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# Newton's creation and solution of Mercury perihelion

## By Professor Joe Nahhas; 1976

joenahhas1958@yahoo.com

## My name is Joe Nahhas founder of real time universal mechanics.

It is not only Einstein is wrong but all physicists are wrong for past 400 years. It is time
for change; regime change of annexing quantum mechanics to classical mechanics and
deleting relativity. The elimination of relativity theory is a matter of time and not a matter
of science. Trying to preserve energy fraud symbol E = mc² ended physics and it is time
to End relativity and reinstate physics, real time physics
Real time Physics: We can only measure past events. We can not
measure something that did not happen. We can only measure things
that had happened. What we measure is not what happened. We
measure in present time an event that happened in past time.

## Present time = present time

Present time = past time + [present time - past time]
Present time = past time + real time delays
Real time physics = event time physics + real time relativistic delays
What one sees is relativistic = what happened in an absolute event + relativistic effects
What happened in an event is absolute = real time physics - real time relativistic effects.
Observer time = observed traveller time + time delays
Real time = absolute time + time delays
Real time = Event time + time delays

## Real time Physics = event time Physics + time delays Physics

Abstract: Newton Changed Kepler's law from T²/a³ = 4 π²/GM to T²/a³ = 4 π²/G (M + m)
and introducing an error like this T² (1)/a³ = 4 π²/GM and T² (2) /a³ = 4 π²/G (M + m)
When Newton changed Kepler's equation he created the advance of perihelion as shown:

## The advance of Mercury perihelion by Newton

T (1) = T (2) √ [M/ (M + m)]
And 2π/ T (1) = [2 π/ T (2)] √ (1 + m/M)
And θ' (1) = θ' (2) √ (1 + m/M)
And θ' (2) = θ' (1) /√ [1 + (m/M)] ≈ [1 - m/ (2M)]
And θ' (2) - θ' (1) ≈ - θ' (1) (m/2M) = - [2 π/T] [m/2M) = - π m/MT radians/T
W " (calculated) = [- π m/MT] (180/π degrees) (3600 seconds) (36526 century); T = days

W' (observed) = (-180 x 36526 x 3600/T) (m/M) seconds of arc /100 years; Newton
= (-180 x 36526 x 3600/88) (0.32 x 1024/2 x 1030) = 43 arc second per century Then
Einstein came and made the same mistake

## W" (observed) = 6πGM/Tac² (1 - ε²) = [6 π / T (1 - ε²)] (v/c) ²; v =orbital velocity

W " (observed) = [6 π / T (1 - ε²)] (v/c) ² (180/π degrees) (3600 seconds) (36526 (century)
W " (observed) = [1080x 36526x 3600/ T (1 - ε²)] (v/c) ² = 43 arc sec/ 100 years
Einstein
This is Lord Eddington derivation trying to solve the mystery of light bending with
Einstein's using Lorentz contraction formula that has (v/c)². Einstein formula for light
bending was wrong but Eddington needed Einstein to explain his Royal expedition
failures watching the sky and not knowing where the error came from and Lord
Eddington created Einstein's fame to promote himself.

Newton and Einstein made the same mistake because their formula was rigged to cater
for planet Mercury using different reference frames and introducing mistakes. First
mistake was Newton's mistake because using different frames of reference introduces
time delay errors. When Newton changed frames of reference he took mass m and
implemented μ = m [M/ (M + m)] and we stuck with an error or shortage factor in
mathematical form amount to M/ (M + m). After Newton astronomers were puzzled by
the perihelion advance of planet Mercury not investigating its origin. The time delay error
to changing frames of reference is this formula for the angle at closet approach is:

