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RCS-9659

Auto Synchronizer
Instruction Manual













NR Electric Co., Ltd.


RCS-9659 Auto Synchronizer
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. i
Preface
Introduction
This guide and the relevant operating or service manual documentation for the equipment provide
full information on safe handling, commissioning and testing of this equipment.
Documentation for equipment ordered from NR Electric Co., Ltd. is dispatched separately from
manufactured goods and may not be received at the same time. Therefore this guide is provided
to ensure that printed information normally present on equipment is fully understood by the
recipient.
Before carrying out any work on the equipment the user should be familiar with the contents of this
manual, and read relevant chapter carefully.
This chapter describes the safety precautions recommended when using the equipment. Before
installing and using the equipment, this chapter must be thoroughly read and understood.
Health and Safety
The information in this chapter of the equipment documentation is intended to ensure that
equipment is properly installed and handled in order to maintain it in a safe condition.
When electrical equipment is in operation, dangerous voltages will be present in certain parts of
the equipment. Failure to observe warning notices, incorrect use, or improper use may endanger
personnel and equipment and cause personal injury or physical damage.
Before working in the terminal strip area, the equipment must be isolated.
Proper and safe operation of the equipment depends on appropriate shipping and handling,
proper storage, installation and commissioning, and on careful operation, maintenance and
servicing. For this reason only qualified personnel may work on or operate the equipment.
Qualified personnel are individuals who:
Are familiar with the installation, commissioning, and operation of the equipment and of the
system to which it is being connected;
Are able to safely perform switching operations in accordance with accepted safety
engineering practices and are authorized to energize and de-energize equipment and to
isolate, ground, and label it;
Are trained in the care and use of safety apparatus in accordance with safety engineering
practices;
Are trained in emergency procedures (first aid).
Instructions and Warnings
The following indicators and standard definitions are used:
RCS-9659 Auto Synchronizer
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. ii
DANGER means that dearth, severe personal injury, or considerable equipment damage will
occur if safety precautions are disregarded.
WARNING means that dearth, severe personal or considerable equipment damage could occur
if safety precautions are disregarded.
CAUTION means that light personal injury or equipment damage may occur if safety
precautions are disregarded. This particularly applies to damage to the device and to
resulting damage of the protected equipment.
WARNING!
The firmware may be upgraded to add new features or enhance/modify existing features, please
make sure that the version of this manual is compatible with the product in your hand.
WARNING!
During operation of electrical equipment, certain parts of these devices are under high voltage.
Severe personal injury or significant equipment damage could result from improper behavior.
Only qualified personnel should work on this equipment or in the vicinity of this equipment. These
personnel must be familiar with all warnings and service procedures described in this manual, as
well as safety regulations.
In particular, the general facility and safety regulations for work with high-voltage equipment must
be observed. Noncompliance may result in dearth, injury, or significant equipment damage.
DANGER!
Never allow the current transformer (CT) secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be
opened while the primary system is live. Opening the CT circui t will produce a dangerously high
voltage.
WARNING!
Exposed terminals
Do not touch the exposed terminals of this equipment while the power is on, as the high voltage
generated is dangerous
Residual voltage
Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the DC power supply. It
takes a few seconds for the voltage to discharge.
CAUTION!
Earth
RCS-9659 Auto Synchronizer
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. iii
The earthing terminal of the equipment must be securely earthed
Operating environment
The equipment must only be used within the range of ambient environment detailed in the
specification and in an environment free of abnormal vibration.
Ratings
Before applying AC voltage and current or the DC power supply to the equipment, check that they
conform to the equipment ratings.
Printed circuit board
Do not attach and remove printed circuit boards when DC power to the equipment is on, as this
may cause the equipment to malfunction.
External circuit
When connecting the output contacts of the equipment to an external circuit, carefully check the
supply voltage used in order to prevent the connected circuit from overheating.
Connection cable
Carefully handle the connection cable without applying excessive force.







Copyright
Versi on: R1.02
P/N: EN_DYBH0319.0086.0003

Copyright NR 2008. All rights reserved

We reserve all rights to thi s document and to the i nformati on
contained herein. Improper use i n parti cul ar reproducti on and
di sseminati on to thi rd parti es i s stri ctl y forbidden except where
expressl y authori zed.

The i nformati on in thi s manual i s carefull y checked periodi call y,
and necessary correcti ons wi ll be included i n future edi tions. If
neverthel ess any errors are detected, suggesti ons for correcti on or
i mprovement are greatl y appreci ated.

We reserve the ri ghts to make techni cal improvements wi thout
noti ce.
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD.
69 Suyuan Avenue, Jiangni ng, Nanj ing 211102, Chi na
Tel : 86-25-87178185, Fax: 86-25-87178208
Websi te: www.nari -relays.com
Email : internati onal @nari -rel ays.com


RCS-9659 Auto Synchronizer
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. iv


RCS-9659 Auto Synchronizer
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. v
Table of Contents
Preface ........................................................................................................................................ i
Introduction ......................................................................................................................... i
Health and Safety ................................................................................................................ i
Instructions and Warnings .................................................................................................. i
Table of Contents....................................................................................................................... v
Chapter 1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 1
1.1 Application .................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Functions ...................................................................................................................... 1
1.3 Features ........................................................................................................................ 2
1.4 Ordering ........................................................................................................................ 2
Chapter 2 Technical Data .......................................................................................................... 5
2.1 Electrical Specifications ............................................................................................... 5
2.1.1 Analog Voltage Input Ratings ............................................................................. 5
2.1.2 Power supply ...................................................................................................... 5
2.1.3 Binary input......................................................................................................... 5
2.1.4 Binary output ...................................................................................................... 5
2.1.5 Power supply output for Opto-coupler .............................................................. 6
2.2 Mechanical Specifications............................................................................................ 6
2.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity Range ................................................................ 6
2.4 Rear Communication Port ............................................................................................ 7
2.5 Type Tests ..................................................................................................................... 8
2.5.1 Environmental tests ............................................................................................ 8
2.5.2 Mechanical tests ................................................................................................. 8
2.5.3 Electrical tests .................................................................................................... 8
2.5.4 Electromagnetic compatibility ........................................................................... 9
2.6 Certifications................................................................................................................. 9
2.7 Functional Specification............................................................................................. 10
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2.7.1 Accurate Operating Scope ............................................................................... 10
2.7.2 Synchronism Check function........................................................................... 10
Chapter 3 Functional Description ............................................................................................11
3.1 Synchronizing Modes ..................................................................................................11
3.1.1 Automatic Synchronizing Mode ........................................................................11
3.1.2 Semi-automatic Synchronizing Mode .............................................................. 13
3.1.3 Manual Synchronizing Mode ............................................................................ 16
3.2 Block Function............................................................................................................ 18
3.3 Time Synchronization................................................................................................. 18
Chapter 4 Automatic Supervision........................................................................................... 21
4.1 General Description .................................................................................................... 21
4.2 Synchronizer Self-supervision................................................................................... 21
4.2.1 Hardware Supervision ...................................................................................... 21
4.2.2 Check Setting .................................................................................................... 21
4.2.3 Voltage drift Supervision and auto adjustment ............................................... 21
4.2.4 DSP sampling Supervision............................................................................... 22
4.2.5 CPU sampling Supervision .............................................................................. 22
4.2.6 Opto-coupler power Supervision ..................................................................... 22
4.2.7 Synchronism Point Supervision ...................................................................... 22
4.2.8 System Voltage Supervision ............................................................................ 22
4.2.9 Voltage Transformer Supervision VTS ..................................................... 22
4.2.10 Circuit Breaker Closing Supervision ............................................................. 23
4.3 Understand the Alarms ............................................................................................... 23
Chapter 5 Metering and Recording......................................................................................... 25
5.1 General Description .................................................................................................... 25
5.2 Metering ...................................................................................................................... 25
5.3 Binary Input................................................................................................................. 26
5.4 Recording.................................................................................................................... 26
5.4.1 General description .......................................................................................... 26
5.4.2 Event recorder .................................................................................................. 27
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NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. vii
5.4.3 Disturbance recorder........................................................................................ 27
Chapter 6 Hardware Description............................................................................................. 29
6.1 Overview ..................................................................................................................... 29
6.2 Plug-in Modules .......................................................................................................... 30
6.2.1 DC Module (No.K DC) ....................................................................................... 30
6.2.2 AC Module (No.J AC) ........................................................................................ 31
6.2.3 LFP Module (No.H LFP) .................................................................................... 33
6.2.4 CPU Module (No.G CPU) .................................................................................. 33
6.2.5 COM module (No.F COM) ................................................................................. 34
6.2.6 OPT Module (No.E OPT) ................................................................................... 36
6.2.7 SIG Module (No.C SIG) ..................................................................................... 40
6.2.8 SIG Module (No.B SIG) ..................................................................................... 41
6.2.9 OUT Module (No.n OUT) ................................................................................... 42
Chapter 7 Settings ................................................................................................................... 45
7.1 Equipment Settings .................................................................................................... 45
7.2 Protection Settings ..................................................................................................... 47
7.3 IP address ................................................................................................................... 50
Chapter 8 HMI Operation Introduction ................................................................................... 51
8.1 Overview ..................................................................................................................... 51
8.1.1 Keypad operation.............................................................................................. 52
8.1.2 LED Indicators .................................................................................................. 53
8.1.3 Communication Ports ....................................................................................... 54
8.1.4 TARGET RESET Button .................................................................................... 54
8.2 Understand the HMI Menu Tree .................................................................................. 54
8.2.1 Overview............................................................................................................ 54
8.2.2 VALUES ............................................................................................................. 55
8.2.3 REPORT............................................................................................................. 56
8.2.4 PRINT................................................................................................................. 56
8.2.5 SETTINGS.......................................................................................................... 56
8.2.6 CLOCK............................................................................................................... 57
RCS-9659 Auto Synchronizer
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. viii
8.2.7 VERSION ........................................................................................................... 57
8.2.8 LANGUAGE ....................................................................................................... 57
8.3 Understand the LCD Display ...................................................................................... 57
8.3.1 Main display under normal operation condition ............................................. 57
8.3.2 Display tripping report...................................................................................... 58
8.3.3 Display self-supervision report........................................................................ 58
8.3.4 Display status change of binary input report .................................................. 59
8.3.5 View the settings............................................................................................... 60
8.3.6 View Records .................................................................................................... 61
8.3.7 Printing reports and waveform ........................................................................ 61
8.4 Input Operation Through Keypad .............................................................................. 62
8.4.1 Change the Settings ......................................................................................... 62
8.4.2 Delete Fault Records and Event Records........................................................ 63
8.4.3 Adjusting Clock................................................................................................. 63
8.4.4 Check Version ................................................................................................... 64
Chapter 9 Communications .................................................................................................... 65
9.1 General Description .................................................................................................... 65
9.2 Rear Communication Port Information...................................................................... 65
9.2.1 RS-485 Interface................................................................................................ 65
9.2.2 Ethernet Interface ............................................................................................. 67
9.2.3 IEC60870-5-103 Communication ...................................................................... 68
9.3 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Serial Port ................................................................. 68
9.3.1 Physical Connection and Link Layer ............................................................... 68
9.3.2 Initialization ....................................................................................................... 68
9.3.3 Time Synchronization ....................................................................................... 69
9.3.4 Spontaneous Events......................................................................................... 69
9.3.5 General Interrogation........................................................................................ 70
9.3.6 General Functions ............................................................................................ 70
9.3.7 Disturbance Records ........................................................................................ 70
9.4 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Ethernet .................................................................... 71
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9.5 Messages Description for IEC61850 Protocol........................................................... 71
9.5.1 Overview............................................................................................................ 71
9.5.2 Communication profiles ................................................................................... 72
9.5.3 Server data organization .................................................................................. 73
9.5.4 Server features and configuration ................................................................... 74
9.5.5 ACSI conformance ............................................................................................ 77
Chapter 10 Installation and Commissioning .......................................................................... 81
10.1 Introduction............................................................................................................... 81
10.2 Safety Information .................................................................................................... 81
10.3 Overview.................................................................................................................... 83
10.4 Unpacking and Checking the Equipment ................................................................ 83
10.5 Installing the Protective Device ............................................................................... 84
10.5.1 Overview.......................................................................................................... 84
10.5.2 Dimensions ..................................................................................................... 84
10.5.3 Grounding Guidelines .................................................................................... 85
10.5.4 Cubicle Grounding.......................................................................................... 86
10.5.5 Ground Connection on the Device................................................................. 86
10.5.6 Grounding Strips and their Installation ......................................................... 87
10.5.7 Making the electrical connections ................................................................. 87
10.5.8 Typical Wiring.................................................................................................. 89
10.6 Check the External Circuitry .................................................................................... 90
10.7 Energizing the Equipment ........................................................................................ 91
10.7.1 Checking front panel LCD display ................................................................. 91
10.7.2 Setting the date and time................................................................................ 92
10.7.3 Checking light emitting diodes (LEDs) .......................................................... 92
10.8 Setting the Protective Device ................................................................................... 92
10.9 Establishing Connection and Verifying Communication........................................ 93
10.10 Verifying settings by secondary injection ............................................................. 93
10.10.1 Commissioning Tools ................................................................................... 93
10.10.2 Insulation test (if required) ........................................................................... 94
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10.10.3 Testing the AC Voltage Inputs ...................................................................... 94
10.10.4 Testing the Binary Inputs.............................................................................. 95
10.10.5 Synchronism Function ................................................................................. 96
10.11 Final Check.............................................................................................................. 96
Chapter 11 Maintenance .......................................................................................................... 97
11.1 Appearance Check .................................................................................................... 97
11.2 Failure Tracing and Repair ....................................................................................... 97
11.3 Replace Failed Modules............................................................................................ 98
11.4 Replace Button Battery............................................................................................. 99
11.5 Cleaning .................................................................................................................... 99
11.6 Storage ...................................................................................................................... 99
Chapter 12 Decommissioning and Disposal .........................................................................101
12.1 Decommissioning ....................................................................................................101
12.2 Disposal ...................................................................................................................101
Chapter 13 Manual Version History .......................................................................................103


Chapter 1 Introduction
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 1
Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 Application
RCS-9659 is a digital synchronizer that determines the proper time to initiate closing of circuit
breaker to parallel a generator and bus, or to reclose a line. In order to fulfill different application
requirements, it is equipped with three kinds of synchronizing modes: automatic synchronizing,
semi-automatic synchronizing and manual synchronizing. By monitoring frequency, voltage and
phase angle, RCS-9659 provides correction signals to governor of prime mover and voltage
regulator of generator for voltage matching and frequency matching. With a powerful and large
capacity, RCS-9659 provides the multi-generator paralleling solution. It can manage up to 10
circuit breakers synchronism.
Prime
mover
Frequency control
Voltage control
C
l
o
s
i
n
g

s
i
g
n
a
l
Circuit breaker
Station bus ABC rotation
Power Grid
GEN A sine
BUS A sine
Governor
U
G1
U
G2
U
S1
U
S2
RCS-9659
VTS FDR 25
Generator
Regulator

Figure 1.1-1 Typical Application of RCS-9659
1.2 Functions
Automatic synchronizing (25A)
Semi-automatic synchronizing (25SA
Manual synchronizing (25M)
Multi-generator paralleling solution: capability of 10 circuit breakers synchronization. To any
of the circuit breakers, frequency and voltage regulation can be done separately.
Remote/local control paralleling mode
Output of signal contacts
Output block signal to other equipments
Receive block signal from other equipments
Chapter 1 Introduction
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 2
Communicate with substation automation system via serial port on IEC60870-5-103 or
Ethernet port based on IEC60870-5-103 or IEC61850.
GPS clock synchronization PPS (pulse per second), PPM (pulse per minute), RS-485
difference level and IRIG-B synchronization.
Oscillograph,8 cycles ahead of closing signal and 2 cycles after closing signal .
1.3 Features
Based on DSP hardware platform, 14 bits high accuracy A/D converter. DSP performs data
acquisition, voltage, frequency and phase angle calculations, voltage and frequency
regulations and synchronism checking task. The breaker can be closed only when the
synchronism condition is met which is judged by DSP. Hereby, security is enhanced
significantly.
Frequency tracking technology is adopted. By the aid of that, real-time value of frequency,
voltage and phase are calculated with high precision on every sampling point.
The equipment uses an integral front panel and closed cabinet. High and low level signals
are separated strictly. With well designed software anti-EMI facilities, the equipments
capability of interference immunity is highly enhanced. Furthermore, its electromagnetic
radiation also satisfies relevant international standards.
Flexible communication function
2 RS-485 communication rear ports conform to IEC 60870-5-103 protocol
1 RS-485 communication rear ports for clock synchronization
4 rear Ethernet ports (optional), IEC 61850, or IEC 60870-5-103 over TCP/IP
Monitoring and Metering
Event Recorder including 64 reports of status change of binary input, 64 self-supervision
reports and 256 operating reports.
Disturbance recorder including 64 fault reports, and 24 waveforms (The file format of
disturbance recorder is compatible with international COMTRADE file.)
Friendly Human Machine interface User Interface
Friendly HMI interface with LCD and 9-button keypad on the front panel.
1 RS-232 communication faceplate port for testing and setting
1 RS-232 communication rear ports or RS-485 for printer
Auxiliary software - RCSPC
1.4 Ordering
Equipment type definition
Chapter 1 Introduction
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 3
Composition of type of varieties of the equipment is as follows:
RCS-9659 - XX - NN
number of OUT module
type of COM module
type of the equipment

Figure 1.4-1 Varieties of RCS-9659 Synchronizer
As illustrated in Figure 1.4-1, type of COM module and number of OUT module are configurable.
Table 1.4-1 Equipment configuration
Suffix Possible value Description
XX
No COM module is comprised.
ST
RS-485 serial port communication board is equipped. See section
0.
SF
100Mbps optical-fiber Ethernet communication board is
employed. See section 0.
NT
100Mbps RJ-45 twisted wire Ethernet communication board is fit.
See section 0.
NN 110 Number of synchronism output board
Two options are available for rated secondary current of CT inputs: 1A or 5A.
Four options are available for rated auxiliary voltage: 250V, 220V, 125V, 110V.
There are three types of COM module are optional mentioned above.












Chapter 1 Introduction
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 4


Chapter 2 Technical Data
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 5
Chapter 2 Technical Data
2.1 Electrical Specifications
2.1.1 Analog Voltage Input Ratings
Per IEC 60255-6, IEC 60288
Rated Voltage 100V/ 3 , 110V/ 3 100V, 110V 200V
Linear to 100V 173V 230V
Thermal withstand
-continuously
-10s
-1s

120V
200V
250V

120V
200V
250V

200V
350V
400V
Burden at rated <0.2VA/phase @ Un < 0.5VA/phase@ Un < 2.5VA/phase @ Un
2.1.2 Power supply
Rated Voltage 24Vdc, 110Vdc, 125Vdc, 220Vdc, 250Vdc
Variation (80%-120%)Un
Ripple in the DC
auxiliary voltage
Max 15% of the DC value. Per IEC 60255-11
Voltage short
interruptions
Per IEC 61000-4-11, IEC 60255-11:1979
20ms for interruption without de-energizing
Voltage dips Per IEC 61000-4-11, IEC 60255-11:1979
Up to 100ms for dips 60% of Un without reset
Burden
Quiescent condition <25W
Operating condition <55W
Backup battery type ML2032, 3V, 65mAh
2.1.3 Binary input
Rated Voltage 110Vdc 125Vdc 220Vdc 250Vdc
Pickup voltage 77Vdc 87.5Vdc 154Vdc 175Vdc
Dropout voltage 60.5Vdc 68.8Vdc 121Vdc 137.5Vdc
Maximum permitted
voltage
150V 150V 300V 300V
Withstand 2000Vac
Resolving time for
logic input
1ms
2.1.4 Binary output
Item Tripping contact Other contact
Continuous carry 8A 5A
Pickup time (Typ/Max) 5/10ms 10/15ms
Dropout time (Typ/Max) 8ms/10ms 8ms/10ms
Chapter 2 Technical Data
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 6
Bounce time 1ms 1ms
Breaking capacity at
250Vdc
0.4A
resistance
0.2A
inductive (L/R=40ms)
0.2A
resistance
0.05A
inductive (L/R=40ms)
Durability
Loaded contact
Unloaded contact

100,000 operations minimum
10,000,000 operations minimum
Output mode Potential free contact
Making capacity >1000W at L/R=40ms
Max system voltage 250Vac/dc
Test voltage across
open contact
1000Vac RMS for 1min
Short duration current 50A for 200ms
2.1.5 Power supply output for Opto-coupler
Rated Voltage 24V
Rated Current 200mA
Max current 500mA
2.2 Mechanical Specifications
Enclosure dimensions
(WHD)
482.6177291 (unit: mm)
Mounting Way Flush mounted
Trepanning
dimensions (WH)
450179, M6 screw
Housing color Silver grey
Weight per device Approx. 20kg
Display language English
Housing material Aluminum
Location of terminal Rear panel of the device
Protection class
Standard Per IEC60529:1989
Front side IP51 (Flush mounted)
Other sides IP30
Rear side, connection
terminals
IP20
2.3 Ambient Temperature and Humidity Range
Standard IEC60255-6:1988
Operating
temperature
-25C to +55C
Transport and storage
temperature range
-40C to +70C
Permissible humidity 5%-95%, condensation not permissible
Chapter 2 Technical Data
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 7
2.4 Rear Communication Port
Interface for communicating with RTU/SCADA
RS-485
(EIA)
Electrical
Port number 2
Baud rate 4800~38400bps
Transmission distance <1000m@4800bps
Maximal capacity 32
Twisted pair Screened twisted pair cable
Protocol IEC 60870-5-103: 1997
Safety level Isolation to ELV level
Optical
(Optional)
Port number 2
Connector type ST
Baud rate 4800~38400bps
Transmission standard 100Base-FX
Transmission distance <1500m
Optical fibre type Multi-mode fibre
Wave length 850/820nm
Fibre size 62.5/125m (core DIA/cladding DIA)
Protocol IEC 60870-5-103: 1997
Safety level Isolation to ELV level
Ethernet
Electrical
Port number 4
Connector type RJ-45
Transmission rate 100Mbits/s
Transmission standard 100Base-TX
Transmission distance <100m
Protocol IEC 60870-5-103: 1997 or IEC 61850
Safety level Isolation to ELV level
Optical
(Optional)
Port number 2
Connector type SC
Transmission rate 100Mbits
Transmission standard 100Base-TX
Transmission distance <1500m
Optical fibre type Multi-mode or single-mode
Wave length 853/1310nm for multi-mode
1310/1550nm for single-mode
Fibre size 62.5/125m (core DIA/cladding DIA)
Protocol IEC 60870-5-103: 1997 or IEC 61850
Safety level Isolation to ELV level
Interface for local HMI with personal computer via RCSPC software
RS-232 (EIA)
Port number 1
Application Local HMI communication
Download protection program
Baud rate 4800~115200bps
Connector type 9 pin D-type female connector
Safety level Isolation to ELV level
Interface for communicating with printer
Chapter 2 Technical Data
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 8
RS-232 (EIA)
Prot number 1
Baud Rate 4800bps~38400bps
Printer type EPSON

