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Reliance Group

The Reliance Group, founded by Dhirubhai H. Ambani (1932-2002), is India's largest private
sector enterprise, with businesses in the energy and materials value chain. Group's annual
revenues are in excess of US$ 66 billion. The flagship company, Reliance Industries Limited,
is a Fortune Global 500 company and is the largest private sector company in India.
Backward vertical integration has been the cornerstone of the evolution and growth of Reliance. Starting with textiles
in the late seventies, Reliance pursued a strategy of backward vertical integration - in polyester, fibre intermediates,
plastics, petrochemicals, petroleum refining and oil and gas exploration and production - to be fully integrated along
the materials and energy value chain.
The Group's activities span exploration and production of oil and gas, petroleum refining and marketing,
petrochemicals (polyester, fibre intermediates, plastics and chemicals), textiles, retail, infotel and special economic
zones.
Reliance enjoys global leadership in its businesses, being the largest polyester yarn and fibre producer in the world
and among the top five to ten producers in the world in major petrochemical products.
Major Group Companies are Reliance Industries Limited, including its subsidiaries and Reliance Industrial
Infrastructure Limited.
"Growth has no limit at Reliance. I keep revising my vision.
Only when you can dream it, you can do it."

Dhirubhai H. Ambani
Founder Chairman Reliance Group
December 28, 1932 - July 6, 2002
Dhirubhai Ambani founded Reliance as a textile company and led its evolution as a global leader in the materials and
energy value chain businesses.
He is credited to have brought about the equity cult in India in the late seventies and is regarded as an icon for
enterprise in India. He epitomized the spirit 'dare to dream and learn to excel'.
The Reliance Group is a living testimony to his indomitable will, single-minded dedication and an unrelenting
commitment to his goals.
Our commitments
Growth through Commitments

We care about

Quality
Research & Development
Health, Safety & Environment
Human Resource Development
Energy Conservation
Corporate Citizenship


