Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 414

DETAILED PROJECT REPORT

Fagu-Bani Micro-Watershed of Theog Block, District Shimla (H.P.)


Under IWMP


Submitted to,
The Chief Executive Officer
State Level Nodal Agency
Department of Rural Development, H.P


Prepared by,


Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD)
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institute
Bye Pass Road, Shanan, Sanjauli, Shimla 6



IIRD Shimla


2 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP



CONTENTS
ABBREVIATIONS
WATERSHED AT A GLANCE ................................................................................................................ 7
Executive Summary ........................................................................................................................... 8
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................... 10
1. ABOUT THE PROJECT ............................................................................................................ 10
2. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA................................................................................................. 10
2.1. Geographical Characteristics ......................................................................................... 10
2.2. Climate ......................................................................................................................... 11
2.3. Soil ............................................................................................................................... 12
2.4. Population Classification ............................................................................................... 12
2.5. Land use Pattern ........................................................................................................... 13
2.6. The Watershed Area ..................................................................................................... 14
2.7. Land Holdings ............................................................................................................... 14
2.8. Livestock Population ..................................................................................................... 14
METHODOLOGY .............................................................................................................................. 15
1. DATA COLLECTION ............................................................................................................... 15
2. SECONDARY DATA ................................................................................................................ 16
Land Sliding at Bani ...................................................................................................................... 16
3. USAGE OF DATA ................................................................................................................... 17
4. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA ................................. 17
PREPARATORY PHASE ..................................................................................................................... 17
5. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES ...................................................................................................... 17
6. PREPARATION OF DPRS ........................................................................................................ 17
7. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING ............................................................................ 17
8. COSTING .............................................................................................................................. 18
8.1. Budget for Administrative Activities .............................................................................. 18
8.2. Budget for Preparatory Phase ....................................................................................... 19
SWOT Analysis ................................................................................................................................ 20
SYNOPSIS: 1191 Ha. Fagu-Bani (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Bani Panchayat ............ 21
WATERSHED WORK PHASE ............................................................................................................. 22
I. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT....................................................................... 23


IIRD Shimla


3 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




1. AGRICULTURE ...................................................................................................................... 23
1.1. Existing Crop Production ............................................................................................... 23
1.2. Existing farm practices .................................................................................................. 24
1.3. Cropping pattern .......................................................................................................... 24
2. HORTICULTURE .................................................................................................................... 24
2.1. Existing Crop Production ............................................................................................... 24
2.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification............................ 25
2.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion ............................................................. 25
3. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES ......................... 26
4. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES .......................................................................................................... 26
4.1. Activities ....................................................................................................................... 26
4.2. Costing ......................................................................................................................... 26
4.3. Justification .................................................................................................................. 27
5. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT ............................................................................................................................ 27
6. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES .................................................................................. 27
7. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE ............................................................................... 28
8. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS .............................................................................................. 28
8.1. Existing Marketing arrangements.................................................................................. 29
9. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ......................... 29
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................... 30
II. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY .............................................................................................................. 31
1. Increase in Milk Production .................................................................................................. 31
1.1. Existing arrangements of fodder ................................................................................... 31
1.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands ............................................................ 31
1.3. Livestock population ..................................................................................................... 31
1.4. Fodder Requirement ..................................................................................................... 32
1.5. Status of green fodder available in a year ..................................................................... 33
1.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle ..................................................................... 33
1.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private land-
33
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES .......................................................................................................... 34
2.1. Activities ....................................................................................................................... 34
2.2. Justification .................................................................................................................. 34


IIRD Shimla


4 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3. NURSERY RAISING ................................................................................................................ 35
3.1. Justification .................................................................................................................. 35
4. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER ....................................... 35
5. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION.......................................................................... 35
6. Animal Management ............................................................................................................ 35
6.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area ................................................................................... 35
6.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification .................................. 35
6.3. Existing status of Animal Management ......................................................................... 36
6.4. Proposed Activities with justification ............................................................................ 36
7. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS .............................................................................................. 36
7.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups............................................................................................. 36
7.2. Proposed Activities ....................................................................................................... 36
7.3. Skill Development ......................................................................................................... 37
7.4. No. of families to be benefitted .................................................................................... 37
8. COSTING .............................................................................................................................. 37
9. EXPECTED OUTCOMES.......................................................................................................... 37
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................... 38
III. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES ......................................................... 39
1. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA ........................ 39
1.1. Existing CPRs ................................................................................................................. 39
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION......................................................................... 39
3. Expected Outcomes ............................................................................................................. 40
4. Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status ....................................................... 40
IV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT .................................................................................. 41
1. Existing Status ...................................................................................................................... 41
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION......................................................................... 41
2.1. Activities ....................................................................................................................... 41
2.2. No. of Households to be benefitted: ............................................................................. 42
3. COSTING .............................................................................................................................. 42
4. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ....................................... 43
V. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES.......................................................................................... 44
1. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ..................................................... 44
2. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ..................................................................... 44


IIRD Shimla


5 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3. COSTING .............................................................................................................................. 44
4. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ....................................... 45
VI. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT ...................................... 47
1. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES ........................................................................... 47
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES .......................................................................................................... 47
2.1. Activities ....................................................................................................................... 47
2.2. Beneficiaries ................................................................................................................. 47
2.3. Justification .................................................................................................................. 49
3. EXPECTED OUTCOMES.......................................................................................................... 49
1. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA) ........................................................................ 50
2. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION ............................................................................. 50
2.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods ........................................................ 50
2.2. Existing status of livelihood ........................................................................................... 50
2.3. Scope for additional income ......................................................................................... 50
3. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES .......................................................................................................... 51
3.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing) ....................................................... 51
3.2. Beneficiaries and Costing .............................................................................................. 52
4. EXPECTED OUTCOMES.......................................................................................................... 53
5. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ....................................... 54
CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE .................................................................................. 55
VII. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT .............................................................................. 57
VIII. BUDGETING ......................................................................................................................... 61
1. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS ........................ 61
2. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO
ENTREPRISES ................................................................................................................................ 64
3. TOTAL FUND FLOW FROM IWMP ......................................................................................... 66
4. Proposed Final Budget .......................................................................................................... 68
5. ACTION PLAN ....................................................................................................................... 69
IX. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE ............................................................................................................. 69
X. ANNEXURE .............................................................................................................................. 71
1. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP .....................................................
2. Design and Estimate of Watershed Works ................................................................................
4. PRA Diagrams ...........................................................................................................................
4. Watershed Maps ..........................................................................................................................


IIRD Shimla


6 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




ABBREVIATIONS
IWMP - Integrated Watershed Management Programme
I&PH - Irrigation and Public Health
WDF - Watershed Development Fund
NPK - Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium
GP - Gram Panchayat
AF - Afforestation
GT - Grass land with Trees
GS - Grass Seed
CCT - Continues Contour Trench
SCT - Staggered Contour Trench
AH - Agro Horticulture
CP - Compost Pit
DH - Dray land Horticulture
S.CPCT - Strengthening of Continues Peripheral Contour Trench
CPL - Community Pasture Land
MPT - Mini Percolation Tank
PT - Percolation Tank
NPM - Non Pesticide Management
MN - Micro Nutrients
EPA - Entry Point Activity
UG - User Group
D1 - Very Shallow (0.15)
D2 - Shallow (0.30)
D3 - Moderately deep (0.45)
D4 - Deep (more than 5)
E1 - Sheet erosion
E2 - Rill erosion
E3 - Small Gullied Erosion
E4 - Deep Gullied Erosion
S1 - Slope (15% -20%)
S2 - Slope (20% -25%)
S3 - Slope (30% -35%)



IIRD Shimla


7 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP



WATERSHED AT A GLANCE
General Information
1 Name of the watershed Fagu-Bani
2. Name of the Block Theog
3. Name of the District Shimla
4. Geographical Area of the Watershed 1191ha
5.
Micro Watershed consist of Watershed
and Watershed Codes
2c6c6B1b
6. Major Water Source Bowri, Tank, ponds, Drainage line
7. River flowing nearby the watershed area Giri River
8. Livelihood Options Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry
Demography
6. Population 1248 Persons
7. Number of Males 647
8. Number of Females 601
Agriculture
9. Major Crops and Vegetables Wheat, Jo, Barley, Cabbage, Potato, Tomato,
Beans, Peas.
10. Marketing Local, Dhali. And Theog
Horticulture
11. Major Crops Apple, Pear, Plum, Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani,
cherry, walnut, Almond.
12. Marketing Local Mandi(Fagu), Theog
Animal Husbandry
13 Families involved in Animal Husbandry 120
14 Livestock Cow, OX, Goat, Horse.
15 Daily Milk Production 1.89 ltr. Per family
Land Characteristics
16 Slope S3 25% - 30%
17 Erosion E3 Gully Erosion
Soil Characteristics
18 Soil Depth D1-0.25
19 PH 7.0
20 N 426
21 P 67.35
22 K 179.60




IIRD Shimla


8 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP



Executive Summary: Bani Micro-Watershed of Fagu-Bani Panchayat
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of
integrated sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The objective of
the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is to attach locally available natural
resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable development in the area.
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Bani located in Theog Block of Shimla
district. In the north direction there is very steep slope hills, in the south one tributory second order
river and in the west, hills are located. The project area is located between Longitude 31 05' 08.50"
N and Lattitude 77 18' 02.91" E.As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the Bani
watershed project has a total 280 households with a population of 1248 souls, out of which 647 are
male and 601 are female. 71 BPL families reside in the watershed area. The average size of the
family is 4.45 persons per household. As per the survey conducted by the organization for Fagu- Bani
water shed project majority of the farmers are either Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha) or Marginal
farmers (5-25 Bigha).
At Fagu- Bani watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers. The
agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and some vegetables they send to
outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers are Wheat, Jo,
Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and patterns for
agriculture production. At Fagu- Bani watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood source for
the local farmers. All the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The
major horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear, Plum,
Chulli, Cherry, Aaru and Nuts etc. Majority of the families in the Fagu- Bani Watershed area are
engaged in Horticulture activities.
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent
annually, with a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the almond and
other dry fruits can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the farmers. So it is
proposed to bring more area under pear and almond. As apple is the key horticulture produce in the
area, it is proposed to bring more area under apple production by way of distribution of apple
seedlings to the farmers and also it is proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to
diseases may be minimized.
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Nalla (canal) called Bani
Nalla flowing from the mountains. This water is being utilized for consumptive and non-consumptive
requirements of the watershed area population. The water of this Nalla is being utilized for the
development of irrigation facilities by the villagers during the Kharif season through various channels
and kuhals.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond is
being proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain the supply
of irrigation water throughout the Kharif season.
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the
survey 120, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among the
domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Ox, Sheep, Horse, and Goat.In general


IIRD Shimla


9 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. The green fodder is available in the area
during the summer season whereas due to severe winter conditions prevailing during the winter
season fodder is to be procured from outside.
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human
society. The watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area is required to be
treated so that further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being marketed in
the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like processing, value addition,
packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is observed Bamboo Nursery Rising and
Pasture Nursery Rising, Bee keeping; Vermi Compost can be a potential activity in the watershed
area. It may increase the income levels of the people at the watershed area.
This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an
example for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own. It will increase the income
levels of the people.
There are 71 BPL families in the watershed area. All the BPL households are meeting their
livelihood needs from agriculture and horticulture production. Development of sustainable
livelihoods for the BPL families in the watershed area is a major objective of the project.
This project will cover the total area identified in the watershed area. The livelihood options
and income of all the BPL households will be enhanced once the project is properly implemented.
The area under agriculture and horticulture and its productivity will be increased as a result of the
increase in irrigation facilities and other activities aimed at expansion of the same. The lack of fodder
availability will be addressed by the pasture development and nursery rising. Moreover the
households practicing livestock activities will be benefited through the distribution of fodder seeds
and fodder plants. The micro enterprises sector will be revived as a result of the implementation of
the project. The number of working days will also be increased.












IIRD Shimla


10 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP



INTRODUCTION
1. ABOUT THE PROJECT
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of
integrated sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The
objective of the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)is to attachlocally
available natural resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable
development in the area. These objectives can be realized by conserving, protecting and
restoring the ecological balance by developing natural resources and by preventing soil
erosion, degradation of top soil cover, regeneration of natural vegetation, rain water
harvesting and recharging of the ground water table. The programme also gives specific
importance to the productivity enhancement of agriculture/horticulture/animal husbandry
activities and innovative sustainable livelihood development of the community. The
activities for resource development and usage will be planned to promote farming and allied
activities to promote local livelihoods while ensuring resource conservation and
regeneration.

2. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Bani located in Theog Block
of Shimla district. In the north direction there is very steep slope hills,in the south one
tributory second order river and in the west, hills are located.The project area is located
between Longitude 31 05' 08.50" N and Lattitude 77 18' 02.91" E.The watershed area lies
in Five villages which are very near to the Fagu valley. The elevation of the watershed area is
nearly 2710 m above the sea level.
2.1. Geographical Characteristics
The entire watershed is extremely hilly with complex topography with an elevation upto
2710 m. The general slope is from North West to South East. The major physiographic units
delineated are steep to very steep hill slopes, moderately steep to very steep hill slopes, hill


IIRD Shimla


11 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




terraces, hill slopes with pasture and hill slopes with forest cover. The relief is excessive and
the watershed is drained by perennial streams. All local streams are merging in Giri River.


Satellite view of Bani Watershed

2.2. Climate
The climate of the project watershed area is characterized by cool and dry climate.
Meteorologically, the year can be divided into three distinct seasons. Winter seasonsets in
from the month of October and continues upto April, followed by summerseason from May
to June and Rainy Season from July to September. Temperature rises after April and the


IIRD Shimla


12 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




month of June is the hottest month of the year with mean daily maximum temperature
going up to 23.0
o
C. And by the end of October, there is a sharp decrease in temperature in
the watershed area. The months of December, January and February are the coolest months
of the year, with mean daily minimum temperature as low as -2
o
C. The total annual rainfall
is about 1456 mm per annum. The maximum precipitation is received in the months from
January to March. About 55% of the precipitation is received during winter season. The
average `humidity observed in the project area is about 50% apart from the monsoon
months. Humidity is generally low from 35 to 54.2%. In monsoon months, humidity is more
than 80%.
2.3. Soil
The skeletal and calcareous soils occur on gently sloping to almost level valleys. The pH of
soil at various sites lies within neutral range. The levels of NPK indicate moderate to high soil
productivity. The sodium levels do not indicate any potential for soil salinization or adverse
impacts on soil productivity.
2.4. Population Classification
As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the Changmang Wallingwatershed project
has a total 280 households with a population of 1248souls, out of which 647 are male and 601
are female.71 BPL familiesresidein the watershed area. The average size of the family is 4.45
persons per household.The majority of the population belongs to General Caste.
Sex No. of Persons
Male 647
Female 601
Total 1248




IIRD Shimla


13 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




Caste No. of Families
SC 35
General 245
Total 280

2.5. Land use Pattern
The net geographical area of Bani Panchayat is about 936 ha out of which 08 ha is forest area.
About 410 ha of land are under agriculture which is irrigated and rain-fed; mainly a Kharif crop is
taken.
Land under
Agri/Horticulture
usage
Forest land
Permanent
Pasture Land
Waste Land
Cultivable Land
Uncultivable &
Land
410 ha 08 200 ha 218 ha 100 ha
(As per land data records)
At the watershed area 54 ha land is having some type of sources for irrigation, and 410 ha
land under Agri/Horticulture usage. At the same time 318 hectares are belongs to Fallow
Land.
Land under Agri + Horticulture
usage in the watershed area
Land with Irrigation sources
Land without Irrigation
sources
410 ha 54 ha 410 ha
(As per survey)


IIRD Shimla


14 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




2.6. The Watershed Area
The Bani watershed consists of only five revenue villages namely Bani having total area of
936.00 hectares. This watershed envisages covering an area of 1191 hectares falling in this
village.
2.7. Land Holdings
As per the survey conducted by the organization for Bani Nalla water shed project majority
of the farmers are either Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha) or Marginal farmers (5-25 Bigha).
There are 97 small famer households and 129 marginal farmer households in the area.
There are 48 farm households with land holdings in between 26 75 Bigha land.There are
06 big Farmers in the watershed area. As per the information provided during the survey,
there is no landless household in the area.
Land less
Small Farmer
<5 Bigha
Marginal Farmer
5-25 Bigha
Medium Farmer
26-75 Bigha
Big Farmer
>75 Bigha
- 97 129 48 06

2.8. Livestock Population
Apart from the agriculture / horticulture practices animal husbandry activities are also a
major source of livelihoods in the area. The livestock in the village consists of 234 cows,41
Ox, 27 Buffalos, 62 Sheep, 2Lamb,and 15 Horses.There are 120 families those are engaged in
Animal Husbandry activities in the water shed area.

Cows Buffaloes Ox Lamb Goat Horse TOTAL
234 27 41 2 0 15
319






IIRD Shimla


15 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP



METHODOLOGY
The following methodology was adopted for the preparation of DPR of Watershed Bani.
1. DATA COLLECTION
Primary Data
a. Baseline Survey
Door to Door baseline survey was carried out using structured questionnaire. The
questionnaire covered the following areas.
Demographic Information
Socio Economic Information
Agriculture / Horticulture Activities and its marketing
Animal Husbandry activities and its marketing
Fodder production and Availability
Land use
Water Availability
Common Property Resources and Its usage
The survey was carried out during

b. Participatory Rural Appraisal
Participatory Rural Appraisal was conducted on at the watershed level in order to assess
the needs of the community. The following tools were used:
i. Mapping
Social Mapping
Resource Mapping
Seasonality Calendar
Service Inflow Outflow
Proposed Works Mapping



IIRD Shimla


16 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




ii. Transect Walk
In order to identify the areas to be treated, proposed work sites and assess the
feasibility, the experts carried out a reconnaissance survey through transect walk. The
sites were marked and the different treatment measures required for the treatment of
the area were also recommended.

iii. Focus Group Discussions
Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were conducted in order to obtain community approved
conclusions on various identified needs. It was helpful in complementing the
assessments emerged from PRA and to derive the opinion of the community on various
issues.
2. SECONDARY DATA
Secondary data was collected from the Panchayat Records, Revenue Records and
various line departments functioning in the watershed project area.


Land Sliding at Bani


IIRD Shimla


17 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3. USAGE OF DATA
The data, primary as well as secondary, which was obtained from the various authentic
sources, was used in formulation of the local needs of the populace and also to plan the
interventions required for the optimum utilization of the available resources in the
watershed area. The due emphasis was given to plan the activities to fill in the existing
gaps and to address the weak indicators.
4. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA
Data was analysed and based on the identified needs and problems in the watershed
area a draft action plan was prepared and placed before the concerned Gram Sabha for
approval. After detailed deliberations and incorporation of relevant suggestions into the
plan, the action plan wasgot approved from the concerned Gram Sabha.
PREPARATORY PHASE
The Preparatory Phase of the Project will be the first year of the project. The major objective
of this phase is to build appropriate mechanisms for adoption of participatory approach and
empowerment of local institutions (WC, SHG, and UG). WDT will assume a facilitating role
during this phase. In thisphase, the main activities will include:

5. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES
The Gram Sabha has decided and passed resolution to construct a hall in the watershed area.
6. PREPARATION OF DPRS
Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD) Shimla has been assigned to
prepare the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the implementation the water shed
project under Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IMWP)
7. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING
It is proposed to carry out the following institutional based training and capacity
building programmes in the first two years of the project period in order to equip
various stakeholders to successfully participate and implement the project:


IIRD Shimla


18 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




First Year:
1. Orientation of Watershed Development Teams and Watershed
Development Committee Members and Panchayat Officials
2. Orientation course on Fund Management for Watershed Development
Teams and Watershed Committees
Second Year:
1. Orientation programme on Group management and Livelihood
Activities with special focus on Nursery Raising, Diary Development,
Vermi Compost, Bee Keeping etc.
2. Orientation for members of User Groups (UGs) and Self Help Groups
(SHGs)
3. Orientation of Watershed Development Team (WDT) and Watershed
Development Committees on Monitoring and Evaluation of the Project
with special focus on RTI, Social Audit and Transparency
8. COSTING
8.1. Budget for Administrative Activities
Sl.
No
Particulars Details Amount
1 Administrative Cost Rs. 357300@ 5
Years
1786500.00
2 Monitoring Rs. 54550 @ 3
years (2
nd
3
rd
and
4
th
year)
178650.00
3 Evaluation 3rd Year 54550
&4
th
Year 54550&
5
th
Year 54550
178650.00
Total 2143800.00
Rupees twenty one Lakh forty three thousands eight hundred only



IIRD Shimla


19 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




8.2. Budget for Preparatory Phase

Rupees eight lakh ninety three thousands two hundred fifty only
Sl. No Particulars Amount
First Year
A Preparation of DPR 178650
B Entry Point Activities 714600
C Institutional and Capacity Building
1 Orientation of Watershed Development Teams and
Watershed Development Committee Members and
Panchayat Officials 185,000.00
2 Orientation course on Fund Management for
Watershed Development Teams and Watershed
Committees 185,000.00
Second Year
3 Orientation programme on Group management
and Livelihood Activities with special focus on
Nursery Raising, Fisheries, Diary Development,
Wool Processing, Sheep Rearing, Bee Keeping,
Small Restaurant 180,000.00
4 Orientation for members of User Groups (UGs) and
Self Help Groups (SHGs)
193,250.00
5 Orientation of Watershed Development Team
(WDT) and Watershed Development Committees
on Monitoring and Evaluation of the Project with
special focus on RTI, Social Audit and Transparency
150,000.00
Total
893250.00
SWOT Analysis of Bani Micro-Watershed of Bani Panchayat
Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
Higher rate of Peas, Potato
production
Good Apple production
Favourable environment to raise
goats and sheep
120 households engaged in Animal
Husbandry activities.
Regular water availability through
the main drainage
No land less households.
People are doing some Micro-
Enterprises in an unorganized way

Lack of irrigation,
marketing, storage
facilities
Lack of good quality
fodder availability
Lack of advanced cattle
breed
Low level of milk
production
Lack of knowledge base
regarding scientific
cattle management
Prevalence of Soil
erosion
No heavy water storage
body present.
No such organized
micro-enterprise
activities existing in the
area
Lack of and technical
and management skills
If provided with proper
irrigation considerable
increase in agriculture
production can be
assured
Promotion of Organic
Farming
Interest of the villagers
to expand horticulture
activities
Providing training on
dairy farming
Promotion of nursery
raising and pasture
development

Rapid Climate Chang
Lack of awareness of Dairy
farming as a commercial
activity

SYNOPSIS: 1191 Ha. Bani (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Bani Panchayat



Activity Area Covered No. of House Hold
(H.H)
Amount(Rs.)
Watershed Works:
Crate Wire
Irrigation Tank
Water pond
Diversion drain
Irrigation channel
Retaining wall


250 ha
450 ha
300 ha
50 ha
340 ha
---

Whole Village
260 H.H
160 H.H
127 H.H
75 H.H
50 H.H

2967805
1503579
1061613
1418554
118212
1862735
Micro Enterprises (Non BPL):
Dairy
development
Vermicompost
Small Restaurant
Bee Keeping
Bamboo nursery


55 H.H
05 H.H
09 H.H
05 H.H
22 H.H
1705000
50000
270000
70000
15700
Livelihood (BPL):
Dairy Farming
Horti Collection Centre

30 H.H
16 H.H
1036500
750000
Agriculture/Horticulture/Animal
Husbandry :
Horticulture Expansion
Fodder seed distribution
Fodder plant distribution
Pasture Development


109 H.H
109 H.H
109 H.H


76300

5100
5000
125350


IIRD Shimla


22 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP



WATERSHED WORK PHASE
Watershed Works Phase is considered as the heart of the programme in which all the
activities as per DPR will be implemented. The Work Phase is further divided as per sectors
as follows:
1. Agriculture /Horticulture Development
2. Animal Husbandry
3. Development of Common Property resources
4. Natural Resource Management
5. Farm Based Micro Enterprises
6. Production Systems and Micro Enterprise Development
7. Livelihood Enhancement for BPL Families


IIRD Shimla


23 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




I. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT
1. AGRICULTURE
At Fagu-Bani watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers. The
agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and some vegetables they
send to outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers are
Wheat, Jo, Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and
patterns for agriculture production. Most of the agriculture is rain fed in nature whereas at
some places the people have developed irrigation facilities by way of construction of
irrigation channels etc.
1.1. Existing Crop Production
Wheat Jo

Barley Pulses Vegetable Total
250 400 2250 1303 489600
493803


Vegetables Production at Bani




IIRD Shimla


24 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




1.2. Existing farm practices
The major crops cultivated by the farmers are Wheat, Jo, Pulses, Barley and Vegetables etc. At
present the crops are produced on the terraced farms as most of the land available is sloppy
in nature whereas some patches of land have moderate slope. The farmers rely on the old
techniques and patterns for agriculture production. Desi ploughs are used for farm tilling
and the weeding operations are done by hand.
The area has wider scope for the use of modern techniques and improved tilling practices. It
is proposed to introduce improved mould bold ploughs and even power tillers can be
introduced in the beginning on pilot basis.
1.3. Cropping pattern
Single cropping pattern is being used at present in the watershed area. But now they are
looking for Mixed Cropping Pattern. The Peas, Cauliflower and Cabbage are also taken in the
apple orchards. Wheat, Jo, and Barley is also cultivated in the area.
2. HORTICULTURE
At Bani Nalla watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood sourcefor the local farmers.
All the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The major
horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear, Plum,
Chulli, Cherry, Around Nuts etc. Majority of the families in the Fagu-Bani Watershed area are
engaged in Horticulture activities.
2.1. Existing Crop Production
Crops Total
Apples Pears Grapes Plum Chulli Cherry Aaru Nuts
140750 1370 0 40 100 65 60 205 142590


As clear by the table above, horticulture is dominated by apples (98.71%). There is major
role of honey bees in this production. The farmers practice bee keeping for pollination of the
apple flowers.


IIRD Shimla


25 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




The other horticulture produces in the area includes Pear, Plum, Chullietc.


2.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent
annually, with a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the
almond and other dry fruits can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the
farmers.
Pear as well as Almond at present market conditions are fetching price which is as good as
that of apple or even more. So it is proposed to bring more area under the horticulture
produce which will also result in diversification. It is also proposed to distribute new good
quality apple root stock to maintain the supply chain of the Apples.
2.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion
As apple is the key horticulture produce in the area, it is proposed to bring more area under
apple production by way of distribution of apple seedlings to the farmers and also it is
proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to diseases may be minimized.
Crop diversification is also essential for economic sustainability. So it is proposed to bring
more area under pear and almond. The activities to be undertaken are as follows:
1. Scientific Distribution of Pear, Almond, Nuts and Apple plants to Farmers


IIRD Shimla


26 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




2. Horticulture Nursery Raising (included under Livelihood enhancement for BPL
Families)
3. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Nalla (canal) calledBani
Nallaflowingfrom the mountains. This water is being utilized for consumptive and non-
consumptive requirements of the watershed area population. The water of this Nalla is
being utilized for the development of irrigation facilities by the villagers during the Kharif
season through various channels and kuhals.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond
is being proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain
the supply of irrigation water throughout the Kharif season. By way of this irrigation tank it
is estimated that a good amount of land will be brought under irrigation facilities thereby
increasing the cultivable area resulting in enhanced crop production as well as economic
condition of the farmers.
4. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
The following are various activities proposed for the augmentation of Agriculture and
Horticulture in the watershed area.
4.1. Activities
1. Horticulture Expansion: The plants of money fetching horticulture plant like almond,
peer and apple will be supplied to all households in the villages to improve the
economic condition of the farmers.
4.2. Costing
Activity - Horticulture Expansion
Funds with Line Departments 30,000
Beneficiary Contribution for WDF 29,540
Funds from IWMP 76,300
Total amount 1,35,840



IIRD Shimla


27 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




4.3. Justification
It has been reported by the community people during the PRA exercises that existing
irrigation facilities are not good enough throughout the year. Therefore in order to provide
uninterrupted irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water ponds proposed under the
Agriculture & Horticulture Development in the project.
The activities aimed at irrigation will enhance the productivity and will cover irrigate more
area which will pave way to bringing more area under agriculture production.
The villagers expressed much enthusiasm towards expanding their horticulture activities.
The watershed area holds good potential for horticulture activities. Hence it is important to
promote and expand horticulture activities in the watershed area.
5. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT
At present traditional farm technologies are being used by the farmers. The application of
chemical fertilizers and pesticides is also common practices. Most of the farm operations are
done manually and use of mechanical systems is very limited. There is a scope for the
introduction of better technologies for the enhancement of farm production. The inputs like
Vermi-Compost, Bio-Fertilizers etc. have definite potential for the enhancement of crop
production as well improvement in the health of the soil. Introduction of improved ploughs,
seed cum fertilizer drills, and seed drills will definitely add to crop production as well as
reducing labour drudgery.
6. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES
It is expected that due to increased irrigation facilities more area is brought under
production of pulses thereby can be sold outside at larger quantities enhancing the income
level of the farmers. Similarly due to increased irrigation facilities other crops will also be
available with the farmers for selling.




IIRD Shimla


28 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




7. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE
It is expected that due to increase in horticulture plantation area, the production will go up
fetching more money in the hands of the farmers which will add to the other allied
economic activities. With the introduction of new root stock of apple the farmers will be less
susceptible to losses due to the crop failure due to disease. It is also proposed to diversify
horticulture activity by way of bringing more area under pear and almond and Nuts
production.
The expansion of Horticulture in the area will directly increase the income levels of all the
households engaged in horticulture activities. There will be a significant increase in the area
covered under horticulture. The horticulture expansion will be made sure by the increase in
the irrigation facilities in the watershed area.



Pears Production at Bani
8. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Horticulture and Agriculture both are the major economic activity in the watershed area.
Horticulture produces like Apple, Grapes, Pear, and Dry Fruits etc. are being produced in
large scale. And agriculture produces like Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Tomato and Peas are
being produced in for self-consumption and to meet outside demands in some extend.


IIRD Shimla


29 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




8.1. Existing Marketing arrangements
In general the agriculture produce like Cabbage, Potato, Tomato and Peas are being sold in
the local market and few transport to the outside market like, Delhi etc.
The horticulture produces are being transported to markets like Shimla, Chandigarh, and
Delhi by road. People join together and hire trucks and send their produce to the above
mentioned markets. And sometimes they sold their produces in the local Mandi (Market),
where the buyers are coming from different states. 60% of the horticulture produce is being
sent to outside markets for sale.
Activity
Self-
Consumption
Local Market
Sales
External
Market Sales
Market
Means of
Transport
Agriculture 40% 15% 45% Shimla, Delhi
Local
Contractors
Horticulture 4% 16% 80%
Shimla,
Chandigarh,
Delhi,

Truck Loads,
sometimes
buyers from
different
states.

9. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Agri-Horti Collection Centre: It is proposed to construct an agriculture/horticulture
product collection and storage centre in order to enable a good marketing system in
the watershed area.
To promote Public-Private-Community Partnership Model (PPCPEM) to set up
linkages with the Big Shopping Malls and with the Big Hotels and with Food Processing
Houses through Agri-Horti Collection Centre.
Nursery Rising: It is proposed by the local people to start Nursery Rising in the
watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


30 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




To setting up Nursery Rising is included under the component of Farm Based Micro
Enterprise and also under the component of Livelihood Enhancement of BPL families.
To setting up Agri-Horti Collection Centre is included under the component Livelihood
enhancement of BPL Families. The concerned Panchayat Administration will construct the
structure in the project area and the BPL user group will take care of the activities of the
Agri-Horti Collection Centre.
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Agriculture Agricultural products are
being practiced as a
major livelihood option
for the watershed
population.
Sharpincrease in the area under
agriculture cultivation and
increase the socio-economic
status of the population in the
watershed area.
2 Horticulture Horticulture is the
majorlivelihood activity
of the villagers, which is
dominated by apple
cultivation and dry fruits.
The cultivation area under
horticulture production will be
increased with diversification of
crops and quality. It will also
increase the economic status of
the population.
3 Processing and
Marketing
Right now there is no
structure marketing
procedure for the
products. Also there is
no collection centre to
store and gradation of
the products.
The marketing system will be
strengthened, and linkage will
be established with corporate
houses and as a result of the
collection centre available,
which further prevents loss of
products. And the farmers will
get competitive price also.



IIRD Shimla


31 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




II. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the
survey 120, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among
the domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Ox, Sheep, Horse, and Goat.
1. Increase in Milk Production
1.1. Existing arrangements of fodder
In general villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. As the demand for the
fodder cannot be met from the locally available sources all the time, the villagers also buy
fodder from the local vendors. Stall feeding is not a regular practice here. Stall feeding is
being practiced only during the winters.
1.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands
Presently there are 08.00 ha of forest land and 200.00 ha of permanent pasture lands in the area.
The pasture lands are generally dry in nature and provide pasture only during the months from May
to November. Forest Land is also totally dry and not a good source for fodder.
1.3. Livestock population
The livestock in the village consists of 234 cows, 41 Ox, 27 Buffalos, 62 Sheep, 2 Lamb, and 15
Horses. There are 120 families those are engaged in Animal Husbandry activities in the water
shed area. Majority of the cows are of Local breed. The per unit milk production is low in
comparison to the other species of milch animals.
Livestock Population in the Watershed Area
Cows Buffaloes Ox Lamb Goat Horse TOTAL
234 27 41 2 0 15
319




IIRD Shimla


32 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP





Livestock Population at Bani

Livestock Detail
Number
of
families
Cows Buffalo Others
Total
No of
cows
Daily Milk
Production
in ltr
No of
Buffalo
Daily Milk
Production
in ltr
Ox Sheep Goat Horse Lamb Mule
120 234 300 27 50 41 0 0 15
2 0 319

1.4. Fodder Requirement
The total daily fodder requirement of the watershed area accounts to 46552 kgs which
includes 24252kgs of green fodder and 20274 kgs of dry fodder.
Feed/Fodder Daily Requirement (Kg.)
Green Fodder 24252
Dry Fodder 20274
Others 2026
Total 46552



IIRD Shimla


33 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP





Green Fodder Availability at Bani
1.5. Status of green fodder available in a year
The green fodder is available in the area during the summer season whereas due to severe
winter conditions prevailing during the winter season fodder is to be procured from outside.
1.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle
No. of Cows in the Area Total Daily Milk Production Average daily Milk
production Per cow
234 300 Ltrs 1.28 Ltrs

There are 234 cows in the watershed area with a production of300 ltrs of milk per day. The
average milk production per cow accounts to 1.28 ltrs per cow.
1.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private
land-
It has been proposed to plant the fodder species called Banda (Viscum Album Linn
(Loranthaceae)), a locally available fodder species which has been proved good for the
nutrition of cattle.


IIRD Shimla


34 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
As per the survey data conducted by the organization (IIRD) there are 120 families involved
in livestock activities. So it is important to provide them with the facilities for fodder. All the
families who are currently doing livestock activities will be provided with fodder seeds and
fodder plants. It will improve the economic condition of the community those are involved
in Animal Husbandry activities.
2.1. Activities
Pasture Development:5 hectare of land will be covered under fodder production through
community based pasture development.The activity is included under the component
Development of Common Property Resources under the watershed project.
Distribution of Fodder Seeds and Fodder Plants: All the households involved in livestock
activities in the watershed area will be provided with fodder seeds and fodder plants. It will
help them to develop the required fodder in their own lands and attain self-sufficiency in
fodder. They can make dry fodder out of it and store for the winter season.
2.2. Justification
The unavailability of good quality fodder throughout the year is a major problem being faced
by the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in the watershed area. It is
important to address the lack of fodder availability in order to promote and expand the
livestock activities in the area. Scarcity of fodder is making it difficult to carry on with cattle
rearing in the watershed area. And people in the area have shown disinterest towards cattle
rearing activities. As per the Himachal statistics the cattle population is on decline. Therefore
it is very important to increase good quality fodder production and ensure fodder availability
throughout the year.So it is proposed to carry out fodder plant and fodder seed distribution
to all the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in order to address the lack of
fodder availability in the watershed area.




IIRD Shimla


35 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3. NURSERY RAISING
It is proposed to raise Nursery of the local fodder species which can adapt to the local
prevailing conditions instead of bringing new varieties on trial basis. The Nursery raising
activity is included under livelihood enhancement component of the BPL families and the
activity will be carried out by a user group by raising various fodder plants which are feasible
for the climatic and geographic conditions of the area.
3.1. Justification
Fodder plants on one side can meet energy needs of the people during the winter season on
the other side leaves of these plants are very good source of fodder.
4. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER
With the distribution of good quality seeds the production as well as locality of the fodder
will increase. This will ensure availability of fodder throughout the year encouraging the
farmers to take up animal husbandry activities to improve their living conditions.
5. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION
With the availability of quality fodder though out the year, the farmers will be motivated to
take up the animal husbandry activities on a broader scale. This will also motivate them for
rearing improved varieties of milch animals. The production of the local species is also
expected to rise because of the availability of quality fodder.
6. Animal Management
6.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area
There are mainly two breeds of cattle i.e. local breed and jersey breed existing in the
watershed area. Majority of the cattle breed are local.
6.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification
It is very important to promote the diversification of breeds in the area. Advanced breeds
like Jersey and other improved species are need to be promoted in the watershed area in
order to enhance the milk production.


IIRD Shimla


36 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




6.3. Existing status of Animal Management
The prevailing present practices for the housing of animals are very traditional i.e. the cattle
are housed in the ground floor of the residential houses. The animals are mostly left open to
graze on the common village lands or the forest lands. The concept of stall feeding is yet not
seen commonly in the village. There may be some instances of stall feeding which is being
practiced during the winters.
6.4. Proposed Activities with justification
It is proposed to introduce improved breed of cattle in the watershed area. As it is identified
during the survey, the yield of the milk is very low. This is mainly due to non-availability of
quality fodder as well as the milk yield of the local species is lower in comparison to the
other advanced breed. The activity to introduce advanced cattle breeds will be considered
under the Livelihood Enhancement of BPL Families component under the project as well
as for the Non-BPL families also.
7. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
7.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups
Presently the milk production from the watershed area accounts to approximately 300
litres of milk per day. As on today there are no milk co-operatives operating in the village
therefore no milk procurement systems are in existence in the village. It is observed from
the discussions that the inhabitants does not consider dairy farming activity as a
commercial activity rather than raising milch animals for fulfilling household dairy needs.
So it is important to create awareness among the villagers about the potential of dairy
farming as a commercial activity.
7.2. Proposed Activities
The following activities are proposed to enhance the livestock activities and production
system in the watershed area.
- Improved breeds like Jersey cows will be promoted in the water shed area
- Distribution of fodder seed s and plants.


IIRD Shimla


37 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




- Milk production will be increased.
7.3. Skill Development
The user groups newly formed in the area will be trained on livestock activity. The
members will be trained on various aspects related to cattle rearing and dairy farming.
The programme will be covered under Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
which is funded by the Ministry of Rural Development Govt. Of India and Dept. of Rural
Development, Himachal Pradesh.
7.4. No. of families to be benefitted
All the 120 families engaged in the area will be covered under the animal husbandry
programme.
8. COSTING
Activity -> Fodder Plant Distribution Fodder Seed Distribution
Funds with Line Departments
Beneficiary Contribution for
WDF
2000
2040
Funds from IWMP
5000
5100

9. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The villagers will be able to attain self-sufficiency in fodder production through the supply of
fodder plants and fodder seeds. The wastelands will be used for fodder and the vegetative
cover of the area will be increased.





IIRD Shimla


38 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1. Fodder Low availability, No cattle
balanced fodder production,
Not self-sufficient in fodder
production
Increased availability of cattle
balance fodder production, Self-
sufficient in Fodder production.
2. Cattle Management Low level of awareness and
expertise in cattle
management.
Increased awareness and
expertise about cattle
management.
3 Milk Production Current Milk Production per
cow is 1.28 litres per day.
Milk production will be increased
to 3 6 litres per cow as a result
of increased fodder availability
and balanced Food and scientific
Technique.
4 Milk Marketing Milk Production is not an
income generation activity,
only for self-consumption.
No milk co-operatives or SHG
group.
Milk production become a
commercial activity and the
people will form a co-operative
& SHG with the help of Govt. And
access to the organized Markets.





IIRD Shimla


39 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




III. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES
1. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA
1.1. Existing CPRs
Presently the Common Property Resources (CPRs) in the area are very less in number. The
existing CPRs are developed by the Gram Panchayat and the Irrigation and Public Health (I&
PH) Department. The existing CPRs consist of only six irrigation tanks, 03 Irrigation channels
by the Gram Panchayat and 19 Public Water Taps by the Irrigation and Public Health
Department. These CPRs are being maintained and managed by the respective Gram
Panchayat and I&PH Department. People collect drinking water from the Public Water Taps
depending upon availability.
Existing CPRs in the watershed area
Irrigation Tanks Channel Public Water Taps
06 03 19

2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
The following activities are proposed for the development of common property resources in
the area:
Pasture Development: The purpose of Pasture Development is for ensuring availability of
fodder. An area of 5 hectare of community land will be converted as pasture land. This
activity will be carried out by the Bani Panchayat Administration.
Irrigation Tanks: The irrigation tanks were proposed by the community in order to meet the
water needs for drinking and irrigation. Eight Irrigation water tanks are proposed to
construct in the watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


40 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




Water Pond: Nine water ponds will be set up in the proposed watershed area.
3. Expected Outcomes
The irrigation tank and water pond will address the lack of irrigation problems being faced
by the farmers. The irrigation tanks and water pond will enhance the agriculture and
horticulture production by expanding the irrigation facilities of the watershed area. This will
increase the agriculture and horticulture productivity of the watershed area.
The unused community land will be used for fodder plantation. This will address the gaps in
fodder production in the watershed area. The households engaged in cattle rearing and
other livestock activities will be benefited from this. The fodder problem of the water shed
area will be addressed properly.
4. Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Fodder Availability There is not enough
good quality fodder
available in the
watershed area
throughout the area.
The households who
practice animal husbandry
will be able to meet the
fodder requirement locally
throughout the year.
2 Irrigation No irrigation systems
prevalent in the water
shed area at present
All the cultivated lands will
be covered under the new
irrigation Tank.



IIRD Shimla


41 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




IV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
1. Existing Status
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human
society. The watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area is required to
be treated so that further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
2.1. Activities
In order to address the issues the following activities to manage and preserve the Natural
Resources are proposed:
Crate Wire: The crate wires are proposed to check landslides and soil erosion in the
watershed area. The treatment will be made with bio-engineering measures.
Diversion Drain: Diversion Drain is constructed to drainage the surplus rain water.
Retaining Wall: Retaining Wall is being constructed to check soil erosion and
minimise the landslides.



IIRD Shimla


42 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




Effect of Soil Erosion at Bani
2.2. No. of Households to be benefitted:
All the activities proposed will benefit all the households in the watershed area. The
proposed activities will preserve the natural resources in the watershed area and ensure the
preservation of their livelihoods.
3. COSTING
Activity
Crate Wires


Retaining Wall
Funds with Line Departments
(Dept. of RD through
MNREGA)
2
nd
Year- 23231.15
3
rd
Year- 23231.15
4
th
Year- 23231.15
(Dept. of RD through
MNREGA)
2
nd
Year- 10875.66
3
rd
Year- 10875.66
4
th
Year- 10875.66
Total Funds from Line
Departments -(A)
69,693.46


32,627.00
Beneficiary Contribution

Year Wise Distribution of Funds
from IWMP
2
nd
Year- 989268.55
3
rd
Year- 989268.55
4
th
Year- 989268.55

2
nd
Year- 620911.84
3
rd
Year- 620911.84
4
th
Year- 620911.84
Total Funds from IWMP (B)
29,67,805.65


18,62,735.54
Total Cost
(A) + (B)

30,37,499.11


18,95,362.54






IIRD Shimla


43 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP





4. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
2 Soil Erosion and
Landslides and Rain water
harvesting:
Soil erosion and
landslide are very
prevalent in the
watershed area.
The soil erosion will be
checked through the
creation of Crate Wire.
Landslide can be
minimising by construction
of Retaining Wall.


Landslide in Bani Area


IIRD Shimla


44 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




V. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
1. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being
marketed in the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like
processing, value addition, packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is
observed Bamboo Nursery Rising and Pasture Nursery Rising, Bee keeping; Vermi Compost
can be a potential activity in the watershed area. It may increase the income levels of the
people at the watershed area.
2. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
Bamboo Nursery Rising and Pasture Nursery Rising, Bee Keeping, Vermi Compost can be a
good livelihood option for the local people.
3. COSTING
Sr.
No
Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from Line
departments
Total Cost
from IWMP
1. Vermi compost
1
Sh. Daulat Ram s/o
ShMagni Ram R/O
Thnajubar
2
Sh.Hira Singh s/o
Sh. Het Ram R/O
Thnajubar
3
Sh. Kedar Singh s/o
Sh. Het Ram R/O
Thnajubar
4
MrsKubjaDavi w/o
Sh. Durga Singh R/O
Thnajubar
5
Sh. Partap Singh s/o
Sh. Bishan Singh
R/O Thakashall

20000 75000 50000


IIRD Shimla


45 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




2. Bamboo
nursery
Sh.Inder Singh Sh.Lal Singh
Sh.Surender Sh.Shiv Ram
Sh.Geeta Ram Sh.Devi Saran
Sh.Mahender
Singh Sh.RajinderVerma
Sh.Ramesh Sh.SurenderVerma
Smt.Savitri
Sh.MohanLalVerm
a
Smt.Vidya Smt.Suni Devi
Sh.Suresh Kumar Sh.Madan
Sh.Kanshi Ram Sh.Durga Singh
Sh.Kedar Singh Sh.RamKarishan
Sh.Heera Singh Sh.Rajender
6280 15000 15700
3. Bee Keeping
28000 25000 70000
TOTAL 54280 115000 135700


4. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Bamboo Nursery
Rising
Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Bamboo Nursery Rising will be
carried out in an organized way and
it will improve the economic
condition of the people under the
watershed area.
2 Bee Keeping Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Bee Keeping will be carried out in
an organized way and it will
increase the income level of the
community.
3 Vermi Compost Vermi Compost is not
practiced here, and the
knowledge base of the
community regarding
Vermi Compost will be carried out
in a planned manner and income
level will be increase. Community
will get knowledge about organic


IIRD Shimla


46 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




Organic Farming is not
sufficient.
farming.
Over time more people will go for
organic farming in the watershed
area.




IIRD Shimla


47 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




VI. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE
DEVELOPMENT
1. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES
Micro Enterprise Development (MED) is a proven way to strengthen viable, small business
resulting in increased household income and savings, and this alleviating the crunch of
poverty. Micro Enterprises plays a critical role in the local development of any area.
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
2.1. Activities
These are the various activities proposed under the Micro Enterprise Development
Dairy Farming: Dairy Framing will expand the livelihood opportunity of the
community at watershed area.
Restaurant: Nine(9) families will be allotted with the activity to carry out
handloom manufacturing activities after formation of one user group.
2.2. Beneficiaries
Sr.
No
Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from Line
departments
Total Cost
from IWMP
1.



Restaurant 1 Sh. LalitBhotka
s/o Sh. Liaq Ram
R/O Kainhsar
5 MrsShakuntl
adavi w/o
Sh. Tak Ram
R/O
Kainthsar
2 Sh. Surender
Singh s/o Sh.
Ganga ram R/O
Kawag
6 Sh. Shiv Ram
s/o Sh. Ram
Singh R/O
Kainthsar

108000 20000 270000


IIRD Shimla


48 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3 Shayam Singh
s/o Sh. Ganga
Ram R/O Kawag
7 Sh. Surender
Singh s/o Sh.
Davi Singh
R/O Tatkar(
fagu)
4 Sh. Jeet Ram s/o
Sh. Shiv ram
R/O Kainthsar
8 Sh. Daulat
Ram s/o
ShJamnu
R/O
ShalloGhat
9 Sh. Daulat
Ram s/o Sh.
Aklu R/O
Kainhsar

2.











