Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 188

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS

02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA













































PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU
MANIS, BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA (PACKAGE B)

CONSTRUCTION OF 40 UNITS OF OCEANFRONT VILLA AT PULAU 2, SERVICE
ANNEX WITH JETTY AT PULAU 4 & WAVE DEVELOPMENT (PHASE 1)
COMPRISING OF FERRY TERMINAL, WAVE PROMENADE 1, CLUB HOUSE 1,
PARTIAL 2F BROADWALK & 1F SERVICE CORRIDOR.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS
1

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

TABLEOFCONTENTS

A GENERALCONDITIONS 57
B DEMOLITIONS&ALTERATIONS 812
ExistingServices
Materials
Workmanship
SiteSafety
ScaffoldingandScreens
DustandNoiseControl
DamagetoAdjacentProperties

C MANSORY 1318
MaterialsGenerally
Bricks
ConcreteBlocks
MeshReinforcement
DampProofCourse
Mortar
SettingOut
Bonding
Laying
Holdfasts
ReinforcedBrickworkandBlockwork
Wallsbuiltfairorinfacingbricks
Layingdampproofcourse
WatertightnessTest
Accuracy
Lintels
Jointing
Accessiblejointsnotexposedtoview
Appearance
Cleanliness
Reinforcing/FixingAccessories
Joints

D WATERPROOFING 1927

Liquidappliedtanking/dampproofing
Liquidappliedroofcoatings
Fiberglasswaterproofing
WaterproofingMembrane

E FLOOR/SURFACEFINISH 2874
Cementbasedleveling/wearingscreeds
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

2

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
InSituFinishings
TileFinishing
TimberFlooring
ExternalRaisedTimberDeckSystem
Carpeting
Access/RaisedFloor
Sundries

F WALL/CEILING 7588
Cementboarddrywallsystem
Plasterboarddrywalllining
Plasterboardpanelpartitions
Precastlightweighthollowconcretepanel
Suspendedceilingandsupportworks

G METALWORKS 8996
Steel
StainlessSteel
Aluminium
Galvanizing
Sherardizing
ChromiumPlating
Anodizing
Flurocarboncoating
Powdercoating
Fasterners
Workmanship
Welding&brazing
Fixing
Components
Adjustablesteellouverwindows
Aluminiumwindow,door,sunshadefins&panels
Demountablepartitions

H PAINTINGWORKS/CLEARFINISH 97102

CoatingSystems
General
Preparation
Application

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

3

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
I GLAZING 103106
Glass
Glazingcomponents
Accessories
Glazinggenerally
Compoundglazing
Beadglazing
Gasketglazing
MirrorFixing
CleaningandProtection

J DOORS/WINDOWS/STAIRS 107118
WindowsGenerally
WindowProducts
DoorsGenerally
DoorProducts
Stairs

K BUILDINGFABRICSUNDRIES 119128
FireStoppingSystems
Sundryinsulation/proofingwork
Unframedisolatedtrims/skirtings/sundryitems
Door/WindowIronmongery

L FURNITURE/EQUIPMENT 129136
Generalfixtures/furnishings/equipment
Sanitaryappliancesandfittings

M BUILDINGFABRICREFERENCESPECIFICATION 137144
Purposemadejoinery
Preservative/fireretardanttreatment
Sealants

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

4

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
N EXTERNALWORKS 145172
CuttingDownTrees
Treeprotection
Bulkfiling
Premixroadsurfacing
Precastconcreteunits
Precastconcreteslabpaving
Precastconcretedrains
Turfing&plantermix
IrrigationSystem
AntitermiteTreatment
Vapour/MoistureBarrier

O ANNEX 173
Chapter4:SanitaryProvisions

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

5

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
A
GENERALCONDITIONS
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

6

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

1. These Architectural Specifications set out the basic standard or quality of materials and
workmanship required by the Works regardless of the trade headings under which they have
been described and shall be read in conjunction with the other Technical specifications
prepared separately by respective Consultants, the Contract Drawings, the Conditions of
Contract and all other documents in respect of the Contract.

2. The Contract Drawings may contain particular details / information / additional clauses which
are applicable to the Contract. If any parts of these Specifications contradict the Contract
Drawings, the latter shall take precedence. In the event of discrepancies found between the
Contract Drawings, the Architectural Contract Drawings shall take precedence over drawings
from other disciplines. In this respect, the Contractor shall carry out construction works following
the Architectural Contract Drawings and all cost incurred thereof including adopting the design
from other Contract Drawings to the Architectural Contract Drawings and additional labour,
materials, plant and equipment shall be deemed to have been included in the Contract Sum.

3. Where trade names or catalogue numbers are mentioned in the Contract Drawings, the
Technical Specifications, the Schedule of Works or Works Sections and all other documents in
the Contract, the reference is intended only as a guide to the type of article quoted or material
required, subject to the approval of the Engineer, the Contractor may substitute any article or
material similar and equal to those described by reference to trade names or catalogue
numbers. All proprietary materials or processes are to be used or carried out strictly in
accordance with the manufacturers instructions and recommendations. In the event of
discrepancies found between the Specifications and/or Contract Drawings with the appropriate
or relevant Code of Practice or Singapore/British Standards, the more stringent requirements
shown on the above documents shall deem to have been included in the Contract Sum and
form the basis of the Contract.

4. The Contractor shall ensure that these requirements are strictly adhered to when carrying out
the works, unless otherwise instructed, specified, etc. If the content of any item in the
Specifications, Contract Drawings appear to contravene the appropriate or relevant Code of
Practice or Singapore/British Standards, or is repugnant to the Contractors specialized
knowledge of good practice, it will be the Contractors express responsibility to bring this matter
to the attention of the Architect.

5. All proprietary materials or processes specified in this Specification or the Bills of Quantities are
to be used or carried out strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions and
recommendations. Inform the Architect if such instructions and recommendations conflict with
any other specified requirements. Prior to incorporation into the Works, obtain confirmation from
the manufacturers and carry out all necessary tests to ascertain the adequacy, suitability and
compatibility of such proprietary materials or processes.

6. The Contractor is allowed to propose an alternative product or manufacturer of equivalent
specifications as specified in this documents and the Contract Drawings to all specified trades
with manufacturers, subject to the approval of the Architect.

7. All drawings and works from the Contractors consultants are to be done in accordance with the
submitted and approved authorities documents as informed by the Architect, All drawings are
subjected to changes due to requirements by Authorities, as informed by the Architect.


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

7

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
8. STANDARDS AND CODES OF PRACTICE

The standards and codes of practice referenced below and elsewhere in this Specification shall
establish the minimum but not to be construed as a limit on the standard of quality and
workmanship for the Works. They shall also serve as a basis for approval of such minimum
standards applicable thereto:

(1) Singapore Standards

(2) Singapore Standard Codes of Practice

(3) British Standards

(4) British Standard Codes of Practice


In case of conflict between any of the Standards and Codes of Practice and the drawings, this
Specification or any of the other Contract Documents in relation to the standard of quality and
workmanship, the Standard and/or Code of Practice having the more stringent requirement
shall govern unless otherwise notified by the Architect.

9. The Architect reserves the right to select and/or accept the level of standard and workmanship
which in his opinion will provide finished work that is to his satisfaction.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

8

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
B
DEMOLITIONS&ALTERATIONS
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

9

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 EXISTING SERVICES

The Contractor shall comply with all requirements of the various statutory Authorities and
Government Departments in respect of the existing services at and in the vicinity of the Site.
The Contractor shall also inform and liaise with the Authority/Department concerned should
he encounter any services at the Site, and arrange with and offer them all necessary
assistance in ensuring the timely diversion, disconnection, termination, or capping off of all
utility services.

The Contractor shall also engage licensed cable detection workers to ascertain and confirm
that there are no live services cables before carrying out any excavation/demolition works.


2 MATERIALS

Unless otherwise specified in the Bills of Quantities, all materials arising out of the
demolitions and alterations work shall become the property of the Contractor who shall
allow credit for the full value to him of all materials salvaged.

Where provision is made in the Bills of Quantities for the value of credits to be shown
separately, the Employer shall be entitled to purchase salvaged materials from the
Contractor upon payment to the Contractor of the credit value (if any) shown in the Bills.

Remove from the Site materials which are not required by the Employer. Unwanted
materials shall not be permitted to accumulate or become a health or fire risk.


3 WORKMANSHIP

(1) Method and Procedure for Demolitions

The building shall be demolished progressively from the roofs down to the
foundations on a storey-by-storey and bay-by-bay basis, and/or on whatever other
basis deemed expedient and safe by the Contractor and to the approval of the
Architect.


The Contractor shall employ methods that cause no shock or vibration likely to
damage surrounding properties, plant or equipment or buried services. The use of
explosives will not be permitted.

The Contractor shall be responsible for the full protection and stability of those
parts of the buildings which are to remain as shown on the drawings.

The Contractor's method of demolition must comply strictly with SS CP 11.

The demolition of one part of the structure may result in other parts becoming
unsafe or unstable. The Contractor is required to study and predetermine where
temporary supports, etc will be required. Provisions shall be made for adequate
shoring, strutting and bracing designed by the Contractor's Professional Engineer.

The Contractor shall submit with his tender for consideration of the Architect, a
detailed statement with regard to the method, procedure, plant, tools and
equipment which he intends to follow and/or use.


(2) Method and Procedure for Alterations Work

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

10

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
The Contractor shall sequence his works to the existing building in such a manner
so that all work to the roofs and drainage installation can be commenced and
completed as soon as possible and the building made weathertight in advance of
other internal restoration/fitting-out works. Work which exposes the building to
weather shall be undertaken during favourable weather conditions.

Provide tarpaulins, weatherproof coverings and the like to the satisfaction of the
Architect for the full protection of the internal parts of the existing building so long
as the building is not weathertight.

Alterations shall be carried out with the minimum amount of disturbance to those
parts of the building which are to remain. Provide all temporary shoring, needling,
strutting, scaffolding, dustproof screens, tarpaulins, dust sheets and the like and
other temporary works incidental to alterations. Execute the alterations work in
phases as may be directed by the Architect.

New work associated with the alterations shall be as specified in the appropriate
trade sections. The Contractor shall be responsible for all making good in its fullest
sense to match all aspects of the existing works and through, around, into, over
and up to new items, openings and the like and the proper jointing to existing, all to
the approval of the Architect.


4 SITE SAFETY

The Contractor shall comply with the Workplace Safety and Health Act 2006 (hereinafter
referred to as 'the Act') and the provisions of the Factories (Building Operations and Works
of Engineering Construction) Regulations (hereinafter referred to as 'the Regulations') and
any amendment or re-enactment thereto particularly with regard to Part XI (Demolition) of
the Regulations. Prior to commencement of the Works, the Contractor shall obtain a
Certificate of Registration under the Workplace Safety and Health (Registration of
Factories) Regulations.

It shall be the duty of the Contractor to comply with all requirements of the Act and
Regulations, as will affect him or any person or persons employed by him, and as related to
any work, act or operation performed or about to be performed by him.

The Contractor shall ensure a safe working environment on the Site at all times. All safety
provisions shall be properly maintained. The Contractor shall ensure that his workmen take
all necessary precautions when safety measures are installed.

The Contractor shall submit a safety drawing, certified by his Professional Engineer to the
Ministry of Manpower (MOM) not later than one week after commencement of the Works.
The approval of the MOM for such safety drawing shall not relieve the Contractor and his
Professional Engineer of the need to ensure the adequacy and sufficiency of the safety
provisions.

The Contractor shall display warning signs of 900 x 600mm (minimum size) at strategic
positions along the perimeter of the Site to deter trespassing. Signs shall have the words
'Danger- Keep Out' in the four official languages painted red on a white background with
gloss finishing paint. Warning lights shall also be provided at similar positions and activated
at night.

Works carried out at or near the main roads shall also comply with the Land Transport
Authority's Recommendations on Temporary Road Signs.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

11

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

The Contractor shall appoint a qualified and competent person to take charge of all matters
on site safety and to conduct regular safety meetings.

The Contractor shall employ only experienced and trained operators for his plant,
equipment and vehicles. The Contractor shall submit to the Architect and the relevant
Authorities, a list of the plant, equipment and vehicles to be used at the Site, together with
the names, identity card or passport numbers and years of experience of the operators not
later than one week after the commencement of the Works. The Contractor shall inform the
MOM within one week of any changes made. The list shall be displayed at the site office.

The Contractor is deemed to have allowed for costs and expenses of all safety provisions
including that which may arise from amendments to the Regulations and changes in the
requirements of MOM or other relevant Authorities.

Should the MOM order a total or partial stoppage of work due to safety violations, the
Contractor shall not be entitled to any claims for compensation or extension of time for
completion.


5 SCAFFOLDING AND SCREENS


Scaffolding shall be of a type approved by the MOM and shall comprise an independent
tied metal scaffold complying with the requirements of the Factories (Scaffolds) Regulations
2004 and Singapore Standard Code of Practice for Scaffolding, CP 14. The scaffold shall
be erected to roof level along the external perimeter of the building.

No loading of debris shall be placed on the scaffold, in excess of its design capacity.

Scaffolds shall be dismantled progressively as demolition progresses and shall not be left
projecting unnecessarily above the residual height of the building or structure. Scaffolds
shall be erected and dismantled by approved fixers under supervision, in accordance with
the relevant regulations and bye-laws and to the satisfaction of the Chief Inspector
(Factories) of the MOM.

The Contractor shall submit detailed drawings of the scaffolding system, its layout and/or
support cantilevers to the Chief Inspector (Factories), MOM for approval. The approval of
the MOM shall not relieve the Contractor and his Professional Engineer from any liability for
defective design and the erection of the metal scaffolds.

Dustproof canvas sheeting shall be securely fastened together, onto the outer face of metal
scaffolds to prevent drifting of dust and debris.


6 DUST AND NOISE CONTROL

The Contractor shall comply with the Environmental Pollution Control Act and is required to
take all proper and reasonable precautions to control the emission and escape of dust and
excessive noise.

All work to be demolished and debris shall be well watered to prevent dust rising.

The Contractor's attention is drawn to the provisions of the Environmental Pollution Control
(Control of Noise at Construction Sites) Regulations and Singapore Standard Code of
Practice for Noise Control on Construction and Demolition Sites, CP49 on noise control.
The Contractor shall ensure that the amount of noise is within the stipulated levels by
minimizing the number of plant and equipment working simultaneously or the number of
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

12

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
noise emitting activities being carried out simultaneously and restricting the hours of
working where excessive noise is emitted.

Should the amount of dust and the level of noise is such as to cause undue inconvenience
and nuisance, the Contractor shall be required to effect corrective measures at his own
expense to the satisfaction of the Architect and the relevant Authorities. Any delays or
slowdown due to stoppages arising from interim/permanent injunctions or from compliance
with any regulatory or mandatory requirement of the Authorities to abate the nuisance shall
be solely at the Contractor's cost.


7 DAMAGE TO ADJACENT PROPERTIES

The Contractor shall take proper precautions to ensure that no damage is caused to
adjacent structures. In the event damage does occur, it must be made good to the
satisfaction of the Architect. Any damage caused to the roads, whether public or private,
drains, kerbs, etc must be made good to the complete satisfaction of the Architect. The
Contractor shall bear all time and cost consequences in connection therewith.


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

13

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
C
MASONRY
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

14

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 MATERIALS GENERALLY

Submit samples of each type of brick and block and obtain approval before placing orders
with suppliers. If requested by the Architect, submit samples of the bricks and blocks to
PSB for testing and pay fees in connection therewith.

Stack bricks and blocks clear of the ground and protect from inclement weather, chipping or
damage.


2 BRICKS

Common bricks and facing bricks shall be of standard size 215 x 102.5 x 65mm of even
shape, hard, well burnt, machine made pressed bricks with true arrises complying with SS
103 Second Grade having a minimum compressive strength of 20 MN/m2.

Bricks for use in external walls shall be free from hairline cracks.


3 CONCRETE BLOCKS

Blocks shall be hard, even in shape, square with true arrises, well matured and of a dense,
well consolidated mixture.

Blocks for load bearing use shall be Class A with a minimum compressive strength of not
less than 5.6 MN/m2 and comply with SS 76(M).

Blocks for non-load bearing use shall comply with SS 271 and have a minimum
compressive strength of not less than 3.2 N/mm2.


4 MESH REINFORCEMENT

Mesh shall be 22 gauge expanded mild steel strip, 25mm narrower than the width of the
wall and galvanised after cutting.


5 DAMP PROOF COURSE

The damp proof course shall be bitumen with a fibre base complying with BS 6398 Class B.


6 MORTAR

Cement to be in accordance with BS 8204-1, clause 5.1.3.

Sand shall be clean natural sand of light colour free from organic matter and shall comply
with SS 31 and be washed and/or screened if required by the Architect.

Plasticisers shall be of approved manufacture.

Water shall be from the main supply, kept free from impurities.

Mix mortar in the ratio of 1:6 by volume and incorporate plasticiser in the proportion
recommended by the manufacturer.

Thoroughly mix mortar by mechanical mixer or by hand on a clean level timber platform and
use within two hours of mixing.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

15

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA


7 SETTING OUT

Provide proper setting out rods and set out all work showing openings, heights, sills and
lintels. No part of the walling shall be carried up more than 1000mm higher at one time
than any other part and in such cases the jointing shall be made in long steps, not toothed,
so as to prevent cracks arising. Walls shall be levelled around at floors and wall heads and
built in level courses.

Walls as built shall be within a tolerance of + 15mm of setting out dimensions.


8 BONDING

Half brick thick walls and block walls shall be built in stretcher bond. Brick walls of one
brick or greater thickness shall be built in English bond. Piers and angles shall be properly
bonded together and intersections of walls shall be cut, toothed and bonded together at
alternate courses.

9 LAYING

Before commencing laying, ascertain from other trades that all pipes, conduits, drains,
sleeves, bolts, hangers, door and window fixing lugs, timber pellets or any other materials
for which provision is required has been catered for.

Bricks and blocks shall be wetted before being laid and tops of walls where left off shall
likewise be wetted before recommending laying.

Lay bricks and blocks on a full bed of mortar and fill solid all joints. Bed and vertical joints
shall be of a uniform 10mm thickness. Bricks shall be laid frog uppermost and filled with
mortar.

Walls shall be built within a tolerance of + 15mm of plumb in any storey height. Perpends
and quoins shall be plumb and square.

Use templates for forming door and window openings where not built in and for forming lift
shafts accurately at each floor level.

Bed frames and plates, etc which are built in with cement mortar 10mm thick.
Cut and pin or build in ends of bars and the like and make good in cement mortar.

Cut or form all holes, mortices, chases and openings in walls for fittings, pipes, turn-in of
finishings and the like and subsequently make good in cement mortar.

Joints in walls to be plastered or rendered shall be raked out to a depth of 10mm whilst the
mortar is green to form an adequate key for finishings.


10 HOLDFASTS

Unless otherwise specified, hardwood frames shall be secured with mild steel holdfasts
25mm wide x 3mm thick x 225mm girth with one end bent and twice drilled and screwed to
back of frame and other end fanged and built into joints of brickwork or blockwork.


11 REINFORCED BRICKWORK AND BLOCKWORK

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

16

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Brick walls of half brick (102.5mm) or on edge (65mm) thickness shall be reinforced with
mesh reinforcement as previously described at every fourth course.

Block walls not exceeding 100mm thick shall be reinforced with mesh reinforcement as
previously described at every course. The mesh reinforcement shall be lapped 150mm at
joints and carried through the full thickness of the end wall at corners and junctions.


12 WALLS BUILT FAIR OR IN FACING BRICKS

Execute sample panels 1000 x 1000mm for each type of facing work for the Architect's
approval and clear away when directed.

Bricks or blocks for faced or fair work shall be specially selected for uniformity of size and
clean, undamaged faces and arrises.

Point faced or fair walls with a neat recessed joint as the work proceeds.


13 LAYING DAMP PROOF COURSES

Lay damp proof courses in continuous strip with 150mm laps at joints and full laps at angles
on an even bed of cement mortar and complete joint to normal thickness.

Keep leading edge of damp proof course flush with face of wall.


14 WATERTIGHTNESS TEST ON EXTERNAL BRICK WALLS

External walls shall be tested for watertightness by spraying with a continuous jet of water
from a water hose reel having a 4.5mm nozzle and a minimum running pressure of 4 bar
held at a distance from the surface under test to be specified by the Architect. The duration
of the test shall not be less than 30 minutes.

The walls shall be examined for dampness or water seepage during the test and within one
hour after completion of the test.


15 ACCURACY

Courses: Level and true to line.
Faces, angles and features: Plumb.
Permissible deviations:
Position in plan of any point in relation to the specified building reference line and/ or point
at the same level 10 mm.

- Straightness in any 5 m length 5 mm.

- Verticality up to 3 m height 10 mm.

- Verticality up to 7 m height 14 mm.

- Overall thickness of walls 10 mm.

- Level of bed joints up to 5 m (brick masonry) 11 mm.

- Level of bed joints up to 5 m (block masonry) 13 mm.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

17

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
16 LINTELS

Bearing: Ensure full length masonry units occur immediately under lintel ends.

Precast Concrete Lintels:

- Standard: To BS EN 845-2.
- Manufacturer: Contractor's proposal
- Product reference: None
- Sizes: Contractor's proposal
- Additional requirements: Freeze/ thaw: Resistant
- Placement: Bed on mortar used for adjacent


17 JOINTING

Profile: Consistent in appearance.


18 ACCESSIBLE JOINTS NOT EXPOSED TO VIEW

Jointing: Struck flush as work proceeds.


19 APPEARANCE

- Brick/ block selection: Do not use units with damaged faces or arrises.

- Cut masonry units: Where cut faces or edges are exposed cut with table masonry saw.

- Quality control: Lay masonry units to match relevant reference panels.

- Setting out: To produce satisfactory junctions and joints with built-in elements and
components.

- Coursing: Evenly spaced using gauge rods.

- Lifts: Complete in one operation.

- Methods of protecting facework: Submit proposals.


20 CLEANLINESS

- Facework: Keep clean.
-
Mortar on facework: Allow to dry before removing with stiff


21 REINFORCING/ FIXING ACCESSORIES

Angel Supports Generally:

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
- Product reference: None .
- Material: Austenitic stainless steel .
- Size: proprietary system .
- Fixings (complete with washers and shims): Manufacturer's instruction .
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

18

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Support Systems Generally:

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
- Product reference: None .
- Material: Austenitic stainless steel .
- Components, arrangement and dimensions: As shown on drawings.


22 JOINTS

Unexposed Construction Joints:

- Formation: Close butt as work proceeds.

Pointing in Flashings:

- Joint preparation: Free of debris and lightly wetted.
- Pointing mortar: As for adjacent walling.
- Placement: Fill joint and finish flush.





ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

19

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
D
WATERPROOFING
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

20

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 GENERAL

All materials including primers, resins, curing agents, and finish coats are to be Green Label
certified or bear a similar internationally recognized certification. Also, the finish coat shall
be environment friendly, containing no solvent

2 LIQUID APPLIED TANKING/ DAMP PROOFING


TYPES OF TANKING/ DAMP PROOFING

Cold Applied Tanking:

- Substrate: As shown on drawings.
- Primer: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Coating: Epoxy resin.
o Manufacturer: submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
o Application: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Reinforcement: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Blinding: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Green Label: SEC Endorsed or similar

Cold Applied Damp Proofing :

- Substrate: As shown on drawings.
- Primer: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Coating: Epoxy resin.
o Manufacturer: submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
o Application: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Reinforcement: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Blinding: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Green Label: SEC Endorsed or similar


EXECUTION

Suitability of Substrate:

- Substrates generally:
o Smooth, even textured, clean, dry and frost free.
o Within tolerances for level and surface regularity.
o Vertical and horizontal surfaces: Correctly prepared and free from
irregularities.
- Curing period for concrete substrates (minimum): 7 days.
- Moisture content and stability of substrate: Must not impair integrity of finished
tanking/
- damp proofing.
- Preliminary work: Complete including:
o Chases.
o External angles.
o Formation of upstands and kerbs.
o Movement joints.
o Penetrations/ Outlets.

Adhesion Testing:

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

21

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Tensile bond strength: Test in accordance with BS EN ISO 4624.
- Test results: Submit.

Primers:

- Application: Uniform, continuous coverage.

Coating Application:

- Adjacent surfaces exposed to view in finished work: Protect.
- Coatings:
o Apply in dry atmospheric conditions when primer is tacky.
o Uniform, continuous coverage. Do not allow to pool in hollows.
o Firmly adhered to substrate and free from imperfections.
o Prevent damage to finished coatings.
- Penetrations: Impervious.
- Final covering: Apply as soon as possible after coating has hardened.

Cold Applied Coatings:

- Thinning: Not permitted unless recommended by manufacturer.
- Successive coats:
Allow to dry before applying next.
Apply at right angles to previous.

Modified Coatings:

- Air and surface temperatures: Do not apply if below minimum recommended by
coating manufacturer.
- Curing: Keep dry until fully cured.

Reinforcement:

- Laying: Laid into second coat with third coating applied locally over fabric .
- Edge overlap (minimum): 75 mm
- Finish: Smooth and free from imperfections.

Junctions with DPCs:

- DPCs: Clean, all edges fully exposed.
- Application: Fully coat dpc and overlap adjacent surfaces by (minimum) 75 mm.

Blinding:

- Coatings: Blind whilst tacky .
- Surplus material: Remove when coatings are completely dry.


COMPLETION


Inspection:

- Interim and final inspections: Submit reports.

Electronic Integrity Test:
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

22

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

- Testing authority: Submit proposals.
- Timing of test: Give notice.
- Condition of coating prior to testing:
o Complete to a stage where integrity can be tested.
o Surface: Clean.
- Test results and waterproof integrity certificate: Submit on completion of testing.
Protection of Coatings:

- Coated surface: Clean and free from contaminants.
- Board manufacturer: submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
o Thickness: As coating manufacturer's recommendations.
- Placement: Bond protection board to coating with double-sided tape.
o Edges: 75 mm minimum overlap.
o Perimeter treatment: to manufacturer's instruction.
- Contact with coating: Secure and continuous.
3 LIQUID APPLIED ROOF COATINGS
TYPES OF COATING


Cold Deck Roof Coating:

- Substrate: As shown on drawings.
o Preparation: to manufacturer's instruction.
- Waterproof coating: Polyurethane.
o System manufacturer: submit proposals.
- Primer reference: As coating manufacturer's recommendation.
- Coating reference: As coating manufacturer's recommendation.
o Application: As coating manufacturer's recommendation.
o Reinforcement: As coating manufacturer's recommendation.
o Minimum dry film thickness: As coating manufacturer's recommendation.
o Colour: As coating manufacturer's recommendation.
- Surface protection: As coating manufacturer's recommendation.
- Accessories: As shown on drawings.
- Green Label: SEC Endorsed or similar


PERFORMANCE


Roof Performance:

- General: Firmly adhered, free draining and weathertight.

Avoidance of Interstitial Condensation In Warm and Inverted Roofs:

- Interstitial condensation risk of roof construction: Assess as recommended in BS
6229.
- Basic design data:
o Outdoor notional psychrometric conditions, winter:
Temperature: -5C.
Relative humidity: 90%.
Vapour pressure: 0.36 kPa.
Duration: 60 days.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

23

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
o Outdoor notional psychrometric conditions, summer:
o Temperature: 18C.
o Relative humidity: 65%.
o Vapour pressure: 1.34 kPa.
o Duration: 60 days.
o Indoor notional psychrometric conditions:
Temperature: 20C.
Relative humidity: 40%.
Vapour pressure: 1.17 kPa.
o Winter interstitial condensate (warm roof):
Calculated amount (maximum): 0.35kg/m.
Calculated annual net retention: Nil.
- Vapour control layer: If necessary, provide a suitable membrane so that damage
and nuisance from interstitial condensation do not occur.
- Risk of interstitial condensation in roof construction: Assess in accordance with BS
5250, Annex D.
- Vapour control layer: If necessary, provide a suitable membrane so that damage
and nuisance from interstitial condensation do not occur.
Insulation:

- Requirement: Determine type and thickness of insulation and integral or separate
overlay to satisfy the following criteria:
o Thermal transmittance of roof (maximum): 0.25 W/mK.
o Compressive strength of insulation (minimum) at 10% compression: 220
kPa.
o Substrate surface: Suitably even, stable and robust to receive roof coatings.
o Insulation compliance: To a relevant British Standard, or Agrment certified.


PRODUCTS


Timber Trims:

- Quality: Planed, free from wane, pitch pockets, decay and insect attack (except
ambrosia
- beetle damage).
- Moisture content at time of covering (maximum): 22%.
- Preservative treatment: As recommended for purpose by waterproof coating
manufacturer.

Vapour Control Layer:

- Type: Reinforced polyethylene sheet.
- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
- Thickness: 500 micrometres.
- Vapour resistance: 1000 MNs/g.

Extruded Polystyrene (XPS) Warm Deck Roof Insulation:

- Standard: To BS EN 13164.
- Manufacturer: submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
- Grade: E2.
- Thickness: 50mm.
- Facing: Factory bonded foil upper face.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

24

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Precast Concrete Paving Slabs:

- Standard: To BS EN 1339, hydraulically pressed.
- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
- Colour/ Finish: Natural with smooth surface.
- Recycled content: Submit proposals.
- Size: 600 x 600 x 50 mm.
- Support system: Not required.


EXECUTION GENERALLY

Adverse Weather:

- Do not apply coatings:
o In wet conditions or at temperatures below 5C, unless otherwise permitted
by coating manufacturer.
o In high winds (speeds > 7 m/s), unless adequate temporary windbreaks are
erected
o adjacent to working area.
- Unfinished areas of roof: Keep dry.
Suitability of Substrate:

- Substrates generally:
o Secure, clean, dry, smooth, free from frost, contaminants, loose material,
voids, protrusions and organic growths.
o Compatible with coating system.
- Preliminary work: Complete, including:
o Formation of upstands, kerbs, box gutters, sumps, grooves, chases and
expansion joints.
o Fixing of battens, fillets and anchoring plugs/ strips.
- Moisture content and stability: Must not impair integrity of roof.


NEW SUBSTRATES/ VAPOUR CONTROL LAYERS/ WARM DECK ROOF INSULATION


Fixing Timber Trims:

- Fasteners: Sherardized steel screws.
- Fixing centres (maximum): 600 mm.

Laying Vapour Control Layer:

- Membrane: As shown on drawings.
- Laps: Sealed using materials and method recommended by membrane
manufacturer.
- Upstands, kerbs and other penetrations: Enclose edges of insulation. Lap with
coatings to form a complete seal.

Laying Warm Deck Roof Insulation:

- Setting out:
o Long edges: Fully supported and run at right angles to direction of span.
o Joints: Butted together.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

25

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
o Ends: Adequately supported.
o Joints: Staggered.
- Bedding: Full bed of bonding compound.
- Mechanical fixing: Determined by contractor.
- Completion: Boards must be in good condition, well fitting and stable.


ROOF COATING SYSTEM

Adhesion Tests:

- Requirement: Carry out a trial coating to determine priming requirements and/ or
system
- suitability.
- Nature of test: 5 x 5 m application of coating system to concrete roof .
- Test results: Submit and arrange for inspection.

Applying Primers/ Conditioners:

- Coverage per coat (minimum): 0.2 L/m.
- Surface coverage: Brushed well in to ensure local or full area coverage according
to type.
- Coats: Allow to dry before overcoating.

Laying Carrier Membrane:

- Bond: Full to provide a continuous surface for application of coatings.
- Mechanical fixing: In accordance with manufacturer's recommendations.
Movement Joints in Substrate:

- Debonding tape: Apply over movement joints.
- Reinforcement strip: Apply over debonding tape.
o Bedding: Preliminary coating application.
o Joints: Lap in length.
o Bond: Continuous over whole surface, with no air pockets.
o Condition at completion: Smooth.

Preliminary Local Reinforcement:

- Reinforcement strip: Apply to junctions at upstands, penetrations and outlets, joints
and fixings in discontinuous unit substrates.
o Bedding: Preliminary coating application.
o Joints: Lap in length.
o Bond: Continuous over whole surface, with no air pockets.
o Condition at completion: Smooth.

Application of Roof Coatings:

- Thickness: Monitor by taking wet/ dry film thickness readings.
- Continuity: Maintain full thickness of coatings around angles, junctions and features.
- Rainwater outlets: Form with watertight joints.
- Drainage systems: Do not allow liquid coatings to enter piped rainwater or foul
systems.
- Edge trims: Apply coatings over horizontal leg of trim and into recess.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

26

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Skirtings and Upstands:

- Top edges of coatings: Where not protected by flashings, apply into chases cut to a
- minimum depth of 10 mm.
- Completion of chases: When coatings are fully cured, prepare chase and apply
sealant:
o Sealant: To BS EN ISO 11600.
- Colour: As coating.


COMPLETION


Inspection:

- Coating surfaces: Check when cured for discontinuities.
o Defective areas: Apply another coating.

Electronic Roof Integrity Test:

- Testing authority: Submit proposals .
- Timing of test: Give notice .
- Condition of roof prior to testing:
o Coating: Complete to a stage where integrity can be tested.
o Surface: Clean.
- Test results: Submit.
- Waterproof integrity certificate: On completion of testing, submit.
Flood Test:

- Condition of roof prior to testing:
o Coating: Complete to a stage where integrity can be tested.
o Surface: Clean.
- Outlets: Externally cover and seal. Protect against damage from water pressure
using
- temporary kerbs. Do not use plugs to seal outlets.
- Flood levels: Submit proposals. In no case higher than existing kerbs.
- Flood duration: 24 hours .
- Inspection: Regular to detect leaks.
- Completion of test: Slowly drain roof. Do not overload or flood outlets.
- Test results: Submit.

Completion:

- Roof areas: Clean.
o Outlets: Clear.
o Flashings: Dressed into place.
- Work necessary to provide a weathertight finish: Complete.
- Storage of materials on finished surface: Not permitted.
- Completed coatings: Protect against damage.


4 WATERPROOFING MEMBRANE
TYPES OF MEMBRANE


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

27

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Pre-Applied High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) Film

- Manufacturer:
o Contractor to submit proposals to the Architect for approval
o Product Reference: Preorufe 160R by Grace Construction
- Description:
o Composite HDPE film
- Preparation:
o Substrate Preparation: to manufacturer's instruction.
- Coating reference: As manufacturer's recommendation.
o Application: As manufacturer's recommendation.
o Reinforcement: As manufacturer's recommendation.
o Minimum dry film thickness: As manufacturer's recommendation.
o Colour: As manufacturer's recommendation.
- Surface protection: As manufacturer's recommendation.
- Accessories: As manufacturer's recommendation.
- Green Label: SEC Endorsed or similar


INSTALLATION GENERALLY

Membrane rolls with tapes are to be supplied with a selvedge on one side to provide self-
adhered laps for continuity between rolls. Disposable plastic release liners, if any, are to be
removed before placing reinforcement and concrete.