Reliance believes that any business conduct can be ethical only when it rests on the nine core values of Honesty,
Integrity, Respect, Fairness, Purposefulness, Trust, Responsibility, Citizenship and Caring.
The essence of these commitments is that each employee conducts the company's business with integrity, in
compliance with applicable laws, and in a manner that excludes considerations of personal advantage.
We do not lose sight of these values under any circumstances, regardless of the goals we have to achieve. To us, the
means are as important as the ends.
For Reliance
Growth is care for good health
Reliance's occupational health centers carry out pre-employment and periodic medical checkups as well as other
routine preventive services. Specialised tests like biological monitoring, health risk assessment studies and audits for
exposure to various materials are also performed. Health education and awareness form an integral part of the health
care programme at Reliance
Growth is care for safety
We believe that the safety of each employee is the responsibility of the individual as well as of the whole community
of employees
Growth is care for the environment
Reliance believes that a clean environment in and around the workplace fosters health and prosperity for the
individual, the group and the larger community to which they belong. Environmental protection is an integral part of
the planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of all our projects.
Growth is betting on our people
Reliance builds with care a workplace that proactively fosters professional as well as personal growth. There is
freedom to explore and learn; and there are opportunities that inspire initiative and intrinsic motivation. We believe
that people must dream to achieve, that these dreams will drive the company's excellence in all its businesses.
Reliance thinks, behaves, lives and thrives with a global mindset, encouraging every employee to reach his / her full
potential by availing opportunities that arise across the group.
Growth is thinking beyond business
As corporate citizens, we invest in social infrastructure, believing strongly that our business strength fuels our social
contributions. To this end, Reliance encourages, funds and develops numerous education, health, human capital and
infrastructure initiatives. These initiatives are undertaken through partnerships with non-governmental organizations,
corporates and trusts.
Innovations @ RIL
For those who study innovative organizations Reliance Industries will be a shining example of how innovation is
practised in almost everything that they do. Here are few things that set them apart:
"Impossible is an inspiring word" - Nothing turns on the leadership at Reliance Industries than this
magical word. Again to quote the Jamnagar example, it was considered impossible to turn a barren land into
a greenbelt. Today mangoes grown in Jamnagar are sold in Harrods London.
"Hands on thinking, hands off execution." - It is characteristic of Reliance leadership. They think
everything through and meticulous planning is their hall mark. When it comes to execution empowerment
delegation down to the last employee in the chain is clearly demonstrated.
"First time it is learning. Second time it is a mistake." - Mistakes are never frowned upon; instead they
are treated as a learning opportunity. It is one such mistake converted to learning that created the world's
largest 'Craft Centre' located at Jamnagar. Cumulatively it has trained 1, 50,000 workmen - electricians,
welders, carpenters.
"Sense of urgency" - Reliance speed is legendary now. Reliance has mastered project management skills
and has made it virtually into a fine art. It is this sense of speed that restored operations in record time in
Jamnagar, Patalganga and Hazira after being affected by cyclones and floods.
"Think. Anticipate. Be prepared." Part of meticulous thinking is the ability to anticipate problems. "Every
transformation initiative will face resistance. It is our job to anticipate the resistance, take the responsibility to
earn the respect of all stakeholders to create a win-win business model."
"Dreams and Vision are the most potent fuels in the world." - This is an unmistakable Reliance hallmark
espoused both by the founder Chairman Sh. Dhirubhai Ambani and the current Chairman Sh. Mukesh
Ambani. To a question on what would be his next big ambition Sh. Mukesh Ambani answered "Rural
transformation. Creating direct employment for half a million people in rural India. Creating a supply chain
that the world will envy."
"Measuring success differently" - Developing a metric to measure how much money was spent, is just
one example of inspiring people to think and act differently and effectively.
"Asking the right questions." - Reliance Leadership excels in asking the right questions. The company
folklore is replete with examples of deceptively simple questions, leading on to incredible outcomes.
Commonsense is the bedrock of such thinking.
"Hard work, timely decisions, speed and ingenuity" says one of the senior managers of Reliance Industries to sum up
what Reliance is all about.
It is evident that Reliance Industries is where it is today because of Innovation in thinking and execution. Given its
ambition for India and its own organization Reliance leadership has now taken on a major initiative in the innovation
domain.
The leadership of RIL recognizes that its biggest competitive advantage and differentiator in the future would be
innovation. Innovation has to become the language, the behaviour definer, the culture and the soul of Reliance, even
more explicitly than ever before.
Products & Brands
The Company expanded into textiles in 1975. Since its initial public offering in 1977, the Company has expanded
rapidly and integrated backwards into other industry sectors, most notably the production of petrochemicals and the
refining of crude oil.
The Company from time to time seeks to further diversify into other industries. The Company now has operations that
span from the exploration and production of oil and gas to the manufacture of petroleum products, polyester products,
polyester intermediates, plastics, polymer intermediates, chemicals and synthetic textiles and fabrics.
The Company's major products and brands, from oil and gas to textiles are tightly integrated and benefit from
synergies across the Company. Central to the Company's operations is its vertical backward integration strategy; raw
materials such as PTA, MEG, ethylene, propylene and normal paraffin that were previously imported at a higher cost
and subject to import duties are now sourced from within the Company. This has had a positive effect on the
Company's operating margins and interest costs and decreased the Company's exposure to the cyclicality of markets
and raw material prices. The Company believes that this strategy is also important in maintaining a domestic market
leadership position in its major product lines and in providing a competitive advantage.
The Company's operations can be classified into four segments namely:
Petroleum Refining and Marketing business
Petrochemicals business
Oil and Gas Exploration & Production business
Others
The Company has the largest refining capacity at any single location.
The Company is:
Largest producer of Polyester Fibre and Yarn
5th largest producer of Paraxylene (PX)
5th largest producer of Polypropylene (PP)
8th largest producer of Purified Terephthalic Acid (PTA) and Mono Ethylene Glycol (MEG)
Milestones
Starting as a small textile company, Reliance has in its journney crossed several milestones to become a
Fortune 500 company in less than 3 decades.
Reliance continues to cross newer & bigger milestones in its quest for what is known as "Growth is Life".


Reliance Jio Infocomm (RJIL), previously known as Infotel Broadband, is a broadband service
provider which gained 4G licences for operating across India.
[56]
Now it is wholly owned by RIL for
48 billion (US$810 million).
[57][58]
Sandip Das, former ceo of Maxis Malaysia, is the current group
president of Reliance Jio Infocomm.
Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited provides broadband services to customers using WI-MAX as access
technology pan India. Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited was formerly known as Infotel Broadband Services
Limited and changed its name to Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited in January 2013. The company was
incorporated in 2007 and is based in Mumbai, India. Reliance Jio Infocomm Limited operates as a
subsidiary of Reliance Industries Limited.
Reliance Jio Infocomm Ltd today said it will commercially launch 4G services in 2015, entailing investments of Rs
70,000 crore.

"The year 2015 will see the phased launch of Reliance Jio across India... The fruits of the tremendous value created
by this Rs 70,000 crore initiative would start to flow," Reliance Industries Ltd Chairman and Managing Director
Mukesh Ambani said in his address to shareholders.


RIL promoted RJIL holds pan-India broadband wireless access (BWA) spectrum that can be used for 4G services.
The company had acquired it through auction for Rs 12,847.77.

