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Climate Change & Environment

Advisory Team, TCOP

Climate Change Adaptation
Team, RSES
Discussion on Draft

Transport Forum
15 September 2014
Overview of publication
Background and Process
Section I: Climate Risk Management in
Section II: Experience with Climate Risk
and Vulnerability Assessment in
Section III: Experience and Opportunities
Conclusion and next steps

Presentation outline

1. Take stock of experiences of
integrating climate adaptation
measures into transport
investment projects

2. Identify opportunities to
strengthen climate risk
management in transport

Publication Objectives

Jan 2013: Initiated by TCOP Climate Change & Environment Advisory Team (CC&E AT)
May 2013: CC&E AT develop template for case studies and consult TCOP and RSES
Oct 2013: CC&E AT held training workshop Maximising environmental benefits and
climate proofing transport projects. Contents of publication agreed and discussed by
CC&E AT and project officers contributing case studies
Nov 2013 Jan 2014: Preparation of case studies by TCOP
January 2014: Overview of proposed publication presented at TCOP Annual Retreat.
May 2014: RSES Consultant prepares draft, additional PARD case studies added
July 2014: One on one consultations with project officers that contributed case studies
15 Aug 2014: Draft Publication sent to TCOP and Env COP for review
19 Aug 2014: Consultation meeting TCOP and Env COP Chairs and Co-Chairs
22 Aug 2014: Consultation meeting TCOP and Env COP
Aug-Sept 2014: Reviews and finalising final draft publication
15 Sept 2014: External consultation and discussion on publication at Transport Forum

Background & Process

Background on climate
change risks in Asia
ADB policy background,
from Strategy 2020,
through STI-OP to MTR
Approaches to climate risk
Overview of Publication:
Section I: Climate Risk Management
at ADB

Taken from RSES Guidance Memo on Climate Change Risk
Screening and Assessment of ADB Projects ,March 2014
Overview of Publication:
Section II: Climate Risk and Vulnerability
Assessment Experience

Region Case Studies
Main Roads
& Bridges
PARD PNG: Bridge Replacement for Improved Rural Access Project
CWRD UZB: CAREC Corridor 2 Road Investment Program
SARD Bhutan: SASEC Road Connectivity Project
SERD Viet Nam: Central Mekong Delta Region Connectivity Project
Remote Rural
EARD PRC: Inner Mongolia Road Development Project
SERD Cambodia Rural Roads Improvement Project
PARD Solomon Islands Road Improvement
PARD Timor Leste Road Network Development Sector Project
Urban SERD Viet Nam: Sustainable Urban Transport Project for Ho Chi Minh
City MRT Line 2
and Ports
PARD COO: Avatiu Port Development Project
EARD PRC: Anhui Intermodal Sustainable Transport Project
Overview of Publication
Section III: Experience and Opportunities

(A) Methods: Variety of methods being used to
suit specific project needs.

Challenges: Inadequate data and capacity. Need
for additional time and resources

Opportunity: Climate Projections Consortium
for Asia and the Pacific

(B) Climate Risks and Vulnerabilities Identified: Wide
range - thawing of permafrost, increasing storm surges,
flooding, landslides.

Challenge: Limited time and resources available within
regular scope of project preparation

ADB Climate Change Fund to support assessments
But additional internal and external funding resources
needed to meet the incremental cost of adaptation

Overview of Publication
Section III: Experience and Opportunities

(C) Analysis and Selection of Climate-Proofing Options: Many
engineering and non engineering options were considered. 7 case
studies climate proofed, 1 is climate ready, 3 no change.
Adaptation costs range is 0.5% - 8.7% of total project cost . Only 1
project quantified benefits of climate-proofing.

Challenges: Preference given to engineering options over non-
engineering options. Limited role of economic analysis in adaptation

STAR review of 2012 and 2013 transport portfolio
2012: 12 out of 24 projects approved scored positively (>1)
against climate resilience objective
2013: 15 out of 22 projects approved scored positively (>1)
against climate resilience objective
Consideration of economic benefits of climate proofing needed.

Overview of Publication
Section III: Experience and Opportunities

Experience to date shows that Climate Risk
and Vulnerability Assessment:

Can be undertaken within a reasonable timeframe
and limited resources
Provides more comprehensive understanding of
projected change impacts
A large menu of adaptation options are available
engineered and non-engineered to increase climate
resilience which may not require significant change
Adaptation is not cost neutral but may not be

Overview of Publication
Key Messages

Conclusion and Next steps

Transport sector is making progress in
mainstreaming climate adaptation.
There are significant capacity and
resource challenges to overcome
Feedback on draft report by 17
September. Final printed publication by
October end.

Overview of Publication