## Mercury’s perihelion is a visual effect

A visual effect model gives 43 arcs second per century
A solution of Newton’s equation in real time or time dependent Newton’s
equation gives 43 second of arc per century
In 1977 I found that there is at least 1001 different formulas that can give
the 43 seconds of an arc per century
1 = 1 self evident
2 = 2 is self evident
Image = image = I is self evident line - 1
Object = object = O = self evident line - 2
And, - Object = - objects = - O = self evident line - 3
I=I line - 1
O=O line - 2
And, - O = - O line - 3
Adding: line - 1 and line - 2 and line - 3
I + O – O = O + (I – O) line - 4
I = O + (I – O); O – O = 0 one left side
(I/O) = (O/O) + (I – O)/O; dividing by on both sides line - 5
Or, (I/O) = 1 + (I – O)/O; O/O = 1 line - 6
(I/O) O = O + [(I – O)/O] O Line - 7
Real time object = event time Object + time delay object
Real time astronomy = event time astronomy + time delay
astronomy
Let us do R1 real time analysis
R2 = R2
R2 = R1 + (R2 – R1)
Dividing by R1
(R2/R1) = (R1/R1) + (R2 – R1)/ R1
Visual measurement scale
(R2/R1) = 1 + [(R2 – R1)/ R1]
Distance R1 when measured using light source and not a measuring tape is
not the same as R1 but is measured as R2. R2 is the visual distance of R1. Using
an eye as an instrument visual distance R2 is smaller than actual distance R1.
The percentage of visual distance R2 to actual distance R1 is equal to (R2/R1).
(R2/R1) = 1 + [(R2 – R1)/ R1] = 1 + [(R2/ R1) – 1]
Percentage = 1 + [percentage – 1]
Multiplying by R1
(R2/R1) R1 = R1 + [(R2 – R1)/ R1] R1
Visual = actual + (Visual – actual)
In clear words when we try to measure the distance R1 using light source
reflected from the car we see a percentage of R1 which is (R2/R1) R1 and that
percentage times R1 is the visual we measure R2
Real time distance = event time distance + delay time distance
Visual distance = distance + visual effect
Visual measurement scale using distance
Real time astronomy scale using distance
(R2/R1) = 1 + [(R2 – R1)/ R1]
Visual measurement scale using Velocity
Real time astronomy scale using distance
(V2/V1) = 1 + [(V2 – V1)/ V1]
Visual measurement scale using angle
Real time astronomy scale using angle
(θ 2/ θ 1) = 1 + [(θ 2 – θ 1)/ θ 1]
Visual measurement scale using angular velocity
Real time astronomy scale using angular velocity
(θ’ 2/ θ’ 1) = 1 + [(θ’ 2 – θ’ 1)/ θ’ 1]
Visual measurement scale using time
Page 4
Real time astronomy scale using time
(t 2/ t 1) = 1 + [(t 2 – t 1)/ t 1]

## This formula is real time astronomical scale

(V/A) = 1 + [(V – A)/ A]

## Real time astronomy application

(I/O) θ’0 = θ’0 + [(I – O)/O] θ’0
Real time physics = event time physics + time delay physics

In old terms
Quantum = classical + relativistic
(R2/R1) = 1 + [(R2 – R1)/ R1]
(R2/R1) θ’0 = θ’0 + [(R2 – R1)/ R1] θ’0
This is real time astronomy distance scale to measure the angular velocity θ’0
(V2/V1) = 1 + [(V2 – V1)/ V1]
(V2/V1) θ’0 = θ’0 + [(V2 – V1)/ V1] θ’0

This is real time astronomy Velocity Scale to measure the angular velocity θ’0
Planet Mercury angular velocity accumulation in arc second per
hundred years

## (V2/V1) δ θ’0 = δ θ’0 + [(V2 – V1)/ V1] δ θ’0

Or,
Planet Mercury Angular velocity θ’0 = 2 π/Tm = 2(3.1415)/88
x24x3600
Tm = Planet Mercury orbital period = 88 days = 88 x 24 x 3600
seconds
Planet Mercury angular velocity accumulation in arc
second per century is: δ θ’0 = (2 π/ Tm) (1 century/Tm) (180/ π)
(3600)

