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SMCH T1 Trial

Section A [45 marks]


Answer all questions in this section.
1.

The function

and g are defined by


f : x 1 x3 ,
g : x 1 e

2 x

xR
,

xR

Find
(a) g1 and state its domain and range,
(b) f g 1 and state its domain.
Hence, solve
2.

3.

f g 1 (x)

[4 marks]

= 0.

[5 marks]

The roots of the cubic equation 2x3 + kx2 27x + 54 = 0 form three consecutive
terms of geometric progression. Find the possible three consecutive terms.
Hence, obtain the value of k.
[6 marks]
Matrix M is given by M =

0
0
k

1
0

Find M1 in terms of k using the elementary row operations.


Hence, solve the simultaneous equations
xz+3=0
3x + z 11 = 0
4x + y 5 = 0
4.

[5 marks]

[5 marks]

Find the roots of z4 81i = 0 and sketch the roots on Argand diagram.
[7 marks]

5. A curve is given by the parametric equations x = 1 3cos and y = 5sin + 3.


Show that the curve is an ellipse. State its centre and foci.
Sketch the curve.
[7 marks]
6.

Find, in Cartesian form, the equation of the plane which contains the straight line
x 2 3 y

z4
5

and is perpendicular to the plane 2x + 3y z = 7.


[6 marks]

Section B [15 marks]


Answer one question in this section.
7.

A quartic polynomial p(x) is defined by p(x) = (x + 1)(x 3)[q(x) 6x + 3].


Given that (2x + 1) is a factor of q(x). When q(x) is divided by (x 1), its
remainder is 6. When p(x) is divided by (x 2), the remainder is 18.
(a) Find q(x).
[6 marks]
Hence,
(b) obtain the quadratic factor of p(x) and show that it is always positive.
[5 marks]
(c) Express

8.

p( x)
q ( x )( x 1)( x 3)

in partial fractions.

[4 marks]

The planes 1 and 2 have equation 4x + y z = 3 and 2x + 3y + z = 19


respectively. Show that
(a) the point (3, 1, 10) lies on both planes,
[2 marks]
(b) the line of intersection, l1 of 1 and 2 has equation
r = 3i + j +10k + (2i 3j + 5k).
[4 marks]
The line l2 has equation r = 2j + 5j 3k + (i 6j 4k).
(c) Determine whether l1 and l2 are perpendicular or not.
[2 marks]
(d) Find the coordinates of the point of intersections Q between l2 and 1.
[5 marks]
Hence,
(e) find the perpendicular distance of Q from 2.
[2 marks]

Marking scheme
1.

Let y = 1 + e2x, xR
ln (y 1) = 2x
1
ln( y 1)
2
1
g 1 : x ln( x 1),
2

M1

x 1

Domain of g 1 = {x : x > 1}
Range of g 1 = {x : x R}

(b)

f ln( x 1) , x 1
2

1
3
= 1 8 ln( x 1)
1
f g 1 : x 1 ln( x 1) 3 , x 1
8

f g 1

(x) =

Domain of f g 1 = {x : x > 1}
1
1 ln( x 1) 3 = 0
8

ln (x 1) = 2
x = 1 + e2
2.

B1
B1
M1

A1
B1
M1
A1

Let the three consecutive terms be a, b and c.


b = ar and c = ar2
2(x a) (x b)(x c) = 0
2x3 2(a + b + c)x2 + 2(ab + ac + bc)x 2abc = 2x3 + kx2 27x + 54 M1
k = 2(a + b + c), 2(ab + ac + bc) = 27, 2abc = 54
A1
2
2 2
2 3
3
2(a r + a r + a r ) = 27, (ar) = 27 ar = 3
2(3)(3)(1 + r + r2) = 27r
M1
2
2 + 5r + 2r = 0
(2 + r)(1 + 2r) = 0
r = 2 ,
A1
When r = 2, a = 3/2, b = 3, c = 6
When r = , a = 6 , b = 3, c = 3/2
B1
k = 2(a + b + c) = 9
B1

3.

