2D layout; however, this conversion may not be accurate for non-
symmetrical configurations.
Inputs for soil properties have been rearranged to allow the user enter the information by soil
type.
The program allows a mix of input defined curves (p-y curves, load-settlement curves and
torque-rotation curves) and automatically generated curves in the same model.
The program provides a summary table of output data, which includes maximum and minimum
effects for pile heads over the pile length.
User can select the information to be printed, which is convenient when the size of the output
file becomes very large due to a large number of piles and load cases.


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CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1-8

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

1.3 Technical Support

Although GROUP v8.0 was designed to be distinguished by its ease of use, some users may still
have questions. The ENSOFT technical staff strongly encourages users to utilize electronic means of
support via email or fax:
electronic mail to: support@ensoftinc.com
fax to: (512) 244-6067
In any support request, please include the following information:
Software version (obtained from the Help/About menu)
Description of the problem
Copy, file attachment, or printout of the input-data file
Name, fax, and telephone number of the contact person and of the registered user (or name
and office location of the registered company)
Although immediate answers are offered on most technical support requests, please allow up to two
business days for a response in case of difficulties or scheduling conflicts.

1.3.1 Support by Telephone

Technical help by means of direct calls to our local telephone number (512-244-6464) is
available, but limited. The current policy of ENSOFT is that all telephone calls for software support will
be answered free of charge for the first 10 minutes of each call if the user has a current maintenance for
the latest version of GROUP. A charge of $1.50 per minute comes into effect for every additional minute
after the initial 10 minutes. Applicable charges will be billed to the user.
Telephone support will be provided free of charge for a period of three months after the first
software-support call has been made. The charge of $1.50 per minute comes into effect after the free
support period.
Software support by any of the preferred methods (email or fax) is free for all users that have
licenses with current maintenance for the latest version of GROUP.



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CHAPTER 1 Introduction 1-9

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

1.3.2 Upgrade Notifications and Internet Site

All registered users who keep their address current at ENSOFT will receive notifications by
regular mail when new versions become available. Users may also consult our internet site
(www.ensoftinc.com) for additional information on software updates, demos, new applications,
technical news, and company information.
Many times, software updates are placed at our internet site and available for free to all
registered users. New software updates are notified by electronic mail to users that voluntarily
subscribe to our users email list. Please note that users must have a current maintenance in order to run
the latest update available.

1.3.3 Software Customization Services

Customized versions of GROUP may also be designed with a contractual agreement for the costs
of additional programming. ENSOFT uses modern computational techniques and broad experience to
obtain fast and reliable results to engineering problems.

1.3.4 Changes to Support Policy

The software support policy and associated expenses are subject to change at ENSOFTs
discretion and without specific mailed notices to the users. However, any change of rules will be
verbally provided during telephone calls for software support.

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CHAPTER 2. Installation and Getting
Started












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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

2.1 Installation Procedures

GROUP 8.0 is distributed with a hardware lock. The hardware lock is a device (USB dongle) that
is attached to the USB port of the computer in use. This method of distribution is compatible with
existing operating systems, has better stability than other alternatives, and allows users to obtain
software updates or replacements via internet download.
Before installing, your computer should be equipped with the following:
An open USB port
At least 20 MB of free space
Windows 2000 or later


Figure 2.1 Selection of Type of License during installation of the program

To install GROUP 8.0:
Insert the installation CD. If Autoplay is enabled, Windows will ask if the user wants to run
setup.exe. If the user does not have that feature enabled, then from My Computer double
click the drive into which the installation CD is inserted.
Select to install GROUP 8.0, and then click on the Install Standard button at the bottom of
the window.
Follow the on screen instructions until the window shown above is reached.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

2.1.1 Single User License

If your license is for a single-user, select the "Single-User License" option and click Next. Follow
the dialog boxes until the installation finishes. After the installation is completed, insert the black USB
dongle into any USB port and follow USB driver installation if it shows up. In some cases, the user may
be requested to restart Windows before executing the program.

2.1.2 Network License

If a network license is being installed, select the "Network License" option and click Next. At the
following window, select the type of network installation that is being installed.

Figure 2.2 Selection of Type of Network Installation

2.1.2.1 Installation to a Server

The "Software Server" is known as the computer that will be carrying the network lock provided
by ENSOFT, INC. The software server is not necessarily the same as the existing network server. Any
computer in the existing Windows network may be designated "Software Server" for GROUP, as long as
the network lock is attached to the USB port and the server version is installed in its hard drive.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

To install, select the "Software Server" option and click Next. Follow the dialog boxes until the
installation finishes. Be sure to point to the Unique Company File provided by ENSOFT, INC when
requested.
After the installation is completed, insert the black USB dongle into any USB port and follow the
Windows automatic USB driver installation if it appears. In general, this installation should be
performed by the network administrator.

2.1.2.2 Installation to Clients

"Client Computers" may be all other computers on the network that have the program installed
as clients. Client Computers do not need a USB dongle. "Client" installations will be allowed to run as
long as the IP address of the client is within the IP range defined for the company network and the
network service is running on the "server".
To install, select the "Client Computer" option and click Next. Follow the dialog boxes until the
installation finishes. Be sure to set the IP address of the "server" when requested. In some cases, the
user may be requested to restart Windows after installation is complete.

2.2 Software Updates

Occasionally, ENSOFT will produce software improvements and/or fixes. Software users may
freely download the latest updates from the following site (Please note that users must have a current
maintenance in order to run the latest update available):
http://www.ensoftinc.com
Download the update files to an appropriate local directory, then run the executable. Follow
the on-screen instructions until installation is complete.

2.3 Getting Started

A general diagram showing the menu choices and operational flow chart of program GROUP 8.0
is presented in Figure 2.3. The following paragraphs provide a short description on the operational
features of GROUP 8.0 and should quickly enable the user to get started with the program.

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CHAPTER 2 Installation and Getting Started 2-5

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 2.3 Sample organizational and operational flow chart
Double click the icon
GROUP 8.0
in the GROUP8 folder.

File Menu
Open an existing data file or
begin a new blank file.
Data Menu
Input required data of soil and pile
properties, loading, and pile geometry.
Start from the top submenu and continue
with each immediately inferior option.
Help Menu
References to most program
parameters can be directly
accessed through the online
help menu.
View Menu
Observe general plan and
three-dimensional views of
the foundation model and
surrounding soil.
Options Menu
Select various parametric variables that will be used in
the run, such as system of units, generation of curves,
load-reduction factors, printing of p-y curves, limits of
tolerances, and iterations.
Computation Menu
Once finished with the data input, the Run
Analysis submenu performs the necessary
computations. Several other choices of submenus
become available upon the completion of a
successful run. This menu also contains options
for observing the plain text input, output and
processing run files created by the program
Graphics Menu
Select plot to be displayed.
Plot Menu
Set parameters to plot being
displayed.
3D View Menu
Display results graphically
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CHAPTER 2 Installation and Getting Started 2-6

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

2.3.1 Program Start
Double click the Group 8.0 icon to start: . When the program runs for the first time, users
have the opportunity to personalize the program. This information is printed in all the output files
generated by the program.


Figure 2.4 Window to personalize the program

A blank workspace with a toolbar at the top will appear. As a standard Windows feature, pressing Alt
displays the menu operations with underlined letters. Pressing the underlined letter after pressing Alt is
the same as clicking the operation. For example, to open a New File, the user could press Alt, F, N, in
sequence, Ctrl+N, or click File then New. Additionally, holding the mouse cursor over an icon displays
the function of the icon.

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 2.5 Starting window

2.3.2 File

This menu contains the following submenus. The choices are listed below, along with a general
description of their use.


Figure 2.6 Options contained in the File Menu (includes 3D View options)
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


New : Create a new data file. This opens up a blank workspace and closes the current project.
New from Template... : Create a new data file for a rectangular or circular pile group configuration.
Open : Open an existing data file. Closes the current project.
Save : Save input data under the current file name.
Save As : Save input data under a different file name. This option allows the user to save any
opened or new input data file under a different file name or in a different directory. Any input data
file saved under an existing file name will replace the contents of the existing file.
Exit : Exit the program. This is selected to exit GROUP 8.0. Any input data file that was modified and
not yet saved to disk will produce a confirmation window before exiting the program.
A list of recently opened files is displayed in between Save As and Exit. By clicking on the menu
item, the program will open the file.
If the 3D View window is active three additional options appear.
o Save Bitmap (3D View)... : Save the current view as a .bmp file.
o Page Setup (3D View)... : Printing options.
o Print (3D View)... :Print the current view.

Several additional files are created in every new GROUP 8.0 project. A general description of these
files is presented in Table 2.1. These files will be created in the same folder as the input file. Any of
these files may be opened with standard text editors or word-processing programs.

File Name
Extension
File
Description
Example
File
*.gp8d Input-data file example.gp8d
*.gp8o Output-data file example.gp8o
*.gp8p Plot-data file example.gp8p
*.gp8r Processor Notes data file example.gp8r
*.gp8t Summary-data file example.gp8t

Table 2.1 Files created in GROUP 8.0 runs






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CHAPTER 2 Installation and Getting Started 2-9

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

2.3.3 Data

This menu contains several submenu choices as shown in Figure 2.7. The choices are listed
below, along with a general description of their use.

Figure 2.7 Options contained in the Data Menu
Title : Input a single line of text with a general description of the project.
Pile Cross Sections: Define the cross sections of the piles.
Pile Properties : Specify material and dimensions for each pile type included in the different
subgroups.
Pile Group Properties : Specify attributes for pile subgroups.
Pile Head Coordinates : Specify coordinates for the pile heads, as well as batter angles for the pile
subgroups.
Loading Definitions : Define load cases.
Pile-Cap Options : Input the dimensions of the pile cap.
Soil Layers: Input the soil layers and associated soil properties.
Sets of Soil-Resistance (p-y) Curves : An optional input that is disabled, as a default, for all new runs.
It becomes available if the user chooses to input p-y curves to describe lateral behavior of soils (to
do this, the user must check the item Enter User-Defined Soil Resistance (p-y) curves under the
Options menu). Then the user can input data for specific p-y curves that represent the lateral
behavior of the soil.
Sets of Axial Load-Displacement Curves : An optional input that is disabled by default. Available if
the user chooses to input specific curves that describe the axial behavior of all pile subgroups (to do
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CHAPTER 2 Installation and Getting Started 2-10

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

this the user must check the item Enter User-Defined Load Displacement Curves under the Options
menu).
Sets of Torque-Rotation Curves : An optional input that is disabled by default for all new runs.
Available if the user chooses to input curves to describe the torsional behavior of all pile subgroups
(to do this the user must check the item Enter User-Defined Torque Rotation curves under the
Options menu).
Sets of Nonlinear EI : An optional input that is disabled by default. Available if the user chooses to
input specific curves that describe the nonlinear bending behavior of pile sections, i.e. moment
curvature (to do this the user must check the item Nonlinear EI under the Options menu).
Sets of Distributed Lateral Loads: This submenu is used to input the data for distributed lateral
loads in piles as a function of depth. The unit of the distributed load is force per unit length. The
effect of the width of each pile should be taken into account in the data.
Sets of Data to Print p-y Curves : An optional input that is disabled by default. Available if the user
chooses to print p-y curves for different pile subgroups and soil depths (to do this the user must
check the item Print p-y Curves under the Options menu).

2.3.4 Edit

This menu is used to graphically edit the pile group layout

Figure 2.8 Options contained in the Edit Menu (3D View Active)
Check Duplicate Piles: By clicking on this option the program will check to see if two or more piles
have the same coordinates and properties. If a duplicate pile(s) is found, the program will ask if the
user wants to delete the duplicate pile(s). This is the only option active in 2D mode.
Select Mode: In this mode piles can be selected graphically.
Add Pile: Add a new pile into the model.
Pile Layout: Review or edit existing pile information.
Delete Pile(s): Delete the selected pile.
Copy Pile(s): Copy the selected pile's information to the clipboard.
Paste: Paste the piles already in the clipboard.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

Paste Array: Paste selected piles in the clipboard using a rectangular or circular pattern.
2.3.5 Options

This menu controls several program variables and preferences and is shown below.


Figure 2.9 Options contained in the Options Menu

Units: This option allows the user to select either English Units ,using pounds(lbs), and inches(in) or
SI Units, using kilonewtons (kN), and meters (m). English units are enabled by default. Whenever
the user changes the units of measurement, previously inputted values will be automatically
converted to the new units.
Analysis Mode: This option is used to specify analysis based on either a two-dimensional or three-
dimensional model.
Enter User-Defined Soil-Resistance (p-y) Curves: By selecting this option, the user is able to enter
curves that define the lateral behavior of soils in the item Sets of Soil-Resistance (p-y) Curves under
the Data menu.
Enter User-Defined Load-Displacement Curves: By selecting this option, the user is able to enter
curves that define the axial behavior of piles in the item Sets of Axial Load-Displacement Curves
under the Data menu.
Enter User-Defined Torque-Rotation Curves: By selecting this option, the user is able to enter
curves that define the torsional behavior of piles in the item Sets of Torque-Rotation Curves under
the Data menu.
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Nonlinear EI: By selecting this option, the user is able to enter curves that define the nonlinear
bending behavior of pile sections in the item Sets of Nonlinear EI under the Data menu.
Reduction Factors for Lateral Loads: This option controls the method to be used for computing
lateral-load reduction factors to account for closely-spaced piles. The submenu options are:
o Automatically Generate: Reduction factors will be internally generated by the program
based on data input.
o Specify: Reduction factors will be specified by the user in the Pile Properties Window.
o Ignore Effects: The effect of closely-spaced piles is ignored.
Reduction Factors for Axial Loads: This option allows the user to input a reduction factor for pile
axial capacity in order to account for closely-spaced piles.
Print p-y Curves: Activates Sets of Data to Print p-y Curves under the Data menu.
Default Control Options: This option allows the user to set the default values for analysis
parameters.
Text Editor Options: This option allows the user to set the preferred text editor or word processor.
As a default, the "c:\windows\notepad.exe" is used to set Microsoft Notepad as the default text
editor.
Check for Updates as the Program Starts: Instructs GROUP to check the Ensoft website for software
updates when the program starts. An active internet connection is required.
Include Load Case/Comb. Number on Graphs: This option allows the user to include the load case
or combination number in the result graphs.

2.3.6 View

This menu is used to graphically review the geometric configuration of the modeled pile group.
It also allows the user to activate or deactivate the different toolbars. The View menu is shown in Error!
Reference source not found. and the different submenu choices are described below.
Pile Top: Activates a view of the group model from above.
3D View: Provides a 3D view of the group model and activates several different preset viewing
angles, as well as transformation options that allow the user to customize the viewing angle.
View Options: These options allows the user to switch the viewing angle to one of the presets.
Transform Options: These options allow the user to pan, zoom in or out, and rotate the viewing
angle.
Toolbar Options: These options activate or deactivate the various toolbars at the top of the screen.




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Figure 2.10 Options contained in the View Menu (3D View Active)









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2.3.7 Computation Options

The Computation menu is provided to run the analytical computations after all data is entered
and saved. After the computations are executed, this menu also provides options for the review of
plain-text input and output data. The listing of the Computation menu is shown in Figure 2.11 and the
different submenu choices are described below.


Figure 2.11 Options contained in the Computation Menu

Run Analysis: This option runs the analytical computations. Only use this after all data has been
entered and saved.
Select Load Case or Combination: This option opens the Select Load Case or Combination window.
There the user can select the load case or load combination that will be active for displaying the
graphical results.
Edit Input Text: This submenu is used to edit the input data file in text mode. This command
becomes active after new data files have been saved to disk or when opening existing data files.
Edit Processor Run Notes: This submenu is used to edit the notes provided during processing. The
command becomes active after an analytical run, or when opening previously executed data files.
Reviewing the notes is essential for debugging unsuccessful runs.
Edit Output File: This submenu is used to edit the output-text file that is automatically produced
during each analytical run. This command becomes active after an analytical run, or when opening
previously executed data files.
Edit Summary Text: This submenu is used to edit the summary text file that is automatically
produced during each analytical run. This command becomes active after new data files have been
saved to disk and executed, or when opening previously-executed data files.


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2.3.8 Graphs Menu

The Graphs menu is provided to display the plots available after the analysis has been
completed. Most of the graphs are based on the current load case or load combination. The current
Load Case is displayed in the second box of the status line. The listing of the Graphs menu is shown in
Figure 2.12 and Figure 2.13 and the different submenu choices are described below.


Figure 2.12 Options contained in the Graphs Menu. 2D Model



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Figure 2.13 Options contained in the Graphs Menu. 3D Model

p-y Curves: Plots internally generated p-y curves at user defined depths.
Axial Load vs. Displacement: Plots internally generated axial load versus pile-head displacements.
Torque vs. Rotation: Plots internally generated torque versus pile-head rotations. (3D only)
User Defined p-y Curves: Plots user defined p-y curves.
User Defined Axial Load vs. Displacement: Plots user-defined axial load versus pile-head
displacements.
User Defined Torque vs. Rotation: Provides a plot of user-defined torque versus pile-head
rotations. (3D Only)
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Deflection vs. Depth: Plots lateral pile deflection versus depth on each individual pile. (2D Only)
Bending Moment vs. Depth: Plots the bending moment versus depth on each individual pile. Shear
vs. Depth: Plots the shear versus depth on each individual pile. (2D Only)
Soil Reaction vs. Depth: Plots of soil reaction versus depth on each individual pile. (2D Only)
Deflection y dir vs. Depth: Plots lateral pile deflection in the local y-direction versus depth on each
individual pile. (3D Only)
Deflection z dir vs. Depth: Plots lateral pile deflection in the local z-direction versus depth on each
individual pile. (3D Only)
Moment z dir vs. Depth: Plots bending moment about the local z-axis versus depth on each
individual pile. (3D Only)
Moment y dir vs. Depth: Plots bending moment about the local y-axis versus depth on each
individual pile. (3D Only)
Shear y dir vs. Depth: Plots lateral shear in the local y-direction versus depth on each individual
pile. (3D Only)
Shear z dir vs. Depth: Plots lateral shear in the local z- direction versus depth on each individual
pile. (3D Only)
Soil Reaction y dir vs. Depth: Plots lateral soil reaction the local y- direction versus depth on each
individual pile. (3D Only).
Soil Reaction z dir vs. Depth: Plots lateral soil reaction the local z- direction versus depth on each
individual pile. (3D Only)
Resultant Deflection vs. Depth: Plots lateral pile resultant deflection versus depth on each
individual pile. (3D Only)
Resultant Moment vs. Depth: Plots the resultant moment versus depth on each individual pile. (3D
Only)
Resultant Shear vs. Depth: Plots the resultant shear versus depth on each individual pile. (3D Only)
Resultant Soil Reaction vs. Depth: Plots resultant soil reaction versus depth on each individual pile.
(3D Only)

The following are only available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input
for the current load case.

Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection: Plots incremental vertical load versus vertical deflection at the
pile cap. (2D Only)
Pile Cap Load vs. Lateral Deflection: Plots incremental lateral load versus lateral deflection at the
pile cap. (2D Only)
Pile Cap Load vs. Rotation Plots incremental lateral load versus rotation at the pile cap. (2D Only)
Pile Cap Moment vs. Deflection: Plots incremental bending moment versus lateral deflection at the
pile cap. (2D Only)
Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation: Plots incremental bending moment versus rotation at the pile cap.
(2D Only)
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Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection X/Y/Z: Plots incremental vertical load versus vertical deflection
at the pile cap. (3D Only)
Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation X/Y/Z: Plots incremental moment versus rotation about the X/Y/Z-
axis at the pile cap. (3D Only)
Pile Cap K11 vs. Deflection X: Plots the stiffness coefficient K11 (Kxx) versus vertical deflection at
the pile cap.
Pile Cap K22 vs. Deflection Y: Plots the stiffness coefficient K22 (Kyy) versus lateral deflection in the
Y-direction at the pile cap.
Pile Cap K33 vs. Rotation Z: Plots the stiffness coefficient K33 (Krzrz) versus rotation along the Z-
axis at the pile cap.
Pile Cap K33 vs. Deflection Z: Plots the stiffness coefficient K33 (Kzz) versus lateral deflection in the
Z-direction at the pile cap. (3D Only)
Pile Cap K44 vs. Rotation X: Plots the stiffness coefficient K44 (Krxrx) versus rotation about the X-
axis at the pile cap. (3D Only)
Pile Cap K55 vs. Rotation Y: Plots the stiffness coefficient K55 (Kryry) versus rotation about the Y-
axis at the pile cap. (3D Only)
Pile Cap K66 vs. Rotation Z: Plots the stiffness coefficient K66 (Krzrz) versus rotation about the Z-
axis at the pile cap. (3D Only)
2.3.9 Plot Menu

The Plot menu is available when a graph is displayed. The listing of the Plot menu is shown in
Figure 2.14 and the different submenu choices are briefly described below

Figure 2.14 Options contained in the Plot Menu
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Show Legend: Display the legend in the current plot.
Show Markers: Change the increment for displaying the curve markers. The submenu options are:
o Never: Use this option to not include markers at each curve.
o Every Increment: Show markers every increment (default).
o Every 2/3/5/10 Increments: Show markers every 2/3/5/10 increments.
Print... : Print the current graph.
Page Setup: Set parameters (margins, orientation) for printing the current graph.
Save To Disk.. : Save the current graph as a bitmap file.
Graph Title: Include a title for the current graph.
Edit Legend: Edit the default legend.
Active Graphs: Hide or show selected curves. Very useful if the graph contains a lot of curves.
Curve # n: If this option is selected (default), the curve #n will be shown. The number of curves
listed will be equal to the number of the active curves.
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2.3.10 Show 3D View Menu

The Show 3D View menu is available when the 3D View window is displayed.



Figure 2.15 Options contained in the Show 3D View Menu

Piles: Show/Hide the piles.
Pile Cap: Show/ Hide the pile cap.
Pile Numbers: Toggles the pile numbers at each pile head.
Soil Layers: Show/ Hide the soil layers.
Layer Materials: Toggle the material labels. Only available if the Soil Layers option is selected.
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Layer Depths: Toggle the depth labels. Only available if the Soil Layers option is selected.
Concent. Loads at Pile Cap : Show the concentrated loads at the pile cap for the current load case.
Distributes Loads at Piles: Show/ Hide the distributed loads at piles for the current load case.
Show Loading Options: Open the Loading Options Window. There the user can change the default
drawing for concentrated and distributed loads.
Global Axes: Show/ Hide the global axes.
Pile Wire/Shade: Toggle between showing the piles as lines, or as based on cross section
dimensions, respectively.
Ellipsoidal/Rectangular Cap: Toggle between showing the surface of the pile cap as a ellipse or a
rectangular, respectively.
Vertical Lines: Show/ Hide vertical lines that start from the top of each pile head. This option is very
useful in the case of batter piles.
Local Axes: Show/ Hide the local axes at the top of each pile head. This option is very useful for
checking the direction of local axes in the piles.
Show Grid: Show/ Hide a three dimensional grid. This option is very useful for checking the extent
of the model.
Grid Options: Change the increment values for the 3D grid.
Highlight Pile: Navigate through the pile numbers, showing the current pile with a different color.
Show/Hide Piles: This option is useful when a user want to review an specific section of the pile
group. Here the user can:
o Hide Selected Piles: Hide the selected piles. (Use Edit Select Mode)
o Hide Except Selected Piles: Hide the piles that are not currently selected.
o Reverse Hiding: Hide piles that are shown and show piles that are hidden.
o Show All Piles: Show all the piles.
The following are only available after running analysis under the Computation menu.
Deformed Shape: Display the deflected shape for the current load case or combination.
Contour Plot: Display a contour plot for the current load case or combination.
Pile Diagrams: Display the diagrams along the piles for the current load case or combination.
Pile Cap Response: Display the results of the pile cap for the current load case or combination.
Pile Top Effects: Display the results of the pile heads for the current load case or combination.
Lateral Effects in Piles: Display the lateral results along the piles for the current load case or
combination.







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2.3.11 Window Menu

The Window menu provides standard functions for organizing open-screen windows.


Figure 2.16 Options contained in the Windows Menu
Cascade: This option organizes all open windows so that they are all visible. See above for an
example.
Arrange Icons: Any minimized windows will be aligned at the bottom left of the screen.
After the options Cascade and Arrange Icons, the windows opened are listed in order of depth.
Clicking on a window name through the menu brings it to the top


2.3.12 Help Menu

The Help menu provides an online help reference.


Figure 2.17 Options contained in the Help Menu

Contents: The main reference files for help are accessed through this option.
About: This option provides a screen describing the program version, date, license user and
methods for accessing technical support.
Check for Updates: This opens the users default internet browser to an Ensoft webpage with
specific update information for GROUP v8.0.
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CHAPTER 3. References for Data Input
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3.1 Numeric Data Entries

Cells that require numeric data may accept mathematical expressions as entries. Entering a
mathematical expression works similarly to entering normal numeric datathe user simply types the
expression then presses the Enter key. The following table shows a list of supported operations and
constants, with the order of operations following the order listed. Implicit multiplications using
constants is not supported (use 2*e instead of 2e). Negation of the constants PI or e is not allowed. For
instance, instead of entering -PI the user must enter -(PI). Scientific notation (i.e. 1.65e8 or 1.65e-8)
may be used to input very large or very small numbers. After an expression is calculated, very large or
very small numbers will be displayed using scientific notation.

Symbol Description
() Parenthesis (may be nested)
^ Exponentiation
* Multiplication
/ Division
+ Addition
- Subtraction/Negation

Table 3.1 Supported mathematical operations


Symbol Value
PI (or pi) 3.1415927
e (or E) 2.7182818

Table 3.2 Supported mathematical constants




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3.2 File Menu

This menu contains options related to the management of input-data files and also for exiting
the program. Input-data files created for GROUP 8.0 are provided with a standard file-name extension
in the form of *.gp8d (where * represents any allowable file name). Input files created from previous
versions have an extension *.gpd . All input data files are standard text files and may be edited with any
text editor or word-processing program.
If the 3D View window is active 3 additional options appear.


Figure 3.1 Options contained in the File Menu

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3.2.1 File - New

Once the program is started, default values are used for certain operating parameters, and a
blank input-data file is created. Selecting this menu item resets all GROUP 8.0 variables to either default
or blank values, as appropriate. This option should be selected when a new data file is desired to be
created. This menu option may also be accessed using the [Ctrl]+[N] keyboard combination.


Figure 3.2 Window shown after File - New is selected

3.2.2 File - New from Template

Create a new data file for a regular rectangular or circular pile group configuration. After
selecting this option the New from Template Window will appear.
Three pile group templates are included:
2D Rectangular: Generates a rectangular 2D pile group layout. (Figure 3.3)
3D Rectangular: Generates a rectangular 3D pile group layout. (Figure 3.4)
3D Circular: Generates a circular 3D pile group layout. (Figure 3.5)
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Figure 3.6 New from Template Window, 2D rectangular option



Figure 3.7 New from Template Window, 3D rectangular option

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Figure 3.8 New from Template Window, 3D circular option

The following parameters can be defined in the New from Template window:
Layout: Select the pile group configuration to generate. Various entries may show up or hide based
on the layout selected.
Units: Select either English or SI units.
Space increment: Enter the space increment for model generation. For rectangular layouts, enter
Space Increment for Y and Z directions. For Circular layouts enter Space Increment in the radial
direction. Refer to Figure 3.9 and Figure 3.10.
Number of Rows: Enter the space increment for model generation. For rectangular layouts, enter
Space Increment for Y and Z directions. For Circular layouts enter Space Increment in the radial
direction. Refer to Figure 3.9 and Figure 3.10.
Center of Pile Group: Enter the coordinates for the center of the pile group (Y and Z coordinates)
and the coordinate of the pile heads (X coordinate). Refer to Figure 3.9 and Figure 3.10.
Pile Geometry: Enter the Pile Length, Pile Diameter and Modulus of Elasticity for all the piles to be
generated. Refer to Figure 3.9 and Figure 3.10.
An example of a rectangular layout generated is displayed in Figure 3.11, while a circular layout is shown
in Figure 3.12.

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Figure 3.9 Input parameters for pile group generation, rectangular option

Figure 3.10 Input parameters for pile group generation, circular option

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Figure 3.11 Pile Group Layout using New from Template, 3D rectangular option


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Figure 3.12 Pile Group Layout using New from Template, 3D circular option









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3.2.3 File - Open

This is used to open a file that has been previously prepared and saved to disk. The Open File
window dialog, shown in Figure 3.13, is used to search for an existing input data file. The default
directory is the GROUP 8.0 install directory. Standard Windows navigation procedures may be used to
locate the name and directory of the desired project file. This menu option may also be accessed with
the [Ctrl]+[O] keyboard combination.
Every analytical run of GROUP 8.0 produces several additional files (listed on Table 4.1 of this
manual). The name of the input data file indicates the names of all related files (output, graphics and
processor-text files) produced by a successful program run. All the additional files will be created in the
same directory as the input file.
Opening some partially-completed GROUP 8.0 input files or invalid data files may produce an
information window reporting that an "invalid or incomplete" file is being opened. The user should click
the OK button and all partial-input data that was previously prepared should become available.
The program allows users to read input data files created from previous versions of GROUP by
selecting the drop down arrow under the Files of Type option at the bottom of the Open window screen.
The program will automatically convert the open GROUP file to GROUP 8.0 when the user saves the
opened file.


Figure 3.13 Open File Dialog

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3.2.4 File - Save

This option is used to save input data under the current file name. Any input data that was
previously saved with the same file name is replaced by the current one. Input data files should be
saved every time before proceeding with analytical runs. This menu option is accessed using the
[Ctrl]+[S] keyboard combination.

3.2.5 File - Save As

This option allows the user to save any opened or new input data file under a different file name
or different directory. The Save As window dialog, shown in Figure 3.14, is used to navigate between
folders and specify a file name. If a file with the same name already exists, a confirmation message
indicating so will appear. By clicking OK in the confirmation window the input data file under the
existing file name will be replaced with the current one.


Figure 3.14 Save As Dialog
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3.2.6 File - Exit

This is selected to exit GROUP 8.0. Any input data file that was modified but not yet saved to
disk will produce a confirmation window before exiting the program.

Figure 3.15 Message window advising that changes were not saved to disk

3.2.7 File - Recent Files

A list of recently opened files is displayed in between Save As and Exit. By clicking on the
menu item, the program will open the file.

3.2.8 File - Save Bitmap (3D View)

This option is available when the 3D View window is active. This option allows the user to save
the model displayed in the 3D View window as bitmap picture file. The Save As window dialog, shown
in Figure 3.16, is used to navigate between folders and provide a name for saving the file. If a file with
the same name already exists, a confirmation message indicating so will appear. By clicking OK in the
confirmation window the graphics file under the existing file name will be replaced with the current
model view.

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Figure 3.16 Save Bitmap Dialog

3.2.9 File - Page Setup (3D View)

This option is available when the 3D View window is active. This option allows the user to set
the margins for printing. The Page Setup window dialog, shown in Figure 3.17, is used to define the
margins for printing.

Figure 3.17 Page Setup Dialog
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3.2.10 File - Print (3D View)

This option is available when the 3D View window is active. This option allows the user to print
the model displayed in the 3D View window. The Print window dialog, shown in Figure 3.18, is used to
select the printer and other parameters.

Figure 3.18 Print Dialog

3.3 Data Menu

The input of specific parameters for an application is controlled by options in the Data menu. It
is recommended that the user choose each submenu and enter parameters in a consecutive manner,
starting with the top option. Some input windows may optionally be left open on the screen. The
selection of other menu options will then produce new windows on top of those that were left open.
Many of the submenus will have Add Row, Insert Row, and Delete Row buttons. Add Row always adds
a new row to the end of all existing rows, Insert Row inserts a new row above the currently selected
row, and Delete Row deletes the row where the mouse cursor is currently at.


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Selecting or clicking any of the submenu choices contained in the Data menu produces various types
of windows. As a reminder of standard commands of Microsoft Windows, open windows may be
closed by all or some of the following methods:
Clicking the "OK" button (if available).
Clicking the X box on the upper-right corner of the window.
Double-clicking the GROUP 8.0 icon on the upper left corner of the window.
Using the [Ctrl]+[F4] keyboard combination.
Clicking once the GROUP 8.0 icon on the upper left corner of the window and then choosing Close.



Figure 3.19 Options contained in the Data Menu






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3.3.1 Data - Title

This option activates the Project Title window, shown in Figure 3.20, where the user can enter a
line of text containing a general description of the application problem. Any combination of characters
may be entered in the text box in order to describe a particular application. The user input will be
restrained automatically once the maximum length of text is reached.

Figure 3.20 Project Title Window













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3.3.2 Data - Pile Cross Sections

This submenu option is needed to define the cross sections on the piles and to enter the cross
section dimensions.
By selecting this option the Cross Sections Definition window will appear

3.3.2.1 Cross Sections Definition Window

In this window the cross sections definition is carried out. A sample of this window is shown in
Figure 3.21


Figure 3.21 Cross Sections Definition Window






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Add Section. Add a new at the end of the list.
Cross Sections Definition
Insert Section. Add a new row above the current row.
Delete Section. Delete the current row.
For each cross section (row) the following columns are available:
Edit Section. Click on the Edit Section button to open the Edit Cross Section window for
defining the cross section dimensions.
Section Name. In the second column enter the name associated with the cross section being
defined.

Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the GROUP 8 window.
Close Button















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3.3.2.2 Edit Cross Section Window

In this window the user can define each cross section. The load case number and name are
displayed at the top of the window. A sample of this window is shown in Figure 3.22


Figure 3.22 Edit Cross Section Window







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Using the Select Section feature, the user can choose from 5 different pile section types which will be
graphically displayed in the middle of the window. On the right, the Section Dimensions will adjust
depending on the section type selected. The five section available are:
Select Section
General Section. Use for a general shape section. This section will be assigned automatically to
models created from previous versions of GROUP. See Figure 3.23.
Circular Pipe Section. Also used to define a solid circular section. See Figure 3.23.
Rectangular Pipe Section. Also used to define a solid rectangular section. See Figure 3.24.
I Section. See Figure 3.25.
H Section. See Figure 3.26.


Figure 3.23 Edit Cross Section Window. Circular Pipe Section


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Figure 3.24 Edit Cross Section Window. Rectangular Pipe Section


Figure 3.25 Edit Cross Section Window. I Section

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Figure 3.26 Edit Cross Section Window. H Section

The option is helpful for when there are cross sections that only have a few differences. In this
case, the user can simply copy the section and make the desired changes. Select the cross section that is
going to be the source (already defined), and then click on the Copy button to duplicate the data from
the source. This option is available if at least two cross sections have been defined.
Copy Section
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In the Section Specifications tab, a picture showing the cross section with labels will appear.
When the user clicks on a label, the corresponding field will be selected. This is an alternate method for
entering section dimensions.
Section Specifications/Section Draw
By selecting the Section Draw tab, a scale drawing of the current section will be shown.

Figure 3.27 Toggle between Section Specifications and Section Draw. H section








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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-24

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

Input dimensions parameters will depend on the cross section type selected. The following
parameters are needed
Section Dimensions
General Section.
o Equivalent Diameter. Diameter for circular sections or an equivalent diameter for
noncircular sections.

Circular Pipe Section.
o Diameter. External diameter of the pile.
o Internal Diameter. Internal diameter of the pile. Leave as zero for a solid pile.

Rectangular Pipe Section.
o Equivalent Diameter. Equivalent diameter of the pile.
o Width. Width of the cross section.
o Depth. Depth of the cross section.
o Internal Width. Internal width of the cross section. Leave as zero for a solid pile.
o Internal Depth. Internal depth of the cross section. Leave as zero for a solid pile.

I or H Section.
o Equivalent Diameter. Equivalent diameter of the pile.
o Width. Width of the cross section.
o Depth. Depth of the cross section.
o Flange Thickness. Flange thickness of the cross section.
o Web Thickness. Web thickness of the cross section.

The user can input section properties, or let the computer estimate those properties.
Section Properties
Area. Cross sectional area (A) of the section being defined.
Inertia zz. Moment of inertia referred to the local axis z (Izz).
Inertia yy. Moment of inertia referred to the local axis y (Iyy). This value is needed for three-
dimensional models.
* Polar Inertia xx. Polar moment of inertia referred to the local axis x (Ixx=J). This value is used
only to estimate the value of torsional stiffness (GJ) for three-dimensional models.
* Shear Modulus. Shear modulus of the pile material. This value is used only to estimate the
value of torsional stiffness (GJ) for three-dimensional models.
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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-25

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

GJ (Torsional Stiffness). This number correspond to the torsional stiffness of the section (GJ).
This value is needed for three-dimensional models.

These options are available for sections other than the general section.
Calculate
Calculate Section Properties. Click on this button to calculate the section properties based on
the section dimensions. For three-dimensional models it also estimates the torsional stiffness
based on the polar moment of inertia and the shear modulus.
Calculate Section Properties Automatically. By selecting this option, the program will
automatically compute the section properties. Any change in the section dimensions will be
reflected automatically in the section properties.

By entering these parameters, GROUP will compute the demand/capacity ratio for bending
moment and shear capacity for the load combinations. This ratio is useful for checking the level of
stresses in the pile. This ratio is not intended to replace a design procedure.
Design Parameters
Bending Moment Capacity. Capacity in bending moment of the cross section.
Shear Capacity. Capacity in shear of the cross section.
If the capacity values are left as zero, no ratio is computed.

Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the Cross Section Definition window.
Close Button







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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-26

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

3.3.3 Data - Pile Properties

This submenu option allows the user to input pile dimensions and section properties
corresponding to each pile type used in the group analysis. For each type of pile, the user may enter up
to 50 sections with different properties.


Figure 3.28 Pile Properties Window

Add Row. Add a new at the end of the list.
Insert Row. Add a new row above the current row.
Delete Row. Delete the current row.

For each pile property (row) the following columns are available:

Prop. Type. This is a sequential number that is provided to each type of pile used in the group
analysis. This number is automatically assigned by the program as new types of piles are added.
The maximum number of pile properties that may be used in a group analysis is limited to 50.
Sections. Clicking the button under Sections in the Pile Properties window brings up the Pile
Sections window.
Total Length. The total length specifies the length between the pile head and the pile tip. This
number should not include the thickness of the pile cap.
Youngs Modulus. For each type of pile, the Youngs modulus of elasticity entered here is
assumed to be constant throughout the pile length.
Method of Installation. The user should specify either Driven Piles or Drilled Shafts from the
pull-down menu.





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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-27

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Pile Sections Window


Figure 3.29 Pile Sections Window

Add Row. Add a new at the end of the list.
Insert Row. Add a new row above the current row.
Delete Row. Delete the current row.

For each pile section (row) the following columns are available:

Section: This is a sequential number that is provided to each pile section. This number is
automatically assigned by the program as new rows are added. The maximum number of pile
sections that may be used is limited to 20.
Top: This number defines the top coordinate of each pile section being defined. Local
coordinates should be used, so the first pile section of each pile type must always start at level
zero.
Bottom: This number defines the bottom coordinate of each section of pile being defined.
Cross Section Index: This column is used to assign a number corresponding to the type of cross
section used for the current section. This number must be an integer and input is limited to a
maximum of 1000 types of cross sections. The types of cross sections are defined in the Pile
Cross Sections submenu under Data.
Nonlinear EIzz set: In this column, the user types a number that corresponds to the set of
moment curvature curves that will be used for the current section. This number must be an
integer and input is limited to a maximum of 50 sets of moment-curvature curves. The points
defining these curves should be specified in the Sets of Nonlinear EI choice under the Data
menu. This column is available if the user selects Nonlinear EI under the Options menu. Leave
the number as 0 if the user wants to use linear properties for the current section.

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Nonlinear EIyy set. In this column, the user types a number that corresponds to the set of
moment-curvature curves that will be used for the current section. This number must be an
integer and input is limited to a maximum of 50 sets of moment-curvature curves. The points
defining these curves should be specified in the Sets of Nonlinear EI option under the Data
menu. This column is available if the user selects Nonlinear EI under the Options menu and a
three-dimensional model is considered. Leave the number as 0 if the user wants to use linear
properties for the current section.

3.3.4 Data - Pile Group Properties

This submenu option is used to input the pile group properties. The input parameters will be
based on the model whether it is a 2D or 3D
3.3.4.1 2D Layout


Figure 3.30 Pile Group Properties Window. 2D Model

Depending on the options checked, relevant forms will be available for the user to fill out in this
window. Here, the window is shown with all options selected. Note that a minimum of two subgroups
of piles is necessary for running analysis; GROUP v8.0 will not analyze single piles.
Add Row. Add a new at the end of the list.
Insert Row. Add a new row above the current row.
Delete Row. Delete the current row.




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For each pile subgroup (row) the following columns are available:

Subgroup. This is a sequential number that is provided to each pile subgroup. This number is
automatically assigned by the program as new pile subgroups are added. The maximum
number of pile subgroups that may be used in a group analysis is 2000.
Pile-Head Connection. Clicking on the selection box provides the user with an option for using
one of three types of pile-head fixities between the pile and the pile-cap (See Figure 3.31) for all
the piles in a particular subgroup (i.e. for each input row):
o Pinned. Provides restraints against translational but not rotational movement.
o Fixed. Provides restraint against all movement.
o Elastically-Restrained. Provides restraint against translational movement but includes a
rotational spring. When the user selects this option as a pile-head fixity, the rotational-
spring stiffness must be entered in the Rotational Spring column. This value must be
in units of torque (force times length per unit radian of rotation).
Number of Pile. Used to assign the number of piles that form each pile subgroup. At least one
pile must be present in each pile subgroup. The maximum number of piles in each subgroup is
limited to 100.
Pile Prop. Type. Used to assign a number corresponding to the type of pile that forms each pile
subgroup. The type of pile generally changes with variations in cross-sectional dimensions
and/or materials. Only one type of pile may be used in each subgroup. The maximum number
of pile types in a group run is limited to 50. The types of pile properties are defined in
DataPile Properties.
Soil Resistance (p-y) Curve Set. In this column, the user types a number that corresponds to the
set of curves of lateral-load versus deflection that will be used for the piles in each subgroup
row. This number must be an integer and input is limited to a maximum of 50 sets of soil-
resistance curves. The points defining these curves should be specified in the DataSets of
Soil-Resistance (p-y) Curves) menu. This column is available if the user selects OptionsEnter
User Defined Soil Resistance (p-y) curves. Leave the number as 0 if the user wants to use an
internally generated p-y curve based on the soil layer properties for the current pile. Enter a
negative value if the set is intended to be used only for the layer assigned as a User Defined p-y
curve under the Soil Layer Data.
Axial Load-Settle. Curve Set. In this column, the user types a number that corresponds to the
set of curves of axial load versus displacement that will be used for the piles of each subgroup
row. This number must be an integer and is limited to a maximum of 50 sets of load-
displacement curves. The points defining these curves should be specified in DataSets of
Axial Load-Displacement Curves. This column is available if the user selects OptionsEnter
User Defined Load-Displacements curves. Program GROUP 8.0 allows internally generated
load-displacement curves to be mixed with external (user-input) curves in different pile
subgroups. Leave the number as 0 if the user wants to use an internally generated load
displacement curve based on the soil layer properties for the current pile.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

Rotational Spring. This input depends on the type of restraint selected for the pile-head
connections to the pile cap in each subgroup. It will only be taken into account if the user
selects an elastically-restrained type of pile-head connection. In all other cases (i.e. fixed and
pinned connections), the values on this column are ignored and may be left as the default of
zero. The values for spring stiffness must be in units of torque (force times length per unit
radian of rotation).
Pile-to-Pile Space. The values in this column should reflect the common center-to-center
distance between piles of the same subgroup. The program requires that all piles of the same
subgroup are separated by equal distances to their center lines. It is not necessary to specify
the spacing of the piles in the same subgroup if users input their own p-y modification factors or
if the user chooses to ignore group effects.
P-Multiplier. The p-multiplier values may be larger or smaller than one. However, in most cases
these values are smaller than one to account for the group effect of closely-spaced piles.
Chapter 6 in the Technical Manual, Reduction Factor for Soil Resistance in a Closely-Spaced Pile
Group, addresses this issue. This column is available if the user selects the Specify option in
OptionsReduction Factors for Lateral Loads.
Y-Multiplier. The y-multiplier values may be larger or smaller than one. However, in most cases
these values are larger than one to account for the group effect of closely-spaced piles. Chapter
6 in the Technical Manual, Reduction Factor for Soil Resistance in a Closely-Spaced Pile Group,
addresses this issue. This column is available if the user selects the Specify option in
OptionsReduction Factors for Lateral Loads.
Red. Factor Axial Load. Under default conditions, group-reduction factors will not be
considered for axial loading. This column is available if the user selects OptionsReduction
Factors for Axial Loads. The user may enter a different reduction factor for each pile subgroup.
Information regarding "Reduction Factor for Piles Under Axial Loading in a Closely-Spaced Pile
Group" is included in Chapter 7 of the Technical Manual.



Figure 3.31 Pile Head Connections
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

3.3.4.2 3D Layout





Figure 3.32 Pile Group Properties Window. 3D Model

The Pile Group Properties window is shown above with all options activated and split into two
for size reasons. Aside from the inclusion of input parameters for the y and z-axis for the Pile Head
Connection, Rotational Spring, P-Multiplier, and Y-Multiplier, and the inclusion of the Torque-Rotation
Curve Set, this window is identical to the one for the 2D layout.
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Torque-Rotation Curve Set: In this column, the user types a number that corresponds to the set
of curves of torque-rotation that will be used for each individual pile. This number must be an
integer and is limited to a maximum of 50 sets of torque-rotation curves. The points defining
these curves should be later specified in DataSets of Torque-Rotation Curves. This column is
available if the user selects OptionsEnter User Defined Torque-Rotation. Program GROUP 8.0
allows internally generated torque-rotation curves to be mixed with external (user-input) curves
in different pile subgroups. Leave the number as 0 if the user wants to use internally generated
torque-rotation curves based on the soil layer properties.
3.3.5 Data - Pile-Head Coordinates

This submenu option is used to input the pile head coordinates. The input parameters will be
based on whether the model is 2D or 3D. A review of the theory used by this program is included in
Chapter 6 of the Technical Manual.

3.3.5.1 2D Layout


Figure 3.33 Pile Head Coordinates Window. 2D Model
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Add Row. Add a new at the end of the list.
Insert Row. Add a new row above the current row.
Delete Row. Delete the current row.

For each pile (row) the following columns are available:

Pile-Top Vertical X-Coordinate. Determines the vertical position of a typical pile head for each
subgroup. The sign convention is established as positive being downwards from the global
origin of coordinates. The user must determine the global origin of coordinates based on the
points of load application to the pile group. In most applications, as shown in Figure 3.34, the
loads will be applied at the top-middle location of the pile cap. The global origin of coordinates
is thus established at that point. Figure 3.34 also describes the local coordinates of pile
subgroups.
Pile-Top Horizontal Y-Coordinate. Determines the horizontal position of a typical pile head for
each subgroup. The sign convention is established as positive to the right of the global origin of
coordinates (X-axis in Figure 3.34). The example shown in Figure 3.34 thus indicates that pile
subgroups 1 and 2 would have negative numbers for their Pile-Top Horizontal Y-Coordinate
values. In the same example, pile subgroups 3 and 4 would have positive values.
Batter Angle. Determines the batter angle of piles in each subgroup. The batter angle is
defined as positive if the pile axis is counterclockwise from the downward vertical direction.
Thus, the pile tip for a pile with positive batter will be to the right of the pile head. The batter
angle must be entered in degrees.

For reference, some commonly-used batter angles are listed below.


