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Section A

[20 marks]
Answer all questions in this section
1. An experiment was carried out to study the variation in the weight of students in a
class. The results obtained are shown below.
42

46

48

55

56

53

44

56

50

52

37

49

58

61

36

59

60

48

40

45

64

57

51

55

58

53

55

47

43

54

53

41

50

59

54

(a) Use the results shown above to complete Table 1.


Weight/kg

36-40

41-45

46-50

51-55

55-60

61-65

Number of
students
Table 1
[2 marks]
(b) Based on the results obtained in (a), plot a bar chart of the number of students against
the weight of the students.

[2 marks]
(c) What is the type of variation shown in the graph in (b)?
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

2. Diagram 1 shows three dumb-bells which are different in weight which are 0.5 kg, 1
kg and 2 kg. Marina is blindfolded and she is given the task of arranging the dumbbells in the correct order, from the heaviest to the lightest.

Diagram 2

(a) Predict the result of the experiment


__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) Explain your answer in (a).
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(c) i. Name the receptors that are involved in the above action.
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
ii. Name one tissue in the human body which have the receptors that you have
named in (c) i.
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(d) State the following:
Manipulated variable
Responding variable
[1 mark]
3. Diagram 3 shows a condition of a person.
2

Diagram 3
(a) Name the genetic disorder suffered by the person.
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) What causes this genetic disorder?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(c) State one characteristic of this disorder.
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(d) Is this order a sex-linked disease?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(e) Give one example of chromosome mutation.
_________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

4. Diagram 4 represents the arrangement of the particles in a solid and in a gas.

Diagram 4

(a) Which state of matter contains particles with higher energy?


_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) Name process T
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(c) Describe briefly the arrangement and movement of the particles present in the solid.
____________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
(d) Give one example of a substance that undergoes process T.
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

Section B
[30 marks]
Answer all questions in this section
4

5. Diagram 5.1 shows a student kicking a ball.

Diagram 5.1
(a) State the type of action in Diagram 5.1
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) (i) Between X, Y and Z which one controls the students action? Circle your answer
in Diagram 5.2.

Diagram 5.2
[1 mark]
(ii) Name the part which you have circled in 5(b)(i).
_________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

(c) The impulse pathways for the students action while kicking the ball is shown in
Diagram 5.3.
Neuron P
Eye

Neuron Q
Brain
5

Effector R

Diagram 5.3
(i) Name neuron P.
_________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) What is effector R?
_________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(d) What will happen to the student if neurone Q is injured?
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

6. Diagram 6 shows some of the human endocrine glands.

Diagram 6
(a) Which of the glands P, Q, R, S or T, is called the master gland of the endocrine
system?
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) (i) Name the endocrine gland labelled Q
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) State the function of the hormone secreted by gland Q.
_________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(c) (i) Which gland controls the sugar level in the blood?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) Name the disease that results if the gland mentioned in (c)(i) malfunctions?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(d) What is the effect of under secretion of hormone by gland T?
____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
7. Diagram 7 shows a process of cell division. Chromosomes at stage Q are not shown.

Diagram 7
(a) (i) Name the type of process shown in Diagram 7.
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) State the importance of the process in 7(a)(i).
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) (i) During stage R, the chromosomes line up on the equator.
What happens to the chromosomes during this stage?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(ii) What is the effect of the process in 7(b)(i) on the offspring?
_________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(c) In Diagram 6, draw the chromosomes at stage Q.
[1 mark]
(d) How many daughter cells are produced at the end of Division II in Diagram 7?
_____________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
8. Diagram 8 shows a schematic diagram of a cross-breeding between a black fur cat and a
white fur cat.
Black fur cat

White fur cat

Diagram 8.1
(a) Complete Diagram 8.1 by writing the possible genotypes of the gametes and first
generation.
[2 marks]
(b) The cat in the first generation is crossbred among themselves to produce second
generation cat. What is the possibility of getting white fur cat in the second
generation?
__________________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(c) A cat in the first generation is cross-bred with a white fur cat

Diagram 8.2
(i)

Complete the schematic diagram in Diagram 8.2.


marks]

[2

(ii)

Based on the schematic diagram in (d)(i), what is the ratio of black fur cat
to
white fur cat in the second generation?
_______________________________________________________________
[1 mark]

9. Diagram 9.1 and Diagram 9.2 show how two types of twins are formed.

Diagram 9.1

Diagram 9.2
(a) Name the type of twins A and twins B.
Twins A : ____________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
Twins B : ____________________________________________________________
[1 mark]
(b) State two similarities between twins A and twins B.
___________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
(c) State two differences between twins A and twins B.
____________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________
[2 marks]
Section C
[20 marks]
Answer Question 10 and either Question 11 or Question 12

10. Study the following statement.


The period of a pendulum depends on the length of the pendulum
10

You are given a retort stand, meter ruler, stop watch and string.
(a) Suggest one hypothesis to investigate the above statement.
[1 mark]
(b) Describe an experiment to test your hypothesis in 10(a) based on the following
criteria:
(i)

Aim of experiment
[1 mark]

(ii)

Identification of variables
[2 marks]

(iii)

List of apparatus and materials


[1 mark]

(iv)

Procedure or method
[4 marks]

(v)

Tabulation of data
[1 mark]

11.

11

(a) Name two examples of drugs which are used in the medical field and state their
functions.
[4 marks]
(b) Drug abuse can lead to deterioration in the heart of the user. Explain the effects of
drugs if it is misused.
Your explanation should include the following aspects:

Identify the problem

Explain two effects of drug abuse

State two methods to overcome this problem


[6 marks]

12. (a) State one similarity and three differences between meiosis and mitosis.
12

[4 marks]
(b) Diagram 12 shows parts of plants where cell division occurs.

Study the information in Diagram 11 and construct the concept of mitosis. Your answer
should be based on the following aspects:
(i)

Identify the information


[1 mark]

(ii)

Identify two common characteristics of mitosis


[2 marks]

(iii)

Give one example of meiosis cell division and the reason


[2 marks]

(iv)

Relate the common characteristics to construct the concept of mitosis


[1 mark]

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