Dairy farming
Smt.SaritaVerma Smt.Kubja Devi
Sh.Lal Singh Sh.Kedar Singh
Sh.Shiv Ram Sh.Heera Singh
Smt.Mugla Devi Smt.Savitri
Sh.Devi Saran Smt.Vidya
Sh.RajinderVerma Sh.Keshv Ram
Sh.SurenderVerma Sh.Udhan Singh
Sh.Inder Singh Sh.Roop Singh
Sh.Surender Sh.Deep Ram
Sh.Madan Sh.Raghu Ram
Sh.Durga Singh Sh.Sita Ram
Sh.Geeta Ram Sh.Rajender
Sh.Salig Ram Sh.Shyam
Sh.Ramesh Sh.RamLal
Sh.Rajender
Sh.Suresh
Kumar
Sh.Amar Singh Sh.Ganga Ram
Sh.Kahan Singh Sh.Shyam Singh
Sh.Surender
Sh.Surender
Singh
Sh.Birbal Das Sh.Partap Singh
Sh.VedParkash Sh.Kedar Singh
Sh.Nand Ram Sh.Dhani Ram
Sh.Deep Ram Sh.Shiv Ram
Sh.Narender Sh.Kanshi Ram
Sh.Shishu Pal Sh.Daulat Ram
Sh.Parmod Sh.Sita Ram
Sh.Mukesh Sh.Kishori
Sh.Naveen ShAtma Ram
ShDasu Ram

682000 175000 1705000
TOTAL 790000 195000 1975000


IIRD Shimla


49 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




2.3. Justification
This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an
example for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own. It will increase the
income levels of the people.
Processing units of fruit and milk will be owned by the Panchayat. Before the establishment,
the Panchayat must be trained about the technical and managerial know how of the same.
For this purpose, DIC can provide good resources.
For the activities like horticulture expansion, plantation and nursery, fund from MNREGA
can be utilized. Other cost intensive intervention which involves 40% contribution of
beneficiaries, the names of the beneficiaries mentioned in the groups will be subjected to
alteration depending on their initiative and interest.
3. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The micro enterprises development activities proposed can bring significant changes in the
watershed area. The Micro Enterprise will be leading the community to be self-reliant and
live with dignity.
Outcome Indicators
Operation of organized fruit processing industry in the watershed area.
It will leads towards cluster development.
Operation of organized milk processing industry in the watershed area.
It will increase the economic condition of the people.
Milk production will be increase in the watershed area.
Existence of organized Bee Keeping unit.
Improve in quality-of-life of the local people in the watershed area.






IIRD Shimla


50 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




VII.MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT OF BPL FAMILIES
1. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA)
As per the survey conducted by the organization there are 71 BPL families in the
watershed area. The land holding status of the BPL families are as follows-
Small Farmers (land less than 5 Bigha) - 40
Marginal Farmers (between 6 - 25 Bigha) - 31
2. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION
As per the survey conducted by the organisation there are no agricultural labourers in
the watershed area.
2.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods
Presently there are no landless households in the area as per the baseline survey carried
out by the organization.
2.2. Existing status of livelihood
All the BPL households are meeting their livelihood needs from agriculture and
horticulture production. And very few are meeting their livelihood needs from animal
husbandry. But it is important to note that these families land holdings are very small
and at the same time the numbers of cattles are also less. A few of them are doing some
work on daily wage basis to meet their daily needs.
2.3. Scope for additional income
Development of sustainable livelihoods for the BPL families in the watershed area is a
major objective of the project. It is observed and identified that there is a scope for the
activities like pasture development in community lands, Horticulture Nursery Raising,
Dairy Farming, and Expansion of Horticulture in the watershed area. The small farmers
can be assigned with the development of Agri-Horti Collection Centre in community
land.


IIRD Shimla


51 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
3.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing)
Dairy Farming:
Agri-Horti Collection Centre:
Justification:
For the time being, dairy farming is not considered as a commercial activity in the area, it is
possible to create the trend towards commercialization of dairy farming of the area by
assisting a group of a few to adopt dairy farming besides creating awareness among the
villagers about the possibility of dairy farming as a commercial activity. Along with the
distribution of cows, the skill development programmes, which will cover other villagers, will
also take place.
The Agriculture / Horticulture product collection cum marketing centre will bring drastic
change in the marketing system of the watershed area. At present they are facing problems
related to storage. Most of the times, they keep the stock in the open air which will get
damaged due to rain fall and stray cattle. So the storage cum marketing centre will
strengthen the marketing system of the area and also prevent the product loss due to other
factors. It will also increase the shelf-life of the products.



IIRD Shimla


52 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3.2. Beneficiaries and Costing
Sr.
No
Activity Beneficiaries Beneficiary
contribution
Fund
from Line
departm
ents
Total
Cost from
IWMP
1 Dairy
Farming
1 Sh. Rati Ram s/o Sh.
Anant Ram R/O
Tatkar
16 Sh. Nand Ram
s/o sh. Jai ram
R/o Parola
2 MrsSushma w/o Sh.
Inder Singh R/O fagu
17 Mrssanpadavi
w/o Sh.
VedParkash R/O
Parola
3 Sh.Daulat Ram s/o Sh.
Magni Ram R/O
Thnajubar
18 Sh. Jeet Ram s/o
Sh. Jamnu R/O
Shallo
4 Sh. Kashav Ram s/o
Sh. Sh. Shiv Ram R/O
Tatkar
19 Sh. Ram Krishan
s/o sh. Sant ram
R/o Gadevag
5 Sh. Tak Ram s/o Sh.
Sh. Chet Ram R/O
Batlar
20 Sh. MadanLal
s/o Kanshi ram
R/O Shallo
6 Sh. Laxman Singh s/o
Sh. Balak Ram R/O
Rehog
21 Sh. Gitta Ram
s/o Sh.
Bharmanand
R/O Rehog
7 Sh. Atama Ram s/o
ShRamu R/o
Kainthsar
22 MrsLaxmi w/o
Sh. Lagnu R/O
Rehog
8 Sh. KrishanLal s/o Sh.
Ram San R/O Shallo
23 MrasKubja w/o
Sh. Durga Singh
R/o Thnajubar
9 Sh. Babu Ram s/o Sh.
GanriNand R/o
Tatkar
24 MrsGeetaDavi
w/o IshwarLal
R/O Reog
10 Sh. TakRam s/o Anant
Ram R/O Tatkar
25 MrsShakuntla
w/o tak Ram
R/O Kainthsare
11 Mrssarita w/o
ShBagat Singh R/O
Gadevag
26 MrsLaxmi w/o
Sh. Bishan Singh
R/o Gadevg
0 175000 1036500


IIRD Shimla


53 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




12 Sh. Parkashs/o
ShMatru R/O Bani
27 Sh. GauriNand
s/o Sh. Mansa
Ram R/O Tatkar
13 Sh. Suresh s/o Sh.
Ram Saran R/O
Shallo
28 MrsDerkudavi
w/o Sh. Davi ram
R/o Tatkar
14 Sh. Ragu Ram s/o Sh.
Balak Ram R/O Batlar
29 Sh. Shayamsingh
s/o sh. Ganga
Ram R/o Kavag
15 Sh. Surender s/o
Sh.davi Saran R/o
Gadevag
30 Sh. Surender
Singh s/o ganga
ram R/O Kavag
2 Vegetable
and fruit
collection
center
(Horti
collection
center)
User group 1 User Group 2
1 Suresh Kumar s/o Sh.
Ram Saran
1 Sh. Het Ram s/o
Sh. Surat Ram
2 Sh. Krishanlal s/o
sh.Ram Saran
2 Sh. Surender
Singh s/o Sh.Devi
Singh
3 Sh. Ramesh s/o Mrs.
Jamnu
3 Sh. Hari Singh s/o
Sh. Matru
4 Sh. MadanLal s/o Sh.
Shriram
4 Sh. Joginder s/o
Sh. Devi Saran
5 Sh. Daulat Ram s/o
MrsJamnu
5 Sh. RamKrishan
s/o Sh,.santRam
6 MrsBimla w/o
ShKahansingh
7 leelaDvi w/o Sh. Bihan
Singh

0 50000 750000
Total 0 0 1874000

4. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
Upon the successful implementation of the livelihood enhancement programmes aimed at
the empowerment of the BPL families in the watershed area, the BPL status of the families
will be changed. This will positively impact the integrated development of the watershed
area. The success of these initiatives will further encourage the households to undertake


IIRD Shimla


54 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




new initiatives by expanding their area of operation. All the 71 BPL households in the area
will be directly benefited through the number of programmes.
Indicators
The income levels of the BPL families will increase.
Decrease in the number of BPL families in the area over time.
The quality of life will increase.
Increase in the quantity of milk production in the area.
Establishment of Milk co-operation.
Functioning of the collection and marketing centre and its usage.
The farmers will get fare price for the products.
Capacity Building of the local people.
5. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Intervention Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Interventions for BPL
Families
There are no specific
interventions which are
exclusively aimed at
BPL Families of that
area.
The livelihood
enhancement programmes
under the IWMP will
directly benefit all the BPL
families in the area and
bring remarkable changes
in their standard of living
by creating sustainable
livelihoods options.
2 BPL Status At present there are 71
BPL families in the
watershed area.
The BPL status of the
families will be improved
and they are expected to
attain the status of APL
over time after the proper
implementation of
watersheds projects.


IIRD Shimla


55 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3 Marketing At present there are no
storage and collection
centre at the area. No
linkages with the big
houses for marketing of
the products.
The new storage and
collection centre will
enhance the marketing
activities in the watershed
area and at the same time
it will prevent crop loss. It
will create linkages with
the Private Companies
through Public-private-
community partnership.
4 Dairy Framing Dairy Farming is not
practices in an
organized way, most of
the cows breed is local,
and due to lack of
balance food milk
production is low.
Dairy farming will be
practices in an organized
way, increase in the
number of Jersey breed,
and it will improve the
socio- economic condition
of the people in the
watershed area.

CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE
The main purpose of this phase is to create innovative nature-based, sustainable livelihoods
and raise productivity levels of the augmented resources and local economic development
plans developed during the Watershed Works Phase.
The subsequent activities are planned to be carried out during this stage.

1. Documentation: It is proposed to document the activities carried out during the
watershed implementation period. It will help to maintain the records and identify
and propagate the successful activities carried out under the project.
2. Up-scaling of Successful Experiments: It is proposed to identify the best practices
carried out during the project period and up-scaling the same as per feasibility and
propagate the same among others members of the watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


56 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3. Evaluation: Evaluation is a very important activity to assess the success of
implementation of the project. It is proposed to carry out evaluation at the following
levels.
a. Social Audit: It is proposed to conduct the social audit of the programme at
the watershed level where the Gram Sabha will evaluate the programme
where the beneficiaries should explain their benefits and current status of the
activity. The Watershed Committee should place the books of accounts of
watershed programme for approval.

b. Evaluation by External Agency: An external agency with experience in
implementation and monitoring and evaluation of watershed projects should
be assigned for the evaluation of the watershed programme.


Costing
S.N. Activities Amount
a Documentation and recording
178650.00
b Up scaling of Successful experiments
357300.00
c Training
357300.00
Total
893250.00




IIRD Shimla


57 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




VII. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT
Sectors Expected Outcomes Indicators
Agriculture


Improved irrigation Increment in gross irrigated area
Enhancement in agriculture production Increment in quantity of agriculture produces
Good Organic farming Number of functional vermi compost units
Horticulture Enhancement in crop production Rise in quantity produced
Natural resources
Pasture land development Increment in pasture land area
Improvement in water resources Physical existence of the water bodies
Animal husbandry

Dairy development Number of dairy farming units
Improved Bee keeping practices Number of farmers with commercial production of honey
Micro enterprises




Improvement in womens status Increment in income of women and their institutions (SHGs)
Bamboo Nursery Rising Physical existence of Bamboo Unit
Honey and fruit processing and unit Well-functioning honey and fruit processing units
Better market facility Number of well-functioning vegetable and fruit collection centers, milk and
honey preservation units
Restaurants Physical existence of restaurants
Development of
BPL families

Improvement in economic status of BPL HHs Increment in the income of BPL families,
Improvement in social status BPL families will have ownership over the generated resources


IIRD Shimla


58 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




Sr. No Area increase in area under crops (Ha) Increase in production (Kg/Ha)
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
1 Agriculture 85.4 85.4 2947110 3550000
2 Horticulture 29.68 80.72 675207 1,829,811
3
Fellow Land 61.04 10
4
Waste land 7.44 0
5
Common Pasture 0 7.44
3 Animal Husbandry increase in no. of animals Increase in production per day
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
a Cow 516 600 Milk (Lt.) 774 1200
B Horse 37 37 Income /season(Rs) 1665000 1665000
c Goat 62 60 Meat (kg) 1550 1500
d Sheep 9 0 Wool (Kg) 22.5 0
e Others 74 60
Area under fodder crops (Ha) Availability of fodder (Q/year)
4 Fodder Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
Fodder grasses 2.71 5 46552 55000
5 FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES No. of families benefited
Pre intervention Post intervention
a Dairy development ad Dairy Farming 0 85
b Bamboo cultivation 0 2
c Horticulture development 0 109
d Pasture development 0 10
e Vermi compost production 0 5
f Fodder seed/ nursery 0 109


IIRD Shimla


59 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




g Bee Keeping 0 5
6 PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
b
Innovation fund for Restaurant
0 9

Sr. No Area increase in area under crops (Ha) Increase in production (Kg/Ha)
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
1 Agriculture 85.4 85.4 2947110 3550000
2 Horticulture 29.68 80.72 675207 1,829,811
3
Fellow Land 61.04 10
4
Waste land 7.44 0
5
Common Pasture 0 7.44
3 Animal Husbandry increase in no. of animals Increase in production per day
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
a Cow 516 600 Milk (Lt.) 774 1200
B Horse 37 37 Income /season(Rs) 1665000 1665000
c Goat 62 60 Meat (kg) 1550 1500
d Sheep 9 0 Wool (Kg) 22.5 0
e Others 74 60
Area under fodder crops (Ha) Availability of fodder (Q/year)
4 Fodder Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
Fodder grasses 2.71 5 46552 55000
5 FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES No. of families benefited
Pre intervention Post intervention
a Dairy development ad Dairy Farming 0 85
b Bamboo cultivation 0 2
c Horticulture development 0 109


IIRD Shimla


60 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




d Pasture development 0 10
e Vermi compost production 0 5
f Fodder seed/ nursery 0 109
g Bee Keeping 0 5
6 PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
b
Innovation fund for Restaurant
0 9















IIRD Shimla


61 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




VIII. BUDGETING
1. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS

S
l
.

N
o
.

S
u
r
v
e
y

N
o
.

Name of the
farmer/Community
Based
Area
(ha)
Proposed
A
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l

e
a
r
t
h

w
o
r
k

v
o
l
u
m
e

c
u
m



Cost per
unit/Cum
Total Cost
Rs.
Convergence
with
MNREGA Grant Total Treatment L
e
n
g
t
h
/

U
n
i
t
s

S
e
c
t
i
o
n

(
s
q
m
)

Volume
(sqm) E
a
r
t
h

W
o
r
k

A
m
o
u
n
t
(
R
s
.
)

1 Community Based
Creat Wire-1
Jastuke Bagiche me
200.00 225.00 13275.00 2893.00 578600.00 13275.00 565325.00
2 Community Based
Creat Wire-2
Gharmati-Batlad
245.00 275.62 16261.58 2893.00 708785.00 16261.58 692523.42
3 Community Based
Creat Wire-3
KenthNala
200.00 225.00 13275.00 2893.00 578600.00 13275.00 565325.00
4 Community Based
Creat Wire-4
Shiyog-KangriNala
120.00 135.00 7965.00 2893.00 347160.00 7965.00 339195.00
5 Community Based
Creat Wire-5
Rigoh-KavangNala
180.00 202.50 11947.50 2892.50 520650.00 11947.50 508702.50
6 Community Based
Creat Wire-6
Kalvet-Batlad
105.00 118.13 6969.38 2892.42 303704.10 6969.38 296734.73


IIRD Shimla


62 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




7 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-1
(Bakhlati)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
8 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-2
(Shalo)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
9 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-3
(NichlaKavam)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
10 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-4
(KavangNala)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
11 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-5
(Kavang)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
12 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-6
(Thakur Sheel)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
13 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-7
(Rigoh)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
14 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-8
(Tathkar)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
15 Community Based
Water Pond-1
(Fagu Dhar)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 219.53 164645.46 44250.00 120395.46
16 Community Based
Water Pond-2
(Gadveg)
20.00 50.00 1000.00 1000.00 59000.00 238.25 238245.63 59000.00 179245.63
17 Community Based
Water Pond-3
(Vatlad)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 230.44 172830.84 44250.00 128580.84
18 Community Based
Water Pond-4
(Padola)
15.00 25.00 375.00 375.00 22125.00 247.52 92820.07 22125.00 70695.07


IIRD Shimla


63 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




19 Community Based
Water Pond-5
(Tathkar)
18.00 30.00 540.00 540.00 31860.00 271.60 146661.36 31860.00 114801.36
20 Community Based
Water Pond-6
(Bakehlati)
15.00 30.00 450.00 450.00 26550.00 252.54 113643.88 26550.00 87093.88
21 Community Based
Water Pond-7
(Riohg)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 252.40 189302.97 44250.00 145052.97
22 Community Based
Water Pond-8
(Thakur Sheel)
15.00 25.00 375.00 375.00 22125.00 247.52 92820.07 22125.00 70695.07
23 Community Based
Water Pond-9
(TharmitDhar)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 252.40 189302.97 44250.00 145052.97
24 Community Based
Diversion Drain-1
(Banni-HarijanBasti)
400.00 0.22 88.00 88.00 5192.00 407.02 162808.86 5192.00 157616.86
25 Community Based
Diversion Drain-2
(NH-Talai)
150.00 0.22 33.00 33.00 1947.00 407.03 61054.58 1947.00 59107.58
26 Community Based
Diversion Drain-3
(JastukeBagiche me)
200.00 0.22 44.00 44.00 2596.00 407.02 81404.63 2596.00 78808.63
27 Community Based
Diversion Drain-4
(Dhanajubad-Talai)
150.00 0.22 33.00 33.00 1947.00 407.03 61054.58 1947.00 59107.58
28 Community Based
Diversion Drain-5
(Vadi-Sholghat)
1000.00 0.22 220.00 220.00 12980.00 407.02 407022.12 12980.00 394042.12
29 Community Based
Diversion Drain-6
(Talai-Gadveg)
1200.00 0.22 264.00 264.00 15576.00 407.02 488426.60 15576.00 472850.60
30 Community Based
Diversion Drain-7
(Near byMatku house)
500.00 0.22 110.00 110.00 6490.00 407.02 203511.10 6490.00 197021.10


IIRD Shimla


64 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




31 Community Based
Irrigation Channel
(BagdaNala-Bagda
Village)
300.00 0.22 66.00 66.00 3894.00 407.02 122106.66 3894.00 118212.66
32 Community Based
Retaining Wall
(Kavang-
NichalaKavang)
500.00 1.11 553.00 553.00 32627.00 3790.73 1895362.54 32627.00 1862735.54


Total 8932500.95



2. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTREPRISES
S.N. Interventions Units Average Rate Per
Unit (Rs.)
No of
Beneficiaries
(HH)
Beneficiary
Contribution
Convergence Funds from IWMP Amount
I LIVELIHOOD and ME FOR BPL HHs ONLY
a Dairy Farming 30 34550 30 0 175000 1036500 1036500
b
Horti Collection
Centre 2 375000 16 0 50000 750000 750000
Sub-Total 0 225000 1786500 1786500
II Micro Enterprise and other related activities
1 Agriculture & Horticulture Development
a
Horticulture
Expansion 109 700 109 29540* 30000 76300 76300
Sub-Total 29540 30000 76300 76300
2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 102 50 109 2040 0 5100 5100
b
Fodder Plant
Distribution 500 10 109 2000 0 5000 5000
C
Pasture
Development 5ha 25070 - - - 125350 125350
Sub-Total 4040 0 135450 135450


IIRD Shimla


65 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




3 Micro-Enterprises
a Dairy development 55 31000 55 682000 175000 1705000 1705000
b Vermicompost 5 10000 4 20000 75000 50000 50000
c Small Restaurant 9 30000 2 108000 20000 270000 270000
d Bee Keeping 5 14000 5 28000 0 70000 70000
e Bamboo nursery 2 7850 22 6280 15000 15700 15700
Sub-Total 162280 285000 2110700 2110700
GRAND TOTAL 195860 540000 4108950 4108950

3. TOTAL FUND FLOW FROM IWMP
Sl. No Particulars
IWMP
Amount (Rs.)
BENEFICIARY
CONTRIBUTION
For WDF
CONVERGENCE
1 GENERAL
a Ad. Cost
1786500.00

b Monitoring
178650.00

c Evaluation
178650.00


Total
2143800.00

2 PREPARATORY PHASE


a EPA
714,600.00

b
Institutional &
Capacity Building
893,250.00

c DPR
178,650.00


Total
1786500.00

3 WATERSHED WORKS PHASE



WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT
WORKS

1
Creat Wire-1
JastukeBagiche me
565325.00

13275.00
2
Creat Wire-2
Gharmati-Batlad
692523.42

16261.58
3
Creat Wire-3
KenthNala
565325.00

13275.00
4
Creat Wire-4
Shiyog-KangriNala
339195.00

7965.00
5
Creat Wire-5
Rigoh-KavangNala
508702.50

11947.50
6
Creat Wire-6
Kalvet-Batlad
296734.73

6969.38
7 Irrigation Tank-1 (Bakhlati) 225208.21 8850.00
8 Irrigation Tank-2 (Shalo) 225208.21 8850.00
9 Irrigation Tank-3 (NichlaKavam) 225208.21 8850.00
10 Irrigation Tank-4 (KavangNala) 225208.21 8850.00
11 Irrigation Tank-5 (Kavang) 225208.21 8850.00
12 Irrigation Tank-6 (Thakur Sheel) 125846.11 4425.00
13 Irrigation Tank-7 (Rigoh) 125846.11 4425.00
14
Irrigation Tank-8
(Tathkar)
125846.11

4425.00
15
Water Pond-1
(Fagu Dhar)
120395.46

44250.00
16
Water Pond-2
(Gadveg)
179245.63

59000.00
17
Water Pond-3
(Vatlad)
128580.84

44250.00
18
Water Pond-4
(Padola)
70695.07

22125.00
19
Water Pond-5
(Tathkar)
114801.36

31860.00
20
Water Pond-6
(Bakehlati)
87093.88

26550.00
21
Water Pond-7
(Riohg)
145052.97

44250.00
22
Water Pond-8
(Thakur Sheel)
70695.07

22125.00


IIRD Shimla


67 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP



23
Water Pond-9
(TharmitDhar)
145052.97

44250.00
24
Diversion Drain-1
(Banni-HarijanBasti)
157616.86

5192.00
25
Diversion Drain-2
(NH-Talai)
59107.58

1947.00
26
Diversion Drain-3
(JastukeBagiche me)
78808.63

2596.00
27
Diversion Drain-4
(Dhanajubad-Talai)
59107.58

1947.00
28
Diversion Drain-5
(Vadi-Sholghat)
394042.12

12980.00
29
Diversion Drain-6
(Talai-Gadveg)
472850.60

15576.00
30
Diversion Drain-7
(Near byMatku house)
197021.10

6490.00
31
Irrigation Channel
(BagdaNala-Bagda Village)
118212.66

3894.00
32
Retaining Wall
(Kavang-NichalaKavang)
1862735.54

32627.00

Total 8932500.95 549127.46


I LIVELIHOOD FOR BPL HHs ONLY
a Dairy Farming 1036500 0 175000
c Horti Collection Centre 750000 0 50000
Sub-Total 1786500 0 225000
II Micro Enterprise and other related activities
1 Agriculture & Horticulture Development
Horticulture development
a Horticulture Expansion 76300 29540* 30000
Sub-Total 76300 29540 30000
2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 5100 2040 0
b Fodder Plant Distribution 5000 2000 0
C Pasture Development 125350 - -
Sub-Total 135450 4040 0
3 Micro-Enterprises
a Dairy development 1705000 682000 175000
b Vermicompost 50000 20000 75000
c Small Restaurant 270000 108000 20000
d Bee Keeping 70000 28000 25000


IIRD Shimla


68 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




e Bamboo nursery 15700 6280 15000
Sub-Total 2110700 162280 310000
TOTAL 4108950 195860 565000
4. Consolidation phase

a Documentation and recording
178650.00
0 0
b
Up scaling of Successful
experiments
357300.00
0 0
c Training
357300.00
0 0
Total
893250.00
0 0

GRAND TOTAL
17865000.00
195860.00 1114127.46


4. Proposed Final Budget
Sr. No Particulars
Amount (Rs.)
(Figures)
Amount (Rs.)
(Words)
1 Total Funds from IWMP 1,78,65,000.00
Rupees One Caror Seventy Eight Lakh
Sixty Five Thousand Only
2 Beneficiary Contribution 1,95,860.00
Rupees One Lakh Ninety Five Thousand
Eight Hundred Sixty Only

3 Proposed Convergence 11,14,127.46
Rupees Eleven Lakh Fourteen Thousand
One Hundred and Twenty Seven, Paise
Forty Six Only.
Total Project Cost
1,91,74,987.46

Rupees One Caror Ninety One
lakh Seventy Four Thousand
Nine Hundred Eighty Seven
and Paise Forty Six Only
Per Hectare Expenditure from IWMP - 14,999.99


IIRD Shimla


69 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




5. ACTION PLAN
IX. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE
PREPARATORY PHASE
1
st
Year
SR.NO WORK COMPONENT
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a EPA

b DPR

c Institutional & Capacity Building

CONSOLIDATION PHASE
Activity
YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a Up-scaling of Successful Experiments
b Training

c Documentation

Evaluation

YEAR - 3 YEAR - 4 YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # #
Evaluation



IIRD Shimla


70 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP





WATERSHED
DEVELOPMENT
WORKS
YEAR - 2 YEAR - 3 YEAR - 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
b Create Wire
c Bench Terracing
d Irrigation Tank
e Pipe Line

LIVELIHOOD
ACTIVITIES

a Dairy Farming
b Horti Collection Centre
II
Micro Enterprise and
other related activities

1
Agriculture &
Horticulture
Development


Horticulture
development

a Horticulture Expansion
2 Animal Husbandry

a Fodder Seed
b
Fodder Plant
Distribution

C Pasture Development

3 Micro-Enterprises

a Dairy development

b Vermi compost
c Small Restaurant
d Bee Keeping
e Bamboo nursery


IIRD Shimla


71 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP



X. ANNEXURE
1. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP
Sl. Particulars EXISTING
RATES
SSR
Final Rates
Reference Labour Material Total
1 Earthwork in loose and sandy
soils and partially ploughed
soils NFB, RFB


a) Earth excavation per cum 20 GO 486
para 2
20

20
b) Sectioning & trimming per
cum
8 8

8
Total 28 28

28
2 Earthwork in ordinary soil
CB, CCT, SCT


a) Earth excavation per cum 27 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
2
35

35
b) Breaking of clods with
trimmng and sectioning per
cum
12 12 12
Total 39 47

47
3 Earthwork in hard soil WAT

a) Earth excavation per cum 34 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44

44
b) Breaking of clods with
trimming and sectioning per
cum
14 14

14
Total 48 58

58
4 Earthwork for farm pond



IIRD Shimla


72 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




a) upto depth of 0.75 m per
cum
28
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35
b) depth from 0.75 m to 2 m
per cum
39
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44
d) Trimming and sectioning
12 12
4a Earthwork for MPT/ PT


a) excavation depth of 0.75
m per cum
60
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35

b) excavation depth of 0.75
m to 2 m per cum
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44

c) Bund formation, tamping
and sectioning upto initial 30
m
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
25 25
Stripping 237-8.
22 22
Key trench excavation (max -
0.5) and filling with suitable
soil
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
40 40
5 Stone rivetment - outside
stone (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
6 Stone rivetment - local stone 267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305


IIRD Shimla


73 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




7 Stone work with stone form
outside per cum (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
8 Stone work with locally
available stone per cum
267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305
9 Contour stone bund (CS=0.5
sq.m) per rmt
160/rmt
160
10
Farm bunding with stone
revetment (CS=0.5 sq.m) per
rmt
63/rmt 63
11 Stone Outlet per unit 308 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100
305
12 Pipe Outlet /Unit 140
140
13 AF (block)

Pitting and refilling - per
plant
4
4 4
Planting material - per plant 4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
17
14 AF (bund)

Planting material - per
plant
4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
13
15 AF(seeding) per kg 100
100 100
16 Grass seeding per kg 30
30 30
17 Agave slips in Nos. 1
2 2
18 Dryland Horticulture (DH) -
per plant
20
18 20 38
19 Dryland Horticulture with
pitcher - per plant
35
18 35 53


IIRD Shimla


74 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP




20 Agro-horticulture(AH) - per
plant
40
35 40 75
21 Community pasture land
(CPL) /ha
5344
5344
22 Vermicompost demo unit in
Nos.
5800
5800
23 Non Pesticidal Management
(NPM) per acre
3100
3100
























IIRD Shimla


75 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Fagu- Bani Watershed under IWMP















2. Design and Estimate of Watershed Works

PRADiagrams




IIRD Shimla


77 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




3. PRA Diagrams



IIRD Shimla


78 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




4.


IIRD Shimla


79 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP







IIRD Shimla


80 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP







IIRD Shimla


81 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



















IIRD Shimla


82 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




4. Watershed Maps





DETAILED PROJECT REPORT
Cheog Micro-Watershed of Theog Block, District Shimla
(H.P.) Under IWMP






Submitted to
The Chief Executive Officer
State Level Nodal Agency
Department of Rural Development, H.P

Prepared by


IIRD Shimla


83 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP





Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD)
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institute
Bye Pass Road, Shanan, Sanjauli, Shimla 6
www.iirdshimla.org


CONTENTS
ABBREVIATIONS .............................................................................................................................. 88
WATERSHED AT A GLANCE .............................................................................................................. 89
Executive Summary ......................................................................................................................... 90
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................... 92
1. ABOUT THE PROJECT ............................................................................................................ 92
2. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA................................................................................................. 93
2.1. Geographical Characteristics ......................................................................................... 93
2.2. Climate ......................................................................................................................... 94
2.3. Soil ............................................................................................................................... 94
2.4. Population Classification ............................................................................................... 94
2.5. Land use Pattern ........................................................................................................... 95
2.6. The Watershed Area ..................................................................................................... 96
2.7. Land Holdings ............................................................................................................... 96
2.8. Livestock Population ..................................................................................................... 97
METHODOLOGY .............................................................................................................................. 98
1. DATA COLLECTION ............................................................................................................... 98
2. SECONDARY DATA .............................................................................................................. 100
Land Use Planning with Villagers of Chiog Village ....................................................................... 100
3. USAGE OF DATA ................................................................................................................. 101
4. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA ............................... 101
PREPARATORY PHASE ................................................................................................................... 101


IIRD Shimla


84 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




5. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES .................................................................................................... 101
6. PREPARATION OF DPRS ...................................................................................................... 101
7. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING .......................................................................... 102
8. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 103
8.1. Budget for Administrative Activities ............................................................................ 103
8.2. Budget for Preparatory Phase ..................................................................................... 104
SWOT Analysis .............................................................................................................................. 105
SYNOPSIS: 1564 Ha. Cheog Nalla (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Cheog Panchayat .... 106
WATERSHED WORK PHASE ........................................................................................................... 107
I. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT..................................................................... 108
1. AGRICULTURE .................................................................................................................... 108
1.1. Existing Crop Production ............................................................................................. 108
1.2. Existing farm practices ................................................................................................ 109
1.3. Cropping pattern ........................................................................................................ 109
2. HORTICULTURE .................................................................................................................. 109
2.1. Existing Crop Production ............................................................................................. 110
2.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification.......................... 110
2.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion ........................................................... 111
3. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES ....................... 111
4. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 112
4.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 112
4.2. Costing ....................................................................................................................... 112
4.3. Justification ................................................................................................................ 112
5. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT .......................................................................................................................... 112
6. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES ................................................................................ 113
7. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE ............................................................................. 114
8. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................................................ 115
8.1. Existing Marketing arrangements................................................................................ 115
9. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ....................... 115
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................. 116
II. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY ............................................................................................................ 117
1. Increase in Milk Production ................................................................................................ 117
1.1. Existing arrangements of fodder ................................................................................. 117


IIRD Shimla


85 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




1.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands .......................................................... 117
1.3. Livestock population ................................................................................................... 117
1.4. Fodder Requirement ................................................................................................... 118
1.5. Status of green fodder available in a year ................................................................... 119
1.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle ................................................................... 119
1.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private land-
119
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 120
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 120
2.2. Justification ................................................................................................................ 120
3. NURSERY RAISING .............................................................................................................. 121
3.1. Justification ................................................................................................................ 121
4. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER ..................................... 121
5. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION........................................................................ 121
6. Animal Management .......................................................................................................... 121
6.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area ................................................................................. 121
6.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification ................................ 122
6.3. Existing status of Animal Management ....................................................................... 122
6.4. Proposed Activities with justification .......................................................................... 122
7. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................................................ 122
7.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups........................................................................................... 122
7.2. Proposed Activities ..................................................................................................... 123
7.3. Skill Development ....................................................................................................... 123
7.4. No. of families to be benefitted .................................................................................. 123
8. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 123
9. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 123
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................. 124
III. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES ....................................................... 125
1. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA ...................... 125
1.1. Existing CPRs ............................................................................................................... 125
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION....................................................................... 125
3. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 126
4. Expected Outcomes ........................................................................................................... 126
5. Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status ..................................................... 126


IIRD Shimla


86 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




IV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ................................................................................ 127
1. Existing Status .................................................................................................................... 127
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION....................................................................... 127
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 127
2.2. No. of Households to be benefitted: ........................................................................... 128
3. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 128
4. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 129
V. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES........................................................................................ 130
1. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ................................................... 130
2. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ................................................................... 130
3. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 130
VI. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT .................................... 131
1. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES ......................................................................... 131
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 131
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 131
2.2. Beneficiaries ............................................................................................................... 131
2.3. Justification ................................................................................................................ 132
3. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 132
1. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA) ...................................................................... 133
2. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION ........................................................................... 133
2.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods ...................................................... 133
2.2. Existing status of livelihood ......................................................................................... 133
2.3. Scope for additional income ....................................................................................... 133
3. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 134
3.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing) ..................................................... 134
3.2. Beneficiaries and Costing ............................................................................................ 135
4. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 136
5. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 137
CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE ................................................................................ 139
VII. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT ............................................................................ 140
VIII. BUDGETING ....................................................................................................................... 142
1. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS ...................... 142
2. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO
ENTREPRISES .............................................................................................................................. 146


IIRD Shimla


87 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




3. TOTAL FUND FLOW FROM IWMP ....................................................................................... 147
4. Proposed Final Budget ........................................................................................................ 149
5. ACTION PLAN ..................................................................................................................... 150
IX. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE ........................................................................................................... 151
X. ANNEXURE ............................................................................................................................ 153
1. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP .....................................................
2. Design and Estimate of Watershed Works ................................................................................
3. PRA Diagrams ...........................................................................................................................
4. Watershed Maps ..........................................................................................................................



IIRD Shimla


88 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




ABBREVIATIONS
IWMP - Integrated Watershed Management Programme
I&PH - Irrigation and Public Health
WDF - Watershed Development Fund
NPK - Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium
GP - Gram Panchayat
AF - Afforestation
GT - Grass land with Trees
GS - Grass Seed
CCT - Continues Contour Trench
SCT - Staggered Contour Trench
AH - Agro Horticulture
CP - Compost Pit
DH - Dray land Horticulture
S.CPCT - Strengthening of Continues Peripheral Contour Trench
CPL - Community Pasture Land
MPT - Mini Percolation Tank
PT - Percolation Tank
NPM - Non Pesticidal Management
MN - Micro Nutrients
EPA - Entry Point Activity
UG - User Group
D1 - Very Shallow (0.15)
D2 - Shallow (0.30)
D3 - Moderately deep (0.45)
D4 - Deep (more than 5)
E1 - Sheet erosion
E2 - Rill erosion
E3 - Small Gullied Erosion
E4 - Deep Gullied Erosion
S1 - Slope (15% -20%)
S2 - Slope (20% -25%)
S3 - Slope (30% -35%)


IIRD Shimla


89 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



WATERSHED AT A GLANCE
General Information
1 Name of the watershed Cheog Nalla
2. Name of the Block Theog
3. Name of the District Shimla
4. Geographical Area of the Watershed 1564 Hec.
5.
Micro Watershed consist of Watershed
and Watershed Codes
2c6c6A2b
6. Major Water Source Cheog Nalla
7. River flowing nearby the watershed area Giri
8. Livelihood Options Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry,
Fishery
Demography
6. Population 2454 Persons
7. Number of Males 1233
8. Number of Females 1247
Agriculture
9. Major Crops and Vegetables Wheat, Jo, Barley, Cabbage, Potato, Tomato,
Beans, Peas.
10. Marketing Local, Fagu, Cheog
Horticulture
11. Major Crops Apple, Pear, Plum, Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani,
cherry, walnut, Almond.
12. Marketing Local Mandi, Mother Dairy, Relaince Group
Animal Husbandry
13 Families involved in Animal Husbandry 400
14 Livestock Cow, OX, Goat, Horse.
15 Daily Milk Production 2485 Litres
Land Characteristics
16 Slope S3 25% - 30%
17 Erosion E4 Severe Gully Erosion
Soil Characteristics
18 Soil Depth D1-0.25
19 PH 7.0
20 N 426
21 P 67.35
22 K 179.60



IIRD Shimla


90 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



Executive Summary: Cheog Nalla Micro-Watershed of Cheog Panchayat
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of
integrated sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The objective of
the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is to attach locally available natural
resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable development in the area.
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Cheog located in Theog Block of
Shimla district. In the north direction there is very steep slope hills, in the south one tributory second
order river and in the west, hills are located. The project area is located between Longitude 31 04'
00.40" N and Lattitude 71 19' 10.80" E. As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the
Changmang Walling watershed project has a total 433 households with a population of 2480
souls, out of which 1233 are male and 1247 are female. The net geographical area of Cheog
Panchayat is about 1570 ha out of which 383 ha is forest area. As per the survey conducted by the
organization for Cheog Nalla water shed project majority of the farmers are either Small farmers
(less than 5 Bigha) or Marginal farmers (5-25 Bigha).
At Cheog Nalla watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the
villagers. The agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and some vegetables
they send to outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers are
Wheat, Jo, Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and patterns
for agriculture production. At Cheog Nalla watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood source
for the local farmers. All the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity.
The major horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear, Plum,
Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani, Almond, and Nuts etc.
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent
annually, with a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the almond and
other dry fruits can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the farmers. So it is
proposed to bring more area under pear and almond. As apple is the key horticulture produce in the
area, it is proposed to bring more area under apple production by way of distribution of apple
seedlings to the farmers and also it is proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to
diseases may be minimized.
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Nalla (canal) called
Cheog Nalla flowing from the mountains. This water is being utilized for consumptive and non-
consumptive requirements of the watershed area population. The water of this Nalla is being utilized


IIRD Shimla


91 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




for the development of irrigation facilities by the villagers during the Kharif season through various
channels and kuhals.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond is
being proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain the supply
of irrigation water throughout the Kharif season.
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the
survey 400, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among the
domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Ox, Sheep, Horse, and Goat. In general
villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. The green fodder is available in the area
during the summer season whereas due to severe winter conditions prevailing during the winter
season fodder is to be procured from outside.
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human
society. The watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area is required to be
treated so that further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being
marketed in the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like processing, value
addition, packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is observed Horticulture
Nursery Rising and Pasture Nursery Rising, Fodder Nursery Rising, Vermi Compost, Bee Keeping can
be a potential activity in the watershed area. It may increase the income levels of the people at the
watershed area.
This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an
example for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own. It will increase the income
levels of the people.
There are 99 BPL families in the watershed area. All the BPL households are meeting their
livelihood needs from agriculture and horticulture production. Development of sustainable
livelihoods for the BPL families in the watershed area is a major objective of the project. The small
farmers can be assigned with the development of pasture in community lands.
This project will cover the total area identified in the watershed area. The livelihood options
and income of all the BPL households will be enhanced once the project is properly implemented.
The area under agriculture and horticulture and its productivity will be increased as a result of the
increase in irrigation facilities and other activities aimed at expansion of the same. The lack of fodder
availability will be addressed by the pasture development and nursery rising. Moreover the
households practicing livestock activities will be benefited through the distribution of fodder seeds
and fodder plants. The micro enterprises sector will be revived as a result of the implementation of
the project. The number of working days will also be increased.





IIRD Shimla


92 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



INTRODUCTION
5. ABOUT THE PROJECT
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of
integrated sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The
objective of the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is to attachlocally
available natural resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable
development in the area. These objectives can be realized by conserving, protecting and
restoring the ecological balance by developing natural resources and by preventing soil
erosion, degradation of top soil cover, regeneration of natural vegetation, rain water
harvesting and recharging of the ground water table. The programme also gives specific
importance to the productivity enhancement of agriculture/horticulture/animal husbandry
activities and innovative sustainable livelihood development of the community. The
activities for resource development and usage will be planned to promote farming and allied
activities to promote local livelihoods while ensuring resource conservation and
regeneration.


A View of Cheog Village


IIRD Shimla


93 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




6. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Cheog located in Theog Block
of Shimla district.In the north direction there is very steep slope hills,in the south one
tributory second order river and in the west, hills are located.The project area is located
between Longitude 31 04' 00.40" N and Lattitude 71 19' 10.80" E.The watershed area liesin
Seven villages which are very near to the Cheog valley. The elevation of the watershed area
is nearly 2628 m above the sea level.
6.1. Geographical Characteristics
The entire watershed is extremely hilly with complex topography with an elevation upto
2628 m. The general slope is from North West to South East. The major physiographic units
delineated are steep to very steep hill slopes, moderately steep to very steep hill slopes, hill
terraces, hill slopes with pasture and hill slopes with forest cover. The relief is excessive and
the watershed is drained by perennial streams. All local streams are merging in Giri River.




Satellite view of Cheog Watershed


IIRD Shimla


94 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




6.2. Climate
The climate of the project watershed area is characterized by cool and dry climate.
Meteorologically, the year can be divided into three distinct seasons. Winter season sets in
from the month of October and continues upto April, followed by summer season from May
to June and Rainy Season from July to September. Temperature rises after April and the
month of June is the hottest month of the year with mean daily maximum temperature
going up to 23.0
o
C. And by the end of October, there is a sharp decrease in temperature in
the watershed area. The months of December, January and February are the coolest months
of the year, with mean daily minimum temperature as low as -2
o
C. The total annual rainfall
is about 1456 mm per annum. The maximum precipitation is received in the months from
January to March. About 55% of the precipitation is received during winter season. The
average `humidity observed in the project area is about 50% apart from the monsoon
months. Humidity is generally low from 35 to 54.2%. In monsoon months, humidity is more
than 80%.

6.3. Soil
The skeletal and calcareous soils occur on gently sloping to almost level valleys. The pH of
soil at various sites lies within neutral range. The levels of NPK indicate moderate to high soil
productivity. The sodium levels do not indicate any potential for soil Stalinization or adverse
impacts on soil productivity.

6.4. Population Classification
As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the Changmang Walling watershed project
has a total 433 households with a population of 2480souls, out of which 1233 are male and 1247
are female. From this data it emerges that there is a healthy sex ratio as the female
population is greater than male population. 99 BPL families reside in the watershed area. The
average size of the family is 5.74 persons per household. The majority of the population belongs
to General Caste.



IIRD Shimla


95 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




Sex No. of Persons
Male 1233
Female 1247
Total 2480




Caste No. of Families
SC 74
OBC 07
General 352
Total 433


6.5. Land use Pattern
The net geographical area of Cheog Panchayat is about 1570 ha out of which 383 ha is forest
area. About 259 ha of land are under agriculture which is irrigated and rain-fed; mainly a Kharif
crop is taken.


IIRD Shimla


96 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



Land under
Agri/Horticulture
usage
Forest land
Permanent
Pasture Land
Waste Land
Cultivable Land
Uncultivable &
Land
259 ha 383 ha 852 ha 259 ha 1311 ha
(As per land data records)
At the watershed area 57.15 ha land is having some type of sources for irrigation, and 259
ha land under Agri/Horticulture usage. At the same time 338.40 hectares are belongs to
Fallow Land.
Land under Agri + Horticulture
usage in the watershed area
Land with Irrigation sources
Land without Irrigation
sources
259 ha 57.15 ha 263.50 ha
(As per survey)
6.6. The Watershed Area
The Cheog watershed consists of only seven revenue villages namely Cheog having total
area of 1570 hectares. This watershed envisages covering an area of 1564 hectares falling in
this village.
6.7. Land Holdings
As per the survey conducted by the organization for Cheog Nalla water shed project majority
of the farmers are either Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha) or Marginal farmers (5-25 Bigha).
There are 241 small famer households and 84 marginal farmer households in the area.
There are 79 farm households with land holdings in between 26 75 Bigha land. There are
29 big Farmers in the watershed area. As per the information provided during the survey,
there is no landless household in the area.
Land less
Small Farmer
<5 Bigha
Marginal Farmer
5-25 Bigha
Medium Farmer
26-75 Bigha
Big Farmer
>75 Bigha
- 241 84 79 29



IIRD Shimla


97 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




6.8. Livestock Population
Apart from the agriculture / horticulture practices animal husbandry activities are also a
major source of livelihoods in the area. The livestock in the village consists of 516 cows, 212
Ox, 62 Sheep, 9 goats and 37 Horses. There are 400 families those are engaged in Animal
Husbandry activities in the water shed area.
Cows Buffaloes Ox Sheep Goat Horse Others TOTAL
516
(56.09%)
10
(1.09%)
212
(23.04%)
62
(6.74%)
9
(0.98%)
37
(4.02%)
74
(8.04%)
920
(100.00%)


IIRD Shimla


98 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




METHODOLOGY
The following methodology was adopted for the preparation of DPR of Watershed Cheog.
7. DATA COLLECTION
Primary Data
c. Baseline Survey
Door to Door baseline survey was carried out using structured questionnaire. The
questionnaire covered the following areas.
Demographic Information
Socio Economic Information
Agriculture / Horticulture Activities and its marketing
Animal Husbandry activities and its marketing
Fodder production and Availability
Land use
Water Availability
Common Property Resources and Its usage
The survey was carried out during




IIRD Shimla


99 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




d. Participatory Rural Appraisal
Participatory Rural Appraisal was conducted on at the watershed level in order to assess
the needs of the community. The following tools were used:
iv. Mapping
Social Mapping
Resource Mapping
Seasonality Calendar
Service Inflow Outflow
Proposed Works Mapping

v. Transect Walk
In order to identify the areas to be treated, proposed work sites and assess the
feasibility, the experts carried out a reconnaissance survey through transect walk. The
sites were marked and the different treatment measures required for the treatment of
the area were also recommended.

Transect Walk




IIRD Shimla


100 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




i. Focus Group Discussions
Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were conducted in order to obtain community approved
conclusions on various identified needs. It was helpful in complementing the
assessments emerged from PRA and to derive the opinion of the community on various
issues.
8. SECONDARY DATA
Secondary data was collected from the Panchayat Records, Revenue Records and
various line departments functioning in the watershed project area.


Land Use Planning with Villagers of Chiog Village






IIRD Shimla


101 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




9. USAGE OF DATA
The data, primary as well as secondary, which was obtained from the various authentic
sources, was used in formulation of the local needs of the populace and also to plan the
interventions required for the optimum utilization of the available resources in the
watershed area. The due emphasis was given to plan the activities to fill in the existing
gaps and to address the weak indicators.

10. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA
Data was analysed and based on the identified needs and problems in the watershed
area a draft action plan was prepared and placed before the concerned Gram Sabha for
approval. After detailed deliberations and incorporation of relevant suggestions into the
plan, the action plan wasgot approved from the concerned Gram Sabha.
PREPARATORY PHASE
The Preparatory Phase of the Project will be the first year of the project. The major objective
of this phase is to build appropriate mechanisms for adoption of participatory approach and
empowerment of local institutions (WC, SHG, and UG). WDT will assume a facilitating role
during this phase. In this phase, the main activities will include:

11. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES
The Gram Sabha have passed a resolution for Constructions as given below
Tank (Kathyal), Chabutra (Tungesh), Chabutra (Chaner), Tank (Bagdi), Chabutra (Sogu devta jathi),
Chabutra (Chiog Bajar), Tank (Bajroi), Irrigation Tank (Dhalli), Pond (Sholi Dhar), Tank (Cholli Chanda
Khad), Bawadi (Sarivan Karval) and Chabutra (Mandir roti dhar).
12. PREPARATION OF DPRS
Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD) Shimla has been assigned to
prepare the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the implementation the water shed
project under Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IMWP)



IIRD Shimla


102 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP






13. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING
It is proposed to carry out the following institutional based training and capacity
building programmes in the first two years of the project period in order to equip
various stakeholders to successfully participate and implement the project:
First Year:
3. Orientation of Watershed Development Teams and Watershed
Development Committee Members and Panchayat Officials
4. Orientation course on Fund Management for Watershed Development
Teams and Watershed Committees
Second Year:
4. Orientation programme on Group management and Livelihood
Activities with special focus on Nursery Raising, Diary Development,
Candle Making, Vermi Compost Bee Keeping, and Small Restaurant etc.
5. Orientation for members of User Groups (UGs) and Self Help Groups
(SHGs)


IIRD Shimla


103 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




6. Orientation of Watershed Development Team (WDT) and Watershed
Development Committees on Monitoring and Evaluation of the Project
with special focus on RTI, Social Audit and Transparency
14. COSTING
14.1. Budget for Administrative Activities
Sl.
No
Particulars Details Amount
1 Administrative Cost Rs. 4,69,200 @
5Years

23,46,000.00
2 Monitoring Rs. 78,200 @ 3
years (2nd 3rd and
4th year)
2,34,600.00
3 Evaluation Rs. 78,200 @ 3
years (3nd 4rd and
5th year)
2,34,600.00
Total 28,15,200.00
Rupees Twenty Eight Lakh, Fifteen Thousand and Two Hundred Only








IIRD Shimla


104 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




14.2. Budget for Preparatory Phase
Sl. No Particulars Details Amount
First Year
A Preparation of DPR 2,34,600.00
B Entry Point Activities 9,38,400.00
C Institutional and Capacity Building
1 Orientation of Watershed
Development Teams and Watershed
Development Committee Members
and Panchayat Officials
50 Persons @
Rs.5000 .00
2,50,000.00
2 Orientation course on Fund
Management for Watershed
Development Teams and Watershed
Committees
20 Persons @ Rs.
5000
1,00,000.00
Second Year
3 Orientation programme on Group
management and Livelihood Activities
with special focus on Nursery Raising,
Fisheries, Diary Development, Wool
Processing, Sheep Rearing, Bee
Keeping, Small Restaurant
50 Persons @ Rs.
9,460.00
4,73,000.00
4 Orientation for members of User
Groups (UGs) and Self Help Groups
(SHGs)
50 Persons @ Rs.
5000.00
2,50,000.00
5 Orientation of Watershed
Development Team (WDT) and
Watershed Development Committees
on Monitoring and Evaluation of the
Project with special focus on RTI, Social
Audit and Transparency
20 Persons @ Rs.
5000.00
1,00,000.00
Total Institutional and Capacity Building 11,73,000.00
Total 23,46,000.00

Rupees Twenty Three Lakh Forty Six Thousand Only
SWOT Analysis of Cheog Micro-Watershed of Cheog Panchayat
Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
Higher rate of Peas, Potato
production
Good Apple production
Favourable environment to raise
goats and sheep
400 households engaged in Animal
Husbandry activities.
Regular water availability through
the main drainage
No land less households.
People are doing some Micro-
Enterprises in an unorganized way
People having the basic skills like
Handloom, Carpet Weaving at the
watershed area.
Lack of irrigation,
marketing, storage
facilities
Lack of good quality
fodder availability
Lack of advanced cattle
breed
Low level of milk
production
Lack of knowledge base
regarding scientific
cattle management
Prevalence of Soil
erosion
No heavy water storage
body present.
No such organized
micro-enterprise
activities existing in the
area
Lack of and technical
and management skills
If provided with proper
irrigation considerable
increase in agriculture
production can be
assured
Promotion of Organic
Farming
Interest of the villagers
to expand horticulture
activities
Providing training on
dairy farming
Promotion of nursery
raising and pasture
development

Rapid Climate Change
Animal Diseases
Lack of awareness of Dairy
farming as a commercial
activity
Due to adverse weather
conditions the normal
working days are less

SYNOPSIS: 1564 Ha. Cheog Nalla (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Cheog Panchayat


Activity Area Covered No. of House Hold
(H.H)
Amount(Rs.)
Watershed Works:
Crate Wire
Gully Plug
Irrigation tank
Water Pond
Check dam
CCT
Bench Terracing


350 Ha.
95 Ha.
4 ha
1 Ha.
50ha

Whole Village
160 H.H
260 H.H
227 H.H
326 H.H
250 H.H
150 H.H

25476570.00
1942425.00
3285335.00
1126561.00
68486.00
303543.00
2455988.00
Micro Enterprises (Non BPL):
Milk processing
Innovation Fund (For
innovation purpose during
implementation)
Restaurant
Bamboo nursery
Fruit processing
Bee Keeping

433 H.H
04 H.H
433 H.H
50 H.H
20 H.H
800000.00
160000.00
800000.00
75000.00
60000.00
Livelihood (BPL):
Dairy Farming
Fodder Nursery Raising
Horti Collection Centre
Sewing center
Vermi Compost
Bio gas unit
Bee Keeping

23 H.H
03 H.H
05 H.H
01 H.H
13 H.H
01 H.H
16 H.H
690000.00
45000.00
992000.00
225000.00
130000.00
24000.00
240000.00
Agriculture/Horticulture/Animal
Husbandry :
Horticulture Expansion
Fodder seed distribution
Fodder plant distribution
Pasture Development


330 H.H
260 H.H
260 H.H


330000.00
35000.00
55000.00
450000.00


IIRD Shimla


107 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



WATERSHED WORK PHASE
Watershed Works Phase is considered as the heart of the programme in which all the
activities as per DPR will be implemented. The Work Phase is further divided as per sectors
as follows:

8. Agriculture /Horticulture Development
9. Animal Husbandry
10. Development of Common Property resources
11. Natural Resource Management
12. Farm Based Micro Enterprises
13. Production Systems and Micro Enterprise Development
14. Livelihood Enhancement for BPL Families












IIRD Shimla


108 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



XI. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT
15. AGRICULTURE
At Cheog Nalla watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers.
The agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and some vegetables
they send to outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers
are Wheat, Jo, Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and
patterns for agriculture production. Most of the agriculture is rain fed in nature whereas at
some places the people have developed irrigation facilities by way of construction of
irrigation channels etc.
15.1. Existing Crop Production
Wheat Jo

Barley Pulses Vegetable Total
200 100 300 13610 2932900 2947110



Vegetables Production at Cheog




IIRD Shimla


109 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




Name of the crop Production
(in Kg/year)
% of total vegetable
production
Cabbage 2053030 70
Cauliflower 439935 15
Peas 87987 3
Beans 58658 2
Tomatoes 117316 4
Potatoes 175974 6
Total 2932900 100

15.2. Existing farm practices
The major crops cultivated by the farmers are Wheat, Jo, Pulses,Barley and Vegetables etc.At
present the crops are produced on the terraced farms as most of the land available is sloppy
in nature whereas some patches of land have moderate slope. The farmers rely on the old
techniques and patterns for agriculture production. Desi ploughs are used for farm tilling
and the weeding operations are done by hand.
The area has wider scope for the use of modern techniques and improved tilling practices. It
is proposed to introduce improved mould bold ploughs and even power tillers can be
introduced in the beginning on pilot basis.
15.3. Cropping pattern
Single cropping pattern is being used at present in the watershed area. But now they are
looking for Mixed Cropping Pattern. The Peas, Cauliflower and Cabbage are also taken in the
apple orchards. Wheat, Jo, and Barleyis also cultivated in the area.
16. HORTICULTURE
At Cheog Nalla watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood source for the local
farmers. All the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The
major horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear,
Plum, Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani, Almond, and Nuts etc. Majority of the families in the
Changmang Walling watershed area are engaged in Horticulture activities.


IIRD Shimla


110 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




16.1. Existing Crop Production
Details of Crops (in Kg per year)
Apples Pears Grapes Plum Chulli Kharmani Wall
nut
Cherry Almond Total
650460 12795 125 1635 4492 1770 615 225 3090 675207


As clear by the table above, horticulture is dominated by apples (96.34%). There is major
role of honey bees in this production. The farmers practice bee keeping for pollination of the
apple flowers.
There are approximately 73,608 apple trees which produce6, 50,460 Kgs of Apple every
year. An approximate number of 265Chulli trees are there in the watershed area where the
production is 4,492Kgs every year. There are 353 Almond trees and the production is
around 3090 Kg per year. The other horticulture produces in the area includes Pear, Grapes,
Plum, Kharmani, etc.

16.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent
annually, with a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the
almond and other dry fruits can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the
farmers.


IIRD Shimla


111 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




Pear as well as Almond at present market conditions are fetching price which is as good as
that of apple or even more. So it is proposed to bring more area under the horticulture
produce which will also result in diversification. It is also proposed to distribute new good
quality apple root stock to maintain the supply chain of the Apples.
16.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion
As apple is the key horticulture produce in the area, it is proposed to bring more area under
apple production by way of distribution of apple seedlings to the farmers and also it is
proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to diseases may be minimized.
Crop diversification is also essential for economic sustainability. So it is proposed to bring
more area under pear and almond. The activities to be undertaken are as follows:
3. Scientific Distribution of Pear, Almond, Nuts and Apple plants to Farmers
4. Horticulture Nursery Raising (included under Livelihood enhancement for BPL
Families)
17. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Nalla (canal) called
Cheog Nalla flowing from the mountains. This water is being utilized for consumptive and
non-consumptive requirements of the watershed area population. The water of this Nalla is
being utilized for the development of irrigation facilities by the villagers during the Kharif
season through various channels and kuhals.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond
is being proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain
the supply of irrigation water throughout the Kharif season. By way of this irrigation tank it
is estimated that a good amount of land will be brought under irrigation facilities thereby
increasing the cultivable area resulting in enhanced crop production as well as economic
condition of the farmers.




IIRD Shimla


112 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




18. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
The following are various activities proposed for the augmentation of Agriculture and
Horticulture in the watershed area.
18.1. Activities
2. Horticulture Expansion: The plants of money fetching horticulture plant like almond,
peer and apple will be supplied to all households in the villages to improve the
economic condition of the farmers.
18.2. Costing
Activity - Horticulture Expansion
Funds with Line Departments -
Beneficiary Contribution for WDF 1,28,000
Funds from IWMP 3,30,000
Total amount 3,30,000

18.3. Justification
It has been reported by the community people during the PRA exercises that existing
irrigation facilities are not good enough throughout the year. Therefore in order to provide
uninterrupted irrigation facilities,irrigation tank and water pondisproposed under the
Agriculture & Horticulture Development in the project.
The activities aimed at irrigation will enhance the productivity and will cover irrigate more
area which will pave way to bringing more area under agriculture production.
The villagers expressed much enthusiasm towards expanding their horticulture activities.
The watershed area holds good potential for horticulture activities. Hence it is important to
promote and expand horticulture activities in the watershed area.

19. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT


IIRD Shimla


113 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




At present traditional farm technologies are being used by the farmers. The application of
chemical fertilizers and pesticides is also common practices. Most of the farm operations are
done manually and use of mechanical systems is very limited. There is a scope for the
introduction of better technologies for the enhancement of farm production. The inputs like
Vermi-Compost, Bio-Fertilizers etc. have definite potential for the enhancement of crop
production as well improvement in the health of the soil. Introduction of improved ploughs,
seed cum fertilizer drills, and seed drills will definitely add to crop production as well as
reducing labour drudgery.
20. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES
It is expected that due to increased irrigation facilities more area is brought under
production of pulses thereby can be sold outside at larger quantities enhancing the income
level of the farmers. Similarly due to increased irrigation facilities other crops will also be
available with the farmers for selling.



Expected Estimated Enhancement in Crop Production - Agriculture
Sl.
No
Crop Current Area Current
production (Kg)
Area after
Expansion
Expected
Production
(Kg)
1 Wheat 0.06 100 1 1610
2 Jo 0.02 100 1 3603
3 Pulses 38.61 13610 41 14514
4 Vegetables 161.20 2932900 166 3020204
199.89ha 209ha




IIRD Shimla


114 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




21. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE
It is expected that due to increase in horticulture plantation area, the production will go up
fetching more money in the hands of the farmers which will add to the other allied
economic activities. With the introduction of new root stock of apple the farmers will be less
susceptible to losses due to the crop failure due to disease. It is also proposed to diversify
horticulture activity by way of bringing more area under pear and almond and Nuts
production.
The expansion of Horticulture in the area will directly increase the income levels of all the
households engaged in horticulture activities. There will be a significant increase in the area
covered under horticulture. The horticulture expansion will be made sure by the increase in
the irrigation facilities in the watershed area.
Expected increase in the Production of Horticulture in Kg per year
Sl. No Crop Current Area Current
production (Kg)
Area after
Expansion
Expected
Production (Kg)
1 Apple 153.15 650460 162 ha 688814
2 Pears 12.18 12795 13 ha 13650
3 Plum 1.81 1635 - -
5 Dry Fruits 2.05 9352 4 ha 18200
169.19 ha 644232

179 ha 720664


Pears Production at Cheog


IIRD Shimla


115 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




22. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Horticulture and Agriculture both are the major economic activity in the watershed area.
Horticulture produces like Apple, Grapes, Pear, and Dry Fruits etc are being produced in large
scale. And agriculture produces like Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Tomato and Peas are
being produced in for self-consumption and to meet outside demands in some extend.
22.1. Existing Marketing arrangements
In general the agriculture produce like Cabbage, Potato, Tomato and Peas are being sold in
the local market and few transport to the outside market like, Delhi etc.
The horticulture produces are being transported to markets like Shimla, Chandigarh, and
Delhi by road. People join together and hire trucks and send their produce to the above
mentioned markets. And sometimes they sold their produces in the local mandi (Market),
where the buyers are coming from different states. 60% of the horticulture produce is being
sent to outside markets for sale.
Activity
Self-
Consumption
Local Market
Sales
External
Market Sales
Market
Means of
Transport
Agriculture 40% 15% 45% Shimla, Delhi
Local
Contractors
Horticulture 4% 16% 80%
Shimla,
Chandigarh,
Delhi,

Truck Loads,
sometimes
buyers from
different
states.

23. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Agri-Horti Collection Centre: It is proposed to construct an agriculture/horticulture
product collection and storage centre in order to enable a good marketing system in
the watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


116 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




To promote Public-Private-Community Partnership Model (PPCPEM) to set up
linkages with the Big Shopping Malls and with the Big Hotels and with Food Processing
Houses through Agri-Horti Collection Centre.
Nursery Rising: It is proposed by the local people to start Nursery Rising in the
watershed area.
To setting up Nursery Rising is included under the component of Farm Based Micro
Enterprise and also under the component of Livelihood Enhancement of BPL families.
To setting up Agri-Horti Collection Centre is included under the component Livelihood
enhancement of BPL Families. The concerned Panchayat Administration will construct the
structure in the project area and the BPL user group will take care of the activities of the
Agri-Horti Collection Centre.
24. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Agriculture Agricultural products are
being practiced as a
major livelihood option
for the watershed
population.
Sharp increase in the area under
agriculture cultivation and
increase the socio-economic
status of the population in the
watershed area.
2 Horticulture Horticulture is the major
livelihood activity of the
villagers, which is
dominated by apple
cultivation and dry fruits.
The cultivation area under
horticulture production will be
increased with diversification of
crops and quality. It will also
increase the economic status of
the population.
3 Processing and
Marketing
Right now there is no
structure marketing
procedure for the
products. Also there is
no collection centre to
store and gradation of
the products.
The marketing system will be
strengthened, and linkage will
be established with corporate
houses and as a result of the
collection centre available,
which further prevents loss of
products. And the farmers will
get competitive price also.



IIRD Shimla


117 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



XII. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the
survey 400, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among
the domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Ox, Sheep, Horse, and Goat.
25. Increase in Milk Production
25.1. Existing arrangements of fodder
In general villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. As the demand for the
fodder cannot be met from the locally available sources all the time, the villagers also buy
fodder from the local vendors. Stall feeding is not a regular practice here. Stall feeding is
being practiced only during the winters.
25.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands
Presently there are 383.00 ha of forest land and 852.00 ha of permanent pasture lands in the area.
The pasture lands are generally dry in nature and provide pasture only during the months from May
to November. Forest Land is also totally dry and not a good source for fodder.
25.3. Livestock population
The village has 516 cows, 9 goats, 212 Ox, 62Sheep, and 37 Horses. Majority of the cows are of
Local breed. The per unit milk production is low in comparison to the other species of milch
animals.
Livestock Population in the Watershed Area
Cows Buffaloes Ox Sheep Goat Horse Others TOTAL
516
(56.09%)
10
(1.09%)
212
(23.04%)
62
(6.74%)
9
(0.98%)
37
(4.02%)
74
(8.04%)
920
(100.00%)



IIRD Shimla


118 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP





Livestock Population at Cheog

Number
of
families
Livestock Detail
Cows Buffalo Others
No
of
cows
Breed Milk
Production
in ltr/day
Buffalo Milk
Production
in ltr
Ox Sheep Goat Horse Others
400 516 Jersey 311 1950 10 23 212 62 9 37 74
Local 205 535


25.4. Fodder Requirement
The total daily fodder requirement of the watershed area accounts to 22263 kgs which
includes 12126kgs of green fodder and 10137 kgs of dry fodder.
Feed/Fodder Daily Requirement (Kg.)
Green Fodder 12126
Dry Fodder 10137
Total 22263



IIRD Shimla


119 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP





Green Fodder Availability at Cheog
25.5. Status of green fodder available in a year
The green fodder is available in the area during the summer season whereas due to severe
winter conditions prevailing during the winter season fodder is to be procured from outside.
25.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle
No. of Cows in the Area Total Daily Milk Production Average daily Milk
production Per cow
516 2485 Ltrs 04.81 Ltrs

There are 516 cows in the watershed area with a production of2485 ltrs of milk per day. The
average milk production per cow accounts to 04.81 ltrs per cow.
25.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private
land-
It has been proposed to plant the fodder species called Banda (Viscum Album Linn
(Loranthaceae)), a locally available fodder species which has been proved good for the
nutrition of cattle.


IIRD Shimla


120 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




26. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
As per the survey data conducted by the organization (IIRD) there are 400 families involved
in livestock activities. So it is important to provide them with the facilities for fodder. All the
families who are currently doing livestock activities will be provided with fodder seeds and
fodder plants. It will improve the economic condition of the community those are involved
in Animal Husbandry activities.
26.1. Activities
Pasture Development: 15 hectare of land will be covered under fodder production through
community based pasture development. The activity is included under the component
Development of Common Property Resources under the watershed project.
Distribution of Fodder Seeds and Fodder Plants: All the households involved in livestock
activities in the watershed area will be provided with fodder seeds and fodder plants. It will
help them to develop the required fodder in their own lands and attain self-sufficiency in
fodder. They can make dry fodder out of it and store for the winter season.
26.2. Justification
The unavailability of good quality fodder throughout the year is a major problem being faced
by the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in the watershed area. It is
important to address the lack of fodder availability in order to promote and expand the
livestock activities in the area. Scarcity of fodder is making it difficult to carry on with cattle
rearing in the watershed area. And people in the area have shown disinterest towards cattle
rearing activities. As per the Himachal statistics the cattle population is on decline. Therefore
it is very important to increase good quality fodder production and ensure fodder availability
throughout the year. So it is proposed to carry out fodder plant and fodder seed distribution
to all the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in order to address the lack of
fodder availability in the watershed area.




IIRD Shimla


121 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




27. NURSERY RAISING
It is proposed to raise Nursery of the local fodder species which can adapt to the local
prevailing conditions instead of bringing new varieties on trial basis. The Nursery raising
activity is included under livelihood enhancement component of the BPL families and the
activity will be carried out by a user group by raising various fodder plants which are feasible
for the climatic and geographic conditions of the area.
27.1. Justification
Fodder plants on one side can meet energy needs of the people during the winter season on
the other side leaves of these plants are very good source of fodder.
28. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER
With the distribution of good quality seeds the production as well as locality of the fodder
will increase. This will ensure availability of fodder throughout the year encouraging the
farmers to take up animal husbandry activities to improve their living conditions.
29. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION
With the availability of quality fodder though out the year, the farmers will be motivated to
take up the animal husbandry activities on a broader scale. This will also motivate them for
rearing improved varieties of milch animals. The production of the local species is also
expected to rise because of the availability of quality fodder.
30. Animal Management
30.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area
Cattle Breed No. of Cows
Local 205
Jersey 311

There are mainly two breeds of cattle i.e. local breed and jersey breed existing in the
watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


122 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




30.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification
It is very important to promote the diversification of breeds in the area. Advanced breeds
like Jerseyand other improved species are need to be promoted in the watershed area in
order to enhance the milk production.
30.3. Existing status of Animal Management
The prevailing present practices for the housing of animals are very traditional i.e. the cattle
are housed in the ground floor of the residential houses. The animals are mostly left open to
graze on the common village lands or the forest lands. The concept of stall feeding is yet not
seen commonly in the village. There may be some instances of stall feeding which is being
practiced during the winters.
30.4. Proposed Activities with justification
It is proposed to introduce improved breed of cattle in the watershed area. As it is identified
during the survey, the yield of the milk is very low. This is mainly due to non-availability of
quality fodder as well as the milk yield of the local species is lower in comparison to the
other advanced breed. The activity to introduce advanced cattle breeds will be considered
under the Livelihood Enhancement of BPL Families component under the project as well
as for the Non-BPL families also.
31. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
31.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups
Presently the milk production from the watershed area accounts to approximately 704
litres of milk per day. As on today there are no milk co-operatives operating in the village
therefore no milk procurement systems are in existence in the village. It is observed from
the discussions that the inhabitants does not consider dairy farming activity as a
commercial activity rather than raising milch animals for fulfilling household dairy needs.
So it is important to create awareness among the villagers about the potential of dairy
farming as a commercial activity.



IIRD Shimla


123 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




31.2. Proposed Activities
The following activities are proposed to enhance the livestock activities and production
system in the watershed area.
- Improved breeds like Jersey cows will be promoted in the water shed area
- Distribution of fodder seed s and plants.
- Milk production will be increased.
31.3. Skill Development
The user groups newly formed in the area will be trained on livestock activity. The
members will be trained on various aspects related to cattle rearing and dairy farming.
The programme will be covered under Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
which is funded by the Dept. of Rural Development, Himachal Pradesh.
31.4. No. of families to be benefitted
All the 400 families engaged in the area will be covered under the animal husbandry
programme.
32. COSTING
Activity -> Fodder Plant Distribution Fodder Seed Distribution
Funds with Line Departments

Beneficiary Contribution for
WDF
11,000 7,000
Funds from IWMP 55,000 35,000

33. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The villagers will be able to attain self-sufficiency in fodder production through the supply of
fodder plants and fodder seeds. The wastelands will be used for fodder and the vegetative
cover of the area will be increased.



IIRD Shimla


124 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




34. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1. Fodder Low availability, No cattle
balanced fodder production,
Not self-sufficient in fodder
production
Increased availability of cattle
balance fodder production, Self-
sufficient in Fodder production.
2. Cattle Management Low level of awareness and
expertise in cattle
management.
Increased awareness and
expertise about cattle
management.
3 Milk Production Current Milk Production per
cow is 4.81 litres per day.
Milk production will be increased
to 6 8 litres per cow as a result
of increased fodder availability
and balanced Food and scientific
Technique.
4 Milk Marketing Milk Production is not
anincome generation
activity, only for self-
consumption.
No milk co-operatives or SHG
group.
Milk production become a
commercial activity,and the
people will form a co-operative
& SHG with the help of Govt. And
access to the organized Markets.










IIRD Shimla


125 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



XIII. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES
35. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA
35.1. Existing CPRs
Presently the Common Property Resources (CPRs) in the area are very less in number. The
existing CPRs are developed by the Gram Panchayat and the Irrigation and Public Health (I&
PH) Department. The existing CPRs consist of only ten irrigation tanks, 11 channels by the
Gram Panchayat and 36 Public Water Taps by the Irrigation and Public Health Department.
These CPRs are being maintained and managed by the respective Gram Panchayat and I&PH
Department. People collect drinking water from the Public Water Taps depending upon
availability.
Existing CPRs in the watershed area
Irrigation Tanks Channel Public Water Taps
10 11 36

36. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
The following activities are proposed for the development of common property resources in
the area:
Pasture Development: The purpose of Pasture Development is for ensuring availability of
fodder. An area of 5 hectare of community land will be converted as pasture land. This
activity will be carried out by the Cheog Panchayat Administration.
Irrigation Tanks: The irrigation tanks were proposed by the community in order to meet the
water needs for drinking and irrigation. Nineteen Irrigation water tanks are proposed to
construct in the watershed area.
Water Pond: Twelve water ponds will be set up in the proposed watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


126 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




37. COSTING
Activity
Pasture
Development
Irrigation Tank Water Pond
Funds with Line Departments
(Rs.)


1,23,900.00

3,13,980.30
Beneficiary Contribution (Rs.)
for WDF


Funds from IWMP (Rs.)- 4,50,000.00 32,85,334.99 11,26,561.03
Total Cost (Rs.) 4,50,000.00 34,09,234.99 14,40,541.33

38. Expected Outcomes
The irrigation tank and water pond will address the lack of irrigation problems being faced
by the farmers. The irrigation tanks and water pond will enhance the agriculture and
horticulture production by expanding the irrigation facilities of the watershed area. This will
increase the agriculture and horticulture productivity of the watershed area.
The unused community land will be used for fodder plantation. This will address the gaps in
fodder production in the watershed area. The households engaged in cattle rearing and
other livestock activities will be benefited from this. The fodder problem of the water shed
area will be addressed properly.
39.Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Fodder Availability There is not enough
good quality fodder
available in the
watershed area
throughout the area.
The households who
practice animal husbandry
will be able to meet the
fodder requirement locally
throughout the year.
2 Irrigation No irrigation systems
prevalent in the water
shed area at present
All the cultivated lands will
be covered under the new
irrigation Tank.



IIRD Shimla


127 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



XIV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
40. Existing Status
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human
society. The watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area is required to
be treated so that further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
41. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
41.1. Activities
In order to address the issues the following activities to manage and preserve the Natural
Resources are proposed:
Crate Wire: The crate wires are proposed to check landslides and soil erosion in the
watershed area. The treatment will be made with bio-engineering measures.
Bench Terracing and CCT: As most of the available land is on the slopes and problem
of soil erosion is prevalent. Therefore in order to check erosion of the soil, bench
terraces are proposed.
Check Dam: Check Dam is being constructed for rain water harvesting.
Gully Plug: Gully Plug is being constructed to check soil erosion.

Effect of Soil Erosion at Cheog


IIRD Shimla


128 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




41.2. No. of Households to be benefitted:
All the activities proposed will benefit all the households in the watershed area. The
proposed activities will preserve the natural resources in the watershed area and ensure the
preservation of their livelihoods.
42. COSTING
Activity
Crate Wire-1
(Pav Nala)
Create Wire-2
(Chiog Bajar)


Bench Terraching
Funds with Line Departments
(Dept. of RD through
MNREGA)
2
nd
Year- 1334.00
3
rd
Year- 1334.00
4
th
Year- 13340.00
(Dept. of RD through
MNREGA)
2
nd
Year- 6686.66
3
rd
Year- 6686.66
4
th
Year- 6686.66
(Dept. of RD through
MNREGA)
2
nd
Year- 133733.33
3
rd
Year- 133733.33
4
th
Year- 133733.33
Total Funds from Line
Departments -(A)
4,002.00 20,060.00


4,01,200.00
Beneficiary Contribution

Year Wise Distribution of Funds
from IWMP
2
nd
Year- 5655.16
3
rd
Year- 5655.16
4
th
Year- 5655.16
2
nd
Year- 283703.08
3
rd
Year- 283703.08
4
th
Year- 283703.08

2
nd
Year- 818662.79
3
rd
Year- 818662.79
4
th
Year- 818662.79
Total Funds from IWMP (B)
16,96,548.00
8,51,109.25


24,55,988.38
Total Cost
(A) + (B)

17,00,550.00 8,71,169.25


28,57,188.38




IIRD Shimla


129 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




43. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
2 Soil Erosion and
Landslides and Rain water
harvesting:
Soil erosion is very
prevalent in the
watershed area.
The soil erosion will be
checked through the
creation of Crate Wire.
Rain water harvesting can
be done by Check Dam.




















IIRD Shimla


130 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



XV. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
44. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being
marketed in the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like
processing, value addition, packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is
observed Horticulture Nursery Rising and Pasture Nursery Rising, Fodder Nursery Rising
can be a potential activity in the watershed area. It may increase the income levels of the
people at the watershed area.
45. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
Horticulture Nursery Rising and Pasture Nursery Rising can be a good livelihood option for
the local people. These activities are proposed for the BPL families.
46. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Horticulture
Nursery Rising
Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Nursery Rising will be carried out in
an organized way and it will
improve the economic condition of
the people under the watershed
area.
2 Pasture Nursery
Rising
At present, sufficient
pasture land is not
available in the
watershed area.
Pasture Nursery Rising will be
carried out in an organized way and
it will improve the economic
condition of the people under the
water shed area.
3 Bee Keeping Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Bee Keeping will be carried out in
an organized way and it will
increase the income level of the
community.
4 Vermi Compost Vermi Compost is not
practiced here, and the
knowledge base of the
community regarding
Organic Farming is not
sufficient.
Vermi Compost will be carried out
in a planned manner and income
level will be increase. Community
will get knowledge about organic
farming.
Over time more people will go for
organic farming in the watershed
area.



IIRD Shimla


131 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



XVI. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE
DEVELOPMENT
47. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES
Micro Enterprise Development (MED) is a proven way to strengthen viable, small business
resulting in increased household income and savings, and this alleviating the crunch of
poverty. Micro Enterprises plays a critical role in the local development of any area.
48. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
48.1. Activities
These are the various activities proposed under the Micro Enterprise Development
Bee Keeping: Twenty (20) families will be allotted with the activity to carry out
Dairy Farming.
Restaurant: Four (4) families will be allotted with the activity to carry out
handloom manufacturing activities after formation of one user group.
Bamboo Nursery: Fifty (50) families will be allotted with the activity to carry out
Bamboo Nursery.
48.2. Beneficiaries
Sr.
No
Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from
Line
departments
Total Cost
from
IWMP
1 Fruit processing 433 200000 150000 800000
2 Milk processing 433 200000 150000 800000
3 Bee keeping 20 24000 0 60000
4 Restaurant 4 families 64000 0 160000
5 Bamboo nursery 50(Please see Annexure) 30000 15000 75000
6 Innovation Fund** 284800
TOTAL 5,18,000 3,15,000 7,39,800

** Innovation fund will be utilized for any new technology or intervention arising during the
period of implementation.


IIRD Shimla


132 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




48.3. Justification
This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an
example for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own.It will increase the
income levels of the people.
Processing units of fruit and milk will be owned by the Panchayat. Before the establishment,
the Panchayat must be trained about the technical and managerial know how of the same.
For this purpose, DIC can provide good resources.
For the activities like horticulture expansion, plantation and nursery, fund from MNREGA
can be utilized. Other cost intensive intervention which involves 40% contribution of
beneficiaries, the names of the beneficiaries mentioned in the groups will be subjected to
alteration depending on their initiative and interest.
49. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The micro enterprises development activities proposed can bring significant changes in the
watershed area. The Micro Enterprise will be leading the community to be self-reliant and
live with dignity.
Outcome Indicators
Operation of organized fruit processing industry in the watershed area.
It will leads towards cluster development.
Operation of organized milk processing industry in the watershed area.
It will increase the economic condition of the people.
Milk production will be increase in the watershed area.
Existence of organized Bee Keeping unit.
Improve in quality-of-life of the local people in the watershed area.








IIRD Shimla


133 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



VII.MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT OF BPL FAMILIES
50. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA)
As per the survey conducted by the organization there are 99 BPL families in the
watershed area. The land holding status of the BPL families are as follows-
Small Farmers (land less than 5 Bigha) - 26
Marginal Farmers (between 6 - 25 Bigha) - 52
Medium Framers - 16
Big farmers - 05
51. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION
As per the survey conducted by the organisation there are no agricultural labourers in
the watershed area.
51.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods
Presently there are no landless households in the area as per the baseline survey carried
out by the organization.
51.2. Existing status of livelihood
All the BPL households are meeting their livelihood needs from agriculture and
horticulture production. And very few are meeting their livelihood needs from animal
husbandry. But it is important to note that these families land holdings are very small
and at the same time the numbers of cattles are also less. A few of them are doing some
work on daily wage basis to meet their daily needs.
51.3. Scope for additional income
Development of sustainable livelihoods for the BPL families in the watershed area is a
major objective of the project. It is observed and identified that there is a scope for the
activities like pasture development in community lands, Horticulture Nursery Raising,
Sheep Rearing, Dairy Farming, and Expansion of Horticulture in the watershed area.The
small farmers can be assigned with the development of pasture in community lands. The


IIRD Shimla


134 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




marginal farmers can be given the activity of horticulture expansion. Other families can
be provided with activities like livestock expansion, bee keeping, Vermi compost, sheep
rearing, and diary, nursery rising, handlooms, etc.
52. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
52.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing)
Dairy Farming:
Horticulture and Pasture Nursery Rising:
Agri-Horti Collection Centre:
Bee Keeping:
Vermi Compost:
Justification:
For the time being, dairy farming is not considered as a commercial activity in the area.
Considering the information that HP-MILKFED is planning to setup a Milk Processing plant in
Shimla District, it is important to rejuvenate the dairy farming sector of the watershed area.
Though large scale interventions are not possible, it is possible to create the trend towards
commercialization of dairy farming of the area by assisting a group of a few to adopt dairy
farming besides creating awareness among the villagers about the possibility of dairy
farming as a commercial activity. Along with the distribution of cows, the skill development
programmes, which will cover other villagers, will also take place.
The pasture nursery raising activity will add to the solutions to increase the availability of
fodder in the area and at the same time provide a livelihood option for the targeted BPL
households. And at the same time the Horticulture nursery rising will add to the solution to
increase supply chain of new horticulture plants in the watershed area and it will generate
income for the targeted BPL families.
Agriculture and Horticulture is two major activities here, over time they need to initiate
Organic Farming practices in their region, Vermi Compost will be a good initiative towards
their Organic Framing movement.


IIRD Shimla


135 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




Bee Keeping will be another sustainable livelihood option for the people in the watershed
area. It will help them to improve their socio-economic status.
The Agriculture / Horticulture product collection cum marketing centre will bring drastic
change in the marketing system of the watershed area. At present they are facing problems
related to storage. Most of the times, they keep the stock in the open air which will get
damaged due to rain fall and stray cattle. So the storage cum marketing centre will
strengthen the marketing system of the area and also prevent the product loss due to other
factors. It will also increase the shelf-life of the products.
52.2. Beneficiaries and Costing
S.N. Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from
Line
departme
nts
Total Cost
from IWMP
1 Dairy
Farming
1. Rita 12. Hirasingh
2. Radha 13. Nek ram
3. Kamla 14. Bansilal
4. Roshanlal 15. Shobram
5. Rajesh 16. Ramanand
6. Ramratan 17. Jeetsingh
7. Bishansingh 18. Devi singh
8. Lakshman 19. Krishna Singh
9. Gita ram 20. Sukh ram
10. Chandiyaram 21. Maina
11. Keshavram 22. Sita ram

23. Geeta
0 150000 690000
2 Vegetable
and fruit
collection
center (Horti
collection
center)
User group 1 User Group 3
1. Sher Singh 1. Jeet Singh
2. Ramanand 2. Nekram
3. Nariya 3. Roshan
4. Shashikumar 4. Santram
5. Surendra 5. Rajesh
User Group 2 User Group 4
1. LagatRam 1. MadanLal
2. Dharma 2. Deepram
3. Sukhram 3. Krishna Singh
4. Dilaram 4. Premlal
5. Chandra Prakash 5. Tulsiram

User Group 5

1. Radha

2. Maniram
0 0 992000


IIRD Shimla


136 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP





3. Manku

4. Maina

5. Ramanand
3 Nursery
Raising
1. Ramanand
2. Sher Singh
3. Sita ram
0 10000 45000
4 Bee Keeping 1. Lachhi ram 9. Shyam Singh
2. Surender 10. Sher Singh
3. Ram Krishna 11. Gita Ram
4. Shiv Ram 12. Shyam Singh
5. Rajesh 13. Ham Nand
6. Shiv Singh 14. Devi Singh
7. Sanjeev 15. Bishan Singh
8. Govind 16. Bansilal
0 240000 240000
5 Sewing
center
1. Rachna 8. Shakuntala
2. Neha 9. Sauda
3. Shushma 10. Sunita D/O Kishan Singh
4. Usha 11. Anita
5. Nisha 12. Sarita
6. Sunita 13. Sangeeta
7. Sharda 14. Sunita D/O Deepu
0 100000 225000
6 Bio gas unit 1. Lachhiram
0 0 24000
7 Vermicompo
st
1. Shiv singh 7. Sanjeev
2. Bharat singh 8. Geeta ram S/O Hasiya
3. Rakesh 9. Ramanand
4. Lakshiram 10. Hansraj
5. Surendra 11. Rajesh
6. Geeta ram S/O
Mathku 12. Narayan singh

13. Ramkrishna
0 50000 130000
Total 0 0 2346000

53. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
Upon the successful implementation of the livelihood enhancement programmes aimed at
the empowerment of the BPL families in the watershed area, the BPL status of the families
will be changed. This will positively impact the integrated development of the watershed
area. The success of these initiatives will further encourage the households to undertake
new initiatives by expanding their area of operation. All the 99 BPL households in the area
will be directly benefited through the number of programmes.
Indicators


IIRD Shimla


137 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




The income levels of the BPL families will increase.
The cottage industries will increase.
Decrease in the number of BPL families in the area over time.
The quality of life will increase.
Increase in the quantity of milk production in the area.
Establishment of Milk co-operation.
The nurseries established in the area.
It will increase the shelf-life of the products.
Functioning of the collection and marketing centre and its usage.
The farmers will get fare price for the products.
Formation of Vermi Compost Unit in the watershed area.
Capacity Building of the local people.
Formation of Bee Keeping unit in the watershed area.
It will lead towards cluster development.
54. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Intervention Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Interventions for BPL
Families
There are no specific
interventions which are
exclusively aimed at
BPL Families of that
area.
The livelihood
enhancement programmes
under the IWMP will
directly benefit all the BPL
families in the area and
bring remarkable changes
in their standard of living
by creating sustainable
livelihoods options.
2 BPL Status At present there are 99
BPL families in the
watershed area.
The BPL status of the
families will be improved
and they are expected to
attain the status of AP
Lover time after the proper
implementation of
watersheds projects.


IIRD Shimla


138 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




3 Marketing At present there are no
storage and collection
centre at the area. No
linkages with the big
houses for marketing of
the products.
The new storage and
collection centre will
enhance the marketing
activities in the watershed
area and at the same time
it will prevent crop loss. It
will create linkages with
the Private Companies
through Public-private-
community partnership.
4 Vermi Compost Unit The farmers are not
practices organic
farming activities in an
organized way.
Organic farming will be
practices in an organized
way in the watershed area.
It will increase the fertility
of the soil and the farmers
will also get good price for
their products.
5 Dairy Framing Dairy Framing is not
practices in an
organized way, most of
the cows breed is local,
and due to lack of
balance food milk
production is low.
Dairy farming will be
practices in an organized
way, increase in the
number of Jersy breed, and
it will improve the socio-
economic condition of the
people in the watershed
area.










IIRD Shimla


139 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE
The main purpose of this phase is to create innovative nature-based, sustainable livelihoods
and raise productivity levels of the augmented resources and local economic development
plans developed during the Watershed Works Phase.
The subsequent activities are planned to be carried out during this stage.

4. Documentation: It is proposed to document the activities carried out during the
watershed implementation period. It will help to maintain the records and identify
and propagate the successful activities carried out under the project.
5. Up-scaling of Successful Experiments: It is proposed to identify the best practices
carried out during the project period and up-scaling the same as per feasibility and
propagate the same among others members of the watershed area.
6. Evaluation: Evaluation is a very important activity to assess the success of
implementation of the project. It is proposed to carry out evaluation at the following
levels.
a. Social Audit: It is proposed to conduct the social audit of the programme at
the watershed level where the Gram Sabha will evaluate the programme
where the beneficiaries should explain their benefits and current status of the
activity. The Watershed Committee should place the books of accounts of
watershed programme for approval.
b. Evaluation by External Agency: An external agency with experience in
implementation and monitoring and evaluation of watershed projects should
be assigned for the evaluation of the watershed programme.
Costing
S.N. Activities Amount
a Documentation and recording 234600
b Up scaling of Successful experiments 469200
c Training 469200
Total 1173000


IIRD Shimla


140 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




XVII. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT
Sectors Expected Outcomes Indicators
Agriculture


Improved irrigation Increment in gross irrigated area
Enhancement in agriculture production Increment in quantity of agriculture produces
Good Organic farming Number of functional vermi compost units
Horticulture Enhancement in crop production Rise in quantity produced
Natural resources
Pasture land development Increment in pasture land area
Improvement in water resources Physical existence of the water bodies
Animal husbandry

Dairy development Number of dairy farming units, milk processing and preservation center
Improved Bee keeping practices Number of farmers with commercial production of honey
Micro enterprises




Improvement in womens status Increment in income of women and their institutions (SHGs)
Milk processing unit Physical existence of well-functioning milk processing unit
Honey and fruit processing and unit Well-functioning honey and fruit processing units
Better market facility Number of well-functioning vegetable and fruit collection centers, milk and
honey preservation units
Restaurants 4 well running restaurants
Development of
BPL families

Improvement in economic status of BPL HHs Increment in the income of BPL families,
Improvement in social status
BPL families will have ownership over the generated resources

Sr. No Area increase in area under crops (Ha) Increase in production (Kg/Ha)
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
1 Agriculture 204.63 209 2946710 3039931
a
Wheat 0.06 1 100 1610
b
Jo 0.02 1 100 3603
c
Pulses 38.61 41 13610 14514
d
Vegetables 161.2 166 2932900 3020204


IIRD Shimla


141 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




2
Horticulture 167.14 179 674,242 720,664
a
Apple 153.15 162 650460 688814
b
Pears 12.18 13 12795 13650
c
Plum 1.81 1635
d
Dry Fruits 2.05 4 9352 18200
3 Animal Husbandry increase in no. of animals Increase in production per day
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
a Cow 516 600 Milk (Lt.) 2485 2880
B Horse 37 37 Income /season(Rs) 18500 18500
c Goat 62 60 Meat (kg) 1550 1500
d Sheep 9 0 Wool (Kg) 22.5 0
e Others 74 60
Area under fodder crops (Ha) Availability of fodder (Q/year)
4 Fodder Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
Fodder grasses 2.71 5 11465 22263

5 FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES No. of families benefited
Pre intervention Post intervention
a Bee Keeping 0 20
b Bamboo Nursery 0 50
c
Fruit processing
0 433
d
Milk processing
0 433
6 PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
b Restaurant 0 4




IIRD Shimla


142 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




XVIII. BUDGETING
55. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS

S
l
.

N
o
.

S
u
r
v
e
y

N
o
.