Batter Ratio Batter Angle
(radians)
Batter Angle
(degrees)
12:1 0.0831 4.764
10:1 0.0997 5.711
8:1 0.1244 7.125
7:1 0.1419 8.130
6:1 0.1651 9.462
5:1 0.1974 11.310
4:1 0.2450 14.036
3:1 0.3218 18.435

Table 3.3 Commonly used batter angles

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

Distance from Pile Top to Ground Line. This number defines the distance to the ground line
from the top of the typical pile of each subgroup. The sign conventions are established as
positive downward. A negative value indicates that the pile head is below ground level. A value
of zero indicates that the top of the piles are aligned with the ground surface. All pile subgroups
of the example shown in Figure 3.34 would thus need positive entries in this column.
This distance is also used to simulate a group of piles on sloped ground. An illustration for this
case is shown in Figure 3.35. GROUP allows this option only if the distance from pile top to
ground surface for all the piles are located within the top soil layer.


Figure 3.34 Example of a 2D model
For the example in Figure 3.34, the following signs would apply for the general location of their
pile heads and batter angle:

Pile Subgroup Vertical
Coordinate
Horizontal
Coordinate
Batter
Angle
Distance from Pile
Top to Ground Line
1 (+) (-) (-) (+)
2 (+) (-) 0 (+)
3 (+) (+) 0 (+)
4 (+) (+) (+) (+)

Table 3.4 Signs for coordinates and batter angles for an example of a 2D model
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 3.35 Distance from pile top to ground line to simulate slopping ground




















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3.3.5.2 3D Layout


Figure 3.36 Pile Head Coordinates Window. 3D Model
Add Row. Add a new at the end of the list.
Insert Row. Add a new row above the current row.
Delete Row. Delete the current row.

For each pile (row) the following columns are available:

Pile-Top Vertical X- Coordinate. Determines the vertical position of a typical pile head for each
pile. The sign convention is established as positive downwards from the global origin of
coordinates. The user must determine the global origin of coordinates.
Pile-Top Horizontal Y-Coordinate. Determines the horizontal position along Y direction of a
typical pile head for each pile.
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Pile-Top Horizontal Z-Coordinate. Determines the horizontal position along the Z-direction of a
typical pile-head for each pile.
Angle . Determines the angle between the Y-axis and the projection of each pile on the Y-Z
plane. The angle must be entered in degrees. Enter zero for vertical piles.
Angle . Determines the batter angle between the projection of piles on the Y-Z plane and the
pile axis of each pile. The batter angle must be entered in degrees. Enter 90 for vertical piles.
Distance from Pile Top to Ground Line. Defines the distance to the ground line from the top of
the typical pile of each subgroup. The sign conventions are established as positive downwards.
A negative value indicates that the pile head is below ground level. A value of zero indicates
that the top of the piles are aligned with the ground surface.


Note on local axes
The local axes for each pile are defined as follow:
- Local x-axis is along the pile. Positive direction is defined from the top of the pile to the pile tip.
- Local y and z-axis are perpendicular to the pile axis.



Figure 3.37 Local Axes Definition

The orientation of the local axes depends on the batter angle (2D model) or the and angles
for 3D modes. For 2D models the local z-axis is always in the direction of the Global Z-axis. So, the local
x and y-axes will be always in the plane XY. Two examples showing the orientation of the local axes (x,
y) in terms of the global axes (X, Y) are presented in Figure 3.38. For 2D models, general equations to
estimate the orientation of the local axes (x, y, z) in terms of the global axes (X, Y, Z) are presented in
Figure 3.39.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual




Figure 3.38 Local Axes for 2D models


{ } { }
T
x 0 ) sin( ) cos( =


{ } { }
T
y 0 ) cos( ) sin( =


{ } { }
T
z 1 0 0 =


Figure 3.39 Equations to estimate orientation for local axes. 2D Model

Examples showing the orientation of the local axes (x, y, z) in terms of the global axes (X, Y, Z)
are presented from Figure 3.40 to Figure 3.44. For 3D models, general equations to estimate the
orientation of the local axes (x, y, z) in terms of the global axes (X, Y, Z) are presented in Figure 3.45

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Figure 3.40 Local Axes for Horizontal Piles. 3D model




Figure 3.41 Local Axes for Vertical Piles. 3D model


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Figure 3.42 Local Axes for Batter Piles in the XY plane. 3D model




Figure 3.43 Local Axes for Batter Piles in the XZ plane. 3D model

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Figure 3.44 Local Axes for Batter Piles. General Orientation. 3D model



{ } { }
T
x ) sin( ) cos( ) cos( ) cos( ) sin( =


{ } { }
T
y ) sin( ) sin( ) cos( ) sin( ) cos( =


{ } { }
T
z ) cos( ) sin( 0 =


Figure 3.45 Equations to estimate orientation for local axes. 3D Model

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3.3.6 Data - Loading

This submenu option is needed to input concentrated loading in the pile cap and distributed
loading along the piles. Also, this menu option allows the user to define different load cases and load
combinations for analysis. By selecting this option the Loading Definition window will appear.

3.3.6.1 Loading Definition Window

In this window the user can define the load cases. A sample is shown in Figure 3.46.


Figure 3.46 Loading Definition Window


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The maximum number of load cases that can be defined is limited to 100.
Load Cases Definition
Add Load Case. Add a new load case at the end of the list.
Insert Load Case. Add a new load case after the selected one.
Delete Load Case. Delete the current load case.
For each load case (row) the following columns are available:
Load Case. Click on the Edit Load Case button to open the Edit Load Case window.
Load Case Type. Select the load type consistent with the defined load case. This is very useful
for defining load combinations. The following types can be selected in GROUP 8.0 as a load
case.
o Dead, DL
o Live, LL
o Seismic, EQ
o Impact, IM
o Wind, WN
o Water, WT
o Ice, IC
o Soils, Hsl
o Roof Live, Lr
o Rain, Rn
o Snow, Sn
o Temperature, Tm
o Special, Sp
Load Case Name. Enter the name associated with the load case.
Scale Factor. Enter the scale factor to be applied to the load case.
If two or more load cases are defined the program can compute the load case envelopes
(maximum and minimum effects). Check the Calculate Load Cases Envelopes option to calculate the
envelopes. Also, select the option for output of the calculated envelopes.
Only at pile cap. Print the equivalent load and displacements of the pile cap at the origin.
At pile cap and at pile heads. Print the equivalent load and displacements of the pile cap at the
origin. Also print for each pile the pile top displacement and reactions in both the pile (local
axes) and global (global axes) coordinate systems.
Pile cap, pile heads and along piles. Print the equivalent load and displacements of the pile cap
at the origin. Also, print for each pile its pile top displacement and reactions in both pile (local
axes) and global (global axes) coordinate systems. In addition, print for each pile its deflection,
moment, shear, soil reaction, stress and rigidity along the pile. If this option is selected the user
may define the increment in nodes to print the response along the piles.
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Click on the Load Combinations button to open the Load Combinations window for defining
load combinations. A check mark will show up if at least one load combination has been already
defined. This button is disabled if no load cases have been defined.
Load Combinations Definition

Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the GROUP 8 window.
Close Button

3.3.6.2 Edit Load Case Window

In this window the user can define load cases. The load case number and name are displayed at
the top of the window. A sample of this window is shown in Figure 3.47.


Figure 3.47 Edit Load Case Window
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The maximum number of concentrated loads on a pile cap for each load case is limited to 100.
Concentrated Loads on Pile Cap
Add Load. Add a new load at the end of the list.
Insert Load. Add a new load below the currently selected one.
Delete Load. Delete the selected load.
For each concentrated load (row) the following columns are available:
Concentrated Load. Click on the Edit Load button to open the Concentrated Load window to
enter the concentrated load and location. The concentrated load can also be entered in the
next columns as described below.
o Fx. Enter the applied force in the X direction (vertical).
o Fy. Enter the applied force in the Y direction (horizontal).
o Mz. Enter the applied moment in the Z direction.
o Fz. Enter the applied force in the Y direction (horizontal). Available for 3D analysis.
o My. Enter the applied moment in the Y direction. Available for 3D analysis.
o Mx. Enter the applied moment in the X direction (torsional). Available for 3D analysis.
By clicking on the Equiv. Load button, the program will open the Concentrated Load window,
which shows the equivalent concentrated load to be applied at the origin of coordinates. Note that this
is the load to be applied for the analysis of the current load case.
Select the type of Loading and enter the Number of Cycles if Cyclic Loading is selected. The type
of loading is important to taking into account when analyzing piles under lateral loading. Further
reference about the "Influence of Nature of Loading" is included in the Chapter "Soil Response Under
Natural Loading" of the Technical Manual.
Type of Loading
Cyclic loading is primarily used for storm, wave, or wind loading types. The main effect from cyclic
loading is to reduce the soil resistance based on the soil criteria for cyclic p- curves, as described in the
Technical Manual.
Click on the Edit Analysis Options button to open the Analysis Options window for the
definition of convergence parameters.
Analysis Options


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Click on the Edit Distributed Lateral Loads button to open the Distributed Lateral Loads window
for definition of distributed lateral loads along the pile length. A check mark will appear if at least one
distributed lateral load has been already defined for the current load case.
Distributed Lateral Loads

Click on the Edit Foundation Stiffness Options button to open the Foundation Stiffness Options
window, so the user may ask the program to compute the flexibility and/or stiffness matrices for the
current load case. A check mark will appear if a foundation flexibility and/or stiffness will be computed
for the current load case.
Foundation Stiffness Options

Select the option for outputting the results of the current load case.
Print Results Options
Only at pile cap. Print the equivalent load at origin and displacements of the pile cap at the
origin.
At pile cap and at pile heads. Print the equivalent load at origin and displacements of the pile
cap at the origin. Also, for each pile, print the pile top displacement and reactions in both pile
coordinate system (local axes) and global coordinate system (global axes).
Pile cap, pile heads and along piles. Print the equivalent load at origin and displacements of the
pile cap at the origin. Also, for each pile, print the pile top displacement and reactions in both
pile coordinate system (local axes) and global coordinate system (global axes).In addition, for
each pile, print deflection, moment, shear, soil reaction, stress and rigidity along the pile. If this
option is selected the user may define the increment in nodes to print the response along the
piles.

The option is helpful when there are load cases with few differences. So, the user may copy one
into another and do the required changes as needed. Select the load case that is going to be the source
(already defined), and then click on the Copy button to proceed with copying all the load case data to
the current case. This option is available if at least two load cases have been defined.
Copy Load Case


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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-47

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the Loading Definition window.
Close Button

3.3.6.3 Concentrated Load Window

In this window the user may enter the concentrated load at the pile cap level. Also, this window
shows the equivalent load at the origin of coordinates for the current load case.
For a 3-dimensional model, the user may enter six load components (i.e. vertical load in the X-
direction, lateral load in the Y-direction, lateral load in the Z-direction, moment on the x-y plane,
moment on the x-z plane, and torsional moment on the y-z plane). In addition the user may enter the X,
Y and Z coordinates of the location of the load. If the load is at the origin, X, Y and Z coordinates should
be equal to zero. A sample of this window is shown in Figure 3.48.


Figure 3.48 Concentrated Load Window. Loading for 3D Analysis

For a 2-dimensional model, the user may enter three load components (i.e. vertical load in the
X-direction, lateral load in the Y-direction, and moment on the x-y plane). In addition the user may
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

enter the X and Y coordinates of the location of the load. If the load is at the origin, X and Y coordinates
should be equal to zero. A sample of this window is shown in Figure 3.49.



Figure 3.49 Concentrated Load Window. Loading for 2D Analysis

The right handed Cartesian coordinate system as illustrated in the Concentrated Load window is
used for both 2-D and 3-D models.
It should be noted that for 2-dimensional models, GROUP 8.0 uses "positive" for moment acting
counter-clockwise on the x-y plane in order to be consistent with the right-handed Cartesian coordinate
system. It is different from previous versions (v4.0 and earlier). The user should check the sign
convention if a data file created by previous versions of GROUP is loaded.
Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the Edit Load Case window.
Close Button

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

3.3.6.4 Analysis Options Window

Several parameters for computation control are provided in this window. A sample of this
window is shown in Figure 3.50.


Figure 3.50 Analysis Option Window

A general description for the data needed under each computation parameter is listed below.
o Maximum Iterations on Pile Group. This is the maximum number of iterations allowed for
the global behavior of the pile group. The default value is 100.
o Maximum Iterations on Individual Pile. This is the maximum number of iterations allowed
for each individual pile. The default value is 100.
o Tolerance on Equilibrium of Pile Group. This is the maximum tolerated relative error on pile
cap deflections computed by two consecutive iterations for the global pile group. The
default value is 0.0001.
o Tolerance on Pile Deflection. This is the maximum tolerated difference on pile deflections
computed by two consecutive iterations for individual piles. The default value is 0.0001 in
(2.54 x 10
-6
m).
o Initial Step Increment. This value is helpful if the program is not able to reach convergence
by applying the total load. The user may use this value to apply the load in steps. At each
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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-50

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

step the program will apply an increment of load equal to this value times the total load.
The default value is 1.
o Minimum Step Increment. This value is helpful if the program is not reach to get
convergence by applying the total load. If the program does not reach convergence, the
program will try to use a load increment factor equal to half of the current load increment
factor. If the new increment factor is smaller than this value, the program will stop the
analysis for the current load case. The default value is 1.


Click on the Set AS Default Values button to override the default values by the ones defined in the
current load case. The program will assign the default values for the definition of new load cases or
combinations.
Save As Default Values Button



Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the Loading Definition window.
Close Button











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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-51

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


3.3.6.5 Distributed Lateral Loads Window

In this window the user may enter the distributed lateral loads along the piles. A sample of this
window is shown in Figure 3.51.


Figure 3.51 Distributed Lateral Loads Window

The maximum number of rows for distributed loads definition is limited to 100.
Distributed Lateral Loads on Piles
The following buttons may be available based in the number of load cases:
Add Row. Add a new row at the end of the list.
Insert Row. Add a new row below the current row.
Delete Row. Delete the current row.

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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-52

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


For each row the following columns are available:
Direction. Select the direction in which the distributed load will be applied. The user can select
along the local (y and/or z) or global (Y and/or Z) axes . This option is useful when considering
batter piles since the global and local axes are different.
Pile. Enter the pile number to which the distributed load will be applied.
End. For a set of piles, enter the highest pile number to which the distributed load will be
applied. For a single pile enter zero in this column.
Incr. For a set of piles, enter the increment on pile number to get the intermediate pile
numbers on the set. For a single pile enter zero in this column.
Set Y. Enter the set number of the distributed lateral load to be applied in the Y direction
(either local or global).
Factor Y. Enter the factor to be applied at the distributed lateral load applied in the Y direction
(either local or global).
Set Z. Enter the set number of the distributed lateral load to be applied in the Z direction (either
local or global). Available for 3D analysis.
Factor Z. Enter the factor to be applied at the distributed lateral load applied in the Z direction
(either local or global). Available for 3D analysis.

The analysis of distributed loading on the Global axes is decomposed into the local axes, as
shown in
Axial Component
Figure 3.52. The distributed load in the axial direction (local axes x) is integrated and
considered as a concentrated force acting at the pile head. Select the option Include Axial Component
to consider the axial component of global loading into the analysis; otherwise, the axial component will
not be included in the analysis.

Click on the Set of Distributed Lateral Loads button in the Set of Distributed Lateral Loads
window to define the distributed lateral loads along the pile.
Set of Distributed Lateral Loads in Piles

Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the Loading Definition window.
Close Button

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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-53

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


a) Distributed Load along global axes Y

b) Equivalent load considering distributed loads along local axes y and local axes x

c) Equivalent load considering distributed load along local axes y and concentrated load at top of pile
along local axes x (axial)
Figure 3.52 Equivalent distributed load in global and local axes
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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-54

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


3.3.6.6 Foundation Stiffness Options Window

In this window the user may enter parameters for estimating the flexibility matrix and/or the
stiffness matrix of the pile group system. A sample of this window is shown in Figure 3.53.


Figure 3.53 Foundation Stiffness Options Window





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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-55

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

The following options are available in this window:
Foundation Stiffness Options
Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness. If this option is checked, the program will compute the
Flexibility Matrix for different levels of loads. See Figure 3.54 , Figure 3.55, and Figure 3.56 for
estimation of The Flexibility Matrix in the two dimensional case.
Number of Points. Enter the number of points used to compute the data for Foundation
Stiffness. The minimum number of points is 1 and the maximum number of points is 10. The
table for Factors of Loading will change according to the number of points defined.
Factors of Loading. Enter the factors of loading at which the data for Foundation Stiffness will
be generated. The factors will be applied to the concentrated loads at the pile cap. No
distributed loads on piles will be included in order to estimate the Foundation Stiffness.
Default Values. Click on this option to use the loading factors assigned by default.
Compute Foundation Stiffness. If this option is checked, the program will compute the
Foundation Stiffness Matrix, based on the Flexibility Matrix estimated, for the different levels of
loads. The Stiffness Matrix is defined as the inverse of the Flexibility Matrix.
Consider Only Diagonal Terms. If this option is checked, the program will compute the
Foundation Stiffness Matrix neglecting the out of diagonal terms. See Figure 3.61.



Figure 3.54 Flexibility Matrix Components due to a force in X direction (2D case)
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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-56

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 3.55 Flexibility Matrix Components due to a force in Y direction (2D case)



Figure 3.56 Flexibility Matrix Components due to a moment in Z direction (2D case)
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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-57

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

=
33 32 31
23 22 21
13 12 11
] [
S S S
S S S
S S S
S

=
RZ RZ Y RZ X RZ
RZ Y Y Y X Y
RZ X Y X X X
S S S
S S S
S S S
S] [

Figure 3.57 Flexibility Matrix for a two-dimensional model

=
66 65 64 63 62 61
56 55 54 53 52 51
46 45 44 43 42 41
36 35 34 33 32 31
26 25 24 23 22 21
16 15 14 13 12 11
] [
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S

=
RZ RZ RZ RZ RX RZ Z RZ Y RZ X RZ
RZ RY RY RY RX RY Z RY Y RY X RY
RZ RX RY RX RX RX Z RX Y RX X RX
RZ Z RY Z RX Z Z Z Y Z X Z
RZ Y RY Y RX Y Z Y Y Y X Y
RZ X RY X RX X Z X Y X X X
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S S S S S S
S] [

Figure 3.58 Flexibility Matrix for a three-dimensional model
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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-58

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

=
33 32 31
23 22 21
13 12 11
] [
K K K
K K K
K K K
K

=
RZ RZ Y RZ X RZ
RZ Y Y Y X Y
RZ X Y X X X
K K K
K K K
K K K
K] [

Figure 3.59 Stiffness Matrix for a two-dimensional model

=
66 65 64 63 62 61
56 55 54 53 52 51
46 45 44 43 42 41
36 35 34 33 32 31
26 25 24 23 22 21
16 15 14 13 12 11
] [
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K

=
RZ RZ RZ RZ RX RZ Z RZ Y RZ X RZ
RZ RY RY RY RX RY Z RY Y RY X RY
RZ RX RY RX RX RX Z RX Y RX X RX
RZ Z RY Z RX Z Z Z Y Z X Z
RZ Y RY Y RX Y Z Y Y Y X Y
RZ X RY X RX X Z X Y X X X
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K K K K K K
K] [

Figure 3.60 Stiffness Matrix for a three-dimensional model
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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-59

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

=
66
55
44
33
22
11
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
] [
S
S
S
S
S
S
S


1
] [ ] [

= S K

=
66
55
44
33
22
11
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
0 0 0 0 0
] [
K
K
K
K
K
K
K

Figure 3.61 Stiffness Matrix considering only diagonal terms for a three-dimensional model

Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the Loading Definition window.
Close Button



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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-60

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

3.3.6.7 Load Combinations Window

In this window the load combinations definition is carried out. A sample of this window is
shown in Figure 3.62


Figure 3.62 Load Combinations Window

The maximum number of load combinations is limited to 100
Load Combinations Definition
The following buttons may be available based on the number of load combinations:
Add Load Comb.. Add a new row at the end of the list.
Insert Load Comb. Add a new row below the current row.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

Delete Load Comb. Delete the current row.
For each load combination (row) the following columns are available:
Load Comb. Click on the Edit Load Comb button to open the Edit Load Combination window
for definition of load combinations factors and analysis options.
Load Comb Name. In the second column enter the name of the load combination being
defined.
If two or more load cases are defined the program can compute the load combination envelopes
(maximum and minimum effects). Check the Calculate Load Combinations Envelopes option to
calculate the envelopes. Also, select the option for output of the calculated envelopes.
Only at pile cap. Print the equivalent load and displacements of the pile cap at the origin.
At pile cap and at pile heads. Print the equivalent load and displacements of the pile cap at the
origin. Also, for each pile print the pile top displacement and reactions in both pile coordinate
system (local axes) and global coordinate system (global axes).
Pile cap, pile heads and along piles. Print the equivalent load and displacements of the pile cap
at the origin. Also, for each pile, print the pile top displacement and reactions in both pile
coordinate system (local axes) and global coordinate system (global axes). In addition, for each
pile, print deflection, moment, shear, soil reaction, stress and rigidity along the pile. If this
option is selected the user may define the increment in nodes to print the response along the
piles.

The following options are available:
Get Load Factors from a LRFD File
File Name. Enter the file name (extension .LRFD) which includes the factors for load and
resistance.
Browse. Click this button to navigate and select the file which includes the factors for load and
resistance. If a file is selected, the file name entry will show the respective name of the file.
Read Factors from File and Generate Load Combinations. Click this button to read the factors
from the LRFD file and generate the load combinations. Load combinations will be generated
based on the load factors read and the load case type.
View/Edit File. Click this button to view and/or edit the LRFD file using the default word-
processor. See Figure 3.63.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 3.63 Sample of a LRFD File

The following options are available:
Save Load Factors to a LRFD File
Generate LRFD File from Load Combinations. Click this button to generate an LRFD file based
on the load combinations defined. The Save As window dialog will appear to save the file to a
folder. Search for the folder and provide the name to save the file. If a file with the same name
already exists, a confirmation message indicating so will appear. By clicking OK in the
confirmation window the input data file under the existing file name will be replaced with the
current data.
Top Comment. Enter the comment to be included in the first line of the generated LRFD file.

Click on the Close button, to close the window and go back to the Loading Definition window.
Close Button



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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-63

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

3.3.6.8 Edit Load Combination Window

In this window the definition of each load combination is carried out. The load combination
number and name are displayed at the top of the window. A sample of this window is shown in Figure
3.64





Figure 3.64 Edit Load Combination Window

The maximum number of rows to define the load combination is limited to 100
Load Combination Factors
The following buttons may be available based on the number of load cases:
Add Row. To add a new row for load combination definition at the end of the list.
Insert Row. To add a new row for load combination definition at the current row.
Delete Row. To delete the current row.
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

For each load combination (row) the following columns are available:
Load Case, Name. Select the Load Case to be part of the load combination.
Load Factor. Enter the load factor associated to the load case.
Use to compute the demand capacity ratio on the load combinations:
Resistance Factors
Bending Moment. Enter the resistance factor to be applied at the bending moment capacity.
Shear. Enter the resistance factor to be applied at the shear capacity.
Select type of Loading and enter the Number of Cycles if Cyclic Loading is selected. The type of
loading is very important to take into account when analyzing piles under lateral loading. Further
reference about the "Influence of Nature of Loading" is included in the Chapter "Soil Response Under
Natural Loading" of the Technical Manual.
Type of Loading
Cyclic loading is primarily used for storm, wave, or wind types of loading. The main effect from cyclic
loading is to reduce the soil resistance based on the soil criteria for cyclic p- curves, as described in the
Technical Manual.
Click on the Edit Analysis Options button to open the Analysis Options window for the
definition of convergence parameters for the analysis. The Analysis Option window is described under
item
Analysis Options
3.3.6.4 Analysis Options Window
Select the option for output of the results for the current load case.
Print Results Options
Only at pile cap. Print the equivalent load at origin and displacements of the pile cap at the
origin.
At pile cap and at pile heads. Print the equivalent load at origin and displacements of the pile
cap at the origin. Also, for each pile, print the pile top displacement and reactions in both pile
coordinate system (local axes) and global coordinate system (global axes).
Pile cap, pile heads and along piles. Print the equivalent load at origin and displacements of the
pile cap at the origin. Also, for each pile, print the pile top displacement and reactions in both
pile coordinate system (local axes) and global coordinate system (global axes). In addition, for
each pile, print deflection, moment, shear, soil reaction, stress and rigidity along the pile. If this
option is selected the user may define the increment in nodes to print the response along the
piles.

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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-65

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

The option is helpful for when there are load combinations that have few differences. So, the
user may copy one into another and do the required changes as needed.
Copy Load Combination
Select the load combination that is going to be the source (already defined), and then click on
the Copy button to proceed with copying all the load combination data to the current combination.
This option is available if at least two load combinations have been defined.
Click on the Close button, to close the window and go back to the Load Combination window.
Close Button

3.3.7 Data - Pile-Cap Options

This submenu option is used to input the pile-cap dimensions. It is also used to check the option
for embedment of the pile-cap.


Figure 3.65 Pile-Cap Options Window
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Check on the Pile-Cap Embedded option only if the user intends to take into account the
passive-earth resistance of the soil existing in front of the pile cap. If the pile cap is not embedded into a
permanent-soil stratum, or if the user does not want to include the passive-earth pressure because of
erosion or other consideration, this option should not be checked.
When using embedded pile caps, GROUP automatically modifies the internally generated p-y
curves according to the soil overburden pressure. The GROUP program cannot use a user-input p-y
curve to account for the passive resistance against embedded pile caps. Note that the additional axial
loading on top of the pile cap due to the weight of soil above is not computed by the GROUP program. If
necessary, users must complete and add this load to their axial compression loads on top of the pile cap.
For embedded pile caps, the GROUP program requires that the top soil layer extend from
ground line to the bottom of the pile cap or further below (but not above). This is necessary in order to
properly evaluate the possibility of wedge failure in the top surfaces. In 3-D analyses the length
dimension of an embedded pile cap corresponds to the Y-direction. The width dimension thus
corresponds to the Z-direction.
A description of the method of computation for the passive-earth pressure is presented in
Chapter 8 of the Technical Manual.
The Program will use the dimensions for the tridimensional representation of the model. If the
user does not include these values, the program will assume those dimensions based on the pile group
configuration

3.3.8 Data - Soil Layers

This submenu allows the user to specify the different types of soil to be used for the automatic
generation of soil resistance (p-y) curves and/or axial load-displacement curves and/or torque-rotation
curves. GROUP 8.0 will automatically generate the noted curves under default conditions. This
submenu option is not needed if the user specifies external curves for soil-resistance, load-displacement
and torque-rotation curves.

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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-67

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 3.66 Soil Layers Window

The following buttons may be available based on the number of piles:
Add Row. To add a new row for soil layer definition at the end of the list.
Insert Row. To add a new row for soil layer definition at the current row.
Delete Row. To delete the current row.

For each soil layer (row) the following columns are available:
Layer. Sequential numbering automatically provided by the program for each soil layer. The
maximum number of soil layers is limited to 20.
Soil Type. There are 11 internal types of soil that the user can specify through the drop-down menu.
Please refer to Chapter 4 of the Technical Manual for a general review of the theory of p-y curves in
different types of soil. A review of load-displacement curves for different types of soil can be
founded in Chapter 5 of the Technical Manual. The following table lists the types of soil as well as
the data input required for each particular soil.
Top. Values for the top of the soil layer are entered according to the global origin of coordinates of
the pile group. The origin of global coordinates is at the point of application of group loads, usually
at the top of the pile cap. A positive value indicates a distance measured downward from the top of
the pile cap. A negative value usually indicates a distance measured above the top of the pile cap
(only used for permanently embedded pile caps).
Bottom. Values for the bottom of the soil layer are also entered according to the global origin of
coordinates of the pile group. The coordinate of the bottom of each layer should always be equal to
the coordinate of the top of the following layer.
Properties of Layer. Click this button to enter the soil information about the layer. The parameters
will depend on the soil type assigned.

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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-68

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Soil Type
Soil Parameters (UNITS)
Effective
Unit
Weight
Undrained
Cohesion,
c
Strain
at 50%
stress,

50

Friction
angle,
p-y
modulus,
k
Uniaxial
Comp.
Strength
Young
Modulus,
Er
k
rm
RQD
Ultimate
Unit Site
Friction
Ultimate
Unit Tip
Resistance
(F/L
3
) (F/L
2
) (L/L) (DEG) (F/L
3
) (F/L
2
) (F/L
2
) (L/L) (%) (F/L
2
) (F/L
2
)
Submerged
Soft Clay

Stiff Clay
with Free
Water

Stiff Clay
without
Free Water


Sand


User
Defined
p-y curves

Vuggy
Limestone


Silt



API Sand



Weak Rock


Stiff Clay
without
Free Water
using initial
k

Liquefiable
Sand


Figure 3.67 Parameters needed per soil type

Description of the soil parameters as follows:
Unit Weight. Values of effective unit weight for each soil depth are entered in standard units of
force per unit volume. The program will linearly interpolate for values between two consecutive
soil depths.
Undrained Cohesion. Values of undrained cohesion (undrained shear strength), for clays and
silts at each depth are entered in standard units of force per unit area. The undrained shear
strength is generally taken as half of the unconfined compressive strengths.
Strain at 50% Stress. Values of strain at 50% of the maximum stress
50
for clays at each soil
depth are entered in standard units of strain. Table 3.5 provides values of
50
for clays and
Table 3.6 provides values for stiff clays.
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CHAPTER 3 References for Data Input 3-69

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Consistency of Clay


Soft 0.020
Medium 0.010
Stiff 0.005

Table 3.5 Values of
50
for Clays

Average Undrained
Shear Strength (kPa)


50-100 0.007
100-200 0.005
300-400 0.004

Table 3.6 Values of
50
for Stiff Clays

Friction Angle. Values of the angle of internal friction, , for sands and/or silts at each soil depth
are entered in degrees.
p-y Modulus, k. This is the value for the constant used in the equation

= . This constant
is in units of force per cubic length and depends on the type of soil and lateral loading imposed
on the pile group. It has two different uses: 1) to define the initial (maximum) value of

on
internally generated p-y curves of submerged stiff clays and/or sands; and ii) to initialize the


array for the first iteration of pile analysis. Suggested values of the parameter for sands are
given in Table 3.7. Suggested values for the parameter used for clays are given in Table 3.8.


Relative Density Loose Medium Dense
Submerged Sand 20 lb/in
3

5,430 kN/m
3

60 lb/in
3

16,300 kN/m
3

125 lb/in
3

33,900 kN/m
3

Sand Above WT 25 lb/in
3

6,790 kN/m
3

90 lb/in
3

24,430 kN/m
3

225 lb/in
3

61,000 kN/m
3


Table 3.7 Soil-Modulus Parameter k for Sands



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Clay Type Avg. Undrained
Shear Strength (

)
Static Cyclic
Soft 1.74 3.47 psi
250 500 psf
12 24 kPa
30 pci

8,140 kPa/m

Medium 3.47 6.94 psi
500 1000 psf
24 48 kPa
100 pci

27,150 kPa/m

Stiff 6.94 13.9 psi
1000 2000 psf
48 96 kPa
500 pci

136,000 kPa/m
200 pci

54,300 kPa/m
Very Stiff 13.9 27.8 psi
2000 4000 psf
96 192 kPa
1000 pci

271,000 kPa/m
400 pci

108,500 kPa/m
Hard 27.8 55.6 psi
4000 8000 psf
192 383 kPa
2000 pci

543,000 kPa/m
800 pci

217,000 kPa/m

Table 3.8 Soil Modulus Parameter k for Clays

Uniaxial Comp. Strength. This value is the unconfined compressive strength of rock at the
specified depth. Values at elevations between the top and bottom elevations will be
determined by linear interpolation
Youngs Modulus,

. The mass modulus for weak rock should be entered for this value. This
value may be measured in the field using an appropriate test or may be obtained from the
product of the modulus reduction ratio and Young's modulus measured on intact rock
specimens in the laboratory.

. This parameter typically ranges between 0.0005 and 0.00005. This value is requested for
weak rock.
. This the Rock Quality Designation Value for weak Rock. The secondary structure of the
weak rock is described using the Rock Quality Designation (RQD). Enter the value of RQD in
percent for the weak rock
Ultimate unit side friction. Values of maximum unit side friction are the maximum values of unit
side resistance to axial loads, f
max
. These values are used by the program in order to generate
t-z curves internally. These values are ignored and should be left as zero if the user prefers to
enter specific load-displacement curves. Values of maximum unit side friction should be
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entered in units of force per unit area. The user can also ask the program to compute an
estimate value of tip resistance if zero is entered
Ultimate unit tip resistance. Values of maximum unit tip resistance are the maximum values
which can be developed for end bearing. These values are used by the program in order to
generate q-w curves internally. These values are ignored and should be left as zero if the user
prefers to enter specific load-displacement curves. Values of maximum tip resistance should be
entered in units of force per unit area. The user can also ask the program to compute an
estimate value of tip resistance if zero is entered.


3.3.9 Data - Set of Soil Resistance (p-y) Curves

This submenu option allows the user to enter specific relationships of soil resistance (p) and
lateral movement of the pile (y) for specified depths of each pile subgroup. This submenu option is
inactive under normal conditions, because the program defaults to automatic generation of soil-
resistance (p-y) curves. However, sometimes the user may prefer to enter specific p-y curves. These
cases usually arise when local data for the soil response are available. The GROUP program cannot use a
user-inputted p-y curve to calculate resistances against embedded pile caps.
To activate this submenu option, the user must check Enter User-Defined Soil-Resistance (p-y)
Curves under the Options menu.

Figure 3.68 Set of Soil-Resistance Window

This window allows the user to manage the sets of soil-resistance curves. The user is allowed a
maximum of fifty sets. Clicking on the Soil Resistance Set button in the Edit column allows the user to
manage the curves within the set.


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Figure 3.69 Soil-Resistance Set Window
Here the user should specify the depth of the soil resistance curves, each of which should
represent the distance from the top of the pile to the depth where the p-y curve is being specified.
Inputted p-y curves are linearly interpolated between two consecutive values of depth. The maximum
number of depths in each soil-resistance set curve is limited to 20. Clicking on the Soil Resistance Curve
button in the next column allows the user to edit the individual curve. The other curve sets (Axial Load-
Displacement, Torque-Rotation, Distributed Lateral Loads, Nonlinear EI) are managed similarly.

Figure 3.70 Soil-Resistance Curve Window
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The following buttons may be available based on the number of piles:
Add Row. To add a new row for definition of a p-y point at the end of the list.
Insert Row. To add a new row for definition of a p-y point at the current row.
Delete Row. To delete the current row.

For each p-y point (row) the following columns are available:

Point. This is a sequential number that is provided to each point of the soil-resistance curve
being defined. This number is automatically provided by the program as new rows are added.
The maximum number of points in each soil-resistance (p-y) curve is limited to 25. This column
is also found in the other curve sets.
Soil Resistance, p. Values of load transfer must be inputted in units of load per unit length. For
reference, a review of the theory of Soil Response for Lateral Loading is included in Chapter 4
of the Technical Manual.
Deflection, y. Values of lateral movement must be inputted in units of length. For reference, a
review of the theory of Soil Response for Lateral Loading is included in Chapter 4 of the
Technical Manual.

As the user enters the values, the curve will be displayed in the graph at the top of the window.
If the chart is not updated since the last change, the user may need to move the cursor to
another window to trigger window redraw.

The program also allows copying the entire curve from a text file or from the clipboard
(memory).
To copy the curve points from a file:
Click on Browse button to find the file with the information about the curve. After selecting the
file, the file name (including path) should appear in the File Name field.
To review or edit the file click on the View/Edit File button. The text file will be open using the
notepad editor.
To copy the curve click on the Read Values from File. If the copy is successful the p-y points will
be populated based on the input data read and the chart will be updated.

To copy the curve points from the clipboard:
Copy the curve points to the clipboard using a text editor or the original program. The
information has to be in text format.
Click on the Paste values from Clipboard (text) button to proceed with the copy. If the copy is
successful, the p-y points will be populated based on the input data read and the chart will be
updated.

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3.3.10 Data - Sets of Axial Load-Displacement Curves

This submenu option allows the user to enter specific relationships of axial load versus
displacement for the pile head of each pile subgroup. This submenu option is inactive under normal
conditions, because the program defaults to automatic generation of load-displacement curves.
However, sometimes the user may prefer to enter curves for axial load versus displacement at the pile
head. These cases usually arise when data from loading tests are available.
To activate this submenu option, the user must check Enter User-Defined Load-Displacement
Curves under the Options menu.


Figure 3.71 Set of Axial Load vs. Displacement Window

This window allows the user to manage the sets of axial load-displacement curves. The user is
allowed a maximum of fifty sets. Clicking on the Load-Displacement Curve button allows the user to
edit the individual curve. The other curve sets (Soil Resistance, Torque-Rotation, Distributed Lateral
Loads, Nonlinear EI) are managed similarly.
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Figure 3.72 Axial Load-Displacement Curve Window

The Axial Load-Displacement Curve window is very similar to the Soil Resistance Curve window, so
refer to the description of the Soil Resistance Window for operations. Specific features for this window
are explained below:
For each axial load-displacement point (row) the following columns are available:

Point. This is a sequential number that is provided to each point of the axial load-displacement
curve being defined. This number is automatically provided by the program as new rows are
added. The maximum number of points in each axial load-displacement curve is limited to 25.
Axial Load. Values of axial load are entered in units of force with the positive direction being
downwards (using the same sign convention as for the pile-group loads). For reference, a
review of the theory of Soil Response for Axial Loading is included in Chapter 5 of the
Technical Manual.
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Pile-Top Displacement. Values of displacement at pile top are entered in units of length with
downward movements as positive. For reference, a review of the theory of Soil Response for
Axial Loading is included in Chapter 5 of the Technical Manual.

3.3.11 Data - Sets of Torque-Rotation Curves

This submenu option allows the user to enter specific relationships of torsional load versus
rotation for the pile head of each pile for 3-dimensional models only. This submenu option is inactive
under normal conditions, because the program defaults to automatic generation of torque-rotation
curves. However, sometimes the user may prefer to enter curves for torque versus rotation at the pile
head.
To activate this submenu option, the user must check Enter User-Defined Torque-Rotation
Curves under the Options menu.



Figure 3.73 Set of Torque vs. Rotation Window

This window allows the user to manage the sets of torque-rotation curves. The user is allowed a
maximum of fifty sets. Clicking on the Torque-Rotation Curve button allows the user to edit the
individual curve. The other curve sets (Soil Resistance, Axial Load-Displacement , Distributed Lateral
Loads, Nonlinear EI) are managed similarly.

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Figure 3.74 Torque-Rotation Curve Window

The Torque-Rotation Curve window is very similar to the Soil Resistance Curve window, so refer to the
description of the Soil Resistance Window for operations. Specific features for this window are
explained below:
For each torque-rotation point (row) the following columns are available:

Point. This is a sequential number that is provided to each point of the torque-rotation curve
being defined. This number is automatically provided by the program as new rows are added.
The maximum number of points in each torque-rotation curve is limited to 25.
Pile Top Torque. Values of torque are entered in units of force times length. For reference, a
review of the theory of Isolated Piles Subjected to Torque is included in Chapter 3 of the
Technical Manual.
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Rotation: Values of rotation at pile top are entered in units of radians. For reference, a review
of the theory of Isolated Piles Subjected to Torque is included in Chapter 3 of the Technical
Manual.

3.3.12 Data - Sets of Nonlinear EI

This submenu option allows the user to enter nonlinear moment-curvature data for specified
pile sections. This submenu option is inactive under normal conditions. However, sometimes the user
may want to enter nonlinear moment curvature data.
To activate this submenu option, the user must check Nonlinear EI under the Options menu.

Figure 3.75 Set of Nonlinear EI Window

This window allows the user to manage the sets of nonlinear moment curvature curves. The
user is allowed a maximum of fifty sets. Clicking on the Sets of Moment Curvature button in the Edit
column allows the user to manage the curves within the set.



Figure 3.76 Moment Curvature Set Window

Here the user should specify the axial load of the moment curvature curve. Inputted moment
curvature curves are linearly interpolated between two consecutive values of axial load. The maximum
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number of axial loads in each moment curvature set curve is limited to 20. Clicking on the Moment
Curvature Data button in the next column allows the user to edit the individual curve. The other curve
sets (Soil Resistance, Axial Load-Displacement, Torque-Rotation, Distributed Lateral Loads) are managed
similarly.



Figure 3.77 Moment Curvature Data Window

The Moment Curvature Data window is very similar to the Soil Resistance Curve window, so refer to the
description of the Soil Resistance Window for operations. Specific features for this window are
explained below:
For each moment curvature point (row) the following columns are available:

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Point. This is a sequential number that is provided to each point of the moment curvature data
being defined. This number is automatically provided by the program as new rows are added.
The maximum number of points in each moment curvature curve is limited to 25.
Moment. Values of bending moment are entered in units of force times length.
Curvature. Values of curvature are entered in units of radians per length.

3.3.13 Data - Sets of Distributed Loads

This submenu option allows the user to enter distributed loads along the piles to be used for
both 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional models. This submenu option is active. This window can be
accessed also from the Distributed Lateral Load window


Figure 3.78 Set of Distributed Lateral Loads Window

This window allows the user to manage the sets of distributed lateral loads. The user is allowed
a maximum of two thousand sets. Clicking on the Distributed Loads button allows the user to edit the
individual distributed load. The other curve sets (Soil Resistance, Axial Load-Displacement , Torque-
Rotation, Nonlinear EI) are managed similarly.


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Figure 3.79 Distributed Load Window

The Distributed Load window is very similar to the Soil Resistance Curve window, so refer to the
description of the Soil Resistance Window for operations. Specific features for this window are
explained below:
For each distributed load point (row) the following columns are available:

Point. This is a sequential number that is provided to each point of the distributed load data
being defined. This number is automatically provided by the program as new rows are added.
The maximum number of points in each distributed load set is limited to 25.
Depth. Values of depths are entered in units of length. Each depth should represent the
distance from the top of the pile to the depth where the load is being specified.
Load per Unit Depth. Values of distributed load per unit depth are entered in units of force per
unit length.



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3.3.14 Data- Sets of Data to Print p-y Curves

This submenu option allows the user to enter information for printing the internally generated
p-y curves. This submenu option is inactive under normal conditions.
Only internally generated p-y curves may be printed by the program. Printed p-y curves are
calculated expressly for the specified depths only for verification purposes. The number of depths that
the user selects has no effects on the accuracy of the results because the p-y curves are calculated at
each pile increment for internal computations.
In the output data file and graphics, the labels of depths of p-y curves are printed as depths
below ground line. These labels will thus be different than requested depths of printout when the
ground line is not at the same level as the origin of the global coordinate system.
If the user selects Pile-Cap Embedded under Pile Cap Options and also request to print an
internally generated p-y curve within the height of the pile cap, then two different p-y curves will be
printed: one corresponding to the p-y curve for the pile cap and the other corresponding to the p-y
curve for the specified pile subgroup. The difference can easily be identified in the pile diameters. In
addition, the p-y curve corresponding to the pile cap will usually be a stiffer curve.

To activate this submenu option, the user must check Print p-y Curves under the Options menu.


Figure 3.80 Printing Depths for p-y Curves Window

The following buttons may be available based on the number of desired p-y curves to print:
Add Row. To add a new row for definition of a p-y print at the end of the list.
Insert Row. To add a new row for definition of a p-y print at the current row.
Delete Row. To delete the current row.

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For each p-y print (row) the following columns are available:

Number. This is a sequential number that is provided to each point of a p-y print being defined.
This number is automatically provided by the program as new rows are added. The maximum
number of p-y curves to print is limited to 50.
Pile Group Number. Enter the number of the pile group associated with the p-y curve to print.
Depth Below Origin. Values of depth must be inputted in units of length. Values for depth
should be entered according to the global coordinate system. Values may be positive if
downward from the origin or negative for soils above the pile cap.
Displacement Sets. Click on the Displacements for Printing p-y curves button to enter the
values of displacements at which the p-y curves are desired. GROUP will use default values if no
displacements are entered.


Figure 3.81 Displacements for p-y Curves Window

The following buttons may be available based on the number of displacements desired to print:
Add Row. To add a new row for definition of a displacement at the end of the list.
Insert Row. To add a new row for definition of a displacement at the current row.
Delete Row. To delete the current row.

For each displacement (row) the following columns are available:

Number. This is a sequential number that is provided to each displacement being defined. This
number is automatically provided by the program as new rows are added. The maximum
number of displacements to print is limited to 25.
Displacements. Values of displacements must be inputted in units of length.



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3.4 Edit Menu (Creating Pile Coordinates Using Graphics Tools)

To activate the options under the Edit menu, the 3D View window must be open.
.
Figure 3.82 Edit Menu with 3D View Active

3.4.1 Edit - Select piles

Activate the Select Mode by clicking on Select Mode in the Edit menu. Note that the Select
Mode option is checked. Also the select mode can be activated by clicking on the Select Mode tool
button.

Then, left click the desired pile to select it, and the selected pile will be shown in red. The status
bar (at the bottom of the screen) will indicate the number of selected piles, enumerating them.

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Figure 3.83 Selection by clicking

Selection can also be made using a box, by left clicking and dragging the mouse. Again, the
selected piles will be shown in red.

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Figure 3.84 Selection using a box

To add piles to the selection, hold the Shift or Ctrl keys while selecting the new piles. To remove
piles from the selection, press the Ctrl key and click on the pile(s) you wish to deselect.

To deactivate the Select Mode, click on Select Mode in the Edit menu. Note that the Select
Mode option is not checked








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3.4.2 Edit -Add Pile

Select the Add Pile item from the Edit menu or click the Add Pile tool button. Then the New
Pile window will appear. The window will vary between 2D and 3D models.



Figure 3.85 New Pile Window. 2D Model


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Figure 3.86 New Pile Window. 3D Model

Fill in the necessary information and click the OK button to save and close the window, or click
the Save and Add New Pile button to save the information and return to the same window to add an
additional pile, or click the Cancel button to cancel the process and close the window. Refer to Data -
Pile Group Properties and Data - Pile Head Coordinates for a description of the different input
parameters.


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3.4.3 Edit - Pile Layout

Select the Pile Layout item from the Edit menu or click the Pile Layout tool button. The Pile
Layout window will appear (this window is similar to the New Pile window). In this window the user
may change the input parameters.

The Pile Layout window will vary slightly whether there are some piles selected or not

If no piles are selected the window will show up the input parameters of the current pile
(starting with pile number 1). The user may navigate throughout the different piles using the Previous
and Next buttons displayed at the bottom of the window. Also the user may jump to a pile number by
selecting the Pile Number at the Select Pile Number pull-down menu and then clicking the Go button.
The current pile will be highlighted in the 3D View window with green color.



Figure 3.87 Pile Layout Window. No piles Selected
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If piles are selected the window will show up the input information of the selected piles (which
are highlighted in the 3D View window in red color). In this window the input parameters that are
similar to all the selected piles are displayed in white background, while the input parameters that are
not the same for all the selected piles are shown in gray background. Any change in the input
parameters will be assigned for all the piles selected.
.




Figure 3.88 Pile Layout Window. Piles Selected



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3.4.4 Edit - Copy Piles

Please note that this option is only enabled after a selection has been performed. Copy the
selected piles to the buffer by choosing Copy from the Edit menu or by clicking the Copy Pile tool
button.

3.4.5 Edit - Paste Pile

Please note that this option is enabled after copying has been performed. Paste the selected
piles, by choosing Paste from the Edit menu or by clicking the Paste Pile tool button. The Paste Options
window will then appear.
By default, the Absolute Coordinates option is selected. The reference point is the pile head
position of the first selected pile. The program will estimate the increment by the difference between
the target and the reference point




Figure 3.89 Paste Options Window. Absolute Coordinates

If the Relative Coordinates option is selected, then the user must provide the coordinate
increment.
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Figure 3.90 Paste Options Window. Relative Coordinates

Fill in the necessary fields and click OK to finish the copying and pasting process, or click Cancel to
cancel the process.

3.4.6 Edit - Paste Array

Please note that this option is enabled after the copying process has been performed. Paste
using an array of the selected piles, by selecting Paste Array from the Edit menu, or by clicking the Paste
Array tool button. The Paste Array Options window will then appear.

