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BASIC SAFETY TRAINING

SAFETY VALUES
NOTHING WE DO IS WORTH GETTING HURT
SAFETY AND HEALTH IS EVERY ONES RESPONSIBILITY
EVERY INJURY COULD HAVE AND SHOULD NOT HAVE
BEEN PREVENTED.
SAFETY AND HEALTH CAN BE MANAGED.
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
What you need in comeing plant
Shoes
Uniforms
Indenty card
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Personal Protective Equipment Personal Protective Equipment
Look in regions:
- Head
- Eyes and face
- Ears
- Respiratory system
- Hands and arms
- Trunk
- Legs and feet
Use the PPE matrix and safe practices
Watch for people putting on or adjusting PPE
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
ENZYME & DUST ENZYME & DUST
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
RESIPARTOR
PAPR
APRON
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
EYES & FACE
SAFETY GOGGLES
CHMICAL SPLESH GOGGLES
FACE SHIELDS
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
HEAD
HARD HATs
HAIR NUT
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Hearing Conservation Hearing Conservation
Hearing Protection Devices (HPD's) Hearing Protection Devices (HPD's)
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
EAR
EAR PLUG
EAR MUF
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Hands AND Arms
Hand Gloves
Cotton Gloves
Heat Resistant Gloves
Chemical Gloves
Full Body Apron
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Legs AND FEET
Safety shoes
Disposal Shoes Cover
Gum boots
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
FIRE FIRE
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
EMERGERNCY RESPONSE INFORMATION PLAN
USE FIRE
EXTINGUISHER TO
EXTINGUISH SMALL FIRE
FIRE FIRE
INFORM ERC/PROJECT MGR
SAFETY MGR
EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM
INFORM LOCATION & NAME
TO SECURITY
INJURY TO
PERSONNEL
NO
YES
1.PUT ON EMERGENCY SIREN
2.EVACUATE & ASSEMBLE NEAR
SECURITY GATE ASSEMBLE
POINT.
3.TAKE HEAD COUNT
4. INFORM FIRE BRIGADE #101
INFORM HS&E
PH#
NO
Y
E
S
IS IT
MAJOR
?
FIRST
AID
REQUIRED
?
IS IT SERIOUS ?
Inform FA.Provide First Aid.
Call up emergency vehicle.
Rake the patient to the
Hospital by FA.
Inform FA
Provide First
Aid.Enter in
The register
HEALTH ,SAFETY & HEALTH ,SAFETY &
ENVIROMENT ENVIROMENT
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
IH&S
TECH.SAFETY
ENZYME HYZENE
HYZENE ENGG.
ENVIROMENT
OSCV
FIRE PROTECTION
VIKESH KUMAR
ASHISH THAKUR
BRAJESH KUMAR
MANOJ SHARMA
BALJEET SINGH
DHARAM SINGH
BALRAM SINGH
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
FRIEST AID FRIEST AID
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
MEDICAL EMERGENCY PLAN
EMERGENCY OCCURED
Inform Supervisor / OSCV owner
Does
the case need medical
attention?
If SEROIUS- Call security
gate Ph#
If MINOR - Provide
First aid or contact
the security for FA
- Small cuts / scratch
- Minor burn etc
- Fractures / Trauma / Shock
- Unconscious / abnormal
behavior
- Injuries ( ie open/ bleeding)
HOSPITAL
Communicate the doctor
About the incident for
Treatment readiness.
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Safety Shower & Eyewash fountain Safety Shower & Eyewash fountain
Unobstructed - 3 foot radius
SS/EWF to be obstruction free
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Safety Shower & Eyewash fountain Safety Shower & Eyewash fountain
SS / EWF are required in processing areas where harmful ,
Hazardous chemicals are used. For example :-
Raw material dumping areas
Battery charging areas
QC lab
Acid unloading areas
WWTP
Unobstructed - 3 foot radius
SS/EWF to be obstruction free.
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
STOP
THINK
ACT
pag. 39 pag. 39
Quick Risk Prediction Quick Risk Prediction
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
QRP Tool QRP Tool
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
JSA looks for all hazards associated with the job in the JSA looks for all hazards associated with the job in the
areas of: areas of:
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Having a safety shower/eye wash fountain
(SS/EWF) close to the load/unload point
Inspection Points
Do not load a rack with a pallet that
Wear proper head protection
Material Handling Material Handling - - Rack Safety Rack Safety
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
CAUSE - BEHAVIORS
- BEHAVIORS PLAY A KEY ROLE
- CAUSE LEAD TO CONSEQUENCES ( UNSAFE BEHAVIORS)
- ACCIDENTS ARE DUE TO UNSAFE BEHAVIORS OR CONDITIONS
85 % Unsafe behaviors
+15 % Unsafe conditions
-----------
100 % PREVENTABLE !
