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http://electrical-engineering-portal.com/maintenance-management-of-electrical-equipment-condition-monitoring-based-part-3
Ashok
Parikh
Maintenance Management Of Electrical Equipment (Condition
Monitoring Based) Part 3
Maintenance Management Of Electrical Equipment Condition Monitoring Based, part 3 (photo credit: armcoilafrika.co.za
Read previous parts of this serie Part 1, Part 2
Decision for Condition Monitoring based Maintenance (CDM) equipment
It is beyond the scope of this technical article to discuss the development of performance and dependability
models for analysis, assessment and justification of CDM program. The scope is kept limited to some basic issues
that should be taken into consideration while deciding to develop CDM strategy for the industry.
The impact of any maintenance initiatives, including condition monitoring, should be predictable and measurable,
and indeed somewhere around the performance and dependability of the operating unit.
Among the most sensible measures of performance is the production rate or throughput of the plant. However, in
performance and dependability analysis, the random nature of failures should not be forgotten.
Figure 2 Factors influencing CDM
Also the industry should remember that condition monitoring systems, especially fully integrated
technologies, themselves, are susceptible to faults and failures and require due care
(maintenance).
Various factors influencing the decision to implement CDM
Various factors for efficient and effective planning of CDM program are projected in the drawing format for ease
of understanding in Figure 2.
Criticality of equipment for
sustaining production
First and foremost requirement is to
know how critical the production
process is and also how critical the
electrical equipment participating in
the process is for sustaining the
process irrespective of its rating.
The equipment criticality is
generally decided based on
following considerations.
1. Common plant utilities such as
captive power generator, motor
driven cooling water pumps,
incoming grid power supply system,
etc. and safety systems, failure of
which may have consequential
effect on entire plant or large area are falling under the definition of most critical equipment or systems.
2. Certain key electrical equipment participating in the process with no standby are to be considered as next to
most critical items.
3. The electrical equipment or systems causing most impact on morale and productivity are falling under the
category of critical equipment, but not the most critical one.
4. Lowest criticality is to be considered for the electrical equipment or systems which are used sparingly or may
cause little effect on the plant output.
For example, the power transformer installed for receiving the grid power supply and for transforming it to usable
voltage level is the most critical equipment to maintain continuous power supply to sustain the production. The
failure of this transformer would result into total stoppage of critical process due to loss of power supply to entire
plant.
It is therefore essential to consider this transformer for condition monitoring mechanism irrespective of
its rating.
The cost of CDM system would be negligible in comparison to financial losses due to unscheduled stoppage of
production. Had CDM is installed, in all probability an indication of developing fault would be available well in
advance to initiate necessary action to attend the problem in a quick but planned manner.
Cost of electrical equipment downtime
Transformer oil sampling (photo credit: sdmyers.com)
Even if the cost of electrical equipment may not be significant, but its failure may be causing total stoppage of
critical process, that specific equipment is required to be considered for CDM irrespective of its rating. If the
process is taking longer time duration to restart and achieve capacity level, then the small equipment is all the
more important to cover under CDM.
There would be number of small size motors playing vital role to sustain the process stream and failure
of one may disturb entire process.
Effect of outage on environment and surroundings
In many industries, the effect of unscheduled stoppage of process would be catastrophic on environment or
surroundings due rapid change in operating parameters like increase of vessel pressure/temperature, release of
hazardous or poisonous substance from the stopped process, etc. due to loss of controls.
For example, petroleum refining and petrochemical industries are susceptible to such incidents. Such process or
systems are essentially required to be considered for implementation of CDM.
Cost of new equipment v/s. cost of CDM
In some of the processes, the cost of new spare equipment, kept for immediate replacement, may be
significantly lower than that of CDM system. In case replacement of failed equipment is time consuming or restart
of process is found taking more time, then such equipment or system may be considered for covering under
CDM.
Equipment duty cycle
New and blown circuit breaker (photo credit: betest.com)
As far as feasible, the critical electrical equipment running round the clock nearer to its rated capacity may be
considered for implementing CDM, as monitoring of parameters of running equipment supplements the efforts of
plant engineers to get advance knowledge of oncoming problem and take corrective action without causing
adverse impact on the ongoing production or reducing the production losses to great extent.
Availability of standby (redundancy)
Many industries adopt philosophy of installing number of standby electrical equipment as a measure of
caution. Even the source of standby power supply is also well maintained and power supply is made available
within few seconds to meet emergency situation.
In such cases, a thoughtful decision may be taken by the plant engineer depending on other factors discussed
in above points.
Will be continued very soon