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Title Author

Higher Engineering Mathematics 42 Edition B. S. Grewal
GATE Engineering Mathematics: Multiple
Choice Questions 1st Edition R. K. Kanodia
Network Analysis 3 Edition M. E. Van Valkenburg
Engineering Circuit Analysis 8th Edition
William H. Hayt, Steven M. Durbin, Jack E.
Physics of Semiconductor Devices 3 Edition S.M.Sze, Kwok K. Ng
Solid State Electronic Devices 6 Edition Ben G. Streetman, Sanjay Banerjee
Integrated Electronics : Analog and Digital
Circuits and Systems 2 Edition
Jacob Millman, Christos Halkias, Chetan
Microelectronic Circuits : Theory and
Applications (With CD) 5 Edition Adel S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith
Integrated Electronics: Analog and Digital
Circuits and Systems 2 Edition
Jacob Millman, Christos Halkias, Chetan
Electronic Devices and Circuits 5 Edition David A. Bell
Electronic Principles 7 Edition Albert Malvino, David J Bates
Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory 10
Edition Louis Nashelsky, Robert L. Boylestad
Op-Amps and Linear Integrated Circuits 4
Edition Ramakant A. Gayakwad
Electronic Devices and Circuits J. B. Gupta
Digital Design (With CD) 4 Edition M. Morris Mano, Michael D. Ciletti
Modern Digital Electronics 4 Edition R P Jain
Microprocessor Architecture, Programming
and Applications with the 8085 6/e Gaonkar
Signals and Systems 2 Edition
Alan V. Oppenheim, Alan S. Willsky, S. Hamid
Digital Signal Processing : Principles,
Algorithms and Applications 4 Edition John G. Proakis, Dimitris G Manolakis
Control Systems Engineering 5 Edition Madan Gopal, I. J. Nagrath
Automatic Control Systems (With CD) 8
Edition Benjamin C. Kuo, Farid Golnaraghi
Communication Systems 5 Edition Simon Haykin, Michael Moher
Principles of Communication Systems 4th
Herbert Taub, Goutam Saha, Donald L.
Communication Systems: Analog And Digital
3rd Edition 3rd Edition R P Singh, S D Sapre
Electronic Communication Systems 5 Edition
Bernard Davis, S.Rr.M. Prasanna, George
Electromagnetic Waves and Radiating
Systems 2 Edition K. G Balmain, E. C Jordan
Microwaves 1st Edition K. C. Gupta
Microwave Devices and Circuits 3 Edition Samuel Y. Liao
Antenna and Wave Propagation K D Prasad

In this article, Careers360 speaks with Prof. Kishore Kashyap, Director of Logic Gate Studies,
Raipur. He has also authored ECE for GATE by Mc Graw Hill Publication. Prof. Kashyap did his
M.Tech. from Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi in 2005.

Careers360: What factors should students consider while taking decision if he should take up a job,
prepare for GATE or take some new stream eg. MBA?
Prof. Kashyap: While taking any decision about the career student should focus on following factors
1. Self-knowledge
Student must have knowledge or understanding of one's own capabilities, character, feelings, or
motivations. The decision of going for job or prepare for GATE or any other competitive exam should
be taken on the basis of own capabilities, it should not be influenced by friends decision.
2. Knowledge of career options
If someone is opting for job then he/she must have the knowledge about work culture, job profile,
salary growth plan, income and benefits, location of job, work environment, prospects and
advancement etc.
If someone is opting for higher studies then he/she must have the knowledge about study culture of
Mtech or MBA, pedagogy, colleges, fee structure, stipends and other benefits, campus placement, etc.
Click Here to read an advisory on preparing for GATE with Job or final year studies.

Careers360: What is ideal time one should start preparation for GATE? How difficult is GATEfor
students coming from average rated and state level colleges?
Prof. Kashyap: No wrong time to start the right thing. In most of the universities across India GATE
syllabus of ECE is covered in 3rd to 6th semester, so it is good to start preparing for GATEfrom 3rd
semester. Qualified faculty crisis is a major problem in average rated and state level colleges, and most
of the students in these colleges struggle to pass the semester exams, GATE is a far cry for them.
Students have to rely on coaching classes and questions banks to fight the semester exams after all
these if patience permits then they can think about cracking GATE.
If I tell you frankly, there are colleges that are below average. And I am rating them not on the basis of
rank of students who got admissions only but quality of faculties that teach them for 4 years. Poor
quality of faculty doesnt give them opportunity to prepare for national exams like GATE. Most of the
students in such colleges dont really think at all to prepare for GATE.
Also, focus of major section remains in campus placement rather than higher education.