300K printer
Safety level Isolation to ELV level
Interface for clock synchronization
RS-485 (EIA)
Port number 1
Transmission distance <500m
Maximal capacity 32
Timing standard PPS, PPM, IRIG-B
Safety level Isolation to ELV level
2.5 Type Tests
2.5.1 Environmental tests
Dry cold test
Per IEC60068-2-1:1990
Test Ad for 16 h at -25C
Dry heat test
Per IEC60068-2-2:1974
Test Bd for 16 h at +55C
Damp heat test, cyclic
Per IEC60068-2-30:1980
Test Db Two (12+12) hour cycles 95%RH, low temperature +25C,
high temperature +55C
2.5.2 Mechanical tests
Vibration Class I IEC 60255-21-1:1988
Shock and bump Class I IEC 60255-21-2:1988
2.5.3 Electrical tests
Dielectric tests
Per IEC 60255-5:2000
Test voltage 2kV, 50Hz, 1min
Impulse voltage tests Per IEC60255-5:2000
Chapter 2 Technical Data
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 9
Test voltage 5kV, unipolar impulses waveform 1.2/50s,source
energy 0.5J
Insulation resistance
measurements
Per IEC 60255-5:2000
Isolation resistance >100M, 500Vdc
2.5.4 Electromagnetic compatibility
1MHz burst
disturbance test
Per IEC 60255-22-1 (idt IEC61000-4-12)
Common mode: class III 2.5KV
Differential mode: class III 1.0KV
Electrostatic
discharge test
Per IEC60255-22-2 class IV
For contact discharge: 8kV
For air discharge: 15kV
Radio frequency
interference tests
Per IEC 60255-22-3 class III
Frequency sweep
Radiated amplitude-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=801000MHz
Spot frequency
Radiated amplitude-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=80MHz/160MHz/450MHz/900MHz
Radiated pulse-modulated
10V/m (rms), f=900MHz
Fast transient
disturbance tests
Per IEC 60255-22-4
Power supply, I/O, Earth: Class IV, 4kV, 2.5 kHz, 5/50ns
Communication terminals: Class IV, 2kV, 5 kHz, 5/50ns
Surge immunity test
Per IEC 60255-22-5, 1.2/50us class III
Power supply, AC input, I/O port: 2kV, line to earth; 1kV line to line
Conducted RF
Electromagnetic
Disturbance
Per IEC 60255-22-6
Power supply, AC, I/O, Comm. Terminal: Class III, 10Vrms, 150
kHz~80MHz
Power Frequency
Magnetic Field
Immunity
Per IEC 61000-4-8:1993
Class 5: 100A/m for 1min, 1000A/m for 3s
Pulse Magnetic Field
Immunity
Per IEC 61000-4-9:1993
Class 5: 6.4/16s, 1000A/m for 3s
Damped oscillatory
magnetic field
immunity
IEC 61000-4-10:1993
Class 5: 100kHz & 1MHz100A/m
2.6 Certifications
Chapter 2 Technical Data
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 10
ISO9001: 2000
ISO14001:2004
OHSAS18001: 1999
ISO10012:2003
CMMI L3
EMC: 89/336/EEC, EN50263:2000
Products safety(PS): 73/23/EEC, EN61010-1: 2001, EN60950: 2002
2.7 Functional Specification
2.7.1 Accurate Operating Scope
Voltage 0.4V100V
Frequency 45HZ55HZ
Time delay 0100S
df/dt 0.3HZ/S10HZ/S
2.7.2 Synchronism Check function
Synchronism points 0~10
Secondary rated voltage (system and
generator)
57.70100.00V
Slip frequency 00.5 HZ
Frequency slip speed 110.00 HZ/S
Voltage difference 5%30%
Dead check threshold 5%30%
Corrected angle between system voltage and
generator voltage
0330
Pulse wide of adjusting frequency 109999ms
Period of adjusting frequency 109999ms
Pulse wide of adjusting voltage 109999ms
period of adjusting voltage 109999ms
Pulse wide of closing a breaker 109999ms
The breaker closing time 20999ms
Resetting time of checking synchronism 20999s
Tolerance of voltage setting 3%xsetting
Tolerance of slip frequency 0.02HZ


Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 11
Chapter 3 Functional Description
3.1 Synchronizing Modes
As described in section 1.2, RCS-9659 has three kinds of synchronizing modes. For each mode,
they have two sub-modes: synchronism checking mode and dead checking mode. Just as the
name implies, under synchronism checking mode, the circuit breaker is only permitted to be
closed while all synchronism conditions are met. Dead checking mode allows selection of various
low bus voltage conditions to enable breaker closing without synchroni sm check. This provides a
black start capability for the system. Three kinds of synchronizing modes are comprehensively
explained in the following sections.
3.1.1 Automatic Synchronizing Mode
When RCS-9659 is configured to work under automatic synchronizing mode, all functions are
provided automatically. RCS-9659 monitors slip frequency (frequency difference), slip speed,
voltage difference and phase angle difference issues control signal to adjust frequency and
voltage of generator for voltage matching and frequency matching, gives close command to the
breaker at the correct instant.
As shown the in logic diagram of automatic synchronizing mode Figure 3.1-1, under automatic
synchronizing mode, there are two sub-modes: synchronism checking mode and dead checking
mode.
Setting [En_DeadChk] determines whether RCS-9659 works as synchronism checking
([En_DeadChk] is 0) mode or dead checking ([En_DeadChk] is 1) way.
Procedure of closing circuit breaker under automatic synchronizing mode
(1) Energize the binary input [BI_AutoSync] manually.
(2) Issue a synchronism command remotely from a substation automation system or a control
center.
(3) RCS-9659 then adjust generator frequency and voltage by sending regulation pulse signals
to the prime mover governor and the voltage regulator according to predetermined settings
automatically.
(4) RCS-9659 will issue a closing command to a circuit breaker automatically when all the
synchronism parameters are within predetermined limits. The closing logic can also adopt
contact of sync-check relay to improve security further. Refer to .
(5) Remotely send a reset command to RCS-9659 to reset operation signals and LED
CLOSE.
If the dead checking mode is enabled ([En_DeadChk] is 1), immediate CB closure is enabled if
the system voltage or generator voltage is less than the setting [ V_DeadChk_Sync].
By the way, the automatic synchronizing mode is suitable for a substation or a power plant where
Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 12
automatic control system is equipped by the aid of which synchronism command can be issued to
RCS-9659 automatically by substation automation system or energy management system.
Logic scheme
Ug<[V_DeadChk_Sync]
1
&
Us<[V_DeadChk_Sync]
VT Circuit Failure
[En_VTS]
[En_DeadChk]
[En_AutoReg]
[BI_RmtSyncCmd_n]*
[BI_AutoSync]
[En_SyncRly]
[BI_NC_SyncRly]
[BI_ExtBlk]
[BI_RunState]
Auto.adjust
freq. & volt.
&
&
&
&
&
&
1
1
&
&
df/dt<[df/dt_Sync]
Usa>V_limit*
phi_diff<phi_limit*
f_diff<[f_Diff_Sync]
U_diff<[V_Diff_Sync]
Block output
To primary mover governor
and voltage regulator
Close CB

Figure 3.1-1 Logic Diagram of Automatic Synchronizing Mode
Where:
[BI_AutoSync]: it is the binary input on terminal E06 used to enable that RCS-9659 works in
automatic synchronizing mode.
[BI_RmtSyncCmd_n]*: it is the binary input on terminal n26 used to receive remote synchronism
command might be from bay control unit.
NOTE: Binary input signed with * in this manual means this binary input can not be seen
on the LCD display of the equipment or through a portable PC via the RCSPC software,
but it really has definition and please refer to sections 6.2.6 and 6.2.9 for details.
[BI_ExtBlk]: it is the binary input on terminal E26, by which RCS-9659 can be blocked by an
external signal from other protection relays.
[BI_RunState]: it is the binary input on terminal E07 used to configure that RCS-9659 works in
normal operation mode or works in testing mode.
[BI_NC_SyncRly]: it is the binary input on terminal E20 used to adopt the status of the normal
closed contact of sync-check relay.
[En_DeadChk]: it is the logic setting used to enable RCS-9659 work under dead checking mode.
[BI_ManDeadChk] and [En_DeadChk] are together used to enable dead checking mode.
[V_DeadChk_Sync]: it is the setting used to judge whether the generator side or the system side is
dead or live.
[En_AutoReg]: it is the logic setting used to determine whether to adjust the frequency and voltage
automatically or not when paralleling a generator. Set 1 to enable the function.
Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 13
[En_SyncRly]: it is the logic setting used to determine that whether the status of contacts of
sync-check relay shall be used to back up RCS-9659s operation. Set 1 to adopt normally open
contact and normally closed contact of sync-check relay.
[V_Diff_Sync]: it is the permissible voltage difference for synchronism check.
[f_Diff_Sync]: it is the permissible slip frequrence for synchronism check.
[df/dt_Sync]: it is the permissible frequrence slip speed difference for synchronism check.
U_diff: it is the measured voltage difference.
f_diff: it is the measured slip frequency.
df/dt: is the measured frequency slip speed.
phi_dif: it is the measured angle difference.
Phi_Limit*, V_Limt*: they are constant settings that are unnecessary to modify as it has been
already set in the program.
Us: it represents three phase voltages of system side, e.g. Usa, Usb and Usc.
Ug: it represents three phase voltages of generator side, e.g. Uga, Ugb and Ugc.
VT Circuit Failure: it is the internal flag indicating that VT circuit failure is detected. If
[En_DeadChk] and [En_VTS] are set as 1, a detected VT circuit failure will block the CB closing
command output contact in the dead checking mode.
Block output: it is the NO contact (i.e. BO_Blk_n) on the OUTn board (n=1,2,,A) of RCS-9659
operating to block other equipment
Close CB: it is the NO contact (i.e. BO_Cls_n ) on the module OUTn board (n=1,2,,A) of
RCS-9659 operating to parallel generator or reclose a line.
3.1.2 Semi-automatic Synchronizing Mode
If RCS-9659 is configured to work under semi-automatic synchronizing mode, except that an
operator has to select wanted circuit breaker to close and to initiate synchronism process manually,
the other functions are provided automatically just the same as automatic synchronizing mode.
RCS-9659 monitors slip frequency (frequency difference), slip speed, voltage difference and
phase angle difference, issues control signal to adjust frequency and voltage of generator for
voltage matching and frequency matching, gives close command to the breaker at the correct
instant.
As shown in the logic diagram of automatic synchronizing mode Figure 3.1-2, under
semi-automatic synchronizing mode, there are two sub-modes: synchronism checking mode and
dead checking mode.
Setting [En_DeadChk] and binary input [BI_ManDeadChk] together determine whether RCS-9659
works as synchronism checking ([En_DeadChk] is set 0 or [BI_ManDeadChk] is de-energized)
mode or dead checking ([En_DeadChk] is set 1 and [BI_ManDeadChk] is energized) way. Refer
to Figure 3.1-2.
Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 14
Procedure of closing circuit breaker under semi-automatic synchronizing mode
(1) Energize the binary input [BI_SemiSync] (refer to 6.2.6) manually.
(2) Select the expected circuit breaker by energizing the associated binary input
[BI_RmtSyncCmd_n]* (n=1,2,,A) manually.
(3) Initiate a synchronism process by energizing the binary input [BI_TrigSync] manually. After
the synchronism process has started, de-energize [BI_TrigSync].
(4) RCS-9659 will adjust generator frequency and voltage by sending regulation pulse signals
to the prime mover governor and the voltage regulator according to predetermined settings
automatically.
(5) RCS-9659 will issue a closing command to a circuit breaker automatically when all the
synchronism parameters are within predetermined limits. When synchronism checking other
than dead checking function is used, the closing logic can also adopt the contact of sync-check
relay to improve security further.
(6) Remotely or locally send a reset command to RCS-9659 to reset operation signals and LED
CLOSE.
(7) De-energize associated binary input [ManualSynCmd.n] (n=1,2,,A) manually.
If the dead checking mode is enabled ([En_DeadChk] is set 1 and [BI_ManDeadChk] is
energized), immediate CB closure is enabled if the system voltage or generator voltage is less
than the setting [V_DeadChk_Sync]. Refer to Figure 3.1-2.
The semi-automatic synchronizing mode is usually used for locally initiating synchronism process
or checking the synchronizer RCS-9659.
Logic scheme
1
Ug<[V_DeadChk_Sync]
Us<[V_DeadChk_Sync]
VT Circuit Failure
[En_VTS]
[BI_ManDeadChk]
En_DeadChk
[En_AutoReg]
[BI_TrigSync]
[BI_ManSyncCmd_n]*
[BI_SemiSync]
[En_SyncRly]
[BI_NC_SyncRly]
1
1
&
&
&
&
&
&
&
&
[BI_ExtBlk]
[BI_RunState]
phi_dif<phi_limit*
Usa>V_limit*
df/dt<[df/dt_Sync]
f_diff<[f_Diff_Sync]
U_diff<[V_Diff_Sync]
Auto.adjust
freq. & volt.
&
Block output
To primary mover governor
and voltage regulator
Close CB

Figure 3.1-2 Logic Diagram of Semi-Automatic Synchronizing Mode
Where:
Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 15
[BI_SemiSync]: it is the binary input on terminal E08 used to enable that RCS-9659 works in
semi-automatic synchronizing mode.
[BI_ManSynCmd_n]*: it is the binary input on terminal n28 used to select desired circuit breaker to
be closed.
[BI_TrigSync]: it is the binary input on terminal E23, by which RCS-9659 is triggered to initiate
synchronism process.
[BI_ManDeadChk]: it is the binary input on terminal E10. [BI_ManDeadChk] and [En_DeadChk]
are together used to enable dead checking mode.
[BI_ExtBlk]: it is the binary input on terminal E26, by which RCS-9659 can be blocked by an
external signal from other protection relays.
[BI_RunState]: it is a binary input on terminal E07 used to configure that RCS-9659 works in
normal operation mode or works in testing mode.
[BI_NC_SyncRly]: it is a binary input on terminal E20 used to adopt the status of the normal closed
contact of sync-check relay.
[En_DeadChk]: it is the logic setting used to enable RCS-9659 work under dead checking mode.
[V_DeadChk_Sync]: it is the setting used to judge whether the generator side or the system side is
dead or live.
[En_AutoReg]: it is the logic setting used to determine whether to adjust the frequency and voltage
automatically or not when paralleling a generator. Set 1 to enable the function.
[En_SyncRly]: it is the logic setting used to determine that whether the status of contacts of
sync-check relay shall be used to back up RCS-9659s operation. Set 1 to adopt normally open
contact and normally closed contact of sync-check relay.
[V_Diff_Sync]: it is the permissible voltage difference for synchronism check.
[f_Diff_Sync]: it is the permissible slip frequency for synchronism check.
[df/dt_Sync]: it is the permissible frequency slip speed difference for synchronism check.
U_dif: is the measured voltage difference.
f_dif: it is the measured slip frequency.
df/dt: it is the measured frequency slip speed.
phi_dif: it is the measured angle difference.
Phi_Limit*, V_Limt*: they are constant settings that are unnecessary to modify as it has been
already set in the program.
Us: it represents three phase voltages of system side, e.g. Usa, Usb and Usc.
Ug: it represents three phase voltages of generator side, e.g. Uga, Ugb and Ugc.
VT Circuit Failure: it is the internal flag indicating that VT circuit failure is detected. If
Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 16
[En_DeadChk] and [En_VTS] are set as 1, a detected VT circuit failure will block the CB closing
command output contact in the dead checking mode.
Block output: it is the NO contact (i.e. BO_Blk_n) on the OUTn board (n=1,2,,A) of RCS-9659
operating to block other equipment
Close CB: it is the NO contact (i.e. BO_Cls_n ) on the module OUTn board (n=1,2,,A) of
RCS-9659 operating to parallel generator or reclose a line.
3.1.3 Manual Synchronizing Mode
When RCS-9659 is configured to work under manual synchronizing mode, all functions have to be
performed manually. According to the information provided by the digital frequency and voltage
meters and synchroscope, the operator controls the speed and voltage of the generator as well as
the closure of the circuit breaker.
As shown in the logic diagram of automatic synchronizing mode Figure 3.1-3, under
semi-automatic synchronizing mode, there are two sub-modes: synchronism checking mode and
dead checking mode.
Binary input [BI_ManDeadChk] determines whether RCS-9659 works as synchronism checking
([BI_ManDeadChk] is de-energized) mode or dead checking ([BI_ManDeadChk] is energized)
way.
Procedure of closing circuit breaker under manual synchronizing mode
(1) Energize binary input [BI_ManSync] manually.
(2) Select expected circuit breaker by energizing associated binary input [BI_ManSynCmd_n]
(n=1,2,,A) manually.
(3) Initiate a synchronism process by energizing binary input [ BI_TrigSync] manually.
(4) Adjust the generator frequency and voltage based on reading of frequency meter, and
voltage meter.
(5) Manually issue a closing command to the circuit breaker at the correct instant based on
reading of the synchroscope. When synchronism checking other than deadline checking
function is used, the closing contact can also be in series with the contact of sync-check relay to
improve security further.
(6) Locally send a reset command to RCS-9659 to reset operation signals and LED CLOSE.
Whether the circuit breaker will close or not, it may also depend on the status of the
[BI_ManDeadChk]. Refer to 6.2.6.
(7) De-energize the binary input [BI_TrigSync].
(8) De-energize associated binary input [BI_ManSyncCmd_n]* (n=1,2,,A) manually.
If Dead checking mode is enabled ([BI_ManDeadChk] is as 1) is energized, immediate CB
closure is enabled and the operator can issue closing command immediately. Refer to Figure
3.1-3.
Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 17
The manual synchronizing mode is applicable for an application where there needs manual
operation. The major drawback is that an operator with enough knowledge to avoid damage to the
machinery is needed.
Logic scheme
[BI_ManSyncCmd_n]*
[BI_TrigSync]
[BI_ManSync]
[BI_NC_SyncRly]
[BI_ManDeadChk]
[BI_ManStepUp]
[BI_RunState]
[BI_ManStepDown]
[BI_ManAccel]
[BI_ExtBlk]
[BI_ManCls]
&
&
&
&
&
1
1
& &
[BI_ManDecel]
Block output
To voltage regulator
To voltage regulator
To prime mover governor
To prime mover governor
Close CB

Figure 3.1-3 Logic Diagram of Manual Synchronizing Mode
Where:
[BI_ManSync]: it is the binary input on terminal E05 used to enable that RCS-9659 works in
manual synchronizing mode.
[BI_ManSyncCmd_n]*: it is the binary input on terminal n28 used to select desired circuit breaker
to be closed.
[BI_TrigSync]: it is the binary input on terminal E23, by which RCS-9659 is triggered to initiate
synchronism process.
[BI_ManDeadChk]: it is the binary input on terminal E10. [BI_ManDeadChk] and [En_DeadChk]
are together used to enable Dead checking mode.
[BI_ManStepUp]: it is the binary input on terminal E09 used to increase the generator voltage.
[BI_ManStepDown]: it the binary input on terminal E09 used to decrease the generator voltage.
[BI_ManAccel]: it is the binary input on terminal E09 used to increase the generator fr equency.
[BI_ManDecel]: it is the binary input on terminal E09 used to decrease the generator frequency.
[BI_ManCls]: it is the binary input on terminal E17, by which RCS-9659 is triggered to issue a
closing command to circuit breaker.
[BI_ExtBlk]: it is the binary input on terminal E26, by which RCS-9659 can be blocked by an
external signal from other protection relays.
[BI_RunState]: it is a binary input on terminal E07 used to configure that RCS-9659 works in
normal operation mode or works in testing mode.
[BI_NC_SyncRly]: it is a binary input on terminal E20 used to adopt the status of the normal closed
contact of sync-check relay.
Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 18
Block output: it is the NO contact (i.e. BO_Blk_n) on the OUTn board (n=1,2,,A) of RCS-9659
operating to block other equipment
Close CB: it is the NO contact (i.e. BO_Cls_n ) on the module OUTn board (n=1,2,,A) of
RCS-9659 operating to parallel generator or reclose a line.
3.2 Block Function
The digital synchronizer can either send block signals to other equipment or be blocked by other
protection relays (refer to6.2.6, the binary input [BI_ExtBlk]).
Once the synchronism process has started, two normal open output contacts provided by SIG
board via terminals C27-C28 and C29-C30 (for automatic or semi-automatic synchronizing mode)
or terminals B27-B28 and B29-B30 (for manual synchronizing mode) will close to issue block
signals to other protection relays. Refer to 6.2.7 and 6.2.8.
3.3 Time Synchronization
As the equipment Real Time Clock has small drift per day, therefore, in order to have a correct
time for time tagging of event or report etc., the operator should set its time periodically or it should
be synchronized by a master clock automatically.
Time synchronization of RCS-9659 can be done by four means:
(1) IRIG-B signal input from external clock device via a RS-485 port named GPS pulse
(2) Differential signal of PPS or PPM from external clock device vi a a RS-485 port named
GPS pulse
(3) PPM or PPS input via binary input [GPS_Pulse] terminal E02 on OPT board E. Refer
to6.2.6 for detailed description.
(4) Clock message from substation automation system depending on protocol
The external clock device receives the synchronization signal from GPS antenna and then sends it
to RCS-9659 based on IRIG-B standard, as differential signal of PPM or PPS by means of
so-called synchronization bus. When the differential signal is a PPM input, setting [GPS_Pulse]
under EQUIP SETTINGS sub-menu should be set as 1, while if the differential signal is a PPS
input, the setting [GPS_Pulse] should be set as 0. A specific clock synchronization port RS-485
interface is dedicated for this application. Refer to 0.
Substation automation system clock synchronization depends on protocol. The clock message is
directly acquired by RCS-9659 through the substation automation system link. Clock message can
provide full information for a certain time as a way of year, date, hour, minute and second while
pulse input lacks these information.
Therefore, in general applications, clock message is usually combined with PPM or PPS input via
binary input, or combined with differential signal of PPM or PPS by means of the clock
synchronization port RS-485 with an accuracy of 1ms.
Moreover, the user could also set time and data directly using the local human-machine interface
Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 19
(HMI) of the equipment.
RCS-9659 internal clock will then be adjusted accordingly. When the equipment is synchronized,
all events in TRIP REPORT, ALM REPORT and BI CHG REPORT and current measurement
have a time tag with synchronized attribute.


