Membrane Installation:

- During Damp conditions, selvedge and tape adhesive to be warmed using hot air
gun or similar to remove moisture and condensation.
- Refer to Manufacturers instruction on the laying and positioning of each membrane
roll

Penetrations:

- Grouting of penetration and any additional steps to Manufacturers instruction.

Hydrostatic Head Test:

- Testing authority: Submit proposals .
- Timing of test: Give notice .
- Condition of ground prior to testing:
o Surface: Clean.
- Test results: Submit.
- Waterproof integrity certificate: On completion of testing, submit.

Completion:

- Ensure plastic release liner is removed from all areas before pouring of concrete.
- Concrete to be poured within 42 days of the application of the membrane/or as
specified by the Manufacturer.
- Concrete to be poured must be placed and compacted carefully to avoid damage to
the membrane



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

28

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
E
FLOOR/SURFACEFINISH
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

29

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

1 CEMENT BASED LEVELLING / WEARING SCREEDS




TYPES OF SCREED


Cement: Sand Levelling Screed to Floors:

- Substrate: In situ concrete slab.
- Screed construction: Partially bonded, as clause 270.
o Reinforcement for crack control: Not required.
- Thickness .
o Nominal: 70 mm.
o Minimum: 50 mm.
- Mix:
o Proportions (cement:sand): 1:3-4.5.
- In situ crushing resistance (ISCR) category: 1:3-4.5.
o Mass of test weight: 4 kg.
- Flatness/ Surface regularity: Maximum permissible deviation: 5 mm or 2 mm under
a 1 m straightedge .
- Finish: Smooth floated, as clause 530.
o To receive: Varies, as shown on drawings.
- Other requirements: None.

Fine Concrete Levelling Screed to Ramps:

- Substrate: Precast concrete planks.
- Screed construction: Partially bonded, as clause 270.
o Reinforcement for crack control: Not required.
- Thickness:
o Nominal: 70 mm.
o Minimum: 50 mm.
- Mix:
o Proportions (cement: total aggregate): 1:4-5.
o Sand to coarse aggregate: Between 75:25 and 60:40, adjusted to facilitate
trowelling.
- In situ crushing resistance (ISCR) category: B (4 mm maximum indentation).
o Mass of test weight: 4 kg.
- Flatness/ Surface regularity: Maximum permissible deviation: 5 mm and also 2 mm
under a
- 1 m straightedge .
- Finish: Trowelled, as clause 540.
o To receive: Polyurathane paint.
- Other requirements: Movement joints .

Concrete Wearing Screeds (Pebblewash) to Floors:



- Substrate: In situ concrete slab.
- Screed construction: Fully bonded.
- Thickness:
o Nominal: 50 mm.
o Minimum: 30 mm.
o Maximum: 40mm.
- Mix:
o Proportions (cement:sand:pebble stone): 1:1:5 .
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

30

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Flatness/ Surface regularity: Maximum permissible deviation: 5 mm and also 2 mm
under a 1 m straightedge.
- Abrasion resistance:
o Standard: To BS 8204-2, Table 4.
o Classification: AR3/ WS Moderate Duty.
- Finish: Trowelled, as clause 550.
o Slip resistance value (minimum SRV): SRV 40.
- Other requirements: Movement joints .


GENERALLY/PREPARATION


Suitability of Substrates:

- General:
o Suitable for specified levels and flatness/ regularity of finished surfaces.
Consider permissible minimum and maximum thicknesses of screeds.
o Sound and free from significant cracks and gaps.
- Concrete strength: To BS 8204-1, Table 2.
- Cleanliness: Remove plaster, debris and dirt.
- Moisture content: To suit screed type. New concrete slabs to receive fully or
partially
- bonded construction must be dried out by exposure to the air for minimum six
weeks.

Control Samples:

- General: Complete areas of finished work and obtain approval of appearance
before
- proceeding.
- Screed type: As clauses 115, 120, 180A.
o Location/ Size: To be selected / 1 m x 1 m.

Conduits Case Into Or Under Screeds:

- Reinforcement: Overlay with reinforcement selected from:
o 500 mm wide strip of steel fabric to BS 4483, reference D49, or
o Welded mesh manufactured in rolls from mild steel wire minimum 1.5 mm
diameter to BS 1052, mesh size 50 x 50 mm.
- Placing reinforcement: Mid depth between top of conduit and the screed surface.
o Screed cover over conduit (minimum): 25 mm.

Pipe Ducts / Trunking:

- Preformed access ducts: Before laying screed, fix securely to substrates and level
- accurately in relation to finished floor surface.

Partially Bonded Construction:

- Preparation: Generally in accordance with BS 8204-1.
- Substrate surface: Brushed finish with no surface laitance.
o Texture of surface: Suitable to accept screed and achieve a bond over
complete area.

Cement Slurry Bonding:



- Slurry type: Neat cement.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

31

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Application: Shortly before laying screed, thoroughly wash clean the surface and
keep well
- wetted for several hours. Remove free water then brush in cement slurry bonding
coat of
- creamy consistency.
- Screeding: While slurry is still wet.


BATCHING/MIXING


Cements:

- Cement types: In accordance with BS 8204-1, clause 5.1.3.

Aggregates:

- Sand: To BS EN 13139.
o Grading limits: In accordance with BS 8204-1, Table B.1.
- Coarse aggregates for fine concrete levelling screeds:
o Standard: To BS EN 12620.
o Designation: 4/10.
- Lightweight aggregates: To BS 8204-1, Annex A.

Mixing:

- Water content: Minimum necessary to achieve full compaction, low enough to
prevent
- excessive water being brought to surface during compaction.
- Mixing: Mix materials thoroughly to uniform consistency. Mixes other than no-fines
must be
- mixed in a suitable forced action mechanical mixer. Do not use a free fall drum type
mixer.
- Consistency: Use while sufficiently plastic for full compaction.
- Ready-mixed retarded screed mortar: Use within working time and site
temperatures
- recommended by manufacturer. Do not retemper.

In-Situ Crushing Resistance (ISCR):

- Standards and category: To BS 8204-1, table 4.
o Testing of bonded and unbonded screeds: To Annex D.
o Testing of floating levelling screeds: To Annex E.

Adverse Weather:

- Screeds surface temperature: Maintain above 5C for a minimum of four days after
laying.
- Hot weather: Prevent premature setting or drying out.


LAYING


Laying of Screed Surfaces:

- Permissible deviation: (allowing for thickness of coverings) 5 mm from datum.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

32

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Screeding to Falls:

- Minimum screed cover: Maintain at the lowest point.
- Falls: Gradual and consistent.
o Gradient (minimum): As shown on drawings .

Screeding to Ramps:

- Screed cover: Maintain consistent screed depth to graduated substrate.
- Falls: Gradual and consistent.

Flatness / Surface Regularity of Floor Screeds:

- Standard: To BS 8204-1, Table 5.
- Test: To BS 8204-1, Annex C.
- Sudden irregularities: Not permitted.

Flatness / Surface Regularity of Roof Screeds:

- Sudden irregularities: Not permitted.
- Deviation of surface: Measure from underside of a 2 m straightedge (between
points of
- contact), placed anywhere on surface.
o Permissible deviation (maximum): 6 mm.

Compaction of Screeds:

- General: Compact thoroughly over entire area.
- Screeds over 50 mm thick: Lay in two layers of approximately equal thickness.
Roughen
- surface of compacted lower layer then immediately lay upper layer.

Joints in Levelling Screeds Generally:

- Laying screeds: Lay continuously using 'wet screeds' between strips or bays.
Minimize
- defined joints.
- Daywork joints: Form with vertical edge.

Crack Inducing Grooves in Levelling Screeds:

- Groove depth: At least half the depth of screed.
- Cutting grooves: Straight, vertical and accurately positioned. Select from the
following:
o Trowel cut as screed is laid.
o Saw cut sufficiently early after laying to prevent random cracking.


FINISHING/CURING


Finishing Generally:

- Timing: Carry out all finishing operations at optimum times in relation to setting and
- hardening of screed material.
- Prohibited treatments to screed surfaces:
o Wetting to assist surface working.
o Sprinkling cement.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

33

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Wood Floated Finish:

- Finish: Slightly coarse, even texture with no ridges or steps.

Smooth Floated Finish:

- Finish: Even texture with no ridges or steps.

Trowelled Finish To Levelling Screeds:

- Floating: To an even texture with no ridges or steps.
- Trowelling: To a uniform, smooth but not polished surface, free from trowel marks
and other blemishes, and suitable to receive specified flooring material.

Trowelled Finish to Wearing Screeds:

- Floating: To an even texture with no ridges or steps.
- Trowelling: Successively trowel at intervals, applying sufficient pressure to close
surface and give a uniform smooth finish free from trowel marks and other blemishes.

Curing:

- General: Prevent premature drying. Immediately after laying, protect surface from
wind,
- draughts and strong sunlight. As soon as screed has set sufficiently, closely cover
with
- polyethylene sheeting.
- Curing period (minimum): Keep polyethylene sheeting in position for: period
recommended
- by screed manufacturer.
- Drying after curing: Allow screeds to dry gradually. Do not subject screeds to
artificial
- drying conditions that will cause cracking or other shrinkage related problems.

Roof Screeds:

- Protection: Cover screeds during wet weather. When weathertight coverings are
laid, screeds must be as dry as practicable.


2 IN-SITU FINISHINGS


PLASTERING

Plastering sand shall be clean, natural, uncrushed or partially crushed sand of a light colour,
free from organic matter, suitable for use in plastering and approved by the Architect. The
clay-plus-fine silt content shall not exceed 5% by weight and 15% by volume as specified in
BS 1199.

The field test for determining the volume of silt shall be carried out in accordance with the
methods as hereinafter described. All sand found to contain silt in excess of 15% by
volume shall not be used for plastering or in mortars but shall be removed from the Site at
the Contractor's expense.

Sand shall be sieved fine and of as light a colour as possible.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

34

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

GYPSUM PLASTER SKIM COAT ON PLASTERBOARD

- Plasterboard: 12.5 mm .
o Preparation: Bonding agent recommended by plaster manufacturer .
- Plaster: Board finish/ finish plaster to BS EN 13279-1.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
- Product reference: None .
o Thickness: 3-5 mm .
o Finish: Smooth.
- Accessories: Beads and stops .


WATERPROOFING ADDITIVE

- Manufacturer: Submit Proposals
- Product Reference: None


HARDENER AND DUSTPROOFING TREATMENT

To submit proposals for Manufacturer. No Product Reference.

The treatment shall consist of three coats applied to surfaces which are clean, dry and free
of all loose dirt, oil, wax, sealers and other foreign matter. New concrete must be
thoroughly cured for a minimum of 14 days.


DUSTPROOFING TREATMENT

To submit proposals for Manufacturer. No Product Reference

The treatment shall consist of two coats applied to surfaces which are clean, dry and have
been adequately cured for a minimum of 14 days.

After the second coating, the surface shall be thoroughly washed and scrubbed with a stiff
broom to remove excess efflorescence.


THIN SET MORTAR : MATERIALS

Portland cement shall be grey or standard colour. Use white colour where specified for
grout.

Sand shall be 30 - 60 mesh silica, clean and graded natural sand. For grout, white sand
passing a 16-mesh screen shall be used.

To submit proposals for all motar additive and grouting Manufacturer. No Product reference.


FIELD TEST TO DETERMINE LEVEL OF CONTAMINANTS IN PLASTERING SAND


Carry out field tests as and when required by the Architect for determining the volume of silt
and clay in plastering sand.

Prepare a salt solution using one teaspoonful of table salt to half litre of cold tap water. Fill
a clean jam jar to about one third of its volume with a sample of the plastering sand. Pour
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

35

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
the prepared salt solution into the jam jar to about 90% full. Close lid of the jar, shake its
contents vigorously and leave to stand for half an hour. A layer of silt will settle over the top
of the sand. Should the layer of silt exceeds one-tenth of the depth of the sand in the jar,
the sand is too contaminated to be used and shall be rejected.

The Architect may also carry out a physical inspection of a batch of sand. If it stains
excessively or balls up in the fingers when rubbed, the sand shall be removed from the Site
at the Contractor's expense.


MIXING MATERIALS


Materials shall be batched by volume in properly sized gauge boxes, one for each material.
The materials shall be mechanically mixed or hand mixed on watertight boarded platforms.
Mixes containing cement shall be used within two hours of the first contact of the cement
with water. All materials remaining after this period shall be discarded and not re-tempered.

Submit to the Architect certification from the supplier of the plasticiser incorporated in the
plaster mix that the quantity used and the dosage is in accordance with the manufacturer's
recommendations.


PREPARATION OF SURFACES

Rake out joints of brickwork and blockwork for a depth of 10mm. Hack off projecting fins on
concrete work and remove all traces of mould oil, paint, grease, dirt and other incompatible
materials by scrubbing with water containing detergent and washing off with clean water.
Thoroughly hack surfaces to form a key.

Rake out joints between concrete work and brickwork of external walls and point with a
waterproof cement grout.

Brush surfaces to remove all loose particles, dust, laitance and efflorescence, etc and well
wet and re-wet as required to receive coating and to equalise suction.


MOVEMENT JOINTS

Movement joints in the base shall be carried through applied coatings and finishings. Form
joints against properly braced timber formwork.


CURING

Work shall be kept damp and adequately cured to prevent shrinkage and cracking. No
traffic shall be permitted on insitu pavings or beds until 7 days after laying.


ANGLES IN PAVING, PLASTERING AND RENDERING

Internal angles shall be slightly coved, external angles and arrises slightly rounded true to
line and with neatly formed mitres.


BEDS AND BACKINGS TO RECEIVE OTHER FINISHINGS

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

36

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Beds shall be laid in bays not exceeding 15m2 as near square shaped as is practicable.
Bays shall be laid to break joint to avoid four corners coinciding and with at least 24 hours
allowed between placing adjacent bays.

Finish beds and backings with a screeded finish to receive insitu finishings or finishings
bedded in mortar; with a wood floated finish left plain to receive inflexible finishings fixed
with an adhesive; and with a smooth steel trowelled finish free from protuberances and
hollows to receive flexible finishings. Where the finishing will be executed by a specialist
sub-contractor, the bed or backing shall be finished to the sub-contractor's approval. In
such cases, the Contractor shall obtain the sub-contractor's written confirmation that the
bed or backing is satisfactory in all respects and forward a copy of such confirmation to the
Architect.


PLACEMENT OF SCREEDS AND PAVINGS


Ensure proper adhesion between pavings and the structure and replace any loose or
defective work.

Place and finish the screeds and pavings in the following successive operations:-

Spread, rake, screed and thoroughly compact by hand, tamping or rolling with a 100
kg roller. If a roller is used, three transverses shall be made in each direction.

Compact by hand at corners and at any joints as they are being formed.

Power float in two operations. Power floating shall be taken over joints in order to
obtain a compact flush surface finish.

Power trowel in one operation to produce a smooth surface relatively free from
defects but which may still contain some trowel marks.

After the surface has hardened, hand trowel to produce a surface free from trowel
marks, uniform in texture and appearance.

Screeds which are to receive surface application of materials such as waterproofing
or roofing membranes shall be smoothly finished in strict accordance with the base
conditions required for such applications.

Immediately after trowelling, cure the surface as hereinbefore described.

All finished surfaces shall be finished to a true and even surface over the whole area.

Screeds and pavings finished to falls shall be laid to the levels shown on the drawings and
shall be free from all irregularities and depressions so that water drains off the floor, leaving
none standing.


PROTECTION TO SCREEDS AND PAVINGS


Protect surfaces which are to receive subsequent finishes against mechanical damage, etc
immediately after laying. If, when the finish is to be laid, the surface shows irregularities
likely to affect the finish, grind back within limits to 2.5mm below the intended finished level
and bring up to a finished level by the application of an approved levelling compound
applied strictly in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

37

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Protect paved surfaces after laying and limit traffic over the floor. Remove immediately
prior to completion.

Take up and lay protective coverings as required for cleaning, sealing and polishing.
Protection shall include a periodical cleaning where required to prevent dirt, grit, etc from
becoming engrained. No protective finish shall be laid or applied which will in any way
inhibit fixing of later floor finishes.


PLASTERWORK


Unless otherwise specified, plaster shall be applied in two coats to the total nominal
thickness indicated. The first coat shall be cross scored to provide a key for the second
coat which shall be 6mm thick trowelled or floated to produce a tight, matt, smooth surface
in a true plane to correct line and level with walls and reveals plumb and square.

Carry plaster into grooves and rebates of frames and finish with a slightly coved internal
angle against metal window frames.


CEMENT PAVING


Immediately before laying, the surface shall be well dampened with a slurry of neat cement
and water brushed on. The new paving shall be laid while the slurry is wet.

Paving shall be laid in bays not exceeding 15m2 as near square shaped as is practicable.
Bays shall be laid to break joint to avoid four corners coinciding and with at least 24 hours
allowed between placing adjacent bays.

Finish surface true to plane with a smooth steel trowelled finish free from protuberances
and hollows.



POLYURETHANE FLOOR COATING


Manufacturer : Flowcrete Pte Ltd

Product Reference : DECKSHIELD ID

Location on Drawings : As shown on drawings.

GENERAL

Scope of Specification

This specification includes materials and installation methods (execution) required to install
polyurethane floor coating for a complete, operational system, including not limited to, the
following:

1. Heavy duty, wearing surface, solvent free polyurethane floor coating.
2. Other items and accessories as indicated on the drawings and as specified herein.

All materials including, primers, sealents, resins, curing agents and finish coats are to be
Green Label certified or bear a similar international certification.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

38

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
References

Referenced publication within this specification shall be the latest revision, unless otherwise
specified, and applicable parts of the referenced publication shall become a part of this
specification as is fully included.

Submittals

A. General: Submit the following items to the Architect/ Engineer for review in
accordance with the Contract requirements.

B. Product Data: For each type of product specified, include manufacturers technical
data, installation instructions, and recommendations for each flooring component
required.

C. Sample for Initial Selection: Manufacturers colour charts showing the full range of
colours, textures, and patterns available for each flooring system indicated.

D. Material Certificates: Material test reports, signed by manufacturers certifying that
materials furnished comply with requirements, in addition to the internationally
recognized green certificates.

E. Installation Instructions: Submit Manufacturers standard installation instructions for
each type of flooring system specified.


Quality Assurance

A. Installer Qualifications: Engage an experienced installer (licensed applicator) who
has specialized in installing the flooring similar in material, design, and extent to
that indicated for this Project and who is acceptable to the flooring manufacturer.

1. Engage an installer who employs only persons trained and approved by
the flooring manufacturer for installing polyurethane flooring specified.

B. Source Limitations: Obtain primary flooring materials, including primers, resins,
hardening agents, aggregates and sealing or finish coats, through one source from
a single manufacturer. Provide secondary materials including patching and fill
material, joint sealant, and repair materials of type and from source recommended
by manufacturer of primary materials.

Delivery, Storage, and Handling

A. Deliver materials in original packages and containers, with seals unbroken,
bearing manufacturers labels indicating brand name and directions for
storage and mixing with other components.

B. Store materials to comply with manufacturers written instructions to
prevent deterioration from moisture, heat, cold, direct sunlight, or other
detrimental effects.

C. Store materials in unopened containers at a temperature of 10C
(minimum) to 30C (maximum).





ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

39

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Project Conditions

A. Environmental Limitations: Comply with the flooring manufacturers written
instructions for substrate temperature, ambient temperature, moisture, ventilation,
and other conditions affecting the floor installation.

1. Work shall not proceed without proper results from moisture testing for
each flooring system and area of Work.

B. Lighting: Provide permanent lighting or, if permanent lighting is not in place,
simulate permanent lighting conditions during the flooring installation.

C. Close spaces to traffic during the flooring application and for not less than 24 hours
after application, unless manufacturer recommends a longer period.

Warranty

The Owner shall receive a written warranty against defects due to improper material
performance and installation for a period of 5 years following the completion of installation.



PRODUCTS


Manufacturers and Products

A. Manufacturers: subject to compliance with requirements, products that may
be incorporated into work include

1. Flowcrete
2. Approved equivalent (Green Label certified or similar)

B. Available Products: Subject to compliance with requirements, products that
may be incorporated into work include those indicated in the flooring
schedule at the end of Part 3.

Materials

A. Polyurethane Flooring: The floor surfacing system consisting of solvent free
polyurethane primer, quartz aggregates, solvent free polyurethane top coat and UV
resistant wearing surface polyurethane finish coat. Comply with requirements
indicated in the flooring Schedule.

B. Patching and Fill Materials: The patching and repair material for repairing the floor
substrate should be recommended by the flooring manufacturer.

C. Joint Sealant: Type recommended or produced by the flooring manufacturer for
type of service and joint condition indicated.

1. Provide flooring manufacturers recommended high strength trafficable PU
joint sealant

D. Equipment: Mixing, cleaning, and application equipment shall be as
recommended in Manufacturers printed installation procedures.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

40

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA


EXECUTION


Inspection

A. Inspect surfaces to be covered before starting work to ensure satisfactory
conditions. Report to Construction Manager in writing on surface and
ambient conditions not conforming to the manufacturers instructions, and
not within the scope of this specification. Starting work shall construct
acceptance of surfaces and the responsibility for performance of finished
floor.

B. The strength of the concrete substrate must be minimum 25N/mm
2
in
compressive strength.

C. All new concrete substrate must be a minimum 28 days old or the RH of
the concrete must be below 5% prior to the application of the flooring.

D. The lowest basement floor must be waterproofed with a proper
waterproofing material to ensure no rising moisture causing problem to the
polyurethane floor.


Preparation


A. General: Prepare and clean substrate according to the flooring manufacturers
written instruction for substrate indicated. Provide clean, dry, and neutral substrate
for the flooring application.

B. Concrete Substrates: Provide sound concrete surfaces free of laitance, glaze,
curing compounds, form- release agents, dust, dirt, grease, oil, and other
contaminates incompatible with the flooring system.

1. Refer to the Flooring Schedule in Part 3 of this specification for floor
preparation requirements for the flooring systems.
2. Mechanical Abrasion: Shot blast surfaces with an apparatus that abrades
the concrete surface, contains the dispensed shot within the apparatus,
and recirculates the shot by vacuum pickup. Upon completion of abrasive
blasting, remove residual abrasive, dust and loose particles from the
substrate by vacuuming.
3. Repair damaged and deteriorated concrete according to manufacturers
written recommendations.

C. Polyurethane Flooring Materials: Mix components and prepare materials according
to manufacturers written instructions.

D. Use patching and fill material to fill holes and depressions in substrates according
to manufacturers written instructions.

E. Protect adjacent surfaces from damages resulting from work of this trade.

F. Safety precautions recommended by Manufacturer shall be followed in mixing
and applying coating. Keep working area well ventilated, using fans if required for
protection of others in the area.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

41

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Installation

A. General: Apply components of the flooring system according to manufacturers
written instructions to produce a uniform, monolithic wearing surface of thickness
indicated.

1. Coordinate application of components to provide optimum adhesion of the
flooring system to substrate and optimum intercoat adhesion.

2. Cure the flooring components according to manufacturers written
instructions. Prevent contamination during application and curing
processes.



3. Reinforce construction joints, cracks, next to expansion joints and
termination grooves, and all horizontal/ vertical and vertical junctions by
applying centrally a band of polyurethane primer and a coat of flexible
polyurethane undercoat not less than 50mm wide. Similarly treat all gullies,
rainwater outlets, penetrations, etc.

B. Application Procedures

1. Apply a coat of solvent free polyurethane primer over prepared substrate at
manufacturers recommended coverage rate. Allow to cure for 6- 8 hours or
overnight.
2. Apply a full blinding of 20 to 80s graded Natural Quartz aggregates
immediately cast into wet film at manufacturers recommended coverage
rate. Allow to cure for 6 to 8 hours or overnight.
3. Vacuum and sweep blinded surface to remove all non- bonded aggregates.
4. Apply a coat of solvent free polyurethane vehicular trafficable top coat at
manufacturers recommended coverage rate. Allow to cure or overnight.
5. Apply a coat of UV resistant polyurethane wearing surface finish coat at
manufacturers recommended coverage rate. Allow to cure or overnight.

E. Trafficking

1. 24 hours shall be allowed for opening completed areas to foot traffic and 72
hours for vehicular traffic.

Cleaning and Protection

A. Clean the flooring not more than 4 days before dates scheduled for inspections
intended to establish date of Substantial Completion in each Project area. Use
cleaning materials and procedures recommended in writing by flooring
manufacturer.

Polyurethane Floorng Schedule

Solvent Free, Anti-slip Polyurethane Flooring System

1. Finish: A non- slip wearing surface solvent free polyurethane floor coating.

2. Product: Deckshield ID solvent free polyurethane
floor coatings manufactured by Flowcrete or approved equivalent

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

42

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
4. Colour: As selected by Owner from manufacturers full range of colours
and patterns produced for the flooring complying with requirements
indicated.
5. Wearing
Surface: Anti-slip

6. Thickness: 1.5mm

7. Physical Properties: Provide resinous flooring system with the following
minimum physical property requirements when tested according to standard test
methods indicated:

1. Fire Resistance Ext FF.AA (BS476: Part 3)

2. Slip Resistance Dry 92 Wet 46 (TRRL Pendulum Test)

3. Water Permeability 0 (Karsten Test)

4. Abrasion Resistance 40mg loss per (1kg Load using
1000 cycles H- 22 Wheels)


5. Tear Strength 192N (MOAT 27
Method 5.4.1)
6. Bond Strength Greater than cohesive of 25N/mm2 concrete.
> 1.5Mpa

7. UV Resistance Excellent


8. Chemical Resistance Petrol - Excellent
Diesel Excellent
Battery acids Excellent
Hydraulic fluid Excellent
Motor Oil Excellent

9. Resistance to chloride No Chloride ion (DOT
ions penetration after BD47/94:Appendix B
28 days Method B4, 2(d))


POLYURETHANE SELF SMOOTHING FLOOR FINISH

Manufacturer : Flowcrete Pte Ltd

Product Reference : FLOWFRESH SL (to add in 50mm high HF COVE skirting)

Location on Drawings : As shown on drawings.

1.0 GENERAL

1.1 Summary

A. Scope of Specification

This specification includes materials and installation methods (execution) required
to install resinous flooring for a complete, operational system, including not limited
to, the following:
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

43

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

3. Anti- microbial polyurethane self smoothing floor
4. Other items and accessories as indicated on the drawings and as specified
herein.

All materials including, primers, sealants, resins, solvents, curing agents and finish coats
are to be Green Label certified or bear a similar international certification.

1.2 References

Referenced publication within this specification shall be the latest revision, unless otherwise
specified, and applicable parts of the referenced publication shall become a part of this
specification as is fully included.

1.3 Submittals

F. General: Submit the following items to the Architect/ Engineer for review in
accordance with the Contract requirements.

G. Product Data: For each type of product specified, include manufacturers technical
data, installation instructions, and recommendations for each resinous flooring
component required.

H. Sample for Initial Selection: Manufacturers colour charts showing the full range of
colours, textures, and patterns available for each resinous flooring system indicated.

I. Product Schedule: Use designations indicated in the Resinous Flooring Schedule
and room designations indicated on Drawings in product schedule.

J. Installation Instructions: Submit Manufacturers standard installation instructions for
each type of resinous flooring system specified.

1.4 Quality Assurance

C. Installer Qualifications: Engage an experienced installer (licensed applicator) who
has specialized in installing resinous flooring similar in material, design, and extent
to that indicated for this Project and who is acceptable to resinous flooring
manufacturer.

2. Engage an installer who employs only persons trained and approved by
resinous flooring manufacturer for installing resinous flooring systems
specified.

B. Source Limitations: Obtain primary resinous flooring materials, including
primers, resins, hardening agents, and sealing or finish coats, through one source
from a single manufacturer. Provide secondary materials including patching and fill
material, joint sealant, and repair materials of type and from source recommended
by manufacturer of primary materials.

1.5 Delivery, Storage, and Handling

A. Deliver materials in original packages and containers, with seals unbroken,
bearing manufacturers labels indicating brand name and directions for
storage and mixing with other components.

B. Store materials to comply with manufacturers written instructions to
prevent deterioration from moisture, heat, cold, direct sunlight, or other
detrimental effects.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

44

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

C. Store materials in unopened containers at a temperature of 10C
(minimum) to 30C (maximum).

1.6 Project Conditions

A. Environmental Limitations: Comply with resinous flooring manufacturers
written instructions for substrate temperature, ambient temperature, moisture,
ventilation, and other conditions affecting resinous flooring installation.

2. Work shall not proceed without proper results from moisture testing for
each flooring system and area of Work.

B. Lighting: Provide permanent lighting or, if permanent lighting is not in place,
simulate permanent lighting conditions during resinous flooring installation.

C. Close spaces to traffic during resinous flooring application and for not less than
24 hours after application, unless manufacturer recommends a longer period.


1.7 Warranty

The Owner shall receive a written guarantee against defects due to improper material and
installation for a period of 5 years following the completion of installation.


2.0 PRODUCTS

2.1 Manufacturers and Products

A. Manufacturers: subject to compliance with requirements, products that may
be incorporated into Work include

3. Flowcrete
4. Approved equivalent (Green Label certified or similar)

B. Manufacturers Product Designations: The product designations and names of one
or more manufacturer are listed for each flooring system type required for the
purpose of establishing minimum requirements. Provide either the product
designated or, where more than one manufacturer is listed or specified above, the
comparable product of one of the other manufacturers that complies with
requirements indicated.

2.2 Materials

B. Resinous Flooring: Resinous floor surfacing system consisting of primer, body
coat(s) including resin, hardener and aggregates, if any; and sealing or finish
coat(s). Comply with requirements indicated in the Resinous Flooring Schedule.

1. Waterproofing Membrane: Resinous product of or approved by
resinous flooring manufacturer and recommended by manufacturer for
application indicated.

B. Patching and Fill Materials: Resinous product of or approved by resinous
flooring manufacturer and recommended by manufacturer for application indicated.

C. Joint Sealant: Type recommended or produced by resinous flooring manufacturer
for type of service and joint condition indicated.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

45

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

2. Provide flooring manufacturers recommended high strength epoxy control
joint sealant.

E. Equipment: Mixing, cleaning, and application equipment shall be as
recommended in Manufacturers printed installation procedures.

3.0 EXECUTION

3.1 Inspection

C. Inspect surfaces to be covered before starting work to ensure satisfactory
conditions. Report to Construction Manager in writing on surface and
ambient conditions not conforming to the resinous flooring Manufacturers
instructions, and not within the scope of this specification. Starting work
shall construct acceptance of surfaces and the responsibility for
performance of finished floor.

B Moisture Test: Use of hygrometer to determine moisture content of the
concrete floor. Moisture content of the concrete floor shall not exceed 5%
or 75% (RH) Relative Humanity.

C Moisture test additional means ---- Perform polyethylene sheet cover test
for excessive moisture in each area prior to starting Work. Test shall
conform to ASTM D- 4263, as follows:

1. Securely tape heavy gauge clear plastic film to concrete floor. The
sheet shall remain undisturbed for a period of 24 hours, and then
inspected. The presence of condensation, moisture, or dampness
on the concrete or plastic sheet indicates excessive moisture in the
concrete slab.
2. Sheet film shall be 18 inches square and 4 mils thick. Duct tape
shall be used for fastening plastic sheet to substrate.
3. Report to Construction Manager, in writing on surface and ambient
conditions not conforming to the Manufacturers instructions, and
not within the scope of this specification.

3.2 Preparation

B. General: Prepare and clean substrate according to resinous flooring manufacturers
written instruction for substrate indicated. Provide clean, dry, and neutral substrate
for resinous flooring application.

B. Concrete Substrates: Provide sound concrete surfaces (minimum 25N/mm2
compressive strength) free of laitance, glaze, curing compounds, form- release
agents, dust, dirt, grease, oil, and other contaminates incompatible with resinous
flooring.

4. Mechanical Abrasion: Shot blast surfaces with an apparatus that abrades
the concrete surface, contains the dispensed shot within the apparatus,
and recirculates the shot by vacuum pickup. Upon completion of abrasive
blasting, remove residual abrasive, dust and loose particles from the
substrate by vacuuming.

5. Repair damaged and deteriorated concrete according to resinous flooring
manufacturers written recommendations.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

46

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
C. Concrete Level: The level of the concrete floor for receiving resinous flooring shall
be not more than 5mm deviation over 3 metres straight edge (BS8204; SR2).

D. Resinous Materials: Mix components and prepare materials according to resinous
flooring manufacturers written instructions.

E. Use patching and fill material to fill holes and depressions in substrates according
to manufacturers written instructions.

K. Protect adjacent surfaces from damages resulting from work of this trade.

L. Safety precautions recommended by Manufacturer shall be followed in mixing and
applying coating. Keep working area well ventilated, using fans if required for
protection of others in the area.

3.3 Installation

A. GENERAL

Apply components of resinous flooring system according to manufacturers written
instructions to produce a uniform, monolithic wearing surface of thickness indicated.

4. Coordinate application of components to provide optimum adhesion of
resinous flooring system to substrate and optimum intercoat adhesion.
5. Cure resinous flooring components according to manufacturers written
instructions. Prevent contamination during application and curing
processes.
6. At substrate expansion and isolation joints, provide joint in resinous flooring
as per engineers written recommendations.

a. Apply joint sealant to comply with manufacturers written
recommendation.

B SURFACE PREPARATION

Totally enclosed shot blasting and/ or scarification. All cementitious latience to be removed to
expose sound screed beneath and provide a dry, dust free, open textured surface. Floor areas
beneath air- con units, ducting etc. and around parameter should be prepared using hand held
preparation equipment.

C PRIMING

The substrate must be surface dry before the application of solvent free primer.

Mixing

Pack components are pre- weighed for optimum performance. Never split or
proportion packs.

Stir Base A to redisperse any settlement. Add Hardener B to the Base A container.
Mix with a slow speed drill and helical spinner head for 2 minutes, taking care not to
entrain air. Transfer to a clean container and remix for 30 seconds.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

47

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Application

Immediately after mixing, apply the first coat of solvent free primer by squeegee
and finish roller and allow to become tack free (typically 7- 15 hours, dependent on
the temperature).


D APPLICATION OF POLYURETHANE SELF SMOOTHING TOPPING

Within 24 hours of the coat of solvent free primer; apply the coat of solvent free
polyurethane self smoothing topping.

Mixing

Pack components are pre- weighed for optimum performance. Never split or
proportion packs.

