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# 1.

## The kind of force between atoms in a solid

(a) neutral forces
(b) attractive forces only
(c) both attractive and repulsive forces
(d) repulsive forces only

(a) Ge
(b) NaCl
(c) Na
(d) Al

## 3. The potential energy of a diatom is negative, because

(a) atoms do work
(b) the charges are negative
(c) work is done on the atoms
(d) kinetic energy is zero

(a) Monoatomic
(b) Triatomic
(c) Diatomic
(d) a molecule

## 5. The lattice parameters of Rhombohedral system are

6 γ = 900
(a) a = b = c, α = β =
6 c, α = β = γ = 900
(b) a = b =
(c) a 6= b = c, α = β = γ 6= 900
(d) a = b = c, α = β = γ 6= 900
6. One of the following crystal systems having the highest Bravais lattices, is

(a) tetragonal
(b) cubic
(c) trigonal
(d) orthorhombic
7. The atomic packing factor of FCC crystal is

(a) 0.74
(b) 0.34
(c) 0.52
(d) 0.68
8. If the lattice parameter a=1.2 nm for a simple cubic structure, the nearest neighbour distance is
(a) 2.4 nm
(b) 1.2 nm
(c) 0.6 nm
(d) 3.6 nm
9. If the lattice parameter a = 1.25 nm for a BCC structure, the nearest neighbour distance, is
(a) 1.08 nm
(b) 0.54 nm
(c) 0.44 nm
(d) 0.88 nm
10. If the lattice parameter, a = 1.2 nm is the case of an FCC structure, the number of atoms per unit volume is
(a) 2.78 × 1027 per m3
(b) 2.32 × 1027 per m3
(c) 3.33 × 1027 per m3
(d) 1.93 × 1027 per m3

11. An example for a crystal for which the number of atoms per unit cell is 8, is

(a) Diamond
(b) NaCl
(c) quartz
(d) CsCl

## (a) Number unit cells per unit volume

(b) Number of nearest neighbours in a unit cell
(c) Number of atoms per unit cell
(d) Number of distant atoms in a unit cell

## 13. Madelung constant of NaCl is

(a) 1.58
(b) 5.17
(c) 1.85
(d) 1.75

14. The basis of CsCl has one Cl− ion at ( 21 , 12 , 12 ) and Cs+ ion at

(a) (1/3,1/3,1/3)
(b) (1/4,1/4,1/4)
(c) (1/2,1/2,1/2)
(d) (O,O,O)

15. In a cubic crystal a plane makes intercepts (1, 3, 1) on X, Y and Z axis respectively. The Miller indices of the plane
are

(a) (1 3 1)
(b) (3 1 3)
(c) (1 3 3)
(d) (3 1 1)

16. The direction that connects the origin and (1/3, 1/3, 2/3) point is

(a) [2 1 1]
(b) [3 3 3]
(c) [1 1 2]
(d) [3 2 2]

17. The distance between a set of parallel planes of Miller indices ( 0 1 0) in a cubic crystal having edge 2.0 nm, is

(a) 3nm
√
(b) 2 3 nm
(c) 2.0 nm
(d) 3 nm

## 18. The wave number of X-rays is

(a) Zero
(b) Lower than ultraviolet rays
(c) Equal to ultraviolet rays
(d) Higher than ultraviolet rays

19. If monochromatic X-rays of wave length ‘λ’ incident at an angle ‘q’ on a parallel set of crystal planes of separation
‘d’, the Bragg’s law for constructive interference is

(a) 2λ sinθ = nd
(b) 2d sinθ = nλ
(c) λ sinθ = nd
(d) d sinθ = nλ

## (a) Ordinary X-rays

(b) Intense X-rays
(c) He-Ne laser
(d) Monochromatic X-rays