The 4G service will cover all states, around 5,000 towns and cities, accounting for over 90 per cent of urban India and
over 215,000 villages.
"Eventually, the network will encompass each of our over 600,000 villages," Ambani said.

As per the rules, 2015 is last year for all companies who won BWA spectrum to roll out the services in at least 90 per
cent of the service areas failing which the Department of Telecom will have the right to withdraw the radiowaves.

The licensee will have to ensure that at least half the areas under rural telecom exchanges gets the required street
level coverage.

RJIL also acquired spectrum in 1800 Mhz band, widely known as 2G spectrum, for Rs 11,054.41 crore in February
across 14 out of 22 service areas in country. The company has said that it will use these radiowaves also for 4G
services.

"Engaged in this massive endeavour are over 10,000 full time Jio employees, working alongside nearly 30,000
professionals from our partners and vendors from all parts of the world. In addition, there are over 100,000 people
working across the country in creating the digital infrastructure backbone for this network," Ambani said.

He said limited field trials of the company's network for broadband services are underway.

"Expanded field trials will commence in August this year across multiple cities. These trials would continue through
the end of 2014 and early part of 2015," Ambani said.
During initial trials, RJIL in January showcased broadband speed of 49 megabit per second -- which is over 10-12
times more than 3G mobile Internet speed that consumer are getting these days.

At a speed of 49 mbps an user can download a full movie, which is generally of 600 megabyte size, within a few
minutes.
The average top speed of 3G network is pegged at 4 mbps.
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Reliance Jio Infocomm is expected to use between 30,000 and 45,000 mobile towers when
it starts offering 4G services in the third or fourth quarter of this financial year, according to
Credit Suisse.

"Our recent channel checks suggest that RJio has completed about 11,000 base station
installations nationwide and is possibly targeting 30,000-45,000 base stations by launch.
We expect this target to be met by December 2014 or March 2015," Credit Suisse analysts
Sunil Tirumalai and Chunky Shah said in a recent report.


RJio's rollout of networks is progressing at 2,500-3,000 base stations a month and the pace
is accelerating, according to the report. The rollout is well spread out across the country and
will continue after the launch, the analysts said.

The company has signed deals with various tower companies through which it has access to
about 1,92,500 sites.

Credit Suisse estimates that RJio's network at launch will be three times larger than that of
all the companies that started operations in 2009-10 and disrupted India's telecom market
with their price wars.

In a report in May, Credit Suisse said almost 60% of RJio's nationwide fibre project appears
to have been completed, making its fibre network quite comparable to those of the top telcos
in at least the top cities and circles.

In the same report, the Zurich-headquartered financial services firm had said, "With quick
strides in the LTE ecosystem and the expected launch of operations by RJio by December
2014, we remain cautious on the telecom sector."

The Credit Suisse analysts said RJio is in talks with Samsung which may offer 4G
smartphones starting at about $150 per unit and as the launch nears, other lower-end
handset makers could get involved.

"Our channel checks suggest that the companies have completed trials on Galaxy S4/S4
mini (including VoLTE), and are working towards having a range of handsets starting at
$150 by the time of launch," Credit Suisse said in its report in June.




















Mukesh Ambani managed Reliance Jio Infocomms network
roll-out is clearing the air that this will not be a small-scale, niche network but a geographically
spread, large-scale rollout. Though media reports indicated RJio roll out to happen with 45,000
towers connected, our sources inside Reliance have indicated a definite 30,000 towers being
connected by late 2014.
Reliance Jios massive investments made in Optical Fiber Cables, Tower Sharing Deal with Every
Telecom Tower Company in India, Dual Mode LTE Deployment, core network (Evolved Packet Core)
has been installed for all 22 circles makes it imperative for Reliance Jio Infocomm to target the
entire telecom revenue base, and not just data revenues. However, it is possible that RJio
hits the market first with a data-only solution (dongles or MiFi or M2M), and follows up with a
handset-based voice service a couple of months later. With this Mukesh Ambani has clearly set his
eyes on being the Number One Carrier for Internet of Things in India.

Reliance Jio too to embrace Microwave Backhaul for Connectivity
We were the first in Global media to highlight that a large chunk of Indian Telecom Network relies
on Microwave Backhaul due to ill governance in the system not letting Telcos lay OFC. Even
though Reliance Jio Infocomm has completed 50% of its OFC cabling through HFCL, we have
reliably learnt that RJio appears to have settled on microwave as a near-term fix for
backhaul. We understand the initial order for 25,000-30,000 microwave units has
already gone out. The fact that the new generation microwave equipment has superior throughput
(400Mbps+) could ease the near term pressure for the company.
The Writing on the Corridors of Reliance Jio Infocomm is very clear -Make Reliance Jio the
preferred Carrier of for Internet of Things in India.