Name of the
farmer/Community
Based
Area
(ha)
Proposed
A
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l

e
a
r
t
h

w
o
r
k

v
o
l
u
m
e

c
u
m



Cost per
unit/Cum
Total Cost
Rs.
Convergence
with
MNREGA Grant Total Treatment L
e
n
g
t
h
/

U
n
i
t
s

S
e
c
t
i
o
n

(
s
q
m
)

Volume
(sqm) E
a
r
t
h

W
o
r
k

A
m
o
u
n
t
(
R
s
.
)

1 Community Based
Creat Wire-1
Pavnala
600.00 678.00 40002.00 2894.25 1736550.00 40002.00 1696548.00
2 Community Based
Creat Wire-2
Chiog Bazar
301.00 340.00 20060.00 2894.25 871169.25 20060.00 851109.25
3 Community Based
Gully Plug-1
(KatudiKhad)
300.00 1.50 450.00 450.00 26550.00 2391.00 717300.00 26550.00 690750.00
4 Community Based
Gully Plug-2
(Mole kiNali)
450.00 1.50 675.00 675.00 39825.00 2870.00 1291500.00 39825.00 1251675.00
5 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-1
(Basnalli)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
6 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-2
(Nasula)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11


IIRD Shimla


143 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




7 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-3
(Vahani)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
8 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-4
(Chadel)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
9 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-5
(Kadhrav)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
10 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-6
(SadogaKhad)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
11 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-7
(Bharina)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
12 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-8
(SherKhadrev)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
13 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-9
(Karpal)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
14 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-10
(Bagda)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
15 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-11
(KarandiGhat)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
16 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-12
(Upper Ghalau)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
17 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-13
(Fagu Bawadi)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
18 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-14
(Dhalachi)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21


IIRD Shimla


144 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




19 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-15
(Bagda)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
20 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-16
(Talai)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
21 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-17
(Lohali)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
22 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-18
(Khadi)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
23 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-19
(Doren)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
24 Community Based
Water Pond-1
(Chaina)
12.00 20.00 240.00 240.00 14160.00 292.30 70151.13 14160.00 55991.13
25 Community Based
Water Pond-2
(Sarivan)
15.00 22.50 337.50 337.50 19912.50 301.80 101858.54 19912.50 81946.04
26 Community Based
Water Pond-3
(Nalavet)
15.00 24.00 360.00 360.00 21240.00 266.27 95858.14 21240.00 74618.14
27 Community Based
Water Pond-4
(Vahani)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 275.12 206342.29 44250.00 162092.29
28 Community Based
Water Pond-5
(Near Nalavat)
15.00 20.00 300.00 300.00 17700.00 278.95 83684.23 17700.00 65984.23
29 Community Based
Water Pond-6
(Near Tungesh)
16.00 27.60 441.60 441.60 26054.40 259.58 114630.17 26054.40 88575.77
30 Community Based
Water Pond-7
(DabakaNala)
20.00 30.00 600.00 600.00 35400.00 250.91 150548.80 35400.00 115148.80


IIRD Shimla


145 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




31 Community Based
Water Pond-8
(Near Tungesh)
14.00 18.40 257.60 257.60 15198.40 308.46 79459.81 15198.40 64261.41
32 Community Based
Water Pond-9
(Near Nalavet)
16.00 25.00 400.00 400.00 23600.00 275.43 110173.96 23600.00 86573.96
33 Community Based
Water Pond-10
(Damer)
15.00 23.00 345.00 345.00 20355.00 290.73 100303.49 20355.00 79948.49
34 Community Based
Water Pond-11
(Kapal)
18.00 30.00 540.00 540.00 31860.00 255.68 138065.84 31860.00 106205.84
35 Community Based
Water Pond-12
(Buddhi's house)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 252.62 189464.93 44250.00 145214.93
36 Community Based
Check Dam-1
(CholiKhad)
15.00 4.20 63.00 63.00 3717.00 621.37 39146.23 3717.00 35429.23
37 Community Based
Check Dam-2
(KatudiKhad)
14.00 4.15 58.10 58.10 3427.90 627.98 36485.64 3427.90 33057.74
38 Community Based
CCT-1
(Community)
500.00 1.20 600.00 600.00 35400.00 185.48 111285.84 35400.00 75885.84
39 Community Based
CCT-2
(Community)
500.00 1.20 600.00 600.00 35400.00 185.48 111285.84 35400.00 75885.84
40 Community Based
CCT-3
(Community)
500.00 1.20 600.00 600.00 35400.00 185.48 111285.84 35400.00 75885.84
41 Community Based
CCT-4
(Community)
500.00 1.20 600.00 600.00 35400.00 185.48 111285.84 35400.00 75885.84
42 Community Based Bench Terracing 1.00 0.18 6800.00 401200.00 2857188.38 2857188.38 401200.00 2455988.38




Total 11729996.98


IIRD Shimla


146 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




56. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTREPRISES
Units Average Rate Per
Unit (Rs.)
No of
Beneficiaries (HH)
Beneficiary
Contribution
Convergence Funds from IWMP Amount
I LIVELIHOOD FOR BPL HHs ONLY
a Dairy Farming 23 30000 23 0 150000 690000 690000
b Fodder Nursery Raising 3 15000 3 0 10000 45000 45000
c Horti Collection Centre 5 198400 25 0 0 992000 992000
d Sewing center 1 225000 14 0 100000 225000 225000
e Vermi Compost 13 10000 13 0 50000 130000 130000
f Bio gas unit 1 24000 1 0 0 24000 24000
g Bee Keeping 16 15000 16 0 0 240000 240000
Sub-Total 0 310000 2346000 2346000
II Micro Enterprise and other related activities
1 Agriculture & Horticulture Development
a Horticulture Expansion 330 1000 330 128000* 30000 330000 330000
Sub-Total 128000 0 330000 330000
2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 850 50 260 14000 0 35000 35000
b Fodder Plant Distribution 5500 5 260 22000 0 55000 55000
C Pasture Development 15 Ha 30000 - - - 450000 450000
Sub-Total 36000 0 540000 540000
3 Micro-Enterprises
a Milk processing and preservation unit 1 800000 433 200000 150000 800000 800000
b Restaurant 4 40000 4 64000 0 160000 160000
c Fruit processing unit 1 800000 433 200000 150000 800000 800000
d Bamboo nursery 5 15000 50 30000 15000 75000 75000
g Bee Keeping 2 30000 20 24000 0 60000 60000
e Innovation fund** 284800 284800
Sub-Total 518000 315000 2179800 2179800
GRAND TOTAL 682000 625000 5395800 5395800
57. TOTAL FUND FLOW FROM IWMP
Sl. No Particulars
IWMP
Amount (Rs.)
BENEFICIARY
CONTRIBUTION
For WDF
CONVERGENCE
1 GENERAL
a Ad. Cost 2346000
b Monitoring 234600
c Evaluation 234600

Total 2815200


2 PREPARATORY PHASE


a EPA 938400
b
Institutional &
Capacity Building 1173000

c DPR 234600

Total 2346000


3 WATERSHED WORKS PHASE



WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT
WORKS


1
Creat Wire-1
Pavnala
1696548.00

40002.00
2
Creat Wire-2
Chiog Bazar
851109.25

20060.00
3
Gully Plug-1
(KatudiKhad)
690750.00

26550.00
4
Gully Plug-2
(Mole kiNali)
1251675.00

39825.00
5 Irrigation Tank-1 (Basnalli) 125846.11 4425.00
6 Irrigation Tank-2 (Nasula) 125846.11 4425.00
7 Irrigation Tank-3 (Vahani) 125846.11 4425.00
8 Irrigation Tank-4 (Chadel) 125846.11 4425.00
9 Irrigation Tank-5 (Kadhrav) 125846.11 4425.00
10 Irrigation Tank-6 (SadogaKhad) 125846.11 4425.00
11 Irrigation Tank-7 (Bharina) 125846.11 4425.00
12
Irrigation Tank-8
(SherKhadrev)
125846.11

4425.00
13 Irrigation Tank-9 (Karpal) 125846.11 4425.00
14 Irrigation Tank-10 (Bagda) 125846.11 4425.00
15 Irrigation Tank-11 (KarandiGhat) 225208.21 8850.00
16 Irrigation Tank-12 (Upper Ghalau) 225208.21 8850.00
17 Irrigation Tank-13 (Fagu Bawadi) 225208.21 8850.00
18 Irrigation Tank-14 (Dhalachi) 225208.21 8850.00
19 Irrigation Tank-15 (Bagda) 225208.21 8850.00
20 Irrigation Tank-16 (Talai) 225208.21 8850.00
21 Irrigation Tank-17 (Lohali) 225208.21 8850.00
22 Irrigation Tank-18 (Khadi) 225208.21 8850.00
23 Irrigation Tank-19 (Doren) 225208.21 8850.00
24
Water Pond-1
(Chaina)
55991.13

14160.00
25
Water Pond-2
(Sarivan)
81946.04

19912.50
26
Water Pond-3
(Nalavet)
74618.14

21240.00
27
Water Pond-4
(Vahani)
162092.29

44250.00
28
Water Pond-5
(Near Nalavat)
65984.23

17700.00


IIRD Shimla


148 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



29
Water Pond-6
(Near Tungesh)
88575.77

26054.40
30
Water Pond-7
(DabakaNala)
115148.80

35400.00
31
Water Pond-8
(Near Tungesh)
64261.41

15198.40
32
Water Pond-9
(Near Nalavet)
86573.96

23600.00
33
Water Pond-10
(Damer)
79948.49

20355.00
34
Water Pond-11
(Kapal)
106205.84

31860.00
35
Water Pond-12
(Buddhi's house)
145214.93

44250.00
36
Check Dam-1
(CholiKhad)
35429.23

3717.00
37
Check Dam-2
(KatudiKhad)
33057.74

3427.90
38
CCT-1
(Community)
75885.84

35400.00
39
CCT-2
(Community)
75885.84

35400.00
40
CCT-3
(Community)
75885.84

35400.00
41
CCT-4
(Community)
75885.84

35400.00
42 Bench Terracing 2455988.38 401200.00

Total 11729996.98 1114262.20
I LIVELIHOOD FOR BPL HHs ONLY
a Dairy Farming 690000 0 150000
b Fodder Nursery Raising 45000 0 10000
c Horti Collection Centre 992000 0 0
d Sewing center 225000 0 100000
e Vermi Compost 130000 0 50000
f Bio gas unit 24000 0 0
g Bee Keeping 240000 0 0
Sub-Total 2346000 0 310000
II
Micro Enterprise and other
related activities
1
Agriculture & Horticulture
Development
a Horticulture Expansion 330000 128000* 30000
Sub-Total 330000 128000 0
2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 35000 14000 0


IIRD Shimla


149 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




b Fodder Plant Distribution 55000 22000 0
C Pasture Development 450000 - -
Sub-Total 540000 36000 0
3 Micro-Enterprises
a
Milk processing and
preservation 800000 200000 150000
b Restaurant 160000 64000 0
c Fruit processing unit 800000 200000 150000
d Bamboo nursery 75000 30000 15000
e Bee keeping 60000 24000 0
f Innovation fund 284800 0 0
Sub-Total 2179800 518000 315000
TOTAL 5395800 682000 625000
4.
Consolidation phase

a Documentation and recording 234600 0 0
b
Up scaling of Successful
experiments 469200 0 0
c Training 469200 0 0
Total 1173000 0 0

GRAND TOTAL 23460000.00 682000.00 1739262.20
58. Proposed Final Budget
Sr. No Particulars
Amount (Rs.)
(Figures)
Amount (Rs.)
(Words)
1 Total Funds from IWMP 2,34,60,000.00
Rupees Two Caror Thirty Four Lakh Sixty
Thousand Only
2 Beneficiary Contribution 6,82,000.00
Rupees Six Lakh Eighty Two Thousand Only

3 Proposed Convergence 17,39,262.20
Rupees Seventeen Lakh Thirty Nine Thousand
Two Hundred and Sixty Two Paisa Twenty Only.
Total Project Cost 2,58,81,262.20
Rupees Two Caror Fifty Eight lakh Eighty One
Thousand Two Hundred and Sixty Two, Paisa
Twenty Only
Per Hectare Expenditure from IWMP - 14,999.99


IIRD Shimla


150 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




59. ACTION PLAN


IIRD Shimla


151 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




XIX. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE
PREPARATORY PHASE
1
st
Year
SR.NO WORK COMPONENT
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a EPA

b DPR

c Institutional & Capacity Building

WATERSHED WORKS PHASE
3
WATERSHED
DEVELOPMENT WORKS
YEAR - 2 YEAR - 3 YEAR - 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
A Creat Wire
B Gully Plug

C Irrigation Tank
D Water Pond
E Check Dam

F CCT
G Bench Terracing

LIVELIHOOD ACTIVITIES
a Dairy Farming

b Fodder Nursery Raising

c Horti Collection Centre

d Sewing center

e Vermi Compost

f Bio gas unit



IIRD Shimla


152 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




g Bee Keeping

II
Micro Enterprise and other
related activities

1
Agriculture/Horticulture
development

a Horticulture Expansion

2 Animal husbandry

a Fodder Seed

b Fodder Plant Distribution

C Pasture Development

3 Micro-Enterprises

a Milk processing Unit

b Restaurant

c Fruit processing unit

d Bamboo nursery raising

e Bee Keeping

CONSOLIDATION PHASE
Activity
YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a Up-scaling of Successful Experiments
b Training

c Documentation


YEAR - 3 YEAR - 4 YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # #
Evaluation



IIRD Shimla


153 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP



XX. ANNEXURE
60. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP
Sl. Particulars EXISTING
RATES
SSR
Final Rates
Reference Labour Material Total
1 Earthwork in loose and sandy
soils and partially ploughed
soils NFB, RFB


a) Earth excavation per cum 20 GO 486
para 2
20

20
b) Sectioning & trimming per
cum
8 8

8
Total 28 28

28
2 Earthwork in ordinary soil
CB, CCT, SCT


a) Earth excavation per cum 27 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
2
35

35
b) Breaking of clods with
trimmng and sectioning per
cum
12 12 12
Total 39 47

47
3 Earthwork in hard soil WAT

a) Earth excavation per cum 34 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44

44
b) Breaking of clods with
trimming and sectioning per
cum
14 14

14
Total 48 58

58
4 Earthwork for farm pond



IIRD Shimla


154 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




a) upto depth of 0.75 m per
cum
28
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35
b) depth from 0.75 m to 2 m
per cum
39
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44
d) Trimming and sectioning
12 12
4a Earthwork for MPT/ PT


a) excavation depth of 0.75
m per cum
60
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35

b) excavation depth of 0.75
m to 2 m per cum
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44

c) Bund formation, tamping
and sectioning upto initial 30
m
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
25 25
Stripping 237-8.
22 22
Key trench excavation (max -
0.5) and filling with suitable
soil
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
40 40
5 Stone rivetment - outside
stone (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
6 Stone rivetment - local stone 267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305


IIRD Shimla


155 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




7 Stone work with stone form
outside per cum (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
8 Stone work with locally
available stone per cum
267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305
9 Contour stone bund (CS=0.5
sq.m) per rmt
160/rmt
160
10
Farm bunding with stone
revetment (CS=0.5 sq.m) per
rmt
63/rmt 63
11 Stone Outlet per unit 308 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100
305
12 Pipe Outlet /Unit 140
140
13 AF (block)

Pitting and refilling - per
plant
4
4 4
Planting material - per plant 4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
17
14 AF (bund)

Planting material - per
plant
4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
13
15 AF(seeding) per kg 100
100 100
16 Grass seeding per kg 30
30 30
17 Agave slips in Nos. 1
2 2
18 Dryland Horticulture (DH) -
per plant
20
18 20 38
19 Dryland Horticulture with
pitcher - per plant
35
18 35 53


IIRD Shimla


156 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




20 Agro-horticulture(AH) - per
plant
40
35 40 75
21 Community pasture land
(CPL) /ha
5344
5344
22 Vermicompost demo unit in
Nos.
5800
5800
23 Non Pesticidal Management
(NPM) per acre
3100
3100

ANNEXURE
List of SC beneficiaries
Sh. Ramesh Kumar Sh. Budhhi Ram Sh. Balak RAM
Sh. Geeta Ram Sh. Mathu Ram Sh. Hira Mani Sharma
Sh. Bhup Ram Sh. Ratti Ram Sh. Kesar Singh
Sh. VedParkash Sh. Ram lal Sh. RoshanLal
Sh. Parma Nand Sh. Ramanand Sh. Tulsi Ram
Smt. Sanro Devi Sh. Mohan Lal Sh. Ram Singh
Smt. Sarson Devi Sh. Narayan Singh Jagat Singh Thakur
Sh. LeeiaNand Sh. Mohan Lal Sh. Sohan Singh
Sh. Kali Dass Sh. Dahrma Sh. RoshanLal
Sh. LokaNand Sh. Jagat Ram Sh. ManoharLal
Sh. RaghawaNand Sh. Naria Ram Sh. Mohan Lal
Sh. Indar Sin gh Sh. Nirma Sh. Bhup Ram
Sh. Gorakh Ram Sh. Langhu Ram Sh. Ramesh
Sh.Budhiya Singh Smt. Sonu Sh. Rajesh Kumar
Sh. Jamnu Ram Smt. Balno Sh. Govind Singh
Sh. Roop Singh Sh. Ramanand Singh Smt. Radha
Smt. Sunfa Devi Sh. Udi Ram Sh. Mani RAM
Sh. Rajendar Singh Sh. Inder Singh Sh. KundanLal
Sh. Chhagu Ram Sh. Hari Chand Sh. PremLal
Sh. Geeta Ram Sh. Haridas Sh. Atma Ram
Sh. Bhup Ram

Non BPL Beekeeping Groups
Group 1 Group 2
Sh. IshwarLal Sh. Gulab Singh
Sh. Laxmi Singh Sh. Achhar Singh
Sh. Sohan Singh Sh. IshvarLal
Sh. Jogendar Singh Sh. Ashok Kumar
Sh. Lok Singh Sh. DharmDass
Sh. Mohan Lal Smt. Roshni
Sh. Heera Singh SMT. Santosh


IIRD Shimla


157 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP




Sh. Shiv Ram Sh. Ravender Kumar
Sh. Nirma Sh. Rajender Singh
Sh. Beli Ram Sh. Sureh

List of Beneficiary under Bamboo nursery raising program
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5
Sh. Vikarm Singh Sh. Shiv Singh Sh. Ramesh Ravat SMT. Sunita SMT. Santosh
sh. Anant Ram Sh. Rameshwar Sh. Budhhi Ram Sh. Lachhi Ram
Thakur
Sh. Surender
Singh
Sh. IshawarDutt Sh. Anokhi Ram Smt. Sulochna SH. Prem Singh Sh. Sai Ram
sh. Dyanand Sh. Layak Ram Sh. Hari Chand Sh. Harish SMT Shakuntala
Sh. Achhar mal Thakur Sh. Ram Lal Sh. IshwarLal Sh. Ram Sh. Layak Ram
Sh. Bhagat Singh Sh. Hira Singh Sh. Narayan Singh Sh. Mansa Ram Sh. Ramanand
Sh. Sohan Singh Sh. Nanti Ram Sh.Chet Ram Sh. Geeta Ram Sh. TikamDass
Sh. Shiv RAM Sh. Nanti Ram Sh. Ram Krishan Sh. Ratti Ram Sh.Lachmi Ram
Sh. Rajendar Singh SmtMathi Devi Sh. Karm Singh Sh. Devi Ram Sh. Saligram
Sh. Jagdish Sh. Subhash Sh. Kalyan.Singh Sh. Shiv Ram Sh. Shayam Singh




IIRD Shimla


158 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Cheog Nalla Watershed under IWMP












61. Design and Estimate of Watershed Works
62. PRA
Diagram
s




IIRD Shimla


160 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




63.










IIRD Shimla


161 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP








IIRD Shimla


162 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP









IIRD Shimla


163 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP

















4. Watershed Maps


IIRD Shimla


164 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP










DETAILED PROJECT REPORT
Dadas Micro-Watershed of Theog Block, District Shimla
(H.P.) Under IWMP



Submitted to,
The Chief Executive Officer
State Level Nodal Agency
Department of Rural Development, H.P


IIRD Shimla


165 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP





Prepared by,


Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD)
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institute
Bye Pass Road, Shanan, Sanjauli, Shimla 6
www.iirdshimla.org

CONTENTS
ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................................................................ 169
WATERSHED AT A GLANCE ............................................................................................................ 170
Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................... 171
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 174
1. ABOUT THE PROJECT .......................................................................................................... 174
2. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA............................................................................................... 175
2.1. Geographical Characteristics 176
2.2. Climate 176
2.3. Soil 177
2.4. Population Classification 177
2.5. Land use Pattern 178
2.6. The Watershed Area 179
2.7. Land Holdings 179
2.8. Livestock Population 179
METHODOLOGY ............................................................................................................................ 181
1. DATA COLLECTION ............................................................................................................. 181
2. SECONDARY DATA .............................................................................................................. 182


IIRD Shimla


166 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Participation of Gram Sabha, Dadas ........................................................................................... 182
3. USAGE OF DATA ................................................................................................................. 183
4. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA ............................... 183
PREPARATORY PHASE ................................................................................................................... 183
5. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES .................................................................................................... 183
6. PREPARATION OF DPRS ...................................................................................................... 183
7. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING .......................................................................... 184
8. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 184
8.1. Budget for Administrative Activities 184
8.2. Budget for Preparatory Phase 185
SWOT Analysis .............................................................................................................................. 186
SYNOPSIS: 574 Ha. Dadas (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Dadas Panchayat ............... 187
WATERSHED WORK PHASE ........................................................................................................... 188
I. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT..................................................................... 189
1. AGRICULTURE .................................................................................................................... 189
1.1. Existing Crop Production 189
1.2. Existing farm practices 189
1.3. Cropping pattern 190
2. HORTICULTURE .................................................................................................................. 190
2.1. Existing Crop Production 190
2.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification 191
2.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion 191
3. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES ....................... 192
4. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 192
4.1. Activities 192
4.2. Costing 192
4.3. Justification 193
5. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT .......................................................................................................................... 193
6. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES ................................................................................ 193
7. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE ............................................................................. 194
8. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................................................ 194
8.1. Existing Marketing arrangements 194
9. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ....................... 195


IIRD Shimla


167 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................. 196
II. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY ............................................................................................................ 197
1. Increase in Milk Production ................................................................................................ 197
1.1. Existing arrangements of fodder 197
1.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands 197
1.3. Livestock population 197
1.4. Fodder Requirement 198
1.5. Status of green fodder available in a year 198
1.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle 198
1.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private
land- 199
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 199
2.1. Activities 199
2.2. Justification 199
3. NURSERY RAISING .............................................................................................................. 200
3.1. Justification 200
4. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER ..................................... 200
5. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION........................................................................ 200
6. Animal Management .......................................................................................................... 201
6.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area 201
6.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification 201
6.3. Existing status of Animal Management 201
6.4. Proposed Activities with justification 201
7. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................................................ 202
7.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups 202
7.2. Proposed Activities 202
7.3. Skill Development 202
7.4. No. of families to be benefitted 202
8. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 203
9. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 203
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................. 203
III. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES ....................................................... 204
1. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA ...................... 204
1.1. Existing CPRs 204


IIRD Shimla


168 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION....................................................................... 204
3. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 205
4. Expected Outcomes ........................................................................................................... 205
5. Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status ..................................................... 206
IV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ................................................................................ 207
1. Existing Status .................................................................................................................... 207
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION....................................................................... 207
2.1. Activities 207
2.2. No. of Households to be benefitted: 207
3. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 207
4. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 208
V. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES........................................................................................ 209
1. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ................................................... 209
2. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ................................................................... 209
3. Costing ............................................................................................................................... 209
4. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 210
VI. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT .................................... 211
1. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES ......................................................................... 211
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 211
2.1. Activities 211
2.2. Beneficiaries 211
2.3. Justification 212
3. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 212
1. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA) ...................................................................... 213
2. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION ........................................................................... 213
2.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods 213
2.2. Existing status of livelihood 213
2.3. Scope for additional income 213
3. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 214
3.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing) 214
3.2. Beneficiaries and Costing 215
4. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 216
5. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 217


IIRD Shimla


169 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




VIII. CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE .................................................................... 219
IX. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT ............................................................................ 220
X. BUDGETING ........................................................................................................................... 222
1. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS ...................... 222
2. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO
ENTREPRISES .............................................................................................................................. 225
3. TOTAL FUND FLOW FROM IWMP ....................................................................................... 226
4. Proposed Final Budget ........................................................................................................ 229
5. ACTION PLAN ..................................................................................................................... 230
XI. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE ........................................................................................................... 231
XII. ANNEXURE ......................................................................................................................... 233
1. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP .....................................................
2. Design and Estimate of Watershed Works ................................................................................
4. PRADiagrams ............................................................................................................................
4. Watershed Maps ..........................................................................................................................










ABBREVIATIONS


IIRD Shimla


170 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




IWMP - Integrated Watershed Management Programme
I&PH - Irrigation and Public Health
WDF - Watershed Development Fund
NPK - Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium
GP - Gram Panchayat
AF - Afforestation
GT - Grass land with Trees
GS - Grass Seed
CCT - Continues Contour Trench
SCT - Staggered Contour Trench
AH - Agro Horticulture
CP - Compost Pit
DH - Dray land Horticulture
S.CPCT - Strengthening of Continues Peripheral Contour Trench
CPL - Community Pasture Land
MPT - Mini Percolation Tank
PT - Percolation Tank
NPM - Non Pesticidal Management
MN - Micro Nutrients
EPA - Entry Point Activity
UG - User Group
D1 - Very Shallow (0.15)
D2 - Shallow (0.30)
D3 - Moderately deep (0.45)
D4 - Deep (more than 5)
E1 - Sheet erosion
E2 - Rill erosion
E3 - Small Gullied Erosion
E4 - Deep Gullied Erosion
S1 - Slope (15% -20%)
S2 - Slope (20% -25%)
S3 - Slope (30% -35%)

WATERSHED AT A GLANCE
General Information


IIRD Shimla


171 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




1 Name of the watershed Daddas
2. Name of the Block Theog
3. Name of the District Shimla
4. Geographical Area of the Watershed 385 ha
5.
Micro Watershed consist of Watershed
and Watershed Codes
2c6c6A2a
6. Major Water Source Thunda Khad
7. River flowing nearby the watershed area Giri River
8. Livelihood Options Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry,
Service
Demography
6. Population 970 Persons
7. Number of Males 488
8. Number of Females 482
Agriculture
9. Major Crops and Vegetables Jo, Barley, Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Tomato,
Peas.
10. Marketing Local and Theog Market
Horticulture
11. Major Crops Apple, Pear, Plum, Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani,
Chilgoja, Almond.
12. Marketing Local Mandi + Outstation (Chandigarh, Delhi)
Animal Husbandry
13 Families involved in Animal Husbandry 172
14 Livestock Cow, OX, Lamb, Goat.
15 Daily Milk Production 266 Litres
Land Characteristics
16 Slope S3 25% - 30%
17 Erosion E4 Severe Gully Erosion
Soil Characteristics
18 Soil Depth D1-0.25
19 PH 7.0
20 N 426
21 P 67.35
22 K 179.60

Executive Summary: Daddas Micro-Watershed of Daddas Panchayat


IIRD Shimla


172 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of integrated
sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The objective of the
Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is to attach locally available natural
resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable development in the area.
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Dadas located in Theog Block of
Shimla district. In the north direction there is very steep slope hills, in the south one tributory second
order river and in the west, hills are located. The project area is located between Longitude 31 4'
0.69" N and Lattitude 77 19' 42.99" E.As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the
Dadas watershed project has a total 221 households with a population of 970 souls, out of which
488 are male and 482 are female. From this data it emerges that there is a healthy sex ratio as
the female population is greater than male population. 52 BPL families reside in the
watershed area. The average size of the family is 4.38 persons per household. The net
geographical area of Dadas Panchayat is about 385 ha out of which 06 ha is forest area. As per the
survey conducted by the organization for Dadas watershed project majority of the farmers are either
Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha) or Marginal farmers (5-25 Bigha).
At Dadas watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers.
The agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and vegetables they
send to outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers are
Wheat, Jo, Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and
patterns for agriculture production.
At Dadas watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood source for the local farmers. All
the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The major horticulture
produce in the area is apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear, Plum, Grapes, Chulli,
Chilgoja, Kharmani, Almond, Nuts and Grapes etc.
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent
annually, with a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the almond and
other dry fruits can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the farmers. So it is
proposed to bring more area under pear and almond. As apple is the key horticulture produce in the
area, it is proposed to bring more area under apple production by way of distribution of apple
seedlings to the farmers and also it is proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to
diseases may be minimized.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, one irrigation tank is being
proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain the supply of


IIRD Shimla


173 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




irrigation water throughout the Kharif season. It is proposed to build irrigation Tank at Goldan
Chaieskar area of the water shed.
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the
survey 192, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among the
domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Ox, Lamb, Mule, Yak, Horse, Goat, and Ass. In
general villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. The green fodder is available in the
area during the summer season where as due to severe winter conditions prevailing during the
winter season fodder is to be procured from outside. It is observed that the major reason for the low
level of milk production is result of the cattle breed existing in the village. Majority of the cattle
population (58%) in the watershed area are of local breeds. It is very important to promote the
diversification of breeds in the area.
The watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides due to the movement of glaciers.
Due to the glacier melt all of a sudden and movement of glaciers the downstream areas sometimes
get flooded causing loss of life and property. There is a need for the conservation and protection of
the areas which have suffered due to the movement of glaciers. The crate wires are proposed to
check landslides and soil erosion because of the movement of glaciers. As most of the available land
is on the slopes and problem of soil erosion is prevalent. Therefore in order to check erosion of the
soil, bench terraces are proposed.
There are no micro-enterprises like processing, value addition, packaging, and storage etc.
existing in the watershed area. Horticulture is the major livelihood activity in the watershed area.
Bee Keeping, as an activity has the potential to emerge as a major subsidiary activity of horticulture
activities. Another major highlight of the activity is it only one time investment and the maintenance
cost is also very low. The environment of the watershed area and the adjoining places indicates
higher consumption of warm cloths. Therefore Handloom Manufacturing and Carpet Weaving are
feasible activities to be carried out in the area while considering the availability of wool and other
raw materials. These products can be marketed locally as well as regionally through the available
marketing channels and setting up of small cooperatives. This will help to develop entrepreneurship
capacity among the population and serve as an example for the villagers to come up with similar
initiatives at their own.
There are 61 BPL families in the watershed area. All the BPL households are meeting their
livelihood needs from agriculture and horticulture production. Development of sustainable
livelihoods for the BPL families in the watershed area is a major objective of the project. It is


IIRD Shimla


174 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Observed and identified that there is a scope for the activities like pasture development in
community lands, Horticulture Nursery Raising, Sheep Rearing, Diary Farming, and Expansion of
Horticulture in the watershed area. The small farmers can be assigned with the development of
pasture in community lands. The BPL families will be provided with Cottage and Handloom activities.
It will help them to enhance their income level in the limited space they make their living. Lamb
rearing will be another livelihood option for the BPL families; they can supply the wool in the local
Handloom unit and fetch good money.
This project will cover the total rain-fed area identified in the watershed area. The livelihood
options and income of all the BPL households will be enhanced once the project is properly
implemented. The area under agriculture and horticulture and its productivity will be increased as a
result of the increase in irrigation facilities and other activities aimed at expansion of the same. The
lack of fodder availability will be addressed by the pasture development and nursery rising.
Moreover the households practicing livestock activities will be benefited through the distribution of
fodder seeds and fodder plants. The problems as a result of the movement of glaciers will be
addressed through the construction of create wire structures and the soil erosion will be checked
through bench terracing. The micro enterprises sector will be revived as a result of the
implementation of the project. The number of working days will also be increased.








INTRODUCTION
64. ABOUT THE PROJECT


IIRD Shimla


175 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of
integrated sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The
objective of the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is to attach locally
available natural resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable
development in the area. These objectives can be realized by conserving, protecting and
restoring the ecological balance by developing natural resources and by preventing soil
erosion, degradation of top soil cover, regeneration of natural vegetation, rain water
harvesting and recharging of the ground water table. The programme also gives specific
importance to the productivity enhancement of agriculture/horticulture/animal husbandry
activities and innovative sustainable livelihood development of the community. The
activities for resource development and usage will be planned to promote farming and allied
activities to promote local livelihoods while ensuring resource conservation and
regeneration.


A View of Gram Panchyat, Dadas


65. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Dadas located in Theog Block
of Shimla district. In the north direction there is very steep slope hills,in the south one


IIRD Shimla


176 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




tributory second order river and in the west, hills are located.The project area is located
between Longitude 31 4' 0.69" N and Lattitude 77 19' 42.99" E. The watershed area liesin
Three villages which are very near to the Dadas valley. The elevation of the watershed area
is nearly 2405 m above the sea level.
65.1. Geographical Characteristics
The entire watershed is extremely hilly with complex topography with an elevation upto
2405 m. The general slope is from North West to South East. The major physiographic units
delineated are steep to very steep hill slopes, moderately steep to very steep hill slopes, hill
terraces, hill slopes with pasture and hill slopes with forest cover. The relief is excessive and
the watershed is drained by perennial streams. All local streams are merging in Giri River.



Satellite view of Dadas Watershed
65.2. Climate


IIRD Shimla


177 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




The climate of the project watershed area is characterized by cool and dry climate.
Meteorologically, the year can be divided into three distinct seasons. Winter season sets in
from the month of October and continues upto April, followed by summer season from May
to June and Rainy Season from July to September. Temperature rises after April and the
month of June is the hottest month of the year with mean daily maximum temperature
going up to 23.0
o
C. And by the end of October, there is a sharp decrease in temperature in
the watershed area. The months of December, January and February are the coolest months
of the year, with mean daily minimum temperature as low as -2
o
C. The total annual rainfall
is about 1456 mm per annum. The maximum precipitation is received in the months from
January to March. About 55% of the precipitation is received during winter season. The
average `humidity observed in the project area is about 50% apart from the monsoon
months. Humidity is generally low from 35 to 54.2%. In monsoon months, humidity is more
than 80%.
65.3. Soil
The skeletal and calcareous soils occur on gently sloping to almost level valleys. The pH of
soil at various sites lies within neutral range. The levels of NPK indicate moderate to high soil
productivity. The sodium levels do not indicate any potential for soil Stalinization or adverse
impacts on soil productivity.
65.4. Population Classification
As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the Dadas watershed project has a total 221
households with a population of 970souls, out of which 488 are male and 482 are female. From
this data it emerges that there is a healthy sex ratio as the female population is greater than
male population. 52 BPL families reside in the watershed area. The average size of the family is
4.38 persons per household.
Sex No. of Persons
Male 488
Female 482
Total 970




IIRD Shimla


178 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP






Caste No. of Families
SC 41
General 180
Total 221


65.5. Land use Pattern
The net geographical area of Dadas Panchayat is about 385 ha out of which 06 ha is forest area.
About 82 ha of land are under agriculture which is completely rain-fed; mainly a Kharif crop is
taken.
Land under
Agri/Horticulture
usage
Forest land
Permanent
Pasture Land
Waste Land
Cultivable Land
Uncultivable &
Land
82 ha 06 115 82 ha 182 ha
(As per land data records)


IIRD Shimla


179 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




At the watershed area 41.06 ha land is having some type of sources for irrigation, and 82 ha
land under Agri/Horticulture usage. At the same time 57.24 hectares are belongs to Fallow
Land.
Land under Agri + Horticulture
usage in the watershed area
Land with Irrigation sources
Land without Irrigation
sources
82 ha 41.06 ha 49.68 ha
(As per survey)
65.6. The Watershed Area
The Dadas watershed consists of only three revenue villages namely Dadas having total area
of 385.00 hectares. This watershed envisages covering an area of 500 hectares falling in this
village.
65.7. Land Holdings
As per the survey conducted by the organization for Dadas Watershed project majority of the
farmers are either Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha) or Marginal farmers (5-25 Bigha). There
are 93 small famer households and 121 marginal farmer households in the area. There are 7
farm households with land holdings in between 26 75 Bigha land. As per the information
provided during the survey, there is no landless household in the area.
Land less
Small Farmer
<5 Bigha
Marginal Farmer
5-25 Bigha
Medium Farmer
26-75 Bigha
Big Farmer
>75 Bigha
- 93 121 7 -

65.8. Livestock Population
Apart from the agriculture / horticulture practices animal husbandry activities are also a
major source of livelihoods in the area. The livestock in the village consists of 251 cows, 41


IIRD Shimla


180 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Buffalo, 152 Ox, 10Lamb, 17 goats, and 09 Horses. There are 172 families those are engaged
in Animal Husbandry activities in the water shed area.
















Number
of
families
Livestock Detail
Cows Buffalo Others
No of
cows
Breed Milk
Production in
ltr/day
Buffalo Milk
Production
in ltr
Ox Sheep Goat Horse Lamb Mule
172 251 Jersey
61
347 41 137 152 0 17 9
10 2
Local
92
270



IIRD Shimla


181 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP



METHODOLOGY
The following methodology was adopted for the preparation of DPR of Watershed Dadas.
66. DATA COLLECTION
Primary Data
e. Baseline Survey
Door to Door baseline survey was carried out using structured questionnaire. The
questionnaire covered the following areas.
Demographic Information
Socio Economic Information
Agriculture / Horticulture Activities and its marketing
Animal Husbandry activities and its marketing
Fodder production and Availability
Land use
Water Availability
Common Property Resources and Its usage
The survey was carried out during

f. Participatory Rural Appraisal
Participatory Rural Appraisal was conducted on at the watershed level in order to assess
the needs of the community. The following tools were used:
vi. Mapping
Social Mapping
Resource Mapping
Seasonality Calendar
Service Inflow Outflow
Proposed Works Mapping



IIRD Shimla


182 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




vii. Transect Walk
In order to identify the areas to be treated, proposed work sites and assess the
feasibility, the experts carried out a reconnaissance survey through transect walk. The
sites were marked and the different treatment measures required for the treatment of
the area were also recommended.
viii. Focus Group Discussions
Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were conducted in order to obtain community approved
conclusions on various identified needs. It was helpful in complementing the
assessments emerged from PRA and to derive the opinion of the community on various
issues.
67. SECONDARY DATA
Secondary data was collected from the Panchayat Records, Revenue Records and
various line departments functioning in the watershed project area.


Participation of Gram Sabha, Dadas



IIRD Shimla


183 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




68. USAGE OF DATA
The data, primary as well as secondary, which was obtained from the various authentic
sources, was used in formulation of the local needs of the populace and also to plan the
interventions required for the optimum utilization of the available resources in the
watershed area. The due emphasis was given to plan the activities to fill in the existing
gaps and to address the weak indicators.
69. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA
Data was analysed and based on the identified needs and problems in the watershed
area a draft action plan was prepared and placed before the concerned Gram Sabha for
approval. After detailed deliberations and incorporation of relevant suggestions into the
plan, the action plan was got approved from the concerned Gram Sabha.
PREPARATORY PHASE
The Preparatory Phase of the Project will be the first year of the project. The major objective
of this phase is to build appropriate mechanisms for adoption of participatory approach and
empowerment of local institutions (WC, SHG, and UG). WDT will assume a facilitating role
during this phase. In this phase, the main activities will include:

70. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES
The Gram Sabha has decided and passed resolution to construct an irrigation
tank and 300 meters of irrigation channel considering the immediate need for
irrigation systems in the watershed area.
71. PREPARATION OF DPRS
Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD) Shimla has been assigned to
prepare the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the implementation the water shed
project under Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IMWP)




IIRD Shimla


184 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




72. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING
It is proposed to carry out the following institutional based training and capacity
building programmes in the first two years of the project period in order to equip
various stakeholders to successfully participate and implement the project:
First Year:
5. Orientation of Watershed Development Teams and Watershed
Development Committee Members and Panchayat Officials
6. Orientation course on Fund Management for Watershed Development
Teams and Watershed Committees
Second Year:
7. Orientation programme on Group management and Livelihood
Activities with special focus on Nursery Raising, Fisheries, Diary
Development, Wool Processing, Sheep Rearing, Bee Keeping, Small
Restaurant
8. Orientation for members of User Groups (UGs) and Self Help Groups
(SHGs)
9. Orientation of Watershed Development Team (WDT) and Watershed
Development Committees on Monitoring and Evaluation of the Project
with special focus on RTI, Social Audit and Transparency
73. COSTING
73.1. Budget for Administrative Activities
Sl.
No
Particulars Details Amount
1
Administrative Cost Rs. 172200 @ 5 Years 861000
2
Monitoring Rs. 28700 @ 3 years
(2
nd
3
rd
and 4
th
year)
86100.00
3
Evaluation 3rd Year 28,700 & 4
th

Year 28,700 & 5
th

Year 28,700
86100.00

Total 1033200.00
Rupees Ten Lakh Thirty Three Thousands Two Hundred Only


IIRD Shimla


185 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




73.2. Budget for Preparatory Phase
Sl. No Particulars Amount
First Year

A Preparation of DPR 86100.00
B Entry Point Activities 344400.00
C Institutional and Capacity Building
1 Orientation of Watershed Development Teams and
Watershed Development Committee Members and
Panchayat Officials
100000.00
2 Orientation course on Fund Management for
Watershed Development Teams and Watershed
Committees
80500.00
Second Year
3 Orientation programme on Group management
and Livelihood Activities with special focus on
Nursery Raising, Diary Development, Bee Keeping,
Small Restaurant etc.
100000.00
4 Orientation for members of User Groups (UGs) and
Self Help Groups (SHGs)
75000.00
5 Orientation of Watershed Development Team
(WDT) and Watershed Development Committees
on Monitoring and Evaluation of the Project with
special focus on RTI, Social Audit and Transparency
75000.00
Sub-Total
4,30,500.00
Grand Total:
8,61,000.00

Rupees Eight Lakh Sixty One Thousands Only





SWOT Analysis of Daddas Micro-Watershed of Daddas Panchayat
Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
Higher rate of vegetable production
Good Apple production
Favourable environment to raise
goats and sheep
172 households engaged in Animal
Husbandry activities.
Regular water availability through
the main drainage
No land less households.
People are doing some Micro-
Enterprises in an unorganized way

Lack of irrigation,
marketing, storage
facilities
Lack of good quality
fodder availability
Lack of advanced cattle
breed
Low level of milk
production
Lack of knowledge base
regarding scientific
cattle management
Prevalence of Soil
erosion
No heavy water storage
body present.
No such organized
micro-enterprise
activities existing in the
area
Lack of and technical
and management skills
If provided with proper
irrigation considerable
increase in agriculture
production can be
assured
Promotion of Organic
Farming
Interest of the villagers
to expand horticulture
activities
Providing training on
dairy farming
Promotion of nursery
raising and pasture
development

Rapid Climate Change
Lack of awareness of Dairy
farming as a commercial
activity
Due to adverse weather
conditions the normal
working days are less

SYNOPSIS: 574 Ha. Dadas (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Dadas Panchayat



Activity Area Covered No. of House Hold
(H.H)
Amount(Rs.)
Watershed Works:
Crate Wire
Irrigation Tank
Water Pond
Check dam


50 ha
200 ha
200 ha
50ha

Whole Village
160 H.H
250 H.H
110H.H

796285.00
1980479.00
1429382.00
98853.00
Micro Enterprises (Non BPL):
Dairy Farming
Bio gas plant
Horti collection centre
Bamboo nursery


40 H.H
01 H.H
03 H.H
05 H.H
480000.00
95000.00
225000.00
75450.00


Livelihood (BPL):
Dairy Farming
Tools for artisans
Vermi Compost
Khumbh farming
Bee Keeping
Nursery raising

40 H.H
04 H.H
02 H.H
01 H.H
01 H.H
05 H.H
680000.00
92000.00
19000.00
25000.00
20000.00
25000.00


Agriculture/Horticulture/Animal
Husbandry :
Horticulture Expansion
Fodder seed distribution
Fodder plant distribution
Pasture Development


167 H.H
167 H.H
167 H.H


83500.00
10000.00
4000.00
125350.00



IIRD Shimla


188 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP



WATERSHED WORK PHASE
Watershed Works Phase is considered as the heart of the programme in which all the
activities as per DPR will be implemented. The Work Phase is further divided as per sectors
as follows:

15. Agriculture /Horticulture Development
16. Animal Husbandry
17. Development of Common Property resources
18. Natural Resource Management
19. Farm Based Micro Enterprises
20. Production Systems and Micro Enterprise Development
21. Livelihood Enhancement for BPL Families


IIRD Shimla


189 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




XXI. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT
74. AGRICULTURE
At Dadas watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers. The
agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and vegetables they send to
outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers are Wheat,
Jo, Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and patterns
for agriculture production. Most of the agriculture is rain fed in nature whereas at some
places the people have developed irrigation facilities by way of construction of irrigation
channels etc.
74.1. Existing Crop Production
Wheat Jo Barley Pulses Vegetable Total
130 4160 4430 7820 493200
509740
0.03% 0.82% 0.87% 1.53% 96.76% 100.00%


74.2. Existing farm practices
The major crops cultivated by the farmers are Wheat, Jo, Pulses, Barley and Vegetables etc. At
present the crops are produced on the terraced farms as most of the land available is sloppy


IIRD Shimla


190 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




in nature whereas some patches of land have moderate slope. The farmers rely on the old
techniques and patterns for agriculture production. Desi ploughs are used for farm tilling
and the weeding operations are done by hand.
The area has wider scope for the use of modern techniques and improved tilling practices. It
is proposed to introduce improved mould bold ploughs and even power tillers can be
introduced in the beginning on pilot basis.
74.3. Cropping pattern
Single cropping pattern is being used at present in the watershed area. But now they are
looking for Mixed Cropping Pattern. The Peas, Cauliflower and Cabbage are also taken in the
apple orchards. Wheat, Jo, and Barleyis also cultivated in the area.
75. HORTICULTURE
At Dadas watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood source for the local farmers. All
the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The major
horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear, Plum,
Chulli, Kharmani and Peaches etc.
75.1. Existing Crop Production
Crops (Kg/year)
Apples Pears Grapes Plum Chulli Kharmani Peaches Wall
nut
Total
57130 1860 0 3395 2800 1550 20 980 67735

84.34% 2.75% 0.00% 5.01% 4.13% 2.29% 0.03% 1.45%
100.00%


As clear by the table above, horticulture is dominated by apples (84.34%). There is major
role of honey bees in this production. The farmers practice bee keeping for pollination of the
apple flowers.


IIRD Shimla


191 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP





There are approximately annual production is 57,130 Kgs of Apple every year. The other
horticulture produces in the area includes Pear, Plum, Kharmani, etc.
75.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent
annually, with a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the
almond and other dry fruits can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the
farmers.
Pear as well as Almond at present market conditions are fetching price which is as good as
that of apple or even more. So it is proposed to bring more area under the horticulture
produce which will also result in diversification. It is also proposed to distribute new good
quality apple root stock to maintain the supply chain of the Apples.
75.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion
As apple is the key horticulture produce in the area, it is proposed to bring more area under
apple production by way of distribution of apple seedlings to the farmers and also it is
proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to diseases may be minimized.
Crop diversification is also essential for economic sustainability. So it is proposed to bring
more area under pear and almond. The activities to be undertaken are as follows:


IIRD Shimla


192 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




5. Scientific Distribution of Pear, Almond, Nuts and Apple plants to Farmers
6. Horticulture Nursery Raising (included under Livelihood enhancement for BPL
Families)
76. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Nalla (canal) called
Daddas Nalla flowing from the mountains. This water is being utilized for consumptive and
non-consumptive requirements of the watershed area population. The water of this Nalla is
being utilized for the development of irrigation facilities by the villagers during the Kharif
season through various channels and kuhals.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond
is being proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain
the supply of irrigation water throughout the Kharif season. By way of this irrigation tank it
is estimated that a good amount of land will be brought under irrigation facilities thereby
increasing the cultivable area resulting in enhanced crop production as well as economic
condition of the farmers.
77. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
The following are various activities proposed for the augmentation of Agriculture and
Horticulture in the watershed area.
77.1. Activities
3. Horticulture Expansion: The plants of money fetching horticulture plant like almond,
peer and apple will be supplied to all households in the villages to improve the
economic condition of the farmers.
77.2. Costing
Activity - Horticulture Expansion
Funds with Line Departments 30,000
Beneficiary Contribution for WDF 29,300
Funds from IWMP 83,500
Total amount 1,42,800





IIRD Shimla


193 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




77.3. Justification
It has been reported by the community people during the PRA exercises that existing
irrigation facilities are not good enough throughout the year. Therefore in order to provide
uninterrupted irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond is proposed under the
Agriculture & Horticulture Development in the project.
The activities aimed at irrigation will enhance the productivity and will cover irrigate more
area which will pave way to bringing more area under agriculture production.
The villagers expressed much enthusiasm towards expanding their horticulture activities.
The watershed area holds good potential for horticulture activities. Hence it is important to
promote and expand horticulture activities in the watershed area.
78. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT
At present traditional farm technologies are being used by the farmers. The application of
chemical fertilizers and pesticides is also common practices. Most of the farm operations are
done manually and use of mechanical systems is very limited. There is a scope for the
introduction of better technologies for the enhancement of farm production. The inputs like
Vermi-Compost, Bio-Fertilizers etc. have definite potential for the enhancement of crop
production as well improvement in the health of the soil. Introduction of improved ploughs,
seed cum fertilizer drills, and seed drills will definitely add to crop production as well as
reducing labour drudgery.
79. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES
It is expected that due to increased irrigation facilities more area is brought under
production of pulses thereby can be sold outside at larger quantities enhancing the income
level of the farmers. Similarly due to increased irrigation facilities other crops will also be
available with the farmers for selling.




IIRD Shimla


194 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




80. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE
It is expected that due to increase in horticulture plantation area, the production will go up
fetching more money in the hands of the farmers which will add to the other allied
economic activities. With the introduction of new root stock of apple the farmers will be less
susceptible to losses due to the crop failure due to disease. It is also proposed to diversify
horticulture activity by way of bringing more area under pear and almond and Nuts
production.
The expansion of Horticulture in the area will directly increase the income levels of all the
households engaged in horticulture activities. There will be a significant increase in the area
covered under horticulture. The horticulture expansion will be made sure by the increase in
the irrigation facilities in the watershed area.
81. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Horticulture and Agriculture both are the major economic activity in the watershed area.
Horticulture produces like Apple, Pear, and Dry Fruits etc. are being produced in large scale.
And agriculture produces like Cabbage, Cauliflower, Tomato and Peas are being produced in
for self-consumption and to meet outside demands in large extend.
81.1. Existing Marketing arrangements
In general the agriculture produce like Cabbage, Potato, Tomato and Peas are being sold in
the local market and few transport to the outside market like, Delhi etc.
The horticulture produces are being transported to markets like Shimla, Chandigarh, and
Delhi by road. People join together and hire trucks and send their produce to the above
mentioned markets. And sometimes they sold their produces in the local mandi (Market),
where the buyers are coming from different states. 60% of the horticulture produce is being
sent to outside markets for sale.




IIRD Shimla


195 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Activity
Self-
Consumption
Local Market
Sales
External
Market Sales
Market
Means of
Transport
Agriculture 30% 10% 60% Shimla, Delhi
Local
Contractors
Horticulture 4% 16% 80%
Shimla,
Chandigarh,
Delhi,

Truck Loads,
sometimes
buyers from
different
states.

82. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Agri-Horti Collection Centre: It is proposed to construct an agriculture/horticulture
product collection and storage centre in order to enable a good marketing system in
the watershed area.
To promote Public-Private-Community Partnership Model (PPCPEM) to set up
linkages with the Big Shopping Malls and with the Big Hotels and with Food Processing
Houses through Agri-Horti Collection Centre.
Nursery Rising: It is proposed by the local people to start Nursery Rising in the
watershed area.
To setting up Nursery Rising is included under the component of Farm Based Micro
Enterprise and also under the component of Livelihood Enhancement of BPL families.
To setting up Agri-Horti Collection Centre is included under the component Livelihood
enhancement of Non-BPL Families. The concerned Panchayat Administration will construct
the structure in the project area and the Non-BPL user group will take care of the activities
of the Agri-Horti Collection Centre.




IIRD Shimla


196 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




83. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Agriculture Agricultural products are
being practiced as a
major livelihood option
for the watershed
population.
Sharp increase in the area under
agriculture cultivation and
increase the socio-economic
status of the population in the
watershed area.
2 Horticulture Horticulture is the major
livelihood activity of the
villagers, which is
dominated by apple
cultivation and dry fruits.
The cultivation area under
horticulture production will be
increased with diversification of
crops and quality. It will also
increase the economic status of
the population.
3 Processing and
Marketing
Right now there is no
structure marketing
procedure for the
products. Also there is
no collection centre to
store and gradation of
the products.
The marketing system will be
strengthened, and linkage will
be established with corporate
houses and as a result of the
collection centre available,
which further prevents loss of
products. And the farmers will
get competitive price also.







IIRD Shimla


197 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP



XXII. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the
survey 172, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among
the domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Buffalo, Ox, Horse, and Goat.
84. Increase in Milk Production
84.1. Existing arrangements of fodder
In general villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. As the demand for the
fodder cannot be met from the locally available sources all the time, the villagers also buy
fodder from the local vendors. Stall feeding is not a regular practice here. Stall feeding is
being practiced only during the winters.
84.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands
Presently there are 06 ha of forest land and 115.00 ha of permanent pasture lands in the area. The
pasture lands are generally dry in nature and provide pasture only during the months from May to
November. Forest Land is also totally dry and not a good source for fodder.
84.3. Livestock population

The village has 251 cows, 41 Buffalo, 152 Ox, 17 goats, 152 Ox, and 09 Horses. Majority of the
cows are of Local breed. The per unit milk production is low in comparison to the other species
of milch animals.
Livestock Population in the Watershed Area
Livestock Details
No of cows Buffalo Ox Lamb Goat Ass Mule Horse Total
251 41 152 10 17 0 2 9
279





IIRD Shimla


198 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Number
of
families
Livestock Detail
Cows Buffalo Others
No of
cows
Breed Milk
Production
in ltr/day
Buffal
o
Milk
Production
in ltr
Ox Shee
p
Goat Hors
e
Lam
b
Mul
e
172 251 Jersey
61
347 41 137 152 0 17 9
10 2
Local
92
270


84.4. Fodder Requirement
The total daily fodder requirement of the watershed area accounts to 14,331 kgs which
includes 8744kgs of green fodder and 4687 kgs of dry fodder.
Feed/Fodder Daily Requirement (Kg.)
Green Fodder 8744
Dry Fodder 4687
Others 900
Total 14,331

84.5. Status of green fodder available in a year
The green fodder is available in the area during the summer season whereas due to severe
winter conditions prevailing during the winter season fodder is to be procured from outside.
84.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle
No. of Cows in the Area Total Daily Milk Production Average daily Milk
production Per cow
251 617 Ltrs 2.45 Ltrs



IIRD Shimla


199 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




There are 251 cows in the watershed area with a production of617 ltrs of milk per day. The
average milk production per cow accounts to 2.45 ltrs per cow.
84.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private
land-
It has been proposed to plant the fodder species called Banda (Viscum Album Linn
(Loranthaceae)), a locally available fodder species which has been proved good for the
nutrition of cattle.
85. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
As per the survey data conducted by the organization (IIRD) there are 172 families involved
in livestock activities. So it is important to provide them with the facilities for fodder. All the
families who are currently doing livestock activities will be provided with fodder seeds and
fodder plants. It will improve the economic condition of the community those are involved
in Animal Husbandry activities.
85.1. Activities
Pasture Development:5 hectare of land will be covered under fodder production through
community based pasture development. The activity is included under the component
Development of Common Property Resources under the watershed project.
Distribution of Fodder Seeds and Fodder Plants: All the households involved in livestock
activities in the watershed area will be provided with fodder seeds and fodder plants. It will
help them to develop the required fodder in their own lands and attain self-sufficiency in
fodder. They can make dry fodder out of it and store for the winter season.
85.2. Justification
The unavailability of good quality fodder throughout the year is a major problem being faced
by the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in the watershed area. It is
important to address the lack of fodder availability in order to promote and expand the
livestock activities in the area. Scarcity of fodder is making it difficult to carry on with cattle
rearing in the watershed area. And people in the area have shown disinterest towards cattle


IIRD Shimla


200 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




rearing activities. As per the Himachal statistics the cattle population is on decline. Therefore
it is very important to increase good quality fodder production and ensure fodder availability
throughout the year. So it is proposed to carry out fodder plant and fodder seed distribution
to all the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in order to address the lack of
fodder availability in the watershed area.
86. NURSERY RAISING
It is proposed to raise Nursery of the local fodder species which can adapt to the local
prevailing conditions instead of bringing new varieties on trial basis. The Nursery raising
activity is included under livelihood enhancement component of the BPL families and the
activity will be carried out by a user group by raising various fodder plants which are feasible
for the climatic and geographic conditions of the area.
86.1. Justification
Fodder plants on one side can meet energy needs of the people during the winter season on
the other side leaves of these plants are very good source of fodder.
87. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER
With the distribution of good quality seeds the production as well as locality of the fodder
will increase. This will ensure availability of fodder throughout the year encouraging the
farmers to take up animal husbandry activities to improve their living conditions.
88. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION
With the availability of quality fodder though out the year, the farmers will be motivated to
take up the animal husbandry activities on a broader scale. This will also motivate them for
rearing improved varieties of milch animals. The production of the local species is also
expected to rise because of the availability of quality fodder.





