Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 13

8/9/2009

1
RATIONALE,HISTORY,AND NECESSITY
OF ENTERPRISE SYSTEM INTEGRATION
Fall2009 CSCI5720Enterprise&eBusinessIntegration
Inthebeginning
Technologycametobusinesstiedtofunctionalareas.
splittingbusinessactivitiesintogroups
of related tasks allowing workers to focus on limited ofrelatedtasks,allowingworkerstofocusonlimited
setoftasksanddevelopexpertise.
traditionalgroupingsofpersonneland
resourcesbasedonbusinessactivities.
Accounting,HumanResources,Finance,Production,
Information Technology, Payroll, Sales, Marketing, InformationTechnology,Payroll,Sales,Marketing,
etc.
8/9/2009
2
thereweresilosandisolation
Applicationsfocusedondataprocessingwithina
functionalarea.Applicationswereindependentand
tightly coupled to a given functional area tightlycoupledtoagivenfunctionalarea.
Structurenotreflectiveofbusinessneeds
activitiesbyanorganizationto
achievecorporategoalsthatcutacrossfunctional
areas areas.
Informationpassingbetweenfunctionalareas
Functionalortemporaldependencies
Needforcoordination
Needforunifieddataandunderstanding
Enterprise Information Systems needed to support this EnterpriseInformationSystemsneededtosupportthis
environmentofcollaboration.
8/9/2009
3
SupportingBusinessProcesses
EnterpriseResourcePlanning (ERP)programs:Core
softwareusedbycompaniestocoordinate
information throughout business processes informationthroughoutbusinessprocesses.
To(successfully)employERP,businessesprocesses
mustbedefined andstandardized.
ERP i h " f d i b i " it i ERPisasmucha"wayofdoingbusiness"asitisa
technology.ERPsystemssupportacompany's
applicationofanERPstrategy.
WhatisEnterpriseResourcePlanning(ERP)?
Enterprisewide set ofmanagementtools
providingabilitytolink suppliers andcustomers intoa
completechain, co p ete c a ,
employingprovenbusinessprocesses,
supportingeffectivedecisionmaking,and
providinghighcrossfunctionalintegration among
sales,marketing,manufacturing,operations,logistics,
purchasing,finance,andhumanresources,
enablingpeople toruntheirbusinesseswithhighlevels
ofcustomerservice andproductivity,
whilesimultaneouslyloweringcosts andinventories.
BasedonERP:MakingitHappen byWallaceandKremzar
8/9/2009
4
Potential ValueofERP
Promotesorganizationaldisciplinedefinedmethodsof
workflow,establishmentofbusinessrules.
Bettercoordinationofactivitiesexplicitrolesand
responsibilities responsibilities.
Unifiedinformationhandlingeffectivemasterdatasharing,
dataintegritythroughoutprocesses.
Fastertransactionprocessing.
Improvedoperationalefficiency.(Eliminatingredundanteffort
andduplicateddata.)
Improvedfinancialmanagementandcustomerservice.
I d i f ti fl ith li d t Improvedinformationflowwithsuppliersandcustomers.
Improveddecisionmakingduetoinformationavailabilityand
accuracy.
Bettersupportforglobaloperations.
ChallengesofImplementingERP
8/9/2009
5
OthertypesofEnterpriseApplications
BI
Businessdataandanalysissoftwaretoimprovedecision
making.
CRM
Facilitatescustomerinteraction(customersalesandservice)
SCA
BIappliedtoresourceacquisitionanddistribution.
SCE
Automating execution of manufacturing process Automatingexecutionofmanufacturingprocess.
SCM
Integrationofentiremanufacturingprocessfromresource
acquisitiontofinaldistribution.
OthertypesofEnterpriseApplications
SCP
APS
BI focused on strategic forecasting of demand for goods BIfocusedonstrategicforecastingofdemandforgoods
andeffectiveinventorymanagement.
SEM
BIfocusedonstrategicexecution,i.e.translating
companygoalsintooperationaldecisions.
TMS
h d f b d d Shippingandroutingofoutboundgoods.
WMS
Rawandfinishedgoodsstoragemanagement.
8/9/2009
6
ERPHistoryandDevelopment
SAPpioneeredtheERPsoftwaremarket.