Chapter 3 Functional Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 20


Chapter 4 Automati c Supervi sion
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 21
Chapter 4 Automatic Supervision
4.1 General Description
Though the protection system is in non-operating synchronism state under normal conditions, it is
waiting for a synchronism checking command and must execute it without fail. When the
equipment is in energizing process before the LED HEALTHY is on, the equipment needs to be
checked to ensure no errors. Therefore, the automatic supervision function, which checks the
health of the synchronizing system when startup and during a normal operation, plays an
important role.
The numerical synchronizer based on the microprocessor operations is suitable for implementing
this automatic supervision function of the synchronizing system.
In case a fault is detected during initialization when DC power supply is provided to the equipment,
the equipment will be blocked out, which means the synchronizer is out of service. Before you
must re-energize the synchronizer or reset CPU module by restarting equipment to make it back
into service, please find out the cause and inform the factory.
When a failure is detected by the automatic supervision, it is followed with an LCD message, LED
indication and alarm contact outputs. At the same time event recording will record the failure alarm
which can be viewed in event recording report and be printed.
4.2 Synchronizer Self-supervision
4.2.1 Hardware Supervision
The DSP, RAM, ROM chips on CPU module are monitored to ensure whether they are damaged
or have errors. If any one of them is detected damaged or having error, the equipment will be
blocked and issue the alarm [Alm_RAM] and [Alm_ROM]. At the same time the HEALTHY LED
being extinguished and the ALARM LED being lit.
4.2.2 Check Setting
RCS-9659 series has 10 setting groups protection settings for 10 synchronism points respectively.
The settings of each synchronism point setting are checked to ensure they are reasonable. If the
settings are checked error in DSP chip and CPU chip, an alarm [Alm_Setting] and [Alm_EEPROM]
are issued respectively. Meanwhile, LED HEALTH is extinguished and LED ALARM is lit on.
If these 10 setting groups are not all set, when the protective device is provided with DC power
supply first, an alarm [Alm_InvalidGrp] will be issued. If the secondary rated current of CT (I2n) in
equipment parameters is changed and the protection settings is not confirmed or some settings in
protection settings exceed setting range, the alarm [Alm_InvalidGrp] will be issued. At the same
time the HEALTHY LED is extinguished and the ALARM LED being lit.
4.2.3 Voltage drift Supervision and auto adjustment
Zero point of voltage may drift influenced by variation of temperature or other environment factors.
Chapter 4 Automatic Supervi sion
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 22
The equipment continually automatically traces the drift and adjusts it to normal value.
4.2.4 DSP sampling Supervision
AC sampling of DSP chip is monitored and if the samples are detected to be wrong, an alarm
[Alm_Smpl_DSP] will be issued and the equipment will be blocked. At the same time the
HEALTHY LED is extinguished and the ALARM LED being lit.
4.2.5 CPU sampling Supervision
The synchronizer compares the CPU sampling and DSP sampling. In normal condition, the
sampling should be the same for a certain AC input. If a sampling in CPU is detected to be
different largely with that in DSP, the alarm signal [Alm_Smpl_CPU] will be issued and the
synchronizer will be blocked. At the same time the HEALTHY LED is extinguished and the
ALARM LED being lit.
4.2.6 Opto-coupler power Supervision
Positive power supply of opto-coupler is continually monitored. If an error or damage has occurred,
the alarm [Alm_Pwr_Opto] will be issued with ALARM LED being lit, but the equipment will not
be blocked.
4.2.7 Synchronism Point Supervision
In the manual synchronizing mode, if two or more synchronism points are selected (i.e. two or
more binary inputs [BI_ManSyncCmd_n]* are energized at the same time, n=1, 2, , A) or no
synchronism point is selected (i.e. no binary input [BI_ManSyncCmd_n]* is energized, n=1, 2, ,
A) by an operator, but a synchronizing process is triggered by energizing the binary input
[BI_TrigSync], then the alarm signal [Alm_SyncPoint] will be issued with the ALARM LED being
lit, and the synchronizing function is blocked temporarily at the same time.
After the binary inputs of other synchronism points are de-energized and only one binary input of
synchronism point is kept being energized, then the alarm signal will reset with the ALARM LED
being extinguished. The synchronism checking of the point still can be carried out if the
synchronizer doesnt reset.
4.2.8 System Voltage Supervision
If the logic setting [En_DeadChk] is set as 0 and the system or generator voltage is tool low (less
than [V_DeadChk_Syn]) during a synchronism process (i.e. a synchronism process is triggered
manually or remotely), then the alarm signal [Alm_UV_Sys] will be issued with the ALARM LED
being lit, and synchronizing function is blocked temporarily at the same time.
After the system or generator voltage returns to a normal condition, the alarm signal will rest with
the ALARM LED being extinguished. The synchronism checking still can be carried out if the
synchronizer doesnt reset.
4.2.9 Voltage Transformer Supervision VTS
If the logic setting [En_VTS] are set as 1 and the negative sequence voltage of the generator
Chapter 4 Automati c Supervi sion
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 23
side or system side is more than 8V, then the alarm signal [Alm_VTS] will be issued with the
ALARM LED being lit. If the logic setting [En_DeadChk] is set as 1 at the same time, the
synchronizing function is blocked temporarily.
After the generator or system voltage returns to a normal condition, the alarm signal will rest with
the ALARM LED being extinguished. The synchronism checking still can be carried out if the
synchronizer doesnt reset.
4.2.10 Circuit Breaker Closing Supervision
After a closing pulse to close a circuit breaker is issued by the synchronizer, the alarm signal
[Alm_Fail_Cls] will be issued if the auxiliary contact of the circuit breaker doesnt return a signal
(i.e. the binary input [BI_AuxContact] is energized), which means the circuit breaker is failed to be
closed.
4.3 Understand the Alarms
The hardware circuits and operation conditions of the equipment are self-supervised continuously.
If any abnormal condition is detected, information or report will be displayed and a corresponding
alarm will be issued.
A common abnormality may block a certain number of functions while the other functions can still
work. However, if serious hardware failure or abnormality were detected, all functions will be
blocked and the LED HEALTHY will be extinguished and blocking signal will be given by the
corresponding contacts outputs BO_Fail. The synchronizer equipment then cannot work normally
and maintenance is required to eliminate the failure.
NOTE: If the synchronizer is blocked or alarm signal is sent during operation, please do
find out its reason with the help of self-diagnose record. If the reason can not be found at
site, please notice the factory NR. Please do not simply press button TARGET RESET
on the protection panel or re-power on the equipment.
Table 4.3-1 Repairmen suggestion for alarms information
No. Alarm Message Meaning Description
1 Alm_RAM CPU module RAM is damaged.
2 Alm_ROM CPU module ROM is damaged.
3 Alm_EEPROM Invalid settings in any setting group
4 Alm_InvalidGrp Invalid settings in active setting group
5 Alm_Smpl_CPU CPU chip sample differs too much from DSP sampling
6 Alm_Smpl_DSP DSP chip is damaged or DSP sampling is wrong
7 Alm_Setting
Settings in active group are found error after setting check in
DSP chip
When No.1~No.7 above alarm messages are displayed on the LCD, the LED HEALTHY is
extinguished and the LED ALARM is it. At the same time the synchronizer equipment is blocked.
8 Alm_Pwr_Opto Loss of opto-coupler power supply.
Chapter 4 Automatic Supervi sion
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 24
No. Alarm Message Meaning Description
9 Alm_SyncPoint
Two or more synchronism points are selected or no
synchronism point is selected by the operator.
10 Alm_UV_Sys System voltage is too low.
11 Alm_VTS
The secondary circuit of the voltage transformer of system or
generator is abnormal.
12 Alm_Fail_Cls A circuit breaker is failed to close.
When the No.8~No.12 above alarm messages are issued on the LCD, the LED HEALTHY is still
on, and the LED ALARM is lit. No.8 and No.9 alarm signals can result in blocking synchronizing
process and please refer to the sections 4.2.7 and 4.2.8 respectively for details.
Handling suggestion
1. Inform manufacturer for maintenance.(No.1~No.7)
2. Check the power supply in the OPT module. (No.8)
3. Check whether two or more synchronism points are selected or no synchronism point is
selected on the SCP (Synchronization Control Panel). (No.9)
4. Check the sample value, the setting, and the corresponding VT secondary circuit of the
system voltage. (No.10)
5. Check the sample value, and the corresponding VT secondary circuit. (No.11)
6. Check whether the circuit breaker is failed to close, and if it has been closed, please check the
auxiliary contact of the circuit breaker and the corresponding binary input of the contact.
(No.12)


Chapter 5 Metering and Recording
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 25
Chapter 5 Metering and Recording
5.1 General Description
The synchronizer also provides some auxiliary functions, such as real-time data metering, binary
input status recording, event and disturbance recording, etc. All these make the synchronizer meet
the demands of the modern power grid requirements.
5.2 Metering
RCS-9659 performs continuous measurement of the analogue input quantities. The measurement
data shown below is displayed on the LCD of the synchronizer front panel or on the local or remote
PC.
Equipment samples 24 points per cycle. Calculate the RMS value in each interval and LCD will be
updated every 0.5 second. The following system quantities are displayed in RMS values of the
secondary side of CT and VT. This device has double CPU system (i.e. CPU and MON module),
so the sampled values of both modules will be displayed on LCD through different access menu.
NOTE: Ie and In mentioned in following sections are units. Ie is secondary rated current of
transformer and In is secondary rated current of CT.
Table 5.2-1 Measured values in MON module
No. Value Meaning Unit
1 Ua_S A-phase voltage of system side V
2 Ub_S B-phase voltage of system side V
3 Uc_S C-phase voltage of system side V
4 Ua_G A-phase voltage of generator side V
5 Ub_G B-phase voltage of generator side V
6 Uc_G C-phase voltage of generator side V
7 Udif Voltage difference. It equals to UGa - USa V
8 F_S System frequency (USa) Hz
9 F_G Generator frequency (UGa) Hz
10 Fdif Frequency difference. It equals to F_S - F_G Hz
11 Facc Delta of Facc. It equals to dif /dt Hz/s
12 Pdif
The advance angle of the system voltage leading the generator
voltage.

13 Tcls Actual breaker closing time measured by RCS-9659 s
Path VALUES -> MEASUREMENT
Chapter 5 Metering and Recording
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 26
Table 5.2-2 Relevant quantities of differential protection
No. Value Meaning Unit
1 (Ua_Ub)_S Phase angle between Ua_S and Ub_S
2 (Ub-Uc)_S Phase angle between Ub_S and Uc_S
3 (Uc-Ua)_S Phase angle between Uc_Sand Ua_S
4 (Ua-Ub)_G Phase angle between Ua_G and Ub_G
5 (Ub-Uc)_G Phase angle between Ub_G and Uc_G
6 (Uc-Ua)_G Phase angle between Uc_G and Ua_G
7 (US-UG)_a Phase angle between Ua_S and Ua_G
Path VALUES -> PHASE ANGLE
5.3 Binary Input
All the binary input changes are recorded in the synchronizer, and can be displayed on LCD locally
printed or sent to automation system of substation via communication channel.
Table 5.3-1 Binary input status list
No. Value Meaning
1 BI_AutoSync Binary input of enabling automatic synchronizing mode.
2 BI_SemiSync Binary input of enabling semi-automatic synchronizing mode.
3 BI_ManSync Binary input of enabling manual synchronizing mode.
4 BI_RunState Binary input of selecting running mode of the synchronizer.
5 BI_NC_SyncRly Binary input of the normally closed contact of the sync-check relay.
6 BI_NO_SyncRly Binary input of the normally open contact of the sync-check relay.
7 BI_Resv Reserved binary input.
8 BI_ManDeadChk
Binary input of enabling the dead checking of the manual
synchronizing mode.
9 BI_AuxContact Binary input of auxiliary contact of a circuit breaker to be closed.
10 BI_TrigSync Binary input of manual triggering synchronism process.
11 BI_ExtBlk Binary input of external blocking signal.
12 BI_ManCls Binary input of manual closing signal.
13 BI_Pulse_GPS Binary input of GPS synchronizing pulse.
14 BI_Print Binary input of printing.
15 BI_BlkComm Binary input of blocking communication.
16 BI_RstTarg Binary input of resetting signal.
Path VALUES->BI STATE
5.4 Recording
5.4.1 General description
The RCS-9659 series provides the following recording functions:
Chapter 5 Metering and Recording
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 27
Event recorder
Disturbance recorder
These records are displayed on the LCD of the synchronizer front panel or on the local or remote
PC. Navigate the menu to view the report through LCD screen.
5.4.2 Event recorder
Event recorder includes self-supervision report, status change of binary input report and operating
report. The equipment can store 64 records of each kind for self-supervision report and status
change of binary input report in non-volatile memory.
1. Self-supervision report
The equipment is under automatic supervision all the time. If there are any failure or abnormal
condition detected, such as, chip damaged, VT circuit failure and so on, it will be logged as an
event.
2. Status change of binary input report
When there is binary input is energized or de-energized, i.e., its state has changed from 0 to 1
or from 1 to 0, it will be logged as an event r.
3. Tripping reports
When a synchronizing process is triggered and a circuit breaker is closed, than a report
[Op_Clsed_CB] will be recorded as an event.
5.4.3 Disturbance recorder
RCS-9659 can save 24 pieces of waveforms of synchronizing operations. If a new synchronizing
operation occurs when 24 waveform records have been stored, the waveform of the first type of
fault report will be overwritten, and then the latest waveform record will overwrite the oldest one if
another new fault waveform is generated again. The synchronizer stores actual samples that are
taken at a rate of 24 samples per cycle. Besides the voltage waveform, binary inputs state and
measurement magnitudes are all recorded.
There are the following two ways to initiate RCS-9659s oscillographic process to records 8 cycles
waveforms before the initiating time and 2 cycles after the initiating time.
(1) Being initiated by the binary input [BI_AuxContact]
If the logic setting [En_AuxContact] is set as 1, oscillographic process will be initiated to record
waveforms when [BI_AuxContact] rises from 0 to 1, i.e. the time when breaker is closed.
(2) Being initiated by a time delay [t_Cls_CB]
If the logic setting [En_AuxContact] is set as 0, oscillographic process will be initiated to record
waveforms after a delay (i.e. setting [t_Cls_CB]), and the delay timer begins to time since
RCS-659 issuing a closing command to circuit breaker.

Chapter 5 Metering and Recording
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 28


Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 29
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
6.1 Overview
Modular structured digital synchronizer RCS-9659 is IEC 4U high and 19 wide and adopts an
integral faceplate.
Front panel and rear panel are shown in Figure 6.1-1 respectively.
RCS974AG
TRANSFORMER AUXILIARY RELAY
HEALTHY
ALARM
SYNC
f
U
CLOSE
TARGET RESET
AUTO SYNCHRONIZER
NANJING NARI-RELAYS ELECTRIC CO., LTD
RCS9659
f
U

Figure 6.1-1 Front Panel of RCS-9659

OUT DC220V AC LPF CPU COM SIG SIG OPT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT OUT
K
DC
J
AC
F
COM
1
OUT
2
OUT
3
OUT
4
OUT
5
OUT
6
OUT
7
OUT
8
OUT
9
OUT
A
OUT
B
SIG
C
SIG
E
OPT
G
CPU
H
LFP
No.
Module

Figure 6.1-2 Rear View of RCS-9659
The digital synchronizer RCS -9659 comprises 8 plug-in modules as described in follow sections.
RCS-9659 comprises the following 18 plug-in modules. Figure 6.1-2 is rear view of the equipment
and shows disposition of these modules.
Table 6.1-1 Hardware configuration
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 30
No. Module Description
1 OUT Synchronism operating module
2 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
3 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
4 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
5 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
6 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
7 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
8 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
9 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
A OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
B SIG Signal output module
C SIG Signal output module
E OPT Binary input opto-coupler module
F COM Communication module
G CPU Control nucleus of the equipment
H LFP Low-pass filter
J AC AC current and voltage input module
K DC DC power supply module
No.1~No.A OUT modules are configured according to the requirement of the applied-specific
project.
6.2 Plug-in Modules
6.2.1 DC Module (No.K DC)
DC power supply (250V/220V/125V/110 V) shall be connected to terminals K01(+) and K02 (-).
Through interference filter and power switch on the rear, DC/DC converter converts the DC power
supply to three voltage class +5V, 12V and +24V to supply to other modules of the equipment.
Terminal K04 (+) and terminal K05 (-) output 24V as power supply of OPT. Terminal K06 is surge
ground. The following figure shows rear view and connections of DC power supply module.

Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 31
102
101
104
105
106
To other
modules
To 24V OPT module

Ground
From DC power supply
DC/DC
5V
12V
24V
I
n
t
e
r
f
e
r
e
n
c
e

f
i
l
t
e
r
101
102
103
104
105

GND
DC

1
106

Pwr +
Pwr -
Opto L -
Opto L +

+

Figure 6.2-1 Rear View and Connections of DC Module
WARNINGIt is only permitted to withdraw or insert the DC module or some other
modules when the auxiliary power is switched off.
6.2.2 AC Module (No.J AC)
Figure 6.2-2 shows rear view and typical connections of AC module.
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 32
A
B
C
To LPF
52
G
n01
n02
n03
n04
n28(26)
n05
n06
n07
n08
from other OUT board
BUS
J05
J09
J13
J01
To LPF
n09
n10
n11
n12
n13
n14
n15
n16
from other OUT board
J21
J25
J29
J17
AC
J01
S
y
s
t
e
m

V
o
l
t
a
g
e

I
n
p
u
t
J02
J03 J04
J05 J06
J07 J08
J09 J10
J11 J12
J13 J14
J15 J16
J17 J18
J19 J20
J21 J22
J23 J24
J25 J26
J27 J28
J29 J30 G
e
n
e
r
a
t
o
r

V
o
l
t
a
g
e

I
n
p
u
t
OUT board AC board
S
y
s
t
e
m

V
o
l
t
a
g
e

I
n
p
u
t
G
e
n
e
r
a
t
o
r

V
o
l
t
a
g
e

I
n
p
u
t
Ub_S
Uc_S
Ua_S
Un_S
Ua_G
Ub_G
Uc_G
Un_G

Figure 6.2-2 Rear View and Typical Connections of AC Module
Both generator voltage and bus voltage on both sides of the breaker are inputted together, and
have a nominal rating of 100V or 100V/3V at 50/60Hz. As illustrated in Figure 6.2-2, secondary
voltage from voltage transformer (VT) on both sides of circuit breaker first enters into OUT board,
then passes a selective switchover circuit (remotely or locally controlled by terminal n26 (n28)).
After that, only one group of system voltage and generator voltage comes into No.J, the AC board.
Small VTs built in AC board provide isolation and converts the secondary voltage from VT to a
synchronizer acceptable level and then transfer it to LPF board for filtering. Following the low-pass
filter circuits, the analog signals enter into well-designed precise phase detecting circuit and high
accurate A/D converter. Then DSP will calculate the voltage, fr equency and phase angle and
check the synchronism conditions independently. If RCS-9659 is configured to work as
synchronism checking mode, the breaker can be closed only when synchronism conditions are
met which is judged by DSP. The AC signal flow graph is proposed in Figure 6.2-3.
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 33
AC
board
LPF
board
CPU
board
OUT
board
5
2
G
P
o
w
e
r

G
r
i
d
B
U
S

Figure 6.2-3 AC Signal Flow Graph
Furthermore, there is an earthing terminal on AC board. It shall be connected to station ground
grid.
NOTESince RCS-9659 calculates synchronism conditions according the voltages
inputted via channels Ua_S and Ua_G, these two channels must be led with appropriate
voltages.
DANGERNever allow the VT secondary circuit connected to the AC board or OUT board
to be short circuit while the primary system is live. Short the VT circuit will produce a
dangerously strong current.
6.2.3 LFP Module (No.H LFP)
This module is used to filter high frequency disturbance from the AC signal, regulate the input level
and provide an interface between the equipment and dedicated test instrument HELP-90A
developed by NR.