Fill in the necessary fields and click OK to finish the copying and pasting process, or click
Cancel to cancel the process.

Two paste array schemes are available. Rectangular array and Polar Array

For the rectangular array, the space increment in X, Y and Z directions and the number of rows to be
copied in X, Y and Z directions are required


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Figure 3.91 Paste Array Options Window. Rectangular array



Figure 3.92 Pile layout after paste using rectangular array
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For the polar array, the center of generation point (X, Y and Z), the number of lines to be generated, and
the angle increment are required


Figure 3.93 Paste Array Options Window. Polar array


Figure 3.94 Pile layout after paste using polar array

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3.4.7 Edit - Delete Piles

Please note that this option is enabled after a selection has been performed. Delete piles by
choosing Delete Pile(s) under the Edit menu, or by clicking the Delete Pile tool button. Then, a window
for confirmation of the deletion will appear. Click OK to complete the deletion, or click Cancel to
cancel the deletion process.


Figure 3.95 Window for confirmation of deletion

Please note that pile numbering may be rearranged after deletion of piles.

3.5 Options Menu

This menu contains parameters that set preferences for the analytical run or problem
description. Three types of submenu choices are available. Those ending with three periods (...)
produce a sub-window for specification of further details. Those ending with a right arrow ( ) will
show a drop-down list of possible choices. Finally, the selection of any other submenu option produces
a check mark ( ) to indicate that it is active.

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Figure 3.96 Options contained in the Options Menu

3.5.1 Options - Units

This option provides the user with a choice of specifying input data in either English Units or
International Units (S.I. units).


Figure 3.97 Units Option

In general the following specific units of measurement will be used throughout the program:

Units Length Force
English (EN) inches (in) pounds (lbs)
International (SI) meters (m) kilonewtons (kN)
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Table 3.9 Unit systems

The user may change from one system of units to the other as many times as desired. The
program will automatically convert all the appropriate input that was already specified for the user
before the time of selection of a different system of units. Small conversion errors may appear if
multiple changes of units are performed. The user must always check that the input data have been
converted appropriately.

3.5.2 Options - Analysis Mode

GROUP allows the user to analyze the pile group either using 2-dimensional model or using 3-
dimensional model. The program will use 2-dimensional mode as the default conditions.


Figure 3.98 Analysis Mode Option

For the 2-dimensional model, the user enters only three load components (vertical load in the X-
direction, lateral load in the Y-direction and bending moment in the Z-direction (X-Y plane). A two
dimensional model is recommended for conditions where piles are arranged symmetrically in a pile
group. For the 3-dimensional analysis both loads and moments in the X, Y and Z directions can be
entered.
Some menu options and windows will change accordingly to the analysis mode selected.
When the user changes the Analysis Mode, the program will ask if the user wants to convert the
pile group layout to the corresponding new mode. For instance the following window appears while
changing from 3D Analysis to a 2D Analysis. By clicking "Yes", the pile layout will be converted; by
clicking "No", the pile configuration will be lost and by clicking "Cancel" the Mode change will be cancel.
It is recommended to check the converted model for accuracy.
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Figure 3.99 Message window to confirm conversion from 3D layout to a 2D layout


3.5.3 Options - Enter User-Defined Soil-Resistance (p-y) Curves

This option will be unchecked under program default conditions. The check mark indicates that
the model may include User-Defined soil-resistance curves. If this option is check-marked the option
Sets of Soil-Resistance (p-y) Curves in the Data menu is activated. Extra information will also need to be
inputted in the Soil-Resistance (p-y) Curve Set column of the Pile Groups window under the Data menu.

3.5.4 Options - Enter User-Defined Load-Displacement Curves

This option will be unchecked under program default conditions. The check mark indicates that
the program will accept User-Defined load-displacement curves. If this option is check-marked the
option Sets of Axial Load-Displacement Curves in the Data menu is activated. Extra information will
also need to be inputted in the Axial Load-Settle. Curve Set column of the Pile Groups window under
the Data menu.



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3.5.5 Options - Enter User-Defined Torque-Rotation Curves

This option is enabled for a 3-dimensional model. This option will be unchecked under program
default conditions. The check mark indicates that the program will accept User-Defined torque-rotation
curves. If this option is check-marked the option Sets of Torque-Rotation Curves in the Data menu is
activated. Extra information will also need to be inputted in the Torque-Rotation Curve Set column of
the Pile Groups (3D) window under the Data menu.

3.5.6 Options - Nonlinear EI

This option will be unchecked under program default conditions. The check mark indicates that
the program will accept User-Defined moment-curvature data. If this option is check-marked the option
Sets of Nonlinear EI in the Data menu is activated. Extra information will also need to be inputted in the
Nonlinear EI Set column under the Pile Sections window under the Pile Properties window under the
Data menu.

3.5.7 Options - Reduction Factors for Lateral Loads

Under default conditions, group-reduction factors will not be considered for lateral loading.


Figure 3.100 Reduction Factors for Lateral Loads Option

The user is provided with the following options:
o Automatically Generate: Indicates that the program will automatically generate reduction
factors for piles in a closely-spaced group.
o Specify: Indicates that the user will directly specified the values of reduction factors for
lateral loads. Those values are specified in the P-Multiplier and Y-Multiplier columns of the
Pile Groups window under the Data menu.
o Ignore Effects: Indicates that the group effects of closely-spaced piles will be ignored.

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Information about these factors are included in Chapter 6 in the Technical Manual, Reduction
Factor for Soil Resistance in a Closely-Spaced Pile Group.

3.5.8 Options - Reduction Factors for Axial Loads

Under default conditions, reduction factors for axial loads will not be considered for axial
loading. This option should be selected if the user wishes to consider a reduction factor for axial
loading. The reduction factors for axial loads will be specified by the user in the Red. Factor Axial Load
column of the Pile Groups window under the Data menu.

Information about these factors are included in Chapter 7 in the Technical Manual, Reduction
Factors for Piles under Axial Loading in a Closely-Spaced Pile Group.

3.5.9 Options - Print p-y curves

If the user wishes to print p-y curves at selected depths for verification purposes, this option
must be checked. If this option is check-marked, the option Sets of Data to Print p-y curves under the
Data menu is activated.

3.5.10 Options - Default Control Options

By selecting this option the Default Control Options Window will appear.
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Figure 3.101 Default Control Options Window

A general description for the data needed under each computation parameter is listed below.
o Maximum Iterations on Pile Group. This is the maximum number of iterations allowed for
the global behavior of the pile group. The default value is 100.
o Maximum Iterations on Individual Pile. This is the maximum number of iterations allowed
for each individual pile. The default value is 100.
o Tolerance on Equilibrium of Pile Group. This is the maximum tolerated relative error on pile
cap deflections computed by two consecutive iterations for the global pile group. The
default value is 0.0001.
o Tolerance on Pile Deflection. This is the maximum tolerated difference on pile deflections
computed by two consecutive iterations for individual piles. The default value is 0.0001 in
(2.54 x 10
-6
m).
o Initial Step Increment. This value is helpful if the program is not able to reach convergence
by applying the total load. The user may use this value to apply the load in steps. At each
step the program will apply an increment of load equal to this value times the total load.
The default value is 1.
o Minimum Step Increment. This value is helpful if the program is not reach to get
convergence by applying the total load. If the program does not reach convergence, the
program will try to use a load increment factor equal to half of the current load increment
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factor. If the new increment factor is smaller than this value, the program will stop the
analysis for the current load case. The default value is 1.


Click on the Set Values for All Load Cases and Combinations button to copy the default parameter
values for all the load cases and combinations defined for the current model.
Set Values for All Load Cases and Combinations Button



Click on the Close button to close the window and go back to the Main window.
Close Button


3.5.11 Options - Text Editor Options

By selecting this option the Text Editor Options Window will appear.


Figure 3.102 Text Editor Options Window

In the prompt that appears, the user should enter the complete path and command line for
their preferred text editor or word processor. As a default, the command line c:\windows\notepad.exe
sets Microsoft Notepad as the default text editor. This text editor will be used to Edit Input Text,
Processor Run Notes, Output File, and Summary Text when called from the Computation menu.

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3.5.12 Options - Check for Updates as the Program Starts Text Editor Options

This option is used to instruct GROUP to check the ENSOFT website for updates to software
when GROUP is opened. An active internet connection is required.
If the option is check-marked the following will appear next time the program starts

Figure 3.103 Message window to confirm checking for updates on ENSOFT site

Clicking Yes opens the users default internet browser to an Ensoft webpage listing update
information specific to GROUP v8.0.


3.5.13 Options - Include Load Case/Comb Number on Graphs

This option is used to instruct GROUP to include the Load Case/Comb. Number at the bottom of
the displayed graphs.








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Figure 3.104 Effect of the Include Load Case/Comb Number on Graphs option.


3.6 View Menu

This menu is used to review, in proportional graphical form, the geometric shape and
configuration for the modeled pile group.


Figure 3.105 Options contained in the View Menu when 3D View is not active
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Figure 3.106 Options contained in the View Menu when 3D View is active




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3.6.1 View - Pile Top

This option provides a plan view of the group model, as observed from the top. This drawing
will include a rectangle for the perimeter of the pile cap if pile-cap dimensions are needed to consider
the passive earth-resistance of the soil existing in front of the pile cap.


Figure 3.107 Sample of Pile Top View














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3.6.2 View - 3D View

This option opens the 3D View window that provides a 3-dimensional view of the group model.


Figure 3.108 Sample of 3D View














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3.6.3 View - XY View (Front)

This option switch the viewing angle in a direction perpendicular to the XY plane (Front View).

Figure 3.109 XY View (Front)


3.6.4 View - XY View (Back)

This option switch the viewing angle in a direction perpendicular to the XY plane (Back View).

Figure 3.110 XY View (Back)
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3.6.5 View - XZ View (Right)

This option switch the viewing angle in a direction perpendicular to the XZ plane (Right View).

Figure 3.111 XZ View (Right)


3.6.6 View - XZ View (Left)

This option switch the viewing angle in a direction perpendicular to the XZ plane (Left View).

Figure 3.112 XZ View (Left)
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3.6.7 View - YZ View (Top)

This option switch the viewing angle in a direction perpendicular to the YZ plane (Top View).

Figure 3.113 YZ View (Top)


3.6.8 View - YZ View (Bottom)

This option switch the viewing angle in a direction perpendicular to the YZ plane (Bottom View).

Figure 3.114 YZ View (Bottom)
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3.6.9 View - XYZ View (Iso)

This option switch the viewing angle in to an isometric view (Iso View).

Figure 3.115 XYZ View (Iso)


3.6.10 View - Panning

This option set the mouse movement to a translation of the viewing reference point.

Figure 3.116 Panning in the 3D-View display
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3.6.11 View - Zooming

This option set the mouse movement to enlarge or reduce the model displayed.

Figure 3.117 Zooming in the 3D-View display

3.6.12 View - Zoom Window

This option allows to enlarge the current view based on the box traced by the mouse
movement.

Figure 3.118 Zoom by defining a window in the 3D-View display
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3.6.13 View - Rotating

This option set the mouse movement to a rotation of the viewing angle.

Figure 3.119 Rotating in the 3D View display


3.6.14 View - Rotation Values

This option allows the user to enter the rotation angles of the viewing angle.

Figure 3.120 Rotating in the 3D View by defining the rotation angles

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3.6.15 View - Zoom In

This option allows the user to enlarge the current view about 1.5 times.

Figure 3.121 Effect of the Zoom-in option


3.6.16 View - Zoom Out

This option allows the user to reduce the current view about 1.5 times.

Figure 3.122 Effect of the Zoom-out option
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3.6.17 View - Restart View

This option allows the user to reset all the panning, rotation and zooming performed and display
the model using a view angle perpendicular to the XY plane (Front View).

Figure 3.123 Effect of the Restart View option

3.6.18 View - Refresh View

This option allows the user to redraw the model. This option is useful to display the model after
some changes have been made. Changes may not be displayed automatically in the 3D View window.

Figure 3.124 Effect of the Refresh View option, after reducing pile length
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3.6.19 View - General Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the General Toolbar. The General Toolbar is
associated with the File Menu








Figure 3.125 General Toolbar



3.6.20 View - Data Input Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the Data Input Toolbar. The Data Input Toolbar
is associated with the Data Menu








Figure 3.126 Data Input Toolbar



New
File
New File
from
Template
Open
File
Save
File
Save
File
As ...
Save
Bitmap
(3D View)
Page
Setup
(3D View)
Print
(3D View)
Exit
Pile
Properties
Pile
Group
Properties
Pile Head
Coords.
Loading
Pile-Cap
Options
Title
Pile
Cross
Sections
Soil
Layers
Soil-Resis.
Curves
Sets

Torq-Rot.
Curves
Sets

Load-Dis.
Curves
Sets

NonLin.
EI Curves
Sets

Distribut.
Load Sets
Print p-y
Curves
Sets

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3.6.21 View - Edit Pile Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the Edit Pile Toolbar. The Edit Pile Toolbar is
associated with the Edit Menu








Figure 3.127 Edit Pile Toolbar



3.6.22 View - Options Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the Options Toolbar. The Options Toolbar is
associated with the Options Menu








Figure 3.128 Data Input Toolbar



English
Units
SI
Units
2D
Analysis
3D
Analysis
Select
Mode
Add
Pile
Pile
Layout
Delete
Pile
Copy
Piles
Paste
Piles
Paste
Array
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3.6.23 View - View Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the View Toolbar. The View Toolbar is available
if the 3D View window is active and it is associated with the View Options in the Options Menu.








Figure 3.129 View Toolbar




3.6.24 View - Transform Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the Transform Toolbar. The Transform Toolbar is
available if the 3D View window is active and it is associated with the Transform Options in the Options
Menu.








Figure 3.130 View Toolbar

XY
View
(Front)
XY
View
(Back)
XZ
View
(Right)
XZ
View
(Left)

YZ
View
(Top)
YZ
View
(Bottom)

3D
View
Panning
Zooming
Zoom
Window
Rotating
Rotation
Window
Zoom
In
Zoom
Out
Restart
View
Reset
View
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3.6.25 View - Computations Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the Computations Toolbar. The Computations
Toolbar is associated with the Computation Menu








Figure 3.131 Computations Toolbar



3.6.26 View - Output Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the Output Toolbar. The Output Toolbar is
available if the 3D View window is active and it is associated with the Output Options in the Show 3D
View Menu








Figure 3.132 Output Toolbar


Run
Analysis
Select
Load
Case/Co.
Edit
Input
Text
Edit
Summary
Text

Edit
Output
Text

Deformed
Shape
Contour
Plot
Pile
Diagrams
Pile-Cap
Response
Pile Top
Effects
Lateral
Effects in
Piles
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3.6.27 View - Plots Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the Plots Toolbar. The Plots Toolbar is associated
with the Graphs Menu



























Figure 3.133 Plots Toolbar


p-y
curves
Load-
Displac.
Curves
Torque-
Rotation
curves
Displac
y-dir
vs Depth
Displac
z-dir
vs Depth

Moment
z-dir
vs Depth
Moment
y-dir
vs Depth

Shear
y-dir
vs Depth
Shear
z-dir
vs Depth

Soil Reac.
y-dir
vs Depth
Soil Reac.
z-dir
vs Depth

Total
Displac
vs Depth
Total
Moment
vs Depth

Total
Shear
vs Depth
Total
Soil Reac.
vs Depth

Vertical
Load
vs Deflec.
Lateral
Load
vs.
fl
Lateral
Load
vs Rotat.
Moment
vs. Later.
Deflection
Moment
vs Rotat.
K11
vs. Vert.
Deflection
K33
vs.
Rotation
K22
vs Lateral
Deflection
Load vs
Deflection
X-dir
Load vs
Deflection
Y-dir

Load vs
Deflection
Y-dir
Mom. vs
Rotation
X-dir

Mom. vs
Rotation
Y-dir

Mom. vs
Rotation
Z-dir

K11 vs
Deflection
X-dir
K22 vs
Deflection
Y-dir

K33 vs
Deflection
Z-dir
K44 vs
Rotation
X-dir

K55 vs
Rotation
Y-dir

K66 vs
Rotation
Z-dir

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3.6.28 View - Help Toolbar

This option allows the user to toggle on and off the Help Toolbar. The Help Toolbar is Associated
with the Help Menu








Figure 3.134 Help Toolbar


3.7 Show 3D View Menu

The Show 3D View menu is available when the 3D View window is displayed. It provides to the
user different options for display of the model.
This menu is used to review, in proportional graphical form, the geometric shape and
configuration for the modeled pile group.


Help
Contents
Help
About
Check for
Updates
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Figure 3.135 Options contained in the Show 3D View Menu

Below there is a description of the menu items with the exception of the ones related to display
of results. Those items are described in next chapter.








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3.7.1 Show 3D View -Piles

This option allows the user to show the piles.



a) Piles option check-marked b) Piles option not check-marked
Figure 3.136 Effects on 3D model display using Piles option

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3.7.2 Show 3D View -Pile Cap

This option allows the user to show the pile cap.



a) Pile Cap option check-marked b) Pile Cap option not check-marked
Figure 3.137 Effects on 3D model display using Pile Cap option

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3.7.3 Show 3D View -Pile Numbers

This option allows the user to show the pile numbers at each pile head.



Figure 3.138 Effects on 3D model display using Pile Numbers option

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3.7.4 Show 3D View -Soil Layers

This option allows the user to show the soil layers.



Figure 3.139 Effects on 3D model display using Soil Layers option

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3.7.5 Show 3D View -Layer Labels

This option allows the user to show the layer labels.



Figure 3.140 Effects on 3D model display using Layer Labels option

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3.7.6 Show 3D View -Layer Depth Labels

This option allows the user to show the layer depth labels.



Figure 3.141 Effects on 3D model display using Layer Depth Labels option
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3.7.7 Show 3D View - Concentrated Loads at Pile Cap

This option allows the user to show the concentrated loads at the pile cap for the current load
case.



Figure 3.142 Effects on 3D model display using Concent. Loads at Pile Cap option
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3.7.8 Show 3D View - Distributed Loads at Piles

This option allows the user to show the distributed loads at piles for the current load case.



Figure 3.143 Effects on 3D model display using Distributed Loads at Piles option

Note that the distributed loads are drawn at the integration points assuming linear
interpolation. If the integration points does not coincide with the depths defined in the distributed load
sets, a difference may be shown in the drawing.


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3.7.9 Show 3D View -Show Loading Options

This option opens the Show Loading Options Window that allows the user to change the default
drawing for concentrated and distributed loads This option allows the user to display a contour plot for
the current load case or combination.


Figure 3.144 Show Loading Options Window


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3.7.10 Show 3D View -Global Axes

This option allows the user to show the global axes at the origin of coordinates.



a) Global Axes check-marked b) Global Axes not check-marked
Figure 3.145 Effects on 3D model display using Global Axes option
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3.7.11 Show 3D View -Pile Wire/Pile Shade

This option allows the user to toggle between showing the piles as lines or as surfaces.



a) Pile Wire option b) Pile Shade option
Figure 3.146 Effects on 3D model display using Pile Wire/Pile Shade options

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3.7.12 Show 3D View -Ellipsoidal Cap/Rectangular Cap

This option allows the user to toggle between showing the top and bottom surfaces of the pile
cap using an ellipsoidal shape or rectangular shape.



a) Ellipsoidal Cap option b) Rectangular Cap option
Figure 3.147 Effects on 3D model display using Ellipsoidal Cap/Rectangular Cap options

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3.7.13 Show 3D View -Vertical Lines

This option allows the user to show vertical lines that start from the top of each pile head.



a) Vertical Lines check-marked b) Vertical Lines not check-marked
Figure 3.148 Effects on 3D model display using Vertical Lines option
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3.7.14 Show 3D View -Local Axes

This option allows the user to show the local axes at the top of each pile head.



a) Local Axes check-marked b) Local Axes not check-marked
Figure 3.149 Effects on 3D model display using Local Axes option
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3.7.15 Show 3D View -Show Grid

This option allows the user to show a three dimensional grid.



a) Show Grid check-marked b) Show Grid not check-marked
Figure 3.150 Effects on 3D model display using Show Grid option
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3.7.16 Show 3D View - Grid Options

This option allows the user to change the increment values for the 3D grid.



Figure 3.151 Effects on 3D model display using Grid Options option
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3.7.17 Show 3D View - Highlight Pile

This option allows the user to navigate through the pile numbers, showing the current pile with
a different color .



Figure 3.152 Effects on 3D model display using Highlight Pile option









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3.7.18 Show 3D View -Show/Hide Piles

This option allows the user to hide the selected piles.



a) Piles Select b) Using Hide Selected Piles option



c) Using Hide Except Selected Piles option d) Using Reverse Hiding option
Figure 3.153 Effects on 3D model display using Show/Hide Piles option
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3.8 Window Menu


Figure 3.154 Options contained in the Windows Menu


3.8.1 Window - Cascade

This option organizes all open windows so that they are all visible. See Figure 3.133 for an
example.

3.8.2 Window - Arrange Icons

Any minimized windows will be aligned at the bottom left of the screen.


3.8.3 Window - Windows

After the options Cascade and Arrange Icons, the windows opened are listed in order of depth.
Clicking on a window name through the menu brings it to the top.
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3.9 Help Menu


Figure 3.155 Options contained in the Help Menu

3.9.1 Help- Contents

This option provides the reference files for help.



Figure 3.156 Sample of Help Contents

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3.9.2 Help- About

This option provides a screen describing the program version, date, license user and methods
for accessing technical support.


Figure 3.157 About Window

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3.9.3 Help- Check for Updates

This opens the users default internet browser to an ENSOFT webpage with specific update
information for GROUP v8.0. If a new update is available the page will indicate that. Follow instructions
to download and install the update.



Figure 3.158 Sample of Check for Updates

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CHAPTER 4. References for Program
Execution and Output
Reviews
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4.1 Introduction

The current Chapter presents options related to execution of the program, and includes
methods of addressing run-time errors; suggestions of review of files for input, output, and processor
notes; and means for observing results in a graphical form. The commands covered in this chapter are
contained under the Computation, Graph, Plot and Show 3D View menu options

4.2 Computation Menu


Figure 4.1 Options contained in the Computation Menu

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4.2.1 Computation- Run Analysis

This option runs the analytical computations. Only use this after all data has been entered and
saved. The program will do a basic check of the data input before performing the computations; if a
data is missing an error message with is description will show up.


Figure 4.2 Sample message if an input data is missing

During the computation, a window with a progress bar will appear


Figure 4.3 Sample message while running the analysis

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If the computation is successful, the program will notify the user.




Figure 4.4 Sample message when analysis has finished


The program will also notify the user if the computation is unsuccessful.



Figure 4.5 Sample message when analysis is unsuccessful


The following text files (can be opened with any text editor) are produced:


File
Extension
File
Description
*.gp8d Input-data file
*.gp8o Output-data file
*.gp8p Plot-data file
*.gp8r Processor-data file
*.gp8t Summary-data file

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Table 4.1 Files created in GROUP 8.0 runs

These files will be created in the same folder as the input file.

It is recommended that users check for the consistency of the results after a successful run.


4.2.2 Computation- Select Load Case or Combination

This option opens the Select Load Case or Combination window.


Figure 4.6 Select Load Case or Combination window

In this window, the user can select the load case or load combination that will be active for
displaying of the graphical results. This window also shows the status of the different load cases or
combinations defined in the model. When a load case or load combination is selected, the current
load case will be displayed in the second box of the status line.


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4.2.3 Computation- Edit Input Text

This submenu is used to edit the input-data file in text mode. This command becomes active
after new data files have been saved to disk or when opening existing data files. The command is
helpful for experienced users who may just want to change one or two parameters quickly using the text
editor, or for those users wishing to observe the prepared-input data in text mode.


Figure 4.7 Sample of Input Text




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4.2.4 Computation- Edit Processor Run Notes

This submenu is used to edit the text file that is automatically produced during each analytical
run. The file only includes notes produced during the processing of the input data. The command
becomes active after new-data files have been saved to disk and executed, or when opening previously-
executed data files. Reviewing the notes is essential for debugging unsuccessful runs.



Figure 4.8 Sample of Processor Run Notes Text

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The actual number of lines titled READING depends on the input. If the processor-run notes
stop at a certain line without listing the line COMPUTATION IS PROCEEDING..., the user should check
the specific input corresponding to the last line read and the line immediately following (that was
not read).

After the line COMPUTATION IS PROCEEDING..., the program prints for each load case or load
combination the error norm for global iterations (pile cap convergence) and iterations for lateral
analysis of each pile if printing is requested for all the piles.

Common types of analytical-run failures are those providing error messages like Pile Failure in
Uplift or Pile Failure in Bearing. These two conditions will occur when the axial load on a pile is
greater than the ultimate axial capacity of the corresponding pile. To correct these types of
problems, the user should check the pile size and soil parameters and make sure that the input data
is reasonable. If the pile and soil properties are proper, the user should reduce the axial load on the
pile cap for a new analysis. Also, these errors may be triggered if the analysis diverges under the
current loading. There may be different causes for divergence, so a complete review of the input
data is recommended


4.2.5 Computation- Edit Output File

This submenu is used to edit the output-text file that is automatically produced during each
analytical run. This command becomes active after new data files have been saved to disk and
executed, or when opening previously-executed data files. Information usually contained in the output
files consists of:
o echo-print of input data,
o data for curves of axial load versus settlement,
o data for selected p-y curves,
o results for deformation of the pile cap,
o results for loads and deformation at the pile head for each pile (or a standard pile of each
subgroup for 2D analysis), and
o results for deflection, bending moment, shear, soil resistance, and related information, as a
function of depth for each pile (or a standard pile of each subgroup for 2D analysis).
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It is recommended that users check the echo-print of their input data to verify that the program
understood the desired analytical case.


Figure 4.9 Sample of Output File




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4.2.6 Computation- Edit Summary Text

This submenu is used to edit the summary-text file that is automatically produced during each
analytical run. This command becomes active after new data files have been saved to disk and
executed, or when opening previously-executed data files. Information usually contained in the output
files consists of:

o results for deformation of the pile cap,
o summary table for results of loads and deformation at the pile head for each pile, including
maximum and minimum values and location of those.
o summary table for maximum and minimum results of deflection, bending moment, shear,
soil resistance at each pile.



Figure 4.10 Sample of Summary Text

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4.3 General Comments for Graphics Mode

Graphics mode is accessed when the user selects to observe any one of the output curves.
Graphical representation of output curves is produced under the following commands in the Graphs
menu:
p-y Curves
Axial Load vs. Displacement
Torque vs. Rotation
Deflection vs. Depth
Bending Moment vs. Depth
Shear vs. Depth
Soil Reaction vs. Depth
Deflection y dir vs. Depth
Deflection z dir vs. Depth
Moment z dir vs. Depth
Moment y dir vs. Depth
Shear y dir vs. Depth
Shear z dir vs. Depth
Soil Reaction y dir vs. Depth
Soil Reaction z dir vs. Depth
Resultant Deflection vs. Depth
Resultant Moment vs. Depth
Resultant Shear vs. Depth
Resultant Soil Reaction vs. Depth
Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection
Pile Cap Load vs. Lateral Deflection
Pile Cap Load vs. Rotation
Pile Cap Moment vs. Deflection
Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation
Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection X
Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Y
Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Z
Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation X
Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Y
Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Z
Pile Cap K11 vs. Deflection X
Pile Cap K22 vs. Deflection Y
Pile Cap K33 vs. Rotation Z
Pile Cap K33 vs. Deflection Z
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Pile Cap K44 vs. Rotation X
Pile Cap K55 vs. Rotation Y
Pile Cap K66 vs. Rotation Z
The activation of any of the above listed curves will activate the graphics mode of GROUP 8.0.
Several changes occur during use of the graphics mode: new mouse commands are enabled and a new
top-menu option becomes available.
The following table describes mouse commands that become enabled automatically during all
graphical observation of the output curves.

Event Description
Mouse Left Click Zooms in the graphics at the
clicked position (up to five zoom
levels)
Mouse Right Click Zoom out the graphics
Mouse Double Click on Legend Turns the selected curve on/off
at every click

Table 4.2 Mouse commands in the graphics mode


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Figure 4.11 Effects on graph display using mouse commands. Defining box for zooming in (Left click)


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Figure 4.12 Effects on graph display using mouse commands. After zooming in



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Figure 4.13 Effects on graph display using mouse commands. Zooming out (Right Click)


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Figure 4.14 Effects on graph display using mouse commands. Hiding a curve (Double Click on
Legend)



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4.4 Plot Menu

The Plot menu command appears in the top-menu bar while in graphics mode. The changes to
the graphs are also valid to the current graph and while the graph is active. Closing the graph will
discard automatically all the changes. Options contained in this menu are explained below:


Figure 4.15 Options contained in the Plot Menu


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4.4.1 Plot - Show Legend

Activates or deactivates the legend in the graphics window. The legend box can be moved using
click-and-drag.



Figure 4.16 Effects on graph display using Plot Legend option. Plot Legend check-marked

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Figure 4.17 Effects on graph display using Plot Legend option. Plot Legend not check-marked



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4.4.2 Plot - Show Markers

This activates or deactivates the markers for each point of all the curves displayed in the active
screen of the graphics mode. The type of marker used in each curve is automatically selected by the
program. Once activated, the markers are enabled for all visible curves of the active graphics screen.



Figure 4.18 Effects on graph display using Plot Markers option. Using Markers every 5
increments

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Figure 4.19 Effects on graph display using Plot Markers option. Using no markers( Never)



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4.4.3 Plot - Print

This command calls up the standard Windows print dialog. The printed graphics are
automatically sized to occupy the maximum width of the page.


Figure 4.20 Using Print option



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4.4.4 Plot - Page Setup

This command allows the user to customize the arrangement of the graph on the page for a
hard copy print out.


Figure 4.21 Using Page Setup option



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4.4.5 Plot - Save To Disk

This command is used to save the active graphics screen to disk. The format of the saved file is
*.bmp.


Figure 4.22 Using Save To Disk option



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4.4.6 Plot - Graph Title

This command is used to define the title for the current graph.



Figure 4.23 Using Graph Title option


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4.4.7 Plot - Edit Legend

This command is used to edit the labels for the legend.



Figure 4.24 Using Edit Legend option


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4.4.8 Plot - Active Graphs

This option opens a new window that gives the user the ability to easily activate curves on the
current graph. Additionally, below the Active Graphs option the names of the curves as they are
referred to in the legend appearclicking on those names also deactivates or activates them.



Figure 4.25 Using Active Graphs option

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4.5 Graphs Menu




Figure 4.26 Options contained in the Graphs Menu. 2D Model



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Figure 4.27 Options contained in the Graphs Menu. 3D Model








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4.6 Sign Convention for results along the piles



Figure 4.28 Sign Convention for pile under lateral loading.(xy-plane loading)

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Figure 4.29 Sign Convention for pile under lateral loading.(xz-plane loading)


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4.6.1 Graphs- p-y Curves

GROUP 8.0 will generate p-y curves at user-specified depths for any particular pile or subgroup
selected by the user. This graphics option becomes available only if the user asked the program to print
p-y curves for verification purposes using the command for Print p-y curves under the Options menu
and the option Set of Data to Print p-y curves under the Data menu.
When available, the graphics screen will show the p-y curves for all selected depths.
In the output data file and graphics, the labels of depths of p-y curves are computed as depths
below the ground line. These labels will thus be different than requested depths of printout when the
ground line is not at the same level as the origin of the global coordinate system (usually at the level of
the pile cap).
If the user selects Pile-Cap Embedded under the Pile Cap Options menu item and also requests
to print an internally generated p-y curve within the height of the pile cap, then two different p-y curves
will be plotted. One will correspond to the p-y curve for the pile cap and the other will correspond to
the p-y curve for the specified pile subgroup. The difference can easily be identified in the pile
diameters. In addition, the p-y curve corresponding to the pile cap will usually be a stiffer curve.

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Figure 4.30 Sample graphics screen of p-y Curves command under the Graphs menu






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4.6.2 Graphs- Axial Load vs. Displacement

If the program was asked to generate internally the curve of axial load versus displacement of a
single pile, the user may select this item to observe a graphical representation of the curve.
Two curves are always generated for each pile type. One curve corresponds to movements due
to tensile loads while the other corresponds to movements due to compressive loads. Curves
corresponding to tensile loads are always the ones ending on a vertical slope. Theoretically, curves
corresponding to tensile and compressive loads may be equal if soils offer no resistance in end bearing.

Figure 4.31 Sample graphics screen of Axial Load vs. Displacement command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.3 Graphs- Torque vs. Rotation

If the program was asked to generate internally the curve of torque versus rotation of a single
pile, the user may select this item to observe a graphical representation of the curve.



Figure 4.32 Sample graphics screen of Torque vs. Rotation command under the Graphs menu

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4.6.4 Graphs- User Defined p-y Curves

This graphics option become available only if the user enter a User-Defined p-y curve



Figure 4.33 Sample graphics screen of p-y Curves command under the Graphs menu

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4.6.5 Graphs- User Defined Axial Load vs. Displacement

This graphics option becomes available only if the user enters a User-Defined Axial Load-
Settlement curve.


Figure 4.34 Sample graphics screen of Axial Load vs. Displacement command under the Graphs
menu


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4.6.6 Graphs- Torque vs. Rotation

This graphics option becomes available only if the user enters a User-Defined Torque-Rotation
curve.


Figure 4.35 Sample graphics screen of Torque vs. Rotation command under the Graphs menu


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4.6.7 Graphs - Deflection vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of lateral pile deflection versus depth of each individual pile in a 2-
dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.36 Sample graphics screen of Deflection vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu


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4.6.8 Graphs - Moment vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of bending moment versus depth of each individual pile in a 2-
dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.37 Sample graphics screen of Moment vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu


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4.6.9 Graphs - Shear vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of shear versus depth of each individual pile in a 3-dimensional pile
group.



Figure 4.38 Sample graphics screen of Shear vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu


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4.6.10 Graphs - Soil Reaction vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of lateral soil resistance versus depth of each individual pile in a 2-
dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.39 Sample graphics screen of Soil Reaction vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu

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4.6.11 Graphs - Deflection y dir vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of lateral pile deflection versus depth on the local y-axis of each
individual pile in a 3-dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.40 Sample graphics screen of Deflection y dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu
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4.6.12 Graphs - Deflection z dir vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of lateral pile deflection versus depth on the local z-axis of each individual
pile in a 3-dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.41 Sample graphics screen of Deflection z dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu
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4.6.13 Graphs - Moment z dir vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of bending moment about the local z-axis versus depth on the xy-
plane of each individual pile in a 3-dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.42 Sample graphics screen of Moment z dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.14 Graphs - Moment y dir vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of bending moment about the local y-axis versus depth on the xz-
plane of each individual pile in a 3-dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.43 Sample graphics screen of Moment y dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.15 Graphs - Shear y dir vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of shear versus depth on the local y-axis of each individual pile in a 3-
dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.44 Sample graphics screen of Shear y dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu
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4.6.16 Graphs - Shear z dir vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of shear versus depth on the local z-axis of each individual pile in a 3-
dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.45 Sample graphics screen of Shear z dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu
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4.6.17 Graphs - Soil Reaction y dir vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of lateral soil resistance versus depth on the local y-axis of each
individual pile in a 3-dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.46 Sample graphics screen of Soil Reaction y dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.18 Graphs - Soil Reaction z dir vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of lateral soil resistance versus depth on the local z-axis of each
individual pile in a 3-dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.47 Sample graphics screen of Soil Reaction z dir vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.19 Graphs - Resultant Deflection vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of lateral pile resultant deflection versus depth of each individual pile
in a 3-dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.48 Sample graphics screen of Resultant Deflection vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.20 Graphs - Resultant Moment vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of resultant bending moment versus depth of each individual pile in a
3-dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.49 Sample graphics screen of Resultant Moment vs. Depth command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.21 Graphs - Resultant Shear vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of resultant shear versus depth of each individual pile in a 2-
dimensional pile group.



Figure 4.50 Sample graphics screen of Resultant Shear vs. Depth command under the Graphs menu
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4.6.22 Graphs - Resultant Soil Reaction vs. Depth

This option provides a plot of resultant lateral soil resistance versus depth of each individual pile
in a 3-dimensional pile group.


Figure 4.51 Sample graphics screen of Resultant Soil Reaction vs. Depth command under the
Graphs menu
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4.6.23 Graphs - Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection

This option provides a plot of incremental vertical load versus vertical deflection at the pile cap.
This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the current
load case. This option is available for 2D models.


Figure 4.52 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection command under the
Graphs menu
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4.6.24 Graphs - Pile Cap Load vs. Lateral Deflection

This option provides a plot of incremental lateral load versus lateral deflection at the pile cap.
This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the current
load case. This option is available for 2D models.



Figure 4.53 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Load vs. Lateral Deflection command under the
Graphs menu

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.25 Graphs - Pile Cap Load vs. Rotation

This option provides a plot of incremental lateral load versus rotation of the pile cap. This
option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the current load
case. This option is available for 2D models.



Figure 4.54 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Load vs. Rotation command under the Graphs menu

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.26 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Deflection

This option provides a plot of incremental moment versus lateral deflection at the pile cap. This
option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the current load
case. This option is available for 2D models.



Figure 4.55 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Deflection command under the Graphs
menu
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CHAPTER 4 References for Program Execution and Output Reviews 4-59

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.27 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation

This option provides a plot of incremental moment load versus rotation of the pile cap. This
option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the current load
case. This option is available for 2D models.



Figure 4.56 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation command under the Graphs
menu
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.28 Graphs - Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection X

This option provides a plot of incremental vertical load versus vertical deflection at the pile cap.
This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the current
load case. This option is available for 3D models.



Figure 4.57 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Vertical Load vs. Deflection X command under the
Graphs menu

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4.6.29 Graphs - Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Y

This option provides a plot of incremental lateral load versus lateral deflection in the Y-direction
at the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input
for the current load case. This option is available for 3D models.



Figure 4.58 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Y command under the
Graphs menu

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4.6.30 Graphs - Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Z

This option provides a plot of incremental lateral load versus lateral deflection in the Z-direction
at the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input
for the current load case. This option is available for 3D models.



Figure 4.59 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Lateral Load vs. Deflection Z command under the
Graphs menu

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4.6.31 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation X

This option provides a plot of incremental moment versus rotation about the X-axis at the pile
cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the
current load case. This option is available for 3D models



Figure 4.60 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation X command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.32 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Y

This option provides a plot of incremental moment versus rotation about the Y-axis at the pile
cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the
current load case. This option is available for 3D models



Figure 4.61 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Y command under the Graphs
menu

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.33 Graphs - Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Z

This option provides a plot of incremental moment versus rotation about the Z-axis at the pile
cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness is specified in the input for the
current load case. This option is available for 3D models



Figure 4.62 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap Moment vs. Rotation Z command under the Graphs
menu

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.34 Graphs - Pile Cap K11 vs. Deflection X

This option provides a plot of stiffness coefficient K11(Kxx) versus vertical deflection (X-
direction) at the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness and
Compute Foundation Stiffness are specified in the input for the current load case. This option is
available for 2D and 3D models



Figure 4.63 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K11 vs. Deflection X command under the Graphs
menu
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.35 Graphs - Pile Cap K22 vs. Deflection Y

This option provides a plot of stiffness coefficient K22(Kyy) versus lateral deflection in the Y-
direction at the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness and
Compute Foundation Stiffness are specified in the input for the current load case. This option is
available for 2D and 3D models



Figure 4.64 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K22 vs. Deflection Y command under the Graphs
menu
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4.6.36 Graphs - Pile Cap K33 vs. Rotation Z

This option provides a plot of stiffness coefficient K33(Krzrz) versus rotation along the Z-axis at
the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness and Compute
Foundation Stiffness are specified in the input for the current load case. This option is available for 2D
models.



Figure 4.65 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K33 vs. Rotation Z command under the Graphs
menu
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


4.6.37 Graphs - Pile Cap K33 vs. Deflection Z

This option provides a plot of stiffness coefficient K33(Kzz) versus lateral deflection in the Z-
direction at the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness and
Compute Foundation Stiffness are specified in the input for the current load case. This option is
available for 3D models.


Figure 4.66 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K33 vs. Deflection Z command under the
Graphs menu
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.38 Graphs - Pile Cap K44 vs. Rotation X

This option provides a plot of stiffness coefficient K44(Krxrx) versus rotation along the X-axis at
the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness and Compute
Foundation Stiffness are specified in the input for the current load case. This option is available for 3D
models.


Figure 4.67 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K44 vs. Rotation X command under the Graphs
menu

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.39 Graphs - Pile Cap K55 vs. Rotation Y

This option provides a plot of stiffness coefficient K55(Kryry) versus rotation along the Y-axis at
the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness and Compute
Foundation Stiffness are specified in the input for the current load case. This option is available for 3D
models.



Figure 4.68 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K55 vs. Rotation Y command under the Graphs
menu
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.6.40 Graphs - Pile Cap K66 vs. Rotation Z

This option provides a plot of stiffness coefficient K66(Krzrz) versus rotation along the X-axis at
the pile cap. This option is available if Generate Data for Foundation Stiffness and Compute
Foundation Stiffness are specified in the input for the current load case. This option is available for 3D
models.



Figure 4.69 Sample graphics screen of Pile Cap K66 vs. Rotation Z command under the Graphs
menu
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


4.7 Show 3D View Menu

The Show 3D View menu is available when the 3D View window is displayed. It provides to the
user different options for display of the model.


Figure 4.70 Options contained in the Show 3D View Menu

Below there is a description of the menu items related to display of results. All other items
are described in the previous chapter.


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4.7.1 Show 3D View -Deformed Shape

This option allows the user to display the deflected shape for the current load case or
combination.
Check on Show Deformed Shape to display the deformed shape of the model. Check on Show
Undeformed Model to show the non-deformed model along with the deformed one. Enter the
Deformed Shape Factor to be used for drawing the deformed model or use the Up or Down buttons to
increase or decrease the current one.


Figure 4.71 Sample graphics screen for Deformed Shape command

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.7.2 Show 3D View -Contour Plot

This option allows the user to display a contour plot for the current load case or combination.
Check on Show Contour Plot to display the contour plot of the current type. Select the desired
type from the Contour Plot Type drop-down menu. The program will assign maximum, minimum,
division and increments by default. Click on the Up and Down buttons of each value to increase or
decrease it. Check on Show Contour Legend to display the legend of the contour.



Figure 4.72 Sample graphics screen for Contour Plot command
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.7.3 Show 3D View -Pile Diagrams

This option allows the user to display the diagrams along the piles for the current load case or
combination.
Check on Show Pile Diagrams to display the diagrams along the piles of the current type. Select
the desired type from the Pile Diagrams Type drop-down menu.



Figure 4.73 Sample graphics screen for Pile Diagrams command
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.7.4 Show 3D View -Pile Cap Response

This option allows the user to present graphically the results at the pile head level (pile cap) for
the current load case or combination.
Check on Show Cap Response to display the cap response of the current type. Select the
desired type from the Type drop-down menu. Choose between local axes and global axes. Check on
Show Bar Plot to display the response using bars normal to the pile cap. Enter the length and width
factor or click on the Up and Down buttons of each value to increase or decrease it. Check on Show
Values to display the numerical values. Check on Only Maximums to display only maximum and
minimum values. Check on Show Pile Numbers to display pile numbers.

Figure 4.74 Sample graphics screen for Pile Cap Response command
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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.7.5 Show 3D View -Pile Top Effects

This option allows the user to display the numerical results at the pile cap and at the pile heads
for the current load case or combination.
Check on Cap Results to display the displacements and applied forces at the pile cap (origin of
coordinates). Enter the pile number, desired to get the numerical results, in the Pile Group entry field
or click on the Up and Down buttons to increase or decrease the pile number (the pile will be
highlighted in yellow). Choose between local axes and global axes cap response.



Figure 4.75 Sample graphics screen for Pile Top Effects command

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GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

4.7.6 Show 3D View -Lateral Effects in Piles

This option allows the user to display the numerical results for lateral effects along the piles for
the current load case or combination.
Enter the pile number, desired to get the numerical results, in the Pile Group entry field or click
on the Up and Down buttons to increase or decrease the pile number (the pile will be highlighted in
yellow). Enter the pile node number, desired to get the numerical results, in the Pile Node entry field or
drag the horizontal Bar, right or left, to increase or decrease the pile number. The pile node will be
highlighted in red




Figure 4.76 Sample graphics screen for Pile Top Effects command
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CHAPTER 5. Example Problems Based
on Two-Dimensional
Analyses
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-2

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


5.1 Introduction

Several problems are provided herein as examples of different applications that may be solved
using GROUP 8.0. Each example focuses on a particular computational feature of the program. Input
files for each example are automatically copied to the GROUP 8.0 directory (examples folder) during
installation. GROUP 8.0 allows the user to analyze the pile group either using 2-dimensional model or
using 3-dimensional model. The data files are named 2DexampleN.gpd8, where N represents the
desired example number, for two-dimensional applications.
Example problems provide the user information on input and output of various cases, and
present a quick tutorial for real-world applications. The user is encouraged to study these examples
and, with modifications, may use them to solve similar problems. However, by no means can these
limited examples explore the full functions and features provided by GROUP 8.0.
Main features of the examples for two-dimensional analysis included with GROUP 8.0 are
summarized in the table below.
Additional application problems will become available electronically at our internet website,
which may be accessed with the following unified resource locator (url):

http://www.ensoftinc.com/

Users may also access ENSOFT, INC.'s website to observe responses to commonly asked
questions related to the GROUP 8.0 program.













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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-3

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual








Example Name Name of Input File Description
Example 1 - 2D 2Dexample1.gpd8
Application with curves of load-displacement
and soil resistance (p-y) specified by the user.
Example 2 - 2D 2Dexample2.gpd8
Pile group consists of vertical and battered
piles. Axial load vs. displacement curve
specified by the user. The program generates
the soil-resistance (p-y) curve internally.
Example 3 - 2D 2Dexample3.gpd8
Application for various boundary conditions
between the pile cap and the pile heads.
Example 4 - 2D 2Dexample4.gpd8 Application for pile-supported retaining wall.
Example 5 - 2D 2Dexample5.gpd8
Piles arranged in a circular pattern for offshore
platforms..
Example 6 - 2D 2Dexample6.gpd8
Two different sizes of piles are used in the
same pile group. The program generates
curves the soil-response curves internally.
Example 7 - 2D 2Dexample7.gpd8
Application of a 3 x 3 pile group with the pile
cap below the ground surface. The program
generates curves for computation of
foundation stiffness.
Example 8 - 2D 2Dexample8.gpd8
Includes the passive soil resistance on the
embedded pile cap. The program will
internally generate group reduction factors for
lateral loading.

Table 5.1 Main features of two-dimensional examples for GROUP 8









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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-4

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.2 Example Problem 1 - 2D

5.2.1 Model Description

The geometrical configuration of Example Problem 1 - 2D is shown in Figure 5.1. It consists of
four, steel-pipe piles of two inches in diameters that are arranged symmetrically with respect to the XY
plane. These piles are rigidly connected to the pile cap. The typical tube has a cross sectional area of
0.380 in
2
. The yield stress is 64 x 10
3
psi, and the Young's modulus of the steel is 29 x 10
6
psi. Each pile
subgroup consists of two identical piles of 108 inches in length. All piles are standing approximately 12
inches above the ground surface.
The group of piles is subjected to loads applied at the center of the pile cap and leveled with the
pile tops (Figure 5.1). The loads are applied at the global origin of coordinates.
The applied loads are:
Vertical load = 17,770 lbs,
Lateral load = 3,700 lbs,
Moment = -7800 lbs-in

The soil consists of submerged dense sand. Two sets of p-y curves are inputted. In the first set,
a modification factor of 0.73 was applied to consider the effect of the out-battered piles of subgroup #2.
The example model has a user-specified curve of axial load versus displacement that was
obtained from a previous experiment performed in a test tank. The input and output files for the
example problem are shown in the following pages.