FiveformerIBMemployeesinManhheim,Germany
founded SAP in 1972 foundedSAPin1972.
Systemanalyse undProgrammentwicklung
SystemsApplicationsandProducts(now),SystemAnalysis
ProgramDevelopment(then)
Goals:
SAPSoftwareTimeline
1973"SystemR"(realtimedataprocessing)releasedto
market.(Latercametobecalled"R/1")
1978 "R/2" 1978 R/2
http://www.sapdesignguild.org/resources/r3 history.asp
8/9/2009
7
SAPSoftwareTimeline
1992/93 SAP R/3 3 tiered architecture 1992/93SAPR/33tieredarchitecture
Database,application,userinterface(client)
Openarchitecture
Improveduserinterface
Clientserversystem
Database and
Application
Server
Within SAP GUI nothing important is saved
on your PC. Only things saved on the server
are saved, and they are saved for good.
8/9/2009
8
SAPSoftwareTimeline
1998SAPR/34.0(minorincrementsinnumberfornext
5years)
2003 SAP R/3 Enterprise 4 7 2003SAPR/3Enterprise4.7
Inearly2000smySAP,mySAP ERP,andmySAP.comnames
begintoappearasmarketingnames.
2004SAPERPECC5.0(EnterpriseCore/Central
Component)
2005 SAP ERP ECC 6 0 2005SAPERPECC6.0
2009SAPBusinessSuite7
SAPERPModules
8/9/2009
9
SAPNetWeaver
SAPNetWeaver2004(2004)
SAPNetWeaver7.0/SAPNetWeaver2004s(2005)
SAP NetWeaver 7 2 (due by EOY 2009) SAPNetWeaver7.2(duebyEOY2009)
mySAPPLM
SAP
SRM
SAP
CRM
SAP
ERPECC6.0
SAPNetWeaver
SAPSCM
SAPNetWeaver
SetofcooperativetechnologiesthatunderpinSAPERP
andrelatedtechnology,andprovideinternal
connectivitybetweenSAPmodulesandexternal y
connectivitywithothersystems.
NetWeaverWebApplicationServer
NetWeaverExchangeInfrastructure(NetWeaverXI)(in
7.2releaserenamedPIProcessIntegration)
NetWeaverEnterprisePortal
NetWeaver Business Intelligence (NetWeaver BI) NetWeaverBusinessIntelligence(NetWeaverBI)
CompositeApplicationFramework(CAF) allowsservices
tobeabstractedandjoinedtogetherintoa
customizedprocess.
8/9/2009
10
OtherSAPERPApplications
Small&MediumSizeSolutions:
BusinessOne
150 employees. SE (Small Enterprise) focus. 1 50employees.SE(SmallEnterprise)focus.
Bought(notmade)bySAP.NotsoldbySAPdirectly.
BusinessbyDesign
50100/500employees.SME(Small,MediumEnterprise)
focus.
BasedonServiceOrientedArchitecture(SOA).
SAPAllinOne
100/5001000employees.ME(MediumEnterprise)
focus.
WhoisSAPtoday?
SAPAG
WorldsLargestBusinessSoftwareCompany
Worlds Third largest Independent Software Provider World sThirdlargestIndependentSoftwareProvider
Annualrevenuesexceeding$10billion.
CompanyStatistics
51,400employeesinmorethen50countries
1,500BusinessPartners
75 000 t i th 120 t i 75,000customersinmorethen120countries
12millionusers
100,600installations
Source:SAPAG website
8/9/2009
11
SAPIndustrySolutionsBestPractices
Aerospace&Defense
Automotive
Banking
Ch i l
Media
MillProducts
Mining
Oil & G Chemicals
ConsumerProducts
Defense&Security
Engineering,Construction
Healthcare
HighTech
Hi h Ed i
Oil&Gas
Pharmaceuticals
PostalServices
ProfessionalServices
PublicSector
Railways
R il HigherEducation
IndustrialMachinery
Insurance
LifeSciences
LogisticsService
Retail
Telecommunications
Utilities
WholesaleDistribution
OtherERPsoftwarevendors
OracleApplications
Oracle,JDEdwards,PeopleSoft,Siebel,Retek
Microsoft Business Solutions MicrosoftBusinessSolutions
Dynamics(GreatPlains),Navision,Axapta,Solomon
TheSageGroup
SageSoftware Accpac ERP,PeachTree
SSAGlobalTechnologies
BAAN
8/9/2009
12
ReturntoPremise
Rationale
History
Necessity Necessity
ReferencesandLinks
Wallace,T.F.andM.H.Kremzar,ERP:MakingItHappen:TheImplementers'GuidetoSuccesswithEnterprise
ResourcePlanning.2001:Wiley.
