Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 3

I.

DEFINTION OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM


The respiratory system (or ventilatory system) is a biological system
consisting of specific organs and structurws used for the process of respiration in
an organism.The respiratory system is involved in the intake and exchange of
oxygen and carbon dioxide between an organism and the environment.
In air breathing vertebrates like human beings, respiration takes place in the
respiratory organs called lungs.The passage of air into the lungs tol supply the
body with oxygen is known as inhalation, and the passage of air out of the lungs to
expel carbon dioxide is known as exhalation.This process is collectively called
breathing or ventilation. In humans and other mammals, the anatomical features of
the respiratory system include trachea,bronchi,bronchiols,lungs and
diaphragm.Molecules of oxygen and carbon dioxide are passively exchange, by
diffusion, between the gaseous external environment and the blood.This exchange
process occurs in the alveoli air sacs in the lungs.
II. PARTS OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

NOSTRILS : are involved in airtake, they bring air into the nose
where air is warmed and humidified. The tiny hairs called cilia that
filters out dust and other particles present in the air and protect the
nasal passage and other regions of respiratory tract.
TRACHEA : is also known as windpipe. The trachea filters the air
we inhale and branches into bronchi.
BRONCHI : are the two air tubes that branch off of from the
tracheaand carry atmospheric air directly into the lungs.
LUNGS : is the main organ of the respiratory system. Lungs is the
site in bvody where oxygen is taken into and carbon dioxide is
expelled out. The red blood cells present in the blood picks up the
oxygen in the lungs and carry and distribute the oxygen in to
different body cellsthat needs it. The red blood cells donate the
oxygen to the cells and pick up the carbon dioxide produced by the
cells.
ALVEOLI : is the tiny sacs like structure present in the lungs
which gaseous exchange place.
III. DEFINTION OF RESPIRATORY DISEASE
RESPIRATORY DISEASE : is a medical term that encompasses
pathological conditionsaffecting the organs and tissues that makes gas
exchange possible in the higher organism and includes conditions of the
upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, alveoli, pleara cavity and the
nerves and muscles of breathing.
Respiratory diseases range from mild and self limiting, such as the
common colds to life threatening enteties like bacterial pneumonia,
pulmonary embolism and lung cancer.
IV. TAKING CARE OF RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
Our lungs are precious and the most important part of our respiratory
system. These organs are responsible for absorbing and distributing all
the oxygen that our body needs in order to function normally. Consider
these tips asa guide on how to protect your own respiratory system.
o Do not smoke.
o Avoid second hand smoke.
o Avoid exposure to air pollution.
o Do not contribute to air pollution.
o Maintain cleanliness and dust free environment.
o Get regular exercise.
o Do respiratory therapy.
o Get extra medication and a healthy diet.