IIRD Shimla


201 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




89. Animal Management
89.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area
Cattle Breed No. of Cows
Local 92
Jersey 61

There are mainly two breeds of cattle i.e. local breed and jersey breed existing in the
watershed area.
89.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification
It is very important to promote the diversification of breeds in the area. Advanced breeds
like Jersey and other improved species are need to be promoted in the watershed area in
order to enhance the milk production.
89.3. Existing status of Animal Management
The prevailing present practices for the housing of animals are very traditional i.e. the cattle
are housed in the ground floor of the residential houses. The animals are mostly left open to

Graze on the common village lands or the forest lands. The concept of stall feeding is yet not
seen commonly in the village. There may be some instances of stall feeding which is being
practiced during the winters.
89.4. Proposed Activities with justification
It is proposed to introduce improved breed of cattle in the watershed area. As it is identified
during the survey, the yield of the milk is very low. This is mainly due to non-availability of
quality fodder as well as the milk yield of the local species is lower in comparison to the
other advanced breed. The activity to introduce advanced cattle breeds will be considered


IIRD Shimla


202 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




under the Livelihood Enhancement of BPL Families component under the project as well
as for the Non-BPL families also.
90. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
90.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups
Presently the milk production from the watershed area accounts to approximately 704
litres of milk per day. As on today there are no milk co-operatives operating in the village
therefore no milk procurement systems are in existence in the village. It is observed from
the discussions that the inhabitants does not consider dairy farming activity as a
commercial activity rather than raising milch animals for fulfilling household dairy needs.
So it is important to create awareness among the villagers about the potential of dairy
farming as a commercial activity.
90.2. Proposed Activities
The following activities are proposed to enhance the livestock activities and production
system in the watershed area.
- Improved breeds like Jersey cows will be promoted in the water shed area
- Distribution of fodder seed s and plants.
- Milk production will be increased.
90.3. Skill Development
The user groups newly formed in the area will be trained on livestock activity. The
members will be trained on various aspects related to cattle rearing and dairy farming.
The programme will be covered under Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
which is funded by the Dept. of Rural Development, Himachal Pradesh.
90.4. No. of families to be benefitted
All the 172 families engaged in the area will be covered under the animal husbandry
programme.



IIRD Shimla


203 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




91. COSTING
Activity -> Fodder Plant Distribution Fodder Seed Distribution
Funds with Line Departments
Beneficiary Contribution for
WDF
2,000
5,000
Funds from IWMP
10,000
25,000

92. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The villagers will be able to attain self-sufficiency in fodder production through the supply of
fodder plants and fodder seeds. The wastelands will be used for fodder and the vegetative
cover of the area will be increased.
93. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1. Fodder Low availability, No cattle
balanced fodder production,
Not self-sufficient in fodder
production
Increased availability of cattle
balance fodder production, Self-
sufficient in Fodder production.
2. Cattle Management Low level of awareness and
expertise in cattle
management.
Increased awareness and
expertise about cattle
management.
3 Milk Production Current Milk Production per
cow is 2.45 litres per day.
Milk production will be increased
to 4 8 litres per cow as a result
of increased fodder availability
and balanced Food and scientific
Technique.
4 Milk Marketing Milk Production is not an
income generation activity,
only for self-consumption.
No milk co-operatives or SHG
group.
Milk production become a
commercial activity and the
people will form a co-operative
& SHG with the help of Govt. And
access to the organized Markets.





IIRD Shimla


204 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




XXIII. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY
RESOURCES
94. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA
94.1. Existing CPRs
Presently the Common Property Resources (CPRs) in the area are very less in number. The
existing CPRs are developed by the Gram Panchayat and the Irrigation and Public Health (I&
PH) Department. The existing CPRs consist of only two irrigation tanks, 09 irrigation channels
by the Gram Panchayat and 23 Public Water Taps by the Irrigation and Public Health
Department. These CPRs are being maintained and managed by the respective Gram
Panchayat and I&PH Department. People collect drinking water from the Public Water Taps
depending upon availability.
Existing CPRs in the watershed area
Irrigation Tanks Channel Public Water Taps
02 09 Channels 23

95. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
The following activities are proposed for the development of common property resources in
the area:
Pasture Development: The purpose of Pasture Development is for ensuring availability of
fodder. This activity will be carried out by the Dadas Panchayat Administration.
Irrigation Tanks: The irrigation tanks were proposed by the community in order to meet the
water needs for drinking and irrigation. Eleven (11) Irrigation water tanks are proposed to
construct in the watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


205 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Water Pond: Eleven (11) water ponds will be set up in the proposed watershed area.

96. COSTING
Activity
Pasture
Development
Irrigation Tank Water Pond
Funds with Line Departments
(Rs.)


75,225.00

3,92,940.00
Beneficiary Contribution (Rs.)
for WDF


Funds from IWMP (Rs.)- 1,25,350.00

19,80,479.81

14,29,382.34
Total Cost (Rs.) 1,25,350.00 2,055,704.81 1,822,322.34

97. Expected Outcomes
The irrigation tank and water pond will address the lack of irrigation problems being faced
by the farmers. The irrigation tanks and water pond will enhance the agriculture and
horticulture production by expanding the irrigation facilities of the watershed area. This will
increase the agriculture and horticulture productivity of the watershed area.
The unused community land will be used for fodder plantation. This will address the gaps in
fodder production in the watershed area. The households engaged in cattle rearing and
other livestock activities will be benefited from this. The fodder problem of the water shed
area will be addressed properly.



IIRD Shimla


206 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP





98.Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Fodder Availability There is not enough
good quality fodder
available in the
watershed are through
out the area.
The households who
practice animal husbandry
will be able to meet the
fodder requirement locally
throughout the year.
2 Irrigation No irrigation systems
prevalent in the water
shed area at present
All the cultivated lands will
be covered under the new
irrigation Tank.















IIRD Shimla


207 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




XXIV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
99. Existing Status
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human
society. The watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area is required to
be treated so that further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
100. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
100.1. Activities
In order to address the issues the following activities to manage and preserve the Natural
Resources are proposed:
Crate Wire: The crate wires are proposed to check landslides and soil erosion in the
watershed area. The treatment will be made with bio-engineering measures.
Check Dam: Check Dam is being constructed for rain water harvesting.
100.2. No. of Households to be benefitted:
All the activities proposed will benefit all the households in the watershed area. The
proposed activities will preserve the natural resources in the watershed area and ensure the
preservation of their livelihoods.
101. COSTING
Activity
Crate Wire
(Community)
Funds with Line Departments
(Dept. of RD through MNREGA)
2
nd
Year- 6,490.00
3
rd
Year- 6,490.00
4
th
Year- 6,490.00
Total Funds from Line Departments
-(A)
19,470.00


IIRD Shimla


208 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Beneficiary Contribution
Year Wise Distribution of Funds
from IWMP
2
nd
Year- 2,65,428.50
3
rd
Year- 2,65,428.50
4
th
Year- 2,65,428.50
Total Funds from IWMP (B) 7,96,285.50
Total Cost
(A) + (B)

8,15,755.50

102. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
2 Soil Erosion and
Landslides and Rain water
harvesting:
Soil erosion is very
prevalent in the
watershed area.
The soil erosion will be
checked through the
creation of Crate Wire.
Rain water harvesting can
be done by Check Dam.














IIRD Shimla


209 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




XXV. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
103. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being
marketed in the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like
processing, value addition, packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is
observed Horticulture Nursery Rising and Pasture Nursery Rising, Fodder Nursery Rising
can be a potential activity in the watershed area. It may increase the income levels of the
people at the watershed area.
104. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
Bamboo Nursery Rising can be a good livelihood option for the local people.
105. Costing
Activity Bamboo Nursery Rising
Funds with Line Departments
(Rs.)
15,000.00
Beneficiary Contribution (Rs.)
for WDF
30,180.00
Funds from IWMP (Rs.)- 75,450.00
Total Cost (Rs.) 1,20,630.00




IIRD Shimla


210 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP





106. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Bamboo Nursery
Rising
Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Bamboo Nursery Rising will be
carried out in an organized way and
it will improve the economic
condition of the people under the
watershed area.



IIRD Shimla


211 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




XXVI. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE
DEVELOPMENT
107. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES
Micro Enterprise Development (MED) is a proven way to strengthen viable, small business
resulting in increased household income and savings, and this alleviating the crunch of
poverty. Micro Enterprises plays a critical role in the local development of any area.
108. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
108.1. Activities
These are the various activities proposed under the Micro Enterprise Development
Dairy Farming: Forty (40) families will be allotted with the activity to carry out
Dairy Farming.
Bio Gas Plant: The entire community will be benefited by the setting up of Bio
Gas Plant.
Horti Collection Centre: The entire community will be benefited by the setting up
of Horti Collection Centre.
108.2. Beneficiaries
Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from
Line
departments
Total Cost
from
IWMP
Dairy Farming 40
192000 150000 480000
Bio Gas Plant 221
38000 0 95000
Horti collection center 219
38000 0 95000
TOTAL 268000 15000 670000



IIRD Shimla


212 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




108.3. Justification
This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an
example for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own.It will increase the
income levels of the people.
For the time being, dairy farming is not considered as a commercial activity in the area, it is
possible to create the trend towards commercialization of dairy farming of the area by
assisting a group of a few to adopt dairy farming besides creating awareness among the
villagers about the possibility of dairy farming as a commercial activity. Along with the
distribution of cows, the skill development programmes, which will cover other villagers, will
also take place.
The Agriculture / Horticulture product collection cum marketing centre will bring drastic
change in the marketing system of the watershed area. At present they are facing problems
related to storage. Most of the times, they keep the stock in the open air which will get
damaged due to rain fall and stray cattle. So the storage cum marketing centre will
strengthen the marketing system of the area and also prevent the product loss due to other
factors. It will also increase the shelf-life of the products.
109. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The micro enterprises development activities proposed can bring significant changes in the
watershed area. The Micro Enterprise will be leading the community to be self-reliant and
live with dignity.
Outcome Indicators
Operation of organized milk processing industry in the watershed area.
It will increase the economic condition of the people.
Milk production will be increase in the watershed area.
Existence of organized Bio Gas Unit.
Existence of Agri/Horti collection centre.
Improve in quality-of-life of the local people in the watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


213 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP



VII.MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT OF BPL FAMILIES
110. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA)
As per the survey conducted by the organization there are 52 BPL families in the
watershed area. The land holding status of the BPL families are as follows-
Small Farmers (land less than 5 Bigha) - 34
Marginal Farmers (between 6 - 25 Bigha) - 18
Medium Framers - 00
Big farmers - 00
111. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION
As per the survey conducted by the organisation there are no agricultural labourers in
the watershed area.
111.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods
Presently there are no landless households in the area as per the baseline survey carried
out by the organization.
111.2. Existing status of livelihood
All the BPL households are meeting their livelihood needs from agriculture and
horticulture production. And very few are meeting their livelihood needs from animal
husbandry. But it is important to note that these families land holdings are very small
and at the same time the numbers of cattles are also less. A few of them are doing some
work on daily wage basis to meet their daily needs.
111.3. Scope for additional income
Development of sustainable livelihoods for the BPL families in the watershed area is a
major objective of the project. It is observed and identified that there is a scope for the
activities like pasture development in community lands, Horticulture Nursery Raising,
Sheep Rearing, Dairy Farming, and Expansion of Horticulture in the watershed area. The
small farmers can be assigned with the development of pasture in community lands. The


IIRD Shimla


214 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




marginal farmers can be given the activity of horticulture expansion. Other families can
be provided with activities like livestock expansion, bee keeping, Vermi compost,
Mashroom Unit, and diary, nursery rising, etc.
112. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
112.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing)
Dairy Farming:
Nurser Rising:
Supply of tool kit for the Artisans:
Bee Keeping:
Vermi Compost:
Mushroom Unit:
Justification:
For the time being, dairy farming is not considered as a commercial activity in the area, it is
possible to create the trend towards commercialization of dairy farming of the area by
assisting a group of a few to adopt dairy farming besides creating awareness among the
villagers about the possibility of dairy farming as a commercial activity. Along with the
distribution of cows, the skill development programmes, which will cover other villagers, will
also take place.
The pasture nursery raising activity will add to the solutions to increase the availability of
fodder in the area and at the same time provide a livelihood option for the targeted BPL
households. And at the same time the Horticulture nursery rising will add to the solution to
increase supply chain of new horticulture plants in the watershed area and it will generate
income for the targeted BPL families.




IIRD Shimla


215 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Agriculture and Horticulture is two major activities here, over time they need to initiate
Organic Farming practices in their region, Vermi Compost will be a good initiative towards
their Organic Framing movement.
Bee Keeping and Mashroom Unit will be another sustainable livelihood option for the
people in the watershed area. It will help them to improve their socio-economic status.
Strengthen the marketing system of the area and also prevent the product loss due to other
factors. It will also increase the shelf-life of the products.
112.2. Beneficiaries and Costing
S.
N
Activity Beneficiaries Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from
Line
departments
Total
Cost
from
IWMP
1 Dairy
Farming

Maulik Ram Jeet Ram
Roshani D/O Pijaru Ramanand S/O Nirmi
Mohi Ram Sant Ram
Devku Durgu
Ganesh datt Kamlesh
Rajendra Mohan lal
Daulat ram Shiv ram
Harikrishna Ganga ram
Shiv Singh Satyadevi

Vidya Devi
Om Prakash
S/O Shiv Ram
Gulabo Surendra
Lakshmi Paras Ram
Surat Ram S/O Paras
Ram Hira Singh

Surat Ram S/O Het
Ram Nand Ram

Bhim Singh
Om Prakash
S/O Balak
Ram
RupRam Prem Singh
Bimla Kubja S/O Jamnu
Kubja S/O Het Ram Roshni W/O Shyamlal
Sohan Singh Mast Ram
Ram lal

0
175000

680000

2 Artisans
( Tool Kit
Supply)
Nand Ram
Ramesh
BansiLal
0
50000

92000



IIRD Shimla


216 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP





113. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
Upon the successful implementation of the livelihood enhancement programmes aimed at
the empowerment of the BPL families in the watershed area, the BPL status of the families
will be changed. This will positively impact the integrated development of the watershed
area. The success of these initiatives will further encourage the households to undertake
new initiatives by expanding their area of operation. All the 52 BPL households in the area
will be directly benefited through the number of programmes.
Indicators
The income levels of the BPL families will increase.
Existence of Bee Keeping unit in the watershed area.
Decrease in the number of BPL families in the area over time.
The quality of life will increase.
Increase in the quantity of milk production in the area.
Establishment of Milk co-operation.
The nurseries established in the area.
It will increase the shelf-life of the products.
Surat Ram S/O
Suharu

3 Vermi
compost

Moti Ram

0 0
19000

4 Nursery
Babbu ram
Dharm Pal
Satya
Chandnu
Dhasu S/O
Budiya
0
10000

25000

5 Mushroom
Farming
Shiv Singh S/O Devi Singh

0
20000

25000

6 Bee
Keeping

Mohan singh S/O Deep Ram

0 o
20000



IIRD Shimla


217 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




Functioning of the collection and marketing centre and its usage.
The farmers will get fare price for the products.
Formation of Vermi Compost Unit in the watershed area.
Capacity Building of the local people.
Formation of Mushroom unit in the watershed area.

114. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Intervention Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Interventions for BPL
Families
There are no specific
interventions which are
exclusively aimed at
BPL Families of that
area.
The livelihood
enhancement programmes
under the IWMP will
directly benefit all the BPL
families in the area and
bring remarkable changes
in their standard of living
by creating sustainable
livelihoods options.
2 BPL Status At present there are 52
BPL families in the
watershed area.
The BPL status of the
families will be improved
and they are expected to
attain the status of AP
Lover time after the proper
implementation of
watersheds projects.
3 Marketing At present there are no
storage and collection
centre at the area. No
linkages with the big
houses for marketing of
the products.
The new storage and
collection centre will
enhance the marketing
activities in the watershed
area and at the same time
it will prevent crop loss. It
will create linkages with
the Private Companies


IIRD Shimla


218 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




through Public-private-
community partnership.
4 Vermi Compost Unit The farmers are not
practices organic
farming activities in an
organized way.
Organic farming will be
practices in an organized
way in the watershed area.
It will increase the fertility
of the soil and the farmers
will also get good price for
their products.
5 Mushroom Unit The farmers are not
practices mushroom
unit activities in an
organized way.
Mushroom farming will be
practices in an organized
way in the watershed area.

6 Dairy Framing Dairy Framing is not
practices in an
organized way, most of
the cows breed is local,
and due to lack of
balance food milk
production is low.
Dairy farming will be
practices in an organized
way, increase in the
number of Jersy breed, and
it will improve the socio-
economic condition of the
people in the watershed
area.











IIRD Shimla


219 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP



VIII. CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE
The main purpose of this phase is to create innovative nature-based, sustainable livelihoods
and raise productivity levels of the augmented resources and local economic development
plans developed during the Watershed Works Phase.
The subsequent activities are planned to be carried out during this stage.
7. Documentation: It is proposed to document the activities carried out during the
watershed implementation period. It will help to maintain the records and identify
and propagate the successful activities carried out under the project.
8. Up-scaling of Successful Experiments: It is proposed to identify the best practices
carried out during the project period and up-scaling the same as per feasibility and
propagate the same among others members of the watershed area.
9. Evaluation: Evaluation is a very important activity to assess the success of
implementation of the project. It is proposed to carry out evaluation at the following
levels.
a. Social Audit: It is proposed to conduct the social audit of the programme at
the watershed level where the Gram Sabha will evaluate the programme
where the beneficiaries should explain their benefits and current status of the
activity. The Watershed Committee should place the books of accounts of
watershed programme for approval.
b. Evaluation by External Agency: An external agency with experience in
implementation and monitoring and evaluation of watershed projects should
be assigned for the evaluation of the watershed programme.
Costing
S.N. Activities Amount
a Documentation and recording
86100.00
b Up scaling of Successful experiments
172200.00
c Training
172200.00
Total
430500.00


IIRD Shimla


220 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




IX.EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT
Sectors Expected Outcomes Indicators
Agriculture


Improved irrigation Increment in gross irrigated area
Enhancement in agriculture production Increment in quantity of agriculture produces
Good Organic farming Number of functional vermi compost units
Horticulture Agri/ Horti Collection Centre Existence of Agri/Horti Collection Centre
Enhancement in crop production Rise in quantity produced
Natural resources
Pasture land development Increment in pasture land area
Improvement in water resources Physical existence of the water bodies
Animal husbandry

Dairy development Number of dairy farming units, milk processing and preservation center
Improved Bee keeping practices Number of farmers with commercial production of honey
Micro enterprises




Improvement in womens status Increment in income of women and their institutions (SHGs)
Honey and Mushroom processing and unit Well-functioning honey and mushroom processing units
Better market facility Number of well-functioning vegetable and fruit collection centers, milk and
honey preservation units
Vermi compost Unit Physical existence of Vermi Compost Unit

Development of
BPL families

Improvement in economic status of BPL HHs and quality of life Increment in the income of BPL families,
Improvement in social status BPL families will have ownership over the generated resources
Sr. No Area increase in area under crops (Ha) Increase in production (Kg/Ha)
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
1 Agriculture/Horticulture 82 124 509740 1019480
2 Horticulture 67735 101602.5


IIRD Shimla


221 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




3 Cultivable waste Land
82 40
4
Non culturable Waste land 182 100
5
Common Pasture 115 197
3 Animal Husbandry increase in no. of animals Increase in production per day
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
a Cow 516 600 Milk (Lt.) 774 1200
B Horse 37 37
Income
/season(Rs) 1665000 1665000
c Goat 62 60 Meat (kg) 1550 1500
d Sheep 9 0 Wool (Kg) 22.5 0
e Others 74 60
Area under fodder crops (Ha) Availability of fodder (kg/day)
4 Fodder Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
Fodder grasses 115 115 12350 14331
5 FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES No. of families
benefited

Pre intervention Post intervention
a Dairy Farming 0 60
b Bio Gas Plant 0 221
c Horti Collection Centre 0 219
d Vermi compost 0 1
e Nursery
0 4
f Mushroom Farming 0 1
g Bee Keeping 0 1
6 PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
b
Artisans
0 4



IIRD Shimla


222 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




IX. BUDGETING
115. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS

S
l
.

N
o
.

S
u
r
v
e
y

N
o
.

Name of the
farmer/Community
Based
Area
(ha)
Proposed
A
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l

e
a
r
t
h

w
o
r
k

v
o
l
u
m
e

c
u
m



Cost per
unit/Cum
Total Cost
Rs.
Convergence
with
MNREGA Grant Total Treatment L
e
n
g
t
h
/

U
n
i
t
s

S
e
c
t
i
o
n

(
s
q
m
)

Volume
(sqm) E
a
r
t
h

W
o
r
k

A
m
o
u
n
t
(
R
s
.
)

1 Community Based
Creat Wire-1
(Community)

282.00 330.00 19470.00 2892.75 815755.50 19470.00 796285.50
2 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-1
(Bakhog)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
3 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-2
(Bakhog near
water Tank)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
4 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-3
(Bakhog)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
5 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-4
(KaryaltaTil)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
6 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-5
(Near Parsuram home)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
7 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-6
(Bhajrai village)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
8 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-7
(Upper Dadas)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11


IIRD Shimla


223 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




9 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-8
(BhajriKhad)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
10 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-9
(Village Till)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
11 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-10
(Upper Kharyana)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
12 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-11
(Tunda)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
13 Community Based
Water Pond-1
(Jabal)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 252.62 189464.93 44250.00 145214.93
14 Community Based
Water Pond-2
18.00 30.00 540.00 540.00 31860.00 285.30 154059.88 31860.00 122199.88
15 Community Based
Water Pond-3
15.00 25.00 375.00 375.00 22125.00 296.42 111158.72 22125.00 89033.72
16 Community Based
Water Pond-4
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 230.44 172830.84 44250.00 128580.84
17 Community Based
Water Pond-5
15.00 30.00 450.00 450.00 26550.00 281.83 126821.53 26550.00 100271.53
18 Community Based
Water Pond-6
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 263.70 197776.90 44250.00 153526.90
19 Community Based
Water Pond-7
15.00 25.00 375.00 375.00 22125.00 313.16 117436.86 22125.00 95311.86
20 Community Based
Water Pond-8
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 298.25 223691.11 44250.00 179441.11


IIRD Shimla


224 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




21 Community Based
Water Pond-9
18.00 40.00 720.00 720.00 42480.00 276.77 199276.17 42480.00 156796.17
22 Community Based
Water Pond-10
15.00 30.00 450.00 450.00 26550.00 311.87 140340.47 26550.00 113790.47
23 Community Based
Water Pond-11
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 252.62 189464.93 44250.00 145214.93
24 Community Based
Check Dam-1
(BhajraiKhad)
10.00 4.95 49.50 49.50 2920.50 432.48 21407.88 2920.50 18487.38
25 Community Based
Check Dam-2
(BagdiKhad)
10.00 2.90 29.00 29.00 1711.00 1079.61 31308.73 1711.00 29597.73
26 Community Based
Check Dam-3
(BhajraiKhad 2)
10.00 2.90 29.00 29.00 1711.00 766.33 22223.52 1711.00 20512.52
27 Community Based
Check Dam-4
(Tunda, Karyal)
10.00 4.95 49.50 49.50 2920.50 670.22 33175.93 2920.50 30255.43


Total 4305000.71






IIRD Shimla


225 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




116. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTREPRISES
S.N. Proposed Activities Units Average
Rate Per
Unit (Rs.)
No of
Beneficiaries
(HH)
Beneficiary
Contribution
Convergence Funds
from
IWMP
Amount
I LIVELIHOOD and ME FOR BPL HHs ONLY
a Dairy Farming 40 17000 40 0 175000 680000 680000
b Tools for artisans 4 23000 4 0 50000 92000 92000
c Vermi Compost 2 9500 1 0 0 19000 19000
d Mushroom Farming 1 25000 1 0 20000 25000 25000
e Bee Keeping 1 20000 1 0 0 20000 20000
f Nursery raising 5 5000 5 0 10000 25000 25000
Sub-Total 0 255000 861000 861000
II Micro Enterprise and other related activities
1 Agriculture & Horticulture Development
a Horticulture Expansion 167 500 167 29300* 30000 83500 83500
Sub-Total 29300 30000 83500 83500
2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 500 50 167 10000 0 25000 25000
b Fodder Plant Distribution 2000 5 167 4000 0 10000 10000
C Pasture Development 5ha 25070 - - - 125350 125350
Sub-Total 14000 0 160350 160350
3 Micro-Enterprises
a Dairy Farming 40 12000 40 192000 150000 480000 480000
b Bio gas plant 1 95000 1 38000 0 95000 95000
c Horti collection center 3 75000 219 90000 150000 225000 225000
d Bamboo nursery 5 15090 50 30180 15000 75450 75450
Sub-Total 350180 315000 875450 875450
GRAND TOTAL 393480 600000 1980300 1980300
117. TOTAL FUND FLOW FROM IWMP
Sl. No Particulars
BENEFICIARY
CONTRIBUTION
For WDF
CONVERGENCE
IWMP
Amount (Rs.)
1 GENERAL
a Ad. Cost
0 0 861000.00
b Monitoring
0 0 86100.00
c Evaluation
0 0 86100.00

Total 0 0 1033200.00
2 PREPARATORY PHASE
a EPA
0 0 344400.00
b
Institutional &
Capacity Building
0 0
430500.00
c DPR
0 0 86100.00

Total 0 0 861000.00
3 WATERSHED WORKS PHASE

WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT
WORKS



Creat Wire-1
(Community)

19470.00
796285.50
2
Irrigation Tank-1 (Bakhog) 8850.00
225208.21
3
Irrigation Tank-2 (Bakhog near
water Tank)

8850.00
225208.21
4
Irrigation Tank-3 (Bakhog) 8850.00
225208.21
5
Irrigation Tank-4 (KaryaltaTil) 8850.00
225208.21
6
Irrigation Tank-5
(Near Parsuram home)

8850.00
225208.21
7
Irrigation Tank-6 (Bhajrai village) 8850.00 225208.21
8
Irrigation Tank-7 (Upper Dadas) 4425.00
125846.11
9
Irrigation Tank-8
(BhajriKhad)

4425.00 125846.11
10
Irrigation Tank-9 (Village Till) 4425.00 125846.11
11
Irrigation Tank-10 (Upper
Kharyana)

4425.00
125846.11
12
Irrigation Tank-11 (Tunda)

4425.00
125846.11


IIRD Shimla


227 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




13
Water Pond-1
(Jabal)

44250.00
145214.93
14
Water Pond-2

31860.00
122199.88
15
Water Pond-3

22125.00
89033.72
16
Water Pond-4

44250.00
128580.84
17
Water Pond-5

26550.00
100271.53
18
Water Pond-6

44250.00
153526.90
19
Water Pond-7

22125.00
95311.86
20
Water Pond-8

44250.00
179441.11
21
Water Pond-9

42480.00
156796.17
22
Water Pond-10

26550.00
113790.47
23
Water Pond-11

44250.00
145214.93
24
Check Dam-1
(BhajraiKhad)

2920.50
18487.38
25
Check Dam-2
(BagdiKhad)

1711.00
29597.73
26
Check Dam-3
(BhajraiKhad 2)

1711.00
20512.52
27
Check Dam-4
(Tunda, Karyal)

2920.50
30255.43
Total 496898.00
4305000.71
I Livelihood Activities for BPL only
a Dairy Farming 0 175000 680000
b Tools for artisans 0 50000 92000
c Vermi Compost 0 0 19000
d MushroomFarming 0 20000 25000
e Bee Keeping 0 0 20000
f Nursery raising 0 10000 25000
Sub-Total 0 255000 861000
II Micro Enterprise and Other related activities
1 Agriculture & Horticulture Development
a Horticulture Expansion 29300* 30000 83500
Sub-Total 29300 30000 83500


IIRD Shimla


228 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP
















2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 10000 0 25000
b Fodder Plant Distribution 4000 0 10000
C Pasture Development - - 125350
Sub-Total 14000 0 160350
3 Micro-Enterprises
a Dairy Farming 192000 150000 480000
b Restaurant 38000 0 95000
c Bee keeping 90000 150000 225000
d Bamboo nursery 30180 15000 75450
Sub-Total 350180 315000 875450
4. Consolidation Phase
a Documentation and recording 0 0 86100.00
b Up scaling of Successful
experiments
0 0 172200.00
c Training 0 0 172200.00
Total 0 0 430500.00
GRAND TOTAL 393480.00 1096898.00 8610000.71


IIRD Shimla


229 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




118. Proposed Final Budget
Sr. No Particulars
Amount (Rs.)
(Figures)
Amount (Rs.)
(Words)
1 Total Funds from IWMP 86,10,000.71
Rupees Eighty Six Lakh Ten Thousand and
Paisa Seventy one Only
2 Beneficiary Contribution 3,93,480.00
Rupees Three Ninety three Thousand
Four hundred Eighty Only

3 Proposed Convergence 10,96,898.00
Rupees Ten Lakh Ninety Six Thousand
Eight Hundred and Ninety Eight Only.

Total Project Cost 10,100,378.71
Rupees One Caror One Lakh
Three Hundred and Seventy
Eight, Paisa Seventy One Only
Per Hectare Expenditure from IWMP - 14,999.99


IIRD Shimla


230 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




119. ACTION PLAN


IIRD Shimla


231 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




X. ACTIVITY SCHEDUL
PREPARATORY PHASE
1
st
Year
SR.NO WORK COMPONENT
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a EPA

b DPR

c Institutional & Capacity Building

WATERSHED WORKS PHASE
1
WATERSHED
DEVELOPMENT WORKS
YEAR - 2 YEAR - 3 YEAR - 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
b Create Wire

c Water Pond

d Irrigation Tank

e Check Dam

LIVELIHOOD ACTIVITIES

a Dairy Farming

b Tools for artisans

c Vermi Compost

d Mushroom farming

e Bee Keeping



f Nursery raising

II
Micro Enterprise and other
related activities



IIRD Shimla


232 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




1
Agriculture/Horticulture
development

a Horticulture Expansion

2 Animal husbandry

a Fodder Seed

b Fodder Plant Distribution

C Pasture Development

3 Micro-Enterprises

a Dairy Farming

b Bio gas plant

c Horticollection center

d Bamboo nursery

CONSOLIDATION PHASE
Activity
YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a Up-scaling of Successful Experiments
b Training

c Documentation


YEAR - 3 YEAR - 4 YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # #
Evaluation



IIRD Shimla


233 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP



XI. ANNEXURE
120. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP
Sl. Particulars EXISTING
RATES
SSR
Final Rates
Reference Labour Material Total
1 Earthwork in loose and sandy
soils and partially ploughed
soils NFB, RFB


a) Earth excavation per cum 20 GO 486
para 2
20

20
b) Sectioning & trimming per
cum
8 8

8
Total 28 28

28
2 Earthwork in ordinary soil
CB, CCT, SCT


a) Earth excavation per cum 27 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
2
35

35
b) Breaking of clods with
trimmng and sectioning per
cum
12 12 12
Total 39 47

47
3 Earthwork in hard soil WAT

a) Earth excavation per cum 34 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44

44
b) Breaking of clods with
trimming and sectioning per
cum
14 14

14
Total 48 58

58
4 Earthwork for farm pond



IIRD Shimla


234 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




a) upto depth of 0.75 m per
cum
28
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35
b) depth from 0.75 m to 2 m
per cum
39
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44
d) Trimming and sectioning
12 12
4a Earthwork for MPT/ PT


a) excavation depth of 0.75
m per cum
60
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35

b) excavation depth of 0.75
m to 2 m per cum
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44

c) Bund formation, tamping
and sectioning upto initial 30
m
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
25 25
Stripping 237-8.
22 22
Key trench excavation (max -
0.5) and filling with suitable
soil
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
40 40
5 Stone rivetment - outside
stone (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
6 Stone rivetment - local stone 267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305


IIRD Shimla


235 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




7 Stone work with stone form
outside per cum (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
8 Stone work with locally
available stone per cum
267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305
9 Contour stone bund (CS=0.5
sq.m) per rmt
160/rmt
160
10
Farm bunding with stone
revetment (CS=0.5 sq.m) per
rmt
63/rmt 63
11 Stone Outlet per unit 308 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100
305
12 Pipe Outlet /Unit 140
140
13 AF (block)

Pitting and refilling - per
plant
4
4 4
Planting material - per plant 4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
17
14 AF (bund)

Planting material - per
plant
4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
13
15 AF(seeding) per kg 100
100 100
16 Grass seeding per kg 30
30 30
17 Agave slips in Nos. 1
2 2
18 Dryland Horticulture (DH) -
per plant
20
18 20 38
19 Dryland Horticulture with
pitcher - per plant
35
18 35 53


IIRD Shimla


236 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




20 Agro-horticulture(AH) - per
plant
40
35 40 75
21 Community pasture land
(CPL) /ha
5344
5344
22 Vermicompost demo unit in
Nos.
5800
5800
23 Non Pesticidal Management
(NPM) per acre
3100
3100
























IIRD Shimla


237 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP







121. Design and Estimate of Watershed Works


IIRD Shimla


238 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Daddas Watershed under IWMP




122. PRADiagrams






IIRD Shimla


240 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP









IIRD Shimla


241 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP







IIRD Shimla


242 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP













4. Watershed Maps







DETAILED PROJECT REPORT
Deorighat Micro-Watershed of Theog Block, District Shimla
(H.P.) Under IWMP



IIRD Shimla


243 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





Submitted to
The Chief Executive Officer
State Level Nodal Agency
Department of Rural Development, H.P

Prepared by


Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD)
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institute
Bye Pass Road, Shanan, Sanjauli, Shimla 6
www.iirdshimla.org

CONTENTS

ABBREVIATIONS .............................................................................................................................. 88
WATERSHED AT A GLANCE .............................................................................................................. 89
Executive Summary ......................................................................................................................... 90
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................... 92


IIRD Shimla


244 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




1. ABOUT THE PROJECT ............................................................................................................ 92
2. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA................................................................................................. 93
2.1. Geographical Characteristics ......................................................................................... 93
2.2. Climate ......................................................................................................................... 94
2.3. Soil ............................................................................................................................... 94
2.4. Population Classification ............................................................................................... 94
2.5. Land use Pattern ........................................................................................................... 95
2.6. The Watershed Area ..................................................................................................... 96
2.7. Land Holdings ............................................................................................................... 96
2.8. Livestock Population ..................................................................................................... 97
METHODOLOGY .............................................................................................................................. 98
1. DATA COLLECTION ............................................................................................................... 98
2. SECONDARY DATA .............................................................................................................. 100
Land Use Planning with Villagers of Dewarighat Panchayat ....................................................... 100
3. USAGE OF DATA ................................................................................................................. 101
4. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA ............................... 101
PREPARATORY PHASE ................................................................................................................... 101
5. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES .................................................................................................... 101
6. PREPARATION OF DPRS ...................................................................................................... 101
7. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING .......................................................................... 102
8. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 103
8.1. Budget for Administrative Activities ............................................................................ 103
8.2. Budget for Preparatory Phase ..................................................................................... 104
SWOT Analysis .............................................................................................................................. 105
SYNOPSIS: 1418 Ha. Deorighat (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Deorighat Panchayat . 106
WATERSHED WORK PHASE ........................................................................................................... 107
I. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT..................................................................... 108
1. AGRICULTURE .................................................................................................................... 108
1.1. Existing Crop Production ............................................................................................. 108
1.2. Existing farm practices ................................................................................................ 109
1.3. Cropping pattern ........................................................................................................ 109
2. HORTICULTURE .................................................................................................................. 109
2.1. Existing Crop Production ............................................................................................. 110
2.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification.......................... 110


IIRD Shimla


245 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




2.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion ........................................................... 111
3. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES ....................... 111
4. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 112
4.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 112
4.2. Costing ....................................................................................................................... 112
4.3. Justification ................................................................................................................ 112
5. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT .......................................................................................................................... 112
6. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES ................................................................................ 113
7. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE ............................................................................. 114
8. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................................................ 115
8.1. Existing Marketing arrangements................................................................................ 115
9. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ....................... 115
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................. 116
II. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY ............................................................................................................ 117
1. Increase in Milk Production ................................................................................................ 117
1.1. Existing arrangements of fodder ................................................................................. 117
1.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands .......................................................... 117
1.3. Livestock population ................................................................................................... 117
1.4. Fodder Requirement ................................................................................................... 118
1.5. Status of green fodder available in a year ................................................................... 119
1.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle ................................................................... 119
1.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private land-
119
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 120
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 120
2.2. Justification ................................................................................................................ 120
3. NURSERY RAISING .............................................................................................................. 121
3.1. Justification ................................................................................................................ 121
4. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER ..................................... 121
5. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION........................................................................ 121
6. Animal Management .......................................................................................................... 121
6.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area ................................................................................. 121
6.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification ................................ 122


IIRD Shimla


246 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




6.3. Existing status of Animal Management ....................................................................... 122
6.4. Proposed Activities with justification .......................................................................... 122
7. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................................................ 122
7.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups........................................................................................... 122
7.2. Proposed Activities ..................................................................................................... 123
7.3. Skill Development ....................................................................................................... 123
7.4. No. of families to be benefitted .................................................................................. 123
8. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 123
9. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 123
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................. 124
III. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES ....................................................... 125
1. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA ...................... 125
1.1. Existing CPRs ............................................................................................................... 125
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION....................................................................... 125
3. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 126
4. Expected Outcomes ........................................................................................................... 126
5. Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status ..................................................... 126
IV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ................................................................................ 127
1. Existing Status .................................................................................................................... 127
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION....................................................................... 127
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 127
2.2. No. of Households to be benefitted: ........................................................................... 128
3. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 128
4. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 129
V. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES........................................................................................ 130
1. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ................................................... 130
2. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ................................................................... 130
3. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 130
VI. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT .................................... 131
1. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES ......................................................................... 131
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 131
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 131
2.2. Beneficiaries ............................................................................................................... 131
2.3. Justification ................................................................................................................ 132


IIRD Shimla


247 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




3. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 132
1. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA) ...................................................................... 133
2. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION ........................................................................... 133
2.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods ...................................................... 133
2.2. Existing status of livelihood ......................................................................................... 133
2.3. Scope for additional income ....................................................................................... 133
3. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 134
3.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing) ..................................................... 134
3.2. Beneficiaries and Costing ............................................................................................ 135
4. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 136
5. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 137
CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE ................................................................................ 139
VII. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT ............................................................................ 140
VIII. BUDGETING ....................................................................................................................... 142
1. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS ...................... 142
2. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO
ENTREPRISES .............................................................................................................................. 146
3. TOTAL FUND FLOW FROM IWMP ....................................................................................... 147
4. Proposed Final Budget ........................................................................................................ 149
5. ACTION PLAN ..................................................................................................................... 150
IX. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE ........................................................................................................... 151
X. ANNEXURE ............................................................................................................................ 153
1. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP .....................................................
2. Design and Estimate of Watershed Works ................................................................................
3. PRA Diagrams ...........................................................................................................................
4. Watershed Maps ..........................................................................................................................

ABBREVIATIONS
IWMP - Integrated Watershed Management Programme
I&PH - Irrigation and Public Health
WDF - Watershed Development Fund
NPK - Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium
GP - Gram Panchayat


IIRD Shimla


248 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




AF - Afforestation
GT - Grass land with Trees
GS - Grass Seed
CCT - Continues Contour Trench
SCT - Staggered Contour Trench
AH - Agro Horticulture
CP - Compost Pit
DH - Dray land Horticulture
S.CPCT - Strengthening of Continues Peripheral Contour Trench
CPL - Community Pasture Land
MPT - Mini Percolation Tank
PT - Percolation Tank
NPM - Non Pesticidal Management
MN - Micro Nutrients
EPA - Entry Point Activity
UG - User Group
D1 - Very Shallow (0.15)
D2 - Shallow (0.30)
D3 - Moderately deep (0.45)
D4 - Deep (more than 5)
E1 - Sheet erosion
E2 - Rill erosion
E3 - Small Gullied Erosion
E4 - Deep Gullied Erosion
S1 - Slope (15% -20%)
S2 - Slope (20% -25%)
S3 - Slope (30% -35%)


WATERSHED AT A GLANCE
General Information
1 Name of the watershed Deorighat
2. Name of the Block Theog
3. Name of the District Shimla
4. Geographical Area of the Watershed 1418 Hec.


IIRD Shimla


249 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




5.
Micro Watershed consist of Watershed
and Watershed Codes
2c6c6B1b
6. Major Water Source Kanog Nalla
7. River flowing nearby the watershed area Giri
8. Livelihood Options Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry,
Demography
6. Population 2267
7. Number of Males 1139
8. Number of Females 1128
Agriculture
9. Major Crops and Vegetables Wheat, Jo, Barley, Cabbage, Potato, Tomato,
Beans, Peas
10. Marketing Local Mandi, Mother Dairy, Relaince Group,
Fagu, Theog,Shimla
Horticulture
11. Major Crops Apple, Pear, Plum, Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani,
cherry, walnut, Almond.
12. Marketing Shimla , Adani Group
Animal Husbandry
13 Families involved in Animal Husbandry 297
14 Livestock Cow, Ox, Goat, Horse. Buffalo,
15 Daily Milk Production 892Litres/day
Land Characteristics
16 Slope S3 30% - 35%
17 Erosion E4 Severe Gully Erosion
Soil Characteristics
18 Soil Depth D1-0.25
19 PH 7.0
20 N 426
21 P 67.35
22 K 179.60


Executive Summary: Deorighat Micro-Watershed of Deorighat Panchayat
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of integrated
sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The objective of the
Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is to attach locally available natural
resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable development in the area.
The watershed area under reference consists of village Total Nos. 26 located in Gram Panchayat


IIRD Shimla


250 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Deorighat Theog Block of Shimla district. In the north direction there is very steep slope hills, in the
south one tributory second order river and in the west, hills are located. The project area is located
between Longitude 31 09' 35.98" N and Lattitude 77 21' 56.17" E. As per the Base Line survey
conducted by the IIRD, the Deorighat watershed project has a total 383 households with a
population of 2267 souls, out of which 1139 are male and 1128 are female. The net geographical
area of Deorighat Panchayat is about 1418 ha out of which 75 ha is forest area. As per the survey
conducted by the organization for Deorighat watershed project majority of the farmers are either
Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha) or Marginal farmers (5-25 Bigha).
At Deorighat watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers. The
agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and some vegetables they send to
outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers are Wheat, Jo,
Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and patterns for
agriculture production. At Deorighat watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood source for the
local farmers. All the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The
major horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear, Plum,
Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani, Almond, and Nuts etc.
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent annually, with
a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the almond and other dry fruits
can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the farmers. So it is proposed to bring
more area under pear and almond. As apple is the key horticulture produce in the area, it is
proposed to bring more area under apple production by way of distribution of apple seedlings to the
farmers and also it is proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to diseases may be
minimized.
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Kanog Nalla (canal) called Kanog
Nalla flowing from the mountains. This water is being utilized for consumptive and non-consumptive
requirements of the watershed area population. The water of this Kanog Nalla is being utilized for
the development of irrigation facilities by the villagers during the Kharif, Ravi and Jayad season
through various channels and kuhals.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond is being
proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain the supply of
irrigation water throughout the Kharif, Ravi and Jayad season.
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the survey
400, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among the
domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Ox, Sheep, Horse, and Goat. In general
villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. The green fodder is available in the area
during the summer season whereas due to severe winter conditions prevailing during the winter
season fodder is to be procured from outside.
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human society. The
watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area required to be treated so that
further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being marketed in
the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like processing, value addition,


IIRD Shimla


251 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is observed Horticulture Nursery Rising
and Pasture Nursery Rising, Fodder Nursery Rising, Vermi Compost, Bee Keeping, Dairy
Development, can be a potential activity in the watershed area. It may increase the income levels of
the people at the watershed area.
This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an example
for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own. It will increase the income levels of
the people.
There are 97 BPL families in the watershed area. All the BPL households are meeting their livelihood
needs from agriculture and horticulture production. Development of sustainable livelihoods for the
BPL families in the watershed area is a major objective of the project. The small farmers can be
assigned with the development of pasture in community lands.
This project will cover the total area identified in the watershed area. The livelihood options and
income of all the BPL households will be enhanced once the project is properly implemented. The
area under agriculture and horticulture and its productivity will be increased as a result of the
increase in irrigation facilities and other activities aimed at expansion of the same. The lack of fodder
availability will be addressed by the pasture development and nursery rising. Moreover the
households practicing livestock activities will be benefited through the distribution of fodder seeds
and fodder plants. The micro enterprises sector will be revived as a result of the implementation of
the project. The number of working days will also be increased.








INTRODUCTION
123. ABOUT THE PROJECT
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of
integrated sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The


IIRD Shimla


252 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




objective of the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is to attach locally
available natural resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable
development in the area. These objectives can be realized by conserving, protecting and
restoring the ecological balance by developing natural resources and by preventing soil
erosion, degradation of top soil cover, regeneration of natural vegetation, rain water
harvesting and recharging of the ground water table. The programme also gives specific
importance to the productivity enhancement of agriculture/horticulture/animal husbandry
activities and innovative sustainable livelihood development of the community. The
activities for resource development and usage will be planned to promote farming and allied
activities to promote local livelihoods while ensuring resource conservation and
regeneration.


A View of Deorighat Village
124. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Deorighat located in Theog
Block of Shimla district.In the north direction there is very steep slope hills,in the south one
tributory second order river and in the west, hills are located.The project area is located
between Longitude East(7721'56''-7818'40'') and Lattitude North (3109'35''-
3343'0'').The watershed area liesin Seven villages which are very near to the Deorighat
valley. The elevation of the watershed area is nearly 2632m above the sea level.
124.1. Geographical Characastice


IIRD Shimla


253 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP







Satellite view of Deorighat Watershed
The entire watershed is extremely hilly with complex topography with an elevation upto
2632 m. The general slope is from North West to South East. The major physiographic units
delineated are steep to very steep hill slopes, moderately steep to very steep hill slopes, hill
terraces, hill slopes with pasture and hill slopes with forest cover. The relief is excessive and
the watershed is drained by perennial streams. All local streams are merging in Giri River.

2.2. Climate
The hill station is surrounded by the hilly wealth of some rare flora and fauna. The sight
of the rolling snow bound hills in between the white clouds is simply spectacular.
The summers of watershed area stretches from April to June. During the summers, the
temperature of watershed area varies between a maximum of 28C to a minimum of
15C.


IIRD Shimla


254 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




The watershed area weather during summers is very enjoyable as the weather remains
mild and one needs to wear light cotton garments and light woollen clothes.

