Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 8

Professor: M.

Rush
ECO 2023
FALL 2013
MIDTERM 2
Read all instructions on this page
This test is governed by UFs academic honesty code. It is intended to have 30
multiple choice questions. Please check to be sure your copy has all 30. MAKE
CERTAIN THAT YOU LOOK AT BOTH SIDES OF THE LAST PAGE!! Choose
the best answer for each question.
The next is important: Unless you are specifically told otherwise, on this test do
not assume that demand or supply is either perfectly elastic or perfectly inelastic.
On the bubble sheet, please enter:
1. Your name and initials
2. Your UF ID number
3. Form code: A
4. Sign your name on the bubble sheet.
Check that the form code and UF ID number you bubbled-in are correct now. Also check
to be sure your name is correctdo it now. I have heard a rumor that the ability to
correctly record these had been mastered by a few students at FSU as well as a couple of
accounting and journalism students. I will investigate these rumors but in the
meanwhile,
CHECK YOUR FORM CODE AND UF ID NUMBER. IF YOU GET EITHER OF
THESE WRONG, YOUR TEST MIGHT NOT BE GRADED AND IF IT IS GRADED,
YOU WILL LOSE 3 POINTS!

TURN OFF ALL CELL PHONES AND OTHER
COMMUNICATION DEVICES
You may not use a cell phone or any other sort of device that allows for communication
as your calculator.
I have become increasingly concerned that some students are at a real disadvantage
because they are unwilling to ask questions during the exam while others ask a lot of
questions. Hence, to level the playing field, I have decided to eliminate all questions
during the test. I dont like this policy, but it seems the fairest policy.
Do not ask questions of me or the TAs; in the interest of fairness I
have instructed them not to answer any questions during the exam.
You will have one hour (60 minutes) to complete the exam and bubble in all your
answers. When the TAs say that time is up, you must hand in your exam. We will not
give extra time to finish bubbling in the answers, so be sure you are done when the 60
minutes are up. Of course, you may hand in your test at any time before the 60 minutes
are up.
E CO 2023 MI DTE R M 2 F AL L 2013
An answer key will be posted on the class web page after 10 PM.
The test scores will be on class web page within a few days.
Once you see the answer key, you might have a question about why one answer
is right and another is wrong. For these questions, email me at
mark.rush@warrington.ufl.edu Do NOT email the grader about these questions!
After the scores are posted, if you think your posted score is incorrect, then email
the grader at eco2023.grader@warrington.ufl.edu If you email me about your test
score, I will not forward the email nor respond to youyou MUST email the
grader. You have one week after the curved score is posted to request a grade
check. After a week, the score will not be changed. If the web reports what you
bubbled in for each question and you ask the grader to check an answer because
you believe you bubbled in something other than what is reported and the
reported answer on the web is correct, you will lose 1 additional question.

2
E CO 2023 MI DTE R M 2 F AL L 2013
1) A farmer discovers that the total cost of growing 50 acres of eggplant is $50,000 and
that the total cost of growing 51 acres of eggplant is $52,000. The marginal cost of
the 51st acre of eggplant is
A) $52,000.
B) $50,000.
C) $2,000.
D) $1,019.61
E) $1,000.
2) A perfectly competitive firm incurs an economic loss but continues to operate if
A) P > ATC.
B) P < ATC and P < AVC.
C) P < ATC and P > AVC.
D) P = ATC and P > AVC.
E) None of the above because whenever a firm incurs an economic loss, it immediately
closes.
3) A firms average variable cost is $6, its total fixed cost is $300, and its output is 60
units. Its average total cost is
A) less than or equal to $5.00.
B) between $5.01 and $7.00.
C) between $7.01 and $34.00
D) between $34.01 and $75.00.
E) more than or equal to $75.01.
4) Which of the following shifts Leonardos ATC curve upward?
A) An increase in the hourly wage that Leonardos pays its workers.
B) A decrease in the hourly wage that Leonardos pays its workers.
C) An increase in the fixed amount of liability insurance premiums that Leonardos pays.
D) Both answers A and C are correct.
5) All points above a consumers budget line are
A) inferior to every point on the budget line.
B) preferred to every point on the budget line.
C) affordable.
D) unaffordable.
E) Both answers B and D are correct.
6) All of the perfectly competitive firms in a market are incurring economic losses. If
some of the firms exit the market, then the
A) market supply curve shifts rightward.
B) price of the product falls.
C) economic losses of the remaining firms decrease.
D) economic losses of the remaining firms increase.
E) None of the above are correct.
3
E CO 2023 MI DTE R M 2 F AL L 2013