- IMPLEMENT & MAINTAIN KEY ELEMENTS -> EFFECTIVE
CONTROL Key Elements
BEHAVIOR
SAFE WORKING ENVIRONMENT
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BEHAVIOR OBSERVATION PROCESS
SKILLED OBSERVATION PROCESS
Develop a Route and a Checklist
Stop and Observe
Compare Observation with Standards
Standards?
Reinforce
Behavior with
Feedback
Correct
Behavior with
Feedback
Record Observations
Other
Follow- up?
Complete Follow-up
Behavior
Observation
Complete
Meet
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BOS - OBSERVATION SKILLS
- OBSERVATION TOUR ROUTE
with STOPS & CHECKLIST
- Decide WHICH Critical Safe
Behaviors to Observe Make
- Decide WHERE you are
going to observe them Plan
x
x
x
CRITICAL
BEHAVIOR CHECKLIST
1. ___________
____________
2. ___________
___________
3. __________
Route
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BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BOS - OBSERVATION SKILLS
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MAKE OBSERVATIONS according to your plan.
STOP & BEGIN OBSERVING
10 -30 Sec. for each observation
PREDETERMINED POINT
x
x
x
Stop
at
spots
0
10
20
30
40
50
Take a Good Look
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BOS - OBSERVATION SKILLS
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COMPARE Each Observation
with safety Stds or Desired
Safe Behavior.
HOW to Compare ?
Was it Okay or Not ?
Check List
BOS
1. ______
______
2. ______
______
3. ______
______
O.K ?
O.K ?
Not
O.K ?
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BOS - OBSERVATION SKILLS
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EFFECTIVE FEEDBACK STEPS
1. Describe the observed behavior
to the individual
( Tell what you saw)
2. Describe to the person the possible
effects of that behavior.
( Consequences, Good or Bad)
3. Problem solve to Reinforce Safe
Behaviors, or correct unsafe
behavior ( How can we improve ?)
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BOS - OBSERVATION SKILLS
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OBSERVATION TRACKING FORM
RECORD the No. of Safe & Unsafe behaviors
Observation Tracking Form
Safe Unsafe
IIII II
No. of safe Beh. = 4 No. of Unsafe Beh. = 2
% Safe Compliance =
Helps to determine : Work place is Safe or
What can be done to Improve ?
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BOS - OBSERVATION SKILLS
S
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Share Problem - Solving ideas
on improving safety
Discuss Ongoing problem.
CONSIDER NEW IDEAS
X =
______
RESOLVE PROBLEMS
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
PPE
Positions of People
Reactions of People
Tools and Equipment
Procedures and Orderliness
What if--
-Expected
-Unexpected
Skilled Observer Skilled Observer
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Skilled Observer Training
Uses the Observation Cycle
Develops an observation habit
Decide becomes automatic
Uses a questioning approach to
overcome barriers of familiarity
Decide
Stop
Observe
Feedback
Follow up
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Positions of People
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
PPE
Sharpening a chisel
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
PPE
Removing insulation to check steam leak
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
STOP
TRIGGER EVENT
INTRODUCTION
(Workgroup Huddle)
THINK
DETERMINE RISKS
DISCUSS COUNTERMEASURES
AGREE ON FOCUS
ACT
IMPLEMENT A COUNTERMEASURE
INSPECT TOOLS & EQUIPMENT
Quick Risk Prediction Process Quick Risk Prediction Process
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Exercise # 1 Exercise # 1
Removing sewer cover
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Exercise # 3 Exercise # 3
Portable grinder operation
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Positions of People Positions of People
Injury causes
- Striking against an object
- Struck by an object
- Caught in, on or between objects
- Falling at same level or to another level
- Contacting temperature extremes
- Contacting electric current
- Inhaling, absorbing or swallowing a hazardous substance
- Overexertion while lifting, pulling, pushing or reaching
Stop to make your observation
- Safer for you
- Thorough
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
IMMEDIATE CAUSE IMMEDIATE CAUSE - - SYMPTOM SYMPTOM
The specific act or condition which resulted in The specific act or condition which resulted in
the incident. the incident.