Careers360: GATE 2014will see some changes and one crucial is GATE 2014goes online. Will it
make any difference to the candidates?
Prof. Kashyap: I dont think exam going online should make any difference. The candidates are all
engineers should be pretty familiar with computers. Its just that if you give even 2-3 mock papers
nothing will be new for them in examination.
Change is for all it means online GATE exam will affect all GATE aspirants, because all student
have the habit of solving the problem of circuits in the given diagram of question paper itself but in
online test they have to draw the circuit diagram in paper first then only they can solve it, hence
problem with circuit diagram will take extra time. Compared to other branches like Computer Science,
students of branches like ECE or Electrical Engineering would be at disadvantage.
IIT should provide at least one full sample paper so that GATE aspirant can get accustom to the
question paper pattern and appearance. If I tell you about my students, they have lot of questions
related to the functions that will be provided in online exam. If 1 mock paper is released it will ease up
the worries of students.

Careers360: There are approximately 5 months left for GATE 2014. What should be the strategy
and focus area for the aspirants at this point?
Prof. Kashyap: Ideally, students must try to complete the syllabus of GATE by the end of November
and they should keep December reserved for revision. In January and February students should solve
previous year questions papers, exercise problems and Mock tests and work on the weak points only.
If a student has not started the preparation yet, I assure you, GATE is an achievable target. I have
come across students who started preparation in September-October and score very well in GATE.
You have around 4 months in hand if you start your preparation now, if you devote 5-6 hours daily the
goal is in reach.
Ensure you make your study plan according to the syllabus. The syllabus precisely mentions the topics
and you should make your plan accordingly.
Do solve all the questions from GATEs last 10 year Papers. This will give you clarity on the exam
pattern and type of questions that may be asked this year.

Important Topics for GATE 2014 ECE Branch Candidates:
Engineering Mathematics
Control Systems
Signal Theory
Circuit Theory
Digital Circuits etc.
These topics are given comparatively higher weightage so you must give more time and efforts on
them. Topics like Digital Communication and Antenna are comparatively tough and needs more time
to study. If you have not yet started preparation, you can skip the topics like these and can focus on
other important topics as time is very limited.

Careers360: A big percentage of GATE Aspirants are also aiming at lucrative PSU Jobs. Also do
students opt for research as career after M.Tech?
Prof. Kashyap: If you are appearing in GATE for PSU jobs then competition is very tough
because you have to be in top 300 students to get a interview call from PSUs. For admission in Mtech
course in IITs you can get call for 1000 rank also.
-In PSUs, majority of seats are for Electrical Engineering or Mechanical Engineering candidates. The
numbers of seats for Electronics and Communication Engineering candidates are very limited. A rank
below 500 can get you into PSU. Based on salary offered, NTPC, ONGC, IOCL can be considered as
best PSUs for ECE candidates.
-One can get admission into old IITs at rank upto 1500 for MS courses or in the interdisciplinary
courses. MS is a 3 year course whereas M.Tech is 2 year course.
Click Here to read an advisory on what value can an M.Tech from IIT brings!
-New IITs like IIT Hyderabad are also offering integrated courses of M.Tech+PhD which can also be
-Also, IITs are good and comparable on International platform. The faculties are world class which
gives opportunity to learn from best faculties globally.
-Not many students opt for research as career majorly because of family pressure and peer pressure.
In India we are judged on what we earn but not on what we learn. If I talk about IIT Delhi from where
I studied, not many students opted for career in research (Only students with 9+ CGPA opted for PhD
Click Here to read an analysis on IITians choosing research as career.
-You should go into research only and only if thats what your passion is. After investing 4 years of
graduation, 2/3 years in masters and 2-4 years in PhD if you find out thats not you wanted to do, that
cannot be a good state to be in.

Careers360: A lot of GATE Aspirants also prepare for IES or vice versa. How should one balance the
preparation of IES and GATE?
Prof. Kashyap: In GATE exam all the questions are numerical based, you wont find questions based
on theory. In IES technical part objective questions are based on theory and numerical questions are
very straight forward. Hence for GATE preparations one has to be good in solving numerical
questions, whereas for IES theoretical part should also be strong. For subjective paper in IES,
student must know the basic theory, derivation and related numerical for almost all the topics.
There are about 50-60 seats for ECE candidates in IES (Approx). IES is like elite club of students who
studied very well with full dedication. It can be compared to Civil Services (IAS). Now here its not just
theory that takes you there, its overall personality and how practical you are about implementing what
you have studied.