The watershed area climate during the winter is very chilling where the temperature
swings between a maximum of 8C to a minimum of -3.1C and may even dip down
below that level too.

It extends from December to February. The climate of watershed area in winter is highly
dominated by the cold winds from the Himalayas. Snowfall takes place during the end of
December when the cold becomes unbearable.

One has to wear heavy woollen garments. During the winters, the ice skating and the
winter sports are of major attractions.
The months of December, January and February are the coolest months of the year, with
mean daily minimum temperature as low as -3.1
o
C. The total annual rainfall is about
1252.6mm per annum. The maximum precipitation is received in the months from January
to March. About 55% of the precipitation is received during winter season. The average
`humidity observed in the project area is about 50% apart from the monsoon months.
Humidity is generally low from 51% (Min.). In monsoon months, humidity is more than 89%
(Max.).

124.2. Soil
The skeletal and calcareous soils occur on gently sloping to almost level valleys. The pH of
soil at various sites lies within neutral range. The levels of NPK indicate moderate to high soil
productivity. The sodium levels do not indicate any potential for soil Stalinization or adverse
impacts on soil productivity.



IIRD Shimla


255 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





124.3. Population Classification
As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the Deorighat watershed project has a total
457 households with a population of 2267, out of which 1139 are male and 1128 are female. 121
BPL families reside in the watershed area. The average size of the family is 5.74 persons per
household. The majority of the population belongs to General Caste.
Sex No. of Persons
Male 1139
Female 1128
Total 2267

Caste No. of Families
SC 35
OBC 0
General 348
Total 383




IIRD Shimla


256 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




124.4. Land use Pattern
The net geographical area of Deorighat Panchayat is about 1418 ha out of which 75 ha is forest
area. About 366 ha of land are under agriculture which is irrigated and rain-fed; mainly a Kharif
crop is taken.
Land under
Agri/Horticulture
usage
Forest land
Permanent
Pasture Land
Waste Land
Cultivable Land
Uncultivable &
Land
166 ha 75 ha 10.08 ha 328.84 ha 5.04 ha
(As per land data records)
At the watershed area 25.52 ha land is having some type of sources for irrigation and 151 ha
land has no source of irrigation. There is 166.76ha land under Agri/Horticulture usage. At the
same time 162.08 hectares are belongs to Fallow Land.
Land under Agri + Horticulture
usage in the watershed area
Land with Irrigation sources
Land without Irrigation
sources
166ha 25.5 ha 151 ha
(As per survey)
124.5. The Watershed Area
The Deorighat watershed consists of only Twenty sex revenue villages namely Deorighat
having total area of 1418 hectares. This watershed envisages covering an area of 1418
hectares falling in this village.
124.6. Land Holdings
As per the survey conducted by the organization for Deorighat water shed project majority
of the farmers are either 110 Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha) 167 Marginal farmers (5-25
Bigha). There are 110 small famer households and 167 marginal farmer households in the
area. There are 134 farm households with land holdings in between 26 75 Bigha land.
There are 03 large Farmers in the watershed area. As per the information provided during
the survey, there is no landless household in the area.


IIRD Shimla


257 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





Land less
Small Farmer
<5 Bigha
Marginal Farmer
5-25 Bigha
Medium Farmer
26-75 Bigha
Big Farmer
>75 Bigha
06 110 167 134 03



124.7. Livestock Population
Apart from the agriculture / horticulture practices animal husbandry activities are also a
major source of livelihoods in the area. The livestock in the village consists of 432 cows, Ox,
62 Sheep, 9 goats and 37 Horses. There are 383 families those are engaged in Animal
Husbandry activities in the water shed area.
Cows Buffaloes Ox Sheep Goat Horse Others TOTAL

432 54 62 23 09 37 06 623
.








IIRD Shimla


258 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




METHODOLOGY
The following methodology was adopted for the preparation of DPR of Watershed Deorighat
125. DATA COLLECTION
Primary Data
g. Baseline Survey
Door to Door baseline survey was carried out using structured questionnaire. The
questionnaire covered the following areas.
Demographic Information
Socio Economic Information
Agriculture / Horticulture Activities and its marketing
Animal Husbandry activities and its marketing
Fodder production and Availability
Land use
Water Availability
Common Property Resources and Its usage
The survey was carried out during

h. Participatory Rural Appraisal
Participatory Rural Appraisal was conducted on at the watershed level in order to assess
the needs of the community. The following tools were used:
ix. Mapping
Social Mapping
Resource Mapping
Seasonality Calendar
Service Inflow Outflow
Proposed Works Mapping



IIRD Shimla


259 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




x. Transect Walk
In order to identify the areas to be treated, proposed work sites and assess the
feasibility, the experts carried out a reconnaissance survey through transect walk. The
sites were marked and the different treatment measures required for the treatment of
the area were also recommended.

Transect Walk Gram Panchayat Deorighat
xi. Focus Group Discussions
Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were conducted in order to obtain community approved
conclusions on various identified needs. It was helpful in complementing the
assessments emerged from PRA and to derive the opinion of the community on various
issues.
126. SECONDARY DATA
Secondary data was collected from the Panchayat Records, Revenue Records and
various line departments functioning in the watershed project area.



IIRD Shimla


260 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





Land Use Planning with Villagers of Deorighat Gram pachayat
127. USAGE OF DATA
The data, primary as well as secondary, which was obtained from the various authentic
sources, was used in formulation of the local needs of the populace and also to plan the
interventions required for the optimum utilization of the available resources in the
watershed area. The due emphasis was given to plan the activities to fill in the existing
gaps and to address the weak indicators.
128. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA
Data was analysed and based on the identified needs and problems in the watershed
area a draft action plan was prepared and placed before the concerned Gram Sabha for
approval. After detailed deliberations and incorporation of relevant suggestions into the
plan, the action plan was got approved from the concerned Gram Sabha.


IIRD Shimla


261 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





PREPARATORY PHASE
The Preparatory Phase of the Project will be the first year of the project. The major objective
of this phase is to build appropriate mechanisms for adoption of participatory approach and
empowerment of local institutions (WC, SHG, and UG). WDT will assume a facilitating role
during this phase. In this phase, the main activities will include:

129. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES
The Gram Sabha have passed a resolution and already to submitted PIA/ DRDA.
130. PREPARATION OF DPRS
Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD) Shimla has been assigned to prepare the
Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the implementation the water shed project under
Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IMWP)
131. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING
It is proposed to carry out the following institutional based training and capacity building
programmes in the first two years of the project period in order to equip various
stakeholders to successfully participate and implement the project:
First Year:
7. Orientation of Watershed Development Teams and Watershed Development
Committee Members and Panchayat Officials
8. Orientation course on Fund Management for Watershed Development Teams
and Watershed Committees
Second Year:
10. Orientation programme on Group management and Livelihood
Activities with special focus on Nursery Raising, Diary Development, Vermi
Compost, Bee Keeping, and Small Restaurant etc.


IIRD Shimla


262 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




11. Orientation for members of User Groups (UGs) and Self Help Groups
(SHGs)
12. Orientation of Watershed Development Team (WDT) and Watershed
Development Committees on Monitoring and Evaluation of the Project with
special focus on RTI, Social Audit and Transparency
132. COSTING
132.1. Budget for Administrative Activities
Sl.
No
Particulars Details Amount
1 Administrative Cost Rs. 4,25,400 @
5Years

21,27,000.00
2 Monitoring Rs. 70,900 @ 3
years (2nd 3rd and
4th year)
2,12,700.00
3 Evaluation Rs. 70,900 @ 3
years (3nd 4rd and
5th year)
2,12,700.00
Total 25,52,400.00
Rupees Twenty Five Lakh, Fifty two Thousand and Four Hundred Only






IIRD Shimla


263 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP







132.2. Budget for Preparatory Phase
Sl. No Particulars Details Amount
First Year
A Preparation of DPR 2,12,700.00
B Entry Point Activities 8,50,800.00
C Institutional and Capacity Building
1 Orientation of Watershed
Development Teams and Watershed
Development Committee Members
and Panchayat Officials
50 Persons @
Rs.5000 .00
2,50,000.00
2 Orientation course on Fund
Management for Watershed
Development Teams and Watershed
Committees
20 Persons @ Rs.
5000
1,00,000.00
Second Year
3 Orientation programme on Group
management and Livelihood Activities
with special focus on Nursery Raising,
Fisheries, Diary Development, Wool
Processing, Sheep Rearing, Bee
Keeping, Small Restaurant
50 Persons @ Rs.
7,270.00
3,63,500.00
4 Orientation for members of User
Groups (UGs) and Self Help Groups
(SHGs)
50 Persons @ Rs.
5000.00
2,50,000.00
5 Orientation of Watershed
Development Team (WDT) and
Watershed Development Committees
on Monitoring and Evaluation of the
Project with special focus on RTI, Social
Audit and Transparency
20 Persons @ Rs.
5000.00
1,00,000.00
Total Institutional and Capacity Building 10,63,500.00


IIRD Shimla


264 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Total 21,27,000.00

Rupees Twenty One Lakh Twenty seven Thousand Only
SWOT Analysis of Deorighat Micro-Watershed of Deorighat Panchayat
Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
Higher rate of Peas, Potato
production
Good Apple production
Favourable environment to
raise goats and sheep
400 households engaged in
Animal Husbandry activities.
Regular water availability
through the main drainage
Very less number of landless
households.
Agriculture based economy as
around 400 households
practice agriculture out of
457.
There are about 50 number of
skilled labour in many
activities.

Lack of irrigation and storage
facilities.
Lack of availability of good
quality fodder.
Low level of milk production
Lack of knowledge base
regarding scientific cattle
management
Prevalence of Soil erosion
No heavy water storage body
present.
No such organized micro-
enterprise activities existing in
the area.
If provided with proper irrigation
considerable increase in agriculture
production can be assured.
Scope of expansion of horticulture
crops.
Possibility of contouring and
levelling of agriculture fields.
Promotion of Organic Farming.
Scope of agro forestry practices.
Interest of the villagers to expand
horticulture activities especially in
vegetable and fruit cultivation.
Providing training on dairy farming
as there is very good scope of
dairy development.
Promotion of nursery raising of
horticulture and vegetable crops.
There is very good scope of
tourism especially eco tourism.
Rapid Climate Change.
Soil prone area due to high slope range and light soils.
Animal Diseases.
Lack of awareness of Dairy
farming as a commercial
activity.
Due to adverse weather
conditions the normal
working days are less.

SYNOPSIS: 1418 Ha. Deorighat (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Deorighat Panchayat



Activity Area Covered No. of House Hold
(H.H)
Amount(Rs.)
Watershed Works:
Crate Wire
Gully Plug
Irrigation tank
Water Pond
Retaining wall
CCT


350 Ha.
135 Ha.
137 Ha.
540 Ha.
0.5 ha
2 .0ha.


Whole Village
160 H.H
260 H.H
227 H.H
326 H.H
250 H.H


2673110.57
690750.00
4689552.27
936720.35
1482379.55
162487.18

Micro Enterprises (Non BPL):
Dairy Framing
Innovation Fund Restaurant
Bamboo nursery
Vermi Compost
Bee Keeping
Bamboo Basket Making
Rural Artisans Tool Kit
Nursery Raising( Horti&
Forestary)
Goat Raring
Horti Collection Centre



0.5 ha




75 ha


143

05HH
07HH
383 HH
10HH
02HH
01HH
01HH

07HH
02HH
06HH

200000.00
350000.00
100000.00
500000.00
100000.00
25000.00
10000.00

350000.00
100000.00
150000.00
Livelihood (BPL):
Dairy Farming
Horti Collection Centre
Agriculture Collection Centre
Rural Artisans Tool Kit




39 H.H
06H.H
18H.H
01H.H

1560000.00
150000.00
407000.00
10000.00
Agriculture/Horticulture/Animal
Husbandry :
Horticulture Expansion
Fodder seed distribution
Fodder plant distribution
Pasture Development


10Ha
05Ha
10Ha
10Ha



383 H.H
383 H.H
383 H.H
383 H.H




300000.00
161500.00
268600.00
150000.00




IIRD Shimla


267 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




WATERSHED WORK PHASE
Watershed Works Phase is considered as the heart of the programme in which all the
activities as per DPR will be implemented. The Work Phase is further divided as per sectors
as follows:
22. Agriculture /Horticulture Development
23. Animal Husbandry
24. Development of Common Property resources
25. Natural Resource Management
26. Farm Based Micro Enterprises
27. Production Systems and Micro Enterprise Development
28. Livelihood Enhancement for BPL Families

XII. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT
133. AGRICULTURE
At Deorighat watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers. The
agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and some vegetables they
send to outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers are
Wheat, Jo, Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and
patterns for agriculture production. Most of the agriculture is rain fed in nature whereas at
some places the people have developed irrigation facilities by way of construction of
irrigation channels etc.





IIRD Shimla


268 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




133.1. Existing Crop Production
Wheat Jo

Barley Pulses Vegetable
5090 4400 28760 11035 643720


Vegetables Production at Deorighat
Name of the crop Production
(in Kg/year)
% of total vegetable
production
Cabbage 2053030 70
Cauliflower 439935 15
Peas 87987 3
Beans 58658 2
Tomatoes 117316 4
Potatoes 175974 6
Total 2932900 100






IIRD Shimla


269 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




133.2. Existing farm practices
The major crops cultivated by the farmers are Wheat, Jo, Pulses, Barley and Vegetables etc. At
present the crops are produced on the terraced farms as most of the land available is sloppy
in nature whereas some patches of land have moderate slope. The farmers rely on the old
techniques and patterns for agriculture production. Desi ploughs are used for farm tilling
and the weeding operations are done by hand.
The area has wider scope for the use of modern techniques and improved tilling practices. It
is proposed to introduce improved mould bold ploughs and even power tillers can be
introduced in the beginning on pilot basis.
133.3. Cropping pattern
Single cropping pattern is being used at present in the watershed area. But now they are
looking for Mixed Cropping Pattern. The Peas, Cauliflower and Cabbage are also taken in the
apple orchards. Wheat, Jo, and Barleyis also cultivated in the area.
134. HORTICULTURE
At Deorighat watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood source for the local farmers.
All the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The major
horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear, Plum,
Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani, Almond, and Nuts etc.
134.1. Existing Crop Production
Details of Crops (in Kg per year)
Apples Pears Grapes Plum Chulli Kharmani Wall
nut
Cherry Almond Total
135920 3215 423 1115 1265 1480 2990 1870 920 149198


As clear by the table above, horticulture is dominated by apples (96.34%). There is major
role of honey bees in this production. The farmers practice bee keeping for pollination of
the apple flowers.


IIRD Shimla


270 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




There are approximately 59,701 apple trees which produce 1, 35,920 Kgs of Apple every
year. An approximate number of 345 Chulli trees are there in the watershed area where the
production is 1,265Kgs every year. There are 103 Almond trees and the production is
around 920 Kg per year. The other horticulture produces in the area includes Pear, Grapes,
Plum, Kharmani, etc.
134.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent
annually, with a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the
almond and other dry fruits can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the
farmers.
Pear as well as Almond at present market conditions are fetching price which is as good as
that of apple or even more. So it is proposed to bring more area under the horticulture
produce which will also result in diversification. It is also proposed to distribute new good
quality apple root stock to maintain the supply chain of the Apples.
134.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion
As apple is the key horticulture produce in the area, it is proposed to bring more area under
apple production by way of distribution of apple seedlings to the farmers and also it is
proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to diseases may be minimized.
Crop diversification is also essential for economic sustainability. So it is proposed to bring
more area under pear and almond. The activities to be undertaken are as follows:
7. Scientific Distribution of Pear, Almond, Nuts and Apple plants to Farmers
8. Horticulture Nursery Raising (included under Livelihood enhancement for BPL
Families)
135. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Kanog Nalla (canal)
called Kanog Nalla flowing from the mountains. This water is being utilized for consumptive
and non-consumptive requirements of the watershed area population. The water of this


IIRD Shimla


271 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Nalla is being utilized for the development of irrigation facilities by the villagers during the
Kharif, Rabi season through various channels and kuhals & Pipe line .
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond
is being proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain
the supply of irrigation water throughout the Kharif and Rabi season. By way of this
irrigation tank it is estimated that a good amount of land will be brought under irrigation
facilities thereby increasing the cultivable area resulting in enhanced crop production as
well as economic condition of the farmers.
136. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
The following are various activities proposed for the augmentation of Agriculture and
Horticulture in the watershed area.
136.1. Activities
4. Horticulture Expansion: The plants of money fetching horticulture plant like almond,
peer and apple will be supplied to all households in the villages to improve the
economic condition of the farmers.
136.2. Costing
Activity - Horticulture Expansion
Funds with Line Departments -
Beneficiary Contribution for WDF 1,20,000
Funds from IWMP 3,00,000
Total amount 3,00,000

136.3. Justification
It has been reported by the community people during the PRA exercises that existing
irrigation facilities are not good enough throughout the year. Therefore in order to provide
uninterrupted irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water ponds proposed under the
Agriculture & Horticulture Development in the project.


IIRD Shimla


272 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




The activities aimed at irrigation will enhance the productivity and will cover irrigate more
area which will pave way to bringing more area under agriculture production.
The villagers expressed much enthusiasm towards expanding their horticulture activities.
The watershed area holds good potential for horticulture activities. Hence it is important to
promote and expand horticulture activities in the watershed area.
137. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT
At present traditional farm technologies are being used by the farmers. The application of
chemical fertilizers and pesticides is also common practices. Most of the farm operations
are done manually and use of mechanical systems is very limited. There is a scope for the
introduction of better technologies for the enhancement of farm production. The inputs like
Vermi-Compost, Bio-Fertilizers etc. have definite potential for the enhancement of crop
production as well improvement in the health of the soil. Introduction of improved ploughs,
seed cum fertilizer drills, and seed drills will definitely add to crop production as well as
reducing labour drudgery.
138. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES
It is expected that due to increased irrigation facilities more area is brought under
production of pulses thereby can be sold outside at larger quantities enhancing the income
level of the farmers. Similarly due to increased irrigation facilities other crops will also be
available with the farmers for selling.
Expected Estimated Enhancement in Crop Production - Agriculture
Sl.
No
Crop Current Area Current
production (Kg)
Area after
Expansion
Expected
Production
(Kg)
1 Wheat 0.08 5090 1 1210
2 Barley 0.01 4400 1 3501
3 Pulses 28.56 11035 35 12501
4 Vegetables 150.00 643720 150 2022206
178.65ha 187ha



IIRD Shimla


273 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




139. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE
It is expected that due to increase in horticulture plantation area, the production will go up
fetching more money in the hands of the farmers which will add to the other allied
economic activities. With the introduction of new root stock of apple the farmers will be less
susceptible to losses due to the crop failure due to disease. It is also proposed to diversify
horticulture activity by way of bringing more area under pear and almond and Nuts
production.
The expansion of Horticulture in the area will directly increase the income levels of all the
households engaged in horticulture activities. There will be a significant increase in the area
covered under horticulture. The horticulture expansion will be made sure by the increase in
the irrigation facilities in the watershed area.
Expected increase in the Production of Horticulture in Kg per year
Sl. No Crop Current Area Current
production (Kg)
Area after
Expansion
Expected
Production (Kg)
1 Apple 143.00 135920 152 ha 144470
2 Pears 10.15 3847 12 ha 13650
3 Plum 1.25 1115 - -
5 Dry Fruits 1.05 2990 2ha 5980
155.45 ha 143240

166 ha 164100

140. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Horticulture and Agriculture both are the major economic activity in the watershed area.
Horticulture produces like Apple, Grapes, Pear, and Dry Fruits etc are being produced in
large scale. And agriculture produces like Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Tomato and Peas are
being produced in for self-consumption and to meet outside demands in some extend.
140.1. Existing Marketing arrangements
In general the agriculture produce like Cabbage, Potato, Tomato and Peas are being sold in
the local market and few transport to the outside market like, Delhi etc.


IIRD Shimla


274 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




The horticulture produces are being transported to markets like Shimla, Chandigarh, and
Delhi by road. People join together and hire trucks and send their produce to the above
mentioned markets. And sometimes they sell their produces in the local mandi (Market),
where the buyers are coming from different states. 50% of the horticulture produce is being
sent to outside markets for sale.
Activity
Self-
Consumption
Local Market
Sales
External
Market Sales
Market
Means of
Transport
Agriculture 50% 10% 40% Shimla, Delhi
Local
Contractors
Horticulture 3% 15% 82%
Shimla,
Chandigarh,
Delhi,

Truck Loads,
sometimes
buyers from
different
states.

141. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Agri-Horti Collection Centre: It is proposed to construct an agriculture/horticulture
product collection and storage centre in order to enable a good marketing system in
the watershed area.
To promote Public-Private-Community Partnership Model (PPCPEM) to set up
linkages with the Big Shopping Malls and with the Big Hotels and with Food Processing
Houses through Agri-Horti Collection Centre.
Nursery Rising: It is proposed by the local people to start Nursery Rising in the
watershed area.
To setting up Nursery Rising is included under the component of Farm Based Micro
Enterprise and also under the component of Livelihood Enhancement of BPL families.
To setting up Agri-Horti Collection Centre is included under the component Livelihood
enhancement of BPL Families. The concerned Panchayat Administration will construct the


IIRD Shimla


275 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




structure in the project area and the BPL user group will take care of the activities of the
Agri-Horti Collection Centre.
142. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Agriculture Agricultural products are
being practiced as a
major livelihood option
for the watershed
population.
Sharp increase in the area under
agriculture cultivation and
increase the socio-economic
status of the population in the
watershed area.
2 Horticulture Horticulture is the major
livelihood activity of the
villagers, which is
dominated by apple
cultivation and dry fruits.
The cultivation area under
horticulture production will be
increased with diversification of
crops and quality. It will also
increase the economic status of
the population.
3 Processing and
Marketing
Right now there is no
structure marketing
procedure for the
products. Also there is
no collection centre to
store and gradation of
the products.
The marketing system will be
strengthened, and linkage will
be established with corporate
houses and as a result of the
collection centre available,
which further prevents loss of
products. And the farmers will
get competitive price also.






IIRD Shimla


276 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




XIII. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the
survey 297 households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among
the domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Ox, Sheep, Horse, and Goat.
143. Increase in Milk Production
143.1. Existing arrangements of fodder
In general villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. As the demand for the
fodder cannot be met from the locally available sources all the time, the villagers also buy
fodder from the local vendors. Stall feeding is not a regular practice here. Stall feeding is
being practiced only during the winters.
143.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands
Presently there are 383.00 ha of forest land and 852.00 ha of permanent pasture lands in the area.
The pasture lands are generally dry in nature and provide pasture only during the months from May
to November. Forest Land is also totally dry and not a good source for fodder.
143.3. Livestock population
The village has 432 cows, 9 goats, 212 Ox, 62Sheep, and 37 Horses. Majority of the cows are of
Local breed. The per unit milk production is low in comparison to the other species of milch
animals.
Livestock Population at Deorighat
Number
of
families
Livestock Detail
Cows Buffalo Others
No
of
cows
Breed Milk
Producation
in ltr/day
Buffalo Milk
Producation
in ltr
Ox Sheep Goat Horse Lamb Ass
297 432 Jersey
205 605
54 142 332 326 112 15
2 4
Local
227 327





IIRD Shimla


277 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




143.4. Fodder Requirement
The total daily fodder requirement of the watershed area accounts to 28003 kgs which
includes 18740kgs of green fodder and 9263 kgs of dry fodder.
Feed/Fodder Daily Requirement (Kg.)
Green Fodder 18740
Dry Fodder 9263
Total 28003

143.5. Status of green fodder available in a year
The green fodder is available in the area during the summer season whereas due to severe
winter conditions prevailing during the winter season fodder is to be procured from outside.
143.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle
No. of Cows in the Area Total Daily Milk Production Average daily Milk
production Per cow
432 932Ltrs 02.15 Ltrs

There are 432 cows in the watershed area with a production of 932 ltrs of milk per day.
The average milk production per cow accounts to 02.15 ltrs per cow.
143.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/
private land-
It has been proposed to plant the fodder species called Banda (Viscum Album Linn
((Lorantha ceae)), a locally available fodder species which has been proved good for the
nutrition of cattle.



IIRD Shimla


278 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




144. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
As per the survey data conducted by the organization (IIRD) there are 420 families involved
in livestock activities. So it is important to provide them with the facilities for fodder. All the
families who are currently doing livestock activities will be provided with fodder seeds and
fodder plants. It will improve the economic condition of the community those are involved
in Animal Husbandry activities.
144.1. Activities
Pasture Development: 21.04 hectare of land will be covered under fodder production
through community based pasture development. The activity is included under the
component Development of Common Property Resources under the watershed project.
Distribution of Fodder Seeds and Fodder Plants: All the households involved in livestock
activities in the watershed area will be provided with fodder seeds and fodder plants. It will
help them to develop the required fodder in their own lands and attain self-sufficiency in
fodder. They can make dry fodder out of it and store for the winter season.
144.2. Justification
The unavailability of good quality fodder throughout the year is a major problem being
faced by the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in the watershed area. It is
important to address the lack of fodder availability in order to promote and expand the
livestock activities in the area. Scarcity of fodder is making it difficult to carry on with cattle
rearing in the watershed area. And people in the area have shown disinterest towards cattle
rearing activities. As per the Himachal statistics the cattle population is on decline.
Therefore it is very important to increase good quality fodder production and ensure fodder
availability throughout the year. So it is proposed to carry out fodder plant and fodder seed
distribution to all the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in order to address
the lack of fodder availability in the watershed area.
145. NURSERY RAISING


IIRD Shimla


279 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




It is proposed to raise Nursery of the local fodder species which can adapt to the local
prevailing conditions instead of bringing new varieties on trial basis. The Nursery raising
activity is included under livelihood enhancement component of the BPL families and the
activity will be carried out by a user group by raising various fodder plants which are feasible
for the climatic and geographic conditions of the area.
145.1. Justification
Fodder plants on one side can meet energy needs of the people during the winter season on
the other side leaves of these plants are very good source of fodder.
146. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER
With the distribution of good quality seeds the production as well as locality of the
fodder will increase. This will ensure availability of fodder throughout the year
encouraging the farmers to take up animal husbandry activities to improve their living
conditions.
147. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION
With the availability of quality fodder though out the year, the farmers will be motivated to
take up the animal husbandry activities on a broader scale. This will also motivate them for
rearing improved varieties of milch animals. The production of the local species is also
expected to rise because of the availability of quality fodder.
148. Animal Management
148.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area
Cattle Breed No. of Cows
Local 205
Jersey 227

There are mainly two breeds of cattle i.e. local breed and jersey breed existing in the
watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


280 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




148.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification
It is very important to promote the diversification of breeds in the area. Advanced breeds
like Jersey and other improved species are need to be promoted in the watershed area in
order to enhance the milk production.
148.3. Existing status of Animal Management
The prevailing present practices for the housing of animals are very traditional i.e. the cattle
are housed in the ground floor of the residential houses. The animals are mostly left open to
graze on the common village lands or the forest lands. The concept of stall feeding is yet not
seen commonly in the village. There may be some instances of stall feeding which is being
practiced during the winters.
148.4. Proposed Activities with justification
It is proposed to introduce improved breed of cattle in the watershed area. As it is
identified during the survey, the yield of the milk is very low. This is mainly due to non-
availability of quality fodder as well as the milk yield of the local species is lower in
comparison to the other advanced breed. The activity to introduce advanced cattle breeds
will be considered under the Livelihood Enhancement of BPL Families component under
the project as well as for the Non-BPL families also.
149. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
149.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups
Presently the milk production from the watershed area accounts to approximately 704
litres of milk per day. As on today there are no milk co-operatives operating in the village
therefore no milk procurement systems are in existence in the village. It is observed from
the discussions that the inhabitants does not consider dairy farming activity as a
commercial activity rather than raising milch animals for fulfilling household dairy needs.
So it is important to create awareness among the villagers about the potential of dairy
farming as a commercial activity.
149.2. Proposed Activities


IIRD Shimla


281 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




The following activities are proposed to enhance the livestock activities and production
system in the watershed area.
- Improved breeds like Jersey cows will be promoted in the water shed area
- Distribution of fodder seed s and plants.
- Milk production will be increased.
149.3. Skill Development
The user groups newly formed in the area will be trained on livestock activity. The
members will be trained on various aspects related to cattle rearing and dairy farming.
The programme will be covered under Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
which is funded by the Dept. of Rural Development, Himachal Pradesh.
149.4. No. of families to be benefitted
All 383 families engaged in the area will be covered under the animal husbandry
programme.
150. COSTING
Activity -> Fodder Plant Distribution Fodder Seed Distribution
Funds with Line Departments ---- ---
Beneficiary Contribution for
WDF
1,07,440
64,600
Funds from IWMP
2,68,600
1,61,500

151. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The villagers will be able to attain self-sufficiency in fodder production through the supply of
fodder plants and fodder seeds. The wastelands will be used for fodder and the vegetative
cover of the area will be increased.



IIRD Shimla


282 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




152. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1. Fodder Low availability, No cattle
balanced fodder production,
Not self-sufficient in fodder
production
Increased availability of cattle
balance fodder production, Self-
sufficient in Fodder production.
2. Cattle Management Low level of awareness and
expertise in cattle
management.
Increased awareness and
expertise about cattle
management.

3 Milk Production Current Milk Production per
cow is 4.81 litres per day.
Milk production will be increased
to 6 8 litres per cow as a result
of increased fodder availability
and balanced Food and scientific
Technique.
4 Milk Marketing Milk Production is not an
income generation activity,
only for self-consumption.
No milk co-operatives or SHG
group.
Milk production become a
commercial activity and the
people will form a co-operative
& SHG with the help of Govt. And
access to the organized Markets.









IIRD Shimla


283 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




XIV. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES
153. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA
153.1. Existing CPRs
Presently the Common Property Resources (CPRs) in the area are very less in number. The
existing CPRs are developed by the Gram Panchayat and the Irrigation and Public Health (I&
PH) Department. The existing CPRs consist of only ten irrigation tanks, 11 channels by the
Gram Panchayat and 36 Public Water Taps by the Irrigation and Public Health Department.
These CPRs are being maintained and managed by the respective Gram Panchayat and I&PH
Department. People collect drinking water from the Public Water Taps depending upon
availability.
Existing CPRs in the watershed area
Irrigation Tanks Channel Public Water Taps
10 11 36

154. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
The following activities are proposed for the development of common property resources in
the area:
Pasture Development: The purpose of Pasture Development is for ensuring availability of
fodder. An area of 05 hectare of community land will be converted as pasture land. This
activity will be carried out by the Deori ghat Panchayat Administration.
Water Pond: Twelve water ponds will be set up in the proposed watershed area.




IIRD Shimla


284 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




155. COSTING
Activity Pasture Development Water Pond
Funds with Line Departments (Rs.)
Beneficiary Contribution (Rs.) for WDF
Funds from IWMP (Rs.)- 1,50,000.00 1,50,000.00
Total Cost (Rs.) 9,36,720.35 9,36,720.35

156. Expected Outcomes
The irrigation tank and water pond will address the lack of irrigation problems being faced
by the farmers. The irrigation tanks and water pond will enhance the agriculture and
horticulture production by expanding the irrigation facilities of the watershed area. This will
increase the agriculture and horticulture productivity of the watershed area.
The unused community land will be used for fodder plantation. This will address the gaps in
fodder production in the watershed area. The households engaged in cattle rearing and
other livestock activities will be benefited from this. The fodder problem of the water shed
area will be addressed properly.
157. Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Fodder Availability There is not enough
good quality fodder
available in the
watershed area
throughout the area.
The households who
practice animal husbandry
will be able to meet the
fodder requirement locally
throughout the year.
2 Irrigation No irrigation systems
prevalent in the water
shed area at present
All the cultivated lands will
be covered under the new
irrigation Tank.



IIRD Shimla


285 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




XV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
158. Existing Status
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human
society. The watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area is required to
be treated so that further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
159. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
159.1. Activities
In order to address the issues the following activities to manage and preserve the Natural
Resources are proposed:
Irrigation Tanks: twenty Seven Tanks were proposed to meet the irrigation
requirement of the agriculture area if the watershed as about 151 ha land is
unirrigated land which has the potential to increase the productivity if adequate
irrigation is applied. Proposed intervention will meet the irrigation requirement of
the area through the year.
Crate Wire: One thousand Eight hundred crate wires are proposed to check
landslides and soil erosion in the watershed area because the area is land slide prone
with shallow soils. The treatment will be made with bio-engineering measures.
Bench Terracing and CCT: As most of the available land is on the slopes and problem
of soil erosion is prevalent. Therefore in order to check erosion of the soil, around
1000 bench terraces and CCT are proposed at different sites.
Gully Plug: Gully Plug is being constructed to check soil erosion in Shyog nala which
is very prone to soil erosion high velocity run off. About 300 gully plugs have been
proposed in the area to check the soil erosion.
Retaining walls: Three retaining wall with 86 m height each were proposed to check
the land slides in land slide areas.



IIRD Shimla


286 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




159.2. No. of Households to be benefitted:
All the activities proposed will benefit all the households in the watershed area. The
proposed activities will preserve the natural resources in the watershed area and ensure the
preservation of their livelihoods.
160. COSTING
Sr. no. Activities Cash flow Cash flow from line department Cash flow from IWMP
1 Irrigation Tanks 2nd year 59000.00 1563184.09
3rd year 59000.00 1563184.09
4th year 59000.00 1563184.09

2 Ponds 2nd year 89365.33 312240.11
3rd year 89365.33 312240.11
4th year 89365.33 312240.11

3 Creat Wire 2nd year 29696.66 891036.85
3rd year 29696.66 891036.85
4th year 29696.66 891036.85

4 Gully Plug 2nd year 8850.00 230250.00
3rd year 8850.00 230250.00
4th year 8850.00 230250.00

5 CCT 2nd year 23600.00 54162.39
3rd year 23600.00 54162.39
4th year 23600.00 54162.39

6 Retaining Wall 2nd year 4448.33 494126.51
3rd year 4448.33 494126.51
4th year 4448.33 494126.51


Total 635984.30 10634999.85

161. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
2 Soil Erosion and
Landslides and Rain water
harvesting:
Soil erosion is very
prevalent in the
watershed area.
The soil erosion will be
checked through the
creation of Crate Wire.
Rain water harvesting can
be done by Check Dam.



IIRD Shimla


287 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




XVI. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
162. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being
marketed in the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like
processing, value addition, packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is
observed Horticulture Nursery Rising and Pasture Nursery Rising, Fodder Nursery Rising
can be a potential activity in the watershed area. It may increase the income levels of the
people at the watershed area.
163. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
Horticulture Nursery Rising which includes apple nursery and vegetable nursery and
Pasture Nursery Rising which includes various grasses like panicum, cetaria etc. can be a
good livelihood option for the local people. These activities are proposed for the BPL
families.
164. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Horticulture
Nursery Rising
Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Nursery Rising will be carried out in
an organized way and it will
improve the economic condition of
the people under the watershed
area because the area proposed is
good for vegetable and apple
production.
2 Pasture Nursery
Rising
At present, sufficient
pasture land is not as
availability is only of
10.08 ha the watershed
Pasture Nursery Rising will be
carried out in an organized way and
it will improve the biomass of the
pasture and good quality fodder in
adequate quantity will be available


IIRD Shimla


288 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




area. for the livestock. In spite of pasture
land fodder plants can be grown in
the apple orchards and higher
fodder plant species can be planted
in the ridges of the contours.
3 Bee Keeping Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Bee Keeping will be carried out in
an organized way and it will
increase the income level of the
community.
4 Vermi Compost Vermi Compost is not
practiced here, and the
knowledge base of the
community regarding
Organic Farming is not
sufficient.
Vermi composting will help the
people to mobilize towards organic
farming and for better yield with
good quality production of fruits
and vegetable. Vermin compost will
also give good income to the
farmers due to heavy demand in
the market Over time more people
will go for organic farming in the
watershed area.









IIRD Shimla


289 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




XVII. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE
DEVELOPMENT
165. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES
Micro Enterprise Development (MED) is a proven way to strengthen viable, small business
resulting in increased household income and savings, and this alleviating the crunch of
poverty. Micro Enterprises plays a critical role in the local development of any area.
166. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
166.1. Activities
These are the various activities proposed under the Micro Enterprise Development
Dairy Farming: Twenty (05) families will be allotted with the activity to carry out
Dairy Farming. This will enable the people to get employment and the products
will be milk, milk products and compost also which increases in soil nutrient
status and farmers will not have the pressure to buy the fertilizers from open
market.
Restaurant: national highway go through the watershed area proposed that is
why there is a big scope of restaurant which will good income to the families
allotted for the enterprises.
Bamboo Nursery: In India bamboo is known as poor mans timber. In Higher
reaches of himachal Pradesh a well known bamboo species i.e. Arundinaria
fulcata can be grown. This bamboo is utilised in making bamboo baskets,
furniture etc. This activity will improve the economic condition of the farmer.
Another benefit of this practice is that the species can be cultivated in the
wasteland. In the watershed (383) families will be allotted with the activity to
carry out Bamboo Nursery.






IIRD Shimla


290 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




166.2. Beneficiaries
Sr.
No
Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from
Line
departments
Total Cost from
IWMP
1 Dairy Farming
05
80000.00 200000.00
2 Innovation fund for Restaurant
07
140000 150000 350000.00
3 Bamboo nursery
383
0 0 100000.00
4
Vermin compost
10
200000.00 0 500000.00
5
Bee Keeping
02
40000.00 15000 100000.00
6
Bamboo Basket Making
01
1250.00 0 25000.00
7
Rural Artisans Tool Kit
01
500.00 0 10000.00
8
Nursery Raising
07 140000.00 350000.00
9.
Goat Raring
02
20000.00 0 100000.00
10
Horti. Collection Centre
06
60000.00 0 150000.00

Total
1885000.00

166.3. Justification
This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an
example for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own. It will increase the
income level (almost twice) of the people.
Processing units of fruit and milk will be owned by the Panchayat. Before the establishment,
the Panchayat must be trained about the technical and managerial know how of the same.
For this purpose, DIC can provide good resources.
For the activities like horticulture expansion, plantation and nursery, fund from MNREGA
can be utilized. Other cost intensive intervention which involves 40% contribution of


IIRD Shimla


291 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




beneficiaries, the names of the beneficiaries mentioned in the groups will be subjected to
alteration depending on their initiative and interest.
167. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The micro enterprises development activities proposed can bring significant changes in the
watershed area. The Micro Enterprise will be leading the community to be self-reliant and
live with dignity.
Outcome Indicators
Operation of organized fruit processing industry in the watershed area.
It will leads towards cluster development.
Operation of organized milk processing industry in the watershed area.
It will increase the economic condition of the people.
Milk production will be increase in the watershed area.
Existence of organized Bee Keeping unit.
Improve in quality-of-life of the local people in the watershed area.


















IIRD Shimla


292 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





VII.MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT OF BPL FAMILIES
168. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA)
As per the survey conducted by the organization there are 121 BPL families in the
watershed area. The land holding status of the BPL families are as follows-
Small Farmers (land less than 5 Bigha) - 75
Marginal Farmers (between 6 - 25 Bigha) - 36
Medium Framers - 10
Large farmers - 0
Landless - 0
169. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION
As per the survey conducted by the organisation there are no agricultural labourers in
the watershed area. Labour for many horticulture practices are hired from outside the
watershed area.
169.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods
Presently there are 6 landless households in the area as per the baseline survey carried
out by the organization.
169.2. Existing status of livelihood
All the BPL households are meeting their livelihood needs from agriculture and
horticulture production. And very few are meeting their livelihood needs from animal
husbandry. But it is important to note that these families land holdings are very small
and at the same time the numbers of cattles are also less. A few of them are doing
some work on daily wage basis to meet their daily needs.
169.3. Scope for additional income


IIRD Shimla


293 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Development of sustainable livelihoods for the BPL families in the watershed area is a
major objective of the project. It is observed and identified that there is a scope for the
activities like pasture development in community lands, Horticulture Nursery Raising
Dairy Farming, and Expansion of Horticulture in the watershed area. The small farmers
can be assigned with the development of pasture in community lands. The marginal
farmers can be given the activity of horticulture expansion. Other families can be
provided with activities like livestock expansion, bee keeping, Vermi compost, sheep
rearing, and diary, nursery rising, handlooms, etc.
170. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
170.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing)
Dairy Farming:
Agri-Horti Collection Centre
Rural Artisans Tool Kit
Justification:
For the time being, dairy farming is not considered as a commercial activity in the area.
Considering the information that HP-MILKFED is planning to setup a Milk Processing plant in
Shimla District, it is important to rejuvenate the dairy farming sector of the watershed area.
Though large scale interventions are not possible, it is possible to create the trend towards
commercialization of dairy farming of the area by assisting a group of a few to adopt dairy
farming besides creating awareness among the villagers about the possibility of dairy
farming as a commercial activity. Along with the distribution of cows, the skill development
programmes, which will cover other villagers, will also take place.
Agriculture and Horticulture is two major activities here, over time they need to initiate
Organic Farming practices in their region, Vermi Compost will be a good initiative towards
their Organic Framing movement.
The Agriculture / Horticulture product collection cum marketing centre will bring drastic
change in the marketing system of the watershed area. At present they are facing problems
related to storage. Most of the times, they keep the stock in the open air which will get


IIRD Shimla


294 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




damaged due to rain fall and stray cattle. So the storage cum marketing centre will
strengthen the marketing system of the area and also prevent the product loss due to other
factors. It will also increase the shelf-life of the products.
170.2. Beneficiaries and Costing
S.N Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contributio
n
Fund
from Line
departm
ents
Total Cost
from
IWMP


IIRD Shimla


295 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




1 Dairy Farming 1.Partap Singh S/o Sh. Ram Dev
2.Mangat RamS/o Sh. Kaul Ram
3.Prem Singh S/o sh. Parmanand
4.Deep Ram s/o sh. Daulat Ram
5.Mast Ram s/o sh. Ganga Ram
6. Muni Devi w/o sh. Deviseran
7.Sita Ram s/o sh. Balak Ram
8.Harinand s/o sh. Het Ram
9. Prem Singh s/o sh. Sadh Ram
10. Atter singh s/o sh. Mathu Ram
11. Man Singh s/o sh. Shiv Ram
12.Krishan Kumar s/o sh.Udhi Ram
13.Rukmi Devi w/o Sh. Udi Ram
14. Bhagat Ram s/o Sh. Het Ram
15. Dani Ram s/o Sh. Parmanand
16. Parmanand s/o Sh. Keharu
17. Gain Singh s/o Sh. Parmanand
18. Rugi Devi w/o Sh. Sita Ram
19. Bhagti Devi w/o Sh. Baliya Ram
20. Atma Ram s/o Sh. Hira Singh
21. Hira Singh s/o Sh. Deep Ram
22. Tulsi Ram s/o Sh. Lagnu Ram
23. Diyan Singh s/o Sh. Ganga Ram
24. Balak Ram S/o Sh moti Ram
25 Keshav Ram S/o Sh. Molu
26 Surender S/o Sh. Matha Ram
27 kanta W/o Sh. Moti lal
28. Devi Singh S/o Sh ram Sharan
29. Heera Singh S/o Sh PramaNand
30 Hukami Ram S/o Sh. Dhaniya
31. Shayam Singh S/o Sh Nand Lal
32 Jeet Ram S/o Sh Hukmi Ram
33 Moham Lal S/o Sh. Ratti Ram
34 Keder Singh S/o Sh Daulat Ram
35 Prem Singh S/o Sh. Heera Singh
36Lokanand S/o Sh. Chet Ram
37 Bhanjano nand S/o Sh. Reatti ram
38 Neegam Singh S/o Sh. Matha Ram
39 Rungi Devi W/o Sh. Seeta Ram
00 150000 1560000




IIRD Shimla


296 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




2 Agriculture
collection center
Saryana:Surender,Bimla,Balka Ram,Anat
Ram, Jagat Ram, Jungi Ram
Janog : Mathi, Akalu, Shayamlal, Vidya, Heera
Singh, Basnti,Sunpa
Nangal Devi:Inder Singh,Vidya,Mohan lal,
Mast Ram
0 0 407000
3 Horticulture
collection center
Kanog Nala : Shoda Devi Majhi Devi, DD,
Heera Singh, Mehender, Ratti Ram, Savitri,

0 150000
4 Ruarl Artisans
Tool Kit
Hukmi Ram S/o Sh. Dhani Ram
0 0 10000
Total
2127000

171. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
Upon the successful implementation of the livelihood enhancement programmes aimed at
the empowerment of the BPL families in the watershed area, the BPL status of the families
will be changed. This will positively impact the integrated development of the watershed
area. The success of these initiatives will further encourage the households to undertake
new initiatives by expanding their area of operation. All the 97 BPL households in the area
will be directly benefited through the number of programmes.
Indicators
The income levels of the BPL families will increase.
The cottage industries will increase.
Decrease in the number of BPL families in the area over time.
The quality of life will increase.
Increase in the quantity of milk production in the area.
Establishment of Milk co-operation.
The nurseries established in the area.
It will increase the shelf-life of the products.


IIRD Shimla


297 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Functioning of the collection and marketing centre and its usage.
The farmers will get fare price for the products.
Formation of Vermi Compost Unit in the watershed area.
Capacity Building of the local people.
Formation of Bee Keeping unit in the watershed area.
It will lead towards cluster development.
172. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Intervention Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Interventions for BPL
Families
There are no specific
interventions which are
exclusively aimed at
BPL Families of that
area.
The livelihood
enhancement programmes
under the IWMP will
directly benefit all the BPL
families in the area and
bring remarkable changes
in their standard of living
by creating sustainable
livelihoods options.
2 BPL Status At present there are 99
BPL families in the
watershed area.
The BPL status of the
families will be improved
and they are expected to
attain the status of AP
Lover time after the proper
implementation of
watersheds projects.
3 Marketing At present there are no
storage and collection
centre at the area. No
linkages with the big
houses for marketing of
the products.
The new storage and
collection centre will
enhance the marketing
activities in the watershed
area and at the same time
it will prevent crop loss. It
will create linkages with
the Private Companies


IIRD Shimla


298 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




through Public-private-
community partnership.
4 Dairy Framing There is adequate
number of improved
breeds of cow but dairy
farming is not practiced
yet.
Dairy farming will be
practices in an organized
way, increase in the
number of Jersy breed, and
it will improve the socio-
economic condition of the
people in the watershed
area.

CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE
The main purpose of this phase is to create innovative nature-based, sustainable livelihoods
and raise productivity levels of the augmented resources and local economic development
plans developed during the Watershed Works Phase.
The subsequent activities are planned to be carried out during this stage.

10. Documentation: It is proposed to document the activities carried out during the
watershed implementation period. It will help to maintain the records and identify
and propagate the successful activities carried out under the project.
11. Up-scaling of Successful Experiments: It is proposed to identify the best practices
carried out during the project period and up-scaling the same as per feasibility and
propagate the same among others members of the watershed area.
12. Evaluation: Evaluation is a very important activity to assess the success of
implementation of the project. It is proposed to carry out evaluation at the following
levels.
a. Social Audit: It is proposed to conduct the social audit of the programme at
the watershed level where the Gram Sabha will evaluate the programme
where the beneficiaries should explain their benefits and current status of the
activity. The Watershed Committee should place the books of accounts of
watershed programme for approval.


IIRD Shimla


299 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




b. Evaluation by External Agency: An external agency with experience in
implementation and monitoring and evaluation of watershed projects should
be assigned for the evaluation of the watershed programme.