Stir Base A to re-disperse any settlement. Add Hardener B to the Base A container.
Mix with a slow speed drill and helical spinner head for 2 minutes, taking care not to
entrain air. Transfer to a larger container and add the Filler C. Mix using a forced
action pan type mixer, until uniform. Take care not to entrain air.

Application

Immediately after mixing, spread polyurethane self smoothing topping using a
notched squeegee/ steel trowel onto the primed floor, to the required thickness.
Immediately, roll with a spiked roller to release any entrapped air. Do not roll the
surface after 4 to 8 minutes after application. Dependent on temperature. Late
spike rolling will cause surface texture.


E TRAFFICKING

Allow to cure for 24 hours at 20C before light trafficking.


3.4 Field Quality Control

A. Retain the empty product containers for the purpose of determining the actual
average coating thickness.

3.5 Cleaning and Protection

B. Protect resinous flooring from damage and wear during the remainder of
construction period. Use protective methods and materials, including temporary
covering, recommended in writing by resinous flooring manufacturer.

C. Clean resinous flooring not more than 4 days before dates scheduled for
inspections intended to establish date of Substantial Completion in each Project
area. Use cleaning materials and procedures recommended in writing by resinous
flooring manufacturer.


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

48

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
3.6 Resinous Flooring Schedule

A. Chemical resistant antimicrobial, polyurethane floor system:

1. Finish: A joint free, 2 mm polyurethane self smoothing floor system

2. Product: Flowcrete Flowfresh SL or
approved equivalent

3. Colour: As selected by Owner from Manufacturers full range of colours
and patterns produced for resinous flooring complying with
requirements indicated.

4. Physical Properties: Provide resinous flooring system with the following
minimum physical property requirements when tested according to standard test
methods indicated:

Fire Resistance: BS 476: Part 7 Surface spread of flame: Class 2

Slip Resistance: BS6677: Part 1 1986
TRRL Pendulum Slip Test
Dry 70 Wet 25

Impact Resistance: BS 8204 Part 1 Cat: A (<0.5 mm)
ISO 6272 1 kg weight > 1.8 m
2 kg weight > 1.5 m

Thermal Resistance: Tolerant from -5C to 65C

Compressive Strength: >50N/mm2 To BS 6319

Tensile Strength: 12N/mm
2
To BS 6319

Flexural Strength: 20N/mm
2
To BS 6319

Bond Strength: Greater than cohesive strength of 25 N/mm
concrete. >1.5 MPa

Abrasion resistance: ASTM D4060 Taber Abrader
80mg loss per 1000 cycles
(1 kg Load using CS17 wheels)
BS 8204: Part 2: Class AR2

Water Permeability: Nil (Karsten Test Method)


Vapour Permeability: ASTM E96:90
5 gms/m/24 hours (at 4 mm thick)



Chemical Resistance Hydrochloric acid 20%
Sulphuric acid 20%
Nitric Acid 20%
Phosphoric acid 20%
Acetic acid 10%
Citric acid 10%
Lactic acid 5%
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

49

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA


INSITU TERRAZZO


Terrazzo work shall be carried out in accordance with CP 204 and shall be composed of
one part of coloured cement of an approved colour to two and half parts of coloured marble
chippings of an approved colour and hardness and be granular without being flaky, free
from dust, dirt and other impurities.

The materials shall be thoroughly mixed in the dry state and only sufficient water shall be
added preferably by means of a fine spray whilst the materials are being worked until the
proper consistency is obtained. The mix shall be plastic and workable but not fluid.

Terrazzo shall be laid on a screeded bed or backing which shall be composed of one part of
ordinary cement to three parts of sand. The materials shall be thoroughly and efficiently
mixed and the amount of water added shall be the minimum necessary to give sufficient
plasticity for laying and compacting.

The terrazzo shall be laid whilst the screeded bed or backing is still plastic. If this is not
possible a slurry of neat cement should be brushed on immediately before laying is
commenced.

The terrazzo mix shall be placed and compacted thoroughly by tamping or rolling and
trowelled to produce a dense surface with regular distribution of the aggregate and a
minimum of cement paste. It shall be divided into bays not exceeding lm2 in area with 3mm
brass, ebonite or plastic strips for the full depth of the terrazzo and underbed.

As soon as possible after laying, terrazzo shall be covered either with damp hessian or wet
softwood sawdust and precautions shall be taken to prevent it being subjected to extremes
of temperature. It shall be maintained in a damp condition until ready for polishing.

Terrazzo work shall be polished by surface grinding. The first grinding shall be done with a
coarse abrasive using a good supply of water. The work shall be washed clean and any
holes or open pores appearing in the surface shall be made good with neat cement, the
grout being well worked into the surface by rubbing with a stone and finished a little above
the level of the finished surface. The portion so treated should be kept damp until ready for
the second grinding. The second grinding should be done approximately five days later,
using a fine abrasive. If the surface is unsatisfactory after the second grinding, the process
should be repeated.

Terrazzo surfaces shall be protected after polishing and washed with hot water and a mild
household cleansing powder free from alkali and handed over perfectly clean and free from
blemish.


GRADIENT TEST


Gradient tests shall be carried out on all toilet, kitchen and external balcony floors.

After the screed/paving has been laid and stiffened sufficiently, the surface shall be tested
for trueness with a 3m long straight edge.

The straight edge shall be held in contact with the surface and the trueness of the surface
checked at not less than two different angles. All high areas shall be cut down and
depressions filled up and refinished to level, falls and directions.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

50

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA


3 TILE FINISHES



HOMOGENEOUS TILES

Tiles of any one colour, finish or pattern shall be obtained from one manufacturer.

If requested by the Architect, submit samples of tiles to PSB for testing and pay fees in
connection therewith.

Glazed wall tiles shall be 108 x 108 x 6.5mm with cushion edges and spacer lugs
complying with SS 57. Tiles shall be laid with joints 1.5mm wide.

Ceramic tiles, for which a prime cost rate for supply is incorporated in the Bills of Quantities,
will be selected by the Architect. Tiles shall be laid with joints 6mm wide.



LAYING OF TILES

Ensure that sub surfaces are dry, true to plane and level, clean and free from contamination
and loose areas.

Start external wall tiling from the top and work downwards.

Set out tiles so that cut tiles are kept to a minimum and where they do occur are as large as
possible. Lay out joints in straight unbroken lines. Horizontal joints in adjacent walls shall
align.

Carry movement joints through the full depth of tile and bedding. Partially fill with filler and
finish flush with sealant to the manufacturer's recommendation.

Neatly cut and fit tiles around obstructions. Cut and grind edges of tiles against fixtures.

Finished faces of tile shall be true to plane, square and all tiles shall be fully bedded.

Clean and polish tile surfaces thoroughly upon completion.



BEDDING CLAY TILES IN WATER RESISTANT ADHESIVE


Ensure that cement beds and backings are flat enough to permit fixing with a thin bed
adhesive.

To submit proposals for water-resistant adhesive and grout.



BEDDING CLAY FLOOR TILES IN MORTAR


Soak tiles to suit the various types of tiles and allow to drain.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

51

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Bed tile skirtings solid to wall in cement mortar (1:3) before floor tiles are laid.

Lay floor tiles on a 10mm bed of cement mortar (1:3) and tap down whilst the bedding is still
green. Joint and point in white or coloured cement and sand (1:3).



BEDDING CLAY WALL TILES IN MORTAR


Soak tiles to suit the various types of tiles and allow to drain.

Wet backgrounds just sufficiently to prevent excessive absorption of water from the bedding
mortar.

Fill any deep keys or frogs and evenly butter the entire back of each tile with cement mortar
(1:3) to give a finished bed thickness of 6mm. Place tiles and firmly tap into position
ensuring a solid bedding under the whole tile and proper adhesion over the whole of the
background and the tile back.

Grout joints not exceeding 3mm wide with neat white cement. Joint and point joints
exceeding 3mm wide with white or coloured cement and sand (1:3).



BEDDING TILES IN THIN SET MORTAR

Clean bed surfaces thoroughly. Dampen if very dry but do not saturate. Float thin set
mortar over area no greater than can be covered with tile while the mortar remains plastic.
Cover evenly with no bare spots. Comb mortar with notched trowel within 10 minutes of
applying tile to form key to receive floor tile. Finished mortar bed thickness shall be 2mm to
3mm after beating in.

Press tile firmly into freshly notched mortar bed. Beat in and adjust tile before initial set
takes place. Press and beat tile into position to obtain 100 percent contact with the mortar,
without voids. Rib-backed tile shall also have a thin application of mortar on the back of
each tile prior to placing on the mortar bed.

Backing surfaces shall not be soaked prior to applying mortar. Dampen dry backings only
as needed to achieve cure.

Tiles shall be grouted and pointed with the appropriate factory prepared grouting mixture.
Grouting shall be performed in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations.

Use the proper grout for their respective locations. Joints shall be packed full and free of all
voids or pits. Tool to a uniform texture, matching approved samples. Excess mortar shall
be cleaned from the surface as the work progresses.

Any hardened grout film or haze shall be removed using a cleaning solution of 0.5 cup
machine dishwasher detergent and 1 cup household ammonia in 9 litres of warm water.
Dampen the surface with the cleaning solution. Allow to soak 15 to 30 minutes and then
use a power scrubbing machine with a nylon pad to polish off the surface and remove film.


CLEANING AND PROTECTION OF TILES

Precaution shall be taken to protect finished work from damage by other trades.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

52

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Where floor tile will be subject to damage or discolouration due to ensuing construction
operations or traffic, it shall be protected with wood boards, plywood sheets or kraft paper.

Tiling work damaged or discoloured shall be removed and replaced with new tiles at the
Contractor's expense.

Clean grout and setting materials from the face of the tile while materials are workable.
Leave tile face clean and free of all foreign matter. Use cleaning materials that are
compatible with tile, grout and mortar materials.

Leave finished installation clean and free of cracked, chipped, broken, unbonded or other
defective tiling work.


MOSAIC

Clay mosaic tesserae shall be of the sizes, patterns, colours and borders (if any) approved
by the Architect.

Glass mosaic tesserae, for which a prime cost rate for supply is incorporated in the Bills of
Quantities, will be selected by the Architect.
Mosaic shall be laid and bedded as specified for clay tiles with cement mortar beds to the
total thicknesses required.

Upon completion, clean down mosaic surfaces with a 10 per cent solution of hydrochloric
acid and water followed by thorough washing with clean water.



PRECAST TERRAZZO FLOOR TILES

Tiles shall comply with BS 4131 with random size coloured marble aggregate supplied
ground and grouted for site finishing and of nominal size 300 x 300 x 30mm.

Soak tiles and allow to drain. Slurry backs of tiles with cement and water and lay in cement
and sand (1:3) bedding of 15mm to 20mm thickness. Lay with straight joints 3mm wide and
when tiles are set, grout joints to their full depth with a neat cement mix of appropriate
colour.


After grouting, keep tiles damp for at least three days before polishing by the wet method to
produce a fine grit finish.

Wash with hot water and a mild household cleansing powder free from alkali and hand over
perfectly clean and free from blemish.



GRANITE FLOORING AND INTERNAL WALL LINING

Slabs for flooring and wall lining, for which a prime cost rate for supply is incorporated in the
Bills of Quantities, will be selected by the Architect.

Slabs shall be true to size as specified or shown on drawings.

All surfaces and edges which are exposed shall be finished. The finish of the granite wall
lining shall be

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

53

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Polished

Flamed with water jet repolish. The flamed finish shall be applied in a direction
parallel to the width viz the horizontal dimension of the slab. The finish shall be
non-directional with no evidence of linear tracking of the flaming equipment

Prior to installation, dry lay the slabs in conjunction with the granite supplier at the
designated locations to ensure matching of colour, tonality and vein patterns for the
approval of the Architect. Mark each slab clearly so that it can be installed correctly in its
final position.

Lay floor slabs on a solid bedding of cement mortar (1:6) with butt joints grouted to their full
depth with a neat cement mix of colour to match the granite.

Coat backs of slabs to be used as wall linings with an approved sealer to prevent moisture
absorption. Fix slab wall linings with 3mm wide joints truly horizontal and vertical and
secured to the structure with non-ferrous anchorages such as copper, phosphor-bronze or
stainless steel cramps and dowels or other approved mechanical fixing to maintain a cavity
20mm minimum in width between the cladding and backing and of such shapes and
dimensions sufficient to carry the slabs.

The Contractor shall submit to the Architect complete shop drawings of the fixing method of
the granite wall linings showing in detail all parts of the work, fully dimensioned, full size
details showing anchorages and mechanical fixing devices and such other drawings and
details as required by the Architect. The Contractor's Professional Engineer shall prepare
and endorse complete engineering design calculations and shall check and monitor the
preparation of all shop drawings for conformance with the engineering design calculations.
Each shop drawing and calculation sheet submitted to the Architect shall bear the seal and
signature of the Contractor's Professional Engineer.

Slabs less than 15mm thick to be used as wall linings shall be fixed with a solid cement and
sand backing. Grout joints to their full depth with a neat cement mix of colour to match the
granite.

Within two weeks from confirmation of the selected slab finishing materials, or where such
materials are described in the specification, within two weeks from the award of the
Contract, submit and arrange samples of sealers, tile adhesives/bonding agents, and the
slab finishing materials for compatibility testing by an approved testing laboratory and pay
all fees in connection therewith. Submit two copies of all test results to the Architect
immediately they become available.

If the Contractor fails to carry out such compatibility testing, he shall be deemed to have
accepted that the sealers and the tile adhesives/bonding agents and slab finishing materials
are compatible. No claims for any increase in the Contract Sum and/or extension to the
time for completion shall be allowed arising out of or in connection with any failure
associated with the compatibility of the sealers and the tile adhesives/bonding agents and
slab finishing materials.

All granite slabs shall have a polished and smooth finish on completion. Slabs laid to floors
shall be ground to achieve this finish.








ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

54

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
4 TIMBER FLOORING


BOARDED OR STRIP FLOORING

Flooring shall not be laid until wall and ceiling finishes have been completed unless
otherwise directed by the Architect.

Flooring shall be laid with boards or strips of the required width, in long lengths, square
edged, tongued and grooved or prepared for secret nailing as indicated. Square edged and
tongued and grooved flooring shall be nailed with two nails at each bearer, not less than
13mm nor more than 19mm from the edge with cut steel nails. Flooring prepared for secret
nailing shall be nailed with one nail at each bearer.

Bearers shall be spaced at 400mm centres and nail lengths shall not be less than twice the
thickness of the flooring. Heading joints shall be made at the centre of bearers and evenly
distributed. Heading joints of secret nailed floors shall be tongued and grooved or
crosstongued.

Flooring shall be properly cramped up, nails punched well in, holes filled in with hard
stopping coloured to match the timber and the flooring cleaned off and sanded to a smooth
finish to receive sealer or clear coating.

An expansion margin of approximately 13mm shall be left around flooring. Skirtings shall
be fixed free of the flooring.

The chosen timber shall be certified by an internationally approved certification body to
ascertain that the product chosen is environment friendly.



BATTENED WOOD FLOORING (Internal flooring)

- Substrate: Cement: sand screed with wood float finish.
o Preparation: Levelling screed.
- Batten system: 50 x 45 mm regularized softwood at 350 mm centres.
o Installation: to manufacturer's instruction.
- Thermal insulation between battens: Mineral wool slabs.
o Recycled content: Submit proposals. ( 30% by weight or volume)
- Vapour control layer: 1000 gauge polyethylene sheet.
- Strips/ Boards: Free from decay, through splits and insect attack (including
ambrosia
- beetle damage, unless permitted in the class/ grade specified). Planed all round.
o Manufacturer/ Supplier: Submit proposals.
o Wood species: Submit Proposals
o Appearance class/ Grade: Classic.
o Finished face width: 100.
o Finished thickness: 20 mm.
o Edges: T&G .
o Moisture content at time of fixing: Not more than 14%.
o Method of fixing: Secret nailing.
- Finish: Sealed.
- Accessories: to manufacturer's instruction.
- Other requirements: None.




ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

55

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

WOOD LINING ON BATTENS

Generally:

- Substrate: Timber studs at 400 mm centres.
- Battens: Regularized softwood free from decay and active insect attack and with no
knots
- wider than half the width of the section.
o Finished size: 35 x 50 mm.
o Moisture content at time of fixing: Not more than 14%.
o Spacing: 400 mm centres.
o Method of fixing: Secret nailed.
- Strips/ Boards: Free from decay, through splits and insect attack (including
ambrosia
- beetle damage, unless permitted in the appearance class specified). Planed to a
smooth
- surface free from rippling.
o Manufacturer/ Supplier: Submit proposals.
o Wood species: Submit proposals
o Appearance class/ Grade: To BS EN 942, Class J10.
o Profile: Square edge.
o Finished face width: 100 mm.
o Finished thickness: 20 mm.
o Fire retardant impregnation treatment: to manufacturer's instruction.
o Moisture content at time of fixing: 12-16%.
- Fixing: Secret nailed.
o Fasteners: oval lost head nails.
- Finish: Prefinished.
- Other requirements: None.


WORKMANSHIP GENERALLY

- Protection during and after installation: Keep boards dry. Protect from dirt, stain and
- damage until Completion.
- Boards to be used internally: Do not install until building is watertight.
- Methods of fixing, and fasteners:
- Moisture content of timber supports at time of fixing boards: Not more than 18%.


MOISTURE CONTENT OF NEW CONCRETE/ SCREED SUBSTRATES FOR FLOATING
FLOORS

- Test for moisture content:
o Standard: To BS 8201, Appendix A, using an accurately calibrated
hygrometer.
o Readings: Take in corners, along edges, and at random points over the
area being tested.
- Acceptability: Do not lay flooring until all readings show 75% relative humidity or
less.


MOISTURE CONTENT OF TIMBER

- Conditions during and after installation: Control ambient temperature and humidity
- conditions to maintain moisture content at average level specified in BS EN 942,
table B.1
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

56

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- for the relevant service condition until Completion.
- Test for moisture content: When instructed, using an approved moisture meter.


TREATED TIMBER

- Surfaces exposed by minor cutting and/ or drilling: Treat with two flood coats of a
solution
- recommended by main treatment solution manufacturer.


ACCESS PANELS

- Size and position: Agree before fixing boards.
- Additional noggings/ dwangs, battens, etc: Provide as necessary.


FIXING BOARDS

- Environmental conditions: Do not fix boards when ambient temperature is at or
below 0C,
- or above 30C.
- Generally: Fix boards securely to each support to give flat, true surfaces free from
- undulations, lipping, splits and protruding fasteners.
- Timber movement: Position boards and fixings to prevent cupping, springing,
excessive
- opening of joints and other defects.
- Heading joints: Tightly butted, central over supports and at least two board widths
apart on
- any one support.
- Edges: Plane off proud edges.
- Exposed nail heads: Neatly punch below surface.



5 EXTERNAL RAISED TIMBER DECKING SYSTEM

5.1 GENERAL

Manufacturer: Venturer Timber Systems (www.venturer.com.sg) DEKLOC
Modular prefabricated decking system or similar with an approved
certification.

Ventuer Plot Zoom heavy duty height adjustable pedestal for foot
traffic manufactured from UV stabilised high strength
polypropolene or similar approved.

Load spreading base area about 330 cm2, mechanical resistance
under centred load on a single support adjusted to maximum
height no less than 1250 kg/f.

5.1.1 Contract Documents

All work of this Section shall comply with the requirements of the Contract
Documents for the Main Building Works, with the Drawings, Schedules and with all
other Contract Documents.


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

57

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

5.1.2 Work Included

5.1.2.1 Work described in this Section shall consist of the furnishing of all
materials and the performance of all fabrication and installation
work in connection with the prefabricated modular decking system
as shown on the Drawings, as follows:
a) Prefabricated Interlocking commercial external decking system
b) Support arrangement
c) Edge and trimming boards and panels
d) Concealed fixings
e) Access panels
f) Manufacturers Detail design and shop drawings
g) Loading requirements and Engineers calculations

5.1.3 Related Work Specified Elsewhere

5.1.3.1 Finish carpentry Section

5.1.4 Quality Assurance
5.1.4.1 The Quality Standards of the Architectural Woodwork Institute, or
equivalent British Standards and latest edition, shall apply to workmanship
and materials; and by reference are made a part of this Specification.
Conform to the "Premium" grade requirements, of the AWI Quality
Standards, unless otherwise modified herein.

5.1.4.2 Comply with the provisions of the latest version of the following
Standards and Specifications.

5.1.4.3 British Standards

a) BS 144: Parts 1 & 2 Wood preservation using coal tar creosotes
b) BS 476: Fire tests on building materials and structures
e) BS 1186: Timber for and workmanship in joinery
Part 1-Specification for timber
Part 2-Specification for workmanship
Part 3-Specification for wood trim and its fixing
i) BS 1210: Specification for wood screws
kl) BS4072 : Copper/chromium/arsenic preparations for wood
preservation
p) BS 5268: Structural use of timber
Part 5 Code of practice for the preservative treatment of structural
timber
r) BS 5442: Classification of adhesives for construction.
s) BS 5450: Specification for sizes of hardwoods and
methods of measurement
t) BS 5589: Code of practice for preservation of timber
v) BS EN 408: Timber structures,. Structural timber and glued
laminated timber. Determination of some
physical and mechanical properties
x) BS 8000: Part 5 Code of practice for carpentry, joinery and
general fixings






ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

58

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
5.2. TIMBER

5.2.1 Dimensions:

Timber dimensions indicated are nominal. Actual dimensions shall conform to
Industry Standards listed under Part 1 of this Section.

5.2.2 Moisture Content:

a) All timbers shall be Air Dried (seasoned) so that the moisture content is between
15% and 20%, unless the timber is specified as Kiln dried in the particular
specification. The Contractor shall submit written proof of moisture content from an
approved laboratory, or arrange for testing of any questionable timbers, including
fabricated joinery items, selected by the SC whenever called upon to do so.
Methods of test shall be in accordance with BS EN 408

b) When the required samples of timbers have been submitted and are reviewed by
the SC, the Contractor shall order the necessary quantities as soon as possible to
allow time for milling, preservative and/or fire retardant treatment where required,
and adequate seasoning.

c)Where woods are required to receive fire retardant treatment, wood shall be
seasoned and Kiln dried after such treatment.

5.2.3 Dressing: All timbers exposed to view shall be wrought.

5.2.3 Pressure Impregnation of Timber:

a) where specified all timber for carpentry and joinery work shall be impregnated
under vacuum with a proprietary wood preservative such as those listed in the
following table for net dry salt retention. Preservative treatment shall comply with
BS 4072 and 5589

Use Tanalith 'C' or Celcure 'A'
Exterior 8.03 kg/m3

b)Inspection certificates shall be produced for all pressure treated timber delivered
to the site or to off-site fabricators of joinery work.

c)All timbers shall be milled to final dimensions before pressure treatment is applied.
Ends of treated timbers which are cut shall be sealed on the site or in the
fabricator's shop with an approved brush-on type of wood preservative.

5.2.4 Quality, Grading And Species of Timbers:

a) All timbers for carpentry and joinery work shall be in accordance with the quality
and grading requirements of BS 1186 and shall be preservative treated as
hereinafter specified.

b) Timber for Specified decking system must comply with Manufacturers
specifications above and beyond the grading rules as mentioned in the previous
section.

c)Timber species for decking panel manufacturer are to comply with the Architects
Instructions.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

59

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
5.3 HEIGHT ADJUSTABLE PEDESTALS

5.3.1 The decking supports shall be Plot Zoom adjustable height telescopic
pedestal system supplied by Venturer Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.

5.3.2 The decking supports shall be manufactured from Polypropylene co
polymer capable of bearing loads of more than 1000 kg per pedestal when fully
extended. The decking supports should be adjustable from 40mm to 225 mm
depending upon the model selected and the use of additional support collars.

5.3.3 The decking pedestal is designed to be used in conjunction with a support
joist minimum 70 mm thick which is fixed to the pedestal using a 16mm diameter
hardwood dowel and Epoxy paste Venturer VEP 20 or similar approved.

5.3.4 Typical Properties of the decking supports are:

Material: High strength Polypropylene co-polymer
Dimensions : base 200 mm dia , top 120 mm dia
Compression load : At 145 mm 1400 kg /f

5.3.5 Execution

a) Surfaces for decking supports should have at least a wood float finish and be
clear of debris , concrete substrate must be cured for a minimum of 28 days.

b) Prior to commencement of the installation the decking support system , the
contractor shall submit Method Statements on the installation and shop drawings
that indicate the timber decking support system and grid layout, starting point and
finished elevation endorsed by the manufactureror its approved representative. The
CAD format shop drawings must be approved by the SC.

c) The finished elevation less the decking sytem thickness shall be established and
marked around the perimeter with laser levelling devices and water levels.

d) The number of pedestals required shall be based on the timber decking support
calculations and spaced alternately as recommended by the the Decking specialist.
The timber decking shall be installed at the correct elevation using a laser leveller
device and serve as reference points to verify the exact elevation of the remaining
decking during the installation of th entire system.

e) Irregularities in levels are to be adjusted when installing the hardwood joist to the
pedestal and fixing in place with hardwood dowels and epoxy paste.

f) The prefabricated modular panel is installed over the pedestal supported joists
which sits directly under the panel backing strip, which is not less than 25 mm wider
than the joist below. Stainless screws are to be used to attach the panel to the joist
through the backing strip and between neat preformed openings between boards at
no more than 400 mm c/c. All in accordance with the Specialists CAD shop
drawings for approval by SC.

5.4 Fixings:

5.4.1 Plugs:

Preformed nylon of approved manufacture in recommended sizes appropriate to
the location and type of usage.

5.4.2 Screws:
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

60

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

a) Wood screws shall comply with the requirements of BS 1210 and are to be
of sufficient size and adequate for the purpose for which they are required.
Unless otherwise specified, brass screws are to be used for both
Carpenter's and Joiner's works at interior unexposed locations and
galvanised screws shall be used at exterior locations.

b) Exposed screws in locations accessible to the public shall be "Phillips"
head stainless steel Grade 304 or Grade 316 when exposed to marine
conditions.

5.5 Performance requirements

5.5.1 The material is the best of its kind ( durable and virtually maintenance free)
The Decking system is largely pre fabricated off site by a reputable manufacturer
with a reliable QC system.The fabricated system must produce a panel which has
interlocking or similar features.The fixing method must be proven and be as durable
as the adjacent timber.The specialist Contractor must have a proven track record in
relevant local projects.Only qualified installers will be allowed on site.

The specialist installer will offer a Warranty against rot and decay and
defective workmanship , joint and several with the Contractor in accordance
with the owners requirements


5.6 Joinery Fabrication

5.6.1 In general, joinery workmanship shall be performed according to the quality
standards contained in BS 1186, Part 2 and such requirements shall be
incorporated as part of these Specifications.

5.6.2 Measurement:

Before proceeding with fabrication, obtain on site measurements and verify
dimensions of Shop Drawings' details as required for accurate fit to other
construction.

5.6.3 Factory Fabrication:

To dimensions, profiles and details as shown and in accordance with the
manufacturers specifications summarised:

The decking system is to be a prefabricated interlocking system with concealed
fixings. Dekloc * or equivalent approved system.

The decking system must have the following characteristic.
Reverse fixed panels with interlocking boards.
Concealed double fixed boards using countersunk stainless steel screws
and spot epoxy paste.

Micro bevel exposed edges with reverse machined anti-warping grooves.

All Panels are to be fabricated using purpose made hydraulic press using solid
steel spacers during fabrication to ensure strict alignment of gaps.
(* Available from Venturer Timber Systems www.venturer.com.sg )

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

61

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
5.6.4 All work shall be fabricated to be plumb, straight, square and level, unless
required and shown otherwise on Drawings. Surfaces shall be smooth, uniform
and without any surface imperfections.

5.6.5 Adjacent panels, shall align with the work of this Section or with work by
others where shown to align on Drawings.

5.6.6 Fabricate in the factory located at the source of the materials, leaving only
fitting, assembly, installation and a minimum of fabrication and finishing to be done
at the building. Jointing of panels shall be within approved tolerances.

5.6.7 Items which cannot be manufactured in one piece shall have joints at
logical breaking points and shall be so noted on Shop Drawings.

5.6.8 Mill all finish wood accurately to detail, with clean cut profiles and lines,
machine and hand sanded smooth, housed, jointed, blocked, put together in the
best manner, with provision for swelling and shrinkage and to assure the work shall
remain in place without warping, splitting or opening of joints.

5.6.9 Finished work shall be smooth, free from abrasion, tool marks and raised
grain on exposed surfaces.

5.6.10 Make all joints hairline tight, fitted accurately and joined with hardwood
splines or dowels, glued together or by other approved method. Use concealed
screws, not nails, for fastenings.
5.6.11 Use concealed fastenings for joining and assembling the work; where this
is impossible, the means of securing shall be placed in inconspicuous places and
methods of joining and assembling submitted for SC's review.

5.6.12 Gluing shall, where practicable, use Epoxy paste of the designated
viscosity , setting time and colour. Epoxy stains on finished work will not be
permitted.

5.6.13 Work which adjoins drywall, concrete, or other finish shall be fitted and
scribed in a careful manner and ample allowance shall be given for cutting and
scribing.

5.7 Delivery, Storage and Handling

5.7.1 Immediately upon delivery to job site, place materials in a covered well
ventilated space with a concrete or timber floor, adequately protected from the
weather elements.

5.7.2 Store materials a minimum of 150mm off the floor on framework or blocking,
and provide for air circulation and ventilation. Loosely cover materials with kraft
paper.

5.7.3 All materials and work of this Section shall be protected from damage until
final acceptance of Work. Cover, ventilate, and protect from damage caused by
weather, moisture, heat, staining, dirt, abrasions, and other causes which may
adversely affect appearance or use, or which may cause deterioration of finish,
warpage, distortion, twisting, opening of joints and seams, delamination, loosening,
and the like, of woodwork.

5.8 EXECUTION

5.8.1 Preparation

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

62

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
5.8.1.1 Condition Woodwork to average humidity in operational conditions
in installation areas prior to installing.

5.8.1.2 Surfaces that are to be covered by Modular decking system shall
be sound, smooth, level, clean, dry, free of debris.

5.8.2 Installation

5.8.2.1 General Requirements for Carpentry Work:

a) Only Installers duly appointed by the manufacturer will be allowed on
site. The Installer is to be under the direct supervision of the manufacturers
directly engaged supervision team.

b) Set carpentry work accurately to lines and levels, with members plumb
and true and accurately cut and fitted.

c) Securely attach Decking panels in accordance with the manufacturers
specifications by anchoring and fastening as shown, specified and as
required by "Premium" grade requirements of the AWI Quality Standards or
equivalent British Standards. Concealed fasteners are to be used where
possible. Select fasteners of size that will not penetrate members where
opposite side will be exposed to view or will receive finish materials.
Connections and fastenings shall be provided for normal shrinkage &
swelling between members. Install fasteners without splitting of wood;
predrill as required.

Double fix boards using high strength epoxy paste as specified by the
manufacturer.

d) Scribe and cut work to fit adjoining work and refinish cut surfaces
or repair damaged finish at cuts.

5.8.3 Wood Grounds, Nailers and Blocking:

a) Provide wherever shown and where required for screeding or
attachment of other work. Form to required shapes and cut as necessary
for true line and level of work to be attached. Coordinate location with
other work involved.

b) Attach to underlying surfaces as required to support applied loading.
Countersink bolts and nuts flush with surfaces, except where pelleting with
timber fillers is required. Build into masonry during the erection of masonry
work. Where attachment or building into concrete is required, anchor to
formwork before concrete placement, wherever feasible.

5.8.3 Adjustment, Cleaning, Finishing and Protection

5.8.3.1 Repair damaged and defective woodwork wherever possible to eliminate
defects functionally and visually; where not possible to repair properly, replace
woodwork. Adjust decking panels for uniform appearance.

5.8.3.2 Clean woodwork on exposed and semi-exposed surfaces. Touch-up shop-
applied finishes to restore damaged or soiled areas.

5.8.3.3 Protect all installed joinery work during the remainder of the construction
period to ensure that it will be free from damage or deterioration at time of
acceptance.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

63

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

5.8.4 Defects in Carpentry and Joinery Work

5.8.4.1 Should splits in Decking panels open or other defects arise (other than
normal shrinkage checking etc..) within the period stated for maintenance in the
Contract, and the cause thereof be deemed by the SC to be due to unseasoned
timber or faulty or bad workmanship, such defective panels shall be removed,
repaired, or replaced if necessary and any work disturbed around shall be made
good, all at no expense to the Employer.

5.8.4.2 Any work that cannot be satisfactorily repaired shall be replaced with new
units of the same original design, at no additional cost to the Employer.

5.8.5 Inspection Prior to delivery to site

5.8.5.1 In view of the long procurement periods required to obtain properly
seasoned timber, the client insists that in addition to the manufacturers QC
measures panels will be randomly inspected at the point of manufacture in the
source country of raw material prior to shipping.

Panels rejected will require to be replaced or rectified prior to shipping.

5.9 WARRANTIES

5.9.1 Part A, Rot and Decay; The Manufacturer shall offer a 20 year warranty
against component Rot and Decay in accordance with the approved Manufactures
format accepted by the client.

5.9.1 Part B, Installation; The manufacturer and installer shall joint and severally
warranty the client against defects arising from defective installation for a period of
20 years, in accordance with the approved format accepted by the client.


5.10 SUBMITTALS

5.10.1. Shop Drawings:

Submit complete Shop Drawings for all prefabricated external decking
items described in these specifications and/or shown on the drawings.

Indicate:

Proposed panel size and layout drawings, detail sections, construction and
installation details, species and grades of materials, finishes, fasteners,
and support arrangements and access provisions.

5.10.2 Product Data:

Submit manufacturer's technical or descriptive literature for the
prefabricated modular decking system, including an internationally
approved green certification..

5.10.3 Manufacturers and Installers Qualifications

The Manufacturer and installer who will be responsible for this
element ,must meet with the criteria below:


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

64

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
a) Track Record

Minimum 8 years of Commercial timberwork experience, including
manufacturing, Install or supply with supervision.

Note : The Manufacturers experience must also consist of prefabricated
external timberwork.

b) Working Knowledge

The Manufacturer must be familiar with the relevant tropical species in
terms of design constraints, properties, treatment, grading, and
prefabrication techniques.

c) Procurement, design and Installation personnel

The Manufacturer must have direct representation at all stages, including
timberwork design, procurement of material at source, manufacturing
process and final installation. The specialist is to provide relevant details of
these key representatives together with education/ training and relevant
experience

Note : The specialist will be required to attend the consultants meetings.

d) Authorised Installer

The specialist must ensure that only skilled workers, who have been
appointed indirectly by the manufacturer and are trained in the installation
of the manufacturers system, are allowed on site.

