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REACTANTS: Coal

Component C H2 S O2 N2 H2O ash Total


yi 0.682 0.057 0.022 0.23 0.013 0 0 1.004
Mi 12.011 2.016 32.06 32 28.016 18.016
ni/100 kg fuel 5.678 2.827 0.069 0.719 0.046 0.000
Air requirements for chemically correct complete combustion
CO2 H2O SO2 O2 from fuel N2 from fuel
H2O from
fuel N2 from air O2 required
Product 5.678 2.827 0.069 0.046 0.000 24.221
O2 required 5.678 1.414 0.069 -0.719 6.442
AFc 8.847
Products of chemically correct complete combustion
Component CO2 H2O SO2 (ppm) N2 Total moles
n wet 5.678 2.827 0.069 24.267 32.841
x wet 0.173 0.086 2089 0.739 0.997911
n dry 5.678 0.069 24.267 30.014
x dry 0.189 0.000 2286 0.809
ni = mole number
yi = mass fraction
AF = Air fuel ratio in mass basis
Excess air 20.00%
Component CO2 H2O SO2 (ppm) N2 O2 Total moles M exhaust
n wet 5.678 2.827 0.069 29.111 1.288 38.974 29.82
x wet 0.146 0.073 1761 0.747 0.033
n dry 5.678 0.069 29.111 1.288 36.146 30.74
x dry 0.157 0.000 1898 0.805 0.036
AF 10.6164331
Calculations of mass fractions
CO2 H2O SO2 N2 O2
M 44.011 18.016 64 28.016 32.000
y wet 0.215 0.044 0.00378 0.702 0.035
Flue gas flow calculation
Unit Qty
Flue gas temperature
o
C 135
Nm3/h 129000
kg/Nm3 1.2838
kg/h 165610.2
Flue gas specific grafity kg/m3 0.85901324
m3/s 53.5531136
m 1.8
m2 2.5434
m/s 21.0557182 OK
Gas volume as stack
Stack inner diameter
Area of stack
Gas velocity*
*recomended velocity to give an isokinetic flue gas flow in the stack outlet is above 20 m/s, a consideration should be made due to the flue gas
COAL COMBUSTION CALCULATION
Products With Excess Air
Item
Flue gas flow
Flue gas specific grafity
Flue gas flow
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Formulas for ADP Temperature calculation* :
1. Kp = exp(12.12 / T x (1 0.942.T + 0.00702.T
2
0.0108.T. Ln (1000. T) 0.0013 / T))
2. pSO3 = KP x PSO2VW /100 x (PO2VW/100)
0.5
3. psO2 = PSO2VW / 100
4. PConv = pSO3 / pSO2 x 100
5. pH2O = PH2OvW / 100
6. ADP* = 203.25 + 27.6 x 10Log(pH2O) + 10.83.10Log(pSO3) + 1.06.(10Log(pSO3) + 8)2.19
*A.G. Okkes method
source : www.engsoft.co.kr
Symbol Unit Qty
SO2 volume percent in wet flue gas SO2 % 0.176 20.00% Excess air
SO2 removal eff. - 0.882
Corrected SO2 percent in wet flue gas SO2
c
% 0.021
O2 Volume percent in wet flue gas O2 % 3.306
H2O volume percent in flue gas H2O % 7.25457263
Equilibrium temperature T
equilibrium
o
K/1000
1.273000
Equilibrium constant KP - 0.017433
Partial pressure of SO3 PSO3 mmHg 1.20E-007
Partial pressure of SO2 PSO2 mmHg 0.001761
SO3 conversion rate PConv % 0.006800
Partial pressure of SO3 PH2O mmHg 0.072546
Acid dew point temperature T
ADP
o
C
98.089633
Description Remarks
ACID DEW POINT TEMPERATURE CALCULATION
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Chimney height
Symbol Unit Value
Reference flow V m
3
/s 53.5531136
Temperature Td K 408
Heat Release Q MW 5.65765652
Pollutants
Emmisions
Concentrations
Emmisions
Concentrations
Discharge rate
D
Guideline
Concentration Gd