The contents of the input and output files (for this and all the examples) are reproduced using
the cour i er font for distinction.
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-5

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 5.1 General Description of Example Problem 1 - 2D.
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-6

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.2.2 Input Data

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 1 - 2D, EXTERNAL P- Y CURVES
GROUP8. 0. 1
* Anal ysi s Par amet er s
1 2 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00
* Load Cases
1 0 0 1
0 1 2 1 1 20 20
0. 0001 0. 0001 1 1
Load Case 1
12 0 0 0 1 0 0
2 1 1 0
1
17770 3700 - 7800 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
0
* Load Combi nat i ons
0 0 0 1
* Di st r i but ed Load Set s
0
* Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
2
2 2 1 1 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 - 12. 25 - 4. 7612793 0
2 2 1 2 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 12. 25 9. 4595332 0
* Pi l e Pr oper t i es
1
0 1
35 108 29000000 1
0 108 1 1 1
* Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
1
0 0 0
Sect i on 1
2 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 0. 38 0. 185 0. 185 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Soi l Layer s
0
* User def i ned py cur ves
2
0 6
0
2
0 0
0 20
6
3
0 0
9. 37 0. 053
9. 37 20
12
3
0 0
33. 5 0. 095
33. 5 20
18
3
0 0
72. 5 0. 137
72. 5 20
24
3
0 0
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-7

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

126. 29 0. 179
126. 29 20
120
3
0 0
1542. 49 0. 547
1542. 49 20
1 6
0
2
0 0
0 20
6
3
0 0
12. 84 0. 053
12. 84 20
12
3
0 0
45. 95 0. 095
45. 95 20
18
3
0 0
99. 32 0. 137
99. 32 20
24
3
0 0
173 0. 179
173 20
120
3
0 0
2113 0. 547
2113 20
* User def i ned LD cur ves
1
0 15
- 5400 - 20
- 5400 - 0. 1
- 5000 - 0. 072
- 4000 - 0. 046
- 3000 - 0. 028
- 2000 - 0. 016
- 1000 - 0. 004
0 0
1000 0. 004
2000 0. 016
3000 0. 028
4000 0. 046
5000 0. 072
5400 0. 1
5400 20
* End of f i l e


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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-8

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.2.3 Processor Run Notes



GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 1 - 2D, EXTERNAL P- Y CURVES


READI NG * TI TLE AND VERSI ON
READI NG * Anal ysi s Par amet er s
READI NG * Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
READI NG * Load Cases
READI NG * Load Combi nat i ons
READI NG * Di st r i but ed Load Set s
READI NG * Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
READI NG * Pi l e Pr oper t i es
READI NG * Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
READI NG * Soi l Layer s
READI NG * User def i ned py cur ves
READI NG * User def i ned LD cur ves



COMPUTATI ON I S PROCEEDI NG. . . . . .



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1

GLOBAL I TERATI ONS
STEP 1, TCUR 1. 0000, DTCUR 1. 0000
I TERATI ON 1, Er r Dsp 0. 10000E+01, Er r Rot 0. 10000E+01
I TERATI ON 2, Er r Dsp 0. 26019E+00, Er r Rot 0. 26983E+00
I TERATI ON 3, Er r Dsp 0. 11543E+00, Er r Rot 0. 49619E+01
I TERATI ON 4, Er r Dsp 0. 66103E- 01, Er r Rot 0. 13138E+01
I TERATI ON 5, Er r Dsp 0. 58251E- 01, Er r Rot 0. 55416E+00
I TERATI ON 6, Er r Dsp 0. 15087E- 04, Er r Rot 0. 13158E- 03
I TERATI ON 7, Er r Dsp 0. 27574E- 11, Er r Rot 0. 20632E- 10

NUMBER OF GLOBAL I TERATI ONS = 7

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5 ( PI LE No 1)
NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5 ( PI LE No 2)
ANALYSI S FOR LOAD CASE 1/ 1 FI NI SHED


ANALYSI S COMPLETED


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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-9

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.2.4 Output File

=========================================================================

GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

Anal ysi s of A Gr oup of Pi l es
Subj ect ed t o Axi al and Lat er al Loadi ng

( c) Copyr i ght ENSOFT, I nc. , 1987- 2010
Al l Ri ght s Reser ved

=========================================================================


Thi s pr ogr ami s l i censed t o :

Ensof t
ENSOFT, I NC.

Pat h t o f i l e l ocat i ons : C: \ Gr oup8\ Exampl esGP8\
Name of i nput dat a f i l e : 2Dexampl e1. gp8d
Name of out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e1. gp8o
Name of out put summar y f i l e : 2Dexampl e1. gp8t
Name of pl ot out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e1. gp8p
Name of r unt i me f i l e : 2Dexampl e1. gp8r


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 14: 42: 33






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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-10

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** I NPUT I NFORMATI ON *****


EXAMPLE PROBLEM 1 - 2D, EXTERNAL P- Y CURVES

ANALYSI S TYPE = 2D ANALYSI S

UNI TS SYSTEM = ENGL



* TABLE C * LOAD AND CONTROL PARAMETERS


** LOAD CASES **


NUMBER OF LOAD CASES : 1


LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp
SCALE FACTOR : 1. 0000

* CONCENTRATED LOADS *

NL VERT. LOAD HOR. LOAD MOMENT COORD X COORD Y
LBS LBS LBS- I N I N I N
1 17770. 0 3700. 00 - 7800. 00 0. 00000 0. 00000


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VER. LOAD X, LBS HOR. LOAD Y, LBS MOMENT, LBS- I N
17770. 0 3700. 00 - 7800. 00


* THE LOADI NG I S STATI C *


* CONTROL PARAMETERS *
TOLERANCE ON CONVERGENCE OF FOUNDATI ON REACTI ON, = 1. 00000E- 04
TOLERANCE ON DETERMI NATI ON OF DEFLECTI ONS = 1. 00000E- 04 I N
MAX NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR FOUNDATI ON ANALYSI S = 20
MAXI MUM NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR PI LE ANALYSI S = 20
FACTOR TO APPLY THE LOAD I N I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
MI NI MUM FACTOR FOR LOAD I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
PRI NT RESULTS AT PI LE CAP, PI LE HEADS AND ALONG PI LES
PRI NT RESULTS EVERY 1 NODE( S)



* TABLE D * ARRANGEMENT OF PI LE GROUPS

GROUP CONNECT NO OF PI LE PI LE PROP P- Y CURVE L- S CURVE
1 FI X 2 1 1 1
2 FI X 2 1 2 1

GROUP VERT, I N HOR, I N SLOPE, I N/ I N GROUND, I N SPRI NG, LBS- I N
1 0. 00000 - 12. 2500 - 0. 0832918 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 0. 00000 12. 2500 0. 16662 0. 00000 0. 00000



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-11

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE E * PI LE GEOMETRY AND PROPERTI ES
PI LE TYPE = 1 - DRI VEN PI LE
= 2 - DRI LLED SHAFT

PROP SECTS I NC PI LE TYPE LENGTH, I N E, LBS/ I N**2
1 1 35 1 108. 00 2. 9000E+07

* PI LE SECTI ONS *

PROP SECT FROM, I N TO, I N CROSS SECT
1 1 0. 00000 108. 000 1

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS *

CROSS SECTI ON : 1
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 2. 00000 I N

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS PROPERTI ES *

SECT DI AM, I N AREA, I N**2 I , I N**4 Mn, LBS- I N Vn, LBS
1 2. 00000 0. 38000 0. 18500 0. 00000 0. 00000



* TABLE F * SOI L DATA

NO SOI L LAYERS DEFI NED



* TABLE G * I NPUT P- Y CURVES

NUM OF SETS : 2


SET 1 NUM OF CURVES 6


CURVE 1 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 0. 00000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 0. 00000 20. 0000

CURVE 2 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 6. 00000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 9. 37000 0. 0530000
3 9. 37000 20. 0000

CURVE 3 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 12. 0000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 33. 5000 0. 0950000
3 33. 5000 20. 0000

CURVE 4 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 18. 0000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 72. 5000 0. 13700
3 72. 5000 20. 0000

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-12

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

CURVE 5 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 24. 0000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 126. 290 0. 17900
3 126. 290 20. 0000

CURVE 6 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 120. 000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 1542. 49 0. 54700
3 1542. 49 20. 0000


SET 2 NUM OF CURVES 6


CURVE 1 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 0. 00000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 0. 00000 20. 0000

CURVE 2 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 6. 00000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 12. 8400 0. 0530000
3 12. 8400 20. 0000

CURVE 3 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 12. 0000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 45. 9500 0. 0950000
3 45. 9500 20. 0000

CURVE 4 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 18. 0000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 99. 3200 0. 13700
3 99. 3200 20. 0000

CURVE 5 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 24. 0000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 173. 000 0. 17900
3 173. 000 20. 0000

CURVE 6 DI STANCE FROM ORI GI N ( X- COORD. ) 120. 000 I N

POI NT P LBS Y I N
1 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 2113. 00 0. 54700
3 2113. 00 20. 0000



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-13

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE H * AXI AL LOAD VS SETTLEMENT

USER DEFI NED LOAD- SETTLEMENT CURVE

NUM OF CURVES 1

CURVE 1 NUM OF POI NTS 15

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 - 5400. 00 - 20. 0000
2 - 5400. 00 - 0. 1000000
3 - 5000. 00 - 0. 0720000
4 - 4000. 00 - 0. 0460000
5 - 3000. 00 - 0. 0280000
6 - 2000. 00 - 0. 0160000
7 - 1000. 00 - 4. 00000E- 03
8 0. 00000 0. 00000
9 1000. 00 4. 00000E- 03
10 2000. 00 0. 0160000
11 3000. 00 0. 0280000
12 4000. 00 0. 0460000
13 5000. 00 0. 0720000
14 5400. 00 0. 1000000
15 5400. 00 20. 0000




COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-14

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 1 - 2D, EXTERNAL P- Y CURVES




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
17770. 0 3700. 00 - 7800. 00


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0701967 0. 21445 - 1. 04964E- 03


NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS = 7



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-15

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 1


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

5. 7339E- 02 0. 2144 - 1. 0496E- 03 3668. 0 304. 84 7417. 1 4. 9645E+04


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

3. 9341E- 02 0. 2185 - 1. 0496E- 03 3630. 0 608. 25 7417. 1 4. 9645E+04


* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 0. 2185 - 7417. 1 615. 99 0. 0000 4. 9645E+04 5. 3650E+06
3. 0857 0. 2086 - 5504. 6 600. 81 4. 8188 3. 9307E+04 5. 3650E+06
6. 1714 0. 1891 - 3602. 5 577. 86 10. 059 2. 9026E+04 5. 3650E+06
9. 2571 0. 1631 - 1772. 9 527. 67 22. 468 1. 9136E+04 5. 3650E+06
12. 343 0. 1339 - 145. 91 438. 03 35. 635 1. 0341E+04 5. 3650E+06
15. 429 0. 1046 1142. 8 312. 12 45. 972 1. 5730E+04 5. 3650E+06
18. 514 7. 7191E- 02 1986. 3 176. 37 42. 016 2. 0290E+04 5. 3650E+06
21. 600 5. 3355E- 02 2417. 0 59. 270 33. 880 2. 2618E+04 5. 3650E+06
24. 686 3. 3809E- 02 2509. 6 - 30. 593 24. 364 2. 3118E+04 5. 3650E+06
27. 771 1. 8717E- 02 2354. 0 - 90. 955 14. 760 2. 2277E+04 5. 3650E+06
30. 857 7. 8026E- 03 2042. 7 - 124. 04 6. 6834 2. 0594E+04 5. 3650E+06
33. 943 5. 1351E- 04 1654. 5 - 135. 08 0. 4747 1. 8496E+04 5. 3650E+06
37. 029 - 3. 8391E- 03 1251. 3 - 129. 94 - 3. 8103 1. 6316E+04 5. 3650E+06
40. 114 - 5. 9710E- 03 876. 19 - 114. 29 - 6. 3319 1. 4289E+04 5. 3650E+06
43. 200 - 6. 5479E- 03 555. 77 - 93. 120 - 7. 3887 1. 2557E+04 5. 3650E+06
46. 286 - 6. 1384E- 03 302. 12 - 70. 390 - 7. 3438 1. 1186E+04 5. 3650E+06
49. 371 - 5. 1928E- 03 116. 44 - 48. 930 - 6. 5654 1. 0182E+04 5. 3650E+06
52. 457 - 4. 0404E- 03 - 7. 4660 - 30. 495 - 5. 3831 9593. 1 5. 3650E+06
55. 543 - 2. 9014E- 03 - 80. 072 - 15. 922 - 4. 0627 9985. 6 5. 3650E+06
58. 629 - 1. 9044E- 03 - 113. 48 - 5. 3396 - 2. 7961 1. 0166E+04 5. 3650E+06
61. 714 - 1. 1088E- 03 - 119. 53 1. 6024 - 1. 7034 1. 0199E+04 5. 3650E+06
64. 800 - 5. 2542E- 04 - 108. 60 5. 5309 - 0. 8428 1. 0140E+04 5. 3650E+06
67. 886 - 1. 3472E- 04 - 88. 935 7. 1788 - 0. 2253 1. 0033E+04 5. 3650E+06
70. 971 9. 8129E- 05 - 66. 556 7. 2629 0. 1708 9912. 5 5. 3650E+06
74. 057 2. 1286E- 04 - 45. 374 6. 4057 0. 3849 9798. 0 5. 3650E+06
77. 143 2. 4706E- 04 - 27. 564 5. 0968 0. 4635 9701. 8 5. 3650E+06
80. 229 2. 3235E- 04 - 13. 990 3. 6849 0. 4517 9628. 4 5. 3650E+06
83. 314 1. 9281E- 04 - 4. 6261 2. 3895 0. 3879 9577. 8 5. 3650E+06
86. 400 1. 4505E- 04 1. 0739 1. 3256 0. 3017 9558. 6 5. 3650E+06
89. 486 9. 9203E- 05 3. 8944 0. 5314 0. 2131 9573. 8 5. 3650E+06
92. 571 6. 0266E- 05 4. 6610 - 3. 3992E- 03 0. 1335 9578. 0 5. 3650E+06
95. 657 2. 9602E- 05 4. 1261 - 0. 3137 6. 7603E- 02 9575. 1 5. 3650E+06
98. 743 6. 2600E- 06 2. 9209 - 0. 4407 1. 4722E- 02 9568. 5 5. 3650E+06
101. 83 - 1. 1898E- 05 1. 5567 - 0. 4190 - 2. 8789E- 02 9561. 2 5. 3650E+06
104. 91 - 2. 7293E- 05 0. 4566 - 0. 2699 - 6. 7895E- 02 9555. 2 5. 3650E+06
108. 00 - 4. 1878E- 05 - 3. 8181E- 15 1. 5023E- 15 - 0. 1070 9552. 8 5. 3650E+06

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-16

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 2


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 3055E- 02 0. 2144 - 1. 0496E- 03 5217. 0 1545. 2 7658. 0 5. 5605E+04


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

0. 1172 0. 1979 - 1. 0496E- 03 5400. 0 666. 73 7658. 0 5. 5605E+04


* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 0. 1979 - 7658. 0 678. 63 0. 0000 5. 5605E+04 5. 3650E+06
3. 0857 0. 1878 - 5546. 4 656. 54 6. 6034 4. 4191E+04 5. 3650E+06
6. 1714 0. 1680 - 3444. 6 625. 09 13. 786 3. 2830E+04 5. 3650E+06
9. 2571 0. 1420 - 1441. 1 556. 28 30. 813 2. 2000E+04 5. 3650E+06
12. 343 0. 1134 282. 93 434. 65 48. 021 1. 5740E+04 5. 3650E+06
15. 429 8. 5379E- 02 1547. 0 278. 68 53. 068 2. 2572E+04 5. 3650E+06
18. 514 6. 0078E- 02 2290. 9 127. 69 44. 798 2. 6594E+04 5. 3650E+06
21. 600 3. 8842E- 02 2586. 3 6. 4414 33. 788 2. 8190E+04 5. 3650E+06
24. 686 2. 2197E- 02 2535. 2 - 79. 496 21. 912 2. 7914E+04 5. 3650E+06
27. 771 1. 0051E- 02 2251. 2 - 130. 05 10. 857 2. 6379E+04 5. 3650E+06
30. 857 1. 8996E- 03 1842. 2 - 150. 24 2. 2289 2. 4168E+04 5. 3650E+06
33. 943 - 2. 9819E- 03 1394. 3 - 147. 86 - 3. 7765 2. 1747E+04 5. 3650E+06
37. 029 - 5. 3889E- 03 969. 05 - 130. 73 - 7. 3265 1. 9449E+04 5. 3650E+06
40. 114 - 6. 0760E- 03 604. 25 - 105. 80 - 8. 8264 1. 7477E+04 5. 3650E+06
43. 200 - 5. 6907E- 03 317. 71 - 78. 615 - 8. 7965 1. 5928E+04 5. 3650E+06
46. 286 - 4. 7415E- 03 111. 88 - 53. 054 - 7. 7707 1. 4815E+04 5. 3650E+06
49. 371 - 3. 5938E- 03 - 21. 027 - 31. 462 - 6. 2243 1. 4324E+04 5. 3650E+06
52. 457 - 2. 4834E- 03 - 94. 472 - 14. 866 - 4. 5323 1. 4721E+04 5. 3650E+06
55. 543 - 1. 5406E- 03 - 123. 86 - 3. 3137 - 2. 9551 1. 4880E+04 5. 3650E+06
58. 629 - 8. 1767E- 04 - 123. 92 3. 7829 - 1. 6445 1. 4880E+04 5. 3650E+06
61. 714 - 3. 1466E- 04 - 107. 13 7. 3418 - 0. 6621 1. 4790E+04 5. 3650E+06
64. 800 - 1. 7767E- 06 - 83. 014 8. 3694 - 3. 9043E- 03 1. 4659E+04 5. 3650E+06
67. 886 1. 6377E- 04 - 58. 064 7. 7967 0. 3751 1. 4524E+04 5. 3650E+06
70. 971 2. 2627E- 04 - 36. 129 6. 3858 0. 5393 1. 4406E+04 5. 3650E+06
74. 057 2. 2465E- 04 - 18. 983 4. 6952 0. 5564 1. 4313E+04 5. 3650E+06
77. 143 1. 8934E- 04 - 6. 9535 3. 0860 0. 4866 1. 4248E+04 5. 3650E+06
80. 229 1. 4168E- 04 0. 5100 1. 7532 0. 3773 1. 4213E+04 5. 3650E+06
83. 314 9. 4934E- 05 4. 3762 0. 7674 0. 2616 1. 4234E+04 5. 3650E+06
86. 400 5. 5952E- 05 5. 7092 0. 1178 0. 1594 1. 4241E+04 5. 3650E+06
89. 486 2. 7103E- 05 5. 4695 - 0. 2512 7. 9744E- 02 1. 4240E+04 5. 3650E+06
92. 571 7. 9611E- 06 4. 4182 - 0. 4115 2. 4165E- 02 1. 4234E+04 5. 3650E+06
95. 657 - 3. 3395E- 06 3. 0944 - 0. 4327 - 1. 0447E- 02 1. 4227E+04 5. 3650E+06
98. 743 - 9. 1482E- 06 1. 8405 - 0. 3711 - 2. 9471E- 02 1. 4220E+04 5. 3650E+06
101. 83 - 1. 1691E- 05 0. 8495 - 0. 2658 - 3. 8750E- 02 1. 4215E+04 5. 3650E+06
104. 91 - 1. 2725E- 05 0. 2194 - 0. 1391 - 4. 3364E- 02 1. 4212E+04 5. 3650E+06
108. 00 - 1. 3370E- 05 - 9. 5453E- 16 1. 7239E- 16 - 4. 6808E- 02 1. 4211E+04 5. 3650E+06

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-17

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.2.5 Summary File

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 14: 42: 33




***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 1 - 2D, EXTERNAL P- Y CURVES




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
17770. 0 3700. 00 - 7800. 00


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0701967 0. 21445 - 1. 04964E- 03



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. X, I N DI SP. Y, I N ROT. Z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 5. 7339E- 02 0. 2145 - 1. 0496E- 03
2 8. 3055E- 02 0. 2145 - 1. 0496E- 03

MI NI MUM 5. 7339E- 02 0. 2145 - 1. 0496E- 03
Pi l e G. 1 1 1
MAXI MUM 8. 3055E- 02 0. 2145 - 1. 0496E- 03
Pi l e G. 2 1 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-18

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP FOR. X, LBS FOR. Y, LBS MOM Z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 3668. 0 304. 84 7417. 1 4. 9645E+04
2 5217. 0 1545. 2 7658. 0 5. 5605E+04

MI NI MUM 3668. 0 304. 84 7417. 1 4. 9645E+04
Pi l e G. 1 1 1 1
MAXI MUM 5217. 0 1545. 2 7658. 0 5. 5605E+04
Pi l e G. 2 2 2 2


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. x, I N DI SP. y, I N ROT. z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 3. 9341E- 02 0. 2185 - 1. 0496E- 03
2 0. 1172 0. 1979 - 1. 0496E- 03

MI NI MUM 3. 9341E- 02 0. 1979 - 1. 0496E- 03
Pi l e G. 1 2 1
MAXI MUM 0. 1172 0. 2185 - 1. 0496E- 03
Pi l e G. 2 1 1

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP AXI AL, LBS LAT. y, LBS MOM z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 3630. 0 608. 25 7417. 1 4. 9645E+04
2 5400. 0 666. 73 7658. 0 5. 5605E+04

MI NI MUM 3630. 0 608. 25 7417. 1 4. 9645E+04
Pi l e G. 1 1 1 1
MAXI MUM 5400. 0 666. 73 7658. 0 5. 5605E+04
Pi l e G. 2 2 2 2

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *

* MI NI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 6. 5480E- 03 - 7417. 0 - 135. 10 - 7. 3890 9553. 0 5. 3650E+06
x( I N) 43. 200 0. 0000 33. 900 943. 00 1. 0800E- 02 0. 0000
2 - 6. 0760E- 03 - 7658. 0 - 150. 20 - 8. 8260 1. 4210E+04 5. 3650E+06
x( I N) 40. 114 0. 0000 30. 800 140. 00 4. 3108 0. 0000

Mi n. - 6. 5480E- 03 - 7658. 0 - 150. 20 - 8. 8260 9553. 0 5. 3650E+06
Pi l e 1 2 2 2 1 1

* MAXI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 0. 2185 2510. 0 616. 00 45. 970 4. 9650E+04 5. 3650E+06
x( I N) 0. 0000 24. 680 0. 0000 15. 000 8. 6000E- 02 0. 0000
2 0. 1979 2586. 0 678. 60 53. 070 5. 5600E+04 5. 3650E+06
x( I N) 0. 0000 21. 600 0. 0000 15. 000 8. 6000E- 02 0. 0000

Max. 0. 2185 2586. 0 678. 60 53. 070 5. 5600E+04 5. 3650E+06
Pi l e 1 2 2 2 2 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-19

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.2.6 Graphs


Figure 5.2 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 1 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-20

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.3 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 1 - 2D.

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-21

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.3 Example Problem 2 - 2D

5.3.1 Model Description

The geometrical configuration of Example Problem 2 - 2D is shown in Figure 5.4. It consists of
six 18-inch square, prestressed concrete piles of 93 ft in lengths, which are assumed to be rigidly
connected to the pile cap. Subgroups 1 and 4 have only one pile battered 1:4 in the plane of loading (x-y
plane). Subgroups 2 and 3 have two piles battered 1:6 away from the plane of loading. However, the
pile subgroups 2 and 3 are regarded as composed of vertical piles, because the projection of these piles
on the plane of loading is vertical. Distance from the pile cap to the assumed scour line is approximately
10 ft.
The group of piles is subjected to loads applied at the center of the pile cap and at the top of a
bent which is located 38.5 ft (462 in) above the origin of global coordinates.
The applied loads are:
Vertical load = 844 kips (844,000 lbs),
Lateral load = 36.4 kips (36,400 lbs),
Moment = 0
The general section property of the prestressed concrete pile is shown in Figure 5.5. The
compressive strength of the concrete is assumed to be 6,000 psi. The moment of inertia of the section
is 8,600 in
4
. The Young's modulus of the concrete is 4.44 x 10
6
psi. In this case the pile is regarded as
linearly elastic throughout, with the assumption that maximum stress in the pile is always in the elastic
range.
Theoretical lateral soil-resistance curves are internally generated by the program. The soil is
submerged soft clay with properties shown in Figure 5.4. For the example, the contribution of the top 5
ft is neglected by defining a soft clay layer with very low resistance (c=0.001 psi). Note that no
modifications of the p-y curves has been made in this example for the pile-batter effect. The curve of
axial load versus pile-top displacement used in this example is shown in Figure 5.6.
This example problem includes a printout of p-y curves internally generated by the program for
pile subgroup 1 at the depths of 180 in, 252 in, 360 in and 1116 in below the origin of coordinates that
correspond to 60 in, 132 in, 240 in and 996 in below the ground line. This curves are printed out for
verification purposes. The input and output files for the example problem are shown in the following
pages.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-22

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 5.4 General Description of Example Problem 2 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-23

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 5.5 Section of prestressed concrete pile



Figure 5.6 Axial load versus pile-top displacements

-1
-0.8
-0.6
-0.4
-0.2
0
0.2
0.4
0.6
0.8
1
-400 -200 0 200 400
A
X
I
A
L

P
I
L
E
-
T
O
P

D
I
S
P
L
A
C
E
M
E
N
T
,

i
n
AXIAL LOAD, Kip
D
o
w
n
w
a
r
d
U
p
w
a
r
d
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-24

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.3.2 Input Data

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 2 - 2D, P- Y CURVES GENERATED I NTERNALLY
GROUP8. 0. 1
* Anal ysi s Par amet er s
1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
* Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00
* Load Cases
1 0 0 1
0 1 2 1 1 20 20
0. 001 0. 001 1 1
Load Case 1
12 0 0 0 1 0 0
2 1 1 0
1
844000 36400 0 0 0 0 - 462 0 0
0
0
* Load Combi nat i ons
0 0 0 1
* Di st r i but ed Load Set s
1
1
0 0
* Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
4
2 1 1 0 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 - 126 - 14. 037466 120
2 2 1 0 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 - 90 0 120
2 2 1 0 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 90 0 120
2 1 1 0 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 126 14. 037466 120
* Pi l e Pr oper t i es
1
0 1
35 1116 4440000 1
0 1116 1 1 1
* Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
1
0 0 0
Sect i on 1
18 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 324 8600 8600 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Soi l Layer s
3
0 1
120 180
2 10
0. 01 0. 001 0 10 0 0. 02 0 0. 001 0 0
0. 01 0. 001 0 10 0 0. 02 0 0. 001 0 0
1 1
180 1014
2 10
0. 01736 3. 8 0 40 0 0. 02 0 3 0 0
0. 01736 3. 8 0 40 0 0. 02 0 3 0 0
2 1
1014 1120
2 10
0. 01736 15 0 500 0 0. 02 0 5 0 0
0. 01736 15 0 500 0 0. 02 0 5 0 0
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NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-25

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* Pr i nt py cur ves
4
1 180
0
1 252
0
1 360
0
1 1116
0
* User def i ned LD cur ves
1
0 25
- 360000 - 10
- 360000 - 0. 65
- 354000 - 0. 58
- 345000 - 0. 5
- 330000 - 0. 4
- 310000 - 0. 3
- 280000 - 0. 19
- 260000 - 0. 16
- 240000 - 0. 14
- 120000 - 0. 06
- 80000 - 0. 04
- 40000 - 0. 02
0 0
40000 0. 02
80000 0. 04
120000 0. 06
240000 0. 14
260000 0. 16
280000 0. 19
310000 0. 3
330000 0. 4
345000 0. 5
354000 0. 58
360000 0. 65
360000 10
* End of f i l e

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-26

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.3.3 Output File

=========================================================================

GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

Anal ysi s of A Gr oup of Pi l es
Subj ect ed t o Axi al and Lat er al Loadi ng

( c) Copyr i ght ENSOFT, I nc. , 1987- 2010
Al l Ri ght s Reser ved

=========================================================================


Thi s pr ogr ami s l i censed t o :

Ensof t
ENSOFT, I NC.

Pat h t o f i l e l ocat i ons : C: \ Gr oup8\ Exampl esGP8\
Name of i nput dat a f i l e : 2Dexampl e2. gp8d
Name of out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e2. gp8o
Name of out put summar y f i l e : 2Dexampl e2. gp8t
Name of pl ot out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e2. gp8p
Name of r unt i me f i l e : 2Dexampl e2. gp8r


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 14: 52: 4






COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-27

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** I NPUT I NFORMATI ON *****


EXAMPLE PROBLEM 2 - 2D, P- Y CURVES GENERATED I NTERNALLY

ANALYSI S TYPE = 2D ANALYSI S

UNI TS SYSTEM = ENGL



* TABLE C * LOAD AND CONTROL PARAMETERS


** LOAD CASES **


NUMBER OF LOAD CASES : 1


LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp
SCALE FACTOR : 1. 0000

* CONCENTRATED LOADS *

NL VERT. LOAD HOR. LOAD MOMENT COORD X COORD Y
LBS LBS LBS- I N I N I N
1 8. 44000E+05 36400. 0 0. 00000 - 462. 000 0. 00000


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VER. LOAD X, LBS HOR. LOAD Y, LBS MOMENT, LBS- I N
8. 44000E+05 36400. 0 - 1. 68168E+07


* THE LOADI NG I S STATI C *


* CONTROL PARAMETERS *
TOLERANCE ON CONVERGENCE OF FOUNDATI ON REACTI ON, = 1. 00000E- 03
TOLERANCE ON DETERMI NATI ON OF DEFLECTI ONS = 1. 00000E- 03 I N
MAX NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR FOUNDATI ON ANALYSI S = 20
MAXI MUM NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR PI LE ANALYSI S = 20
FACTOR TO APPLY THE LOAD I N I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
MI NI MUM FACTOR FOR LOAD I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
PRI NT RESULTS AT PI LE CAP, PI LE HEADS AND ALONG PI LES
PRI NT RESULTS EVERY 1 NODE( S)



** SETS OF DI STRI BUTED LOAD **


NUMBER OF SETS : 1

DI ST. LOAD SET : 1
NL DEPTH LOAD
( I N) ( LBS)
1 0. 0000 0. 0000



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-28

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE D * ARRANGEMENT OF PI LE GROUPS

GROUP CONNECT NO OF PI LE PI LE PROP P- Y CURVE L- S CURVE
1 FI X 1 1 0 1
2 FI X 2 1 0 1
3 FI X 2 1 0 1
4 FI X 1 1 0 1

GROUP VERT, I N HOR, I N SLOPE, I N/ I N GROUND, I N SPRI NG, LBS- I N
1 0. 00000 - 126. 000 - 0. 25002 120. 000 0. 00000
2 0. 00000 - 90. 0000 0. 00000 120. 000 0. 00000
3 0. 00000 90. 0000 0. 00000 120. 000 0. 00000
4 0. 00000 126. 000 0. 25002 120. 000 0. 00000



* TABLE E * PI LE GEOMETRY AND PROPERTI ES
PI LE TYPE = 1 - DRI VEN PI LE
= 2 - DRI LLED SHAFT

PROP SECTS I NC PI LE TYPE LENGTH, I N E, LBS/ I N**2
1 1 35 1 1116. 0 4. 4400E+06

* PI LE SECTI ONS *

PROP SECT FROM, I N TO, I N CROSS SECT
1 1 0. 00000 1116. 00 1

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS *

CROSS SECTI ON : 1
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 18. 0000 I N

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS PROPERTI ES *

SECT DI AM, I N AREA, I N**2 I , I N**4 Mn, LBS- I N Vn, LBS
1 18. 0000 324. 000 8600. 00 0. 00000 0. 00000



* TABLE F * SOI L DATA


SOI LS I NFORMATI ON

GROUND SURFACE = 120. 000 I N

3 LAYER( S) OF SOI L

LAYER 1
THE SOI L I S A SOFT CLAY
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 120. 000 180. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 1. 00000E- 02 1. 00000E- 02
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 1. 00000E- 03 1. 00000E- 03
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 0. 0200000 0. 0200000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 1. 00000E- 03 1. 00000E- 03
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

LAYER 2
THE SOI L I S A SOFT CLAY
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 180. 000 1014. 00
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0173600 0. 0173600
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 3. 80000 3. 80000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 0. 0200000 0. 0200000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 3. 00000 3. 00000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-29

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

LAYER 3
THE SOI L I S A SOFT CLAY
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 1014. 00 1120. 00
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0173600 0. 0173600
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 15. 0000 15. 0000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 0. 0200000 0. 0200000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 5. 00000 5. 00000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

Not e : Def aul t val ues wi l l be gener at ed f or
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON and ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE
when i nput val ues ar e 0.


* DATA TO PRI NT GENERATED P- Y CURVES *

NUMBER OF CURVES TO PRI NT : 4

CURVE NUMBER PI LE GROUP DEPTH ( I N)
1 1 180. 000
2 1 252. 000
3 1 360. 000
4 1 1116. 00



* TABLE H * AXI AL LOAD VS SETTLEMENT

USER DEFI NED LOAD- SETTLEMENT CURVE

NUM OF CURVES 1

CURVE 1 NUM OF POI NTS 25

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 - 3. 60000E+05 - 10. 0000
2 - 3. 60000E+05 - 0. 65000
3 - 3. 54000E+05 - 0. 58000
4 - 3. 45000E+05 - 0. 50000
5 - 3. 30000E+05 - 0. 40000
6 - 3. 10000E+05 - 0. 30000
7 - 2. 80000E+05 - 0. 19000
8 - 2. 60000E+05 - 0. 16000
9 - 2. 40000E+05 - 0. 14000
10 - 1. 20000E+05 - 0. 0600000
11 - 80000. 0 - 0. 0400000
12 - 40000. 0 - 0. 0200000
13 0. 00000 0. 00000
14 40000. 0 0. 0200000
15 80000. 0 0. 0400000
16 1. 20000E+05 0. 0600000
17 2. 40000E+05 0. 14000
18 2. 60000E+05 0. 16000
19 2. 80000E+05 0. 19000
20 3. 10000E+05 0. 30000
21 3. 30000E+05 0. 40000
22 3. 45000E+05 0. 50000
23 3. 54000E+05 0. 58000
24 3. 60000E+05 0. 65000
25 3. 60000E+05 10. 0000




COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-30

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 2 - 2D, P- Y CURVES GENERATED I NTERNALLY




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
8. 44000E+05 36400. 0 - 1. 68168E+07


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0765041 0. 0902836 - 9. 57898E- 05


NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS = 4



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-31

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 1


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

6. 4435E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05 7. 9254E+04 - 1. 7874E+04 2. 4591E+05 508. 04


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

4. 0612E- 02 0. 1032 - 9. 5790E- 05 8. 1223E+04 1883. 5 2. 4591E+05 508. 04


* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 0. 1032 - 2. 4591E+05 1891. 8 0. 0000 508. 04 3. 8184E+10
31. 886 9. 6888E- 02 - 1. 8534E+05 1883. 5 0. 0000 444. 65 3. 8184E+10
63. 771 8. 5625E- 02 - 1. 2437E+05 1883. 5 0. 0000 380. 84 3. 8184E+10
95. 657 7. 1051E- 02 - 6. 3129E+04 1883. 5 0. 0000 316. 75 3. 8184E+10
127. 54 5. 4795E- 02 - 1751. 6 1883. 0 3. 1686E- 02 252. 52 3. 8184E+10
159. 43 3. 8493E- 02 5. 9597E+04 1882. 0 2. 8040E- 02 313. 06 3. 8184E+10
191. 31 2. 3778E- 02 1. 2079E+05 1347. 5 33. 499 377. 09 3. 8184E+10
223. 20 1. 2279E- 02 1. 4766E+05 265. 34 34. 380 405. 22 3. 8184E+10
255. 09 4. 7111E- 03 1. 3926E+05 - 757. 25 29. 761 396. 42 3. 8184E+10
286. 97 8. 5155E- 04 1. 0030E+05 - 1510. 1 17. 463 355. 65 3. 8184E+10
318. 86 - 3. 3751E- 04 4. 3364E+04 - 1421. 7 - 23. 013 296. 07 3. 8184E+10
350. 74 - 3. 7194E- 04 9735. 2 - 736. 37 - 19. 970 260. 88 3. 8184E+10
382. 63 - 1. 4716E- 04 - 3611. 1 - 216. 58 - 12. 633 254. 47 3. 8184E+10
414. 51 - 1. 8533E- 05 - 4105. 4 45. 228 - 3. 7887 254. 98 3. 8184E+10
446. 40 7. 8596E- 07 - 738. 86 64. 359 2. 5887 251. 46 3. 8184E+10
478. 29 4. 3197E- 07 - 2. 6684 11. 831 0. 7060 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
510. 17 6. 9413E- 09 15. 687 4. 5861E- 02 3. 3163E- 02 250. 70 3. 8184E+10
542. 06 - 4. 1186E- 10 0. 2914 - 0. 2462 - 1. 4842E- 02 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
573. 94 - 6. 4741E- 12 - 1. 4981E- 02 - 4. 5725E- 03 - 3. 1580E- 04 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
605. 83 1. 9246E- 14 - 2. 4459E- 04 2. 3494E- 04 1. 4254E- 05 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
637. 71 1. 0330E- 16 7. 1505E- 07 3. 8354E- 06 2. 4197E- 07 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
669. 60 - 2. 5308E- 20 3. 8817E- 09 - 1. 1213E- 08 - 6. 9567E- 10 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
701. 49 - 1. 5241E- 23 - 9. 4935E- 13 - 6. 0869E- 11 - 3. 8198E- 12 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
733. 37 1. 3579E- 27 - 5. 7252E- 16 1. 4887E- 14 9. 3264E- 16 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
765. 26 8. 2001E- 31 5. 0936E- 20 8. 9776E- 18 5. 6321E- 19 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
797. 14 - 7. 2853E- 35 3. 0802E- 23 - 7. 9872E- 22 - 5. 0039E- 23 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
829. 03 - 4. 4118E- 38 - 2. 7328E- 27 - 4. 8301E- 25 - 3. 0302E- 26 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
860. 91 3. 9088E- 42 - 1. 6572E- 30 4. 2854E- 29 2. 6847E- 30 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
892. 80 2. 3736E- 45 1. 4662E- 34 2. 5987E- 32 1. 6303E- 33 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
924. 69 - 2. 0971E- 49 8. 9161E- 38 - 2. 2992E- 36 - 1. 4404E- 37 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
956. 57 0. 0000 - 7. 8666E- 42 - 1. 3981E- 39 - 8. 7712E- 41 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
988. 46 0. 0000 - 4. 7970E- 45 1. 2336E- 43 7. 7279E- 45 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
1020. 3 0. 0000 4. 2244E- 49 7. 5222E- 47 4. 7191E- 48 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
1052. 2 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
1084. 1 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 250. 69 3. 8184E+10
1116. 0 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 250. 69 3. 8184E+10

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 4


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-32

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 2


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

6. 7883E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05 1. 3182E+05 1651. 6 2. 1398E+05 630. 79


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

6. 7883E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05 1. 3182E+05 1651. 6 2. 1398E+05 630. 79


* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 9. 0284E- 02 - 2. 1398E+05 1663. 4 0. 0000 630. 79 3. 8184E+10
31. 886 8. 4381E- 02 - 1. 6053E+05 1651. 6 0. 0000 574. 87 3. 8184E+10
63. 771 7. 4203E- 02 - 1. 0653E+05 1651. 6 0. 0000 518. 35 3. 8184E+10
95. 657 6. 1189E- 02 - 5. 2149E+04 1651. 6 0. 0000 461. 44 3. 8184E+10
127. 54 4. 6787E- 02 2412. 9 1651. 2 3. 0051E- 02 409. 39 3. 8184E+10
159. 43 3. 2449E- 02 5. 6936E+04 1650. 3 2. 6472E- 02 466. 45 3. 8184E+10
191. 31 1. 9627E- 02 1. 1123E+05 1149. 5 31. 381 523. 27 3. 8184E+10
223. 20 9. 7661E- 03 1. 3323E+05 143. 03 31. 750 546. 30 3. 8184E+10
255. 09 3. 4531E- 03 1. 2249E+05 - 786. 50 26. 554 535. 05 3. 8184E+10
286. 97 4. 0147E- 04 8. 4311E+04 - 1403. 0 12. 117 495. 10 3. 8184E+10
318. 86 - 4. 0526E- 04 3. 3521E+04 - 1245. 6 - 21. 989 441. 95 3. 8184E+10
350. 74 - 3. 1943E- 04 4970. 3 - 597. 14 - 18. 687 412. 07 3. 8184E+10
382. 63 - 1. 0127E- 04 - 4599. 3 - 129. 43 - 10. 650 411. 68 3. 8184E+10
414. 51 - 5. 5729E- 06 - 3325. 3 67. 224 - 1. 6854 410. 35 3. 8184E+10
446. 40 1. 5863E- 06 - 325. 94 53. 009 2. 5770 407. 21 3. 8184E+10
478. 29 6. 6938E- 08 54. 455 5. 1500 0. 4249 406. 92 3. 8184E+10
510. 17 - 2. 4344E- 09 2. 6942 - 0. 8554 - 4. 8186E- 02 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
542. 06 - 6. 9959E- 11 - 8. 6168E- 02 - 4. 2284E- 02 - 2. 8166E- 03 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
573. 94 1. 4231E- 13 - 2. 6381E- 03 1. 3514E- 03 7. 9568E- 05 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
605. 83 5. 8921E- 16 5. 3006E- 06 4. 1368E- 05 2. 6052E- 06 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
637. 71 - 2. 4094E- 19 2. 2147E- 08 - 8. 3120E- 08 - 5. 1701E- 09 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
669. 60 - 5. 5154E- 23 - 9. 0449E- 12 - 3. 4729E- 10 - 2. 1801E- 11 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
701. 49 1. 2947E- 26 - 2. 0724E- 15 1. 4183E- 13 8. 8923E- 15 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
733. 37 2. 9691E- 30 4. 8601E- 19 3. 2497E- 17 2. 0393E- 18 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
765. 26 - 6. 9567E- 34 1. 1156E- 22 - 7. 6212E- 21 - 4. 7781E- 22 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
797. 14 - 1. 5984E- 37 - 2. 6115E- 26 - 1. 7494E- 24 - 1. 0978E- 25 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
829. 03 3. 7381E- 41 - 6. 0057E- 30 4. 0951E- 28 2. 5674E- 29 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
860. 91 8. 6044E- 45 1. 4032E- 33 9. 4176E- 32 5. 9098E- 33 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
892. 80 - 2. 0086E- 48 3. 2331E- 37 - 2. 2004E- 35 - 1. 3796E- 36 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
924. 69 0. 0000 - 7. 5401E- 41 - 5. 0697E- 39 - 3. 1814E- 40 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
956. 57 0. 0000 - 1. 7404E- 44 1. 1824E- 42 7. 4128E- 44 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
988. 46 0. 0000 4. 0515E- 48 2. 7292E- 46 1. 7127E- 47 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
1020. 3 0. 0000 0. 0000 - 6. 3532E- 50 0. 0000 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
1052. 2 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
1084. 1 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 406. 87 3. 8184E+10
1116. 0 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 406. 87 3. 8184E+10

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 4


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-33

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 3


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 5125E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05 1. 5769E+05 1642. 7 2. 1394E+05 710. 58


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 5125E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05 1. 5769E+05 1642. 7 2. 1394E+05 710. 58


* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 9. 0284E- 02 - 2. 1394E+05 1656. 8 0. 0000 710. 58 3. 8184E+10
31. 886 8. 4381E- 02 - 1. 6063E+05 1642. 7 0. 0000 654. 79 3. 8184E+10
63. 771 7. 4202E- 02 - 1. 0664E+05 1642. 7 0. 0000 598. 30 3. 8184E+10
95. 657 6. 1183E- 02 - 5. 2212E+04 1642. 7 0. 0000 541. 33 3. 8184E+10
127. 54 4. 6773E- 02 2438. 7 1642. 2 3. 0048E- 02 489. 24 3. 8184E+10
159. 43 3. 2429E- 02 5. 7049E+04 1641. 3 2. 6467E- 02 546. 39 3. 8184E+10
191. 31 1. 9604E- 02 1. 1139E+05 1140. 8 31. 369 603. 26 3. 8184E+10
223. 20 9. 7445E- 03 1. 3338E+05 134. 91 31. 725 626. 27 3. 8184E+10
255. 09 3. 4365E- 03 1. 2255E+05 - 793. 45 26. 506 614. 94 3. 8184E+10
286. 97 3. 9142E- 04 8. 4252E+04 - 1406. 5 11. 949 574. 86 3. 8184E+10
318. 86 - 4. 1030E- 04 3. 3456E+04 - 1246. 0 - 22. 016 521. 70 3. 8184E+10
350. 74 - 3. 2120E- 04 4903. 6 - 596. 68 - 18. 714 491. 82 3. 8184E+10
382. 63 - 1. 0154E- 04 - 4643. 4 - 128. 47 - 10. 654 491. 55 3. 8184E+10
414. 51 - 5. 5111E- 06 - 3338. 9 67. 961 - 1. 6668 490. 18 3. 8184E+10
446. 40 1. 6127E- 06 - 325. 70 53. 243 2. 5900 487. 03 3. 8184E+10
478. 29 6. 4428E- 08 55. 629 5. 1443 0. 4270 486. 75 3. 8184E+10
510. 17 - 2. 6663E- 09 2. 6174 - 0. 8740 - 4. 9484E- 02 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
542. 06 - 6. 8880E- 11 - 9. 4960E- 02 - 4. 1078E- 02 - 2. 7583E- 03 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
573. 94 1. 3154E- 13 - 2. 5968E- 03 1. 4893E- 03 8. 8298E- 05 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
605. 83 5. 4927E- 16 4. 8988E- 06 4. 0720E- 05 2. 5637E- 06 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
637. 71 - 1. 9107E- 19 2. 0643E- 08 - 7. 6819E- 08 - 4. 7778E- 09 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
669. 60 - 5. 1749E- 23 - 7. 1722E- 12 - 3. 2371E- 10 - 2. 0318E- 11 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
701. 49 1. 0265E- 26 - 1. 9443E- 15 1. 1247E- 13 7. 0506E- 15 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
733. 37 2. 7854E- 30 3. 8532E- 19 3. 0489E- 17 1. 9131E- 18 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
765. 26 - 5. 5150E- 34 1. 0465E- 22 - 6. 0423E- 21 - 3. 7879E- 22 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
797. 14 - 1. 4992E- 37 - 2. 0701E- 26 - 1. 6411E- 24 - 1. 0297E- 25 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
829. 03 2. 9629E- 41 - 5. 6329E- 30 3. 2462E- 28 2. 0350E- 29 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
860. 91 8. 0697E- 45 1. 1122E- 33 8. 8330E- 32 5. 5426E- 33 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
892. 80 - 1. 5918E- 48 3. 0319E- 37 - 1. 7440E- 35 - 1. 0933E- 36 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
924. 69 0. 0000 - 5. 9750E- 41 - 4. 7544E- 39 - 2. 9833E- 40 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
956. 57 0. 0000 - 1. 6319E- 44 9. 3694E- 43 5. 8736E- 44 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
988. 46 0. 0000 3. 2100E- 48 2. 5590E- 46 1. 6058E- 47 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
1020. 3 0. 0000 0. 0000 - 5. 0336E- 50 0. 0000 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
1052. 2 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
1084. 1 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 486. 69 3. 8184E+10
1116. 0 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 486. 69 3. 8184E+10

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 4


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-34

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 4


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 8574E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05 1. 8572E+05 4. 7685E+04 1. 5163E+05 750. 47


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

0. 1078 6. 6103E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05 1. 9174E+05 1213. 4 1. 5163E+05 750. 47


* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 6. 6103E- 02 - 1. 5163E+05 1225. 6 0. 0000 750. 47 3. 8184E+10
31. 886 6. 1030E- 02 - 1. 1196E+05 1213. 4 0. 0000 708. 97 3. 8184E+10
63. 771 5. 2976E- 02 - 7. 1729E+04 1213. 4 0. 0000 666. 86 3. 8184E+10
95. 657 4. 3012E- 02 - 3. 1127E+04 1213. 4 0. 0000 624. 37 3. 8184E+10
127. 54 3. 2219E- 02 9634. 4 1213. 0 2. 6530E- 02 601. 88 3. 8184E+10
159. 43 2. 1683E- 02 5. 0319E+04 1212. 2 2. 3127E- 02 644. 45 3. 8184E+10
191. 31 1. 2487E- 02 9. 0724E+04 782. 31 26. 943 686. 74 3. 8184E+10
223. 20 5. 7057E- 03 1. 0327E+05 - 68. 406 26. 417 699. 87 3. 8184E+10
255. 09 1. 6746E- 03 8. 8434E+04 - 816. 42 20. 501 684. 34 3. 8184E+10
286. 97 - 1. 8137E- 06 5. 2302E+04 - 1140. 6 - 0. 1687 646. 53 3. 8184E+10
318. 86 - 2. 8564E- 04 1. 6074E+04 - 835. 19 - 18. 986 608. 62 3. 8184E+10
350. 74 - 1. 4146E- 04 - 932. 38 - 308. 04 - 14. 079 592. 77 3. 8184E+10
382. 63 - 2. 2107E- 05 - 3620. 2 1. 2892 - 5. 3231 595. 58 3. 8184E+10
414. 51 8. 5274E- 07 - 877. 45 56. 812 1. 8406 592. 71 3. 8184E+10
446. 40 4. 4900E- 07 - 1. 5379 14. 016 0. 8438 591. 80 3. 8184E+10
478. 29 4. 3132E- 09 16. 519 2. 5929E- 02 3. 3727E- 02 591. 81 3. 8184E+10
510. 17 - 5. 3132E- 10 0. 2018 - 0. 2594 - 1. 5832E- 02 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
542. 06 - 2. 6682E- 12 - 1. 9754E- 02 - 3. 1644E- 03 - 2. 3715E- 04 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
573. 94 6. 0875E- 15 - 1. 0066E- 04 3. 0977E- 04 1. 9232E- 05 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
605. 83 1. 8404E- 17 2. 2725E- 07 1. 5785E- 06 9. 9456E- 08 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
637. 71 - 7. 5171E- 22 6. 9124E- 10 - 3. 5635E- 09 - 2. 2216E- 10 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
669. 60 - 9. 8996E- 25 - 2. 8158E- 14 - 1. 0839E- 11 - 6. 7995E- 13 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
701. 49 4. 0216E- 29 - 3. 7183E- 17 4. 4154E- 16 2. 7622E- 17 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
733. 37 5. 3252E- 32 1. 5064E- 21 5. 8307E- 19 3. 6575E- 20 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
765. 26 - 2. 1515E- 36 2. 0001E- 24 - 2. 3622E- 23 - 1. 4777E- 24 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
797. 14 - 2. 8645E- 39 - 8. 0588E- 29 - 3. 1364E- 26 - 1. 9674E- 27 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
829. 03 1. 1510E- 43 - 1. 0759E- 31 1. 2637E- 30 7. 9054E- 32 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
860. 91 1. 5408E- 46 4. 3111E- 36 1. 6871E- 33 1. 0583E- 34 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
892. 80 0. 0000 5. 7873E- 39 - 6. 7603E- 38 - 4. 2290E- 39 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
924. 69 0. 0000 - 2. 3062E- 43 - 9. 0751E- 41 - 5. 6927E- 42 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
956. 57 0. 0000 - 3. 1131E- 46 3. 6164E- 45 2. 2622E- 46 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
988. 46 0. 0000 1. 2337E- 50 4. 8816E- 48 3. 0622E- 49 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
1020. 3 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
1052. 2 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
1084. 1 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 591. 79 3. 8184E+10
1116. 0 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 591. 79 3. 8184E+10

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 4




COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-35

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


* GENERATED P- Y CURVES *

NUMBER OF CURVES : 4


CURVE NUMBER = 1

PI LE GROUP NUMBER = 1

NUMBER OF POI NTS ON CURVE = 17

DEPTH BELOWGS DI AM C GAMMA E50
I N I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**3
60. 00 18. 000 0. 3800E+01 0. 1000E- 01 0. 2000E- 01

Y, I N P, LBS/ I N
0. 000 0. 000
0. 007 20. 530
0. 225 64. 667
0. 450 81. 475
0. 675 93. 266
0. 900 102. 652
1. 125 110. 579
1. 350 117. 508
1. 575 123. 703
1. 800 129. 334
2. 025 134. 513
2. 250 139. 321
2. 475 143. 818
2. 700 148. 050
7. 200 205. 305
13. 500 205. 305
18. 000 205. 305


CURVE NUMBER = 2

PI LE GROUP NUMBER = 1

NUMBER OF POI NTS ON CURVE = 17

DEPTH BELOWGS DI AM C GAMMA E50
I N I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**3
132. 00 18. 000 0. 3800E+01 0. 1401E- 01 0. 2000E- 01

Y, I N P, LBS/ I N
0. 000 0. 000
0. 007 36. 027
0. 225 113. 478
0. 450 142. 974
0. 675 163. 664
0. 900 180. 136
1. 125 194. 045
1. 350 206. 204
1. 575 217. 076
1. 800 226. 957
2. 025 236. 044
2. 250 244. 482
2. 475 252. 374
2. 700 259. 800
7. 200 360. 271
13. 500 360. 271
18. 000 360. 271


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-36

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

CURVE NUMBER = 3

PI LE GROUP NUMBER = 1

NUMBER OF POI NTS ON CURVE = 17

DEPTH BELOWGS DI AM C GAMMA E50
I N I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**3
240. 00 18. 000 0. 3800E+01 0. 1552E- 01 0. 2000E- 01

Y, I N P, LBS/ I N
0. 000 0. 000
0. 007 59. 759
0. 225 188. 230
0. 450 237. 156
0. 675 271. 475
0. 900 298. 797
1. 125 321. 870
1. 350 342. 037
1. 575 360. 072
1. 800 376. 461
2. 025 391. 535
2. 250 405. 530
2. 475 418. 621
2. 700 430. 940
7. 200 597. 595
13. 500 597. 594
18. 000 597. 594


CURVE NUMBER = 4

PI LE GROUP NUMBER = 1

NUMBER OF POI NTS ON CURVE = 17

DEPTH BELOWGS DI AM C GAMMA E50
I N I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**3
996. 00 18. 000 0. 1500E+02 0. 1692E- 01 0. 2000E- 01

Y, I N P, LBS/ I N
0. 000 0. 000
0. 007 243. 000
0. 225 765. 402
0. 450 964. 346
0. 675 1103. 901
0. 900 1215. 000
1. 125 1308. 819
1. 350 1390. 828
1. 575 1464. 161
1. 800 1530. 804
2. 025 1592. 100
2. 250 1649. 009
2. 475 1702. 239
2. 700 1752. 333
7. 200 2430. 000
13. 500 2430. 000
18. 000 2430. 000

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-37

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.3.4 Summary File

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 14: 52: 4




***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 2 - 2D, P- Y CURVES GENERATED I NTERNALLY




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
8. 44000E+05 36400. 0 - 1. 68168E+07


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0765041 0. 0902836 - 9. 57898E- 05



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. X, I N DI SP. Y, I N ROT. Z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 6. 4435E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05
2 6. 7883E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05
3 8. 5125E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05
4 8. 8574E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05

MI NI MUM 6. 4435E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05
Pi l e G. 1 1 1
MAXI MUM 8. 8574E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05
Pi l e G. 4 1 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-38

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP FOR. X, LBS FOR. Y, LBS MOM Z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 7. 9254E+04 - 1. 7874E+04 2. 4591E+05 508. 04
2 1. 3182E+05 1651. 6 2. 1398E+05 630. 79
3 1. 5769E+05 1642. 7 2. 1394E+05 710. 58
4 1. 8572E+05 4. 7685E+04 1. 5163E+05 750. 47

MI NI MUM 7. 9254E+04 - 1. 7874E+04 1. 5163E+05 508. 04
Pi l e G. 1 1 4 1
MAXI MUM 1. 8572E+05 4. 7685E+04 2. 4591E+05 750. 47
Pi l e G. 4 4 1 4


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. x, I N DI SP. y, I N ROT. z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 4. 0612E- 02 0. 1032 - 9. 5790E- 05
2 6. 7883E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05
3 8. 5125E- 02 9. 0284E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05
4 0. 1078 6. 6103E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05

MI NI MUM 4. 0612E- 02 6. 6103E- 02 - 9. 5790E- 05
Pi l e G. 1 4 1
MAXI MUM 0. 1078 0. 1032 - 9. 5790E- 05
Pi l e G. 4 1 1

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP AXI AL, LBS LAT. y, LBS MOM z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 8. 1223E+04 1883. 5 2. 4591E+05 508. 04
2 1. 3182E+05 1651. 6 2. 1398E+05 630. 79
3 1. 5769E+05 1642. 7 2. 1394E+05 710. 58
4 1. 9174E+05 1213. 4 1. 5163E+05 750. 47

MI NI MUM 8. 1223E+04 1213. 4 1. 5163E+05 508. 04
Pi l e G. 1 4 4 1
MAXI MUM 1. 9174E+05 1883. 5 2. 4591E+05 750. 47
Pi l e G. 4 1 1 4

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *

* MI NI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 3. 7190E- 04 - 2. 4590E+05 - 1510. 0 - 23. 010 250. 70 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 350. 74 0. 0000 286. 90 4318. 0 7. 1701 8. 5700E- 02
2 - 4. 0530E- 04 - 2. 1400E+05 - 1403. 0 - 21. 990 406. 90 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 318. 86 0. 0000 286. 90 4318. 0 7. 1669 0. 0000
3 - 4. 1030E- 04 - 2. 1390E+05 - 1407. 0 - 22. 020 486. 70 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 318. 86 0. 0000 286. 90 4318. 0 7. 1669 0. 0000
4 - 2. 8560E- 04 - 1. 5160E+05 - 1141. 0 - 18. 990 591. 80 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 318. 86 0. 0000 286. 90 4318. 0 7. 1669 0. 0000

Mi n. - 4. 1030E- 04 - 2. 4590E+05 - 1510. 0 - 23. 010 250. 70 3. 8180E+10
Pi l e 3 1 1 1 1 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-39

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* MAXI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 0. 1032 1. 4770E+05 1892. 0 34. 380 508. 00 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 0. 0000 223. 20 0. 0000 223. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000
2 9. 0280E- 02 1. 3320E+05 1663. 0 31. 750 630. 80 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 0. 0000 223. 20 0. 0000 223. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000
3 9. 0280E- 02 1. 3340E+05 1657. 0 31. 720 710. 60 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 0. 0000 223. 20 0. 0000 223. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000
4 6. 6100E- 02 1. 0330E+05 1226. 0 26. 940 750. 50 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 0. 0000 223. 20 0. 0000 191. 00 4. 3000E- 02 0. 0000

Max. 0. 1032 1. 4770E+05 1892. 0 34. 380 750. 50 3. 8180E+10
Pi l e 1 1 1 1 4 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-40

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.3.5 Graphs


Figure 5.7 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 2 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-41

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.8 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 2 - 2D.

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-42

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.9 Internally Generated p-y Curves for Example Problem 2 - 2D.

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-43

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.4 Example Problem 3 - 2D

5.4.1 Model Description

This example serves the purpose of demonstrating the various input/outputs in the program.
Users may find it helpful if there are uncertainties for the input parameters.
The loads and the geometric configuration of the foundation in this example are the same as
those in Example 2 - 2D. In this example, subgroups 1 and 4 have pile tops which are elastically
restrained instead of fixed to the pile cap. Rotational stiffness of the springs is assumed to be 5.5 x 10
6

lbs-in/rad. Two curves of axial versus displacement and two types of piles are used. Pile type 1 has the
same dimensions and properties as those in Example 2 - 2D. Pile type 2 has two uniform sections. From
0 to 500 in the pile has the same dimensions as pile type 1. From 500 to 1116 in, the diameter of pile is
reduced to 9 in, the moment of inertia is equal to 538 in
4
, and the area of the cross section is 81 in
2
.
A distributed load curve is used to represent loads applied along the piles.
The input and output files for the example problem are shown in the following pages.
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-44

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.4.2 Input Data

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 3 - 2D , 2 PI LE TYPES, DI ST LOAD, 2 L- S CURVES, RES HEAD
GROUP8. 0. 1
* Anal ysi s Par amet er s
1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00
* Load Cases
1 0 0 1
0 1 2 1 1 50 50
0. 001 0. 001 1 1
Load Case 1
12 0 0 0 1 1 0
2 1 1 0
1
844000 36400 0 0 0 0 - 462 0 0
1
1 0 1 4 1 1 1 0 0
0
* Load Combi nat i ons
0 0 0 1
* Di st r i but ed Load Set s
1
2
0 0
120 50
* Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
4
3 1 2 0 2
550000 0 1 1 1
0 - 126 - 14. 037466 0
2 2 1 0 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 - 90 0 0
2 2 1 0 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 90 0 0
3 1 2 0 2
550000 0 1 1 1
0 126 14. 037466 0
* Pi l e Pr oper t i es
2
0 1
44 1116 5440000 1
0 1116 1 1 1
1 2
35 1116 4440000 1
0 500 1 1 1
500 1116 2 1 1
* Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
2
0 0 0
Sect i on 1
18 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 324 8600 8600 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 0
Sect i on 2
9 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 81 538 538 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Soi l Layer s
3
0 1
120 180
2 10
0. 01 0. 001 0 10 0 0. 02 0 0. 001 0 0
0. 01 0. 001 0 10 0 0. 02 0 0. 001 0 0
1 1
180 1014
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-45

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

2 10
0. 01736 3. 8 0 40 0 0. 02 0 3 0 0
0. 01736 3. 8 0 40 0 0. 02 0 3 0 0
2 1
1014 1120
2 10
0. 01736 15 0 500 0 0. 02 0 5 0 0
0. 01736 15 0 500 0 0. 02 0 5 0 0
* User def i ned LD cur ves
2
0 11
0 - 20
0 0
40000 0. 03
80000 0. 04
100000 0. 05
120000 0. 06
240000 0. 14
260000 0. 16
280000 0. 19
360000 0. 65
360000 10
1 5
0 - 20
0 0
40000 0. 05
120000 0. 12
250000 10
* End of f i l e

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-46

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.4.3 Output File

=========================================================================

GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

Anal ysi s of A Gr oup of Pi l es
Subj ect ed t o Axi al and Lat er al Loadi ng

( c) Copyr i ght ENSOFT, I nc. , 1987- 2010
Al l Ri ght s Reser ved

=========================================================================


Thi s pr ogr ami s l i censed t o :

Ensof t
ENSOFT, I NC.

Pat h t o f i l e l ocat i ons : C: \ Gr oup8\ Exampl esGP8\
Name of i nput dat a f i l e : 2Dexampl e3. gp8d
Name of out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e3. gp8o
Name of out put summar y f i l e : 2Dexampl e3. gp8t
Name of pl ot out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e3. gp8p
Name of r unt i me f i l e : 2Dexampl e3. gp8r


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 14: 56: 43






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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-47

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** I NPUT I NFORMATI ON *****


EXAMPLE PROBLEM 3 - 2D , 2 PI LE TYPES, DI ST LOAD, 2 L- S CURVES, RES HEAD

ANALYSI S TYPE = 2D ANALYSI S

UNI TS SYSTEM = ENGL



* TABLE C * LOAD AND CONTROL PARAMETERS


** LOAD CASES **


NUMBER OF LOAD CASES : 1


LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp
SCALE FACTOR : 1. 0000

* CONCENTRATED LOADS *

NL VERT. LOAD HOR. LOAD MOMENT COORD X COORD Y
LBS LBS LBS- I N I N I N
1 8. 44000E+05 36400. 0 0. 00000 - 462. 000 0. 00000


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VER. LOAD X, LBS HOR. LOAD Y, LBS MOMENT, LBS- I N
8. 44000E+05 36400. 0 - 1. 68168E+07

* DI STRI BUTED LOADS *

NL AXI S I NI _PI LE END_PI LE I NC_PI LE SET_Y FACTOR_Y
1 LOCAL 1 4 1 1 1. 0000


* THE LOADI NG I S STATI C *


* CONTROL PARAMETERS *
TOLERANCE ON CONVERGENCE OF FOUNDATI ON REACTI ON, = 1. 00000E- 03
TOLERANCE ON DETERMI NATI ON OF DEFLECTI ONS = 1. 00000E- 03 I N
MAX NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR FOUNDATI ON ANALYSI S = 50
MAXI MUM NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR PI LE ANALYSI S = 50
FACTOR TO APPLY THE LOAD I N I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
MI NI MUM FACTOR FOR LOAD I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
PRI NT RESULTS AT PI LE CAP, PI LE HEADS AND ALONG PI LES
PRI NT RESULTS EVERY 1 NODE( S)



** SETS OF DI STRI BUTED LOAD **


NUMBER OF SETS : 1

DI ST. LOAD SET : 1
NL DEPTH LOAD
( I N) ( LBS)
1 0. 0000 0. 0000
2 120. 00 50. 000



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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-48

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE D * ARRANGEMENT OF PI LE GROUPS

GROUP CONNECT NO OF PI LE PI LE PROP P- Y CURVE L- S CURVE
1 RES 1 2 0 2
2 FI X 2 1 0 1
3 FI X 2 1 0 1
4 RES 1 2 0 2

GROUP VERT, I N HOR, I N SLOPE, I N/ I N GROUND, I N SPRI NG, LBS- I N
1 0. 00000 - 126. 000 - 0. 25002 0. 00000 5. 50000E+05
2 0. 00000 - 90. 0000 0. 00000 0. 00000 0. 00000
3 0. 00000 90. 0000 0. 00000 0. 00000 0. 00000
4 0. 00000 126. 000 0. 25002 0. 00000 5. 50000E+05



* TABLE E * PI LE GEOMETRY AND PROPERTI ES
PI LE TYPE = 1 - DRI VEN PI LE
= 2 - DRI LLED SHAFT

PROP SECTS I NC PI LE TYPE LENGTH, I N E, LBS/ I N**2
1 1 44 1 1116. 0 5. 4400E+06
2 2 35 1 1116. 0 4. 4400E+06

* PI LE SECTI ONS *

PROP SECT FROM, I N TO, I N CROSS SECT
1 1 0. 00000 1116. 00 1
2 1 0. 00000 500. 000 1
2 2 500. 000 1116. 00 2

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS *

CROSS SECTI ON : 1
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 18. 0000 I N

CROSS SECTI ON : 2
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 9. 00000 I N

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS PROPERTI ES *

SECT DI AM, I N AREA, I N**2 I , I N**4 Mn, LBS- I N Vn, LBS
1 18. 0000 324. 000 8600. 00 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 9. 00000 81. 0000 538. 000 0. 00000 0. 00000



* TABLE F * SOI L DATA


SOI LS I NFORMATI ON

GROUND SURFACE = 120. 000 I N

3 LAYER( S) OF SOI L

LAYER 1
THE SOI L I S A SOFT CLAY
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 120. 000 180. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 1. 00000E- 02 1. 00000E- 02
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 1. 00000E- 03 1. 00000E- 03
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 0. 0200000 0. 0200000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 1. 00000E- 03 1. 00000E- 03
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-49

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

LAYER 2
THE SOI L I S A SOFT CLAY
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 180. 000 1014. 00
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0173600 0. 0173600
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 3. 80000 3. 80000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 0. 0200000 0. 0200000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 3. 00000 3. 00000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

LAYER 3
THE SOI L I S A SOFT CLAY
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 1014. 00 1120. 00
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0173600 0. 0173600
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 15. 0000 15. 0000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 0. 0200000 0. 0200000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 5. 00000 5. 00000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

Not e : Def aul t val ues wi l l be gener at ed f or
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON and ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE
when i nput val ues ar e 0.



* TABLE H * AXI AL LOAD VS SETTLEMENT

USER DEFI NED LOAD- SETTLEMENT CURVE

NUM OF CURVES 2

CURVE 1 NUM OF POI NTS 11

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 0. 00000 - 20. 0000
2 0. 00000 0. 00000
3 40000. 0 0. 0300000
4 80000. 0 0. 0400000
5 1. 00000E+05 0. 0500000
6 1. 20000E+05 0. 0600000
7 2. 40000E+05 0. 14000
8 2. 60000E+05 0. 16000
9 2. 80000E+05 0. 19000
10 3. 60000E+05 0. 65000
11 3. 60000E+05 10. 0000

CURVE 2 NUM OF POI NTS 5

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 0. 00000 - 20. 0000
2 0. 00000 0. 00000
3 40000. 0 0. 0500000
4 1. 20000E+05 0. 12000
5 2. 50000E+05 10. 0000




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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-50

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 3 - 2D , 2 PI LE TYPES, DI ST LOAD, 2 L- S CURVES, RES HEAD




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
8. 44000E+05 36400. 0 - 1. 68168E+07


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0997634 0. 29847 - 1. 13864E- 04


NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS = 5



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-51

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


* PI LE GROUP * 1


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 5417E- 02 0. 2985 - 1. 3916E- 03 8105. 3 - 2116. 3 702. 74 26. 589


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

1. 0471E- 02 0. 3103 - 1. 3916E- 03 8376. 6 - 87. 067 702. 74 26. 589


* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 0. 3103 - 702. 74 - 87. 064 0. 0000 26. 589 3. 8184E+10
31. 886 0. 2659 - 3107. 2 124. 75 0. 0000 29. 105 3. 8184E+10
63. 771 0. 2214 7996. 7 760. 18 0. 0000 34. 222 3. 8184E+10
95. 657 0. 1772 4. 6114E+04 1819. 2 0. 0000 74. 112 3. 8184E+10
127. 54 0. 1342 1. 2474E+05 2454. 0 4. 2818E- 02 156. 40 3. 8184E+10
159. 43 9. 4455E- 02 2. 0330E+05 2452. 7 3. 8027E- 02 238. 61 3. 8184E+10
191. 31 6. 0168E- 02 2. 8178E+05 1716. 5 46. 141 320. 74 3. 8184E+10
223. 20 3. 3383E- 02 3. 1328E+05 199. 25 49. 025 353. 70 3. 8184E+10
255. 09 1. 4939E- 02 2. 9486E+05 - 1313. 5 45. 860 334. 43 3. 8184E+10
286. 97 4. 3462E- 03 2. 2976E+05 - 2609. 7 35. 441 266. 30 3. 8184E+10
318. 86 - 1. 2883E- 04 1. 2857E+05 - 2782. 8 - 24. 583 160. 40 3. 8184E+10
350. 74 - 1. 1807E- 03 5. 2341E+04 - 1903. 1 - 30. 592 80. 629 3. 8184E+10
382. 63 - 8. 3883E- 04 7207. 2 - 974. 84 - 27. 633 33. 396 3. 8184E+10
414. 51 - 3. 0511E- 04 - 9833. 5 - 249. 53 - 17. 861 36. 145 3. 8184E+10
446. 40 - 3. 3220E- 05 - 8712. 5 129. 49 - 5. 9126 34. 971 3. 8184E+10
478. 29 6. 6877E- 06 - 1578. 3 136. 54 5. 4706 27. 505 3. 8184E+10
510. 17 4. 5702E- 06 - 5. 7548 24. 917 1. 5306 103. 46 2. 3887E+09
542. 06 3. 3537E- 09 10. 721 8. 9778E- 02 2. 6705E- 02 103. 50 2. 3887E+09
573. 94 - 1. 7401E- 10 8. 6972E- 03 - 0. 1681 - 1. 0528E- 02 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
605. 83 - 1. 4541E- 15 - 4. 0882E- 04 - 1. 3636E- 04 - 9. 3571E- 06 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
637. 71 1. 0871E- 18 - 3. 4214E- 09 6. 4107E- 06 4. 0210E- 07 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
669. 60 7. 7891E- 24 2. 5540E- 12 5. 3651E- 11 3. 3702E- 12 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
701. 49 - 5. 8058E- 27 1. 8328E- 17 - 4. 0050E- 14 - 2. 5121E- 15 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
733. 37 - 4. 1725E- 32 - 1. 3640E- 20 - 2. 8740E- 19 - 1. 8053E- 20 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
765. 26 3. 1007E- 35 - 9. 8177E- 26 2. 1390E- 22 1. 3416E- 23 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
797. 14 2. 2351E- 40 7. 2850E- 29 1. 5395E- 27 9. 6708E- 29 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
829. 03 - 1. 6560E- 43 5. 2591E- 34 - 1. 1424E- 30 - 7. 1652E- 32 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
860. 91 - 1. 1973E- 48 - 3. 8907E- 37 - 8. 2467E- 36 - 5. 1803E- 37 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
892. 80 0. 0000 - 2. 8171E- 42 6. 1010E- 39 3. 8267E- 40 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
924. 69 0. 0000 2. 0779E- 45 4. 4175E- 44 2. 7749E- 45 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
956. 57 0. 0000 1. 5090E- 50 - 3. 2584E- 47 - 2. 0438E- 48 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
988. 46 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
1020. 3 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
1052. 2 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
1084. 1 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 103. 41 2. 3887E+09
1116. 0 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 103. 41 2. 3887E+09

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-52

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


* PI LE GROUP * 2


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 9516E- 02 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04 1. 6427E+05 2409. 8 6. 1925E+05 1155. 1


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 9516E- 02 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04 1. 6427E+05 2409. 8 6. 1925E+05 1155. 1


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-53

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 0. 2985 - 6. 1925E+05 2437. 3 0. 0000 1155. 1 4. 6784E+10
25. 364 0. 2913 - 5. 5695E+05 2543. 8 0. 0000 1089. 9 4. 6784E+10
50. 727 0. 2765 - 4. 8660E+05 2945. 8 0. 0000 1016. 3 4. 6784E+10
76. 091 0. 2550 - 4. 0156E+05 3616. 0 0. 0000 927. 25 4. 6784E+10
101. 45 0. 2280 - 2. 9521E+05 4553. 2 7. 2771E- 02 815. 95 4. 6784E+10
126. 82 0. 1969 - 1. 6104E+05 5087. 8 4. 8744E- 02 675. 55 4. 6784E+10
152. 18 0. 1636 - 2. 6543E+04 5086. 6 4. 5795E- 02 534. 79 4. 6784E+10
177. 55 0. 1300 1. 0798E+05 5085. 4 4. 2371E- 02 620. 02 4. 6784E+10
202. 91 9. 7812E- 02 2. 4224E+05 4320. 2 60. 303 760. 52 4. 6784E+10
228. 27 6. 8972E- 02 3. 3716E+05 2729. 4 65. 134 859. 86 4. 6784E+10
253. 64 4. 4769E- 02 3. 8941E+05 1062. 3 66. 320 914. 54 4. 6784E+10
279. 00 2. 5920E- 02 3. 9812E+05 - 583. 55 63. 461 923. 65 4. 6784E+10
304. 36 1. 2545E- 02 3. 6510E+05 - 2099. 9 56. 104 889. 10 4. 6784E+10
329. 73 4. 1909E- 03 2. 9517E+05 - 3357. 3 43. 051 815. 91 4. 6784E+10
355. 09 - 1. 0447E- 04 1. 9687E+05 - 3682. 9 - 17. 379 713. 04 4. 6784E+10
380. 45 - 1. 6928E- 03 1. 0931E+05 - 2990. 5 - 37. 215 621. 41 4. 6784E+10
405. 82 - 1. 7780E- 03 4. 5443E+04 - 2046. 2 - 37. 252 554. 57 4. 6784E+10
431. 18 - 1. 2383E- 03 5439. 2 - 1165. 2 - 32. 212 512. 71 4. 6784E+10
456. 55 - 6. 2380E- 04 - 1. 3855E+04 - 446. 81 - 24. 437 521. 52 4. 6784E+10
481. 91 - 1. 9984E- 04 - 1. 7397E+04 53. 145 - 14. 985 525. 22 4. 6784E+10
507. 27 - 1. 5092E- 05 - 1. 1259E+04 289. 04 - 3. 6155 518. 80 4. 6784E+10
532. 64 1. 4833E- 05 - 2769. 9 225. 03 8. 6629 509. 92 4. 6784E+10
558. 00 6. 6698E- 06 152. 47 62. 371 4. 1631 507. 18 4. 6784E+10
583. 36 6. 0321E- 07 396. 34 - 2. 1245 0. 9226 507. 43 4. 6784E+10
608. 73 - 1. 3415E- 08 45. 799 - 7. 8336 - 0. 4724 507. 06 4. 6784E+10
634. 09 - 2. 6458E- 10 - 0. 9369 - 0. 9032 - 7. 4071E- 02 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
659. 45 3. 4167E- 12 - 1. 9737E- 02 1. 8474E- 02 1. 3946E- 03 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
684. 82 7. 4348E- 15 2. 4739E- 04 3. 8909E- 04 3. 1448E- 05 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
710. 18 - 2. 1502E- 17 5. 4381E- 07 - 4. 8769E- 06 - 3. 8287E- 07 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
735. 55 - 2. 4190E- 21 - 1. 5634E- 09 - 1. 0720E- 08 - 8. 5019E- 10 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
760. 91 3. 5374E- 24 - 1. 7643E- 13 3. 0819E- 11 2. 4296E- 12 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
786. 27 4. 0046E- 28 2. 5719E- 16 3. 4780E- 15 2. 7505E- 16 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
811. 64 - 5. 8194E- 31 2. 9208E- 20 - 5. 0701E- 18 - 3. 9970E- 19 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
837. 00 - 6. 6294E- 35 - 4. 2311E- 23 - 5. 7578E- 22 - 4. 5533E- 23 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
862. 36 9. 5737E- 38 - 4. 8350E- 27 8. 3409E- 25 6. 5756E- 26 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
887. 73 1. 0974E- 41 6. 9607E- 30 9. 5314E- 29 7. 5374E- 30 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
913. 09 - 1. 5750E- 44 8. 0037E- 34 - 1. 3722E- 31 - 1. 0818E- 32 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
938. 45 - 1. 8166E- 48 - 1. 1451E- 36 - 1. 5778E- 35 - 1. 2477E- 36 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
963. 82 0. 0000 - 1. 3248E- 40 2. 2574E- 38 1. 7796E- 39 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
989. 18 0. 0000 1. 8838E- 43 2. 6117E- 42 2. 0652E- 43 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
1014. 5 0. 0000 2. 1883E- 47 - 3. 7137E- 45 - 2. 9277E- 46 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
1039. 9 0. 0000 0. 0000 - 4. 3138E- 49 - 3. 4040E- 50 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
1065. 3 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
1090. 6 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 507. 02 4. 6784E+10
1116. 0 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 507. 02 4. 6784E+10

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-54

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 3


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

0. 1100 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04 1. 9502E+05 2379. 5 6. 1878E+05 1249. 5


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

0. 1100 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04 1. 9502E+05 2379. 5 6. 1878E+05 1249. 5


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-55

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 0. 2985 - 6. 1878E+05 2412. 2 0. 0000 1249. 5 4. 6784E+10
25. 364 0. 2913 - 5. 5704E+05 2513. 5 0. 0000 1184. 8 4. 6784E+10
50. 727 0. 2765 - 4. 8700E+05 2915. 6 0. 0000 1111. 6 4. 6784E+10
76. 091 0. 2550 - 4. 0206E+05 3585. 7 0. 0000 1022. 7 4. 6784E+10
101. 45 0. 2280 - 2. 9564E+05 4522. 9 7. 2769E- 02 911. 30 4. 6784E+10
126. 82 0. 1969 - 1. 6129E+05 5057. 5 4. 8742E- 02 770. 69 4. 6784E+10
152. 18 0. 1636 - 2. 6531E+04 5056. 3 4. 5791E- 02 629. 67 4. 6784E+10
177. 55 0. 1299 1. 0827E+05 5055. 2 4. 2365E- 02 715. 21 4. 6784E+10
202. 91 9. 7733E- 02 2. 4275E+05 4290. 1 60. 287 855. 94 4. 6784E+10
228. 27 6. 8884E- 02 3. 3779E+05 2699. 9 65. 106 955. 41 4. 6784E+10
253. 64 4. 4681E- 02 3. 9005E+05 1033. 7 66. 275 1010. 1 4. 6784E+10
279. 00 2. 5841E- 02 3. 9863E+05 - 610. 68 63. 393 1019. 1 4. 6784E+10
304. 36 1. 2483E- 02 3. 6535E+05 - 2124. 8 55. 999 984. 25 4. 6784E+10
329. 73 4. 1479E- 03 2. 9507E+05 - 3378. 7 42. 872 910. 70 4. 6784E+10
355. 09 - 1. 2926E- 04 1. 9642E+05 - 3691. 5 - 18. 200 807. 46 4. 6784E+10
380. 45 - 1. 7055E- 03 1. 0895E+05 - 2987. 6 - 37. 308 715. 92 4. 6784E+10
405. 82 - 1. 7835E- 03 4. 5193E+04 - 2041. 9 - 37. 262 649. 20 4. 6784E+10
431. 18 - 1. 2401E- 03 5281. 7 - 1161. 2 - 32. 185 607. 43 4. 6784E+10
456. 55 - 6. 2405E- 04 - 1. 3939E+04 - 443. 70 - 24. 393 616. 49 4. 6784E+10
481. 91 - 1. 9968E- 04 - 1. 7429E+04 55. 099 - 14. 939 620. 14 4. 6784E+10
507. 27 - 1. 4969E- 05 - 1. 1262E+04 289. 89 - 3. 5755 613. 69 4. 6784E+10
532. 64 1. 4871E- 05 - 2765. 4 225. 12 8. 6828 604. 80 4. 6784E+10
558. 00 6. 6853E- 06 153. 25 62. 286 4. 1575 602. 06 4. 6784E+10
583. 36 6. 0651E- 07 396. 96 - 2. 1390 0. 9227 602. 32 4. 6784E+10
608. 73 - 1. 3716E- 08 46. 051 - 7. 8454 - 0. 4727 601. 95 4. 6784E+10
634. 09 - 7. 0867E- 10 - 0. 8941 - 0. 9088 - 7. 4278E- 02 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
659. 45 4. 0106E- 12 - 5. 2119E- 02 1. 7635E- 02 1. 2276E- 03 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
684. 82 1. 5294E- 14 2. 8944E- 04 1. 0274E- 03 8. 1913E- 05 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
710. 18 - 3. 7722E- 17 1. 1177E- 06 - 5. 7059E- 06 - 4. 4644E- 07 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
735. 55 - 2. 5419E- 21 - 2. 7429E- 09 - 2. 2033E- 08 - 1. 7459E- 09 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
760. 91 6. 2068E- 24 - 1. 8576E- 13 5. 4071E- 11 4. 2631E- 12 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
786. 27 4. 2245E- 28 4. 5132E- 16 3. 6619E- 15 2. 9016E- 16 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
811. 64 - 1. 0213E- 30 3. 0871E- 20 - 8. 8970E- 18 - 7. 0146E- 19 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
837. 00 - 7. 0203E- 35 - 7. 4261E- 23 - 6. 0856E- 22 - 4. 8218E- 23 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
862. 36 1. 6804E- 37 - 5. 1298E- 27 1. 4639E- 24 1. 1542E- 25 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
887. 73 1. 1665E- 41 1. 2219E- 29 1. 0112E- 28 8. 0120E- 30 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
913. 09 - 2. 7650E- 44 8. 5234E- 34 - 2. 4088E- 31 - 1. 8991E- 32 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
938. 45 - 1. 9381E- 48 - 2. 0105E- 36 - 1. 6802E- 35 - 1. 3312E- 36 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
963. 82 0. 0000 - 1. 4161E- 40 3. 9634E- 38 3. 1249E- 39 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
989. 18 0. 0000 3. 3082E- 43 2. 7915E- 42 2. 2115E- 43 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
1014. 5 0. 0000 2. 3443E- 47 - 6. 5215E- 45 - 5. 1417E- 46 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
1039. 9 0. 0000 - 1. 3790E- 50 - 4. 6214E- 49 - 3. 6484E- 50 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
1065. 3 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
1090. 6 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 601. 90 4. 6784E+10
1116. 0 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 601. 90 4. 6784E+10

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-56

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 4


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

0. 1141 0. 2985 - 1. 1699E- 03 1. 1731E+05 2. 8938E+04 580. 81 373. 54


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

0. 1831 0. 2619 - 1. 1699E- 03 1. 2083E+05 - 381. 73 580. 81 373. 54


* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 0. 2619 - 580. 81 - 381. 70 0. 0000 373. 54 3. 8184E+10
31. 886 0. 2246 - 8244. 3 - 169. 92 0. 0000 381. 56 3. 8184E+10
63. 771 0. 1870 - 2373. 7 465. 52 0. 0000 375. 42 3. 8184E+10
95. 657 0. 1494 3. 0520E+04 1524. 6 0. 0000 404. 87 3. 8184E+10
127. 54 0. 1127 1. 0384E+05 2159. 4 4. 0378E- 02 481. 60 3. 8184E+10
159. 43 7. 8646E- 02 1. 7678E+05 2158. 2 3. 5745E- 02 557. 94 3. 8184E+10
191. 31 4. 9337E- 02 2. 4912E+05 1470. 1 43. 123 633. 64 3. 8184E+10
223. 20 2. 6661E- 02 2. 7681E+05 59. 596 45. 348 662. 62 3. 8184E+10
255. 09 1. 1356E- 02 2. 5751E+05 - 1325. 7 41. 546 642. 42 3. 8184E+10
286. 97 2. 9073E- 03 1. 9514E+05 - 2468. 5 30. 132 577. 15 3. 8184E+10
318. 86 - 3. 4566E- 04 1. 0150E+05 - 2514. 1 - 27. 272 479. 16 3. 8184E+10
350. 74 - 8. 9599E- 04 3. 5269E+04 - 1595. 3 - 30. 359 409. 84 3. 8184E+10
382. 63 - 5. 0724E- 04 - 211. 74 - 703. 77 - 25. 561 373. 15 3. 8184E+10
414. 51 - 1. 2413E- 04 - 9704. 4 - 68. 321 - 14. 297 383. 09 3. 8184E+10
446. 40 5. 9766E- 07 - 4630. 0 150. 37 0. 5797 377. 78 3. 8184E+10
478. 29 2. 0401E- 06 - 130. 16 72. 676 4. 2937 373. 07 3. 8184E+10
510. 17 1. 7001E- 08 4. 7133 2. 0377 0. 1370 1491. 8 2. 3887E+09
542. 06 - 3. 1417E- 12 3. 9958E- 02 - 7. 3942E- 02 - 4. 5593E- 03 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
573. 94 - 3. 9862E- 15 - 7. 3628E- 06 - 6. 2658E- 04 - 3. 9316E- 05 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
605. 83 1. 6696E- 20 - 9. 3655E- 09 1. 1546E- 07 7. 2239E- 09 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
637. 71 2. 1290E- 23 3. 9126E- 14 1. 4686E- 10 9. 2117E- 12 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
669. 60 - 8. 8720E- 29 5. 0021E- 17 - 6. 1358E- 16 - 3. 8388E- 17 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
701. 49 - 1. 1371E- 31 - 2. 0791E- 22 - 7. 8438E- 19 - 4. 9200E- 20 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
733. 37 4. 7145E- 37 - 2. 6716E- 25 3. 2605E- 24 2. 0399E- 25 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
765. 26 6. 0731E- 40 1. 1048E- 30 4. 1893E- 27 2. 6277E- 28 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
797. 14 - 2. 5051E- 45 1. 4269E- 33 - 1. 7326E- 32 - 1. 0839E- 33 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
829. 03 - 3. 2436E- 48 - 5. 8705E- 39 - 2. 2375E- 35 - 1. 4035E- 36 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
860. 91 0. 0000 - 7. 6210E- 42 9. 2062E- 41 5. 7595E- 42 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
892. 80 0. 0000 3. 1193E- 47 1. 1950E- 43 7. 4958E- 45 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
924. 69 0. 0000 4. 0703E- 50 - 4. 8917E- 49 - 3. 0603E- 50 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
956. 57 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
988. 46 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
1020. 3 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
1052. 2 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
1084. 1 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09
1116. 0 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 1491. 7 2. 3887E+09

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-57

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.4.4 Summary File

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 14: 56: 43




***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 3 - 2D , 2 PI LE TYPES, DI ST LOAD, 2 L- S CURVES, RES HEAD




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
8. 44000E+05 36400. 0 - 1. 68168E+07


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0997634 0. 29847 - 1. 13864E- 04



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. X, I N DI SP. Y, I N ROT. Z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 8. 5417E- 02 0. 2985 - 1. 3916E- 03
2 8. 9516E- 02 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04
3 0. 1100 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04
4 0. 1141 0. 2985 - 1. 1699E- 03

MI NI MUM 8. 5417E- 02 0. 2985 - 1. 3916E- 03
Pi l e G. 1 1 1
MAXI MUM 0. 1141 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04
Pi l e G. 4 1 2

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-58

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP FOR. X, LBS FOR. Y, LBS MOM Z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 8105. 3 - 2116. 3 702. 74 26. 589
2 1. 6427E+05 2409. 8 6. 1925E+05 1155. 1
3 1. 9502E+05 2379. 5 6. 1878E+05 1249. 5
4 1. 1732E+05 2. 8938E+04 580. 81 373. 54

MI NI MUM 8105. 3 - 2116. 3 580. 81 26. 589
Pi l e G. 1 1 4 1
MAXI MUM 1. 9502E+05 2. 8938E+04 6. 1925E+05 1249. 5
Pi l e G. 3 4 2 3


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. x, I N DI SP. y, I N ROT. z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 1. 0471E- 02 0. 3103 - 1. 3916E- 03
2 8. 9516E- 02 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04
3 0. 1100 0. 2985 - 1. 1386E- 04
4 0. 1831 0. 2619 - 1. 1699E- 03

MI NI MUM 1. 0471E- 02 0. 2619 - 1. 3916E- 03
Pi l e G. 1 4 1
MAXI MUM 0. 1831 0. 3103 - 1. 1386E- 04
Pi l e G. 4 1 2

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP AXI AL, LBS LAT. y, LBS MOM z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 8376. 6 - 87. 067 702. 74 26. 589
2 1. 6427E+05 2409. 8 6. 1925E+05 1155. 1
3 1. 9502E+05 2379. 5 6. 1878E+05 1249. 5
4 1. 2083E+05 - 381. 73 580. 81 373. 54

MI NI MUM 8376. 6 - 381. 73 580. 81 26. 589
Pi l e G. 1 4 4 1
MAXI MUM 1. 9502E+05 2409. 8 6. 1925E+05 1249. 5
Pi l e G. 3 2 2 3

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *

* MI NI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 1. 1810E- 03 - 9834. 0 - 2783. 0 - 30. 590 26. 590 2. 3890E+09
x( I N) 350. 74 414. 51 318. 80 1350. 0 2. 9000E- 02 5. 1000E- 03
2 - 1. 7780E- 03 - 6. 1920E+05 - 3683. 0 - 37. 250 507. 00 4. 6780E+10
x( I N) 405. 82 0. 0000 355. 00 9405. 0 8. 2760 9. 1000E- 03
3 - 1. 7830E- 03 - 6. 1880E+05 - 3692. 0 - 37. 310 601. 90 4. 6780E+10
x( I N) 405. 82 0. 0000 355. 00 9380. 0 4. 5760 9. 1000E- 03
4 - 8. 9600E- 04 - 9704. 0 - 2514. 0 - 30. 360 373. 10 2. 3890E+09
x( I N) 350. 74 414. 51 318. 80 1350. 0 2. 9478 8. 5751

Mi n. - 1. 7830E- 03 - 6. 1920E+05 - 3692. 0 - 37. 310 26. 590 2. 3890E+09
Pi l e 3 2 3 3 1 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-59

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* MAXI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 0. 3103 3. 1330E+05 2454. 0 49. 020 353. 70 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 0. 0000 223. 20 127. 50 9223. 0 2. 2300E- 02 0. 0000
2 0. 2985 3. 9810E+05 5088. 0 66. 320 1155. 0 4. 6780E+10
x( I N) 0. 0000 279. 00 126. 80 2253. 0 6. 4000E- 02 0. 0000
3 0. 2985 3. 9860E+05 5057. 0 66. 270 1249. 0 4. 6780E+10
x( I N) 0. 0000 279. 00 126. 80 2253. 0 6. 4000E- 02 0. 0000
4 0. 2619 2. 7680E+05 2159. 0 45. 350 1492. 0 3. 8180E+10
x( I N) 0. 0000 223. 20 127. 50 9223. 0 5. 1000E- 02 7. 1400E- 02

Max. 0. 3103 3. 9860E+05 5088. 0 66. 320 1492. 0 4. 6780E+10
Pi l e 1 3 2 2 4 2

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-60

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.4.5 Graphs


Figure 5.10 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 3 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-61

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.11 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 3 - 2D.

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-62

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.5 Example Problem 4 - 2D

5.5.1 Model Description

The geometrical configuration of Example Problem 4 - 2D, shown in Figure 5.12, shows a pile-
supported retaining wall with the piles spaced 3 feet apart. The piles are 14 inches in outside diameter
with 4-No 7 reinforcement-steel bars spaced equally. The center of the bars are on a 8-inch circle. The
yield strength of the reinforcing steel is 60 ksi and the compressive strength of the concrete is 2.67 ksi.
The length of the piles is 40 feet.
The backfill is a free-draining, granular soil without any fine particles. The surface of the backfill
is treated to facilitate a runoff, and weep holes are provided so that water will not collect behind the
wall.
The forces P
1
, P
2
, P
S
and P
W
(shown in Figure 5.12) were estimated as follows: 21.4, 4.6, 18.4 and
22.5 kips, respectively. The equivalent load at the origin of coordinates is F
X
=45.5 kips, F
Y
=21.4 kips and
M
Z
=-33.5 ft-kips.
The subsurface soils at the site consist of silty clay. The water content averaged 20% in the top
10 feet. The water table was reported to be at depth of 10 feet. There was a considerable range in the
undrained shear strength of the clay and an average value of 3 ksf was used in the analysis. A value of
the submerged unit weight of 46 pcf was employed, and the value of
50
was estimated to be 0.005. The
axial load versus settlement curve is shown in Figure 5.13.
In making the computations, the assumption was made that all the load by the piles with none
of the load taken by passive earth pressure or by the base of the footing. It was further assumed that
the pile heads were free to rotate.
The computed load in the piles is shown in Figure 5.14. The following check is made to see that
the equilibrium equation are satisfied.
F
X
= 11.6 +33.9 = 45.5 kips
F
Y
= 6.5 +14.9 = 21.4 kips

Z
= 11.6 (1.5) -33.9 (1.5) = 33.5 ft-kips

The input and output files for the example problem are shown in the following pages.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-63

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 5.12 General Description of Example Problem 4 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-64

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 5.13 Axial load versus pile-top displacements


Figure 5.14 Pile Loading (in Kips)
-0.4
-0.3
-0.2
-0.1
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
-200 -100 0 100 200
A
X
I
A
L

P
I
L
E
-
T
O
P

D
I
S
P
L
A
C
E
M
E
N
T
,

i
n
AXIAL LOAD, Kip
D
o
w
n
w
a
r
d
U
p
w
a
r
d
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-65

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.5.2 Input Data

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 4 - 2D, PI LE- SUPPORTED RETAI NI NG WALL
GROUP8. 0. 1
* Anal ysi s Par amet er s
1 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
* Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00
* Load Cases
1 0 0 1
0 1 2 1 1 100 100
1E- 5 1E- 5 1 1
Load Case 1
12 0 0 0 4 0 0
2 1 1 0
4
0 21400 0 0 0 0 - 42 0 0
4600 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 36 0
18400 0 0 0 0 0 0 - 18 0
22500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
0
* Load Combi nat i ons
0 0 0 1
* Di st r i but ed Load Set s
0
* Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
2
1 1 1 0 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 - 18 0 0
1 1 1 0 1
0 0 1 1 1
0 18 14. 03624 0
* Pi l e Pr oper t i es
1
0 1
50 480 2945000 1
0 480 1 1 1
* Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
1
0 0 0
Sect i on 1
14 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 154 1886 1886 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Soi l Layer s
2
0 3
0 120
2 10
0. 064 10. 4 0 500 0 0. 005 0 0 0 0
0. 064 10. 4 0 500 0 0. 005 0 0 0 0
1 2
120 500
2 10
0. 027 10. 4 0 500 0 0. 005 0 0 0 0
0. 027 10. 4 0 500 0 0. 005 0 0 0 0
* Pr i nt py cur ves
2
1 90
0
1 180
0
* User def i ned LD cur ves
1
0 13
- 165517. 24 - 0. 28333333
- 162068. 97 - 0. 2
- 156896. 55 - 0. 15555556
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-66

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

- 151724. 14 - 0. 12222222
- 137931. 03 - 0. 094444444
- 68965. 517 - 0. 038888889
0 0
68965. 517 0. 038888889
137931. 03 0. 094444444
151724. 14 0. 12222222
156896. 55 0. 15555556
162068. 97 0. 2
165517. 24 0. 28333333
* End of f i l e

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-67

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.5.3 Output File

=========================================================================

GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

Anal ysi s of A Gr oup of Pi l es
Subj ect ed t o Axi al and Lat er al Loadi ng

( c) Copyr i ght ENSOFT, I nc. , 1987- 2010
Al l Ri ght s Reser ved

=========================================================================


Thi s pr ogr ami s l i censed t o :

Ensof t
ENSOFT, I NC.

