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The number of valence electrons in a chlorine atom is

(a) 6
(b) 8
(c) 5
(d) 7

2. One of the examples for covalent bond is

(a) LiF
(b) NaCl
(c) HCl
(d) H2 O

3. The expression for cohesive energy is

(a) Umin = rom
(m + n)
= r−a 1+ m

(b) Umin m n

= rm n1 − m1

(c) Umin
= rm 1 − m

(d) Umin n

4. Unit cells for most of the crystals are

(a) Cylindrical
(b) Spherical
(c) Elliptical
(d) Parallelopiped

5. In a cubic crystal, the lattice parameters a, b and c are related as

(a) a 6= b 6= c
(b) a =6 b=c
(c) a = b 6= c
(d) a = b = c
6. There is only one Bravias lattice for the crystal system of

(a) Cubic
(b) Monoclinic
(c) Triclinic
(d) Tetragonal
7. The packing factor in case of a simple cubic crystal (SCC) is
(a) 68%
(b) 52%
(c) 74%
(d) 34%
8. The number of atoms per unit cell of polonium, is
(a) 4
(b) 2
(c) 6
(d) 1
9. In BCC structure the total number of atoms per unit cell is
(a) 8
(b) 1
(c) 4
(d) 2
10. Number of atoms present in FCC unit cell is
(a) 8
(b) 4
(c) 2
(d) 1

11. Diamond is an example of

(a) ionic bond

(b) covalent bond
(c) van der Waals bond
(d) metallic bond

12. The compound which has cubie ZnS structure is

(a) KCl
(b) NaCl
(c) MgO
(d) CuCl

13. The number of molecules in a unit cell of NaCl crystal is

(a) 8
(b) 2
(c) 6
(d) 4

14. The lattice of CsCl is

(a) BCC lattice

(b) Interpenetration of two simple cubic lattices
(c) FCC lattice
(d) Interpenertration of two FCC lattices

15. Different planes in a crystal are indicated by same Miller indices (h k l). This means that the planes

(a) are close to each other

(b) are equal
(c) are perpendicular to each other
(d) are parallel to each other

16. The body diagonal of a cubic cell is given as

(a) [1 1 1]
(b) [1 1 0]
(c) [1 1 2]
(d) [1 1 3]

17. The interplanar separation for a set of planes (221) of a cubic crystal with lattice parameter of 6 A.U. is

(a) 6 A.U.
(b) 2 A.U.
(c) 3 A.U.
(d) 1 A.U.

18. Why crystal lattice is suitable for X-ray diffraction?

(a) Wavelength of the radiation is comparable to interplanar separation

(b) Wavelength of radiation is much larger than interplanar separation
(c) Wavelength of the radiation is high
(d) Wavelength of the radiation is very small

19. The spacing between (110) planes in NaCl crystal with the lattice constant a=5.64 A.U. is

(a) 2.82 A.U.

(b) 1.99 A.U.
(c) 3.99 A. U.
(d) 5.64 A. U.

20. Debye-Scherren method of X-ray diffraction is a

(a) Laue method

(b) Three-dimensional diffraction method
(c) Powder crystal method
(d) Rotating crystal method