7) To maximize its profit, the unregulated, single-price monopoly shown in the figure
above will produce _____ units of output.
A) 5
B) 10
C) 15
D) 20
E) None of the above are correct.
8) To maximize its profit, the unregulated, single-price monopoly shown in the figure
above will set a price of _____ per unit.
A) $10
B) $20
C) $30
D) $40
E) None of the above are correct.
9) If a natural monopoly is regulated using an average cost pricing rule, the firm
A) earns a positive economic profit, and there is a deadweight loss.
B) earns zero economic profit, and there is no deadweight loss.
C) earns zero economic profit, and there is a deadweight loss.
D) incurs an economic loss, and there is no deadweight loss.
10) If both firms in a duopoly cheat on a cartel agreement, the prices ____ and both
firms profits ____.
A) fall; rise
B) rise; fall
C) fall; fall
D) rise; rise
4
E CO 2023 MI DTE R M 2 F AL L 2013
Output
(units per hour)
Total Cost
(dollars per hour)
0 $4.00
1 $7.00
2 $8.00
3 $12.00
4 $17.00
5 $24.00
6 $36.00
11) In the above table, the firms average total cost when 6 units are produced is
A) $6.00.
B) $11.00.
C) $36.00.
D) More information is needed to answer the question.
E) Enough information is given to answer the question but none of the answers are
correct.
12) In the above table, the firms average variable cost when 5 units are produced is
A) $4.00.
B) $7.00.
C) $24.00.
D) More information is needed to answer the question.
E) Enough information is given to answer the question but none of the answers are
correct.
13) Because of an advance in technology, a monopolys MC curve shifts downward. The
firm will ____ its price and ____ the quantity it produces.
A) raise; increase
B) raise; decrease
C) lower; increase
D) lower; decrease
E) not change; not change
14) A single-price monopoly can sell 2 units for $10.00 per unit. In order to sell 3 units,
the price must be $9.00 per unit. The marginal revenue from selling the third unit is
A) $27.
B) $10.
C) $9.
D) $7.
E) None of the above answers is correct.
15) A price discriminating monopolist charges a lower price to customers with
A) lower supply elasticities.
B) higher supply elasticities.
C) lower willingness-to-pay.
D) higher willingness-to-pay.
5
E CO 2023 MI DTE R M 2 F AL L 2013
16) In the long-run, in a perfectly competitive market, the firms
A) can make an economic profit.
B) produce at the minimum average total cost.
C) produce at the maximum average total cost.
D) produce at the minimum marginal cost.
17) (This is an out of the book question.) In the relationship between the associates who
sell on the floor of JCPenney and the stores manager, the associates are the ____
and the stores manager is ____.
A) agents; the principal
B) agents; also an agent
C) principals; the agent
D) principals; also a principal
18) In the short run, it ____ possible for a monopolistically competitive firm to make an
economic profit and in the short run, it ____ possible for a firm in perfect
competition to make an economic profit.
A) is; is
B) is; is not
C) is not; is
D) is not; is not

19) If the regulator imposes a marginal cost pricing rule on the firm in the above figure,
the firm would provide service to _____ million households and the price would be
_____ per month.
A) 6; $26
B) 6; $10
C) 10.5: $10
D) 10.5; $15
E) 12.5; $10
20) (This an out-of-the-stock-market readings question.) In an efficient market,
A) big profits can be earned indefinitely.
B) there are no transaction costs.
C) price changes are easily predicted.
D) price changes are not easily predicted.
6
E CO 2023 MI DTE R M 2 F AL L 2013
21) Janes Garage Cleaning is a perfectly competitive firm that currently cleans 50
garages a week. Janes marginal cost is $50, her price is $40, and her average total
cost is $45. Jane is
A) maximizing her profit and is making an economic profit.
B) not maximizing her profit and is making an economic profit.
C) maximizing her profit and is making a normal profit.
D) not maximizing her profit and is making a normal profit.
E) None of the above are correct.
22) The profit maximizing condition for a firm in monopolistic competition is to
produce so that
A) marginal cost equals marginal revenue.
B) marginal cost equals price.
C) average total cost equals price.
D) price equals marginal revenue.
E) average total cost equals marginal revenue.

American

Cheat Comply

National
Cheat A: $600
N: $300
A: $200
N: $400
Comply A: $100
N: $200
A: $300
N: $500
23) There are two can companies, American and National, which have entered into a
collusive agreement. The payoff matrix of economic profits is above. American
_____ a dominant strategy and _____ a dominant strategy.
A) has; has
B) has; does not have
C) does not have; has
D) does not have; does not have
24) A natural monopoly occurs when
A) one firm owns all the vital resources needed in the production process of a particular
good.
B) one firm can supply the entire market at a lower cost per unit than two or more firms
can.
C) a few firms collude to act as a single firm.
D) one firm captures the all the consumer surplus.
E) a cartel is able to control the market price.
25) If a monopolistically competitive firm is producing a level of output such that
marginal cost exceeds marginal revenue, to increase its profits the firm should _____
its price and _____ its output.
A) raise; decrease
B) lower; increase
C) lower; decrease
D) raise; increase
E) raise; not change
7
E CO 2023 MI DTE R M 2 F AL L 2013
26) Suppose that Pepsi and Coke, two competitors, agree to charge the same prices for
their soft drinks. In the United States, this practice is
A) always legal under the antitrust laws.
B) legal as long as Herfindahl-Hirschman index is less than 1,000.
C) legal as long as the firms had a cost justification for setting prices.
D) always illegal under the antitrust laws.
27) Which one of the following statements is TRUE for BOTH perfect competition and
monopolistic competition?
A) Each type of firm faces a downward sloping demand curve.
B) Each type of firm produces a product identical to that of its competitors.
C) In the long run, firms in both industries earn zero economic profit.
D) Each type of firm competes on product quality and price.
28) Compared to a perfectly competitive market, a single-price monopoly with the same
costs will
A) create less consumer surplus.
B) create less economic profit.
C) create a deadweight loss.
D) Both answers A and C are correct.
29) Monopolies can earn an economic profit in the long run because of
A) rent seeking by competitors.
B) the elastic demand for the monopolys product.
C) the cost-savings gained by the monopoly.
D) barriers to enter the monopolys market.
E) None of the above are correct.
30) After the scores are posted, if you have a question about your test score, email the
grader at ECO2023.Grader@warrington.ufl.edu and the director is so fat that (HINT:
Be SURE to answer this question because youll get credit for any answer.)
A) every time he puts an apple in his mouth, people try to roast him.
B) he are a whole Pizza Hut.
C) his shadow weighs 35 pounds.
D) when he lies down on the beach, Greenpeace tries to haul him back into the water.
8