From module AC
From HELP-90A
Measurement in DSP Low-pass filter Adder

Figure 6.2-4 Block Diagram of LFP Module
6.2.4 CPU Module (No.G CPU)
Module CPU, control nucleus of the equipment, comprises monolithic micro controller CPU and
digital signal processor DSP. CPU finishes the following functions:
1 General fault detection
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 34
2 Event recorder and disturbance recorder (could be printed via serial port)
3 Print and communication with HMI
4 Communication with the host of SCADA system of the substation
DSP finishes the following functions:
5 Algorithm and logic of protection
Sampling rate of the equipment is 24 points per cycle. Parallel real time data is calculated for
algorithm and logic of protection at every sampling point. Hence, very high inherent reliability and
security are ensured.
6.2.5 COM module (No.F COM)
Module COM performs connection between the equipment and the SCADA system or RTU. Three
types are available.
ToSAS
ToSAS
ToGPSforclocksynchronism
Toprinterorcontroller
Type5A
COM
7
8
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
10
11
12
RS-4851A
RS-4851B
PrinterRX
PrinterTX
PrinterGround
RS-4851GND
RS-4852A
RS-4852B
RS-4852GND
RS-485A
RS-485B
RS-485GND
PORT1 PORT2 PORT3 PORT4
Type
PhysicalLayer
RS-485 RS-485 RS-485 RS-485/RS-232
Twistedpairwire Twistedpairwire Twistedpairwire Twistedpairwire

Figure 6.2-5 Rear view of type A and external connections of COM module
OpticFibre
OpticFibre
Toprinterorcontroller
ToGPSforclocksynchronism
ToSAS
ToSAS
RS-485A
RS-485B
RS-485GND
PrinterRX
PrinterTX
PrinterGround
1
2
3
4
5
6
Op.Fib.RX1
Op.Fib.TX1
Op.Fib.RX2
Op.Fib.TX2
Type5B
COM
TX
TX
RX
RX
PORT1 PORT2 PORT3 PORT4
Type
PhysicalLayer
RS-485 RS-485 RS-485 RS-485/RS-232
Opticfibre Twistedpairwire Opticfibre Twistedpairwire

Figure 6.2-6 Rear view of type B and external connections of COM module
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 35
To GPS for clock synchronism
To printer or controller
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
RS-485A
RS-485B
RS-485GND
RS-485A
RS-485B
RS-485GND
Printer RX
Printer TX
Printer Ground
To SAS
To SAS
To SAS
To SAS
To SAS
Ethernet 1
10/100 TX
Ethernet 4
10/100 TX
Ethernet 3
10/100 TX
Ethernet 2
10/100 TX
Type 5E
COM
PORT 1 PORT 2 PORT 3 PORT 4
Type
Physical Layer
Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet RS-485
Twisted pair
wire
Twisted pair
wire
Twisted pair
wire
Twisted pair
wire
PORT 5
RS-485/
RS-232
Twisted pair
wire
PORT 6 PORT 7
Ethernet RS-485
Twisted pair
wire
Twisted pair
wire

Figure 6.2-7 Rear view of type E and external connections of COM module
All ports used to communicate with SAS support IEC60870-5-103 protocol, moreover, Ethernet
port in COM modules of type 5E also supports IEC61850. From Figure 6.2-5 to Figure 6.2-7 shows
rear view of these types and their external connections.
All types are equipped with a RS-485 port for receiving second pulse signal (PPS-pulse per
second) from GPS and a port for printer. Printer port could be configured as RS-232 or RS-485 by
setting corresponding jumpers on the PCB (RS-232 default). If logic setting [En_Net_Print] is set to
1, printer port must be set as RS-485. Transmission rate of printer port can be set by the setting
[Printer_Baud] and should be the same with baud rate of the printer.
NOTE: For the port used to printer or controller, it can be configured as RS-485 or RS-232
by setting corresponding jumper of module COM. The port is configured as RS-232 by
shorting PIN 1 and PIN 2 and as RS-485 by shorting PIN 2 and PIN 3. As shown in Figure
6.2-8
PIN 1 PIN 2 PIN 3
RS-232 RS-485

Figure 6.2-8 Print Port Configuration
There are three options to finish time synchronization:
1 Receiving PPS (pulse per second) and PPM (pulse per minute) via external contact
2 Receiving PPS, PPM and IRIG-B signal via RS-485
3 Receiving time synchronization message from substation automation system
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 36
6.2.6 OPT Module (No.E OPT)
K05
K04
24Vdc
Opto_L-(Output)
E06
E05 BI_ManSync
BI_AutoSync
E08
E07 BI_RunState
BI_ManStepUp*
E10
E09
E02
E01
BI_Pulse_GPS
E04
E03
BI_BlkComm
BI_RstTarg
Opto_L+(INPUT)
Opto_L-(INPUT)
E13
E16
BI_Print
BI_ManDeadChk
BI_SemiSync
FromNo.KDCboard
Internalconnected
OPT
E02
E04
E06
E08
E10
E12
E14
E18
E20
E22
E24
E26
E28
E16
E30
E01
E03
E05
E07
E09
E11
E15
E17
E19
E21
E23
E25
E27
E29
E13
BI_ManAccel*
BI_ManStepDown*
BI_ManCls
BI_ManDecel*
BI_NO_SyncRly
BI_NC_SyncRly
BI_TrigSync
BI_ExtBlk
E18
E17
E20
E19
E26
E23
E12
E11
Opto_L+(Ouput)

Figure 6.2-9 Rear View and External Connections of OPT Module
All the binary inputs of RCS-9659 are supplied by 24V. But some of them are designed to be
displayed under BI STATE sub-menu and can be sent to substation automation system as states
or as changes of state depending on the protocol. The changes of these binary inputs can be
recorded into BI CHG REPORT for future inquiring and printing. The other binary inputs are only
for control purpose (e.g. for generator voltage and frequency regulation, etc.). Consequently, they
are unnecessarily to be displayed or sent to substation automation system. All the binary inputs
are detailed described in following sections.
1 Terminal E13
It is common terminal of positive pole of 24Vdc for opto-couplers on this module. When
2 Terminal E16
It is common terminal of negative pole of 24Vdc for opto-couplers on this module.
3 Terminal E01
Binary input: [BI_Print]
It is the manual input [BI_Print] to trigger printing latest report when the equipment is configured as
manual printing mode by logic setting [En_Auto_Print]=0. The printer button is located on the
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 37
panel usually. If the equipment is configured as automatic printing mode ([En_Auto_Print]=1),
report will be printed automatically as soon as it is formed.
4 Terminal E02
Binary input: [BI_Pulse_GPS]
It is used to receive clock synchronism signal from GPS or other equipment used clock
synchronism, the binary input [BI_Pulse_GPS] will change from 0 to 1 once per second or per
minute depended on the setting [GPS_Pulse]. When setting [GPS_Pulse] is set to 1, the
equipment receives PPM (pulse per minute), otherwise, receives PPS (pulse per second). Clock
synchronism via RS-485 bus is recommended. Only one of them can be selected.
5 Terminal E03
Binary input: [BI_RstTarg]
It is used to manually reset latching signal relay and LCD displaying. The reset is done by pressing
a button on the panel or by remote command via communication channel.
6 Terminal E04
Binary input: [BI_BlkComm]
It is used to block monitoring direction communication when the protective device is maintained. A
link located on the panel is used for that. When the equipment is in maintenance or commissioning
status, this link should be closed. All of the reports will not be sent via communication port then,
but local displaying and printing are still working. This link should be open during normal operation
condition.
7 Terminal E05
Binary input: [BI_ManSync]
It is a binary input on terminal E05 used to enable that RCS-9659 works in manual synchronizing
mode.
8 Terminal E06
Binary input: [BI_AutoSync]
It is a binary input on terminal E06 used to enable that RCS-9659 works in automatic
synchronizing mode.
9 Terminal E07
Binary input: [BI_RunState]
It is a binary input on terminal E07 used to configure that RCS-9659 works in normal operation
mode or works in testing mode. If [BI_RunState] is 1, RCS-9659 is set to work in normal operation
mode. Inversely, if [BI_RunState] is 0, RCS-9659 is situated to work in testing mode.
10 Terminal E08
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 38
Binary input: [BI_SemiSync]
It is a binary input on terminal E08 used to enable that RCS-9659 works in semi-automatic
synchronizing mode.
11 Terminal E09
Binary input: [BI_ManStepUp]*
It is a binary input on terminal E09 used to regulate the generator voltage. Whenever the
[BI_ManStepUp]* changes from 0 to 1, a normal open contact via terminal n17-n18 (n is the No. of
OUT board, n=1, 2, , A) is closed to issue a step-up command to generator voltage regulator to
increasing generator output voltage. During regulation, LED U is lit on; two other normal open
contacts of signal output relay via terminal B04-B01 and B09- B07 on No.B SIG board are closed
to issue annunciation and remote signals.
12 Terminal E10
Binary input: [BI_ManDeadChk]
It is a binary input on terminal E10 used to select dead checking mode for semi-automatic
synchronizing mode and manual synchronizing mode.
13 Terminal E11
Binary input: [BI_ManAccel]*
It is a binary input on terminal E11 used to increase the generators frequency under manual
synchronizing mode. Whenever [BI_ManAccel]* changes from 0 to 1, a normal open contact via
terminal n23-n24 (n is the No. of OUT board, n=1,2,,A) is closed to issue an acceleration
command to prime mover governor to increase the prime mover speed, i.e. generator frequency.
During regulation, LED f is lit on; two normal open contacts via terminal B04-B01 and B09- B07
on No.B SIG board are closed to issue annunciation and remote signals
14 Terminal E12
Binary input: [BI_StepDown]*
It is a binary input on terminal E12 used to regulate the generator voltage under manual
synchronizing mode. Whenever the [BI_ManStepDown]* changes from 0 to 1, a normal open
contact via terminal n19-n20 (n is the No. of OUT board, n=1,2,,A) is closed to issue a
step-down command to generator voltage regulator to decreasing generator output voltage.
During regulation, LED U is lit on; two normal open contacts via terminal B04-B01 and B09- B07
on No.B SIG board are closed to issue annunciation and remote signals
15 Terminal E17
Binary input: [BI_ManCls]
It is a binary input on terminal E17, by which RCS-9659 is triggered manually to issue a closing
command to circuit breaker.
16 Terminal E18
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 39
Binary input: [BI_ManDecel]*
It is a binary input on terminal E18 used to decrease the generators frequency. Whenever
[BI_ManDecel]* changes from 0 to 1, a normal open contact via terminal n21-n22 (n is the No. of
OUT board, n=1,2,,A) is closed to issue a deceleration command to prime mover governor to
decelerate the prime mover speed, i.e. generator frequency. During regulation, LED f is lit on;
two normal open contacts via terminal B04-B01 and B09- B07 on No.B SIG board are closed to
issue annunciation and remote signals
17 Terminal E19
Binary input: [BI_ NO_SyncRly]
It is a binary input on terminal E19 used to reflect the status of the normal open contact of
sync-check relay.
18 Terminal E20
Binary input: [BI_ NC_SyncRly]
It is a binary input on terminal E20 used to adopt the status of the normal closed contact of
sync-check relay.
19 Terminal E23
Binary input: [BI_TrigSyn]
It is a binary input on terminal E23. It is only applicable for semi -automatic synchronizing mode
and manual synchronizing mode to start synchronism process. When RCS-9659 works under the
semi-automatic synchronizing mode, if [BI_TrigSync] is energized, RCS-9659s synchronism
process is initiated.
For a semi-automatic synchronizing mode, after the synchronism process has started, the
[BI_TrigSync] must be de-energized to prevent manual regulation of generator voltage and
frequency which should be carried out in the program automatically.
For a manual synchronizing mode, after the synchronism process has started, the [BI_TrigSync]
must be kept energized to permit an operator to regulate generator voltage and frequency by
energizing the corresponding binary input.
When RCS-9659 works under the manual synchronizing mode, if [BI_TrigSync] is energized,
manual regulation of generator voltage and frequency is enabled. Conversely, if [ BI_TrigSync] is
de-energized, manual regulation of generator voltage and frequency is disabled since its related
internal power supply is switched off. After the synchronism process has finished, [ BI_TrigSync]
must be de-energized.
20 Terminal E23
Binary input: [BI_ExtBlk]
It is a binary input on terminal E26, by which RCS-9659 can be blocked by an external signal from
other equipments. When [BI_ExtBlk] is energized, RCS-9659s synchronism function is disabled,
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 40
all the output relays used for blocking purpose, regulation purpose and circuit breaker closing
purpose are forbidden to output. If [BI_ExtBlk] is de-energized, RCS-9659s synchronism function
is enabled; all the output relays can work normally.
The rest of the terminals are reserved.
6.2.7 SIG Module (No.C SIG)
RCS-9659 digital synchronizer provides two kinds of signals for every event: remote signal s and
annunciation signals. The event may be an auto-regulation signal or a manual-regulation signal,
an auto-closure signal or a manual closure signal, an equipment failure or an equipment alarm.
Thus, this module is designed for automatic synchronizing mode and semi-automatic
synchronizing mode and it is used to output remote signals and annunciation signals, provides two
dry contact outputs for blocking other protection relays.
All the signals are issued by closing the normal open contacts of signal relays whenever an event
happens. The difference is that the annunciation signal relay is a bistable relay, whenever an event
happens, the normal open contact of this relay will pick up and latch. The annunciation signal relay
will not drop off automatically after the event disappears except to reset manually or remotely.
Figure 6.2-10 shows the rear view and external connections of No.C SIG module.
C02
C04
C06
C08
C10
C12
C14
C18
C20
C22
C24
C26
C28
C16
C30
C01
C03
C05
C07
C09
C11
C15
C17
C19
C21
C23
C25
C27
C29
C13
C08
C07
C10
C09
C28
C12
C04
C03
BO_AutoReg
C06
C05 BO_AutoCls
Common Port of Local Signal
BO_Fail
C01
BO_Alm_Abnor
C29
C30
A
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BO_AutoReg
BO_AutoCls
Common Port of Remote Signal
BO_Fail
BO_Alm_Abnor
C27 BO_Blk_3+
BO_Blk_4-
Blockage
Output 3
Blockage
Output 4
BO_Blk_3-
BO_Blk_4+

Figure 6.2-10 Rear View and External Connections of No.C SIG Module
Whenever a firmware fault is detected (refer to Chapter 4) or DC power failure happens,
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 41
RCS-9659 failure relay is energized to pick up and its relevant contacts are activated to issue
remote signal (via terminal C07-C10) and annunciation signal (via terminal C01-C03).
Whenever an alarm event (refer to Chapter 4) e.g. VT circuit failure is detected etc., it triggers
RCS-9659 alarm relay to pick up and its relevant contacts are activated to issue remote signal (via
terminal C07-C12) and annunciation signal (via terminal C01-C06).
Under automatic synchronizing mode or semi-automatic synchronizing mode, during the time that
RCS-9659 regulates the generator frequency and voltage, two normal open contacts of
auto-regulation relay are closed to issue remote signal (via terminal C07-C09) and annunciation
signal (via terminal C01-C04). After RCS-9659 issues a closing command to circuit breaker when
synchronism parameters are within preset limits, two normal open contacts of auto-closure relay
are closed to issue remote signal (via terminal C07-C08) and annunciation signal (via terminal
C01-C05). Furthermore, during synchronism process, two normal open dry contacts of blockage
relay are closed to output blocking signals to other protection relay via terminal C27-C28 and
C29-C30. When the synchronism process is suspended, these two contacts will drop off.
Note that all contacts for annunciation signals are issued by bistable relays. Whenever they pick
up they will not drop off automatically except been reset by a binary input named [BI_RstTarg] or a
reset button on front panel.
6.2.8 SIG Module (No.B SIG)
This module is designed for manual synchronizing mode and it is used to output remote signals
and annunciation signals, provides two dry contact outputs for other protection relays.
Under manual synchronizing mode, during the time that the operator regulates the generator
frequency and voltage, two normal open contacts of manual -regulation relay are closed to issue
remote signal (via terminal B07-B09) and annunciation signal (via terminal B01-B04). After the
operator issues a closing command to circuit breaker when synchronism parameters are within
ideal limits, two normal open contacts of manual-closure relay are closed to issue remote signal
(via terminal B07-B08) and annunciation signal (via terminal B01-B05). Furthermore, during the
time that the operator regulates the generator frequency and voltage, two normal open dry
contacts of blockage relay are closed to output blocking signals to other protection relay via
terminal B27-B28 and B29-B30. Oppositely, when there is no regulation operation, these two
contacts will drop off.
Note that all contacts for annunciation signals are issued by bistable relays. Whenever they are
pick up they will not drop off automatically except been reset by a binary input named [BI_RstTarg]
(refer to 6.2.6 ) or a reset button on front panel (refer to 8.1.4).
Figure 6.2-11 shows the rear view and external connections of No.B SIG module.
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 42
SIG
B02
B04
B06
B08
B10
B12
B14
B18
B20
B22
B24
B26
B28
B16
B30
B01
B03
B05
B07
B09
B11
B15
B17
B19
B21
B23
B25
B27
B29
B13
B09
B28
B05
B04
BO_ManCls B08
B07
BO_ManReg
Common Port of Local Signal B01
B29
B30
A
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Blockage
Output 1
BO_Blk_1+
Common Port of Remote Signal
B27
BO_Blk_2-
Blockage
Output 2
BO_ManReg
BO_ManCls
BO_Blk_1-
BO_Blk_2+

Figure 6.2-11 Rear View and External Connections of No.B SIG Module
6.2.9 OUT Module (No.n OUT)
Here n is the No. of OUT board, n=1, 2 A. The digital synchronizer RCS-9659 can be armed
up to 10 identical OUT boards to provide a multi-generator solution. Since all the OUT boards are
the same, in the following sections, we will take one to illustrate its principles, terminals and typical
connections.
Figure 6.2-12 depicts the rear view and external connections of No.n OUT module.
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 43
OUT
n02
n04
n06
n08
n10
n12
n14
n18
n20
n22
n24
n26
n28
n16
n30
n01
n03
n05
n07
n09
n11
n15
n17
n19
n21
n23
n25
n27
n29
n13
K05 Opto_L- (OUTPUT)
n06
n05 Ua_S
Ub_S
n08
n07 Uc_S
Ua_G
n10
n09
n02
n01
Ub_S
n04
n03
Un_S
Uc_S
Opto_L- (INPUT) n29
Ua_S
Ub_G
Un_S
From No.K DC board
Uc_G
Un_G
Ua_G
Ub_G
Uc_G
Un_G
BO_StepUp+
BO_StepUp-
n14
n13
n16
n15
n18
n17
n12
n11
BO_StepDown+
BO_StepDown-
BO_Decel+
BO_Decel-
BO_Accel+
BO_Accel-
n20
n19
n22
n21
n24
n23
BO_Cls+
BO_Cls-
BI_ManSyncCmd_n*
BI_AuxContact
n25
n26
n27
n30
n28
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BI_RmtSyncCmd_n*
Internal connected
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Figure 6.2-12 Rear View and External Connections of No.n OUT Module
OUT board is used to receive voltage from primary VT; switch over and output the voltage to AC
board for synchronism calculations; output regulating signals to prime mover and governor for
frequency and voltage adjustment and output closing command for circuit breaker closure; receive
binary inputs of circuit breaker auxiliary contact and synchronism commands. Normally, there is no
voltage on terminal n05-n08 and terminal n13-n16. If terminal n26 (remote synchronism command)
or n28 (local synchronism command) is energized, several built -in switches will connect terminal
n01-n04 to n05-n08, and n09-n12 to n13-n16 respectively. In other words, voltage on both sides of
target circuit breaker are gated to output to AC board for synchronism calculations. Please also do
refer to Figure 6.2-2 for voltage connections. Note that terminal n05-n08 and terminal n13-n16 on
each OUT board should be paralleled together according to the phase respectively and then they
should be connected to AC board.
Moreover, terminal n17-n18 is a dry contact output to the generator governor to step up the
generator voltage;
Terminal n19-n20 is a dry contact output to the generator governor to step down the generator
voltage;
Chapter 6 Hardware Description
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 44
Terminal n21-n22 is a dry contact output to the prime mover to decrease the generator frequency;
Terminal n23-n24 is a dry contact output to the prime mover to increase the generator frequency;
Terminal n25-n27 is a dry contact output to the circuit breaker switchgear to close the circuit
breaker.
In addition, three binary inputs are explained as bellowing:
[BI_RmtSyncCmd_n]*: It is a binary input on terminal n26 (n is the No. of OUT board,
n=1,2,,A). This binary input is used to receive remote synchronism command might be from
bay control unit. Energized [BI_RmtSyncCmd_n]* means a valid command.
[BI_ManSyncCmd_n]*: it is a binary input on terminal n28 (n is the No. of OUT board,
n=1,2,,A). It is only applicable for semi-automatic synchronizing mode and manual
synchronizing mode to select desired circuit breaker to be closed. When the binary input is
energized, corresponding circuit breaker is selected to be closed. When i is de-energized,
related circuit breaker is unchosen. After the synchronism process is done,
[BI_ManSyncCmd_n]* must be de-energized.
[BI_AuxContact]: it is a binary input on terminal n30 (n is the No. of OUT board, n=1,2,,A)
for signaling the position of circuit breaker auxiliary contact. It is energized when the breaker
is closed and de-energized when the breaker is open. This binary input is used to control
RCS-9659s oscillographic function together with a setting named as [ En_AuxContact].
Please refer to section 5.4.3 for details.