Pat h t o f i l e l ocat i ons : C: \ Gr oup8\ Exampl esGP8\
Name of i nput dat a f i l e : 2Dexampl e4. gp8d
Name of out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e4. gp8o
Name of out put summar y f i l e : 2Dexampl e4. gp8t
Name of pl ot out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e4. gp8p
Name of r unt i me f i l e : 2Dexampl e4. gp8r


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 0: 54






COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-68

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** I NPUT I NFORMATI ON *****


EXAMPLE PROBLEM 4 - 2D, PI LE- SUPPORTED RETAI NI NG WALL

ANALYSI S TYPE = 2D ANALYSI S

UNI TS SYSTEM = ENGL



* TABLE C * LOAD AND CONTROL PARAMETERS


** LOAD CASES **


NUMBER OF LOAD CASES : 1


LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp
SCALE FACTOR : 1. 0000

* CONCENTRATED LOADS *

NL VERT. LOAD HOR. LOAD MOMENT COORD X COORD Y
LBS LBS LBS- I N I N I N
1 0. 00000 21400. 0 0. 00000 - 42. 0000 0. 00000
2 4600. 00 0. 00000 0. 00000 0. 00000 - 36. 0000
3 18400. 0 0. 00000 0. 00000 0. 00000 - 18. 0000
4 22500. 0 0. 00000 0. 00000 0. 00000 0. 00000


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VER. LOAD X, LBS HOR. LOAD Y, LBS MOMENT, LBS- I N
45500. 0 21400. 0 - 4. 02000E+05


* THE LOADI NG I S STATI C *


* CONTROL PARAMETERS *
TOLERANCE ON CONVERGENCE OF FOUNDATI ON REACTI ON, = 1. 00000E- 05
TOLERANCE ON DETERMI NATI ON OF DEFLECTI ONS = 1. 00000E- 05 I N
MAX NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR FOUNDATI ON ANALYSI S = 100
MAXI MUM NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR PI LE ANALYSI S = 100
FACTOR TO APPLY THE LOAD I N I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
MI NI MUM FACTOR FOR LOAD I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
PRI NT RESULTS AT PI LE CAP, PI LE HEADS AND ALONG PI LES
PRI NT RESULTS EVERY 1 NODE( S)



* TABLE D * ARRANGEMENT OF PI LE GROUPS

GROUP CONNECT NO OF PI LE PI LE PROP P- Y CURVE L- S CURVE
1 PI N 1 1 0 1
2 PI N 1 1 0 1

GROUP VERT, I N HOR, I N SLOPE, I N/ I N GROUND, I N SPRI NG, LBS- I N
1 0. 00000 - 18. 0000 0. 00000 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 0. 00000 18. 0000 0. 25000 0. 00000 0. 00000



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-69

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE E * PI LE GEOMETRY AND PROPERTI ES
PI LE TYPE = 1 - DRI VEN PI LE
= 2 - DRI LLED SHAFT

PROP SECTS I NC PI LE TYPE LENGTH, I N E, LBS/ I N**2
1 1 50 1 480. 00 2. 9450E+06

* PI LE SECTI ONS *

PROP SECT FROM, I N TO, I N CROSS SECT
1 1 0. 00000 480. 000 1

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS *

CROSS SECTI ON : 1
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 14. 0000 I N

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS PROPERTI ES *

SECT DI AM, I N AREA, I N**2 I , I N**4 Mn, LBS- I N Vn, LBS
1 14. 0000 154. 000 1886. 00 0. 00000 0. 00000



* TABLE F * SOI L DATA


SOI LS I NFORMATI ON

GROUND SURFACE = 0. 00000 I N

2 LAYER( S) OF SOI L

LAYER 1
THE SOI L I S A STI FF CLAY ABOVE THE WATER TABLE
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 0. 00000 120. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0640000 0. 0640000
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 10. 4000 10. 4000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 5. 00000E- 03 5. 00000E- 03
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

LAYER 2
THE SOI L I S A STI FF CLAY BELOWTHE WATER TABLE
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 120. 000 500. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0270000 0. 0270000
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 10. 4000 10. 4000
P- Y SUBGRADE MODULUS ( LBS/ I N**3) 500. 000 500. 000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 5. 00000E- 03 5. 00000E- 03
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

Not e : Def aul t val ues wi l l be gener at ed f or
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON and ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE
when i nput val ues ar e 0.


* DATA TO PRI NT GENERATED P- Y CURVES *

NUMBER OF CURVES TO PRI NT : 2

CURVE NUMBER PI LE GROUP DEPTH ( I N)
1 1 90. 0000
2 1 180. 000



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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-70

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE H * AXI AL LOAD VS SETTLEMENT

USER DEFI NED LOAD- SETTLEMENT CURVE

NUM OF CURVES 1

CURVE 1 NUM OF POI NTS 13

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 - 1. 65517E+05 - 0. 28333
2 - 1. 62069E+05 - 0. 20000
3 - 1. 56897E+05 - 0. 15556
4 - 1. 51724E+05 - 0. 12222
5 - 1. 37931E+05 - 0. 0944444
6 - 68965. 5 - 0. 0388889
7 0. 00000 0. 00000
8 68965. 5 0. 0388889
9 1. 37931E+05 0. 0944444
10 1. 51724E+05 0. 12222
11 1. 56897E+05 0. 15556
12 1. 62069E+05 0. 20000
13 1. 65517E+05 0. 28333




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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-71

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 4 - 2D, PI LE- SUPPORTED RETAI NI NG WALL




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
45500. 0 21400. 0 - 4. 02000E+05


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
6. 07935E- 03 0. 0624175 2. 51312E- 05


NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS = 8



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-72

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


* PI LE GROUP * 1


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

6. 5317E- 03 6. 2417E- 02 - 1. 4956E- 03 1. 1583E+04 6460. 0 0. 0000 75. 216


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

6. 5317E- 03 6. 2417E- 02 - 1. 4956E- 03 1. 1583E+04 6460. 0 0. 0000 75. 216


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-73

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 6. 2417E- 02 0. 0000 6460. 0 0. 0000 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
9. 6000 4. 8060E- 02 6. 2182E+04 5599. 4 179. 28 306. 01 5. 5543E+09
19. 200 3. 4734E- 02 1. 0783E+05 3851. 7 184. 82 475. 43 5. 5543E+09
28. 800 2. 3198E- 02 1. 3642E+05 2078. 0 184. 72 581. 56 5. 5543E+09
38. 400 1. 3925E- 02 1. 4797E+05 336. 46 178. 10 624. 41 5. 5543E+09
48. 000 7. 1073E- 03 1. 4307E+05 - 1303. 7 163. 60 606. 23 5. 5543E+09
57. 600 2. 6635E- 03 1. 2307E+05 - 2751. 7 138. 09 531. 99 5. 5543E+09
67. 200 2. 6170E- 04 9. 0316E+04 - 3806. 2 81. 590 410. 43 5. 5543E+09
76. 800 - 6. 4150E- 04 5. 0027E+04 - 3659. 6 - 112. 12 260. 90 5. 5543E+09
86. 400 - 7. 1462E- 04 2. 0062E+04 - 2534. 2 - 122. 35 149. 68 5. 5543E+09
96. 000 - 4. 5486E- 04 1368. 1 - 1390. 7 - 115. 89 80. 294 5. 5543E+09
105. 60 - 1. 7240E- 04 - 6645. 0 - 372. 75 - 96. 169 99. 880 5. 5543E+09
115. 20 - 1. 9665E- 07 - 5794. 0 159. 39 - 14. 694 96. 721 5. 5543E+09
124. 80 7. 5869E- 05 - 3587. 6 207. 20 4. 7342 88. 532 5. 5543E+09
134. 40 9. 2406E- 05 - 1816. 8 154. 67 6. 2097 81. 960 5. 5543E+09
144. 00 7. 8798E- 05 - 618. 00 97. 629 5. 6735 77. 510 5. 5543E+09
153. 60 5. 4936E- 05 58. 085 50. 145 4. 2191 75. 432 5. 5543E+09
163. 20 3. 2037E- 05 345. 33 17. 345 2. 6142 76. 498 5. 5543E+09
172. 80 1. 4868E- 05 391. 58 - 1. 3691 1. 2846 76. 670 5. 5543E+09
182. 40 4. 1967E- 06 319. 36 - 9. 3724 0. 3827 76. 402 5. 5543E+09
192. 00 - 1. 1757E- 06 211. 81 - 10. 668 - 0. 1129 76. 003 5. 5543E+09
201. 60 - 3. 0335E- 06 114. 62 - 8. 6583 - 0. 3058 75. 642 5. 5543E+09
211. 20 - 2. 9895E- 06 45. 594 - 5. 6753 - 0. 3157 75. 386 5. 5543E+09
220. 80 - 2. 1889E- 06 5. 6490 - 3. 0001 - 0. 2416 75. 237 5. 5543E+09
230. 40 - 1. 2945E- 06 - 12. 027 - 1. 1244 - 0. 1491 75. 261 5. 5543E+09
240. 00 - 5. 9974E- 07 - 15. 957 - 6. 3082E- 02 - 7. 1969E- 02 75. 276 5. 5543E+09
249. 60 - 1. 6974E- 07 - 13. 251 0. 3840 - 2. 1183E- 02 75. 266 5. 5543E+09
259. 20 4. 0401E- 08 - 8. 5906 0. 4606 5. 2360E- 03 75. 248 5. 5543E+09
268. 80 1. 0800E- 07 - 4. 4110 0. 3658 1. 4515E- 02 75. 233 5. 5543E+09
278. 40 1. 0240E- 07 - 1. 5682 0. 2277 1. 4255E- 02 75. 222 5. 5543E+09
288. 00 7. 0789E- 08 - 3. 8764E- 02 0. 1103 1. 0194E- 02 75. 217 5. 5543E+09
297. 60 3. 8532E- 08 0. 5512 3. 3896E- 02 5. 7335E- 03 75. 218 5. 5543E+09
307. 20 1. 5420E- 08 0. 6127 - 4. 9945E- 03 2. 3686E- 03 75. 219 5. 5543E+09
316. 80 2. 4749E- 09 0. 4557 - 1. 8245E- 02 3. 9202E- 04 75. 218 5. 5543E+09
326. 40 - 2. 9088E- 09 0. 2626 - 1. 7848E- 02 - 4. 7472E- 04 75. 217 5. 5543E+09
336. 00 - 3. 9357E- 09 0. 1131 - 1. 2396E- 02 - 6. 6120E- 04 75. 217 5. 5543E+09
345. 60 - 3. 0857E- 09 2. 4577E- 02 - 6. 6626E- 03 - 5. 3321E- 04 75. 217 5. 5543E+09
355. 20 - 1. 8279E- 09 - 1. 4829E- 02 - 2. 5450E- 03 - 3. 2463E- 04 75. 217 5. 5543E+09
364. 80 - 8. 1612E- 10 - 2. 4313E- 02 - 2. 7220E- 04 - 1. 4886E- 04 75. 217 5. 5543E+09
374. 40 - 2. 0777E- 10 - 2. 0074E- 02 6. 2903E- 04 - 3. 8894E- 05 75. 217 5. 5543E+09
384. 00 6. 7510E- 11 - 1. 2246E- 02 7. 5351E- 04 1. 2962E- 05 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
393. 60 1. 3960E- 10 - 5. 6104E- 03 5. 5942E- 04 2. 7473E- 05 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
403. 20 1. 1859E- 10 - 1. 5056E- 03 3. 1279E- 04 2. 3908E- 05 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
412. 80 7. 2605E- 11 3. 9605E- 04 1. 2611E- 04 1. 4986E- 05 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
422. 40 3. 3189E- 11 9. 1658E- 04 2. 0528E- 05 7. 0096E- 06 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
432. 00 8. 9823E- 12 7. 9093E- 04 - 2. 2431E- 05 1. 9402E- 06 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
441. 60 - 2. 1011E- 12 4. 8631E- 04 - 2. 9517E- 05 - 4. 6392E- 07 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
451. 20 - 5. 1153E- 12 2. 2436E- 04 - 2. 1751E- 05 - 1. 1540E- 06 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
460. 80 - 4. 4067E- 12 6. 8725E- 05 - 1. 1338E- 05 - 1. 0153E- 06 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
470. 40 - 2. 5577E- 12 6. 6425E- 06 - 3. 5771E- 06 - 6. 0158E- 07 75. 216 5. 5543E+09
480. 00 - 5. 9858E- 13 0. 0000 3. 1143E- 22 - 1. 4366E- 07 75. 216 5. 5543E+09

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 11


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-74

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 2


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

5. 6270E- 03 6. 2417E- 02 - 1. 4323E- 03 3. 3917E+04 1. 4940E+04 - 4. 1819E- 10 237. 19


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

2. 0597E- 02 5. 9189E- 02 - 1. 4323E- 03 3. 6527E+04 6268. 0 - 4. 1819E- 10 237. 19


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-75

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 5. 9189E- 02 4. 1819E- 10 6268. 0 0. 0000 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
9. 6000 4. 5439E- 02 6. 0675E+04 5419. 4 176. 78 462. 39 5. 5543E+09
19. 200 3. 2695E- 02 1. 0502E+05 3697. 1 182. 04 626. 98 5. 5543E+09
28. 800 2. 1694E- 02 1. 3253E+05 1951. 4 181. 63 729. 07 5. 5543E+09
38. 400 1. 2892E- 02 1. 4321E+05 241. 17 174. 67 768. 73 5. 5543E+09
48. 000 6. 4656E- 03 1. 3771E+05 - 1363. 9 159. 72 748. 32 5. 5543E+09
57. 600 2. 3247E- 03 1. 1741E+05 - 2770. 5 133. 33 672. 97 5. 5543E+09
67. 200 1. 3189E- 04 8. 4750E+04 - 3730. 7 66. 720 551. 75 5. 5543E+09
76. 800 - 6. 5466E- 04 4. 5889E+04 - 3509. 1 - 112. 89 407. 51 5. 5543E+09
86. 400 - 6. 7980E- 04 1. 7404E+04 - 2386. 4 - 121. 01 301. 79 5. 5543E+09
96. 000 - 4. 1615E- 04 60. 754 - 1260. 7 - 113. 53 237. 42 5. 5543E+09
105. 60 - 1. 5149E- 04 - 6820. 2 - 267. 91 - 93. 301 262. 50 5. 5543E+09
115. 20 - 9. 8251E- 10 - 5098. 3 191. 20 - 2. 3470 256. 11 5. 5543E+09
124. 80 6. 6896E- 05 - 3157. 1 182. 43 4. 1743 248. 91 5. 5543E+09
134. 40 8. 1408E- 05 - 1598. 6 136. 13 5. 4706 243. 12 5. 5543E+09
144. 00 6. 9394E- 05 - 543. 40 85. 893 4. 9964 239. 21 5. 5543E+09
153. 60 4. 8364E- 05 51. 717 44. 082 3. 7143 237. 38 5. 5543E+09
163. 20 2. 8192E- 05 304. 48 15. 211 2. 3005 238. 32 5. 5543E+09
172. 80 1. 3072E- 05 345. 06 - 1. 2523 1. 1294 238. 47 5. 5543E+09
182. 40 3. 6778E- 06 281. 34 - 8. 2836 0. 3354 238. 24 5. 5543E+09
192. 00 - 1. 0484E- 06 186. 53 - 9. 4104 - 0. 1007 237. 88 5. 5543E+09
201. 60 - 2. 6796E- 06 100. 89 - 7. 6308 - 0. 2701 237. 57 5. 5543E+09
211. 20 - 2. 6368E- 06 40. 077 - 4. 9977 - 0. 2784 237. 34 5. 5543E+09
220. 80 - 1. 9290E- 06 4. 9037 - 2. 6389 - 0. 2130 237. 21 5. 5543E+09
230. 40 - 1. 1399E- 06 - 10. 646 - 0. 9864 - 0. 1313 237. 23 5. 5543E+09
240. 00 - 5. 2737E- 07 - 14. 086 - 5. 2315E- 02 - 6. 3285E- 02 237. 24 5. 5543E+09
249. 60 - 1. 4859E- 07 - 11. 686 0. 3405 - 1. 8544E- 02 237. 23 5. 5543E+09
259. 20 3. 6292E- 08 - 7. 5700 0. 4069 4. 7035E- 03 237. 22 5. 5543E+09
268. 80 9. 5567E- 08 - 3. 8827 0. 3227 1. 2844E- 02 237. 21 5. 5543E+09
278. 40 9. 0417E- 08 - 1. 3768 0. 2006 1. 2586E- 02 237. 20 5. 5543E+09
288. 00 6. 2422E- 08 - 2. 9947E- 02 9. 7042E- 02 8. 9888E- 03 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
297. 60 3. 3931E- 08 0. 4885 2. 9661E- 02 5. 0489E- 03 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
307. 20 1. 3545E- 08 0. 5413 - 4. 5599E- 03 2. 0805E- 03 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
316. 80 2. 1413E- 09 0. 4021 - 1. 6174E- 02 3. 3918E- 04 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
326. 40 - 2. 5904E- 09 0. 2314 - 1. 5773E- 02 - 4. 2275E- 04 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
336. 00 - 3. 4828E- 09 9. 9468E- 02 - 1. 0936E- 02 - 5. 8511E- 04 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
345. 60 - 2. 7248E- 09 2. 1421E- 02 - 5. 8669E- 03 - 4. 7085E- 04 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
355. 20 - 1. 6114E- 09 - 1. 3245E- 02 - 2. 2332E- 03 - 2. 8618E- 04 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
364. 80 - 7. 1775E- 10 - 2. 1529E- 02 - 2. 3108E- 04 - 1. 3092E- 04 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
374. 40 - 1. 8132E- 10 - 1. 7734E- 02 5. 6025E- 04 - 3. 3944E- 05 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
384. 00 6. 0846E- 11 - 1. 0801E- 02 6. 6710E- 04 1. 1683E- 05 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
393. 60 1. 2381E- 10 - 4. 9370E- 03 4. 9408E- 04 2. 4365E- 05 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
403. 20 1. 0485E- 10 - 1. 3159E- 03 2. 7567E- 04 2. 1137E- 05 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
412. 80 6. 4056E- 11 3. 5797E- 04 1. 1074E- 04 1. 3221E- 05 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
422. 40 2. 9203E- 11 8. 1317E- 04 1. 7679E- 05 6. 1677E- 06 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
432. 00 7. 8431E- 12 6. 9946E- 04 - 2. 0058E- 05 1. 6941E- 06 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
441. 60 - 1. 9110E- 12 4. 2920E- 04 - 2. 6164E- 05 - 4. 2196E- 07 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
451. 20 - 4. 5436E- 12 1. 9756E- 04 - 1. 9218E- 05 - 1. 0250E- 06 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
460. 80 - 3. 8982E- 12 6. 0276E- 05 - 9. 9871E- 06 - 8. 9814E- 07 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
470. 40 - 2. 2526E- 12 5. 7259E- 06 - 3. 1329E- 06 - 5. 2981E- 07 237. 19 5. 5543E+09
480. 00 - 5. 1200E- 13 2. 4342E- 20 1. 9067E- 21 - 1. 2288E- 07 237. 19 5. 5543E+09

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 10





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NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-76

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* GENERATED P- Y CURVES *

NUMBER OF CURVES : 2


CURVE NUMBER = 1

PI LE GROUP NUMBER = 1

NUMBER OF POI NTS ON CURVE = 17

DEPTH BELOWGS DI AM C CAVG GAMMA E50
I N I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**3
90. 00 14. 000 0. 10E+02 0. 10E+02 0. 64E- 01 0. 5000E- 02
Y P
I N LBS/ I N
0. 000 0. 000
0. 187 500. 734
0. 373 595. 477
0. 560 659. 003
0. 747 708. 145
0. 933 748. 772
1. 120 783. 692
1. 307 814. 483
1. 493 842. 131
1. 680 867. 297
1. 867 890. 446
2. 053 911. 917
2. 240 931. 972
2. 427 950. 809
2. 613 968. 589
2. 800 985. 440
3. 500 985. 440


CURVE NUMBER = 2

PI LE GROUP NUMBER = 1

NUMBER OF POI NTS ON CURVE = 17

DEPTH BELOWGS DI AM C CAVG GAMMA E50
I N I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**3
180. 00 14. 000 0. 10E+02 0. 10E+02 0. 52E- 01 0. 5000E- 02

AS =. 60 AC =. 30 Y, I N P, LBS/ I N
0. 000 0. 000
0. 021 438. 616
0. 042 620. 297
0. 063 722. 669
0. 084 789. 144
0. 105 834. 548
0. 126 864. 876
0. 147 883. 557
0. 168 892. 803
0. 189 894. 150
0. 210 888. 725
0. 231 877. 384
0. 252 860. 800
0. 420 620. 914
0. 588 380. 674
0. 756 140. 434
8. 400 140. 434

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5.5.4 Summary File

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 0: 54




***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 4 - 2D, PI LE- SUPPORTED RETAI NI NG WALL




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
45500. 0 21400. 0 - 4. 02000E+05


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
6. 07935E- 03 0. 0624175 2. 51312E- 05



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. X, I N DI SP. Y, I N ROT. Z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 6. 5317E- 03 6. 2418E- 02 - 1. 4956E- 03
2 5. 6270E- 03 6. 2418E- 02 - 1. 4323E- 03

MI NI MUM 5. 6270E- 03 6. 2418E- 02 - 1. 4956E- 03
Pi l e G. 2 1 1
MAXI MUM 6. 5317E- 03 6. 2418E- 02 - 1. 4323E- 03
Pi l e G. 1 1 2

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-78

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP FOR. X, LBS FOR. Y, LBS MOM Z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 1. 1583E+04 6460. 0 0. 0000 75. 216
2 3. 3917E+04 1. 4940E+04 - 4. 1819E- 10 237. 19

MI NI MUM 1. 1583E+04 6460. 0 - 4. 1819E- 10 75. 216
Pi l e G. 1 1 2 1
MAXI MUM 3. 3917E+04 1. 4940E+04 0. 0000 237. 19
Pi l e G. 2 2 1 2


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. x, I N DI SP. y, I N ROT. z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 6. 5317E- 03 6. 2418E- 02 - 1. 4956E- 03
2 2. 0597E- 02 5. 9189E- 02 - 1. 4323E- 03

MI NI MUM 6. 5317E- 03 5. 9189E- 02 - 1. 4956E- 03
Pi l e G. 1 2 1
MAXI MUM 2. 0597E- 02 6. 2418E- 02 - 1. 4323E- 03
Pi l e G. 2 1 2

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP AXI AL, LBS LAT. y, LBS MOM z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 1. 1583E+04 6460. 0 0. 0000 75. 216
2 3. 6527E+04 6268. 0 - 4. 1819E- 10 237. 19

MI NI MUM 1. 1583E+04 6268. 0 - 4. 1819E- 10 75. 216
Pi l e G. 1 2 2 1
MAXI MUM 3. 6527E+04 6460. 0 0. 0000 237. 19
Pi l e G. 2 1 1 2

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *

* MI NI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 7. 1460E- 04 - 6645. 0 - 3806. 0 - 122. 30 75. 220 5. 5540E+09
x( I N) 86. 400 105. 60 67. 200 86. 000 0. 0000 0. 0000
2 - 6. 7980E- 04 - 6820. 0 - 3731. 0 - 121. 00 237. 20 5. 5540E+09
x( I N) 86. 400 105. 60 67. 200 86. 000 4. 8000E- 02 0. 0000

Mi n. - 7. 1460E- 04 - 6820. 0 - 3806. 0 - 122. 30 75. 220 5. 5540E+09
Pi l e 1 2 1 1 1 1

* MAXI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 6. 2420E- 02 1. 4800E+05 6460. 0 184. 80 624. 40 5. 5540E+09
x( I N) 0. 0000 38. 400 0. 0000 19. 000 3. 8000E- 03 0. 0000
2 5. 9190E- 02 1. 4320E+05 6268. 0 182. 00 768. 70 5. 5540E+09
x( I N) 0. 0000 38. 400 0. 0000 19. 000 3. 8000E- 03 0. 0000

Max. 6. 2420E- 02 1. 4800E+05 6460. 0 184. 80 768. 70 5. 5540E+09
Pi l e 1 1 1 1 2 1

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-79

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.5.5 Graphs


Figure 5.15 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 4 - 2D.
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-80

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.16 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 4 - 2D.

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-81

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.17 Curves Shear vs. Depth for Example Problem 4 - 2D.

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-82

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 5.18 Internally Generated p-y Curves for Example Problem 4 - 2D.


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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-83

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.6 Example Problem 5 - 2D

5.6.1 Model Description

This example is included to show the use of the program for pile subgroups distributed in a
circular configuration (Figure 5.19). Circular pile groups are, in general, used for offshore structures.
There are 8 piles in each leg and 4-subgroups are employed for two-dimensional analysis. The pile
dimensions and geometry of each pile are given in Figure 5.19. Each steel pile is 150 meters in length,
and a total of 140 meters penetrates the seabed. The soil at the site is medium dense sand with an
internal friction angle of 38 to 40 degrees. The submerged soil density is approximately 9.5 kN/m
3
.
The input and output files for the example problem are shown in the following pages.
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-84

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual


Figure 5.19 General Description of Example Problem 5 - 2D.
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-85

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.6.2 Input Data

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 5 - 2D, PI LE GROUP I N A CI RCULAR CONFI GURATI ON
GROUP8. 0. 1
* Anal ysi s Par amet er s
2 2 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 0 0 0
* Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00
* Load Cases
1 0 0 1
0 1 2 0 100 100 100
1E- 7 1E- 7 1 1
Load Case 1
12 0 0 0 1 0 0
2 1 1 0
1
40000 1400 - 150000 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
0
* Load Combi nat i ons
0 0 0 1
* Di st r i but ed Load Set s
0
* Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
4
3 2 1 0 1
400000 0 0. 85 1. 15 1
0 - 4. 73 0 10
3 2 1 0 1
400000 0 0. 9 1. 1 1
0 - 1. 96 0 10
3 2 1 0 1
400000 0 0. 9 1. 1 1
0 1. 96 0 10
3 2 1 0 1
400000 0 0. 95 1. 05 1
0 4. 73 0 10
* Pi l e Pr oper t i es
1
0 1
50 150 2E8 1
0 150 1 1 1
* Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
1
0 0 0
Sect i on 1
1. 5 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 0. 82 0. 17 0. 17 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Soi l Layer s
1
0 4
10 200
2 10
9. 5 0 38 120 0 0 0 0 0 0
9. 5 0 40 120 0 0 0 0 0 0
* User def i ned LD cur ves
1
0 7
- 100000 - 0. 402
- 250000 - 0. 086
- 10000 - 0. 032
0 0
10000 0. 032
25000 0. 086
100000 0. 402
* End of f i l e

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-86

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.6.3 Output File

=========================================================================

GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

Anal ysi s of A Gr oup of Pi l es
Subj ect ed t o Axi al and Lat er al Loadi ng

( c) Copyr i ght ENSOFT, I nc. , 1987- 2010
Al l Ri ght s Reser ved

=========================================================================


Thi s pr ogr ami s l i censed t o :

Ensof t
ENSOFT, I NC.

Pat h t o f i l e l ocat i ons : C: \ Gr oup8\ Exampl esGP8\
Name of i nput dat a f i l e : 2Dexampl e5. gp8d
Name of out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e5. gp8o
Name of out put summar y f i l e : 2Dexampl e5. gp8t
Name of pl ot out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e5. gp8p
Name of r unt i me f i l e : 2Dexampl e5. gp8r


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 5: 6






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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-87

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** I NPUT I NFORMATI ON *****


EXAMPLE PROBLEM 5 - 2D, PI LE GROUP I N A CI RCULAR CONFI GURATI ON

ANALYSI S TYPE = 2D ANALYSI S

UNI TS SYSTEM = METR



* TABLE C * LOAD AND CONTROL PARAMETERS


** LOAD CASES **


NUMBER OF LOAD CASES : 1


LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp
SCALE FACTOR : 1. 0000

* CONCENTRATED LOADS *

NL VERT. LOAD HOR. LOAD MOMENT COORD X COORD Y
KN KN KN- M M M
1 40000. 0 1400. 00 - 1. 50000E+05 0. 00000 0. 00000


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VER. LOAD X, KN HOR. LOAD Y, KN MOMENT, KN- M
40000. 0 1400. 00 - 1. 50000E+05


* THE LOADI NG I S CYCLI C *

NO. OF CYCLES =, 100. 00


* CONTROL PARAMETERS *
TOLERANCE ON CONVERGENCE OF FOUNDATI ON REACTI ON, = 1. 00000E- 07
TOLERANCE ON DETERMI NATI ON OF DEFLECTI ONS = 1. 00000E- 07 M
MAX NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR FOUNDATI ON ANALYSI S = 100
MAXI MUM NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR PI LE ANALYSI S = 100
FACTOR TO APPLY THE LOAD I N I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
MI NI MUM FACTOR FOR LOAD I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
PRI NT RESULTS AT PI LE CAP, PI LE HEADS AND ALONG PI LES
PRI NT RESULTS EVERY 1 NODE( S)



* TABLE D * ARRANGEMENT OF PI LE GROUPS

GROUP CONNECT NO OF PI LE PI LE PROP P- Y CURVE L- S CURVE
1 RES 2 1 0 1
2 RES 2 1 0 1
3 RES 2 1 0 1
4 RES 2 1 0 1

GROUP VERT, M HOR, M SLOPE, M/ M GROUND, M SPRI NG, KN- M
1 0. 00000 - 4. 73000 0. 00000 10. 0000 4. 00000E+05
2 0. 00000 - 1. 96000 0. 00000 10. 0000 4. 00000E+05
3 0. 00000 1. 96000 0. 00000 10. 0000 4. 00000E+05
4 0. 00000 4. 73000 0. 00000 10. 0000 4. 00000E+05



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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-88

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE E * PI LE GEOMETRY AND PROPERTI ES
PI LE TYPE = 1 - DRI VEN PI LE
= 2 - DRI LLED SHAFT

PROP SECTS I NC PI LE TYPE LENGTH, M E, KN/ M**2
1 1 50 1 150. 00 2. 0000E+08

* PI LE SECTI ONS *

PROP SECT FROM, M TO, M CROSS SECT
1 1 0. 00000 150. 000 1

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS *

CROSS SECTI ON : 1
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 1. 50000 M

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS PROPERTI ES *

SECT DI AM, M AREA, M**2 I , M**4 Mn, KN- M Vn, KN
1 1. 50000 0. 82000 0. 17000 0. 00000 0. 00000



* TABLE F * SOI L DATA


SOI LS I NFORMATI ON

GROUND SURFACE = 10. 0000 M

1 LAYER( S) OF SOI L

LAYER 1
THE SOI L I S A SAND
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( M) 10. 0000 200. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( KN/ M**3) 9. 50000 9. 50000
FRI CTI ON ANGLE ( DEGREES) 38. 0000 40. 0000
P- Y SUBGRADE MODULUS ( KN/ M**3) 120. 000 120. 000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( KN/ M**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( KN/ M**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

Not e : Def aul t val ues wi l l be gener at ed f or
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON and ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE
when i nput val ues ar e 0.



* TABLE H * AXI AL LOAD VS SETTLEMENT

USER DEFI NED LOAD- SETTLEMENT CURVE

NUM OF CURVES 1

CURVE 1 NUM OF POI NTS 7

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, KN SETTLEMENT, M
1 - 1. 00000E+05 - 0. 40200
2 - 2. 50000E+05 - 0. 0860000
3 - 10000. 0 - 0. 0320000
4 0. 00000 0. 00000
5 10000. 0 0. 0320000
6 25000. 0 0. 0860000
7 1. 00000E+05 0. 40200

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-89

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

REDUCTI ON FACTORS FOR CLOSELY- SPACED PI LE GROUPS

GROUP NO P- FACTOR Y- FACTOR

1 0. 8500 1. 1500
2 0. 9000 1. 1000
3 0. 9000 1. 1000
4 0. 9500 1. 0500




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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-90

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 5 - 2D, PI LE GROUP I N A CI RCULAR CONFI GURATI ON




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, KN HORI . LOAD, KN MOMENT, M- KN
40000. 0 1400. 00 - 1. 50000E+05


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, M HORI ZONTAL, M ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0161545 0. 0789259 - 4. 52555E- 03


NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS = 4



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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-91

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


* PI LE GROUP * 1


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, M YDI SPL, M SLOPE AXI AL, KN LAT, KN BM, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2

- 5. 2514E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 3544E- 03 - 1641. 1 182. 21 - 468. 46 4068. 1


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, M YDI SPL, M SLOPE AXI AL, KN LAT, KN BM, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2

- 5. 2514E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 3544E- 03 - 1641. 1 182. 21 - 468. 46 4068. 1


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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-92

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
M M KN- M KN KN/ M KN/ M**2 KN- M**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 7. 8926E- 02 468. 46 182. 24 0. 0000 4068. 1 3. 4000E+07
3. 0000 6. 8925E- 02 998. 68 182. 21 0. 0000 6407. 2 3. 4000E+07
6. 0000 5. 9188E- 02 1529. 3 182. 21 0. 0000 8748. 3 3. 4000E+07
9. 0000 4. 9856E- 02 2060. 6 182. 21 0. 0000 1. 1092E+04 3. 4000E+07
12. 000 4. 1069E- 02 2592. 9 171. 28 7. 2853 1. 3440E+04 3. 4000E+07
15. 000 3. 2969E- 02 3060. 6 138. 42 14. 621 1. 5504E+04 3. 4000E+07
18. 000 2. 5679E- 02 3398. 1 89. 158 18. 221 1. 6993E+04 3. 4000E+07
21. 000 1. 9289E- 02 3573. 1 33. 598 18. 819 1. 7765E+04 3. 4000E+07
24. 000 1. 3844E- 02 3580. 3 - 20. 416 17. 191 1. 7797E+04 3. 4000E+07
27. 000 9. 3470E- 03 3434. 3 - 67. 343 14. 094 1. 7153E+04 3. 4000E+07
30. 000 5. 7591E- 03 3163. 0 - 103. 81 10. 216 1. 5956E+04 3. 4000E+07
33. 000 3. 0085E- 03 2801. 1 - 128. 34 6. 1373 1. 4359E+04 3. 4000E+07
36. 000 9. 9933E- 04 2385. 1 - 141. 00 2. 3045 1. 2524E+04 3. 4000E+07
39. 000 - 3. 7848E- 04 1949. 5 - 143. 00 - 0. 9735 1. 0602E+04 3. 4000E+07
42. 000 - 1. 2402E- 03 1523. 5 - 136. 26 - 3. 5201 8722. 5 3. 4000E+07
45. 000 - 1. 6987E- 03 1129. 8 - 123. 07 - 5. 2735 6985. 7 3. 4000E+07
48. 000 - 1. 8582E- 03 784. 07 - 105. 76 - 6. 2628 5460. 4 3. 4000E+07
51. 000 - 1. 8100E- 03 495. 04 - 86. 494 - 6. 5823 4185. 3 3. 4000E+07
54. 000 - 1. 6309E- 03 265. 47 - 67. 074 - 6. 3647 3172. 5 3. 4000E+07
57. 000 - 1. 3814E- 03 93. 304 - 48. 888 - 5. 7588 2412. 9 3. 4000E+07
60. 000 - 1. 1073E- 03 - 26. 996 - 32. 884 - 4. 9107 2120. 4 3. 4000E+07
63. 000 - 8. 4033E- 04 - 103. 11 - 19. 593 - 3. 9503 2456. 2 3. 4000E+07
66. 000 - 6. 0064E- 04 - 143. 72 - 9. 1920 - 2. 9834 2635. 4 3. 4000E+07
69. 000 - 3. 9899E- 04 - 157. 54 - 1. 5851 - 2. 0880 2696. 3 3. 4000E+07
72. 000 - 2. 3905E- 04 - 152. 64 3. 5187 - 1. 3146 2674. 7 3. 4000E+07
75. 000 - 1. 1951E- 04 - 135. 97 6. 5240 - 0. 6890 2601. 2 3. 4000E+07
78. 000 - 3. 5955E- 05 - 113. 16 7. 8827 - 0. 2169 2500. 5 3. 4000E+07
81. 000 1. 7641E- 05 - 88. 448 8. 0414 0. 1111 2391. 5 3. 4000E+07
84. 000 4. 7825E- 05 - 64. 774 7. 4039 0. 3139 2287. 1 3. 4000E+07
87. 000 6. 0862E- 05 - 43. 953 6. 3095 0. 4157 2195. 2 3. 4000E+07
90. 000 6. 2265E- 05 - 26. 893 5. 0233 0. 4418 2119. 9 3. 4000E+07
93. 000 5. 6550E- 05 - 13. 820 3. 7362 0. 4163 2062. 3 3. 4000E+07
96. 000 4. 7175E- 05 - 4. 5007 2. 5719 0. 3598 2021. 2 3. 4000E+07
99. 000 3. 6610E- 05 1. 5784 1. 5987 0. 2890 2008. 3 3. 4000E+07
102. 00 2. 6462E- 05 5. 0573 0. 8413 0. 2159 2023. 6 3. 4000E+07
105. 00 1. 7653E- 05 6. 5950 0. 2943 0. 1487 2030. 4 3. 4000E+07
108. 00 1. 0590E- 05 6. 7969 - 6. 6936E- 02 9. 2051E- 02 2031. 3 3. 4000E+07
111. 00 5. 3260E- 06 6. 1732 - 0. 2766 4. 7712E- 02 2028. 5 3. 4000E+07
114. 00 1. 6961E- 06 5. 1228 - 0. 3716 1. 5645E- 02 2023. 9 3. 4000E+07
117. 00 - 5. 7785E- 07 3. 9338 - 0. 3869 - 5. 4840E- 03 2018. 7 3. 4000E+07
120. 00 - 1. 8105E- 06 2. 7959 - 0. 3521 - 1. 7664E- 02 2013. 6 3. 4000E+07
123. 00 - 2. 3030E- 06 1. 8181 - 0. 2910 - 2. 3082E- 02 2009. 3 3. 4000E+07
126. 00 - 2. 3143E- 06 1. 0489 - 0. 2207 - 2. 3811E- 02 2005. 9 3. 4000E+07
129. 00 - 2. 0479E- 06 0. 4945 - 0. 1525 - 2. 1615E- 02 2003. 5 3. 4000E+07
132. 00 - 1. 6506E- 06 0. 1348 - 9. 3322E- 02 - 1. 7861E- 02 2001. 9 3. 4000E+07
135. 00 - 1. 2177E- 06 - 6. 4063E- 02 - 4. 6280E- 02 - 1. 3500E- 02 2001. 6 3. 4000E+07
138. 00 - 8. 0164E- 07 - 0. 1415 - 1. 2378E- 02 - 9. 1011E- 03 2001. 9 3. 4000E+07
141. 00 - 4. 2308E- 07 - 0. 1370 8. 6475E- 03 - 4. 9158E- 03 2001. 9 3. 4000E+07
144. 00 - 8. 0781E- 08 - 8. 8401E- 02 1. 7461E- 02 - 9. 6010E- 04 2001. 7 3. 4000E+07
147. 00 2. 3811E- 07 - 3. 1173E- 02 1. 4561E- 02 2. 8934E- 03 2001. 4 3. 4000E+07
150. 00 5. 4876E- 07 - 3. 9999E- 16 - 1. 7778E- 16 6. 8141E- 03 2001. 3 3. 4000E+07

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 2


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-93

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 2


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, M YDI SPL, M SLOPE AXI AL, KN LAT, KN BM, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2

7. 2844E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4118E- 03 2276. 4 181. 89 - 445. 49 4741. 4


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, M YDI SPL, M SLOPE AXI AL, KN LAT, KN BM, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2

7. 2844E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4118E- 03 2276. 4 181. 89 - 445. 49 4741. 4


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-94

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
M M KN- M KN KN/ M KN/ M**2 KN- M**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 7. 8926E- 02 445. 49 181. 84 0. 0000 4741. 4 3. 4000E+07
3. 0000 6. 8749E- 02 1014. 3 181. 89 0. 0000 7251. 0 3. 4000E+07
6. 0000 5. 8841E- 02 1582. 5 181. 89 0. 0000 9757. 8 3. 4000E+07
9. 0000 4. 9352E- 02 2149. 8 181. 89 0. 0000 1. 2260E+04 3. 4000E+07
12. 000 4. 0432E- 02 2715. 8 169. 98 7. 9394 1. 4757E+04 3. 4000E+07
15. 000 3. 2231E- 02 3208. 6 134. 34 15. 822 1. 6932E+04 3. 4000E+07
18. 000 2. 4879E- 02 3557. 2 81. 289 19. 541 1. 8469E+04 3. 4000E+07
21. 000 1. 8469E- 02 3727. 7 22. 058 19. 946 1. 9222E+04 3. 4000E+07
24. 000 1. 3045E- 02 3716. 5 - 34. 759 17. 931 1. 9172E+04 3. 4000E+07
27. 000 8. 6056E- 03 3541. 6 - 83. 202 14. 364 1. 8401E+04 3. 4000E+07
30. 000 5. 1034E- 03 3235. 3 - 119. 78 10. 021 1. 7050E+04 3. 4000E+07
33. 000 2. 4576E- 03 2836. 9 - 143. 14 5. 5496 1. 5292E+04 3. 4000E+07
36. 000 5. 6266E- 04 2386. 9 - 153. 61 1. 4363 1. 3306E+04 3. 4000E+07
39. 000 - 7. 0041E- 04 1922. 4 - 152. 78 - 1. 9943 1. 1257E+04 3. 4000E+07
42. 000 - 1. 4546E- 03 1474. 8 - 142. 93 - 4. 5701 9282. 4 3. 4000E+07
45. 000 - 1. 8184E- 03 1067. 4 - 126. 70 - 6. 2488 7485. 1 3. 4000E+07
48. 000 - 1. 8997E- 03 715. 58 - 106. 70 - 7. 0876 5933. 0 3. 4000E+07
51. 000 - 1. 7916E- 03 427. 14 - 85. 248 - 7. 2118 4660. 5 3. 4000E+07
54. 000 - 1. 5703E- 03 203. 34 - 64. 255 - 6. 7839 3673. 1 3. 4000E+07
57. 000 - 1. 2953E- 03 40. 477 - 45. 113 - 5. 9773 2954. 6 3. 4000E+07
60. 000 - 1. 0096E- 03 - 68. 615 - 28. 713 - 4. 9560 3078. 8 3. 4000E+07
63. 000 - 7. 4197E- 04 - 133. 06 - 15. 488 - 3. 8609 3363. 1 3. 4000E+07
66. 000 - 5. 0960E- 04 - 162. 68 - 5. 4937 - 2. 8019 3493. 8 3. 4000E+07
69. 000 - 3. 2030E- 04 - 166. 98 1. 4922 - 1. 8554 3512. 8 3. 4000E+07
72. 000 - 1. 7520E- 04 - 154. 49 5. 8751 - 1. 0665 3457. 6 3. 4000E+07
75. 000 - 7. 0991E- 05 - 132. 30 8. 1544 - 0. 4531 3359. 7 3. 4000E+07
78. 000 - 1. 8053E- 06 - 105. 96 8. 8520 - 1. 2053E- 02 3243. 5 3. 4000E+07
81. 000 3. 9333E- 05 - 79. 440 8. 4588 0. 2742 3126. 5 3. 4000E+07
84. 000 5. 9444E- 05 - 55. 343 7. 3997 0. 4319 3020. 2 3. 4000E+07
87. 000 6. 4904E- 05 - 35. 100 6. 0159 0. 4907 2930. 9 3. 4000E+07
90. 000 6. 1074E- 05 - 19. 252 4. 5603 0. 4797 2861. 0 3. 4000E+07
93. 000 5. 2147E- 05 - 7. 7092 3. 2033 0. 4250 2810. 1 3. 4000E+07
96. 000 4. 1180E- 05 1. 3384E- 02 2. 0443 0. 3477 2776. 1 3. 4000E+07
99. 000 3. 0216E- 05 4. 6066 1. 1267 0. 2640 2796. 4 3. 4000E+07
102. 00 2. 0472E- 05 6. 8208 0. 4533 0. 1849 2806. 1 3. 4000E+07
105. 00 1. 2533E- 05 7. 3666 5. 6994E- 04 0. 1169 2808. 6 3. 4000E+07
108. 00 6. 5440E- 06 6. 8559 - 0. 2692 6. 2965E- 02 2806. 3 3. 4000E+07
111. 00 2. 3700E- 06 5. 7744 - 0. 3989 2. 3501E- 02 2801. 5 3. 4000E+07
114. 00 - 2. 7559E- 07 4. 4779 - 0. 4300 - 2. 8140E- 03 2795. 8 3. 4000E+07
117. 00 - 1. 7358E- 06 3. 2040 - 0. 3984 - 1. 8235E- 02 2790. 2 3. 4000E+07
120. 00 - 2. 3479E- 06 2. 0923 - 0. 3330 - 2. 5357E- 02 2785. 3 3. 4000E+07
123. 00 - 2. 4061E- 06 1. 2076 - 0. 2549 - 2. 6695E- 02 2781. 4 3. 4000E+07
126. 00 - 2. 1447E- 06 0. 5624 - 0. 1782 - 2. 4426E- 02 2778. 5 3. 4000E+07
129. 00 - 1. 7344E- 06 0. 1367 - 0. 1112 - 2. 0264E- 02 2776. 7 3. 4000E+07
132. 00 - 1. 2879E- 06 - 0. 1067 - 5. 7661E- 02 - 1. 5427E- 02 2776. 5 3. 4000E+07
135. 00 - 8. 6970E- 07 - 0. 2113 - 1. 8510E- 02 - 1. 0674E- 02 2777. 0 3. 4000E+07
138. 00 - 5. 0740E- 07 - 0. 2196 7. 0652E- 03 - 6. 3766E- 03 2777. 0 3. 4000E+07
141. 00 - 2. 0322E- 07 - 0. 1704 2. 0551E- 02 - 2. 6137E- 03 2776. 8 3. 4000E+07
144. 00 5. 5863E- 08 - 9. 7555E- 02 2. 3369E- 02 7. 3495E- 04 2776. 5 3. 4000E+07
147. 00 2. 8912E- 07 - 3. 1287E- 02 1. 6433E- 02 3. 8889E- 03 2776. 2 3. 4000E+07
150. 00 5. 1409E- 07 0. 0000 1. 3509E- 16 7. 0664E- 03 2776. 1 3. 4000E+07

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 2


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-95

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 3


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, M YDI SPL, M SLOPE AXI AL, KN LAT, KN BM, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2