BASIC CAUSE BASIC CAUSE - - ROOT CAUSE ROOT CAUSE
That which, if corrected,would result in long That which, if corrected,would result in long- -
term prevention of similar incidents. term prevention of similar incidents.
KE VI C ELEMENTS OF MCA
IT IS THE IT IS THE BASIC CAUSE BASIC CAUSE WITH WHICH WE WITH WHICH WE
SHOULD BE CONCERNED, AS IT MAY SHOULD BE CONCERNED, AS IT MAY
RELATE TO THE ENTIRE SYSTEM, NOT RELATE TO THE ENTIRE SYSTEM, NOT
JUST THAT SPECIFIC INCIDENT. JUST THAT SPECIFIC INCIDENT.
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Basic Causes Basic Causes
vs. vs.
Immediate Causes Immediate Causes
KE VI C Inident Investigation & Analysis
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Basic Causes Basic Causes
Design and Construction
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Basic Causes Basic Causes
Personal Protective Equipment
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
Basic Causes Basic Causes
Feedback System
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
MCA- TOTAL INCIDENT RATE
CALCULATION OF TIR
TOTAL INCIDENT RATE (TIR)
TIR = # OF Recordables /LWDC X 2,00,000
_______________________________
EXPOSURE HOURS ( 12 MMA)
EXPOSURE HRS = Pay roll Hrs during the time period
12MMA = TIR for the most recent 12-month period
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
1. Safety shoes are mandatory inside the manufacturing areas ( including ware
house and engineering stores)
2. Smoking is strictly prohibited inside Plant Premises
3. Walk within the plan. Run only in case of extreme emergencies.
4. When climbing stairs, walk, use hand rails provided on stairs and go
upstairs one at a time.
5. When floors are wet, use an alternate route.
6. Familiarize yourself with the specific area safe practice before starting
to do any work.
GENERAL SAFETY GUIDELINES
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
7. All tanks / confined spaces are to be entered only after relevant permit
system(confined space, working with hazardous system)
8. The person going into a Confined space must lockout and personally
control the key for all required L/O.
9. Never bypass /nullify safety devices such as equipment guards,
disconnects, fuses, circuit breakers, relief valves or interlocks.
10. Welding to be performed only after following relevant permit system.
11. Safety showers and eye wash fountains should be tested before working
within hazardous system.
GENERAL SAFETY GUIDELINES
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
12. In case of fire, all personnel in area will evacuate along the corridor and
assemble outside at the assemble point.
13. Inspect glass tubing, flasks and all other glass equipment for cracks before
using them. Any of this glass equipment with a crack chip or flow of any
kind must be discarded.
14. All contractors must understand and adhere to our safe practices while
working in Plant Premises.
15. Helmets are Mandatory at areas where head clearance is low.
16. Report all injuries, near misses, incidents, leakages, unusual condition
to your department managers immediately.
GENERAL SAFETY GUIDELINES
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
What is a Hazard Survey??
Survey for unsafe conditions in the area by the
people who do the work in that area.
HAZARD SURVEY
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
*Nothing we do is worth getting hurt for
*Health, Safety & Environment can be managed
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HS&E Key Elements
Behavior& Conditions
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Class I
Class II
Class III
Class IV
Fatality, BI, Natl NOV,
Losses >=$1MM, Fine >$25M,
Major Env./Community Impact
LWDC, Local NOV,$100M<Loss<$1MM
Fine<$25M, Env/Community Impact
First Aid, Near Miss,
Losses<$10M
Recordable Injury/Illness,
Env. Limit exceedance, Complaint,
$10M<Losses<$100M
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
CONSEQUENCES
CLASSIFICATION OF INCIDENTS
FATALITY - Death
Most Severe recordable injury
LOST WORKDAY - Miss Full day of work
Recordable Injury
RECORDABLE - Medical Treatment
FIRST AID - One time treatment
Minor Injury
Can perform work
NEAR MISS - Undesired Event
Not Injured but potential for injury to exists.
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
HS&E SAFE BEHAVIOR - ITS IMPORTANT
Injury triangle
Consequences
Fatality
Lost Work Day (LWDC)
Recordable Injury (RI)
First Aid
Near Miss/Property Damage
1
10
330
3000
Cause : 9000 Unsafe behaviors
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
SAFETY IS EVERYONE SAFETY IS EVERYONE
RESPONSABILITY RESPONSABILITY
Any questions Please ???
BASIC SAFETY TRAINING
THANKS