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1.

At equilibrium interatomic spacing, the binding force is


(a) Minimum
(b) Infinity
(c) Zero
(d) Maximum

2. A covalently bonded crystal, among the following, is


(a) MgO
(b) KBr
(c) NaCl
(d) SiO

3. The relation for the potential energy U(r) of a diatom is


(where ‘r’ is the inter nuclear separation, n, m are positive numbers, and a, b are positive constants.)

(a) U(r) = arm - brn


(b) U(r) = (-a/rm ) + (b/rn )
(c) U(r) = -arm + brn
(d) U(r) = (-a/rm ) - (b/rn )

4. + = Crystal structure

(a) space lattice, lattice parameters


(b) primitive, basis
(c) lattice, basis
(d) unit cell, lattice

5. Trigonal system is represented by

(a) a = b 6= c; α = β = γ = 900
(b) a = b = c; α = β = γ 6= 900
(c) a 6= b 6= c; α = β = γ = 900
(d) a = b = c; α = β = γ = 900
6. If n1 , n2 and n3 are integers and a , b and c are fundamental translation vectors, then the translation vector for
three dimensional lattice can be written as
(a) T = n1 + n2 + n3
(b) T = a − b−c
(c) T = n1 a + n2 b + n3 c
(d) T = a + b + c

7. Atomic packing factor of diamond structure is


(a) 0.52
(b) 0.74
(c) 0.34
(d) 0.68

8. The number of atoms per unit cell of polonium, is


(a) 4
(b) 1
(c) 6
(d) 2

9. The coordination number in BCC structure is


(a) 5
(b) 4
(c) 8
(d) 6
10. The number of atoms per unit cell in the case of FCC, is

(a) 1
(b) 3
(c) 2
(d) 4

11. Diamond is an example of

(a) van der Waals bond


(b) covalent bond
(c) metallic bond
(d) ionic bond

12. The unit cell of ZnS structure has

(a) 4 Zn atoms 2 S atoms


(b) 4 Zn atoms 4 S atoms
(c) 8 Zn atoms 2 S atoms
(d) 2 Zn atoms 2 S atoms

13. The number of molecules in a unit cell of NaCl crystal is

(a) 6
(b) 8
(c) 2
(d) 4

14. The Bravais lattice of CsCl is

(a) base centered cubic


(b) simple cubic
(c) face centered cubic
(d) body centered cubic

15. Crystal planes are defined as the planes inside the crystal along which

(a) Some atoms are present


(b) Concentration of atoms is less
(c) No atoms are present
(d) Concentration of atoms is more

16. [2 1 1] is the direction that connects the origin (0 0 0) and the point

(a) (1 1 2)
(b) (1/2 1 1)
(c) (1 1/2 1/2 )
(d) (1 2 2)

17. The distance between a set of parallel planes of Miller indices (1 1 1) in a cubic crystal having edge ‘a’ is

(a) 3
a
(b) 3
(c) √a
3
√
(d) a 2

18. The wavelength of X-rays is

(a) Within visible region


(b) Less than ultraviolet rays
(c) Greater than ultraviolet rays
(d) Less than infrared rays

19. If monochromatic X-rays of wave length ‘λ’ incident at an angle ‘q’ on a parallel set of crystal planes of separation
‘d’, the Bragg’s law for constructive interference is

(a) λ sinθ = nd
(b) 2λ sinθ = nd
(c) 2d sinθ = nλ
(d) d sinθ = nλ

20. Laue X-ray diffraction needs crystal in the form of

(a) a single crystal


(b) a Polycrystalline solid
(c) Powder
(d) a thin film