5.10.4 Samples:

Submit 3 (three) samples of each of the following materials and products:

a) 300mm x 300mm panel with full size decking board showing concealed
fixing system.

b)1:4 scale sample of Interlocking panel system.

c) Full size Mock up on site as Directed by the Architect.

5.10.5 Certifications:

a) Submit laboratory test reports for Moisture content, Modular panel shear
strength and epoxy paste shear strength, in accordance with relevant
standards at point of manufacture.

b) All preservative treated material shall be identified as such on the shop
drawings and shall be factory stamped as being in compliance with BS
4072 and BS 5589.

5.11 JOB CONDITIONS

5.11.1 Take site measurements to ascertain exact size requirements for
Decking panels fabricated off the site. Indicate exact dimensions on shop
drawings.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

65

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
5.11.2 Do not proceed with the work until unsatisfactory conditions have
been corrected in a manner acceptable to the SC.

5.11.3 Determine equilibrium moisture content and maintain required
temperature and relative humidity as required for a tolerance of plus or
minus 1% of the specified optimum moisture content until woodwork
receives specified finishes.

5.12 COORDINATION

5.12.1 Portions of the Work of this Section are interrelated to work and
equipment of other Sections specified elsewhere.

5.12.2 Coordinate the installation of materials for these applicable
portions of work and finishes.



6 CARPETING


SHEET CARPET

To Submit proposals. No Manufacturer reference.

Underlay shall be 6mm foam rubber.

Carpets shall be mothproofed by the manufacturer whose certificates in respect of same
shall be obtained by the Contractor and handed to the Architect.

All carpets of one type, colour and pattern which will be visible together when laid shall be
from one batch to ensure consistency of appearance.

Provide samples 1m2 in area for each type of carpet for approval before proceeding.

Carpet grippers shall be of a type recommended by the carpet manufacturer.

Naplok bars and double binder bars shall be of aluminium.



LAYING CARPETS GENERALLY

Carpets shall only be laid by skilled operatives.

Take site dimensions before ordering and making up materials.

Submit drawings showing the position of all seams and obtain approval before starting work.

Do not lay carpets until the building is weathertight, wet trades have finished, the building is
well dried out, paintwork is finished and dry and socket outlets, duct covers and other
fixtures around which the carpet needs to be cut have been fixed.

Seams of underlay shall not coincide with those of carpet when laid in same direction and
shall not shadow through carpet.

Join rubber based underlays with tape not less than 50mm wide.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

66

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Carpet seams shall be overlapped, double cut, glued and taped. Cross seams shall be
kept to a minimum and be located in low traffic areas.

Carpets shall be laid so that the pattern matches when repeating motif occurs.

Clean carpets with a beater type vacuum cleaner upon completion.


LAYING CARPETS TO FLOORS

Lay carpets to underlay with seams straight and parallel to the main axes of the room with
all lengths having the pile lying in the same direction. Power stretch carpet for tackless
fixing on to edge grippers and form a neat rolled edge at junction with walls or other vertical
surfaces.

Fix free edges of carpet with naplok bars. Use double binder bar for fixing where carpets of
different types meet or where carpets are laid both sides of a doorway.


LAYING CARPETS TO STAIRS

Cut underlay into pads to cover tread and riser and to width of stair carpet less 50mm. Fix
to tread and riser to prevent movement and wrinkling.

Fix grippers to bottom of all risers, adjacent horizontal surfaces and to landing and winder
edges which abut a wall and exceed 30mm. Lay carpet with pile lying towards bottom of
stairs. Provide a minimum additional length of carpet equivalent to one tread and riser to
allow for shifting and conceal by substituting for underlay at top or bottom of stairs. Stretch
carpet with knee kicker and fit to each tread, riser and landing.

Do not cut carpet at winders but fold under to permit subsequent shifting.


CARPET TILING

- Location: As shown on drawings.
- Base: Power floated concrete.
o Preparation: Dry base.
- Fabricated underlay: Foam rubber underlay.
- Carpet tiles:
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
- Product reference: None.
o Type: Cut pile.
o BS EN 1307 classification:
- Category: Type 2.
- Level of use class: 32 Commercial General.
- Luxury rating class: LC3.
o Recycled content: Submit proposals.
o Size: 500 x 500 mm.
o Colour/ pattern: to be selected.
- Method of laying: Fully adhere all tiles with release adhesive recommended by tile
- manufacturer..
- Accessories: Edging strip at thresholds as clause 740.
- Other requirements: The carpet tiles shall be dyed using computer dye injection and
shall consist an indoor quality with CRI Green Label Plus (GLP0793, Carpet
Category 5Y) with a rating of CRI TM 101 or equivalent from an internationally
approved certification body.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

67

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
WORKMANSHIP GENERALLY

- Base condition after preparation: Rigid, dry, sound, smooth and free from grease,
dirt and
- other contaminants.
- Finished coverings: Accurately fitted, tightly jointed, securely bonded, smooth and
free
- from air bubbles, rippling, adhesive marks and stains.


SAMPLES

- Covering samples: Before placing orders, submit representative sample of each
type.


EXTRA MATERIAL

- Provision of extra material: At completion, hand to Employer extra material of each
type of
- covering to extent of types M50/130.

CONDITIONING

- Prior to laying: Condition materials by unpacking and separating in spaces where
they are
- to be laid. Maintain resilient flooring rolls in an upright position. Unroll carpet and
keep flat
- on a supporting surface.
- Conditioning time and temperature (minimum): As recommended by manufacturer
with
- time extended by a factor of two for materials stored or transported at a
temperature of less
- than 10C immediately prior to laying.


PREPARING BASES

- Suitability of bases and conditions within any area: Commencement of laying of
coverings
- will be taken as acceptance of suitability.


LAYING COVERINGS


SETTING OUT TILES

- Method: Set out from centre of area/ room, so that wherever possible:
o Tiles along opposite edges are of equal size.
o Edge tiles are more than 50% of full tile width.

COLOUR CONSISTENCY

- Finished work in any one area/ room: Free from banding or patchiness.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

68

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
ADHESIVE FIXING GENERALLY

- Adhesive type: As specified, as recommended by covering/ underlay, manufacturer
or as approved.
- Primer: Type and usage as recommended by adhesive manufacturer.
- Application: As necessary to achieve good bond.
- Finished surface: Free from trowel ridges, high spots caused by particles on the
substrate, and other irregularities.
- All primers, adhesives, resins and curing agents are to be Green Label certified or
similar.

SEAMS

- Patterns: Matched.
- Joints: Tight without gaps.

BORDERS/ AND FEATURE STRIPS IN SHEET MATERIAL

- Curl: Not acceptable.
- Corners: Mitre joints.

LOOSE LAID CARPET TILES

- Areas of adhered tiles: Secure using double sided tape or peelable adhesive.
- Joints: Butted.
o Perimeter joints: Accurately cut to match abutment and prevent movement.

DOORWAYS

- Joint location: On centre line of door leaf.

TRAFFICKING AFTER LAYING

- Covering types: Plastic sheet.
- Traffic free period: Until adhesive is set.


COMPLETION

WASTE

- Spare covering material: Retain suitable material for patching. On completion
submit
- pieces for selection. Hand over selected pieces to Employer.


7 ACCESS / RAISED FLOOR

ACCESS FLOOR SYSTEM BY MICROTAC SYSTEMS PTE. LTD or equivalent.

MFS800 SYSTEM (Admin office use, if any)

The proposed access floor shall be Microtac MFS800 System.

The raised access floor system shall be provided complete with all accessories. The floor
system shall conform to CISCA method of testing, Singapore Building Regulations and By-
laws and Singapore Fire Safety requirements, or equivalent Standards approved by the
authority.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

69

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
The floor system is designed for medium duty application and shall be capable of
supporting 360kg. Panel shall be removable by one person with a standard lifting device
and shall be interchangeable except where the panel is non-typical.

The completed floor system shall be sturdy, rigid and free of overall rocking, rattles,
squeaks and noises. The overall floor shall be level within 3mm and shall be level within
1.6mm in any 3m direction.

The system shall be able to withstand the weight of the equipment on the respective
locations.

Quantities and locations shall be as specified on the Bill of Quantities and sub-contract
drawings.

Floor system with coverings in place shall be electrically conductive for dissipation of static
while having enough electrical resistance to avoid harm to persons from low voltage shock.

All components of the raised floor systems shall be of steel except for panel cementitious
core and surface material.

The floor system do not contain material which by direct contact or otherwise can cause
discomfort and threaten the health/safety of building users or which may emit toxic products.


Microtac MFS800 system consists of nominal 600mm x 600mm modular panels with
Corner-Lock pedestals understructure. Accessories items which are compatible with the
raised floor system, such as ramps, steps, handrails, access holes, service outlet boxes,
etc. can be provided by the sub-contractor. The accessories items shall include all finishes
to metal surfaces and sundry finishes such as aluminium nosing, black PVC
matting to steps and black PVC protection trims to tile openings, etc.

MFS800 panel can be supplied with anti-static high pressure laminate (HPL) finish if
required.

Airflow panels (with or without damper) if required can be interchangeable with solid panels.

Air grilles if required shall be fabricated from extruded aluminium with mill finish and shall
be structurally welded to maintain strength required for usage with the raised floor system.


FLOOR PANEL


MFS800 floor panel shall be 600mm square, all steel, unitized, welded steel components
with an enclosed bottom pan formed in uniform pattern of circular shape pockets. The
unitized panels shall be internally filled with a non-combustible lightweight high compressive
strength cementitious material to improve sound characteristics and to provide performance
values as specified. The infill material shall not become loose when the panels are cut and
shall not give off toxic fumes when heated.

Panel shall be protected against corrosion internally with a phosphate coating and
externally with epoxy powder coat paint via electrostatic powder spray equipment to a
recommended minimum film thickness of 1.5mils and maximum of 4mils.

The overall thickness of the bare panel shall not exceed 35mm.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

70

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
PEDESTAL ASSEMBLY


Pedestal assemblies shall be MAP Pedestal consists of a die-cast aluminium pedestal head
and steel
pedestal base capable of supporting a minimum axial load of 22.5KN without permanent
deformation.
Pedestal base shall be square with not less then 100cm (100mm x 100mm) of bearing
area and
assemble to a stud or tube designed to engage the pedestal head assembly. Pedestal shall
be secured to
the sub-floor with approves adhesive.
The aluminium die-cast pedestal head shall be positively locked to the threaded stud of the
pedestal
base with a counter locking nut. It shall provide vibration proof leveling in increments of
1.3mm
and overall height adjustment of 50mm (25mm) and (10mm) for height of 150mm. The
pedestal
head shall include a sound damping pad.
Pedestal assemblies shall be structurally sound and remain rigid and firmly secured to the
sub-floor
throughout their lift expectancy. The base shall be designed to evenly transmit the particular
static
loads over the full area or the sub-floor.
The adjusting nut on the pedestal shall be positively locked and shall not become loose due
to
vibration or other causes during the life of the system. It shall be possible to release the
locking by
hand should re-adjustment become necessary. The pedestal head shall be positively
locked from
turning to prevent loss of elevation when panels are removed.


STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENT


The MFS800 system when installed shall be capable of withstanding all possible imposed
loads and shall comply with the following minimum requirements for structural performance:

Concentrated Load:

Panel shall be capable of supporting a design concentrated load of 3.5KN applied to an
area of 25mm x 25mm with a maximum deflection of 2mm measured anywhere on the
panel surface. Permanent set under this design load shall not exceed 0.25mm.

Ultimate Load:

The ultimate strength of the floor panel shall provide a minimum safety factor of 2.5 times
its design load without failure.

Uniform Load:

Panel shall be capable of supporting a design uniform load of 12KN/m with a maximum
deflection of 2mm. Permanent set under this design load shall not exceed 0.25mm.

Rolling Load:

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

71

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Rolling load of 2.7KN applied anywhere on the surface through a 150mm diameter x 50mm
width wheel made of hard plastic for 10,000 passes of this load, each pass travel entirely
across the panel at the rate of 30.5m/min. The permanent beam set shall not exceed
0.5mm and a combination or localized and top surface deformation measured across the
panels 600mm span shall not exceed 2mm.

Impact Load:

Panel shall be capable of withstanding an impact load anywhere on the panel of 0.44KN
dropped from a height of 900mm onto a 6.45mm areas. Local indentation shall not exceed
1.8mm.


MFS1000 SYSTEM (Computer server room use, if any)

The proposed access floor shall be Microtac MFS1000 System.

The raised access floor system shall be provided complete with all accessories. The floor
system shall conform to CISCA method of testing, Singapore Building Regulations and By-
laws and Singapore Fire Safety requirements, or equivalent standards approved by the
authority.

The floor system is designed for heavy duty application and shall be capable of supporting
4.5KN concentrated load. The total system weight shall not exceed 42.5kg/m. Individual
panel shall be removable by one person with a standard lifting device and shall be
interchangeable except where the panel is non-typical.

The completed floor system shall be sturdy, rigid and free of overall rocking, rattles,
squeaks and noises. The finished floor shall be level within 1.6mm in any 3.0m direction
and 3mm across the entire floor.

The system shall be able to withstand the weight of the equipment on the respective
locations.

Quantities and locations shall be as specified on the Bill of Quantities and sub-contract
drawings.

Floor system with coverings in place shall be electrically conductive for dissipation of static
while having enough electrical resistance to avoid harm to persons from low voltage shock.

All components of the raised floor systems shall be of steel except for panel cementitious
core and surface material.

The floor system do not contain materials which by direct contact or otherwise can cause
discomfort and threaten the health/safety of building users or which may emit toxic products.

Microtac MFS1000 system consists of nominal 600mm x 600mm modular panels with
pedestals and stringer understructure. All stringers are mechanically fastened to pedestal
ensuring rigidity and lateral stability.

Accessories items which are compatible with the raised floor system, such as ramps, steps,
handrails, access holes, service outlet boxes, etc. can be provided by the sub-contractor.
The accessories items shall include all finishes to metal surfaces and sundry finishes such
as aluminium nosing, black PVC matting to steps and black PVC protection trims to tile
openings, etc.

MFS1000 panel can be supplied with anti-static high pressure laminate (HPL) or conductive
vinyl tile finish if required.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

72

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Airflow panels (with or without damper) if required can be interchangeable with solid panels.

Air grilles if required shall be fabricated from extruded aluminium with mill finish and shall
be structurally welded to maintain strength required for usage with the raised floor system.


FLOOR PANEL


MFS1000 floor panel shall be 600mm square, all steel, unitized, welded steel components
with an enclosed bottom pan formed in uniform pattern of circular shape pockets. The
unitized panels shall be internally filled with a non-combustible lightweight high compressive
strength cementitious material to improve sound characteristics and to provide performance
values as specified. The infill material shall not become loose when the panels are cut and
shall not give off toxic fumes when heated.

Panel shall be protected against corrosion internally with a phosphate coating and
externally with epoxy powder coat paint via electrostatic powder spray equipment to a
recommended minimum film thickness of 1.5mils and maximum of 4mils.

The overall thickness of the bare panel shall not exceed 35mm.


PEDESTAL ASSEMBLY


MLP or MSP Pedestal Assemblies shall be all steel welded construction, corrosion resistant
and capable of supporting a minimum axial load of 22.5KN without permanent deformation.

Pedestal base shall be square with not less then 100cm (100mm x 100mm) of bearing
area and assemble to a stud or tube designed to engage the pedestal head assembly.
Pedestal shall be secured to the sub-floor with approved adhesive and floor anchors.

Pedestal head shall be galvanized die-cut steel welded to a threaded rod with a counter
locking leveling nut. It shall provide vibration proof leveling in increments of 1.3mm and
overall height adjustment of 50mm (25mm) and (10mm) for height of 150mm.

Pedestal assemblies shall be structurally sound and remain rigid and firmly secured to the
sub-floor throughout their lift expectancy. The base shall be designed to evenly transmit the
particular static loads over the full area or the sub-floor.

The adjusting nut on the pedestal shall be positively locked and shall not become loose due
to vibration or other causes during the life of the system. It shall be possible to release the
locking by hand should readjustment become necessary. The pedestal head shall be
positively locked from turning to prevent loss of elevation when panels are removed.


STRINGER


MT Stringer shall be 20mm x 30mm x 1.5mm thick galvanized steel hollow section capable
of supporting a 205kg point load at the centre of the stringer with a permanent set not
exceeding 2mm.

Stringer shall be individual and rigidly fastened to the pedestals with 6.35mm () fasteners.
Fasteners shall provide positive electrical contact between the stringers and pedestals.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

73

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Stringer grid shall be 600mm in a square grid configuration ensuring lateral stability in all
directions. 1200mm stringers in basket weave configuration and 600mm x 1200mm stringer
systems are also available.

Stringers shall support each edge of panel.


STRUCTURAL REQUIREMENT


The MFS1000 system when installed shall be capable of withstanding all possible imposed
loads and shall comply with the following minimum requirements for structural performance:

Concentrated Load:

Panel shall be capable of supporting a design concentrated load of 4.5KN applied to an
area of 25mm x 25mm with a maximum deflection of 2mm measured anywhere on the
panel surface. Permanent set under this design load shall not exceed 0.25mm.

Ultimate Load:

The ultimate strength of the floor panel shall provide a minimum safety factor of 2.5 times
its design load without failure.

Uniform Load:

Panel shall be capable of supporting a design uniform load of 20KN/m with a maximum
deflection of 2mm. Permanent set under this design load shall not exceed 0.25mm.

Rolling Load:

Rolling load of 3.6KN applied anywhere on the surface through a 150mm diameter x 50mm
width wheel made of hard plastic for 10,000 passes of this load, each pass travel entirely
across the panel at the rate of 30.5m/min. The permanent beam set shall not exceed
0.5mm and a combination or localized and top surface deformation measured across the
panels 600mm span shall not exceed 2mm.

Impact Load:

Panel shall be capable of withstanding an impact load anywhere on the panel of 0.44KN
dropped from a height of 900mm onto a 6.45mm areas. Local indentation shall not exceed
1.8mm.


8 SUNDRIES


DIVISION STRIPS

Provide galvanised steel, brass, aluminium, ebonite or plastic division strips embedded at
junctions of different floor finishes and finished flush.


SAMPLES

Obtain samples of all types of finishing materials requested by the Architect and execute
sample areas of each type of work.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

74

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

MAKING GOOD

Properly make good finishes around all pipes, brackets, gratings, plates and other
obstructions.


PROTECTION

Protect all finishes against damage and deterioration.









ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

75

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
F
WALL/CEILING
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

76

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 CEMENT BOARD DRY WALL SYSTEM
GENERAL
- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product Reference: None.
- Extruded lightweight concrete board containing :
o portland cement ( ~ 31% by weight)
o lightweight aggregates ( ~ 27% by weight)
o fly ash ( ~ 13% by weight)
o bottom ash ( ~ 19% by weight)
o water ( ~ 8% by weight)
o fibreglass mesh on board surface ( ~ 2% by weight)

COMPLIANCE

- Average Weight of 15kg/m & Density of 1150kg/m

- Passed Mechanical Test for stiffness, hard body impact, large soft body impact,
door slam, crowd pressure, lightweight & heavyweight anchorage in accordance
with SS492:2001 & BS 5234: Part2: 1992

- Fire Rating of at least 1.5 hour for 100mm thick cladded wall and at least 2.5 hour
for 155mm thick cladded wall in accordance with BS 476:Part22:1987

- Minimum Sound Acoustic value of STC 51 for 100mm thick cladded wall and STC
58 for 155mm thick cladded wall in accordance with ASTM E90-04

- Heat & Rain test for external wall usage with no visible sign of surface cracks in
accordance with ASTM C1185-1996

- Minimum average resistance to axial Withdrawal of Screws of 497 N in accordance
with BS EN320:1993

- Average Swelling in thickness, after immersion in water, is not more than 0.31% in
accordance with BS EN317:1993

- Maximum average Moisture Content of 4.48% in accordance with BS EN322:1993.


- Minimum average Impact Strength of 16mm/mm in accordance with
BS5669:Part1:1989

- Minimum average Flexural Strength of 11.68 N/mm for right angles and 7.75
N/mm for longitudinal axis in accordance with BS EN310:1993

- Minimum average Bonding Strength to ceramic tile of 0.15N/mm in accordance
with SAC accredited procedure

- The board is Non-combustible in accordance with BS476:Part4:1970

- Surface Spread Flame is Class 1 in accordance with BS476:Part7:1997

- The board is Fungal Resistance in accordance with ASTM-G21-96

- K value for ConcritBoard at 12.5mm thick is 0.39 m K/W
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

77

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

- Maximum Linear Variation is 0.01% in accordance with ASTM D1037 96a


METHOD OF STATEMENT FOR JOINT PATCHING

(a) Joint Gap

Clear gap between edge to edge shall preferably be 3-5mm with a tolerance of
1mm.

(b) Infilling of joint

We recommend using of Mapel Planicrete 50 & Nivoplan or Laticrete Flexi Fill
Liquid & Powder as infilling material or eq. The mixing ratio of the infilling material
shall follow the manufacturings instruction. (ratio = 1:1:9 Mapei, 1 part of Planicrete
50, 1 part of water & 9 part of Nivoplan) OR (ratio = Laticrete Flexi Skim Liquid 5ltr
& powder 25kg)

(c) Patching of joint

The recommended time interval between infilling and patching shall be at least 12
hrs apart. Fibre mesh (width 75 to 100mm) must be laid over the joint before
applying the patching material. To stick the fibremesh securely to the board, use a
brush to dip into the latex solution and spread the latex onto the board surface. We
recommended using Mapelastic or Laticrete 9237 as patching material.
Minimum thickness of the patching coat shall be between 1.5 to 2.5mm.
The mixing ratio of the patching material shall follow the manufacturers instruction.
(ratio = 1:3 Mapei, 1 part of liquid & 3 part of powder) OR
(ratio = 2 coat brush on Laticrete 9237)

(d) Surface Finishing Coat or Skim Coat

The recommended time interval between patching and skim coat shall be at least
12 hrs apart. Mapel Isolastic and Planitop S12 or Laticrete Flexi Skim Liquid &
Powder are recommended. Make sure that the surface is completely dry before
applying the skim coat. Follow the mixing ratio instruction provided by the
manufacturer and add 5 10% more water to increase the workability of the mix.
After mixing, allow 10-15mins for the contents to react and stabilized before
toweling the skim coat.
(ratio = 1 : 1 : 3) 1 part of Isolastic, 1 part of water & 3 part of Planitop S12) OR
(ratio = Laticrete Flexi Skim Liquid 7 ltr & powder 20kg)

It is strongly advised to apply another coat over the first coat after 12 hours. For the
2
nd
coat, it is not necessary to increase the water content as required in the first
coat but it is still necessary to allow 10 15mins for the mix to stabilize before
toweling.

Total thickness of two layers of skim coats shall be 3mm 1mm.


2 PLASTERBOARD DRY WALL LINING

Plasterboard shall be 12.5mm thick tapered edge gypsum wallboard to receive direct
decoration complying with BS 1230.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

78

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Boards shall be fixed with the ivory surface outwards, in one full height length whenever
practicable, with the paper covered edges vertical and lightly butted. End joints where
necessary shall be 3mm wide and staggered.

Where boards are fixed to timber faces, prices shall include for any necessary timber
packing and for 50 x 50mm timber noggings between studs where required to provide
support to all four edges of boards. Boards shall be nailed to each support commencing
from the centre and working outwards using 2mm diameter galvanised small flat head nails
40mm long. Nail heads shall be driven home to form a shallow depression but not to break
the paper.

Where boards are fixed directly to solid backgrounds, they shall be spot bedded in
accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

Joint and finish boards in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions to achieve a flush
seamless surface ready for decoration.


3 PLASTERBOARD PANEL PARTITIONS


GENERAL

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
- Fire resistance to BS 476-22 (Integrity/ Insulation): 120/120 minutes.
- Panel thickness: As shown on drawings.
- Panel size: As shown on drawings.
- Timber sole plate: Width of partition x 25 mm.
- Finishing: Taped seamless finish.
o Primer/ Sealer: As recommended by the plasterboard manufacturer.
- Accessories: to manufacturer's instruction.
- Recycled Content: Submit proposals (30% by weight or volume)
- Other requirements: Green Label certified or similar.


COMPLIANCE WITH PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS

- UKAS accredited laboratory test/ assessment reports: Submit for the following: Fire
- resistance including deflection heads, doorsets and over panels.
- Materials, components and details: In accordance with test/ assessment reports.
Give
- notice if discrepancies arise.


SAMPLES

- Representative samples: Before placing orders, submit the following: critical
junctions,
- representative components such as corners, column / wall linings, etc..
- Delivered materials/ products: To match samples.


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS

- General: Before, during and after installation, maintain temperature and humidity
levels
- similar to those that will prevail after building is occupied.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

79

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA


MOISTURE CONTENT OF TIMBER COMPONENTS

- General: Before, during and after installation, maintain temperature and humidity
levels to
- suit the following timber moisture contents: 9-13% for plasterboard panel partitions.


TIMBER FOR PLASTERBOARD PARTITIONS

Standard: Planed softwood to BS EN 942, class J40/J50.


COORDINATION WITH OTHERS

- Fire/ Sound barriers within floor and ceiling voids: Align accurately with partitions.
- Service runs and outlets: Check designated routes. Do not obstruct outlets and
access panels.



INSTALLATION

WORKMANSHIP GENERALLY

- Setting out: Plumb, true to line and level, and free from bowing, undulations and
other
- planar distortions.
- Joints: Align accurately with no lipping.
- Stability: Fix securely, with additional supports where necessary at perimeters.
- Moisture and thermal movement of framing/ panels: Make adequate allowance.


INSTALLING PLASTERBOARD PANEL PARTITIONS

- Timber or metal framing inserts: Size to give a firm press fit into the panel cavity.
Use for:
o Panel joints.
o Floor, wall and ceiling perimeters.
o Support for fixtures and fittings: Mark positions of inserts on panel surface.
o Lining of openings.
- Perimeter fixing:
o Preparation: Fix continuous timber sole plate to floor at 600 mm centres.
o Floor, wall and ceiling: Fix framing inserts to substrates at 600 mm centres.
Locate panels into framing inserts and fix at 300mm centres with screws or
230 mm centres with nails.


TAPED SEAMLESS FINISH TO PLASTERBOARD PARTITIONS

- Cut edges of boards: Lightly sand to remove paper burrs.
- Filling and taping: Fill joints, gaps and internal angles with jointing compound and
cover
- with continuous lengths of paper tape, fully bedded.
- Protection of edges/ corners: Reinforce stop ends, external angles, etc. with edge/
angle
- bead or tape.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

80

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Finishing: Apply jointing compound. Feather out each application beyond previous
- application to give a flush, seamless surface.
- Nail/ screw depressions: Fill with jointing compound to give a flush surface.
- Minor imperfections: Remove by lightly sanding.


PERIMETER SEALS

- Sealant material: A type recommended by partition/ panel manufacturer.
- Application: Continuously, to clean, dry, dust-free surfaces, leaving no gaps. In
accordance
- with the sealant manufacturer's instructions.


FIRE STOPPING

- General: Seal gaps at junctions of partitions with perimeter abutments, cavity
barriers,
- service penetrations etc, to prevent penetration of smoke and flame.
- Materials: Non combustible or intumescent.
-

4 PRECAST LIGHTWEIGHT HOLLOW CONCRETE PANEL

GENERAL

- Manufacturer: Acacio Concepts Singapore Pte Ltd or Equivalent.
o Product reference: J.O.E. Green Concrete Panel (GP777) with 30%
recycled aggregate.


5 SUSPENDED CEILING AND SUPPORT WORKS


INSTALLATION

Fix ceiling materials in accordance with the manufacturer's recommendations ensuring
compliance with design and performance requirements. Set out accurately to give level
soffits free from undulations and lipping, with all lines and joints straight and parallel to walls.

Ensure that edge tiles/sheets are not less than half in width or length.

Cut and fit tiles/sheets around recessed light fittings, air conditioning diffusers, sprinkler
heads and the like. Form openings for access panels together with additional trimming and
framing, etc.

Deflection between supports of any part of suspended ceilings shall not be more than 1/450
for spans up to 1830mm and 1/600 for spans over 1830mm.

METAL SUPPORT SYSTEMS

Metal support systems shall be designed by the Contractor in conjunction with the ceiling
lining manufacturer. All ferrous metals shall be rustproofed. Hangers shall be substantial
and sufficient to prevent excessive deflection in the ceiling. Suspension by means of wire
will not be permitted. Additional hangers and support work shall be provided at recessed
light fittings, diffusers and access panels, etc.


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

81

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
GYPSUM PLASTERBOARD LINING

Plasterboard shall be 12.7mm thick tapered edge gypsum wallboard to receive direct
decoration complying with BS 1230.


Boards shall be fixed with the ivory surface outwards and tapered edges lightly butted. End
joints shall be 3mm wide and staggered. Supports shall be provided at all edges of boards.

Fixing to timber shall be by means of 2mm diameter small flat head nails 40mm long. Nail
heads shall be driven home to form a shallow depression but not to break the paper.

Joint and finish boards in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions to achieve a flush
seamless surface ready for decoration.


FIBROUS PLASTERBOARD LINING

Fibrous plasterboard shall be of approved manufacture, 12mm thick comprising gypsum
plaster reinforced with strands of fibreglass evenly distributed throughout at the ratio of 365
grams per m2.

Support systems shall be of timber framing and shall be designed by the Contractor in
conjunction with the ceiling lining manufacturer. All ferrous metals shall be rustproofed.
Hangers shall be substantial and sufficient to prevent excessive deflection in the ceiling.
Suspension by means of wires will not be permitted. Additional hangers and support work
shall be provided at recessed light fittings, diffusers and access panels, pelmets, etc.

Fix the support system and ceiling lining in accordance with manufacturer's
recommendations ensuring compliance with design and performance requirements. Set
out accurately to give level soffits free from undulations and lipping, with all lines and joints
straight and parallel to walls. Cut and fit sheets around recessed light fittings, air-
conditioning diffusers, sprinkler heads and the like. Form openings for access panels
together with additional trimming and framing, etc. Samples of access panels must be
submitted to the Architect for approval.

Flush up all joints with superfine gypsum plaster and leave homogeneous surface ready for
painting.


GENERAL PERFORMANCE


STRUCTURAL

- Loads: The ceiling system must safely support all anticipated loads, including
services
- fittings:
o Uniform distributed loads: to manufacturer's instruction.
o Points loads: to manufacturer's instruction.
o Additional loads/ pressures to be sustained by ceiling system: None.
- Ceiling system subject to wind pressure: No.
- Deflection (maximum) between points of support:
o Span under 1200 mm: Span/400.
o Span 1200-1800 mm: Span/500.
o Span over 1800 mm: Span/600.
- Test standard: To BS 8290-2, Appendix A.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

82

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

FIRE

- Ceiling system intended for fire protection: Yes.
- Surface spread of flame ratings:
o Ceiling soffit surfaces: Class 0.
o Ceiling void surfaces: Class 0.
- Fire resistance:
o Overall fire resistance, to BS 476-21 (stability/ integrity/ insulation):
60/60/120 minutes.
o Ceiling resistance, to BS 476-22 (integrity/ insulation): -/30/30 minutes.
o Other protection: Structural steel beams - to BS 476-23, 120 minutes.
- Test reports or assessments: Include details of performance related to the
particular
- elements of construction.
o Ceilings with integrated luminaires: Test/ assess with luminaires in place.


ACOUSTIC

- Airborne sound insulation:
o Weighted suspended ceiling normalized level difference, Dn,c,w (minimum)
to BS EN
o ISO 717-1: to Acoustic Engineer's instruction .
o Weighted sound reduction index, Rw (minimum) to BS EN ISO 717-1: to
Acoustic Engineer's instruction .
o Weighted standardized level difference, DnT,w (minimum) to BS EN ISO
717-1: to Acoustic Engineer's instruction .
- Sound absorption:
o Sound absorption coefficient, alpha S, (minimum) to BS EN ISO 354: to
Acoustic Engineer's instruction .

COMPONENTS


SAMPLES

- General: Submit representative samples of the following: Panels for ceiling systems
- K40/105, 115 and 135 .
- 245 STANDARDS
- Components: To BS 8290-2.
o Aluminium sheet, strip and plate: To BS EN 485.
o Aluminium bars, tubes and sections: To relevant parts of BS EN 515, BS
EN 573, BS EN
- 755 and BS EN 12020.


SUSPENSION SYSTEM

- Extent of system: Include all hangers, fixings, main runners, cross members,
primary channels, perimeter trims, splines, noggings, clips, bracing, bridging, etc.
necessary to complete the ceiling system and achieve specified performance.
- Top fixings: Approved wire hanger anchor bolts.
- Hangers: Approved rigid rod angles or flexible wire hangers to
- manufacturer's recommendation.
- Grid type: Concealed.
o Finish: Approved powder coating.
o Colour: Black.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

83

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA


PERIMETER TRIMS

- Type: 32 x 19 mm steel angle trim, colour and finish to match exposed grid.
- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
- Fixings:
o Fasteners: BZP raised head screws.
o Fixing centres (maximum): 450 mm.


INFILL UNITS

- Type: Fine fissured mineral fibre tiles with rebated edge profile.
- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
Product reference: None.
Form: Linear strip.
Sizes: As shown on drawings.
Finish: Powder coating to Z31 to all surfaces of panel, 60 micrometres
minimum film thickness .
Colour: To BS 4800.
- Recycled content: Submit proposals( 30% by weight or volume).


BOARDS

- Type: Fibre reinforced gypsum board.
- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
- Recycled content: Submit proposals ( 30% by weight or volume).
- Thickness: 12.5 mm.
- Sizes: 1200 x 600 mm.
- Edge profile: Square edged.
- Fillets/ cover strips: 9 mm thick across full width of channel and 6 x 75
- mm behind joints
- at right angles to channels.
- Finish: Unfinished.
- Colour: White.
- Other requirements: Predrilled holes for fixings.


ACCESS PANELS

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
- Size: 550 x 550 mm.
- Frame type: Beaded.
- Fire performance: As suspended ceiling.
- Lock type: Tamper proof.
- Operation: Lift out.
- Finish: Powder coated.
- Colour: White.
- Recycled content: Submit proposals ( 30% by weight or volume).




ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

84

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
INSULATION

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
- Purpose: Acoustic.
o Performance: 40 dB insulation.
- Type: Mineral wool pads.
- Recycled content: Submit proposals ( 30% by weight or volume).
- Thickness: 100 mm .
- Density: 80 kg/m3 .
- Facings/ Wrappings: Aluminium foil to back (facing void) and edges, white glass
fibre tissue to front.