## Or, δ θ’0 = (2 π/ Tm) (1 century/Tm) (180/ π) (3600)

= (2x3.1415/88x24x3600) (36526days/88days) (180/3.1415)
(3600)
= 70.75
(R2/R1) θ’0 = θ’0 + [(R2 – R1)/ R1] θ’0
(R2/R1) δ θ’0 = δ θ’0 + [(R2 – R1)/ R1] δ θ’0
What we see = what there is + visual illusion
Modern astronomers see = 70.75 + 43
What there is = 70.75
The visual Illusion is = 43
[(R2 – R1)/ R1] δ θ’0 = 43
As an example: when Astronomers look at planetary motion around
the sun and they saw the angular velocity in arc second per century:
Equal to δ θ’ m = (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600)
= 70.75 arc second per century
Astronomers also saw the visual effect
Of: [(r m - r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = [(r m - r0)/r0] (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m
(days)] (3600)
And it is equal to [(r m - r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = 43
Where r m = Mercury – Sun distance = 58.2 X 106km
And v m = Mercury around the sun orbital speed Sun distance = 47.9
km/sec
And r 0 = r e = Earth – Sun distance = 149.6 X 106km
And T m = Mercury around the sun orbital period
Planet Distance r Planet Orbit Less Spin Angular velocity;
X 106km Orbit T speed v Earth speed v/r
in speed km/sec arc sec/ century
km/sec
Mercury 58.2 88 47.9 18.1 .002 70.75
Venus 108.2 224.7 35.05 5.7 6.52 10.86
Earth 149.6 365.26 29.8 .46511 4.1
Mars 227.936 687 24.14 0.2411
Jupiter 778.412 4333 13.06 12.6
Saturn 1,426.725 10760 9.65 9.87
Uranus 2,870.97 30690 6.80 2.59
Neptune 4,498 60180 5.43 2.68
Pluto 5906.4 90730 4.74
Page 5
When astronomers measure the angular velocity from two different
distances they make the following error: [(r m - r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = 43
When astronomers measure Planet mercury angular speed around
the Sun from Earth r0 and not from the sun r m they make the following
error
Error: [(r m - r0)/r0] δ θ’ m = 43
If we solve Newton’s equation in real time:
Newton equation is a solved wrong for 350 years
Newton’s unprecedented stupidity

## Being a good mathematician is solving own equation wrong?

Newton said there is gravity Force F = -GmM/r² whose solution is this

Planet

r

Su
n

## Fig1. Newton’s gravitational law

And r (θ, t) = [a (1-ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)]
But you idiot this solution is wrong
[λ +ỉω ]t
Real time solution is: r (θ, t) = [a (1-ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] ℮ (r) (r)

[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1- ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} x
[(v°+ v*)/c] ² = 43 arc second per century
All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y,
z) at a location r = r (x, y, z) = r [length, width, height].
The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the
product
S = m r; State = mass x location:
P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment
= change of location + change of mass
= m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate
F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force
= m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r
= m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate
In polar coordinates system
Location = r = r r (1)
Velocity = v = r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)
Acceleration = γ = (r" - rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)

F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r

## F = m [(r"-rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)] +

2m'[r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] +
+ (m" r) r (1)

## F = [d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'²] r (1)

+ (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1)
F = F1 + F2
F1 = [d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'²] r (1)

## With d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'² = -GmM/r² (1)

And d (m²r²θ')/d t = 0 (2)

Page 7
The solution is not
And r (θ, t) = [a (1-ε²)/ (1+εcosθ)]
But this solution
[λ +ỉω ]t
Real time solution is: r (θ, t) = [a (1-ε²)/ (1+ε cosine θ)] ℮ (r) (r)

[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0 = (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1- ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} x
[(v°+ v*)/c] ² arc second per century
Proof:
All there is in the Universe is objects of mass m moving in space (x, y, z) at a
location r = r (x, y, z) = r [length, width, height].
The state of any object in the Universe can be expressed as the product
S = m r; State = mass x location:
P = d S/d t = m (d r/d t) + (dm/d t) r = Total moment
= change of location + change of mass
= m v + m' r; v = velocity = d r/d t; m' = mass change rate
F = d P/d t = d²S/dt² = Total force
= m (d²r/dt²) +2(dm/d t) (d r/d t) + (d²m/dt²) r
= m γ + 2m'v +m" r; γ = acceleration; m'' = mass acceleration rate
In polar coordinates system
Location = r = r r (1)
Velocity = v = r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)
Acceleration = γ = (r" - rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)
F = m γ + 2m'v +m" r
F = m [(r"-rθ'²) r (1) + (2r'θ' + r θ") θ (1)] +
2m'[r' r (1) + r θ' θ (1)] +
+ (m" r) r (1)
F = [d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'²] r (1)
+ (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1)
F = F1 + F2
F1 = [d² (m r)/dt² - (m r) θ'²] r (1)
F2 = (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ')/d t] θ (1)