Careers360: What exams other than GATE student can appear in? How different is preparing for
other exams when compared with GATE?
Prof. Kashyap: While preparing for GATE students can appear in PSU exams like, SAIL, DRDO,
ISRO, HAL , State electricity board etc. State conduct examinations for recruiting for its departments
like PWD, State Electricity Board, Prasar Bharti etc that can also be good option for the candidates.
Click Here to know all about PSU Hiring through GATE 2014!
There are state level PG exams as well the students can opt but GATE is biggest examination in India
and score is accepted nationally. Also MHRD provides stipend to candidates who have GATE scores in
IITs/NITs/State Level Govt. colleges as well which is roughly around 8,000 INR.

Careers360: Electronics and Communication Engg. Attracts highest number of GATE registrations.
Does it make the competition even difficult?
Prof. Kashyap: Now a days, companies are hiring lesser number of Electronics and Communication
Engineers, you find more number of jobless Electronics and Communication Engineers as compared
to Engineers of other branches. If engineers dont have any option then they go for GATE exams.
Since PSU option is limited M.Tech is major option. To get into IIT, a candidate might be facing
interview too.
The interview at IIT would not be as like of PSUs. PSU interview will be intense and they would be
looking for your practical and analytical skills along with theoretical knowledge. Only a good GATE
score cannot get you PSU job.
Generally 4:1 ratio is followed in PSUs so one must ensure he/she is clear about his subject, skills,
projects/internships done in graduation and basic interview questions.

Careers360: What should be the time management strategy of a GATE Aspirant? Is it possible for
a working professional prepare and crack GATE?
Prof. Kashyap: Student should study in sessions of 3 or 4 hours. One session in morning and
another session in night are sufficient. One should try to make a group of 3 to 4 GATE aspirants of
same stream because group study is very helpful.

Careers360: How would you rate the importance of Mock Tests? How should a student plan to
check his status using mock examinations?
Prof. Kashyap: Mock tests are self assessment tests, these tests will help the students to identify the
weak areas, and student can improve their performance by rectifying weak points. Also GATE
2014candidates must ensure they practice few online mock papers to get habitual to the pattern.

Careers360: Please suggest books for Electronics and Communication Engg Aspirants of GATE.
Prof. Kashyap: Other than the book I have authored ECE for GATE (Mc Graw Hill
Publication), students should follow:
Network Schaums Series for Electric Circuit
Signals and Systems Schaums Series for Signals and Systems
Control Systems - Linear Control System by B.S. Manke
Electronic Devices Semiconductor physics and Devices by Donald Neamen
Analog Circuits Electronic Circuits by Donald Neamen
Digital Circuits Digital Fundamentals by Thomas L. Floyd
Electromagnetics Elements of Electromagnetics by M.E. Sadiku
Engineering Maths B.S. Grewal
Communication System Schaums Series for Analog and Digital Communication

Careers360: Any other message you would like to share with the GATE 2014 aspirants?
Prof. Kashyap: Solve more and more number of numerical questions and solve previous 10 to 15
years GATE questions.
Student this its all technical and keeps on working on books and questions. GATE has specified
syllabus clearly and planning should be done accordingly. Previous year question is a must. There is
section of aptitude of 15 marks and its not tough at all. So English part should be worked a bit to score
well. I am sure if students give regular effort from now on itself they can do well in this yearsGATE. I
wish good luck to all the GATE 2014 aspirants

