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Electron Configuration Review Worksheet

Completion

Complete each statement.

ID: A

Choose the term in parentheses that correctly completes the statement.

1. Atomic orbitals ((A) do, (B) do not) have an exactly defined

2. Each orbital may contain at most ((A) two, (B) four)

3. A principal energy has ((A) n, (B) n 2 ) energy

4. The maximum number of ((A) electrons, (B) orbitals) related to each principal energy level equals 2n 2 .

5. There are ((A) three, (B) five) equal energy p

6. Hydrogen’s principal energy level 2 consists of ((A) 2s and 3s, (B) 2s and 2p) orbitals.

7. Hydrogen’s principal energy level 3 consists of ((A) nine, (B) three)

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ID: A

Multiple Choice

Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

8.

What can you conclude from the figure below?

question. 8. What can you conclude from the figure below? 1s 2s 2p a. Hund’s rule

1s

question. 8. What can you conclude from the figure below? 1s 2s 2p a. Hund’s rule

2s

8. What can you conclude from the figure below? 1s 2s 2p a. Hund’s rule has

2p

a. Hund’s rule has been violated.

b. The Pauli exclusion principle has been violated.

c. The Aufbau principle has been violated.

d. This is a valid orbital diagram.

9.

What can you conclude from the figure below?

diagram. 9. What can you conclude from the figure below? 1s 2s 2p a. Hund’s rule

1s

diagram. 9. What can you conclude from the figure below? 1s 2s 2p a. Hund’s rule

2s

9. What can you conclude from the figure below? 1s 2s 2p a. Hund’s rule has

2p

a. Hund’s rule has been violated.

b. The Pauli exclusion principle has been violated.

c. The Aufbau principle has been violated.

d. This is a valid orbital diagram.

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ID: A

Short Answer

10. Which element has the ground-state electron configuration [Kr]5s 2 4d 10 5p 4 ?

a. iodine

b. tellurium

c. antimony

d. selenium

11. Which element has the ground-state electron configuration [Ar]4s 2 3d 10 ?

a. zinc

b. gallium

c. copper

d. nickel

Write electron-dot structures for the following atoms.

12. [Ne]3s 2 3p 3

13. [Ar]4s23d3

14. potassium

15. Complete the following table.

for the following atoms. 12. [Ne]3s 2 3p 3 13. [Ar]4s23d3 14. potassium 15. Complete the

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16. Complete the orbital diagram for arsenic.

ID: A

Name: 16. Complete the orbital diagram for arsenic. ID: A Use the figure below to answer

Use the figure below to answer the following questions.

A Use the figure below to answer the following questions. 17. How many valence electrons does

17. How many valence electrons does an atom of this element have?

18. What is the atom’s electron-dot structure?

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ID: A

19. If enough energy was added to remove an electron, from which energy level would the electron be removed? Explain your answer.

What is the ground-state electron configuration of each of the following atoms? Use noble-gas notation.

20. selenium

21. krypton

22. chlorine

What is the highest energy level (n) that is occupied in the following elements?

23. He

24. Ca

25. Sn

Write the electron configuration for each element described below and identify the element.

26. an element that contains 8 electrons

27. an element that contains 14 electrons

28. Write the ground-state electron configuration of a germanium atom, using noble-gas notation.

29. Complete the table.

Principal Quantum Number, n

Types of Orbitals

Number of Orbitals Related to Principal Energy Level

1

s

 

3

 

9

4

   

5

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ID: A

Write the orbital diagram and complete electron configuration for each atom.

30. nitrogen

31. fluorine

32. sodium

33. Write the orbital diagram of aluminum.

34. Write the complete electron configuration and the noble-gas notation for aluminum.

35. Write the noble-gas notation for iodine.

36. Identify each atom. a. 1s 2 2s 2 2p 1

b. [Ar]4s 1

37. List the sequence in which the following orbitals fill up: 1s, 2s, 3s, 4s, 5s, 6s, 7s, 2p, 3p, 4p, 5p, 6p, 7p, 3d, 4d, 5d, 6d, 4f, 5f.

Write electron-dot structures for the following atoms.

38. neon

39. hydrogen

40. carbon

41. sulfur

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