## Newton’s force law is F1 = [-GmM/r²] r (1)

Kepler's force law is:
F2 = (1/mr) [d (m²r²θ’)/d t] θ (1) = 0
If m is constant then d (m²r²θ’)/d t = 0; and d (r²θ’)/d t = 0
Or, r²θ’ = h = 2 π a b/T; a = mean distance from sun and is called
semi major axis and b is the semi minor axis.
Page 8
Mercury

r
θ

Sun

And the motion of a planet m around the Sun M measured in real time is a rotating ellipse

θ
ψ

## Tyco Brahe Logged observational Data of Planets P motion around the

Sun S and then Kepler stated the areal velocity law: If Planet p
observed from the sun then the trajectory of planet p will cut equal
areas in equal times.
Page 42

A A
A
A A

A A

P
T T
T
T T

T T

S
When the areas size A are sliced equally it was found that the times spent by
planets orbiting around the Sun and making areas A each are equal also.
Or, r² (0) θ' (0) = r² (1) θ' (1) = r² (2) θ' (2) = r² (3) θ' (3) = --
= location² x [angular speed] = constant
= Areal velocity
If r² θ' = h
Then differentiating with respect to time
Then d (r² θ')/ d t = d h/ d t
And 2 r r’ θ’ + r² θ’’ = 0
Or 2 (r’ /r) = - (θ’’/θ’)
The r = r0 e íωt

And θ’ = θ’0 e
–2íωt

With r = r0 e íωt

## In real time r (n) = r (0) e í ω t

With r² (0) θ' (0) = r² (1) θ' (1)
Then θ' (1) = [r² (0)/ r² (1)] θ' (0)
And θ' (1) = {[e í 2 ω t] θ' (0)
And θ’ (1) = {[cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] – 1} θ' (0)
Δ θ’ (1) = Δ θ’ (x) + í Δ θ’ (y)
= [cosine 2 ω t + í sine 2 ω t] θ' (0)
Δ θ’ (x) = [cosine 2 ω t] θ' (0)
Δ θ’ (x) = [1 – 2 sine² ω t] θ' (0)
Δ θ’ (x) - θ' (0) = - 2 θ' (0) sine² ω t
Δ W = Δ θ’ (x) - θ' (0) = - 2 θ' (0) sine² ω t
= -2(2π) [√ (1-ε²)]/T (1-ε) ²] sine² ω t
And θ' (0) = h/r² (0) = 2 π a b/T a² = 2π√ (1-ε²)]/T (1-ε) ²
Δ W = - 4 π) [√ (1-ε²)]/T (1-ε) ²] sine² ω t
If this apsidal motion is to be found as visual effects, then
With, v ° = spin velocity; v* = orbital velocity
And v/c = (v* + v°)/c = tan ω t
Δ W = -4 π [√ (1-ε²)]/T (1-ε) ²] sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]}
Multiplication by 180/π to change to degrees
Δ W ° = (-720/T) {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]}
Degrees
And multiplication by 1 century = 36526 days and using T in days
W° (ob) = (-720x36526/Tdays) {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} x
sine² {Inverse tan [(v* + v°)/c]} degrees/100 years
Approximations
With v° << c and v* << c,
Then sine Inverse tan [v°/c + v*/c] ≈ (v° + v*)/c
Δ W ° (calculated) = (-720x36526/Tdays) {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} x
[(v° + v*)/c] ² degrees/100 years
This is the equation for axial rotations rate of planetary and binary
stars or any two body problem.
The circumference of an ellipse: 2πa (1 - ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)²- --.) ≈ 2πa
(1-ε²/4); R =a (1-ε²/4)
Page 44