Background
Concentration Bc
Pollutant index
Pi
mg/Nm
3
mg/m
3
g/s mg/m
3
mg/m
3
m
3
/s
SO
2 450 301.102941 16.125 0.365 0.080 56,578.95
NO
2 750 501.838235 26.875 1.130 0.002 23,825.35
Particullate 120 80.2941176 4.3 0.150 0.050 43,000.00
Pollutant index Pi 56,578.95
Gd and Bc values are taken from Kep Kepala Bapedal No. 107 tahun 1997 Tentang: Perhitungan dan Pelaporan Serta Informasi Indeks Pencemaran Udara
Pi for calculation purposes is maximum value in table above
Description Symbol Value
a -0.85944172
b 0.46044494
Uncorrected stack height Ub 21.3252519 m
Minimum Ub min 2.8893589 <Ub
Description Symbol Value
Velocity w 21.0557182 m/s
Stack Diameter d 1.8 m
Momentum M 782.133804
x -1.09833388
y 4.09459262
z -13.2147367
Log(Um) 1.40075571
Um 25.1626114
Um min 6.91295597 <Um
Affected radius 5Um 125.813057 m
Uncorrected height U 21.3252519 m
A 1.17994439
A B C D Unit
Distance from stack 47 60 125 0 m
Height H 60 15 15 0 m
Width (perpendicular to line of stack) B 61 37 30 0 m
Lesser of H or B K 60 15 15 0 m
H+1.5K T 150 37.5 37.5 0 m
Dont ignore Dont ignore Dont ignore ignore
Height Hm 60 m
T maximum Tm 150 m
Chimney height C* 77.2046755 m
CORRECTED CHIMNEY HEIGHT = 77 m
**Based on HMIP Technical Guidance Note D1, June 1993
Buildings and structure within 5Um
CHIMNEY HEIGHT CALCULATION**
Flue Gas
Pollutant Index Calculation
Buoyancy Calculation
Momentum Calculation
Buildings
Page 3
Description Symbol Unit Value
* Flue gas temp. T1
o
C 135
* Ambient temp. T2
o
C 30
Heat conductivity of lining1 lambda 1 kcal/mh
o
C 0.22
Heat conductivity of lining2 lambda 2 kcal/mh
o
C 0.70
Heat conductivity of stack flue lambda 3 kcal/mh
o
C 40.00
Outer radius of lining1 R1 mm 894.00
* Inner radius of lining1 R2 mm 844 d
steel flue 1800
* Thickness of linning1 t1 mm 50
Inner radius of lining2 R3 mm 844
Thickness of linning2 t2 mm 0
Outer radius of linning2 R2 mm 844
* Thickness of stack flue t3 mm 6
Outer radius of stack flue Ro mm 900
* Logarithmic mean radius of linning1 rho1 - 1.0592
Logarithmic mean radius of linning2 rho2 - 1.0000
Logarithmic mean radius of stack flue rho3 - 1.0067
* Surface heat conductivity to ambient alpha kcal/m2h
o
C 31
ln rho1 - 0.0576
ln rho2 - 0.0000
ln rho3 - 0.0067
Inner Surface heat conductivity of stack alpha i kcal/m2hoC 37
Coefficient of overall heat transmission K kcal/m2h
o
C 3.0336
Length of stack L m 77
Gas flow W kg/h 165,610
Spesific heat C kcal/mh
o
C 0.26
Stack outlet gas temperature T
o
C 131.48 94 Min ADP
OK
Description Symbol Unit Value
* Flue gas temp. T1
o
C 135
* Ambient temp. T2
o
C 30
Heat conductivity of lining1 lambda 1 kcal/mh
o
C 0.22
Heat conductivity of lining2 lambda 2 kcal/mh
o
C 0.70
Heat conductivity of stack flue lambda 3 kcal/mh
o
C 40.00
* Inner radius of lining1 R2 mm 844
* Thickness of linning1 t1 mm 50
Outer radius of lining1 R1 mm 894
* Thickness of linning2 t2 mm 0
Outer radius of linning2 R2 mm 844
Inner radius of lining2 R3 mm 844
* Thickness of stack flue t3 mm 6
Outer radius of stack flue Ro mm 900