Costing
S.N. Activities Amount
a Documentation and recording 300000
b Up scaling of Successful experiments 400000
c Training 363500
Total 1063500


IIRD Shimla


300 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




XVIII. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT
Sectors Expected Outcomes Indicators
Agriculture


Improved irrigation Increment in gross irrigated area
Enhancement in agriculture production Increment in quantity of agriculture produces
Good Organic farming Number of functional vermi compost units
Horticulture Enhancement in crop production Rise in quantity produced
Natural resources
Pasture land development Increment in pasture land area
Improvement in water resources Physical existence of the water bodies
Animal husbandry

Dairy development Number of dairy farming units, milk processing and
preservation center
Improved Bee keeping practices Number of farmers with commercial production of
honey
Micro enterprises




Improvement in womens status Increment in income of women and their institutions
(SHGs)
Milk processing unit Physical existence of well-functioning milk processing
unit
Honey and fruit processing and unit Well-functioning honey and fruit processing units
Better market facility Number of well-functioning vegetable and fruit
collection centers, milk and honey preservation units
Restaurants 4 well running restaurants
Development of BPL families

Improvement in economic status of BPL
HHs
Increment in the income of BPL families,
Improvement in social status BPL families will have ownership over the generated
resources


IIRD Shimla


301 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





XIX. A. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT
Sr. No Area increase in area under crops (Ha) Increase in production (Kg/Ha)
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
1 Agriculture 178.65 187 664245 2039418
a
Wheat 0.08 1 5090 1210
b
Barley 0.01 1 4400 3501
c
Pulses 28.56 35 11035 12501
d
Vegetables 150 150 643720 2022206
2
Horticulture 155.45 167.25 143,872 165,650
a
Apple 143 152 135920 144470
b
Pears 10.15 12 3847 13650
c
Plum 1.25 1.25 1115 1550
d
Dry Fruits 1.05 2 2990 5980
3 Animal Husbandry increase in no. of animals Increase in production per year
Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
a Cow 432 500 Milk (Lt.) 167760 193500
B Horse 15 25
Income
/season(Rs) 900000 1500000
c Goat 112 112 Meat (kg) 3125 3125
d Sheep 326 320 Wool (Kg) 1141 1120
e Others 81 80
Area under fodder crops (Ha) Availability of fodder (kg/day)
4 Fodder Pre intervention Post intervention Pre intervention Post intervention
Fodder grasses 15 21.04 15000 28003


IIRD Shimla


302 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




5 FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES No. of families benefited
Pre intervention Post intervention
a
Dairy Farming
0 5
c
Bamboo nursery
0 383
d Vermin compost 0 10
e Bee Keeping 0 2
f Bamboo Basket Making 0 1
g Nursery Raising 0 7
h Goat Raring 0 2
i Horti. Collection Centre 0 6
6 PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT
a Rural Artisans Tool Kit 0 7
b
Innovation fund for Restaurant
0 1











IIRD Shimla


303 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




XX. BUDGETING
173. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS

S
l
.

N
o
.

S
u
r
v
e
y

N
o
.

Name of the
farmer/Community
Based
Area
(ha)
Proposed
A
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l

e
a
r
t
h

w
o
r
k

v
o
l
u
m
e

c
u
m



Cost per
unit/Cum
Total Cost
Rs.
Convergency
with
MNREGA Grant Total Treatment L
e
n
g
t
h
/

U
n
i
t
s

S
e
c
t
i
o
n

(
s
q
m
)

Volume
(sqm) E
a
r
t
h

W
o
r
k

A
m
o
u
n
t
(
R
s
.
)

1 Community Based
Creat Wire-1
(Nagal Devi To Kanog
Nala)
400.00 450.00 26550.00 2895.13 1158052.00 26550.00 1131502.00
2 Community Based
Creat Wire-2
(Himfed To Kanog)

264.00 295.00 17405.00 2895.13 764314.32 17405.00 746909.32
3 Community Based
Creat Wire-3
(Rajan Tayal
To Dochi Nala )

281.00 315.00 18585.00 2894.25 813284.25 18585.00 794699.25
4 Community Based
Gully Plug-1
(Shyod Nala)
300.00 1.50 450.00 450.00 26550.00 2391.00 717300.00 26550.00 690750.00
5 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-1
(Bhejog)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
6 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-2
(Shaddi)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11


IIRD Shimla


304 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




7 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-3
(Chabtu)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
8 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-4
(Tinger Nala)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
9 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-5 (Jata
Kufer)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
10 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-6
(Chopda Shop, Nalya)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
11 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-7
(Jagri Near Deep Ram)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
12 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-8
(Nalya, Dochi)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
13 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-9
(Sharyana)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
14 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-10
(Kanog)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
15 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-11
(Janotu)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
16 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-12
(Jaten Nala)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
17 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-13
(Batog)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
18 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-14
(Shyog Near Maan
Singh)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11


IIRD Shimla


305 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




19 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-15
(Janog Upper)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
20 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-16
(Batog Near Nalta)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
21 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-17
(Janog, Bukher)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
22 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-18
(Kadabali)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
23 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-19
(Jata gaon Near Water
source)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
24 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-20
(Chabtu R.R Khachi)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
25 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-21
(Chabtu)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
26 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-22
(Davi Near Navoydev)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
27 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-23
(Chandkala)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
28 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-24
(Shyod Near Budhi
Singh house )
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
29 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-25
(Shyog Near Padam
Singh House)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
30 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-26
(Nagal Davi Tampel)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21


IIRD Shimla


306 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




31 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-27
(Jagri Near Mathu
Ram House)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
32 Community Based
Water Pond-1
(Jodpur)
30.00 30.00 900.00 900.00 53100.00 228.23 205409.12 53100.00 152309.12
33 Community Based
Water Pond-2
(Chankula)
15.00 20.00 300.00 300.00 17700.00 278.95 83684.23 17700.00 65984.23
34 Community Based
Water Pond-3
(Tankoti)
15.00 20.00 300.00 300.00 17700.00 278.95 83684.23 17700.00 65984.23
35 Community Based
Water Pond-4
(Nalya)
12.00 16.00 192.00 192.00 11328.00 311.82 59868.94 11328.00 48540.94
36 Community Based
Water Pond-5
(Tinger)
10.00 16.00 160.00 160.00 9440.00 325.72 52115.39 9440.00 42675.39
37 Community Based
Water Pond-6
(Chichi)
15.00 20.00 300.00 300.00 17700.00 278.95 83684.23 17700.00 65984.23
38 Community Based
Water Pond-7
(Kadwai Nala)
12.00 20.00 240.00 240.00 14160.00 249.45 59868.94 14160.00 45708.94
39 Community Based
Water Pond-8
(Shaog)
10.00 16.00 160.00 160.00 9440.00 325.72 52115.39 9440.00 42675.39
40 Community Based
Water Pond-9
(Janog)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 247.03 185275.26 44250.00 141025.26
41 Community Based
Water Pond-10
(Bajaga Near Devi
Singh House)
12.00 16.00 192.00 192.00 11328.00 365.37 70151.13 11328.00 58823.13
42 Community Based
Water Pond-11
(Holga Near Heera
Singh House)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 247.03 185275.26 44250.00 141025.26


IIRD Shimla


307 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




43 Community Based
Water Pond-12
(Shaog Near Gyan
Singh House)
15.00 20.00 300.00 300.00 17700.00 278.95 83684.23 17700.00 65984.23
44 Community Based
CCT-1
(Nangal Deai To
Chadtu)
500.00 1.20 600.00 600.00 35400.00 186.73 112040.09 35400.00 76640.09
45 Community Based
CCT-2
(Shakraout To
Shadyana)
500.00 1.20 600.00 600.00 35400.00 202.08 121247.09 35400.00 85847.09
46 Community Based
Retain Wall-1
(Nalya Road To Om
Prakesh House)
80.00 0.87 69.60 69.60 4106.40 6612.58 460235.77 4106.40 456129.37
47 Community Based
Retain Wall-2
(Himfed To Kanog)
90.00 0.87 78.30 78.30 4619.70 6612.32 517744.79 4619.70 513125.09
48 Community Based
Retain Wall-3
(Himfed To Kanog)
90.00 0.87 78.30 78.30 4619.70 6612.32 517744.79 4619.70 513125.09


Total 10634999.92



174. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTREPRISES
Units Average
Rate
Per Unit
(Rs.)
No of
Beneficiaries
(HH)
Beneficiary
Contribution
Convergence Funds
from
IWMP
Amount
I LIVELIHOOD FOR BPL HHs ONLY
a Dairy Farming 39 40000 39 0 150000 1560000 1560000
b Agri.Collection Centre 03 407000 18 0 0 407000 407000
c Horti Collection Centre 01 150000 06 0 0 150000 150000
d Rural Artisans 01 10000 01 0 0 10000 10000


IIRD Shimla


308 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Sub-Total 0 150000 2127000 2127000
II Micro Enterprise and other related activities
1 Agriculture & Horticulture Development
a Horticulture Expansion 383 783.2 383 30000 30000 300000 300000
Sub-Total 30000 30000 300000 300000
2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 383 422 383 16150 0 161500 161500
b Fodder Plant Distribution 53720 5 383 26860 0 268600 268600
C Pasture Development 10 Ha 15000 - - - 150000 150000
Sub-Total 43010 0 580100 580100
3 Micro-Enterprises
a Dairy Farming 05 40000 05 80000 0 200000 200000
b Restaurant 07 50000 07 140000 0 350000 350000
c Bamboo nursery 20000 5 383 10000 0 100000 100000
d Vermi Compost 10 50000 10 100000 15000 500000 500000
g Bee Keeping 2 50000 2 20000 0 100000 100000
e Bamboo Basket making 1 25000 1 2500 0 25000 25000
f Rural Artisans tool kit 1 10000 1 1000 0 10000 10000
h
Nursery raising (Hort. &
Forestry.) 7 50000 7 70000 75000 350000 350000
i Goat rearing 2 50000 2 20000 0 100000 100000
j
Horticulture collection
center 1 150000 1 0 0 150000 150000
Sub-Total 441000 90000 1885000 1885000
GRAND TOTAL 514010 270000 4892100 4892100


175. TOTAL FUND FLOW FROM IWMP
Sl. No Particulars
IWMP
Amount (Rs.)
BENEFICIARY
CONTRIBUTION
For WDF
CONVERGENCE
1 GENERAL
a Ad. Cost 2127000
b Monitoring 212700
c Evaluation 212700

Total 2552400


2 PREPARATORY PHASE


a EPA 850800
b
Institutional &
Capacity Building 1063500

c DPR 212700

Total 2127000


3 WATERSHED WORKS PHASE



WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT
WORKS


1
Creat Wire-1
(Nagal Devi To Kanog Nala)
1131502.00

26550.00
2
Creat Wire-2
(Himfed To Kanog)

746909.32

17405.00
3
Creat Wire-3(Rajan Tayal
To Dochi Nala )

794699.25

18585.00
4
Gully Plug-1
(Shyog Nala)
690750.00

26550.00
5
Irrigation Tank-1 (Bhejog) 125846.11 4425.00
6
Irrigation Tank-2 (Shaddi) 125846.11 4425.00
7
Irrigation Tank-3 (Chabtu) 125846.11 4425.00
8
Irrigation Tank-4 (Tinger Nala) 125846.11 4425.00
9
Irrigation Tank-5 (Jata Kufer) 125846.11 4425.00
10
Irrigation Tank-6 (Chopda
Shop, Nalya)
125846.11

4425.00
11
Irrigation Tank-7 (Jagri Near
125846.11 4425.00


IIRD Shimla


310 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Deep Ram)
12
Irrigation Tank-8
(Nalya, Dochi)
125846.11

4425.00
13
Irrigation Tank-9 (Sharyana) 125846.11 4425.00
14
Irrigation Tank-10 (Kanog) 125846.11 4425.00
15
Irrigation Tank-11 (Janotu) 125846.11 4425.00
16
Irrigation Tank-12 (Jaten Nala) 125846.11 4425.00
17
Irrigation Tank-13 (Batog) 125846.11 4425.00
18
Irrigation Tank-14 (Shyog Near
Maan Singh)
125846.11

4425.00
19
Irrigation Tank-15 (Janog
Upper)
225208.21

8850.00
20
Irrigation Tank-16 (Batog Near
Nalta)
225208.21

8850.00
21
Irrigation Tank-17 (Janog,
Bukher)
225208.21

8850.00
22
Irrigation Tank-18 (Kadabali) 225208.21 8850.00
23
Irrigation Tank-19 (Jata gaon
Near Water source)
225208.21

8850.00
24
Irrigation Tank-20 (Chabtu R.R
Khachi)
225208.21

8850.00
25
Irrigation Tank-21 (Chabtu) 225208.21 8850.00
26
Irrigation Tank-22 (Davi Near
Navoydev)
225208.21

8850.00
27
Irrigation Tank-23 (Chandkala) 225208.21 8850.00
28
Irrigation Tank-24 (Shyod Near
Budhi Singh house )
225208.21

8850.00
29
Irrigation Tank-25 (Shyog Near
Padam Singh House)
225208.21

8850.00
30
Irrigation Tank-26 (Nagal Davi
225208.21 8850.00


IIRD Shimla


311 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Tampel)
31
Irrigation Tank-27 (Jagri Near
Mathu Ram House)
225208.21

8850.00
32
Water Pond-1
(Jodpur)
152309.12

53100.00
33
Water Pond-2
(Chankula)
65984.23

17700.00
34
Water Pond-3
(Tankoti)
65984.23

17700.00
35
Water Pond-4
(Nalya)
48540.94

11328.00
36
Water Pond-5
(Tinger)
42675.39

9440.00
37
Water Pond-6
(Chichi)
65984.23

17700.00
38
Water Pond-7
(Kadwai Nala)
45708.94

14160.00
39
Water Pond-8
(Shaog)
42675.39

9440.00
40
Water Pond-9
(Janog)
141025.26

44250.00
41
Water Pond-10
(Bajaga Near Devi Singh
House)
58823.13

11328.00
42
Water Pond-11
(Holga Near Heera Singh
House)
141025.26

44250.00
43
Water Pond-12
(Shaog Near Gyan Singh
House)
65984.23

17700.00
44
CCT-1
(Nangal Deai To Chadtu)
76640.09

35400.00
45
CCT-2
85847.09 35400.00


IIRD Shimla


312 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




(Shakraout To Shadyana)
46
Retain Wall-1
(Nalya Road To Om Prakesh
House)
456129.37

4106.40
47
Retain Wall-2
(Janog Ori Dhar to Devta
Mandir )
513125.09

4619.70
48
Retain Wall-3
(Ori Dhar To Om Prakesh)
513125.09

4619.70

Total
10634999.92 618331.80
I LIVELIHOOD FOR BPL HHs ONLY
a
Dairy Farming 1560000
0
150000
b
Agri.Collection Centre 407000
0
0
c
Horti Collection Centre 150000
0
0
d
Rural Artisans 10000
0
0

Sub-Total 2127000 0 150000
II
Micro Enterprise and other
related activities
1
Agriculture & Horticulture
Development
a Horticulture Expansion 300000 30000 300000
Sub-Total 300000 30000 300000
2 Animal Husbandry
a
Fodder Seed 161500 16150
0
b
Fodder Plant Distribution 268600 26860
0
C
Pasture Development 150000
- -
Sub-Total 580100 43010 0
3 Micro-Enterprises
a
Dairy Farming 200000 80000 0


IIRD Shimla


313 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




b
Restaurant 350000 140000 0
c
Bamboo nursery 100000 10000 0
d
Vermi Compost 500000 100000 15000
e
Bee Keeping 100000 20000 0
f
Bamboo Basket making 25000 2500 0
G
Rural Artisans tool kit 10000 1000 0
H
Nursery raising (Hort. & Forestry.) 350000 70000 75000
I
Goat rearing 100000 20000 0
j
Horticulture collection center 150000 0 0
TOTAL 1885000
441000
90000
4. Consolidation phase

a Documentation and recording 300000 0 0
b
Up scaling of Successful
experiments 400000 0 0
c Training 363500 0 0
Total 1063500 0 0

GRAND TOTAL 21269999.92 514010.00 1248331.80















IIRD Shimla


314 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




176. Proposed Final Budget
Sr. No Particulars
Amount (Rs.)
(Figures)
Amount (Rs.)
(Words)
1 Total Funds from IWMP 2,12,69,999.92
Rupees Two Caror Twelve Lakh Sixty Nine
Thousand Nine Hundred Ninety two Only
2 Beneficiary Contribution 6,82,000.00
Rupees Six Lakh Eighty Two Thousand
Only
3 Proposed Convergence 12,43,331.80
Rupees Twelve Lakh Forty Three
Thousand Three Hundred and Thirty One
Paisa Eighty Only.

Total Project Cost 2,31,95,331.72
Rupees Two Caror Thirty One
lakh Ninety Five Thousand
Three Hundred and Thirty
One, Paisa Seventy Two Only
Per Hectare Expenditure from IWMP - 14,999.99


IIRD Shimla


315 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




177. ACTION PLAN


IIRD Shimla


316 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





XXI. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE
PREPARATORY PHASE
1
st
Year
SR.NO WORK COMPONENT
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a EPA

b DPR

c Institutional & Capacity Building

WATERSHED WORKS PHASE
3
WATERSHED
DEVELOPMENT WORKS
YEAR 2 YEAR 3 YEAR - 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
A Creat Wire

B Gully Plug
C Irrigation Tank
D Water Pond
E Check Dam
F CCT

G Bench Terracing
LIVELIHOOD ACTIVITIES

a Dairy Farming

b Fodder Nursery Raising

c Horti Collection Centre



IIRD Shimla


317 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




d Sewing center

e Vermi Compost

f Bio gas unit

g Bee Keeping

II
Micro Enterprise and other
related activities

1
Agriculture/Horticulture
development

a Horticulture Expansion

2 Animal husbandry

a Fodder Seed

b Fodder Plant Distribution

C Pasture Development

3 Micro-Enterprises

a Milk processing Unit

b Restaurant

c Fruit processing unit

d Bamboo nursery raising

e Bee Keeping

CONSOLIDATION PHASE
Activity
YEAR 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a Up-scaling of Successful Experiments
b Training

c Documentation






IIRD Shimla


318 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP





YEAR - 3 YEAR 4 YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # #
Evaluation



IIRD Shimla


319 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




XXII. ANNEXURE
178. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP
Sl. Particulars EXISTING
RATES
SSR
Final Rates
Reference Labour Material Total
1 Earthwork in loose and sandy
soils and partially ploughed
soils NFB, RFB


a) Earth excavation per cum 20 GO 486
para 2
20

20
b) Sectioning & trimming per
cum
8 8

8
Total 28 28

28
2 Earthwork in ordinary soil
CB, CCT, SCT


a) Earth excavation per cum 27 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
2
35

35
b) Breaking of clods with
trimmng and sectioning per
cum
12 12 12
Total 39 47

47
3 Earthwork in hard soil WAT

a) Earth excavation per cum 34 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44

44
b) Breaking of clods with
trimming and sectioning per
cum
14 14

14
Total 48 58

58
4 Earthwork for farm pond



IIRD Shimla


320 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




a) upto depth of 0.75 m per
cum
28
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35
b) depth from 0.75 m to 2 m
per cum
39
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44
d) Trimming and sectioning
12 12
4a Earthwork for MPT/ PT


a) excavation depth of 0.75
m per cum
60
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35

b) excavation depth of 0.75
m to 2 m per cum
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44

c) Bund formation, tamping
and sectioning upto initial 30
m
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
25 25
Stripping 237-8.
22 22
Key trench excavation (max -
0.5) and filling with suitable
soil
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
40 40
5 Stone rivetment - outside
stone (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
6 Stone rivetment - local stone 267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305


IIRD Shimla


321 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




7 Stone work with stone form
outside per cum (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
8 Stone work with locally
available stone per cum
267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305
9 Contour stone bund (CS=0.5
sq.m) per rmt
160/rmt
160
10
Farm bunding with stone
revetment (CS=0.5 sq.m) per
rmt
63/rmt 63
11 Stone Outlet per unit 308 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100
305
12 Pipe Outlet /Unit 140
140
13 AF (block)

Pitting and refilling - per
plant
4
4 4
Planting material - per plant 4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
17
14 AF (bund)

Planting material - per
plant
4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
13
15 AF(seeding) per kg 100
100 100
16 Grass seeding per kg 30
30 30
17 Agave slips in Nos. 1
2 2
18 Dryland Horticulture (DH) -
per plant
20
18 20 38
19 Dryland Horticulture with
pitcher - per plant
35
18 35 53


IIRD Shimla


322 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




20 Agro-horticulture(AH) - per
plant
40
35 40 75
21 Community pasture land
(CPL) /ha
5344
5344
22 Vermicompost demo unit in
Nos.
5800
5800
23 Non Pesticidal Management
(NPM) per acre
3100
3100

ANNEXURE
List of SC beneficiaries
Sh. Ramesh Kumar Sh. Budhhi Ram Sh. Balak RAM
Sh. Geeta Ram Sh. Mathu Ram Sh. Hira Mani Sharma
Sh. Bhup Ram Sh. Ratti Ram Sh. Kesar Singh
Sh. VedParkash Sh. Ram lal Sh. RoshanLal
Sh. Parma Nand Sh. Ramanand Sh. Tulsi Ram
Smt. Sanro Devi Sh. Mohan Lal Sh. Ram Singh
Smt. Sarson Devi Sh. Narayan Singh Jagat Singh Thakur
Sh. LeeiaNand Sh. Mohan Lal Sh. Sohan Singh
Sh. Kali Dass Sh. Dahrma Sh. RoshanLal
Sh. LokaNand Sh. Jagat Ram Sh. ManoharLal
Sh. RaghawaNand Sh. Naria Ram Sh. Mohan Lal
Sh. Indar Sin gh Sh. Nirma Sh. Bhup Ram
Sh. Gorakh Ram Sh. Langhu Ram Sh. Ramesh
Sh.Budhiya Singh Smt. Sonu Sh. Rajesh Kumar
Sh. Jamnu Ram Smt. Balno Sh. Govind Singh
Sh. Roop Singh Sh. Ramanand Singh Smt. Radha
Smt. Sunfa Devi Sh. Udi Ram Sh. Mani RAM
Sh. Rajendar Singh Sh. Inder Singh Sh. KundanLal
Sh. Chhagu Ram Sh. Hari Chand Sh. PremLal
Sh. Geeta Ram Sh. Haridas Sh. Atma Ram
Sh. Bhup Ram

Non BPL Beekeeping Groups
Group 1 Group 2
Sh. IshwarLal Sh. Gulab Singh
Sh. Laxmi Singh Sh. Achhar Singh
Sh. Sohan Singh Sh. IshvarLal
Sh. Jogendar Singh Sh. Ashok Kumar
Sh. Lok Singh Sh. DharmDass
Sh. Mohan Lal Smt. Roshni
Sh. Heera Singh SMT. Santosh


IIRD Shimla


323 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP




Sh. Shiv Ram Sh. Ravender Kumar
Sh. Nirma Sh. Rajender Singh
Sh. Beli Ram Sh. Sureh

List of Beneficiary under Bamboo nursery raising program
Group 1 Group 2 Group 3 Group 4 Group 5
Sh. Vikarm Singh Sh. Shiv Singh Sh. Ramesh Ravat SMT. Sunita SMT. Santosh
sh. Anant Ram Sh. Rameshwar Sh. Budhhi Ram Sh. Lachhi Ram
Thakur
Sh. Surender
Singh
Sh. IshawarDutt Sh. Anokhi Ram Smt. Sulochna SH. Prem Singh Sh. Sai Ram
sh. Dyanand Sh. Layak Ram Sh. Hari Chand Sh. Harish SMT Shakuntala
Sh. Achhar mal Thakur Sh. Ram Lal Sh. IshwarLal Sh. Ram Sh. Layak Ram
Sh. Bhagat Singh Sh. Hira Singh Sh. Narayan Singh Sh. Mansa Ram Sh. Ramanand
Sh. Sohan Singh Sh. Nanti Ram Sh.Chet Ram Sh. Geeta Ram Sh. TikamDass
Sh. Shiv RAM Sh. Nanti Ram Sh. Ram Krishan Sh. Ratti Ram Sh.Lachmi Ram
Sh. Rajendar Singh SmtMathi Devi Sh. Karm Singh Sh. Devi Ram Sh. Saligram
Sh. Jagdish Sh. Subhash Sh. Kalyan.Singh Sh. Shiv Ram Sh. Shayam Singh




IIRD Shimla


324 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Deorighat Watershed under IWMP












179. Design and Estimate of Watershed Works




180. PRA
Diagrams




IIRD Shimla


326 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





















IIRD Shimla


327 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP












IIRD Shimla


328 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP












IIRD Shimla


329 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP









IIRD Shimla


330 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP



















IIRD Shimla


331 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




4. Watershed Maps



IIRD Shimla


332 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




Watershed Deorighat Developmet Block
Theog Distt. Shimla HP



DETAILED PROJECT REPORT
Dhamandari Micro-Watershed of Theog Block, District
Shimla (H.P.) Under IWMP





Index





IIRD Shimla


333 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





Submitted to,
The Chief Executive Officer
State Level Nodal Agency
Department of Rural Development, H.P

Prepared by,


Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD)
An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Institute
Bye Pass Road, Shanan, Sanjauli, Shimla 6
www.iirdshimla.org


CONTENTS


IIRD Shimla


334 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





ABBREVIATIONS ............................................................................................................................ 339
WATERSHED AT A GLANCE ............................................................................................................ 340
Executive Summary ....................................................................................................................... 341
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................. 343
1. ABOUT THE PROJECT .......................................................................................................... 343
2. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA............................................................................................... 344
2.1. Geographical Characteristics ....................................................................................... 344
2.2. Climate ....................................................................................................................... 345
2.3. Soil ............................................................................................................................. 345
2.4. Population Classification ............................................................................................. 346
2.5. Land use Pattern ......................................................................................................... 347
2.6. The Watershed Area ................................................................................................... 347
2.7. Land Holdings ............................................................................................................. 347
2.8. Livestock Population ................................................................................................... 348
METHODOLOGY ............................................................................................................................ 349
1. DATA COLLECTION ............................................................................................................. 349
2. SECONDARY DATA .............................................................................................................. 350
Villagers of Dhamandri Panchyat ................................................................................................ 351
3. USAGE OF DATA ................................................................................................................. 351
4. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA ............................... 351
PREPARATORY PHASE ................................................................................................................... 351
1. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES ...................................................................................................... 351
2. PREPARATION OF DPRS ........................................................................................................ 351
3. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING ............................................................................. 352
4. COSTING ............................................................................................................................... 352
4.1. Budget for Administrative Activities .......................................................................... 352
4.2 Budgets for Preparatory Phase ................................................................................................ 353
Rupees Eleven Lakh Fifty Nine Thousands Five Hundred only ....................................................... 353
SWOT Analysis .............................................................................................................................. 355
SYNOPSIS: 773 Ha. Dhamandri (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Dhamandri Panchayat356
WATERSHED WORK PHASE ........................................................................................................... 357
I. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT..................................................................... 358
1. AGRICULTURE .................................................................................................................... 358


IIRD Shimla


335 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




1.1. Existing Crop Production ............................................................................................. 358
1.2. Existing farm practices ................................................................................................ 359
1.3. Cropping pattern ........................................................................................................ 359
2. HORTICULTURE .................................................................................................................. 359
2.1. Existing Crop Production ............................................................................................. 359
2.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification.......................... 360
2.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion ........................................................... 361
3. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES ....................... 361
4. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 362
4.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 362
4.2. Costing ....................................................................................................................... 362
4.3. Justification ................................................................................................................ 362
5. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT .......................................................................................................................... 363
6. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES ................................................................................ 363
7. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE ............................................................................. 363
8. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................................................ 364
8.1. Existing Marketing arrangements................................................................................ 364
9. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ....................... 365
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................. 366
II. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY ............................................................................................................ 367
1. Increase in Milk Production ................................................................................................ 367
1.1. Existing arrangements of fodder ................................................................................. 367
1.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands .......................................................... 367
1.3. Livestock population ................................................................................................... 367
1.4. Fodder Requirement ................................................................................................... 368
1.5. Status of green fodder available in a year ................................................................... 369
1.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle ................................................................... 369
1.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private land-
369
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 370
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 370
2.2. Justification ................................................................................................................ 370
3. NURSERY RAISING .............................................................................................................. 371


IIRD Shimla


336 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




3.1. Justification ................................................................................................................ 371
4. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER ..................................... 371
5. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION........................................................................ 371
6. Animal Management .......................................................................................................... 371
6.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area ................................................................................. 371
6.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification ................................ 372
6.3. Existing status of Animal Management ....................................................................... 372
6.4. Proposed Activities with justification .......................................................................... 372
7. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS ............................................................................................ 372
7.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups........................................................................................... 372
7.2. Proposed Activities ..................................................................................................... 373
7.3. Skill Development ....................................................................................................... 373
7.4. No. of families to be benefitted .................................................................................. 373
8. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 373
9. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 374
10. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ................................. 374
III. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES ....................................................... 375
1. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA ...................... 375
1.1. Existing CPRs ............................................................................................................... 375
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION....................................................................... 375
3. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 376
4. Expected Outcomes ........................................................................................................... 376
5. Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status ..................................................... 377
IV. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT ................................................................................ 378
1. Existing Status .................................................................................................................... 378
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION....................................................................... 378
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 378
2.2. No. of Households to be benefitted: ........................................................................... 379
3. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 379
V. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES........................................................................................ 380
1. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ................................................... 380
2. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES ................................................................... 380
3. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 380


IIRD Shimla


337 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




4. COSTING ............................................................................................................................ 381
VI. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT .................................... 382
1. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES ......................................................................... 382
2. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 382
2.1. Activities ..................................................................................................................... 382
2.2. Beneficiaries ............................................................................................................... 382
2.3. Justification ................................................................................................................ 382
3. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 383
1. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA) ...................................................................... 384
2. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION ........................................................................... 384
2.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods ...................................................... 384
2.2. Existing status of livelihood ......................................................................................... 384
2.3. Scope for additional income ....................................................................................... 384
3. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES ........................................................................................................ 385
3.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing) ..................................................... 385
3.2. Beneficiaries and Costing ............................................................................................ 386
4. EXPECTED OUTCOMES........................................................................................................ 386
5. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS ..................................... 387
VIII.CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE ......................................................................... 389
VII. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT ............................................................................ 391
VIII. BUDGETING ....................................................................................................................... 394
1. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS ...................... 394
2. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO
ENTREPRISES .............................................................................................................................. 397
3. Total Fund flow for IWMP .................................................................................................. 398
4. Proposed Final Budget ........................................................................................................ 403
5. ACTION PLAN ..................................................................................................................... 404
IX. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE ........................................................................................................... 405
X. ANNEXURE ............................................................................................................................ 407
1. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP .....................................................
2. Design and Estimate of Watershed Work..................................................................................
3. Diagrams .....................................................................................................................................
4. Watershed Maps ..........................................................................................................................



IIRD Shimla


338 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP







IIRD Shimla


339 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP






ABBREVIATIONS
IWMP - Integrated Watershed Management Programme
I&PH - Irrigation and Public Health
WDF - Watershed Development Fund
NPK - Nitrogen Phosphorus Potassium
GP - Gram Panchayat
AF - Afforestation
GT - Grass land with Trees
GS - Grass Seed
CCT - Continues Contour Trench
SCT - Staggered Contour Trench
AH - Agro Horticulture
CP - Compost Pit
DH - Dray land Horticulture
S.CPCT - Strengthening of Continues Peripheral Contour Trench
CPL - Community Pasture Land
MPT - Mini Percolation Tank
PT - Percolation Tank
NPM - Non Pesticidal Management
MN - Micro Nutrients
EPA - Entry Point Activity
UG - User Group
D1 - Very Shallow (0.15)
D2 - Shallow (0.30)
D3 - Moderately deep (0.45)
D4 - Deep (more than 5)
E1 - Sheet erosion
E2 - Rill erosion
E3 - Small Gullied Erosion
E4 - Deep Gullied Erosion
S1 - Slope (15% -20%)
S2 - Slope (20% -25%)


IIRD Shimla


340 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




S3 - Slope (30% -35%)

WATERSHED AT A GLANCE
General Information
1 Name of the watershed Dhamandari
2. Name of the Block Theog
3. Name of the District Shimla
4. Geographical Area of the Watershed 1564 Hec.
5.
Micro Watershed consist of Watershed
and Watershed Codes
2c6c6B1a
6. Major Water Source Batibada Khad
7. River flowing nearby the watershed area Giri
8. Livelihood Options Agriculture, Horticulture, Animal Husbandry
Demography
6. Population 1272 Persons
7. Number of Males 663
8. Number of Females 609
Agriculture
9. Major Crops and Vegetables Wheat, Jo, Barley, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Potato,
Tomato, Beans, Peas.
10. Marketing Dhali, Delhi, Chandigarh
Horticulture
11. Major Crops Apple, Pear, Plum, Grapes, Chulli, Kharmani,
walnut, Almond.
12. Marketing Local Mandi, Mother Dairy, Relaince Group
Animal Husbandry
13 Families involved in Animal Husbandry 219


IIRD Shimla


341 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




14 Livestock Cow, Buffalo, OX, Goat, Horse.
15 Daily Milk Production 1500 Litres
Land Characteristics
16 Slope S3 25% - 30%
17 Erosion E4 Severe Gully Erosion
Soil Characteristics
18 Soil Depth D1-0.25
19 PH 7.0
20 N 426
21 P 67.35
22 K 179.60


Executive Summary: Dhamandari Micro-Watershed of Dhamandari Panchayat
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of integrated
sustainable eco-friendly development of the rural areas of the country. The objective of the
Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is to attach locally available natural
resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable development in the area.
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Dhamandri located in Theog Block of
Shimla district. In the north direction there is very steep slope hills, in the south one tributory second
order river and in the west, hills are located. The project area is located between Longitude 31 4'
428.27" N and Lattitude 77 20' 34.27" E. As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the
Dhamandari watershed project has a total 274 households with a population of 1272 souls, out of
which 663 are male and 609 are female.The net geographical area of Dabandri Panchayat is about
816ha out of which 10 ha is forest area. As per the survey conducted by the organization for
Dhamandari water shed project majority of the farmers are either Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha)
or Marginal farmers (5-25 Bigha).
At Dhamandari watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers.
The agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and some vegetables they send


IIRD Shimla


342 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




to outside market for sale. The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers are Wheat, Jo,
Barley, Pulses, and Vegetables etc. They are working on the old techniques and patterns for
agriculture production. At Dhamandari watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood source for
the local farmers. All the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The
major horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear, Plum,
Grapes, Chilgoja, Kharmani, Almond, and Apricot etc.
At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent annually, with
a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the almond and other dry fruits
can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the farmers. So it is proposed to bring
more area under pear and almond. As apple is the key horticulture produce in the area, it is
proposed to bring more area under apple production by way of distribution of apple seedlings to the
farmers and also it is proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to diseases may be
minimized.
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Nalla (canal) called Dhamandari
Nalla flowing from the mountains. This water is being utilized for consumptive and non-consumptive
requirements of the watershed area population. The water of this Nalla is being utilized for the
development of irrigation facilities by the villagers during the Kharif season through various channels
and kuhals.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond is being
proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain the supply of
irrigation water throughout the Kharif season.
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the survey
219, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among the
domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows, Buffalo, Ox, Sheep, Horse, and Goat. In
general villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. The green fodder is available in the
area during the summer season whereas due to severe winter conditions prevailing during the
winter season fodder is to be procured from outside.
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human society. The
watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area is required to be treated so that
further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being marketed in
the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like processing, value addition,


IIRD Shimla


343 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is observed Horticulture Nursery Rising
and Bamboo Nursery Rising, Bee keeping; Vermi Compost can be a potential activity in the
watershed area. It may increase the income levels of the people at the watershed area.
This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an example
for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own. It will increase the income levels of
the people.
There are 94 BPL families in the watershed area. All the BPL households are meeting their livelihood
needs from agriculture and horticulture production. Development of sustainable livelihoods for the
BPL families in the watershed area is a major objective of the project.
This project will cover the total area identified in the watershed area. The livelihood options and
income of all the BPL households will be enhanced once the project is properly implemented. The
area under agriculture and horticulture and its productivity will be increased as a result of the
increase in irrigation facilities and other activities aimed at expansion of the same. The lack of fodder
availability will be addressed by the pasture development and nursery rising. Moreover the
households practicing livestock activities will be benefited through the distribution of fodder seeds
and fodder plants. The micro enterprises sector will be revived as a result of the implementation of
the project. The number of working days will also be increased.

INTRODUCTION
181. ABOUT THE PROJECT
The Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) is planned with an aim of
integrated sustainable eco-friendlydevelopment of the rural areas of the country.The
objective of the Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP)is to attachlocally
available natural resources in an optimum manner to achieve the overall goal of sustainable
development in the area.These objectives can be realized by conserving, protecting and
restoring the ecological balance by developing natural resources and by preventingsoil
erosion, degradation of top soil cover,regeneration of natural vegetation, rain water
harvesting and recharging of the ground water table. The programme also gives specific
importance to the productivity enhancement of agriculture/horticulture/animal husbandry
activities andinnovative sustainable livelihooddevelopment of the community. The activities
for resource development and usage will be planned to promote farming and allied activities
to promote local livelihoods while ensuring resource conservation and regeneration.



IIRD Shimla


344 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




182. BACKGROUND OF THE AREA
The watershed area under reference consists of village namely Dhamandri located in Theog
Block of Shimla district.In the north direction there is very steep slope hills, in the south one
tributory second order river and in the west, hills are located.The project area is located
between Longitude 31 4' 28.27" N and Lattitude 77 20' 34.27" E. The watershed area liesin
five villages which are very near to the Cheog valley. The elevation of the watershed area is
nearly 2024m above the sea level.
182.1. Geographical Characteristics
The entire watershed is extremely hilly with complex topography with an elevation upto
2024 m. The general slope is from North West to South East. The major physiographic units
delineated are steep to very steep hill slopes, moderately steep to very steep hill slopes, hill
terraces, hill slopes with pasture and hill slopes with forest cover. The relief is excessive and
the watershed is drained by perennial streams. All local streams are merging in Giri River.






IIRD Shimla


345 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





Satellite view of Dhamandri Watershed
182.2. Climate
The climate of the project watershed area is characterized by cool and dry climate.
Meteorologically, the year can be divided into three distinct seasons. Winter seasonsets in
from the month of October and continues upto April, followed by summerseason from May
to June and Rainy Season from July to September. Temperature rises after April and the
month of June is the hottest month of the year with mean daily maximum temperature
going up to 23.0
o
C. And by the end of October, there is a sharp decrease in temperature in
the watershed area. The months of December, January and February are the coolest months
of the year, with mean daily minimum temperature as low as -2
o
C. The total annual rainfall
is about 1456 mm per annum. The maximum precipitation is received in the months from
January to March. About 55% of the precipitation is received during winter season. The
average `humidity observed in the project area is about 50% apart from the monsoon
months. Humidity is generally low from 35 to 54.2%. In monsoon months, humidity is more
than 80%.
182.3. Soil
The skeletal and calcareous soils occur on gently sloping to almost level valleys. The pH of
soil at various sites lies within neutral range. The levels of NPK indicate moderate to high soil
productivity. The sodium levels do not indicate any potential for soil salinization or adverse
impacts on soil productivity.


IIRD Shimla


346 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




182.4. Population Classification
As per the Base Line survey conducted by the IIRD, the Dhamandariwatershed project has a total
274 households with a population of 1272 souls, out of which 663 are male and 609 are
female.From this data it emerges that there is a healthy sex ratio as the female population is
greater than male population. 94 BPL familiesresidein the watershed area. The average size of
the family is 4.64 persons per household.The majority of the population belongs to General
Caste.
Sex No. of Persons
Male 663
Female 609
Total 1272

Caste No. of Families
SC 82
OBC 03
General 189
Total 274




IIRD Shimla


347 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP







182.5. Land use Pattern
The net geographical area of Dhamandri Panchayat is about 816 ha out of which 10 ha is forest
area. About 312 ha of land are under agriculture which is irrigated and rain-fed; mainly a Kharif
crop is taken.
Land under
Agri/Horticulture
usage
Personal Forest
land
Permanent
Pasture Land
Waste Land
Cultivable Land
Uncultivable &
Land
312 ha 10 ha 210 ha 184 ha 100 ha
(As per land data records)
At the watershed area 52.8 ha land is having some type of sources for irrigation, and 312 ha
land under Agri/Horticulture usage. At the same time 284 hectares are belongs to Fallow
Land.
Land under Agri + Horticulture
usage in the watershed area
Land with Irrigation sources
Land without Irrigation
sources
312 ha 52 ha 77.4 ha
(As per survey)
182.6. The Watershed Area
The Dhamandri watershed consists of only Five revenue villages namely Dhamandri having
total area of 816.00 hectares. This watershed envisages covering an area of 773 hectares
falling in this village.
182.7. Land Holdings
As per the survey conducted by the organization for Dhamandariwater shed project majority
of the farmers are either Small farmers (less than 5 Bigha) or Marginal farmers (5-25 Bigha).
There are 180 small famer households and 69 marginal farmer households in the area.
There are 23 farm households with land holdings in between 26 75 Bigha land.There are


IIRD Shimla


348 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




04 big Farmers in the watershed area. As per the information provided during the survey,
there is no landless household in the area.
Land less
Small Farmer
<5 Bigha
Marginal Farmer
5-25 Bigha
Medium Farmer
26-75 Bigha
Big Farmer
>75 Bigha
- 180 69 23 04

182.8. Livestock Population
Apart from the agriculture / horticulture practices animal husbandry activities are also a
major source of livelihoods in the area. The livestock in the village consists of 321
cows,258Ox, 42 Sheep, 176 goats,and 14 Horses and 48 Buffalos.There are 219 families
those are engaged in Animal Husbandry activities in the water shed area.
Livestock Detail
No of cows Buffalo Ox Sheep Goat Ass Yak Horse Total

321 48 258 42 176 0 0 14 859

37.37% 5.60% 30.03% 5.50% 20.49% 0 0 1.63% 100%





IIRD Shimla


349 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





METHODOLOGY
The following methodology was adopted for the preparation of DPR of Watershed
Dhamandri.
183. DATA COLLECTION
Primary Data
i. Baseline Survey
Door to Door baseline survey was carried out using structured questionnaire. The
questionnaire covered the following areas.
Demographic Information
Socio Economic Information
Agriculture / Horticulture Activities and its marketing
Animal Husbandry activities and its marketing
Fodder production and Availability
Land use
Water Availability
Common Property Resources and Its usage
The survey was carried out during
j. Participatory Rural Appraisal
Participatory Rural Appraisal was conducted on at the watershed level in order to assess
the needs of the community. The following tools were used:
xii. Mapping
Social Mapping
Resource Mapping
Seasonality Calendar
Service Inflow Outflow
Proposed Works Mapping


IIRD Shimla


350 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP






xiii. Transect Walk
In order to identify the areas to be treated, proposed work sites and assess the
feasibility, the experts carried out a reconnaissance survey through transect walk. The
sites were marked and the different treatment measures required for the treatment of
the area were also recommended.
xiv. Focus Group Discussions
Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were conducted in order to obtain community approved
conclusions on various identified needs. It was helpful in complementing the
assessments emerged from PRA and to derive the opinion of the community on various
issues.
184. SECONDARY DATA
Secondary data was collected from the Panchayat Records, Revenue Records and
various line departments functioning in the watershed project area.




IIRD Shimla


351 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




Villagers of Dhamandri Panchyat

185. USAGE OF DATA
The data, primary as well as secondary, which was obtained from the various authentic
sources, was used in formulation of the local needs of the populace and also to plan the
interventions required for the optimum utilization of the available resources in the
watershed area. The due emphasis was given to plan the activities to fill in the existing
gaps and to address the weak indicators.

186. PREPARATION OF ACTION PLAN AND APPROVAL FROM GRAM SABHA
Data was analysed and based on the identified needs and problems in the watershed
area a draft action plan was prepared and placed before the concerned Gram Sabha for
approval. After detailed deliberations and incorporation of relevant suggestions into the
plan, the action plan wasgot approved from the concerned Gram Sabha.
PREPARATORY PHASE
The Preparatory Phase of the Project will be the first year of the project. The major objective
of this phase is to build appropriate mechanisms for adoption of participatory approach and
empowerment of local institutions (WC, SHG, and UG). WDT will assume a facilitating role
during this phase. In this phase, the main activities will include:

1. ENTRY POINT ACTIVITIES
The gram panchayat has passed the resolution to make two rest houses at
Patrogand Baliwada respectively and a road from ChapaiKhad to Shagaltiunder,
Road Chawi Khad to Sagalti the EPA budget.

2. PREPARATION OF DPRS
Institute for Integrated Rural Development (IIRD) Shimla has been assigned to
prepare the Detailed Project Report (DPR) for the implementation the water shed
project under Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IMWP)


IIRD Shimla


352 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





3. INSTITUTIONAL AND CAPACITY BUILDING
It is proposed to carry out the following institutional based training and capacity
building programmes in the first two years of the project period in order to equip
various stakeholders to successfully participate and implement the project:
First Year:
9. Orientation of Watershed Development Teams and Watershed
Development Committee Members and Panchayat Officials
10. Orientation course on Fund Management for Watershed Development
Teams and Watershed Committees
Second Year:
13. Orientation programme on Group management and Livelihood
Activities with special focus on Nursery Raising, Diary Development, and
Bee Keeping etc.
14. Orientation for members of User Groups (UGs) and Self Help Groups
(SHGs)
15. Orientation of Watershed Development Team (WDT) and Watershed
Development Committees on Monitoring and Evaluation of the Project
with special focus on RTI, Social Audit and Transparency
4. COSTING
186.1. Budget for Administrative Activities
Sl.
No
Particulars Details Amount
1 Administrative Cost Rs. 231900 @ 5 Years 11,59,500.00
2 Monitoring Rs. 38650 @ 3 years (2
nd
3
rd

and 4
th
year)
115950.00
3 Evaluation 3rd Year 38650 & 4
th
Year
38650 & 5
th
Year 386650
115950.00


IIRD Shimla


353 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




Total 1391400.00

Rupees Thirteen Lakhs Ninety One Thousands Four Hundred only
4.2 Budgets for Preparatory Phase

Heads Units Amount
EPA 463,800.00
Institutional &
Capacity Building
579,750.00
DPR 1 115,950.00
Total 1159500.00

Rupees Eleven Lakh Fifty Nine Thousands Five Hundred only













IIRD Shimla


354 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP






SWOT Analysis of Dhamandri Micro-Watershed of Dhamandri Panchayat
Strengths Weaknesses Opportunities Threats
Higher rate of Peas, Potato
production
Good Apple production
Favourable environment to raise
goats and sheep
219 households engaged in Animal
Husbandry activities.
Regular water availability through
the main drainage
No land less households.
People are doing some Micro-
Enterprises in an unorganized way

Lack of irrigation,
marketing, storage
facilities
Lack of good quality
fodder availability
Lack of advanced cattle
breed
Low level of milk
production
Lack of knowledge base
regarding scientific
cattle management
Prevalence of Soil
erosion
No heavy water storage
body present.
No such organized
micro-enterprise
activities existing in the
area
Lack of and technical
and management skills
If provided with proper
irrigation considerable
increase in agriculture
production can be
assured
Promotion of Organic
Farming
Interest of the villagers
to expand horticulture
activities
Providing training on
dairy farming
Promotion of nursery
raising and pasture
development

Rapid Climate Chang
Lack of awareness of Dairy
farming as a commercial
activity

SYNOPSIS: 773 Ha. Dhamandri (Area Coverage) Watershed Project under Dhamandri Panchayat
Activity Area Covered No. of House Hold
(H.H)
Amount(Rs.)
Watershed Works:
Crate Wire
Irrigation Tank
Water pond
Check dam
Channel


200 ha
514 ha
300 ha
250 ha
300 ha

Whole Village
160 H.H
70 H.H
227 H.H

1502523
2331534
1589784
97828
275829
Micro Enterprises (Non BPL):
Dairy Farming
Vermicompost
Small Restaurant
Bee Keeping
Bamboo nursery



50 H.H
18 H.H
02 H.H
07 H.H
04 H.H

900000
180000
60000
56000
24000

Livelihood (BPL):
Dairy Farming
Horti Collection Centre

39 H.H
17 H.H
780000
379500
Agriculture/Horticulture/Animal
Husbandry :
Horticulture Expansion
Fodder seed distribution
Fodder plant distribution
Pasture Development



249 H.H
172 H.H
172 H.H




124500
25000
12500
125350


IIRD Shimla


357 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP







WATERSHED WORK PHASE
Watershed Works Phase is considered as the heart of the programme in which all the
activities as per DPR will be implemented. The Work Phase is further divided as per sectors
as follows:

29. Agriculture /Horticulture Development
30. Animal Husbandry
31. Development of Common Property resources
32. Natural Resource Management
33. Farm Based Micro Enterprises
34. Production Systems and Micro Enterprise Development
35. Livelihood Enhancement for BPL Families


IIRD Shimla


358 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





XXIII. AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE DEVELOPMENT
187. AGRICULTURE
At Dhamandari watershed area agriculture is one of the prime economic activities of the villagers.
The agricultural activities are mainly aimed to meet the local needs and some vegetables
they send to outside market for sale.The major crops and vegetables cultivated by the farmers
are Wheat, Jo, Barley, Pulses, and Vegetablesetc.They are working on the old techniques and
patterns for agriculture production. Most of the agriculture is rain fed in nature whereas at
some places the people have developed irrigation facilities by way of construction of
irrigation channels etc.
187.1. Existing Crop Production
Wheat Jo Barley Pulses Vegetable
Total (KG)
2480 100 9550 4190 2337600
2353920


Vegetables Production at Dhamandari
Name of the crop Production
(in Kg/year)
% of total vegetable
production
Cabbage 2053030 70
Cauliflower 439935 15
Peas 87987 3


IIRD Shimla


359 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




Beans 58658 2
Tomatoes 117316 4
Potatoes 175974 6
Total 2932900 100

187.2. Existing farm practices
The major crops cultivated by the farmers are Wheat, Jo, Pulses,Barley and Vegetables etc.At
present the crops are produced on the terraced farms as most of the land available is sloppy
in nature whereas some patches of land have moderate slope. The farmers rely on the old
techniques and patterns for agriculture production. Desi ploughs are used for farm tilling
and the weeding operations are done by hand.
The area has wider scope for the use of modern techniques and improved tilling practices. It
is proposed to introduce improved mould bold ploughs and even power tillers can be
introduced in the beginning on pilot basis.
187.3. Cropping pattern
Single cropping pattern is being used at present in the watershed area. But now they are
looking for Mixed Cropping Pattern. The Peas, Cauliflowerand Cabbageare also taken in the
apple orchards. Wheat, Jo, and Barleyis also cultivated in the area.
188. HORTICULTURE
At Dhamandri Nalla watershed area Horticulture is another livelihood sourcefor the local
farmers. All the households in the watershed area are involved in horticulture activity. The
major horticulture produce in the area is Apple. Other produces in the area includes, Pear,
Plum,Grapes, Chilgoja, Kharmani,Almond, and Apricot etc. Majority of the families in the
Changmang Walling watershed area are engaged in Horticulture activities.
188.1. Existing Crop Production
Horticulture production (Kg/year)


IIRD Shimla


360 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




Apples Pears Grapes Plum Apricot Kharmani Almond Chilgoja Total
91055 1250 0 1950 1681 1760 6860 460 105016

86.71% 1.19% 0.00% 1.86% 1.60% 1.68% 6.53% 0.44%
100.00%


As clear by the table above, horticulture is dominated by apples (86.71%). There is major
role of honey bees in this production. The farmers practice bee keeping for pollination of the
apple flowers. The approx. Apple production per year is 91055 Kg and Pears production per
year is 1250 kg.
The other horticulture produces in the area includes Pear, Grapes, Plum, Kharmani, etc.