## Finding orbital velocities

From Newton's inverse square law of an ellipse motion applied to a
circular orbit gives the following: m v²/ r (cm) = GmM/r²
Planet --- r (cm) ----- Center of mass ------- r (CM) --------- Mother
Sun
Planet ------------------- r -------------------------------------- Mother
Sun
Center of mass law m r (cm) = M r (CM); m = planet mass; M = sun
mass
And r (cm) = distance of planet to the center of mass
And r (CM) = distance of sun to center of mass
And r (cm) + r (CM) = r = distance between sun and planet
Solving to get: r (cm) = [M/ (m + M)] r
And r (CM) = [m/ (m + M)] r
Then v² = [GM r (cm)/ r²] = GM²/ (m + M) r
And v = √ [GM²/ (m + M) r = a (1-ε²/4)]
Planet orbital velocity or primary velocity:
And v* = v (m) = √ [GM²/ (m + M) a (1-ε²/4)] = 48.14 km for planet
Mercury
Velocity of secondary or Mother Sun velocity
And v* (M) = √ [Gm² / (m + M) a (1-ε²/4)]
Applications: mercury ellipse and its axis rotation of 43 " /century
1- Planet Mercury axial "apparent" rotation rate
Δ W’’ = (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1-ε²]/ (1-ε) ²} (v* + v°/c) ² seconds of
arc per century
The circumference of an ellipse: 2πa (1 - ε²/4 + 3/16(ε²)²- --.)
≈ 2πa (1-ε²/4); R =a (1-ε²/4)
Where v* (p) =√ [G M² / (m + M) a (1-ε²/4)] ≈ √ [GM/a (1-ε²/4)];
m<<M; Solar system data: G =6.673x10-11; M=2x1030kg;
m=.32x10^24kg; ε = 0.206; T=88days; c = 299792.458 km/sec; a =
58.2km/sec; v° = 0.002km/sec
Calculations yield: v* =48.14km/sec; [√ (1- ε²)] (1-ε) ² = 1.552
Δ W = (-720x36526x3600/88) x (1.552) (48.14/299792)²
=43.0”/century
Δ W’’ = (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1-ε²]/ (1-ε) ²} [(v* + v°)/c] ²
= 43 seconds of arc per century
[(I – O)/O] δ θ’0
= (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1-ε²]/ (1-ε) ²} [(v*m + v° m)/c] ² seconds of
arc per century
Or, Newton is plain stupid? There is no proof of action at a distance?
F = -GmM/r² is not a proof of gravitational pull between planetary
objects but rather the interaction of earth with its atmosphere
G = 1/ (2/5) (4π/3) p T² = √ (2π)/ (4π/3)p T²; ρ = air density =1.2045kg/m³;
and T = Earth rotation period = 23.9333x3600; Then G = 6.6747 x 10-11
G = 1/ (radius of gyration) (sphere) (air density) (Earth spin) ²
G = √ (2 π) / (4π/3) p T² = √ (2π)/ (4π/3)p T²
Suggesting that gravity measured on Earth is local to earth
surface caused by Earth spin motion
Also a rotating Ellipse can be derived from many different
solutions and not necessarily from an inverse square law
W" = (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} [(v°+ v*)/c] ² arc seconds /100 years
This is my 1977 equation for advance of perihelion/apsidal motion for any two body
system and it works on binary stars while Newton's and Einstein's does not.
With v* = orbital speed and v° = spin speed of planet and observer depending on spin
orientation. For planet mercury spin is 3 meters per second and can be ignored.
What remains is: W" = (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} (v* + v°/c) ² arc
seconds /100 years where v° become is the orbital velocity of the telescope location.
For planet Mercury {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} = 1.522 and (1 - ε²) = 0.957564; ε = 0.2056 and ε
was approximated to ≈ 2.06 and 1.522 x 0.957564 =1.486139328 ≈ 3/2
And {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} was found to be equal (3/2)/ (1 - ε²) and we get
W" = (-720x36526x3600/T) (3/2)/ (1-ε²) [(v°+ v*)/c] ² arc seconds /100 years

