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Session 1: Understand and

Define the Requirements of


Road Asset Management
Dr Theuns Henning
University of Auckland
18 September 2014
CoreMessages Understanding
thepurposeiseverything
Objectiveofassetmanagement
Toprovidethedesiredlevelofservice inthemost
costeffectivemanner forpresentandfuture
customers
Whyarewedoingassetmanagement?
Toensuretheassetsare
providingtherequiredlevelof
serviceatminimumcost
(happyratepayers)
Toidentifycritical
assetssothatthey
canbemanagedto
preventfailure
(riskmanagement)
Tobebetterprepared
fordisasterresponse
Toprovidelongterm
financialstability
(sustainablemanagement)
AssetManagementCycle
Advanced
AMCycle
BasicAM
Cycle
EXISTINGASSET
KNOWLEDGE
IDENTIFYLEVELS
OFSERVICE
PREDICTDEMAND
ASSESSCONDITION
MEASUREPERFORMANCE
ASSESSRISKS
OFFAILURE
EVALUATE/SELECT
TREATMENTOPTIONS
IDENTIFYOPTIMUM
SOLUTION
FAILUREMODE
ANALYSIS
ASSESSFINANCIAL
CASHFLOWS
PREPAREASSET
MANAGEMENTPLAN
COLLECTDATA
MEASUREPERFORMANCE
StrategicandLongTermPlanning
ComponentsofAssetManagement
AssetManagement
Component
Purpose Using Risk
DataandDataCollection ? ?
Reportingand
PerformanceManagement
? ?
LevelofService ? ?
Financials ? ?
Decision Making ? ?
AssetManagementPlan
StrategicandLongTermPlanning
DataCollection
Whydoweneeddata?
Whatdoweneedtocollect
HowmuchdatadoIneed?
Usingthedataeffectivelythroughreporting
DataTypes
Element Aspects
RoadInventory Network/Location
Geometry
Furniture
Environs
Pavement Pavementstructure
PavementCondition
Structures StructuresInventory
BridgeCondition
Traffic Volume
Loadings
Accidents
Finance UnitCosts
Budget
Revenue
Activity Projects
Interventions
Commitments
Resources Institutional
Materials
Equipment
LocationandNetworkextent
Composition
Use
Whatdoesitcosttomaintain
Condition
functional
physical
LocationReferencing
0 1 2
0.9 km 1.0 km
0.4 km
R R
0.5 km
km point: 1.3
km post: 1.4
ref post: 1 +0.4
ref post: 2 - 0.6
ref point: RR239 +0.8
Addresses
Location
RR239
SourceWorldBank
NetworkSegmentation
300 metres
SourceWorldBank
Pavementdata
SourceWorldBank
RoughnessMeasurements
Class I
Class III
SourceWorldBank
13
Deflectometers
Trailer FWD
Vehicle FWD Portable
SourceWorldBank
RutDepths
Measuredusingdiscrete
sensors(ultrasonic/laser)or
line
Dataanalyzedtosimulate
rutdepthunderastraight
edge
Systematicunderrecording
withdiscretesensors
14
SourceWorldBank
StatusofTechnology RoadRoid
SourceUniversityof
Auckland
16
VideoDistressAnalysis
SourceWorldBank
StatusofTechnology:ScanningLaser
Source pavemetrics
Source University
of Auckland
AccuracyVersusPrecision
SourceNDT
ResourceCenter
HowmuchshouldIspendondata
20
Network
Level Data
Calibration
Data
Performance
Structure Condition
Ride Distress Friction
IQL5
IQL4
IQL3
IQL2
IQL1
SystemPerformance
Monitoring
Planningand
PerformanceEvaluation
ProgrammeAnalysisor
DetailedPlanning
ProjectLevelor
DetailedProgramme
ProjectDetailor
Research
HIGHLEVELDATA
LOWLEVELDATA
DataDetailVeryImportant
SourceWorldBank
Confidence Factor
Confidence Rating
Very Low (1) Low (2) Medium (3) High (4)
Equipment
Sophistication
Visual
Automated non
laser
Automated Laser Automated Laser
Calibration
Standard
No calibration Internal Calibration
Contractual
Calibration Process
Calibrated
According to NZTA
SH standards
Quality Assurance No Evidence of QA Internal QA
Contractual QA
e.g. loop method
Calibrated
According to NZTA
SH standards
Post Survey
Confirmation
None
Compare over- all
network trends
Consider individual
sections and
exception
reporting
Benchmark with
LTPP Sites

ProposedConfidenceLevelFramework
Hierarchy Data
Confidence
Level
Survey Frequency Data Items
State Highways Local Roads*
National Strategic
High Volumes
4 Annual Full HSD
National Strategic 4 Annual Full HSD
Regional Connector A 4 Annual Full HSD
Regional Distributer B 4 Annual Full HSD
Regional Strategic C 3 2 years Full HSD
D 3 2 years R&R
E 3 2 years R&R

