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Theory Tables

PSYCH/645 Version 1
1
University of Phoenix Material
Team B: Theory Tables
Brenda L. Brandmier, Cynhia !ran"lin, Pari#ia $illi%an,
Valeria &ara%o'a
PSYCH 645
Se(ember )), )*14
Complete the tables as a Learning Team. Each table should be completed for its respective week, starting with Week Two. ubmit the completed
tables to your instructor in Week !ive.
+ee" T,o
Theory "ey figures
"ey concepts of
personality
formation
E#planation
of the
disordered
personality
cientific
credibility
Comprehensiveness $pplicability
Psychodynamic
Brenda
The psychodynamic theory holds all of the theories in
psychology that perceive human functioning because of the
interfacings of drives and forces inside an individual. The
unconscious and the various diverse structures of his or her
personality (Cervone, & Pervin, 200!.
"igmund #reud$s psychoanalysis %as the first psychodynamic
theory& ho%ever, the psychodynamic approach as a entirety consist
of all theories that %ere based on #reud$s ideas, Carol 'ung, (llen
(dler, and )ric )ri*son. The terms psychodynamic and
psychoanalytic are fre+uently confused. #reud$s theories %ere
psychoanalytic& ho%ever, the %ord psychodynamic refers to both of
#reud$s theories. #reud$s psychoanalysis is a theory in addition to a
therapy (Cervone, & Pervin, 200!.
Cervone, ,., & Pervin, -. (. (200!. Personality. Theory and
research (th ed.!. /obo*en, 0'. 'ohn 1iley & "ons, 2nc.
2nternal
psychological
processes.

2mportance of early
childhood
e3periences.
)3istence of
unconscious
motivation..

)go (rationality!
"uperego (morality!
)3istence of defense
mechanisms
The unconscious
mind.

( biologically
based
temperament.
( set of
internali4ed
ob5ect relations.
(n enduring
sense of self.
( specific
constellation of
defense
mechanisms.
Theory is
impossible to
test and can
account for any
outcome.
Problem %ith
overreliance on
case studies.
(ddresses %ide range of
issues.
6ost comprehensive of
all ma5or theories.
Psychoanalytic therapy .
The therapy un+uestionably
%or*s.
Theory Tables
PSYCH/645 Version 1
%
2nfantile se3uality
The 7edipal
comple3 .
8epression
$ttachment
&sychosocial
+ee" Three
Theory "ey figures
"ey concepts of
personality
formation
E#planation of the
disordered
personality
cientific credibility Comprehensiveness $pplicability
'umanistic
(aleria
+ee" !o-r
Theory
"ey
figures
"ey concepts of
personality formation
E#planation of the
disordered personality
cientific credibility Comprehensiveness $pplicability
)ehavioral
)renda
'ohn B.
1atson
2van
Petrovich
Pavlov
B.#.
"*inner
Comprehensive
assessment, using B("2C
2, diagnosis.
Behavior 9 7vert behaviors
and habits.
Affect - )motions, moods,
strong feelings.

Sensation - The five senses,
unpleasant sensations,
aches, pains, di44iness.

Imagery - ho% does client
vie% self, dreams and
memories.

Cognition - 2nsights,
philosophies, ideas
5udgments.

Pavlov
Repression
#orcing alarming thoughts or
feelings from conscious a%areness.
Projection
(ttributing causes of negative
impulses or feelings to the e3ternal
%orld rather than to oneself. .
Reaction-Formation
(dopting the behavior or attitude
opposite to %hat one really feels.
Fixation
#ailing to pass into the ne3t stage
of psychose3ual development or
temporary flight from controlled
and realistic thin*ing.
Behavioral theories support a
number of different
approaches to teaching.
(lmost all of them fall under
the general category of
:direct; or :teacher9
centered: instruction.
The approaches incl!e"
Tutorials
,rill
Practice
Behavioral "imulations
Programmed 2nstruction
Covers group behaviors as %ell as
individual behaviors.
<ses behaviors to consider the full
range of psychological and social
phenomena.
Behavior therapy is of immense and
practical value.
Provides psychology a database of
replicable research.
Theory Tables
PSYCH/645 Version 1
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"timulus = 8esponse
Classical Conditioning
7perant Conditioning
S#inner
8einforcement
Punishment
$atson
7bservational Theories
Cognitive
ocial
cognitive
+ee" !i.e
Theory "ey figures
"ey concepts of
personality
formation
E#planation of the
disordered personality
cientific credibility Comprehensiveness $pplicability
Trait
)renda
-e%is 8. >oldberg
8obert 8. 6c8ae
Paul T. Costa 'r.
%ol!&erg
#ive factor 6odel of
Personality.
. 7penness
2. Conscientiousness
?. )3traversion
@. (greeableness
A. 0euroticism
#undamental -e3ical
/ypothesis 6c8ae &
Costa 0)79P298
Big A (#ive factors of
Introversion'(xtraversion

2ntroversion involves
directing attention on inner
e3periences, %hile
e3traversion relates to
focusing attention out%ard
on other people and the
environment.
)eroticism'(motional
Sta&ility
0euroticism refers to an
individual$s tendency to
become upset or emotional,
%hile stability refers to the
tendency to remain
emotionally constant.
Psychoticism
2ndividuals %ho are high
on this trait tend to have
difficulty dealing %ith
reality and may be
antisocial, hostile, non9
empathetic, and
)* Biases
)asy application and
understanding.
This is also a bad %ay to
predict the future.
,oes not perform %ell
for change in the study
Comprehensive in some
%ays, but lac*s
comprehensiveness in
others.
Comprehensive has tried
to ma*e sure to ensure all
significant individual
differences are
incorporated.
0ot Comprehensive
(bsence of analysis of
personality processes
8elative lac* of attention
to the individual
A &ig five mo!el incl!es the
follo+ing"
2ntroversion and )3troversion
Being agreeable
Being open to e3perience
0euroticism
(%areness or consciousness
Theory Tables
PSYCH/645 Version 1
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personality!
Big A consists of B
facets.
manipulative.
)iologically oriented