Chapter 7 Settings
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 45
Chapter 7 Settings
The equipment has 10 setting groups protection settings for 10 synchronism points respectively,
but the equipment settings and network settings are common for the 10 synchronism points.
There are three kinds of parameters needed to be configured by the customer, EQUIP
SETTINGS, PROT SETTINGS and IP ADDRESS. They are detailed explicated in following
sections.
7.1 Equipment Settings
The submenu EQUIP SETTINGS consists of RCS-9659s basic parameters as listed in Table
7.1-1.
Table 7.1-1 Equipment Settings
No. Setting Item Description Range Remark
1 Comm_Addr
Communication address
of the equipment
0~254
2 COM1_Baud
Baud rate of rear RS-485
port 1
4800, 9600,
19200,38400 bit/s

3 COM2_Baud
Baud rate of rear RS-485
port 2
4800, 9600,
19200,38400 bit/s

4 Printer_Baud
Baud Rate of rear printer
port
4800, 9600,
19200,38400 bit/s

5 Debug_Baud
Baud rate of front RS-232
port for commissioning
4800, 9600 bit/s
6 fn
System nominal
frequency
50,60 Hz
7 U1n Reserved
8 Equip_ID
The identity of a
substation or plant

9 En_Net_Print
Enable/disable network
printing
1/0
0: net shared printer
1: local printer
10 En_Auto_Print
Enable/disable automatic
printing
1/0
0: Automatic
1: manual
11 Protocol communication protocol 0~1
0: IEC 60870-5-103
or IEC 61850
1: LFP
12 GPS_Pulse
GPS clock synchronizing
pulse
0~1
0: PPS
1: PMS
13 En_Remote_Cfg
Enable/disable
configuring setting
remotely
1/0
0: local configuring
1: local and remote
configuring
Parameter Signification:
1. Comm_Addr
Chapter 7 Settings
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 46
It is RCS-9659 address when communicating with substation automation system via RS-485 serial
port on the rear panel of No.F COM board.
2. COM1_Baud, COM2_Baud, Printer_Baud
The three settings are the baud rate of RS-485 serial port 1, the baud rate of RS-485 serial port 2
and the baud rate of printer port on the rear panel of No.F COM board respectively.
When configuring [COM1_Baud], [COM2_Baud], please refer to section 6.2.5 for detailed port
definition of different type communication modules.
COM
Type
EQUIP SETUP IP ADDRESS
[COM1_Baud] [COM2_Baud] [IP_Addr1] [IP_Addr2] [IP_Addr3] [IP_Addr4]
5A RS-485-1 RS-485-2 Invalid Invalid Invalid Invalid
5B Optic fibre-1 Optic fibre-1 Invalid Invalid Invalid Invalid
5E Dont modify RS-485 Ethernet-1 Ethernet-2 Ethernet-3 Ethernet-4
3. Debug_Baud
It is the baud rate of a 9-pin RS-232 port for communication with a PC for local communication on
front panel.
4. En_Net_Print
If it is set 1, synchronizers network printing function is enabled. Here, the printing serial port on
rear panel of No.F COM board must be configured as RS-485 way by setting dependent jumpers.
On the contrary, if it is set as 0, its network printing function is disabled. Report and settings can
be printed by its directly connected local printer. At this time, the printing serial port on rear panel of
No.F COM board must be configured as RS-232 way by setting dependent jumpers. Refer to
section 6.2.5 for how to set dependent jumpers.
5. En_Auto_Print
When it is set as 1, RCS-9659 will print trip report automatically once a closure command is
issued as the synchronism process is done. On the contrary, if it is set as 0, the equipments
automatic printing function is disabled.
6. Protocol
0 means IEC 60870-5-103 protocol or IEC61850 protocol is selected. Which protocol is selected
depends on the type of No.F COM board. If type 5A or 5B is configued, then IEC 60870-5-103 is
selected as communication protocol, and if type 5E is used, the IEC 61850 is selected.
1: LFP protocol, a proprietary protocol developed by NR.
7. GPS_Pulse
It is used together with a binary input [BI_Pulse_GPS] on No.E OPT board or with GPS clock
synchronization port on No.F COM board. If [GPS_Pulse] is set as 1, the pulse input is pulse per
minute (PPM), while if [GPS_Pulse] is set as 0, the pulse input is pulse per second (PPS).
8. En_Remote_Cfg
Chapter 7 Settings
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 47
If it is set as 1, RCS-9659s settings can be remotely configured by substation automation system
depending on the protocol. If it is set as 0, the function is disabled. The point to note here is that
no matter [En_Remote_Cfg] is set as 0 or 1, equipment settings in submenu EQUIP
SETTINGS can never be remotely modified.
7.2 Protection Settings
The submenu PROT SETTINGS consists of RCS-9659s synchronism settings as listed in Table
7.2-1.
As mentioned many times above, the digital synchronizer RCS-9659 is capable to provide
multi-generator solution. Each group of generator-breaker-bus can be defined as synchronism
point. In other words, every synchronism point corresponds to a group of generator-breaker-bus.
Hence, up to 10 synchronism points are provided since the maximum number of the OUT boards
armed in RCS-9659 is 10. Settings of each synchronism point can be configured accordingly.
Table 7.2-1 Protection Settings list
No. Setting Item Description Range Step Default
1 SyncPoint. Synchro. point number n - -
2 U2n_Sys
Secondary rated voltage of
VT at system side
57.7 ~100.00V 0.01 V 57.7 V
3 U2n_Gen
Secondary rated voltage of
VT at generator side
57.7 ~100.00V 0.01 V 57.7 V
4 f_Diff_Sync Permitted freq. difference 0 ~ 0.5 Hz 0.01 Hz 0.25 Hz
5 Df/dt_Sync Block threshold of slip speed 1 ~ 10 Hz/s
0.01
Hz/s
3.00 Hz/s
6 V_Diff_Sync Permitted voltage difference 5% ~ 30% 1% 10%
7 V_DeadChk_Sync Threshold of dead line 5% ~ 30% 1% 30%
8 Phi_Comp_Sync Correction of phase angle 0~ 330 1 0
9 t_PW_RegFreq
Pulse width of frequency
regulation.
10 ~ 9999 ms 1 ms 500 ms
10 t_Cycle_RegFreq
Period of frequency
regulation
10 ~ 9999 ms 1 ms 2000 ms
11 t_PW_RegVolt
Pulse width of voltage
regulation
10 ~ 9999 ms 1 ms 500 ms
12 t_Cycle_RegVolt Period of voltage regulation 10 ~ 9999 ms 1 ms 2000 ms
13 t_PW_Cls Pulse width of breaker closing 10 ~ 9999 ms 1 ms 500 ms
14 t_Cls_CB Time for breaker closing 20 ~ 999 ms 1 ms 30 ms
15 t_Rst_Sync Synch. resetting time 20 ~999 s 1 s 30 s
Logic setting: 1 is enabled, 0 is disabled
16 En_AutoReg
Enable/disable automatic
frequency and voltage
1/0
Chapter 7 Settings
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 48
No. Setting Item Description Range Step Default
regulation function
17 En_DeadChk
Enable/disable breaker
closing with dead check
1/0
18 En_VTS
Enable/disable VT circuit
failure detection
1/0
19 En_SyncRly
Enable/disable detecting
contacts of synchronization relay
1/0
20 En_AuxContact
Enable/disable position contact
of breaker detection
1/0
Parameter Signification:
1. SyncPoint
This is the ordinal number of the synchronism point whose synchronism settings are listed below it
for configuration. As cited, up to 10 OUT boards are fit in the digital synchronizer RCS-9659, they
correspond to 10 synchronism points which are identified by 10 ordinal number.
2. f_Diff_Sync
It is used to specify the permissible limit of slip frequency (i.e. f) between both sides of the circuit
breaker. The generator frequency can be either greater or less than the system frequency. When
the slip on both sides of the circuit breaker for synchronism closing is greater than [ f_Diff_Sync],
RCS-9659 will not allow it to close the circuit breaker.
3. df/dt_Sync
It is used to specify the permissible limit of slip speed (i.e. df/dt) between both sides of the circuit
breaker. When the slip speed on both sides of the circuit breaker for synchronism closing is
greater than the [df/dt_Sync], RCS-9659 will not allow it to close the circuit breaker.
4. V_Diff_Sync
It is used to specify the permissible limit of voltage difference between both sides of the circuit
breaker. When the voltage difference on both sides of the circuit breaker for synchronism closing is
greater than the [V_Diff_Sync], RCS-9659 will not allow it to close the circuit breaker.
5. V_DeadChk_Sync
t is used to judge whether a bus or a generator is dead or electrified when attempting to close a
circuit breaker one side of which is dead and it can be set as a percentage of line rated voltage.
When the voltage is less than [V_DeadChk_Sync], the bus or the generator is judged as a dead
one.
6. phi_Comp_Sync
This is the advance angle of electrical phase angle of system vol tage with respect to the generator
due to the construction of the transformer. An example is demonstrated in Figure 1.1-1. The
construction of transformer is Y/d11. The vector graphics of voltage on both sides of t he
Chapter 7 Settings
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 49
transformer is shown in Figure 7.2-1. Where, UG1 and US1 are primary voltage of generator and
system respectively; UG2 and US2 are secondary voltage of generator and system
correspondingly. As seen from the voltage vector graphics, it is manifestly that the system voltage
is ahead of generator voltage 30 which is the so-called [Phi_Comp_Sync].
A
C
B
A
B
C
System side Generator side
U
S1
U
S2
U
G1
U
G2

Figure 7.2-1 Example of System Voltage Advancing Generator
7. t_Cycle_RegFreq
It is used to set the impulse period of frequency modulation command. Note that the impulse
period must be greater than its width and integer times are preferred (such as 2 times, 4 times,
etc).
8. t_Cycle_RegVolt
It is used to set the impulse period of voltage regulation command. Note that the impulse period
must be greater than its width and integer times are preferred (such as 2 times, 4 times, etc).
9. t_Cls_CB
This is the circuit breaker closing time, which is the duration from sending closing command
impulse to closing coil till the circuit breaker completely closed. If [En_AuxContact] is set 1, the
digital synchronizer RCS-9659 will measure the circuit breaker closing time (from sending the
closing command to sensing the status change of [BI_AuxContact]). Every time after the circuit
breaker closure, the measured circuit breaker closing time is displayed on LCD.
10. t_Rst_Sync
This time setting is the maximum time span for checking synchronism conditions. If synchronism
conditions are not met during this span, the synchronism process will be ended and the operation
is handled as operation failure.
For manual synchronizing mode and semi-manual synchronizing mode, the time counting begins
when the binary input [BI_TrigSync] is energized, and for automatic synchronizing mode, the clock
timing starts when the binary input [BI_RmtSyncCmd_n]* (n=1,2...,A) is energized. If the logic
setting [En_AuxContact] is set as 1, then the synchronism process will be finished when the
binary input [BI_AuxContact] is energized, or the synchronism process will be ended when the
time duration is up.
11. En_AutoReg
Under automatic synchronizing mode and semi-synchronizing mode, this setting will determine
whether to adjust the frequency and voltage automatically or not when paralleling a generator. If
Chapter 7 Settings
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 50
[En_AutoReg] is set as 1, frequency and voltage regulations are done automatically. Contrarily, if
[En_AutoReg] is set as 0, RCS-9659 will not adjust frequency and voltage.
12. En_DeadChk
Under automatic synchronizing mode, if it is set as 1, or under semi-automatic synchronizing
mode and manual synchronizing mode, not only [En_DeadChk] is set as 1 but also the binary
input [BI_ManDeadChk] is energized, here, the circuit breaker can only be closed when either the
system side or generator side is detected as dead. If [En_DeadChk] is set as 0, the circuit
breaker shall be closed only when all the synchronism conditions (all preset limits) are fulfilled.
13. En_SyncRly
It determines that whether the NO and NC contacts of sync-check relay shall be used to backup
RCS-9659s operation (automatic or semi-automatic synchronizing mode). If it is set as 1, status
of the contacts of sync-check relay will be considered as one of the synchronism condition.
Inversely, if it is set as 0, RCS-9659 will issue a closing command to circuit breaker when all
preset limits are fulfilled but regardless of the status of contacts of sync-check relay.
14. En_AuxContact
It determines whether RCS-9659s oscillographic function can be initiated by the status of binary
input [BI_AuxContact]. If [En_AuxContact] is set as 1, when RCS-9659 detects that
[BI_AuxContact] rises from 0 to 1, its oscillographic function will be triggered to recording
waveforms, and please refer to the section 5.4.3 for details.
7.3 IP address
These settings are used to set the communication rate of COM module, please see Table 7.3-1 for
details.
Table 7.3-1 IP Address Settings List
No. Item Description
1 IP_Addr1 IP address of Ethernet port 1 (COM1) of the equi pment
2 IP_Addr2 IP address of Ethernet port 2 (COM2) of the equi pment
3 IP_Addr3 IP address of Ethernet port 3 (COM3) of the equi pment
4 IP_Addr4 IP address of Ethernet port 4 (COM4) of the equi pment
IP address setting is in form of xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx, such as 198.87.191.25, and each byte section is in
range of 0~255. Please refer to settings [COM1_Baud] and [COM2_Baud] in section 7.1 for
configuring these settings.


Chapter 8 HMI Operation Introduction
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 51
Chapter 8 HMI Operation Introduction
The operator can access the protective device from the front panel. Local communication with the
protective device is possible using a computer with the RCSPC software via an RS-232 port on the
front panel. Furthermore, remote communication is also possible using a PC with the RCS-9700
substation automation system via an RS-485 port. The operator is able to check the protective
device status at any time.
This chapter describes human machine interface (HMI), and give operator a instruction about how
to display or print event report, setting and so on through HMI menu tree and display metering
value, including mean current, voltage and frequency etc. through LCD. In the same time, how to
change active setting group or a settable parameter value through keypad is also described in
details.
8.1 Overview
The human-machine interface consists of a human-machine interface (HMI) module which allows
a communication to be as simple as possible for the user. The HMI module helps to draw your
attention to something that has occurred which may activate a LED or a report displayed on the
LCD. Operator can locate the data of interest by navigating the keypad.
RCS974AG
TRANSFORMER AUXILIARY RELAY
HEALTHY
ALARM
SYNC
f
U
CLOSE
TARGET RESET
AUTO SYNCHRONIZER
NANJING NARI-RELAYS ELECTRIC CO., LTD
RCS9659
f
U
Equipment type and name
Manufactory name
LCD LED Keypad
Communication port

Figure 8.1-1 the front panel
The function of HMI module:
Item Description
LCD
A 240128 dot matrix backlight LCD display is visible in dim lighting
conditions. The corresponding messages are displayed when there is
operation implemented.
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Item Description
LED 8 status indication LEDs
Keypad Numeric keypad and command keys for full access to the equipment
Communication port
DB9 RS-232 port for communication with a PC for local communication
and DB15 port for testing by using HELP-90A
8.1.1 Keypad operation
E
S
C
ENT
G
R
P
-
+

Figure 8.1-2 Keypad buttons
Pressing any button in idle mode will activate the HMI display.
The ESC button mainly provides the following functions:
1. Cancel any operation in a dialogue window.
2. Exit the present level in the menu tree. This means, it cancels the present function or the
present menu selection and moves one step higher (back) in the menu tree.
The ENT button mainly provides an Enter/Execute function. It activates, for example, the
selected menu tree branch. Further it is used to confirm settings and to acknowledge different
actions.
The GRP button mainly provides the function of change active setting group.
The left and right arrow buttons ( and ) mainly provides the following functions:
1. Position the cursor in a horizontal direction, for instance, to move between digits in a number
during the parameter setting.
The up and down arrow buttons ( and ) mainly provides the following functions:
1. Move between leafs within the same menu branch.
The plus and minus button (+ and -) mainly provides the following functions:
1. Change parameter values in a data window
2. Change number of report that wanted to be displayed or printed
NOTE
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1. Any settings change operation should complete with pressing +, , and - in
sequence as a password.
2. Any report deletion operation should executed by pressing +, -, +, - and ENT in
sequence.
8.1.2 LED Indicators
HEALTHY
ALARM
SYNC
f
U
CLOSE
f
U

Figure 8.1-3 LED Indicators
There are eight LED indicators embedded in the front panel designated as HEALTH, ALARM,
SYNC, f , f , U , U ,respectively. They have two states: on and off.
1. LED HEALTH is lit to be green to show the device is in the correct working order until any
internal fault detected by self-diagnostic facilities. The LED HELATH can be lit on again
automatically after a fault clearing.
2. LED ALARM is being the off state whenever there is any firmware fault or external fault
detected by self-diagnostic facilities (refer to Chapter 4), the LED will be lit on to be yellow to
warn that RCS-9659 is being in fault conditions and needs to be attended.
3. LED SYNC is lit to be red when a synchronism process is started. If the synchronism is over
or ended, LED SYNC is extinguished off.
4. LED f , f , U or U is lit to be red when there happens a corresponding regulation
operation. If the coherent regulation is finished, the corresponding LED is extinguished off
automatically.
5. LED CLOSE is lit to be red when a closing command is issued. It can be reset to be off by
TARGET RESET button on front panel (refer to 8.1.4), binary input named [BI_RstTarg] or
remote reset message depending on protocol.
NOTEIf LED CLOSE is lit on as issuing a closing signal manually to circuit breaker via
binary input [BI_ManCls], it can not be reset by TARGET RESET button.
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8.1.3 Communication Ports
1 2

Figure 8.1-4 Communication Ports
1: DB9 Rs-232 port for communication with a PC or laptop with the RCSPC software (refer to
relevant RCSPC instruction manual) for local communication
2: DB15 port for communication with HELP-90A tester.
8.1.4 TARGET RESET Button
TARGET RESET button is used to reset the LED CLOSE to off state and switch the LCD
display between the latest alarm report display screen and normal readiness screen and make the
bistable contacts of annunciation signal relays drop off. Where, the latest alarm report means the
events included in ALM REPORT happen since been reset last time till the minute. All the alarm
events are circularly displayed one by one.
NOTEIf the equipment is blocked or alarm signal is sent during operation, please find out
the cause with the help of self-diagnose record. If the reason cant be found on site, before
the verification done by NR, please never attempt to press TARGET RESET button. That
is because the fault can never be cleared by just press TARGET RESET button since the
real cause of the fault has not been figured out.
8.2 Understand the HMI Menu Tree
8.2.1 Overview
Please see the total command menu in following diagram which will be introduced in details.
In order to enter the main menu, please press arrow button under the default display condition.
If the current display is the latest report display, please press TARGET RESET button to return to
the default display condition, and then press arrow button to enter the main menu.
Please use the and button to scroll between the submenus, press ENT to enter the item
chosen or press ESC to directly return to the upper level.
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MENU
1:VALUES
2:REPORT
3:PRINT
4:SETTINGS
5:CLOCK
6:VERSION
0:EXIT
3: BI STATE
1: MEASURMENT
2: PHASE ANGLE
0: EXIT
3: BI CHG REPORT
1: TRP REPORT
2: ALM REPORT
0: EXIT
3: ALM REPORT
1: SETTINGS
2: TRP REPORT
4: BI CHG REPORT
6: VERSION
5: PRESENT VALUES
0: EXIT
1: EQUIP SETTINGS
2: PROT SETTINGS
4: IP ADDRESS
0: EXIT
7:LANGUAGE
3: ENGLISH
1: CHINESE
2: FRENCH

Figure 8.2-1 Menu tree
8.2.2 VALUES
This menu displays the sampling value of current, voltage and phase angle and status of binary
input, which can fully reflect the operation status of the protective device. Under normal conditions
these displayed values should be consistent with the real values that have been injected.
VALUES has the following submenus.
No. Item Description
1 MEASUREMENT To display magnitudes of AC current and calculated values.
2 PHASE ANGLE To display the angles of AC current
3 BI STATE To display the states of binary inputs
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8.2.3 REPORT
This menu displays the information recorded by the protective device including tripping reports,
self-supervision reports, status change of binary input report and operating reports. All the reports
are stored in non-volatile memory.
No. Item Description
1 TRP REPORT Tripping report
2 ALM REPORT Self-supervision report
3 BI CHG REPORT Status change of binary input report
Please use and to choose the report under concern, and press ENT to display the
chosen report.
In the report display submenu, the latest report shall be displayed first. Press button to display
the previous report, and press to display the next report.
In case that a report is too long to be fully displayed on the LCD, all information included will be
displayed and scrolled circularly with regular interval.
In order to return to the upper submenu, simply press ESC or ENT button.
8.2.4 PRINT
The following items can be printed by this submenu.
No. Item Description
1 SETTINGS Printing all settings of the protective device
2 TRP REPORT Printing tripping report
3 ALM REPORT Printing self-supervision report
4 BI CHG REPORT Printing status change of binary input report
5 PRESENT VALUE Printing current voltage and current value sampled
6 VERSION Printing software version
Please use and to choose the item under concern, and press ENT to execute printing.
8.2.5 SETTINGS
Use this menu to select and set the different parameters for protection and control functions in the
protective device. There are 30 selectable and editable setting groups, each independent of the
other, to structure desired functions and applications.
This menu comprises the following submenus:
No. Item Description
1 EQUIP SETTINGS Equipment parameters
2 PROT SETTINGS Protection settings
4 IP ADDRESS Ethernet parameters
Please use or to choose the setting under concern, and press or to move the
cursor to the digit to be changed. Press + or - button to change the data and then press ENT
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to confirm the setting change.
If the setting change shall be terminated, simply press ESC to return, and the setting will remain
unchanged.
8.2.6 CLOCK
The internal clock for the protective device can be viewed here. The time is displayed in the form
YYYY-MM-DD and hh:mm:ss. All values are presented in digits.
Please use , , or to move the cursor to the digit to be changed. Press + or -
button to change the data and then press ENT to confirm the change.
If the setting change shall be terminated, simply press ESC to return, and the setting will remain
unchanged.
8.2.7 VERSION
This menu displays the version, verification code and creating time of the software applied in the
equipment.
8.2.8 LANGUAGE
This menu is used to select language to display information on LCD.
VERSION has following submenus.
No. Item Description
1 CHINESE To set the Chinese as default displaying language.
2 FRENCH To set the French as default displaying language.
3 ENGLISH To set the English as default displaying language.
0 EXIT To exit current submenu and return to upper menu.
8.3 Understand the LCD Display
8.3.1 Main display under normal operation condition
When the equipment is running normally, the LCD will display the following:
01 - 02 21 : 20 : 50
RCS-9659
SyncPoint 01
Auto Sync

01-02 21:20:50: shows that the current time and date in format: MM-DD hh;mm:ss.
RCS-9659: type of the synchronizer
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Auto Sync: automatic synchronizer
SyncPoint 01:the synchronism point being selected
: shows the communication of both ports with SCADA system are normal
.: shows the communication of the first port with SCADA system is normal
-: shows the communication of the second port with SCADA system is normal
8.3.2 Display tripping report
When the equipment tripping output operates, the LCD will display the report of the latest tripping
action.
OP 000 07-02-27
14 : 21 : 51 : 115 ms
00600ms
Op_Clsd_CB

If the tripping report includes too much information and can not be displayed by one screen, all
information included will be displayed and scrolled circularly with regular interval.
OP000: shows the serial number of the tripping operation.
07-02-27: shows that the date of the tripping operation in format YY-MM-DD.
14:21:51:115ms: shows the absolute initiating time of the synchronizing operation in format
hh:mm:ss:ms.
Op_Clsd_CB: shows the tripping element.
00600 ms: shows the relative time from the initiating time of the synchronizing operation to the
circuit breaker of the synchronism point selected is closed
All tripping information is listed in the following table:
Table 8.3-1 Tripping information
No. Item Description
1 Op_Clsd_CB_TeleP
The circuit breaker of the selected synchronism point is closed
successfully.
8.3.3 Display self-supervision report
When hardware failure is detected during self-check or a abnormality of system happens a new
report will be automatically displayed on LCD as follows.
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ALM 052 07-02-26
12 : 06 : 03 : 063 ms
Alm_RAM
0 1

ALM052: serial number of the report.
07-02-26: shows the happening date of abnormality in format YY-MM-DD.
12:06:03:063ms: shows the happening time of abnormality in format hh:mm:ss:ms.
Alm_RAM: shows abnormality detective element.
Please refer to the Table 4.3-1 for the all possible self-supervision information.
8.3.4 Display status change of binary input report
The LCD will automatically display a status change of binary inputs.
BI 034 07-02-26
12 : 06 : 03 : 441 ms
01
BI_TrigSync