* Logarithmic mean radius of linning1 rho1 - 1.0592
Logarithmic mean radius of linning2 rho2 - 1.0000
Logarithmic mean radius of stack flue rho3 - 1.0067
* Surface heat conductivity to ambient alpha kcal/m2h
o
C 31
ln rho1 - 0.0576
ln rho2 - 0.0000
ln rho3 - 0.0067
Inner Surface heat conductivity of stack alpha i kcal/m2hoC 37
1/K 0.3296
Coefficient of overall heat transmission K kcal/m2h
o
C 3.0336
0.2938
Outer surface temperature of stack T3
o
C 41.42 165 Max Temperature
OK
Flue Gas Outlet Temperature Under Normal Condition
Remarks
wind velocity 8m/sec
Outer Surface Temperature of Flue Under Normal Condition
Remarks
wind velocity 8m/sec
Description Symbol Unit Value
* Flue gas temp. T1
o
C 199
* Ambient temp. T2
o
C 35
Heat conductivity of lining1 lambda 1 kcal/mh
o
C 0.22
Heat conductivity of lining2 lambda 2 kcal/mh
o
C 0.70
Heat conductivity of stack flue lambda 3 kcal/mh
o
C 40.00
Outer radius of lining1 R1 mm 894.00
* Inner radius of lining1 R2 mm 844inner d
steel flue 1800
* Thickness of linning1 t1 mm 50
Inner radius of lining2 R3 mm 844
Thickness of linning2 t2 mm 0
Outer radius of linning2 R2 mm 844
* Thickness of stack flue t3 mm 6
Outer radius of stack flue Ro mm 900
* Logarithmic mean radius of linning1 rho1 - 1.0592
Logarithmic mean radius of linning2 rho2 - 1.0000
Logarithmic mean radius of stack flue rho3 - 1.0067
* Surface heat conductivity to ambient alpha kcal/m2h
o
C 10
ln rho1 - 0.0576
ln rho2 - 0.0000
ln rho3 - 0.0067
Inner Surface heat conductivity of stack alpha i kcal/m2hoC 37
Coefficient of overall heat transmission K kcal/m2h
o
C 2.4697
Length of stack L m 77
Gas flow W kg/h 165,610
Spesific heat C kcal/mh
o
C 0.26
Stack outlet gas temperature T
o
C 194.51 94 Min ADP
OK
Description Symbol Unit Value
* Flue gas temp. T1
o
C 199
* Ambient temp. T2
o
C 35
Heat conductivity of lining1 lambda 1 kcal/mh
o
C 0.22
Heat conductivity of lining2 lambda 2 kcal/mh
o
C 0.70
Heat conductivity of stack flue lambda 3 kcal/mh
o
C 40.00
* Inner radius of lining1 R2 mm 844
* Thickness of linning1 t1 mm 0
Outer radius of lining1 R1 mm 844
* Thickness of linning2 t2 mm 0
Outer radius of linning2 R2 mm 844
Inner radius of lining2 R3 mm 844
* Thickness of stack flue t3 mm 6
Outer radius of stack flue Ro mm 850
* Logarithmic mean radius of linning1 rho1 - 1.0000
Logarithmic mean radius of linning2 rho2 - 1.0000
Logarithmic mean radius of stack flue rho3 - 1.0071
* Surface heat conductivity to ambient alpha kcal/m2h
o
C 10
ln rho1 - 0.0000
ln rho2 - 0.0000
ln rho3 - 0.0071
Inner Surface heat conductivity of stack alpha i kcal/m2hoC 37
1/K 0.1498
Coefficient of overall heat transmission K kcal/m2h
o
C 6.6735
0.0322
Outer surface temperature of stack T3
o
C 163.76 165 Max Temperature
OK
Flue Gas Outlet Temperature Under Worse Condition
Remarks
worst case wind velocity 1m/sec
Outer Surface Temperature of Flue Under Worse Condition
Remarks
worst case wind velocity 1m/sec
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