EXECUTION

CONTROL SAMPLES

- General: Complete areas as part of the finished work in the following locations
- Approval: Obtain before completing areas of similar work.



SETTING OUT

- General: Completed ceiling should present, over the whole of its surface exposed
to the
- room below, a continuous and even surface, jointed (where applicable) at regular
intervals.
- Infill and access units, integrated services: Fitted correctly and aligned.
- Edge/ perimeter infill units size (minimum): Half standard width or length.
- Corner infill units size (minimum): Half standard width and length.
- Grid: Position to suit infill unit sizes. Allow for permitted deviations from nominal
sizes of infill unit.
- Infill joints and exposed suspension members: Straight, aligned and parallel to
walls, unless specified otherwise.
- Suitability of construction: Give notice where building elements and features to
which the ceiling systems relate are not square, straight or level.


BRACING

General: Secure, with additional bracing and stiffening to give a stable ceiling system
resistant to design loads and pressures.


PROTECTION

- Loading: Do not apply loads for which the suspension system is not designed.
- Ceiling materials: When necessary, remove and replace correctly using special
tools and
- clean gloves, etc. as appropriate.


TOP FIXING

- Building structure: Verify suitability.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

85

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Structural soffit: Concrete beam and block.
o Suitability to receive specified fixings: Evaluate and confirm.
- Fixing to:
o Concrete: Drill and insert suitable expanding anchors.
o Aerated concrete: Fix through from the top of concrete units and provide a
system of
o primary support channels.
o Structural steel: Drill, or use suitable proprietary clips/ adaptors.
o Metal roof decking: Fix to sides of liner tray corrugations.
o Timber: Fix to side of joists at least 50 mm from bottom edge. If ceiling
system is
o intended for fire protection, fix into top third of joists.
o Hollow structural members: Submit fixing proposals.
- Cartridge or powder activated methods: Do not use.


INSTALLING HANGERS

- Wire hangers: Straighten and tension before use.
- Installation: Install vertical or near vertical, without bends or kinks. Do not allow
hangers to
- press against fittings, services, or insulation covering ducts/ pipes.
- Obstructions: Where obstructions prevent vertical installation, either brace diagonal
- hangers against lateral movement, or hang ceiling system on an appropriate rigid
sub-grid
- bridging across obstructions and supported to prevent lateral movement.
- Extra hangers: Provide as necessary to carry additional loads.
- Fixing:
o Wire hangers: Tie securely at top with tight bends to loops to prevent
vertical movement.
o Angle/ strap hangers: Do not use rivets for top fixing.
- Spacings: to manufacturer's instruction.



INSTALLING PERIMETER TRIMS

- Jointing: Neat and accurate, without lipping or twisting.
o External and internal corners: Mitre joints generally. Overlap joints at
internal corners are not acceptable.
o Intermediate butt joints: Minimize. Use longest available lengths of trim.
Align adjacent lengths.
- Fixing: Fix firmly to perimeter wall, edge battens or other building structure.
o Fasteners: to manufacturer's instruction.
o Fixing centres: 450 mm.


CONCEALED GRIDS

- Grid fixings: Angle hangers.
- Primary support channels: Install level. Do not kink or bend hangers.
o Wire hangers wrapped around primary channels: Twice wrapped. Loops
tightly formed.
o Angle/ Strap hangers: Do not use rivets for bottom fixing.
- Splines: Locate between infill units to assist levelling of adjacent units and to resist
air
- movement at joints.
- Spring-tee grids: Do not omit primary channel.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

86

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA


INSTALLING INFILL UNITS

- General:
o Perimeter infill units: Trimmed, as necessary, to fully fill space between last
grid member
o and perimeter trim. Prevent subsequent movement.
o Deeply textured infill units: Minimize variations in apparent texture and
colour. In
o particular, avoid patchiness.
- Concealed grids: Install infill units uniformly, straight and aligned. Avoid dimension
creep.
o Infill units around recessed luminaires and similar openings: Prevent
movement and displacement.


BOARD CEILING SYSTEMS

- Cut boards: Neat and accurate.
- Fixing to grid:
o Board edges: Fully support. Screw to grid members. Set heads of screws
below surface of boards and fill flush with surface.
o Boards applied in two or more layers: Stagger joints.
- Movement joints: Provide as appropriate for the area of ceiling system and/ or to
coincide
- with movement joints in surrounding structure.


UPSTANDS AND BULKHEADS

- Vertical ceiling systems: Support and brace to provide alignment and stability.
- High upstands: Provide support at base of upstand.


OPENINGS IN CEILING MATERIALS

General: Neat


INTEGRATED SERVICES

- General: Position services accurately, support adequately. Align and level in
relation to the
- ceiling and suspension system. Do not diminish performance of ceiling system.
- Small fittings: Support with rigid backing boards or other suitable means. Do not
damage or distort the ceiling.
- Surface spread of flame rating of additional supporting material: Not less than
ceiling material.
- Services outlets:
o Supported by ceiling system: Provide additional hangers.
o Independently supported: Provide flanges to support ceiling system.


CEILING MOUNTED LUMINAIRES

- Support: Independent.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

87

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
o Independently supported luminaires: Suspension adjusted to line and level
of ceiling.
o Ceiling supported luminaires: Modifications and/ or extra support required:
To each luminaire.
- Surface mounted luminaires: Units installed so that in event of a fire the designed
grid expansion provision is not affected.
- Modular fluorescent recessed luminaires: Compatible with ceiling module.
Extension boxes must not foul ceiling system.
- Recessed rows of luminaires: Provide flanges for support of grid and infill units,
unless mounted above grid flanges. Retain in position with lateral restraint.
- Fire protecting/ resisting ceiling systems: Luminaires must not diminish protection
integrity of ceiling system.
- Access: Provide access for maintenance of luminaires.


TRUNKING

Recessed trunking: Provide flanges for support of grid and infill units, unless mounted
above grid flanges. Retain in position with lateral restraint.


MECHANICAL SERVICES

- Fan coil units:
o Inlet/ Outlet grilles: Trim ceiling grid and infill units to suit.
o Space beneath: Sufficient for ceiling system components.
o Suspension and connections: Permit accurate setting out and levelling of
fan coil units.
- Air grilles and diffusers:
o Setting out: Accurate and level.
o Linear air diffusers: Retain in place with lateral restraint. Provide flanges for
support of grid and infill units.
o Grille/ Diffuser ceiling joints: Provide smudge rings and edge seals.
- Smoke detectors and PA speakers:
o Ceiling infill units: Scribe and trim to suit.
o Independent suspension: Required.
o Flexible connections: Required.
- Sprinkler heads: Carefully set out and level.


INSTALLING INSULATION

- Fitting: Fit accurately and firmly with butted joints and no gaps.
- Insulation within individual infill units: Fit closely. Secure to prevent displacement
when infill units are installed or subsequently lifted.
o Dustproof sleeving: Reseal, if cut.
- Width: Lay insulation in the widest practical widths to suit grid member spacings.
- Services: Do not cover electrical cables that have not been sized accordingly. Cut
- insulation carefully around electrical fittings, etc. Do not lay insulation over
luminaires.
- Sloping and vertical areas of ceiling system: Fasten insulation, to prevent
displacement.


CEILING SYSTEMS INTENDED FOR FIRE PROTECTION

- Junctions of ceiling systems with perimeter abutments and service penetrations:
Seal gaps
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

88

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- with tightly packed mineral wool or intumescent sealant to prevent penetration of
smoke
- and flame.
- Ceiling system/ wall junctions: Maintain protective value of ceiling system.
- Fixings and grounds: Noncombustible.
- Metal trim: Provide for thermal expansion.
- Access and access panels: Maintain continuity of fire protection.


COMPLETION


TOOLS

Access tools: At Completion, supply one set of the following: Operating poles for access
panels .


USER INSTRUCTIONS

- Contents: Include the following:
o Correct methods for removing and replacing infill units and other
components.
o Cleaning methods and materials.
o Recommendations for redecoration.
o Ceiling systems intended for fire protection: Limitations placed on
subsequent alterations and maintenance procedures, to ensure that their
fire performance is not impaired.
o Maximum number, position and value of point loads that can be applied to
ceiling system after installation.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

89

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
G
METALWORKS

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

90

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
METAL WORKS

MATERIALS

1 METALS GENERALLY

All ferrous metal shall be free from rust, scale and other defects. Various shapes and
sections shall be cleanly rolled or otherwise formed to uniform sections. All non-ferrous
metal shall have uniform finished surfaces machined and buffed, free from defects and all
sections shall conform accurately to the sizes and shapes required.


2 STEEL

Hot-rolled steel sections, including angles, shall comply with BS 4: Part 1 and be made from
steel complying with BS 4360.

Hot-rolled steel bars shall comply with BS 4449.

Cold-rolled steel sections shall comply with BS 2994 and be made from steel complying
with BS 1449: Part 1.

Steel plate shall comply with BS 4360.

Steel sheet and strip shall comply with BS 1449: Part 1.

Steel tubes shall comply with BS 1387.

Welded wire mesh shall be made from wire complying with BS 1052.


3 STAINLESS STEEL

Tubes shall comply with BS 3014 Grade 315 S16.

Plate, sheet and strip shall comply with BS 1449: Part 2 Grade 315 S16.

Stainless steel members shall have a uniform finish free from blemishes, discolourations
and other defects. Finish for stainless steel shall be polished with a fine grit to Dull Polish
No 4 unless otherwise specified.


4 ALUMINIUM

Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys shall comply with BS 1474 for extruded sections,
bars and round tube; with BS 1471 for drawn tube; and with BS 1470 for plate, sheet and
strip.


5 GALVANIZING

Galvanized coatings on iron and steel articles shall comply with BS 729 and be carried out
after welding; drilling and tapping, etc has been completed.


6 SHERARDIZING
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

91

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Sherardized coatings shall comply with BS 4921 Class 1 to a minimum local coating
thickness of 30 microns.


7 CHROMIUM PLATING

Chromium plating shall comply with BS 1224 service condition Grade 2 where used
internally and Grade 4 where used externally. Plating shall be finished with a bright finish.


8 ANODIZING

Anodic oxidation coatings on aluminium shall comply with BS 1615 and BS 3987 and be
suitable for exterior use. The coating shall be to a minimum average thickness of 25
microns and sealed by a hydration treatment applied after anodizing to reduce porosity
and/or absorptivity of the coating.

Anodizing shall be clear in appearance unless otherwise specified. Where colour anodizing
is specified, it shall comply with the exterior colour fastness standard in BS 1615.
Acceptable colour tolerances shall be agreed with the Architect by reference to samples
before coating work is commenced.

Submit to the Architect certification from the anodizer that the specification grade and
minimum coating thickness has been applied.


9 FLUOROCARBON COATING

Fluorocarbon coatings shall be applied on chemically cleaned pre-treated aluminium under
controlled shop conditions.

The pre-treatment process shall take place immediately prior to the application of the
coating system with minimum time lag between. No lengthy storage or double handling of
the pre-treated metal prior to coating will be allowed.

The pre-treated surfaces shall receive a thermally cured inhibitive primer of a dry film
thickness averaging 5 to 7 microns and a colour pigmented polyvinylidene fluoride resin
(PVF2) coating system containing not less than 70% of the fluorocarbon resin 'Kynar 500'.

The coating system shall be spray applied under factory conditions to pre-treated base
metal in a three coat, three bake process with a top coat of clear PVF2 resin of film
thickness 25 to 30 microns. The total minimum dry film thickness of the fluorocarbon
coating shall be 40 microns.

Submit to the Architect certification from the coating system firm that the coating thickness
specified has been applied.


10 POWDER COATING

Aluminium substrates shall be pre-treated as specified for fluorocarbon coating, then oven
dried to remove all moisture.

Spray on with either electrostatic manual or reciprocating automatic guns an active primer
to a thickness of 6 to 10 microns. Primer surface shall be even without zebraing or blotches.
Flash off primer for 10 minutes.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

92

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Apply polyurethane paint similar to 'Copon Polyurethane' of specified colour gloss by
means of electrostatic reciprocating automatic guns to a dry film thickness of 30 microns.
Touch up edges, corners, etc as necessary with manual handgun set at a narrow spray
pattern.

The substrate shall be air dried for 8 hours. Allow 7 days for complete curing.


11 FASTENERS

Bolts, screws and nuts shall comply with BS 4190 and all bolts shall be fitted with washers.

Self-tapping screws shall comply with BS 4174.

Unless otherwise specified, exposed fastenings shall be of the same material, colour,
coating and finish as the metal being fixed.


12 WORKMANSHIP GENERALLY

The whole of the fabrication, welding, bolting, priming and installation shall be carried out by
skilled tradesmen in accordance with the best trade practice.

All joints and mitres shall be carefully and accurately assembled and machined so as to
provide close smooth connections that will be weather and water-tight and not noticeable.

Screws and bolt-heads shall be concealed wherever possible and countersunk flush on
exposed surfaces. Provision shall be made for appropriate expansion and contraction
joints in all long runs of exposed members and be subject to the Architect's inspection prior
to fabrication and installation.

Faces of metal in contact shall have hairline joints. Work shall be assembled with
concealed fittings insofar as practicable. Mouldings shall be in true alignment at joints,
straight, tightly and neatly fitted. Junctions of identical sections shall be mitred. When
assembled, all moving parts shall move freely without binding.

Remove all burrs and sharp arises which would be visible after fixing or a hazard to the
user.


13 WELDING AND BRAZING

Welding shall be carried out by expert tradesmen in strict accordance with the current Code
of Practice.

Before welding and brazing, remove dirt, grease, moisture and oxide from edges to be
welded. Remove scale and residue from arc and power cutting by machining or hand
grinding.

Ensure an accurate fit using clamps and jigs where practical. Use tack welds for temporary
attachment where jigging is not possible. Welded joints shall be free from porosity, cracks
and blow holes. Flux residues and slag shall be removed without delay.

Welds which will be visible in completed work shall be ground to a smooth finish flush with
adjacent surfaces.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

93

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
14 FIXING

Prevent distortion of metalwork during transit, handling or storage. Prevent damage to
arrises, projecting features and surfaces which will be exposed in the finished work.

Install the work permanently and securely in place. Metalwork must not be allowed to carry
any structural loads unless specifically designed for that purpose. Railings or balustrades
must not be used as strutting or supports after fixing.


15 COMPONENTS GENERALLY

Check all dimensions, both on drawings and on Site, before starting fabrication.

Prevent distortion of components during transit, handling and storage and prevent finished
surfaces from rubbing together.

Fastenings are to be supplied by the manufacturer of the component being fixed.

Install components securely in place, plumb, square, level and in proper alignment with
other work.

Pack joints to maintain specified widths especially at positions where fixings tighten frame
against the structure.

Keep opening lights of windows closed and secured during all operations until fixed. Retain
any clamping devices in position. Pack between light and frame to maintain correct
clearances.

Bed mating surfaces of composite assemblies with metal to metal joints in bedding
compound.

Assemble and fix ironmongery using fastenings with matching finish supplied by the
ironmongery manufacturer.

On completion, check and adjust all moving parts and ironmongery, lubricating as
necessary to ensure correct functioning.


16 ADJUSTABLE STEEL LOUVRE WINDOWS

Channel frames, channel coupling mullions and spacer brackets shall be of 18g thick cold
rolled steel strip electro zinc plated after processing. The clips to receive the louvres shall
be 22g thick rolled steel strip sherardized after processing. The bearings shall be of hot
pressed special alloy. Operating rods shall be of 14g steel. The handle and lock shall be
2.64mm thick steel. Bolts, nuts and screws shall be of cadmium plated steel. The whole
assembly shall be finished with aluminium lacquer.

Galvanised steel louvre windows shall comply with SS 215.


17 ALUMINIUM WINDOWS, DOORS, SUN SHADE FINS AND PANELS

The Contractor shall be responsible for the design, supply and installation of the aluminium
windows, doors and panels shown upon the drawings. The Contractor shall provide a 10-
year indemnity for aluminium works and glazing against any defects in the design, materials
or installation in accordance with the specimen indemnity attached at the end of this
Specification.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

94

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

(1) Design Recommendation

The Contractor shall submit with his tender his design recommendations and
preliminary shop drawings showing fabrication and installation details of the works
including relevant information and physical properties of the aluminium extrusions
selected and the type of glass proposed.

All proposals made to be based on Architects intention drawings. Any alternative
proposals to be submitted to the Architect, subject to approval.

The design and construction of windows shall comply with SS 212 and to
withstand:-

(a) Wind pressure

(b) Dead loads (e.g. infill panels, automatic door/window operator, etc)

(c) Live loads that may be imposed.

Notwithstanding the acceptance of the Contractor's design recommendations by
the Architect, the Contractor shall be solely responsible for the adequacy of all
aluminium works including design and shall make good any damage or defects
arising from inadequate design.


(2) Window Performance

Windows are required to have an air infiltration not greater than 12 m3/hr per metre
length of opening joint at a test pressure of 15mm of water. No leakage of water
should occur when subject to a flow of 0.05 litre/m3/sec at a pressure of 15mm of
water for 15 minutes.

The Architect may order tests to be conducted on each type of window to certify
that the above performance criteria are met.


(3) Shop Drawings

The Contractor shall submit with his tender for the consideration of the Architect
complete shop installation and design drawings showing in detail all parts of the
work, fully dimensioned, full size details showing finish, thickness, profiles, jointing,
welds, intersections and assembly of the various members; details of construction,
weatherproofing hardware and hardware schedules; reinforcement, anchorage and
structural supports; glazing details and such drawings and details as required to
fully illustrate all details of the work and as required to meet site conditions. The
weight of aluminium shall be indicated on the shop drawings for all members.

Within four weeks of the acceptance of the tender, modify the shop drawings to
comply with the Architect's requirements. Supply to the Architect for distribution to
those connected with this project, four copies each of the final approved drawings.


(4) Modifications

The Contractor may make minor changes in detailing of the work in order to
conform with standard procedures or as required to facilitate field erection.
However, no changes whatsoever shall be made without prior approval of the
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

95

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Architect in writing. The Architect may make minor changes in the shape of a
member before final approval of the shop drawings.


(5) Materials

Components shall be made from aluminium with a clear anodized coating as
previously specified.


(6) Fasteners and Attachments

All screws, nuts, bolts, rivets, washers, fixing anchors, supporting members,
hangers, bracing, brackets, straps and other attachments shall be of stainless steel
or aluminium and where visible shall be of the same colour, coating and finish as
the surrounding metalwork.

Fixing devices shall be capable of withstanding the designed wind-loading and any
operating forces on the windows.

The fabricator shall supply and install all fixing devices to the concrete or masonry
structure.


(7) Work Sizes and Manufacturing Tolerances

The limits of sizes for overall length and overall height shall be stated by the
manufacturer taking into account permissible deviation in size and squareness.

The deviation on overall sizes of an assembled frame shall be maintained within a
permissible 1.5mm.

The frame assemblies shall be such that they can be installed square within a
maximum difference in the diagonals of 4mm.


(8) Caulking

Pack around and into frames with cement mortar and point externally between
frames and masonry with an approved polysulphide base sealant properly caulked.


(9) Temporary Protection

Exposed surfaces of assemblies supplied and installed shall be protected by a
temporary strippable plastic film coating or polythene film wrapping.


(10) Weather Stripping

Opening lights shall be weather stripped using 'Schlegel Fin-Seal' weatherseal
whose local distributor is Schlegel Pty Ltd. All pile seals used for windows or doors
shall be compressed to approximately 15% of their height.


(11) Glazing

Glass and glazing work shall be as specified in the 'Glazing' section.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

96

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Glazing beads, gaskets, glass adaptors and glazing sealants shall be of materials
that do not react with aluminium, aluminium finishes, glass or other glazing
materials.

Glazing beads and other members shall be stiff enough and fixed at a sufficient
number of points to withstand the designed windloading.

The windows shall be designed so that glazing or reglazing on Site is possible
without the need to remove the outer frame from the structure of the building.

All glazing work shall be carried out in accordance with BS 6262 on 'Code of
Practice for Glazing for Buildings'.



18 DEMOUNTABLE PARTITIONS

All partition works shall include everything necessary for and incidental to the
execution and completion of the partitions as shown on the drawings.

Manufacturer : None, Contractor to propose, to submit for approval.

To be infilled with 50mm thick rockwool insulation weighing 20 kg/m3.

Partitions shall be finished 150mm above the suspended ceiling level. Provide
vinyl skirtings to both sides of the partitions.

Ramset bottom track to concrete and screw top track to concrete or bottom chord
of steel trusses and purlins. Studs shall be positioned at 600mm centres and
fastened to top and bottom tracks to form a rigid interlocking structure. Reinforce
openings with additional jamb studs fastened to tracks.

Provide steel sub-frames to receive top tracks of partitions where these are to be
constructed under pitched roofs. Sub-frames shall be designed by the Contractor
in conjunction with the partition system manufacturer.

Cut and form openings for switches, socket outlets, etc and include for additional
studs and stiffeners.

The Contractor shall submit drawings showing details of construction, sub-frames,
assembly, erection, anchorage, methods and location of openings for services for
the approval of the Architect. No work shall commence until the drawings have
been approved by the Architect.







ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

97

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
H
PAINTING/CLEARFINISH




ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

98

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
GENERAL

All exposed walls, partitions, columns, beans and underside of slabs, plaster boards,
calcium silicate boards, etc. shall be painted (sealer and top-coat) with low VOC acrylic
emulsion paint unless otherwise stated.

COATING SYSTEMS

A) EMULSION PAINT TO INTERNAL PLASTERED SURFACES

Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
- Product reference: None.
Surfaces: Internal.
- Preparation: Dry plaster .
Initial coats: As recommended by manufacturer .
- Number of coats: One .
Undercoats: As recommended by manufacturer .
- Number of coats: One .
Finishing coats: Washable matt vinyl .
- Number of coats: Two

B) SYNTHETIC ENAMEL PAINTTO METAL SURFACES

Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
- Product reference: None .
Surfaces: Preprimed and sealed .
- Preparation: Blast clean, as clause 531 .
Initial coats: As recommended by manufacturer .
- Number of coats: Two .
Undercoats: As recommended by manufacturer .
- Number of coats: One .
Finishing coats: Full gloss .
- Number of coats: Two .

C) DECORATIVE WOODSTAIN/ VARNISH/ PRESERVATIVE TO DOORS AND DOOR
FRAMES

Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
- Product reference: None .
Surfaces: Timber .
- Preparation: As clauses 400, 440 .
Initial coats: As recommended by manufacturer.
- Number of coats: One .
Finishing coats: As recommended by manufacturer.
- Number of coats: Two .

D) FLOOR COATINGTO FLOORS

Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
- Product reference: None.
Surfaces: Concrete surface.
- Preparation: Dustproofed and sealed.
Initial coats: As recommended by manufacturer.
- Number of coats: One.
Finishing coats: Epoxy resin.
- Number of coats: Two.


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

99

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
GENERAL

A) COATING MATERIALS

Manufacturers: Obtain materials from any of the following:
Submit proposals.
Selected manufacturers: Submit names before commencement of coating work.

B) HANDLING AND STORAGE

Coating materials: Deliver in sealed containers, labeled clearly with brand name, type of
material and manufacturer's batch number.
Materials from more than one batch: Store separately. Allocate to distinct parts or areas of
the work.

C) COMPATIBILITY

Coating materials selected by contractor:
- Recommended by their manufacturers for the particular surface and conditions of
exposure.
- Compatible with each other.
- Compatible with and not inhibiting performance of preservative/fire retardant
pretreatments.

D) PROTECTION

'Wet paint' signs and barriers: Provide where necessary to protect other operatives and
general public, and to prevent damage to freshly applied coatings.

E) CONTROL SAMPLES

Sample areas of finished work: Carry out, including preparation, as follows:
Types of coating Nature of sample
M60/ 180 . Ramp, 1000 x 1000 mm .
Approval of appearance: Obtain before commencement of general coating work.

F) SUPERVISED CONTROL SAMPLES

Sample areas of finished work: Carry out, including preparation, as follows:
Types of coating Nature of sample
M60/ 110 . Wall, 1000 x 1000 mm .
Inspection: Give notice when each stage is ready for inspection.
Approval of appearance: Obtain before commencement of general coating work.

G) INSPECTION BY COATING MANUFACTURERS

General: Permit manufacturers to inspect work in progress and take samples of their
materials from site if requested.










ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

100

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
PREPARATION

A) PREPARATION GENERALLY

Standard: In accordance with BS 6150.
Suspected existing hazardous materials: Prepare risk assessments and method
statements covering operations, disposal of waste, containment and reoccupation, and
obtain approval before commencing work.
Preparation materials: Types recommended by their manufacturers and the coating
manufacturer for the situation and surfaces being prepared.
Substrates: Sufficiently dry in depth to suit coating.
Efflorescence salts: Remove.
Dirt, grease and oil: Remove. Give notice if contamination of surfaces/ substrates has
occurred.
Surface irregularities: Remove.
Joints, cracks, holes and other depressions: Fill flush with surface, to provide smooth
finish.
Dust, particles and residues from preparation: Remove and dispose of safely.
Water based stoppers and fillers:
- Apply before priming unless recommended otherwise by manufacturer.
- If applied after priming: Patch prime.
Oil based stoppers and fillers: Apply after priming.
Doors, opening windows and other moving parts:
- Ease, if necessary, before coating.
- Prime resulting bare areas.

B) UNCOATED WOOD

General: Provide smooth, even finish with arrises and moulding edges lightly rounded or
eased.
Heads of fasteners: Countersink sufficient to hold stoppers/fillers.
Resinous areas and knots: Apply two coats of knotting.
511 GALVANIZED, SHERARDIZED AND ELECTROPLATED STEEL
White rust: Remove.
Pretreatment: Apply one of the following:
- 'T wash'/ mordant solution to blacken whole surface.
- Etching primer recommended by coating system manufacturer.

C) UNCOATED STEEL - BLAST CLEANING

Oil and grease: Remove.
Blast cleaning:
- Atmospheric conditions: Dry.
- Abrasive: Suitable type and size, free from fines, moisture and oil.
- Surface finish: To BS EN ISO 8501-1, preparation grade Sa 2.
Primer: Apply as soon as possible and within four hours of blast cleaning.

D) UNCOATED CONCRETE

Release agents: Remove.

E) UNCOATED PLASTER

Nibs, trowel marks and plaster splashes: Scrape off.
Overtrowelled 'polished' areas: Key lightly.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

101

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
F) UNCOATED PLASTERBOARD

Depressions around fixings: Fill with stoppers/ fillers

G) SEALING OF INTERNAL MOVEMENT JOINTS

General: To junctions of walls and ceilings with architraves, skirtings and other trims.
Sealant: Water based acrylic.
- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
Product reference: None.
- Preparation and application: As section Z22.


APPLICATION

A) COATING GENERALLY

Application standard: In accordance with BS 6150, clause 9.
Conditions: Maintain suitable temperature, humidity and air quality during application and
drying.
Surfaces: Clean and dry at time of application.
Thinning and intermixing of coatings: Not permitted unless recommended by manufacturer.
Overpainting: Do not paint over intumescent strips or silicone mastics.
Priming coats:
- Thickness: To suit surface porosity.
- Application: As soon as possible on same day as preparation is completed.
Finish:
- Even, smooth and of uniform colour.
- Free from brush marks, sags, runs and other defects.
- Cut in neatly.
Doors, opening windows and other moving parts: Ease before coating and between coats.

B) PRIMING JOINERY

Preservative treated timber: Retreat cut surfaces with two flood coats of a suitable
preservative before priming.
End grain: Coat liberally allow to soak in, and recoat.

C) STAINING WOOD

Primer: Apply if recommended by stain manufacturer.
Application: Apply in flowing coats and brush out excess stain to produce uniform
appearance.

D) VARNISHING WOOD

First coat: Thin with isoparaffin.
- Brush well in and lay off avoiding aeration.
Subsequent coats: Rub down lightly along the grain between coats.

E) EXTERNAL DOORS

Bottom edges: Prime and coat before hanging doors.

F) BEAD GLAZING TO COATED WOOD

Before glazing: Apply first two coats to rebates and beads.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

102

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
G) PUTTY GLAZING

Setting: Allow putty to set for seven days.
Sealing:
- Within a further 14 days, seal with an oil based primer.
- Fully protect putty with coating system as soon as it is
- Extend finishing coats on to glass up to sight line.

H) GLAZING

Etched, sand blasted and ground glass: Treat or mask edges before coating to protect
from contamination by oily constituents of coating materials.


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

103

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
I
GLAZING

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

104

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
GLAZING

1 GENERALLY

All glass specifications are to be checked and certified by Contractors Professional
Engineer (P.E) before submission to Architect and commencement of works.

All glass panels are to be in double-glazed or laminated and with external low-e coating,
unless otherwise stated in drawings. All glass panel types and thickness to include
manufacturers calculations to gain ETTV approval.


2 GLASS

Submit samples to be 600mm x300mm of the various types of glass and obtain approval
before cutting panes.

All glass shall comply with BS 952 and shall be of accurate size with clean undamaged
edges and surfaces which are not disfigured.

Heat soaked Toughened glass , tempered glass and laminated glass shall be manufactured
to precise glazing sizes and with a permanent identification mark in a position which is
visible but not prominent after fixing.

Mirror glass shall have a copper backing over the silver as well as the protective paint
coating together with an additional backing of aluminium foil.

Double-glazed unit glass shall be composed of 12mm tempered clear glass, 12mm air gap
and 12mm tempered clear glass, to achieve Shading Co-Efficient of 0.26 & U-value of
1.6 w/m2 or better.

Laminated glass shall be composed of 12mm tempered clear glass, 1.52mm clear PVB
layer and 12mm tempered clear glass, to achieve Shading Co-Efficient of 0.64 & U-value
of 4.0 w/m2 or better.

Contractor to submit sizes and types to the Architect for approval.

Contractor to ensure submission has been pre-calculated with ETTV calculations for
approval.


3 GLAZING COMPOUNDS AND ACCESSORIES

Glazing compounds, including putties, shall be of a type recommended by the window and
glass manufacturers and suitable for tropical use.

Distance pieces and location blocks shall be of PVC with a thickness equal to the specified
space between glass and bead and of a depth to give not less than 6mm cover of sealant.

Setting blocks shall be of lead, sealed hardwood or nylon.

Sleeves and washers for fixing mirrors shall be polyethylene.


4 GLAZING GENERALLY

Glazing shall be carried out in accordance with BS 6262.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

105

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Ensure that rebates are dry and clean and have been primed or sealed as required.

Setting and location blocks shall be used in panes of ordinary glazing over 0.2m2 and with
all sizes of laminated glass, toughened glass and factory made double glazing units.

Distance pieces shall be provided to all panes where a non-setting compound is used and
they shall not be located coincident with setting and location blocks. In laminated and
toughened glazing or with factory made double glazing units, the positions and sizes shall
be as recommended by the glass or unit manufacturer.

Glazing generally: To BS 6262.

Integrity: Glazing must be wind and watertight under all conditions with full allowance made
for deflections and other movements.

Dimensional tolerances: Panes/ sheets to be within 2 mm of specified dimensions.

Standards: To BS 952 and relevant parts of:

o BS EN 572 for basic soda lime silicate glass.
o BS EN 1096 for coated glass.
o BS EN 1748-1 for borosilicate glass.
o BS EN 1748-2 for ceramic glass.
o BS EN 1863 for heat strengthened soda lime silicate glass.
o BS EN 12150 for thermally toughened soda lime silicate safety glass.
o BS EN 12337 for chemically strengthened soda lime silicate glass.
o BS EN 13024 for thermally toughened borosilicate safety glass.
o BS EN ISO 12543 for laminated glass and laminated safety glass.


5 COMPOUND GLAZING

Glazing in compound or putty shall be executed with proper bed and back putties, sprigs,
clips and splayed and mitred front putties. The back putties shall be trimmed off flush with
the tops of the rebates and the splayed front putties shall be finished 3mm back from sight
lines to allow for sealing between glass and putty with paint.


6 BEAD GLAZING

Take out beads which have been loosely pinned in by the surround manufacturer, ease and
adjust beads and refix timber ones with countersunk brass cups and screws or rustproofed
panel pins at an adequate number of points to prevent flexing or movement.

Glaze external glass with beads and compound. There shall be a 3mm bed of compound
both sides of and around the glass.

Glaze internal glass with beads and glazing tape. Glazing tape shall pass round both sides
of the glass, be mitred at corners, and trimmed off flush with the beads and rebates.


7 GASKET GLAZING

Ensure that surfaces to which the gasket will be fixed are free from dirt, grease, burrs, weld
spatter, other projections and are smooth and undisturbed.

Prefabricated gaskets with moulded corners and position site made joints in the centre of
the top edge of each opening and bond with adhesive. Mitre locking strips at all corners.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

106

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

8 MIRROR FIXING

Fix mirrors with proprietary concealed fixing systems or with chromium plated dome headed
screws.

Do not distort when tightening fixings. Use spacer washers or buffers to compensate for
irregularities in wall surfaces. Use sleeves and washers to prevent contact between mirror
and fixings.

9 CLEANING AND PROTECTION

Do not use painted or stuck on indicators on solar control or coloured glass. Whitewash
may be used on ordinary glass but must be restricted to small central areas of panes.

Seal compounds and putties as recommended by their manufacturers.

Remove all smears and excess compound and leave clean inside and out and free from
scratches.

Replace all glass and fixing materials broken or damaged before Completion and
redecorate.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

107

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
J
DOORS/WINDOWS/STAIRS
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

108

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 WINDOWS GENERALLY


SITE DIMENSIONS

Procedure:

Before starting work on designated items take site dimensions, record on shop
drawings and use to ensure accurate fabrication.

Designated items:

Windows.

CONTROL SAMPLES

Procedure:

o Finalise component details.

o Fabricate one of each of the following designated items as part of the quantity
required for the project.

o Obtain approval of appearance and quality before proceeding with manufacturer of
the remaining quantity.

Designated items:

Aluminium sections and glazing.


2 WINDOW PRODUCTS


ALUMINIUM WINDOWS

Manufacturer: Submit proposals.

o Product reference: None.

Finish as delivered: Andonised coating unless otherwise stated.

Glazing details: As shown on drawings.

Beading: Internal.

Ironmongery/ Accessories:
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals
o To manufacturer's recommendation.

METAL LOUVRES

Manufacturer: Submit proposals.

o - Product reference: None.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

109

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Material: Aluminium.

Finish as delivered: Andonised coating unless otherwise stated

o Fire resistance rating: As shown on drawings.

o Number of louvre banks: As shown on drawings.

o Louvre blade pitch and angle: As shown on drawings.

o Blanking panels: As shown on drawings.

o Accessories/ Other requirements: Removable section for plant access.
o Fixing: to manufacturer's instruction.