Since both papers have common syllabus so it is advisable to prepare for both together,
one subject at a time.
First categorise subjects as GATE and Non-GATE subjects and take one standard
book per subject. I have mentioned books I referred to during my preparation.
GATE Subjects must be focused upon most for technical section.
Booklist is mentioned below:
Digital Modulation) + SCHAUMs SERIES
For non-GATE subjects, books are not recommended as the syllabus is selective and
books are vast. Still some topics are important, so the list is as follows:
But I had mostly used different coaching institutes class notes for these non-GATE
subjects available in market and selected numericals from books.
All GATE subjects are core ones must not be ignored and prepared thoroughly
for both Objective and Conventional.
Non-GATE subjects must be prepared for conventional. Focus more on
important derivations and numerical questions must be thoroughly studied. For
example Microwave by Samuel Liao has many solved examples that come as it is in
ESE conventional. But for Objective papers too-much in depth knowledge may be
required which may not be feasible in an 8 to 10 months preparation time, so it can
be left out. Anyways, if conventional concepts are strong one can expect to score
above average marks in Objective questions from these Non-GATE subjects.
How to prepare?
12 months of preparation for 12 hours of exam.
Go one subject at a time. Preferably start with GATE subjects. The order of the
subjects which I felt most comfortable with is the same as mentioned in the above
list. Mark the relevant chapters/topics from syllabus. Read the theory first from book.
Make point wise notes and mark the points you are not comfortable with. Read and
solve solved examples and objective questions first from book. Then go for past
years question banks of ESE, first Objective then Conventional. Mark the
questions you are not comfortable with and whenever possible discuss with friends or
None of the notes available from various sources are comprehensive. Mostly they
are made keeping view of past 5 years questions. I have seen cases where after
reading notes you can solve past years questions but not unseen questions. So notes
are not exhaustive. And if everybody is reading from same notes, where is your
advantage? Remember that there is no absolute cut-off. So, reading books is a
much better option.
Coaching classes are not absolutely required if you can prepare from books. Self
developed style of answering adds weightage to your answers and may even get
bonus marks. But if you feel you must join any coaching institute, do not always go
by their published results. First enquire about the who is going to teach you. As
many coaching institutes falsely claim famous faculties. Also inquire about student-
to-faculty ratio because if you dont get doubt sessions and personal
attention from faculty, then you are wasting your time and money. Also it is better
to have faculty who have themselves cleared exams like GATE, ESE with good ranks
because they are better at understanding your doubts and problems.
One subject after the other is the best strategy. Roughly, 3 to 4 weeks is sufficient
for any subject. Do not mix up. After having finished one subject, make a short
summary of your notes which must include marked points, marked questions
and any silly mistakes if done. This will serve as a ready-to-revise and time-
saving content in the last phase of preparation.
It is highly recommended to NOT study the whole book but selectively deal with
About 6 to 7 hours dedicated to one technical subject per day, apart from 2 to 3
hours for GS + English, will suffice in a 12 month preparation time.
It is not required to study all the time. But mind should be always with your notes
and questions and doubts. Do not doubt your doubts, they are always legit. A
friends circle with like-minded aspirants where you can put your doubts and
discuss is highly recommended. Keep asking. If possible upload them
on Facebook, we will be more than happy to help if we could.
How to practice?
First finish books and solved examples.
Since objective papers lay more emphasis on speed than accuracy, so practise
accordingly. 45 seconds per question is sufficient. Try finishing 120 questions
within 1h 30minutes.
Conventional papers must be practised with good-writing on plain white sheets.
In fact, choose one pen and use it till exam for lasting grip. Write legit answers.
Roughly 5 marks questions require th of space on one page surface and in that
proportion. Always write point wise.
Mark questions not answered and note them in your summary sheet.
Keep at least last 2 to 3 months for revision. First revise your entire notes and
then revise only your short summary prepared earlier. Textbooks should
not have any role in revision. The more you revise, better you get at recalling
concepts in the exam.
Now no need to see more practice question. Focus more on past years questions
bank. Ideally, 10 or 15 years questions bank is more than sufficient.
Identify your strong and weak areas during preparation. Revise weak areas more
than stronger ones.
It is highly recommended to join some test series to gauge your preparation.
Treat it as real test. The more the number of aspirants in a given test series, the
better you will realize where you stand. For example I consistently got within top
5 in every test I gave at M.E.
Dos and Donts during exam

Read the instructions carefully.
Objective papers require more speed than accuracy. Limited number of
calculated risks can be taken. While attempting objective paper, turning pages
for rough work will consume unnecessary time. Prefer doing rough work
with pencil on the side of the question and then if required with a red pen over
the pencil. Do not encircle bubbles immediately. Mark answers in question
paper with red pen for visibility and before the end of exam encircle sequentially.
Mark questions you think you can answer later. Try finishing all known answers in
1h30min (45 seconds per question) keeping 20 minutes for attempting marked
questions and 10 minutes for encircling. Do not look at watch frequently.
Conventional papers require in-depth knowledge, style of presentation and
relevant content in answering.
a) Write answers serially as per question numbers. Usually, 1
question is
compulsory. Attempt all parts. Then read the rest of questions and mark the
questions you wish to attempt. No need to show calculations in detail or irrelevant
b) Write answers with question numbers sequentially. Random answering is
annoying for the person who checks your sheet.
c) It is always better to write answers point wise. Draw neat diagrams, preferably
with pencil, with proper labels. Derivations or results if used must be mentioned.
Draw a pencil line after every question to demarcate answers.
d) Rough work must be crossed out.
e) Try to make your answer sheet error free.
f) Make index on the front sheet with question and page numbers.
My marks were:
Paper Marks
General Studies +English 117/200
Objective 1 112/200
Objective 2 111/200
Conventional 1 132/200
Conventional 2 122/200
Interview 122/200
Sum total 715/1200