ProposedDataCollection
Requirements
TheProblem
NewZealandhasonaverageone
bridgeevery5.2km
We have a
lot of
these
And,
some of
these
We have one
approach for
data collection
StrategyDevelopment:DataCollection
&MonitoringStrategyFramework

Core Data
Core Asset
Assessment
Prioritisation
Advanced Asset
Assessment
Advanced Data
Optimisation
Stored Data
Asset
Assessment
Planning
Intermediate Data
Intermediate
Asset
Assessment
Data Collection Review and Appropriateness Assessment
24
Riskandcriticalitybasedstrategyforbridgedatacollection
Data collection
regime
Failure risk-
criticality band
Assessment resolution Data collection tools
Core Low Aggregate bridge risk Visual inspections every 3-6 years
Limited, usually reactive SHM
Intermediate Intermediate Individual limit state risks Visual inspections every 2-3 years
Some, reactive and proactive SHM
Advanced High Individual structural or
functional element risks
Visual inspections every 1-2 years
Extensive, mostly proactive SHM
Illustrativeexampleofbridgeprioritization(1)
Corrugatedsteelculvert
Goodcondition;minorcorrosiontobarrel;noscour
Replacementcostlowbutwithinnationallyimportantroute;AADT>50,000;servicerestoredwithindays;alternatives
available
Regularminimumstandardvisualinspections
Singlespantimberbridge
Designedtooutdatedstandards;moderatecondition
Replacementcostmoderate;AADTis1000;
Servicecanbereturnedafterseveraldays
Regularminimumstandardvisualinspections
AucklandHarbourBridge
Keylinksupportingstatehighwayofnationalstrategicimportance
Navigableshippingchannel;coastalenvironment
Knownfatigueissuesinextensions;onlylimitedremainingservicelifeexpected
Replacementcostveryhigh;AADT>120,000;majorservice>1yeartorestore;limiteddetoursavailable;significantimpacton
interregionalcommerce
Managementplanusingbestpracticevisualinspections,NDE,andSHM
NewmarketViaduct
Keylinksupportingstatehighwayofnationalstrategicimportance
Completedin2011
Replacementcostveryhigh;service>1yeartorestore;detoursavailable;significantoninterregionalcommerce
Bestpracticevisualinspectionsandtechnicalanalyses
PerformanceManagementandLevel
ofService
DefiningPerformanceManagement
Toassesscurrentandfutureconditionsof
roadinfrastructures,
Toevaluateroadagencyefficiencywith
respecttoprovidedservices,productivity,
protectionoftheenvironment,cost
effectiveness.
(Haasetal.2009):
TwoComponents
Firstlyitisthemeansofmeasuringtheoutcomes
fromtheinvestmentanagencymakesintothe
roadnetwork.i.e.whatdoIgetforeachdollarI
spendonthenetwork thiscomponentis
normallyrefertoasPerformanceManagement;
SecondlyittrackstheserviceIprovidetomyroad
users,suchashowmuchdoesitcostforavehicle
totravelonthenetwork weoftenrefertothis
componentsasLevelofService(LoS).
LoSinAssetManagement
Reportingtodifferentstakeholders
StakeHolder InputintoAgencysLoS
Requirements
ReportingNeeds
RoadNetworkUsers/motorist Access
Acceptabletraveltime
Comfortmeasures
Safetyaspirations
ReportoncustomersLoSitems
Access
safety
congestion
Road Transport Service
Suppliers(e.g.BusCompanies)
Access
Comfortmeasures
Safetyaspirations
ReportoncustomersLoSitems
Access
safety
congestion
Road Transport Policy Sectors
and Institutions (e.g. funding
organisations)
Availablefunding
Priorityimprovementareas
Achieved capital and
maintenancework
Effectiveness and efficiency
measures.

RoadClasses
SourceNZTA
InterpretationofData
Examples TrendMonitoring
0.0
2.0
4.0
6.0
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
16.0
0.0
2.0
4.0
6.0
8.0
10.0
12.0
14.0
16.0
2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
R
u
t

(
m
m
)
Survey Year
Rutting Distribution 2001 - 2010
National
Source NZTA
StrategicandLongTermPlanning
ComponentsofAssetManagement
AssetManagement
Component
Purpose Using Risk
DataandDataCollection
ToUnderstandthe
performanceofthe
network
Todeterminehowmuch
dataisneededcriticality
Reportingand
PerformanceManagement
Tocommunicate thestatus
ofnetwork
Highlight criticalareas
LevelofService
Aconversationwiththe
publiconstandards
Riskmanagementand
disasterresponse
Financials ? ?
Decision Making ? ?
AssetManagementPlan
StrategicandLongTermPlanning