EXECUTION


PROTECTION OF COMPONENTS

General:

Do not deliver to site components that cannot be installed immediately or placed
in clean, dry floored and covered storage.

Stored components: Stack vertical or near vertical on level bearers, separated with spacers
to prevent damage by and to projecting ironmongery, beads, etc.


CORROSION PROTECTION

Surfaces to be protected: Aluminium alloy components.

Protective coating: Two coats of bitumen solution to BS 6949 or an approved mastic
impregnated tape.

Timing of application: Before fixing components.


BUILDING IN

General: Not permitted unless indicated on drawings.

Brace and protect components to prevent distortion and damage during construction of
adjacent structure.


WINDOW INSTALLATION GENERALLY

Installation: Into prepared openings.

Gap between frame edge and surrounding construction:

o Minimum: 3 mm.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

110

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
o Maximum: 10mm.


Distortion: Install windows without twist or diagonal racking.



DAMP PROOF COURSES IN PREPARED OPENINGS

Location:

Ensure correct positioning in relation to window frames. Do not displace during
fixing operations.



FIXING OF ALUMINIUM FRAMES

Standard: Refer to Metal Works Section

Fasteners: Stainless steel wood screws.

o Spacing: When not predrilled or specified otherwise, position fasteners not more
than 250 mm from ends of each jamb, adjacent to each hanging point of opening
lights, and at maximum 600 mm centres.

SEALANT JOINTS

Sealant:

Manufacturer: Submit proposals
Certification:Green Label certified or similar for low emission of formal dehyde).
Product reference: None.
Colour: Clear.



IRONMONGERY

Manufacturer: DORMA Indonesia or equivalent

Product reference: None.

Fixing: Assemble and fix carefully and accurately using fasteners with matching finish
supplied by ironmongery manufacturer. Do not damage ironmongery and adjacent
surfaces.

Checking/ Adjusting/ Lubricating: Carry out at Completion and ensure correct functioning.




ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

111

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
4 DOORS GENERALLY

SITE DIMENSIONS

Procedure: Before starting work on designated items take site dimensions, record on shop
drawings and use to ensure accurate fabrication.

Designated items: Doors and Windows


TIMBER GENERALLY

Timber shall be the best of its kind, well seasoned, sawn die square, free from shakes,
waney edges, large or unsound knots, spongy or brittle heart and any other defects.

Timber shall be graded in accordance with the Malaysian Grading Rules for Sawn
Hardwood Timber. The Contractor shall obtain and produce to the Architect a Grading
Certificate from the Grading Authority in accordance with the aforementioned rule and pay
all fees and charges in connection therewith.

The grade of timber used in the Works shall not be lower than 'Standard and Better Grade
M.G.R'. This grade allows a small number of defects in the timber including a limited
amount of sapwood. All visible surfaces of timber when fixed in position shall be entirely
free from sapwood, knots and any other defects.

Timber before grading shall be properly open stacked under cover until the moisture
content has fallen to 18%. Submit written proof of the moisture content from an approved
laboratory or arrange for testing of any suspect timbers including fabricated joinery items
selected by the Architect wherever directed to do so. Methods of testing shall be in
accordance with BS 5820. After taking delivery of the graded and seasoned timber, it shall
be stored under cover with kraft paper and kept well-ventilated and perfectly dry before use.


PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT

All timber shall be pressure impregnated with preservative in accordance with SS 72 after
machining. Any cutting, notching, boring, etc after impregnation shall be treated with a
brush applied concentrate of similar composition.

Inspection certificates shall be produced for all pressure treated timber delivered to the Site
or to offsite fabricators of joinery work.


HARDWOOD FOR JOINERY WORK

All hardwood for joinery works shall be selected so that timber in adjacent pieces is
matching or uniform or symmetrical in colour and grain and left clean to receive staining or
clear finish.


PLYWOOD

Plywood shall be locally manufactured plywood of weather and boil proof standard with
Grade 1 face veneers complying with SS 1


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

112

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
ADHESIVES

Adhesives shall be compatible with the preservative treatment used for the timber.

Adhesives shall comply with BS 1204 Part 1 Type WBP for timber used externally and Type
MR for timber used internally.

It shall be certified by an internationally recognized body for low emission of formaldehyde.


NAILS, SCREWS AND FIXINGS

Nails shall comply with BS 1202 and where used for fixing joinery, shall have an external
exposed face in aluminium in accordance with Part 3 or sherardised in accordance with
Part 1. Nails for exterior work and interior damp locations shall be galvanised.

Bolts shall be mild steel with nuts and washers according to BS 4190. Bolts shall be
galvanised where used for exterior work and in damp interior locations and shall include
nuts and washers.

Bolts connecting timbers loaded parallel to the grain shall be spaced a minimum of eight
times the diameter of the bolt from the end of the timber. Bolts connecting timbers loaded
perpendicular to the grain shall be spaced a minimum of four times the diameter of the bolt
from the load edge. No bolt shall be closer than twice the diameter of the bolt to any edge
of timber.

Wood screws shall comply with BS 1210 and be of sufficient size and adequate for the
purpose for which they are required. Unless otherwise specified, brass screws shall be
used for interior locations and galvanised screws shall be used for exterior locations.

Screws for interior use shall be satin chrome where exposed.

Exposed screws in locations accessible to the public shall be 'Phillips' head screws.

Screws which are intended to be removed periodically shall be fitted with satin chrome
plated cups.

Other fixing accessories shall comply with BS 1494.


SIZES

The dimensions of timber specified are nominal unless described as finished.

Sawn timber shall be left with a sawn face to hold the full nominal dimensions specified.
Resawn timber shall be within 2mm of the nominal size.

Wrot timber shall be within a tolerance of 2.5mm for each wrot face from the nominal size.



5 DOOR PRODUCTS


FLUSH DOORS AND PANELS

Flush doors and flush panels shall be constructed as specified hereafter.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

113

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
The widths, heights and thicknesses of doors and panels specified are the finished sizes.
Likewise, the thicknesses specified for the component members of flush doors and panels
are the finished thicknesses required.


HOLLOW CORE FLUSH DOORS

Hollow core doors shall be 38mm thick constructed of Kapur cores with 6mm plywood
facing to both sides. The core shall consist of 100 x 26mm top rail and stiles, 150 x 26mm
middle and bottom rails, 75 x 26mm intermediate rails and with 20 x 38mm Kapur lipping
tongued on to all four edges. Rebated lippings to stiles shall be 30 x 38mm.

Glazing openings shall be trimmed with 75 x 26mm core framing and fitted with 20 x 15mm
splayed Kapur glazing beads loosely pinned in all round on both sides.

Where doors are faced with Teak faced plywood, the lippings and glazing beads shall be in
matching Teak.


HOLLOW CORE FLUSH PANELS

Hollow core panels shall be 38mm thick constructed of Kapur cores with 6mm plywood
facing to both sides. The core shall consist of 100 X 26mm muntin and framing with 20 x
38mm Kapur lipping tongued on to all four edges.

Panels which are faced with Teak faced plywood shall have lippings in matching Teak.


SOLID CORE FLUSH DOORS

Solid core doors shall be 44mm thick constructed of Kapur cores with 6mm plywood facing
to both sides. The core shall consist of 100 x 32mm top rail and stiles, 150 x 32mm bottom
rail and infilled with 50 x 32mm vertical battens glued and well cramped together and with
three 10mm diameter mild steel bars passing horizontally through the width of the door with
nuts and washers at each end sunk into stiles and with 30 x 44mm Kapur lipping tongued
on to all four edges. Rebated lippings to stiles shall be 50 x 44mm.

Glazing openings shall be fitted with 25 x 15mm splayed Kapur glazing beads loosely
pinned in all round on both sides.

Where doors are faced with Teak faced plywood, the lippings and glazing beads shall be in
matching Teak.


SOLID CORE FLUSH PANELS

Solid core panels shall be 44mm thick constructed of Kapur cores with 6mm plywood facing
to both sides. The core shall consist of 100 x 32mm muntin and framing and infilled with 50
x 32mm vertical battens glued and well cramped together and with one 10mm diameter
mild steel bar passing horizontally through the width of the panel with nuts and washers at
each end sunk into the framing and with 30 x 44mm Kapur lipping tongued on to all four
edges.

Panels which are faced with Teak faced plywood shall have lippings in matching Teak.




ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

114

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
FIRE RATED DOORS

Materials and construction of half hour or longer fire rated doors shall comply with the Fire
Safety Bureau's (FSSD) requirements and be delivered to the Site tested, labelled and
approved by PSB.


WOOD DOOR SETS FIRE RESISTING

- Fire resistance rating: 120 minutes integrity.

- Sound insulation rating: 35dBA.

- Door leaf:

- Core: Manufacturer's choice.
o Facings: VGS grade laminate.
o Lippings: Unlipped.
o Finish as delivered: As shown on drawings.

- Frame and architraves:
o Wood species: Hardwood.
o Appearance class to BS EN 942: J10.
o Finish as delivered: As shown on drawings.


Preservative treatment: Organic solvent and WPA Commodity Specification C5; Desired
service life: 30 years.

- Glazing details: Not applicable.
o Beading: Not applicable.

- Moisture content on delivery: 12-16%.

- Ironmongery: As ironmongery schedule.

- Perimeter seals: Fire and smoke seal.

- Fixing: Plugged and screwed


AUTOMATIC FIRE DOORS

- Type: Swing.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.

- Materials/ finishes:
o Doors: 45 mm thick hardwood.
o Frames: Hardwood.
o Screens: Finish as shown on drawings.

- Glazing: Not applicable.

- Activation and control system: Automatic, infra-red controlled.
o Safety devices: Presence sensor.
o Breakout facility: Not required.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

115

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

- Locking mechanism: Electro-mechanical.
- Signs: 'Keep clear', 250 mm high x 150 mm wide.

- Barriers: None.


SLIDING FOLDING DOORS

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.

- Performance: Partitioning.

- Arrangement: Top hung.
o Track system: Submit proposals.

- Door leaf: As shown on drawings.
o Finish as delivered: As shown on drawings.


IRONMONGERY

- Manufacturer: DORMA Indonesia or equivalent

- Product reference: None.

- Fixing: Assemble and fix carefully and accurately using fasteners with matching
finish supplied by ironmongery manufacturer. Do not damage ironmongery and
adjacent surfaces.

- Checking/ Adjusting/ Lubricating: Carry out at Completion and ensure correct
functioning.

- Label all keys and hand to the Employer. Master and sub-master keys shall be
handed over in the original factory sealed packing.


EXECUTION


PROTECTION OF COMPONENTS

- General: Do not deliver to site components that cannot be installed immediately or
placed in clean, dry, floored and covered storage.

- Stored components: Stacked on level bearers, separated with spacers to prevent
damage by and to projecting ironmongery, beads, etc.

PRIMING/ SEALING

Wood surfaces inaccessible after installation: Primed or sealed (certified for low VOC) as
specified before fixing components.

FIXING DOORSETS

Timing: After associated rooms have been made weathertight and the work of wet trades is
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

116

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
finished and dried out.

FIXING OF WOOD FRAMES

Spacing of fixings (frames not predrilled): Maximum 150 mm from ends of each jamb and
at 600 mm maximum centres.

FIRE RESISTING/ SMOKE CONTROL DOORS/ DOORSETS

Installation: By a firm currently registered under a third party accredited fire door installer
scheme in accordance with instructions supplied with the product conformity certificate,
test report or engineering assessment.

FIRE RESISTING SMOKE CONTROL DOORS/ DOORSETS

Gaps between frames and supporting construction: Filled as necessary in accordance with
requirements for certification and/ or door/ doorset manufacturer's instructions.


FIXING IRONMONGERY GENERALLY

- Fasteners: Supplied by ironmongery manufacturer.
o Finish/ Corrosion resistance: To match ironmongery.

- Holes for components: No larger than required for satisfactory fit/ operation.

- Adjacent surfaces: Undamaged.

- Moving parts: Adjusted, lubricated and functioning correctly at completion.


FIXING IRONMONGERY TO FIRE RESISTING DOOR ASSEMBLIES

- General: All items fixed in accordance with door leaf manufacturer's
recommendations ensuring that integrity of the assembly, as established by testing,
is not compromised.

- Holes for through fixings and components: Accurately cut.
o Clearances: Not more than 8 mm unless protected by intumescent paste or
similar.

- Lock/ Latch cases for fire doors requiring > 60


INSTALLATION OF EMERGENCY EXIT DEVICES

Standard: Unless specified otherwise, install panic bolts/ latches in accordance with BS EN
1125.



6 STAIRS


DESIGN

Design standard: The following items have been designed to BS 5395 where applicable:
Fire escape stairs.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

117

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Completion of design: Finalize details to meet structural and safety requirements of BS
5395.

Type of activity/occupancy category to BS 6399-1: C (Areas where people may
congregate).


COMPONENTS


STAIRS for Fire Escape:

- Component material, grade and finish as delivered:
o Treads: Precast concrete.
o Risers: Precast concrete
o Strings: Precast concrete
o Nosing: PVC
o Handrails: Metal .

- Workmanship:
o Joinery: None .
o Metalwork: Refer to Metalworks section

- Other requirements: None .


WALKWAYS Service Walkway

- Component material, grade and finish as delivered:
o Flooring: steel tread plate, galvanized to BS EN ISO 1461.
o Guarding: 25 mm square hollow steel sections, galvanized to BS EN ISO 1461.
o Handrails: Galvanized low carbon steel.

- Workmanship:
o Joinery: None .
o Metalwork: Refer to Metalworks section

- Other requirements: None .


PURPOSE MADE BALUSTRADES Fire Escape Stair

- Component material, grade and finish as delivered:
o Guarding: Low carbon steel - galvanized .
o Handrails: Low carbon steel - galvanized .

- Workmanship:
o Joinery: None.
o Metalwork: Refer to Metalworks section

- Fixing: Side fixed to steel.


INSTALLATION



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

118

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
MOISTURE CONTENT

Temperature and humidity: Monitor and control internal conditions to achieve specified
moisture content in wood components at time of installation.


PRIMING/SEALING/PAINTING

Surfaces inaccessible after assembly/installation: Before fixing components, apply full
protective/decorative treatment/coating system (Certified foe low VOC content).

CORROSION PROTECTION OF DISSIMILAR MATERIALS

Components/ substrates/ fasteners of dissimilar materials: Isolate using washers/ sleeves
or other suitable means to separate materials to avoid corrosion and/ or staining.


INSTALLATION GENERALLY

Fasteners and methods of fixing: Refer to Metalworks section

Structural members: Do not modify, cut, notch or make holes in structural members, except
as indicated on drawings.

Temporary support: Do not use stairs, walkways or balustrades as temporary support or
strutting for other work.





ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

119

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
K
BUILDINGFABRICSUNDRIES

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

120

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 FIRE STOPPING SYSTEMS


GENERAL

EXTERNAL WALLS GENERALLY

- Panel material or joint filler: BOARDS - Refer to Section F: Cement Board Dry Wall
System

- Sealant: Fire resisting silicone.
o Colour: White


SYSTEM PERFORMANCE

DESIGN

- Design: Complete the design of the fire stopping system.

- Proposals: Submit drawings, technical information, calculations and manufacturers'
literature.

FIRE RESISTANCE GENERALLY

- Fire resistance: As specified
o Rating to BS 476-20
o Rating to BS EN 13501-2

- Surface spread of flame to BS 476-7: Class 0.

- Smoke resistance:
o Air leakage rate (maximum): 10 m/mhr.

PRODUCTS

PRODUCT CERTIFICATION

- Certification: For products specified generically, submit evidence of compliance
with the specification.

- Acceptable evidence: Agrment certificate.

BOARDS CEMENT BOARD DRY WALL SYSTEM

- Manufacturer: Slide & Hide (S) Pte Ltd
o Product reference: ConcritBoard

SEALANTS - FIRE RESISTING SILICONE

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.


EXECUTION

WORKMANSHIP GENERALLY

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

121

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Gaps: Seal gaps between building elements and services, to provide fire resistance
and resist the passage of smoke.

- Adjacent surfaces: Prevent overrun of sealant or mortar on to finished surfaces.

INSTALLING BOARDING

To manufacturers specifications


APPLYING SEALANT TO JOINTS

- De-greasing: Cleaner by sealant manufacturer.

- Priming: Primer by sealant manufacturer.

- Depth of sealant: 20 mm.

- Temperature: Do not apply water based sealants when they could be damaged by
frost.


COMPLETION


CLEANING

- Masking tapes: Remove.

- Cleaning: Clean off splashes and droppings. Wipe down finishes.

INSPECTION

Notice for inspection (minimum): 3 days.

2 SUNDRY INSULATION / PROOFING WORK

TYPES OF INSULATION

UNFACED MINERAL WOOL INSULATION FITTED BETWEEN STUDS

- Material: Rock wool.

- Standard: To BS EN 13162, Kitemark certified.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.

- Recycled content: Not applicable.

- Density (minimum): 48 kg/m.
o Thickness: 50 mm.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

122

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

- Installation requirements:
o Fixing: Fit tightly with joints, butted, no gaps.
o Fasteners: Used to prevent slumping/ displacement.

3 UNFRAMED ISOLATED TRIMS / SKIRTINGS / SUNDRY ITEMS

HARDWOOD GENERALLY

- Quality of wood and fixing: To BS 1186-3.
o Species: Submit proposals.
o Class: 1.

- Moisture content at time of fixing: 9 -13%.

- Preservative treatment: Water based microemulsion, service llife 30 years.

- Fire rating: To BS 476-7, Class 1.

- Fixing: Plugged, screwed and pelleted.


BRACKET SUPPORTS FOR WORKTOPS

- Material: Stainless steel.

- Finish: Polished.
o Colour: To be selected.

- Fixing: Plugged and screwed to substrate.


EXECUTION


INSTALLATION GENERALLY


- Joinery workmanship: As section L

- Metal workmanship: As Metalworks section

- Methods of fixing and fasteners: As Metalworks section where not specified.

- Straight runs: To be in one piece, or in long lengths with as few joints as possible.

- Running joints: Location and method of forming to be agreed where not detailed.

- Joints at angles: Mitre, unless shown otherwise.

- Position and level: To be agreed where not detailed.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

123

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
4 DOOR / WINDOW IRONMONGERY

GENERAL

IRONMONGERY RANGE PROPOSED BY CONTRACTOR

- Source: Single co-ordinated range.

- Manufacturer : Dorma Indonesia or equivalent.

- Notification: Submit details of selected range, manufacturer and/ or supplier.

- Principal material/ finish: Hairline Finish, stainless steel, grade 1.4401 (316) .

- Items unavailable within selected range: Submit proposals.


SAMPLE BOARDS

- General: Before placing orders with suppliers submit a sample board, containing
labelled
- samples of ironmongery and showing methods of fixing.

- Range: Include auto closer, handle, lockset, bolt, stopper, hinges .
o Conformity: Retain board on site in an approved location for the duration of
the contract.

- Ensure conformity of ironmongery as delivered with labelled samples.


IRONMONGERY FOR FIRE DOORS

- Relevant products: Ironmongery fixed to, or morticed into, the component parts of a
fire resisting door assembly.

- Compliance: Ironmongery included in successful tests to BS 476-22 or BS EN
1634-1 on door assemblies similar to those proposed.
o Certification: Submit evidence of successful testing by accredited
laboratory .

- Melting point of components (except decorative non functional parts): 800C
minimum.


DOOR HANGING DEVICES

SINGLE AXIS DOOR HINGES GENERALLY

- Standard: To BS EN 1935.
o Hinges to doors on escape routes and fire/ smoke control doors: CE marked.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Type: As schedule .

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

124

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Size: As schedule .

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel, grade 1.4401 (316) .

- Hinge grade: 11 .

- Other requirements: None .



DOOR TRACK AND RUNNING GEARTO SLIDING FOLDING DOOR

- Standard: To BS EN 1527.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None .

- Track type: Stainless steel, grade 1.4401 (316) top track, grade 1.4301 (304)
integral hangers with nylon wheels .

- Category of door: Multifold .

- Opening dimensions: As drawings .

- Accessories: As schedule .

- Operation: Smooth and quiet.
o Safety: Doors not able to come off track when in use.

DOOR OPERATING DEVICES

OVERHEAD DOOR CLOSERSGENERALLY

- Standard: To BS EN 1154.
o Door closing devices to fire/ smoke control doors: CE marked.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Type: Concealed .

- Power size: Minimum 3 .

- Other functions: Back check and delayed closing .

- Casing finish: Powder coated .

- Operational adjustment:
o Variable power: Matched to size, weight and location of doors.
o Latched doors: Override latches and/ or door seals when fitted.
o Unlatched doors: Hold shut under normal working conditions.
o Closing against smoke seals of fire doors: Positive. No gaps.


FLOOR SPRINGS GENERALLY

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

125

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Standard: To BS EN 1154.
o Door closing devices to fire/ smoke control doors: CE marked.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Power size: Minimum 3 .

- Other functions: Back check and delayed closing .

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel .

- Operational adjustment:
o Variable power: Matched to size, weight and location of doors.
o Latched doors: Override latches and/ or door seals when fitted.
o Unlatched doors: Hold shut under normal working conditions.
o Closing against smoke seals of fire doors: Positive. No gaps.


ELECTROMAGNETIC HOLD OPEN/ SWING-FREE DEVICES (24 V)TO FIRE ESCAPE
DOOR

- Standard: To BS EN 1155.
o Electromagnetic devices to fire/ smoke control doors: CE marked.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Type: As schedule .

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel .

- Electric supply: Mains voltage .

- Means of release: Alarm system and/ or failure of power supply.

- Test switch: Located in a convenient position adjacent to door.

- Operational adjustment of integral closer:
o Variable power: Matched to size, weight and location of doors.
o Latched doors: Override latches and/ or door seals when fitted.
o Unlatched doors: Hold shut under normal working conditions.


DOOR COORDINATORSTO REBATED DOUBLE DOORS

- Standard: To BS EN 1158.
o Door coordinators to fire/ smoke control doors: CE marked.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel .

- Application: To all single swing double doors with rebated meeting stiles and fitted
with self closers.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

126

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
DOOR SECURING DEVICES


DOOR LOCKS GENERALLY

- Standard: To BS EN 12209.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Type: As schedule .

- Backset: As schedule .

- Material/ finish: Stainless steel faceplate .

- Keying: In master keyed suite .


DOOR LATCHES GENERALLY

- Standard: To BS EN 12209.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Type: As schedule .

- Backset: As schedule .

- Material/ finish: Stainless steel faceplate .

- Latch spring strength: Select to prevent unsprung lever handles drooping.


EMERGENCY EXIT DEVICES GENERALLY

- Standard: To BS EN 179.
o Emergency exit devices for locked doors on escape routes: CE marked.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Type: As schedule .

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel .

- Additional requirements: Security alarmed .


PANIC EXIT DEVICES TO EXIT DOOR

- Standard: To BS EN 1125.
o Panic exit devices for locked doors on escape routes: CE marked.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

127

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Type: As schedule .

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel .

- Additional requirements: Security alarmed .


DOOR BOLTSTO REBATED DOUBLE DOORS

- Standard: To BS EN 12051.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Type: As schedule .

- Size: As schedule .

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel, grade 1.4401 (316) .

- Additional requirements: None .

DOOR FURNITURE

LEVER HANDLES GENERALLY

- Standard: To BS EN 1906.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Style: As schedule .

- Size: As schedule .

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel, grade 1.4401 (316) .

- Mounting: As schedule .

- Additional requirements: None .


PULL HANDLES GENERALLY

- Standard: To BS 8424.

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .

- Product reference: None .

- Shape: As schedule .

- Diameter: As schedule .

- Distance between centres: As schedule .

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

128

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel, grade 1.4401 (316) .

- Mounting: As schedule .

- Additional requirements: None .


PUSH PLATESGENERALLY

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .

- Size: As schedule.

- Material/ finish: Satin stainless steel, grade 1.4401 (316) .

- Mounting: As schedule.

- Additional requirements: None .


DOOR STOPS

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.

- Type: As schedule.

- Usage: To doors opening against walls other than those fitted with closers with a
back check facility

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

129

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
L
FURNITURE/EQUIPMENT

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

130

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 GENERAL FIXTURES / FURNISHINGS / EQUIPMENT

PRODUCTS

VANITY AND WASHROOM FURNITURE TO TOILETS

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.

- Material: Solid Surface / Solid wood / Plywood (Certified)

- Dimensions: As shown on drawings.

- Supports:
o Material: Hardwood.
o Finish/ Colour: to be selected.
o Edges: Solid wood.

- Doors/ Drawers/ Shelves:
o Material: Plywood.
o Finish/ Colour: to be selected.
o Edges: Solid wood.

- Worktops:
o Material: Polyester/ acrylic.
o Finish/ Colour: to be selected.
o Exposed edges: Not required.

- Cubicles:

o Manufacturer : DORMA Indonesia, Contractor to propose, to submit for approval.

o Doors, pilasters and panels shall be constructed of steel core and moisture
resistant chipboard materials. Surfaces of toilet cubicles shall be lined with high
pressure laminated plastic with matt finish.

o Toilet cubicles shall be complete with head and wall channels, stainless steel self
closing gravity hinges, indicator bolts, hat and coat hook, wall and panel mounting
brackets and rust-proof aluminium legs.

o Submit shop drawings showing details of construction, assembly, erection and
anchorage for approval by the Architect.

o Installation of the toilet cubicles shall be executed in accordance with the
manufacturer's recommendations.

o Clean and protect the toilet cubicles to the satisfaction of the Architect until handing
over.


MIRRORS TO TOILETS

- Material: Class C safety glass to BS 6206 .

- Quality: Free from tarnishing, discoloration, scratches and other defects visible in the
designed viewing conditions. Reflection undistorted.

- Size: 6 mm thick.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

131

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

- Backing: Lacquer.

- Edges: Frameless

- Fixing: CP dome top wood screws with polyethylene sleeves and washers.

- Installation: Accurately with sides vertical.


SEALANT TO FUNITURE

- Standard: To BS EN ISO 11600, class F20 HM.

- Type: One part silicone.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.

- Colour: Clear.

- Certification:Green Label certified or similar for low emission of formal dehyde).


EXECUTION

MOISTURE CONTENT OF WOOD AND WOOD BASED BOARDS

- Temperature and humidity: During delivery, storage, fixing and to handover maintain
conditions to suit specified moisture contents of timber components.

- Testing: When instructed, test components with approved moisture meter to
manufacturer's recommendations.


SEALANT BEDDING AND POINTING

- Application: As section L

- Bedding: Sink to top of worktop.

- Pointing: Between units and splash backs.

TRIMS

- Lengths: Wherever possible, unjointed between angles or ends of runs.

- Running joints: Where unavoidable, obtain approval of location and method of jointing.

- Angle joints: Mitred.


COMPLETION

GENERAL

- Doors and drawers: Accurately aligned, not binding. Adjusted to ensure smooth operation.

- Ironmongery: Checked, adjusted and lubricated to ensure correct functioning.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

132

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

2 SANITARY APPLIANCES AND FITTINGS


PRODUCTS

WCS AND CISTERNS TO TOILETS

- WC standard: To DEFRA WC suite performance specification or equivalent approved by
relevant water company.

- Rating/ Efficiency: WELS Rating Excellent or equivalent.
o Flow: 3.5 liters for full-flush; 2.5 liters for reduced flush

- Manufacturer: TOTO Indonesia or equivalent
o Product reference: Submit proposals

- Type: Closed Coupled, concealed cistern.

- Pan:
o Standards: To BS EN 33 and BS EN 997.
o Manufacturer: TOTO.
o Product reference: To submit proposals

- Seat and cover:
o Standard: To BS 1254.
o Manufacturer: TOTO or equivalent
o Product reference: To submit proposals

- Pan connector:
o Standard: To BS 5627.
o Manufacturer: DURAVIT or equivalent
o Product reference: To submit proposals
o Colour: To match pan.

- Cistern:
o Standard: To BS 7357.
o Manufacturer: GEBERIT or equivalent
o Product reference: To submit proposals
o Colour and finish: To match pan.

- Flushing arrangement: To submit proposals.
o Manufacturer: To submit proposals
o Product reference: To submit proposals.
o Operating control: To submit proposals.
o Water supply connection To submit proposals.
o Flush volume: To submit proposals.

- Flush pipe To submit proposals.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.
o Material: Plastics, white.

- Accessories: As Toilet schedule.




ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

133

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
SINKS UNDERMOUNTED

- Standard: To BS 1206.

- Manufacturer: TOTO Indonesia or equivalent
o Product reference: Submit proposals.

- Rating/ Efficiency: WELS Rating Excellent or equivalent.
o Flow: 2 liters/minute

- Size: As Toilet schedule.

- Material: Acrylic resin, white.

- Tap/ Chainstay/ Overflow holes: One tap hole, centre.

- Water supply fittings: Mixer taps.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.

- Wastes: Strainer.
o Standards: To BS EN 274-1, -2 and -3.
o Manufacturer: As Toilet schedule
o Product reference: As Toilet schedule
o Size: As As Toilet schedule
o Material: As Toilet schedule.
o Tail: As Toilet schedule

- Traps: As Toilet schedule.
o Standards: To BS EN 274-1, -2 and -3.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.
o Size: As Sinks schedule.
o Material: As Sinks schedule.
o Depth of seal (minimum): 75 mm.

- Accessories: Concealed support frame.


WASH BASINS WALL HUNG AND UNDERMOUNTED

- Manufacturer: TOTO Indonesia or equivalent
o Product reference: Submit proposals

Rating/ Efficiency: WELS Rating Excellent or equivalent.
o Flow: 2 liters/minute

- Size: As Toilet schedule

- Material: As Toilet schedule

- Tap/ Chain stay/ Overflow holes: One tap hole, centre.

- Water supply fittings: Mixer taps.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.

- Wastes: As Wash basins schedule.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

134

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
o Standards: To BS EN 274-1, -2 and -3.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.
o Size: As Toilet schedule
o Material: As Toilet schedule

- Traps: Bottle.
o Standards: To BS EN 274-1, -2 and -3.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.
o Size: As Toilet schedule
o Material: As Toilet schedule
o Depth of seal (minimum): 75 mm.

- Accessories: Concealed support frame.


HANDRAILS AND GRAB BARSTO HANDICAPPED TOILET

- Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.

- Material: Stainless steel.

- Finish: Gloss.


SEALANT FOR POINTING

- Standard: To BS EN ISO 11600.
- Class: F20 HM.
- Certification: Green Label or similar for low emission of formaldehyde.
- Type: Epoxy.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: Submit proposals.

- Colour: Clear.


EXECUTION


INSTALLATION GENERALLY

- Assembly and fixing: Surfaces designed to falls to drain as intended.

- Fasteners: Nonferrous or stainless steel.

- Supply and discharge pipework: Fix before appliances.

- Fixing: Fix appliances securely to structure. Do not support on pipework.

- Jointing and bedding compounds: Recommended by manufacturers of appliances,
accessories and pipes being jointed or bedded.

- Appliances: Do not use. Do not stand on appliances.

- On completion: Components and accessories working correctly with no leaks.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

135

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

- Labels and stickers: Remove.


COMPATIBILITY OF COMPONENTS

- General: Each sanitary assembly must consist of functionally compatible components,
preferably obtained from a single manufacturer.
o Exceptions: Water supply fittings, wastes and traps.


NOGGINGS AND BEARERS

- Noggings, bearers, etc. to support sanitary appliances and fittings: Position accurately. Fix
securely.


TILED BACKGROUNDS OTHER THAN SPLASHBACKS

- Timing: Complete before fixing appliances.

- Fixing appliances: Do not overstress tiles.


INSTALLING WC PANS

- Floor mounted pans: Screw fix and fit cover caps over screw heads. Do not use mortar or
other beddings.

- Seat and cover: Stable when raised.


INSTALLING CISTERNS

- Cistern operating components: Obtain from cistern manufacturer.
o Float operated valve: Matched to pressure of water supply.

- Overflow pipe: Fixed to falls and located to give visible warning of discharge.
o Location: Agreed, where not shown on drawings.


INSTALLING TAPS

- Fixing: Secure against twisting.

- Seal with appliance: Watertight.

- Positioning: Hot tap to left of cold tap as viewed by user of appliance.


INSTALLING WASTES AND OVERFLOWS

- Bedding: Waterproof jointing compound.

- Fixing: With resilient washer between appliance and backnut.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

136

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
SEALANT BEDDING AND POINTING

- Bedding: Bed and point basins to underside of vanity units. .

- Pointing: Joints between appliances and splashbacks.


2 COMPLIANCE


- Refer to Annex A Chapter 4 Sanitary Provisions for Compliance requirements.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

137

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
M
BUILDINGFABRICREFERENCESPECIFICATION

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

138

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 PURPOSE MADE JOINERY

TIMBER GENERALLY

Timber shall be the best of its kind, well seasoned, sawn die square, free from shakes,
waney edges, large or unsound knots, spongy or brittle heart and any other defects.

Timber shall be graded in accordance with the Malaysian Grading Rules for Sawn
Hardwood Timber. The Contractor shall obtain and produce to the Architect a Grading
Certificate from the Grading Authority in accordance with the aforementioned rule and pay
all fees and charges in connection therewith.

The grade of timber used in the Works shall not be lower than 'Standard and Better Grade
M.G.R'. This grade allows a small number of defects in the timber including a limited
amount of sapwood. All visible surfaces of timber when fixed in position shall be entirely
free from sapwood, knots and any other defects.

Timber before grading shall be properly openstacked under cover until the moisture content
has fallen to 18%. Submit written proof of the moisture content from an approved
laboratory or arrange for testing of any suspect timbers including fabricated joinery items
selected by the Architect wherever directed to do so. Methods of testing shall be in
accordance with BS 5820. After taking delivery of the graded and seasoned timber, it shall
be stored under cover with kraft paper and kept well-ventilated and perfectly dry before use.


PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT

All timber shall be pressure impregnated with preservative in accordance with SS 72 after
machining. Any cutting, notching, boring, etc after impregnation shall be treated with a
brush applied concentrate of similar composition.

Inspection certificates shall be produced for all pressure treated timber delivered to the Site
or to offsite fabricators of joinery work.


HARDWOOD FOR JOINERY WORK

All hardwood for joinery works shall be selected so that timber in adjacent pieces is
matching or uniform or symmetrical in colour and grain and left clean to receive staining or
clear finish.


PLYWOOD

Plywood shall be locally manufactured plywood of weather and boil proof standard with
Grade 1 face veneers complying with SS 1


ADHESIVES

Adhesives shall be compatible with the preservative treatment used for the timber.