2. 5025E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4320E- 03 7820. 2 168. 05 - 437. 44 1. 1467E+04


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, M YDI SPL, M SLOPE AXI AL, KN LAT, KN BM, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2

2. 5025E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4320E- 03 7820. 2 168. 05 - 437. 44 1. 1467E+04


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-96

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
M M KN- M KN KN/ M KN/ M**2 KN- M**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 7. 8926E- 02 437. 44 167. 90 0. 0000 1. 1467E+04 3. 4000E+07
3. 0000 6. 8688E- 02 1021. 6 168. 05 0. 0000 1. 4044E+04 3. 4000E+07
6. 0000 5. 8720E- 02 1603. 7 168. 05 0. 0000 1. 6612E+04 3. 4000E+07
9. 0000 4. 9177E- 02 2182. 5 168. 05 0. 0000 1. 9166E+04 3. 4000E+07
12. 000 4. 0212E- 02 2756. 8 156. 20 7. 8962 2. 1699E+04 3. 4000E+07
15. 000 3. 1977E- 02 3254. 3 120. 81 15. 698 2. 3894E+04 3. 4000E+07
18. 000 2. 4602E- 02 3603. 7 68. 281 19. 324 2. 5436E+04 3. 4000E+07
21. 000 1. 8182E- 02 3771. 8 9. 8397 19. 637 2. 6177E+04 3. 4000E+07
24. 000 1. 2760E- 02 3755. 4 - 45. 925 17. 540 2. 6105E+04 3. 4000E+07
27. 000 8. 3327E- 03 3573. 3 - 93. 097 13. 908 2. 5301E+04 3. 4000E+07
30. 000 4. 8508E- 03 3258. 6 - 128. 25 9. 5253 2. 3913E+04 3. 4000E+07
33. 000 2. 2316E- 03 2851. 5 - 150. 09 5. 0393 2. 2117E+04 3. 4000E+07
36. 000 3. 6711E- 04 2393. 1 - 159. 06 0. 9371 2. 0095E+04 3. 4000E+07
39. 000 - 8. 6387E- 04 1921. 4 - 156. 77 - 2. 4597 1. 8013E+04 3. 4000E+07
42. 000 - 1. 5863E- 03 1467. 8 - 145. 61 - 4. 9837 1. 6012E+04 3. 4000E+07
45. 000 - 1. 9201E- 03 1056. 0 - 128. 24 - 6. 5982 1. 4196E+04 3. 4000E+07
48. 000 - 1. 9744E- 03 701. 39 - 107. 29 - 7. 3664 1. 2631E+04 3. 4000E+07
51. 000 - 1. 8431E- 03 411. 64 - 85. 111 - 7. 4193 1. 1353E+04 3. 4000E+07
54. 000 - 1. 6028E- 03 187. 82 - 63. 596 - 6. 9241 1. 0365E+04 3. 4000E+07
57. 000 - 1. 3128E- 03 25. 920 - 44. 123 - 6. 0579 9651. 1 3. 4000E+07
60. 000 - 1. 0159E- 03 - 81. 509 - 27. 555 - 4. 9872 9896. 4 3. 4000E+07
63. 000 - 7. 4061E- 04 - 143. 89 - 14. 294 - 3. 8538 1. 0172E+04 3. 4000E+07
66. 000 - 5. 0339E- 04 - 171. 28 - 4. 3613 - 2. 7677 1. 0292E+04 3. 4000E+07
69. 000 - 3. 1152E- 04 - 173. 41 2. 4971 - 1. 8045 1. 0302E+04 3. 4000E+07
72. 000 - 1. 6555E- 04 - 158. 94 6. 7155 - 1. 0077 1. 0238E+04 3. 4000E+07
75. 000 - 6. 1647E- 05 - 135. 07 8. 8172 - 0. 3934 1. 0133E+04 3. 4000E+07
78. 000 6. 4997E- 06 - 107. 38 9. 3423 4. 3394E- 02 1. 0011E+04 3. 4000E+07
81. 000 4. 6222E- 05 - 79. 860 8. 7939 0. 3222 9889. 1 3. 4000E+07
84. 000 6. 4804E- 05 - 55. 073 7. 6043 0. 4708 9779. 8 3. 4000E+07
87. 000 6. 8809E- 05 - 34. 410 6. 1178 0. 5202 9688. 6 3. 4000E+07
90. 000 6. 3704E- 05 - 18. 358 4. 5869 0. 5004 9617. 8 3. 4000E+07
93. 000 5. 3741E- 05 - 6. 7710 3. 1795 0. 4379 9566. 7 3. 4000E+07
96. 000 4. 1985E- 05 0. 8886 1. 9908 0. 3545 9540. 7 3. 4000E+07
99. 000 3. 0464E- 05 5. 3559 1. 0597 0. 2662 9560. 4 3. 4000E+07
102. 00 2. 0361E- 05 7. 4162 0. 3846 0. 1839 9569. 5 3. 4000E+07
105. 00 1. 2221E- 05 7. 8060 - 6. 2278E- 02 0. 1140 9571. 2 3. 4000E+07
108. 00 6. 1473E- 06 7. 1537 - 0. 3220 5. 9149E- 02 9568. 3 3. 4000E+07
111. 00 1. 9673E- 06 5. 9543 - 0. 4400 1. 9509E- 02 9563. 1 3. 4000E+07
114. 00 - 6. 3656E- 07 4. 5669 - 0. 4595 - 6. 4999E- 03 9556. 9 3. 4000E+07
117. 00 - 2. 0315E- 06 3. 2287 - 0. 4177 - 2. 1342E- 02 9551. 0 3. 4000E+07
120. 00 - 2. 5719E- 06 2. 0758 - 0. 3440 - 2. 7776E- 02 9545. 9 3. 4000E+07
123. 00 - 2. 5627E- 06 1. 1686 - 0. 2597 - 2. 8432E- 02 9541. 9 3. 4000E+07
126. 00 - 2. 2443E- 06 0. 5148 - 0. 1787 - 2. 5560E- 02 9539. 1 3. 4000E+07
129. 00 - 1. 7895E- 06 9. 0092E- 02 - 0. 1090 - 2. 0908E- 02 9537. 2 3. 4000E+07
132. 00 - 1. 3110E- 06 - 0. 1467 - 5. 4119E- 02 - 1. 5703E- 02 9537. 4 3. 4000E+07
135. 00 - 8. 7119E- 07 - 0. 2418 - 1. 4526E- 02 - 1. 0692E- 02 9537. 9 3. 4000E+07
138. 00 - 4. 9543E- 07 - 0. 2402 1. 0851E- 02 - 6. 2262E- 03 9537. 8 3. 4000E+07
141. 00 - 1. 8325E- 07 - 0. 1821 2. 3725E- 02 - 2. 3570E- 03 9537. 6 3. 4000E+07
144. 00 8. 0726E- 08 - 0. 1024 2. 5668E- 02 1. 0621E- 03 9537. 2 3. 4000E+07
147. 00 3. 1761E- 07 - 3. 1988E- 02 1. 7666E- 02 4. 2721E- 03 9536. 9 3. 4000E+07
150. 00 5. 4603E- 07 - 3. 9999E- 16 2. 0318E- 16 7. 5054E- 03 9536. 8 3. 4000E+07

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 2


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-97

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 4


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, M YDI SPL, M SLOPE AXI AL, KN LAT, KN BM, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2

3. 7560E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4883E- 03 1. 1545E+04 167. 86 - 414. 88 1. 5909E+04


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, M YDI SPL, M SLOPE AXI AL, KN LAT, KN BM, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2

3. 7560E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4883E- 03 1. 1545E+04 167. 86 - 414. 88 1. 5909E+04


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-98

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
M M KN- M KN KN/ M KN/ M**2 KN- M**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 7. 8926E- 02 414. 88 167. 64 0. 0000 1. 5909E+04 3. 4000E+07
3. 0000 6. 8516E- 02 1038. 6 167. 86 0. 0000 1. 8661E+04 3. 4000E+07
6. 0000 5. 8381E- 02 1659. 2 167. 86 0. 0000 2. 1399E+04 3. 4000E+07
9. 0000 4. 8685E- 02 2274. 7 167. 86 0. 0000 2. 4114E+04 3. 4000E+07
12. 000 3. 9591E- 02 2883. 3 154. 96 8. 5968 2. 6799E+04 3. 4000E+07
15. 000 3. 1260E- 02 3405. 6 116. 61 16. 970 2. 9103E+04 3. 4000E+07
18. 000 2. 3831E- 02 3764. 9 60. 107 20. 699 3. 0688E+04 3. 4000E+07
21. 000 1. 7398E- 02 3926. 3 - 2. 1086 20. 779 3. 1401E+04 3. 4000E+07
24. 000 1. 2005E- 02 3888. 7 - 60. 648 18. 248 3. 1235E+04 3. 4000E+07
27. 000 7. 6411E- 03 3675. 0 - 109. 17 14. 103 3. 0292E+04 3. 4000E+07
30. 000 4. 2500E- 03 3323. 2 - 144. 17 9. 2286 2. 8740E+04 3. 4000E+07
33. 000 1. 7386E- 03 2878. 2 - 164. 53 4. 3415 2. 6776E+04 3. 4000E+07
36. 000 - 1. 0953E- 05 2385. 2 - 170. 99 - 3. 0919E- 02 2. 4602E+04 3. 4000E+07
39. 000 - 1. 1291E- 03 1885. 3 - 165. 61 - 3. 5551 2. 2396E+04 3. 4000E+07
42. 000 - 1. 7482E- 03 1411. 6 - 151. 17 - 6. 0739 2. 0306E+04 3. 4000E+07
45. 000 - 1. 9937E- 03 988. 26 - 130. 70 - 7. 5761 1. 8439E+04 3. 4000E+07
48. 000 - 1. 9776E- 03 630. 08 - 107. 09 - 8. 1589 1. 6858E+04 3. 4000E+07
51. 000 - 1. 7946E- 03 343. 40 - 82. 872 - 7. 9887 1. 5594E+04 3. 4000E+07
54. 000 - 1. 5208E- 03 127. 57 - 59. 991 - 7. 2651 1. 4642E+04 3. 4000E+07
57. 000 - 1. 2132E- 03 - 23. 259 - 39. 807 - 6. 1909 1. 4181E+04 3. 4000E+07
60. 000 - 9. 1178E- 04 - 118. 30 - 23. 097 - 4. 9497 1. 4601E+04 3. 4000E+07
63. 000 - 6. 4166E- 04 - 168. 44 - 10. 134 - 3. 6923 1. 4822E+04 3. 4000E+07
66. 000 - 4. 1612E- 04 - 184. 83 - 0. 8001 - 2. 5300 1. 4894E+04 3. 4000E+07
69. 000 - 2. 3951E- 04 - 177. 88 5. 2962 - 1. 5342 1. 4863E+04 3. 4000E+07
72. 000 - 1. 0998E- 04 - 156. 58 8. 7081 - 0. 7403 1. 4770E+04 3. 4000E+07
75. 000 - 2. 1905E- 05 - 128. 14 10. 050 - 0. 1546 1. 4644E+04 3. 4000E+07
78. 000 3. 2252E- 05 - 97. 922 9. 9252 0. 2381 1. 4511E+04 3. 4000E+07
81. 000 6. 0490E- 05 - 69. 543 8. 8686 0. 4663 1. 4386E+04 3. 4000E+07
84. 000 7. 0318E- 05 - 45. 149 7. 3217 0. 5650 1. 4278E+04 3. 4000E+07
87. 000 6. 8196E- 05 - 25. 702 5. 6191 0. 5701 1. 4192E+04 3. 4000E+07
90. 000 5. 9269E- 05 - 11. 307 3. 9917 0. 5148 1. 4129E+04 3. 4000E+07
93. 000 4. 7350E- 05 - 1. 5109 2. 5795 0. 4267 1. 4085E+04 3. 4000E+07
96. 000 3. 5031E- 05 4. 4497 1. 4488 0. 3271 1. 4098E+04 3. 4000E+07
99. 000 2. 3890E- 05 7. 4530 0. 6119 0. 2308 1. 4112E+04 3. 4000E+07
102. 00 1. 4721E- 05 8. 3558 4. 5105E- 02 0. 1470 1. 4116E+04 3. 4000E+07
105. 00 7. 7648E- 06 7. 9098 - 0. 2956 8. 0088E- 02 1. 4114E+04 3. 4000E+07
108. 00 2. 9019E- 06 6. 7187 - 0. 4620 3. 0876E- 02 1. 4108E+04 3. 4000E+07
111. 00 - 1. 8243E- 07 5. 2293 - 0. 5054 - 2. 0005E- 03 1. 4102E+04 3. 4000E+07
114. 00 - 1. 8826E- 06 3. 7418 - 0. 4705 - 2. 1257E- 02 1. 4095E+04 3. 4000E+07
117. 00 - 2. 5922E- 06 2. 4343 - 0. 3934 - 3. 0114E- 02 1. 4089E+04 3. 4000E+07
120. 00 - 2. 6575E- 06 1. 3903 - 0. 3006 - 3. 1738E- 02 1. 4085E+04 3. 4000E+07
123. 00 - 2. 3548E- 06 0. 6277 - 0. 2097 - 2. 8890E- 02 1. 4081E+04 3. 4000E+07
126. 00 - 1. 8859E- 06 0. 1232 - 0. 1307 - 2. 3752E- 02 1. 4079E+04 3. 4000E+07
129. 00 - 1. 3844E- 06 - 0. 1679 - 6. 8273E- 02 - 1. 7886E- 02 1. 4079E+04 3. 4000E+07
132. 00 - 9. 2733E- 07 - 0. 2975 - 2. 3019E- 02 - 1. 2283E- 02 1. 4080E+04 3. 4000E+07
135. 00 - 5. 4900E- 07 - 0. 3156 6. 5821E- 03 - 7. 4507E- 03 1. 4080E+04 3. 4000E+07
138. 00 - 2. 5422E- 07 - 0. 2658 2. 3058E- 02 - 3. 5330E- 03 1. 4080E+04 3. 4000E+07
141. 00 - 2. 9789E- 08 - 0. 1833 2. 8993E- 02 - 4. 2369E- 04 1. 4080E+04 3. 4000E+07
144. 00 1. 4613E- 07 - 9. 6420E- 02 2. 6439E- 02 2. 1260E- 03 1. 4079E+04 3. 4000E+07
147. 00 2. 9652E- 07 - 2. 8406E- 02 1. 6634E- 02 4. 4106E- 03 1. 4079E+04 3. 4000E+07
150. 00 4. 3940E- 07 0. 0000 3. 9248E- 17 6. 6789E- 03 1. 4079E+04 3. 4000E+07

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 2

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-99

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.6.4 Summary File

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 5: 6




***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 5 - 2D, PI LE GROUP I N A CI RCULAR CONFI GURATI ON




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, KN HORI . LOAD, KN MOMENT, M- KN
40000. 0 1400. 00 - 1. 50000E+05


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, M HORI ZONTAL, M ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0161545 0. 0789259 - 4. 52555E- 03



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. X, M DI SP. Y, M ROT. Z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 5. 2514E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 3544E- 03
2 7. 2844E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4118E- 03
3 2. 5025E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4320E- 03
4 3. 7560E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4883E- 03

MI NI MUM - 5. 2514E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4883E- 03
Pi l e G. 1 1 4
MAXI MUM 3. 7560E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 3544E- 03
Pi l e G. 4 1 1

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-100

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP FOR. X, KN FOR. Y, KN MOM Z, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 - 1641. 1 182. 21 - 468. 46 4068. 1
2 2276. 4 181. 89 - 445. 49 4741. 4
3 7820. 2 168. 05 - 437. 44 1. 1467E+04
4 1. 1545E+04 167. 86 - 414. 88 1. 5909E+04

MI NI MUM - 1641. 1 167. 86 - 468. 46 4068. 1
Pi l e G. 1 4 1 1
MAXI MUM 1. 1545E+04 182. 21 - 414. 88 1. 5909E+04
Pi l e G. 4 1 4 4


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. x, M DI SP. y, M ROT. z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 5. 2514E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 3544E- 03
2 7. 2844E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4118E- 03
3 2. 5025E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4320E- 03
4 3. 7560E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4883E- 03

MI NI MUM - 5. 2514E- 03 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 4883E- 03
Pi l e G. 1 1 4
MAXI MUM 3. 7560E- 02 7. 8926E- 02 - 3. 3544E- 03
Pi l e G. 4 1 1

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP AXI AL, KN LAT. y, KN MOM z, KN- M STRESS, KN/ M**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 - 1641. 1 182. 21 - 468. 46 4068. 1
2 2276. 4 181. 89 - 445. 49 4741. 4
3 7820. 2 168. 05 - 437. 44 1. 1467E+04
4 1. 1545E+04 167. 86 - 414. 88 1. 5909E+04

MI NI MUM - 1641. 1 167. 86 - 468. 46 4068. 1
Pi l e G. 1 4 1 1
MAXI MUM 1. 1545E+04 182. 21 - 414. 88 1. 5909E+04
Pi l e G. 4 1 4 4

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *

* MI NI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
M KN- M KN KN/ M KN/ M**2 KN- M**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 1. 8580E- 03 - 157. 50 - 143. 00 - 6. 5820 2001. 0 3. 4000E+07
x( M) 48. 000 69. 000 39. 000 51. 000 1. 5000E- 02 0. 0000
2 - 1. 9000E- 03 - 167. 00 - 153. 60 - 7. 2120 2776. 0 3. 4000E+07
x( M) 48. 000 69. 000 36. 000 51. 000 1. 5000E- 02 0. 0000
3 - 1. 9740E- 03 - 173. 40 - 159. 10 - 7. 4190 9537. 0 3. 4000E+07
x( M) 48. 000 69. 000 36. 000 51. 000 1. 5000E- 02 0. 0000
4 - 1. 9940E- 03 - 184. 80 - 171. 00 - 8. 1590 1. 4080E+04 3. 4000E+07
x( M) 45. 000 66. 000 36. 000 48. 000 1. 5000E- 02 0. 0000

Mi n. - 1. 9940E- 03 - 184. 80 - 171. 00 - 8. 1590 2001. 0 3. 4000E+07
Pi l e 4 4 4 4 1 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-101

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* MAXI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
M KN- M KN KN/ M KN/ M**2 KN- M**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 7. 8930E- 02 3580. 0 182. 20 18. 820 1. 7800E+04 3. 4000E+07
x( M) 0. 0000 24. 000 0. 0000 21. 000 2. 4000E- 03 0. 0000
2 7. 8930E- 02 3728. 0 181. 90 19. 950 1. 9220E+04 3. 4000E+07
x( M) 0. 0000 21. 000 3. 0000 21. 000 2. 1000E- 03 0. 0000
3 7. 8930E- 02 3772. 0 168. 00 19. 640 2. 6180E+04 3. 4000E+07
x( M) 0. 0000 21. 000 6. 0000 21. 000 2. 1000E- 03 0. 0000
4 7. 8930E- 02 3926. 0 167. 90 20. 780 3. 1400E+04 3. 4000E+07
x( M) 0. 0000 21. 000 9. 0000 21. 000 2. 1000E- 03 0. 0000

Max. 7. 8930E- 02 3926. 0 182. 20 20. 780 3. 1400E+04 3. 4000E+07
Pi l e 1 4 1 4 4 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-102

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.6.5 Graphs


Figure 5.20 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 5 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-103

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.21 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 5 - 2D.

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-104

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.7 Example Problem 6 - 2D

5.7.1 Model Description

This example problem is used to illustrate the feature of internal generation of curves of axial
load versus displacement. There are 3 piles with different dimensions as shown in Figure 5.22. The soil
at the site is stiff clay with a cohesive strength of 17.4 psi. The maximum load-transfer for axial loads is
estimated to be 8.7 psi. The curves of load versus displacement that were generated by the program
are presented in the output..
The input and output files for the example problem are shown in the following pages.



Figure 5.22 General Description of Example Problem 6 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-105

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.7.2 Input Data

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 6 - 2D, I NTERNAL LOAD- DI SPLACEMENT
GROUP8. 0. 1
* Anal ysi s Par amet er s
1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00
* Load Cases
1 0 0 1
0 1 2 1 1 75 75
0. 0001 0. 0001 1 1
Load Case 1
12 0 0 0 1 0 0
2 1 1 0
1
227600 45000 - 2700000 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
0
* Load Combi nat i ons
0 0 0 1
* Di st r i but ed Load Set s
0
* Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
2
1 1 1 0 0
0 0 1 1 1
0 - 108 0 192
1 2 2 0 0
0 0 1 1 1
0 108 0 192
* Pi l e Pr oper t i es
2
0 1
50 660 4030000 1
0 660 1 1 1
1 1
50 660 4030000 1
0 660 2 1 1
* Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
2
0 0 0
Sect i on 1
72 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 4072 1319170 1319170 0 0 0 0 0 0
1 0 0
Sect i on 2
66 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 3421 931422 931422 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Soi l Layer s
1
0 3
192 700
2 10
0. 072 17. 4 0 500 0 0. 005 0 8. 7 0 0
0. 072 17. 4 0 500 0 0. 005 0 8. 7 0 0
* End of f i l e

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NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-106

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.7.3 Output File

=========================================================================

GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

Anal ysi s of A Gr oup of Pi l es
Subj ect ed t o Axi al and Lat er al Loadi ng

( c) Copyr i ght ENSOFT, I nc. , 1987- 2010
Al l Ri ght s Reser ved

=========================================================================


Thi s pr ogr ami s l i censed t o :

Ensof t
ENSOFT, I NC.

Pat h t o f i l e l ocat i ons : C: \ Gr oup8\ Exampl esGP8\
Name of i nput dat a f i l e : 2Dexampl e6. gp8d
Name of out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e6. gp8o
Name of out put summar y f i l e : 2Dexampl e6. gp8t
Name of pl ot out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e6. gp8p
Name of r unt i me f i l e : 2Dexampl e6. gp8r


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 8: 28






COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-107

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** I NPUT I NFORMATI ON *****


EXAMPLE PROBLEM 6 - 2D, I NTERNAL LOAD- DI SPLACEMENT

ANALYSI S TYPE = 2D ANALYSI S

UNI TS SYSTEM = ENGL



* TABLE C * LOAD AND CONTROL PARAMETERS


** LOAD CASES **


NUMBER OF LOAD CASES : 1


LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp
SCALE FACTOR : 1. 0000

* CONCENTRATED LOADS *

NL VERT. LOAD HOR. LOAD MOMENT COORD X COORD Y
LBS LBS LBS- I N I N I N
1 2. 27600E+05 45000. 0 - 2. 70000E+06 0. 00000 0. 00000


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VER. LOAD X, LBS HOR. LOAD Y, LBS MOMENT, LBS- I N
2. 27600E+05 45000. 0 - 2. 70000E+06


* THE LOADI NG I S STATI C *


* CONTROL PARAMETERS *
TOLERANCE ON CONVERGENCE OF FOUNDATI ON REACTI ON, = 1. 00000E- 04
TOLERANCE ON DETERMI NATI ON OF DEFLECTI ONS = 1. 00000E- 04 I N
MAX NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR FOUNDATI ON ANALYSI S = 75
MAXI MUM NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR PI LE ANALYSI S = 75
FACTOR TO APPLY THE LOAD I N I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
MI NI MUM FACTOR FOR LOAD I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
PRI NT RESULTS AT PI LE CAP, PI LE HEADS AND ALONG PI LES
PRI NT RESULTS EVERY 1 NODE( S)



* TABLE D * ARRANGEMENT OF PI LE GROUPS

GROUP CONNECT NO OF PI LE PI LE PROP P- Y CURVE L- S CURVE
1 PI N 1 1 0 0
2 PI N 2 2 0 0

GROUP VERT, I N HOR, I N SLOPE, I N/ I N GROUND, I N SPRI NG, LBS- I N
1 0. 00000 - 108. 000 0. 00000 192. 000 0. 00000
2 0. 00000 108. 000 0. 00000 192. 000 0. 00000



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-108

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE E * PI LE GEOMETRY AND PROPERTI ES
PI LE TYPE = 1 - DRI VEN PI LE
= 2 - DRI LLED SHAFT

PROP SECTS I NC PI LE TYPE LENGTH, I N E, LBS/ I N**2
1 1 50 1 660. 00 4. 0300E+06
2 1 50 1 660. 00 4. 0300E+06

* PI LE SECTI ONS *

PROP SECT FROM, I N TO, I N CROSS SECT
1 1 0. 00000 660. 000 1
2 1 0. 00000 660. 000 2

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS *

CROSS SECTI ON : 1
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 72. 0000 I N

CROSS SECTI ON : 2
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 66. 0000 I N

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS PROPERTI ES *

SECT DI AM, I N AREA, I N**2 I , I N**4 Mn, LBS- I N Vn, LBS
1 72. 0000 4072. 00 1. 31917E+06 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 66. 0000 3421. 00 9. 31422E+05 0. 00000 0. 00000



* TABLE F * SOI L DATA


SOI LS I NFORMATI ON

GROUND SURFACE = 192. 000 I N

1 LAYER( S) OF SOI L

LAYER 1
THE SOI L I S A STI FF CLAY ABOVE THE WATER TABLE
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 192. 000 700. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0720000 0. 0720000
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 17. 4000 17. 4000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 5. 00000E- 03 5. 00000E- 03
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 8. 70000 8. 70000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

Not e : Def aul t val ues wi l l be gener at ed f or
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON and ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE
when i nput val ues ar e 0.



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-109

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE H * AXI AL LOAD VS SETTLEMENT

LOAD- SETTLEMENT CURVES GENERATED I NTERNALLY

NUM OF CURVES 2

CURVE 1 NUM OF POI NTS 19

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 - 8. 45527E+05 - 3. 62210
2 - 8. 45527E+05 - 1. 02210
3 - 8. 45527E+05 - 0. 52210
4 - 8. 92679E+05 - 0. 12336
5 - 8. 30683E+05 - 0. 0715000
6 - 1. 77333E+05 - 0. 0145375
7 - 87968. 1 - 7. 25556E- 03
8 - 17593. 6 - 1. 45111E- 03
9 - 1759. 36 - 1. 45111E- 04
10 0. 00000 0. 00000
11 1836. 50 1. 47938E- 04
12 18365. 0 1. 47938E- 03
13 91825. 1 7. 39688E- 03
14 1. 85214E+05 0. 0148237
15 8. 65162E+05 0. 0728309
16 9. 54705E+05 0. 12586
17 1. 10730E+06 0. 53263
18 1. 22010E+06 1. 03717
19 1. 48320E+06 3. 64775

CURVE 2 NUM OF POI NTS 19

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 - 7. 75067E+05 - 3. 32412
2 - 7. 75067E+05 - 1. 02412
3 - 7. 75067E+05 - 0. 52412
4 - 8. 18049E+05 - 0. 12548
5 - 7. 63576E+05 - 0. 0735105
6 - 1. 63727E+05 - 0. 0149773
7 - 81162. 1 - 7. 47286E- 03
8 - 16232. 4 - 1. 49457E- 03
9 - 1623. 24 - 1. 49457E- 04
10 0. 00000 0. 00000
11 1695. 20 1. 52572E- 04
12 16952. 0 1. 52572E- 03
13 84759. 9 7. 62860E- 03
14 1. 71091E+05 0. 0152930
15 7. 95216E+05 0. 0749655
16 8. 74846E+05 0. 12821
17 1. 00489E+06 0. 53512
18 1. 10467E+06 1. 03990
19 1. 31080E+06 3. 34976




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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-110

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 6 - 2D, I NTERNAL LOAD- DI SPLACEMENT




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
2. 27600E+05 45000. 0 - 2. 70000E+06


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
6. 91701E- 03 0. 0294779 1. 14200E- 05


NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS = 5



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-111

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


* PI LE GROUP * 1


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 1504E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 4523E- 04 1. 0130E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 24. 877


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

8. 1504E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 4523E- 04 1. 0130E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 24. 877


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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-112

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 2. 9478E- 02 0. 0000 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 24. 877 5. 3163E+12
13. 200 2. 7561E- 02 2. 3242E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 31. 220 5. 3163E+12
26. 400 2. 5651E- 02 4. 6485E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 37. 563 5. 3163E+12
39. 600 2. 3757E- 02 6. 9727E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 43. 906 5. 3163E+12
52. 800 2. 1886E- 02 9. 2969E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 50. 248 5. 3163E+12
66. 000 2. 0045E- 02 1. 1621E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 56. 591 5. 3163E+12
79. 200 1. 8242E- 02 1. 3945E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 62. 933 5. 3163E+12
92. 400 1. 6485E- 02 1. 6269E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 69. 276 5. 3163E+12
105. 60 1. 4781E- 02 1. 8593E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 75. 618 5. 3163E+12
118. 80 1. 3138E- 02 2. 0917E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 81. 960 5. 3163E+12
132. 00 1. 1564E- 02 2. 3241E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 88. 302 5. 3163E+12
145. 20 1. 0066E- 02 2. 5565E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 94. 644 5. 3163E+12
158. 40 8. 6513E- 03 2. 7889E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 100. 99 5. 3163E+12
171. 60 7. 3283E- 03 3. 0212E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 107. 33 5. 3163E+12
184. 80 6. 1044E- 03 3. 2536E+06 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 113. 67 5. 3163E+12
198. 00 4. 9871E- 03 3. 4859E+06 1. 4174E+04 518. 05 120. 01 5. 3163E+12
211. 20 3. 9841E- 03 3. 6280E+06 7377. 7 511. 70 123. 88 5. 3163E+12
224. 40 3. 1000E- 03 3. 6809E+06 696. 37 500. 62 125. 33 5. 3163E+12
237. 60 2. 3365E- 03 3. 6465E+06 - 5804. 5 484. 36 124. 39 5. 3163E+12
250. 80 1. 6925E- 03 3. 5278E+06 - 1. 2052E+04 462. 24 121. 15 5. 3163E+12
264. 00 1. 1641E- 03 3. 3285E+06 - 1. 7963E+04 433. 30 115. 71 5. 3163E+12
277. 20 7. 4488E- 04 3. 0537E+06 - 2. 3435E+04 395. 83 108. 21 5. 3163E+12
290. 40 4. 2571E- 04 2. 7099E+06 - 2. 8333E+04 346. 33 98. 830 5. 3163E+12
303. 60 1. 9535E- 04 2. 3057E+06 - 3. 2436E+04 275. 33 87. 800 5. 3163E+12
316. 80 4. 0562E- 05 1. 8536E+06 - 3. 5158E+04 137. 03 75. 462 5. 3163E+12
330. 00 - 5. 3475E- 05 1. 3776E+06 - 3. 3009E+04 - 462. 64 62. 472 5. 3163E+12
343. 20 - 1. 0236E- 04 9. 8219E+05 - 2. 7576E+04 - 360. 43 51. 681 5. 3163E+12
356. 40 - 1. 1906E- 04 6. 4958E+05 - 2. 2867E+04 - 353. 08 42. 604 5. 3163E+12
369. 60 - 1. 1446E- 04 3. 7849E+05 - 1. 8273E+04 - 343. 00 35. 206 5. 3163E+12
382. 80 - 9. 7460E- 05 1. 6717E+05 - 1. 3858E+04 - 325. 95 29. 439 5. 3163E+12
396. 00 - 7. 4980E- 05 1. 2634E+04 - 9717. 2 - 301. 48 25. 222 5. 3163E+12
409. 20 - 5. 2087E- 05 - 8. 9371E+04 - 5948. 4 - 269. 56 27. 316 5. 3163E+12
422. 40 - 3. 2123E- 05 - 1. 4441E+05 - 2650. 1 - 230. 17 28. 818 5. 3163E+12
435. 60 - 1. 6891E- 05 - 1. 5934E+05 77. 776 - 183. 14 29. 225 5. 3163E+12
448. 80 - 6. 8822E- 06 - 1. 4236E+05 2130. 2 - 127. 83 28. 762 5. 3163E+12
462. 00 - 1. 5387E- 06 - 1. 0310E+05 3373. 8 - 60. 593 27. 691 5. 3163E+12
475. 20 4. 2556E- 07 - 5. 3289E+04 3330. 3 67. 183 26. 331 5. 3163E+12
488. 40 6. 4330E- 07 - 1. 5183E+04 2048. 7 127. 00 25. 292 5. 3163E+12
501. 60 3. 6343E- 07 796. 24 748. 60 69. 988 24. 899 5. 3163E+12
514. 80 1. 0965E- 07 4580. 5 77. 135 31. 750 25. 002 5. 3163E+12
528. 00 6. 0044E- 09 2832. 6 - 156. 04 3. 5799 24. 955 5. 3163E+12
541. 20 - 4. 8037E- 09 461. 01 - 111. 66 - 10. 305 24. 890 5. 3163E+12
554. 40 - 5. 0217E- 10 - 115. 17 - 18. 099 - 3. 8713 24. 880 5. 3163E+12
567. 60 2. 4633E- 11 - 16. 809 4. 3898 0. 4639 24. 878 5. 3163E+12
580. 80 5. 0210E- 13 0. 7201 0. 6374 0. 1046 24. 877 5. 3163E+12
594. 00 - 2. 7454E- 14 1. 6986E- 02 - 2. 7307E- 02 - 3. 9331E- 03 24. 877 5. 3163E+12
607. 20 - 2. 8724E- 16 - 8. 2011E- 04 - 6. 4374E- 04 - 1. 0685E- 04 24. 877 5. 3163E+12
620. 40 6. 0615E- 19 - 8. 8009E- 06 3. 1066E- 05 4. 6057E- 06 24. 877 5. 3163E+12
633. 60 5. 7135E- 21 1. 8146E- 08 3. 3338E- 07 5. 0718E- 08 24. 877 5. 3163E+12
646. 80 - 6. 2465E- 25 1. 7436E- 10 - 6. 8734E- 10 - 1. 0214E- 10 24. 877 5. 3163E+12
660. 00 - 1. 2021E- 26 2. 8020E- 30 1. 0451E- 27 - 2. 0014E- 12 24. 877 5. 3163E+12

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-113

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 2


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

5. 6837E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 5030E- 04 6. 3150E+04 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 18. 460


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

5. 6837E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 5030E- 04 6. 3150E+04 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 18. 460


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-114

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 2. 9478E- 02 0. 0000 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
13. 200 2. 7494E- 02 1. 8101E+05 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 24. 873 3. 7536E+12
26. 400 2. 5518E- 02 3. 6202E+05 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 31. 286 3. 7536E+12
39. 600 2. 3559E- 02 5. 4303E+05 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 37. 699 3. 7536E+12
52. 800 2. 1626E- 02 7. 2404E+05 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 44. 112 3. 7536E+12
66. 000 1. 9726E- 02 9. 0504E+05 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 50. 525 3. 7536E+12
79. 200 1. 7868E- 02 1. 0860E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 56. 938 3. 7536E+12
92. 400 1. 6060E- 02 1. 2670E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 63. 351 3. 7536E+12
105. 60 1. 4312E- 02 1. 4480E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 69. 763 3. 7536E+12
118. 80 1. 2630E- 02 1. 6290E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 76. 176 3. 7536E+12
132. 00 1. 1024E- 02 1. 8100E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 82. 588 3. 7536E+12
145. 20 9. 5024E- 03 1. 9910E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 89. 000 3. 7536E+12
158. 40 8. 0729E- 03 2. 1720E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 95. 412 3. 7536E+12
171. 60 6. 7443E- 03 2. 3529E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 101. 82 3. 7536E+12
184. 80 5. 5249E- 03 2. 5339E+06 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 108. 24 3. 7536E+12
198. 00 4. 4231E- 03 2. 7149E+06 1. 0591E+04 471. 60 114. 65 3. 7536E+12
211. 20 3. 4473E- 03 2. 8136E+06 4415. 3 464. 09 118. 15 3. 7536E+12
224. 40 2. 6021E- 03 2. 8315E+06 - 1628. 2 451. 59 118. 78 3. 7536E+12
237. 60 1. 8884E- 03 2. 7708E+06 - 7470. 5 433. 60 116. 63 3. 7536E+12
250. 80 1. 3033E- 03 2. 6344E+06 - 1. 3034E+04 409. 40 111. 80 3. 7536E+12
264. 00 8. 4047E- 04 2. 4267E+06 - 1. 8230E+04 377. 88 104. 44 3. 7536E+12
277. 20 4. 9029E- 04 2. 1532E+06 - 2. 2948E+04 336. 90 94. 746 3. 7536E+12
290. 40 2. 4006E- 04 1. 8209E+06 - 2. 7028E+04 281. 26 82. 974 3. 7536E+12
303. 60 7. 4348E- 05 1. 4397E+06 - 3. 0142E+04 190. 63 69. 466 3. 7536E+12
316. 80 - 2. 4532E- 05 1. 0252E+06 - 2. 7348E+04 - 613. 98 54. 782 3. 7536E+12
330. 00 - 7. 5823E- 05 7. 1769E+05 - 2. 1363E+04 - 292. 81 43. 887 3. 7536E+12
343. 20 - 9. 3800E- 05 4. 6121E+05 - 1. 7503E+04 - 292. 10 34. 800 3. 7536E+12
356. 40 - 9. 0368E- 05 2. 5562E+05 - 1. 3695E+04 - 284. 77 27. 516 3. 7536E+12
369. 60 - 7. 5070E- 05 9. 9645E+04 - 1. 0041E+04 - 268. 93 21. 990 3. 7536E+12
382. 80 - 5. 5148E- 05 - 9468. 0 - 6649. 2 - 244. 98 18. 795 3. 7536E+12
396. 00 - 3. 5664E- 05 - 7. 5896E+04 - 3624. 9 - 213. 24 21. 148 3. 7536E+12
409. 20 - 1. 9704E- 05 - 1. 0517E+05 - 1070. 2 - 173. 84 22. 186 3. 7536E+12
422. 40 - 8. 6251E- 06 - 1. 0415E+05 912. 92 - 126. 64 22. 150 3. 7536E+12
435. 60 - 2. 3811E- 06 - 8. 1068E+04 2213. 1 - 70. 354 21. 332 3. 7536E+12
448. 80 9. 9839E- 08 - 4. 5726E+04 2616. 6 9. 2181 20. 080 3. 7536E+12
462. 00 4. 5821E- 07 - 1. 1990E+04 1737. 6 123. 97 18. 884 3. 7536E+12
475. 20 2. 5999E- 07 145. 66 554. 83 55. 237 18. 465 3. 7536E+12
488. 40 6. 8542E- 08 2657. 1 47. 796 21. 586 18. 554 3. 7536E+12
501. 60 4. 3064E- 10 1407. 5 - 96. 586 0. 2902 18. 509 3. 7536E+12
514. 80 - 2. 3464E- 09 107. 27 - 54. 987 - 6. 5930 18. 463 3. 7536E+12
528. 00 - 1. 4409E- 10 - 44. 171 - 4. 1935 - 1. 1029 18. 461 3. 7536E+12
541. 20 7. 8431E- 12 - 3. 4390 1. 6793 0. 2131 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
554. 40 1. 4191E- 13 0. 1627 0. 1304 2. 1586E- 02 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
567. 60 - 5. 0026E- 15 3. 2722E- 03 - 6. 1684E- 03 - 8. 9583E- 04 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
580. 80 - 2. 1402E- 17 - 1. 0685E- 04 - 1. 2397E- 04 - 2. 0004E- 05 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
594. 00 1. 1186E- 19 - 4. 6588E- 07 4. 0473E- 06 6. 0785E- 07 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
607. 20 4. 6088E- 23 2. 4078E- 09 1. 7647E- 08 2. 7014E- 09 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
620. 40 - 9. 0383E- 26 9. 9675E- 13 - 9. 1205E- 11 - 1. 3807E- 11 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
633. 60 - 3. 6882E- 29 - 1. 9455E- 15 - 3. 7756E- 14 - 5. 7429E- 15 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
646. 80 7. 0319E- 32 - 7. 9757E- 19 7. 3694E- 17 1. 1157E- 17 18. 460 3. 7536E+12
660. 00 5. 6650E- 35 2. 3584E- 37 - 1. 8012E- 36 9. 1549E- 21 18. 460 3. 7536E+12

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 5

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-115

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.7.4 Summary File

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 8: 28




***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 6 - 2D, I NTERNAL LOAD- DI SPLACEMENT




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
2. 27600E+05 45000. 0 - 2. 70000E+06


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
6. 91701E- 03 0. 0294779 1. 14200E- 05



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. X, I N DI SP. Y, I N ROT. Z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 8. 1504E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 4523E- 04
2 5. 6837E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 5030E- 04

MI NI MUM 5. 6837E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 5030E- 04
Pi l e G. 2 1 2
MAXI MUM 8. 1504E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 4523E- 04
Pi l e G. 1 1 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-116

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP FOR. X, LBS FOR. Y, LBS MOM Z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 1. 0130E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 24. 877
2 6. 3150E+04 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 18. 460

MI NI MUM 6. 3150E+04 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 18. 460
Pi l e G. 2 2 1 2
MAXI MUM 1. 0130E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 24. 877
Pi l e G. 1 1 1 1


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. x, I N DI SP. y, I N ROT. z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 8. 1504E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 4523E- 04
2 5. 6837E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 5030E- 04

MI NI MUM 5. 6837E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 5030E- 04
Pi l e G. 2 1 2
MAXI MUM 8. 1504E- 03 2. 9478E- 02 - 1. 4523E- 04
Pi l e G. 1 1 1

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP AXI AL, LBS LAT. y, LBS MOM z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 1. 0130E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 24. 877
2 6. 3150E+04 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 18. 460

MI NI MUM 6. 3150E+04 1. 3703E+04 0. 0000 18. 460
Pi l e G. 2 2 1 2
MAXI MUM 1. 0130E+05 1. 7593E+04 0. 0000 24. 877
Pi l e G. 1 1 1 1

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *

* MI NI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 1. 1910E- 04 - 1. 5930E+05 - 3. 5160E+04 - 462. 60 24. 880 5. 3160E+12
x( I N) 356. 40 435. 60 316. 80 330. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000
2 - 9. 3800E- 05 - 1. 0520E+05 - 3. 0140E+04 - 614. 00 18. 460 3. 7540E+12
x( I N) 343. 20 409. 20 303. 60 316. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000

Mi n. - 1. 1910E- 04 - 1. 5930E+05 - 3. 5160E+04 - 614. 00 18. 460 3. 7540E+12
Pi l e 1 1 1 2 2 2

* MAXI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 2. 9480E- 02 3. 6810E+06 1. 7590E+04 518. 00 125. 30 5. 3160E+12
x( I N) 0. 0000 224. 40 0. 0000 198. 00 2. 2400E- 02 0. 0000
2 2. 9480E- 02 2. 8320E+06 1. 3700E+04 471. 60 118. 80 3. 7540E+12
x( I N) 0. 0000 224. 40 105. 60 198. 00 2. 2400E- 02 0. 0000

Max. 2. 9480E- 02 3. 6810E+06 1. 7590E+04 518. 00 125. 30 5. 3160E+12
Pi l e 1 1 1 1 1 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-117

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.7.5 Graphs


Figure 5.23 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 6 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-118

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.24 Internally Generated curves of Axial Load vs. Displacement for Example Problem 6 - 2D.

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-119

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.8 Example Problem 7 - 2D

5.8.1 Model Description

This example is included to show the use of the program to compute the data for foundation
stiffness (flexibility matrix components) of the pile foundation, which may be needed for the
superstructure analysis. Figure 5.25 shows a 3 by 3 pile group with the pile cap, which is below the
existing ground surface. The piles are 30 inches in diameter and 50 feet in length. The piles are closely
spaced with the center to center spacing equal to 3 pile diameters. The soil is stiff clay, and group
reduction factors on piles are generated internally by the program.
It should be noted that the origin (0,0) is set 5 feet below the ground surface(Figure 5.25 );
therefore, the top of the ground surface has the coordinate of -60 inches for the input. The program
divides the loadings into 10 increments and computes the pile cap response for each individual loading
to estimate the data for foundation stiffness. The different components of the foundation stiffness
matrix can be estimated from the flexibility components.
The input and output files for the example problem are shown in the following pages.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-120

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual





Figure 5.25 General Description of Example Problem 7 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-121

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.8.2 Input Data

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 7 - 2D, 3x3 gr oup, dat a f or f oundat i on st i f f ness
GROUP8. 0. 1
* Anal ysi s Par amet er s
1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
* Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00 0. 0000000E+00
* Load Cases
1 0 0 1
0 1 2 1 1 100 100
1E- 5 1E- 5 1 1
Load Case 1
12 10 0 0 1 0 0
2 1 1 0
1
1000000 400000 20000000 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
10
0. 1
0. 30102999
0. 47712125
0. 60205999
0. 69897
0. 77815125
0. 84509804
0. 90308998
0. 9542425
1
* Load Combi nat i ons
0 0 0 1
* Di st r i but ed Load Set s
0
* Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
3
2 3 1 0 0
0 0 1 1 0
0 - 90 0 - 60
2 3 1 0 0
0 0 1 1 0
0 0 0 - 60
2 3 1 0 0
0 0 1 1 0
0 90 0 - 60
* Pi l e Pr oper t i es
1
0 1
50 600 3600000 1
0 600 1 1 1
* Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
1
0 0 0
Sect i on 1
30 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 707 39700 39700 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Soi l Layer s
1
0 3
- 60 840
2 10
0. 06 10 0 1000 0 0. 005 0 5 0 0
0. 06 20 0 1000 0 0. 005 0 10 0 0
* Pr i nt py cur ves
2
1 120
0
1 360
0
* End of f i l e
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-122

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.8.3 Output File

=========================================================================

GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

Anal ysi s of A Gr oup of Pi l es
Subj ect ed t o Axi al and Lat er al Loadi ng

( c) Copyr i ght ENSOFT, I nc. , 1987- 2010
Al l Ri ght s Reser ved

=========================================================================


Thi s pr ogr ami s l i censed t o :

Ensof t
ENSOFT, I NC.

Pat h t o f i l e l ocat i ons : C: \ Gr oup8\ Exampl esGP8\
Name of i nput dat a f i l e : 2Dexampl e7. gp8d
Name of out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e7. gp8o
Name of out put summar y f i l e : 2Dexampl e7. gp8t
Name of pl ot out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e7. gp8p
Name of r unt i me f i l e : 2Dexampl e7. gp8r


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 11: 31






COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-123

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** I NPUT I NFORMATI ON *****


EXAMPLE PROBLEM 7 - 2D, 3x3 gr oup, dat a f or f oundat i on st i f f ness

ANALYSI S TYPE = 2D ANALYSI S

UNI TS SYSTEM = ENGL



* TABLE C * LOAD AND CONTROL PARAMETERS


** LOAD CASES **


NUMBER OF LOAD CASES : 1


LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp
SCALE FACTOR : 1. 0000

* CONCENTRATED LOADS *

NL VERT. LOAD HOR. LOAD MOMENT COORD X COORD Y
LBS LBS LBS- I N I N I N
1 1. 00000E+06 4. 00000E+05 2. 00000E+07 0. 00000 0. 00000


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VER. LOAD X, LBS HOR. LOAD Y, LBS MOMENT, LBS- I N
1. 00000E+06 4. 00000E+05 2. 00000E+07

* DATA FOR FOUNDATI ON STI FFNESS *
COMPUTED FOR EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N


* FOUNDATI ON STI FFNESS LOAD LEVELS *

NL LOAD LEVEL
1 0. 1000000
2 0. 30103
3 0. 47712
4 0. 60206
5 0. 69897
6 0. 77815
7 0. 84510
8 0. 90309
9 0. 95424
10 1. 00000


* THE LOADI NG I S STATI C *


* CONTROL PARAMETERS *
TOLERANCE ON CONVERGENCE OF FOUNDATI ON REACTI ON, = 1. 00000E- 05
TOLERANCE ON DETERMI NATI ON OF DEFLECTI ONS = 1. 00000E- 05 I N
MAX NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR FOUNDATI ON ANALYSI S = 100
MAXI MUM NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR PI LE ANALYSI S = 100
FACTOR TO APPLY THE LOAD I N I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
MI NI MUM FACTOR FOR LOAD I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
PRI NT RESULTS AT PI LE CAP, PI LE HEADS AND ALONG PI LES
PRI NT RESULTS EVERY 1 NODE( S)



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-124

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE D * ARRANGEMENT OF PI LE GROUPS

GROUP CONNECT NO OF PI LE PI LE PROP P- Y CURVE L- S CURVE
1 FI X 3 1 0 0
2 FI X 3 1 0 0
3 FI X 3 1 0 0

GROUP VERT, I N HOR, I N SLOPE, I N/ I N GROUND, I N SPRI NG, LBS- I N
1 0. 00000 - 90. 0000 0. 00000 - 60. 0000 0. 00000
2 0. 00000 0. 00000 0. 00000 - 60. 0000 0. 00000
3 0. 00000 90. 0000 0. 00000 - 60. 0000 0. 00000



* TABLE E * PI LE GEOMETRY AND PROPERTI ES
PI LE TYPE = 1 - DRI VEN PI LE
= 2 - DRI LLED SHAFT

PROP SECTS I NC PI LE TYPE LENGTH, I N E, LBS/ I N**2
1 1 50 1 600. 00 3. 6000E+06

* PI LE SECTI ONS *

PROP SECT FROM, I N TO, I N CROSS SECT
1 1 0. 00000 600. 000 1

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS *

CROSS SECTI ON : 1
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 30. 0000 I N

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS PROPERTI ES *

SECT DI AM, I N AREA, I N**2 I , I N**4 Mn, LBS- I N Vn, LBS
1 30. 0000 707. 000 39700. 0 0. 00000 0. 00000



* TABLE F * SOI L DATA


SOI LS I NFORMATI ON

GROUND SURFACE = - 60. 0000 I N

1 LAYER( S) OF SOI L

LAYER 1
THE SOI L I S A STI FF CLAY ABOVE THE WATER TABLE
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) - 60. 0000 840. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0600000 0. 0600000
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 10. 0000 20. 0000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 5. 00000E- 03 5. 00000E- 03
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 5. 00000 10. 0000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

Not e : Def aul t val ues wi l l be gener at ed f or
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON and ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE
when i nput val ues ar e 0.