BI 034: serial number of the report.
07-02-26: date in format of YY-MM-DD.
12:06:03:441ms: shows the happening time of status change in format of hh:mm:ss:ms.
BI_TrigSync 01: shows binary input name and status change action.
All possible status change of binary input information include:
Table 8.3-2 Status change of binary input information
No. Item Description
1 BI_AutoSync Enable automatic synchronizing mode.
2 BI_SemiSync Enable semi-automatic synchronizing mode.
3 BI_ManSync Enable manual synchronizing mode.
4 BI_RunState Binary input of normal operation state of the synchronizer.
5 BI_NC_SyncRly Binary input of the normally closed contact of a sync-check relay.
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No. Item Description
6 BI_NO_SyncRly Binary input of the normally open contact of a sync-check relay.
7 BI_Resv Reserved binary input.
8 BI_ManDeadChk
Binary input of dead check mode for semi-automatic synchronizing
mode and manual synchronizing mode.
9 BI_AuxContact
Binary input of auxiliary contact of a circuit breaker of a synchronism
point.
10 BI_TrigSync
Binary input of starting synchronism process for semi -automatic
synchronizing mode and manual synchronizing mode.
11 BI_ExtBlk
Binary input of blocking synchronism function from other
equipments.
12 BI_ManCls
Binary input of trigger the synchronizer to issue a closing command
to a circuit breaker.
8.3.5 View the settings
Press enter the main menu at first. Press key to select the item SETTINGS by scrolling
the cursor downward, and then pressing key ENT will enter the submenu.
SETTINGS
1. EQUIP SETTINGS
3. VEBI SETTINGS
2. PROT SETTINGS

Press key to select the item PROT SETTINGS by scrolling the cursor downward. Press key
ENT to display the setting symbols and parameters of the submenu. Please press key or
to locate the setting. Simply press ESC to return without changing, and press ENT to input
password to ensure the change.
PROT SETTINGS
SyncPoint
U2n_Sys
01

Press key to select the item UNACT SETTINGS by scrolling the cursor downward. Press
key ENT to enter the submenu. By making a target setting group inactive, modifcations can be
done without the protective device getting blocked.
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8.3.6 View Records
The protective device provides the following recording functions:
Event recorder
Event recording are recorded in form of report and can be viewed through LCD or by printing.
Disturbance recorder
Disturbance recording is recorded in form of both report and waveform, so report can be display as
event report. However waveform must to be printed or displayed with proper software.
These recording reports can also be displayed through software by the local or remote PC.
Press enter the main menu at first. Press key to select the item REPORT by scrolling
the cursor downward, and then pressing key ENT will enter the submenu. Press key to
select the target item by scrolling the cursor downward, and press key ENT to the next submenu.
REPORT
1. TRP REPORT
3. BI CHG REPORT
2. ALM REPORT

Then press key to select TRP REPORT, ALM REPORT or BI CHG REPORT by scrolling
the cursor downward. Press key ENT to display the report selected. The latest report will be
displayed firstly. Pressing key +or - will display next or previous report. If the report cannot be
fully displayed in one screen, all information included will be displayed and scrolled circularly with
regular interval or pressing key or to display the rest of it. Simply press key ESC or
ENT to return the upper submenu.
8.3.7 Printing reports and waveform
Press enter the main menu at first. Press key to select the item PRINT by scrolling the
cursor downward, and then pressing key ENT will enter the submenu. Press key to select
the target item by scrolling the cursor downward, and press key ENT to the next submenu.
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PRINT
1. SETTINGS
3. ALM REPORT
2. TRP REPORT

Then press key to select SETTINGS, TRP REPORT, ALM REPORT, BI CHG REPORT,
PRESENT VALUES or VERSION by scrolling the cursor downward. Press key ENT to print
the report selected. Press key + or - to select next or previous report and press key ENT.
Simply press key ESC to return the upper submenu.
Press <+> <-> TO
Select Report
000 053

Press ENT to print if there is a printer connected to the equipment. If no printer is connected, the
following information will be shown NO Printer.
8.4 Input Operation Through Keypad
8.4.1 Change the Settings
Press key or to move the cursor to locate the setting you want to change by operating the
keypad to modify it. Press key + and - to change the digit. Press key ESC to return to the
upper level menu with the setting remain unchanged. Press key ENT, the LCD will prompt typing
of password.
Password :

Press keys +, , and sequentially, then the equipment will check the password
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automatically. If the password input is correct, modification of setting will be confirmed and the
interface will return to submenu.
If one or some settings input are detected to be off-limits, the cursor will locate where the first
wrong setting is and the LCD will display xxxxx SetInvalid. (For example, f_Diff_Sync
SetInvalid)
8.4.2 Delete Fault Records and Event Records
If you want to delete the content of fault records or event records, press key to enter the main
menu at first and press +, -, +, -, ENT in sequence in the main menu, then LCD display
following interface.
Press <ENT>
Press ESC To Exit

NOTE: You have no choice to select which kind of records or which one record to be
deleted but to delete all records.
Press key ENT to delete all records and LCD will display RptClearing... then the reports will be
deleted, or press key ESC to exit to main menu without deletion.
8.4.3 Adjusting Clock
If the clock of the equipment is not correct, please adjust it. Press key to enter the main menu
at first. Move cursor to the item CLOCK and press key ENT to display following interface.
CLOCK
TIME : 09 08 39
DATE : 2005 06 25

2005 06 25: shows the data in format of YYYY-MM-DD.
09 08 39: shows the time in format of hh:mm:ss.
Press keys , , and to select the digit to be modified. Pressing key + and - to
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modify data. Pressing key ESC to return without modification. Pressing key ENT to confirm the
modification and return to main menu.
8.4.4 Check Version
Press key to enter the main menu at first. Move cursor to the item VERSION and press key
ENT to display corresponding interface and then press key ESC to exit.


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NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 65
Chapter 9 Communications
9.1 General Description
This section outlines the remote communications interfaces of NR equipment. The protective
device supports a choice of three protocols via the rear communication interface (RS-485 or
Ethernet), selected via the model number by setting. The protocol provided by the protective
device is indicated in the submenu in the EQUIP SETTING column. Using the keypad and LCD,
set the parameter [Protocol], the corresponding protocol will be selected.
The rear EIA RS-485 interface is isolated and is suitable for permanent connection of whichever
protocol is selected. The advantage of this type of connection is that up to 32 protective devices
can be daisy chained together using a simple twisted pair electrical connection.
It should be noted that the descriptions contained within this section do not aim to fully detail the
protocol itself. The relevant documentation for the protocol should be referred to for this
information. This section serves to describe the specific implementation of the protocol in the relay.
9.2 Rear Communication Port Information
9.2.1 RS-485 Interface
This protective device provides two rear RS-485 communication ports, and each port has three
terminals in the 12-terminal screw connector located on the back of the relay and each port has a
ground terminal for the earth shield of the communication cable. Please refer to section 6.2.5 for
details of the connection terminals. The rear ports provide RS-485 serial data communication and
are intended for use with a permanently wired connection to a remote control center.
9.2.1.1 EIA RS-485 Standardized Bus
The EIA RS-485 two-wire connection provides a half-duplex fully isolated serial connection to the
product. The connection is polarized and whilst the products connection diagrams indicate the
polarization of the connection terminals it should be borne in mind that there is no agreed
definition of which terminal is which. If the master is unable to communicate with the product, and
the communication parameters match, then it is possible that the two-wire connection is reversed.
9.2.1.2 Bus Termination
The EIA RS-485 bus must have 120 (Ohm) Watt terminating resistors fitted at either end
across the signal wires (refer to Figure 9.2-1). Some devices may be able to provide the bus
terminating resistors by different connection or configuration arrangements, in which case
separate external components will not be required. However, this product does not provide such a
facility, so if it is located at the bus terminus then an external termination resistor will be required.
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NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 66

Master
Slave Slave Slave
E
I
A

R
S
-
4
8
5
120 Ohm
120 Ohm

Figure 9.2-1 EIA RS-485 bus connection arrangements
9.2.1.3 Bus Connections & Topologies
The EIA RS-485 standard requires that each device is directly connected to the physical cable that
is the communications bus. Stubs and tees are expressly forbidden, such as star topologies. Loop
bus topologies are not part of the EIA RS-485 standard and are forbidden by it also.
Two-core screened cable is recommended. The specification of the cable will be dependent on the
application, although a multi-strand 0.5mm
2
per core is normally adequate. Total cable length must
not exceed 500m. The screen must be continuous and connected to ground at one end, normally
at the master connection point; it is important to avoid circulating currents, especially when the
cable runs between buildings, for both safety and noise reasons.
This product does not provide a signal ground connection. If a signal ground connection is present
in the bus cable then it must be ignored, although it must have continuit y for the benefit of other
devices connected to the bus. At no stage must the signal ground be connected to the cables
screen or to the products chassis. This is for both safety and noise reasons.
9.2.1.4 Biasing
It may also be necessary to bias the signal wires to prevent jabber. Jabber occurs when the signal
level has an indeterminate state because the bus is not being actively driven. This can occur when
all the slaves are in receive mode and the master is slow to turn from receive mode to transmit
mode. This may be because the master purposefully waits in receive mode, or even in a high
impedance state, until it has something to transmit. Jabber causes the receiving device(s) to miss
the first bits of the first character in the packet, which results in the slave rejecting the message
and consequentially not responding. Symptoms of these are poor response times (due to retries),
increasing message error counters, erratic communications, and even a complete failure to
communicate.
Biasing requires that the signal lines be weakly pulled to a defined voltage level of about 1V. There
should only be one bias point on the bus, which is best situated at the master connection point.
The DC source used for the bias must be clean; otherwise noise will be injected. Note that some
devices may (optionally) be able to provide the bus bias, in which case external components will
not be required.
NOTE:
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NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 67
It is extremely important that the 120 termination resistors are fitted. Failure to do so will
result in an excessive bias voltage that may damage the devices connected to the bus.
As the field voltage is much higher than that required, NR can not assume responsibility for
any damage that may occur to a device connected to the network as a result of incorrect
application of this voltage.
Ensure that the field voltage is not being used for other purposes (i.e. powering logic inputs)
as this may cause noise to be passed to the communication network.
9.2.2 Ethernet Interface
This protective device can provide four rear Ethernet interfaces (optional) and they are unattached
each other. Parameters of each Ethernet port can be configured in the submenu IP ADDRESS.
9.2.2.1 Ethernet Standardized Communication Cable
It is recommended to use twisted screened eight-core cable as the communication cable. A picture
is shown bellow.


Figure 9.2-2 Ethernet communication cable
9.2.2.2 Connections and Topologies
Each equipment is connected with an exchanger via communication cable, and thereby i t forms a
star structure network. Dual-network is recommended in order to increase reliability. SCADA is
also connected to the exchanger and will play a role of master station, so the every equipment
which has been connected to the exchanger will play a role of slave unit.

Equipment Equipment Equipment
SCADA
Exchanger A
Exchanger B

Figure 9.2-3 Ethernet communication structure
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9.2.3 IEC60870-5-103 Communication
The IEC specification IEC60870-5-103: Telecontrol Equipment and Systems, Part 5: Transmission
Protocols Section 103 defines the use of standards IEC60870-5-1 to IEC60870-5-5 to perform
communication with protective device. The standard configuration for the IEC60870-5-103
protocol is to use a twisted pair EIA RS-485 connection over distances up to 500m. It also supports
to use an Ethernet connection. The relay operates as a slave in the system, responding to
commands from a master station.
To use the rear port with IEC60870-5-103 communication, the relevant settings ot the protective
device must be configured. To do this use the keypad and LCD user interface. In the submenu
EQUIP SETTINGS, set the parameters [Protocol] as 0, [COM1_Baud] and [COM2_Baud] as
9600. For using the Ethernet port with IEC60870-5-103 communication, the IP address and
submask of each Ethernet port can be set in the submenu IP ADDRESS. Please refer to section
7.3 for further details.
9.3 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Serial Port
The IEC60870-5-103 interface over serial port (RS-485) is a master/slave interface with the
protective device as the slave device. It is properly developed by NR.
The protective device conforms to compatibility level 2; compatibility level 3 is not supported.
The following IEC60870-5-103 facilities are supported by this interface:
Initialization (reset)
Time synchronization
Event record extraction
General interrogation
General functions
Disturbance records
9.3.1 Physical Connection and Link Layer
Two EIA RS-485 standardized ports are available for IEC60870-5-103 in this protective device.
The transmission speed is optional: 4800 bit/s, 9600 bit/s, 19200 bit/s or 38400 bit/s.
The link layer strictly abides by the rules defined in the IEC60870-5-103.
9.3.2 Initialization
Whenever the protective device has been powered up, or if the communication parameters have
been changed, a reset command is required to initialize the communications. The protective
device will respond to either of the two reset commands (Reset CU or Reset FCB), the difference
is that the Reset CU will clear any unsent messages in the transmit buffer.
The protective device will respond to the reset command with an identification message ASDU 5,
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the COT (Cause Of Transmission) of this response will be either Reset CU or Reset FCB
depending on the nature of the reset command.
9.3.3 Time Synchronization
The protective device time and date can be set using the time synchronization feature of the
IEC60870-5-103 protocol. The protective device will correct for the transmission delay as specified
in IEC60870-5-103. If the time synchronization message is sent as a send/confirm message then
the protective device will respond with a confirmation. Whether the time-synchronization message
is sent as a send confirmation or a broadcast (send/no reply) message, a time synchronization
class 1 event will be generated/produced.
If the protective device clock is synchronized using the IRIG-B input then it will not be possible to
set the protective device time using the IEC60870-5-103 interface. An attempt to set the time via
the interface will cause the protective device to create an event with the current date and time
taken from the IRIG-B synchronized internal clock.
9.3.4 Spontaneous Events
Events are categorized using the following information:
Type identification (TYP)
Function type (FUN)
Information number (INF)
1. The following table contains a complete listing of all events produced by the protective device.
For the details about this events.
TYP FUN INF COT Event Name
ASDU 2 249 130 1 Op_Clsd_CB
ASDU 1
249 3 1 BI_AutoSync
249 1 1 BI_SemiSync
249 2 1 BI_ManSync
249 28 1 BI_RunState
249 10 1 BI_NC_SyncRly
249 4 1 BI_NO_SyncRly
249 5 1 BI_Resv
249 6 1 BI_ManDeadChk
249 7 1 BI_AuxContact
249 8 1 BI_TrigSync
249 9 1 BI_ExtBlk
249 11 1 BI_ManCls
249 197 1 Alm_Smpl_DSP
249 198 1 Alm_SyncPoint
249 199 1 Alm_EEPROM
249 200 1 Alm_UV_Sys
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TYP FUN INF COT Event Name
249 201 1 Alm_Pwr_Opto
249 202 1 Alm_VTS
249 203 1 Alm_Fail_Cls
249 249 1 BI_BlkComm
9.3.5 General Interrogation
The GI can be used to read the status of the relay, the function numbers, and infor mation numbers
that will be returned during the GI cycle. The GI cycle strictly abides by the rules defined in the
IEC60870-5-103.
Refer the IEC60870-5-103 standard can get the enough details about general interrogation.
9.3.6 General Functions
The generic functions can be used to read the setting and protection measurement of the relay,
and modify the setting. Two supported type identifications are ASDU 21 and ASDU 10. For more
details about generic functions, see the IEC60870-5-103 standard.
Group num Group type
0 Device Description
1 Device Parameter
2 Setting Group
3 Setting
6 Virtual Enabling BI
9 Measurement
11 Net Setting
NOTEIf the setting [En_Remote_Cfg] in the submenu EQUIP SETTINGS is set as 0, to
modify protection settings remotely will not be allowed. Moreover, equipment parameters
are not allowed to be modified remotely whether the item [En_Remote_Cfg] is 1 or 0.
9.3.7 Disturbance Records
This protective device can store up to eight disturbance records in its memory. A pickup of the fault
detector or an operation of the relay can make the protective device store the disturbance records.
The disturbance records are stored in uncompressed format and can be extracted using the
standard mechanisms described in IEC60870-5-103.
ACC Content
21 Ua_S
22 Ub_S
23 Uc_S
24 Ua_G
25 Ub_G
26 Uc_G
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ACC Content
27 F_S
28 F_G
29 Fdif
30 Facc
31 Udif
32 Pdif
9.4 IEC60870-5-103 Interface over Ethernet
The IEC60870-5-103 interface over Ethernet is a master/slave interface with the relay as the slave
device. It is properly developed by NR too. All the service of this relay is based on generic
functions of the IEC60870-5-103. The following table lists all the group number of this relay. And
this relay will send all the relevant information about group caption to the SAS or RTU after
establishing a successful communication link.
Group Number Group Caption Description
0 Device Description
1 Device Parameter
2 Setting Group
3 Setting
6 Virtual Enabling BI
9 Measurement
10 Fault Data
11 Net Setting
12 Enabling BI
13 Operation Element
14 Alarm Info
15 Disturbance Info List
9.5 Messages Description for IEC61850 Protocol
9.5.1 Overview
The IEC 61850 standard is the result of years of work by electric utilities and vendors of electronic
equipment to produce standardized communications systems. IEC 61850 is a series of standards
describing client/server and peer-to-peer communications, substation design and configuration,
testing, environmental and project standards. The complete set includes:
IEC 61850-1: Introduction and overview
IEC 61850-2: Glossary
IEC 61850-3: General requirements
IEC 61850-4: System and project management
IEC 61850-5: Communications and requirements for functions and device models
IEC 61850-6: Configuration description language for communication in electrical substations
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related to IEDs
IEC 61850-7-1: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment
Principles and models
IEC 61850-7-2: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment - Abstract
communication service interface (ACSI)
IEC 61850-7-3: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment
Common data classes
IEC 61850-7-4: Basic communication structure for substation and feeder equipment
Compatible logical node classes and data classes
IEC 61850-8-1: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Mappings to MMS (ISO
9506-1 and ISO 9506-2) and to ISO/IEC 8802-3
IEC 61850-9-1: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Sampled values over
serial unidirectional multidrop point to point link
IEC 61850-9-2: Specific Communication Service Mapping (SCSM) Sampled values over
ISO/IEC 8802-3
IEC 61850-10: Conformance testing
These documents can be obtained from the IEC (http://www.iec.ch). It is strongly recommended
that all those involved with any IEC 61850 implementation obtain this document set.
9.5.2 Communication profiles
The RCS-900 series relay supports IEC 61850 server services over TCP/IP communication
protocol stacks. The TCP/IP profile requires the RCS-900 series to have an IP address to
establish communications. These addresses are located in the submenu IP ADDRESS.
MMS protocol
IEC 61850 specifies the use of the Manufacturing Message Specification (MMS) at the upper
(application) layer for transfer of real-time data. This protocol has been in existence for a number
of years and provides a set of services suitable for the transfer of data within a substation LAN
environment. Actual MMS protocol services are mapped to IEC 61850 abstract services in
IEC61850-8-1.
Client/server
This is a connection-oriented type of communication. The connection is initiated by the client, and
communication activity is controlled by the client. IEC61850 clients are often substation computers
running HMI programs or SOE logging software. Servers are usually substation equipment such
as protection relays, meters, RTUs, transformer, tap changers, or bay controllers.
Peer-to-peer
This is a non-connection-oriented, high speed type of communication usually between substation
equipment, such as protection relays. GOOSE is the method of peer-to-peer communication.
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Substation configuration language (SCL)
A substation configuration language is a number of files used to describe the configuration of
substation equipment. Each configured device has an IEC Capability Description (ICD) file and a
Configured IED Description (CID) file. The substation single line information is stored in a System
Specification Description (SSD) file. The entire substation configuration is stored in a Substation
Configuration Description (SCD) file. The SCD file is the combination of the individual ICD files
and the SSD file.
9.5.3 Server data organization
IEC61850 defines an object-oriented approach to data and services. An IEC61850 physical device
can contain one or more logical device(s) (for proxy). Each logical device can contain many logical
nodes. Each logical node can contain many data objects. Each data object is composed of data
attributes and data attribute components. Services are available at each level for performing
various functions, such as reading, writing, control commands, and reporting.
Each IED represents one IEC61850 physical device. The physical device contains one logical
device, and the logical device contains many logical nodes. The logical node LPHD contains
information about the IED physical device. The logical node LLN0 contains information about the
IED logical device.
9.5.3.1 Digital status values
The GGIO logical node is available in the RCS-900 series relays to provide access to digital status
points (including general I/O inputs and warnings) and associated timestamps and quality flags.
The data content must be configured before the data can be used. GGIO provides digital status
points for access by clients. It is intended that clients use GGIO in order to access digital status
values from the RCS-900 series relays. Clients can utilize the IEC61850 buffered reporting
features available from GGIO in order to build sequence of events (SOE) logs and HMI display
screens. Buffered reporting should generally be used for SOE logs since the buffering capability
reduces the chances of missing data state changes. All needed status data objects are transmitted
to HMI clients via buffered reporting, and the corresponding buffered reporting control block
(BRCB) is defined in LLN0.
9.5.3.2 Analog values
Most of analog measured values are available through the MMXU logical nodes, and metering
values in MMTR, the else in MMXN, MSQI and so on. Each MMXU logical node provides data
from a IED current/voltage source. There is one MMXU available for each configurable source.
MMXU1 provides data from CT/VT source 1(usually for protection purpose), and MMXU2 provides
data from CT/VT source 2 (usually for monitor and display purpose). All these analog data objects
are transmitted to HMI clients via unbuffered reporting periodically, and the corresponding
unbuffered reporting control block (URCB) is defined in LLN0. MMXUx logical nodes provide the
following data for each source:
MMXU.ST.Hz: frequency
MMXU.ST.PPV.phsAB: phase AB voltage magnitude and angle
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MMXU.ST.PPV.phsBC: phase BC voltage magnitude and angle
MMXU.ST.PPV.phsCA: Phase CA voltage magnitude and angle
MMXU.ST.PhV.phsA: phase AG voltage magnitude and angle
MMXU.ST.PhV.phsB: phase BG voltage magnitude and angle
MMXU.ST.PhV.phsC: phase CG voltage magnitude and angle
MMXU.ST.A.phsA: phase A current magnitude and angle
MMXU.ST.A.phsB: phase B current magnitude and angle
MMXU.ST.A.phsC: phase C current magnitude and angle
9.5.3.3 LLN0 and other logical nodes
Logical node LLN0 is essential for an IEC61850 based IED. This LN shall be used to address
common issues for Logical Devices. Most of the public services, the common settings, control
values and some device oriented data objects are available here. The public services may be
BRCB, URCB and GSE control blocks and similar global defines for the whole device; the
common settings include all the setting items of communication settings. System settings and
some of the protection setting items, which can be configured to two or more protection elements
(logical nodes). In LLN0, the item Loc is a device control object, this Do item indicates the local
operation for complete logical device, when it is true, all the remote control commands to the IED
will be blocked and those commands make effective until the item Loc is changed to false. In
RCS-900 series relays, besides the logical nodes we describe above, there are some other logical
nodes below in the IEDs:
LPHD: Physical device information, the logical node to model common issues for physical
device.
PTRC: Protection trip conditioning, it shall be used to connect the operate outputs of one or
more protection functions to a common trip to be transmitted to XCBR. In addition or
alternatively, any combination of operate outputs of protection functions may be combined to
a new operate of PTRC.
RDRE: Disturbance recorder function. It triggers the fault wave recorder and its output refers
to the IEEE Standard Format for Transient Data Exchange (COMTRADE) for Power System
(IEC 60255-24). All enabled channels are included in the recording, independently of the
trigger mode.
9.5.4 Server features and configuration
9.5.4.1 Buffered/unbuffered reporting
IEC61850 buffered and unbuffered reporting control blocks locate in LLN0, they can be configured
to transmit information of protection trip information (in the Protection logical nodes), binary status
values (in GGIO) and analog measured/calculated values (in MMXU, MMTR and MSQI). The
reporting control blocks can be configured in CID files, and then be sent to the IED via an
IEC61850 client. The following items can be configured.
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TrgOps: Trigger options.
The following bits are supported by the RCS-900 series relays:
Bit 1: Data-change
Bit 4: Integrity
Bit 5: General interrogation
OptFlds: Option Fields.
The following bits are supported by the RCS-900 series relays:
Bit 1: Sequence-number
Bit 2: Report-time-stamp
Bit 3: Reason-for-inclusion
Bit 4: Data-set-name
Bit 5: Data-reference
Bit 6: Buffer-overflow (for buffered reports only)
Bit 7: EntryID (for buffered reports only)
Bit 8: Conf-revision
Bit 9: Segmentation
IntgPd: Integrity period.
BufTm: Buffer time.
9.5.4.2 File transfer
MMS file services are supported to allow transfer of oscillography, event record or other files from
a RCS-900 series relay.
9.5.4.3 Timestamps
The timestamp values associated with all IEC61850 data items represent the time of the last
change of either the value or quality flags of the data item.
9.5.4.4 Logical node name prefixes
IEC61850 specifies that each logical node can have a name with a total length of 11 characters.
The name is composed of:
A five or six-character name prefix.
A four-character standard name (for example, MMXU, GGIO, PIOC, etc.).
A one or two-character instantiation index.
Complete names are of the form xxxxxxPTOC1, where the xxxxxx character string is configurable.
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Details regarding the logical node naming rules are given in IEC61850 parts 6 and 7-2. It is
recommended that a consistent naming convention be used for an entire substation project.
9.5.4.5 GOOSE services
IEC61850 specifies the type of peer-to-peer data transfer services: Generic Object Oriented
Substation Events (GOOSE). IEC61850 GOOSE services provide virtual LAN (VLAN) support,
Ethernet priority tagging, and Ether-type Application ID configuration. The support for VLANs and
priority tagging allows for the optimization of Ethernet network traffic. GOOSE messages can be
given a higher priority than standard Ethernet traffic, and they can be separated onto specific
VLANs. Devices that transmit GOOSE messages also Devices that transmit GOOSE messages
also function as servers. Each GOOSE publisher contains a GOOSE control block to configure
and control the transmission.
The transmission is also controlled via device setting GOOSE Group ID in the setting submenu
EQUIP SETUP. The GOOSE Group ID setting item defines a definite IED group in which the
IED can communicate with each other via GOOSE protocol, and if GOOSE Group ID is configured
to 0, GOOSE service is blocked in this IED. IEC61850 recommends a default priority value of 4
for GOOSE. Ethernet traffic that does not contain a priority tag has a default priority of 1. More
details are specified in IEC61850 part 8-1. IEC61850 recommends that the Ether-type Application
ID number be configured according to the GOOSE source.
The RCS-9659 series relays support IEC61850 Generic Object Oriented Substation Event
(GOOSE) communication. All GOOSE messages contain IEC61850 data collected into a dataset.
It is this dataset that is transferred using GOOSE message services. The GOOSE related dataset
is configured in the CID file and it is recommended that the fixed GOOSE be used for
implementations that require GOOSE data transfer between RCS-900 series relays.
IEC61850 GOOSE messaging contains a number of configurable parameters, all of which must be
correct to achieve the successful transfer of data. It is critical that the configured datasets at the
transmission and reception devices are an exact match in terms of data structure, and that the
GOOSE addresses and name strings match exactly.
The general steps required for transmission configuration are:
Configure the transmission dataset.
Configure the GOOSE service settings.
Configure the data.
The general steps required for reception configuration are:
1. Configure the reception dataset.
2. Configure the GOOSE service settings.
3. Configure the data.
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9.5.5 ACSI conformance
9.5.5.1 ACSI basic conformance statement
Services Client Server RCS-900 Series
Client-Server Roles
B11 Server side (of Two-party Application-Association) C1 Y
B12 Client side (of Two-party Application-Association) C1 N
SCSMS Supported
B21 SCSM: IEC 61850-8-1 used N N Y
B22 SCSM: IEC 61850-9-1 used N N N
B23 SCSM: IEC 61850-9-2 used N N N
B24 SCSM: other N N N
Generic Substation Event Model (GSE)
B31 Publisher side O Y
B32 Subscriber side O Y
Transmission Of Sampled Value Model (SVC)
B41 Publisher side O N
B42 Subscriber side O N
Where:
C1: Shall be "M" if support for LOGICAL-DEVICE model has been declared
O: Optional
M: Mandatory
Y: Supported by RCS-900 series relays
N: Currently not supported by RCS-900 series relays
9.5.5.2 ACSI models conformance statement
Services Client Server RCS-900 Series
M1 Logical device C2 C2 Y
M2 Logical node C3 C3 Y
M3 Data C4 C4 Y
M4 Data set C5 C5 Y
M5 Substitution O O Y
M6 Setting group control O O Y
Reporting
M7 Buffered report control O O Y
M7-1 sequence-number Y Y Y
M7-2 report-time-stamp Y Y Y
M7-3 reason-for-inclusion Y Y Y
M7-4 data-set-name Y Y Y
M7-5 data-reference Y Y Y
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Services Client Server RCS-900 Series
M7-6 buffer-overflow Y Y Y
M7-7 entryID Y Y Y
M7-8 BufTm N N N
M7-9 IntgPd Y Y Y
M7-10 GI Y Y Y
M8 Unbuffered report control M M Y
M8-1 sequence-number Y Y Y
M8-2 report-time-stamp Y Y Y
M8-3 reason-for-inclusion Y Y Y
M8-4 data-set-name Y Y Y
M8-5 data-reference Y Y Y
M8-6 BufTm N N N
M8-7 IntgPd N Y Y
Logging
M9 Log control O O N
M9-1 IntgPd N N N
M10 Log O O N
GSE
M12 GOOSE O O Y
M13 GSSE O O N
M14 Multicast SVC O O N
M15 Unicast SVC O O N
M16 Time M M Y
M17 File transfer O O Y
Where:
C2: Shall be "M" if support for LOGICAL-NODE model has been declared
C3: Shall be "M" if support for DATA model has been declared
C4: Shall be "M" if support for DATA-SET, Substitution, Report, Log Control, or Time models has
been declared
C5: Shall be "M" if support for Report, GSE, or SMV models has been declared
M: Mandatory
Y: Supported by RCS-900 series relays
N: Currently not supported by RCS-900 series relays
9.5.5.3 ACSI Services conformance statement
Service Server/Publisher RCS-900 Series
Server
S1 ServerDirectory M Y
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Service Server/Publisher RCS-900 Series
Application association
S2 Associate M Y
S3 Abort M Y
S4 Release M Y
Logical device
S5 LogicalDeviceDirectory M Y
Logical node
S6 LogicalNodeDirectory M Y
S7 GetAllDataValues M Y
Data
S8 GetDataValues M Y
S9 SetDataValues M Y
S10 GetDataDirectory M Y
S11 GetDataDefinition M Y
Data set
S12 GetDataSetValues M Y
S13 SetDataSetValues O
S14 CreateDataSet O
S15 DeleteDataSet O
S16 GetDataSetDirectory M Y
Substitution
S17 SetDataValues M Y
Setting group control
S18 SelectActiveSG M/O Y
S19 SelectEditSG M/O Y
S20 SetSGValuess M/O Y
S21 ConfirmEditSGValues M/O Y
S22 GetSGValues M/O Y
S23 GetSGCBValues M/O Y
Reporting
Buffered report control block
S24 Report M Y
S24-1 data-change M Y
S24-2 qchg-change M Y
S24-3 data-update M Y
S25 GetBRCBValues M Y
S26 SetBRCBValues M Y
Unbuffered report control block
S27 Report M Y
S27-1 data-change M Y
S27-2 qchg-change M Y
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Service Server/Publisher RCS-900 Series
S27-3 data-update M Y
S28 GetURCBValues M Y
S29 SetURCBValues M Y
Logging
Log control block
S30 GetLCBValues O
S31 SetLCBValues O
Log
S32 QueryLogByTime O
S33 QueryLogAfter O
S34 GetLogStatusValues O
Generic substation event model (GSE)
GOOSE control block
S35 SendGOOSEMessage M Y
S36 GetGoReference O
S37 GetGOOSEElementNumber O Y
S38 GetGoCBValues M Y
S39 SetGoCBValuess M Y
Control
S51 Select O
S52 SelectWithValue M Y
S53 Cancel M Y
S54 Operate M Y
S55 Command-Termination O Y
S56 TimeActivated-Operate O
File transfer
S57 GetFile M/O Y
S58 SetFile O Y
S59 DeleteFile O
S60 GetFileAttributeValues M/O Y
Time
SNTP M Y


