Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 2

M TECH COMMUNICATION

STATISTICAL SIGNAL PROCESSING-SPECIAL ASSIGNMENT


Guide: - Dr. Dhaval K Patel and Dr. Yogesh Trivedi
NirmaUniversity

ID: - 14MECC08 NAME: - Lokender Singh Shekhawat

TITLE: - Energy Harvesting Cognitive Radio With Channel-Aware Sensing Strategy

REFERNCES:
[1] S. Park, H. Kim, and D. Hong, Cognitive radio networks with energy harvesting, IEEE Trans.
Wireless Commun., vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 13861397, Mar. 2013.
[2] Q. Zhao, L. Tong, A. Swami, and Y. Chen, Decentralised cognitive MAC for opportunistic
spectrumaccess in ad hoc networks: A POMDP framework, IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun., vol. 25,
no. 3, pp. 589600, Apr. 2007.
[3] S. Park, S. Lee, B. Kim, D. Hong, and J. Lee, Energy efficient opportunistic spectrumaccess in
cognitive radio networks with energy harvesting, in Proc. CogART, 2011.
[4] A. Hoang, Y. Liang, D. Wong, Y. Zeng, and R. Zhang, Opportunistic spectrumaccess for
energy-constrained cognitive radios, IEEE Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 12061211,
Mar. 2009.
[5] A. Sultan, Sensing and transmit energy optimization for an energy harvesting cognitive radio,
IEEE Wireless Commun. Lett., vol. 1, no. 5, pp. 500503, Oct. 2012.
[6] A. Kansal, J . Hsu, S. Zahedi, and M. Srivastava, Power management in energy harvesting
sensor networks, ACM Trans. Embedded Comput. Syst., vol. 6, no. 4, p. 32, Sep. 2007.
[7] P. Khairnar and N. Mehta, Power and discreterateadaptation for energy harvesting wireless
nodes, Proc. IEEE ICC, pp. 15, 2011.
[8] L. Rugini, P. Banelli, and G. Leus, Small samplesize performance of theenergy detector,
IEEE Commun. Lett., vol. 17, no. 9, pp. 18141817, Sep. 2013.
[9] S. Cui, A. Goldsmith, and A. Bahai, Energy-constrained modulation optimization, IEEE
Trans. Wireless Commun., vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 23492360, Sep. 2005.
[10] Y. Chen, Q. Zhao, and A. Swami, J oint design and separation principle for opportunistic
spectrumaccess in the presenceof sensing errors, IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory, vol. 54, no. 5, pp.
20532071, May 2008.
[11] D. Djonin, Q. Zhao, and V. Krishnamurthy, Optimality and complexity of opportunistic
spectrumaccess: A truncated Markov decision process formulation, in Proc. IEEE ICC, Jun. 2007,
pp. 57875792.

LIST OF ASSUMPTIONS
1. Both Primary Network and Secondary User are following time slotted synchronous
communication.
2. The energy harvesting process is stationary and ergodic.
3. The Primary Users signal and noise are zero mean circularly symmetric gaussian
noise.
4. We have a frequency-flat, block Rayleigh fading channel.
5. Secondary User has partial knowledge about primary Network.
6. Channel power gain g at time slot t+1 is independent of the channel power
gain at previous time slots

KEY CONTRIBUTION
1. Under energy neutrality constraint, achannel selection criterion for an energy harvesting CR to
maximizetheaveragespectral efficiency of SU is proposed.
2. Based on theproposed channel selection criterion, wedevelop optimal and myopic policies in a
POMDP framework for SU to choose thechannel for sensing.
3. The effect of sensing errors on SUs average spectral efficiency through the trade-off between the
transmission duration and theenergy lost in collisions between PU and SU is highlighted.

KEY PROPOSED METHOD
We model SU in OSA paradigm, in which the PU channels are accessed with sufficient protection to PU
by satisfying thetarget probability of detectionP

and theprobability of false alarmP


]
. When PU signal
and noisearezero mean circularly symmetric complex Gaussian, the minimumnumber of samples
required for sensing using energy detection is I
s,mn

I
s,mn
=j(1/ 36) [p + p
2
+4[
Where p =](1+)
-
1
3
-1
(p
]
)
-1
(p

) / [1(1+)
-
1
3
(x) =(1/ 2n) _ c
(u
2
/ 2)
Ju

x

Minimumsensing time, I
s,mn
=I
s,mn
/
s

Energy required for sensing, c
s
=I
s
c
s,sumpIc

H
k
=2
2(k-1)
, Transmit power, P
t
=ln[
P
b
2
(2
Iog
2
M
k
1)N
o
B/ g
Energy required for transmission c
t
and for circuit operation c
ckt

c
t
=P
t
I
t
, c
ckt
=(P
ckt
+kP
t
)I
t


SIMULATION ANALYSIS
P
coI
=1P


WhereP
coI
is probability of collision.
Increasein P
coI
results in morenumber of collisions with PU & thenumber of fail attempts increases i.e.
drop in throughput. If timeavailablefor transmission increases then throughput also increases. Also there
is atrade-off exists against thevariation ofP
]
.At higher harvesting rates, SU throughput is higher.