W" = [1080x 36526x 3600/ T (1 - ε²)] [(v°+ v*)/c] ² arc seconds /100 years
Einstein never accounted for spin and took v = v* = orbital speed and v° = 0
And the equation become
W" = [1080x 36526x 3600/ T (1 - ε²)] (v/c) ² arc seconds /100 years same as Einstein's
Given these data
Planet Mass Planet Orbit Spin ε [√( 1 - ε²)]/ (1 - ε) ²
X Orbit speed speed
10^24kg T km/sec km/sec
Mercury 0.32 88 47.9 .002 0.2060 1.552
Venus 4.9 224.7 35.05 6.52 0.0068 1.00762
Earth 5.98 365.2 29.8 .46511 0.0167 1.0341
6
Mars 0.64 687 24.14 0.2411 0.0934 1.211339
Jupiter 1900 4333 13.06 12.6 0.0483 1.2
Saturn 570 10760 9.65 9.87 0.056 1.1
Uranus 87 30690 6.80 2.59 0.0461 1.09782
Neptune 103 60180 5.43 2.68 0.0097 1.01959
Pluto 5.4 90730 4.74 0.2448 1.716385
8

W" = (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} [(v°+ v*)/c] ² arc seconds /100 years
W' (observed) = (-180 x 36526 x 3600/T) (m/M) seconds of arc /100 years; Newton
W " (observed) = [1080x 36526x 3600/ T (1 - ε²)] (v/c) ² arc sec/ 100 years Einstein
Take the spin velocity of earth in European locations as v° = +/-0.3 km/sec.
Planet V* + V° Nahhas' observed Einstein Newton Published
Mercury 47.9 + 0.3 43.102" 43.11" 43.03" 1 [43.03] 43.56"+/-
43.03 0.9"
Venus 35.05 +/- 6.52+/ - 8.27"/ 2.5" 8.63 6.0"[43.03] 8.4+/-4.2
0.3 Normal Eddington 6.0" Notice the
Retro errors
Earth 29.8 + 0.3 2.69" n/a 3.84 4.5"[43.03] 4.6+/-2.7
Mars n/a 1.35 2.56"[43.03]
Jupiter n/a 0.06
Saturn n/a
Uranus n/a
Neptune n/a
Lord Eddington 1921 Article about "Einstein's relativity theory of gravitation" November
11, volume number LXXXII of the Monthly Notes of the Royal Astronomical Society
published his finding of 2.5" arc second for Venus. Later Earth's and Venus' advance of
perihelion was changed to 8.4" +/- 4.2" and 4.6+/- 2.7 to fit Einstein formula. The
published data came after relativity and before relativity they were 43"/2.5" only.

## Take T²/a³ = 4 π²/G (M + m) and invert it

Then a³/ T² = G (M + m)/ 4 π² = GM/ 4 π² + G m/ 4 π²

And Multiplied by (4 π² m)
Then: 4π ² ma²/ T² = Gm M/ a + G m²/ a Energy form
Energy change:
Then: 4π ² ma²/ T² - G m²/ a = Gm M/ a

Divide by mc²
Then: Δ E/ mc² = GM/ a c² Dimensionless Energy form

## Space-time change at θ = π/ 2 space energy twisted 90° equals energy in time

Or a become twisted 90 degrees in an ellipse then a ~ a c² (1-ε²)
Then: Δ E/ mc² (1-ε²) = GM/ a c² (1-ε²)

## Per cycle: Multiply by 2 π

Then: Then: 2 π Δ E/ mc² (1-ε²) = 2 π GM/ a c² (1-ε²)

## Do it three times and add for Harry Larry and Moe:

W = 6 π GM/ a c² (1-ε²)
This is space-time dimensionless energy change tripled

## That's all folks!

I guess not
A good result of the advance of perihelion of Venus Earth and the outer planets of the
solar system is never been taken seriously or done extensively. It has been rigged
extensively to cater for Campus Physicists who needs funding and would say anything
publish anything based on nothing for jobs money prestige and no physics.

W" = (-720x36526x3600/T) {[√ (1-ε²)]/ (1-ε) ²} [(v°+ v*)/c] ² arc seconds /100 years
Nahhas real time solution of Mercury perihelion

## Ancient Arab Astronomers solution of Mercury’s perihelion

[(r m - r0)/r0] (v m /r m) (180/ π) [36526/T m (days)] (3600)

W' (observed) = (-180 x 36526 x 3600/T) (m/M) seconds of arc /100 years; Newton

W " (observed) = [1080x 36526x 3600/ T (1 - ε²)] (v/c) ² arc sec/ 100 years Einstein