114

No.

EDUOATION

1940

120.-SCHOOL aND COLLEGE ENROLJ,MENTS AND
CONTINENTAL UNl'l'ED S'l'A'rEs: 1900 '\'0

EXPENDITURES,

Fon

1938

1910

1920

1930

IS, 457, 22S

'346,189

20, 864, 48S
510,949

23, IiSS, 479
777,890

16,808,791

19,378,927

21,278,593

1,558,437

1,48,\,561

2,309,886

2,252,476

695, 90S
519,251
110,797

1,111,393
915,001
117,400

2, 401i, 676
• 2,200,389
• 213,920

4,799,867
• 'J, 309, 122
'341,158

6,736,939
• 6, 226, 934
6446,833

65,855

78,932

81,367

59,287

63,172

237,592

355,215

597, BBO

1, 100,737

1,350,905

69,593

88,561

135,435

17G,462

145,649

167,999

266,654

462,445

924,270

1,205,256

.31

.39

.57

.90

1. 04

Puhlic elementary and secondary schools __
214,965
Private elementary and secondary schools_
(')
Public institntions o[ higher education '0_ } 45,786
Private institutions of higher education "_

426,250
53,542

1,036,151
(')
115,597
100,769

2,310,790
233,277
288,909
343,340

SCHOOLS

1900

1938

ENROU,MENT

Elementary and kindergarten, total' _______ 16, 224, 7S4
Kinderonrtells (public and private) _______
225,394
Public elementary scliools and kindergartens __________ - _ __ _- - ___________ 14, 9S3, 859
Private elernentary schools and kindergartens (lllrgely estimated)_~ __________ 1,240,925
~

~ ~

Secondary students, tota,l' _________________
Public high schools __ __________________
Private high schools ____________________
Puhlic and private institutions of higher
education 7_________ • __________________
~

Students
in institutions
of higher education, totaL
____________________________
Normal schools and teachers' colleges
(excluding secondary students) _______
Colleges, nniversities, and professional
schools (excl. preparatory students) ___
Percent of total population in institutions of higher education ______________

22,042,902
644,840
3

19,790,426

EXl'ENDITUIlES (thousands of dollars)'

j

R,clU(lin~

, 1912.

91,896

{

2,233,110
214,862
279,833
II 265,824
II

pupils in residential schools for exceptional children.

Includes 42,252 elementary pupils in co\lege tmining schools and colleges .
• From State reports.
, Figure for 1928.
Q Estimated.
7 Includes secondary students in teacher-training institutions.
a Including outlays. Expenditures for education in all schools reporting finances, including schools
lor the delinquent, tienl, hImel, feeble-minded, and Inclhms, not shown in this tahle., amounted to $a,2a3,601,000 in 1930 and $3,003,018,000 in 1938. The latter figure excludes auxiliary DIlerations (see note 11),
'No data.
" Expenditures for all de]Jartments, including preparatory.
II Excludes expenditures for auxiliary enterprises and activities, included in prior years, amounting to
$51,176,000 [or public institutions and $87,718,000 for private inst.itutions.
Source: Fedeml Security Agency, Office of Education; Biennial Survoy of Education, chapter on
Stl>tisticul Summary of Education.
3

No. 121.-INS'l'ITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION-FACULTY, STUDENTS,
RECIPIENTS OF DEGREES, BY SEX, FOR CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES:
TO 1938

AND

1932

NOTE.-Data in this table cover nniversities, colleges, professional schools, jnnior colleges, teachers' col·
leges, and normal schools, hath publicly and privately contmlled, regular session. For student emollment lor earlier years, see table 120
1932

1934

1936

1938

Faculty (reduced to full-time basiB), totaL _____________
Men ________ . ____ "_________________________________
·Women ____________________________________________

100,789
71, G80
29,109

99, DS5

110,225

71,592

78,316

28,343

31,909

35,687

Resident college enrollment, totaL _____________________
_____ ______ __ __ ___________________________
'Women ___ _________ . ______________________________

1,154,117
667,181
486,936

1, 055, S60
615,720
439,640

1,208,227
709,672
498,555

1, S50, 90li
803,893
547,012

Degrees conferred:
Baccalaureate ..nd firat professional, totaL ________
Men ____________________ , _____________________
Women ____________

13S, 063
83,271
54,792

136,lli8
82,341
53,815

143,12li
86,067
57, 058

184,943
97,678
67,265

19,339

18,264
2,815
1,280

18,302
2,770
1,347

21,628
2,932
1,50Q

Men~

~

~

~

~

~

~

00 __________________________

Masters,
including
advanced
engineering (men
and women)
___ __________
.. ______________________
Doctors (men and women) ________________________
Honorary (men anti women) ______________________
~

2, gOO

1,167

123,677

87,9g0

Source: Federal Security Agency, Office of Eduoation; Biennial Survey of Education, chapter on
Statistics of Higber Education.

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