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Chapter 10 Installation and Commissioning
10.1 Introduction
The chapter contains instructions on how to install and commission the equipment. It can also be
used as a reference if a periodic test is performed. The chapter covers procedures for mechanical
and electrical installation, energizing and checking of external circuitry, setting and configuration
as well as verifying settings and performing a directionality test.
The chapter contains the following information:
1) The Safety information presents warning and note signs, which the user should draw
attention to.
2) The Overview gives an overview over the major task when installing and commissioning the
equipment.
3) The Unpacking and checking the protective device contains instructions on how to
receive the equipment.
4) The Installing the protective device contains instructions on how to install the equipment.
5) The Checking the external circuitry contains instructions on how to check that the
equipment is properly connected to the protection system.
6) The Energizing the protective device contains instructions on how to start-up the
equipment.
7) The Setting the protective device contains instructions on how to download settings and
configuration to the equipment.
8) The Establishing connection and verifying communication contains instructions on how
to verify the communication.
9) The Verifying settings by secondary injection contains instructions on how to verify that
each included function operates correctly according to the set value.
10) The Final check contains instructions on how to do final check to make the equipment
ready for being put into service.
The chapter is addressing the installation, commissioning and maintenance personnel responsible
for taking the protection into normal service and out of service. The installation personnel must
have a basic knowledge in handling electronic equipment. The commissioning and maintenance
personnel must be well experienced in using equipment, test equipment, synchronizing function
and the configured functional logics in the equipment.
10.2 Safety Information
This section contains safety information. Warning signs are presented which attend the user to be
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careful during certain operations in order to avoid human injuries or damage to equipment.
Warning signs
Warning!
Strictly follow the company and country safety regulations. Working in a high voltage
environment requires serious approach to avoid human injuries and damage to
equipment.
Do not touch circuitry during operation. Potentially lethal voltages and currents are
present.
Always avoid touching the circuitry when the cover is removed. The product contains
electronic circuitries which can be damaged if exposed to static electricity (ESD). The
electronic circuitries also contain high voltage which is lethal to humans.
Always use suitable isolated test pins when measuring signals in open circuitry.
Potentially lethal voltages and currents are present.
Never connect or disconnect a wire and/or a connector to or fr om a equipment during
normal operation. Hazardous voltages and currents are present that may be lethal.
Operation may be disrupted and equipment and measuring circuitry may be damaged.
Always connect the equipment to protective ground, regardless of the operating
conditions. This also applies to special occasions such as bench testing, demonstrations
and off-site configuration. Operating the equipment without proper grounding may
damage both terminal and measuring circuitry, and may cause injuries in case of an
accident.
Never disconnect a secondary connection of current transformer circuit without
short-circuiting the transformers secondary winding. Operating a current transformer
with the secondary winding open will cause a massive potential build-up that may
damage the transformer and may cause injuries to humans.
Never unmount the front or back cover from a powered equipment or from a equipment
connected to powered circuitry. Potentially lethal voltages and currents are present.
Caution signs

Caution!
Always transport modules using certified conductive bags. Always handle modules using
a conductive wrist strap connected to protective ground and on a suitable antistatic
surface. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) may cause damage to the module.
Do not connect live wires to the equipment. Internal circuitry may be damaged.
Always use a conductive wrist strap connected to protective ground when replacing
modules. Electrostatic discharge (ESD) may damage the module and equipment
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
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circuitry.
Take care to avoid electrical shock if accessing wiring and connection equipment when
installing and commissioning.
Note signs
Note!
Changing the active setting group will inevitably change the equipments operation. Be
careful and check regulations before making the change.
The protection assembly is designed for a maximum continuous current of four times
rated value.
Activating the other setting group without proper configuration may seriously affect the
equipments operation.
10.3 Overview
The settings for each function must be calculated before the commissioning task can start. A
configuration, made in the configuration and programming tool, must also be available if the
equipment does not have a factory configuration downloaded.
The equipment is unpacked and visually checked. It is preferably mounted in a cubicle. The
connection to the protection system has to be checked in order to verify that the installation was
successful.
The installation and commissioning task starts with configuring the digital communication modules,
if included. The equipment can then be configured and set, which means that settings and a
configuration has to be applied if the equipment does not have a factory configuration downloaded.
Then the operation of each included function according to applied settings has to be verified by
secondary injection. A complete check of the configuration can then be made. A conformity test of
the secondary system has also to be done. When the primary system has been energized a
directionality check should be made.
10.4 Unpacking and Checking the Equipment
Procedure
1) Remove the transport casing.
2) Visually inspect the equipment.
Carefully examine the protection panel, equipment inside and other parts inside to see
that no physical damage has occurred since installation.
The rating information should be given for the equipment.
The rating information of other auxiliary protections should be checked to ensure it is
correct for the particular installation.
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Panel wiring:
Check the conducting wire used in the panel to assure that their cross section meet the
requirement. Carefully examine the wiring to see that they are no connection failure exists.
Label:
Check all the isolator links, terminal blocks, ferrules, indicators, switches and push buttons to
make sure that their labels meet the requirements of this project.
Equipment plug-in modules:
Check each plug-in module of the equipments on the panel to make sure that they are well
installed into the equipment without any screw loosened.
Earthing cable:
Check whether the earthing cable from the panel terminal block is safely screwed to the panel
steel sheet.
Switch, keypad, isolator links and push button:
Check whether all the switches, equipment keypad, isolator links and push buttons work normally
and smoothly.
3) Check that all items are included in accordance with the delivery documents.
The user is requested to check that all software functions are included according to the delivery
documents after the terminal has been energized.
4) Check for transport damages.
These product checks cover all aspects of the protection, which should be checked to ensure that
the protection not only has not been physically damaged prior to commissioning but also functions
correctly and all input quantity measurements are within the stated tolerances.
10.5 Installing the Protective Device
10.5.1 Overview
The mechanical and electrical environmental conditions at the installation site must be within
permissible range according to the technical data of the equipment. Dusty, damp places, places
liable to rapid temperature variations, powerful vibrations and shocks, surge voltages of high
amplitude and fast rise time, strong induced magnetic fields or similar extreme conditions should
be avoided. Please refer to Chapter 2 for details.
Sufficient space must be available in front of and at rear of the protection panel to allow access for
maintenance and future modifications. Flush mounted equipment should be mounted so that
equipment modules can be added and replaced without excessive demounting.
10.5.2 Dimensions
The equipment adopts IEC standard chassis and is rack with modular structure. It uses an integral
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NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 85
faceplate and plug terminal block on backboard for external connections. RCS-9659 series is IEC
4U high and 19 wide. Figure 10.5-1 shows its dimensions and Figure 10.5-2 shows the panel
cut-out.
291
AUTO SYNCHRONIZER
NANJING NARI-RELAYS ELECTRIC CO.,LTD.
RCS-9659
CLOSE
TARGET RESET
f
U
U
f
ALARM
SYNC
HEALTHY
G
R
P
E
S
C
ENT

Figure 10.5-1 Dimensions of RCS-9659
465.0
450.0
1
7
9
.
0
1
0
1
.
6
4-6.8

Figure 10.5-2 panel cut-out of RCS-9659
10.5.3 Grounding Guidelines
Switching operations in HV installations generate transient over voltages on control signal cables.
There is also a background of electromagnetic RF fields in electrical installations that can induce
spurious currents in the devices themselves or the leads connected to them.
All these influences can influence the operation of electronic apparatus. On the other hand,
electronic apparatus can transmit interference that can disrupt the operation of other apparatus.
In order to minimize these influences as far as possible, certain standards have to be observed
with respect to grounding, wiring and screening.
NOTE: All these precautions can only be effective if the station ground is of good quality.
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10.5.4 Cubicle Grounding
The cubicle must be designed and fitted out such that the impedance for RF interference of the
ground path from the electronic device to the cubicle ground terminal is as low as possible.
Metal accessories such as side plates, blanking plates etc., must be effectively connected
surface-to-surface to the grounded frame to ensure a low-impedance path to ground for RF
interference. The contact surfaces must not only conduct well, they must also be non-corroding.
NOTE: If the above conditions are not fulfilled, there is a possibility of the cubicle or parts
of it forming a resonant circuit at certain frequencies that would amplify the transmission
of interference by the devices installed and also reduce their immunity to induced
interference.
Movable parts of the cubicle such as doors (front and back) or hinged equipment frames must be
effectively grounded to the frame by three braided copper strips (refer to Figure 10.5-3).
The metal parts of the cubicle housing and the ground rail are interconnected electrically
conducting and corrosion proof. The contact surfaces shall be as large as possible.
NOTE: For metallic connections please observe the voltage difference of both materials
according to the electrochemical code.
The cubicle ground rail must be effectively connected to the station ground rail by a grounding strip
(braided copper).

Door or hinged
equipment frame
Cubicle ground
rail close to floor
Station
ground
Braided
copper strip
Conducting
connection

Figure 10.5-3 Cubicle grounding system
10.5.5 Ground Connection on the Device
There is a ground terminal on the rear panel (refer to Figure 10.5-4), and the ground braided
copper strip can be connected with it. Take care that the grounding strip is always as short as
possible. The main thing is that the device is only grounded at one point. Grounding loops f rom
unit to unit are not allowed.
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 87
There are some ground terminals on some connectors of the equipments, and the sign is GND.
All the ground terminals are connected in the cabinet of this equipment. So, the ground terminal on
the rear panel (refer to Figure 10.5-4) is the only ground terminal of this device.

Figure 10.5-4 Ground terminal
10.5.6 Grounding Strips and their Installation
High frequency currents are produced by interference in the ground connections and because of
skin effect at these frequencies, only the surface region of the grounding strips is of consequence.
The grounding strips must therefore be of (preferably tinned) braided copper and not round copper
conductors, as the cross-section of round copper would have to be too large.
Data of braided copper strip: threaded M4, 4.0mm
2
. Proper terminations must be fitted to both
ends (press/pinch fit and tinned) with a hole for bolting them firmly to the items to be connected.
The surfaces to which the grounding strips are bolted must be electrically conducting and
non-corroding.
The following figure shows the ground strip and termination.