Apple Production at Dhamandari
188.2. Scope for improvement of Horticulture production with justification


IIRD Shimla


361 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




At present the size of India's dried fruit market is $1 billion, and growing at 20 percent
annually, with a demand-supply gap of over 30 million tons. In this present scenario the
almond and other dry fruits can play a key role in the improving economic condition of the
farmers.
Pear as well as Almond at present market conditions are fetching price which is as good as
that of apple or even more. So it is proposed to bring more area under the horticulture
produce which will also result in diversification. It is also proposed to distribute new good
quality apple root stock to maintain the supply chain of the Apples.
188.3. Proposed Activities for Horticulture Expansion
As apple is the key horticulture produce in the area, it is proposed to bring more area under
apple production by way of distribution of apple seedlings to the farmers and also it is
proposed to give new root stocks so that the threats due to diseases may be minimized.
Crop diversification is also essential for economic sustainability. So it is proposed to bring
more area under pear and almond. The activities to be undertaken are as follows:
9. Scientific Distribution of Pear, Almond, Nuts and Apple plants to Farmers
10. Horticulture Nursery Raising (included under Livelihood enhancement for BPL
Families)
189. SUPPLEMENTARY IRRIGATION THOUGH WATER HARVESTING STRUCTURES
The major source of water in the watershed area is available from a Nalla (canal)
calledDhamandari Nallaflowingfrom the mountains. This water is being utilized for
consumptive and non-consumptive requirements of the watershed area population. The
water of this Nalla is being utilized for the development of irrigation facilities by the villagers
during the Kharif season through various channels and kuhals.
In order to enhance and supplement the irrigation facilities, irrigation tank and water pond
is being proposed in the watershed area to increase the irrigation efficiency and to maintain
the supply of irrigation water throughout the Kharif season. By way of this irrigation tank it
is estimated that a good amount of land will be brought under irrigation facilities thereby


IIRD Shimla


362 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




increasing the cultivable area resulting in enhanced crop production as well as economic
condition of the farmers.


190. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
The following are various activities proposed for the augmentation of Agriculture and
Horticulture in the watershed area.
190.1. Activities
5. Horticulture Expansion: The plants of money fetching horticulture plant like almond,
peer and apple will be supplied to all households in the villages to improve the
economic condition of the farmers.
190.2. Costing
Activity - Horticulture Expansion
Funds with Line Departments
30,000
Beneficiary Contribution for WDF
84,200
Funds from IWMP
1,24,500
Total amount
2,38,700

190.3. Justification
It has been reported by the community people during the PRA exercises that existing
irrigation facilities are not good enough throughout the year. Therefore in order to provide


IIRD Shimla


363 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




uninterrupted irrigation facilities,irrigation tank and water pondisproposed under the
Agriculture & Horticulture Development in the project.
The activities aimed at irrigation will enhance the productivity and will cover irrigate more
area which will pave way to bringing more area under agriculture production.
The villagers expressed much enthusiasm towards expanding their horticulture activities.
The watershed area holds good potential for horticulture activities. Hence it is important to
promote and expand horticulture activities in the watershed area.
191. BETTER FARM PRACTICES, IMPROVED INPUTS FOR AGRICULTURE/HORTICULTURE
DEVELOPMENT
At present traditional farm technologies are being used by the farmers. The application of
chemical fertilizers and pesticides is also common practices. Most of the farm operations are
done manually and use of mechanical systems is very limited. There is a scope for the
introduction of better technologies for the enhancement of farm production. The inputs like
Vermi-Compost, Bio-Fertilizers etc. have definite potential for the enhancement of crop
production as well improvement in the health of the soil. Introduction of improved ploughs,
seed cum fertilizer drills, and seed drills will definitely add to crop production as well as
reducing labour drudgery.
192. AGRICULTURE: EXPECTED OUTCOMES
It is expected that due to increased irrigation facilities more area is brought under
production of pulses thereby can be sold outside at larger quantities enhancing the income
level of the farmers. Similarly due to increased irrigation facilities other crops will also be
available with the farmers for selling.
193. EXPECTED INCREASE IN HORTICULTURE
It is expected that due to increase in horticulture plantation area, the production will go up
fetching more money in the hands of the farmers which will add to the other allied
economic activities. With the introduction of new root stock of apple the farmers will be less
susceptible to losses due to the crop failure due to disease. It is also proposed to diversify


IIRD Shimla


364 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




horticulture activity by way of bringing more area under pear and almond and Nuts
production.
The expansion of Horticulture in the area will directly increase the income levels of all the
households engaged in horticulture activities. There will be a significant increase in the area
covered under horticulture. The horticulture expansion will be made sure by the increase in
the irrigation facilities in the watershed area.


Pears Production at Dhamandari
194. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Horticulture and Agriculture both are the major economic activity in the watershed area.
Horticulture produces like Apple, Grapes, Pear, and Dry Fruitsetc. are being produced in
large scale. And agriculture produces like Cabbage, Cauliflower, Potato, Tomato and Peas are
being produced in for self-consumption and to meet outside demands in large extend.
194.1. Existing Marketing arrangements
In general the agriculture produce like Cabbage, Potato, Tomato and Peasare being sold in
the local market and few transport to the outside market like, Delhi etc.
The horticulture produces are being transported to markets like Shimla, Chandigarh, and
Delhiby road. People join together and hire trucks and send their produce to the above


IIRD Shimla


365 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




mentioned markets. And sometimes they sold their produces in the local mandi (Market),
where the buyers are coming from different states. 60% of the horticulture produce is being
sent to outside markets for sale.
Activity
Self-
Consumption
Local Market
Sales
External
Market Sales
Market
Means of
Transport
Agriculture 40% 15% 45% Shimla, Delhi
Local
Contractors
Horticulture 4% 16% 80%
Shimla,
Chandigarh,
Delhi,

Truck Loads,
sometimes
buyers from
different
states.

195. PROPOSED ACTIVITY FOR IMPROVEMENT IN MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
Agri-Horti Collection Centre: It is proposed to construct an agriculture/horticulture
product collection and storage centre in order to enable a good marketing system in
the watershed area.
To promote Public-Private-Community Partnership Model (PPCPEM) to set up
linkages with the Big Shopping Malls and with the Big Hotels and with Food Processing
Houses through Agri-Horti Collection Centre.
Nursery Rising: It is proposed by the local people to start Nursery Rising in the
watershed area.
To setting up Nursery Rising is included under the component of Farm Based Micro
Enterprise and also under the component of Livelihood Enhancement of BPL families.
To setting up Agri-Horti Collection Centre is included under the component Livelihood
enhancement of BPL Families.The concerned Panchayat Administration will construct the
structure in the project area and the BPL user group will take care of the activities of the
Agri-Horti Collection Centre.


IIRD Shimla


366 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




196. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Agriculture Agricultural products are
being practiced as a
major livelihood option
for the watershed
population.
Sharpincrease in the area under
agriculture cultivation and
increase the socio-economic
status of the population in the
watershed area.
2 Horticulture Horticulture is the
majorlivelihood activity
of the villagers, which is
dominated by apple
cultivation and dry fruits.
The cultivation area under
horticulture production will be
increased with diversification of
crops and quality. It will also
increase the economic status of
the population.
3 Processing and
Marketing
Right now there is no
structure marketing
procedure for the
products. Also there is
no collection centre to
store and gradation of
the products.
The marketing system will be
strengthened, and linkage will
be established with corporate
houses and as a result of the
collection centre available,
which further prevents loss of
products. And the farmers will
get competitive price also.







IIRD Shimla


367 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





XXIV. ANIMAL HUSBANDRY
Animal Husbandry is one of the major livelihood activities in the watershed area. As per the
survey 219, households in the area are engaged in animal husbandry activities. Chief among
the domesticated animals in the watershed area are Cows,Buffalo, Ox, Sheep, Horse, and
Goat.
197. Increase in Milk Production
197.1. Existing arrangements of fodder
In general villagers collect green fodder from the personal lands. As the demand for the
fodder cannot be met from the locally available sources all the time, the villagers also buy
fodder from the local vendors. Stall feeding is not a regular practice here. Stall feeding is
being practiced only during the winters.
197.2. Present status of Grass lands and pasture lands
Presently there are 10.00 ha of forest land and 210.00 ha of permanent pasture lands in the area.
The pasture lands are generally dry in nature and provide pasture only during the months from May
to November. Forest Land is also totally dry and not a good source for fodder.
197.3. Livestock population
The livestock in the village consists of 321 cows, 258Ox, 42 Sheep, 176 goats, and 14 Horses
and 48 Buffalos. Majority of the cows are of Local breed. The per unit milk production is low in
comparison to the other species of milch animals.
Livestock Population in the Watershed Area
Livestock Detail
No of cows Buffalo Ox Sheep Goat Ass Yak Horse Total

321 48 258 42 176 0 0 14 859




IIRD Shimla


368 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





Livestock Population at Dhamandari
Number
of
families
Livestock Detail
Cows Buffalo
No
of
cows
Breed Milk
Production
in ltr/day
Buffalo Milk
Production
in ltr
Ox Sheep Goat Ass Yak Horse
219 321 Jersey 135 48 136 258 42 176 14
Local 186

197.4. Fodder Requirement
The total daily fodder requirement of the watershed area accounts to 36593 kgs which
includes 27312kgs of green fodder and 8491 kgs of dry fodder.
Feed/Fodder Daily Requirement (Kg.)
Green Fodder 27312
Dry Fodder 8491
Others 790
Total 36593 KG




IIRD Shimla


369 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





Green Fodder Availability at Dhamandari
197.5. Status of green fodder available in a year
The green fodder is available in the area during the summer season whereas due to severe
winter conditions prevailing during the winter season fodder is to be procured from outside.
197.6. Average milk production per mulch cattle
No. of Cows in the Area Total Daily Milk Production Average daily Milk
production Per cow
312 321 Ltrs 1.02 Ltrs

There are 312 cows in the watershed area with a production of321 ltrs of milk per day. The
average milk production per cow accounts to 1.02 ltrs per cow.
197.7. Type of grasses/fodder plants proposed to be planted in the pasture land/ private
land-
It has been proposed to plant the fodder species called Banda (Viscum Album Linn
(Loranthaceae)), a locally available fodder species which has been proved good for the
nutrition of cattle.


IIRD Shimla


370 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




198. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
As per the survey data conducted by the organization (IIRD) there are 219 families involved
in livestock activities. So it is important to provide them with the facilities for fodder. All the
families who are currently doing livestock activities will be provided with fodder seeds and
fodder plants. It will improve the economic condition of the community those are involved
in Animal Husbandry activities.
198.1. Activities
Pasture Development:5 hectare of land will be covered under fodder production through
community based pasture development.The activity is included under the component
Development of Common Property Resources under the watershed project.
Distribution of Fodder Seeds and Fodder Plants: All the households involved in livestock
activities in the watershed area will be provided with fodder seeds and fodder plants. It will
help them to develop the required fodder in their own lands and attain self-sufficiency in
fodder. They can make dry fodder out of it and store for the winter season.
198.2. Justification
The unavailability of good quality fodder throughout the year is a major problem being faced
by the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in the watershed area. It is
important to address the lack of fodder availability in order to promote and expand the
livestock activities in the area. Scarcity of fodder is making it difficult to carry on with cattle
rearing in the watershed area. And people in the area have shown disinterest towards cattle
rearing activities. As per the Himachal statistics the cattle population is on decline. Therefore
it is very important to increase good quality fodder production and ensure fodder availability
throughout the year.So it is proposed to carry out fodder plant and fodder seed distribution
to all the households engaged in animal husbandry activities in order to address the lack of
fodder availability in the watershed area.




IIRD Shimla


371 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





199. NURSERY RAISING
It is proposed to raise Nursery of the local fodder species which can adapt to the local
prevailing conditions instead of bringing new varieties on trial basis. The Nursery raising
activity is included under livelihood enhancement component of the Non-BPL familiesand
the activity will be carried out by a user group by raising various fodder plants which are
feasible for the climatic and geographic conditions of the area.
199.1. Justification
Fodder plants on one side can meet energy needs of the people during the winter season on
the other side leaves of these plants are very good source of fodder.
200. EXPECTED INCREASE IN THE QUALITY AND QUANTITY OF FODDER
With the distribution of good quality seeds the production as well as locality of the fodder
will increase. This will ensure availability of fodder throughout the year encouraging the
farmers to take up animal husbandry activities to improve their living conditions.
201. EXPECTED INCREASE IN MILK PRODUCTION
With the availability of quality fodder though out the year, the farmers will be motivated to
take up the animal husbandry activities on a broader scale. This will also motivate them for
rearing improved varieties of milch animals. The production of the local species is also
expected to rise because of the availability of quality fodder.
202. Animal Management
202.1. Existing Cattle Breed in the area
Cattle Breed No. of Cows
Local 186
Jersey 135



IIRD Shimla


372 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




There are mainly two breeds of cattle i.e. local breed and jersey breed existing in the
watershed area.
202.2. Scope for further improvement in cattle breed with justification
It is very important to promote the diversification of breeds in the area. Advanced breeds
like Jerseyand other improved species are need to be promoted in the watershed area in
order to enhance the milk production.
202.3. Existing status of Animal Management
The prevailing present practices for the housing of animals are very traditional i.e. the cattle
are housed in the ground floor of the residential houses. The animals are mostly left open to
graze on the common village lands or the forest lands. The concept of stall feeding is yet not
seen commonly in the village. There may be some instances of stall feeding which is being
practiced during the winters.
202.4. Proposed Activities with justification
It is proposed to introduce improved breed of cattle in the watershed area. As it is identified
during the survey, the yield of the milk is very low. This is mainly due to non-availability of
quality fodder as well as the milk yield of the local species is lower in comparison to the
other advanced breed. The activity to introduce advanced cattle breeds will be considered
under the Livelihood Enhancement of BPL Families component under the project as well
as for the Non-BPL families also.
203. MARKETING ARRANGEMENTS
203.1. Existing Marketing tie-ups
Presently the milk production from the watershed area accounts to approximately 321
litres of milk per day. As on today there are no milk co-operatives operating in the village
therefore no milk procurement systems are in existence in the village. It is observed from
the discussions that the inhabitants does not consider dairy farming activity as a
commercial activity rather than raising milch animals for fulfilling household dairyneeds.


IIRD Shimla


373 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




So it is important to create awareness among the villagers about the potential of dairy
farming as a commercial activity.
203.2. Proposed Activities
The following activities are proposed to enhance the livestock activities and production
system in the watershed area.
- Improved breeds like Jersey cows will be promoted in the water shed area
- Distribution of fodder seed s and plants.
- Milk production will be increased.
203.3. Skill Development
The user groups newly formed in the area will be trained on livestock activity. The
members will be trained on various aspects related to cattle rearing and dairy farming.
The programme will be covered under Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana (SGSY)
which is funded by the Dept. of Rural Development, Himachal Pradesh.

203.4. No. of families to be benefitted
All the 219 families engaged in the area will be covered under the animal husbandry
programme.
204. COSTING
Activity -> Fodder Plant Distribution Fodder Seed Distribution
Funds with Line Departments
Beneficiary Contribution for
WDF
5,000
10,000
Funds from IWMP
12,500
25,000




IIRD Shimla


374 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




205. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The villagers will be able to attain self-sufficiency in fodder production through the supply of
fodder plants and fodder seeds. The wastelands will be used for fodder and the vegetative
cover of the area will be increased.
206. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Present Status Post Intervention Status
1. Fodder Low availability, No cattle
balanced fodder production,
Not self-sufficient in fodder
production
Increased availability of cattle
balance fodder production, Self-
sufficient in Fodder production.
2. Cattle Management Low level of awareness and
expertise in cattle
management.
Increased awareness and
expertise about cattle
management.
3 Milk Production Current Milk Production per
cow is 1.02 litres per day.
Milk production will be increased
to 3 6 litres per cow as a result
of increased fodder availability
and balanced Food and scientific
Technique.
4 Milk Marketing Milk Production is not
anincome generation
activity, only for self-
consumption.
No milk co-operatives or SHG
group.
Milk production become a
commercial activity,and the
people will form a co-operative
& SHG with the help of Govt. And
access to the organized Markets.





IIRD Shimla


375 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





XXV. DEVELOPMENT OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES
207. STATUS OF COMMON PROPERTY RESOURCES (CPRS) IN THE PROJECT AREA
207.1. Existing CPRs
Presently the Common Property Resources (CPRs) in the area are very less in number. The
existing CPRs are developed by the Gram Panchayat and the Irrigation and Public Health (I&
PH) Department. The existing CPRs consist of only five irrigation tanks, seven channels by
the Gram Panchayat and 15 Public Water Taps by the Irrigation and Public Health
Department. These CPRs are being maintained and managed by the respective Gram
Panchayat and I&PH Department. People collect drinking water from the Public Water Taps
depending upon availability.
Existing CPRs in the watershed area
Irrigation Tanks Channel Public Water Taps
05 07 15

208. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
The following activities are proposed for the development of common property resources in
the area:
Pasture Development:The purpose of Pasture Development is for ensuring availability of
fodder.An area of 5 hectare of community land will be converted as pasture land. This
activity will be carried out by the Dhamandri Panchayat Administration.
Irrigation Tanks: The irrigation tanks were proposed by the community in order to meet the
water needs for drinking and irrigation. Thirteen Irrigation water tanks are proposed to
construct in the watershed area.


IIRD Shimla


376 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




Water Pond:Thirteenwater pondswill be set upin the proposed watershed area.
209. COSTING
Activity
Pasture
Development
Irrigation Tank Water Pond
Funds with Line Departments
(Rs.)


88,500.00

4,74,655.00
Beneficiary Contribution (Rs.)
for WDF


Funds from IWMP (Rs.)- 1,25,350.00

23,31,534.13

15,89,784.97
Total Cost (Rs.) 1,25,350.00 24,20,034.13 20,64,439.97

210. Expected Outcomes
The irrigation tank and water pond will address the lack of irrigation problems being faced
by the farmers. The irrigation tanks and water pond will enhance the agriculture and
horticulture production by expanding the irrigation facilities of the watershed area. This will
increase the agriculture and horticulture productivity of the watershed area.
The unused community land will be used for fodder plantation. This will address the gaps in
fodder production in the watershed area. The households engaged in cattle rearing and
other livestock activities will be benefited from this. The fodder problem of the water shed
area will be addressed properly.




IIRD Shimla


377 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





211. Pre-intervention and Expected Post Intervention Status
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Fodder Availability There is not enough
good quality fodder
available in the
watershed
areathroughout the
area.
The households who
practice animal husbandry
will be able to meet the
fodder requirement locally
throughout the year.
2 Irrigation No irrigation systems
prevalent in the water
shed area at present
All the cultivated lands will
be covered under the new
irrigation Tank.



IIRD Shimla


378 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





XXVI. NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
212. Existing Status
Now-a-days Natural Resource Management is very crucial for the survival of any human
society. The watershed area is prone to soil erosion and landslides. This area is required to
be treated so that further degradation of the soil and landslides can be checked.
213. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES WITH JUSTIFICATION
213.1. Activities
In order to address the issues the following activities to manage and preserve the Natural
Resources are proposed:
Crate Wire: The crate wires are proposed to check landslides and soil erosion in the
watershed area. The treatment will be made with bio-engineering measures

Effect of Soil Erosion at Dhamandari

Check Dam and Channel: Check Dam is being constructed for rain water harvesting.


IIRD Shimla


379 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





213.2. No. of Households to be benefitted:
All the activities proposed will benefit all the households in the watershed area. The
proposed activities will preserve the natural resources in the watershed area and ensure the
preservation of their livelihoods.

214. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
2 Soil Erosion and
Landslides and Rain water
harvesting:
Soil erosion is very
prevalent in the
watershed area.
The soil erosion will be
checked through the
creation of Crate Wire.
Rain water harvesting can
be done by Check Dam.



IIRD Shimla


380 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





XXVII. FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
215. CURRENT STATUS OF FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
As agriculture and horticulture is the major activity and the horticulture produce is being
marketed in the far flung areas of the country, there are no micro-enterprises like
processing, value addition, packaging, and storage etc. existing in the watershed area. It is
observed Horticulture Nursery Risingand Bamboo Nursery Rising, Bee keeping; Vermi
Compostcan be a potential activity in the watershed area. It may increase the income levels
of the people at the watershed area.
216. SCOPE FOR FARM BASED MICRO ENTERPRISES
Horticulture Nursery Risingand Pasture Nursery Risingcan be a good livelihood option for
the local people.These activities are proposed for the BPL families.
217. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Particulars Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Bamboo Nursery
Rising
Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Bamboo Nursery Rising will be
carried out in an organized way and
it will improve the economic
condition of the people under the
watershed area.
2 Bee Keeping Activity being practiced
not in a systematic
manner.
Bee Keeping will be carried out in
an organized way and it will
increase the income level of the
community.
3 Vermi Compost Vermi Compost is not
practiced here, and the
knowledge base of the
community regarding
Organic Farming is not
sufficient.
Vermi Compost will be carried out
in a planned manner and income
level will be increase. Community
will get knowledge about organic
farming.
Over time more people will go for
organic farming in the watershed
area.


IIRD Shimla


381 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





218. COSTING
Sr.
No
Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from
Line
departments
Total Cost
from
IWMP
1
Bee Keeping
1. Shyam Singh 5. MadanLal
2. Devi Singh
6. Bhagat
Thakur
3. AlamChand 7. Chatar Singh
4. Virendra

22400 0 56000
2
Bamboo Nursery
40 families (4 groups) Please see
the Annexure.
15000 24000 24000
3 Vermi Compost Lakshmi
Singh Narayan Singh
SohanLal Amar Singh
Devi Singh BalDev
Chatar
Singh
RatiRamS/O Paras
Ram
Naresh VedPrakash
Rajesh Krishna Datt
Shyam
Singh Devi Datt
Alam
Chand Shyam Singh
Shushil Sadh Ram
72000 75000 180000
TOTAL 109400 99000 260000


IIRD Shimla


382 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





XXVIII. PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTERPRISE
DEVELOPMENT
219. CURRENT STATUS OF MICRO ENTERPRISES
Micro Enterprise Development (MED) is a proven way to strengthen viable, small business
resulting in increased household income and savings, and this alleviating the crunch of
poverty. Micro Enterprises plays a critical role in the local development of any area.
220. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
220.1. Activities
These are the various activities proposed under the Micro Enterprise Development
Dairy Farming:Twenty (20) families will be allotted with the activity to carry out
Dairy Farming.
Restaurant:Four (4) families will be allotted with the activity to carry out
handloom manufacturing activities after formation of one user group.
220.2. Beneficiaries
Sr.
No
Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from
Line
departments
Total Cost
from
IWMP
1 Dairy farming
50 360000 150000 900000
6
Restaurant
2 20000 60000 60000
TOTAL
380000 210000 960000

220.3. Justification


IIRD Shimla


383 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




This will help to develop entrepreneurship capacity among the population and serve as an
example for the villagers to come up with similar initiatives at their own.It will increase the
income levels of the people.
221. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
The micro enterprises development activities proposed can bring significant changes in the
watershed area. The Micro Enterprise will be leading the community to be self-reliant and
live with dignity.
Outcome Indicators
It will increase the economic condition of the people.
Milk production will be increase in the watershed area.
Existence of organized Restaurant unit.
Improve in quality-of-life of the local people in the watershed area.














IIRD Shimla


384 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP






VII.MICRO ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT OF BPL FAMILIES
222. BPL FAMILIES IN THE AREA (BASELINE DATA)
As per the survey conducted by the organization there are 94 BPL families in the
watershed area. The land holding status of the BPL families are as follows-
Small Farmers (land less than 5 Bigha) - 33
Marginal Farmers (between 6 - 25 Bigha) - 51
Medium Framers - 10
Big farmers - 00
223. AGRICULTURE LABOURERS POPULATION
As per the survey conducted by the organisation there are no agricultural labourers in
the watershed area.
223.1. Present landless households and their livelihoods
Presently there are no landless households in the area as per the baseline survey carried
out by the organization.
223.2. Existing status of livelihood
All the BPL households are meeting their livelihood needs from agriculture and
horticulture production. And very few are meeting their livelihood needs from animal
husbandry. But it is important to note that these families land holdings are very small
and at the same time the numbers of cattles are also less.A few of them are doing some
work on daily wage basis to meet their daily needs.
223.3. Scope for additional income
Development of sustainable livelihoods for the BPL families in the watershed area is a
major objective of the project. It is observed and identified that there is a scope for the


IIRD Shimla


385 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




activities like pasture development in community lands, Horticulture Nursery Raising,
Dairy Farming, and Expansion of Horticulture in the watershed area.The small farmers
can be assigned with the development of pasture in community lands. The marginal
farmers can be given the activity of horticulture expansion.
224. PROPOSED ACTIVITIES
224.1. Activities (Programmes, Infrastructure, marketing)
Dairy Farming:
Agri-Horti Collection Centre:
Justification:
For the time being, dairy farming is not considered as a commercial activity in the area, it is
possible to create the trend towards commercialization of dairy farming of the area by
assisting a group of a few to adoptdairy farming besides creating awareness among the
villagers about the possibility of dairy farming as a commercial activity.Along with the
distribution of cows, the skill development programmes, which will cover other villagers, will
also take place.
The Agriculture / Horticulture product collection cum marketing centre will bring drastic
change in the marketing system of the watershed area. At present they are facing problems
related to storage. Most of the times, they keep the stock in the open air which will get
damaged due to rain fall and stray cattle. So the storage cum marketing centre will
strengthen the marketing system of the area and also prevent the product loss due to other
factors. It will also increase the shelf-life of the products.







IIRD Shimla


386 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





224.2. Beneficiaries and Costing
S.N. Activity Beneficiaries
Beneficiary
contribution
Fund from
Line
departments
Total
Cost
from
IWMP
1 Dairy Farming
1. Shibram 16.Bimala 29. Shibram
2.Chatar Singh 17.Atmaram 30. GauriDatt
3. Hero 18.Kamala 31. Sudama
4. Gangaram 19.Dilaram 32. Santu
5. Radhi Devi 20. Bhupram
33. Ganga
ram
6. Alamchand 21. RaushanLal 34. Balak ram
9. Mohan Singh 22. Rajesh 35. Roshan
10. Shaulia 23. Kaushlya 36. Paniya
11. Kedar Singh 24. Jogindra 37. Pratap
12. Narendra 25. Amar Singh 38. Shivdatt
13. Mohiram 26. Premlal 39. Vimla
14.Layal Ram 27. Gangaram

15.Bhup Singh 28.Sitaram

0 175000 780000
2 Vegetable and
fruit collection
center (Horti
collection
center)
User Group1 Group 2 Group 3
Bhagat Ram Hiro Alam Chand
Keshav Ram Chatar Singh Salochana
Babli Shaukiya Ram Gita Ram
Hiru Santu Amar Singh
Janki Atma Ram Sher Singh
Rajendra

Premlal
0 50000 379500
Total 0
225000 1159500

225. EXPECTED OUTCOMES
Upon the successful implementation of the livelihood enhancement programmes aimed at
the empowerment of the BPL families in the watershed area, the BPL status of the families
will be changed. This will positively impact the integrated development of the watershed
area. The success of these initiatives will further encourage the households to undertake


IIRD Shimla


387 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




new initiatives by expanding their area of operation. All the 94 BPL households in the area
will be directly benefited through the number of programmes.
Indicators
The income levels of the BPL families will increase.
Decrease in the number of BPL families in the area over time.
The quality of life will increase.
Increase in the quantity of milk production in the area.
Establishment of Milk co-operation.
It will increase the shelf-life of the products.
Functioning of the collection and marketing centre and its usage.
The farmers will get fare price for the products.
Formation of Vermi Compost Unit in the watershed area.
Capacity Building of the local people.
226. PRE-INTERVENTION AND EXPECTED POST INTERVENTION STATUS
Sr.No Intervention Present Status Post Intervention Status
1 Interventions for BPL
Families
There are no specific
interventions which are
exclusively aimed at
BPL Familiesof that
area.
The livelihood
enhancement programmes
under the IWMP will
directly benefit all the BPL
families in the area and
bring remarkable changes
in their standard of living
by creating sustainable
livelihoods options.
2 BPL Status At present there are 99
BPL families in the
watershed area.
The BPL status of the
families will be improved
and they are expected to
attain the status of
APLover time after the
proper implementation of


IIRD Shimla


388 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




watersheds projects.
3 Marketing At present there are no
storage and collection
centre at the area. No
linkages with the big
houses for marketing of
the products.
The new storage and
collection centre will
enhance the marketing
activities in the watershed
area and at the same time
it will prevent crop loss. It
will create linkages with
the Private Companies
through Public-private-
community partnership.
4 Dairy Framing Dairy Framing is not
practices in an
organized way, most of
the cows breed is local,
and due to lack of
balance food milk
production is low.
Dairy farming will be
practices in an organized
way, increase in the
number of Jersey breed,
and it will improve the
socio- economic condition
of the people in the
watershed area.














IIRD Shimla


389 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





VIII.CONSOLIDATION AND WITHDRAWAL PHASE
The main purpose of this phase is to create innovative nature-based, sustainable livelihoods
and raise productivity levels of the augmented resources and local economic development
plans developed during the Watershed Works Phase.
The subsequent activities are planned to be carried out during this stage.

13. Documentation: It is proposed to document the activities carried out during the
watershed implementation period. It will help to maintain the records and identify
and propagate the successful activities carried out under the project.
14. Up-scaling of Successful Experiments: It is proposed to identify the best practices
carried out during the project period and up-scaling the same as per feasibility and
propagate the same among others members of the watershed area.
15. Evaluation: Evaluation is a very important activity to assess the success of
implementation of the project. It is proposed to carry out evaluation at the following
levels.
a. Social Audit: It is proposed to conduct the social audit of the programme at
the watershed level where the Gram Sabha will evaluate the programme
where the beneficiaries should explain their benefits and current status of the
activity. The Watershed Committee should place the books of accounts of
watershed programme for approval.
b. Evaluation by External Agency: An external agency with experience in
implementation and monitoring and evaluation of watershed projects should
be assigned for the evaluation of the watershed programme.
Costing
S.N. Activities Amount
a Documentation and recording
115950.00
b Up scaling of Successful experiments
231900.00
c Training
231900.00


IIRD Shimla


390 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




Total
579750.00


IIRD Shimla


391 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





XXIX. EXPECTED OUTCOMES OF THE PROJECT
Sectors Expected Outcomes Indicators
Agriculture


Improved irrigation Increment in gross irrigated area
Enhancement in agriculture production Increment in quantity of agriculture produces
Good Organic farming Number of functional vermi compost units
Horticulture Enhancement in crop production Rise in quantity produced
Natural resources
Pasture land development Increment in pasture land area
Improvement in water resources Physical existence of the water bodies
Animal husbandry

Dairy development Number of dairy farming units, milk processing and preservation center
Improved Bee keeping practices Number of farmers with commercial production of honey
Micro enterprises




Improvement in womens status Increment in income of women and their institutions (SHGs)
Better market facility Number of well-functioning vegetable and fruit collection centers, milk and
honey preservation units
Restaurants 4 well running restaurants
Development of
BPL families

Improvement in economic status of BPL HHs Increment in the income of BPL families,
Improvement in social status BPL families will have ownership over the generated resources




IIRD Shimla


392 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP
























IIRD Shimla


393 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP
























IIRD Shimla


394 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




XXX. BUDGETING

227. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANING FOR WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT WORKS

S
l
.

N
o
.

S
u
r
v
e
y

N
o
.

Name of the
farmer/Community
Based
Area
(ha)
Proposed
A
d
d
i
t
i
o
n
a
l

e
a
r
t
h

w
o
r
k

v
o
l
u
m
e

c
u
m



Cost per
unit/Cum
Total Cost
Rs.
Convergence
with
MNREGA Grant Total Treatment L
e
n
g
t
h
/

U
n
i
t
s

S
e
c
t
i
o
n

(
s
q
m
)

Volume
(sqm) E
a
r
t
h

W
o
r
k

A
m
o
u
n
t
(
R
s
.
)

1 Community Based
Creat Wire-1
(DabtaNala)

198.00 330.00 19470.00 2892.65 572744.70 19470.00 553274.70
2 Community Based
Creat Wire-2
(BatibadakhadNala)

120.00 112.50 6637.50 2892.66 347119.20 6637.50 340481.70
3 Community Based
Creat Wire-3
(BadelShagaltiNala)

110.00 113.00 6667.00 2892.67 318193.70 6667.00 311526.70
4 Community Based
Creat Wire-4
(DabtaNala to
DharBatibada)

105.00 110.00 6490.00 2892.67 303730.35 6490.00 297240.35
5 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-1
(DharBalibada)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
6 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-2
(Khagan)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
7 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-3
(Upper,Majholi)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
8 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-4
(DharBatibada)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11


IIRD Shimla


395 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




9 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-5
(Jakani,Bagda)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
10 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-6
(Panchyat,Tugan)
15.00 35.00 525.00 75.00 4425.00 248.14 130271.11 4425.00 125846.11
11 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-7
(Patrog,Karval)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
12 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-8
(Primary School
Batibada)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
13 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-9
(Chamali)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
14 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-10
(Bagda,Majhali)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
15 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-11
(Janu)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
16 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-12
(LowarSangti)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
17 Community Based
Irrigation Tank-13
(Gram Batibada)
20.00 52.50 1050.00 150.00 8850.00 222.91 234058.21 8850.00 225208.21
18 Community Based
Water Pond-1
(DungaJabad)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 230.44 172830.84 44250.00 128580.84
19 Community Based
Water Pond-2
(Dhapati)
18.00 37.50 675.00 675.00 39825.00 255.62 172540.39 39825.00 132715.39
20 Community Based
Water Pond-3
(MajabiDhar)
18.00 35.00 630.00 630.00 37170.00 288.43 181710.47 37170.00 144540.47
21 Community Based
Water Pond-4
(Chari)
15.00 30.00 450.00 450.00 26550.00 252.54 113643.88 26550.00 87093.88
22 Community Based
Water Pond-5
(Hati)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 252.62 189464.93 44250.00 145214.93


IIRD Shimla


396 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




23 Community Based
Water Pond-6
(PanchyatGarden,Tugan)
18.00 40.00 720.00 720.00 42480.00 231.41 166617.76 42480.00 124137.76
24 Community Based
Water Pond-7
(ChiwaiDhar)
15.00 30.00 450.00 450.00 26550.00 266.98 120141.61 26550.00 93591.61
25 Community Based
Water Pond-8
(Tikari)
20.00 42.50 850.00 850.00 50150.00 256.31 217865.46 50150.00 167715.46
26 Community Based
Water Pond-9
(Shopad)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 252.62 189464.93 44250.00 145214.93
27 Community Based
Water Pond-10
(Khatmal,Dara Aga)
15.00 25.00 375.00 375.00 22125.00 279.80 104925.07 22125.00 82800.07
28 Community Based
Water Pond-11
(Tharmati)
16.00 32.50 520.00 520.00 30680.00 258.90 134628.74 30680.00 103948.74
29 Community Based
Water Pond-12
(Mahholi)
20.00 37.50 750.00 750.00 44250.00 252.62 189464.93 44250.00 145214.93
30 Community Based
Water Pond-13
(Kamala)
15.00 25.00 375.00 375.00 22125.00 296.38 111140.96 22125.00 89015.96
31 Community Based
Check Dam-1
(ChiwaiKhad)
10.00 4.95 49.50 49.50 2920.50 554.65 27455.05 2920.50 24534.55
32 Community Based
Check Dam-2
(JanuKhad)
9.00 2.90 26.10 26.10 1539.90 1094.93 28577.70 1539.90 27037.80
33 Community Based
Check Dam-3
(BagdaChaliKhad)
8.00 2.90 23.20 23.20 1368.80 934.31 21676.10 1368.80 20307.30
34 Community Based
Check Dam-4
(BagdaShratiKhad)
9.00 4.95 44.55 44.55 2628.45 641.47 28577.70 2628.45 25949.25
35 Community Based
Channel
(Middel school to
Batibada)
700.00 0.22 154.00 154.00 9086.00 1850.10 284915.53 9086.00 275829.53


Total 5797500.98




IIRD Shimla


397 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




228. COMMUNITY WISE NET PLANNING FOR LIVELIHOODS, PRODUCTION SYSTEMS AND MICRO ENTREPRISES
Units Average
Rate Per
Unit
(Rs.)
No of
Beneficiaries
(HH)
Beneficiary
Contribution
Convergence Funds from IWMP Amount
I LIVELIHOOD and ME FOR BPL HHs ONLY
a Dairy Farming 39 20000 39 0 175000 780000 780000
b
Horti Collection
Centre 3 126500 17 0 50000 379500 379500
Sub-Total 0 1159500 1159500
II Micro Enterprise and other related activities
1 Agriculture & Horticulture Development
a
Horticulture
Expansion 249 500 249 84200* 30000 124500 124500
Sub-Total 84200 30000 124500 124500
2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 500 50 172 10000 0 25000 25000
b
Fodder Plant
Distribution 2500 5 172 5000 0 12500 12500
C
Pasture
Development 5ha 25070 - - - 125350 125350
Sub-Total 15000 0 162850 162850
3 Micro-Enterprises
a Dairy Farming 50 18000 50 360000 150000 900000 900000
b Vermi compost 18 10000 4 72000 75000 180000 180000
c Small Restaurant 2 30000 2 24000 20000 60000 60000
d Bee Keeping 7 8000 7 22400 0 56000 56000
e Bamboo nursery 4 6000 40 9600 15000 24000 24000
Sub-Total 488000 260000 1220000 1220000
GRAND TOTAL 587200 290000 2666850 2666850



IIRD Shimla


398 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




229. Total Fund flow for IWMP
Sl. No Particulars
BENEFICIARY
CONTRIBUTION
For WDF
CONVERGENCE
IWMP
Amount (Rs.)
1 GENERAL
a Ad. Cost
0 0 1159500.00
b Monitoring
0 0 115950.00
c Evaluation
0 0 115950.00

Total 0 0 1391400.00
2 PREPARATORY PHASE
a EPA
0 0 463,800.00
b
Institutional &
Capacity Building
0 0 579,750.00
c DPR
0 0 115,950.00

Total 0 0 1159500.00
3 WATERSHED WORKS PHASE

WATERSHED DEVELOPMENT
WORKS


1
Creat Wire-1
(DabtaNala)


19470.00 553274.70
2
Creat Wire-2
(BatibadakhadNala)


6637.50 340481.70
3
Creat Wire-3
(BadelShagaltiNala)

6667.00 311526.70


IIRD Shimla


399 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





4
Creat Wire-4
(DabtaNala to DharBatibada)


6490.00 297240.35
5
Irrigation Tank-1
(DharBalibada)

4425.00 125846.11
6
Irrigation Tank-2 (Khagan)

4425.00 125846.11
7
Irrigation Tank-3 (Upper,Majholi)

4425.00 125846.11
8
Irrigation Tank-4
(DharBatibada)

4425.00 125846.11
9
Irrigation Tank-5
(Jakani,Bagda)

4425.00 125846.11
10
Irrigation Tank-6 (Panchyat,Tugan)

4425.00 125846.11
11
Irrigation Tank-7 (Patrog,Karval)

8850.00 225208.21
12
Irrigation Tank-8
(Primary School Batibada)

8850.00 225208.21
13
Irrigation Tank-9 (Chamali)

8850.00 225208.21
14
Irrigation Tank-10 (Bagda,Majhali)

8850.00 225208.21
15
Irrigation Tank-11 (Janu)

8850.00 225208.21
16
Irrigation Tank-12 (LowarSangti)

8850.00 225208.21
17
Irrigation Tank-13 (Gram Batibada)

8850.00 225208.21
18
Water Pond-1
(DungaJabad)

44250.00 128580.84
19
Water Pond-2
(Dhapati)

39825.00 132715.39


IIRD Shimla


400 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




20
Water Pond-3
(MajabiDhar)

37170.00 144540.47
21
Water Pond-4
(Chari)

26550.00 87093.88
22
Water Pond-5
(Hati)

44250.00 145214.93
23
Water Pond-6
(PanchyatGarden,Tugan)

42480.00 124137.76
24
Water Pond-7
(ChiwaiDhar)

26550.00 93591.61
25
Water Pond-8
(Tikari)

50150.00 167715.46
26
Water Pond-9
(Shopad)

44250.00 145214.93
27
Water Pond-10
(Khatmal,Dara Aga)

22125.00 82800.07
28
Water Pond-11
(Tharmati)

30680.00 103948.74
29
Water Pond-12
(Mahholi)

44250.00 145214.93
30
Water Pond-13
(Kamala)

22125.00 89015.96
31
Check Dam-1
(ChiwaiKhad)

2920.50 24534.55
32
Check Dam-2
(JanuKhad)

1539.90 27037.80
33
Check Dam-3
(BagdaChaliKhad)

1368.80 20307.30


IIRD Shimla


401 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




34
Check Dam-4
(BagdaShratiKhad)

2628.45 25949.25
35
Channel
(Middel school to Batibada)

9086.00 275829.53

Total
619963.15 5797500.98
I Livelihood Activities for BPL only
a Dairy Farming 0 175000 780000
b Horti Collection Centre 0 50000 379500
Sub-Total
0 225000 1159500
II Micro Enterprise and Other related activities
1 Agriculture & Horticulture Development
a Horticulture Expansion 84200* 30000 124500
Sub-Total 84200 30000 124500
2 Animal Husbandry
a Fodder Seed 10000 0 25000
b Fodder Plant Distribution 5000 0 12500
C Pasture Development - - 125350

Sub-Total 15000 0 162850
3 Micro-Enterprises
a Dairy Farming 360000 150000 900000
b Vermicompost 72000 75000 180000
c Small Restaurant 24000 20000 60000
d Bee Keeping 22400 0 56000
e Bamboo nursery 9600 15000 24000

Sub-Total
488000 260000 1220000


IIRD Shimla


402 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




4. Consolidation Phase


a Documentation and recording 0 0
115950.00
b
Up scaling of Successful
experiments 0 0
231900.00
c Training 0 0
231900.00
Total 0 0
579750.00

GRAND TOTAL 587200.00 1107963.15 11595000.98

230. Proposed Final Budget
Sr. No Particulars
Amount (Rs.)
(Figures)
Amount (Rs.)
(Words)
1 Total Funds from IWMP 1,15,95,000.98
Rupees One caror Fifteen Lakh Ninety
Five Thousand and Paisa Ninety Eight
Only
2 Beneficiary Contribution 5,87,200.00
Rupees Five Lakh Eighty Seven Thousand
Two Hundred Only
3 Proposed Convergence 11,07,963.15
Rupees Eleven Lakh Seven Thousand
Nine Hundred and Sixty Three, Paise
Fifteen Only.
Total Project Cost 1,32,90,164.13
Rupees One Caror Thirty Two
Lakh Ninety Thousand One
Hundred and Sixty Four, Paisa
Thirteen Only
Per Hectare Expenditure from IWMP - 14,999.99


IIRD Shimla


404 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




231. ACTION PLAN


IIRD Shimla


405 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





XXXI. ACTIVITY SCHEDULE
PREPARATORY PHASE
1
st
Year
SR.NO WORK COMPONENT
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a EPA

b DPR

c Institutional & Capacity Building

WATERSHED WORKS PHASE
3
WATERSHED
DEVELOPMENT
WORKS
YEAR - 2 YEAR - 3 YEAR - 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1
0
1
1
1
2
A Creat Wire

C Irrigation Tank
D Water Pond
E Check Dam
F Channel

LIVELIHOOD
ACTIVITIES

a Dairy Farming

c
Horti Collection
Centre

II
Micro Enterprise and
other related



IIRD Shimla


406 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




activities
1
Agriculture/Horticult
ure development

a
Horticulture
Expansion

2 Animal husbandry

a Fodder Seed

b
Fodder Plant
Distribution

C Pasture Development

3 Micro-Enterprises

a Dairy Farming

b Restaurant

c Vermi Compost

d
Bamboo nursery
raising

e Bee Keeping

CONSOLIDATION PHASE
Activity
YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
a Up-scaling of Successful Experiments
b Training

c Documentation


YEAR - 3 YEAR - 4 YEAR - 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 # # #
Evaluation



IIRD Shimla


407 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




XXXII. ANNEXURE
232. Standard Schedule of Rates for Various Works under IWMP
Sl. Particulars EXISTING
RATES
SSR
Final Rates
Reference Labour Material Total
1 Earthwork in loose and sandy
soils and partially ploughed
soils NFB, RFB


a) Earth excavation per cum 20 GO 486
para 2
20

20
b) Sectioning & trimming per
cum
8 8

8
Total 28 28

28
2 Earthwork in ordinary soil
CB, CCT, SCT


a) Earth excavation per cum 27 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
2
35

35
b) Breaking of clods with
trimmng and sectioning per
cum
12 12 12
Total 39 47

47
3 Earthwork in hard soil WAT

a) Earth excavation per cum 34 GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44

44
b) Breaking of clods with
trimming and sectioning per
cum
14 14

14
Total 48 58

58
4 Earthwork for farm pond



IIRD Shimla


408 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




a) upto depth of 0.75 m per
cum
28
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35
b) depth from 0.75 m to 2 m
per cum
39
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44
d) Trimming and sectioning
12 12
4a Earthwork for MPT/ PT


a) excavation depth of 0.75
m per cum
60
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
35 35

b) excavation depth of 0.75
m to 2 m per cum
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
44 44

c) Bund formation, tamping
and sectioning upto initial 30
m
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
3
25 25
Stripping 237-8.
22 22
Key trench excavation (max -
0.5) and filling with suitable
soil
GO 146
costs of
watershed
items- para
-2
40 40
5 Stone rivetment - outside
stone (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
6 Stone rivetment - local stone 267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305


IIRD Shimla


409 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




7 Stone work with stone form
outside per cum (per cum)
328 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 180 385
8 Stone work with locally
available stone per cum
267 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100 305
9 Contour stone bund (CS=0.5
sq.m) per rmt
160/rmt
160
10
Farm bunding with stone
revetment (CS=0.5 sq.m) per
rmt
63/rmt 63
11 Stone Outlet per unit 308 GO 146
para 5, 7
205 100
305
12 Pipe Outlet /Unit 140
140
13 AF (block)

Pitting and refilling - per
plant
4
4 4
Planting material - per plant 4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
17
14 AF (bund)

Planting material - per
plant
4
5 5
Watering @ Rs 1.60 per
watering for 5 watering -
per plant
8 8 8
Total 12
13
15 AF(seeding) per kg 100
100 100
16 Grass seeding per kg 30
30 30
17 Agave slips in Nos. 1
2 2
18 Dryland Horticulture (DH) -
per plant
20
18 20 38
19 Dryland Horticulture with
pitcher - per plant
35
18 35 53


IIRD Shimla


410 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP




20 Agro-horticulture(AH) - per
plant
40
35 40 75
21 Community pasture land
(CPL) /ha
5344
5344
22 Vermicompost demo unit in
Nos.
5800
5800
23 Non Pesticidal Management
(NPM) per acre
3100
3100
























IIRD Shimla


411 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP










233. Design and Estimate of Watershed Work





















IIRD Shimla


412 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP





PRA Diagrams



IIRD Shimla


413 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP









IIRD Shimla


414 Detailed Project Report (DPR) of Dhamandari Watershed under IWMP








4. Watershed Maps