Adhesives shall comply with BS 1204 Part 1 Type WBP for timber used externally and Type
MR for timber used internally.

Adhesives shall be green label certified for low emission of formaldehyde.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

139

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
NAILS, SCREWS AND FIXINGS

Nails shall comply with BS 1202 and where used for fixing joinery, shall have an external
exposed face in aluminium in accordance with Part 3 or sherardised in accordance with
Part 1. Nails for exterior work and interior damp locations shall be galvanised.

Bolts shall be mild steel with nuts and washers according to BS 4190. Bolts shall be
galvanised where used for exterior work and in damp interior locations and shall include
nuts and washers.

Bolts connecting timbers loaded parallel to the grain shall be spaced a minimum of eight
times the diameter of the bolt from the end of the timber. Bolts connecting timbers loaded
perpendicular to the grain shall be spaced a minimum of four times the diameter of the bolt
from the load edge. No bolt shall be closer than twice the diameter of the bolt to any edge
of timber.

Wood screws shall comply with BS 1210 and be of sufficient size and adequate for the
purpose for which they are required. Unless otherwise specified, brass screws shall be
used for interior locations and galvanised screws shall be used for exterior locations.

Screws for interior use shall be satin chrome where exposed.

Exposed screws in locations accessible to the public shall be 'Phillips' head screws.

Screws which are intended to be removed periodically shall be fitted with satin chrome
plated cups.

Other fixing accessories shall comply with BS 1494.


SIZES

The dimensions of timber specified are nominal unless described as finished.

Sawn timber shall be left with a sawn face to hold the full nominal dimensions specified.
Resawn timber shall be within 2mm of the nominal size.

Wrot timber shall be within a tolerance of 2.5mm for each wrot face from the nominal size.


CARPENTER'S WORK GENERALLY

All carpentry work shall be left with a sawn face unless otherwise specified.

Work shall be accurately set out, framed together and securely fixed.

Joints shall be properly scarfed over points of support and not between same unless
otherwise indicated on drawings. Scarfs shall be at least three times as long as the depth
of the timbers to be joined. Longitudinal joints in plates, etc shall be formed over supports
and shall lap at least 150mm or twice the depth of the timber, whichever is greater.


JOINER'S WORK GENERALLY

All joinery work shall be wrot and exposed surfaces finished smooth with glasspaper.
Arrises shall be pencil rounded.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

140

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Framed work shall be put together immediately upon the general work being commenced
but not wedged or pinned and glued until ready for fixing.

All work shall be properly morticed, tenoned, shouldered, housed, dovetailed, mitred, glued,
pinned and nailed.

Skirtings, architraves, plates and other joinery works shall be accurately scribed to fit the
contour of any irregular surface against which they are required to form a close butt
connection.

Curved work shall be built up from an appropriate number of pieces cut to the required
shapes. The pieces shall be put together in two or three thicknesses so that they break
joint and shall be secured with hardwood keys and wedges or hardwood pins.

Where visible, nails shall be punched in and stopped, screw heads shall be countersunk
2mm below the finished surface.

Pelleted work shall have screw heads countersunk 6mm below the surface and grain
matched pellets not less than 6mm thick cut from matching timber glued in and finished off
flush with face of work.


PLUGGING

Plugging shall be by shot fired fixings, where approved, or by casting in or drilling and
inserting fibrous or other approved fixing materials at 450mm (minimum) centres and fixing
with nails or screws to brick, block or concrete surfaces through any plaster, tile or other
surface finishing. Where walls are of hollow block partitions, concrete fixing blocks shall be
built in for such fixings.


SITE MEASUREMENTS

Measurements for joinery works shall be taken from the Site and not from the drawings
except where the work is to be built in. The Contractor shall likewise confirm
measurements to Nominated Suppliers for joinery work to be supplied by them.


FABRICATION

- Standard: To BS 1186-2.

- Sections: Accurate in profile and length, and free from twist and bowing. Formed
out of solid unless shown otherwise.
o Machined surfaces: Smooth and free from tearing, wooliness, chip bruising and
other machining defects.

- Joints: Tight and close fitting.

- Assembled components: Rigid. Free from distortion.

- Screws: Provide pilot holes.
o Screws of 8 gauge (4 mm diameter) or more and screws into hardwood:
Provide clearance holes.
o Countersink screws: Heads sunk at least 2 mm below surfaces visible in
completed work.

- Adhesives: Compatible with wood preservatives applied and end uses of timber.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

141

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

MOISTURE CONTENT

- Wood and wood based products: Maintained within range specified for the
component during manufacture and storage.


LAMINATED PLASTICS VENEERED BOARDS/ PANELS

- Fabrication: To British Laminated Plastics Fabricators Association Ltd (BLF)
fabricating standards.

- Balancing veneer: From decorative veneer manufacturer and of similar
composition.

- Applied to reverse side of core material.

- Finished components: Free from defects, including bow, twist, scratches,
chipping, cracks, pimpling, indentations, glue marks, staining and variations in
colour and pattern.

- Joints visible in completed work: Tight butted, true and flush.


WOOD VENEERED BOARDS/ PANELS

- Core material and veneers: Conditioned before bonding.

- Setting out: Veneer features and grain pattern aligned regularly and symmetrically
unless instructed otherwise.

- Balancing veneer: Applied to reverse side of core material.

- Moisture and temperature movement characteristics: As facing veneer.

- Veneer edges: Tight butted and flush, with no gaps.

- Tolerance of veneer thickness (maximum): 0.5 mm.

- Finished components: Free from defects, including bow, twist, scratches, chipping,
splits, blebs, indentations, glue marks and staining.

- Surface finish: Fine, smooth, free from sanding marks.


FINISHING

- Surfaces: Smooth, even and suitable to receive finishes.
o Arises: Eased unless shown otherwise on drawings.

- End grain in external components: Sealed with primer or sealer as section M60 and
allowed to dry before assembly.

- All primers, sealants, resins, curing agents, and finish coats are to be Green Label
certified or bear a similar internationally recognized certification.



ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

142

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
2 PRESERVATIVE / FIRE RETARDANT TREATMENT


TREATMENT APPLICATION

- Timing: After cutting and machining timber, and before assembling components.

- Processor: Licensed by manufacturer of specified treatment solution.

- Certification: For each batch of timber provide a certificate of assurance that
treatment has been carried out as specified.


COMMODITY SPECIFICATIONS

- Standard: Current edition of the British Wood Preserving and Damp-proofing
Association (BWPDA) Manual.


PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT SOLUTION STRENGTHS/ TREATMENT CYCLES

- General: Select to achieve specified service life and to suit treatability of specified
wood species.


ORGANIC SOLVENT PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT

- Solution:
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .
o Application: Double vacuum + low pressure impregnation, or immersion.

- Moisture content of wood at time of treatment: As specified for the timber/
component at time of fixing. After treatment, timber to be surface dry before use.


WATER BASED MICROEMULSION PRESERVATIVE TREATMENT

- Solution:
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals .
o Product reference: None .
o Application: Double vacuum + low pressure impregnation.

- Moisture content of wood at time of treatment: As specified for the timber/
component at time of fixing. After treatment, timber to be surface dry before use.


FIRE RETARDANT TREATMENT

- Solution type: Humidity resistant.
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
o Application: Vacuum + pressure impregnation.

- Moisture content of wood at time of treatment: As specified for the timber/
component at time of fixing. After treatment, timber to be redried slowly at
temperatures not exceeding 65C to minimize distortion and degradation.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

143

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

LEACH RESISTANT FIRE RETARDANT TREATMENT

- Solution:
o Manufacturer: Submit proposals.
o Product reference: None.
o Application: Vacuum + pressure impregnation.

- Moisture content of wood at time of treatment: As specified for the timber/
component at time of fixing.


3 SEALEANTS

PRODUCTS

All composite wood products shall use adhesives and sealants with low emission
formaldehyde that are certified under Singapore Green Labeling Scheme (SGLS) or similar.

JOINTS GENERALLY

- Primer, backing strip, bond breaker: Types recommended by sealant manufacturer.


EXECUTION

SUITABILITY OF JOINTS

- Presealing checks:
o Joint dimensions: Within limits specified for the sealant.
o Substrate quality: Surfaces regular, undamaged and stable.

- Joints not fit to receive sealant: Submit proposals for rectification.


PREPARING JOINTS

- Surfaces to which sealant must adhere:
o Remove temporary coatings, tapes, loosely adhering material, dust, oil,
grease, surface water and contaminants that may affect bond.
o Clean using materials and methods recommended by sealant manufacturer.

- Vulnerable surfaces adjacent to joints: Mask to prevent staining or smearing with
primer or sealant.

- Backing strip and/ or bond breaker installation: Insert into joint to correct depth,
without stretching or twisting, leaving no gaps.

- Protection: Keep joints clean and protect from damage until sealant is applied.


APPLYING SEALANTS

- Substrate: Dry (unless recommended otherwise) and unaffected by frost, ice or
snow.

- Environmental conditions: Do not dry or raise temperature of joints by heating.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

144

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Sealant application: Fill joints completely and neatly, ensuring firm adhesion to
substrates.

- Sealant profiles:
o Butt and lap joints: Slightly concave.
o Fillet joints: Flat or slightly convex.

- Protection: Protect finished joints from contamination or damage until sealant has
cured.






ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

145

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
N
EXTERNALWORKS

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

146

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
1 CUTTING DOWN TREES

Obtain written approval from the Architect before cutting down any tree.

Should it be found that trees earmarked by the Architect to remain are damaged or cut
down by the Contractor wilfully or otherwise, the Contractor shall be responsible for meeting
all costs arising therefrom including replacing with new trees at no extra cost to the entire
satisfaction of the Architect and the relevant Authority.


2 TREE PROTECTION

The Contractor shall be responsible for the health of the existing trees throughout the
construction period.

Provide protective staking, hoarding, watering, fertilizing, pruning, etc, as required to
maintain the trees in good health. These procedures shall be subject to the approval of the
Architect.

Protect the crown, trunk and roots of the existing trees which are to remain from damage or
disturbance. The trees shall be boxed before any work is started. Boxing or other
protection shall be removed at the end of the construction period. Do not locate heavy
equipment or stockpiles within the drip-line of the existing trees.

If in the opinion of the Architect, it is found that minor damage has occurred, the Contractor
shall be responsible for all costs in connection with correcting or arresting the damage that
has occurred.

Should it be found that severe damage has occurred as shall be determined by the
Architect, the Contractor shall be responsible for all costs in connection with replacement of
the trees.

Minor damage shall be when there is:-

Less than 25% loss of tree density,

Less than 25% loss of tree form, and

Caliper of lost branches not exceeding 200mm

Major damage shall be when:-

There is more than 25% loss of tree density,

There is more than 25% loss of tree form,

In the opinion of the Architect, the tree has been grossly damaged and found not
acceptable

The decision on whether a tree is to be retained or felled shall be made by the Architect.

Maintain the trees in optimum growing condition for the period of the Contract.






ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

147

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
3 BULK FILLING

Filled areas shall be mechanically compacted in layers not exceeding 300mm thick. Where
under roads or parking areas, compaction shall be with a road roller weighing not less than
10 tonnes.


4 PREMIX ROAD SURFACING

Premix road surfacing shall be laid uniformly and rolled with a 10 tonne roller to the required
cambers and gradients to provide a smooth surface free from irregularities and corrugations.

The surface shall be tested with a 3m long straight edge laid at right angles to the centre
line of the roadway and all irregularities exceeding 10mm shall be corrected.

The thickness of the base course shall be determined by depth tests or cores taken at
intervals as directed by the Architect. Where the base deficiency exceeds 12mm, the
Contractor shall correct such areas by removing the base material and replacing with
satisfactory materials, properly laid, compacted, bonded and finished. Base materials
where cores have been taken for test purposes shall be borne by the Contractor.


5 PRECAST CONCRETE UNITS

Precast units shall be cast in convenient lengths for handling.

Kerbs shall be haunched, bedded and jointed in cement mortar (1:3) on insitu foundations.

Cover slabs to drains shall have hand-holds formed at each end of the slab.


6 PRECAST CONCRETE SLAB PAVING

Paving slabs shall comply with BS 368 of pressed quality and natural coloured. They shall
be laid breaking joint on a full bed of sand not less than 25mm thick and tamped to an even
surface and falls. Joints shall be 6mm wide jointed in cement mortar (1:3) to a dished
profile.


7 PRECAST CONCRETE DRAINS

Contractor to submit P.E endorsed shop drawings for Architects approval. All perimeter
drains to be precast concrete designed based on 500mm width to fall at 1:200 gradient,
cover finish as specified in drawings.


8 TURFING & PLANTER MIX

All turfing and planter mixes to follow specifications from Elmich Pte Ltd with reference to
specified planter systems


PRODUCTS

LAWN GROUNDCOVER STABALIZER

GENERAL
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

148

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
- Manufacturer: Elmich Pte Ltd or equivalent.
o Product Reference: TurfPave XD or equivalent.
o Grass & Gravel Stabalization
- Location on Drawings : As shown on drawings.

All work in this Section shall comply with the requirements of the Contract
Documents. Supply and install grass pavers as shown on the drawings or
specified herein.

MATERIALS

The grass pavers shall be TURFPAVE structural and porous interlocking
plastic pavers supplied by Elmich Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.

The grass pavers shall be interlocking structural plastic porous pavers
manufactured with high impact UV-stable 100% recycled plastics with
Singapore Green Label certification. In addition, the grass pavers shall meet
the following requirements:

a) Load bearing capacity of >80 N/cm
2
(>80 t/m
2
) for fire engine
access as stipulated in the Singapore Civil Defence Force Code of
Practice for Fire Precaution in Buildings 2002.

b) The individual cells shall be evenly spaced to ensure even
distribution of loads.

c) The grass pavers shall have an open base design for minimal
hindrances to root growth and drainage and side openings to allow
for runner and root growth between cells.

d) The grass pavers shall have vertical webs at the corners of each
cell to minimise girdling of roots along the interior cell wall.

e) The grass pavers shall have snap-on connectors to allow modules
to interlock and be assembled into large panels and ensure that
individual modules remain in place after installation.


Typical properties of the grass pavers are:

PROPERTY VALUE
Material Polypropylene
Dimensions 500 (L) x 500 (W) mm
Height 40 mm
Cell size (diagonal) 70 mm
Weight >4.3 kg/m
2

Compressive strength
(unconfined)
~150 tonne/m
2

Compressive strength
(confined)
~2000 tonne/m
2

Biological resistance Unaffected by moulds and
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

149

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
algae
Chemical resistance Resistant to rot, oils, acids,
alkalis, bitumen and naturally
occurring soil chemicals
Service temperature -30C to 80C



EXECUTION

The proprietary materials specified herein shall be provided / installed in
accordance to the project requirement as approved by the Superintending
Officer.

Proprietary materials supplied shall be identified clearly with the product name
and description. Packaged materials shall be stored in manufacturers
wrappings and containers with the manufacturers labels and seals intact.

Prior to installation, the Contractor shall submit Method Statements and / or
Shop Drawings for the installation of the grass pavers. The latter shall be on at
least A3 size paper or larger and in a CAD-recognisable format.

Sub-grade preparation:

(a) Excavate and level the area where the grass pavers are to be installed
according to the recommendations under the section Base Course
Preparation (below).

(b) Compact the excavated or levelled area using a mechanical plate
compactor or light compactor roller according to the Engineers
specifications.

(c) Proprietary sub-surface drainage and irrigation systems and utility lines
should be installed in the sub-grade. Disturbed areas should be lightly
compacted after installation.

Base course preparation:

Lay down and compact sandy gravel or recommended granite aggregate base
course that meets road base construction specifications or according to
Engineers specifications.


Grass paver installation:

(a) Place connected grass pavers on the sandy gravel mix ensuring that
the open cells are facing upwards.

(b) Unless otherwise specified, fill and cover the cells with an 80% sand
and 20% organic sandy soil mix. Clay or heavy loam soil mixes that
can adversely affect turf establishment shall not be used.

(c) Level off the surface and lightly compact the area using water sprayed
evenly across the surface.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

150

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
(d) The top of the grass pavers must be covered with 10 mm of the sandy
soil mix if the area is to be turfed, and by 20 mm if the area is to be
hydro-seeded.

(e) Ensure that vehicles are not driven over newly installed grass pavers.

(f) All installed grass pavers shall be joined with no gaps in between.

Turf establishment

Lay sprigs or washed rolled turf onto the sandy soil layer. Turfed areas should
be protected from traffic except for emergency vehicles until the root system
becomes established. Only grass species that are hardy and suitable for local
growing conditions should be used.

Hydro-seeding

Apply grass seed and mulch over the soil filled cells. Poorly germinated areas
should be re-seeded immediately.

Protection and maintenance

Seeded areas must be protected from traffic, other than for emergency
vehicles, for a period of 6 to 8 weeks, or until the grass can withstand traffic.
Implement regular water regimes and apply recommended fertilizer
applications and topsoil dressing, as needed.



INTENSIVE GREEN ROOF LANDSCAPE ROOF

GENERAL
- Manufacturer: Elmich Pte Ltd or equivalent.
o Product Reference: Landscape Roof System
o Intensive Green Roof
- Location on Drawings : As shown on drawings.

All work in this Section shall comply with the requirements of the Contract
Documents. Supply and install landscape roof (i.e. intensive green roof)
including planters as shown on the drawings or specified herein.


MATERIALS

The landscape roof (i.e. intensive green roof including planters) system shall
be supplied by Elmich Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.

GENERIC SPECIFICATION
The landscape roof (i.e. intensive green roof including planters) system shall
comprise of sub-soil drainage modules, geotextile filter fabric, planting media
and root-resistant waterproofing membrane.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

151

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Sub-soil Drainage Modules

The sub-soil drainage for the landscape roof shall be VERSICELL

cellular
drainage modules supplied by Elmich Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.

GENERIC SPECIFICATION
The sub-soil drainage for the landscaped roof and planter shall be 30 mm thick
high strength cellular drainage modules manufactured from 100% recycled
plastics with Singapore Green Label certification. The compressive strength
shall be at least 60 t/m
2
to accommodate both static and dynamic loads during
and after installation.

The drainage modules shall be able to interlock along connecting edges to
form a continuous entity.

Typical properties of the drainage modules are:

PROPERTY VALUE
Material Polypropylene
Dimensions 500 (L) x 500 (W) mm
Height 30 mm
Weight ~ 3 kg/m
2

Maximum hole size < 20 mm
Void horizontal area ~ 65%
Void internal volume ~ 95%
Compressive strength ~ 80 t/m
2

Drainage capacity @ 1%
hydraulic gradient
> 16.5 l/m.s

Biological resistance Unaffected by moulds
and algae
Chemical resistance Resistant to rot, oils,
acids, alkalis, bitumen
and naturally occurring
soil chemicals
Service temperature -30
o
C to 80
o
C

Geotextile Filter Fabric

The geotextile filter fabric shall be an approved non-woven needle-punched
fabric consisting of polypropylene, polyethylene, polyester or any of these
combinations.

Typical properties of the geotextile filter fabric are:

PROPERTY VALUE
Unit weight 105 gsm
Grab tensile (MD) 110 N
Grab Tensile (CD) 100 N
Grab elongation (MD) 84 %
Grab elongation (CD) 70 %
Puncture resistance 68 N
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

152

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Mullen burst strength 65 psi
Apparent opening size 0.15 mm
Thickness 0.85 mm




Planting Media:

The planting media shall be a pH-stabilised mix comprising of peat, compost,
expanded clay aggregate/vermiculite, washed coarse river sand, free-draining
loamy soil, slow release N-P-K fertilizer etc. as specified by the Landscape
Architect.

Unless specified otherwise, the planting mix for all trees, palms, shrub beds
and turfed areas of the intensive roof garden including landscaped roof and
planters shall include the components listed below. It shall be mechanically
mixed to the correct proportions, prior to placement on site.

The planting mix shall have the following properties:

- contain less than 20% silt and clay by volume
- retain more than 45% (volumetric) moisture at maximum water
capacity
- contain more than 20% air content at field capacity
- contain less than 12% organic matter (by mass)
- have a pH between 6 to 7
- have a cation exchange capacity higher than 10 cmol/kg soil
- have an apparent density of between 1200 1800 kg/m
3
when wet

The planting mix can comprise the following:
- topsoil
- washed coarse river sand
- lightweight aggregate: expanded clay, shale, volcanic cinder, perlite
- soil conditioner 1 kg/m
3
of slow release NPK 15-15-15 fertilizer (coarse
granule)
- any other additives to balance pH and organic matter content as
determined by the soil test
- mixed thoroughly before placing in the planting pit


Root-Resistant Waterproofing Membrane:

Where required, the waterproofing membrane shall be EVALON V supplied by
Elmich Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.

GENERIC SPECIFICATION
The waterproofing membrane shall be a rot-proof root-impenetrable 1.5 mm
thick thermoplastic EVA/PVC terpolymer membrane. It shall be inherently
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

153

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
bitumen and polystyrene-compatible without need for a separation layer. The
membrane shall be manufactured as a single non-laminated layer that is UV-
resistant without any surface coating on both sides. The non-solids (liquids)
content shall be less than 10 percent and the membrane shall be dimensionally
stable enough to be used as exposed membrane without any need for a
centrally laid reinforcement.

The waterproofing membrane shall be manufactured to ISO 9001 quality
assurance.

The waterproofing membrane shall have been used under the same name and
composition in Singapore for at least 15 years. The waterproofing membrane
shall possess a British Board of Agrment (BBA) or European (UEAtc)
Agrment certificate with durability rating of at least 30 years. For areas where
the waterproofing membrane is to be fully adhered, the cold applied adhesive
shall be according to the manufacturer's recommendations.

The Performance Standards of the waterproofing membrane is required to
match or surpass the following:

PROPERTY VALUE TEST
METHO
D
Country of manufacture Germany
Thickness (measured
without any adhesive or
fleece backing)
1.5 mm
Solids content (M. Wt.
>100,000)
>90% -
Bitumen resistance Yes DIN
16937
Vapour diffusion
resistance
<15,000 DIN
5312
Fire resistance B2 DIN
4102
Root resistance Root
impenetrabl
e
FLL
Tensile strength >500
N/50mm
DIN
53354
Elongation >300% DIN
53354
Puncture resistance
drop height
600 mm SIA 280
Part 14




ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

154

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
EXECUTION

The proprietary materials specified herein shall be provided / installed in
accordance to the project requirement as approved by the Superintending
Officer.

Proprietary materials supplied shall be identified clearly with the product name
and description. Packaged materials shall be stored in manufacturers
wrappings and containers with the manufacturers labels and seals intact.

Prior to installation, the Contractor shall submit Method Statements and / or
Shop Drawings for the installation of the modules. The latter shall be on at
least A3 size paper or larger and in a CAD-recognisable format.


Installation of drainage modules, geotextile and planting media

(a) Lay with the drainage modules connected by proprietary interlocking, cable ties
or other approved methods with adjacent drainage modules to form a
continuous entity whether as panels, conduits or tanks, without any fixing on
top of the root resistant waterproofing membrane. Cut, as necessary at
drainage gully or plinth areas etc.

(b) Cover the installed drainage modules with a geotextile filter fabric. The ends of
all installed drainage modules shall be properly sealed with geotextile to
ensure soil particles do not enter the drainage modules.

(c) The Contractor shall organise an inspection of the drainage modules
installation prior to placement of the planting media.

(d) The planting media shall be placed with care without damaging the drainage
modules. Clay material shall not be used as the planting media. The displaced
clay soil shall be replaced with aggregates/sand backfill. Sharp stones that
may puncture the geotextile shall be removed from the planting media before
backfilling. The planting media is spread and levelled in the planting
troughs/beds to the required depth.

Installation of Waterproofing Membrane

(a) The installation of the waterproofing system shall be by bona fide Specialist
Waterproofing Contractor in existence under the same name for at least 10
years and meeting the following BCA criteria:

Value of waterproofing works BCA Rating
up to $1,000,000 L3
over $1,000,000 L4

(b) The design, supply and installation of all waterproofing systems and products
specified herein include all components such as cement and sand screed to
falls (if required), pre-formed corners, outlets etc. and all other measures and
materials required to satisfactorily complete the waterproofing system.

(c) Surfaces to receive waterproofing shall have at least a wood float finish and be
clean and dry. Concrete substrate must be cured for a minimum 28 days and
dried. All holes, joints, and cracks and honeycombs in concrete or masonry
surfaces should be filled with an approved grout and allowed to cure. High
spots in concrete or masonry surfaces shall be cut off or ground down.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

155

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Installation of Waterproofing Membrane

(d) The waterproofing system shall include procedures for testing of the
membrane integrity during installation.

(e) The structure to be waterproofed shall be checked for structural integrity by
conducting a ponding test. At the conclusion of the waterproofing treatment but
prior to laying of the drainage modules, the waterproofed area shall be tested
for integrity by ponding for at least 24 hours.

(f) Prior to commencing waterproofing, all dust, dirt and foreign matter, shall be
removed and the substrate shall be inspected and approved by waterproofing
manufacturer's representative.

(g) The Contractor shall provide adequate measures to protect the waterproofing
system from being damaged during subsequent construction activities.



EXTENSIVE GREEN ROOF LANDSCAPE ROOF

GENERAL
- Manufacturer: Elmich Pte Ltd or equivalent.
o Product Reference: Landscape Roof System
o Intensive Green Roof
- Location on Drawings : Planter Type E
All work in this Section shall comply with the requirements of the Contract
Documents. Supply and extensive green roof as shown on the drawings or
specified herein.


MATERIALS

The extensive green roof system shall be Elmich Green Roof supplied by
Elmich Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.

GENERIC SPECIFICATION
The extensive green roof shall be a complete lightweight system comprising
water retention and drainage trays, geotextile filter fabric, lightweight planting
media and root-resistant waterproofing membrane.

The lightweight system shall not weigh more than 120kg/m
2
, including plants.

Water Retention and Drainage Tray:

The water retention and drainage trays shall be VERSIDRAIN 25P supplied by
Elmich Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.




ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

156

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
GENERIC SPECIFICATION
The water retention and drainage trays shall be manufactured from UV-
stabilised high density polyethylene, resistant to moisture-absorption and root-
penetration. Materials such as expanded polystyrene shall not be used.

Typical properties of the drainage trays are:

PROPERTY VALUE
Material HDPE
Height 23 mm
Weight ~1.0 kg/m
2

Thickness 1 mm
Dimension 2.22 x 1.33 m
Water storage capacity 6.1 l/m
2

Drainage capacity of
slits
0.8 l/m.s
Drainage capacity
below studs
@ 3% hydraulic
gradient
1.5 l/m.s
Compressive strength 50 kN/m
2

Root penetration Resistant
Biological resistance Unaffected by moulds and algae


Chemical resistance Resistant to rot, oils, acids,
alkalis, bitumen and naturally
occurring soil chemicals
Service temperature -30C to 80C


Geotextile Filter Fabric:

The geotextile filter fabric shall be an approved non-woven needle-punched
fabric consisting of polypropylene, polyethylene, polyester or any of these
combinations.

Typical properties of the geotextile filter fabric are:

PROPERTY VALUE
Unit weight 105 gsm
Grab tensile (MD) 110 N
Grab Tensile (CD) 100 N
Grab elongation (MD) 84 %
Grab elongation (CD) 70 %
Puncture resistance 68 N
Mullen burst strength 65 psi
Apparent opening size 0.15 mm
Thickness 0.85 mm

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

157

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Lightweight Planting Media:

The planting media shall be ENVIROMIX GR lightweight mix supplied by
Elmich Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.

GENERIC SPECIFICATION
The planting media shall be a lightweight pH-stabilised mix comprising of
primarily inorganic planting media with high porosity, good texture, and good
moisture/nutrient retention suitable for green roofs in a tropical climate and
vegetation as specified by the Landscape Architect.

Unless otherwise specified, the planting media for all plants of the extensive
rooftop garden shall comprise the components and properties listed below. It
shall be mechanically mixed to the correct proportions, prior to placement on
site.

Typical properties of the planting media are:

PROPERTY VALUE
Description Proprietary synthesized
inorganic lightweight
granules with high moisture
absorption capability
specially formulated for
extensive green roofs
Bulk density (dry) max 650 kg/m
3
5%
Bulk density (wet) max 880 kg/m
3
5%
Grain size 0.063 to 7 mm
Fine particles (i.e. <0.063
mm)
max 10% by weight
Organic content max 1% by volume
pH value 7.0 5%
Soluble salts content <0.01% by volume
Water holding capacity min 32% by volume
Water infiltration rate 580 mm/hr 3%


Root-Resistant Waterproofing Membrane

Where required, the waterproofing membrane shall be EVALON V supplied by
Elmich Pte Ltd or approved equivalent.

GENERIC SPECIFICATION

The waterproofing membrane shall be a rot-proof root-impenetrable 1.5 mm
thick thermoplastic EVA/PVC terpolymer membrane. It shall be inherently
bitumen and polystyrene-compatible without need for a separation layer. The
membrane shall be manufactured as a single non-laminated layer that is UV-
resistant without any surface coating on both sides. The non-solids (liquids)
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

158

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
content shall be less than 10 percent and the membrane shall be dimensionally
stable enough to be used as exposed membrane without any need for a
centrally laid reinforcement.


The waterproofing membrane shall be manufactured to ISO 9001 quality
assurance.
The waterproofing membrane shall have been used under the same name and
composition in Singapore for at least 15 years. The waterproofing membrane
shall possess a British Board of Agrment (BBA) or European (UEAtc)
Agrment certificate with durability rating of at least 30 years. For areas where
the waterproofing membrane is to be fully adhered, the cold applied adhesive
shall be according to the manufacturer's recommendations.

The Performance Standards of the waterproofing membrane is required to
match or surpass the following:

PROPERTY VALUE TEST
METHO
D
Country of manufacture Germany
Thickness (measured
without any adhesive or
fleece backing)
1.5 mm
Solids content (M. Wt.
>100,000)
>90% -
Bitumen resistance Yes DIN
16937
Vapour diffusion
resistance
<15,000 DIN
5312
Fire resistance B2 DIN
4102
Root resistance Root
impenetrabl
e
FLL
Tensile strength >500
N/50mm
DIN
53354
Elongation >300% DIN
53354
Puncture resistance
drop height
600 mm SIA 280
Part 14




EXECUTION

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

159

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
The proprietary materials specified herein shall be provided / installed in
accordance to the project requirement as approved by the Superintending
Officer.

Proprietary materials supplied shall be identified clearly with the product name
and description. Packaged materials shall be stored in manufacturers
wrappings and containers with the manufacturers labels and seals intact.


Prior to installation, the Contractor shall submit Method Statements and / or
Shop Drawings for the installation of the drainage tray system. The latter
shall be on at least A3 size paper or larger and in a CAD-recognisable format.

Installation of Drainage Tray, Geotextile and Growth Media:

(a) Lay drainage trays with the studs down and without any fixing on top of the root
resistant waterproofing membrane. Overlap with minimum one stud in both
directions. Cut, as necessary at drainage gully or plinth areas etc.

(b) Cover the installed drainage trays with a geotextile filter fabric. The ends of all
installed drainage trays shall be properly sealed with geotextile to ensure soil
particles do not enter the drainage trays.

(c) The Contractor shall organise an inspection of the drainage tray installation
prior to placement of the planting mix.

(d) The planting mix shall be mechanically mixed off site with the aid of a
cylindrical mixer to the correct proportions prior to the placement on site. The
planting mix is manually spread and levelled in the planting troughs / beds to
the required depth.

Installation of Waterproofing Membrane

(a) The installation of the waterproofing system shall be carried out by bona fide
Specialist Waterproofing Contractor in existence under the same name for at
least 10 years and meeting the following BCA criteria:

Value of waterproofing works BCA Rating
up to $1,000,000 L3
over $1,000,000 L4

(h) The design, supply and installation of all waterproofing systems and products
specified herein include all components such as cement and sand screed to
falls (if required), pre-formed corners, outlets etc. and all other measures and
materials required to satisfactorily complete the waterproofing system.

(i) Surfaces to receive waterproofing shall have at least a wood float finish and be
clean and dry. Concrete substrate must be cured for a minimum 28 days and
dried. All holes, joints, and cracks and honeycombs in concrete or masonry
surfaces should be filled with an approved grout and allowed to cure. High
spots in concrete or masonry surfaces shall be cut off or ground down.

(j) The waterproofing system shall include procedures for testing of the
membrane integrity during installation.

(k) The structure to be waterproofed shall be checked for structural integrity by
conducting a ponding test. At the conclusion of the waterproofing treatment but
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

160

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
prior to laying of the drainage trays, the waterproofed area shall be tested for
integrity by ponding for at least 24 hours.

(f) Prior to commencing waterproofing, all dust, dirt and foreign matter, shall be
removed and the substrate shall be inspected and approved by waterproofing
manufacturer's representative.

(g) The Contractor shall provide adequate measures to protect the waterproofing
system from being damaged during subsequent construction activities.


9 IRRIGATION SYSTEM


All irrigation systems, water storage and pump equipment to be by Netatech Pte Ltd.

Design is based on reusing collected water from planters and drains, filtered and pumped
back for usage.


