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Linux commands:

Mkdir making the directory


eg: mkdir filename

cd change the directory
eg: cd filename
clear clear the commands
pwdpresent working directory
datedisplay the user name
rmDelete files
ls list files
cp copy files
who am I display the user name
mv renaming the files
ln link files
rmdir remove the directory

File Viewing commands:

cat view files
less page through files
head view file beginning [ 1
st
10 records displayed]
Tail view file ending last 10 records display
nl number lines
ad view binary data
xxd view hexa binary data
gv view post script / PDF files
xdvi view Tex dvI fiels

File creation & Editing commands:

emacs Text editor
pico Text editor
vi Text ediotor
umask set default file protections
soffice edit/word/excel power point
abiword edit word documents
gnumeric edit excel decument

File properties

Stat Display file attributes
WC Count bytes/words/lines
du measure disk usage
file Identity file types
touch change the file stamps
chown change file owner
chgrp Change file group
chmod change file protections
chattr change advanced file attributes
lsattr list advanced file attributes










File location:

find locate files
slocate locate files via index
which locate commands
whereis locate standard files

File Text Manipulation:

grep search text for matching lines
cut Extract columns
paste append colums
tr translate characters
sort sort lines
uniq locate identical lines
tee copy Stdin to a file and to stdout simultaneously

File Compression:

gzip compress files
compress compress files
bzip2 compress files
zip compress files

File Compare:

diff compare files line by line
comm compare sorted files
cmp compare files byte by byte
md5sum compute check sums

Disks and File Systems:

df show free diskspace
mount make a disk accessible
fsck check a disk for errors
sync Flush disk caches

Backups and Remote Storage:

mt control a tape device
dump Backup a disk
restore Restore a dump
tar Read/ Write tape archives
cd record Burn a CD
rsync Mirror a set of files

Process:

PS list all processes
W list users processes
Uptime view the system load
top monitor system load
free Display free memory
kill Terminate process
nice set process priorities
renice change process priorities

Scheduling Jobs:

sleep wait for sometime
watch Run programs at set intervals
at schedule a job
crontab schedule repeated Jobs

Hosts:

uname print system information
hostname print the systems hostname
ifconfig set / display N/W information
host lookup DNS
who is look up Domain registrants
ping check if host is reachable
trace route view N/W path to host

Networking:

ssh securely log into remote hosts
telnet log into remote hosts
scp securely copy files between hosts
sftp securely copy files between hosts
ftp copy files b/w hosts
evolution GUI email client
mutt text based email client
mail minimal email client
mozilla web browser
lynx text only web browser
wget retrieve
srln Read usenet news
gaim Instant messaging/IRC
talk linux/unix chat
write send msgs to terminal
mesg prohibit talk/write

HDFS Shell commands:

cat content display
chgrp
chmod
chown
copyformlocal
copyToLocal
cp
du
dus
expunge
get
getmerge
ls
lsr
mkdir
moveFromLocal
mv
put
rm
rmr
setrep
Stat
tail
test
text
touchz
count

User Commands:
archive
distcp
fs
fsck
fetchdt
jar
job
pipes
queue
version
CLASS NAMES
Classpath

Administration Commands
Balancer
daemon log
datanode
dfsadmin
jobtracker
namenode
secondary namenode
trask tracker
safe mode


Hbase commands:

create table
put
get
scan
delete
status
describe
alter

Hive commands:

create table
describe
show
select queries
JOIN
ALTER
Partitions
CTAS
Left outer join
Cluster by
Sort by
Indexes in hive
Sqoop create hive-table
Sqoop hive-import