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1. What is the relationship between the following compounds?

H C C
H H
C
H
C C
H
H
H
H C
H
H
C
O
C
C
C
H
H
H
O
H
H
H
A)They are isotopes
B) They are constitutional isomers
C) They are the same structure
D) They are composed of dierent elements
!) There is no relationship
1. Which of the following compounds are constitutional isomers of each other?
I
II
III IV
C C Cl
Cl
H
H
H
Cl
C C Cl
Cl
H
Cl
H
Cl
C C Cl
Cl
H
H
H
H
C C Cl
H
H
H
Cl
Cl
A) " # ""
B) """ # "$
C) "" # """
D) " # "$
!) All of these
%. Which of the following compounds has two lone pairs on the central atom?
A) C&%
B) 'Cl%
C) ()*
D) C'%
!) '&*
*. What is the formal charge on o+ygen in the following structure?
H C
H
O
H
H
H
A) %,
B) 1,
C) %-
D) 1-
!) .
/. What is the relationship between the following compounds?
H C C
H H
C
H
C C
H
H
H
H C
H
H
C
O
C
C
C
H
H
H
O
H
H
H
A)They are isotopes
B) They are constitutional isomers
C) They are the same structure
D) They are composed of dierent elements
!) There is no relationship
0. What are the formal charges on boron and 1uorine in the following
structure?
H
N
H
H
F
B
F
F
A) B 2 1-3 ( 2 1-
B) B 2 1-3 ( 2 1,
C) B 2 1,3 ( 2 1,
D) B 2 1,3 ( 2 1-
!) B 2 1,3 ( 2 .
4. Which of the following structures ha5e 1- formal charge on the central
atom?
H H H H
H H
I IV V II III
H : Be : H H : B : H H : N : H H : N : H H : O : H
. . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . .
A) "
B) ""
C) """
D) """ # $
!) "$ # $
7. What is the correct Lewis structure for nitric acid (HNO3) including the formal charges

O
N
O
O
H
N
O O
O
H
N
O
O
O
H
O
N
O O
H
I II III IV
!) I
B) II
") III
#) IV
$) None of these
%. What is the correct Lewis structure for h&dra'oic acid (HN3) including the formal
charges( if an&
N N N N N N N N N N N N N N N
I
II III IV
V
H H H H H
!) I
B) II
") III
#) IV
$) V
).. Which of the following is the least electronegati*e element
!) B
B) "
") N
#) O
$) +
,-. .he "l/"l 0ond is 0est descri0ed as11111111111.
!) Non2olar co*alent
B) 3olar co*alent
") Ionic
#) "oordinate co*alent
$) None of these
,,. Which of the following is the correct re2resentation of 2artial charges at the indicated
atoms
II
III
Cl
C
C
C
H
O
H
H H
H
I
!) I 4 56 II 4 56 III 4 5
B) I 4 76 II 4 76 III 4 7
") I 4 56 II 4 56 III 4 7
#) I 4 76 II 4 76 III 4 5
$) I 4 56 II 4 76 III 4 5
,8. Which element has the electron configuration ,s
8
8s
8
8p
9
3s
8
3p
:

!) o;&gen
B) fluorine
") sulfur
#) chlorine
$) 0romine
,3. #estructi*e interference of wa*es results in1111111.
!) a wa*e with smaller am2litude
B) a wa*e with larger am2litude
") cancellation of 0oth wa*es
#) formation of a node
$) Both "< #
1/. Which molecular orbitals are formed3 when the 1s orbitals of two hydrogen
atoms combine to form a hydrogen molecule?
A) Two bonding molecular orbitals
B) &nly one bonding molecular orbital
C) &ne bonding and one antibonding molecular orbital
D) .wo anti0onding molecular or0itals
!) Onl& one anti0onding or0ital
,:. Which of the indicated car0on atoms ha*e s2
8
h&0ridi'ation state in the following
com2ound
II I
III
IV
C
C
C
C
C
H H
H
H
H H
O
H
H
!) I < II
B) III < IV
") II < III
#) I < III
$) II < IV
16. Which of the following com2ounds ha*e trigonal 2lanar electron geometr&
O S O
II
H O H
IV
F B F
F III
H C H
H I
H N H
H V
!) I( II < III
B) I( II( IV < V
") III < IV < V
#) II <III
$) !ll of these
,7. Which of the following com2ounds ha*e a molecular formula of "8H9O
"H
3
O"H
3
"H
3
"H
8
O"H
3
"H
3
"H
8
OH "H
3
"HOH"H
3
I
II
III IV
!) I
B) II
") III
#) IV
$) Both I < III
,%. Which of the following is the correct condensed structure for the following com2ound
!) "H84"H("H8)3"("H3)3
B) "H("H8)="("H3)3
") ("H3)8"H("H8)="H3
#) "H8"H("H8)3"("H3)3
$) ("H)3("H8)3"("H3)3
16. Which of the following bond,line structures are of the same compound?
I II III IV
A) " # """
B) "" # """
C) """ # "$
D) "" # "$
!) (one of these
%.. Which of the following is the correct 7ewis structure for the following
compound?
O
H C
H
H
C
O
H C
H
H
C H
H
O
H C
H
H
C
O
H
H C
H
H
C
O
O
I II
III IV
A) "
B) ""
C) """
D) "$
!) (one of these
8,. Which of the following com2ounds contain a >etone functional grou2
HO
O
O
O
I II
III IV
O
O
!) I
B) II
") III
#) IV
$) !ll of these
88. Which of the following com2ounds ha*e 5, as a formal charge on an o;&gen atom
N
O
N
O
O
O
O
I
II
III IV
!) I
B) II
") III
#) IV
$) Both I < IV
83. How man& h&drogen atoms are connected to the indicated car0on atom
!) one
B) two
") three
#) +our
$) None
$)
%/. Which of the following pairs are resonance structures of each other?
N
N
O
O
I.
II.
III. IV.
A) "
B) ""
C) """
D) "$
!) (one of these
%0. Which of the following is a correct resonance structure for compound A?
NH NH NH
N
N
I II
III
IV
!
A) "
B) ""
C) """
D) "$
!) none of these
%4. Which of the following is8are the most signi9cant resonance structure:s)?
N N
C
N
I
II
III
A) "
B) ""
C) """
D) " # ""
!) all of these
%;. Which of the following is8are the most signi9cant resonance structure:s)?
N N
C
N
I
II
III
A) "
B) ""
C) III
D) " # ""
!) all of these
%<. Which of the following is not a Bronsted,7owry acid?
A) C=*&=
B) C=*C=*
C) C=*(=%
D) C=*'=
!) (one of these
%6. What is the con>ugate base of C=*C=%'=?
A) C=*C=%'
,
B) C=*C=%
,
C) C=*C=%'=%
-
D) C=*C=%'
%,
!) (one of these
*.. What is the Keq for the following reaction?
O
O
H
5 H
3
O
5 H
8
O
O
O
H
?
e@
4
O
O
H
?
e@
4
H
3
O
H
8
O
O
O
H
?
e@
4
H
3
O
O
O
H
?
e@
4
I.
II.
III.
IV.
H
3
O
H
8
O
A) "
B) ""
C) """
D) "$
!) Both "" # """
*1. Which of the indicated protons is most acidic?
O
I
II III IV
H
H
H
H
A) "
B) ""
C) """
D) "$
*%. ?an@ the following compounds in decreasing order :most to least) of acidity.
OH
O
Br OH
O
Br Br
OH
O
Br
Br
I
II
IV
OH
O
Br
Br
III
A) """A""A"$A"
B) ""A"$A"""A""
C) "$A"""A""A"
D) "$A""A"""A"
!) """A"$A""A"
**. )or the following acid,base reaction3 predict which side the eBuilibrium is
fa5ored.
O
F
3
C OH
OH
F
3
C O
5 5
A) fa5or right side
B) fa5or left side
C) (either
3=. !s a result of the Ale*eling effect(A the strongest acid that can e;ist in a22recia0le
concentration in a@ueous solution is 1111.
!) H8BO=
B) H"l
") H3O
5
#) HNO3
$) !ll of these
3:. B+3( is 0est classified as a 1111.
!) BrCnstedDLowr& acid
B) Lewis acid
") BrCnstedDLowr& 0ase
#) Lewis 0ase
$) Both ! < #