PRODUCTS

GENERAL
- Manufacturer: Netatech Pte Ltd or equivalent.
o Product Reference: Auto-drip Irrigation System
- Location on Drawings : All planter types


a) Scope of Irrigation System Work
The Irrigation Sub-Contractor Scope of Work for the Landscape Irrigation System , shall
comprise of supply, delivery, installation, test, commissioning and maintenance during the
15 month defect liability period of the following:
a. One (1) lot of automatic landscape irrigation system to adequately irrigate all
planted areas indicated in the landscape drawings provided by the Landscape
Architect.


b) Irrigation System Overview

a. The Automated Landscape Irrigation Decentralised Zone (DZ) shall utilize
Rainwater from the harvesting tank/cistern provided by the Main Cons M&E and
C&S. The pressure and flow rate requirements of each zone are specified in the
design and shall be submitted to the Landscape Architect.
b. Each Decentralized Zone (DZ) shall be sub-divided into sub-zones (SZ). Each sub-
zone(SZ) shall be operated by a solenoid valves assembly. Multiple SZ may be
housed in the same cabinet depending on each location viability.
c. Principal Irrigation Components
2-wired Multi-station Controller
Auto Back Flush Filter
Pressure Regulator
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

161

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Fertigator
Solenoid valves
Drip lines
Rain sensor
d. The supply lines for each SZ shall be LDPE pipes.

c) Compliance with Regulations/Standards
The System shall conform to the following standards and regulations and any amendments
thereto:
a. PUB Regulation
b. Sewerage Procedures and Requirements (Ministry of Environment)
c. IDA Regulation is communication is via Radio or GPRS
d. Any other relevant statutory requirements and codes

Submission to any authorities shall be the responsibility of the irrigation sub-contractor.


d) Submission
a. SUBMITTALS
Submit (4) copies of manufacturers catalog cuts or current catalog of the
following listed items:
Manufacturers warranty
Comprehensive and non-comprehensive maintenance schedule and price
for the next 5 years.
Manufacturers Catalog Data
Controller
Soil moisture/rain sensor
Pump System
Dripper line
Barbed insert fittings
Disc filter
Pressure regulators
HDPE and LDPE pipe
Line flushing valves
Air/Vacuum relief valves
Stainless steel clamps
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

162

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Remote control valves
Metal ground stakes

b. Upon completion of the installation, turn over the following spare parts and
specialty tools to the owners authorized representative. Include with the following
quantities of items a list of each part with appropriate part number (for ordering
replacement products) and local supply store of where these parts can be
purchased.
(1) Plastic handled 5mm and/or 8mm punch depending on size of holes made
(10) of dripperline for each dripper interval and discharge rate
(10) of blank dripperline tubing if used
(6) barbed couplings
(6) barbed 90 elbow fittings
(6) barbed tee fittings
(6) 180 2-way adapter tees
(6) male adapters with FPT
(1) spare filter element of the mesh size indicated on the irrigation legend
(1) line flushing valve
(2) regulator springs of the color and regulating pressure indicated on the
irrigation legend



e) General Requirement

a. These irrigation drawing are diagrammatic and indicative of the work to be installed.
All piping, valves, etc shown shall be adjusted to best suit the actual site
requirement. They shall be installed within planting areas where possible. Due to
the scale of the drawings, it is not possible to indicate all offsets, fittings, sleeves ,
etc which may be required. Contractor shall investigate structural and finished
conditions affecting the contract work including obstructions, grade differences or
area dimensional differences. In the event of field discrepancy with contract
documents, plan the installation work accordingly by notification and approval of the
owners authorised representative and according to the contract specifications.
Notify and coordinate irrigation contract work with applicable contractors for the
location and installation of pipe, conduit or sleeves through or under walls,
roadways, paving and structures before construction. In the event these
notifications are not performed, the contractor assumes full responsibility for
required revisions.

b. The intent of this irrigation system is to provide the minimum amount of water
required to sustain good plant health according to each plant category water
requirement and soil type field capacity.

c. During the maintenance period, it is the responsibility of the landscape
maintenance contractor and/or owner to monitor hydraulic and climate data logs
and program the irrigation controllers to provide the minimum amount of water
needed to sustain good plant health. This includes making adjustments to the
program for seasonal weather changes, plant material, water requirements,
mounds and slopes, sun, shade and wind exposures.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

163

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
d. 240 volt a.c. (2.5 amp demand per controller) electrical service to the irrigation
controller location(s) to be provided under electrical contract work. Irrigation
contractor to make final connection from electrical service stub-out to controller(s).
Provide proper grounding per controller according to manufacturer's instructions.


e. The irrigation contractor shall schedule a meeting which includes representatives of
the irrigation controller manufacturer, cistern contractor, the maintenance
contractor, the owner and the irrigation contractor at the site for instruction on the
proper programming and operation of the irrigation controller.

f. Irrigation control wires shall be copper with u.l. approval for direct burial in ground.
If the controller uses a 2-wire control system, this red wire will form part for the 2-
wire bus with the Common ground white insulating wire.
Communication wire shall be size #12-1 wire with white insulating jacket. Control
wire servicing remote control valves shall be size #16-1 wire. Control wires shall be
ran within cable conduit. GI conduit for all cable run within buildings and PVC
conduit for cable within soil.

g. Due the amount of rain in Singapore, valves preferred to be housed in on-surface
valves boxes (cabinet). This will eliminate the problem of water ponding in the sub-
surface valves boxes and risk mosquito breeding. All valve cabinet shall be as
compact as possible and hidden within shrub planting area. No valve cabinet shall
be place on turf areas. In all attempt to place valves cabinet near proximity that
service the zones around it. Remote Terminal Unit should be house in these valve
cabinets if possible.


h. Remote control valve cabinet/Box shall be installed at 300mm from walk, curb,
building or landscape feature.

i. Valve cabinet locations shown are diagrammatic. Install in ground cover/shrub
areas (not in lawn area).

j. Loop 900mm excess wire into each single valve cabinet in each group of valves.


k. Splicing of low voltage wires is permitted in valve boxes only. Leave a 900mm long,
25mm diameter coil of excess wire at each splice and a 900mm long expansion
loop every 30 meters along wire run.

l. The irrigation contractor shall flush the irrigation system after installation to ensure
clear of soil and debris that might have caught inside pipings during installation.
Each zone shall be equipped with self-flushing valves to maintain irrigation system
at peak condition for long term.

m. Install check valves according to manufacturers specification on slopes or high
elevations where low outlet drainage will cause erosion and/or excess water.

n. The drip system design is based on the minimum operating pressure shown on the
irrigation drawings. The irrigation contractor shall verify water pressure prior to
construction. Report any difference between the water pressure indicated on the
drawings and the actual pressure reading at the irrigation point of connection to the
owner's authorized representative prior to construction.


ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

164

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
o. The contractor shall comply with all applicable codes, standards, and regulations.
All work and materials shall be in full accordance with the latest rules and
regulations of PUB , BCA and URA code; the uniform plumbing code, published by
PUB; Nothing in these drawings is to be construed to permit work not conforming to
these codes or regulations. The contractor shall furnish without any extra charge,
any additional material and labor when required by the compliance with these
codes and regulations.

p. The contractor shall coordinate installation of irrigation system with layout and
installation of the plant materials to insure that there will be complete and uniform
irrigation coverage of planting in accordance with these drawings, and contract
documents. The irrigation layout shall be checked by the contractor and owner's
authorized representative prior to construction to determine if any changes,
deletions, or additions are required. Irrigation system shall be installed and tested
prior to installation of plant material.


q. If settlement occurs along trenches, and adjustments in pipes, valves and soil, sod
or paving are necessary to bring the system, soil, sod or paving to the proper level
or the permanent grade, the contractor, as part of the work under this contract,
shall make all adjustments without extra cost to the owner.

r. It shall be the responsibility of the contractor to fill and repair all depressions and
replace all necessary lawn and planting due to the settlement of irrigation for one
year following completion and acceptance of the job. The contractor shall also
guarantee all materials, equipment and workmanship furnished by him to be free of
all defects of workmanship and materials, and shall agree to replace at his expense,
at any time within one year after installation is accepted, any and all defective parts
that may be found. When work of this section has been completed and such other
times as may be directed, remove all trash, debris, surplus materials and
equipment from site.


s. For 100mm and larger main line piping inside sleeves use 1120-315 psi pvc plastic
pipe with schedule 40 pvc couplings. Do not install gasketed couplings inside
sleeves.


t. Backflow prevention devices must be PUB approved or similar.

u. This irrigation system is designed to allow any combination of valves to operate at
the same time as long as the total demand of the system does not exceed 12
M3/hour . Do not under any circumstance exceed 12 M3/hour or operate any
combination of valves at the same time which exceeds 12 M3/hour.


f) Technical Specification of Equipment :
a. CONTINUOUS SELF-FLUSHING, PRESSURE COMPENSATING DRIPPERLINE

Description
Dripper Line will be low volume dripperline with integral and evenly spaced pressure
compensating drippers inside the tubing at specified intervals. The dripperline for the
proejct has a discharge rate of 1.6 l/hr per drip emitter and spacing between each emitter
are at 0.3M apart.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

165

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Construction
The Dripper line shall consist of nominal sized 16mm low-density linear polyethylene tubing
with internal pressure compensating, continuously self-cleaning, integral drippers at a
specified spacing. Individual pressure compensating drippers shall be welded to the inside
wall of the tubing as an integral part of the tubing assembly. These drippers shall be
constructed of plastic with a hard plastic diaphragm retainer and a continuously self-flushing
elastomer diaphragm capable of flushing any dirt or debris that may enter the dripper,
extending the full length of the dripper. The dripper shall have a built-in physical root barrier
whereby the water shall exit the dripper from a point different than where it shall exit the
tubing. This physical barrier shall create an air gap inside the tubing.

Operation
Each dripper shall have the ability to independently regulate discharge rates, with an inlet
pressure between seven to seventy (7 - 70) pounds per square inch, (psi) at a constant rate
of flow and with a manufacturers coefficient of variability (Cv) of 0.03 or less.
Recommended operating pressure shall be between 15 - 50 psi. The dripper discharge
rate shall be 1.6 l/hour utilizing a combination turbulent flow/reduced pressure
compensation cell mechanism and a diaphragm to maintain uniform discharge rates. The
drippers shall be capable of continuously cleaning themselves while in operation. The
dripperline shall be at 0.3M spacing between drippers unless otherwise specified. For
subsurface installation, drip line pipe depth for this project shall be 150mm unless otherwise
specified. Maximum system pressure shall be 50 psi. Filtration shall be 120 mesh or finer.
Bending radius shall be 17.5 cm.

If contractor decided to lay the dripper pipe on-surface or under mulch installations, metal
wire staples shall be installed 1M 1.5M on center, and two staples shall be installed at
every change of direction.

b. DRIPLINE FITTINGS

Description
Drip Line and Drip Line fittings shall be constructed in one of the following end
configurations:
Barbed insert fittings only,
Male pipe threads (MPT) with barbed insert fittings, or
Female pipe threads (FPT) with barbed insert fittings.

Construction
All fittings shall be constructed of injection molded, brown plastic having a nominal outside
dimension of 16mm. Female and male threaded ends shall be capable of mating to
standard PVC pipe with tapered threads.

Operation
Drip Line and Drip Line fittings shall be mated with Drip Line and dripperline by pushing the
fitting into the tubing while twisting side to side until the tubing abuts to either adjoining
tubing or a fitting stop.

Maximum system pressure without clamps shall be 50 psi.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

166

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA


c. DRIP LINE AND DRIP LINE FITTINGS

B. 3.1. Drip Line Insert Adapter for Polyethylene

Description
The Dripline Insert Adapter for Polyethylene is a 2-piece threaded-connection fitting
designed to transition from 1 or larger polyethylene pipe t drip line.

Construction
The Dripline Insert Adapter for Polyethylene shall be a 2-piece threaded-connection
fitting constructed of an injection-molded plastic.

Operation
The fitting shall unthread to allow the inlet end to be pressed into a pre-drilled 11mm
hole created using a forstner drill bit in 1 or larger medium or high density PE pipe.
Tightening the fitting by threading the 2 pieces together shall create a waterproof
connection. Maximum system pressure without clamps shall be 50 psi.



d. STAINLESS STEEL CLAMPS (for operating pressures in excess of 50-psi)

Description
Stainless steel clamps are used to secure Dripline to barbed insert fittings.

Construction
Clamps shall be constructed of 304 AISI stainless steel. Clamps shall be one ear type
and formed with a dimple, allowing for thermal expansion and contraction properties
without loosening the clamp.

Interior clamp wall shall be smooth to prevent crimping or pinching of tubing. Wall
thickness of clamps shall be 0.6 mm with an overall band width of 7 mm.

Operation
Stainless steel clamps are used to secure Dripline over barbed insert fittings when design-
operating pressures exceed 50 psi. Clamps are to be slipped over the tubing before being
fitted to barbed insert fittings. Place the clamp between the first and second ridge of the
barbed insert fittings.

e. DRIP LINE CHECK VALVE

Description
Drip Line Check Valves are designed to hold water back in dripperline to help prevent low
drainage. When used in every 11cm elevation change in Drip Line zones, it allows all
drippers in the dripperline to begin operating at the same time by helping keep the
dripperline full of water.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

167

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA

Construction
The Drip line Check Valve shall be constructed of molded plastic with an insert inlet and
discharge w/collar.

Operation
The Drip line Check Valve shall have an opening pressure of 7.3 psi (5m) and a closing
pressure of 5.7 psi (4m). It shall have a flow range of 200 - 1,000l/h.

C.
f. DISC FILTER

Description
The purpose of the Disc Filter is to capture and retain water-transported debris or sediment.

Construction
The filter shall be a multiple disc filter with color-coded filter elements indicating the mesh
size of the element being used. The discs shall be constructed of chemical-resistant
thermoplastic for corrosion resistance.

The disc filter body shall be molded of black plastic with male pipe threads for both inlet and
outlet. The disc filter shall be capable of periodic servicing by unscrewing a threaded cap
or unlatching the band.
Disc filter ring color-coding shall be: Red (120 Mesh)
Operation
Installation of the Disc Filter shall be as detailed. Disc filters can be installed downstream
of the remote control valve to allow for periodic servicing when the remote control valve is
not operating. It can be installed upstream of the remote control valve if the disc filter is
specified with manual shut-off valve or when a line size shut-off valve is also specified to
allow for periodic servicing with a pressurized main line. Recommended installation of disc
filters shall be below grade positioned in a valve box large enough to remove the disk filter
cap and internal disc element, or above grade. A gravel sump in the bottom of the valve
box is recommended to drain water during periodic maintenance.

D.
g. SOLENOID AC/DC VALVES

Description

SOLENOID 24VAC/ 12DC valve is a latching solenoid valve designed to be turned on and
off using a 24VAC/12V DC signal. The valve is extremely debris resistant through the use
of large ports and non-continuous porting of water above the diaphragm. It is an FPT x
FPT valve.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

168

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
Construction
The valve shall be a 24VAC/12VDC electronically actuated, diaphragm-operated, remote
control valve. The body and bonnet shall be molded of glass reinforced nylon plastic. The
bonnet screws shall be serviceable with a Phillips screwdriver. The diaphragm assembly
shall be molded from chemically altered EPDM for added resistance against chlorine and
other chemicals for fertigation and chemigation applications. The valve shall operate so
that water is only allowed above the diaphragm on the closing cycle. The valve shall have 2
mm metering orifices to operate in very dirty water applications.
The motorized actuator shall be 24VAC/12VDC actuated. The motorized actuator shall be
encapsulated in a watertight compartment. It shall be equipped with a 3-position manually
operated dial on top of the valve to allow, OFF, AUTO, or ON operation. A flow control
handle shall be mounted on the bottom of the valve body and have a 170 degree turn from
full open to full close.
Wiring to the motorized actuator shall be color-coded to indicate polarity. The black wire
shall be Common and the red wire shall be Power.
The 1 and 2 valve shall be constructed to allow for the addition of an optional, field
installed pressure regulating module that shall have a pressure regulation range of 5 - 70
psi (0.5 - 7.0 bar).
Operation
The and 1 valve shall be have an operational pressure range of 3 - 150 psi, (0.2 - 10
bar) with a maximum operating pressure rating to 150 psi (10 bar). Flow range shall be 0.1
- 28 GPM (0.025 - 7 m
3
/h).

The 1 and 2 valve shall have an operational pressure range of 6 - 150 psi, (0.4 - 10.0
bar) with a maximum operating pressure rating of 200 psi (14 bar). Flow range shall be 1 -
175 GPM (0.1 - 34 m
3
/h).

h. 2-wire/RF Soil Moisture/Rain Sensing Controller

Please refer to attached Controller Specification


i. VALVES CABINET

Description
The Valves Cabinet provides commercial quality, waterproof housing, for valves and line
adapter. It shall be locking and gray in color.

Construction
The Cabinet shall be IP 55 and constructed of molded UV graded gray plastic. It shall have
a waterproof seal around the entire inside of the cabinet. It shall be constructed in a
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

169

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
manner where the Line adapter unit will fit in the top portion, with a bottom panel for valves
and pipes. It shall be a locking, vandal-resistant cabinet.

Operation
The Valves Cabinet shall house the line adapter and valves and shall be placed within
shrubs area.


j. FERTIGATION DOSING UNIT

Description

Fertigation Unit should be able to handle 5M3/h and 0.2 -2% fertigation dosing is
recommended for this project based on the irrigation flow rate calculation. The fertigation
unit should use non-electri propositional dosing technique which depend solely on water
flow and pressure ratings. The unit integrates with volumetric hydraulic motor with
continuous proportional injection of soluble fertilizer mixing with the irrigation water.

Construction

Housing : polyacetal, EPDM
Motor piston : polyurethanenylon, EPDM polyacetal
Injection area : polypropylene,polyethylene, hastelloy (check valve spring)
Injection hose : PVC

Operation

Installed directly in the water supply line, the dosing unit operates by using the flow of water
as the power source. The water activates the unit, which takes up the required percentage
of concentrated directly from the container and injects it into
the water. Inside the fertigation unit, the concentrate is mixed with the water, and the water
pressure forces the solution downstream. The dose of concentrate will be directly
proportional to the volume of water entering the unit, regardless of variations in flow or
pressure, which may occur in the main line.

g) Testing and Commissioning
a. All pipe work shall be pressure test and flushed clean prior to testing
b. The testing of shall include all items of equipment and pipes as specified
c. All electrical installations shall be tested both before and after connection to power
supply.
d. Cable continuity test shall be performed for all cable pairs (active and common).
e. The commissioning will consist of, at the time of handover, a demonstration of all
sections and individual elements pertaining to the operation of the irrigation system.
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

170

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
f. The irrigation sub-contractor shall provide the following in the Operation and
Maintenance Manual (O&M) for handing over:
Product Brochures
As Built Drawings
Warranty Statements
Irrigation Zone Number
Location of solenoid valve assembly
Operating pressure
Layout, spacing and location
Max Flow rate per zone
Controller program timings

h) Warranty Maintenance and Servicing
a. The warrant maintenance shall include the supply of labour, materials, equipment
and incidents necessary to inspect, test and service .
b. Warranty of electronic component shall be 1 year or DLP period whichever is
longer.
c. Warrant of piping and irrigation drip lines shall and joints shall be 5 years
d. Provision of emergency repair service during normal working hours and also during
overtime hours, if necessary.
e. A schedule of maintenance for the various components of the irrigation system
shall be handed over to the operational staff.
f. Product warranty of each component shall also be handover after the completion of
installation.

10 ANTI-TERMITE TREATMENT


a) General

a. All toxic soil treatment against insect and termite infestation to be executed by a
Specialist, and approved by the Relevant Authority.

b. The Contractor is to minimize, as far as possible, any nuisance caused by the
creation of noise or dust or any from any other cause during the progress of the
works.

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

171

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
c. The Contractor is to provide all necessary dustsheets and temporary screens that
are necessary to prevent the circulation of dust, etc.

b) Preparation Works

a. The Contractor will be deemed to have visited and examined the site, and will be
held to have inspected the construction of the structural and/or structures to be
treated.

b. The Contractor shall submit his proposed soil treatment area plan to the Architect
for approval. However, the Architects approval of his plan shall not in any way
relieve the Contractors responsibility for an effective soil treatment.

c. The Contractor shall investigate the presence of underground cables, services
pipes including telephone and sewer lines. The Contractor shall ascertain from the
Authorities the actual positions of such cables, etc., and the said lines are to be
clearly marked by the Contractor on the Site Plan before commencement of the
treatment.

d. The Contractor shall obtain all necessary permits, etc., from the Authorities before
commencing the treatment works.

c) Method of Treatment

a. The Contractor shall carry out the anti-termite treatment by spraying the ground or
by other methods approved by the supplier/manufacturer of the treatment
compounds used. Before Commencing the works, the Contractor shall provide in
writing, the method statement to the Architect/Employers Representative, which
fully details how the works is to be carried out.

b. The treatment shall be carried out in stages or phases to reflect the actual
construction process. All soil surfaces in contact under the structures of the
buildings shall be treated.

c. For existing buildings the Contactor shall carry out the works by injection method.

d. Treatment works shall be carried out from inside the building by drilling holes
through concrete slabs. Holes shall be no more than 25mm diameter holes and at
450-650mm centres. Holes will also be drilled along expansion joints, floor cracks,
etc.

e. The treatment chemicals shall be injected into the ground through the holes by a
pump. All holes will be sealed with cement grout upon completion, to the
satisfaction of the Architect.

f. Upon completion of the soil treatment, the Contractor shall be immediately and
effectively protect the treated soil from rainwater and other adverse disturbances.



11 VAPOUR/MOISTURE BARRIER


The vapour barrier shall consist of a single layer of minimum 0.6mm thick polyethylene
sheet, well lapped in the joints and sealed with an approved pressure sensitive tape, turned
down against the sides of the ground beams. Care is to be taken to ensure that sheets are
ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

172

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
not punctured or otherwise damaged by the laying and fixing of reinforcement, and the
pouring of concrete

ARCHITECTURALSPECIFICATIONS

173

KAY NGEE TAN ARCHITECTS
02 MAY 2012
KNT 11001 - PROPOSED DEVELOPMENT OF
FUNTASY ISLAND RESORT AT PULAU MANIS,
BATAM, PROVINSI KEPULAUAN RIAU, INDONESIA
O
ANNEX

SANITARY PROVISIONS
69
CHAPTER 4


S SA AN NI IT TA AR RY Y P PR RO OV VI IS SI IO ON NS S

4.1 GENERAL

4.1.1 At every level of a building where toilets are provided, at least

(a) one individual washroom for wheelchair users, as described in
clause 4.9, shall be provided for both the male and female; or

(b) one water closet compartment for wheelchair users, as described in
clause 4.10, shall be provided in both the male and female toilets.

4.1.2 In addition to clause 4.1.1, a standard water closet compartment, as
described in clause 4.11, shall be provided for the ambulant disabled and
elderly persons at every level of shopping complexes, sport complexes,
places of public resort, hotels, hospitals, transport stations, interchanges
and passenger terminals where toilets are provided.

4.1.3 In buildings, other than factory, workshop, office/showroom areas in
warehouses or industrial buildings, where two or more clusters of toilets are
provided at the same level but at different locations, the corresponding
number of individual washrooms or water closet compartments shall be
provided.

4.1.4 Where swing door is provided for bathroom and toilet, the door shall swing
outwards. This will aid the rescue operation should the person inside the
bathroom or toilet falls and obstructs it. Consideration should be given to the
use of sliding or folding doors that are easier to operate and require less
wheelchair manoeuvring space.

4.1.5 At least one wash basin complying with clause 4.6 shall be provided in the
toilet.

4.1.6 At least one of each type of washroom accessories complying with clause
4.4 shall be provided in the toilet.

SANITARY PROVISIONS
70
4.1.7 Where urinals are provided, at least one shall comply with clause 4.8 to
cater to the ambulant disabled.

4.1.8 Signs at washroom entrances shall -

(a) be clearly visible and have tactile finish in accordance with clause
10.5; and

(b) comply with the symbol as described and illustrated in clause 10.2.

4.2 INDIVIDUAL WASHROOM AND WATER CLOSET COMPARTMENT DOORS

4.2.1 Individual washroom and water closet compartment doors shall:

(a) provide a clear opening of at least 850 mm with the door in the fully
open position in accordance with clause 3.8.2;

(b) be designed to swing outwards or be provided with a sliding/folding
door;

(c) be provided with a horizontal pull-bar as shown in Figure 40(a) -

(i) at least 600 mm long on the inside of an out-swinging door;

(ii) located so that the end closer to hinge is not more than 130
mm from the hinged-side of the door; and

(iii) fixed at a height between 900 mm and 1100 mm.

(d) be provided with a vertical/horizontal pull-bar as shown in Figure
40(b) -

(i) at least 140 mm long on the outside near the latch side of
the door;

(ii) located so that the pull-bar is not more than 130 mm from
the latch side of the door; and

(iii) placed at a height between 900 mm and 1100 mm.


SANITARY PROVISIONS
71
(e) be capable of being locked from the inside by a device that is
operable with one hand and activated by a force not more than 22N
and which does not require:

(i) fine finger control;

(ii) tight grasping; and

(iii) pinching or twisting of the wrist.

Note: (1) Toilet doors shall be designed to open outwards so that it would be easier for a
rescuer to enter a compartment if a person has fallen and is lying behind the
door. To allow for assistance in case of emergency, locks and latches should
allow the door to be opened from the outside with a coin or any simple device.

(2) Wherever possible and practicable, a button-operated, automatic sliding door
should be considered as it is easier to operate and manoeuvre around the
doorway

4.3 GRAB BARS

4.3.1 Grab bars shall be provided in individual washrooms or water closet
compartments as illustrated in Figures 40 and 41 and shall comply with the
following requirements:

(a) be in accordance with clause 3.5;

(b) be mounted at a height between 280 mm and 300 mm from the top
of the water closet seat;

(c) one horizontal grab bar to be mounted on the side wall closest to the
water closet extending from the rear wall to at least 450 mm in front
of the water closet seat;

(d) one flip-up grab bar to be mounted on the wide side of the
compartment adjacent to the water closet and be able to remain at a
vertical position when not in use as shown in Figure 40;

(e) one vertical bar to be provided on the side wall closest to the water
closet and located between 350 mm and 450 mm from the front
edge as illustrated in Figures 40(b) and 41(c); and

SANITARY PROVISIONS
72
(f) one horizontal grab bar of at least 700 mm long, to be mounted on
the wall behind the water closet.

4.3.2 The flip-up grab bar specified in clause 4.3.1(d), when lowered from the wall
shall:

(a) be at a height between 280 mm and 300 mm from the top of the
water closet seat;

(b) extend not more that 100 mm from the front of the water closet seat;
and

(c) be 380 mm to 400 mm to the centre line of the water closet.

Note: Unless otherwise specifically stated, all measurements shall be to the centre line of the
bar.

4.4 WASHROOM ACCESSORIES

4.4.1 Where washroom accessories are required to be provided under clause
4.1.6, they shall comprise the following:

(a) a mirror positioned at a height of not more than 1000 mm from the
bottom edge of the mirror to the floor as shown in Figure 36;

(b) towel and soap dispensers, hand dryer, waste bin and sanitary bin
shall contrast in colour and tone and positioned such that the
operable parts and controls are between 1000 mm and 1200 mm
from the floor.

Note: (1) Accessories should be placed in close proximity to the accessible basin to avoid
having a person wheeling a chair with wet hands.

(2) The lighting should be fixed in such a position that it does not shine directly onto
the mirror.







SANITARY PROVISIONS
73

Waste
1
0
0
0

m
a
x
1
2
0
0

m
a
x


Figure 36
Washroom Accessories

4.5 EMERGENCY CALL BELL

4.5.1 An emergency call bell shall be provided in -

(a) an individual washroom compartment; or

(b) a water closet compartment.

4.5.2 The emergency call bell shall be equipped with a waterproof push-button or
pull-chord for activating the bell.

4.5.3 The push-button or pull-chord shall -

(a) be located at a height between 400 mm to 600 mm above the floor
level and located between 150 mm to 300 mm from either the front
or side edges of the water closet as illustrated in Figures 40(c) and
41(d); and

(b) have a colour that is contrasting with the background.






SANITARY PROVISIONS
74
4.5.4 The call annunciation shall, where appropriate, be provided by

(a) a call bell located outside the compartment; or

(b) a buzzer in the caretakers office.

4.5.5 A notice stating Emergency Call shall be prominently affixed next to the
push-button or pull-chord.

4.6 WASH BASIN

4.6.1 Wash basins, as illustrated in Figure 37, shall:

(a) be of a standard size with dimensions of approximately 520 mm by
410 mm;

(b) be mounted such that the minimum distance between the centre line
of the fixture and the side wall is 460 mm;

(c) be mounted such that the top edge is between 800 mm and 840 mm
from the floor;

(d) have a knee space of at least 750 mm wide by 200 mm deep by 680
mm high with an additional toe space of at least 750 mm wide by
230 mm deep by 230 mm high; and

(e) have a minimum clear floor space of 750 mm wide by 1200 mm
deep of which a maximum of 480 mm in depth may be under the
wash basin.

4.6.2 The hot water and drain pipes located within the knee space or toe space
shall be properly insulated.

4.6.3 Faucets and other controls provided shall comply with clause 3.10.

4.6.4 The front apron of a vanity counter shall have a minimum clearance of 750
mm wide by 720 mm high.




SANITARY PROVISIONS
75

460 min
4
8
0
m
a
x
8
0
0

-

8
4
0
7
2
0

m
i
n
6
8
0

m
i
n
2
3
0
min
min
m
i
n
Toe Clearance
Toe Clearance
Knee Clearance
200
230


(a ) Plan view of wash basin (b) Side view of wash basin

Clear space
750 min x 1200 min
460 min
8
0
0

-

8
4
0
2
3
0
4
8
0
m
a
x
m
i
n


(c ) Isometric view of wash basin

Figure 37
Wash Basin for Persons with Disabilities

Note: The depth of the vanity counter should be kept to a minimum so that the controls and
faucets are easily within the reach of a wheelchair user.
SANITARY PROVISIONS
76
4.7 WATER CLOSET

4.7.1 Water closet shall comply with the following requirement:

(a) be located between 460 mm to 480 mm from the centre line of the
water closet to the adjacent wall and have a clear dimension of 750
mm from the front edge of the water closet to the rear wall to
facilitate side transfer;

(b) the top of the water closet seat shall be between 450 mm and 480
mm from the floor as shown in Figures 40(b) and 41(c);

(c) have no spring-activated seat;

(d) have a back support where there is no seat lid or tank. A back
support reduces the chance of imbalance or injury caused by
leaning against exposed valves or pipes;

(e) preferably be of the wall-hung as it provides additional space at toe
level as shown in Figure 38;

(f) have flush control:

(i) complying with clause 3.10;

(ii) if hand-operated, be located on the transfer side of the water
closet; and

(iii) located at a height of between 800 mm to 1100 mm from the
floor; and

(g) be equipped with a self-closing water spray head connected by a
flexible hose beside the water closet seat for cleaning purposes.

Note: (1) Preferences for toilet seat heights vary considerably. Higher seats may be an
advantage to some ambulant disabled but a disadvantage to wheelchair users.
Toilet seats at a height of 450 mm offer a reasonable compromise. Thick seats
and filler rings are available to adapt standard fixtures to these requirements.

(2) Major problems are encountered by wheelchair users entering and leaving a
washroom. Within the washroom, sufficient space is required to allow wheelchair
users to move freely to and from the various fixtures as shown in Figure 40(a).
SANITARY PROVISIONS
77


Wall Mounted
Toilet Preferred
Back Support
Flush valve
on transfer
side of toilet
7
5
0

-

8
5
0
4
5
0

-

4
8
0
460 - 480



Figure 38
Wall Hung Water Closet

4.8 URINALS

4.8.1 Where urinals for the ambulant disabled are to be provided under clause
4.1.7, they shall comply with the following as illustrated in Figure 39:

(a) be of the wall-hung type with a rim not more than 400 mm from the
floor;

(b) have a minimum clear floor space of 750 mm wide by 1200 mm
deep without steps in front of the urinals; and

(c) not have privacy shields extending beyond the front edge of the
urinal rim unless such shields allow a clear width of not less than
750 mm.





SANITARY PROVISIONS
78



Position of
Grab Bars
120
min
400 min
4
0
0

m
a
x
1
0
0
0

m
a
x
1
5
0
0

m
i
n


Figure 39
Wall Hung Urinal

4.8.2 Grab bars, complying with clause 3.5, shall be provided on both sides of the
urinals and shall:

(a) extend from 1000 mm to 1500 mm above the floor level; and

(b) have a clear space of 120 mm between the grab bar and wall
surface.

4.8.3 Flush controls shall:

(a) comply with clause 3.10; and

(b) be located not more than 1200 mm from the floor.

SANITARY PROVISIONS
79
4.9 INDIVIDUAL WASHROOM

4.9.1 Where an individual washroom for the wheelchair user is provided under
clause 4.1.1(a), it shall;

(a) have clear dimensions between opposite walls of not less than 1750
mm;

(b) have a clear space of not less than 900 mm X 1500 mm adjacent to
the water closet;

(c) be equipped with a door complying with clause 4.2;

(d) have grab bars complying with clause 4.3;

(e) have essential washroom accessories complying with clause 4.4;

(f) have a wash basin complying with clause 4.6;

(g) have a water closet complying with clause 4.7;

(h) have a toilet roll dispenser mounted below the grab bars and not
more than 300 mm from the front edge of the seat and at a height
between 50 mm to 250 mm from the top of the water closet seat;

(i) be equipped with a coat hook mounted on a side wall not more than
1300 mm from the floor and projecting not more than 40 mm from
the wall;

(j) be equipped with an emergency call bell in accordance with clause
4.5;

(k) where possible, be equipped with a shelf or counter measuring 400
mm x 200 mm and fixed at a height of between 900 mm and 1100
mm from the floor; and

(l) where appropriate, be equipped with a shower head complying with
clause 4.12.5.



SANITARY PROVISIONS
80
4.9.2 An individual washroom for the wheelchair user is illustrated in Figure 40.







750 min 350 - 450
75 min
1
7
5
0

m
i
n
4
6
0

-

4
8
0
3
8
0

-

4
0
0
4
6
0

-

4
8
0
4
0

-

5
0
480
300
min
Flip-up Grab Bar
Alternative position of
emergency call bell at
400 - 600 above floor
Horizontal Bar
Alternative position
for door
Rising butt hinge
Toilet roll dispenser
1000 min
max





(a) Layout plan of individual washroom






Figure 40
Detail of Individual Washroom
SANITARY PROVISIONS
81






Vertical grab bar
at 850 to top of
rail at 1300
above floor
350 - 450
B
a
s
i
n

r
i
m

a
t
8
0
0
-
8
4
0

a
b
o
v
e

f
l
o
o
r
H
a
n
d
l
e

a
t

9
0
0
-
1
1
0
0
a
b
o
v
e

f
l
o
o
r
1
4
0
m
i
n
Toilet paper
holder
Flip-up Grab Bar
Wash Basin
Grab bar at
280 - 300
above
w.c. seat
W.C. seat at
450 - 480
above floor
a
t
4
0
0
-
6
0
0
C
a
l
l

b
e
l
l
a
b
o
v
e

f
l
o
o
r




(b) Side view of individual washroom






Figure 40
Detail of Individual Washroom
SANITARY PROVISIONS
82

1
7
5
0

m
in
8
5
0

m
i
n
680 min
clear knee
space
under wash
basin
Alternative
position of
emergency call
bell at 400-600
above floor
1
0
0
0

m
in
7
5
0
m
in
3
5
0

-
4
5
0
4
0
0
-
6
0
0
Position of
emergency
call bell at
400-600
above floor
Clear Space
900 x 1500
1
5
0

-
3
0
0

(c) Isometric view of individual washroom

Figure 40
Detail of Individual Washroom

Note: (1) An individual washroom is a unisex washroom containing a wash basin and a
water closet.

(2) An individual washroom is used by persons with different disabilities. It is
especially suitable when persons or children with disabilities and their respective
care-givers or parents are of the opposite sex.

(3) For public buildings such as shopping complexes, office buildings and hotels, an
individual washroom is preferred over a water closet compartment for the reason
given in Note (2) above.