http://www.sapdesignguild.org/resources/r3_history.asp
http://www.sap.com/smallbusiness/solutions/overview/index.epx
http://www.sap.com/solutions/sme/businessbydesign/overview/index.epx
http://www.sap.com/solutions/sme/businessallinone/index.epx
http://www.oracle.com/applications/jdedwardsenterpriseone.html
http://www.oracle.com/applications/peoplesoftenterprise.html
http://www.oracle.com/applications/crm/siebel/index.html?URI=381
http://news.cnet.com/ThebigfussoverlittleRetek/21001012_35606907.html
http://www.microsoft.com/dynamics/gp/product/default.mspx
http://www.microsoft.com/dynamics/nav/default.mspx
http://www.microsoft.com/dynamics/Ax/default.mspx
http://www.microsoft.com/dynamics/sl/default.mspx p y p
http://www.sage.com/
http://www.sageaccpac.com/
http://www.peachtree.com/
http://www.ssaglobal.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baan
8/9/2009
13
Copyrights
PresentationpreparedbyandcopyrightofDr.Tony
Pittarese,EastTennesseeStateUniversity,Computerand
InformationSciencesDept.(pittares@etsu.edu)
Podcastlecturerelatedtothispresentationavailablevia
Microsoft,Windows,Excel,Outlook,andPowerPointareregisteredtrademarksofMicrosoftCorporation.
IBM,DB2,DB2UniversalDatabase,Systemi,Systemi5,Systemp,Systemp5,Systemx,Systemz,Systemz10,Systemz9,z10,z9,iSeries,pSeries,
xSeries,zSeries,eServer,z/VM,z/OS,i5/OS,S/390,OS/390,OS/400,AS/400,S/390ParallelEnterpriseServer,PowerVM,PowerArchitecture,POWER6+,
POWER6,POWER5+,POWER5,POWER,OpenPower,PowerPC,BatchPipes,BladeCenter,SystemStorage,GPFS,HACMP,RETAIN,DB2Connect,RACF,
Redbooks,OS/2,ParallelSysplex,MVS/ESA,AIX,IntelligentMiner,WebSphere,Netfinity,TivoliandInformixaretrademarksorregisteredtrademarksof
IBMCorporation.
LinuxistheregisteredtrademarkofLinus Torvalds intheU.S.andothercountries.
OracleisaregisteredtrademarkofOracleCorporation.
HTML,XML,XHTMLandW3CaretrademarksorregisteredtrademarksofW3C,WorldWideWebConsortium,MassachusettsInstituteofTechnology.
Java is a registered trademark of Sun Microsystems Inc
ETSUiTunesU.
JavaisaregisteredtrademarkofSunMicrosystems,Inc.
JavaScriptisaregisteredtrademarkofSunMicrosystems,Inc.,usedunderlicensefortechnologyinventedandimplementedby Netscape.
SAP,R/3,SAPNetWeaver,Duet,PartnerEdge,ByDesign,SAPBusinessByDesign,andotherSAPproductsandservicesmentionedhereinaswellastheir
respectivelogosaretrademarksorregisteredtrademarksofSAPAGinGermanyandothercountries.
BusinessObjectsandtheBusinessObjectslogo,BusinessObjects,CrystalReports,CrystalDecisions,WebIntelligence,Xcelsius,andotherBusiness
ObjectsproductsandservicesmentionedhereinaswellastheirrespectivelogosaretrademarksorregisteredtrademarksofBusinessObjectsS.A.inthe
UnitedStatesandinothercountries.BusinessObjectsisanSAPcompany.
Otherproductsmentionedinthispresentationaretrademarksoftheirrespectiveowners.