* DATA TO PRI NT GENERATED P- Y CURVES *

NUMBER OF CURVES TO PRI NT : 2

CURVE NUMBER PI LE GROUP DEPTH ( I N)
1 1 120. 000
2 1 360. 000
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-125

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual




* TABLE H * AXI AL LOAD VS SETTLEMENT

LOAD- SETTLEMENT CURVES GENERATED I NTERNALLY

NUM OF CURVES 1

CURVE 1 NUM OF POI NTS 19

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 - 3. 68133E+05 - 2. 04683
2 - 3. 68133E+05 - 1. 04683
3 - 3. 68133E+05 - 0. 54683
4 - 3. 85001E+05 - 0. 14930
5 - 3. 74821E+05 - 0. 0965698
6 - 94984. 2 - 0. 0205437
7 - 45993. 3 - 0. 0101808
8 - 9191. 59 - 2. 03611E- 03
9 - 919. 159 - 2. 03611E- 04
10 0. 00000 0. 00000
11 967. 479 2. 11533E- 04
12 9674. 79 2. 11533E- 03
13 48442. 7 0. 0105774
14 1. 00180E+05 0. 0213640
15 3. 89193E+05 0. 0998575
16 4. 09997E+05 0. 15535
17 4. 39155E+05 0. 56358
18 4. 68750E+05 1. 07055
19 4. 78425E+05 2. 07283




COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-126

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 7 - 2D, 3x3 gr oup, dat a f or f oundat i on st i f f ness




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp


* PI LE CAP FLEXI BI LI TY ESTI MATI ON *

DOF : 1 ( FORCE X)

N FORCE, LB VERT. DI SP, I N HOR. DI SP Y, I N ROTATI ON Z, RAD
1 1. 00000E+05 2. 42885E- 03 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 3. 01030E+05 7. 30438E- 03 0. 00000 0. 00000
3 4. 77121E+05 0. 0115304 0. 00000 0. 00000
4 6. 02060E+05 0. 0144246 0. 00000 0. 00000
5 6. 98970E+05 0. 0166696 0. 00000 0. 00000
6 7. 78151E+05 0. 0185038 0. 00000 0. 00000
7 8. 45098E+05 0. 0200547 0. 00000 0. 00000
8 9. 03090E+05 0. 0214084 0. 00000 0. 00000
9 9. 54242E+05 0. 0229520 0. 00000 0. 00000
10 1. 00000E+06 0. 0243328 0. 00000 0. 00000

N S11 S21 S31
I N/ LBS I N/ LBS RAD/ LBS
1 2. 42885E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 2. 42646E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
3 2. 41665E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
4 2. 39587E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
5 2. 38487E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
6 2. 37792E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
7 2. 37306E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
8 2. 37057E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
9 2. 40526E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
10 2. 43328E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000

DOF : 2 ( FORCE Y)

N FORCE, LB VERT. DI SP, I N HOR. DI SP Y, I N ROTATI ON Z, RAD
1 40000. 0 - 1. 02294E- 06 2. 89310E- 04 - 2. 60486E- 06
2 1. 20412E+05 - 5. 09174E- 06 2. 87264E- 03 - 1. 29659E- 05
3 1. 90848E+05 - 9. 87305E- 06 7. 58287E- 03 - 2. 51293E- 05
4 2. 40824E+05 - 1. 39931E- 05 0. 0123616 - 3. 50421E- 05
5 2. 79588E+05 - 1. 74472E- 05 0. 0169173 - 4. 33526E- 05
6 3. 11260E+05 - 2. 04141E- 05 0. 0212137 - 5. 04909E- 05
7 3. 38039E+05 - 2. 30230E- 05 0. 0252575 - 5. 67680E- 05
8 3. 61236E+05 - 2. 53622E- 05 0. 0289787 - 6. 23959E- 05
9 3. 81697E+05 - 2. 74636E- 05 0. 0325544 - 6. 74520E- 05
10 4. 00000E+05 - 2. 93807E- 05 0. 0359669 - 7. 20644E- 05

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-127

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

N S12 S22 S32
I N/ LBS I N/ LBS RAD/ LBS
1 - 2. 55734E- 11 7. 23276E- 09 - 6. 51215E- 11
2 - 4. 22860E- 11 2. 38567E- 08 - 1. 07679E- 10
3 - 5. 17324E- 11 3. 97324E- 08 - 1. 31671E- 10
4 - 5. 81052E- 11 5. 13305E- 08 - 1. 45509E- 10
5 - 6. 24032E- 11 6. 05080E- 08 - 1. 55059E- 10
6 - 6. 55852E- 11 6. 81540E- 08 - 1. 62214E- 10
7 - 6. 81076E- 11 7. 47176E- 08 - 1. 67933E- 10
8 - 7. 02094E- 11 8. 02209E- 08 - 1. 72729E- 10
9 - 7. 19514E- 11 8. 52885E- 08 - 1. 76716E- 10
10 - 7. 34517E- 11 8. 99172E- 08 - 1. 80161E- 10

DOF : 3 ( MOMENT Z)

N MOMENT, I N- LBS VERT. DI SP, I N HOR. DI SP Y, I N ROTATI ON Z, RAD
1 2. 00000E+06 - 2. 86004E- 06 - 9. 21516E- 05 7. 28296E- 06
2 6. 02060E+06 - 8. 98598E- 06 - 3. 66530E- 04 2. 29097E- 05
3 9. 54243E+06 - 1. 47878E- 05 - 6. 84623E- 04 3. 69542E- 05
4 1. 20412E+07 - 1. 89512E- 05 - 9. 16830E- 04 4. 69713E- 05
5 1. 39794E+07 - 2. 21899E- 05 - 1. 09289E- 03 5. 47635E- 05
6 1. 55630E+07 - 2. 48427E- 05 - 1. 23963E- 03 6. 11461E- 05
7 1. 69019E+07 - 2. 70942E- 05 - 1. 37225E- 03 6. 65632E- 05
8 1. 80618E+07 - 2. 90463E- 05 - 1. 48642E- 03 7. 12600E- 05
9 1. 90849E+07 - 3. 07777E- 05 - 1. 60769E- 03 7. 54255E- 05
10 2. 00000E+07 - 3. 23283E- 05 - 1. 71230E- 03 7. 91563E- 05

N S13 S23 S33
I N/ I N- LBS I N/ I N- LBS RAD/ I N- LBS
1 - 1. 43002E- 12 - 4. 60758E- 11 3. 64148E- 12
2 - 1. 49254E- 12 - 6. 08793E- 11 3. 80523E- 12
3 - 1. 54969E- 12 - 7. 17451E- 11 3. 87262E- 12
4 - 1. 57387E- 12 - 7. 61410E- 11 3. 90088E- 12
5 - 1. 58733E- 12 - 7. 81788E- 11 3. 91744E- 12
6 - 1. 59626E- 12 - 7. 96524E- 11 3. 92893E- 12
7 - 1. 60302E- 12 - 8. 11890E- 11 3. 93820E- 12
8 - 1. 60817E- 12 - 8. 22965E- 11 3. 94534E- 12
9 - 1. 61268E- 12 - 8. 42390E- 11 3. 95211E- 12
10 - 1. 61641E- 12 - 8. 56152E- 11 3. 95781E- 12



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
1. 00000E+06 4. 00000E+05 2. 00000E+07


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0243328 0. 0307706 1. 65077E- 05


NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS = 7



COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-128

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


* PI LE GROUP * 1


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

2. 5819E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05 1. 1658E+05 4. 4443E+04 1. 8940E+06 880. 51


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

2. 5819E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05 1. 1658E+05 4. 4443E+04 1. 8940E+06 880. 51


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-129

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 3. 0771E- 02 - 1. 8940E+06 4. 2288E+04 360. 73 880. 51 1. 4292E+11
12. 000 3. 0015E- 02 - 1. 3866E+06 3. 9981E+04 382. 96 688. 79 1. 4292E+11
24. 000 2. 7861E- 02 - 9. 3412E+05 3. 5283E+04 400. 12 517. 84 1. 4292E+11
36. 000 2. 4767E- 02 - 5. 3917E+05 3. 0408E+04 412. 23 368. 61 1. 4292E+11
48. 000 2. 1130E- 02 - 2. 0353E+05 2. 5420E+04 419. 16 241. 80 1. 4292E+11
60. 000 1. 7287E- 02 7. 1783E+04 2. 0381E+04 420. 67 192. 02 1. 4292E+11
72. 000 1. 3517E- 02 2. 8651E+05 1. 5359E+04 416. 45 273. 15 1. 4292E+11
84. 000 1. 0035E- 02 4. 4123E+05 1. 0423E+04 406. 08 331. 61 1. 4292E+11
96. 000 6. 9981E- 03 5. 3743E+05 5652. 6 389. 04 367. 95 1. 4292E+11
108. 00 4. 5026E- 03 5. 7754E+05 1130. 9 364. 58 383. 11 1. 4292E+11
120. 00 2. 5890E- 03 5. 6509E+05 - 3045. 9 331. 56 378. 40 1. 4292E+11
132. 00 1. 2447E- 03 5. 0482E+05 - 6761. 5 287. 71 355. 63 1. 4292E+11
144. 00 4. 0905E- 04 4. 0307E+05 - 9844. 3 226. 10 317. 19 1. 4292E+11
156. 00 - 2. 0477E- 05 2. 6871E+05 - 1. 0462E+04 - 123. 17 266. 42 1. 4292E+11
168. 00 - 1. 7927E- 04 1. 5205E+05 - 8515. 4 - 201. 24 222. 35 1. 4292E+11
180. 00 - 1. 8486E- 04 6. 4355E+04 - 6050. 6 - 209. 57 189. 21 1. 4292E+11
192. 00 - 1. 2561E- 04 6829. 1 - 3613. 9 - 196. 55 167. 48 1. 4292E+11
204. 00 - 5. 9484E- 05 - 2. 2394E+04 - 1427. 3 - 167. 88 173. 36 1. 4292E+11
216. 00 - 1. 5918E- 05 - 2. 7440E+04 319. 52 - 123. 26 175. 26 1. 4292E+11
228. 00 4. 0254E- 10 - 1. 4732E+04 1057. 2 0. 3141 170. 46 1. 4292E+11
240. 00 1. 0754E- 06 - 2068. 3 652. 82 67. 087 165. 68 1. 4292E+11
252. 00 6. 6406E- 08 935. 35 88. 934 26. 894 165. 25 1. 4292E+11
264. 00 - 1. 4860E- 10 66. 203 - 38. 979 - 5. 5751 164. 92 1. 4292E+11
276. 00 - 6. 6732E- 13 - 0. 1462 - 2. 7585 - 0. 4618 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
288. 00 1. 3296E- 17 - 6. 6234E- 04 6. 0900E- 03 1. 0058E- 03 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
300. 00 6. 0226E- 20 1. 3077E- 08 2. 7597E- 05 4. 5998E- 06 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
312. 00 - 1. 1670E- 24 5. 9776E- 11 - 5. 4486E- 10 - 8. 9980E- 11 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
324. 00 - 5. 3338E- 27 - 1. 1477E- 15 - 2. 4907E- 12 - 4. 1513E- 13 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
336. 00 1. 0052E- 31 - 5. 2940E- 18 4. 7820E- 17 7. 8964E- 18 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
348. 00 4. 6371E- 34 9. 8843E- 23 2. 2058E- 19 3. 6765E- 20 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
360. 00 - 8. 4989E- 39 4. 6025E- 25 - 4. 1185E- 24 - 6. 8002E- 25 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
372. 00 - 3. 9587E- 41 - 8. 3566E- 30 - 1. 9177E- 26 - 3. 1963E- 27 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
384. 00 7. 0563E- 46 - 3. 9292E- 32 3. 4819E- 31 5. 7486E- 32 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
396. 00 3. 3198E- 48 6. 9375E- 37 1. 6372E- 33 2. 7287E- 34 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
408. 00 0. 0000 3. 2950E- 39 - 2. 8906E- 38 - 4. 7720E- 39 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
420. 00 0. 0000 - 5. 6573E- 44 - 1. 3729E- 40 - 2. 2883E- 41 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
432. 00 0. 0000 - 2. 7151E- 46 2. 3572E- 45 3. 8910E- 46 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
444. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 1. 1313E- 47 1. 8856E- 48 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
456. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
468. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
480. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
492. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
504. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
516. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
528. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
540. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
552. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
564. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
576. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
588. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11
600. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 164. 90 1. 4292E+11

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 8


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-130

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 2


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

2. 4333E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05 1. 1111E+05 4. 4444E+04 1. 8940E+06 872. 78


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

2. 4333E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05 1. 1111E+05 4. 4444E+04 1. 8940E+06 872. 78


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-131

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 3. 0771E- 02 - 1. 8940E+06 4. 2289E+04 360. 73 872. 78 1. 4292E+11
12. 000 3. 0015E- 02 - 1. 3866E+06 3. 9982E+04 382. 96 681. 05 1. 4292E+11
24. 000 2. 7861E- 02 - 9. 3410E+05 3. 5284E+04 400. 12 510. 09 1. 4292E+11
36. 000 2. 4767E- 02 - 5. 3916E+05 3. 0410E+04 412. 23 360. 87 1. 4292E+11
48. 000 2. 1130E- 02 - 2. 0352E+05 2. 5421E+04 419. 16 234. 06 1. 4292E+11
60. 000 1. 7287E- 02 7. 1782E+04 2. 0382E+04 420. 67 184. 28 1. 4292E+11
72. 000 1. 3517E- 02 2. 8650E+05 1. 5360E+04 416. 45 265. 41 1. 4292E+11
84. 000 1. 0035E- 02 4. 4122E+05 1. 0425E+04 406. 08 323. 87 1. 4292E+11
96. 000 6. 9983E- 03 5. 3742E+05 5653. 8 389. 04 360. 21 1. 4292E+11
108. 00 4. 5027E- 03 5. 7753E+05 1132. 1 364. 58 375. 37 1. 4292E+11
120. 00 2. 5891E- 03 5. 6508E+05 - 3044. 8 331. 56 370. 66 1. 4292E+11
132. 00 1. 2448E- 03 5. 0482E+05 - 6760. 4 287. 72 347. 90 1. 4292E+11
144. 00 4. 0911E- 04 4. 0307E+05 - 9843. 4 226. 11 309. 45 1. 4292E+11
156. 00 - 2. 0441E- 05 2. 6872E+05 - 1. 0461E+04 - 123. 09 258. 69 1. 4292E+11
168. 00 - 1. 7925E- 04 1. 5206E+05 - 8515. 6 - 201. 23 214. 61 1. 4292E+11
180. 00 - 1. 8485E- 04 6. 4360E+04 - 6050. 8 - 209. 56 181. 48 1. 4292E+11
192. 00 - 1. 2561E- 04 6832. 1 - 3614. 1 - 196. 55 159. 74 1. 4292E+11
204. 00 - 5. 9482E- 05 - 2. 2393E+04 - 1427. 5 - 167. 89 165. 62 1. 4292E+11
216. 00 - 1. 5917E- 05 - 2. 7440E+04 319. 50 - 123. 28 167. 53 1. 4292E+11
228. 00 4. 0779E- 10 - 1. 4732E+04 1057. 2 0. 3209 162. 72 1. 4292E+11
240. 00 1. 0752E- 06 - 2068. 0 652. 79 67. 088 157. 94 1. 4292E+11
252. 00 6. 6317E- 08 935. 31 88. 915 26. 892 157. 51 1. 4292E+11
264. 00 - 1. 4765E- 10 66. 112 - 38. 978 - 5. 5760 157. 18 1. 4292E+11
276. 00 - 6. 6523E- 13 - 0. 1452 - 2. 7547 - 0. 4611 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
288. 00 1. 3210E- 17 - 6. 6027E- 04 6. 0508E- 03 9. 9929E- 04 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
300. 00 6. 0037E- 20 1. 2992E- 08 2. 7511E- 05 4. 5854E- 06 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
312. 00 - 1. 1594E- 24 5. 9589E- 11 - 5. 4131E- 10 - 8. 9391E- 11 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
324. 00 - 5. 3171E- 27 - 1. 1401E- 15 - 2. 4829E- 12 - 4. 1383E- 13 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
336. 00 9. 9853E- 32 - 5. 2774E- 18 4. 7505E- 17 7. 8443E- 18 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
348. 00 4. 6226E- 34 9. 8187E- 23 2. 1989E- 19 3. 6650E- 20 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
360. 00 - 8. 4422E- 39 4. 5881E- 25 - 4. 0911E- 24 - 6. 7548E- 25 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
372. 00 - 3. 9463E- 41 - 8. 3006E- 30 - 1. 9117E- 26 - 3. 1863E- 27 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
384. 00 7. 0088E- 46 - 3. 9169E- 32 3. 4586E- 31 5. 7099E- 32 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
396. 00 3. 3094E- 48 6. 8906E- 37 1. 6320E- 33 2. 7202E- 34 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
408. 00 0. 0000 3. 2847E- 39 - 2. 8711E- 38 - 4. 7395E- 39 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
420. 00 0. 0000 - 5. 6186E- 44 - 1. 3686E- 40 - 2. 2811E- 41 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
432. 00 0. 0000 - 2. 7066E- 46 2. 3411E- 45 3. 8642E- 46 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
444. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 1. 1278E- 47 1. 8797E- 48 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
456. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
468. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
480. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
492. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
504. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
516. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
528. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
540. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
552. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
564. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
576. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
588. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11
600. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 157. 16 1. 4292E+11

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 8


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-132

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* PI LE GROUP * 3


* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS AND REACTI ONS *


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

2. 2847E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05 1. 0564E+05 4. 4446E+04 1. 8940E+06 865. 04


THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

XDI SPL, I N YDI SPL, I N SLOPE AXI AL, LBS LAT, LBS BM, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2

2. 2847E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05 1. 0564E+05 4. 4446E+04 1. 8940E+06 865. 04


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-133

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *


X DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
****** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
0. 0000 3. 0771E- 02 - 1. 8940E+06 4. 2290E+04 360. 73 865. 04 1. 4292E+11
12. 000 3. 0015E- 02 - 1. 3866E+06 3. 9984E+04 382. 96 673. 31 1. 4292E+11
24. 000 2. 7861E- 02 - 9. 3409E+05 3. 5285E+04 400. 12 502. 35 1. 4292E+11
36. 000 2. 4767E- 02 - 5. 3915E+05 3. 0411E+04 412. 23 353. 13 1. 4292E+11
48. 000 2. 1130E- 02 - 2. 0352E+05 2. 5423E+04 419. 16 226. 32 1. 4292E+11
60. 000 1. 7287E- 02 7. 1780E+04 2. 0384E+04 420. 67 176. 54 1. 4292E+11
72. 000 1. 3517E- 02 2. 8649E+05 1. 5361E+04 416. 45 257. 67 1. 4292E+11
84. 000 1. 0035E- 02 4. 4121E+05 1. 0426E+04 406. 08 316. 13 1. 4292E+11
96. 000 6. 9984E- 03 5. 3740E+05 5655. 0 389. 04 352. 47 1. 4292E+11
108. 00 4. 5029E- 03 5. 7752E+05 1133. 3 364. 59 367. 63 1. 4292E+11
120. 00 2. 5892E- 03 5. 6507E+05 - 3043. 7 331. 57 362. 92 1. 4292E+11
132. 00 1. 2449E- 03 5. 0481E+05 - 6759. 4 287. 72 340. 16 1. 4292E+11
144. 00 4. 0918E- 04 4. 0307E+05 - 9842. 5 226. 12 301. 71 1. 4292E+11
156. 00 - 2. 0405E- 05 2. 6873E+05 - 1. 0461E+04 - 123. 01 250. 95 1. 4292E+11
168. 00 - 1. 7923E- 04 1. 5207E+05 - 8515. 7 - 201. 22 206. 88 1. 4292E+11
180. 00 - 1. 8485E- 04 6. 4365E+04 - 6051. 1 - 209. 56 173. 74 1. 4292E+11
192. 00 - 1. 2561E- 04 6835. 0 - 3614. 3 - 196. 56 152. 00 1. 4292E+11
204. 00 - 5. 9481E- 05 - 2. 2392E+04 - 1427. 6 - 167. 89 157. 88 1. 4292E+11
216. 00 - 1. 5916E- 05 - 2. 7440E+04 319. 48 - 123. 29 159. 79 1. 4292E+11
228. 00 4. 1326E- 10 - 1. 4731E+04 1057. 3 0. 3280 154. 99 1. 4292E+11
240. 00 1. 0749E- 06 - 2067. 6 652. 76 67. 089 150. 20 1. 4292E+11
252. 00 6. 6226E- 08 935. 26 88. 896 26. 889 149. 77 1. 4292E+11
264. 00 - 1. 4668E- 10 66. 020 - 38. 976 - 5. 5770 149. 45 1. 4292E+11
276. 00 - 6. 6310E- 13 - 0. 1443 - 2. 7509 - 0. 4605 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
288. 00 1. 3122E- 17 - 6. 5815E- 04 6. 0108E- 03 9. 9266E- 04 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
300. 00 5. 9845E- 20 1. 2905E- 08 2. 7423E- 05 4. 5707E- 06 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
312. 00 - 1. 1516E- 24 5. 9399E- 11 - 5. 3770E- 10 - 8. 8792E- 11 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
324. 00 - 5. 3001E- 27 - 1. 1324E- 15 - 2. 4749E- 12 - 4. 1251E- 13 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
336. 00 9. 9178E- 32 - 5. 2605E- 18 4. 7185E- 17 7. 7912E- 18 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
348. 00 4. 6078E- 34 9. 7519E- 23 2. 1919E- 19 3. 6533E- 20 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
360. 00 - 8. 3845E- 39 4. 5734E- 25 - 4. 0633E- 24 - 6. 7086E- 25 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
372. 00 - 3. 9337E- 41 - 8. 2435E- 30 - 1. 9056E- 26 - 3. 1761E- 27 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
384. 00 6. 9604E- 46 - 3. 9043E- 32 3. 4348E- 31 5. 6705E- 32 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
396. 00 3. 2988E- 48 6. 8427E- 37 1. 6268E- 33 2. 7114E- 34 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
408. 00 0. 0000 3. 2742E- 39 - 2. 8511E- 38 - 4. 7064E- 39 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
420. 00 0. 0000 - 5. 5792E- 44 - 1. 3642E- 40 - 2. 2738E- 41 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
432. 00 0. 0000 - 2. 6980E- 46 2. 3247E- 45 3. 8370E- 46 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
444. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 1. 1242E- 47 1. 8737E- 48 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
456. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
468. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
480. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
492. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
504. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
516. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
528. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
540. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
552. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
564. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
576. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
588. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11
600. 00 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 0. 0000 149. 42 1. 4292E+11

NUMBER OF I TERATI ONS I N LLP = 8





COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-134

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

* GENERATED P- Y CURVES *

NUMBER OF CURVES : 2


CURVE NUMBER = 1

PI LE GROUP NUMBER = 1

NUMBER OF POI NTS ON CURVE = 17

DEPTH BELOWGS DI AM C CAVG GAMMA E50
I N I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**3
180. 00 30. 000 0. 12E+02 0. 11E+02 0. 60E- 01 0. 5000E- 02
Y P
I N LBS/ I N
0. 000 0. 000
0. 400 1170. 738
0. 800 1392. 250
1. 200 1540. 778
1. 600 1655. 673
2. 000 1750. 661
2. 400 1832. 304
2. 800 1904. 295
3. 200 1968. 939
3. 600 2027. 777
4. 000 2081. 899
4. 400 2132. 101
4. 800 2178. 989
5. 200 2223. 031
5. 600 2264. 601
6. 000 2304. 000
7. 500 2304. 000


CURVE NUMBER = 2

PI LE GROUP NUMBER = 1

NUMBER OF POI NTS ON CURVE = 17

DEPTH BELOWGS DI AM C CAVG GAMMA E50
I N I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**2 LBS/ I N**3
420. 00 30. 000 0. 15E+02 0. 12E+02 0. 60E- 01 0. 5000E- 02
Y P
I N LBS/ I N
0. 000 0. 000
0. 400 2012. 206
0. 800 2392. 929
1. 200 2648. 212
1. 600 2845. 689
2. 000 3008. 949
2. 400 3149. 272
2. 800 3273. 007
3. 200 3384. 113
3. 600 3485. 242
4. 000 3578. 264
4. 400 3664. 549
4. 800 3745. 137
5. 200 3820. 834
5. 600 3892. 283
6. 000 3960. 000
7. 500 3960. 000
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-135

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.8.4 Summary File

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 11: 31




***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 7 - 2D, 3x3 gr oup, dat a f or f oundat i on st i f f ness




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp


* PI LE CAP FLEXI BI LI TY ESTI MATI ON *

DOF : 1 ( FORCE X)

N S11 S21 S31
I N/ LBS I N/ LBS RAD/ LBS
1 2. 42885E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 2. 42646E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
3 2. 41665E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
4 2. 39587E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
5 2. 38487E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
6 2. 37792E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
7 2. 37306E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
8 2. 37057E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
9 2. 40526E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000
10 2. 43328E- 08 0. 00000 0. 00000

DOF : 2 ( FORCE Y)

N S12 S22 S32
I N/ LBS I N/ LBS RAD/ LBS
1 - 2. 55734E- 11 7. 23276E- 09 - 6. 51215E- 11
2 - 4. 22860E- 11 2. 38567E- 08 - 1. 07679E- 10
3 - 5. 17324E- 11 3. 97324E- 08 - 1. 31671E- 10
4 - 5. 81052E- 11 5. 13305E- 08 - 1. 45509E- 10
5 - 6. 24032E- 11 6. 05080E- 08 - 1. 55059E- 10
6 - 6. 55852E- 11 6. 81540E- 08 - 1. 62214E- 10
7 - 6. 81076E- 11 7. 47176E- 08 - 1. 67933E- 10
8 - 7. 02094E- 11 8. 02209E- 08 - 1. 72729E- 10
9 - 7. 19514E- 11 8. 52885E- 08 - 1. 76716E- 10
10 - 7. 34517E- 11 8. 99172E- 08 - 1. 80161E- 10

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-136

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

DOF : 3 ( MOMENT Z)

N S13 S23 S33
I N/ I N- LBS I N/ I N- LBS RAD/ I N- LBS
1 - 1. 43002E- 12 - 4. 60758E- 11 3. 64148E- 12
2 - 1. 49254E- 12 - 6. 08793E- 11 3. 80523E- 12
3 - 1. 54969E- 12 - 7. 17451E- 11 3. 87262E- 12
4 - 1. 57387E- 12 - 7. 61410E- 11 3. 90088E- 12
5 - 1. 58733E- 12 - 7. 81788E- 11 3. 91744E- 12
6 - 1. 59626E- 12 - 7. 96524E- 11 3. 92893E- 12
7 - 1. 60302E- 12 - 8. 11890E- 11 3. 93820E- 12
8 - 1. 60817E- 12 - 8. 22965E- 11 3. 94534E- 12
9 - 1. 61268E- 12 - 8. 42390E- 11 3. 95211E- 12
10 - 1. 61641E- 12 - 8. 56152E- 11 3. 95781E- 12



* TABLE L * COMPUTATI ON ON PI LE CAP


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VERT. LOAD, LBS HORI . LOAD, LBS MOMENT, I N- LBS
1. 00000E+06 4. 00000E+05 2. 00000E+07


* DI SPLACEMENT OF GROUPED PI LE FOUNDATI ON AT ORI GI N *

VERTI CAL, I N HORI ZONTAL, I N ROTATI ON, RAD
0. 0243328 0. 0307706 1. 65077E- 05



* TABLE M * COMPUTATI ON ON I NDI VI DUAL PI LE


THE GLOBAL STRUCTURAL COORDI NATE SYSTEM
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. X, I N DI SP. Y, I N ROT. Z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 2. 5819E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05
2 2. 4333E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05
3 2. 2847E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05

MI NI MUM 2. 2847E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05
Pi l e G. 3 1 1
MAXI MUM 2. 5819E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05
Pi l e G. 1 1 1

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP FOR. X, LBS FOR. Y, LBS MOM Z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 1. 1658E+05 4. 4443E+04 1. 8940E+06 880. 51
2 1. 1111E+05 4. 4444E+04 1. 8940E+06 872. 78
3 1. 0564E+05 4. 4446E+04 1. 8940E+06 865. 04

MI NI MUM 1. 0564E+05 4. 4443E+04 1. 8940E+06 865. 04
Pi l e G. 3 1 1 3
MAXI MUM 1. 1658E+05 4. 4446E+04 1. 8940E+06 880. 51
Pi l e G. 1 3 3 1


COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-137

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

THE PI LE COORDI NATE SYSTEM ( LOCAL AXES)
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

* PI LE TOP DI SPLACEMENTS *

PI LE GROUP DI SP. x, I N DI SP. y, I N ROT. z, RAD
********** *********** *********** ***********
1 2. 5819E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05
2 2. 4333E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05
3 2. 2847E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05

MI NI MUM 2. 2847E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05
Pi l e G. 3 1 1
MAXI MUM 2. 5819E- 02 3. 0771E- 02 1. 6508E- 05
Pi l e G. 1 1 1

* PI LE TOP REACTI ONS *

PI LE GROUP AXI AL, LBS LAT. y, LBS MOM z, LBS- I N STRESS, LBS/ I N**2
********** *********** *********** ************ ****************
1 1. 1658E+05 4. 4443E+04 1. 8940E+06 880. 51
2 1. 1111E+05 4. 4444E+04 1. 8940E+06 872. 78
3 1. 0564E+05 4. 4446E+04 1. 8940E+06 865. 04

MI NI MUM 1. 0564E+05 4. 4443E+04 1. 8940E+06 865. 04
Pi l e G. 3 1 1 3
MAXI MUM 1. 1658E+05 4. 4446E+04 1. 8940E+06 880. 51
Pi l e G. 1 3 3 1

* EFFECTS FOR LATERALLY LOADED PI LE *

* MI NI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 - 1. 8490E- 04 - 1. 8940E+06 - 1. 0460E+04 - 209. 60 164. 90 1. 4290E+11
x( I N) 180. 00 0. 0000 156. 00 180. 00 3. 2400E- 02 0. 0000
2 - 1. 8490E- 04 - 1. 8940E+06 - 1. 0460E+04 - 209. 60 157. 20 1. 4290E+11
x( I N) 180. 00 0. 0000 156. 00 180. 00 3. 2400E- 02 0. 0000
3 - 1. 8480E- 04 - 1. 8940E+06 - 1. 0460E+04 - 209. 60 149. 40 1. 4290E+11
x( I N) 180. 00 0. 0000 156. 00 180. 00 3. 2400E- 02 0. 0000

Mi n. - 1. 8490E- 04 - 1. 8940E+06 - 1. 0460E+04 - 209. 60 149. 40 1. 4290E+11
Pi l e 1 1 1 1 3 1

* MAXI MUM VALUES AND LOCATI ONS *

PI LE DEFLECTI ON MOMENT SHEAR SOI L TOTAL FLEXURAL
REACTI ON STRESS RI GI DI TY
I N LBS- I N LBS LBS/ I N LBS/ I N**2 LBS- I N**2
***** *********** *********** *********** *********** *********** ***********
1 3. 0770E- 02 5. 7750E+05 4. 2290E+04 420. 70 880. 50 1. 4290E+11
x( I N) 0. 0000 108. 00 0. 0000 60. 000 0. 0000 0. 0000
2 3. 0770E- 02 5. 7750E+05 4. 2290E+04 420. 70 872. 80 1. 4290E+11
x( I N) 0. 0000 108. 00 0. 0000 60. 000 0. 0000 0. 0000
3 3. 0770E- 02 5. 7750E+05 4. 2290E+04 420. 70 865. 00 1. 4290E+11
x( I N) 0. 0000 108. 00 0. 0000 60. 000 0. 0000 0. 0000

Max. 3. 0770E- 02 5. 7750E+05 4. 2290E+04 420. 70 880. 50 1. 4290E+11
Pi l e 1 1 1 1 1 1

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-138

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.8.5 Graphs


Figure 5.26 Curves Deflection vs. Depth for Example Problem 7 - 2D.
COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-139

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.27 Curves Moment vs. Depth for Example Problem 7 - 2D.

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NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-140

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.28 Curve of Pile-Cap Load vs. Vertical Displacement for Example Problem 7 - 2D.

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-141

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.29 Curve of Pile-Cap Load vs. Lateral Deflection for Example Problem 7 - 2D.

COPYRIGHT ENSOFT, INC 2010
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-142

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.30 Curve of Pile-Cap Load vs. Rotation for Example Problem 7 - 2D.

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-143

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual



Figure 5.31 Curve of Pile-Cap Moment vs. Lateral Deflection for Example Problem 7 - 2D.

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-144

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual




Figure 5.32 Curve of Pile-Cap Moment vs. Rotation for Example Problem 7 - 2D.
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NO REPRODUCTION OR DISTRIBUTION WITHOUT AUTHORIZATION FROM ENSOFT, INC
CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-145

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.9 Example Problem 8 - 2D

5.9.1 Model Description

For an embedded pile cap, the lateral soil resistance on the pile cap may be considered in the
analysis, as discussed in Chapter 8 of the Technical Manual. This example is included to illustrate the
use of the program to compute the resistance of the embedded pile cap. Figure 5.33 shows a 3 by 2 pile
group with the pile cap, which is 1 foot below the existing ground surface. The user must specify the
dimensions of the pile cap when soil resistance is considered.
The pile cap for this example is 16 feet by 10 feet by 2 feet, as shown in Figure 5.33. The piles
are 24 inches in diameter and 37 feet in length. The piles are closely spaced with the center to center
spacing equal to 3 pile diameters. The subsurface consists of a layer of stiff clay underlain by soft clay
and medium dense sand. The group reduction factors on closely spaced piles are generated internally
by the program.
It should be noted that the origin of coordinates (0,0) is set at the top of the pile cap (1 foot
below the ground surface), therefore, the top of the ground surface has the coordinate of -12 inches.
The vertical coordinate at the pile head is 24 inches below the origin (downward is positive).
Also, this example shows the use of the program to compute the foundation stiffness matrix of
the pile foundation, which may be needed for the superstructure analysis
The input and output files for the example problem are shown in the following pages.
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Figure 5.33 General Description of Example Problem 8 - 2D.
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-147

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5.9.2 Input Data

EXAMPLE PROBLEM 8 - 3D, EMBEDDED PI LE CAP
GROUP8. 0. 1
* Anal ysi s Par amet er s
1 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
* Pi l e Cap Di mensi ons
1. 9200000E+02 1. 2000000E+02 2. 4000000E+01
* Load Cases
1 0 0 1
0 1 2 1 1 50 50
0. 0001 0. 0001 1 1
Load Case 1
12 10 1 0 1 0 0
2 2 1 0
1
340000 92000 - 49600000 0 0 0 0 0 0
0
10
0. 1
0. 30102999
0. 47712125
0. 60205999
0. 69897
0. 77815125
0. 84509804
0. 90308998
0. 9542425
1
* Load Combi nat i ons
0 0 0 1
* Di st r i but ed Load Set s
0
* Pi l e Gr oup Conf i gur at i on
3
2 2 1 0 0
0 72 1 1 1
24 - 72 0 - 36
2 2 1 0 0
0 72 1 1 1
24 0 0 - 36
2 2 1 0 0
0 72 1 1 1
24 72 0 - 36
* Pi l e Pr oper t i es
1
0 1
100 444 3100000 1
0 444 1 1 1
* Pi l e Cr oss Sect i ons
1
0 0 0
Sect i on 1
24 0 1 1 0 0 0. 1 0. 1
1 452 16286 16286 0 0 0 0 0 0
* Soi l Layer s
4
0 2
- 12 120
2 10
0. 035 20. 8 0 2000 0 0. 005 0 11. 4 0 0
0. 035 20. 8 0 2000 0 0. 005 0 11. 4 0 0
1 1
120 360
2 10
0. 035 5. 2 0 300 0 0. 02 0 3 0 0
0. 035 5. 2 0 300 0 0. 02 0 3 0 0
2 4
360 420
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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-148

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2 10
0. 035 0 38 120 0 0 0 9 0 0
0. 035 0 38 120 0 0 0 10. 5 0 0
3 3
420 600
2 10
0. 04 55 0 3000 0 0. 003 0 20 0 0
0. 04 55 0 3000 0 0. 003 0 20 0 0
* Pr i nt py cur ves
2
1 72
0
1 144
0
* End of f i l e

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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-149

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

5.9.3 Output File

=========================================================================

GROUP f or Wi ndows, Ver si on 8. 0. 1

Anal ysi s of A Gr oup of Pi l es
Subj ect ed t o Axi al and Lat er al Loadi ng

( c) Copyr i ght ENSOFT, I nc. , 1987- 2010
Al l Ri ght s Reser ved

=========================================================================


Thi s pr ogr ami s l i censed t o :

Ensof t
ENSOFT, I NC.

Pat h t o f i l e l ocat i ons : C: \ Gr oup8\ Exampl esGP8\
Name of i nput dat a f i l e : 2Dexampl e8. gp8d
Name of out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e8. gp8o
Name of out put summar y f i l e : 2Dexampl e8. gp8t
Name of pl ot out put f i l e : 2Dexampl e8. gp8p
Name of r unt i me f i l e : 2Dexampl e8. gp8r


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Ti me and Dat e of Anal ysi s
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Dat e: J une 29, 2010 Ti me: 15: 17: 16






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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-150

GROUP 8.0 for Windows User's Manual

***** I NPUT I NFORMATI ON *****


EXAMPLE PROBLEM 8 - 3D, EMBEDDED PI LE CAP

ANALYSI S TYPE = 2D ANALYSI S

UNI TS SYSTEM = ENGL



* TABLE B * PI LE CAP OPTI ONS

LENGTH, YY ( I N ) = 192. 0
WI DTH, ZZ ( I N ) = 120. 0
THI CKNESS, XX ( I N ) = 24. 00

* PI LE CAP I S EMBEDDED AND PASSI VE EARTH
RESI STANCE I N FRONT OF PI LE CAP WI LL BE CONSI DERED




* TABLE C * LOAD AND CONTROL PARAMETERS


** LOAD CASES **


NUMBER OF LOAD CASES : 1


LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp
SCALE FACTOR : 1. 0000

* CONCENTRATED LOADS *

NL VERT. LOAD HOR. LOAD MOMENT COORD X COORD Y
LBS LBS LBS- I N I N I N
1 3. 40000E+05 92000. 0 - 4. 96000E+07 0. 00000 0. 00000


* EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N *

VER. LOAD X, LBS HOR. LOAD Y, LBS MOMENT, LBS- I N
3. 40000E+05 92000. 0 - 4. 96000E+07

* DATA FOR FOUNDATI ON STI FFNESS *
COMPUTED FOR EQUI VALENT CONC. LOAD AT ORI GI N


* FOUNDATI ON STI FFNESS LOAD LEVELS *

NL LOAD LEVEL
1 0. 1000000
2 0. 30103
3 0. 47712
4 0. 60206
5 0. 69897
6 0. 77815
7 0. 84510
8 0. 90309
9 0. 95424
10 1. 00000


* THE LOADI NG I S STATI C *


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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-151

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* CONTROL PARAMETERS *
TOLERANCE ON CONVERGENCE OF FOUNDATI ON REACTI ON, = 1. 00000E- 04
TOLERANCE ON DETERMI NATI ON OF DEFLECTI ONS = 1. 00000E- 04 I N
MAX NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR FOUNDATI ON ANALYSI S = 50
MAXI MUM NO OF I TERATI ONS ALLOWED FOR PI LE ANALYSI S = 50
FACTOR TO APPLY THE LOAD I N I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
MI NI MUM FACTOR FOR LOAD I NCREMENTS = 1. 0000
PRI NT RESULTS AT PI LE CAP, PI LE HEADS AND ALONG PI LES
PRI NT RESULTS EVERY 2 NODE( S)



* TABLE D * ARRANGEMENT OF PI LE GROUPS

GROUP CONNECT NO OF PI LE PI LE PROP P- Y CURVE L- S CURVE
1 FI X 2 1 0 0
2 FI X 2 1 0 0
3 FI X 2 1 0 0

GROUP VERT, I N HOR, I N SLOPE, I N/ I N GROUND, I N SPRI NG, LBS- I N
1 24. 0000 - 72. 0000 0. 00000 - 36. 0000 0. 00000
2 24. 0000 0. 00000 0. 00000 - 36. 0000 0. 00000
3 24. 0000 72. 0000 0. 00000 - 36. 0000 0. 00000



* TABLE E * PI LE GEOMETRY AND PROPERTI ES
PI LE TYPE = 1 - DRI VEN PI LE
= 2 - DRI LLED SHAFT

PROP SECTS I NC PI LE TYPE LENGTH, I N E, LBS/ I N**2
1 1 100 1 444. 00 3. 1000E+06

* PI LE SECTI ONS *

PROP SECT FROM, I N TO, I N CROSS SECT
1 1 0. 00000 444. 000 1

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS *

CROSS SECTI ON : 1
SECTI ON NAME : Sect i on
CROSS SECTI ON TYPE : GENERAL SECTI ON
EQUI VALENT DI AMETER : 24. 0000 I N

* PI LE CROSS SECTI ONS PROPERTI ES *

SECT DI AM, I N AREA, I N**2 I , I N**4 Mn, LBS- I N Vn, LBS
1 24. 0000 452. 000 16286. 0 0. 00000 0. 00000



* TABLE F * SOI L DATA


SOI LS I NFORMATI ON

GROUND SURFACE = - 12. 0000 I N

4 LAYER( S) OF SOI L

LAYER 1
THE SOI L I S A STI FF CLAY BELOWTHE WATER TABLE
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) - 12. 0000 120. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0350000 0. 0350000
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 20. 8000 20. 8000
P- Y SUBGRADE MODULUS ( LBS/ I N**3) 2000. 00 2000. 00
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 5. 00000E- 03 5. 00000E- 03
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 11. 4000 11. 4000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000
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LAYER 2
THE SOI L I S A SOFT CLAY
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 120. 000 360. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0350000 0. 0350000
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 5. 20000 5. 20000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 0. 0200000 0. 0200000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 3. 00000 3. 00000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

LAYER 3
THE SOI L I S A SAND
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 360. 000 420. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0350000 0. 0350000
FRI CTI ON ANGLE ( DEGREES) 38. 0000 38. 0000
P- Y SUBGRADE MODULUS ( LBS/ I N**3) 120. 000 120. 000
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 9. 00000 10. 5000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

LAYER 4
THE SOI L I S A STI FF CLAY ABOVE THE WATER TABLE
TOP OF LAYER BOTTOM OF LAYER
X COORDI NATE ( I N) 420. 000 600. 000
EFFECTI VE UNI T WEI GHT ( LBS/ I N**3) 0. 0400000 0. 0400000
UNDRAI NED COHESI ON, C ( LBS/ I N**2) 55. 0000 55. 0000
STRAI N AT 50%STRESS 3. 00000E- 03 3. 00000E- 03
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON ( LBS/ I N**2) 20. 0000 20. 0000
ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE ( LBS/ I N**2) 0. 00000 0. 00000

Not e : Def aul t val ues wi l l be gener at ed f or
ULTI MATE UNI T SI DE FRI CTI ON and ULTI MATE UNI T TI P RESI STANCE
when i nput val ues ar e 0.


* DATA TO PRI NT GENERATED P- Y CURVES *

NUMBER OF CURVES TO PRI NT : 2

CURVE NUMBER PI LE GROUP DEPTH ( I N)
1 1 72. 0000
2 1 144. 000



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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-153

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* TABLE H * AXI AL LOAD VS SETTLEMENT

LOAD- SETTLEMENT CURVES GENERATED I NTERNALLY

NUM OF CURVES 1

CURVE 1 NUM OF POI NTS 19

POI NT AXI AL LOAD, LBS SETTLEMENT, I N
1 - 2. 54540E+05 - 2. 04542
2 - 2. 52185E+05 - 1. 04476
3 - 2. 51008E+05 - 0. 54443
4 - 2. 46478E+05 - 0. 14242
5 - 2. 35401E+05 - 0. 0880808
6 - 63243. 1 - 0. 0189827
7 - 30761. 0 - 9. 44725E- 03
8 - 6152. 20 - 1. 88945E- 03
9 - 615. 220 - 1. 88945E- 04
10 0. 00000 0. 00000
11 814. 914 2. 32553E- 04
12 8149. 14 2. 32553E- 03
13 40825. 4 0. 0116288
14 84339. 6 0. 0234004
15 2. 91944E+05 0. 10697
16 3. 35616E+05 0. 17296
17 4. 59461E+05 0. 61396
18 4. 75953E+05 1. 11940
19 4. 78308E+05 2. 12006

REDUCTI ON FACTORS FOR CLOSELY- SPACED PI LE GROUPS

GROUP NO P- FACTOR Y- FACTOR

1 0. 5858 1. 0000
2 0. 5803 1. 0000
3 0. 8661 1. 0000




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CHAPTER 5 Example Problems Based on Two-Dimensional Analyses 5-154

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***** COMPUTATI ON RESULTS *****



EXAMPLE PROBLEM 8 - 3D, EMBEDDED PI LE CAP




***** LOAD CASES RESULTS *****



LOAD CASE : 1
CASE NAME : Load Case 1
LOAD TYPE : Speci al , Sp


* PI LE CAP FLEXI BI LI TY ESTI MATI ON *

DOF : 1 ( FORCE X)

N FORCE, LB VERT. DI SP, I N HOR. DI SP Y, I N ROTATI ON Z, RAD
1 34000. 0 1. 61711E- 03 0. 00000 0. 00000
2 1. 02350E+05 4. 86208E- 03 0. 00000 0. 00000
3 1. 62221E+05 7. 70307E- 03 0. 00000 0. 00000
4 2. 04700E+05 9. 71878E- 03 0. 00000 0. 00000
5 2. 37650E+05 0. 0112823 0. 00000 0. 00000
6 2. 64571E+05 0. 0125134 0. 00000 0. 00000
7 2. 87333E+05