Braided
copper strip
Press/pinch fit
cable terminal
Terminal bolt
Contact surface

Figure 10.5-5 Ground strip and termination
10.5.7 Making the electrical connections
Always make sure established guidelines for this type of terminal is followed during installation.
When necessary use screened twisted-pair cables to minimize susceptibility. Otherwise, use any
kind of regular nonscreened tinned RK cable or equivalent.
When using screened cabling always use 360 full screen cable bushing to ensure screen
coupling. Ensure that all signals of the single circuit are in the same single cable. Avoid mixing
current and voltage measuring signals in the same cable. Also use separate cables for control and
measuring circuits.
1) Connecting the VT/CT circuits:
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 88
Heavy-duty terminal block, M4 threaded terminal ends. VT circuit must be connected with the
protective device through an MCB.
2) Connecting the auxiliary power:
Auxiliary power cords cross can be directly screwed fixed on the rear panel of DC board. Refer to
section 6.2.1.
3) Input/output signal connectors:
Welding terminals. Those devices are supplied with sufficient M4 screws for making connections
to the rear mounted terminal blocks using ring terminals, with a recommended maximum of two
ring terminals per terminal.
To meet the insulation requirements of the terminal block, for the sake of saf ety, an insulating
sleeve should be fitted over the ring terminal after crimping.
The wire used for all connections to the welding terminal blocks and heavy duty terminal blocks,
except the EIA RS-485 port, should have a minimum voltage rating of 300Vrms.
It is recommended that the auxiliary power circuit wiring should be protected by using a 16A high
rupture capacity (HRC) fuse of type NIT or TIA. For safety reasons, current transformer circuits
must never be open.
4) Connecting to protective ground:
Connect the unit to the grounding bar of the cubicle with green/yellow conductor; connected to the
protective Earthing terminal at the back of the DC board. Refer to section 6.2.2. Attend that the
earth wire must be as short as possible. All cautions have to be taken to ensure the best electrical
conductivity, particularly the contact quality, stainless conductor. The impedance between the
equipment Earthing terminal and the Earth must be less than 20m under 12Volt, 50Hz. What
matters is that the device has to be only grounded at one point. Loop grounding from unit to unit is
not allowed.
5) Installing the optic fibres
Connectors are generally color coded; connect blue or dark grey cable connectors to blue or dark
grey (receive) back-side connectors. Connect black or grey cable connectors to black or grey
(transmit) back-side connectors.
Fiber optical cables are sensitive to handling. Do not bend too sharply. The minimum curvature
radius is 15 cm for plastic fibers and 25 cm for glass fibers. If cable straps are used, apply with
loose fit.
NOTE: Always hold the connector, never the cable, when connecting or disconnecting
optical fibres. Do not twist, pull or bend the fibre. Invisible damage may i ncrease fibre damping
thus making communication impossible.
6) Installing the RS-485 serial port communication cables:
When using galvanic connection between the synchronizer equipment and communication
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 89
equipment or point-to-point galvanic connection between two equipments it is essential that the
cable installation is carefully done. This is true regardless of type of module used, only the
possible length of the cable differs. The factors that must be taken into account is the susceptibility
for noise disturbance, due to that the levels of the communication signal are very low. For a best
result, a cable with twisted pairs with screen should be used.
RS-485 serial communication interface, a termination 120-ohm resistor has to be connected at
each extremity of the bus. Refer to Chapter 9.
10.5.8 Typical Wiring
Relevant information about the modules and the connectors of the equipment are listed in
following table. Refer to 6.2 can help to wire correctly and effectively.
No. Module Description
1 OUT Synchronism operating module
2 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
3 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
4 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
5 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
6 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
7 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
8 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
9 OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
A OUT Synchronism operating module (optional)
B SIG Signal output module
C SIG Signal output module
E OPT Binary input opto-coupler module
F COM Communication module
G CPU Control nucleus of the equipment
H LFP Low-pass filter
J AC AC current and voltage input module
K DC DC power supply module
The typical wiring of the protective device is shown as below.
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 90
A
B
C
G
BUS
Ua_G Ub_G Uc_G
n14 n15
Un_G Ub_Gn
n16 n09 n10
Uc_G Un_G Ua_S
n11 n12 n05
Ub_S Uc_S Un_S
n06 n07 n08
Ub_S
n02
Uc_S Un_S
n03 n04 n13
Ua_Gn Ua_S
n01
Power Grid
n26(28)
No. n OUT board
Generator voltage System voltage
J17 Un_G
J21 Uc_G
J25 Ub_G
J29 Ua_G
N
o
.

J

A
C
J01
J05
J09
J13
N
o
.

J

A
C
Un_S
Uc_S
Ub_S
Ua_S
n17 BO_StepUp+
n18 BO_StepUp-
n19 BO_StepDown+
n20 BO_StepDown-
N
o
.

n


O
U
T

b
o
a
r
d n21
n22
n23
n24
n25
n27
n26
n28
n30
n29
BO_Decel+
BO_Decel-
BO_Accel+
BO_Accel-
BO_Cls+
BO_Cls-
BI_RmtSyncCmd*
BI_ManSyncCmd*
BI_AuxContact
Opto_L-
K01 DC +
K02 DC -
K04 Opto_L+ (Output)
K05 Opto_L- (Output)
K06 Ground
N
o
.
K

D
C

b
o
a
r
d
E01 PrintBinInput
E02 BI_Pulse_GPS
E03 BI_RstTarg
E04 BI_BlkComm
N
o
.
E

O
P
T

b
o
a
r
d
E05
E06
E07
E08
E09
E10
E11
E12
E17
E18
BI_ManSync
BI_AutoSync
BI_RunState
BI_ManDeadChk
BI_ManAccel*
BI_ManStepDown*
BI_ManDecel*
BI_NC_SyncRly
BI_NO_SyncRly E19
E20
E23
E26
E13
E16
BI_TrigSync
BI_ExtBlk
BI_SemiSync
BI_ManStepUp*
BI_Cls
Opto_L+
Opto_L-
T
o

G
e
n
e
r
a
t
o
r

G
o
v
e
r
n
e
r
T
o

P
r
im
e

M
o
v
e
r
T
o

C
B
RS485A
RS485B
F12
F10
F11
F09
RS485A
RS485B
F07
F08
RS485A
RS485B
F03
F01
F02
P
T
R
SHLD
GND
RS485A/RS232R
RS485B/RS232T
F06
F04
F05
SGND
C
O
M
1
C
O
M
2
G
P
S

P
L
S
P
T
R
SHLD
B09
B28
B05
B04
BO_ManReg B08
B07
BO_ManCls
Common Port of Local Signal B01
B29
B30
A
n
n
u
n
c
i
a
t
i
o
n

S
i
g
n
a
l
R
e
m
o
t
e

S
ig
n
a
l
Blockage
Output 1
BO_Blk_1+
Common Port of Remote Signal
B27
BO_Blk_1-
BO_Blk_2+
BO_Blk_2-
Blockage
Output 2
BO_ManReg
BO_ManCls
N
o
.

B


S
I
G

b
o
a
r
d
C08
C07
C10
C09
C28
C12
C04
C03
BO_AutoReg
C06
C05 BO_AutoCls
Common Port of Local Signal
BO_Fail
C01
BO_Alm_Abnor
C29
C30
A
n
n
u
n
c
i
a
t
i
o
n

S
i
g
n
a
l
R
e
m
o
t
e

S
i
g
n
a
l
BO_Blk_3+
BO_AutoReg
BO_AutoCls
Common Port of Remote Signal
BO_Fail
BO_Alm_Abnor
C27
BO_Blk_3-
BO_Blk_4+
BO_Blk_4-
Blockage
Output 3
Blockage
Output 4
N
o
.

C


S
I
G

b
o
a
r
d
T
o

o
t
h
e
r

p
r
o
t
e
c
t
io
n

r
e
la
y
T
o

o
t
h
e
r

p
r
o
t
e
c
t
io
n

r
e
la
y
N
o
.

F


C
O
M

b
o
a
r
d
From external
power source
AI FOR TEST
DB15
HMI
LCD
KEYPAD
DB9
PC
RS232
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
DB9 female serial connector
DB9 male serial connector
Earthing Terminal
On No.J AC board
Station Ground Grid
(REAR VIEW)
Modular Arrangements
No.
Module
K
DC
J
AC
H
LPF
G
CPU
F
COM
E
OPT
C
SIG
B
SIG
n
OUT
n=1,2,,A
Station Ground Grid
52

Figure 10.5-6 Typical wiring
10.6 Check the External Circuitry
The user must check the installation, which includes verifying that the equipment is connected to
the other parts of the protection system. This is done with the equipment and all connected circuits
de-energized.
1) Checking the VT circuits
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 91
Check that the wiring is in strict accordance with the suppli ed wiring diagram.
Test the circuitry. The following tests are recommended:
Polarity check
Grounding check
2) Checking the power supply
Check that the value of the auxiliary supply voltage remains with the permissible range under all
operating conditions. Check that the polarity is correct according to the instruction manual on the
rear plate of DC board. Refer to section 6.2.1.
3) Checking binary input circuits
Preferably, disconnect the binary input connector form the binary input cards. Check all connected
signals so that both input level and polarity are in accordance with the equipments specifications.
NOTE: The binary inputs may be energized from an external dc auxiliary supply (e.g. the
station battery) in some installations. Check that this is not the case before connecting the
field voltage otherwise damage to the protection may result. The status of each binary
input can be viewed using either RCSPC software installed in a portable PC or by
checking the front man-machine interface LCD. When each binary input is energized the
display will change to indicate the new state of the inputs.
4) Checking binary output circuits
Preferably, disconnect the binary output connector form the binary output cards. Check all
connected signals so that both load and polarity are in accordance with the equipments
specifications.
10.7 Energizing the Equipment
Before the procedures in this section can be carried out the connection to external circuitry must
have been checked which ensures that the installation was made correctly.
The user must energize the power supply to the equipment to start it up. This could be done in a
numerous of ways, from energizing a whole cubicle to energizing a single equipment. The user
should reconfigure the equipment settings. The equipment clock must be set. The self-supervision
function should also be checked to verify that the equipment operates properly. The user could
also check the software version, the equipments serial number, the installed modules, and their
ordering number to ensure that the equipment is according to delivery and ordering specifications.
10.7.1 Checking front panel LCD display
The liquid crystal display (LCD) is designed to operate in a wide range of substation ambient
temperatures. For this purpose, this equipment has an automatic LCD contrast adjusting feature,
which is capable to adjust LCD contrast automatically according to the ambient temperature.
Connect the equipment to DC power supply correctly and turn the equipment on. Check program
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 92
version and forming time displayed in command menu to ensure that are corresponding to what
ordered.
10.7.2 Setting the date and time
If the time and date is not being maintained by substation automation system, the date and time
should be set manually.
Set the date and time to the correct local time and date using menu item CLOCK. Refer to
section 8.4.3 for detailed procedures.
In the event of the auxiliary supply failing, with a battery fitted on CPU board, the time and date will
be maintained. Therefore when the auxiliary supply is restored the time and date will be correct
and not need to set again.
To test this, remove the auxiliary supply from the equipment for approximately 30s. After being
re-energized, the time and date should be correct.
10.7.3 Checking light emitting diodes (LEDs)
On power up, the green LED HEALTHY should have illuminated and stayed on indicating that
the protective device is healthy.
The equipment has latched signal relays which remember the state of close when the equipment
was last energized from an auxiliary supply. Therefore this indicator may also illuminate when the
auxiliary supply is applied. If this LED is on then they should be reset before proceeding with
further testing. If the LED successfully reset, the LED goes out. There is no testing required for
that that LED because it is known to be operational.
Produce one of the abnormal conditions listed in 4.3 the ALARM LED will be lit in yellow. When
abnormal condition reset, the ALARM LED is extinguished. Other LEDs can be tested during
functional check stage.
10.8 Setting the Protective Device
The customer specific values for each setting parameter have to be available. Each function
included in the equipment has several setting parameters which has to be set in order to make the
equipment behave as intended. A default value is provided for each parameter from factory.
All settings can be:
Download from a PC or laptop with RCSPC software or remotely by SCADA. Front port
communication has to be established before the settings can be downloaded.
Entered manually through the local HMI (refer to section 8.2.5)
To change settings through the local HMI need a password which is +, , and - keyboard
on the front panel.
Unless previously agreed to the contrary, the customer will be responsible for determining the
application-specific settings to be applied to the protection and for testing of any scheme logic
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 93
applied by external wiring and/or configuration of the protections internal programmable scheme
logic.
10.9 Establishing Connection and Verifying Communication
This test should only be performed where the protection is to be accessed from a remote location
and will vary depending on the communications standard being adopted.
It is not the intention of the test to verify the operation of the complete system from the equipment
to the remote location, just the protections rear communications port and any protocol converter
necessary.
10.10 Verifying settings by secondary injection
10.10.1 Commissioning Tools
Required tools for testing of a protective device:
Minimum equipment required:
Multifunctional dynamic current and voltage injection test set with interval timer.
Multimeter with suitable AC current range and AC/DC voltage ranges of 0-440V and 0-250V
respectively.
Continuity tester (if not included in the multimeter).
Phase angle meter.
Phase rotation meter.
NOTE: Modern test set may contain many of the above features in one unit.
Optional equipment:
An electronic or brushless insulation tester with a DC output not exceeding 500 V (for
insulation resistance test when required).
A portable PC, with appropriate software (this enables the rear communications por t to be
tested, if this is to be used, and will also save considerable time during commissioning).
EIA RS-485 to EIA RS-232 converter (if EIA RS-485 IEC60870-5-103 port is being tested).
An EPSON 300K printer.
RCS-9000 serials dedicated protection tester TEST or HELP-90.
At the same time, the calculated settings, substation configuration diagram, the protective device
diagram and the instruction manual is essential to test the protective device.
The equipment has to be set before the testing can start. Only the functions that are used should
be tested.
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
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The response from a test can be viewed in different ways:
Binary output signals
Service values in the local HMI
A PC with RCSPC software or SCADA or master station
All used setting groups should be tested. The user can release the functions to be tested and
prevent other functions from operation by setting the corresponding parameters. The user could
also energize the binary input [BI_BlkComm] to disable communication function to ensure that no
events are reported to remote station during the test.
The setting checks ensure that all of the application-specific protection settings (i.e. both the
protections function and programmable scheme logic settings), for the particular installation, have
been correctly applied to the protection.
10.10.2 Insulation test (if required)
Insulation resistance tests are only necessary during commissioning if it is required for them to be
done and they have not been performed during installation.
Isolate all wiring from the earth and test the isolation with an electronic or brushless insulation
tester at a DC voltage not exceeding 500V, The circuits need to be tested should include:
Voltage transformer circuits
DC power supply
Optic-isolated control inputs
Output contacts
Communication ports
The insulation resistance should be greater than 100M at 500V.
10.10.3 Testing the AC Voltage Inputs
This test verifies that the accuracy of voltage measurement is within the acceptable tolerances.
Checking its magnitude using a multimeter. The corresponding reading either in the protections
menu MEASUREMENT or a portable computer connected to the front communication port with
software RCSPC.
The measurement accuracy of the protection is 5%. However, an additional allowance must be
made for the accuracy of the test equipment being used.
NOTE: The closing circuit should remain isolated during these checks to prevent
accidental operation of the associated circuit breaker.


Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 95
Group No. Item
Input Measurement (on LCD)
Value Angle Value Angle
Synchronism
point 1
Ua_S
Ub_S
Uc_S
Ua_G
Ub_G
Uc_G
Synchronism
point 2
Ua_S
Ub_S
Uc_S
Ua_G
Ub_G
Uc_G

10.10.4 Testing the Binary Inputs
This test checks that all the binary inputs on the equipment are functioning correctly.
The binary inputs should be energized one at a time, see external connection diagrams for
terminal numbers.
Ensure that the voltage applied on the binary input must be within the operating range.
The status of each binary input can be viewed using menu item BI STATE. Sign 1 denotes an
energized input and sign 0 denotes a de-energized input.
Binary Inputs testing checkout
Terminal No. Signal Name BI Status on LCD Correct?










Test method:
To unplug all the terminals sockets of this protective device, and do the Insulation resistance test
for each circuit above with an electronic or brushless insulation tester.
On completion of the insulation resistance tests, ensure all external wiring is correctly reconnected
Chapter 10 Installation and Commi ssioning
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 96
to the protection.
10.10.5 Synchronism Function
All used synchronism points should be tested. De-energized binary input [BI_RunState] and follow
the procedures stated in section 3.1 to test desired synchronizing mode and synchronism point.
10.11 Final Check
After the above tests are completed, remove all test or temporary shorting leads, etc. If it has been
necessary to disconnect any of the external wiring from the protect ion in order to perform the
wiring verification tests, it should be ensured that all connections are replaced in accordance with
the relevant external connection or scheme diagram.
Ensure that the equipment has been restored to service.
If the equipment is in a new installation or the circuit breaker has just been maintained, the circuit
breaker maintenance and current counters should be zero. If a test block is installed, remove the
test plug and replace the cover so that the protection is put into service.
Ensure that all event records, fault records, disturbance records and alarms have been cleared
and LEDs has been reset before leaving the protection.


Chapter 11 Maintenance
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 97
Chapter 11 Maintenance
The synchronizer RCS-9659 is designed to require no special maintenance. All measurement and
signal processing circuit are fully solid state. All input modules are also fully solid state. The output
relays are hermetically sealed.
Since the device is almost completely self-monitored, from the measuring inputs to the output
relays, hardware and software defects are automatically detected and reported. The
self-monitoring ensures the high availability of the device and generally allows for a corrective
rather than preventive maintenance strategy. Therefore, maintenance checks in short intervals are
not required.
Operation of the device is automatically blocked when a hardware failure is detected. If a problem
is detected in the external measuring circuits, the device normally only provides alarm messages.
11.1 Appearance Check
1. The equipment case should be clean without any dust stratification. Case cover should be
sealed well. No component has any mechanical damage and distortion, and they should be
firmly fixed in the case. Equipment terminals should be in good condition. The keys on the
front panel with very good feeling can be operated flexibly.
2. It is only allowed to plug or withdraw equipment board when the supply is reliably switched off.
Never allow the CT secondary circuit connected to this equipment to be opened while the
primary system is live when withdrawing an AC module. Never try to insert or withdraw the
equipment board when it is unnecessary.
3. Check weld spots on PCB whether they are well soldered without any rosin joint. All dual inline
components must be well plugged.
11.2 Failure Tracing and Repair
Failures will be detected by automatic supervision or regular testing.
When a failure is detected by supervision, a remote alarm is issued and the failure is indicated on
the front panel with LED indicators and LCD display. It is also recorded in the event record.
Failures detected by supervision are traced by checking the ALM REPORT screen on the LCD.
When a failure is detected during regular testing, confirm the following:
Test circuit connections are correct
Modules are securely inserted in position
Correct DC power voltage is applied
Correct AC inputs are applied
Test procedures comply with those stated in the manual
Chapter 11 Maintenance
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 98
11.3 Replace Failed Modules
If the failure is identified to be in the equipment module and the user has spare modules, the user
can recover the protection by replacing the failed modules.
Repair at the site should be limited to module replacement. Maintenance at the component level is
not recommended.
Check that the replacement module has an identical module name (AC, DC, CPU, SIG, OPT, OUT,
etc.) and hardware type-form as the removed module. Furthermore, the CPU module replaced
should have the same software version. In addition, the AC and DC module replaced should have
the same ratings.
The module name is indicated on the top front of the module. The software version is indicated in
LCD menu VERSION.
CAUTION:
When handling a module, take anti-static measures such as wearing an earthed wrist band
and placing modules on an earthed conductive mat. Otherwise, many of the electronic
components could suffer damage. After replacing the CPU module, check the settings.
1) Replacing a module
Switch off the DC power supply
Disconnect the trip outputs
Short circuit all AC current inputs and disconnect all AC voltage inputs
Unscrew the module.
WARNING:
Hazardous voltage can be present in the DC circuit just after switching off the DC power
supply. It takes approximately 30 seconds for the voltage to discharge.
2) Replacing the Human Machine Interface Module (front panel)
Open the equipment front panel
Unplug the ribbon cable on the front panel by pushing the catch outside.
Detach the HMI module from the equipment
Attach the replacement module in the reverse procedure.
3) Replacing the AC, DC, CPU, OPT or OUT module
Unscrew the module connector
Unplug the connector from the target module.
Chapter 11 Maintenance
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 99
Unscrew the module.
Pull out the module
Inset the replacement module in the reverser procedure.
After replacing the CPU module, input the application-specific setting values again.
WARNING:
Units and modules may only be replaced while the supply is switched off and only by
appropriately trained and qualified personnel. Strictly observe the basic precautions to
guard against electrostatic discharge.
WARNING:
When handling a module, take anti-static measures such as wearing an earthed wrist band
and placing modules on an earthed conductive mat. Otherwise, many of the electronic
components could suffer damage. After replacing the CPU module, check the settings.
DANGER:
After replacing modules, be sure to check that the same configuration is set as before the
replacement. If this is not the case, there is a danger of the unintended operation of
switchgear taking place or of protections not functioning correctly. Persons may also be
put in danger.
11.4 Replace Button Battery
When the voltage of button Battery on CPU board is below 2.5 volts (nominal voltage is 3 volts),
please replace the button battery to ensure internal clock of CPU board running correctly.
11.5 Cleaning
Before cleaning the equipment, ensure that all AC/DC supplies, current transformer connections
are isolated to prevent any chance of an electric shock whilst cleaning. Use a smooth cloth to
clean the front panel. Do not use abrasive material or detergent chemicals.
11.6 Storage
The spare equipment or module should be stored in a dry and clean room. Based on IEC standard
60255-6 the storage temperature should be from -40C to 70C, but the temperature of from -10C
to 40C is recommended for long-term storage.



Chapter 11 Maintenance
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 100


Chapter 12 Decommi ssioning and Di sposal
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 101
Chapter 12 Decommissioning and Disposal
12.1 Decommissioning
1. Switching off
To switch off the RCS-9659, switch off the external miniature circuit breaker of the power supply.
2. Disconnecting Cables
Disconnect the cables in accordance with the rules and recommendations made by relational
department.

DANGER:
Before disconnecting the power supply cables that connected with the DC module of the
RCS-9659, make sure that the external miniature circuit breaker of the power supply is
switched off.

DANGER:
Before disconnecting the cables that are used to connect analog input module with the
primary CTs and VTs, make sure that the circuit breaker for the primary CTs and VTs is
switched off.
3. Dismantling
The RCS-9659 rack may now be removed from the system cubicle, after which the cubicles may
also be removed.

DANGER:
When the station is in operation, make sure that there is an adequate safety distance to
live parts, especially as dismantling is often performed by unskilled personnel.
12.2 Disposal
In every country there are companies specialized in the proper disposal of electronic waste.

NOTE:
Strictly observe all local and national regulations when disposing of the device.



Chapter 12 Decommissioning and Di sposal
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 102


Chapter 13 Manual Version Hi story
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 103
Chapter 13 Manual Version History
Software
Version
Manual
Version
Source Documentation
1.02 1.00 0.99 RCS-9659_Standard_V1.00.doc
1.03 1.01 1.00
RCS-9659_Instruction_Manual_Standard_V1.01
(EN_DYBH0319.0086.0002).doc
1.03 1.02 1.01
RCS-9659_X_Instruction Manual_EN_Domestic
General_X_R1.02_(EN_DYBH0319.0086.0003)


Manual Version Section Page No. Description of change Note
1.01 3.1.1 P12
Modify the n28 as n26 in the
sentence [BI_RmtSyncCmd_n]*: it is
the binary input

1.01 6.2.8 P42
Modify the description of the terminals
B08 and B09 in Figure 6.2-11

1.01 8.1.3 P54
Modify the sentence refer to Chapter
13 as refer to relevant RCSPC
instruction manual

1.01
Delete the Chapter 13 Software
RCSPC

1.01 The last Chapter is Chapter 13 now.
1.02 6.1 P29 Update the slot number












Chapter 13 Manual Version Hi story
NR ELECTRIC CO., LTD. 104