A1

1
3
1

0
0
k

0
0

1 1
1 0
0 0

0
0
k

0
1
0

0
1

1 1 0 0

4 3 1 0 3R1 R2
1 1 0 1 R1 R3

B1
M1

1 0 1 1
3
0 0 1

1 4
0 1
1
k

0
1
4
0

1
R
4 2
1 1
R3
k k
0

1
1

0
4
1 0 0 4

3
1

0 0 1
0

4 4
0
1
0

1
1 1

4k 4k k

1
1

4
1 0 0 4

1
1
1

0 1 0

4k 4 k k
0 0 1 3 1

4 4

1
1

4
4

1
1
1
1

M
4k 4k k
3 1

0

4 4

R1 R2
1
R2 R3
k

M1A1

R2 R3

B1

x + 0y z = 3
3x + 0y + z = 11
x y + 0z = 5/4 k =

B1

1
1

1
0
1
4

4
1
1
M 1 1 4 4 4 16
4
3 1

0
0
3 1
4 4

0
0

1
1

1
1

x
1

1
y 4
4
z

3
x
2

y 3
z
5

3
x


11
y


5
z


4

1
4
1

16
0

B1
3

11
5

4

M1

A1

x = 2, y = 3, z = 5

4.

z4 = 81i

2k i sin 2k
2
2

z4 = 81 cos

A1

, k = 0, 1, 2, 3

B1

1

i sin 2k , k = 0, 1, 2,
2
4
2

(4k 1)
(4k 1)
cos
i sin
, k = 0, 1, 2, 3
8
8

z = 3 cos 4

z = 3

2k

i sin ,
8
8
5
5

3 cos 8 i sin 8

When k = 0, z = 3
When k = 1, z =

M1
A1

cos

B1

7
7
cos
i sin

8
8

3 cos 3 i sin 3

8
8

7
7
cos
i sin

8
8

3 cos 3 i sin 3

8
8

When k = 2, z = 3

= 3

When k = 3, z =

,
B1

D1 (shape only)
D1 (perfect)
5.

1 x
y 3
, sin
3
5
2
2
(1 x )
( y 3)

1
9
25

cos

M1

A1

the curve is an ellipse


Centre = (1, 3)
Vertices = (1, 8), (4, 3), (1, 2), (2, 3)
c2 = 25 9 = 16 c = 4
foci = (1, 7), (1, 1)
6.

x 2 3 y

z4
5

1 2
14

1 3 11
5 1
5

A1
B1
B1
B1
D1D1

x 2 y 3 z 4

1
1
5

Equation of the plane is

M1A1
x 14 2 14


y 11 3 11
z 5 4 5


M1M1

= 91

A1
A1

14x + 11y + 5z = 91
7.

(a) q(x) = (2x + 1)(ax + b)


p(2) = 3(1)[q(2) 12 + 3] = 18 q(2) =15
q(2) = 5(2a + b) = 15 2a + b = 3
q(1) = 3(a + b) = 6
a+b=2
a = 1, b = 1
q(x) = (2x + 1)(x + 1)

B1
B1
M1A1
M1
A1

(a) p(x) = (x + 1)(x 3)[q(x) 6x + 3].


the third factor = q(x) 6x + 3
= 2x2 + 3x + 1 6x + 3
= 2x2 3x + 4
2x 3x + 4 =

2 x
4

2 x
4

For all xR,

2 x
4

9
4
8

M1

23
8

A1

2 x
4

23
>
8

the third factor 2x2 3x + 4 is always positive.


(c)

A1

p( x)
3 6x
1
q ( x )( x 1)( x 3)
(2 x 1)( x 1)
3 6x
A
B

( 2 x 1)( x 1) ( 2 x 1) ( x 1)

B1

3 6x = A(x + 1) + B(2x + 1)
Solving: A = 12, B = 9

M1A1

p( x)
12
9
1

q ( x)( x 1)( x 3)
2x 1 x 1

8.

M1
A1

A1

(a) (3, 1, 10):


4x + y z = 4(3) + 1 10 = 3
2x + 3y + z = 2(3) +3(1) + 10 = 19
the point (3, 1, 10) lies on both planes
(b) 4x + y z = 3: n1 = to 1 =

1
1

2x + 3y + z = 19: n2 = to 2 =
n1 x n2 =

i
4
2

j
1
3

k
1
1

M1
A1

2

3
1

= 4i 6j + 10k.

Direction of the line = 2(2i 3j + 5k)


And point on both plane = (3, 1, 10)
the line of intersection, l1 of 1 and 2 has equation
r = 3i + j +10k + (2i 3j + 5k).

M1A1
A1

A1

(c) The line l2 has equation r = 2j + 5j 3k + (i 6j 4k)


2 1

3 6
5 4

= 2 + 18 20 = 0

l1 and l2 are perpendicular.

M1
A1

(d) Find the coordinates of the point of intersections Q between l2 and 1.


2
1 2

l2 = 5 6 5 6
3
4 3 4

r 1 = 3
1

M1

2 4

5 6 1 16 2
3 4 1

16 + 2 = 3 =

M1

13
2

M1A1

Q = ( 2 , 44, 20)

A1

(e) The perpendicular distance of Q from 2:


d=

2 x 3 y z 19
4 9 1

13 132 20 19
14

120
14

M1A1