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# 20 Worksheet (A2)

## 1 For an oscillating mass, define:

a the period [1]
b the frequency. [1]
2 The graph of displacement x against time t for an object executing simple harmonic motion
s.h.m.! is sho"n here.
a #tate a time at "hich the object has maximum speed. \$xplain your ans"er. [%]
b #tate a time at "hich the magnitude of the object&s acceleration is a maximum.
\$xplain your ans"er. [%]
3 'n apple is hung (ertically from a length of string to form a simple pendulum.
The apple is pulled to one side and then released. )t executes 1% oscillations in a time of 1*.% s.
a +alculate the period of the oscillations. [%]
b +alculate the frequency of the oscillations. [%]
4 This is the graph of displacement x against time t for an oscillating object.
,se the graph to determine the follo"ing:
a the amplitude of the oscillation [1]
b the period [1]
c the frequency in hert- .-! [%]
d the angular frequency in radians per second rad s
/1
!. [%]
e the maximum speed of the oscillating mass. [%]
'# and ' 0e(el 1hysics 2riginal material 3 +ambridge ,ni(ersity 1ress %414 1
20 Worksheet (A2)
5 T"o objects A and B ha(e the same period of oscillation. )n each case a and b belo",
determine the phase difference bet"een the motions of the objects A and B.
a [%]
b [%]
6 ' mass at the end of a spring oscillates "ith a period of %.5 s.
The maximum displacement of the mass from its equilibrium position is 16 cm.
a 7hat is the amplitude of the oscillations8 [1]
b +alculate the angular frequency of the oscillations. [%]
c 9etermine the maximum acceleration of the mass. [*]
d 9etermine the maximum speed of the mass. [%]
7 ' small toy boat is floating on the "ater&s surface. )t is gently pushed do"n and then
released. The toy executes simple harmonic motion. )ts displacement:time graph
is sho"n here.
For this oscillating toy boat, calculate:
a its angular frequency [%]
b its maximum acceleration [*]
c its displacement after a time of 6.; s, assuming that the effect of damping on the boat is
negligible. [*]
'# and ' 0e(el 1hysics 2riginal material 3 +ambridge ,ni(ersity 1ress %414 2
20 Worksheet (A2)
8 The diagram sho"s the displacement:time graph for a particle executing simple
harmonic motion.
#<etch the follo"ing graphs for the oscillating particle:
a (elocity:time graph [%]
b acceleration:time graph [%]
c <inetic energy:time graph [%]
d potential energy:time graph. [%]
9 ' piston in a car engine executes simple harmonic motion.
The acceleration a of the piston is related to its displacement x by the equation:
a = /6.= 14
>
x
a +alculate the frequency of the motion. [*]
b The piston has a mass of ;44 g and a maximum displacement of 5.4 cm.
+alculate the maximum force on the piston. [%]
10 The diagram sho"s a trolley of mass m attached
to a spring of force constant k. 7hen the trolley
is displaced to one side and then released, the
trolley executes simple harmonic motion.
a #ho" that the acceleration a of the trolley is gi(en by the expression:
a =
x
m
k

"here x is the displacement of the trolley from its equilibrium position. [*]
b ,se the expression in a to sho" that the frequency f of the motion is gi(en by:
f =
m
k
%
1
[%]
c The springs in a car&s suspension act in a similar "ay to the springs on the trolley.
For a car of mass 5>4 <g, the natural frequency of oscillation is 4.=4 s.
9etermine the force constant k of the car&s suspension. [*]
Total:
>?
#core: @
'# and ' 0e(el 1hysics 2riginal material 3 +ambridge ,ni(ersity 1ress %414 3